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the grand industrial EXHIBITION OF 1S51. It is gratifying to observe that a general interest has been awakened among our citizens in relation to the display of natural productions, ingenuity, industry, and artistic talent, to which the world has been invited in London during the next year. Several of the industrial and other institutions of the United States have already manifested their desire to aid in promoting that exhibition. As the time of receiving articles in London is limited to the period between the 1st of January and the 1st of March next, it is evident that an early movement on the part of those who intend to forward objects for the exhibition is highly desirable. The Department of State has done all in its power to further the movement, and with commend able promptitude has provided the means of com plying with that requirement in the London pro gramme which relates to a 44 Central Authority," certified by the Government of the country from which articles are sent. The following proceedings and correspondence will make known the medium which has been pro vided for communicating with the Commissioners on the Exhibition in London. A reference to their circular to foreign exhibitors will show the neces sity for such a Central Authority in this country. We understand that the co-operation of all parts of the country will be invoked to give character and interest to ihe American portion of the exhi bition. We shall be disappointed if stenmers and packet ships going eastward in the early part of next year have not lull lists of passengers. We have already heard many persons express their intention of being present at the exhibition. jLT As this is a subject of general interest, edi tors of papers throughout the country will confer a 'favor 011 the public by inserting the subjoined pro ceedings. Meeting of the Central Committee for the United States. Pu;s'iant to notice given, the Central Committee met at the rooms of the National Institute, in the Patent Office, on Thuraday ivening, the 13th instant, at 8 o'clock. The meeting was called to order by Professor Walteb II Johnson, on whose motion Col. Pete* Fobce was called to the chair, and Cms. F. Stawbubt chosen secretary of the meeting. This temporary organization having been elected, the com mittee proceeded to organize permanently by the appointment of the Hon. Millard Fillxore, Vice President of the Uni ted Slates, chairman, and Prof. Walteh R. Johnson Sec retary. At the request of the chairman, (Col. Force,) the follow ing papers were read by Prof. Johnson in explanation of the appointment and duties of the committee. ?i State Department, Washington, Mat 17, 1850. To the President of the Sational Institute fur the Promotion of Science. Sib : I have the honor herewith to transmit copies of a correspondence which has taken place between the Minister Plenipotentiary ot her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and this Department relative to the proposed Industrial Ex hibition to be held in London in the year 1851. From the circular of the Royal Commissioners of Great Britain, hereto annexed, it will be objerved that all objects intended to be introduced from foreign countries and euiered for that exhibition are required to have been first submitted to and approved by a central authority or commission of the country from which they shall be brought, and that no other will be recognised as a central authority except such as shall have been so certified by the Government of the country in i wbich it tx'iats. That American industry and arts maybe enabled to appear in the place allotted to them, it will be indispensable that a recognised central authority should be constituted ; and I am under the impres?ion that the National Institute, having been regularly incorporated by act of Congress, and being habitu allv engaged in mattera pertaining to the arU and sciences, is the proper body for taking the initiative in constituting such a central authority. I therefore beg leave to submit to its consideration the in teresting and important subject which has been brought to the attention of this Department by the distinguished Envoy of tier Majesty's Government, and to request such action or sug gestions as may seem necessary in order that the natural pro ductions, the ingenuity, industry, and arts of the United Sta-es may be fully and suitably represented on the interest ing occasion herein referred to. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours, JOHN M. CLAYTON. This communication wa<< laid before the National Institute, and by it referred to a select committee, which brought in the following report : Report of the Committee of the National Institute. Tbe special committee, to which was referred the commu Bicauon from the Hon- John M. Clatton, Secretary of State, relative to tbe formation of a central authority for transmitting vtides to the Industrial Exhibition to be held in London in 1851, offers the following report The committer, impressed with the importance of the sub ject commended to the Institute, have given to it their earnest and careful attention. ? The resources, the ingenuity, the industry, and ar>s of the United States are conceived to merit the best endeavors to procure for them opportunities of being adequately represent ed in the great Industrial Exhibition at London. Agreeably to tbe programme adopted by the Royal Com mwuon, no articles are to be received from Foreign Exhibi tors except those which shall have been approved by a cen tral authority, recognised as such by the Government of the countiy from which they are sent. . This Institute being the only Society for the Promotion of Kcteace and the Art*, direcUy incorporated by the Govern ment, the Secretary of State has deemed it the appropriate body to take action or make suggestions relative to the tulfil laent of tbe wishes ot the Royal Commissioners, by the estab lish meot of such a central authority as the case seems to require. Q , To this voluntary proposal on the part of the Secretary o! flute, the committee consider the National Institute in duty bound to respond. , In accordance with this view the committee respectfully re commend the following resolutions.: 1. K&oivtd, That tbe Institute will take action on the sub ject submittal to it by the Department of State. 2. Keiolvd, Th-t the Institute do now proceed to consti ?. jte a com nittee suitable to be recognised by the Government aa a central body to hold correspondence with tbe British c Commissioner*, and to secure tbe reception of American pro ductions a*, the pr.>p<?aed Industrial Exhibition in London. PETER FORCE, JOSEPH HENRY, I WALTER R. JOHNSON, ^-Committee. J.-J. GHEENOUGH, I CHARLES WILKES. J National Ijistitcte, Washisoto*, Mat 27, 1850. Kja I have tt?e honor to mske known to the Department of stale tbe action which this hutitute hss taken on the sub -1 ject of your communication of tkie 17th instant. That action . V cemtwie*! ?? 'be following resolutions, unanimously adopt ?j after full ducuwaon at the meeting held this evening. " Rttoivta, That the Institute will take action on the subjoct submitted to H b* the Department of State " Kemiivd, That the Institute do now prcceed to constitute u committee ru able to be recognised by the Government to hold correspond w"h *e British Commissioners, and to * cure the recoptioi of American production, at the propowd industrial Exhibition ?n London. . _ , " Rrtotvd, That tt committee of not leas than nineteen I* appointed, to constitute a Central Committee on the Indus ma! Exbibi'ion, and correspond witli societies and <x inmittees throughout t ie United . ?. ?' hunt ed. That the Freaiderit of this ln*Utute be ? meiaoe oi tbe Central Commitf*#. _ . . ?? Ktso* td, That tbe Cot-e*poriding Secretary communicate u the secretary of Sure a cvy of the foregoing wjoluUon-, ;ogetr?r with the names of th-4 Central Committoe The following ?re the name* of the memlwr* of the central ?Oommntae appointed m acwwd-nce with ?ba foregoing reso lutions Hon. Wivisan Fimmoks, Vice President of the United States, ai.d tx -ffxx'j Chancellor of the Regents of the bnuihS'jQMc lusuluUoo. CJ. Pith Force, Pro?dent of the National Institute. Hon. James A. Pbaecb, U. 8. Senate, member oJ the Board of Rchdu of the Smithsonian Institution. Hoo. Levi Wooiihi, M. N. L, Associate Juetice of the 8apreme Court of the United States. Commodore Lewie Whiihtm, U. 8. N., M. N. I., Chief of the Bureau of Onlnence and Hydrography. Prof. Joseph Hum, Vice President of the N. I., Secretary of the Hmitheonian Institution Prof. Wuti? R. Jomrsom, Corresponding Secretary of the National Institute. Prof. Alexamibr D. Bacre, M. N. I., member of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, and Superinten dent ol the Coast Survey. |H Commarder Charles Wiui?, U. 8. N., M. N. I., late Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition. Hon. WiutA? W. Seatox, M. N. I., Mayor of Wash ingt<-n. Hon. Jeffersox Davis, U. S. Senate, member of the Board cf K gents of the Smithsonian Institution. Lieut. Mathiw P. Mai rt, U. S. M., V ice President of the National Institute, and Superintendent of the National Observatory. I. James f?aii.socoh, E q., M. N. I. Charles F. Stabsbcrt, Esq , Recording Secretary of the National Institute. Col. J. J. Abkrt, M. N. I., Chief of the Topographical Bureau. Gvn. Joseph G. Tottis, Vice President N. I., Chief Eng. U. 8. Army. Thomab Ewbaxk, Esq., Commissioner of Patents. William Easbt, Esq., Treasurer National Institute. Leorard D. Galb, M. D., M. N. I., Examiner of Patents. Josbph C. G. KxnbiI'T, Esq., M. N. I., Superintendent of Census. Ezba C. Seamax, Esq., M. N. I. I have the honor to lie very respectfully Your ob't ssrv't, WALTER R. JOHNSON, Cor. Secretary of the National Institute. ' Hon. Johx M. Clattox, Secretary of Slate. Department of State, Washington, June 8, 1850. 8ir : I have duly received your letter uf the 27th ultimo, communicating to this Department the proceedings of the National Institute on tbc subject of my note i f the 17th of the same month. Those proceeding* appear to mo lobe perfectly satisfactory ; and I have accord ugly transmit ed thorn to the British Minis'er in this city, with the communication a copy of which is enclosed for your information. I am, sir, respecfu'.ly, your obd't servant, JOHN M. CLAYTON. Walter R. Johxsox, Esq., Corresponding Secretary of the National Institute. DxrARTMKST OF STATE, Washington, June 1, 1850. Sir : I have the honor to transmit to you herewith a copy of the correspondence which has parsed between this Depart ment and the National Institute for the Promotion of Science, respecting the organixation of a committee to constitute the ceutral authority required by the regulations of the Royal Commission on the proposed Industrial Exhibition, to cor respond with them in London, and with societies, local com mit. ec?, and individuals in this country, and to sanction the forwarding of articles applicable to the exhibition. I need hardly say to you, sir, that the proceedings of the National Institute, as set forth in this correspondence, meet [he approbation of the Department, which has full confidence in the committee named by that Institute. 1 avail myself of this opportunity to renew to you the as surance of my high and distinguished consideration. JOHN M. CLAYTON. Right Honorable Sir H. L. Bclwek, &c. Extract from the Circular of the Royal Commissioners. "The Commissioners have felt that it would be desirable, is far as possible, to prevent any persons from sending hither irticles which cannot be admitted, rather than to reject the arti :les after their arrival in London. They feel also that the lelicate and responsible task of deciding on the admission or -ejection of articles destined for exhibition by foreign contribu :ors ought not to be imposed upon any English tribunal, but should be referred to one having the confidence of the exhibi tors themselves, and standing entirely free from possible im putations of national partiality. They accordingly propoae to admit to exhibition such foreign articles only as may be for warded to them by the Central Authority (whatever may be its nature) in each country. They will communicate to such Central Authority the amount of space which can be allowed to the productions of the country for which it act?, and will also state the conditions and limitations which may from time to time be decided on with respect to the admission of articles. All articles forwarded by such Central Authority will then be admitted, provided they do not require a greater aggregate amount of space than that assigned to the productions of the country from which thryicome; and, provided, also, that they do not violate the conditions and limitations of which due notice shall have been given. It wilK rest with the Central Authority in each country to decide upon the merits of the several articles preaen'ed for exhibition, and to take care tbat those which are sent are such as fairly represent the in dustry of iheir.fellow countrymen. " Her Majesty's Commissioners will consider that to be the Central Authority in each case which is stated to be so by the Government of its country. Having once been put in communication with a Central Authority in any country, they must decline, absolutely and entirely, any communication with private and unauthorized individuals; and, should any such be addressed to them, they can only refer to a central body. This decision is essentially necessary, in order to prevent con fusion. "No articles of foreign manufacture, to whomsoever they may belong, or wheresoever they may be, can be admitted for exhibition unless they come with the sanction of the Centrat Authority of the country of which they are the produce. The Commissioners do not insist upon such articles being in all cases actually forwarded by the Central Authority, though they consider tbat this would generally be the most satisfactory arrangement; but it is indispensable that the sanction of such authority should in all cases be expressly given, and that it be held responsible for the fitness of such articles for exhibi tion, and for not authorizing the exhibition of a greater quan lity than can be accommodated in the space assigned to the productions of the country in question." A full discussion was then bad of the subject thus laid be fore the committee, and, on motion of the Hon. W. W. Seatox, it was? Resolved, That the committee of five first charged with this subject by the Institute (substituting Mr. Kexxedt for Mr. Gree^ocuh, who is absent) be an Executive Committee to take all necessary steps to carry out the views of the general committee. The following gentlemen constitute the Executive Commit tee : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter R. Johksox, Prof. Joseph Hexrt, J. C. G. Kexhedt, Esq., Cspt. Charles Wilkes. On motion? Resolved, Tbat the Secretary be requested to prepare the proceedings of this meeting for publication. And the Committee adjourned. CHAS. F. STANSBURY, Secretary of the Meeting. N. B.?Associations, committees, or individuals desirous to make propositions or to receive information, are requested 0 address their communications to J. C. G. Kexxedt, Esq RIOTERS JUSTLY DEALT WITH. Some of the rioter* who take occasion to keep the outskirts of the city of Philadelphia in commotion by their acts, receiv ed their due on Saturday last in the criminal court. Judge Parsoxs's remarks upon the practice cf carrying concealed deadly weapons, and the effect it would have on a conviction, (-ays the Philadelphia Ledger,) are worthy of the cons dera tion of those gallant young men who think stabbing or shror-* ing a man in the dark is an act of heroism. Such things may look very heroic in the rowdy melo-dramas which dis grace the stage, but in the streets of a respectable city they are nothing but acts ol cowardly assassination, deserving a halter, and it is time that they had it. Sentence was passed upon the following persons : John Pete, convicted of riot, was sentenced to two years' imprisonment; Patrick Innes, riot, eighteen months' impri sonment; Patrick Coyle, riot, one year's imprisonment; Jas. Coyle, riot, nine months' imprisonment; John McAvoy, riot, six months' imprisonment. All these prisoners were con cerned in a riot on the 3d of last February, in the vicinity of Pairmount, upon which occasion misoiles of various kind? were used and pistols discharged. The court expressed its determination to put down the cowardly practice of carrying doadir weapons, and stigmatized those who use fire-arms in dirtturbmce* as dastardly assassins. In all cases, Judge Par sons said, when pistols or guns arc found in the hands of rioters, the punishment would be greatly increased. The evil had twen growing in a fearful degree, and he was determined to check it with the strong arm of the law. John Bennett, convicted of riot, west of the Wire Bridge, when the attack was made on the workmen at the glam house, which resulted in the death of Wm. Hylands, was j sentenced to two years end six months' imprisonment. Michael McCarthy, convicted of an assault and battery on a watchman in the southwestern part of the city, was senten 1 ?*d to four months imprisonment. This defendant bad only been in the country a week previous to the occurrence. Late account* from Indian river, Florida, represent matters to be quiet in that quarter. Four companies of the 2d artil lery left that po0t on the 11th instant for For: Meade. The i troops were all iii good health. PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE. [bxt?act> from oum daily bbforti.] ADMISSION OF CALIFORNIA. Mr. CHASE. I have received a memorial from citizeiw of \kron, in Summit county, Ohio, very numerously signed by gentlemen of all political parties. Among the signature# is that of a distinguished and leading supporter of the Sena tor from Michigan during the laie Presidential canvass, and also that of a leading supporter of the present Chief Msgur Irate of the United Slates, as well as of othera, supporters of each of the candidales before the people at that time. There are among the signatures many of the most distinguished and influential individuals in that portion of the country. They respectfully reroonstiate against any action on the part of Congress by which the admission of California into the Union shall be made dependant on any other subject of legislation, and remonstrate very emphatically against the formation of any Territorial Government without the interdiction of human slavery being clearly expressed in the act of Congress creat ing such Government. I also take occasion to say that the gentleman who forwarded this memorial represents in his let-1 tcr that it is an embodiment.of the sentiments of nineteen-, twentieths of the people of Ohio. I ask that it be received and laid upon tbe table. Mr. BRIGHT. I understood the Senator to say that this petition or memorial was from the State of Ohio, and that it represented the opinions of nineieen-twentieths of the people of that State. Mr. CHA8E. I stated that the letter I had received en closing the petition represented such to be the fact, and that I had no reason to doubt the truth of the statement which the letter contained. . Mr. BRIGHT. It is a matter of astonishment to me, Mr. President, that the Stales of Ohio and Indiana should differ so widely in reference to the unsettled political questions of the day. Why, sir, only last night I received a letter from a most respectable gentleman in my State, who has for the last ten years been honored with a seat in one or the other branches of her Legislature, iu which he informs me that, for two or three weeks previous to the writing of his letter, he had been in at tendance at the sitting of the Circuit and District Court of the United States, holden at the capital of that State 5 that he had seen and conversed with gentlemen from all parts of the State, and leading men of both of the great political parties, and that he had not met with a single individual who was not in favor of the general adjustment of the measures embraced in the compromise bill, and upon the basis proposed by that bill; and, as confirmatory of his statement, he mentious an incident that it will not be out of place or improper for me to state here. The grand jury in attendance at the court I have mentioned, numbering some seventeen or eighteen of the picked citizens from various quarters of the State, and about equally divided | in political sentiment, proceeded, before closing their official labors, to declsre on paper their opinions in reference to the exciting and perplexing questions now agitating the ceuntry, North, Soutb, E*st, and West, and concluded with a most earnest expression of the hope and wish that all might be set tled before the adjournment of Congress upon a just, equita ble, and constitutional basis, declaring their concurrence and approval of the principles contained in the bill now before this body. My correspondent further adds, as an evidence of the undivided state of public sentiment there, that tbo court or dered the opinion of the jury, thus informally embodied, to be entered on the minutes of the proceedings of the court, and requested their publication in the newspapers located at the capital. I have said thus much by way of an offset to the whole sale condemnation of this measure by that portion of the citi zens of Ohio who have signed the remonstrance just present ed by the honorable Senator from that State, (Mr. Chase,) and at the same time to congratulate tho Senate and country on the very wholesome state of public sentiment prevailing in Indiana compared to that in her adjoining sister State, Ohio 5 bilt, sir, I hope?though I have no right to speak for Ohio, nor shall I attempt to do so?but I hope, if the sentiments em braced in the memorial just read prevail in Ohio, they will not pass beyond her western boundary. I should be sorry, truly sorry, to realize that any part of my constituency, at least any considerable portion of them, were so blind to what I believe for the honor, interest, the peace and quietude of this Union, as to oppose all measures looking to a final adjustment of these questions. Sir, I am not mistaken when I declare that the sound thinking, practical men of the great and growing West, of all parties, are tired of this eternal agitation.. Public mind is wearied and worn out with it, and every voice that Teaches my ears but confirms me in the opinion that it is due alike to j the Union, to cur constituents, and ourselves, to settle all these questions, and that without further delay. Mr. CHASE. I have not undertaken to speak respecting the opinions of the people of Indiana, nor the opinions of the whole people of Ohio. I repeated the statement of the dis tinguished gentleman who transmitted that letter to me, who I believe had the honor of standing side by side with the I Senator from Indiana in the last Presidential struggle. He is a gentleman who advocated the election of the same can didate that the honorable Senator did, and supported him, I will not say with equal ability, for that would be going very far, but with distinguished ability. He expresses the senti ment of the portion of the State in which he resides, and I have no doubt that he expresses the opinion of that portion of I the State correctly. But he is not alone. Among the signa tures to that memorial is one of the leading editors, now in the support of the present Administration, in that same coun ty, a gentleman heretofore a distinguished supporter of the Senator from Kentucky. Another gentleman whose signa ture is here, has been a member of the other house, and I stands second to no man in the regards of his fellow-citizens. I hsve no doubt that these persons represent correctly the sentiment of that portion of the Slate of which they speak. I did not say a word with regard to the opinions of the peo ple of Indiana. She has able and true representatives here, who I trust will represent her truly in all her interests. All I have to say is, that if the people of Indiana are in favor of the plan of adjustment, the plan of compromise, which re pudiates the very principle on which tbe Democratic party I stood in the late struggle in Indiana, denies to tbe people of the Territories the right to legislate on the subject of slavery, and which also repudiates the right to restrict the introduction of slavery into the Territories, they stand in a position very dif ferent from the one in which that party stood during that Pre sidential struggle. Mr. BRIGHT. I do not wish to consume time, or to oc cupy the attention of the Senate with any debate upon this mat ter, I did not intend by any thing I said to intimate that the '? Senator from Ohio did not represent the opinion of the peo ple of that State. I only meant to say that if he did repre sent their feelings cn this question, they differed very widely from the people of the State which I have the honor to repre sent. But, ?ir, I deny that there ia any provision in this com promise bill which is violative of the principle laid, down by tbe Democratic party in the late contest. It is emphatically | " non interference," leaving the people to settle the character of their State institutions for themselves ; and in advocating that bill, I advocate nothing more nor less than the principles which were advocated in that conteat. The memorial was then received and ordered to be laid upon the table. , Mr. CLAY. I am quite feeble, yet I feel it nevertheless in conformity with my duty to present myself daily here. With regard to the people of Ohio, I know something of them 5 I have the highest possible respect for them, and am very grateful to them. But I shall be greatly disappointed if in some instances?I will not say what?gentlemen, when they go home, shall find themselves without constituencies, so far as a conformity of will creates a constituency. But that is en passant. I have risen to present some resolutions from a portion of the "frantic people" of the United States? frantie on behalf of the compromise every where, if not in Ohio. These resolutions are from that city which is going to vie in a few years, perhapa some twenty or thirty yeara, with the empire city of the country. I mean the city of St. Louis. They were passed at a meeting of both political parties, and they speak?as any man will confess, who knows any thing about the sentiment of Missouri?the sentiment of that State. These resolutions are from that great city, great I in fuct, and greater still in embryo, snd contain tbe undivided j sentiment of both Democrats and Whigs. They have been sent to me, and it is with no ordinary pleasure that I submit them to the Henate, and ask that they may be read and laid upon the table. The resolutions were then read as follows : Pursuant to a call through the public newspapers, a mass meeting of the citizens of St. Louis in favor of the Compn/ mise Bill reported to the United State* Senate by the Com mittee of Thirteen, without distinction ol psrty, assembled at the Rotundo of the Court-house, in St. Louis,' .Monday even ing, June 3, 1850. On motion of Gen. Nathan Ranney, Hon. Henry S. Geyer was called to the chair, as President of tlie meeting, and W. H? Heiskell, Thornton Grimsley, A. H. Iluckner, Charles Keerale, M. Steitz, G. K. McGu.ineglc, A. Hamilton, Wyl lis King, J. Chmnbers, T. B. Hudson, t.eorge Penn, were appoiuted Vice Presidents. H. W. Sharp and Kdraund Flsgg were appointed retaries. On assuming the chair, the President suted tbe object ol the meeting in a few forcible remarks. On motion of Hon. John M. Krum, a c mmittee of ten ws? appointed to draught resolutions tsprestivc of lite srwuoMSfts of the meeting. The Chslr appointed the following gentlemen, John M. Krum, T. Yeatman, J. B. Wells, N. Kanney, L. T. ItashMll, \V. Pal in, George W. West, J. C. Owlier, C. M. Vallenu, H. Von Phul, H. R. Gamble, and C. C Carroll. In the absence of the committee, the meeting was roost elo quently addresstd by Uriel Wright, Esq , fir. J. N. Mo Dowell, and Trusten Polk, Ksq., whose resaarks ware re ceived with the utmost enthusiasm. The following preamble and resolutions wt ported : Whereas the agitation of questions growing out ol, or ?? nected With, the subject ol slsvery, hss produced much ill fueling between the different sections of the Union, and, if sow tinued, threatens 10 disturb the fraternal relations whlab nl?t can preserve thia Union in iu spirit and titration and ?on? serve the rights and interests of all; nod ?Serena the Senate of the United Statea haa appointed a aocaauttee id thirteen of its most patriotic and experienced members to report sneh a measure of eompromise na shall henl the wounds of Ike strati try and restore to it penee and aoooord 4 and whereaa the snid committee have reported a plan of comprtnniae such as, in the opinion of this meeting, appears juat and adequate to the aettlo> ment of the whole question : Therefore Retohed, That wo, the people of St. Louis, without dis tinction of party, assembled here, declare our dues and un wavering devotion to the Union ot these United Slates and avow our solemn and inflexible purpoae to adhere to it, in de spite ot every effort made or meditated aeninst it eilhar bv the fanatics of the North or the hotspurs of the SwS * JfrWyed, That we of the West have too large'a stake in this confederacy to allow our misguided brethren of either section to endanger its integrity. Retohed, That while many of us differ in otMniua ing some of the details of the several propositus or bilE7? ported by the committee of the 8enate,yet believing that those propositions, taken as a whole, are juat and equitable in respect to the rights aud interests of the whole couture we tieldour hearty concurrence and support to those measures aa a connro. raise of the conflicting opinions and mensurea that now arttnte the peoiile m different portiona of our common oountry Revived, That in the opinion of this meeting, if the priii. ciples >1 the compromise are faithfully carried out by the ac tion of Congress, peace and harmony will speedily be restored sectioial lealousies allayed, the union of the States more firmly cemected, and all will aid in strengthening and perpetuating the mititutions of our beloved country. Raotved, That the peace, harmony, prosperity and in. tegrity of the Union can only be preserved by that* spirit of raagoanimoui concession and compromise in which the Ped*. ^onrtrtution had its birth, and that we deeply depre cate *nd deplore the factions spirit which has manifested itself in Congress, calculated to weaken the bonds of fraternal union for Hctional and selfish purposes. * ac lunation*1^ received* *nd the rewflut>on8 adopted by On motion of Thomas Harney, Esq., it was resolved that the proceedings of this meeting be forwarded to our Senators and Representatives in Congress ; and, on amendment of A. 8. Mitchell, L?q., to the Chairman of the Committee of Thir teen, to be by him communicated to each member of that committee. - On motion, it was resolred that all the papers in this city art-requested to publish tl.e proceedings of this meeting. On motion, the meeting then adjourned. n w c r r. ^EYER, President "? W. Suahpk, Edmund Fuoo, Secretaries. The pending motion being to lay the resolutions on the table? Mr. BENTON. I suppose, Mr Pret-ident, that that mo tion will he withdrawn after the manner iu whicii the Senaior introduced it. The VICE PRESIDENT. Will the Senator from Ken tucky withdraw the motion ? Mr. CLAY. Most certainly; although it is4wt recipro cating what the Senator does when I ask him to withdraw a motion. It is withdrawn ; I will return good f>r evil. Mr. BENTON. The Senator from Kentucky this morn ing represents one of those persona spoken of in Scripture as ?'returning good for evil," and who is represented sx " help ing coals of fire upon the head" of the wicked. Well, my head is not burnt yet. I will thank the Secretary to read the last resolution hut one. The Secretary read the resolution as folllows : " motion of Thomas Harney, Kkq., it wis "Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be for ward d to our Senators and Representatives in <;onirrejs ? and (on amendment of A. S. Mitchell, Esq.) to the chairman ot the Committte ot Thirteeu, to be by him commuuieated to each member of that committee." Mr. BENTON. If I understand the reading of that reso lution aright, a copy of these proceedings was to be sent to each of the Senators and the Representatives from the State of Missouri, of course for the purpose of being laid before Con gress. I have not yet'received a copy. My colleague may have received one. If he has received a copy of these r> solu tions, he will doubtless present them ; and when I receive a copy, I will also present them. I shall present them in that respectful manner which will be due to any portion of my constituents, and especially to those who composed this j meeting, who, so far as I can judge by the names attached to these resolutions, are among the'most respectable citizens in the city of St. Louis. I shall present them in that manner when they come. Now, if I heard aright, I thought there was a copy of these resolutions to be sent to the chairman of the Committee of Thirteen; and, I suppose, perhaps thir- ' teen copies?one for each member of the committee. ! Mr. CLAY, (in his seat.) Yes. Mr. BENTON. That the chairman of the committee might present one to each member. There may be some other resolve, by virtue of which he presents his copy to the Senate and to the members of the committee also. If there be, I know nothing about it ; but I have no doubt that he will do all that he is asked to do; and thus far he has certainly done more than be has been asked to do, for he has not only presented them to this body, but he has adverted to them in a manner which mikes it personally applicable to myself. jNow I will thank the Secretary to read me the first words. 1 he Secretary read as follows : Pursuant to a call through the public newspapers, a mass meeting of the citizens of St. Louis in favor of the compro mise bill reported to the United States Senate by the Com mittee ot Thirteen, without distinction ot party, assembled at JuUTliV" C0Url"h0U,e in St- Louis> Monday evening, Mr. BENTON. Good ! that is good ! A ma?s meeting in the rotundo of the court-house of St. Louis ! Well, sir, it will hold a great many ; but when I speak to a mass meet ing there, we can no more get the ??mass" into that ro tundo than we can get them into my jacket pocket, [laughter,! though it is a very considerable one. Mr. President, I believe I have read in the newspapers the ? all for this meeting. When I read it and observed the man ner in which it was got op, it did not impress me very forci bly. Perhaps I may receive a paper to-night containing a report of the proceedings, and if I do I will read it to morrow morning. But hitherto I have paid little attention to it; for the call, headed as it was, does not impress me very forcibly. I believe that call was to those who were friendly to the com promise, and that accounts for the unanimity of a meeting held in a city containing eighty thousand souls 5 a city, sir which has its own contentions, as all people in the world have thoirs, not excepting the committee of concord, which is going to reconcile all the dissensions that exist in the country. And I will undertake to say, sir, that if you collect together the eighty thousand people of the city of St. Louis on a call for any purpose, or even a fragment of them, you will find some dissenting voices upon any proposition, I care not what it is. So much for the nature of the call; it was a call of those who were in favor of the compromise, and that accounts for the unanimity of those who were in favor of the adoption of the resolutions. If there ia any mistake in this, I will cor rect it ; but I think those only were called who were in favor of the object. Now, Mr. President, this puts me in mini of old times; and I really think it is time for us to put less stress upon what we deem to be universal public sentiment. This thing of reasoning from particulars to generals leads to vast mistakes; and, so far as I know, I have never ventured on any occasion to enforce what I might be saying by stating that any given proportion of the people of my State, much less of the United States, were in favor of the ohject or against the object. I have never undertaken to back my poor argument with an assertion that a majority of four-fifihs, or of nine-tenths, or of ninety-nine hundreths, or of nine hundred and ninety-nine thousandths, were so and so. I know the fallacy of all such calculations, and am satisfied that any gentleman who goes into it will find himself mistaken in the end. I never ven tuie ui>on any such backing of what I say ; for if, in what lit tle I say to the Senate, there is no reason, no weight, it may Tall to the ground before I will undertske to say that one half or nine-'enths of the people of my State are with me. I will not do it, sir. Sir, we have had experience upon the subject, and we have seen how it has all ended. This is the old way? the old style. Something is got up that must override every thing else ; the publisher of a newspaper takes it up, and all who go against it are enemies to the country?traitors?some times British traitors?they are Whig traitors?Democratic traitors and sometimes they are Abolitionists, and so forth. The newpapers take it up, then follow the meetings about it, and then memorials are addressed to Congress. And the old SiiJTrtJl k* meeting was sgsinst the Jackson Adminis trst,on then there must be a Jackson President, and a Jack watow iu'iu ,K "?n 8ecre"ries, and Jackson ?? rere wai,led on ?ther occasions, they corruum* frnnT^h* i! ' lhey ret*ivcd immense en com ums from those who the day before, or the day after, wou d compliment them in a description very little compli mentary to their feelings. That, sir, is the old style. lut'ions "n P^1'0"9 ,nd memorials and reso wTk s?d 7 m?rm?* ,ftcr morning week after wl hav. ?? fcJL Tn'h' for sil at a time. ?' universal aentimT^ Til"' m??onal?, which speak the im^iii^in T . eoontry," "Pon such and such 7 ? Wb'ch WB were quired ?o act; tbMtL^whlttl"" * *en'r,1 e,ect'?n? "hich tested sir there 10 in?ance > Why, ,n",'nc* ,n which tbi? ???<>' ^cfr^ll^.7- ?lr mrm0T,als in here for the purpose mi^r^Zr- h"e no: *?? fcund to be utterly mnnwl, i'", ^ mm mwm to K... ,, .ii" . ?"5?1 e?ction. And now r/Eut ^si t ??'?? Thi,?#ir- ? to irl 0f lf* oW WOfk ; ?? the old ci^r^' ?nd'"6*n,ed ,u^h ? lamentable ,b" r" rZl :' ? <lul ?n., mil a name ihlt .if Tli , .reco*T?'? among them a nd in ts?r m~i ? I believe they are amiable . ? u ' 1 do not vote for me, and ^ T"rA indead, if my nature has not ^,7rr hs*ii,( osen so bef^ ^ C?,'WT,*d wbal ^ "T. | Sir, I gglw* a^a * Aataaa l.??u?aa war to wmy ton I4mU lefhta Mr. ATCHUNIM. li t"1*" timet 1 iwiitmI tha ial papas (mm 4*?%ifl' Liri, e? ttioiM mi wim rf A* aaling MbnH I*. All ibs pubtiafa. J in tbe aty ?f ??. Lmm* baUi Whig mm! INb*iw*b, ?uu thai thi* aa<iag was g<* ?f apM a call ef ? *Mti?g lik* fifty piin I ?*? iWk ??x. m>4 t>?*gmkm naaa iig ili? geiitlaa?a rrhs i| ?~< 1bt wH TbryMorgt* ib* great pohueal p*to? <d ?ba mmmuy, n^MHm ? which m *?y aktm mmi in *? Seaea, and ay Mwy ?ding ara " ef b 4h part**. I wpyi i the i tw? the call o oM ha?e b?rN hi the ff? ef h 4h panic*. , I first rrosived ? si <*? iUg'apbii ***** (l fart yesterday itwir (I aenvedl ai Mr?wl la p*|*n eatf la ?*, papers of both t? Whigand U. avrafcc pa'ia*. Tha stole men tB in all tbe-e |apars uaoanl a aboat ?M MM ibuaf. j Toey Mala the f?c?a much aa they w ?ad hi Ifce aaiUasas presented by tbe tienstor bam Keaiaky. I he*e alaa laNea from gentlemen residing in tha city ef it LAuis, e?rteharaling tba accounts aa given ia the papers I have imiiii ll it re presented to hate hn a my Urge ?"??tag, and Nnftaa the m at respectable citianw, and ona of tba m ?? aspects meetings a*er held in lha city of it Louie. It ?aa aaede of the principal buainaaa meo, professional mm and laborer*. Tha number ia alaled to have bm hundred to a thousand. It ia live, aa I sufpoas, that hi tha aity of it Louis they will poll from five to il thousand vaae. Here, then, were about one-fifth of the ?a?ra ef the ciy ef it. Louia present at thia meeting, and from the Moat rssyrrt able portion of tha people. Tba* are tha repeal fliona made in the lettara and pepers 1 hare iwaitif from that eitj. In addition to thia, Mr. President a Whig l>mgrewoeal convention met in the county of Caf a Ui'ankau, hi that Con greaeional district. 1 auppoee all tha count* a in tha district were repreeented, or at least a large ntjoriiy ?f them, a thai convention. That convention unanimously apeak the aaae voice spoken by theea resolutions in tha city ef it. Louia This is ? mere matter rf opinion, and I only give it so such. From the iufunnation I have received, so far aa I have aoriv e>l the patera of the Wbig |?rty in that date, they uaifuraa ly advocate tlw ai'juatnjt m, or coapromia t and tha papers belonging to that wing of the Deaocreic per.y of which I hnve the honor to be an humble member, advocate tbie adjustment, or compromise, as reported by the Committee of Tu rieen. Hut, air, it is due perhaps that I should ay that s >n.e weeks prior to Ms nuus meeting, there waa a Batting ot tne meuiDers of that wing to which I do not belong, and they adopted one rea-iluion, the tenth of a series, in which they, as I understand it, lepudiate thia proportion of adjust ment | and they ay, in *praking of the ienator from Kan* tucky, that he haa now in 1850, aa ha did in lt3g, coma a tha rescue of the nullifiera of the Uuion. I do not pretend to Rive the exact words, but the idea waa as I have stated, and I wish to call the attention of my ultra ijuthern fnewia to this fict, that tho ier.ator from Kentucky ia aatd to ham come to the rescue of the nullifiera ; and the tonaiJeration, th?y inti mate, will be the same aa that when he rame to tbe rescue of the nullifiera in 1832, which ia, that if he shall bring their proposition forward, they will retain bim in a pr-po ition for a national bank, if he shall bring oue forward. Now, we have three political paitiee in Miaaouri : the Whig party, under the old organisation, end then there are what are called the test aud the ami te?t parties ; or, in other words, on tbu great ques'ion of alavtry, the Democratic party seem to be divided. What is public opinion, which party will triumph in August, we cannot tell ; but then all theise thinga will be tested at the polls in a manner not to be mistaken, and not to be misunderstood. 1 do not pretend to ay, the time is so long before the test ia to be made, which party will triumph. But of one thing I feel very certain, that the party in favor of the adjuatment of thia question, in the manner proposed by the Committee of Thirteen, will tri umph. Mr. President, I did intend some time aince to have given my views upon this question, humble as they are, to the Senate. I intend to do it yet. I will now take occasion, as this is the first time I have publicly expressed myaelf upon ths great question, to ay that 1 shall vote for this compromise bill as it was introduced. Yes, sir, I will swallow the wBole bottle of "Old Doctor Jacob Townsend'a Saraaparitla." [Laughter.] I utterly abhor broken doaes. [Renewed laughter.] I will take this occasion to say that I would not vote for but one solitary measure separate and apart from this com promise union ; and that is the measure for the organization of a territorial government. I would not vote for the admis sion of California aa a separate measure. I would turn brr loose in the wilderness, as the Jews did the scape-goat I believe I would go further, although it would be an operation foreign to my nature and quite revolting; I would burl her from the rock backwarJs before I would vote for her admiaaion as a separate measure. And I have one good reason, and that is, I do not believe we should have any adjustment of this question if California was admitted into the Union aa a separate measure. I believe the question would be open for agitation, and the agitation would be of a wora deeciiption than any we have seen. I do not pretend to know what the result will be, and I will not pretend to speak of it; but one thing I do say, as I said at the beginning of this aaaion, that I do not believe the people of Missouri would ever submit to the Wilmot proviso ; never, sir, never; nor do I believe that any Southern or slave State in this Union would submit to it Mr. President, I have nothing more to ray on this sub ject at this time. Mr. CLAY. I move that the resolutions lie on the table. The motion was agreed to. THE TARIFF. Mr. MILLER. I have been requested to preant a peti tion from New Jersey, in relation to tbe tariff law of 1H46. This petition comes from citizens of Morris county, in that portion of the State of New Jersey which contains some of | the richest iron ores to be found in the country, and it is signed by persons who have for years been engaged in tha manufacture of those ores into iron. I am acquainted with most of the petitioners, and entertain no doubt whatever of the truth of their representations. They state in their petition that by tbe most severe as well aa the most true of all lessons; that of experience, they have found tbe operation of the reve nue law of 1846 most disastrous to their industrial pursuits, that the system of ad valorem duties has proved fatal to all those pursuits in this country in which labor constitutes tbe major part of the cost of the product. They uk for the adoption of specific duties upon all those articles which come in competition with American producta, of an amount equal at least to tbe ad valorem duties which would have been col lected under the present law, if foreign manufacturm were at the same price which prevailed when this law was paaed. This petition was accompanied by a short but pithy note from one of our most respectable citizens, also one of our most intelligent and skilful manufacturers in iron. I will read it to the Senate : "Rockawat, Mat 6, IS50. "Dear Sir : I enclose you a petition respecting the tariff, with but faint hope of success, We are all dying gradually s and if this Congress don't help us, we shall be past recovery. " Hon. J. W. Millkk." This is rather a melancholy note; but it is nevertheless a true representation of the situation of a great portion of the iron manufacturers of the country. I believe that with them it is a question of life and death ; and, unless some relief be effected during this session of Congress, they will be entirely prostrated. It is a notorious fact that millions of American capital have been sacrificed, and thousands of American la borers have been thrown out of employment, under the opera tion of our present injudicious and unequal tariff policy. All admit that something should be done to remove the evil. The Executive has done his duty in calling tbe attention of Con gress to this great national question ; and I hope that there it a majority in Congress willing to grant the relief asked for by the people. But, sir, it has so turned out, in the course of j our legislotive proceedings, that a certain other question has so taken possession of both houses of Congress as to exclude the consideration of other questions. A kind of political mo nomania has come upon us; and for six months we have been engaged in this all-absorbing subject of controversy, and laboring upon a single question to the exclusion of all others. It has been announced on high authority that nothing can be done for the relief of the capital and labor employed in manufactures until the measure called the "compromise bill" shall he disposed of. If this be so, I take the liberty on this occasion to appeal to the distinguished and leading mem bers of the Senate, wbo have this measure under their con trol, to bring it to a speedy termination. The measures in cluded in this bill have had their full share of public time. There are other measures demanding ourimmediate atten tion ; there are other subjects of inquiry demanding our attention, besides those relating to our Mexican Territories. In my opinion, sir, the people of this country have suf fered more, have sustained greater losses during the last six'months, by reason of our omission to amend the tariff of 1846, than the people of New Mexico and Utah will suffer for five yeara for the want of a Territorial Government. I therefere hope that we may, in the course of a few days, be able to put ourselves in a position so thst we can proceed to tbe conaideration of the great subject mentioned in this petition. The petition waa referred to the Committee on Finance. Mr. CLAY. I have received and been requested to pre aent to the Senate, three petitions : oue from Clarion county, Pennsylvania, and tbe other two from the city of Pittsburg, signed by a considerable number of persons, all complaining of the operation of the revenue or tariff law of 1846, and de picting, in very strong and touching colors, the scenes of dis tress which that tariff, they think, inflicts upon the great industrial pursuits of the people of Pennsylvania, and rspe Iknov atopic iatareota which are ao wall f. Thay implore Coograi, in Ian gut ? olfoag aad iateioslJng character, to take up the subj? As tanlf, aad eflbrd than ataae relief by a modification . tariff ?f IMC, oapocially aa tha poiat of a conversion vafaoaaa duties into specific duties. I Mora that tha pet ha nhnri to tha Cnmmitlos oa Finaaca. Tha MlUa to refer was agreed to. THE MORMONS. Mr. WALKER proasatad tha meaiorial of Jamea J. St Oeorpe J. Adome, aad Wm. .Mailt*. Presidents of tha Ct( a# tha Sahrta, Aposllso of tha Lord iaaua Chriot, andwitnl af hia aaaw aato all ueiioas, asking thai Congress will a lav gtvfeg tha ceaooat of tha nation that the sainta soMloupea aad feooew occupy all the uninhabited landa o adaade la Lake Michigan, aad to eeaaa to aell the i *a aAor perssas, aad asking of the people of the Ui ?teaea, aa thay have aat allowed their brethrea to remai they will at least sutler them to remain t) ak Tha turn rial aata forth that ten t illegally expelled t [ ^ k* tovyhaai in con tinual danger. If you tol only refuwd i danger. II # , (aay thay) aaaaaa'af year priimwon told our martyred 'tete while they wan yet alive, ?? that you have ao pe redreaa ear wrsagp," thea there ia preaaatod to the w of the gieeteet republic oa ran Chriat tea aatiea, athaeartedging tteelf pawsrleao to jut uaahfe to protect the right? a natioa aa who?e righteousi half the earth Mai the hapee of maa, coafooairtg that ther power aha*e Mm law, rid lag Jjwb tha eoooiltution. wl i power aha?e lie law, ret tag diara the coaatltution, wl stalha abroad to plaador aad baaish the attarw, ead son ! rehuhe t mardore Aa iarifcuding man neat, aad aoae to " why da yo ee which sanctifies ita drede of violence ? ; ia the eyee of uligieaa am, by bfachaaing the Came of, t ' wiaue daade with Aa aaaw af criaaoa, which ia their ao k dared aal attempt to ptooe, eeea ia ha own tribun After asaisonaa the petition a id atatiag ita ol^ect? Mr. WALKER mil Aa the petition la endowed wit wfafc that I iheald pweeal it to tha tfeoeta, I move thai it wearied aad wferied to the Cemmittao aa Public Landa. Mr. PKL<H. I would suggest the propriety of ley tht pmm en 'ha table. I believe the Government R owaa aa laads ia <hai pert of tha oeaatry. Mr. WALKER. If there eta aa euch lands, of cot there ia aa ead of the matter, aad the comarittee can ao part t bat ae the perinea la coached ia reepectful term> should prefer that it be nforml, ia order to aatiafy the t The pellltoa waa thea referred to the Committee oa Pa. IMPEACHED C14DU I PO* THE GOVERNMENT. Mr. UNDERWOOD. I riaa to present a resolution inquiry, aad I beg leave of the Meaata to elate the facto uj which I bt>aa it. I claim la ha tha deocendant colUtcrally ? gentleman by the aaaae af John Roger*. Aa the hair* At* Mr. John Rogers, aoaw fifteen or twenty yeore ago, t family drew from the Treaaury eome throe or four thouaa doilara; and recently another family ckiadag to be the he of thia gentleman have drawn twelve ar feartoea tboaaa dollar* for the aaaw a rricaa. So that Iwa femiliee repreee ing John Roger a, wha waa a captain ia the Virginia Si line, have preeeated their deime aad obtained money fri the Treaaury of the United Btatea. I claim to be the neptx of thia man, and, according to tradition ia our family, died a few yeare after the Revohitioa, without having be married, or having children, and for that time wa have be paid a claim which amounted to between three ead fo thousand dollar*. But the other family eey that the tr John Roger* lived a great many yeare longer, and aa t amount of the half-pay would be in proportion to the time lived, the eecond family got about three or four timaa much aa my family was paid. A man by the name of William*, aaaw fourteen or Aft* years ago, wrote to an old uncle of mine, now in hie ?& year, who received thia aacney aa the admiaietrator of hia d erased brother, and ashed by whet authority hie received t money which waa paid to hita. My uncle anewered, statii that he received it because be waa the adtainie: rater of t aetata of Captain Rogers; because he had the diploma' Captain Rogers as a member of the Cincianoti society, tde tifying bim as the true Captain Rogers < because he held t? commissions of Captain Rogers establishing his identity, ai that be and hie family had inherited the property of Cepta Rogers. Well, we heard no more of Mr. William*, the p aecutor of the claim of the eecond family, until I came i hen-, when I found that eome twelve or fourteen thoueai dollars had been paid out to them- Thia ia not the only cW 1 of the kind, and, in view of thia matter, I think the followig | resolution would be proper : Rrtilved, That the Committee on the Judieiery be ii ed to inquire into the expediency of providing by law for th reexamination,by the Judicial Department of the Governmek, of any payment aaade by the Executive Department* which m.y be impeached by subsequent information oommuiiicnted to tie department making the payment, aad whether any further le ristation be necessary to recover money abstracted from the Treasury through fraud or mistake. In justice perhaps to tha Defartmeot which paid this money, I should stole that I called upon the Department, after learn* ing the fact that thia double payment had been made, and made some inquiries into it The Secretary of the Interior informed me that a bundle of papers had beea filed aa tha proofs, which be had examined before the claim waa paid, wbereaa that of my living uncle reeled on a single affidavit, made by an old eoldier. There waa a whole bundle of taeti mony to prove that the John Rogers who livid \o the laler period was the true John Rogers < aad Mr. Ewing informed me that, oa looking over the pepera, he thought the poymeat had been impropetly made to my family ; and I put myself to the trouble of satisfying the Department of the claim of my family, by obtaining the original commissions, the original patents of the land, ard a great many other thing* of that eort. There can of course no blame attoch to the Depaitmeat ia a case of this sort, becauae it mutt be a matter of judgment which teatimony should prevail? and here ia an accumulation of tee timony to countervail the testimony by which the money waa drawn in the firat instance, aotaa twenty or thirty ycara ago. In the conversation which have grown out of thia burineee thia queation baa arieen, whether the payment lit us made by the Department upon testimony filed w final aad conclusive, or whether it may not be recovered bock. It is perfectly clear in this case that ooe of theee femiliee should refur.d the money, and the question is whether theee sdjadteatione am ao final that the money cannot be recovered. The object of thia re solution is to get the Jodiriery Committee to take up this mat ter, and I make this statement offecto to Aow that It la a matter of some importance, and that they ought to provide eome mease by law for the reclamation of money thus paid through fraud or through mistake. The resolution waa adopted. REPAYMENTS TO STATM. Mr. DAVIS, of Mississippi, moved that the Senate ptoceod to the consideration of the joint reeolotian euppiementary to the reeolution to refund money to the Statoe which have cup plied volunteera and fumiahed them traaaportaUoa, during tha lale war, before being moateiad. The motion waa agreed to. Mr. BAVIS, of Miaeiiaippi. I rice for the purpoee of making a brief explanation of the reeoiution. It will be re collected that, by the act referred to in the reeoiution, provi sion waa made to pay all persons, corporations, or Statoe any money expended by them in raising or equipping troopa for the war with Mexico. It haa occurred that aoaw of the States have paid accouota for the raising and equipping of troope without taking their vouchers in a formal manner, and that am ney haa not been refunded to them by the United Statoe. Thia joint reeoiution is aimpiy to provide that, whenever aa accoaat has been audited by the State an thoritieo aad beea paid out of tho State Tleaeury before tha data fixed ia the reeeieUua, tha evi dence that it haa been ao audited and poid by the State for and out of the State Treaaury, shall be held to ha sufficient evi dence for refunding the same out of the Tiaaeary of tha Uail ed States. That is the whole object of the reaolutioa. On motion of Mr. CLARKE, several verbal emaadawata were made. The refolution was then reported back la Senate, the amendments were concurred in, tho iwr* was ordered to be engroesed for a third reading, aad quently read a third time and paased. ROMANCE OP THE CUEAX EXPEDITION. Under this caption the Savannah ** Ggargiiii' of Tuesday haa the following: ? The steamer Gaston, Cap*. Hebhaed, arrived aa day from Pilatka, having on board saveaiaoa am, whom waa a lieutenant attached to Aa Cubaa ex pi They have truly enjoyed (be romance of the eiaidiaaa to fte full extent. We learn they left Key Wool ia o Iduag a and arrived at Tampa Bay perfectly destitute of every sary. Here they were met by tm n. Ti them very coldly at firat; but, on their destitution, with hie native them rations, and gave them comfortable < informed that he also seat oo fifty of their aankor la Orleans. " Those who arrived bare walked from Tampa Bay u Pilatka, where they arrived, after a jearnny of as days oa? tirely penniless. A subscription was taiord by Aa aaioaao of Pilatka, by whom they were supplied wfch aaaae la pap their parsage at a reduced rale to thia city. Thar are new here among ua, and need the chanty of ear efcfesa% havlag been obliged to part with every article of value, aad Ash clothing to the lost suit, in making their way thaa far. ?? They are young men, nearly all Awsniaa riMaasas aad state they were deceived by theee wha ladaeod them la Jaa the expedition. Their homes are in KeataAy aad tfa% to which they are making their way. Thry wafc waA toam bla them to obtain the means to travel. Theee mm oeeesai mechanics among them. Wa trust they will Aad oa^fey ment aa>o;tg our citixena."