Newspaper Page Text
? government of pure reason, was for me an ideal,
4 more or less distant, of law, of reign, oi the pro * gress of the People. It was not a conspiiacy. I * had no hatred to the Constitutional Monarchy ; no ? personal quarrel with tiie Dynasty. 1 held my * self aloof from its favors ; I was a spectator of its * reign, and that was all. - If its reign (certain con* * ceptions of which I valued, such as that of peace, 4 for example) had neither cramped nor corrupted * liberty, I should not have hesitated to serve it. 4 The Monarchy and the Dynasty, abandoned by 4 the People, by the National Guard, bjr the Cham 4 ber of Deputies, and by the Array, fell under its 4 faults in half a sitting [demi-stance) of the Cham* 4 ber. All was consumed with Royalty: nothing 4 remained but to replace it, and to pity it. The 4 People set us the example of this honorable pity. 4 They fought, they allowed flight, they did not * insult. " f remained isolated, pensive, silent, on my ' bench, contemplating this catastrophe, so sudden 4 that it did not even allow me time to measure its ? depth. Moved, even to tenderness, by this mis V fortune and this childhood saving itself from the ' throne in a revolution, my heart wrestled within 4 me against my reason. The People, and some 4 of my colleagues, who at this day have forgotten 4 it, took me by the arms, made signs to me to * precipitate myself between anarchy and the coun 4 try, called me by my name, and thrust me into the 4 tribune. M. Barrot descended from it, vanquish v ed in his efforts to stay the downfall of the IVIon 4 archy. A gun was directed at me, (by one of the 1 mob which filled the chamber:) an unknown hand ' knocked it up. I pronounced myself, in a few 4 words, in favor of a Provisional Government j 4 which seized instantaneously the crisis in order 4 to control it. This Government gave all the prc 4 babilities of the day following to a Republic But 4 it reserVed to the National Convention-, wLei'. 1 4 indicated at the first word, that which no ivr&jui, 4 which no sudden impulse, which no claruor,could 4 wrest from it: the sovereign and entire power of 4 determining the definitive form of government 4 which it would suit the Nation to accept. 44 The voice of the multitude and of the deputies 4 who had remained in the Chamber required of me 4 myself to nominate the members of the Provisional 4 Government. I refused. Dupont, (de l'Eure,) the 4 natural dictator of the public esteem, was borne, 4 in spite of his modesty, to the Chair of the Presi 4 dency, (of the Chamber.) He read the names 4 which a tumultuous scrutiny had designated to 4 form the Government. We recognised in this 4 scrutiny no other authority but that of danger 4 and devotion. This danger and this devotion 4 were our only title. ?They forbade us to abdicate 4 this power, all irregular as it was, into the hands 4 of anarchy. 41 take it by the right of the blood 4 which is running, and which must be stanched 4 at any cost.' This was my declaration, which I ' find recorded in the 44 Moniteur '* of the day. We 4 marched to the Hotel de Ville at the head of a 4 column of people. We were carried, under an 4 arch of sabres, pikes, bayonets, into halls sprin 4 kled with blood, encumbered with the bodies oj 4 the dead and the wounded, to a little table, at 4 which the Government organized itself." The point which, after all, most concerns the People of the Southern States is, that the Legisla tures of several of those States have undertaken to choose Delegates to the proposed Convention at Nashville without any authority, or even permis sion from the People, to embark their rights and their interests in this untried scheme, the greatest success of which may be to saddle them with bur dens from which they are now free, besides jeopard ing their peace and their now growing prosperity;; In conclusion of the last remarks which we foresee any occasion to make on this subject??and not to load our columns with too heavy a mass of ex tracts?we proposed to ourselves to select, by way of illustrating the difference between the sentimepts of the Politicians and the People of the South, the evidences of popular opinion in a single one of the Southern States. Whilst making the choice, we met with the following paragraph in the Mobile Register : "It may safely be said that no Southern State is so unani' mcntsly in favor of the Nashville Convention as Mississippi. If any thing were wanting to prove this, it may be found in the unanimity with which the late Legislature, coming fresh from their constituents, with a fall knowledge of their opinions and wishes, acted upon the subject. They passed resolutions, elected delegates, appropriated $20,000 to defray expenses, and set apart $200,000 of money now in the treasury for any emergency which might require her citizen soldiers to take 'tie field to resist Northern aggression." We select, therefore, as the test of the popular sentiment on this subject, the. State of Mississippi ; and submit the annexed evidences within our imme diate reach to show that even in that Stat# the ac tion of its Legislature is not sustained by the sen timent of the People. EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE. Port Gibsoh, March 15, 1850. Messrs. Gales & Seatos : I have mailed to your address a copy of the Port Gibson Herald published this morning, in which you will find a call for a meeting of the friends of the Union, pretty well subscribed. I think I am not mistaken in the belief that, if time and opportunity allowed, it might have gotten the names of nine-tenths of the county. The meeting will be held on Monday next, and you shall be furnished with a copy of its proceedings as soon as the mail will carry it, and I promise in advance that it will giTe evidence that our Representatives in the 8tate Legislature err greatly in the opinion, so often expressed, that "we hav? cal culated the value of the Union." The truth is, the advan tages and disadvantages of the Union were calculated by wiser and better heads, before it was adopted by the States. My sole object in writing to you is to furnish you materials out of which your long experience may be enabled to arrive at the truth. My own opinion is that ameng the People there is no excitement whatever on the negro questions. The People?especially the slaveholders?are sometimes excited to a smile by the portents which ara conjured up by the poli ticians ; but they are amazed, and some of them feel aggriev ed, by the misrepresentations which have been made of them. Wiikirsojt Ctt, (Miss.) March 17, 16.'>0. Messr.?. Gales Al Siatow : You seem to be greatly ex cited at the Metropolis in reference to the slavery question ; decidedly rrtore so than we are here. A few demagogues, North act! South, are seemingly bent upon the destruction of our glorious Union ; but, co far as tbe mass of the people are con cerned, they will meet with but little sympathy. Our Legis lature passed some stringent resolutions upon the subject; but I apprehend that they are all "sound and fury, signifying nothing." If they are in earnest, the people in my part of the State seem not to be infected with their disposition to re sort to such measures as wiU tend to the dissolution of tbe Union. I am for the settlement of th? question upon the plan sug gested by Gen. Tatlor in his special message to Congress; and I am of the opinion the country will sustain the Admin istration h thia plan of adjustment. FROM MISSISSIPPI NEWSPAPERS. from th* KOSCIUSKO (mssissirrr) chroriclb. A Plot.?We hare become convinced, from the proceed ings of tbe Legislature, as well as of many citizens in and ?bout Jack*on, that a scheme ia on foot to bring about a dis solution of the Union, and establish an independent Southern Confederacy and that John C. Calhoun is at the bead of it. Indeed, it ia gravely aaaarted by some, that several letters have of late been received from this distinguished individual, by peraona residing in and about Jackson, urgiDg the adop tion of n>ea*urea calculated to bring about that result; and becce the action Mississippi has taken on the matter. It is urged, u a reason fcr the transfer of ike initiatory step in this matter from South Carolina to Miaaiasippi, that South Carolina having once attempted the measure and failed, could not now carry that weight and influence which ita importance demands; that Mississippi being a high-toned and chivalrous State, having won for herself that proud title through the conduct of her volunteers in the Mexi can war, coupled with the advantage of having the theatre of the agitation changed to a point remote from that of the previous one, and her citizens being easier gulled, would exert a far greater influence for the success of the measure than any other 8tate. That prominent citizens of Mississippi, both Whig* and i Democrats, are not only privy to f his move, but instigators of I it, we have not a doubt. How far they have succeeded in ! their scheme* of treason we all know, or at least alt may know, by taking the trouble to examine into the matter. The pro ject now pending before the Legislature to appropriate $250,000 to fight the Yankees, is a put of thia scheme?the initiatory atep ; and although at first view it might appear as a windy ebullition oi hair-brained bo'apar*, yet it is a deeply laid scheme. The leaders in this move know full well that no such contingency as contemplated in the resolu tions?on feilerftj relations will ever happen unless brought about by their own machinations; they-know, that $250,000 would be but a drop in the bucket, if such contingency wer?r to occur; they know, too, that their villanousand treasonable schemes would meet with no favor from the masses if it were fairly stated and proposed, and that their only chance of success depends upon gulling and defrauding the people into it ; her:ce they brought forward in the Legislature what they are pleated to term resolutions on federal relations, appropri ating $250,000 to meet a contingency, the undoubted object of which was to commit as many as possible into a sanction of their ne'ariou*-. .;heme, who, when once committc], they hope to lead on frc<ja one act to another until they are pre pared to give in their adhesion to the whole scheme. Under this blind, many ueraons, real friends of the Union, have been led astrsj ; but wWker they have so far committed themselves that the/ c?nnot retreat, is the question. We hope, for the I ?*kn of :b? Union, they have not. But, thanks to God, al I teady do w?s see a reaction beginning to take place. Meetings | are '.-sing held in various portions of the State, to culAly and I cooll, consider this matter in its true light. mux TUL (?!?" ) ????"?? 01 "V W.M ?ofa??i.>.e .repot deeply>"??? s St sst: I r^r-o-i"e5o?* ?5 r- s^-en^r^v-^ 5Sd 'the habitable globe. It ha, votaries in every clime, and all animated by the same glorious and ??", 23?.t.? ft tirfll heart and in all that is nourishing to patriotism, to be thu!tfyrmqx ' *? ? "T'f.h'X" Let so we .re prepared to ?? .land the h..ird rf/mninnisfs and foreign emissaries croak and plot, yet tney will be sadly dinppointe 1 in believing that American. do no know their righuind liberties, .nd knowing tb? WJ n? S I hem ? every b.zard. ? On. and inseparable, ,"? cannot, we will not be dissevered. FROM THE ABEHI1EEX (MISSISSIPPI) " I*D*rE?DE*T." The Nashmile Costextioic.?We most sincerely be lieve that the Legislature of this State have usurped a power | never entrusted to them by either the c?Ijfg'U'^r^hhXer ole in pledging the State of Mu-sissippi to stand by whatever the'Nashville Convention may do, and in electing delegates Z\Xly under that pledge. There would have teen of course a marked propriety in an expressionof^^meopin ion with regard to both the rights of the South and -he ex pediency and action of that Convention ; but the great moral Ce o f thS body is lost when it, control is takenTrom. the hands of the people. As an unbiased expression of P?Pul" I feeling as to what was due to the South-its delegates fresh frntn fhp neoule " and holding credentials from the popular voice?the action of that Convention would have been enti tled to twice the weight which it will have when its delegate, are found to bear with them no marks of popular confidence, but to be only the appointees of a legislative caucus T he remark wtll be at once made that the Legislature of Muwe B;DD; the very State which commenced the movement, which 1 claims ts patSnity, which stands forth the champion per se I of Southern rights-is afraid to trust the people with a voice ' in the selection of delegates, or with the issuance of instruc act of .he Legislature was their " pledge of the State lo .land by the action of the Con vention " We ..y mwchievow?it would have been .0, if it were any thing more than empty gasconade ? Sound and fury, signifying nothing. If it meant any thing, it was imi'chievotas andun^rramed^ if it meant nothing, it was ridiculous. V\ hat right nas tne State Legislature, under the constitution which confers its power., to pledge',he people of the State lo Ta?f,.whaler ? Convention ?.y do of deleg.le. Irom some of the State. " the Union } If that Convention confines its action to ail .i'e-?oTng??tion. how best the con.titn.ion of .be lulled State, and out giotiou. Union m.y be P'e?rwd,ri.Mlh^r integrity, and how the guarantied rights of the south may be best preserved from violation, then no pledge of the kind was necessary. The mere fact of giving such a pledge q>eaksof a ??foregone conclusion" that something else ? intended besides advice and suggestion ?, that action was l<x>ked for as the initia'ory step of revolution and disunion. In that case, !?e Legislature possessed no power wkatever , it w? . usurpation which only lose. it. ?l?rtnin? '"'"" "^ "evo reflect on its totally inoperative character. An act ?frevo lution, to be at all justifiable, must be the act of the people^. thev are sovereign, and the only sovereigns. nudffe people of Mississippi give the Legislature the right toi pledge them to stand by a disunion or revolutionary movement Did the Legislature find that right in the instrument which defines their authority, or in any mandatory instructions from theBa?tPH wuTbe said that the Nashville Convention does not intend disunion or revolution. Grant that But does it take away from the impropriety of such a ptedge as the Legwla ture has made f How knew they what the Nashville Con ventionwiU or m.y do ? If- the Legislature w?.?nearne.t as the jealous guardian of State sovereignty and the "gjta of the neoule had its members any moral, legal, or political TKtweTbfpledfp its citizens to stand by the action o a body to assemble three months hence, and a potion of the dele gates to which are not yet elected ? Ungifted with prescience !s they were, how knew they that the pure and patriotic in tentions in which it is averred the Convention ong.nated w.il not be covered up by the rashness or fool-hardiness of some of its present advocates, or be entirely changed under jhe in fluence of the political demands of the ? bitter-enders > Can the interests of the State be irrevocably entrusted to the guar dainship of anyset ofmen.no matter how pure we may believe them, without the consent of the people first expressly given. FROM THE LEXlWOTOir (miss.) AiiVERTisae. Public Mektiso.?The meeting called for on the 16ih instant, to take into consideration the subject of slavery, met according to appointment; whereupon on motion of A.M. West, Col. H. W. Brows was called to the chair, andM. L McGciaa appointed Secretary. The following Preamble and Resolutions were unanimous 'y Bdfeving it not only to be right, but the bounden duty of every community to give public expression to their opinions, when, from misapprehension or design, they are misrepresen ed ? and believing that the true sentiments of the people of the South, on the great question which now agitates the I nion, and threatens to dissolve it, have been misconceived or per verted : and also believing that designing demagogues, both North and South, in assuming ultra, untenab.e, and uncj'j ?ti(utional grounds, and refusing to adjust in some amicable manner the exciting subject of slavery, ??^k.ng md.v.dual aggrandizement, rather than the good of the people, or the observation of their liberties: Therefore, Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meeting tha ?bc resolutions adopted by the southern Southern Jackson in October last, contain a declaration of Southern rights, based upon the plain principles of the Constitution of the United States, which it is theduty of every Southern man irrespective of party, to support; an J which if b-v Congress, will assuredly le*l to an honorable adjustment of the question i? involves. . t . . lit solved. That it is not only grossly inconsistent in it self, but suicidal in it, tendencies, f*r us to than plainly and palpably conMutunal grounds, whether we look to the constituted authorities for redress at present, or to enlightened public opinion in the future. _ Resolved, That, while we cordially subscribe to the doc, trine thot Congress has no j>ower to prohibit slavery m the Territories, we with equal cordiality affirm that Congress has no power to establish or introduce it into the lerntones; hi; that the Sta-es formed in said Territories, when they come to form their organic law, and ever after, have and retain alone, in their sovereign capacity, exclusive cognizance of the subject. Resolved, 1 hat while it is our ardent des;re that California should come into the Ur.ion as a slave State, yet, if the peo ple of California have fairly decided otherw^e, it is our duty is good citizens to acquiesce, however we may regret it. RtsoloetL, That if, upon a final a<?juetment of lb?s rooroen- I ous question, it should be thought advisable to prohibit the | trmde in states between the States and T>Utrict of Columbia in tbe District, we see no just cause of objection to ihe mea sure. Resolved, That a dissolution of the Union is a thing not to be thought of as a remedy, bui as an appalling calamity ; and should be resorted to only when ail hope of justice from the North has ceased to exist, and all constitutional remedies are exhausted, and even then only as a mere choice of evils. Resolved, That the Nashville Convention, as primarily re commended, was a measure of the people, emanating from them in popular meetings, irrespective of paity, and to be con summated by them ; and that the attempt by the Sta'e Legis latures to pervert the true intent of the same, is an unauthor ized assumption of power, and well calculated, if not designed, by the assumption of unconstitutional positions, to drive horn its support a Urge and respectable portion of the Southern peo ple, who will yield to none in their advocacy of Southern rights. FKOM rut HATMOKS (MISS.) GAZBTTE. CoSVENT1031 OF THE PcOFLB OF HlHDS CoCHTT. In pursuance of previous notice, a highly respectable number of citizens from all parts of Hinds county, Mississippi, assem bled this day, (March 9, 1850,) at 11 o'clock A. M., at the Baptist church, in the town of Raymond. The assembly was called to order by Col. Th. 8- Dabney, oirwhose-motion CoL^ Reuhew Colli bs, of Auburn pre cinct was elected president. On motion- efCoL John M. Hawkins, Col. Thos. 8. Dabnby, of Coker's Store precinct, and Col. Jambs Dufhf.k, of Brownsville, were chosen vice presidents. And, on motion of Hon. A. R. Johnson, Gbo. W. Hahj-er, of Raymond, was appointed secretary. At the request of the president the secretary read the call i of the meeting. Hon. A. R. Johnson, after remarks explanatory of the ob jects of the meeting, and a reference to the perilous condiuon ' of our public affairs, offered for the consideration of the Con vention the following resolutions ? 1. Resolved, That the institution of domestic slavery, as , it exists in the slaveholding 8tates of the Union, is recog nised an J protected by the federal constitution, is sanctioned by humanity and sound morality, is accordant with the Di vine law, and ia exclusively under the control of the people of the States where it exists. Any attempts, the:efo?, by Congress to interfere with slavery, in any of the slavehold ing States, would be unjust, oppressive, and unconstitution al, and should be promptly resisted at alt hazards. 2. Resolved, That, in our opinion, the *' Wilmot proviso (or, in other word*, Congressional restriction of slavery in Territorial Governments) is violative of the spirit of the con stitution, and unjust and oppressive to the slaveholding Slates. We consider that the Territories, when organized by Congress as such, should not be restricted as to slavery ; but that the slavery question, with all other questions of domestic policy, should be reserved for the determination and settle ment of the people of each Territory, when they shall form a State constitution preparatory to their admission into the Union; at which time, we consider it clear and undeniable that the i?eople of each Territory have the exclusive right to establish or prohibit slavery, as they may deem advisable and Pr?3* Resolved, That the Federal Constitution nowhere re quires the formation of a Territorial Government, as a pre 1 requisite to admission into the Union of any people, as a sove reign Sta'e; that the inhabitants of a Teiritory, when suffi ciently numerous, and when they shall have adopted a repub 1 lican constitution, and sought admission, may be constitution ! ally received into the Union as a State, although Congress ! miy have previously omitted to give them a Territorial Gov I eTn? Resolved, That the Federal Constitution has conferred ' upon Congress the exclusive power of admitting new States into the Union, with no restriction as to the mode of exercis ing that power, except that a republican form ol government shall be guarantied to each State; and, in reference to Cali fornia, should Congress act upon her present application, and receive her as a sovereign State, we consider that such an occurrence would afford no ground for a dissolution of the Union, and would not constitute such an injury to the slave holding interests as would jus ify a withdrawal Irdm the fede ral compact, however much as Southern men we may re gret that hv State constitution prohibits slavery. In our opinion the people of every State, whether old or new, have unlimited and exclusive power ovei the question of domestic ft. Resolved, That we approve the course of the President of the United States in recommending the admission of Cali fornia into the Union as a State ; that we consider his course in this respect as wise, patriotic, and just, dictated by an earnest desire to preserve the Union, promote liberty, and 1 advance the welfare of the whole nation. Thus viewing Ins conduct, and, considering that the movement destroys no con stitutional right of any slaveholding State, we will cordially sustain the President in the policy he has so nobly adopted. 6. Resolved, That, inasmuch as it is now evident that Con gress will not pass the "Wilmot proviso" at the present ses sion, and as, in our opinion, no such infringement of the I constitutional rights of the South has occurrcd in reference to j our newly-acquired Territories as Justifies a resort to ulteri?r measures of redress, toe consider it advisable to abandon altogether the Convention of slaveholding Stales proposed to be holden at Nashville in June next. Without censuring the motives of those of our fellow-citizens who originally suggested that Convention, we think that such an assem blage, under existing circumstance-, would be more likely to produce injurious than beneficial results. This view is strengthened by the fact that several of the slaveholding States do not sanction the measure ; and, without entire co-opera * tion on the part of all too slaveholding States, such an as semblage could not be productive of any salutary results. W e think also that the slave 8tates should not assemble in Con vention merely in anticipation of aggression, but that they should defer such a movement until the actual occurrence of i such injuries as would authorize so solemn and serious a pro cedure, our feelings and intentions in regard to Northern ag ; greasion upon our interests having been repeatedly declared to the world by legislative resolutions and the sobmn decla rations of the Southern representative in Congress. 7. Resolved, That, in the language of Washington, we regard the Federal Union as the main pillar in the edifice of our real independence, the support of ourtranquilhtytt home, our peace abroad, our safety, our prosperity, of that very li berty we ao highly prize?that we cherish fur that Union a cordial, habitual, andimmovable attachment, and ivill there fore stand bu it, so long as we can do so without an absolute abandonment of the rights and liberties of the South- . 8. Resohfd, That, although we thus regard the l nion, still, we freely admit, that if our constitutional rights were in vaded and destroyed by a Congressional majority, we would sacrifice the Union itself rather than submit to oppreir.on. But, in our opinion, no such invasion of our rights has oc curred as would justify a dissolution of the I nion ; and ive are inclined to meet the prtstnt, and all future questions of difficulty thai mau arise, in a calm, conservative, and com promising spirit, ardently hoping that this Union may exist for age?, dispensing the blessings of liberty to fu ture generations of our posterity, and affording an asylum for the oppressed of every land. A. L. Dabset then offered the following resolutions : 1. Resolved, That the following resolution, submitted to the Senate in February, 1847, by Mr. Calhoun, announces truths which cannot be successfully controverted : ? Resolved, That it is a fundamental principle in our po 4litical creed that a peiple, in f rming a constitution, have 4 the unconditional right to form and adopt the government 4 which they may think best calculated to secure their liber < (y, prosperity, and happiness ; and, in conformity there o, ? no other condition is imposed by the I ederal^Constitution ? on a State, in order to be admitted into this Union, except 4 that its cons'itu ion shall be 4republ ca'i, and that the im I 4 position of any other by Congress would not only be a vio l 4 lation of the Constitution, but in direct conflict with the i 4 principle on which our political sys em rests ? 8. Resolved, The language of President Polk, in his last 1 annual message, is equally true, and his recommendation was ! not opposed, except by those who sought to impose the w ll mot proviso on the newly-acquired Territories. From Mr. Pott's Message :o Congress rf Dec. 8, 1848. 44 Whether Congress shall legislate or no', the people of 4 the acquired Territories, when assembled in convention to 4 form 6>tate constitutions, will possess the sole and exclusive 4 power ti de'ermine for themselves whether slavery shall or 4 shall net exist within their limits. If Congr-ss sha 1 e - 4 stain from interfering with the question, the peop.e o! 'nyse 4 Territories will l<e left- free to adjust it as they may think 4 projer, when they apply for admission into the Union. , Col. Thomas S. Dabhbt offered tbe following preamble and resolution : 44 Whereas our Senators and ReprcjentaWves in Congress have addicssed a let'er to the Governor of >h:a State, in which they ask hi* advice, and ilie advice ol the Legislature now in session, and tbe advice of the people of this State, as j to the course which Mississippi sha 1 deem it her du y to pur sue in the emergencv which m?y be j resented by the admis sion of California into the Union as a Siate, under a consti : tution restricting slavery ; and wtereas the people of this State did meet in Convention, in the city of Jackson, in October 1 last, and did then and there pass upon the question now pro pounded by our Senators and Representatives in Congress, by refusing, in the me at marked manner, to make theadm.ssion of California into the Union an issue either with the people of California or with the co StaUs of Mississippi; The.efore, 44 RcM>Jv(d, That we, a po tion only of the people of one coub? h.wng ad ae self-respect, do decline .J-JJ-oou, Senators and Representatives in Congress any advice. what ever in the pret?.*s, believirg that we could not doit *? th out placing^orselves either in hostility to the aeccr.air.ed will of the people of Mnfiasipp* o" ?ne k*nd, pr committing act of supererogation on the other. The Convention was tben addre*?ed, with itucL spirit and animation, by A. L Dahney, Esq , Hen. Darnel Mayes. \. C. Bain**, Etq , Mr. D McComb, Hen. A. R. Jofcn ston, John Shelton, Esq., atid other gen lemen?all of whom emphatically declared ihemaelves in favor ol .he adop lion of the different resolutions before the meeting?in favor of sustaining President Taylor in bis coarse in relation to . California-v-strong for tbe constitutional rights of tbe South? and* above sll things, for the Union of the American States. No voice was raised for disunion, while the pro posed Nashville Convention, and the oi-ject contemplated by i many oi its leading champions, were strongly denounced. j The Convention then proceeded to vote on the resolutions on the Secretary's table. | The resolutions of Hon. Amos R. Johnston w#re again read and unanimously adapted as the sentiments of the Convention. The first and second resolutions of A. L. Dabney, Esq. (as above) were unanimously adopted. Tne preamble and resolution offered by Col. Thomas 8. Dabney were unanimously adopted. The business of the Convention having been accomplished, the Convention adjourned. Tht Committee's Letter to President Tuy\r. RiTMoxn, (Mi.) March 12, 1850. Sib : In obedience to the requirement of one of the resolu tions enclosed, it is made our grateful duty to transmit the series to you, and if, in the performance of this duty, we avail ourselves of the occasion to indulge in some explanatory and personal reflections, may we not hope that the exigency of the occasion which called into existence the resolutions and the assemblage whence they emanated, will greatly palliate, if they dour* ettme, the seeming obtrusion ' That a crisis in tne affairs of this greatcountry ,??realarm-, ing perhaps than any with which it has hitherto pleased Di vine Providence to aiHict us?a crisis so appalling, so deaden ing, so dirk, as to cause the stoutest, tbe most loyal heart to doubt tbe call of duty, lest be might anwiitingly obey that of faction that a crisis such as this has been upon us no candid man, we thir.k, will gainsay. But we now indulge tbe opinion, and it afford? m infinite pleasure to communicate it to yap, as the Chief Magistrate of this whole country, that this crisis has passed away ; has passed away! Indications, too well de fined to escape the least observing, now point to measures ulterior to the vindication of right, either Southern or North ern, and parties are fast dropping into their old ranks with a force quite as strong (though not as fierce and fitful) as that Svfeicb caused their general disruption ; and il one party is seen, with characteristic fidelity, obeying the behests of its file leaJers, tbe other, with no less fidelity, obeys the call of patriotism. We express the opinion, and with great confi dence too, that not many days will elapse ere there will be two parties in Mississippi again. One of these will be the Whig ptrty. Whether the other will call itself Democratic, or whether it will adopt another name more indicative of its present [rinciples and purposes, will be for them and not for Us to determine. With sentiments of profound respect, we have the honor to be your nllow-citizens and most humble servants, R. COLLINS, JAMES DUPREE, THOS. 8. DABNEY". His Exisllency Z. Tat lob, Proiident United States, Washington. FK0M THE MISSISSIPPI S0CTHH0N. A Kalli fuu the Union !?At a public mooting of ihe citizens of Kdams County, held at the court-house in Nat chez on Stfurday, the 9th instant, in pursuance of a call of the friends pf the integrity of this Union who are not opposed to the admfcsion of California, the following proceedings were had; Tht meeting was organized by the election of Dr. Stephen I^lscan, president; John R. Stockman, and Isaac Lum, Esq*, were chosen vice presidents, and E. B. Bakeh and John Fleming, secretaries. The following preamble arid resolutions were introduced by B. Pendleton, and seconded by Col. Adam L. Binga man, and 11aopted: Whereas '.he people of California, have, so far as we know and.bdieve, by their own free and independent action, and without the exercise of any undue influence either on the part of the past or present Administration, formed a State Constitution, and now claim (according to the stipulations of the treaty by which she was acquired) admission into the Union; and whereas it would be alike impolitic and unjust to attempt to fortify our own rights by trenching upon the rights of others ; and whereas?, it is the duty bf all good citizens to unite in patriotic endeavor* to calm the excitement which per vades the country, which blazes in our National Councils, and would stem to portend a dissolution of the Union, and the consequent prostration of our free institutionsand whereas it is hoped and believed that the admission of Cali fornia, upon such terms and under such regulations a? Con gress, in their calm and temperate deliberations, may deem proper legally to impose, would pave the way to a satisfacto ry adjustment and final settlement of this vexed question of our rights, and tend to the preservation and perpetuity of the Union : Therefore, Be it resolved, That the clause in the constitution of Cali fornia which prohibits the domestic relations of slavery within her borders, should form no obstacle to her full, free, and prompt admission as an integral and equal member of our Confederacy ; and that we do not deem such admission to be a question of unconstitutional aggression by the non-slave holding States on the rights of the slaveho'.ding States, but we consider it a mere question of expediency, the agitation of which is calculated to create division instead of a united action on the part of the South. Resolved, That the failure of Congress to provide a civil Government for California fully justified the people of that Territory in endeavoring to provide one for themselves and applying for admission into the Union as a State. Resolved, That we cherish the Union as of priceless value; that we will zealously co-operate in all efforts towards its preservation and perpetuity, as our most precious inheri tance, so long as it secures those rights whicn are guarantied to us by tht Federal Constitutionand that we will never re nounce it until those rights are clearly and palpably violated. Resolved, That although political precedents, clothed in the venerable habiliments of time and sanctioned by the weight of patriotic and revered names, are entitled to our deep con sideration and respect, yet they ought not to be deemed as of unquestionable authority and binding force ; and that the adoption by Congress of the ordinance of'87, in the form of the Wilmot proviso, would by us be considered an unwar rantable and unconstitutional usurpation, on her part, of a power vested exclusively in the Territories of thiB Union at the time of the formation of their organic law; an insulting imposition of degrading disabilities on the people of Southern and Southwestern States; and a total prostration of our con stitutional equality, to which, as American citizens worthy of the nsme, we ought not, and cannot, be expected patiently and pusillanimously to submit. Resolved, That Congress possesses no constitutional power to interfere in the traffic of slaves between the several States. Resolved, That the abolition by Congress of slavery in the District of Columbia, without full remuneration to the slave owners therein, would be unconstitutional and an act of fla grant injustice: that to abolish it without the concurrence of the State of Maryland, would be an unscrupulous violation of implied fai:h; and that to abolish it without the consent of the people of the District, would be tyranny of a deep and undoubted dye. Resolved, Tnat it is the duiy of Congress to pass such an act as will secure to the citizens the full benefit of the provi sion of the constitution regarding the reclamation of "per sons held to service or labor" in one State escaping into another ; and that our Senators and Representatives in Con gress from this Stite be solicited to use their best exertions to procure enactments which will most effectually accomplish this object; and resolved further, that the outrages repeated ly committed by portions of our fellow citizens of the non slaveholding Slates upon our characters and rights as slave holders, and the legislation of several of those States obstruct ing the recovery of our slave property within their borders, are subversive of rights solemnly and explicitly guarantied by the constitution, and at war with the spirit which formed, and which alone can preserve, that sacred instrument, tend in?, with fearful rapidity, to alienate one section of the Union from the other, and to 9ever the bends by which we are a united people. Resclred, That the citizens of each and all the States have an equal right to transport their property and domestic rela I tions of ail descriptions recognised by the constitu'ion to any l of the territories of the Union ; that such territories, acquired as they may have been either by the common treasurer by the blood of the citizens of the several States, are, and ought to be, free and open to their equal enjoyment ; that our rights as American citizens are paramount to all conflicting foreign and local laws ; and that together with the flag of the Union, whether advanced to the North or the South, to the rising or the setting of the 6un, is borne proudly onward, and authori tatively established in peerless supremacy, the Constitution of the Union. Col. Binsaman then read the following resolution, which also passed ; Resohtd, That it be recommended to our fellow citizens of the several counties of this State to convene together and give public expresaien to their views on the subjects embraced in the foregoing resolutions. The meeting on motion adjourned. STEPHEN DUN CAN, President, j Louisiana and the Southern Convention.? The New Orleans Courier having taunted the Bul letin with having been quoted by the New York Evening Post as saying the people of Louisiana were opposed to the Nashville Convention, the Bulletin thus replies: " We on!y assorted what our Legislature bar since affirm ed, by refjaibg to sen I delegates to that contention, and we presume the^e is no one, not even the Editors of the Courier, who wj;| venture to a?s*rt tbat a majority cou'd be obtained in any pariah of ibe S ate in favor of Louisiana joining in that. convention. As we have previously said, we do not beiievei there is a politician in the State, Whig or Democrat, who ( would peril hia political existence by accepting ikt! ?ppoirt ment to that convention, wbose ottmnble object i? tbe pro- J lection of Southern rights, whilst the real one it disunion." AN HONORABLE TRIBUTE FROM BOSTON TO SENATOR WEBSTER. We have seldom had the opportunity of spread ing before our readers any testimonial of respect for high public service which has given us more pleasure to publish than the Letter from a body of good and patriotic men of Boston which we now introduce to them. More glorious than a civic crown, Mr. Webster may well be proud of this distinguished honor ! To the Honorable Daniel TVcbiter. Sib : Impressed with the magnitude and importance of the service to the Constitution and the Union which you have rendered by your recent speech in the Senate of the United States on the subject of slavery, we desire to express to you our deep obligations for what this speech ha* done, and is doing, to enlighten the public mind and to bring the present crisis in our national affairs to a fortunate and peaceful ter mination. As citizens of tha United States, we wish to thank you for recalling us to our duties, under the Constitution, and for the broad, national, and patriotic views which you have sent, with the weight of your great authority, and with the power of your unanswerable-reasoning, into every corner of the Union. It is, permit us to say, sir, no common "good which -you have thus done for the country. In a time of almost unpre cedented excitement, when the minds of men have been be wildered by an apparent conflict of duties, and when multi tudes have been unable to find solid ground on which to rest with security and peace, you have pointed out to a whole people the path of duty, have convinced the understanding and touched the conscience of a nation. You have met this great exigency a* a patriot and a statesman ; and, although the debt of gratitude which the people of thia country owe to you wus large before, you have increased it by a peculiar ser vice, which is felt throughout the land. We desire, there fore, to express to you our entire concurrence in the senti ments of your speech, and our heartfelt thanks for the ines timable aid it has afforded towards the preservation and per petuation of the Union. For this purpose, we respectfully present to you this our address of thanits and congratulation in reference to this most interrsting and important occasion in your public life. We have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your obedient servants, , Here follow the names of upwards of nine hun dred of the most respectable and influential citizens of Boston, extending in length to more than four columns of this paper, for the insertion of which we cannot now find space; but, to enable our readers to estimate as highly as it deserves this tes timonial, we copy from two of the Boston papers brief notices of the general character of the signers. VROM THE B0ST03* DAI LT ADVERTISER. The Speech of Mb. Webster.?We have heretofore taken occasion to say that the opinions expressed by Mr. Webster in his great exposition of his sentiments upon na tional subjects, a few weeks ago, would be supported by the people of New England. The opinion that he would be thus supported has been controverted in some quarters, but we are glad to tind that we were not mistaken. We are able to ! publish to-day a letter to Mr. Webster, signed by same eight \ hundred citizens of Boston and its vicinity, approving of his course, and endorsing his opinions. To Boston pe.ople it would be idle for us to attempt to point I out how well the signers of this letter represent the best part of j our community. . To readers out of the city it may l>e well j to say, that no public man could have, or could ask, a better set of retainers. No one wha knows Boston, will ask a bet- : ter rebuke than this letter affords to the recent abolition meet- j ing called to abuse Mr. Webster. FROM THE BOSTOB COURIER. Address to Mb. Webster.?We have been requested to publish an address to Mr. Webster from citizens of Boston, and other places in the neighborhood, which leaves this city for Washington by the mail of this afternoon. Such a docu ment has rarely emanated from this community. From the names of the venerable merchant Col. Perkius, and the equally venerable jurist Judge Jacksox, whose autographs lead this most respectable array, down through the entire list, there is an ample representation, by persons of all ages, of whatever Boston contains ol intellect and character, of wealth, of position, or of activity in affairs and in mott of the leading professions and occupations. There is not a name upon this address that is not the name of a legal voter, and a substan tial citizen; and among them many will be recognised abroad as the names of men eminent in the various walks of life. There is no one'name that does not speak its ownor'e real sentiments, and that does not, to a great extent, repre sent a class. We think this fact will strike every one who is well acquainted with tho inhabitants of this city. We are happy to see that the address is also subscribed by several of j the leading professors of the theological seminary at Andover, 1 men who are known all over the country, and by the Presi- , dent of Harvard University, whose names will require no ! special indication in any part of the Union. The lamented ' Hon. Samuel T. Armstrong died on the day after he had subscribed the address. This demonstration is the more imposing from the calm ! and quiet manner in which it is made. These men have not chosen to take it as true, on the assertion of any body here or elsewhere, that the North, or New England, or Boston dis approves of Mr. Webster's late speech; but they have chosen to let him know, and to let the country know, what they think of it. We can inform the country that when in this community such a body of men. come forward to speak their minds upon any subject, public opinion in Boston on that subject may safely be considered to have been ascertained. APPOINTMENT BY THE PRESIDENT, By and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Jacob S. Schriver, to be Deputy Postmaster at Wheeling, Virginia. Wm. J. B. White, to be Deputy Postmaster at Philadelphia. Wm. T. Purnell, of Mississippi, to be United States Consul for the port of Bahia, in Brazil. The Legislature of the State of Ohio adjourned sine die on Monday last. Amongst the laws passed was one taxing Banks as other property is taxed ; another erecting a State Board of Educa ting ; and another providing for homestead exemp tion. One new county was erected, to be called Vinton, and formed out of a part of Athens, Fair field, and Jackson counties. The Ohio State Jour nal informs us that this new county was named in compliment to the excellent and universally respect ed Representative from that District in Congress. Growth of Wisconsin.?That large extent of territory now forming the State of Wisconsin, which was but a few years ago overshadowed by a dense wilderness, will soon rank among the i most important States of the Confederacy. Some idea of the large accessions to the population which she is constantly receiving, may be gathered from the sales of the public lands within her border, j The entries of land within the State during the year 1849 amount in the aggregate to 795,646 j acres, of which a little over 200,000 were paid for , in cash, and the remainder, nearly 600,000 acres, i were paid for with land warrants. During the year 1849 more than a million of acres of land in the ; State were entered, about three-fourths of which were paid for with land warrants. 1 While a clerk in New Orleans, on the lSkh ultimo., was j proceeding to the Louisiana Bank to deposite ?2,510, he was jostled by a crowd, and io, immediately afterwards the money ' wa* missing. The alarm was given, and when the bank was notified of the theft, it was found that the"bi!ls had been ex changed for smaller currency. Several old rogues were ar les'.ed on *'i?picion. A telegraphic despatch from Peoria states that the obstruc tion in the Illinois river, at Peoria bridge, bad been so remov ed as to permit t oata less than 40 feet in width to pass through. Th* Pra:ne B.rd passed up, and the Ocean Wave is on-her way down. The Archer and Planter reached this city night be fore las:, loth having come throogh the piers of the hridg*. [5/. Lou^ Republican. j PROFESSOR JOHN W. WEBSTER CONVICTED. btos, March 31.?Mr. Clifford, the Attor n wl! ' c,osed his argument in the case or Dr. Webster yesterday evening. At eight o'clock die case was given to the Jury, and at eleven they returned into Court with a verdictof guilty of mur verX n w gre.e: On ^e rendition of the aihlA fn [' ter tinted, and remained insen sible for ten minutes. He was then conveyed to jail, to await his sentence. By the Court's per SSZ'Z&L^T' ^ ^ before ,he/re Dh. WEBSTER'S PLEA. Z Wthe argU'neoU of coun-eI o" both sides, in he casei of Dr. W?b.tm, convicted at Boston on Saturday h?t of the murder of Dr. Parkmaw, Chief Justice with much emotion, stated to the Prisoner that it was his privilege now to address (he jury, if he had any thing to ur or any explanation to make. Professor YVsbstzr rose, and, in a very distinct voice made the following remarks : o!iIl,?'!aVe,d0,,,vred/0enter int0 >a "P'aMtion of Uncom plicated network of circumstances which, by my peculiar po sition, the government has thrown around me, a?d whiJh m nine ca*? out of,ten, are completely diatorted, and pr^ btUy|nme-tenthis of which could be satisfactorily explained ot L coS ?hv he8,lm0n?' haVe bee0 pUeti ia tbe h"lJ? y* hom my lnnocen<* could have lieen firm ly established. Acting entirely^umler their direction, I have sealed my lips during the period of my confinement trusiina myself entirely to them, fhey have not dmaJdTtnecS? !" 7per,or. w'8dom? ['his was said in an ironical tonM to bring forward the evidence which was to ex inerate me ?f ,he" ??"' Tb? r??n?M h.,.ToSt it! consummate ingenuity could suggest against ma I wiU T II T "0t haVe an undue influei?ce upon my jury' IhSL r?taKUde 10 ^ oitho cbar??i but there is o?e which touches me, and that is the letter which has been Dro I and it instantly occurred to me that this parcel 01^^ I W h ! pr0durd wheri necessary- For several days Mrs .n i ? reqUef8tt ?e t0 Purcb??e some acid for domestic use and as my wife had repeatedly laughed at me because I h!a no. purchased it, I had borne* it in my mrnTth^ aftTrn^ 1 mi lfl ih g?ne Lnt0 rhayer'8 itore' under lh? Revere House' made the purchase, and waited till the Cambridge omnibui came along and then jumped into the omnibus with the bun dle. I went home and gave the bundle to my wife: and ? feard 60 much 8aid about the bundle, it flashed on my mind in a moment that this mast be the bun ? L !a,l Undle* and not 10 any document, that I referred in the direction to my wile. As regards the nitrate f copper : in the usual lectures preceding my arrest, I had occasion to use the influence of chemical agents in producing changes of various subjects; among others, on gases. I prepared a large quantity of oxalic acid gas. A gallon jar cohr ? * gaT fder t0 Produce th? changes from dark color to orange, and also in air. On great heat being applied to the jar, the gas was drawn through water. As to the ni trate of cop^r .pilled on the floor of the laboratory, it was spilled accidentally from a quantity used by me, in my lec tures, between the day of Dr. Pafkman's dis.p^aranw and my own arrest. 80 f might go on explaining a varTety of circumstances which have been distorted. My counsel have tofa?u ?e.t0 .keep calm- My very calmness has been made to bear against me ; but my trust has been in my God and my own innocence. In regard to money I a woTd I he money wh,ch I paid Dr. Parkman on the afternoon of Friday, November 2Sd, I had saved up from time to time and naP?Lm a ' m h?U8e in CambriJge i but unfortunately no one ever saw me take it out; therefore, I can only zive Sm 1 ,UCh T ^ ^ Several y?* I h.d !tu! dents who were in the habit of being in my laboratory, and who injured my apparatus, therefore, I prepared everything for my own use in my lectures with my ^hands^L ?5 is the reason why I excluded persons from my laboratory. As regards my whereabouts from the hour of Dr. P.'s dis?> pearance, I have put intojny counsels' hands satisfactory in formation, which will account for every day I had spenUlur ing that week; for every day and every hour. I nZerlZ absent from home. As to being seen by Mr. Sanderson, I Tv ml ?me 8|Very 8Vfning" "ne tbin? ,hat bas been omitted y my counsel was, that on the Friday on which the alleged 5 kIm." 8aid t0 have 1)6611 comD?>"ed, I bad purchased Humboldt s new work ? Cosmos,' and while waiting for an . omnibus, stepped into Brigham's to take a mutton chop and , in coming out to take the omnibus, had forgotten m^k but after my arrest remembered the place where I had left it' and mentioned it to my counsel. They had aent to Brigham's', I and the book had been found." The Professor here sat down, but almost instantly arose ' and said : ,r'liri!1 one rord more- 1 have foit v?r* much dis. 1 io thin 1 U production of those anonymous letters, more than by any thing that has occurred during the trial. I I call my God to witness that, if it w,s the last hour of my life, I never wrote those letters. 8ince the trial commenced a letter bas been received from this very ?Civia' by one of my counsel. If this person has any spark of humanity, I cafl i Dr. Webster again took hia seat, baring evidently made a deep impression upon all preK?, by the seriousne* of his remarks and the earnestness of his manner. Boston, Ae?,t l.-Proi Webster was brought into Court this morning at 10 o'clock, and received the dread sen tence of the law. It was pronounced by Judge Shaw, and closed as follows : ' "V ou, John W Webster, after a fair trial, and with everv opportunity for defence, have been found guilty by a jury oT : your fe^ow citizens, of having, on Friday, the 23d day of November, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and pXmiT'i mallCe aforethou*bt, murdered Doctor Geo. Grove^str'eeL inB Pr,'Vale T?' in th? Medical Col,e?? ? street, in Boston. It u now the duty of the Court to pronounce upon y.ou the sentence which the law imposes upon such a crime. It is therefore adjudged, declared and commanded by tbis Court, that you be taken hence by the proper officer to the prison of the county, and there kept in close custody until such time as the Chief Magistrate of this Commonwealth shall by his oflicial warrant appoint when you shall be taken thence to the place of public execution I andI there be hung by the neck until you are dead. And j may God, in his intmite goodness, have mercy on your soul! I The prisoner heard the sentence with an unblenched ,C' J ?' "1 'l,petred 10 the ey? of ?he specUtor, with a troubled and saddened heart. He was immediately removed from the Court to the prison, followed by the crowd, who were curious to catch a glance of I hi* face. It IS not supposed that the execution will take place very soon, as it is the de*ire of every one to give the prisoner full tune to make his peace with Heaven ; and that, if any one knows ought which would lighten his crime, or remove the charge from him, oP[K)rtuniiy m?y be afforded to produce the testimony. r The Boston Transcript savs that Dr. Web-tar'. r.m;i_ _ wholiy f?, L terrible ".uUof^.''47 had secured their own passages and that of Professor Wet. ster, at bis direction, for Fayal, for the 20th of this month" I hey ha\e all along had the strongest persuasion of his inno ,he "aJ^r^ow^'cirS^i^ Sfhfci" S'ciicSe" their friends ml ih ? if* ' r'?P#cted, and beloved by men tnends, and that all that can be done will be done to comfort and support them under this terrible burden of affliction. The French " Courrier" (of New York) con gratulates its readers that the difficulty in relation to the seiaure of the French vessels at the port 01 San Francisco has been adjusted without trouble. The brandies seized (because they were in bottles and not in wood) have also been surrendered, though the latter of the two was in favor of the action of the Collector. This result, the Courrier says, demonstrates the sincerity of the reception ot Me Bois le-Compte, and promises well for the new embassy. MiLiJfes of Pigio.is.?Letters from Indiana comp'ain that some of the pigeon roosts cover the forests for miles, des troying the limber. A letter Irom Laurel sava : " I am com pletely worn down. The pigeons are roosting all through tho woods, and the ro^st extends for miles. Our neig^bjrs ?nd ourselves have, for several nights, had to build lirge lire# and keep up reports of tire arms to scare them off. While I write, w hia a quarter uf a ai !e, there are 30 gur;a firiiig. Ths j.igeo:<s come n ?ucfc large t)u*n'i:ie< as to destroy a g-eat deal of timber, weak lia:bs off ta-g? trees, and even tear up some by the roots. The woods are covered with dead iitgeons." '