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"yNTY land to soldiers.
?? *? (HrtP REPRESENTATIVES, JUNE 19, I860. do of Mr. MASON, the House went into Com mitie Whole on the ttale of the Union, (Mr. Rich ?Hblllinois, in the chair,^) and proceeded to consider the riding for soldiers of the wsrof 1813, 1813, 1814, andrith Great Britain ; the Indian wars of 1811 ; the (FWewiiioleau war of 1836, 1836, dtc., and the war, knoGen. Wayne's, of 1792 to 1795, that have not henpeen provided for ; this bill being the special order of tfbr this day, and so to continue till disposed of. Abate by Messrs. McLANE, of Maryland, and CO, Alabama? AtUERTSON moved a substitute for the bill. 1HRAL80N raised ihe question of order whether it wa& order to perfect the original bill before a substitute waaer > liairman was of opinion that the substitute was in orde ordered the original bill to be read. 'i^rk then read the bill as follows : * Unacted, He. That each non-commiiaioned officer, muiand private, enlisted or regularly muttered into, audi) in, any volunteer company for a period of six months va inthe war with Great Britain ot 1812, 1813, 1814, and the Indian wart ot 1811, the (Florida) Seminolean wm35,1836, kc., or in the war, known at Gen. Wayne'* wai?92 to 1795, that have been not heretofore provided fore General Government with bounty land, pension, or a btof more than fifty dollars, and who have received an hone discharge, shall be entitled to receive a certificate or t?t from the Department of the Interior, for those who ?era inontht or over, and lett than twelve montht, eigh ty 4 and those who served twelve montht and over, one hut and tixty acret of land ; which miy be located by the wate or his widow at any land office ol the United States, , in t of not lets than eighty acres each, and in conformity win legal subdivisions thereof, in such district then sub jecrivate entry ; and, upon the return of such land war raitertificate, with evidence of the location thereof having be<*ally made to the General Land Office, a patent shall is suet for; and that, in the-event of the death ofany.non-com initd officer, musician, or private, who may have receiv ?d .ischarge, and before the issue of the certificate or war ranto it shall be ittued in favor and enure to the benefit ol hitj&w, if living at the time of the patsage of this act; and, in ivent of her death before the issue of the certificate or then it shall go to his children, if any ; and all sales, rn?;es, powers, or other instruments of writing, going to ifife title or claim to such bounty right,[made or executed pr? the issue of such warrant or certificate, shall be null and to all intents and purposes what toe ver ; nor thfkll any suaim to bounty fight be, in anywise, affected or changed byaoldier prior to the iuuance of such certificate or war raProvided, That no land warrant or certificate, issued ui<ie provisions of this act, shall be located upon any iai the United States to .which there shall be a pre-emp tiqht, unless by the consent, in writing, of the pre-emp toested by two respectable witnesses, and filed in the office wlloeated." r debate by Messrs. VINTON and MASON? substitute offered by Mr. Axbehtson was read, and is as W8: ke out all after the enacting clause and insert: "That each norumistioned officer, musician, or private, who served in military service of the United States during the last war wireat Britain, commenced in the year 1812, or in any of thdian wars before or since that period, including regu laiolunteers, spies, rangers, sea-fencibles, and militia, for a od of not lets than six months, and who shall have re rrud in said service to the date of their death, or who was iupbly discharged, shall be entitled to receive a certificate oirrant from the Departmer.t of the Interior for the <juan ti?f wighty acres of lund, which may be located by the wintee, or the assignee, or the heirs at law, at any la;ffice of the United States, in one body, and in con foty to the legal subdivisions of the public lands, u^any of the public lands in such district then subject toivate entry; and upon the return of such warrant oscrtificate, with evidence of the location thereof hav sri?een legally made to the General Land Office, a patent shbe issued therefor. That in the event of the death ol any su non-commissioned officer, musician, or private during sece or after his discharge, and before the issuance of a cer tifte or warrant as aforesaid, the siid certificate or warrant shbe issued in favor and enure to the benefit of his widow, if ing, and if no widow be living, to his children : Provided, Ti no land warrant issued under the provisions of this act sh be laid upon any land of the United States, to which there sh be a pre-emption right, or upon which there shall be an acU settlement and cultivation, without the content of such seers and cultivators given thereto. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each non-commis sied officer, musician, or private, who was mustered into thmilitary service of the United States, and served as speci fiein the first section of this act, for the period of twelve miths or more, shall be entitled to receive a warrant for 160 acts ot land, which may be subject to private entry, under the prvisions of the firtt section ot this act; and, in the event of thideuth of any person herein provided for, before the issuing ofhe certificate or warrant, then the warrant for said land slill issue to the widow of such person, if there be one ; if no; then to h:s children. ? Sec 3. And ke it further enacted. That each non-com misioned officer, musician, and private, who was muttered int> the military service of the United Statet, and served as specified in the firtt sectiou of this act, for a lest period than six montht, thall be entitled to receive a warrant for forty acres of land, which may be subject to private entry, under the provisions of the first section of this act; and, in the event of the death of any person herein provided lor, before the issuing of the certificate or warrant, then the warrant tor such land shall issue to the widow t f such persons, if there be one, and it not, then to his children. " Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the grants of land herein made, and the warrants authorized to be issued and patents granted therein, at well at the location and trans fer and assignment thereof, shall, in all respects, be made un der the provision!, rettrictiont, and limitationi of the ninth section of the act of Febraury II, 1847, entitled 'An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional military force, and for Other purposes,' so tar as the same are not altered by the pro visions of this act: Provided, That nothing in tint act con tained thall be construed to authorize the ittuing of a certifi cate or>a warrant to anv non-commissioned officer, mutician, or private for service, for which he has heretofore received, or been authorized to receive, under act of Congrest, bounty land." Mr. McDONALD gave notice of his intention to move, at the proper time, to amend the original bill, by inserting there in a provision giving to soldiers who served three months or over, and less than six months, eighty acres, and to grant to floldiers who served six months or over, and lesi than twelve months, ene hundred and twenty acres, instead of eighty, as provided iu the original .bill ; also, to strike out in the 1st section of the bill, in the 5th line, the words " for a period of six months and over," to make it conformable to the other amendments proposed by him. Further debate ensued, which was participated in by Messrs. ALBERTSON, EVANS, of Maryland, BURT, HARAL SON, and HUBBARD. Mr. HUBBARD gave notice of bis intention to move, at the proper time, so to amend the bill that each non-commis sioned officer, musician, and private mustered into, and serv ed in, any company in the volunteer service of the United States, for a period of less than six months, and over one month in the war with Great Britain of 1812, 1813, 1814, and 1815, the Indian wars of 1811, the Florida (Seminolean) war of 1800, 1818, and 1819, and 1835, 1836, &.C., or in the war, known as Gen. Wayne's war, of 1792 to 1795, that have not heretofore been provided for by the General Govern ment, shall receive bounty lands. He also proposed to amend the bill by giving to those who served less than six months, and less than one month, eighty acres, and those who served over six months one hundred and sixty acres of land. After remarks by Mr. 8ACKETT? Mr. MEADE gave notice of his intention, at the proper time, to move to amend the bill by adding thereto the follow ing section : "Andbe it further enacted. That all warrants heretofore itsued to soldiers in the war of 1812 with Great BriUin, or to their widows or orphans, shall be transferred in the tame man ner as other military laud warrants." A long debate ensued, which wss psrticipsted in by Messrs. VINTON, BI8SELL, HOLMES, EWING, EVAN8, of Marylsnd, and MOORE. During the above debate, Mr. EWING gave notice of his intention, at the proper time, to offer the following as an ad ditional section to the bill: " Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each commis sioned officer, elected or appointed and commissioned, in any volunteer company or regiment, or any of the new regiments raised by authority of Congress during the war with Mexico, and each ttaff officer appointed for that war, who have not here tofore been provided by the General Government with bounty land or pention, shall be entitled to receive certificates or 'warrants from the Departaaent of the Interior for the follow ing number of acres or uuantity of land to each, according to their rank : To each Maior General or Brigadier General 960 acres; to each Colonel, Lieutenant Colonul, and Major 640 acres; to each Captain and Lieutenant 320 acret, which, may be located by hit warrantee or hit widow at any land office of the United States, in not lets than quarter sections of laud, in any district then subject to private entry ; and upon the re turA of such certificates or land warrants, with evidence of the location thereof, having been legally made to the General Land Office, a patent or patents thall iitlle therefor ; and in the event of the death ol any officer who mav have received his discharge, and before the istuar.ee of hit "certificate, then it thall be ittued in favor and enure to the benefit ot hit widow, if living at the time of the pastage ot this act; and, in the ?vent of her death befure the itsue of the certificate or war rant, then it thall goto hit children : Provided, That no land warrant or certificate, ittued under the provisions of this act shall be located upon any public lands of the United States to which there thall be a pre-emption right, unlett by the con sent in writing of the pre.emptor, attested by two witnettet, and filed in the office where located." Mr. HARALSON then obiaiord the floor, but yielded to a motion that the cbmmitue rise ; which being agreed to, the committee rose snd reported prsgess. Mr. McCLERNAND give notice of his intention to move an smendmeni to the bill which had been under consideration in committee, which he atked might be printed. Mr. ALBERT80N* also asked that the amendment sub mitted by him in committee might be printed. Mr. 8TEPHENS, of Georgia, objected to both requests. I Mr. MASON offered a resolution to clo* all debate in Committee of the Whole oil tbe above bill. Mr. JONE8 moved to lay the resolution on the table. Mr. BI88ELL demanded the yeaa and nays. And pending tbe question on the motion of Mr. Jorks, the House adjourned. Thursday, June 20, 1850. The soldiers' bounty-land bill again coming up, Mr. HILLIARD gave notice that, at the proper tune, he would move to amend the bill by adding thereto the follow ing proviso: " Provided, That the persons to whom said lands are here by granted shall actually occupy aud cultivate the said lauds lor the space of twelve months." Mr. HARALSON resumed the debate, and spoke for about three-quarters of an hour in favor of the bill, and in the course of his remarks gave notice of his intention to offer, at tbe pro per time, if he aaw fit, the following aa amendments to tbe bill: " Add the following section to the bill: ? . "Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That no transfer land granted in virtue otthis act or any other law givmg btmn ties of land to non-commissioned officers, musicians, and p vstes, shall be valid, unless the contract or agreement ttereior, or letter of attorney giving power to sell or convey, shaj ha been executed after the patents shall be issued and delivere to the persons entitled thereto." " Also, add the following to the bill : " That all bounty land warrants or certificates which may hereafter be issued under the provisions of the ninth section ot the act of the 11th February, 1847, and under this act, shall be issued, located, and patented in the name ot the soldier performed the service, whether living or dead, and such pa te nU shaH enure to the benefit of the person or persous enti tled to ths same." Mr. W ATKINS then spoke about half an hour in favor of the bill. , , . - The hour at which the House had agreed to close the de bate having arrived? ... Mr. COBB, of Alabama, availing himself of the proilege allowed to a member reporting the measure under considera tion, closed the debate by a speech in detence ol the Bill. Mr. WHITE gave notice of his intention to move to amend the bill, at the proper time, by moving the following aa an ad ditional section: " Sec. . And be it jurther enacted. That all land warrants issued under and by authority of this aet shall be for the sole use and benefit of the persons therein named, and their heirs, and shall not be transferable or liable for debt, but remain the property of the aforesaid parties, or their heir. inal.en^ e - Provided, The said warrants are located within five years from the day they are issued ; otherwise said warrantf shall be void, and ot no effect." ' The question waa then taken on the first amendment, moved by Mr. McDohalb yesterday, viz. Strike out to the third line of the original bill (as printed above) the words "for a pe riod of six months and over,1' and it was ai'eed to. Mr. MEADE moved to amend the bill by striking out the word "volunteer," before the word ?'company, in the Debate ensued by Messrs. MEArE, VENABLE, Mc LEAN, of Kentucky, GIDDINGS, TOOMBS, and SA VAGE. Mr. GOODENOW said that, if the bill was to pass in any shape, he was most decidedly in favor of the amendment offer ed by the honorable gentleman from Virginia. It must not be forgotten that there was during the war of 1812 a class ot regiments for which this bill does not provide, unless amend ed as proposed. He alluded to the year's men, as they were then called. Congress passed an act in January, 1813, by wh'ch the President was authorized to raise such number of regiments of infantry, not exceeding twenty, as in his judg ment was necessary for the public tervice, to be enlisted to serve for one year. 8ever<I regiments were organized under the act to which he had referred, went on to our INorthem frontier, and there did much efficient and hard service. Among them were the 33d and 34th regiments from Maine. INow, unless these men, and this claasof men, shall be provided tor, he could not vote for the bill. It would be gross injure to exclude them. ' 1v._riVT f The debate was continued by Messrs. STAIN i UIN, ol Kentucky, McMULLEN, and MARSHALL. Mr. MARSHALL gave notice of tbe following amend ment, which was accepted by Mr. Meade : " Strike out all after the words ' that each non-commission ed officer, musician, and private,' down to the words ' in the war with Great Britain,* and insert, ' who enlisted and was mustered into the regular service of the army ol the United States, or who was mustered into said service as a member ot any companv, corps, or detachment ol volunteers, militia, or raneers, and who served for a period of ninety days or longer, or who engaged to serve for that length of time, though iu fact sooner discharged by public authority." Mr. KERR, after a five minutes' speech, asked Mr. Mar shall to accept the following as a modification of his (Mi*. M.'s) amendment: ? 'Together with all such personsas were actually in a battle or skirmish, or who may have served on board any llotilla. The modification was accepted. ? . Further debate ensued, which was participated in by Messrs. FEATHERSTON, DUNHAM, TAYLOR, and HUBBARD. Mr. HUBBARD desired to offer the following amendment, which, he said, had been accepted by, Messrs. Meade and Marshall, in lieu of their own amendments : Insert after the word "that," immediately following the enacting clause, the following : " The benefits and rights conferred by the ninth section of the act entitled * An aet to raise, for a limited time, an addi tional military force, and for other purposes,' approved reb ruary II, 1847, shall be and the same are hereby extended in manner as tollows: that is," Amend by striking out all after the words "that each non commissioned officer, musician, and private, and inserting : ? Who served in the regular army, or in any company or command of volunteers, rangers, or militia in the Indian war in the northwest, prior to the treaty of Greenville, in 1/94, or in the late war with Great Britain, or in any Indian war between the vears 181:5 and 184'2, twelve months or more, shall be en titled to a bounty of 160 acres ol land, or who sened six months or more 80 aeres, or who served sixty days or more 40 acres: Provided, alwax,8, That said non-commissioned offi cer, musiciau, or private has not received a bounty of land heretofore, and is not shown to have been dishonorably dis charged by the rolls : Provided, alto, That the bounties here in granted shall be subject to the same rules of descent pre scribed by the aforesaid act, and the act or acts amenda'ory of the same : Provided, further, That no ?treasury scrip,'as authorized by said act of February 11, 1847, shall be autho rized or issued under this act." Mr. JONES raited the question of order that the above amendment waa a substitute for the bill, and that there was one amendment as a substitute already pending. No two substitutes were in order at tbe same time. The CHAIRMAN overruled the point of order, on the ground that the amendment of Mr. Hobbard was not a substitute. Mr. JONES appealed from this decision. Pending the question on the appeal? On motion of Mr. BAYLY, the committee rose and re ported progress. And the House adjourned. Friday, June 21, 1850. . The same subject being again under consideration? And thereupon the House went into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Richardsox, of Illi nois, in the chair,) and resumed the consideration of the bill providing for soldiers of the war of 1812, 1813, 1814, and 1815 with Great Britain; the Indian wars of 1811 ; the (Flo rida) Seminolean war of 1835, 1836, &.C., and the war, known as Gen. Wayne's, of 1792 to 1795, that have not heretofore been provided for. The question pending yesterday whtn the committee rose was on an appeal taken from the decision of the Chair by Mr. Jo!*es, that Bn amendment offered by Mr. Hubbard was in order 5 Mr. Josbs contending that it was a substitute, and that there being another substitute pending, (that ot Mr. Al ii ertsox,) this substitute could not be entertained at the pre sent time. After some conversation? . The question wai put, "Shall the decision of the Chair stand as the judgment of the committee ?" and it was agreed to. So the amendment was ruled in order. Mr. JONES raised another question of order on the amend ment of Mr. Hubbard. The House having sustained the decision of tbe Chair that the amendment of the gentleman from Alabama was not a substitute, but an amendment to the bill, bis question of order was, that no member of this House bad a right to offer two amendments at the aame time. The gentleman from Alabama proposed to insert after the word " that" a few words, and then skipping two or three other words, to strike out all the other part of the bill and insert other words. His question of order was, that no member had a right to offer two amendments at one time ; which was evi dently tbe case now. The CHAIRMAN overruled the point of order. Mr. JONES appealed from this decision. . And the question being put to the committee, the Chair was sustained. , , . Mr. BAKER, after a few remarks, moved that the com mittee rise, to enable him to move that the lull be re er a select committee, that it might be made more acceptable to its friends and less objectionable to its opponents. After some conversation, the amendment was withdrawn. Mr. PARKER moved to amend the amendment ot Mr. Hob bard by adding thereto the following proviso : *' Provided, further, That the benefits of this act shall not be construed as forfeited by the privates and non-commission ed officers who were promoted to the grade ot a commissionei officer during their service in any of the wars in this act men tioned." The Reporter thinks this amendment was subsequently withdrawn. After some delay on a point of order? ? Mr. HUBBARD, at tbe suggestion of Mr. Albertsoji, I modified his amendment so as to insert "1811 and 1812" be fore " 1813," in the line "or in any Indian war between the yeara 1813 and 1842." Mr. JONES moved to amend the amendment of Mr. Hob babd by atriking out, in the line "or in any Indian war be tween the yeara 1811 andi1842," the word 1811, and insert ing in lieu thereof 1794. . After debate by Messrs. JONES and GREEN, the amend ment waa withdrawn. Mr. McLANE, of Maryland, moved to amend the amend ment of Mr. HoBiai) by atriking out the amendment of Mr. H- and inserting in lieu thereof the amendment offered by Mr. Albmtsoit aa a substitute to the bill, printed in the Intelli gencer of Thuraday. Mr. McCLERNAND raised the queation of order that du ring the pendency of the original bill, and until that bill had been perfected, it waa irregular and out of order to move ? substitute. The gentleman from Alabama bad moved an amendment. The gentleman from Maryland now moved a substitute for the amendment; a substitute which wm co-ei tenaive with the original bill; which, if adopted, would be a substitute to the bill. It was to all intenta and purposes a substitute, because it omitted every thing in the original bill. The CHAIRMAN stated that it was perfectly proper, when an amendment was pending to the original bill, to mote to atrike out all of that amendment and insert in lieu thereof something else. After remarks by Mr. McLANE, of Maryland? Mr. BURT desired to know if the amendment offered by the gentleman from Maryland was open to amendment } Tbe CHAIRMAN replied it waa not. Mr. BURT then submitted a question of order. He under stood that the gentleman from Alabama (Mr. HuBBA?n) bad offered an amendment which proposed to atrike out and inaert certain mattera covering the whole object of the bHl. He an deratood the amendment of the gentleman from Maryland (Mr. McLank) to be to strike out the amendment of the gen tleman from Alabama and inrart a propoaition which he sent to the Chair. Now, he submitted that the amendment of his honorable friend from Maryland was not in order. 1 he amend ment offered by the gentleman from Alabama must first be acted on by the committee, and, if rejected, then the amend ment of tbe gentleman from Maryland would be in order. The proposition was to strike out and insert. The amend ment of the gentleman from Alabama was to strike oat, and it had not yet been inserted. He submitted to the Chairman if the proposition to atrike out should be agreed to, that would end the whole matter. The committee was in thia position: no vote could be taken on the amendment of the gentleman from Alabama if the amendment of the gentleman from Mary land was in order. The CHAIRMAN overruled the point of order. Mr. BURT inquired whether, if the amendment of the gentleman from Maryland was adopted by the committee, it would then be open to amendment. The CHAIRMAN replied in the affirmative. Mr. JONES desired Mr. McLawe to modify his amend ment so as to incorporate the following: ?? Jlnd provided further, That to each commissioned and staff officer who served in any one of the wars specified and re ferred to in this act, as well as all such who served in the late war with IVkxico, on application to the Department of the In terior, there shall be issued a certificate or warrant f.-r one hundred and sixty acres of land, to be loaated under the provi sions of this act. And should any such officer herein provided for die before making application for the benefit ot this act, then the certificate or warrant shall be issued to and enure to the benefit of the widow of such officer, if living, and it not, then to his children." Mr. McLANE accepted the modification. After some conversation on points of order? The question was taken on the amendmeut of Mr. Mc Laxk to the amendment, and the vote stood : Ayes 74, noes 39. No quorum voting? The roll was called, when the committee rose, and the Chairman reported the names of the absentees to the House. A quorum having appeared, the committee resumed its session. The question was then again token on the amendment of of Mr. McLane. and it was agreed to : Ayes 85, noes 54. Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee, 'moved to amend the amendment by adding thereto the following as an additional scction: * ...... ?' Sec. 2. Jie it further enacted, That the officers and sailors of the navy of the United States, who were engaged in the Mexican war, either in the Gulft ot Mexico or in the Pacific ocean, be and are hereby placed upon an equal footing with the officers and men of the army engaged in the same service, and shall be entitled to extra pay and bounty land, as provided by the several acti of Congest for the benefit ot the taid ofti cers and men of the army." Mr. JONES raised the question of order that an amend ment having been adopted in lieu of the one offered by the gentleman from Alabama, no amendment was now in order. The CHAIRMAN overruled the point of order, stating that the amendment as amended could be amended. Mr. JONE8 appealed from this decision. And the question having been put, "Shall the decision of ,the Chair stand as the judgment of the committee }" it was decided in the affirmative : Ayes 107, noes 14. Mr. JONES raised another question of order; that the amendment was out of order, because it was irrelevant. There was no provision in the original bill which granted bounty lands to sailors. The CHAIRMAN overruling the point of order? Mr. JONES appealed. And the queation having been put to the committee, the Chair was sustained. After debate by Messrs. STANTON, of Tennessee, EWING, and CROWELL? Tbe question waa taken on tbe amendment ol Mr. Staic tow, and it was agreed to : Ayes 81, noes 68. Mr. EVANS, of Maryland, moved to amend the amend ment by adding thereto the following proviso : " Provided, That before any of the warrants mentioned herein shall issue or be satisfied, the debts incurred during the war of the revolution to the soldiers thereof, and which re main unsatisfied in whole or in part, shall first be paid out of the proceeds of said lands, whether the same consist of loan office certificates, or Continental scrip, or of any other indebt edness which was issued to them, and which they were forced to dispose of at a ruinous sacrifice." Mr. JONES raised the question of order that this amend ment waa irrelevant. The bill waa to give away lands, not to prevent the rale of them. The CHAIRMAN overruled the point of order. After debate by Messrs. EVANS, of Maryland, and GORMAN? The question was taken on the amendment ot Mr. Ev aks, and it was disagreed to : Ayea 71, noes 72. Mr. STANLY moved to amend the amendment by adding thereto the following proviso : u Provided, That no warrant shall issue by virtue of this act until Congress has decided what lands shall he set apart for the benefit of the asylums, in the several States, for the in sane, the deaf, dumb, and the blind." The amendment was disagreed to. Mr. CONRAD moved to amend the amendment by adding i, thereto the following proviao: " Provided, That the benefits of this act shall be and they are hereby extended to each officer, musician, and private en rolled or enlisted in any company that was actually raised, organized, and equipped in thf State of Louisiana, in conse quence of a call or requisition made by Gen. Gaines, during ttie late war with Mexico, in order to reinforce the troops on the Rio Grande, under command of General Taylor, and the widows and ohildren of such as may have died betore issuing the warrants." Debate ensued, which was participated in by Messrs. CON RAD, MORSE, HARALSON, and TOOMBS. Tbe question was then taken on the amendment, and it wa? negatived : Ayea 62, noes 69. Mr. VENABLE moved to amend the amendment by add ing thereto the following proviso : " Provided, further, That those persons entitled to land under the provisions of this act shall be entitled to demand and receive at the Treasury certificates of debt, bearing interest at the rate of three per cent, and redtemable at the pleasure ol the Government, estimating each acre of land to be worth 6!ty cents per acre." After debate by Messrs. VENABLE and HILLIARD, ant pending the queation on the amendment? The committee rose and reported progress. On motion, it waa ordered that when this House adjourn, it adjourn to meet on Monday next: Yeaa 94, noea 88. And then the House adjourned. LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES, Passed at the First Session Thirty-first Congress. Pciitic?No. 10. AN ACT to supply a deficiency in the appropriation for the aervice of the fiscal year ending the thirtieth of June, eigh teen hundred and fifty. fie it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United*States of America in Congress assembled, That tbe sum ot fifty thousand dollars be and the same is hereby appropriated, out of any money in tbe Treasury not otherwise appropriated by law, to supply a deficiency in the appropria tion for defraying the expensea of the Supreme, Circuit, and District Courts of the United States, including the District of Columbia ; alao, for jurora and witneaaea in aid of the fund* arising from fines, penalties, and forfeitures incurred in the fiacal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and fifty, and previous years, and likewise for defraying the expensea of suits in which tbe United Statea are concerncd, and of prose cutions for offences committed againat the United States, and for the safe-keeping of prisoners. Approved, June 21, 1850. The golden sands or Mexico, a Moral and Religious Tale ; to Which is added, True Riches ; or the Reward of Self Sacrifice ; with illustrations, by W. Croome. Price G2t cents. Romance of the Ocean ; a Narrative of the Voyage of the Wildfire to California. Illustrated with Stories, Anecdotes, kc by Fanny Foley, one of the passengera, daughter of an of ficer of the medical staff. Price 651 cents. 5uM n R. FARNHAM. WASHINGTON. ??Liberty aad Union, now and forever, one aad inseparable." SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1850. THE PRISONERS AT HAVANA DISCHARGED. A Telegraph despatch from New Orleans, dated on Saturday last, says: "We have received intelligence from Havana as late as the 10th instant, and are happy to state 4 that the Spanish Government has yielded to the representations of our Consul, aided by other American authorities, and, after passing through 4 the forms of a trial, has liberated the American ? prisoners, who were free to return to the United 4 States." , 4 ' Thus is removed all grounds for apprehending any difficulty with Spain on account of these pri soners. Nashville Conventions at the South and Abo lition excitement a at the North ! How little do they affect the onward course of this great Repub lic ! Eddies and ripples in the tide?how soon they are absorbed in the mighty current which, knowing " no retiring ebb," still keeps due on, en larging as it goes, " strong without rage, without overflowing full," and bearing upon its bosom a destiny in comparison with which the fortunes of CAESAR are no more .than the theme of a nursery tale! With whatever freedom or flippancy men in any [ part of the Union, politicians, enthusiasts, fanatics, or other, may indulge in talk concerning the unity of this Republic and the facility with which it may be disintegrated, they would be very apt, if they should embody their ideas and purposes of dissolu tion in an overt act, to find themselves confronted by one of the sternest and most terrific realities that ever frowned upon treason. In the mean time the talk does little hai'm.?Balto. American. Connecticut Senator.?On Thursday the Le gislature of Connecticut had two more ballots for a United States Senator, with the following result: 1st. 2d. R. S. Baldwin, Whig 95 93 L. P. Waldo, Democrat - 56 39 Catlin, Democrat. 46 61 C. F. Cleveland, Free Soil 13 14 Scattering 4 6 214 213 " There being no election, a lesolution was passed to postpone the election to the next meeting of the Legislature. FROM EUROPE. The steamer Cambria arrived at Halifax yester day morning with a week's later news from Europe. No part of it, however, has reached us except what relates to commercial matters, as follows: Cotton, prices unchanged, but market firm. Week s sales sixty thousand bales. Flour dull; prices unchanged. Corn dull, and declined six pence to one shilling per qr. Provi sions very quiet. Lard declined three pence. Continental advices have created an ac ive demand for ail descriptions of Coffee, which has advanced three to five shilling* per cwt. I News regarding Cuba affairs has strengthened Sugar. Market and pri<*s advanced. Money market ea.-'y, and rates of dis count low upon good paper. The steamship Atlantic sailed from New York on Saturday at noon for Liverpool, with seventy two passengers. Among them were the Hon. Niell Brown, our new Minister to Russia, and E. H. Wright, Secretary to the same Legation. < Mr. A. Vattemare, the celebrated projector and indefatigable prosecutor of the beneficent scheme of International Literary Exchanges, has returned to this city, after an absence of a year or more, during which time he has been incessantly engaged, in New York and elsewhere, in extending and de veloping his philanthropic work; that is, in for warding to Paris the great collections of books, &c. which he had gathered in this country, and receiv ing in return, and distributing, the-ireasures of French, Literature, Science, and Art, which have been transmitted to him in exchange. In addition to the large collection of works in literature and the fine arts which Mr. V. brought with him and dis tributed here, on his previous visit, he has now ar rived with a rich and varied mass of valuable works in almost all departments of useful knowledge, sta tistics, political economy, natural history, scienee, &c., and a great number of beautiful engravings, &c. which he has received from France, and are destined for the Government Libraries, the Corporation of W ashington, <fcc. This collection is at present deposited in the south basement of the Capitol, where it has been partly opened by the enthusiastic and untiring philanthropist, and may be seen ; and no idea seems to have access to his mind but the complete realization of his unique and beautiful conception, to which he devotes all his time and a great deal of his fortune. Cuba War with Spain.?The failure of the expedition against Cuba has been a great disap pointment to those persons in the United States who anticipated 8 participation in the spoils of that fertile and wealthy island ; and it is with difficulty they can be induced to abandon the idea of its conquest and annexation. All means are resorted to by them to irritate the public mind against the authorities of Cuba and of Spain. At one time the cruelties said to be practised on Americans in Cuba are dwelt on * then we have acts of indignity to our Consuls, the American flag, &c. Seeing that the island is not to be conquered by piratical expeditions, it is sought to involve our country in war with Spain, so that the forces of the nation may be brought to aid the design. Letter writers produced considerable excitement through the papers of Monday, by their positive assertions that the-prisoners taken on the Island of Contoy were to be punished capitally, &c., and speculations were indulged in as to the effect of this conduct on the relations between Spain and the United States. In some of the papers it was announced that war between the two Powers was inevitable. Bat, fortunately for the peace of the world, all the reports were proved to be without foundation, the authorities of Cuba having promptly yielded to the demand of our Government for the release of said prisoners.?Bait. Clipper. TEXAS AND NEW MEXICO. Major Neighbors, the Texan Commissioner to Santa Fe, who, according to the last advices from Texas, had encountered much opposition at Santa Fe to the establishment of Texan authority over that region of country, has returned to Austin (Texas) without having accomplished the object of his mission. So says a Telegraph despatch from New Orleans; which also states that Col. Mun roe, the Military Governor of New Mexico, has issued a proclamation directing the election of Delegates to a Convention, to be held for the for mation of a State Constitution and Government for the Territory. The Convention was to be held at Santa Fe on the 19th ultimo. If such a procla mation has been issued by Col. Munroe, it has, no doubt, been done at the instance of the people, who, as previous accounts have informed us, have been in a state of anxiety and excitement on this subject for some time past, which was probably increased by the presence of the Texan Commis sioner. TERRIBLE CALAMITY ON LAKE ERIE. Buffalo, June IT.?The fine .teamer " Grif fith," Capt. Robv, while on her way up the lake, took fire about 5 o'clock this morning, when about (wenty miles below Cleveland, and was burnt to the water's edge. The mate, who swam ashore from the burning boat for help, hat reached Cleveland, and reports that only thirty of tho.e on board were saved, and these had to s?im whore, there being no other vessel near to render assistance. Lapt. Roby, his wife and child, are among the loat. It is reported that there were twj or three hundred persons on board, most of whom were emigrants on their way 10 the West. If this ia a correct estimate, the number of the lost may probably exceed two hundred. . The scenes on the burning wreck are described as having been agonuing in the extreme. It ia the greatest calamity that has occurred on Lake Erie, since the destruction by fire, of the steamer " Erie," some years ago. The last report, at 9 o'clock this evening, ?eu down the whole number of lives lost at two hundred and sixty. It is stated that Mr. F. Heath, his wife and four children, are among the lost. The Cleveland Herald furnishes some further particulars of this sad catastrophe, as follows : We have the painful record to make of the most terrible calamity that has ever occurred on our inland seas. The soul sickens at the details. In a moment some three hundred per sons were aroused from the healthful sleep of morning to enter upon the sleep that knows no waking. How true that "in the midst of life we are in death." A large portion of the passengers were foreign immigrants, from Germany, who had left their native land, cros#cd the oc^an in safety, and perished almost in sight of the homes of their adoption. How sad the wail that will le wafted to the Fatherland?kindred separated, and whole families cut off and buiied by stranger hands! The steamer Griffith, when about fourteen miles below Cleveland, about four o'clock this (Monday) morning,.was dis covered to be on fire around her smoke pipe, on the main decs. She was about three miles from shore. The ??con^ mate? then on watch, gave orders to run her ashore. The boat was then headed for shore, and when-about hall a mile from shore she struck a bar, and before the lames burst out above. Im mediately after she struck the flames burst out tn "rw"d ?nd after cabin and pilot house. An officer gave word to the passengers to save themselves. Captain Roby gave orders for the woodpiles to be thrown over, which was done. The cabin and deck passengers were then jumping over m crowds. I tie Captain remained on board, on the upper deck, forward ol wheel house, until the last, with his family, and until the flames drove him off. He then threw over his wife, children, mother in-law, and the barber's wife, and jumped in himself, and remained on the surface a moment with his wife in his arm*, when they sank together. The only females saved "were the barber s wife and three of ibe steerage passengers, two of whom were Among the cabin passengers were fifteen ladies, all of whom were lost. We learn there were on board in all 330 persons . 256 steerage and 45 cabin passengers, and 30 of the crew. From 30 to 40 are saved. We left the scene of the wreck at two o clock this aiter noon, and at that time one hundred and forty bodies had been recovered, and most of them those of German emigrants. They have been four.d six or eight together, linked in the close embrace of death. An English woman and her foui children, who had been sent for by the husband, a res dent of this city, had risen early and dressed themselves in their best to greet the husband and father. All were lost! The row of corses along the beach, with green leaves laid over the face of each, and the limbs distorted, was a sight wc hope never again to witness. The wreck of the Griffith lies about forty rods from and is a mass of ruins from which the pipes project. W hen she first struck it was in seven and a half feet ol water. The New York Tribune suggests that the only way to pre vent such disasters ia by the passage of a general law forbid ding steamboats to carry passengers without having been ren dered substantially fire-proof, by covering their floor* and decks with some non-combustible sheathing?iron, tin, tine, or some | other. This need not be expensive, and it would be very ef fectual. But to build a boat of dry inflammable wood, em bellish it with curtain?, carpets, &c. and paint it with highly inflammable oils, &c. when it is known that such boats must usually, when employed, be far from land, filled with human j beings propelled by fire, with cooking, warming, &c. in operation, and movable lights in use at night-what is that but a foolhardy and criminal trifling with human life ' And there is no way (it thinks) ol overcoming the combined influ ences of cupidity and temerity but by force of law. GREAT CONFLAGRATION AT MONTREAL. A correspondent of the Journal of Commerce furnishes the following particulars of the late fire in Montreal: .. ,0,n Montreal, Jc*e 18, 1850. On Saturday afternoon, our city was visited with a most fearful conflagration. It broke out in the yard adjoining a carpenter's shop, where some boys were playing with lucifer matches and cracker fire-works. The shop was situated in Griffintown, a suburb of the city adjoining the Lachine canal, and principally inhabited by the Irish emigrants who have from time to time settled here. The day was dry, the wind strong, and the fire spread at a fearful, rate. At one time, it bid fair to sweep onward to the heart of the town ; at another, to destroy the long row of stores and warehouses with which the banks of the canal are lined. Fortunately, it was arrested short of both these places, but not until it had consumed one hundred and ninety-three dwellings and workshops, tn the very heart of the best built part of the suburb. The loss is estimated at about $1,200,000, and will fall very heavy upon some of the insurance companies. One woman lost her life by venturing into the burning dwelling, and it is reported that several children were also burnt to death. I believe thi* is the largest fire which ever took place in Montreal. It is by far the largest that I ever witnessed here. _ Lopez.?We learn by Telegraph from New Or leans that the examination of General Lopez, charged with violating the laws of the United States, was terminated on the 17th instant, and resulted in the binding over of the General in the sum ol #3,000, to answer the charge before the United States Circuit Court. The party who went bail for Lopf i, when he was first ar rested at New Orleans, was Recorder Caldwell. The Bulle tin comments upon the act as the first instance in the Imtcd States where a person holding a high judicial station, and par. ticularly the'ehief Criminal Magistrate of a city, has become bail for an individual charged with a criminal offence. The Bulletin condemns also the public serenade given to Lopez, and asks " whether it is in accordance with the usually accept ideas of propriety, and of Jhst respect which American citizens should always feel and exhibit for the laws of their country, thus to give a public compliment to any person, citizen or frreigner, and more particularly the latter, whilst he is before the judicial tribunals of the country, and his.;examtnation ac tually progressing, on the charge of having violated the laws of the land.?Baltimore American. _ VOTHEH A5d Al^o C?t...k?We regret ex tremely to learn that the grand levee at Point- Coupee broke through on Monday, owing to the heavy pre?ure of water, and was already one hundred and fifty yards wide. The water was rushing through in such an enormous volume and force, that it was thought useless even to make the attempt to arrest it. The river, it appears, was fourteen feet above the ground within the levee. This crevasse will be attended with most distressing results, and the Joss it will occasion must be enormous. The whole of that fine district of country will be overflowed and the crop# destroyed. All of the Atta kaimn country is also in danger of being submerged. Hun dreds of plantations will probably be involved in the destruc tion'which will be occasioned by this event. A gentleman j who was at the crevasse yesterday, says it has a most formidable appearance, as the water ie flowing through like the rapids or the falls of a river. The column of water is fourteen to fifteen feet deep, and probably six hundred feet wide, and is still extending. Any attempt to close it was considered entirely hopeless. The most melancholy forebod ings were felt as to the extent of the injury which would be occasioned by it. The river, however, is falling, through its whole extent.?New Orleans BulUtin, 14th. Mr. E. Fcllbr, of Ludlow, Mass., lately died there at the great age of ninety-eight years, while sitting in his chair, and to all appearance in a perfectly good state of health. The Sphngfield Daily Post says that shortly before his decease he was gratified in beholding his great-great-great grandchild? for he was the venerable living representative of a fifth gene ration. Up to the closing hour of existence, he preserved his faculties unimpaired, and died ??' full of years," peacefully and ?till PUBLIC LAW VINDICATED. r*OX THl wiw ORLEANS " TRC? DUTt." Baton Roi ge, June 9,1850. The following extract, taken from Avallaros on international law, please find a place for in the True Delta. It the principles inculcated are repugnant to modern republicanism,and consequently conflict with the supposed right of those concerned in the Cuban expedition, any of its friends who are familiar with the reasoning of Avallaros, in his copious notes, can show the inapplicability thereof. Yours, respectfully, J. M. ELAM. Extract. Sec. 1. The first and paramount obligation im posed on every republic is to restrain iu citizets from violat ing the right# of other nations and people with whom the re public is at peace. Sec. 2. If citizens of a republic band together, either within or without the limits thereof, for the purpose of making war J upon, or doing any act of violence on the rights of any other nation or people, such persons forfeit their allegiance to their own country, become enemies thereof, and should be treated as pirates and persons outlawed ; as being guilty of a crime which can never be expurgated. Sec. 3. For such pirates and outlawed, there is no neutral country 5 they have no claims on civilized men, and they may be pursued any and every where, by any and every nation. Their native country can afford them no protection or asylum without adopting their crime. Sec. 4. If, however, before committing acts of violence elsewhere, they relent, and return to their native country and subject themselves to the penalty of its laws, they can only be amenable to and punishable thereby. But if acts of violence and outrage have been committed by them, and, on being pursued, they seek a refuge in their native country, they should be given up to the injured people, to be dealt with as pirates and persons outlawed.? Avallaros, Lib. 3, tit. 8, sec. 9. THE CA8E OF Dr. JOHN W. WEB8TER. Boston, Jtsi 18.?In the Supreme Judicial Court this morning Chief Justice 'Shaw pronounced the decision of the sourt on the petition of Professor Webster for a writ of error. The court refused to grant the petition, and the case remains as before. There is little probability of the prisoner's escap ing the execution of his awful sentence. INSURRECTION AT ST. PIERRE. New \ oh it, June 18.?An arrival at this port from Porto Rico brings important intelligence. On the lOih of May the city of St. Pierre (Island of Martinique) was set on fire, and it was discovered that the blacks had risen against the white?. The firing of the city was supposed to have been the signal for a general insurrection. About one hundred houses were destroyed. The negrees surrounded the city, and committed serious excesses. AJI the white citizens capable of bearing arms were called out under martial law. An Anti-Rent Case Decided.?In the last Circuit Court held at Monticello, Sullivan county, (N.Y.) by Judge Parker, an action was brought by John Hunter against Neil Benson and Ira Porter, for the recovery of lands in Neversiok for non-payment of rent. The plaintiff produced t'is title, and showed that he had held the premises for forty years; also, that Benson had paid him rent on several occasions. The defendants averred that plaintiff was not the owner ofthe land, and proposed to controvert his title. The Judge decided, according to the report of the Albany Express, that the fac* of so long possession was sufficient to warrant plaintiff's title, and that any attempt to disprove it would be useless. Where j upon the jury found for plaintiff without leavirig^heir seats. Tm Message ofthe President, relating to the issue te tween Texas and New Mexico, very brief and simple in lan guage, is yet a very characteristic document. Referring- to the information which the Government had received, that an in dividual, styling himself a Commissioner of th*State of Texas, has proceeded to Santa Fe with a view of organizing coun ties in that district under the authority of Texas, the Presi dent takes occasion to express very clearly, and very explicitly, bis own views upon that sort of interference. ** While I have no power to decide the question of boundary," he says, " and no desire to interfere with it as a question of title, I have to observe that the possession of the territory into which it ap pears that Mr. Neighbours his thus gone, was actually ac quired by the United States from Mexico, and has since been held by the United States, and in my opinion ought so to re main until the question of boundary shall have been determined by some competent authority." It will be observed that the whole question here, with all its incidents, collateral, adventitious, or artificial, is hrought to one?imple point. And it is a practical point, eminently so, and no other. Texas may send a commissioner, if she thinks proper, to 8anta Fe or to San Francisco?all the same. But until her claim to the Santa Fe country is made good " by some competent authority," the actual exercise of her juris diction over " territory acquired by the United States from Mexico," and which "has since been held by the United States,'' would probably have about as much prospect of suc cess as though she should attempt to extend her prerogative ! of sovereignty over the 8andwich Islands. [tialtn. American. Coal Trade of the Ouio.?The amount of coal taken from the mines on the Ohio and its tributaries is estimated to exceed 35,000,000 of bushels. This costs the consumers two and a half millions of dollars or more. The yearly consump tion of New Orleans is about 3,000,000 of bushels, and ia increasing at the rate of 33 per cent, per annum. The aver age increase of consumption in the West is estimated at 25 per cent a year. Lieut. Maury, who has given consider able attention to the subject, predicts that, should a canal or railway be constructed across the Isthmus of Panama, in ten years after the completion of either, the demand for.Ohio river coal, on the coast of the Pacific, will be equal to 30,000,000 of buA'ls a year. No coal has been discovered from Cape Horn to the mouth of the Columbia. The Pana ma and San Francisco steamers now use Pennsylvania and Liverpool coal, at $30 a ton. The ocean steamers from New York, touching at New Orleans, are great consumers, taking in 25,000 bushels a trip. Sale or Print Works.?The extensive establishment called the Woonasquetucket Print Works, was sold on Sa turday June 15, at auction, for $30,200. These works were built by Messrs. Thomas Sprague 4c Son, in 1845, and cost about $175,000. In 1848 they were purchased by their lata proprietors, Messrs. Richmond & Carr, for $60,000 Since they have been in possession they have made improvements and additions to the value of nearly $40,000.?Providence Journal, Monday. There is something wrong somewhere, when such sacrifices of property are made. It is evident, we think, to every man of sense, that our manufacturing establishments cannot com pete with those of Europe under the present tariff, unless the price of labor is reduced to the foreign standard Alb. Jour. Ladt Franklin.?We have seen a letter under date of June 1st, from Lady Franklin, to a friend of hers in this city, in which she says : " I am on the eve of starting for Aber ? deen, where our last lUtie supplementary Arctic expediton ? for the search of a part of Regent's Inlet is fitting out, prin ? cipally on what remains of my funds." Notwithstanding all .that has been done in England and America, and the sending of sixteen sail of vessels in search of her husband, Lady Franklin has discovered a point in Re gent a Inlet which they probably will not viait, and for that search she embarks her all. Would that her unwearied la bors may be crowned with success J?N. Y. Com. Adv. 8ad Fatality.?We leam from the Skowhegan Free Press that Mr. Goodrich, now in California, has written to his father in Bingham (Maine) that out of a company of thirty in number, who left Fort Independence about a year ago for California^ he was the only pers'Mi who survived the journey, the remaining twenty-nine having either died of the cholera, exposure, or were killrd by tbe Indisn*. The com pany atarted with ox and horse tearm.?Boston Journal. The steamship Constitution, recently built in Philadelphia, has been purchased by Captain Bi*s*ll, Isle of the U. 8. navy, who intends taking her to the Pacific. The New York and New Haven Railroad track is now daily sprinkled with 5,000 barrels of water to lay the dost. win. m. fauna, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ELLISVILLE, MISSOURI, WILL practice in the Superior and Inferior Courts of St. Louis, Franklin, and Jefferson counties. ? All business entrusted to him will meet with prompt at tention. dec 11?epti