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FROM OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT. London, June 13, 1850. Perhaps the most important incident of the week is the entirely new aspect given to German affairs by the conference at Warsaw, between Austria, FniiUfti and Russia, ending, as there is every rea son to believe it has ended, in the complete concur* rence ol Russia in the policy of Prussia, and the consequent disarrangement of all the plans of Aus tria. The whole of this business has not yet been made public, nor have our politicians had sufficient time to calmly think over, and deduce the conse quences of that which is known. Probably, the state of the ewe is as follows; Previous to this conference at Warsaw, Austria and Prussia, in their conflicting attempts to unite Germany, the former by a recurrence to the old state of things, the latter by a league on a consti tutional basis, had met each other in the extreme language of menace and defiance. Austria had openly threatened war. and Prussia had significant ly replied by placing her army on a war footing. Austria had endeavored to re-establish the old Diet ii Frisk.urw but ^ fcils'i ty the determina tion of the Princes of the Prussian bund, who re solved to send delegates to Frankfort to represent them in the proposed assembly. Austria would have been outvoted in the Diet, had she convoked it. She therefore allowed that scheme to linger and finally to die out. Austria and Bavaria, thus defeated in their resistance to the projects of Prus sia, submitted their difficulties to the consideration of the Emperor of Russia. Previous, however, to their doing so, Austria had made use of almost every effort to induce England to think that the formation of such a league as Prussia was attempt, ing was an infraction of the Vienna treaty of 1815: and, as such, ought to be opposed by ail the parties to that treaty. The arguments adduced by Austria have, no doubt, been repeated and enforced in the articles upon the subject which have, for these last two monihs or more, appeared in the limes. The English Ministry, however, were not convinced either by the representations of the Austrian diplo matists, or the special pleadings of their advocate in the ?leading Journal of Europe. The Govern ment declared that what was passing in Germany was the business of Germans only; that it was an internal dispute with which England would have nothing to do. Hence the dislike of Lord Pal merstox at the Court of Vienna, and the vitupera tion with which he is assailed in the Times. Aus tria and Bavaria next turned their attention to! Russia, beseeching the Czar to restore the ancieni Diet and Constitution of Germany, and urging that such a restoration was the only defence which could be raised against the progress of revolution. The Emperor of Russia could not fail to be flatter ed with such a reference. He accepted the office of arbiter in the affairs of Germany, and proceeded to Warsaw to exercise the high functions of that position. The Prince of Prussia, and Prince Schwarzenberg, as the representative of Austria, met the Emperor Nicholas at Warsaw, where each told his tale, and declared his views, and fears, and determinations. The Prince of Prussia appears to have had .the best of the argument. He is said to have represented to the Czar that the conces sion of certain constitutional rights was the surest way to rally the people of Germany around their Sovereigns, and to put all classes in harmony with the age, and unite them in contentment and "peace. Austria's plan for reorganizing military and des potic governments in a country ripe for more ad vanced institutions, could not have appeared to the enlightened mind of Nicholas in any other light than as the certain means of causing anarchy and civil war, without giving the Emperor of Russia credit for any particular leaning towards constitu tional modes of government. But the policy of sid ing with Prussia rather than Austria was strength ened by other portions of Prince Schwarzenberg's proposals. Austria wished to enter the German con federation, not merely with her German provinces, but also with her Sclavonic and Italian territories.' Hungary was to be part and parcel of remodelled Germany, and defended, if necessary, bv German force. This arrangement did not agree" with the policy of Russia. Austria, with the whole of her 40,000,000 of subjects considered as Germans, and supported by the other 30,000,000 of Germans inhabiting the various parts of the German Empire, as projected.by Prince Schwarzenberg, would pre sent a powerful opponent to the future aggrandize ment of Russia, which the Czar's penetration would show him could not be his interest to assist in creating. The Emperor Nicholas has, therefore, decided against Austria, and refused to abet or sanction the war which Austria had contemplated against Prussia, in order to retain her old supre macy in Germany. This is a new and an unlook ed for move on the political chess-board; it is al most a check-mate to Austria, for she has no money to go to war with, and she perceives too late that, if Russia assisted her against Hungary, it was to promote the interest of Russia that she did so, and that Russia now refuses to support her against Prussia, because it is equally the interest of Russia to withhold that support. Russia is said to sanction the new order of things which Prussia wishes to introduce into Germany; and with such an ally we may fairly regard the King of Prussia as the future head of the German League, which will be formed to the exclusion of Austria, should she refuse to come into it upon the prescribed terms. There is only one feature of this probable ar rangement which gives us dissatisfaction. We fear that the friendship of Russia towards Prussia may be accompanied with a desire on the part of the latter to show iu gratitude to the former by modifications and infringements upon her own constitution, as well as upon that intended for federal Germany, so as to render them more palatable to her powerful ally, and more unpopular in Germany. We read the projected severe laws in reference to the Prus sian press as a manifestation of this desire. We should, however, not be consistent ourselves, did we not regard this decision of the Emperor Nicholas as promising well for the peace of continental Europe, and we will anticipate its proving so The King of Prussia will, we trust, govern in a consti ^ tutional and liberal sense, and recognise it as his true policy to conciliate the confidence of the mo derate Liberals, the Constitutionalists, and the mid dle classes of Northern Germany. The Russian support having thus been withdrawn from the Ger man parly of the old Diet, we can scarcely imagine what course the Cabinet of Vienna will adopt. Without money or credit she is powerless for war ; but if she pursues her true policy, she may prove herself all powerful in the arts of peace and the cause of progress. But we are forgetting home affairs in this discus sion of Continental politics. The truth is, we have very little to say about home affairs. Nothing of great importance has taken place in Parliament. Interrogatories have been addressed to Ministers in both houses respecting the expedition of General Lopez to Cuba. The Marquis of Lansdowne in the Lords, and Lord Palmerston in the Commons, admitted the fact, but testified to the friendly inten tions of the United States' Government towards that of Spain, and to the exertions of the American President and Cabinet to render the expedition powerless. ] he great seal is about being placed in commission for a short time, in consequence of the resignation of Lord Cottenham ; the commis sioners will be Lord Lanodale, the Master of the Rolls, Sir L. Nhadwell, Vice Chancellor, and Baron Rolve. There is no doubt that the separa tion of the two incompatible offices of Lord Chan cellor and President of the House of Lords, has been determined upon by the Government. The legal duties will be attended to by an officer under the title of Chief Judge in Chancery, the political ones by a Peer holding the ancient title of Lord High Keeper; so that the title of Lord Chancellor will cease. This separation of the duties of the Lord Chancellor is generally considered as a very necessary and salutary reform: it has often been meditated, and very seriously discussed; and its being effected under the present Administration will be regarded with satisfaction by its supporters, and prove, we think, a mtost substantial and valua ble measure. Ministers were defeated on Tuesday evening, by a vote of 85 to 53, on a motion to alter the mode of levyinc the duty on hnm?-"?"'>? ????*-?- ? * - . . J m oond. This u the third time during thin session that Ministers have been left in a minority, by the operation of a trick of their oppo nents. About dinner time the House is sure to get thin, especially when there has been a morning sitting ; and though many of the members are still within call, there are seldom enough to piovide against all possible contingencies?certain ly not against a premeditated muster of an opposing party. A member representing a class, a commercial interest, or a religious party, can easily arrange so as to have his friends within call. About seven o'clock other subjects have flagged, and the boose is thin; a ieatier of a pre-arranged party then brings on his motion ; the organized clique fkxks in during the opening specch, which is brought to an abrupt conclusion soon as the party is mustered. One of the Ministers or other official replies, and is soon interrupted with cries of " Divide, divide !" repeated with increased vehemence, till thf speaker, annoyed and wearied, sits down, and is beaten. Almost im mediately afterwards the mote constant members begin to drop in from their dinners, and learn to their surprise that Govern ment has had a defeat. Now this conduct is unfair, it is hardly honest. If Government be in error, let it be beaten, but not by trick or surprise. The members of the House of Commons should scorn to gain the sense of the House, except by fair, open, and regular debate; they should assist rather than impede one another in the work of deliberation. All the rules of the House, and all that code of courtesy which requires a notice to be given to every party concerned before a question be asked, proceed on the same Idea of a c >mmon engagement to help the discussion by all possible means. This course of trick and surprise must fail in the long run ; for, whatever temporary success may be gained by men who practise against the confidence and security of others, will be sure to provoke a common league against themselves. Ministers have given a most dangerous encouragement to their less generous antagonists, by a gratuitous surrender in the case of the Sunday postage question. There was no oc casion to advise her Majtesty to give so compliant an answer to the address carried by a " dinner-time" vote ; "that, in compliance with the request of the House, she would give Jirections accordingly and that it was below the dignity ind the character of Lord Johjt Russell to make the peevish observation that " it was not (or him to say whether any idvantage would be derived from the measure ; what the Gov ernment wished to do was to carry into effect the orders of hat House." The Expedition against Cuba has furnished abundant matter for the London press to comment upon, and the affair las been made the most of, as evincing the " weakness of the " General Government which suffered such an expedition to " leave port" the desire of Americans for acquiring new 1 territory," and many other deductions equally correct and liberal. General Tatlor and the Administration, however, Escape all censure ; but the people " have been made lawless " by too much liberty, and are fast affording another proof that 14 a republican form of government is not calculated to main " tain either the virtue of the individuals who live under it, " or the happiness and power of the nation which adopts it." Whole columns of such wise deductions have been submitted to the attention of honest John Bull, who " blesses his stars " that he lives under the control of Queen, Lords, and Com " mons, and that he has nothing to do with the laws but " to obey them, and nothing to do with the taxes but to " pay them." The Economist has a well written and liber ally conceived article upon this subject, and it may be gener ally assumed as a fact, that the more influential papers of the i country, particularly in the metropolis, have treated the busi ness with candor and fairness. From this almost general rule, the Times is a great exception. A small consignment of five bales of indigenous Cottojt from Port Natal has been received at Manchester. It is of a darkish yellow color, but the staple is long, and in the present state of the market is valued at 7Jd. to 7$d. per pound. These driblets possess an interest, because they shew that attention is attracted to the possibility of cotton being raised in various countries, though there is no likelihood of any large permanent supply being derived from any or from all quarters, for many years to come, which would render England independent of the consequences which would result from a deficiency of the crop in the United States. The supplies of cotton to Great Britain, during May 1850, were 178,000 bales, against 307,000 in May 1849. The stock on hand at the commence ment of the present month was 225,000 bales less than it was June 1st, 1849. The value of cotton of every descrip tion has risen about jd. per pound since the commencement of the month, and it is at present about 50 per cent, higher than it was at this period of 1849. During the five months of 1850, 126,444 bales of cotton were imported from the East Indies, against 31,867 during the first five months of 1849. One of the most remarkable features in the trade of the year is the large increase in the quantity of sheeps' wool .imported, it being 14,548,664 pounds against 8,530,669 pounds in 1848, and 9,000,823 pounds in 1848 ; the chief increase being in that imported from British colonies. The Corn market is firm, but prices cannot be quoted as being higher. There is said to be less wheat than usual in store at Altona, Antwerp, Rostock, &c. The produce markets all show considerable animation. 'Sugar is in advance. There is a brisk demand for coffee. Large speculations in coffee have taken place at Hamburg. Tea has advanced in price ; and rice is quoted something higher. Metals of all descrip tions continue very dull of sale. The Tobacco market has been very inactive during the past month. Money is more in demand and higher prices are given for it. The circulation of the Bank of England increased more than ?214,000 during the past week, and is upwards of a million more than it was last June, and has still a tendency to increase. The private dep uites in the Bank are nearly half a million less than they were last year. These facts indicate a considerable increase in the means of employing money, and a continually increas ing demand for it. The funds have a regular upward ten dency, and the Railway market is improving. In Foreign Exchanges, there is an increasing number of bills offered on Paris, indicating a decline in confidence as to the future con dition of Franee. Strange to say, there is an increasing de mand for Bills on Vienna and Tries'e, and confidence in Austria is slightly improving. The deaths in London were 844 last week, being 95 below the average of ten years. The average temperature has rim from 47? to 59? Fahrenheit. The following particulars have been issued^ respecting the build ng for the exhibition of 1850. It will beabjut 7,350 feet long, rather more than 400 feet across, and the roofed area will probably extend to about 900,000 square feet, or apwards of twenty acres. In the centre of the south front, opposite Prnce's gate, will be placed the principal entrance an>! offices. There will be three other great entrances in the centre of the other sides of the bui'ding. Gangways 48 feet wide, clear and uninterrupted, excepting by Vests, will con nect the entrances, and at the intersection of these main lines it is proposed to form a grar.d circular bal| for sculpture, 200 feet in diameter. Considerable spaces surrounding the old trees (which must be carefully preserved) will be fined up with refreshment rooms, surrounding ornamental gardens, with fountains, Ac. The vast area destined to be filled with the products of all climes, with be covered with s remarkably sim ple iron roofing, of 48 feet span, running from end to end of the bui!ding, supported by hollow iron columns, resUng on brick piers, and covered very probably with boarding and sla'e. The extent of the roof covering the main avenue will be 96 feet. I he lowest line of the main roofing will be 24 feet high, and clear height of the central gangway will be about 60 feet. The floor will, fo; by ftr the greater portion of the area, l?e formed of boarding laid on joists and sleeper-walls. The external enclosures will in all casra be constructed of brick. The light will be principally derived from skylights. The central hall will be a polygon ot 15 sides, foui of which will open into gardens reserved sround it. Its main walls will be of brick, and about 60 feet high. The covering of ' this splerd d aparhne;.t will be of iron, and probably domieal. The length of counter* for the display of article*, will be ?bout seven mile* ! The great event in the theatrical world ia the production of 8cribe 4 Haley's opera La Tcmpesta, at her Majesty's the atre?it wan the greatest triumph achieved iv music for a very long time, and the fame of the piece riaes every time it is re peated. We are sorry to have to record a very serious accident which has befallen the venerable 8a*cel Rooms, the poet; he has been seriously injured by Joeing knocked down by a cab, whilst crossing the street. At his time of life, such an accident is hard to recover from. There ia nothing new in literature. The bishop of Exeter, not satisfied with the de cisions of the Courts of (Queen's Bench and the Common Pleas, has appealed to the Barone of the Exchequer ; should they also decide against him, he saye he will forthwith con cede his scruples, Zotmn. We cannot better show the improved condition of Ireland than by adducing the following facts : First Quarter of First Quarter of 1849. 1850. Paupers relieved 801,161 365,314 Amount expended ?552,626.... ?355,199 Grants in aid ?34 750 ?8,286 Am't collected from poor ratea.?447,070.... ?501,516 France does not yield much news, and that is probably the best that can be said of her. The health of Louis Philippe is stated to be very rapid ly declining. M. Thiers is now on a visit to the ex-King at St. Leonard's, and M. Guizot, it is re ported, will very shortly pay his respects to his aged master. The symptoms attending Louis Phi lippe's disorder are such as to cause great anxiety among his friends regarding their not very remote resulta. The leading subject in Paris at the present time is the movement for in creasing the President's salary from 600,000 francs to 3,000,000. The difficulty of doing this ia very much in creased by the general conviction that the arrangement is the result of an understanding between the President and the ru ling members of the majority in the Assembly. It is certain I that several influential persons have endeavored to persuade Louis Napoleow to abandon the bill for the aeaaioo; the | President, however, is inflexible; he insists upon his quid pro quo, and says that his financial condition is growing worse every day, and that he cannot wait. He further ssys that if the measure is not carried, he shall give in his resigna tion. Notwithstanding this threat, the result is said to be very doubtful. It is not alleged, even by the President's worst enemies, that his difficulties have been occasioned by unnecessary or wanton extravagance on his part, they have rather grown out of causes over which neither be nor any one in his position would have any control. "At no hour of the day is Louis Napoleon free from appli cation for assistance, and, as all Paris must.have frequently witnessed, his very walks are constantly interrupted by peti tions from young and old, and not one is allowed to go away discontented. There is not an old soldier in the country who does not believe he has a claim, more or less founded, not so much on the President of the Republic as on the nephew of the Emperor. Louis Napoleon does not make a visit to a manufactory, or any other public establishment, where he does not leave marks of his bounty. His charity is ceaseless and abundant. It is absurd to say that the chief of a State, resid ing in a city so luxurious as Paris, can live with the frugal simplicity attributed to the President of the United States. The manufacturers of the costly articles which form the staple trade of Paris look to the chief of the State as well as to their customers for protection and encouragement It is not because France has become Republican that the habits and lasts of hqr people are changed." The accounts from the departments describe the country to be in a state of perfect tianquillity ; the same may be said of | Paris. The question between England and France is not yet announced as having been absolutely settled, but there is little doubt of the fact. Neither Spain, Portugal nor Italy affords a sin gle item of news. Germany has already been alluded to. The Congress at Warsaw appears to have been deliberating on the condition of France, and a correspondence has been^ carried on with the President of the Republic, of the nature of which nothing is known. Saxony and Wirtembero have each had quarrels between their respective legislatures and their sove reigns ; the former being too liberal for the lattfer on the German question. The King of Prussia is. rapidly recovering from bis wound, which, every day strengthens the belief, was iniicted by a maniac, unconnected with any political party or motive. Much 1 dissatisfaction is expressed in Berlin at the harsh measures adopted towards the press , which is now as much muzzled as it is in Paris, and very iittle freer than it is at Vienna. The increase of the Prussian army, and the preparations at the fortresses, are accounted for by the threatening tone adopted by Austria ; the extraordinary credit of eighteen millions of dollars voted by the Chambers for the increase of the army, to maintain intact the honor and right of Prussia, enabled the Government to accomplish these objects. Austria is also employed in completing the fortifications at Vienna. Those of Prague, Milan, Gratz, Pesth, Brunne, and Presburg are already finished. There is an enemy, however, in various parts of the Austrian dominions, which ia not to be conquered by armies, or guarded against by fortresses?we allude to the cholera, which is rapidly increasing in virulence in several places. The fortifications in Poland are also being placed in a complete state of defence. Thus, although the prospect of immediate war is very much diminished, the Continent seems to be in a state of preparation for it, and to be in a condition of very warlike peace. The progress of the Daniah negotia tions with Holstein is very unsatisfactory. It seems to be the policy of Prussia to prolong the dispute in order to ex haust its opponent ; for Denmark cannot long support the expense of its present extraordinary naval and military prepa rations. Still the Danish Government does not appear dis ! posed to resart to force, except in the last extremity. Many erroneous notions are entertained respecting the state i of the Turkish Empire, and Mr. McFar^anb, in his late work, entitled " Turkey and her Destiny," would induce us ! to believe that she is tottering to her fall. Late letters from intelligent persons in that country give a strong impression j that nothing can be further from the truth. Turkey, as re-1 gards her civil and military organization, was never, probably, in a more efficient state, and her trade and revenue are daily improving. The right of European subjects to purchase and hold lacds in their own names will ere long be sanctioned, and the Press and the Steam Engiee will soon follow, and a fresh impetus be given to commerce and agriculture. Religion is now fully tolerated throughout Syria ; and, happily, neither missionaries nor people can now complain of perarcution. News from Athens, under date May 28th, states that the prospect of a .misunderstanding between France and England, in reference to the affairs of Greece, had excited much un easiness there, as being calculated to give freer scope to the machinations of Russia in Turkey and Greece. The Greek Government will not throw any obstacle in the way of a speedy settlement of the difference between England and France. We have already alluded tJ all the news we have respect ing Rcssia and the North of Europe. Whatever may be the ultimate intentions of the Czar, he does not at present appear inclined to accomplish the old Russian prophecy, which is so commonly in the mouths of the people, that "All the world is to be conquered by the arms of Russia " The last news from Irdia represents the turbulent and un quiet chieftain Dorr Mahokmed as doing every thing in his power to provoke and annoy the Government. The Affreedee Chiefs, who had been troubletome on the Peshawar frontier, J5 d sued for terms. Jl'RE 18. There was nothing of importance in the proceeding* of either house of Parliament last evening. The express from Paris mentions a rather serious riot at the Barriere Prifsoirniere, in which, at one time, more than five hun dred blouses were engaged. The affair was, however, a mere drunken quarrel, and was easily quieied. The bill tor the in crease of tbe President's salary seems to be more and more unpalatable both to the People and to the Aseembly. The amount of the President's debls is said to be 1,400,000 francs. M. GiaA*DIR ia reported to have been elected to tbe Assembly from the Bas Rhin ; this will be a great triumph for the ultra Republicans. The new press lawa are going into very strict operation at Berlin, and exciting much dissat isfaction. The Darks have refused to allow the Prussian corvette Amazon to pass the Sound. The Rcssiars have ob tained the grant of the Bocche di Cattaro from the Montrne [ grin#. This u a position which Russia has long desired. The accounts from Frankfort ara of a very peaceful character. Aua tria hu consented to the proposal of Pruaau, that the office of President of Cosgreaa shall be filled alternately by the repre sentatives of each Power. The Vienna journal, admit that Prince Schwartaenberg'e miesion to Warsaw waa little better than a failure. Three o dock?An interesting meeting waa held yesterday at Manchester on the subject of growing Cotto* at Natal. As the cation question ia an important one on both sides of the Atlantic, we forward the account of proceedings ss report ed in the Daily News. The cotton market at Havre yesterdsy waa extremely slug gish, few sales effected, but prices were firm. London Stock Exchange, 2 o'dock.?VotuoU - StO#*l Tit , ... aCCOUm -? "? dividend. pwi? Bourse, latest prices yester day, 5 per cents 93f. 70.; 3 per cents 56f. 3 )?., bank actions 2,235f. Lord Brougham has been indulging in some very strong and strange invective, against Prince Aimr, not only in bis place in the House of Lords, but also in a printed letter Prince Albert's letter to the University of Cambridge, of which he is Chancellor, on the subject of University Reform, has excited Lord Bbodsham's anger; and he the.^Prince of " Germanism," of being in a false po sition, of being very unpopular, Ac. Thie is not the first time the learned ex-Chancellor has fallen foul of the Prince Consort; a few weeks since he denounced him as ?* the ene my of London tradesmen" because he originated the exhibi of 1851. He now charges him with being the contriver of the Commission of Inquiry into the state of the Universities. We know not what more need be said in praise of the Prince thsn that he is, upon Lord Brougham's jihowing, the author of the Industrial Exhibition and the originator of the Uni versity Reform. ? FROM OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENT. Paris, June 13, 1850. The vote of the bill excluding from the elective franchise between three and four millions of French citizens was promptly followed by another closely akin in character and motive. Article eight of the constitution declares that " ci tizens have the right of associating and assembling together peaceably, and without arms; of petition-' ing, and of making known their opinions by means of the press or otherwise. The exercise of these rights has no limits but the rights and liberty of others and the public security." In face of this provision, the Government, by a law passed last Thursday, is authorized, during yet another year, to prohibit clubs and all other public meetings, which, in the opinion of the police, shall seem of a nature to compromit the public security. It required but the one sitting to vote urgency by which the three readings were dispensed with, to discuss, and pass finally, by a vote of 469 to 191, a bill which renders the right of meeting for politi* cal discussion neither more nor less free in repub lican France than iij Russia. Among the sup porters of the bill I observe the names of nearly all the moderate Republicans, amis de la constitution, as they call themselves, viz. Gens. Cavaigriac, La moriciere, Gustave de Beaumont, &c. If it were possible, in a truly republican Government, honestly administered, for political meetings to be arbitrarily and absolutely interdicted, such interdiction would be expedient here; for the right has been, and doubtless would again be, used to most ruinous ex cess. No republic, no regular Government of any kind, is possible under the mischievous reign of clubs, as they existed here and throughout France in 1848, and as they would exist again in two weeks, if it were permitted to open them. But, in a republic, can law, can constitution author- , ize such interdiction without doing violence to , the essential characteristics of republican govern- , ment ? I think not. Appeal must be made to the , good sense and patriotism of the people, as was done with us under the administration of Wash- , ington, in the early days of our own republic. If the appeal fcil, if the people persist in making a pernicious abuse of the right of meeting for poli tical purposes, the republic must perish ; the people are unfit for it. A republic whose constitution should give to Government the arbitrary powers over this matter now exercised in France, would be republic in name only. But, where the constitu- c tion is consistent and explicit, as here, how must 1 we qualify a mere law which invests the police i with absolute and arbitrary control over the right 8 of popular meeting. In one word, it makes insur- ' rection legal. In the United States it would make e insurrection a duty, for it would be to re-establish * a right which the people know how to safely and e discreetly use. Here?and perhaps were I a 8 French citizen I should be of the number?men c who clearly perceive the inconsistency, the uncon stitutionality of the law, shrug their shoulders and submit, under the pressure of stern, cruel neces sity. They see the anarchical excesses which would soon inevitably follow the re-opening of the clubs. To make insurrection illegal, to convert into a criminal the conquered insurgent who is now a victim, what is necessary ? Change the form of Government. Adopt one which will per mit the imposition of severer curbs : one more con genial than is the republican form to the habits and character of this people : better suited to the wants of France, torn as she is by four or five parties irreconcilably hostile to each other, and incessantly active, seeking to govern by extra-legal, and, if ne cessary, by violent means. The longer this con summation is deferred the worse will it be for France, the more despotic and severer must be the Government finally adopted ; for, by operation of the repub lic, a* practised in France, half the people are becoming des perately exasperated, and the other half are being sadly de moralized. But tho great absorbing topic at present, and for the last week, has been the bill enormously increasing the salary of the President, upou the pretext of enabling him worthily to "represent" France, whose Chief Magistrate be is. This bill, which would seem at first a mere money affair, personal to the President, and of no great importance to Fiance, has become pregnant with political consequences by reason of the haughty and-positive tone of the Ministerial journal}, and the repulsion which many members of the Right, belonging to one or the other of the Bourbonist parties, evince towards a mea sure which would invest with the prestige of so royal a civil list M. Bonaparte, the imperialist pretender. Hear the Constitulumnel : " The idea has been broached in the committee rooms of the Assembly, to refuse the appropriation asked for, and substi tute a fixed sum in payment of the supposed debts of the resident. We are enabled to affirm that this compromise would not be nccepted by the President of the Republic, and we highly approve the resolution in relation to i?r which the ^hief of the State has taken. In France, a power which would permit itself to be humiliated wcuid cease to be a power. I have sufficiently shown, in my letter of last week, the character of the bill in question. The committee of the house which has it under consideration, is hostile to the appropria tion, and report accordingly. Five of its members are in favor of the bill, seven decidedly opposed, and three in favor of an amendment paying the debts of M. Bo*apart*, which amount, his friends say, to at least $680,000. In the com position of this committee, 531 members took part, of whom 30ft showed themselves opposed to the bill. This would make its fate before the Assembly, when it shall come op for discussion, extremely critical. ' 4 ^^at has the Axsembly done ?" continues the Constitu tionncl. ?? It has appointed a committee hostile to the pro Tha niojorify will not persist in tbis first impression. If it should do so, its course cannot be too much deplored. Such an opposition would be, we fear not to say it, a public calamity t yes, n public calamity ! And yet that portion of the majority which is upon this occasion st-parsting itself from the Government, is n'it, wc believe, oc'usted by a senti ment of hostility, or even of unkindness. The dissenters are already seeking a compromise ; but this compromise 'a, unfor tunately, unacceptable. Tbe President will reject it; Min isters have declared that be will. Mutual distrust, and pro bably the cessation of all batmony between the powers, would be the result of a rejection of the bill j for an act would have been committed by one of them deeciv ?min/);** u<k . ? >?d of .b. arTtjyy.**?**? doubt that the oool of Loon Nirouoi JraoU kJ^S. f~ib,?h.?o. these ex pence* of reprewntatioo : It is for the power .h i! the nation baa delegated to him. He is of thoE^hom!? vemty baa tried, and who for themaelvea have need of hf,? little. But he is of thoee who carry a high apirit, and who feel a noble pride in not permitting the authority 0r ? they are the depo??ariee, to be abaaed in their person Vainly they may try to conceal it; the rejection would inflict a eruel shock upon the Preaidential authority, and it ia the Aaaembly which would have dealt the blow. Few will be lieve that after auch a flare-up, rincere harmony will be pos sible : few will even hope to aee avoided open rupture between the President and the Assembly. The Preaident will then aaauredly-have a crave r?anliitjn~ * - * ? ? ?? , -?i to ?a*e. And be will take one; we do Dot know what it will be, but he will infallibly quit a situation which will have become one of extreme danger." Other Miniaterial journala have, during the paat week, in dulged in articlea of the same tone. Operation* at the Bourse were sensibly affected by this imminence of rupture betweea the President and the Aasembly, and of dissolution of tha majority, whose union and power had just been evinced by the paaaage of the electoral and club laws. The sky, juat at this moment, looks a little brighter. There are signs that th? I member^ of the majority, who were inclined to refase the ap propriation, are yielding to the peraiatance of the President, and to their fears of the very doubtful and stormy future, which rupture with the Executive and some sudden indepen dent action on his part might open upon France. It would Yiot surprise me if the bill passed, notwithstanding an unfavo rable report of the committee. On Saturday last, and the day before, took place the third and final discussion of the transportation bill. It paased, and henceforth the Marquesas Ialands will be the residence of convicta under aentence of banishment or deportation. By a vote 329 against 313, the clause expieasly forbidding the ap plication of the penalty to persons condemned to it prior to the passage of the law, was maintained. Thus Barbes, Raspaii, ?Scc. are delivered from the apprehension of expia ting their ceaseless conspiracies* by a serious and efficient | punishment. Confined in a fortress, within three hours of | Paris, they will live in conatant and reaaonable hope that suc cessful insurrection will soon conduct them in triumph to the Hotel de Mile. Among the seizures made three or four weeks ago, when we were daily apprehending a popular movement, the police got possession of a letter, addressed to the prisoners of Doullen's, containing this paaaage : " Courage ! We go and bring you back in triumph, before another week aha]] pass away." The Cuban Expedition has been the subject of I general comment by the Parisian press during the last ten days. Of course, censure is unsparingly bestowed; and the gentle epithets of pirates, buc caneers, brigands, robbers, applied to all American citizens concerned in the affair. Some of the jour nals extend these civilities to all American citizens who are not concerned in it. Generally, however, full justice is rendered to President Taylor, and all American functionaries, by the respectable mem bers of the French press. The Constitutionnel of j this morning, in publishing the details of the failure of the expedition arrived yesterday by the last steamer, says all that could be desired upon this subject. As for the American citizens who partici pated in this enterprise, I concur heartily in the se verest censures which public opinion in Europe can infliet upon them. They have brought in delible reproach upon the American name} I trust they have brought exemplary punishment upon themselves. It yet remains for our Government to clear itself of all suspicion of complicity, by rig orously prosecuting, to the fullest extent that the laws will permit, such as shall be fortunate enough to return. We have not yet received full returns from the Lower Rhine, but it is almost certain that Girardih has been elect #d member of the National Assembly. He has received aa nany votes 8s his two competitors united, and not many sec ions remain to be heard from. This is the laat triumph of universal suffrage. Partial elections will be constantly recur ring, but the new electoral law will govern them. This elec :ion has taken place under the old regime. ? The President has ordered a bronze statue of Gay Lussac ;e be erected in aome public place in that quarter of the city which was the scene of his illustrious scientific labors. Ministers, some time since, introduced a bill pensioning the vounded of February, 1848, and the widows of the killed, ind including not only those who were engaged on the side >f the people in effecting the revolution, but also the famous Municipal Guard, who did, upon that occasion, the only igbting that was done upon the royal side. This was done, ivowedly, to a?oid a glorification of insurrection, and to e? ablish the principle that devotion to order, and the defence of utablished government, of which the Municipal Guard gave so (right example, should at this moment especially be encourag id end-rewarded. Gen. Changarnier, in a public order, after i great review last week, alluded by name and in a highly omplimentary manner to the Municipal Guard of February, 848. M. Thiers is absent from Paris on a visit to Louis Phil ppb, in England. It is said be will meet, beaide the bed of [ he decaying monarch, M. Gtizot, and other distinguished J dvisers of the Orleana dynasty. Reconciliation with the | j Ider branch, a union of interests and efforts, will, it is said* ? the chief matters of discussion. The ex-King is believed 0 be favorable to the fusion. His sons, the Duke of Aumale |J nd the Prince of Joinville, dissent, concurring in opinion rith the Duchess of Orleans. These are of opinion that the nterests of their bouse and the dictates of patriotism unite in lietating for them an independent course, which will leave hem at liberty, untrammelled by engagements with the elder 3ourbon*, and unaffected by their want of popularity in ? rar.ee, to improve opportunities as events may offer them. before leaving Paris M. Thiers took leave of the President, H. Bonaparte, and informed him of the object of hia errand. A VALUABLE NEW WHEAT. j We were yesterday shown a few heads of Wheat, from a | ield of twelve acres on the /arm of Mr. J. E. Coad, in St. 1 Mary's county, (not far from Piney Point,) in Maryland, of 10 remarkable a quality as to deserve a special notice. The jrain is a bearded white wheat, with large heads and grains, he average height through the whole field being at this time ullsix fret, of a most vigorous growth. Besides the product >f this field, it is remarkable that the field from which these 1 talks were taken is the only field in the neighborhood in which rust is not visible. The seed of this Wheat was obtained by distribution from ;he Patent Office, the description of it being a bearded White Wheat, producing forty bushels to the acre ; a product which, >r very nearly which, is expected, from its present appearance, ;o be realized from the field of Mr. Coad. The Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in j1 he Diocese of North Carolina assembled at Elizabeth city ' ' in the 29th ultimo. Bishop Ivis, in his address, labored at 1 , loir.e length to dispel the certain "misconceptions which are j ( operating to hinder the due effects of the truth as set forth in sis writings, and to keep up agitation and distrust in the Diocese." He especially sought to defioe the difference be tween the doctrines of his church, as he regarded them, and hose of the Roman Catholic church. He concluded by ask ng for a committee to investigate the causes of the difficult lies of the diocese, and to devise means for their satisfactory idjustmcnt. A committee was appointed, consisting of three :lergymen and three laymen, and will report at the next innual Convention. Accounts from Jamaica to the 17th instant, state that the British Admiral in command of the Gulf squadron has re vived orders to have every vessel under his command ready for active service at an hour's notice. The islsnd of Trinidad ia the rendtzvous, where one ship-of-the-line, three frigates, sne sloop, and fourteen gun-boats are now ready for sea. It was expected that they would aail thence to Cuba. Fibbt Vessbl Across th* Isthmus or Tsbuawtepic. We have to record the clearance, yesterday. of the schooner ' " Pioneer," of New Orleans, for San Franciaco, California, * via Vera Cruz. The schooner, of 8 8-95 ions burden, wax built at Algiers, opposite the city. 8he goes to Vera'Cruz for the purpose of obtaining from the Mexican antfiomias the right of way acroaa the Isthmus of Tehuantepec over which it ts contemplated to take her. On board, as cargo, art the ' whee's ami frame on which she is to be placed while erasing ' the Isthmus. She haa a crew of ten able-bodied men,who ' *re all jointlv interested in the enterpriae. Success to then ! J N. O. Delta, June 16. BfttflsH PARLIAMENT.?CUBAN EXPEDITION1.' Hocs> or Lobs*, Friday, Jus* 7. [A very long and irregular conversation upon thia subject look place acrosa the table. It waa conducted, for the moat part, in that low ton* of voice in which the noble lorda inva riably speak on such occasions. It is quite impoaaible to report such conversation with any degree of accuracy. Without pretending to pledge ouraelves for the verbal accu racy of the mitter we aubjoin, we believe that the report is substantially accurate.] Lord Bbouskam, after mentioning his ineffectual efforts to find the noble President of the Council yesterday, in order to gir? bim notice of the question which he was now going to ask, observed that rumors were abroad that an expedition had been prepared in the ports of the United Stales, and had actually sailed from them, for the purpose of taking po?se? sion of the greatest of the Weat India islands?the ancient colony of Cuba. He had no conception that that expedition had sailed with the consent of the American Government; on the contrary, he believed that it had sailed contrary to the declared fishes and orders of that Government. He under stood thai/that expedition had not only sailed, but had escaped the 8pani*h cruuers at sea, and had actually landed on that island. His hope was that those pirates?for the individuals composing that expedition, going to plunder and make war on an unoffending people, were nothing else but plates? would meet with coniiign punishment. He wished to know whether any communication of the sailing of that piratical expedition had been made by the American Minister in thia country to her Majesty's Government ? He considered the Government of the United States, though of a republican class, to be a respectable Government; and he hoped that it had power and strength enough to prevent its subjects from engsging in a piratical expedition upon a large acale against a peaceful and unoffending people. The Marquis of Labbhowrk replied that if he bad had the good fortune to meet hia noble and learned friend yester day, he did not know that he could have given him any further information than that which he was ready to give him at present. T,hU piratical expedition?for a piratical expedi tion it certainly was, and that, too, of the very worst de scription?had been undertaken, not only without the cogni zance, bat also with the entire disapprobation and reprobation of the Government of the United 8ta|es. If her Majesty's Government bad not fully believed, from the communications which it had received from America, that ^uch was the case, it would have made known its sentiments on the subject to the Government of the United States. We had received in formation from the Government at Washington that it was its intention to prevent end check this unjust expedition. Information, however, had been received that morning from New Orleans, stating that part of that expedition had actually succeeded in landing at Cardenas. Lord Brougham would have been much better satisfied if the American Government had gone something further than the mere disclaiming and repudiating that expedition. That expedition was formed for the express purpose of practising piracy, and piracy of the worst description. ^ Private plunder was a great wrong to individuals?, but, in this case, an expe dition was collected of some 6,000 or 8,000 men, with the intention of carrying fire and sword, with a view to subse quent plunder, into an unoffending country, not only in umity with us, but also with the United States. The Marquis of Larmowre ought to have stated that the Government of the United States had not only disclaimed and repudiated this expedition, but had acituaHy given orders to the commanders of its squadrons and its cruisers to stop and prevent it, in case it sailed from the ports of the United States, or in case it were met upon the open seas. Lord Brougham considered that statement to be a satisfac tory addition to that which had been previously made by the noble Marquis. He could not, however, understand bow 6,000 or 8,000 men could be armed and sent off from the United States without the knowledge of the Government there. The Earl of Aberdeen had no doubts as to the sincerity of the proceedings of the Government of the United States on this subject. It hsd long been supposed that Cuba was an ob ject of desire to various Powers. We had ourselves been sus pected of looking with an eye of desire upon that island ; and he recollected well that when, twenty years ago, we were sus pected of unlawful designs against Cuba, he proposed that the United 8tates and France should concur with us ^ gua rantying that island to the Crown of Spain. The United States, however, refused to accede to that proposal. He hoped that the force in that island was sufficient to give a good account of the buccaneers who had undertaken this ex pedition. . . Lord Brougham, as a lawyer not unacquainted with inter national law, challenged denial to this proportion?that all civilized nations were bound to give help against pirates, and that the commander of any British cruiser would be negli gent of his duty if he did not aid the Spaniards against these pirates. A pirate was considered as hotitis humani generis. His hand was against every man, and every man s hand was against him. w . . . Lord Starlet observed that the noble Marquis had given a very satisfactory explanation with regard to the course which the Government of the United 8tates had pursued and was prepared to pursue ; but he bad not aaid a word rewpecting the course which we had pursued and wewJ goiag to pursue. He wanted to know whether any inductions, and, if ""J* what instructions had been rent to the commander, of our squadrons in the West Indies in reference to this expedition The Marquis of La*s?ow>x was not aware what instruc tions had been sent. Mors than one communication bad passed between the English and American Governments on this subject. What means the American Government had to put down this expedition he could not say without notice. Lord Stable' could almost fancy that the noble Mar quis had not heard hia question. He then repeated it, and concluded by asking, " Have any instructions been sent it all ?" " The Marquis of Lawsdowhe. I am not prepared, without notice, to state what instructions were sent, and I shall not answer that question. Lord Starlet. The invasion of Cuba by a buccaneering expedition was not a matter of indifference to the people of ibis country ; and they were naturally anxious to> knowwhat instructions had been given to our cruisers in the West in 11 The"Marquis of Larsdowre. The instructions could only be eventual instructions, and such instrucUona it was not usual to make known. . , , .. > Lord Starlet. Had any instructioas been sent at all. Lord Ghet. In the present state of affairs it would be a breach of duty on the part of any Minister ? question. He waa surprised that, with bis official experience, it* ???<* -? noble Earl opposite. [He.., he...] It te the right end duty ?f every peer iTthis House to ask any question whereby he can ascertain whether her Majesty's Government has perform ed its dutv on a matter which concerns deeply the honor and the interests of this country. We have a right to aak whe ther any instructions have been sent to our commander, in the West Indies, especially aa it appears that thia matter haa been thought woijby of being made the subject of intercom munications between our Government and that of the United States I have put a question to her Majesty s Ministers, ?nd I wish to know whether they will give me any anawer 11 Lord Beaumort waa rising to speak when Lord Starlbt waved his hand. Baying at the same time " Wo, no. The Marquia of Lardsdowrs did not deny the right ot the noble lord to put the queation j b?t he muat, on the other hand, exercise bis discretion as to answering it. The noble lord must not consider himself aa the aole arbiter of the will of the House, or the sole depositary of its dignity. Lord Bbaukort said that the anawer that tbe queation waa under the consideration of the Government ought to bave satisfied the noble lord, and any other answer, under existing circumstances, would have been indiscreet. Earl Gret. Thoae who had heard tbe speech of his noble Friend and colleague must be aware that he bad condemned this expedition in terms quite as strong as tbo? employed the noble and learned lord oppoeite. He bad deacnbed it aa i piratical expedition of the very worst character. It, wae one thing to call on the Government to make a atatement of that lewription, and another to call upon it to explain the natura jf the inatructiona which had been sent to the commander m *hief of our naval forces in the West Indies. To answer such ? question would be not only inconvenient, but detrimental to the public service. It was not until further information was received from that quarter of the gi be that her Majesty a ministers would be justified in an.wering that question. No one doubled our right to check a piratical expedition ? but it was a difficult point to determine to what extent we^were pre pared and entitled to go. Here tbe conversation terminated. In the House or Cowmorb questions were asked of Lord Palmerston, who gave a brief answer, which showed, howe ver, that he was much better informed upon the real facta o the case than were the noble peera of the upper house. Sa? Death ?Mr. E. J. Thomas, merchant of New York, lied at Saratoga Springe on Friday evening last. m he midst of his arrangroenta fir returning ome, nstantly expired. He was married oh the 5th instant o a laughter of Bishop Browrell, and waa on the bridal tonr ,i,h hi. ?ife. "hen .ho. .udj.oly .t?tch?! irom ht. .nd U bright anticipationa. 1 ,, , . - ? uan Francisco were burnt out by the All the gam ? clergyman in that city to ?'?"? "kAdZiSr ThV..m. ..it.'-,. ??D?.i?,U? h?Un? ?ood'" ,M?*1 re* drawing pay in advance. Bafore night a ^ame nearl? e?*nd on ** bUmt di#UiCl> 00 the north aide of the square !