Newspaper Page Text
up on ? mere certificate that in the trial of each a case tho
judge* differed upon this question. Now, in mo** l"*n ?w,*? or five-sixths of all the caaee in which thii certificate ?? below, and which come up here for decision, the judge# divide pro forma, for the very purpoee of enabling IM parties to have the decision of the Supreme Court. There are dotens of such cases here every term. The United States cues for $600 worth of duties which the defendant says the law does not oblige him to pay. He pays the money, however, and then brings an action to recover it back. Neither party can appeal, or bring a writ of enor from the judgment of the Circuit court, in a case within this amount, and therefore the practice la a very common one ; the judges differ pro forma, and certify that difference. Now, the law of 1789 was passed to bring questions arising under laws and treaties, and so on, from the State courts to the Supreme court. This bill does not touch that case ; not at ah. I know that there is an inconvenience felt from the limitation. It is difficult to got a decision sometimes, on an important principle, for the want of a sufficiently large amount; but that has never led Congress to alter the sum. Instead of that, there is a strong disposition to increase the sum which will entitle parties to appeal, in order to keep off small cases from the docket of the Supreme Court. Mr. CLAY. Mr. President M. HALE. Will the Senator allow me one moment Mr. CLAY. I want but a moment myself, and that is to aay that both parties are right. The learned Senator to the left (Mr. Wibstkr) is certainly right ae to the jurisdiction of the court, but the gentleman before me (Mr. Hals) is right as to the object, though he has not used the proper phraseology to embrace his object. We might aa well un derstand this matter explicitly. If the bill stands as it does now, and a constitutional question arises before the Territorial courts, unless the amount in value is $1,000, you cannot bring that constitutional question to the Supreme Court of the United States. Well, we might as well talk plainly. Sup pose the question to arise whether a slave carried into the Territories, and who sues for his freedom there, is there under the constitution or not. His value is not a thousand dollars. You could not settle the question of constitutional right, under the bill as it now stands, unless the value of the slave was equivalent to $1,000. The object of the 8enator from New Hampshire is to make the right of appeal and writ of error co-extensive in the Territorial Courts with what they are in Circuit Court* of the United States ; and to do that, it seems to me that some change is necessary in the wording of his amend ment. For one, I think the object should lie accomplish* d ? to secure the power of testing in the Supreme Court o! the United States tbe right, under the constitution, to carry slaves into the Territory. I think that gentlemen on all side* of the chamber should vote for this amendment. Mr. HALE. With tbe consent of the Senate, I will with draw this amendment and offer one as a substitute. Mr. CLAY. Oh, take time. Mr. HALE. I have got the amendment ready. The aection as it now stands is precisely in the words of the Clay ton compromise bill down to the 38th line. Now, I propose to amend the bill so as to make this aection identical with that in the Clayton compromise. To effect that purpose I move to insert the following words immediately after the words ** United States," in the 38th line : "Except only that in all cases involving the title to slaves, the said writs of error or appeals shall b? allowed and decided by the said Supreme Court, without regard to the value of the matter, property, or title in controversy ; and except, also, that a writ of error or appeal shall also be allowed to the Su preme Court of the United States from the decision of the said Supreme Court created by this act, or of any judge, upon any writ of habeas corpus involving the question of personal freedom." I will read from the Journal of Congress of July 26, 1848: " On motion of Mr. Johnson, of Maryland, to amend the bill by inserting in section 24, at the end of line 38, " Except only that in all cases involving the title to slaves, the said writs of error or appeals shall be allowed and decided by the said Su preme Court, without regard to the value of the matter, pro perty, or title in controversy ; and except, also, that a writ of error or appeal shall also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United States from the decision of the said Supreme Court created by this act, or of any judge, upon any writ of habeas corpus involving the question of persoral freedom"? '"It was determined in the affirmative?yeas31, nays 19. " Those who voted in the affirmative are? " Messrs. Allen, Atherton, Badger, Berrien, Clarke, Clay ton, Corwin, Oavis of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dix, Dodge, Felch, Fitzgerald, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Houston, John son of Maryland, Johnson, of Louisiana, King, Mangum, Metcalfe, Miller, Niles, Phelps, Rusk, Spruance, Sturgeon, Upham, and Walker." After some further debate, the question was taken on this amendment, and it was agreed to. Mr. 80ULE. Mr. President, I offer the following amend ment : Section 5, line 9, add after the word " Utah" as follows : " And when admitted as a State shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, as theii1 constitution may pre scribe at the time of their admission." Mr. SOULE. The object of this amendment, Mr. Pre sident, is to ascertain what meaning the Committee of Thir teen, and those who may vote for the bill reported by the Committee of Thirteen, attach to the clauses respecting the Territories of Utah and New Mexico. I am compelled to introduce this amendment in the same language which was used in the case of Texas. My object is to see whether we mean to secure to these Territories hereafter the right of com ing into the Union with or without slavery, as they may deem fit, and as they may make known through their consti tutions. Mr. HALE. Mr. President, I want to say a word or two on this amendment. I suppose that all the power this Con gress, or any other Congress, have concerning the admission of new States, comes from the constitution. It is perfectly idle for this Congress to say upon what terms a future Con gress shall admit a new State info this Union, unless an at tempt is made to put it in the form of a compact or treaty. Now, I do not understand that we are making a treaty with Utah or New Mexico. The argument that undertakes to give any binding efficacy to the resolutions for the annexation of Texas, in this particular?and it does not strike me with any force at all?is that we were making a treaty with another na tion. and that Texas having performed its part, and come into the Union, we are bound by our part. If I understand it, that is the argument by which force is attempted to be given to these provitions in the resolutions annexing Texas to the United States. But here is a naked attempt to make this Congress say upon what terms some future Congress, that may sit perhaps some twenty years from now, shall admit a new State into the Union. It seems to me to be altogether nugatory, and is, I think, ftretching our power altogether beyond the constitu tion. When Utah presents herself for admission into the Union, she will probably address herself to tbe Congress then in session, and that Congress, then in session, most probably, will not trouble itself by looking back upon what this Con gress thought about it. Inasmuch as the amendment will be nugatory, and can have no binding force, I am opposed toin aerting it in tbe bill. Mr. DAYTON. Mr. President, I desire only to state that I do not mean to vote against this amendment, nor do I mean to vote for it. It seems to me that there is great truth in the remark of the 8enator from New Hampshire, that any thing we do on the subject will be utterly nugatory. I take it for granted that when Utah shall present herself as a State for admission into the Union, she will come in either with or without slavery, as she desires. But, representing the section of the country that I do, and when I know that if I vote against the amendment, I will be considered as opposed to the idea, I do not mean to be thrown in a false position. There fore, I will not vote against the amendment, nor do I mean to vote in its favor. Mr. CLAY. Mr. President, I have risen merely to say that, after expressing the opinion which I did, after adverting to the report as I did, in answer to tbe remarks of the honor able Senator from Louisiana that the committee had forborne to make any expression of opinion, I can have no sort of objection to the amendment under consideration. This is one of the class of amendments which I consider altogether unim portant ; it is one of that class for or against which I am wil ling to vote as will best satisfy the scruples of gentlemen. I stand ready to vote for this amendment. M. SOULE. Mr. President, it is unnecessary for me to repeat a second time the considerations which influenced me in offering this amendment,' after what has been so strongly and so forcibly urged by the honorable Senator from Georgia, ( Mr. Baimixir.) I think he has answered most, if not all, the objections which have been raised against it. I wish, how ever to say some few words with a view to encounter two of the difficulties which are thrown in the way, and which seem to be serious grounds of objection on the part of some Senators on tbe other side of this chamber. It is said that I am wrong in assimilating the present case with that of Texas, and that in the case of Texas there was a compact between that State and the United States. This, at all events, would seem to intimate that if the compromise which the bill before us is intended to effect, be a compact, tbe amendment which I have introduced will be acceptable snd binding. I would ask the honorable 8enator from New Hamp shire (Mr. Halb) what, in his opinion, is the character of tbe measure now in debate} Does he not consider it as a com pact f But, whether he does or does not so consider it, I feel sure that its friends intend to give it to the nation as tinch ; and design that, by its healing provisions, all difficul ties existing between the two great sections of the country shall be adjusted and put at an end. If it be not a compact, wbat is it' The other difficulty is, that my amendment will bave no practical result. Why* Besides what has fallen from the elo quent lips of the honorable 8enator from Georgia, do not Sana tors consider that It is of immenss importance to Southerner* to know, from this very moment, what will be the prospect be fore them if they should attempt to emigrate with their pro perty to these Territories * My object was, if I may so ex press myself, to feel the pulses of those who have declared themaelves in favor of thix compromise as it now stands ; to see whether they would say to the country, as the committee aaid in their report, that when tbe Territories should present themselves to be admitted as States, as far, at least, as their intendment went, they should be admitted with or without da very, as to them might aeem fit. I have not concealed my object; and I cannot, therefore, easily conceive why the honorable Senator from Mississippi (Mi. Footi) haa imagin ed that there waa any thing of diplomacy concealed under thia amendment. The object is to test the sense of the Senate, and to make known to the country, by the vole we are about to give, what be the true meaning which the majority affixes to the clauses in the bill connected with this subject. Mesm. HALE, UNDERWOOD, BADGER, PRATT, and FOOTE continued the debate till the time of adjourn ment, without any question being taken. Monday, June 17, 18*0. A message was received from the President of the United States, in answer to a resolution of the Senate of the eleventh instant, inqui'ing whether any ofders have been i*>u?-d to any | military officers at 8anta Fe to hold possession against the authority of Texas, or in any way to embarrass the exercise of her jurisdiction over that country, and to furniihthe Senate with copies of any correspondence oh tbe subject. In this message the President says . " In wp'y to that re ' solution I state that no such orders have been given. I here ? with present to the Senate copies of all the correspondence ? referred to in the resolution. All the other orders relating 4 to the subject-matter of the resolution have been here ? tofore communicated to the Senate. I have already, in a ? former m-roage, referred to the fart that the boundary be ' tween Texas ond New Mexico w disputed. I have new to ? state that information has been recently received that a cer ? tain Robert S. Neighbors, styling himself commissioner of ? the Sta'e of Texas, has proceeded to Santa Fe with the view ? of organizing counties in that district, under the authority ' of Texas. While I have no power to dttide the question of ' boundary, and no desire to interfere with it as a question of ? title, I have to observe that the position ol the territory into ? which it appears that Mr. Neighbors ha?thus gone was ac* 4 tually acquired by the United States from Mexico, and has ' since been held by the United States, ant, in my opinion, ' ought so to remain until the question of boundary shall have ' been determined by some competent authority. Meanwhile ? I think there is no reason for seriously apprehending that ? Texas will practically interfere with the possession of the ' United States. Z. Tatloh." On motion of Mr. SEWARD the message was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr. KING presented a statement of the claim of the State of Alabama against the United States for interent on the de ferred payments due suid State oa account of the five per cent, fund, under the act for her admission into the Union ; which was referred to the Committee on Public Lauds. Mr. FELCH presented a memorial of citizens of Wiscon sin, asking the construction of a roaif from Green B.?y, in that Stato, to Fort Wilkins, in Michigan ; which was refer red to the Committee on Public Lard*. MICHIGAN ON THE COMPROMISE. Mr. FELCH. I beg leave to present the proceedings of a meeting held at the capital of the Stato of Michigan by members of a convention row in session at that place for the purpose of forming a new constitution for the State of Michi gan. They relate to the compromise bill as it is called, and to tbe general principle of non-intervention. The proceed ings emanate from a body of men of aB high a character as any assemblage ever held in that State. I ask for them 'he respectful consideration of the Senate, and that they may be printed. I do dot intend to be understood that tbey are the official action of the convention as a convention, but u very full assemblage, as I undcrtand, of members of that conven tion, friendly to the compromise bill now pending. I request the Secretary to read the resolutions. The resolutions were .read as follows: lieaohed, That the great doctrine of Congressional non in tervention in the domestic legislation of the Territories har monizes with the true spirit of our institutions, and is the only platform upon which the Democratic party of the Union cm maintain its nationality and its ascendency. Resolved, That the general provisions contained in the " compromise bill," now under consideration in the United States Senate, ought to receive the sanction of Congress. The bill is conceived in a spirit of harmony; its provisions respect and preserve the rights of the different sections of the Union ; and the tendency oT its passage will be to allay agitation, se cure peace and tranquillity, and set at rest the only question which threatens the stability of the Union. Resolved, That the Democracy of Michigan have witnessed with unraingled and heartfelt pride, the patriotic efforts of our distinguished Senator, Gen. Lewis Cass, in behalt of the Na tional Union. Placing himself in the breach and stemming a current of popular prejudice and fanaticism, as relentless and prescriptive in its character as it is sectional and destructive in its objects, he has achieved a moral triumph no less credita ble to himself than it is salutary in its results upon the perma nency of our republican form ol government. Resolved, That Hksrt Clay, who, in the evening of his days, has left the retirement which is so congenial to his declining years, and become a pacificator in the difficulties which divide the different sections of the country, is entitled to the thanks of the American people. Mr. FELCH. I move that thejresolutions lie on the table and be printed. The motion to lie on tbe table was agreed to, and the motion to print was referred to the Committee on Printing. AMENDMENT IN THE PATENT LAWS. Mr. PRATT. I hold in my hand a petition from a number of citizens of Maryland, asking a change in the patent laws. Under the practice in Maryland, and I suppose it is so in other States of the Union, after a party supposes that he has obtained a patent and has erected machinery to carry on the manufacture he has patented, it frequently happens that some person, supposing there has been a violation of an antecedently granted patent, files a bill in chancery, and the court of chan cery issues an injunction, by which great injury is done to the party supposing he has properly obtained a patent. The prayer of the petition is that the law may be amended in this regard. I hope the Committee on Patents will take this pe tition in charge and prepare amendments to the bill now pending before the Senate, before it shall come up again, in accordance with tbe prayer of this petition. The memorial was referred to the Committee on Patents. Mr. JONES, from the Committee on Pensions, to which waa referred the petition of Frederick Dixon, of Jackson county, lows, asking remuneration for wounds received in the late war with Great Britain, submitted a report, which was ordered to be printed, accompanied by a bill for his re lief, which was read and passed to a second reading. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred a pe tition of John W. Mount, asking an increase of his pension for the loss of his right eye in the late war with Mexico, sub mitted a report in writing, concluding with asking to be dis charged from the further consideration of the same ; which was agreed to. t Also, from the same committee, to which was referred the petition of citizens of Clay county, Indiana, asking that a pension be granted to the widow of Thomas West, late a soldier in tbe war with Mexico, submitted a report in writing, which was ordered to be printed, asking to be discharged from the further consideration of the same ; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred cer tain papers and documents in aid of the claim of Famous Mortimer, for an increase of pension, submitted a report in writing, which was ordered to be ptinted, asking to be dis charged from the further consideration of the same ; which was agreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred the petition of 8ilas Chatfield, asking arrears of pension, submitted a report in writing,' which was ordered to be printed, asking to be discharged from the further considera tion of the same; which was sgreed to. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred House bill for the relief of William Whicker, reported buck the same without amendment, and recommended its passage. Also, from tbe same committee, to which was referred House bill for the relief of Anna Griffin, reported back the same without amendment, and recommended its passage. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred the joint resolution from the House of Representatives, explaining the acts of 17th July, 1838, March 3d, 1843, and June 17, 1844, reported back the same without amendment. Also, from the same committee, to which was referred House bill for the relief of Jacob Zimmerman, reported back the same with an amendment. Mr. JONES. Tbe amendment is a trifling one, and con sists simply in making the pay commence the 21st of April, 1848, instead of the 1st of January, 1850. The bill has been twice passed before, and lest in one or the other branch of Congress for want of time. I am instructed by the com mittee to ask that the amendment be now conaideted. The motion having been agreed to, the amendment was read and the bill considered as in Committee of the Whole, and the amendment was concurred in; and no further amend ment having been offered, it was reported to tbe Senate, ordered to a third reading, and read a third time and pawed. DAMAGE BY MILITARY OCCUPATION. Ob motion of Mi. DAVI8, of Mississippi, tbe Senate pro ceeded, as in Committee of the Whole, to the consideration of Senate bill No. 231, for the relief of George Poindexter. There being no proposition to amend, the bill was reported back to tbe 8enate, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. It was subsequently read a third time and psseed. PRIVATE BILL. On motion by Mr. DAW80N, the Senate proceeded to consider Senate bill No. 130, being the bill for tbe relief of Mm. Margaret Hetzel, widow and administratrix of A. R. Hetzel, late Assistant Quartermaster in the army of the Uni ted States. Mr. DAW80N. I will merely state that this bill was una nimously reported from tbe Committee on Military A flairs. It is to settle an unadjoeted account between the paymaster and the administratrix of a deceased quartermaster. Mr. HALE. I want to inquire if the bill is limited to any amount* Mr. DAWSON. $12,988.74. After some debate? Mr. HALE called for the yeas and nays on the engross meat t( the bill, which were ordered, and being taken, re sulted m follows : ? Atehl,on. Badger, Bell, Beutou. Berrien, Bright, Clarke, Clay, Clement, Davis, of Miasissi|>[M,Dawson, Da J ton,, Dodge, of YViseoosin, Dodge, oi Iowa, Do?nt, Feleh Foot*, Greene, Homton, Jones, Norm, Pratt, Ru?|, Seward, Soule, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood Wales, Webster, and Yulee?3i. NAYS?Messrs. Chase, Hale, Pearce, Walker, and Whit comb?5. THE COMPROMISE BILL. The Senate ihen proceeded to the consideration of the bill providing for the admiwion of California into (Jie Union aa a State, for establishing Territorial Governments for Utah and New Mexico, and making proposals to Texas for the settle ment of her northern and western boundaries. The pending question was the amendment offered by Mr. M* Souls. Mr. BUTLER. I was about making a few remarks in re ply to, the Senator from Mississippi at the time the Senate adjourned on Saturday. It is not my wish to like up the time of the Senate, further than to present in a dfctinct form the propositions which I then barely indicated. , My friend from Mississippi said that he was going to " un-Vhig " me, or deprivo ma of the right of being considered a " 8tate Rights ' man. The proposition that I laid Jdown was, that Congress, by virtue of its authority under the constiiition, had jurisdiction over the Territories ; there is no mctskhysics in that. I further intimated that I believed, pro taiUo, it was the sovereign power tn the extent that it could b^exercieed under the constitution of the United States ; and 1 further more maintained thst the safest mode of admitting if w S ates is to pursue precedent and usage, and to allow n| State to come into the Union that had not applied to Congrf? in the first instance to form a constitution ; and that on ptsenting that constitution it should be admitted into the U^ion, be cause when the people, during their Territorial existence, meet to form a S ate constitution without such authofty from Congress, they necessarily form it in a way to accommodate themselves to the majority, and to propitiate the prevailin power in this Government. I know this doctrine is in confllt with the opinions of the school of politicians who believe pat the people who first settle in the Territories have a splits of spontaneous sovereignty springing up. I believe thfe are philosophers who l?lieve in the spontaneous production of plonts without seed. I believe they may be very well classed with that class of politicians who b> lieve that Congress has no authority, but that the jurisdiction belongs to the first settlers on the soil. I do not iutend to detain the Senate by any longer discussion upon these points, as I believe the Se nstor from Louisiana designs to speak upon his amendment, and I shall therefore reserve any further remarks I have to make on these points, until I address the Senate on the gene ral question. Mr.^ WEBSTER. On the 7th of March, sir, I declared my opinion to be, that there is not a square rod of territory belonging to the United States, the character of which, for slavery or no slavery, is not already fixed by some irrepeal sble law. I remain of that opinion. The opinion, sir, has been a good deal canvassed in the country, and there have been complaints?sometimes respectful anddecorous, and sometimes so loud and so empty as to become mere clamor. But I have heard no argument upon any question of law embraced in that opinion, which shakes the firmness with which 1 hold it, nor have I heard any discussion upon any matter of fact, as to that part of the opinion which rests on facta, which leads me to doubt the accuracy of my conclusions as to that part of the opinion which regarded the true construction, or I might with more propriety say, almost the. literal meaning, of the resolutions by which Texas was admitted into the Union. I have heard no argument calculated, in the slightest degree, to alter that opinion. The committee, I believe, with one accord, concurred in it. A great deal of surprise, real or affected, has been expressed in the country at the announce ment by me of that opinion, as if there were something new in it. Yet there need have been no surprise, for there was nothing new in it. Other gentlemen have expressed the same opinion more than once ; and I myself, in a speech made here on the 23d day of March, 1848, expressed the same opinion, almnst in the same words ; with which nobody here found any fault?at which nobody here cavilled or n)ide question, and nobody in the country. With respect to the other ground on which my opinion is founded, that is, the high improbability, in point of fact, that African slavery could be introduced and established in any of the Territories acquired by us in pursuance of the late treaty with Mexico, I have learned nothing, heard nothing, from that day to this, that has not entirely confirmed that opinion. That being my judgment on this matter, I voted very readily and cheerfully to exclude what is called the Wilmot proviso from these Territorial bills, or to keep it out, rather, when a motion was made to introduce it. I did so, upon a very full and deep conviction that no act of Congress, no provision of law, was necessary in any degree for that purpose ; that there were natural and sufficient reasons and causes excluding for ever African slavery from those regions. That was my judgment, and I acted on it; and it is my judgment still. Those who think differently, will, of course, pursue a different line of conduct, in accordance with their own judgments. That was my opinion then, and it has been strengthened by every thing that I have learned since, and I have no more ap prehension to-day of the introduction or establishment of African slavery in these Territories, than I have of its intro duction into, and establishment in, Massachusetts. Well, sir, I have voted not to place in these Territorial bills what is called the Wilmot proviso, and by that vote having signified a disposition to exclude the prohibition, as a thing unnecessary, I am now called upon to vote upon this amendment, moved by the honorable member from Louisiana, (Mr. Souli,) which provides that the States formed out of New Mexico and Utah shall have.the right and privilege of making their own constitutions, and of presenting those con stitutions to Cohgress conformably to the Constitution of the United States, with or without a prohibition against slavery, as the people of those Territories, about to becomc States, may see fit to declare. I have not seen much practical utility in this amendment, I agree. Nevertheless, if I should vote, now that it is presented to me, against it, it might leave me open to suspicion of intending, or wishing to see that accom plished in another way hereafter which I did not choose to see accomplished by the introduction of the Wilmot proviso. That is to say, it might seem as if, voting against that form of exclusion or prohibition, I might be willing still that there should be a chance hereafter to enforce it in some other way. Now, I think that ingenuousness and steadiness of purpose, under these circumstances, compel me to vote for the amend ment, and I shall vote for it. I do it exactly on the same grounds that I voted against the introduction of the proviao. And let it be remembered that I am now speaking of New Mexico and Utah, and other territories acquired from Mexi co ; and of nothing else. I confine myself to these ; and, as to them, I say that I see no occasion to mske a provision against slavery now, or to reserve to ourselves the right of making such provision hereafter. All this rests, on the most thorough conviction, that, under the law of nature, there never can be slavery in these Territories. This is the foundation of all. And I voted again it the proviso, and I vote now in favor of this amendment, for the reason that all restrictions are un necessary, absolutely unnecessary ; and as such restrictions give offence, and create a kind of resentment, as they create a degree of dissatisfaction, and as I desire to avoid all dissa tisfaction as far as I can, by avoiding all measures that cause it, and which are in my judgment wholly unnecessary, I shall vote now as I voted on a former occasion, and shall aupport the amendment offered by the honorable member from Louisi ana. I repeat again, I do it upon the exact grounds upon which I declared upon the 7th day of March that I should re sist the Wilmot proviso?the precise grounds. Sir, it does not seem to strike other Senstors aa it strikes me, but if there be any qualification to that general remark which I made, or tha opinion which I expressed on the 7th of March, that every foot of territory of the United States haa a fixed character for slavery or no slavery 5 if there be any qualifi cation to that remark, it has arisen here, from what teems to be sn indisposition to define the boundaries of New Mexico; that is all the danger there is. AH that is pait of Texas was by the resolutions of 1845 thrown under the general charsctcr of Texan territory ; and if, for want of defining the boundaries of New Mexico by any proceeding or process hereafter, or by any event hereafter, let me say to gentlemen, that if any portion which they or I do not believe to be Texas should be considered t& become Texas, then, so far, that quali fication of my remark is applicable. And therefore, I do feel, as I had occasion to say two or three days ago, that it is of the u'most importance to pass this bill, to the end that there may be a definite boundary, ?xed now, and fixed forever, between the territory of New Mexico and Texas, or the limits of New Mexico and the limits of Texaa. Here the question lies. If gentlemen wish to act efficiently for their own pur poses, here it is, in my poor judgment, that they are called upon to act. And the thing to be done, and done at once, is to fix the boundaries of New Mexico. Mr. President, when I see gentlemen from my own part of the country, rm doubt from motives of the highest character, and for most conscientious purposes, not concurring in any of these great questions with myself, I am aware that I am taking on myaelf an uncommon degree of responsibility. The lact that gentlemen with whom I have been accustomed to act in the Senate took a different view of their own duties in the same ease, naturally led me to re-consider my own course, to re examine my own opinions, to re judge my own judg ment And now, sir, that I have gone through this process, without prejudice, as I hope?and certainly I have done so under the greatest feeling of regret, at being called upon by a ? cour#e which may dissatisfy some to whom I should always be desirous of rendering my public course and every event and action of my public life accept able?yet I cannot part from my own aettled opinions. I leave consequences to themselves. It is a great emergency, a great exigency that this country is placed in. I shall en deavor to preserve a proper regard to my own consistency. And he'e tot,me say, that neither here nor elsewhere has any thing been advanced to ahow that on this subject I have said or done any thing inconsistent, in the slightest degree, with any speech, or sentiment, or letter, or declaration that I ever I delivered in my life; and all would be convinced of thia, if ?ten would atop to cooader, and look at real differences and diatinctiona. But where all i? general denunciation, where all ia clamor, where all ia idle and empty declamation, where there ia no aearch after exact truth, no honest disposition to inquire whether obo opinion ia different from the other, why, every body, in that way of proceeding, may be proclaimed to be inconaistent. Now, air, I do not lake the trouble to aoawer things of this sort that appear in the public preee. I know it would be useless. Those who are of an unfriendly disposition would not publiah my explanationa or diatinctiona, if 1 were)to make them. But, air, if any gentleman here haa any thing to aay on thia subject?though I throw out no challenge?yet, if any gentleman here chooaea to undertake tho taak?and ma ny there poaaibly are, who think it an easy taak?to ?how in what respect any thing that I aaid in debate hero on the 7th of March, or any thing contained in my letter to the gentlemen of Newburyport, or any where else, ia inconaiatent with any recorded opinion of mine, since the aubject of the annexation of Texas began in 1637, I will ceitainly anawer him with great reaped and courteay, and aball be coatent to stand or fall by the judgment of the country. 8ir, my object ia peace. My object ia reconciliation. My purpoao ia, not to make up a case for the North, or to make up a case for the 8outh. My object is not to continue use less and irritating cootroveraiea. I am asainat agitators, North and South. I am against local ideas, North and South, and againat all narrow and local conteata. I am an American, and I know no i tality in America that is ray country. My heart, my sentiment*, my judgment, demand of me that I shall pursue such a courae aa shall promote the good, and j the harmony, and the Union of the whole country. This I ' shall do, God willing, to the end of the chapter. The honorable Senator resumed his seat amidst a burst of1 applause from the gallery. The debate was continued by Mr. NORKI8, Mr. SE WARD, Mr. FOOTE, and Mr. BALDWIN, who mj*ed to amend the amendment of Mr. Socle, viz: " And when the said Territory, or any portion of the same, ahall be admitted as a State, it shall be received into the Union with or without slavery, as their constitution may prescribe at the time of their admission By atriking out all after the word " State" and inserting the following . "At the proper time, to be judged of by Congress, the peo ple of aaid Territory shall be admitted to the enjoyment of a 11 the rights of citizens of the United States, according to the principles of the constitution." After debate by Mesars. CAS8, KrNG, HALE, SE WARD, BALDWIN, and SOULE, the question was taken on amendment to the amendment, and resulted aa f How*: YEAS?Messrs. Baldwin, Chase, Clarke, Davis, of Massa chusetts, Dayton, Dodge, if Wisconsin, Greene, Hale, Mil ler, Smkh, Uphara, and Walker?12. NAYS?Messrs. Atchisoi, Badger, Bell, Benton, Bfrrien, bright, Butler, Caas, Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Davis, of Mis sissippi, Dawson, Dodge, of lows, Douglas, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jones, Kng, Maaon, Morton, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastiaj, Shields, Soule, Spr'ianoe, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, Webster, Whitcomb, and Yulee?38. So the amendment was rejected. The queation then recurr< d on lie amendment offered by Mr. Soiilk, and a debate enaued in which Mew*. MIL LER, DODGE, of Iowa, BUTLER, DAY I ON, SE WARD, and DOUGLA8 participated. The yeas and nays having been d?manded and ordered on the amendment, resulted as follows . YEAS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Benton, Berrien, Bright, Butler, Ca8S, Clay, Clemens, Cooper, Davis, of Mis sissippi, Dawson, Dodge, of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King, Mason, Morton, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Soule, Spruaace, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, Webster, Whitcomb, Yulee?38. NAYS?Messrs. Baldwin, Chase, Clarke, Davis, of Mas sachusetts, Dayton, Dodge, of Wisconsin, Greene, Hale, Miller, Smith, Upham, Walker?12. So the amendment was agreed to. Mi. HALE offered the following amendment, to be added to the first section of the bill : "New States, not exceeding two in number, of convenient size, and having sufficient population,may hereafter,by and with the consent of the said State of California, be formed out of the territory thereof, which shall be entitled to admission under the provisions of the Federal Constitution.' The further consideration of the bill was then postponed until 12 o'clock to-morrow. On motion, the Senate then proceeded to the consideration of Executive business, and, after some time spent therein, the doors were re-opened and the Senate adjourned. Tuesday, June 18, 1850. The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a com munication fiom the Secretary of State, made in compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 15th instant, calling for sny evidence in said Department of vexatious suits instituted in any of the courts of admiralty in the United States against foreign vessels, transmitting documents containing all the in formation in the Department in relation to the subject. Mr. RUSK presented the memorial of Isaac Hill, asking the protection of the Government in certain libel suits insti tuted against him in consequence of his official acts while in the service of the Poet Office Department, and an inveatiga tion of the manner in which certain contracts have been awarded by that Department; which was referred to the Committee on the Poet Office and Post Roads. Mr. BERRIEN presented a memorial of physicians and members of medical associations in Savannah, Georgia, ask ing that the rank of medical officers in the navy may be aasi milated by law with that of officers of like grades in the me dical 8taff of the artny ; which was referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. Mr. HUNTER, from the Committee on Finance, to which was referred the memorial of the West Feliciana Railroad Company, asking a remission of duties on certain importations of railroad iron, submitted a report, which was ordered be print ed, accompanied by a bill for the relief of the West Feliciana Railroad Company, which was read and paased to a second reading. Alao, from the same committee, to which was referred House bill to supply a deficiency in the appropriation for the service of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1850, reported back the same without amendment, and asked its immediate con sideration. The motion having been agreed to, the bill was con sidered in Committee of the Whole, and, no amendment having been ofi'ered, it was reportod to the Senate, and order ed to be read a third time, and was read a third time and passed. RESOLUTIONS SUBMITTED. Mr. WALKER submitted the following resolutions, which lies over under the rule : Retohed, That no penal law of a foreign country, for al leged political offences, can or ought to be enforced, directly or indirectly, within the United States ; and that it is the duty of the Executive of this Government to protect citizens of the United States against any attempt of foreign Powers, or their diplomatic representatives, to interfere with the private pur suits, rights, or privileges of such citizens, for the purpose of visiting upon them the effects of such foreign penal laws. Rctohxd, That the Secretary of State be directed to com municate the foregoing resolutions to the diplomatic agents of all foreign Powers having such agents accredited to this Gov ernment ; and that he be also directed to inform his Majesty the Emperor of Russia that thia Government disapproves of the attempt of the honorable Alexander de Bodiaco, Minister from Russia accredited to this Government, to aupersede the authority of tiaspard Tochinan, Esq., attorney and counsellor at law, under the employment of the heirs ot Gen. Thaddeus Kosciusko. AMENDATORY ACT. On motion by Mr. CLARKE, the Senate took up for con sideration bill No. 172, being the bill to amend an act entitled "An act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnape," approved 2d March, 1799. No amendment having been offered, the bill was reported to the Senate, ordered to be engrossed for ? third reading, was read a third time and passed. DONATION OF LANDS. Mr. JONES. Mr. President, I rise to ask a favor of the Senate ; and, as it ia but seldom that I mske calls upon the J time of this body, I hope the indulgence will be accorded to me. I move you to take up and consider st this time, though not strictly in the order of busines?, bill No. 20, to grant al-1 ternate sections of the public lands to aid the State of Iowa to construct a railroad from Dubuque, *ia Iowa city anil Keokuk, in Iowa. Thia bill, Mr. President, as I have amend ed and prepared it, is made to conform in its provisions to the bill making a grant of land to the State of Illinois to aid that State in the construction of what is called the Central Railroad. I have purpoaely made its provisions conform to the bill passed for Illinois, in order that there may be no ne cessity for amendment or discussion in relation to its provi sion* and principles, the whole having been fully discussed in this body at the time of the passage of that bill. This bill, as amended by my colleague and myself, with the consent Of the Committee on Public Land*, unites the two billa reported from that committee, providing for grants of land to construct a railroad from Dubuque to Keokuk, aDd one from Daven port, via Iowa city, to the Missouri river. The quantity of land proposed to be appropriated, as near aa I can eatimate the same, with the data now given?the whole country through which the pronosed roads are to be constructed nut ] being y*t surveyed?ia about one million four hundred and fifty thousand acrea; being some seventy or eighty thousand acrea less than that granted to our sister State of Illinois. The bill was taken up acd read, together wtih a substitute reported aa an amendment by the committee, and an amend ment to the amendment which waa offered by Mr. Jones. Mr. HAMLIN. There are two or three things which I desire to know before I vote on this bill, and I presume the Senator from Iowa can give me the information I desire. I wish to know, first, the number of acres appropriated by the amendment proposed by the Senator from Iowa; and, recond, I desire to know whether there is any provision in either of I the amendments, or in the original bill?for I believe this ia ? ' triangular bill?providing for tbe dispoaiiion of the remaining sections, after tbe alternate sections shall have been (elected for the railroad, for any mm beyond the maximum price esta blished by law, $1.25 } Mr. JONES. In answer to tbe inquiry of the Senator, I have to state, that the alternate sections reserved to the United States within the limits of this grant, arc to be increased in the minimum price $1.25 per acre?to $2 50. I consider this an illiberal provision ; but aa it was incorporated in the Illi nois grant, and as the passage of our bill might be endanger ed were tbe reserved sections not enhanced in price, we have been constrained to submit to this (aa we regard it) onerous provision, imposed upon us by tbe committee before presenting it to the 3enate for its action. The Government will lose nothing by the grant at all, but, on tbe contrary, will be greatly benefited, and ita treasury repleniabed by the immediate and much more rapid aale of ita public domain. I be anticipated construction of these roads will direct the at trition of the emigrants to tbe country through which they are to pes*, and will ciuse tbe sale of millions of acres of land?the prairie and other less valuable portions of which would not otherwise be sold for many yeats to come, because oi the difficulty of procuring limber, and of transporting to market the immense amount of surplun produce which our State muift eventually, and at no distant day, yield. The first of these railroads is to connect witn the great na tional railrosd* which bind the wealthy eastern citiea of Bos New \ ork, Philadelphia, and tbe western cities of BulTulo, Detroit, Chicago, and Galena, with the Father of Waters, at tbe fiouriahing young city of Dubuque, which is the heart of one of tbe richest and most extensive mineral and agricultural regions in America. It is to run a distance of about one hundred and eighty miles, in a southwestern direc tion, through the interior of our State, and by way of our seat of government, Iowa city, Fairfield, an.! other flourishing towns and rich portions of lows, to the city of Keokuk, in the most wealthy and populous county of our Slate. The other road, from Davenport to the Missouri river, is in tended to be the last link whic^ is U unite the territories of the United States which lie west if the Missouri river with another branch of railroads which run further to tbe south, | through the Slates of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, and which are now being prosecuteJ with considerable energy, as I am informed, by tnose States. The completion of theae works ol I internal improvement, is earnestly desired by the people o our St <te, who have held public meeting", convention*, ?fcc, in various place*, and at all seasons, at great trouble, cost, an< exptnse to themselves, feir, a< one of their representatives, sincerely hope this boon may le gran etl to them. Mr. DODGE, eflowa. The pei pie of our State fed i deep interest in this measure. My colleague his the mori immediate charge of the bill, and has woiked at it very in (lustr ously in the committee, and succeeded in getting th< b.ll reported. I will stale, however, that the Legislature en. people of Iowa have ramie a commei>c. ment in this matter They have gone to consderable expense in m:.kii g very mi nute geographical and topograj hical surveys of the country, and they are now making every preps ration whic h lh-:y cat: make. But a large portioq of tbe plan lies through 'he Gov ernment lands, and the people are desirous ol obtaining this grant as the foundation on which to raise a lund to complete ibis to them very great and important work. Mr. PEARC?. I do not know what is the precise form of the bill at piesent, but I believe that two bills have been united. I see in the lust section a provision for iho carrying of the mails at a reasonable price. Now, we mi>ke a prettj large donation to this railroad. I und> rsiand the Senator Iron Iowa to say the number of acres appropriated by this bill ii between eleven and twelve hundred thousand, which, at th< rate of SI.25 per acre, amounts to about a million and ahal ol dollars, the interest on which would be about nineh thousand dollars a year. Lands given in alternate sec lions six alternate sections on each side?is equivalent to i grant of a continuous line of land six miles wide. I suppo? the road will be about three hundred miles in length. Am ] right ? Mr. JONES. Rather less. Mr. PEARCE. The maximum price for transportation oi railroads is about three hundred dollars per mile; so that i would be about ninety thousand dollars for the wholi road ; or rather less, as the road is less in extent than threi hundred miles. I suppose that tbe interest upon the va lue of this land, thus given as a contribution to this railroad will be about equal to the maximum price of the transporta Uon of the mails over that road, and yet by this bill the G ?vern ment is to pay a reasonable price for the transportation of thes< mails. It seems to me that we should have a quid pro quo The interest on the giant of land ($90,000) is the exact rat< oi '.he transportation of the mails. I therefore move tt amend the 8th section, providing for the transportation of tht mails, by striking out all alter the words "Post Office De partmcnt, and inserting " transported free of any charsre.' . VICE PRESIDENT. That amendment will not be in order until the bill is rep uted back to the Senate. Mr. DOUGLAS. I wish to say one word only upon thii matter. The error into which the Senator has fallen is this I nis is not a donation entirely, because the Government is t< hivea double price for the other alternate sections The VICE PRESIDENT. The Chair begs leave to stat that there is no question pending. There being no further proposition to amend, the bill wa reported back to the Senate, and,the amendments were ton curred in. Mr. PEARCE moved to amend tbe section of the bill pro viding for the transportation of the mail by striking out th words "at such price as Congress may by law direct," an inserting in lieu theieof " free of all charge to tbe Unite, States. Mr. DOUGLAS. I have only to state that, whilst the biJ grants alternate -sections to the 8tate, on condition that th< road shall be made, it also provides that the price of the othei alternate sections should be doubled, so that the Governmen will lose nothing by the passage of this bill; and I think w< may safely leave the rate to be paid for the transportation ol the mails to be fixed by Congress, as proposed by this section. I.shali not argue the question, because this paint was tho roughly discussed on tbe Illinois bill, and received the sane tion of the Senate by an overwhelming majority; and, as an Illiooian, I dislike to see our friends from Iowa worse treated than the Senate treated us, and less liberality shown towards them than was shown towards us. Mr. PEARCE. The payment of double price for the other alternate sections will fall upon others than the railroad I company. They will be benefited by this grant, and it it right tnat we should have some consideration from them. 1 shall, therefore, not withdraw my amendment. 1 he question was then taken on the amendment, and it was negatived. The question then recurred on ordering the bill to be en grogged for a third reading. ? 1 do not know 'bat I want to object to thii individual case, because I do not want to be invidious: but I want to make this suggestion for the consideration of the Senate. It has been decided to be pretty ortho dox doctrine that we should not enter upon a system of in ternal improvements for the General Government. That it a part of the Baltimore platform, I believe. There is no ob jection to individual cases, but only to "a system." Now, bow many cases were needed to make " a system I be lieve grants have been already made to Indiana, Illinois, and ' , 1 w??ng to go as far as we can with individual cases, but I think there is some danger of our getting into a system. reading W" l^eD orde?ct' to be engrossed for a third THE COMPROMISE BILL. On the motion of Mr. CLAY, the Senate resumed the considers lion of the bill for the admission of California as a State into the Union, to establish Territorial Governments for Utah and New Mexico, and making proposals to Texas for tbe establishment of her western aud northern boundaries. A discussion of several hours' duration ensued, which will be published hereafter. I*be Senate then stlj'turned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. ? , Monday, June 17, 1850. J . LY ?sked the unanimous consent oi the House to oner the following resolution : bill making appropriations for the sup 'Vv. u 'i-y ,or the year ending the 30ih H??l. ,? ' , making appropriations lor the payment of Revolutionary and other pension* of the United States for the j ear ending 31it June, 1851; the bill making appropriations tor rotaeat of Navy pensions for the year ending 30th June, 1851 j the bill making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian department and for fulfilling wi,h In<,ian tribes for the year ending t.T?.'' J??e, 1851 ; the bill making appropriations for cer tain fortifications for the year ending 30th June, 1851 ; th? bill making appropriations lor the service of the Post Offi.e Depart ment lor the year en-iinr 30th June, 1851 ; the bill making ap .kVn? N;V" ,er,ioe for the year eading 30th Ik. a s the bill making appropriations for the support of . Army lor the year endmr30th Jane, 1851, be made the ?peeia| order or the day for .Monday, June iith, at 1 o'clock r. a., to be considered in the order named above, and that 1^1 order of the da/al the Jm ' hour ol ?be d.y for every day thereafter, Mondays and Satur y? excepted, till said bills shall have be;n finally disposed ol. Si' ha** in,rodl??wnof the resolution. 10 "" to ? wJti 'l rW0IJ? then Mid that he would vote for no K:X,"f y unul lh*ca,ifo,ni' Mr. BAYLY demanded tbe yea. and oays on his motion, which were ordered, and being taken resulted as follow. Yea, 114, nays o7. therefor^* ""k* D<>t ,u1"BdeJ? o-thirds not voting PROPOSED ADJOURNMENT. m> ^HENS, of Georgia, asked the unanimous con sent of the House !? offer the following resolution, remarking that, if it was not granted, he wooid move to suspend the Resolved, (with the concurrence of the Senate,) That the Speaker ot the House and the President of the Senate bring the present session of Congress to a cloae, by aa adjournment ot their respective Houses, on Monday the ISfth dav of August ne*'> M the hour of 12 o'clock meridian. The resolution being objected to? Mr. STEPHENS moved a suspension of the rules, and on Inat motion demanded the yeas and nays, which were otdered, and being taken were as follows: Yeaa 81, nays 123. THE AFRICAN SQUADRON. Mr. BURT asked the unanimous consent of the House (o oner the following resolution : . l^e Pr??dent be requested to communieate to this House (if not incompatible with the public interest) the number ot vessels, the number of gun., and the number of . I roeo tubt hivt tficli jear constituted tlie sousidron for the top* ! PJT**'?'1 ?' African slave (rude, according to the treaty of I \Y ashington ; and the annual expenses ai d cost of that squad* ron ; also, the namber of slave ships that hav-.- been annually captured, and of slaves released by thai squadron ; and number ol officers and men that have died annually in that service. Mr. PRESTON KING objected. Mr. BURT moved to suspend the rules, which motion was agreed to?two-thirJs voting therefor. The question was then taken on agreeing to the resolution, and it was deeded in the affirmative. REVENUE FROM CALIFORNIA. Mr. BAYLY, asked the unanimous consent of the House to offer the following resolution : Resolved Tl at the President of the United States be request* cd to communicate to this House the amount of money collect ed from customs in California, from the period of ths conclu sion ol the war with Mexico until the collector appointed un der the act of the 3d ot March, 1849, entered upon the duties ot his office; and what disposition has been made of the money thus collected, an 1 whether any has been expended; and, if so, tor what purposes such expenditures were made; and alao under what authority such collections were made, and under what law said money was disbursed. I'he question was then taken on the motion of Mr. Baylt te suspend the rules, and it was agreed to, two-thirds voting in favor thereof; and tbe r> solution was then agreed to. PUBLIC LANDS FOR CHARITABLE PURPOSES. f On motion of Mr. McCLERNAND, f Resolved, 1 hat the Committee on Public Lands be instructed to report a bill, without delay, granting to each State in which i ? v ^ '* a.Public 'n*titution for the benefit of the deaf, dumb, blind, or iussne, a section ol land for ihc Uie of such instltu 1 l?oi? : Provided, That the Secretary of the Interior shall lo cate said lands, in the case of the States in which public lands i are situated, in said States respectively. and in,the case of the s States in which there are no public lanfls, in any Territory of . the Lnited State s in wli'ch there are public lands suljsct to , private entry mid sJe. I On morion of Mr. 8WEET8ER, , Resolved, That a special committee of five members of this House be and the sume are hereby appointed, with power to examine and ascertain whether tRe Secretary of the Treasury 1 has not used or appropriated a large amount of money from 1 the surplus fund, walnut authority ot law. wliieh had accumu* laud to said fund under the previsions of the ast of Congress i ol 1T95, from appropi iutions made for the Florida Indians and i for other purposes, ui der various specific appropriations made by Congress since 1830, and that laid committee have power to send tor persons and papers. I ADMISSION OF CALIFORNIA. I Mr. JOHN A. KING moved that the rules be suspended, ! and tl at the House resolve iUelf into Committee of the Whole ) on the s'a'e of the Union. s Mr. DOTY moved to amend the motion by adding thereto e the instructions. f Alter a good deal of debate on points of order, and votea j to suspend the rulf*, The House adjourned. ' Tuesday, June 18, 1850. [ Mr. Sweetsi.ii, ot Ohio, Mr. Butleb, ol Pennsylvania, Mr. Mon ro*, of Virginia, Mr. Andersoh, of Tennessee, and Mr. Peck, of Veimon', were appointed the committee j under the resolution of Mr. 8weetseb, passed yesterday, t "to examine und ascertain whether tbe Secretary of the e ' rreasmy has nut used or appropriated a large amount of B 4 money Irom the surplus fund, without authority of law, . ' which had accumulated to said fund under the provisions of t j ' the act of Congress ol 1795, from appropriations made for * j ' the Florida Indians and for other purposes, under various . | ' specific appropriations made by Congress since 1830, and 9 'with power to send for persons and papers." Mr. STRONG, from the Committee of Elections, to which j was referred the memorial of Daniel F. Miller, praying to ( be admitted to the seat occupied by Mr. William Thompsoit, , as the representative from the first Congressional district of the State of Iowa, made a report thereoo, accompanied by the > following resolution : Resolved, That William Thompson ia entitled to the seat in this House which he now occupies as the representative from the first Congressional district of Iowa. Mr: VAN DYKE reported the views of the minority of the ^ said committee on the same subject. . - Mr. STRONG moved that the further consideration of the e report be postponed till Wednesday, tbe 26th instant, and that it be printed. g Mr. VAN DYKE a<-ktd that the same action be had in _ reference to the minority report. Mr. ASHMUN wished to inquire of the Speaker, if tbe h consideration of the reports be postponed until to morrow week, if they could be called up as a privileged question on * that day ? j The SPEAKER replied in the affirmative. Tbe queslion was then taken on the motions of Mr. j Sthows and Mr. Vaw Dike, and they were agreed to. B Mr. JACKSON, of Georgia, in pursuance of previous no r j tice, introduced a bill to provide for the removal of obatrue ( | tions in the river Savannah, in the State of Georgia, and for a the improvement of the same ; which was read twice and ie j- ferred to the Committ.e on Commerce. Mr. CHANDLER rose to move a reconsideration of the vote by which the House yesterday authorized the appoint ment of a committee of five members to make Certain inquiries in relation to appropriations of moneys by the Secretary of the Treasury. In the midst of the confusion which prevailed t when it was offered, the House could not have observed ita phraseology. He was persuaded tbat no gentleman on either side of the House would read tbat resolution as it waa printed in I the paper before him, (and he presumed it was printed cor , rectly,) without feeling that it was offering at least an insnlt to the officer, if not guilty of a want of decorum to tbe mem bers themselves. He hoped, therefore, without entering into the merits of the case, that the House would immediately re consider the vote by which tbe resolution was adopted. A long discussion ensued, which was participated in by Messrs CHANDLER, SWEETSER, ASHMUN, MORSE, BAYLY, MOORE, DISNEY, CASEY, THOMPSON, of Mississippi, HOUSTON, STRONG, KING, of New Jer ' sey, CABLE, STANTON, of Tennessee, ROOT. ! McLANE, of Maryland, and TUCK. Mr. TUCK then moved tbe previous question. ( Mr. INGE moved to lay the motion to reconsider an the table ; which motion was disagreed to. The previous question was then seconded, and, nnder tbe operation thereof, the motion to reconsider waa agreed to by the following vote : Yeas 125, nays 57. The question then recurred upon agreeing to the reso lution. Mr. SWEETSER, after some remarks, moved to amend it by striking out all after the word "resolved," and inserting the following: " That the Committee of Ways and Meant be instructed to examine and ascertain whether the Secretary of the Treasury has drawn by warrant a large amount of money from the " surplus fund," without authority of law, which had accu mulated to said fund under the provisions of the aet of Con gress ot' 1795, Jrom appropriations made for the Florida In dians, and for other purposes, under various specific appro priations made by Congress since 1830, and if such warrant or warrants have been drawn in conformity with law, and that they shall report what law or laws." Mr. CHANDLER, prefacing bis motion by a few remarks. I moved the following as a substitute to the above : " That the Secretary of the Treasury be requested to report to this House an account of all sums of mouey which may have j be n taken (if any) from the surplus fund which had accumo lated to said lund under the provisions of tbe act of Congress of 1795, from appropriations made for the Florida Indians and for other purposes, under various specific appropriations made by Congress." ' r The SPEAKER stated that the resolution offered by tbe gentleman from Pennsylvania was not in order as an amend ment to the rrsolution offered by tbe gentleman from Ohio The resolution offered by tbe gentleman from Pennsylvanii as an amendment, called for information from one of tbe De partments. The Chair thought tbat a resolution csllinc op in the Departments for information belonged to a different class of subjects ; and there were rules of the House making provision, jn reference to resolutions calling forjnformation on the Departments, that resolutions of this kind must lie over one day. A resolution of this kind could not be considered on the same day on which it was offered, and was never in order to a resolution of tbe character of the one now before ?he House. o~lfterJ.eba,e ^ M#Mrs' MEADE, CONRAD, SWEET JER, THOMPSON, of Mississippi, and McLANE, of Maryland? 7 Mr. CHANDLER modified h:s amendment to read as follows : " Resolved, That the Committee ot Waya and Meana be instructed to procure and report to this House an account of Sir-ir* | The SPEAKER stated that the resolution as modified was | now in order as an amendment to the amendment of Mr SWEETSER. * ^JWh^MASON moved the previous que stion, which was The question was then taken on the amendment of Mr ^e amendment of Mr. Swe.tsbb, and it wis agreed to?\ ess 106, nays 90. was Pending the question on the resolution as amended ' JLTS&a. M.06' ""