Newspaper Page Text
up on ? mere cmfic. Ih.tm lie UiJ ? ?<*
judges differed upon this question. Now, . J? KUxth. or Si lb. c? towMAttoiglfcyiSS below, and which come up ^erefor , J 8 ja&r-'sniR. SgW , m. t- iid nays tho iD0D6y> noweverj And not oblige him to pay. ?? W? N-iiher r>artv can ^fTbring'^wrU Tenor1 from the judgment of the Now. th. U- of 1789 wu p.?d lo bring questions arising under laws and tr^tiM.andwon, from the State courts to the Supreme court. Thu bill does not touch that case ? not at aM. I know that there is an inconvenience felt from the limitation. It is difficult to set a decision sometimes, on an important principle, for the want of a aufficienily large amount; but that baa never led Conaiesa to alter the aum. Instead of that, there is a strong disposition to increase the sum which will entitle parties to appeal, in order to keep off small cases from the docket of the Supreme Court. Mr. CLAY. Mr. Pres;dent M. HALE. Will the Senator allow me one moment. Mr. CLAY.. I want but a moment myself, and that is to aay that both parties are right. The learned Senator to the left (Mr. Whstii) is certainly right as to the jurisdiction of the court, but the gentleman befoie ine (Mr. Mal*j is right as to the object, though he has not used the proper phraseology to embrace his object. We might a? well iun derstand this matter explicitly. If the bill *^.?Territo^ now, and a constitutional queaUon irn.esbe courts, unless the amount in "*alue is $1,000, you canno bring that constitutional queation to the Supreme Court of the United State.. Well, we might as well ulk plainly- Sup pose the question to arise whether a slave . . under Territories, and wbo sues for his freedom there, u thereunder the constitution or not. His value is not a thousand dollars. You c?uld not settle tho question of constitutional right, un ti the bill aa it now stands, unless the value of the slave was equivalent to $1,000. The object of the 8enator Jrom Ncw Hampshire is to make the right of appeal and writ of error co-extensive in the Territorial Courts with whit they are in Circuit Courts of the United States ; and to do that, it seems to me that some change is nece-sary in the wording of his amend ment. For one, I think the object should 1* uccompli*hcd? to aecure the power of testing in the Supreme Court o. the United States tbe right, under the cinstitution, to carry slaves into the Territory. I think that gentlemen on all side* of the chamber should vote for thia amendment. Mr. HALE. With the consent of the Senate, I will with draw this amendment and offer one as a substitute. Mr. CLAY. Oh, take time. J 4 , Mr. HALE. I hnve got the amendment ready. I he section as it now stands is precisely in the words of the Clay ton compromise bill down to the 38th line. Now, I propose to ameml the bill so as to make this section identical with that in the Clay ion compromise. To effect that purpose I move to insert the following words immediately after the worda " United States," in the 38th line : "Exorpt only that in all cases involving the title to slaves, the laid writs of error or appeals ?hall be allowed and deciqed by the said Supreme Court, without regard to the value ol the matter, property, or title in controversy ; and except, auo, that a wr>t of error or appeal shall also be allowed to the Su preme Court of the United States from the decision of the said Supreme Court created by this act, or ot any judge, upon any writ of habeas corpus involving the question of personal freedom." I will read from the Journal of Congress of July 26, 1848: ?? On motion of Mr. Johnson, of Maryland, to amend the bill by inserting in section 24, at the end of line 38, " Except only that in all cases involving tbe title to slaves, the said writs ot error or appeals shall be allowed and decided by the said Su preme Court, without regard to the value ot the matter, pro perty, or title in controversy ; and exoept, also, that a writ ot error or appeal shall also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United States from the decision of the said Supreme Court created by this act, or of any judge, upon any writ ot habeas corpus involving the question of persoral freedom '?It was determined in the affirmative?yeas 31, nays 19. " Those who voted in the affirmative are? " Messrs. Allen, Atherton, Badger, Berrien, Clarke, Clay ton, Corwin, Davis of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dix, Dodge, Felch, Fitzgerald, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Houston, John son of Maryland, Johnson, of Louisiana, King, Mangum, Metcalfe, Miller, Niles, Phelps, Rusk, Spruance, Sturgeon, Upham, and Walker." After some further debate, the question was taken on this amendment, and it was agreed to. Mr. 80ULE. Mr. President, I offer the following amend mSection 5, line 9, add after the word " Utah" as follows : ? And when admitted as a State shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, as their constitution may pre scribe at the time of their admission." Mr. SOULE. The object of this amendment, Mr. Pre sident, is to ascertain what meaning the Committee of Thir teen, and those who may vote for the bill reported by the Committee of Thirteen, attach to the clauses respecting the Territories of Utah and New Mexico. I am compelled to introduce this amendment in the same language which was used in the case of Texas. My object is to see whether we mean to secure to these Territories hereafter the right of com ing into the Union with or witheut slavery, as they may deem fit, and as they may make known through their consti tutions. , Mr. HALE. Mr. President, I want to say a word or two on this amendment. I suppose that all the power this Con gress, or any other Congress, have concerning the admission of new States, comes from the constitution. It is perfectly idle for this Congress to ssy upon what terms a future Con gress shall admit a new State into this Union, unless an at tempt is made to put it in the form of a compact or treaty. Now, I do not understand that we are making a treaty with Utah or New Mexico. The argument that undertakes to give any binding efficacy to the resolutions for the annexation of Texas, in this particular?and it does not strike me with any force at all?is that we were making a treaty with another na tion. and that Texas having performed its part, and come into tbe Union, we are bound by our part. If I understand it, that is the argument by which force is attempted to be given to these provisions in the resolutions annexing Texas to the United States. _ But here is a naked attempt to make this Congress say upon what terms some future Congress, that may sit perhaps some twenty years from now, shall admit a new State into the Union. It seems to me to be altogether nugatory, and is, I think, stretching oiu power altogether beyond the constitu tion. When Utah presents herself for admission into the Union, she will probably address herself to the Congress then in session, and that Congress, then in session, most probably, will not trouble itself by looking back upon what this Con gress thought about it. Inasmuch as the amendment will be nugatory, and can have no binding force, I am opposed to in serting it in tbe bill. ... , .. _ . ,u.. Mr. DAYTON. Mr. President, I desire only to state that I do not mean to vote against this amendment, nor do I mean to vote for it. It seems to me that there is gTest truth in the remark of the 8enator from New Hampshire, that any thing we do on the subject will be utterly nugatory. I take it lor granted that when Utah shall present herself as a 8tate for 'admission into the Union, she will come in either with or without slavery, as she desires. But, representing the section of the country that I do, and when I know that if I vote against the amendment, I will be considered as opposed to the idea, I do not mean to be thrown in a false position. There fore, I will not vote against the amendment, nor do I mean to vote in its favor. Mr. CLAY. Mr. Presdent, I have risen merely to say that, after expressing the opinion which I did, after adverting to the report as I did, in answer to tbe remarks of the honor able Senator from Louisiana that the committee had forborne to make any expression of opinion, I can have no sort of objection to the amendment under consideration. This is one of the class of amendments which I consider altogether unim portant ; it is one of that class for or against which I am wil ling to vote as will best satisfy the scruples of gentlemen. I stand ready to vote for this amendment. M. SOULE. Mr. President, it is unnecessary lor me to repeat a second time the considerations which influenced roc in offering this amendment, after what has been *o strongly and so forcibly urged by the honorable Senator from Georgia, (Mr. Bxrmbn.) I think he has answered most, if not all, the objections which have been raised against it. I wish, how ever to say some few words with a view to encounter two of the difficulties which are thrown in the way, and which seem to be serious grounds of objection on the part of some Senators on tbe other side of this chamber. It is said that I am wrong in assimilating the present case with that of Texas, and that in the case of Texas there was a compact between that State and the United States. This, at all events, would seem to intimate that if the compromise which the bill before us is intended to effect, be a compact, the amendment which I have introduced will be acceptable and binding. I would ssk the honorable 8enator from New Hamp shire (Mr. Halb) what, in his opinion, is the character of the measure now in debate} Does he not consider it as a com pact > But, whether he does or does not so consider it, I feel sure that its friends intend to give it to the nation as each ; and design that, by its healing provisions, all difficul ties existing between the two great sections of the country shall be adjusted and put at an end. If it be not a compact, what is it' The other difficulty is, that my amendment will have no practical result. Why > Besides what has tallen from the elo quent lips of the honorable Senator from Georgia^ do not Sena tors consider that It ia of immense importance to Southerners to know, from this very moment, what will be the prospect be fore them if they should attempt to emigrate with their pro perty to these Territories > My object was, if I may eo ex press myself, to feel the pulses of those who have declared themselves in favor of this compromise as it now stands; to see whether they would say to the country, as the committee ?aid in their report, that when the Territories should present themselves to be admitted as States, as far, at least, as the.* intendment went, they should be id milted with or without slavery, ?? to them might seem fit. I have not concealed my object; and I cannot, therefore, easily conceive why the honorable Senator from Mississippi (Mi. Footi) has imagin ed that there waa any thing of diplomacy concealed under this amendment. The object ia to test the sense of the Senate, and to make known to the country, by the vote we are about to give, what be the true meaning which the majority affixes to the clauses in the bill connected with this subject. Messrs. HALE, UNDERWOOD, BADGEtt, PRATT, and FOOTE continued the debate till the time of adjourn ment, without any question being taken. Monday, Junk 17, 18*0. A message was received from the President of the United States, in anawer to a resolution of the Senate of the eleventh instant, inquiring whether any orders have been issued to any military officers at Santa Fe to hold possession against the authority of Texas, or in any way to embarraas the exercise of her jurisdiction over that country, and to furnish the Senate with copies of any correspondence oh the subject. In this message the President says . " In reply to that re < aolution I stale that no such orders have been given. I here * with present to the Senate copies of all the correspondence * referred to in the resolution. All the other orders relating ' to the subject-matter of the resolution have been here ' tofore communicated lo the Senate. I have a'.readv, in a * former message, referred to the fart that the boundary be ' tween Texas and New Mexico is disputed. I have new to * state that information has been recently received thit a ccr * tain Robert S. Neighbors, styling himself commissioner of ' the State of Texas, has proceeded to Santa Fe with the view ' of organizing counties in that district, under the authority * of Texas. While I have no power to d<cide the question of < boundary, and no desire to interfere with it as a question of ' title, I have to observe that the position of the territory into * which it appears that Mr. Neighbors haeUhusgone was ac ' tually acquired by the United States from Mexico, end has ' since been held by the United States, ant, in my opinion, ' ought so to remain until the question of boundary shall have ' been determined by some competent authoiity. Meanwhile ' I think there is no reason for seriously apprehending that ' Texas will practically interfere with the possession of the < United States. Z. Tatlok." On motion of Mr. SEWARD the message was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr. KING presented a statement of the claim of the State of Alabama against the United States for interest on the de ferred payments duo soid State on account of the five per cent fund, under the act for her admission into the Union ; which was referred to the Committee on Public Lauds. Mr. FELCH p'eaented a memorial of citizens of Wiscon sin, asking the construction of a roaif from Green Bay, in that State, tj Fort Wilkins, in Michigan ; which was refer red to the Con.m'r.tco on Public Lard*. MICHIGAN ON THE COMPROMISE. Mr. FELCH. I beg leave to present the proceedings of a meeting held at the capital of the Stato of Michigan by I members of a convention now in session at that place for the [ purpose of forming a new constitution for the State of Michi gan. They relate to the compromise bill as it is called, and to the general principle of non-intervention. The proceed ings emanate from a body of men of as high a character as any assemblage ever held in that State. 1 ask for tbem 'he respectful consideration of the Senate, and that they may be printed. I do dot intend to be understood that tbey are the official action of the convention as a convention, but a very full assemblage, as I undertand, of members of that conven tion, friendly to the compromise bill now pending. I request the Secretary to read the resolutions. The resolutions were .read as follows: Resolved, Tltat the great doctrine of Congressional non in tervention in the domestic legislation of the Territories har monizes with the true spirit of our institutions, and is the only platform upon whioh the Democratic party of the Uuiou e.tn maintain its nationality and its ascendency. Resolved, That the general provisions contained in the "compromise bill," now under consideration in the United States Senate, ought to receive the sanction of Congress. The bill is conceived in a spirit of harmony; its provisions respect and preserve the rights of the different sections of the Union ; and the tendency o? its passage will be to allay agitation, se cure peace and tranquillity, and set at rest the only question which threatens the stability of the Union. Resolved, That the Democracy of Michigan have witnessed with unmingled and heartfelt pride, the patriotic efforts of our distinguished Senator, Gen. Lewis Cass, in behall of the Na tional Union. Placing himself in the breach and stemming a current of popular prejudice and fanaticism, as relentless and proscriptive in its character as it is sectional and destructive in its objects, he has achieved a moral triumph no less credita ble to himself than itis salutary in its results upon the perma nency of our republican form of government. Resolved, That Hknrt Clay, who, in the evening of his days, has left the retirement which is so congenial to his declining years, and become a pacificator in the difficulties which divide the different sections of the country, is entitled to the thanks of the American people. Mr. FELCH. I move that thejresolutions lie on the table and be printed. The motion to lie on the table was agreed to, and the motion to print was referred to the Committee on Printing. AMENDMENT IN THE PATENT LAWS. Mr. PRATT. I hold in my hand a petition from a number of citizens of Maryland, asking a change in the patent laws. Under the practice in Maryland, and I suppose it is so in other States of the Union, after a party supposes that be has obtained a patent and has erected machinery to carry on the | manufacture he has patented, it frequently happens that some person, supposing there has been a violation of an antecedently granted patent, files a bill in chancery, and the court of chan 1 eery issues an injunction, by which great injury is done to the party supposing he has properly obtained a patent. The prayer of the petition is that (he law may be amended in this regard. I hope the Committee on Patents will take this pe tition in charge and prepare amendments to the bill now pending before the Senate, before it shall come up again, in accordance with the prayer of this petition. The memorial was referred to the Committee on Patents. Mr. JONES, from the Committee on Pensions, to which was referred the petition of Frederick Dixon, of Jackson county, Iowa, asking remuneration for wounds received in the late war with Great Britain, submitted a report, which was ordered to be printed, accompanied by a bill for his re lief, which was read and passed lo a second reading. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred a pe tition of John W. Mount, asking an increase of his pension for the loss Of his right eye in the late war with Mexico, sub mitted a report in writing, concluding with asking to be dis charged from the further consideration of the same ; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred the petition of citizens of Clay county, Indiana, asking that a pension be granted to the widow of Thomas West, late a soldier in the war with Mexico, submitted a report in writing, which was ordered to be printed, asking to be discharged from the further consideration of the same ; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred cer tain papers and documents in aid of the claim of Famous Mortimer, for an increase of pension, submitted a report in writing, which was ordered to be piinted, asking to be dis charged from the further consideration of the same ; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred the petition of' Silas Chatfield, asking arrears of pension, submitted a report in writing, which was ordered to be printed, asking to be discharged from the further considera tion of the same; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred House bill for the relief of William Whicker, reported buck the same without amendment, and recommended its passage. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred House bill for the relief of Anna Griffin, reported back the same without amendment, and recommended its passage. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred the joint resolution from the House of Representatives, explaining the acts of 17th July, 1838, March 3d, 1843, and June 17, 1844, reported back the same without amendment. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred House bill for the relief of Jacob Zimmerman, reported back the same with an amendment. Mr. JONES. The amendment is a trifling one, and con- 1 sists simply in making the pay commence the 21st of April, | 1848, instead of the 1st of January, 1850. The bill has been twice passed before, and lest in one or the other branch of Congress for want of time. I am instructed by the com mittee to ask that the amendment be now consideied. The motion having been agreed to, the amendment was read and the bill considered as in Committee of the Whole, and the amendment was concurred in; and no further amend ment having been offered, it was reported to the Senate, ordered to a third reading, and read a third time and passed. DAMAGE BY MILITARY OCCUPATION. Ob motion of Mi. DAVI8, of Mississippi, the Senate pro ceeded, as in Committee of the Whole, to the consideration of Senate bill No. 231, for the relief of George Poindexter. There being no proposition to amend, the bill was reported back to the 8enate, and ordered to be engrossed foi a third reading. It was subsequently read a third time and passed. PRIVATE BILL. On motion by Mr. DAWSON, the Senate proceeded to consider Senate bill No. 130, being the bill for the relief of Mrs. Margaret Hetzel, widow and adminiatratrix of A. R. Hntzel, late Assistant Quartermaster in the army of the Uni ted States. Mr. DAW80N. I will merely state that this bill was una nimously reported from the Committee on Military A flairs. It is to settle an unadjusted account between the paymaster and the administratrix of a deceased quartermaster. Mr. HALE. I want to inquire if the bill is limited to any amount * Mr. DAWSON. $12,988.74. After some debate? Mr. HALE called for the yeas and naya on the engross-, meat ef the bill, which were ordered, tod being taken, re sulted as follows s _ X?AS--Measrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Benton Berrien, Bright, Clarke, Clav, Clement, Davis, of Mississippi, Dew too, Day ton, Dodge, of Wisconsin, Dodge, otlova, Downs, Felch Foote, Greene, Houston, Jones, Norm, Pratt, Kusl, Seward, Soule, Spruanee, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, Webster, and Yulee?3i. NAYS Meurs. Chase, Hale, Pearce, Walker, knd Whit comb?5. THE COMPROMISE BILL. The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the bill providing for the admission of California into the Union as a State, for establishing Territorial Governments foi Utah and ISew Mexico, and making proposals to Texas for the settle ment of her noithern and western boundaries. The pending question was the amendment offered by Mr. M? Soon. Mr. BUTLER. I was about making a few remarks in re ply to the Senator from Mississippi at the time the Senate adjourned on Saturday. It is not my wish to like up ihe time of the Senate, further than to present in a dfctinct form the | repositions which I then barely indicated. My friend from Mis*iieippi said that he was going to "un-Vhig" mo, or deprive ma of the right of being considere4 a " 8tate Rights " man. The proposition that I laid jdowro was, that Congress, by virtue of its authority under the constifcition, had jurisdiction over the Territories ; there is no metaphysics in that. I further intimated that I believed, pro taitfo, it was the sovereign power to the extent that it could btfexercised under the constitution of the United States ; and 1 further more msintained that the safest mode of admitting r?w S ates is to pursue precedent and usage, and to allow nfc State to come into the Union that had not applied to Congr?w in the first instance to form a constitution ; snd that on p^senting that constitution it should be admitted into the Uiion, be cause when the people, during their Territorial existence, meet to form a S ate constitution without such autholty from Congress, they necessarily form it in a way to accommodate themselves to the majority,and to propitiate the prevailing power in this Government. I know this doctrine is in conflat with the opinions of the Bchool of politicians who believe hat the people who first settle iu the Territories have a .spirits of spontaneous sovereignty springing up. I beliova thfe are philosophers who believe in the spontsneous production of plants without seed. I believe they may be very well classed with that class of politicians who h lieve that Congress has no authority, but tbat the jurisdiction belongs to the first settlers on the soil. I do not intend to detain the Senate by any longer discussion upon these points, as I believe the Se nator from Louisiana designs to speak upon his amendment, and I shall therefore reserve any further remarks I have to make on these points, until I address the Senate on the gene ral question. Mr. WEBSTER. On the 7th of March, sir, I declared my opinion to be, tbat there is not a square rod of territory belonging to the United States, the character of which, for slavery or no slavery, is not already fixed by some irrepeal sble law. I remain of that opinion. The opinion, sir, has been a good deal canvassed in the country, and there have been complaints?sometimes respectful anddecorous, and sometimes so loud and so empty as to become mere clamor. But I have heard no argument upon any question of law embraced in that opinion, which shakes the firmness with which I hold it, nor have I heard any discussion upon any matter of fact, as to that part of the opinion which rests on facts, which leads mo to doubt the accuracy of my conclusions as to that part of the opinion which regarded the true construction, or I might with more propriety say, almost the. literal meaning, of the resolutions by whijh Texas was admitted into the Union. I have heard no argument calculated, in the slightest degree, to alter that opinion. The committee, I believe, with one accorc', concurred in it. A great deal of surprise, real or affected, has been expressed in the country at the announce ment by me of that opinion, as if there were something new ia it. Yet there need have been no surprise, for there was nothing new in it. Other gentlemen have expressed the same opinion more than once ; and I myself, in a speech made here on the 23d day of March, 1848, expressed the same opinion, almost in the same words ; with which nobody here found any fault?at which nobody here cavilled or n)ide question, and nobody in the country. With respect to the other ground on which my opinion is founded, tbat is, the high improbability, in point of fact, that African slavery could be introduced and established in any of the Territories acquired by us in purtuance of the late treaty with Mcxico, I have learned nothing, beard nothing, from that day to this, that has not entirely confirmed that opinion. That being my judgment on this matter, I voted very readily and cheerfully to exclude what is called the Wilmot proviso from these Territorial bills, or to keep it out, rather, when a motion was made to introduce it. I did so, upon a very full and deep conviction that no act of Congress, no provision of law, was necessary in any degree for that purpose ; that there were natural and sufficient reasons and causes excluding for ever African slavery from those regions. That was my judgment, and I acted on it; and it is my judgment still. Those who think differently, will, of course, pursue a different line of conduct, in accordance with their own judgments. That was my opinion then, and it has been strengthened by every thing that I have learned since, and I have no more ap prehension to-day of the introduction or establishment of African slavery in these Territories, than I have of its intro duction into, and establishment in, Massachusetts. Well, sir, I have voted not to place in these Territorial bills what is called the Wilmot proviso, and by that vote having signified a disposition to exclude the prohibition, as a thing unnecessary, I am now called upon to vote upon this amendment, moved by the honorable member from Louisiana, (Mr. Soul*,) which provides that the States formed out of New Mexico and Utah shall have.the right and privilege of making their own constitutions, and of presenting those con stitutions to Congress conformably to the Constitution of the United States, with or without a prohibition against slavery, as the people of those Territories, about to become States, may see fit to declare. I have not seen much practical utility in this amendment, I agree. Nevertheless, if I should vote, now that it is presented to me, against it, it might leave me open to' suspicion of intending, or wishing to see that accom plished in another way hereafter which I did not choose to see accomplished by the introduction of the Wilmot proviso. That is to say, it might seem as if, voting against that form of exclusion or prohibition, I might be willing still that there should be a chance hereafter to enforce it in some other way. Now, I think that ingenuousness and steadiness of purpose, under these circumstances, compel me to vote for the amend ment, and I shall vote for it. I do it exactly on the same grounds that I voted against the introduction of the proviso. And let it be remembered that I am now speaking of New Mexico and Utah, and other territories acquired from Mexi co ; and of nothing else. I confine myself to these ; and, as to them, I say that I see no occasion to make a provision against slavery now, or to reserve to ourselves the right of making such provision hereafier. All this rests, on the most thorough conviction, that, under the law of nature, there never can be slavery in these Territories. This is the foundation of all. And I voted against the proviso, and I vote now in favor of this amendment, for the reason that all restrictions are un necesssry, absolutely unnecessary ; and as such restrictions give offence, and create a kind of resentment, as they create a degree of dissatisfaction, and as I desire to avoid all dissa tisfaction as far as I can, by avoiding all measures that cause it, and which are in my judgment wholly unnecessary, I shall vote now as I voted on a former occasion, and shall support the amendment offered by the honorable member from Louisi ana. I repeat again, I do it upon the exact grounds upon which I declared upon the 7th day of March that I should re sist the Wilmot proviso?the precise grounds. Sir, it does not seem to strike other Senstors aa it striken me, but if there be any qualification to that general remark which I made, or the opinioo which I expressed on the 7th of March, that every foot of territory of the United States has a fixed character for slavery or no slavery ; if there be any qualifi cation to that remark, it has arisen here, from what teems to be sn indisposition to define the boundaries of New Mexico; tbat is all the danger there Is. All that is part of Texas was by the resolutions of 1845 thrown under the general character of Texan territory; and if, for want of defining the boundaries of New Mexico by any proceeding or process hereafier, or by any event hereafter, let me say to gentlemen, that if any portion which they or I do not believe to be Texas should be considered to become. Texas, then, so far, that quali fication of my remark ia applicable. And therefore, I do feel, as I had occasion to say two or three days ago, that it is of the u'most importance to pass this bill, to the end tbat there may be a definite boundary, fixed now, and fixed forever, between the territory of New Mexico and Texas, or the limits of New Mexico and the limits of Texaa. Here the question liea. If gentlemen wish to act efficiently for their own pur poses, here it is, in my poor judgment, that they are called upon to act. And the thing to be done, and done at once, is to fix the boundaries of New Mexico. Mr. President, when I see gentlemen from my own part of the country, ds doubt from motives of the highest character, and for most conscientious purposes, not concurring in any of these great queations with myself, I am aware that I am taking on myself an nncommon degree of responsibility. The fan that gentlemen with whom I have been accustomed to act in the Senate took a different view of their own duties in the same case, naturally led me to re-consider my own course, to re examine ay own opinions, to re judge my own judg ment And now, air, tbat I have gone through this process, without prejudice, as I hope?and certainly I have done so under the greatest feeling of regret, at being called upon by a sense of duty to take a course which may diaaatisfy some to whom I nhould alwaya be desirous of rendering my public course and every event and action of my public life accept able yet I cannot part from my own settled opinions. I leave consequencea to themselves. It ia ? great emergency, a great exigency that this country ia placed in. I shall en deavor to preserve a proper regard to my own consistency. And hare let me aay, tbat neither here nor elsewhere bas any thing been advanced to show tbat on this subject I have said or done any thing inconsistent, in the slightest degree, with , any speech, or sentiment, or fetter, or declaration that I ever delivered in my life; and all would be convinced of this, if men would atop to conader, and look at real differences and distinctions. But where all ia general denunciation, where all ia clamor, where all ia idle and empty declamation, where there ia no aearch after exact truth, no honest disposition to inquire whether one opinion ia different from the other, why, every body, in that way of proceeding, may be proclaimed to be inconsistent. Now, air, I do not take the trouble to aoawer thinga of thia aort that appear in the public press. I know it would be ureless. Those who are of an unfriendly disposition would not publiah my explanation or distinctions, if I were to make them. But, sir, if any geatleman herehaa any thing'to aay on thia aubject?though I throw out no challenge?yet, if any gentleman here chooaea to undertake the taak?and ma ny there poaaibly are, who think it an easy taak?lo show in what reapect any thing that I aaid in debate hero on the 7th of March, or any thing contained in my letter to the gentlemen ol Newburyport, or any where else, ia inconaiatent with any recorded opinion of mine, since the aubject of the annexation | of Texas began in 1837, I will ceitainly answer him with l great respect and courteay, and aball be cootent to stand or fall by the judgment of the country. Sir, my object ia peace. My object ia reconciliation. My purpoae is, not to mai:e up a case for the North, or to make up a case for the 8outh. My object is not to continue use less and irritating controversies. I am against agitators, North and .Booth. I ?m against local ideas, North and South, and against all narrow and local conteats. I am an American, and I know no / raliiy in America that ia my country. u ii ,ent'menU> my judgment, demand of me that I ?ball pursue auch a course as ahall promote the good, and u ii jrDaony? ant* lh? Union of the whole country. This I T>k ' willing, to the end of the chapter. The honorable Senator resumed his seat amidst a burst of applause from the gallery. i.rT,Je deb*,e w" continued by Mr. NORRI8, Mr. SE WARD, Mr. FOOTE, and Mr. BALDWIN, who ma?ed to^amend the amendment of Mr. Soon, viz: , *^en l^e Territory, or any portion of the same, snail be admitted aa a State, it shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, as their constitution may prescribe at the time of their admission By striking out all after the word " State" and inserting the following : " At the proper time, to be judged of by Congress, the peo ple of said Territory shall be admitted to the enjoyment of a II the righta of citizens of the United States, according to the principles of the constitution." After debate by Messrs. CAS8, KING, HALE, SE W&RD, BALDW IN, and SOULE, the question was taken on lie amendment to the amendment, and resulted as f hows: YEAS?Messrs. Baldwin, Chase, Clarke, Davis, of Masia chusetti Dayton, Dodge, if Wisconsin, Greene, Hale, Mil ler, Smkh, Upham, and Walker?12. NAYS^-Messrs. Atchisoi, Badger, Bell, Benton, Berrien, Bright, Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Davis, of Mis sissippi, Dawson, Dodge, of :0wa, Douglas, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jouea, Kng, Mason, Morton. Norrisi Pearce, Pratt, Ruak, Sebastia,, Shielda, Soule, Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Turney,Underwood, Wales, Webster, Whitcomb, andYuIee?38. ' So the amendment was rejected. The question then recurr.d on Jie amendment offered by Mr. Soclk, and a debate ensued in which Messrs. MIL LER, DODGE, of Iowa, BUTLER, DAY I ON, SE WARD, and DOUGLAS participated. The yeas and nays having been demanded and ordered on the amendment, resulted as follows . YEAS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Benton, Berrien, Bright^ Butler, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Davis, of Mis sissippi, Dawson, Dodge, of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King, Mason, Morton, Norris. Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Soule, Spruaace, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, Webster, Whitcomb Yulee?38. NAYS?Messrs. Baldwin, Chase, Clarke, Davis, of Mas sachusetts, Dayton, Dodge, of Wisconsin, Greene, Hale. Miller, Smith, U;-ham, Walker?12. So the amendment was agreed to. Mr. HALE offered the following amendment, to be added to the first section of the bill : "New States, not exceeding two in number, of convenient size, and having sufficient population, may hereafter,by and with the consent oftne said State of California, be formed out of the territory thereof, which shall be entitled to admission under the provisions of the Federal Constitution.' The further consideration of the bill was then postponed until 12 o'clock to-morrow. On motion, the Senate then proceeded to the consideratior of Executive business, and, after some time spent therein, lh< doors were re-opened and the Senate adjourned. Tuesday, June 18, 1850. The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a com munication fiom the Secretary of State, made in compliauci with a resolution of the Senate of the 15 th instant, calling fo any evidence in said Department of vexatious suits institutec in any of the courts of admiralty in the United States agains foreign vessels, transmitting documents containing all the in formation in the Department in relation to the subject. Mr. RUSK presented the memorial of laaac Hill, askin; the protection of the Government in certain libel suita insti tuted against him in consequence of his official acts while it the service of the Post Office Department, and an investiga tion of the manner in which certain contracts have been awarded by that Department; which was referred to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads. Mr. BERRIEN presented a memorial of physicians and members of medical sssociations in Savannah, Georgia, ask ing that the rank of medical officers in tbe navy may be assi milated by law with that of officers of like grades in the me dical staff of the army ; which was referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. Mr. HUNTER, from the Committee on Finance, to which was referred the memorial of the West Feliciana Railroad Company, asking a remission of duties on certain importations of railroad iron, submitted a report, which was ordered be print ed, accompanied by a bill for the relief of the West Feliciana Railroad Company, which was read and passed to a second reading. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred House bill to supply a deficiency in the appropriation for the service of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1850, reported back the same without amendment, and asked it* immediate con sideration. The motion having been agreed to, the bill was con sidered in Committee of tbe Whole, and, no amendment having been offered, it was reported to the Senate, and order ed to be read a third time, and was read a third time and passed. RESOLUTIONS SUBMITTED. Mr. WALKER submitted the following resolutions, which lies over under the rule ; Resolved, That no penal law of a foreign country, for al leged political offences, can or ought to be enforced, directly or indirectly, within the United States ; and that it is the duty of the Executive of this Government to protect citizens of the United Sutes against any attempt of foreign Powers, or their diplomatic representatives, to interfere with the private pur suits, rights, or privileges of such citizens, for the puqrase of visiting upon them the effects of such foreign penal laws. Resolved, That the Secretary of State be directed to com municate the foregoing resolutions to the diplomatic agents of all foreign Powers having such agents accredited to this Gov ernment ; and that he be also directed to inform his Majesty the Emperor ot Russia that this Government disapproves of the attempt of the honorable Alexander de Bodisco, Minister from Russia accredited to this Government, to supersede the authority oftiaspard Tochman, Esq., attorney and counsellor at law, under the employment of the heirs ot Gen. Thaddeus Kosciusko. AMENDATORY ACT. On motion by Mr. CLARKE, tbe Senate took up for con sideration bill No. 172, being the bill to amend an act entitled "An set to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnape," approved 2d March, 1799. No amendment having been offered, the bill was reported to the Senate, ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, was read a third time and pasaed. DONATION OF LANDS. Mr. JONES. Mr. President, I rise to ask a favor of the Senate ; and, as it is but seldom that I make calls upon the time of this body, I hope the indulgence will be accorJcd to me. I move you to take up and consider at this time, though not strictly in the order of business bill No. 20, to grant al ternate sections of the public lands to aid the State of Iowa to construct a railroad from Dubuque, via Iowa city and Keokuk, in Iowa. This hill, Mr. President, as I have emend ed end prepared it, is made to conform in its provisions to the biil making a grant of land to the State of Illinois to aid that State in tbe construction of what is called the Central Railroad. I have purposely made its provisions conform to the bill passed for Illinois, in order that there may be no ne cessity for amendment or discussion in relation to its provi sion* and principles, the whole having been fully discussed in this body at the time of the passage of that bill. This bill, as amended by my colleague and myself, with the consent Of the Committee on Public Land', unites the two bills reported from thst committee, providing for grants of Isnd to construct i a railroad from Dnbuque to Keokuk, and one from Daven- j port, via Iowa city, to tbe Missouri river. The quantity of land proposed to be appropriated, as near aa I can eatimate the same, with the data now given?the whole country through which the proooted roads are to be constructed not being yet surveyed?is about one million four hundred and fifty thousand acres; being some seventy or eighty thousand acres less than that granted to our sister State of Illinois. The bill was taken up acd read, together wtih a substitute reported aa an amendment by the committee, and an amend, ment to the amendment which was offered by Mr. Jokes. Mr. HAMLIN. There are two or three things which 11 desire to know before I vote on this bill, snd I presume the Senator from Iowa can five me the information I desire. I wish to know, first, the number of acres appropriated by the amendment propesrd by the Senator from Iowa; and, reeond, I desire to know whether there is any provision in either of the amendments, or in the original bill?for I believe this is ? trianaular biU? providing for the dispoeition of the remaining sections, after the alternate sectiona shall have been selected for the railroad, for any aum beyond the maximum price esta blished by law, $1.25 ? . Mr JONES. In answer to the inquiry of the "?naior, l have to elate, tbat the alternate sections reserved to (he Lnited States within the limita of this grant, ar? to be irfcreased in the minimum price 11 ? 25 per acre-to *2.50. I conaider thi. an illiberal provision ; but aa it was incorporated in the Illi nois grant, and aa the paaaage of our bill might be endanger ed were the reserved aectiona not enhanced in price, w? i have been constraiped to aubmit to this (a. I onerous provision, imposed upon uaby the committee before presenting it to the Senate for its action. The Government will loae nothing by the grant at all, but, on the c?nlrarJ? will be greatly benefited, and ita treasury replenished by the immediate and much more rapid aale of ita public domain. The anticipated conatruction of these roads will direct the at 1 tuition of the emigranta to the country through which they | are to pas*, and will ciuse the sale of millions of acres of ! land?the prairie and other leas valuable portions of which would not otherwiae be sold for many yeas* to come, because ol the difficulty of procuring timber, and of transporting to market the immense amouut of surplus produce which our State must eventually, and at no distant day, yield. The first of these railroads is to connect with the great na tional railrosds which bind the wealthy eastern cities of Boa ton, New York, Philadelphia, and the western cities o Buffalo, Detroit, Chicago, and Galena, with the * a,ber Waters, at the flouriahing young city of Dubuque, which is the heart of one of the richest and mmt extensive mineral and agricultural regions in America. It is to run a distance ol about one huudred anil eighty miles, in a southwestern direc tion, through the interior of our 8tate, and by way of our seat of government, Iowa city, Fairfield, and other flouriahing towns and rich portions of lows, to the city of Keokuk, in the most wealthy and populous county of our State. The other road, from Davenport to the Missouri river, is in tended to be the last link whic^i is to unite the territories ol the United States which lie went cf the Missouri river with another branch of rail.oada which run further to the^ soinh, through the Siatea of Ohio, Indiana, anJ Illinois, and which are now being prosecute 1 with considerable energy, as I an informed, by loose Stales. The completion of these works o internal improvement, is earnestly desired by the people o our St .te, wh ) have held public meeting-, conventions, <5cc in various places, and at all seasons, at great trouble, cost, an cxptnse to themselves. Sir, a- one of their representatives, sincerely hope this boon may l e gran'ed to them. Mr. DODGE, eflowa. The pei pie of our State feel deep interest in this measure. My colleague his the mm immediate charge of the bill, and has worked at it v*ry ?r dustr ously in the committee, and surceeded in getting tti bill reported. I will state, however, that the Legislature en people of Iowa have made a commeiiComent in this matter They have gone to cons derable expense in inukn e very mi nute geographical and topog^ h;cal surveys ol the eoantry and they are now making every preparation whuh th y ca make. But a large portion of the plan lies through 'he Oov ernment lands, and the people are desirous ol obtaining tt)i grant a* the foundation on which to raise a lunJ to complpt ibis to them very great and important work. Mr. PEARCE. I do not know what is the precise torn of the bill at present, but I believe that two bills have beei united. I see in the last section a provision for th? carrymi 1 of the mails at a reasonable price. Now, we m?ke a prett; large donation to this railroad. I und- rsiand tho Senator Iron Iowa to eay the number of acres appropriated by this bill i between eleven and twelve hundred thousand, which, at t rate of $1.25 per acre, amounts to about a million and a hul of dollars, the interest on which would be about ninety thousand dollars a year. Lands given jn alternate sec lions?six alternate sections on each side?is equivalent to i grant of a continuous line of laud six miles wide. I suppo? the road will be about three hundred miles in length. Am 1 right ? Mr. JONES. Rather less. Mr. PEARCE. The maximum price for trnnsportation or, railroads is about three hundred dollars per mile ; so that i would be about ninety thousand dollars for the whoh road ? or rather less, as the road is less in extent than thret hundred miles. I suppose that the interest upon the va lue of this land, thus given as a contribution to this railroad, will be about equal to the maximum price of the transporta tion of the mails over that road, and yet by ibis bill the G >vern ment is to Day a reasonable price for the transportation of thesi mails. It "seems to me that we should have a quid pro quo The interest on the giant of land ($90,000) is the exact rati of the transportation of the mails. I therefore move tc amend the 8th section, providing for the transportation ol thi mails, by striking out all alter the words "Post Office Da partmcnt," and inserting "transported free ol any ch"rge The VICE PRESIDENT. That amendment will not bi in order until the bill is reported back to the Senate. Mr. DOUGLAS. I wish to say one word only upon thi I matter. The error into which the Senator has fallen is this This is not a donation entirely, because the Government is ti have a double price for the other alternate sections The VICE PRESIDENT. The Chair begs leave to stat that there is no question pending. There being no further proposition to amend, the hill wa reported back to the Senate, and.the amendments were con curred in. , , .... Mr. PEARCE moved to amend the section of the bill pro viding for the transportation of the mail by striking out th words "at such price as Congress may by law direct, an inserting in lieu thereof "free of all charge to the Lnite. 8UMr! DOUGLAS. I have only to state that, whilst ihe bil grants alternate sections to the 8tate, on condition that th< road shall be made, it also provides that the price of the othei alternate sections should be doubled, so that the Govemmen will lose nothing by the passage of this bill; and I think w? may safely leave the rate to be paid for the transportation o) the mails to be fixed by Congress, as proposed by this section, ["shall not argue the question, because this ppint was tho roughly discussed on the Illinois bill, and received the sane tion of the Senate by an overwhelming majority; and, as an Illinoian, I dislike to see our friends from Iowa worse treated than the Senate treated us, and less liberality shown towards them than was shown towards us. . . Mr. PEARCE. The payment of double price for the other alternate sections will fall upon others than the railroad company. They will be benefited by thia grant, and it if right that we should have some consideration from them. 1 shall, therefore, not withdraw my amendment. The question was then taken on the amendment, and it was negatived. . ? The question then recurred on ordering the bill to be en grossed for a third reading. Mr. HALE. I do not know that I want to object to thn individual caae, because I do not want to be invidious: but I want to make thia suggestion for the consideration of the Senate. It baa been decided to be pretty ortho dox doctrine that we ahould not enter upon a system of in ternal improvements for the General Government. That it a part of the Baltimore platform, I believe. There is no ob jection to individual cases, but only to "a system." how many cases were needed to make " a system 1 '>e' lieve grants have been already made to Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa. I am willing to go as far as we can with individual cases, but I think there is some danger of our getting into a system. * , The bill was then ordered to be engrossed for a trjrd reading. THE COMPROMISE BILL. On the motion of Mr. CLAY, the 8enate^ resumed the consideration of the bill for the admission of California as a State into the Union, to establish Territorial Governments for Utah and New Mexico, and making proposals to Texas for the establishment of her western aud northern boundaries. A discussion of several hours' duration ensued, which will be published hereafter. The Senate then adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Monday, June 17, 1850. ! Mr. BAYLY asked the unanimous consent ol the House to offer the following resolution : RctolveiL, That the bill making appropriations lor the sup port of the Military Academy tor the year ending the 30th June, 1851 ; the bill making appropriations for the payment ot Revolutionary ftnd other ptniioni ol the United States for tkhe jear ending 31 at June, 1851 ; the bill making appropriations for the payment of Navy pensions for the year ending 30th June, 1851 ; the bill making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian department and tor lulnlling treaty stipulations with the Indian tribes for the year ending the 30th ol June, 1851 ; the bill muku.g appropriations for cer tain fortifications for the year ending 30th June, 1851 ; bill making appropriations tor the service of the Post Olfi.e Depart ment lor the year en-linr 30th June, 1851 ; the bill making ap propriations for the Naval service for the year ending 30th June, 1851 ; the bill making appropriations for the support of the Army for the Tear ending 30th Jane, be made the special order of the day for Monday, June iith, at 1 o'clock P. M.,tO be considered iu the order named above, and that they continue to be the special order of the day at the same hour of the day for every day thereafter, Mondays and Satur days excepted, till said bills shall have been finally disposed ol. Mr. BURT objected to the introduction of the resolution. Mr. BAYLY moved to suspend the rules to enable him to offer the resolution. Mr. WENTWORTH then said that he would vote for no special order of any kind until the California question should be disposed of. Mr. BAYLY demanded the yeas and nays on his motion, which were ordered, and being taken resulted as follows Yeas 114, nays 67. So the rules were not suspended, two-thirds not voting therefor. PROPOSED ADJOURNMENT. Mr. 8TEPHEN8, of Georgia, asked the unanimous con sent of the House te o&r the following reeolution. remarking that, if it waa not granted, be would move to suspend the rules: Resolved, (with the concurrence of the 9enat*,) Tkat lb* Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate bring the present session of Congress to a close, by " adjourn of their respective Houses, on Monday the 15fth day of August next, at the hour of 12 o'clock meridian. The resolution being objected to? Mr. STEPHENS moved a suspension of the rule#, andoo (hat motion demanded the yeas and nays, which were ordered, and being taken were as follows: Yeaa 81, nays 183. THE AFRICAN SQUADRON. Mr. BURT asked the unanimous consent of the Houae to offer the following resolution : Resolved, That the President be requested to communicate to this House (if not incompatible with (he public interest) the number of vessels, the number ot" guns, and the number ol men that have each year constituted the squadron for the sup pression of the African slave trnde, according to the treaty ot Washington ; and the annual expenses and cost of that squad ron ; also, the number of slave shljis that have been annually captured, and of slaves released by llial squadron ; and number of officers and men that have died annually in that service. Mr. PRESTON KINO ol'jected. Mr. BURT moved to suspend the rules, which motion was agreed to?two-thirJs voting therefor. The question was then taken on agreeing to the resolution, and it waadec'ded in the affirmative. REVENUE FROM CALIFORNIA. Mr. BAYLY, asked the unanimous consent of the Houae to offer the following resolution : Resolved Tl at the President of the United States be request ed to communicate to this House the amount of money collect ed from customs in California, from the period ol the sion of the war with Mexico until the collector appointed un der the act of the 3d ot March, 1849, entered upon the duuea of his office; and what disposition has been made of the m?n^. thus collected, and whether any has been expended; and, ?t so, for what purpose* such expenditures were made; and also under what authority such collections were made, and unde what Uw said money was disbursed. The question was then taken on the motion of Mr. Batl* t? suppend the rules, and it was agreed to, two-thirds voting in favor thereof; and the r? solution was then agreed to. FUBLIC LANDS FOR CHARITABLE PURPOSES. On motion of Mr. McCLERNAND, , . I Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands be instructed I to report a bill, without delay, granting to each State in *hien there is a public institution for the benefit of the deuTj dnmb, blind, or insane, a section ol land lor the use ol such insUto tion : Frovided, That the Secretary of the Interior shall lo cate said lands, in the case of the States in which public lan a are situated, in said Stales respectively, and nvthe case o ie Slates in which there are no public lands, in any Ierritory o the United Statfs in wh'ch there are public lands sul ject to private entry mid Bale. On modou of Mr. SWEET8ER, Resolved, That a special committee of five members ol una House be and the same are hereby appointed, with power to examine and a>ct:rt!iin whether tRe Secretary ol the Treasury has not used or apprnpi iated a large amount of money iro the surplus fund, with >ut authority ot law which had accumu lated to said fuud under the previsions of the a?t ol Congress of 1795, from appropr iations made for the Florida Indians and for other purposes, ut der various specific appropriations made by Congre ss since 1830, and that laid committee have power to send tor persons and papers. ADMISSION OF CALIFORNIA. Mr. JOHN A. KING moved thai the rules be suspended, ond t! at the House resolve iu-ell into Cummittee of the Whole on the s's'e of the Union. . Mr. DOTY moved to amend the motion by adding thereto the instructions. . . , , . Alter a good deal of debate on points of order, and votes to susppnd the rulec, The House adjourned. Tuesday, June 18, 1850. Mr. Sweetseb, ol Ohio, Mr. Butikb, of Pennsylvania, Mr. Mon-ro*, of Virginia, Mr, AwnsBsow, of Tennessee, and Mr. Pkck, of Ye.mon', were appointed the committee under the resolution of Mr. Swktbbb, passed yesterday, 44 to examine and ascertain whether the Secretary of t e ? Treasury has not used or appropriated a large amount ol 4 money Irom the surplus fund, without authority of lew, ? which had accumulated to said fund under the provisions ot ? the act of Congress ol 1795, from appropriations made for ? the Florida Indians and for other purposes, under various 4 specific appropriations made by Congress^since 1830, and < with power to send for persons and papers." Mr. STRONG, from the Committee of Elections, to which was referred the memorial of DajiiklF. Millbb, praying to be admitted to the seat occupied by Mr. William 1 HOMraoir, as the representative from the first Congressional district ot the State of Iowa, made a report thereon, accompanied by the following resolution : Retoived, That William Thompson is entitled to the seat in this House which he now occupies as the representative from the first Congressional district of Iowa. Mr. VAN DYKE reported the views of the minority of the said committee on the same subject. . Mr. STRONG moved that the further consideration of the ' report be postponed till Wednesday, the 26th instant, and i that it be printed. ... - Mr. VAN DYKE a*-ked that the ssme action be had in reference to the minority report. Mr. ASHMUN wished to inquire of the Speaker, if the consideration of the reports be postponed until to morrow | week, if they could be called up as a privileged question on that day ? , _ The SPEAKER replied in the affirmative. The question was then taken on the motions of Mr. Stroso and Mr. Va* Dtke, and they were agreed to. Mr. JACKSON, of Georgia, in pursuance of previms no tice, introduced a bill to provide for the removal of obstruc tions in the river Savannah, in the Slate of Georgia, and for the improvement of the same ; which wa? read twice and re ferred to the Committe on Commerce. . . . Mr CHANDLER roee to move a reconsideration of the vote by which the House yesterday authorized the appoint ment of a committee of five members to make certain inquiries in relation to appropriations of moneys by the Secretary of the Treasury. In the midst of the confusion which prevailed when it was offered, the House could not have observed ita phraseology. He was persuaded that no gentleman op either side ol the House would read that re*-lu'ion as it was printed in the paper before him, (and he presumed it was printed cor rectly,) without feeling that it was offering at least an insolt to the officer, if not guilty of a want of decorum to the mem ' bers themselves. He hoped, therefore, without entering into the merits of the case, that the House would immediately re consider the vote by which the resolution was adopted. _ \ long discussion ensued, which was participated in br I MessmCHANDLER, SWEETSER, ASHMUN, MORSE, ! BAYLY, MOORE, DISNEY, CASEY, THOMPSON, of Mississippi, HOUSTON, STRONG, KING, of New Jer sey, CABLE, STANTON, of Tennessee, ROOT* McLANE, of Maryland, and TUCK. Mr. TUCK then moved the previous question. Mr. INGE moved to lay the motion to reconsider on the table ; which motion was disagreed to. The previous question was then seconded, and, under tbe operation thereof, the motion to recomdder was agreed to by ihe following vote : Yeas 125, nays 57. The question then recurred upon agiceing to the reae Mr. SWEETSER, after some remarks, moved to amend it by striking out all after the word "resolved," and inaerting the following: ' . " That the Committee of Ways and Means be instructed to examine and ascertain whether the Secretary of the Treasury has drawn by warrant a large amount ot money from the "surplus fund," without authority of law, which had accu mulated to said fund under the provisions of the act of Coo i gress of 1795, %fmm appropriations made for the Florida In dians, and for* other purposes, under varioua specific appro priations made by Congress since 1830, and if such warrant or , warrants have been drawn in conformity with law, and that they shall report what law or laws." Mr. CHANDLER, prefacing his motion by a few remarks, i moved the following as a substitute to the above : " That the Secretary of the Treasury be requested to report to this House an account of all sums of motiey which may have I be-n taken (if any) from the surplus fund which had accumu lated to said lund under the provisions of the act of Congress of 1795, from appropriations made for the Florida Indmas. and for other purposes, under various specific appropriations made by Congress." The 8PEAKER stated that tho resolution offered by tie gentleman from Pennsylvania was not in order as an amend ment to the resolution offered by the gentleman from Ohio. The resolution offered by the gentleman from Pennsylvania as an amendment, called for information from one of the De partments. The Chair thought that a resolution cslling up in the Departments for information belonged to a different class of subjects : and there were rules of the House making provision, in reference to resolutions calling for'in formation on the Departments, that resolutions of this kind must lie over one day. A resolution of ihis kind could not be considered on the some day on which it was offered, and was never in order to a resolution of the character of the one now ore b. Mm." MEADE. CONRAD, SWEET SER, THOMPSON, of Mississippi, and MeLAWfc, ol ^Mr^CHANDLER modified his amendment to read ae That the Committee ot Way* ?nd Means be pr The SPEAKER stated that the resolution as modified wo ! now in ortfcr as an amendment to the amendment of Mr. , Sw*ETSEB. ... I Mr. MASON moved Ae previous question, which was "^The question was then taken on the amendment of Mr. Cbardlcb to the amendment of M?. Swebtsxb, and it mi agreed to?Yeas 106, nays 90. Pending the question on the reaolution as amended? On motion of Mr. INGE, the Houae adjourned till to-Mr row at 11 o'clock A. M.