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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, June 22, 1850, Image 13

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lONAL INTELLIGENCER.
WE UNITED 8TATE8 AND SPAIN.
rithslanding the contrary reports of the va
ster-writers and newsmongers about this city,
ie see published in the Eastern papers with
st day or two, we learn, with much gratifi
(that there is nothing in the aspect of affairs
to this Government and that of Spain to war
apprehension of fc rupture between them at
e. The Cuba expedition has been a god
p these letter-writers, in the dearth of other
tore interesting information, and they have
the most of it. Vague rumors are often seized
{>y these gendemen.in the streets and hotels in
ity, and he is generally considered but a sorry
epondent who cannot occasionally communi
eomething more novel and exciting than his
imporaries. A story will start from Willard's
I, at one end of the avenue, and, before it ar
: at the National, it will beat the " three black ]
is."
he Government has no knowledge of any tor- j
or death inflicted upon the Contoy prisoners,
sported in letters thus dispatched from this city,
?ve trust that in a Jew days the communications
i Cuba will put an end to the rumors. But what
t ? Why, in less than a week after the present
ining apprehensions have been quieted, some
ig else will be seized upon for letter-writing ca
ll, and to satisfy the demand for fresh excitement.
But, to address ourselves more directly to the
irming statements transmitted from this city in
ashington correspondence during the last week,
?| feel authorized to say, that, from the just and
licable temper of the Spanish Minister near this
ivernment, and the prudent advice which it may
presumed that he has given to the younger and
>bably more impulsive Governor-General of |
tba?as well as from the unequivocal language
iressed to him by our Secretary of State, through
r Consul, Gen. Campbell?there is no reason to
ticipate any harm to the men who embarked from
> island of Contoy, and were captured by the
?anish cruisers and carried into Havana. These
sn (though the Creole marauders were recruited
part from among them) committed no act of hos
ity against Cuba, nor is there any sufficient proof
at they designed any, but the contrary; and
erefore, though they had sailed from a foreign
rt, and not from the United States, when they
ere captured, yet, being known to be in part at
ast American citizens, it is the duty of our Gov
nment to extend its protection to them, and avert |
- punish any harm to life or limb.
The Spaniards of Cuba have, it is true, reason
? feel deeply aggrieved. A lawless banditti has
mded on their peaceful shores in the dead of night,
urnt their houses, murdered their people, and
Scaped by hasty flight to the United States ; and,
?ad they captured and executed every one of the j
avaders, no one could have justly complained.
Jut, in their indignation against these violators of I
aw and humanity, the Cubans must take care not
o confound the innocent with the guilty, and
>ring down on their own heads the penalty of
offended justice.
We have received from an aged subscriber in
North Carolina the annexed Letter. It was not
written for the public eye; but the spirit which
prompted it, and the patriotic sentiment which it
breathes, will apologize, we trust, for the liberty we
take in placing it in our columns. Who, indeed,
can read the noble sentiment of this patriarch with
out feeling the glow of fraternity and patriotism
kindled more brightly in his own bosom ? Truly
it is a sample of that genuine spirit of patriotism
of the olden time, which the Editors of this paper
were taught to revere whilst Washington him
self yet stood at the helm of State, surrounded
by his great compeers; a reverence inspired during
his life, and deepened by every year added to the
memory of his services and his virtues.
The last paragraph of the Letter, though most
grate?i] to us from so respectable a source?as are
those ahers of a like character which we have
lately received?we should have omitted, would it
not have beuj a mere affectation to desire to be
thought indifft*ent to such compensation for ser
vices which notfcog but a consciousness of right
and a paramount sense of duty could have sustained
us in. W e therefore give the letter entire :
Mecklenburg Cochtt, North Carolina,
June 8, 1850.
Messrs. Gales & Seaton : I have taken the
liberty to commit to you the enclosed donation,
which you will do me the favor to have applied to
the Washington Monument.
I am now in my eighty-first year; and no event
in latter years has given me so much pleasure as
the foundation of this long-delayed Monument to
the honor of the Father of his Country. We can
never sufficiently admire the character, estimate the
services, or revere the memory of Gen. Washing
ton. During a long life, in which I have watched
the current of public events with deep interest, I
have never known a period when good and honor
able men of all parties were so imperatively called
upon to invoke his example and his teachings as
the present; and, amongst many embarrassing dif
ficulties, I have not yet despaired that his example
and his teachings would finally triumph.
You will accept the gratitude due from a reader
of thirty years' standing, that you have not failed to
impress the doctrines and inculcate on your coun
trymen the spirit of Washington.
Very respectfully and truly,
ROBERT DAVIDSON.
The amount enclosed in this Letter from' our |
venerable friend was twenty dollars; in acknowledg
ing which we had yesterday the pleasure of trans
mitting to him a certificate of Life-Membership in
the Washington National Monument Association.
Hon. Andrew J. Ogle has been unanimously
nominated for re-election to Congress, by the
Whigs of the District composed of Somerset,
r ayette, and Greene, Pennsylvania.
The Legislature ol Connecticut did not succeed
in electing a United Slates Senator on Wednesday,
but, after having taken three additional ballots on
that day, again postponed the election to Wed
nesday of next
Yellow Fever at 8t. Catharine's The New York
Commercial Advertiser has a letter from 8ag Harbor, men
tioning the arrival of the barque Ann, from 8t. Catharine's,
April 4. 8he left Ihe United Slates store-ship Supply, with
the recenUy appointed Governor of Oregon, Major Gaines
and Family on board. They had suffered severely from fever.
Two daughters of Major Gaines had died, and Mrs Gaines
bad been very ill, but was reported better. Aa the Supply
waa to sail in a day or two after ihe Ann left, Capt. Edwards
infers that Mrs. G. was considered out of danger.
The British Msil steamer Trent, which left Jamaica on
the 2d instant for England, had on board nearly two millions
of dollars in specie.
THE NASHVILLE CONVENTION.
We hare not received any such reports (as the
Nashville papers will probably soon furnish us
with) of the composition, debates, decisions, and
Public Address of the Nashville Convention, as to
enable us, upon any thing like a full view of them,
to speak of them as they deserve. Enough, how
ever, is discernible of the points of the whole to
authorize the belief that the Convention will have
done no harm to the country?not altogether trom
the want of will in some of its members, but chiefly
from the impotency of its organization two or
three States only having in it any thing like
substantial representations, the remaining States
counted as being present being known to have
refused to be represented, as States, in the Conven
tion, and the persons actually present as Delegates
having no such warrant or authority as to justify
their undertaking to pledge their States to any
course whatever.
The subjoined summary views of the Conven
tion, its composition, and its issues, appear to have
been prepared by one who has paid more particular
attention to its proceedings, as reported by the Te
legraph, than our engagements have allowed us
to do.
FROM THE NEW TOBK COMKEBCIAL ADVIBTIM*
The Nashville Cobvemtiob.?The long agony is over
the Nashville Convention has met, talked, voted, adjournei ,
and the Union is not dissolved. The brfnda of brotherhood,
the cords that bind us, have scarcely felt the strain which it
was predicted would be brought to bear upon them by the
Southern disunionirts, and the whole movement has turned
out to be, what thinking men predicted it would be, a very
lame effort at eonvtnlionuing for Buncombe. Little more
than a bare majority of the Southern States have sent dele
gates to the Convention, and of the gentlemen there from t e
nine 8tates represented it may be truly said that some of them
rode in upon a very small vote indeed ; and sca/cely one, if
one, could be properly said to represent the majority of the
people of the district from which he can*. As to certain
members who came from a single Congressional district, and
because only one or two districts in the State would have any
thing to do with the business, claimed to represent the whole
8tate on the ground that "they knew the sentiment of the
South," we can only say that their republican educaUon must
have been sadly neglected.
If readers have been at the pains to peruse the daily pro
ceedings at Nashville, they can scarcely have failed to observe
how evidently the gentlemen there have felt the trammels o
their position. The idea of such a Convention was started
by disunionists, in the belief that it would be popular at the
Soutk, or would at least be numerously attended, and that
the consequent excitement might be made tributary to t e
triumph of the Southern party in Congress. A more egre
gious error has seldom been committed. The good people oi
the South laughed in their sleeves while the noisier politicians
talked so loudly and grandiloquently, but the same people
were very unwilling that their sanction should be given to
any actual movements in the direction of disunien. And
thus we have ever judged the people of the South. Tbeii
own representatives and leading men ought at least to have
known them as well. We can only account for such lack of
knowledge on the supposition that they, the said representa
tives and leading men, had talked themselves out of judgment,
and had so often asserted that the South would dissolve the
Union rather than yield a tittle of her arrogant claims, that
they had become the victims of their own hallucination.
The experiment was made, and " what a falling off wa?
there !" Not a complete representation from any Southern
State ; from the majority of them a most imperfect or nominal
delegation; and from many States only a couple of district
representatives. The result was a most perplexing inequality
of 'representation from even the slave States, and no marvel
that there was great difficulty in arranging how the Conven
tion should rote upon any question. And still less wondei
that the gentlemen who, in the face of such marked neglec
and disapproval from the South, had the courage to attend thi
Convention, should feel themselves embarrassed by their posi
tion. A more remarkable specimen of " contradiction of sin
ners" against themselves we have never seen. Most of then
seem to have desired to sin against the Constitution, but sorai
of them were restrained in their course by the force of publi*
sentiment around them. Some, on the other hand, couU
not in their hearts appiove of disunionism, but they believei
all the other members came there for no other purpose, and i
is amusing to read how they deprecated the wrath of the Con
' vention before they declared their sentiments.
Some talked of war and bloodshed, and advised the 8outb
in efteat to polish up all the old bayonets they could find, re
mount their cannon, and put new locks and flints to their mus
kets, but they did this in a tone so thoroughly pacific and un
moved that it may well be inferred that the counsel was no
sincerely given. In short, we regard the assembly of thi
Nashville Convention as a god-send to the cause of peace anc
Union. They have dispersed, and their exultant comiDg to
gether, with their sad and mournful separation "until sii
works after Congress had adjourned," may, taken together,
afford a lesson which we would fain hope cannot be lost upon
even the most hot-headed of Southern agitators. That lesson
is this : The Southern People detest the practical purpose
which Southern Senators and Representatives have avowed.
While the North evinces its present disposition to deal liber
ally, as brothers ever should, with the South, the cry of dis
union will daily become more unpopular. A desire for com
promise will become more and more general; it will be uni
versal, and he will justly be accounted a traitor to his country
who prefers disunion to compromise.
A vessel at New O.rleans, which left Tampa
Bay on the 2d instant, reports that as she came
| out she met with the steamer Col. Clay, with some
of the Florida Indians on board from Charlotte
Harbor for the West.
FROM MEXICO.
Files of the Monitor Republicano, of the city
of Mexico, to the 21st ultimo, state that an extra
session of Congress was to assemble on the 20th
of this month to arrange the treasury, upon which,
the Republicano says, depends the salvation of the
Republic. By the report of the Committee on
Credit on the English debt, it appears that it
amounts to $55,000,000.
The cholera was making considerable ravages in Vallado
lid. Up to the 13th of May there were 261 deaths. The
average number of deaths per day was twenty.
On ihe 28th of March a great snow storm took place in
Durango. The snow lay a foot deep on a level.
Another Crevasse in the Mississippi.?A Tel
egraph despatch dated at New Orleans on Friday
evening says : 41 Another new Crevasse has taken
place in the Grand Levee on Parish Point, the
richest sugar region in the State. The loss of pro
perty is immense, and from present appearances
will be much more. It is impossible at present to
estimate the consequences. All efforts thus far to
stop the overflow have proved unavailing.
The Cbetasse at Bobbet Cabhe.?The mighty masa
of water continues to flow through the crevasae with undi
minished force and volume, and has no doubt saved tbe coun
try below it, including the city, from great injury and a pro
bable overflow. We have but little doubt that for all future
time it will form one of the permanent outlets of the Missis
sippi, particularly as it will be so very difficult, if not imprac
ticable, by anv human efforta to close it, even when the river
ia at low-water mark. This, at any rate, cannot be accom
pliahed, except at a vast outlay, for we understand that the
current has already made itself a channel aixty to eighty feet
deep, and the stream of the crevasse is actually wider than the
river itself. We see no alternative but when, in low water, its
dimensions are contracted to the deep portion of the channe
it has worn, to commence the erection of artificial banks or
levees, within which to confine it in seasons of flood, and let
it remain aa t permanent and necessary " tap" upon the su
perfluous flaod of the Father of Waters.?A'. 0. Bulletin.
THE NA8HVILLE CONVENTION ADJOURNED.
The Telegraphic accounts from Nashville inform
us of the adjournment of the Southern Convention
on Wednesday last, to meet again in six weeks
after the adjournment of the present session of
Congress. The greatest difficulty in the Conven
tion appears to have been to agree on their Address
to the People, which was not adopted until it had
undergone a three days' discussion. We give the
following sample of the spirit of the proceedings of
the last two days, as transmitted through the
Telegraph Nu.ralliJ... a, |
The adoption of an Address to the People of the Unit*
States being under consideration, Mr. Cokiuitt,
2d? an ultra Southern speech. He was wilUng (be ?M)
to haw margin enough incorporated in the report to.suit
views of gentlemen who wished to address the people, bu
waTfor decided measures. H. would advi* -ery ^ou.hern
State to be moulding bullets, casting cannon, and
arsenals, if need be, in order to defend their nghts. Was
I nSSmtat > Th. Union, be would a.y,.eould tK,t b. ? |
I stroved. But he was not for tame submission. 1 be Uni
was alike dear to all, North and South ; and if
the North loved the Union as he did, it would be preservea.
But every man, woman, and child south of the Potomac
Sin, 2 die for .heir ri.hu. ft ??*d ^
into this, at last: if he just knew exactly how to ask tor a
seUlement of this controversy, and he could get wba
desired, the Almighty knew he would ask for just that much
^Judg^HvsTEB, of Alabama, replied to the ' eb?VJj^
Mr. C. of pusillanimity, and was f?1,oweJ ^. . t"h rMolu'_
who professed himself in favor of coroprormM , the resotu
tions met his approval, but the add.es. did not correspond
Mr^Hi HTm again spoke, reiterating hi.
of the States was a compact, and that eacn ova ,
sort, had a right to seccde from the Union. k
Mr. Newto*. of Virginia, in
ihth proposes to take for a single free State more than nine
hundred miles on the shore, of the Pacific oo?, and cuU
s.in tli off forever from commerce with Aaia anu uiai
and confine. them U> their own .ho
" (D"'"'eb C"?ra?, Jc,? 12, 1850.
Mr Matthews, of Mississippi, presented an
the people of the non-slaveholding 8tates, which, with
bTlerprop^ AddSo'the P^ple and the amendment.
offered thereto coming up? Convention.
Mr Trrr kbr of Virginia, rose to address the Uonvennon,
but he would speak (as became his years) wor^ of truth^an
V lomnn(,? He wid he desired to respond to a quesuon
fckej b, Mr. Giolsos Uat evening, whether, if the e?mP'?_
mi?e bid before Conrreee ebould be amended and paeaed, l'e
??"ld ? fo Tdi?otoio? of .he Union > If b. ? Jtajrf
To lend .he compromise bill, b. -oul no. so for . d,^ "
,;?n He would amend it to suit himself. Had tne quesaon
been put to him, as to whether he would go for a
i?the compromise bill ahould ?n"h.
then he could not have answered. Tba , _.. .
thorn here, ft waa hecauae the South aaw dangeia ah
*1dress he said if he had had access to the ear of tbegentleman
tt mSp! ?ho proposed to
h..e ,.?d.d b<%????? >?? harmony, h.
ments, would produce harmony, he would vote
not be dissolved without bloodshed as a rawhead and bloody
bones in connexion with the sugect. He w ?r to^ j?r ^
SwaTe as there is mischief brewing. He *
ve^nL^ea^^of'wh^^he^a^^ed'^as^o^tfiroMlf, and the
South could sustftin itself* t . . /? A_ Af <Up
adored
he would be compelled to vote against the "ddrees.
Mr Hammond of South Carolina, replied, and when he
unanimously, the delegations voting by States. . .
On motion the roll was called for the parpo8cofpermU g
each delegate to enrol hi. name for or Hjua^L^mSL.
The following gentlemen voted sgain?t the address^ ^ ^
Davis, Abercrombie, Murphy, Judge By , \ j
bama, Gholson, of Virginia, Foreman, of Florida,
^KlSrS^ on Monday by th. eommiue* in
formation of ail partiea in ihe South inlo .new PJ'J; u
called "The Southern Republican Party, an,l P .? ,,
u moU? "Th. union of the South for th. eake of
and recommending .uppot. ? "Sou be n P*? <0 he
established at Washington. The resolutions were law on
FretMed. and Vice?> -hen took Ig-rf*.
S~o LJKffh ?" -eek. after .ho adjournment
of the present session ef Congress.
LOUISIANA DEMOCRATIC VIEWS OF THE
CUBAN EXPEDITION.
FROM THE " COURRIER DE LA L0CISIAWF." OF MAT II.
There are various contradictions in the account of the pro
ceedings of General Lorsz which appears in the 8avannah
Republican and in the long and well-written letter from Key
West. For these contradictions no one is responsible but the
writers of the articles. One statement of those accounts, we
admit, is to us utterly inexplicable, and we must add bears
an ugly appearance. Lopez found it inexpedient and diffi
cult to maintain possession of Cardenas, and wisely deter
mined to abandon it. The 8pani.h military post at that place
i. variously stated at 100 to 300 men. It is difficult, if not
impracticable, to learn from the information now before the
public, whether any of the soldiers or inhabitants rallied under
the banner of Lopez. The facts would induce one to believe
that they did not. After the Creole got away from Cardenas
and was out at sea, Lopez took it into his head to land again,
we are informed, somewhere in the vicinity of Matanzas.
What object could he propose to accomplish by landing in the
vicinity of the second city of the island in point of wealth and
population, when he had just found it necessary to abandon
in haste a village of three or four thousand inhabitants ' The
district of Matanzas is the moat populous iu Cuba, excepting
only that of Havana. Instead of two or three hundred troops,
as at Cardenas, there were probably aa many thousands at
Matanzas. We cannot imagine what reception the invader,
could anticipate in a rich and populous part of the coast, pro
vided with a considerable force of regular troops after their
recent experience at Cardenaa.
The whole plan of the invasion, from beginning to end,
shows no comprehensive or skilful military contrivance?and
in the attempt to carry it into execution there was a degree
of ignorance and rashness tvhick proves that its leaders are
wholly incompetent to project as well as to carry into effect
an enterprise in which many lives were staked and impor
tant interests involved.
We tried to dissuade, and in some instance* succeeded,
several sanguine young men from joining the ranks of the in
vaders. They were dszzled with the project of briHiant
honors snd splendid remuneration in money for their perils
and privations ! When asked on what basis their hopes of
success were built, they would talk of ten thousand American
riflemen, General Quitman, General Twiggs, Colonel Doni
phan, Ac. We aaked them to name a single American offi
cer of reputation above the rank of captain who was engaged
in the scheme : we convinced them that Lopez never would
be able to muster a thousand men at one . point, and that they
would be subject to the absolute command of a foreign officer,
whoee character waa unknown to them, who had never exhi
hibited proofs that would warrant even the preaumption that
he was worthy of leading each an enterpriae. Tbey were
intreated to wait before committing themaelve. until thay saw
whether the promises of the contrivers of the expedition would
be realized by American officers like Quitman and Doniphan,
taking the command. In this way, we shook the faith of
some youngsters who were on the point of embarking?and
tbey ought to feel thankful for the sage advice we gave them
to the last hour of their existence. There were others with
heads too hard to make an impression upon any thing short
of a bullet or the edge of a sabre. We trust these obstinate
fellows are safe ; when they return to their homes, we are
sure they will acknowledge how deeply they regret their dis
regard of our counsels.
FROM PANAMA.
The steamer Empire City arrived at New York
on Saturday, from Chagres, whence she sailed the
5th instant.
No later intelligence from California is brought
by this arrival, as the Sarah Sands and Isthmus had
not yet arrived at Panama, but were daily expected.
Peace and quiet seems to have been completely re
stored at Panama, there having been no further out
break at the time of the sailing of the Empire City.
The steamship Tennensee, with 450 passengers,
left Panama on the 30th ultimo for San Francisco.
Two other vessels, the British barque Sarah, with
220 passengers on board, and the California, were
expected to sail on the 1st or 2d instant. The three
vessels have in all about one thousand passengers,
bound for California. In consequence of the limited
number of vessels in port, the rates of passage were
higher than formerly.
Several Americans had died in Panama; their
namitiis were not ascertained. The place is reported
comparatively healthy.
About $7,000, in gold dust and coin, was stolen
from a Capt. Bowman while crossing the Isthmus,
on his way home from California, by the negro in
charge of the mule to which the trunk containing
gold was lashed. Part of the gold was recovered.
Another gentleman, belonging to the same party
with Captain Bowman, was robbed of 910,000, the
half which he succeeded in recovering.
WHIG MEETING AT SALEM, (Mam.)
The Whigs of Salem had an enthusiastic meet
ing last Thursday night, for the purpose of expres
sing their firm and undiminished confidence in the
wisdom and patriotism of President Taylor, as
exhibited in the manner in which he has discharged
the duties to which he was called by the voice of
the American people. The meeting was crowded,
and the response given to the sentiments advanced
in the speeches and resolutions was whole-souled
and hearty. The following are a part of the reso
lutions which met the unanimous approval of the
meeting:
Resolved, That the People of Massachusetts have noticed,
with constant satisfaction and profound approval, the course
of President Tatlor in the high office to which their electoral
suffrages contributed to elevate him ; and have observed with
admiration that aa "considerations of humanity were present
to his mind" in the hour of battle, so he haa preserved a serene
and imperturbable good will towards all parties and all sec
tions of bis countrymen in the midst of the factious, sectional,
and unscrupulous exUemities of violence with which his ad
ministration of the Government, and the Government itself,
have been assailed.
Resolved, That the Whig party is determined, with en
tire unanimity, to sustain the President, and demands
of its representatives a firm and earnest support of his Ad
miniatration.
' Resolved, That it has now become the duty of all good
citizens and true patriots, who approve of the course of Presi
dent Taylor, to whatever parties they may heretofore have be
longed, to rally forthwith to the rescue of the incorruptible
magistrate, the plain republican, and the honest man, without
fear and without reproach, who has brought to the chair of
Washington the spirit of the Father of his Country. Let the
People rise in their might. Let tbem meet in their primary
assemblies, and re-echo through the land iheir pledges to bim
who never falters and never fails in the hour of danger and
the path of duty, and who is gloriously upholding the Union
and the Freedom, the Honor and the Peace of the
country. __
The Railroad Depot.?We are happy to learn
that, the Board of Directors of the Baltimore and
Washington Railroad having decided to accept the
terms offered by a late joint resolution of our City
Councils, in regard to the removal to a new site of
the Railroad Depot, the arrangement was finally
concluded, signed and sealed, at Baltimore, on Sa
turday last, by the President on the part of the
Railroad Company, and the Mayor and Joint Com
mittee of our City Councils, on behalf of the city.
The joint resolution which formed the basis of this
arrangement is as follows :
Resolved by the Board of Aldermen and Board of Com
mon Council of the city of Washington, That a committee,
to consist of the Mayor and two members from each Board,
be and the same ia hereby appointed, to enter into such an ar
rangement as the said Committee may deem just and expe
dient, on the part of this Corporation, with the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad Company, in relation to the removal of the
depot of said Company in this city from its present position
on Pennsylvania avenue, to some more suitable location ; in
which arrangement the said Committee is hereby authorized
and empowered, on behalf of this Corporation, to grant per
mission to the said Railroad Company to use steam-engines in
propelling cars on the present line of the Washington Branch
of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, from its entrance into
this city to such point on said line, east of the eastern side of
New Jersey avenue, as may be selected for the new location
of the depot, for any period not exceeding thirty years from
the passage of this act, upon the same terms and conditions
as steam-engines are now used in propelling cars on the said
Railroad within the limits of this city, upon the following con
ditibns, viz:
First. That the said Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Compa
ny remove their depot in this city from its present location,
and ahall select some convenient and suitable location for a
new depot, at some point on the present line of the Wash
ington Branch of said Railroad, east of the intersection of
said Branch Railroad with the eastern side of New Jeraey
avenue, and ahall take up the remainder of said Branch
Railroad west and routh of said eastern side of New Jersey
avenue, and relinquish forever the use of the same as a
railroad.
Second. That said Railroad Company ahall, within twelve
months after the passage of theae resolutions, erect at such point
as may be selected for a new depot, suitable and permanent
buildinga and improvements for a depot, on such a scale as
may be necessary to afford ample accommodations for the freight
and travel on the said Branch Railroad.
Third. That said Railroad Company shall pay to this Cor
poration the sum of eight thousand dollara, within aixly days
after the paasage of these resolutions; the same to be expend
ed by this Corporation in improving C and D streets north,
between Second street west and north Capitol street; and any
surplus, after improving said streets, to be expended in the
improvement of New Jersey avenue, between C and D streets
north; and
Fourth. That the said Railroad Company ahall, at the same
time, pay to this Corporation the taxes in arrear on the pro
perty (other thsn the road and the cars and engines used upon
it) held by the said Railroad Company in this city ; and shall
at the same time also dismiss all legal or other proceedings
which may have been instituted by the said Railroad Company
in relation to the said taxes, or the right of this Corporation to
impose and collect the same.
^ SILAS H. HILL,
President of the Board of Common Council.
W. LENOX,
President af the Board of Aldermen.
Approved, May 31, 1850.
V W. W. SEATON, Mayor.
We congratulate our citizens that this long agi
tated question has been finally and equitably settled,
and that the Depot will soon be removed from
Pennsylvania avenue, where it has been1 a great an
noyance to that thoroughfare.
A REAL HERO.
The following extract of a letter, written by the distinguish
ed naval officer Lord Ex mouth, and published in the
" United Service Journal," very forcibly illustrates his bene
volent disposition :
" Why do yon ask mc to relate the wreck of the Dutton,
Susan * Lady Exmouth and I were driving to a dinner
party at Pymouth, when we saw crowds running to the Hoe;
and, learning it was a wreck, I left the carriage to take her
on, and joined the crowd. I saw the losa of the whole five
or six hundred was inevitable without somebody to direct
them, for the last officer was pulled ashore aa I reached the
surf. I urged the officers to return, but they refuaed ; upon
which I made the rope fast to myself, and was hauled through
the surf on board, established order, and did not leave her
until every one waa saved but the boatswain, who would not
go before me. I got safe to land, and so did he, and the ship
went all to pieces. But I was laid in bed for a week by get
line under the mainmast, which had fallen towards the shore ;
and my back was cured by Lord 8pencer's having conveyed to
me by letter his Majesty's intention to dub me a baronet. No
more have I to say, except that I felt more pleasure in giving
to a mother's arms a dear little infant only tkree weeks old,
thsn ever I felt in mjr life < and both were saved. Tbe strug
gle she had to entrust me with tbe bantling waa a scene I can
not describe?nor need you ; and coneequently you will never
let this be visible."
We are informed that the injunction just referred to waa
scrupulously regarded till death removed all necessity for
secresy.
?M
CUBAN INVASION.
Those who were ready to censure the Adminis
tration for its prompt performance# of treaty obli
gations in the matter of the Cuban invasion, should
have the candor to bestow approbation for its no
less ready interference to protect our citizens, cap
tured under the orders of the Spanish authorities in
neutral waters, and transferred for trial and punish
ment to the Island of Cuba. A wise and just Gov
ernment will be equally ready to perform its engage
ments with foreign States as to defend its own eiti
moi from despotic and cruel act* by such 8tates. \ et we
beard little in the way of commendation for the latter amidst
the unmeasured vituperation for the former of thoae proceed
ings. In the vocabulary of many of our journals even hand
ed justice, in this respect, finds no place?the precepts of
public law form no part of their argument. It is indeed
lamentable to behold the imperfect standard of political mo
rality by which journalism is too generally characterized in the
United States. It is sufficient that the flag is unfurled, in
any part of the world, inscribed with the word liberty, to en
gage not only their sympathies, but their active efforts to
arm their countrymen in hazardous and illegal adventures.
We saw that, in the Hungarian insurrection, nothing but the
distance of the theatre of contest precluded an arTay in the
United States to aid the insurgent forces. It was the inde
finiteness and uncertainty of that contest which saved Amer
icans from the fate of hundreds who suffered, on that occa.
sion, military execution. The same unregulated impulse to
ush into every contest of the oppressed against their opprea
sors, gave rise to the idea of forming several brigades in this
country, at one stage of the recent outbreak in Ireland, for
co-operation with the Irish patriots. The press never fsiled,
in each case, in supplying stimulants to this morbid desire to
fight the battle* of the oppressed in every part of the world.
Now, if the American press were only guided in furnish
ing this spirit of chivalry wi'h provocatives, where merce
nary instincts were not its source, the world would form iu
opinion accordingly. But it seems that motives rarely 01
never entered into the judgment passed by a large number o
our papers on adventures of this character. Expediency ant
the probability of success form with them the sole constituent!
of the important question, shall an enterprise be sustained .
ostensibly for political liberation, virtually, perhaps, eithei
from the love of adventure or the appetite for plunder. Now
it is this morbid passion in our people, and this low staudani
of political morality in our public press, that we should like
to see corrected. It is possible for the leading minds in
Congress to impart a proper impulse in the right direction.
We accordingly hail every effort of our Senators and Repre
sentatives in Congress to sustain the Executive of the Union
in its endeavors to comply with the national faith in the stricl
observance of our treaty obligations?even if against the popu
lar tendency to lose sight of these obligations, in the pursuit
of objects by which they aro contravened. There cannot b?
a more sorry spectacle than to behold thoae high in authority
law-makers and expounders of law?giving the gloss of inno
cent intention to such impure aims, and to invest with the
names of liberty and patriotism acts that have no other recom
mendation than reckless daring, if not something more re
prehensible^^
THE CUBA EXPEDITION.
FBOM THE FLOB1DA (TALLAHA9SEE) SEHTINEL'.
There is nothing in the accounts we get of this unlucky
crusade which go to invest this expedition wi.h the smallest
particle of judgment. Other facts may, perhaps, come to
light to relieve it of its hair-brained character, but in their ab
sencc it must certainly be regarded as little better than a flight
of romance worthy of Don Quixote ; and that the bulk of tht
crusaders should have got back in safety i? a miracle of luck
not much excelled by any of the wonders narrated by thai
mirror of knight errantry.
The expedition appears to have demonstrated two points
with tolerable clearness. One of these is \he ease with whict
Cuba might be wrested from Spanish domination, if there
was any disposition among the inhabitants to second an ef
fort for that object. Another is, that no such disposition ex
ists in any such degree, as has been represented. If the com
mander of this expedition assumed to exercise any judgmen
at all, it is to be inferred that he would have sc'ected, ant
did select, one of the most disaffected districts as a point o
landing. But there is no evidence in the published account
we have seen of any popular sympathy with the movement
On the contrary, the inhabitants deserted the town, fled be
fore the invaders, and the Havana Gaceta says that even th
criminals confined in the garrison at Cardenas, when set a
liberty by the expeditionists, took arms against them. A Ke
West correspondent of the Jacksonville Republican, gettini
his account frem the officers of the expedition, says that " a
Cardenas 200 negroes begged the General to let them figh
with him," and this is all the evidence of Cuba sympathy
we see ; while at Havana, the Savannah Republican accoun
says that 13,000 of the people volunteered to repel the inva
sion ; and the Georgian's business correspondent at Havana,
writing on the 21st ultimo, says :
"We m?y again repeat that the Government have abun
dant resources at their command, both by land and sea, and
are employing judicious measures for the protection of the
Island, and the preservation of public tranquillity. In this
they are warmly supported by all classes of the community?
the natives of the Island, the Spaniards and foreignere-whc
have offered their services in case of necessity, and a mihtiu
has been formed "
A beautiful commentary are these declarations, and the
actual facts as proved by the result of this expedition, upon
the moving, pitiful stories of unfortunate Cuban patriots,
sighing and groaning for quick deliverance from the yoke ol
Spanish bondage and oppression?stories which have been
circulated all over the Union, arousing the same spirit which
led volunteers to Greece and to Poland, and which, in this
case, well nigh consigned a thousand Americans to the butch
er's shambles. Deceived by such representations, these men
went there expecting to meet a people inflamed by Spanish
despotism, and ready to perish, if need be, in a gallant effort
for their own deliverance. Instead of this, the people were
in arms against them ? and instead of a revolution, the
scheme resolved itself into simple burglary, arson, and mur
der. To burn a few houses, plunder the public treasury of
eighty-four doubloons, kill a few of the inhabitants and some
forty or fifty Spanish dragoons, and decamp, leaving some
thirty drunken and wounded volunteers to be gsroted this
was the upshot of the expedition for the conquest of Cuba ;
an affiir which all Europe will quote to confirm the " land
stealing" slanders which they have heaped upon this country.
The getters up of this expedition are every where over
whelmed with laudations by the press ! * * # What
evidence is there of the purity of the motives of the leaders of
this expedition ? What evidence that they sought liberty for
the people of Cuba, rather than revenge and plunder on their
own account > And surely, if we concede the justice and
patriotism of their objeets, some mercy and bowels of com
passion ought to restrain the American press from puffing up
such desperate adventures and adventurers, and inducing hun
dreds of well-meaning citizens to peril their necks upon such
enterprises. The New Yotk Sun, in particular, has a fear
ful responsibility in this business, and ought to show that it
has clean hands. Men may shout over liberty to Cuba, and
get drunk over it in the bar-rooms of New York or Savan
nah, without much harm to any body ; but when, by a course
of misrepresentation of facts they persuade other people to
peril their lives on a rash and hopeless undertaking, they are
justly amenable to something more than a headache.
A suit has been brought by Nathabibl Child*, late
Teller of the Bank of the State of Missouri, against that in
stitution, for defamation, false imprisonment, and malicious
prosecution. He hss laid the damages at $50,000.
A Valuable Cab?o.?The whaleship Coral, Captain
Seabubt, from the Pacific Ocean, arrived at New Bedford
on the 12th instant, with a cargo of three thousand barrels of
speim oil, which, at present prices, is valued at about one
hundred and thirteen thousand dollars. The Coral has been
absent from port about three years and a half. This is said
to be the most valuable cargo of sperm oil ever entered in one
vessel at any port in the world.
Libkbia.?The New York State Colonization Society has
resolved, in view of the need of men in Liberia, and the num
ber of applicants seeking a passage thither, to furnish $1,500
toward the expedition of July 1st, by the Liberia Packet; and
to forward $1,500 for securing the purchase of Gsllinas river
ud territory, the location so notorious for slave trading.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRE8IDENT,
By and urith the advice and content of the Senate.
John R. Bartlett, to beCommissioner for run
ning the boundary line between the United States
and the Republic of Mexico, under the fifth article
of the treaty with that Republic, concluded on the
2d February, 1848.
Ebza C. Coffey, to be Receiver of Public Mo
neys at Kaskaskia, Illinois.
John W. Ashmead, to be Attorney of the United
States for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
James M. Clark, to be Attorney of the United
States for the District of Rhode Island.
J. Prescott Hall, to be Attorney of the United
States for the Southern District of New York.
William Halsted, to be Attorney of the United
States for the District of New Jersey.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRE8IDENT.
Charles H. Merritt, as Agent to take the Cen
sus of New Mexico.
Brigham Young, as Agent to take the Census of
Deseret.
J. N. Johnson, as Agent to take the Census of
California.
NATIONAL POLICY.
The development of the natural resources of our
country, and the diffusion of practical knowledge
among all classes of American citizens, are two lead
ing, fundamental objects of national policy. The im
portance of each no one will doubt. Their entire
feasibility is every day becoming more manifest.
The former must produce the latter. The moment
every fanner in the land understands the capabilities of his
own farm, knowledge will be both " i if creased and dif
fused " to an extent and of a character not at present aimed
at or thought of by those now directing school operations.
Schools themselves will become fountains of practical science,
. instead of places of confinement, for the repetition, from day
to day and week to week, of a few unmeaning phrases. Sup
pose, lor example, that each of the seventy thousand schools
in our country should become an Exploring Agency of the
mineral and other natural resources of the district within the
range of its pupils; the result would be that "noatone would
be left unturnedand every farmer would soon be able to
determine what useful deposites were in his possession. Thou
sands of marl beds or other fertilizers, now unknown, would
come to view and immediately change barren places into fer
tile fields.
A day or two since, a member of the United States Sen
ate, after examining ^ome collections made by the pupils of a
school in Washington, several of them children of other mem
bers of Congress, remarked, that, in canvassing his 8tate, as
he expected'to do in the coming autumn, he should call the
special attention of the public to those two great objects of
National policy?the development of our natural resources
and the diffusion of practical science ; presenting distinctly to
view the great importance and entire feasibility of self instruc
tion, specimens of which he witnessed in the collections re
ferred to. He also remarked that, as substantial knowledge,
generally diffused, was recognised by all as th* only safe
foundation of a Republican Government, the citizens of our
Republic might reasonably expect, indeed justly claim, that
all our government functionaries should lend a helping band
for the " increase and diffusion" of such knowledge. In
view of this object, the Senator referred to has already pro
vided collections similar to those calling forth the above re
marks, to be sent in advance of the tour in hir own State
contemplated by him this season. H.
WHIG 8ENTIMENT IN PENNSYLVANIA.
FROM THE PEXXbTLVANIA DEMOCRAT.
At a Whig Meeting held in Fayette county
(Pennsylvania) a few days ago, the following reso
lutions were adopted, viz :
Resolved, That we have undiminished confidence in the
purity and patriotism ofGeneial Taylor, who, under the
guidance of a sound head and an honest heart, is daily gain
ing on the affections and confidence of a patriotic and en
? lightened people, and that all those who assail him, of what
1 ever party, or in whatever numbers, will meet in the end the
f fate of Santa Anna and his followers at Buena Vista. To
s the Old Hero we would say, " be just and fear not," the
people are with you.
* Resolved, That we concur with President Taylor that the
- question of slavery in the Territories will be better settled by
e tae people of the Territories themselves than by Congress ,
t and that had his recommendation on this subject been promptly
adopted, all the angry debates which have marred the delibe
' rations of Congress for the last six months would have been
f avoided, the public but-iness properly transacted, and the
t harmony of the Union preserved { and we firmly believe that
t this distracting question can never be satis factprily settled but
by the adoption of the course recommended by Gen. Taylor,
which requires no compromise, and no concessions on either
' side, but refers the whole matter to the people, to be constitu
tionally settlrd in their own way, without dictation or control.
Resolved, That productive industry is the great source of
national wealth, and that it is the first duty of Government to
protect and cherish it. That as long as labor and capital are
cheaper in England than in the United States free trade will
be their policy, and protection ours. It is, therefore, not
surprising that the Queen of England has instructed her
Minister to remonstrate against any change of the British tariff
of 1846, which enables her to send her goods by ship loads
into our ports, and carry away our money and public stocks
by millions to pay for them ; and hence we have President
Taylor calling on Congress to modify the tariff of 1846 for
the benefit of Americans, and the Queen calling on them to
let it alone for the British ; and it remains to be seen which
will hsve the majority, the British or the Americans, in an
American Congress.
Resolved, That having undiminished confidence in the
ability and fidelity of our Representative in Congress, the
Hon. Andrew J. 0OL(? we a,e ready again to rally to his
banner for victory in the ensuing campaign agaiaat his former
competitor.
The foregoing resolutions, reported by Mr. 8txwart, from
a committee of thirteen, were unanimously adopted, and may,
we think, be regarded as the true exponent of the Whig sen
timent, not only of the county, but of Pennsylvania generally.
FROM TEXAS.
Lieut. Mechlin arrived in San Antonio on the
20th ultimo, from El Paso del Norte, having made
the trip in twenty-six days. The 44 Western Tex
an " says:
"The town of El Paso and the post on this side of the
river progress but little. Most of the American resident ad
venturers, who have been there during the last year, have left
for California. No trouble was experienced by Major Neigh
bors in the organization of the two lower counties, but strong
opposition was encountered, and still more apprehended, in
the organization of Santa Fe. Many of the native New Mexi
cans have an innate animosity towards the Texan population,
the more ignorant confounding them with the Indians. No
interference has been received, either in favor or against the
Texan organization, on the part of the United States officers
in Santa Fe."
Accounts from the station on the Leona state that
Captain Merchant, of the Dragoons, was wounded
in a skirmish with a small party of eight or ten
well mounted Indians on the 19th ultimo. He
had with him only a dozen men, none of whom
were hurt. Two of the Indians were killed. The
Captain says of his wound, that, though annoying
and debilitating, he does not think it will prove
serious.
Forres's New Rib.?Captain John Lord, of the ship
Reindeer, in a recent letter from San Francisco, thus (fives
his testimony in favor of the "Forbes' Rig," which is ap
plied to his ship : '
44 As for the rig of the ship, I said before ail I could say.
from the little experience that I had had at that time, but in
the heavy weather off Cape Horn I was fully satisfied that it
is the greatest improvement thst has ever been made in the
rigging and sparring of ships. For instance, I was in company
with two ships soon after passing the Cape, they carrying
top-gallant sails over singled reef topsails, my ship with top
sails and top-gallant sails set, when we were struck by a
heavy hail squall. Both the other ships kept off before the
wind and let fly sheets snd halyards, while we took in top
gallant sails, and sailed steady on our course without losing
an inch, snd the last we saw of them they were still off
before it, with every thing flying. I am convinced that a
ship with this rig and steering apparatus can be sailed with
equal safety ten per cent, cheaper than or e of the same nza
with the old rig."

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