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??<KJberty a>i UataM, now and forever, one end
SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1850.
THE 8ENATE'8 COMPROMISE.
Causes of public gratulation crowd upon us in
quick succession. On Wednesday we had the hap
piness to announce to our daily readers (in the arti
cle wh\ch appears in a preceding column) the pas
sage by the 8enate of the important Peace measure,
the admission of California; and now we have to
felicitate them on the virtual passage, by the same
patriotic body, of the no less important act to e$tu
bluh the Territory of New Mexico.
This is indeed a happy event. It was the appre
hension entertained in the South that the Wilmot
proviso would be forced into this bill which roused
Southern sensibility, and gave rise to the baleful
agitation which followed. The bill is free from
the offensive proviso; the South stands in that re
spect on the equality which it justly claimed ; and
now the remaining bill, to complete the series
of measures by which peace and order and national
concord are to acquire ascendancy in the Union, is
the bill to give effect to the provisions of the Con
stitution which cqncern the apprehension of fugi
tives from labor. This bill also passed, (it is
made the special order for Monday next) and the
Senate will be absolved from any further responsi
bility. It will receive the meed of praise and gra
titude from the united voices of the American Peo
ple. All dye# will now be directed to the Representa
tives House of Congress. Let us not fear that they
will disappoint the public hopes. Let us not doubt
that they will be animated by the same noble ambi
tion to earn the blessings of their country, and re
turn to their homes with the benediction of " Weil
done, good and faithful servants !"
The Hon. J. J. Crittenden arrived in Wash
ington on Tuesday evening, and the next day was
sworn into office as Attorney General of the United
The Hon. Thomas M. T. McKennan and the
Hon. Charles M. Conrad, having been nomina
ted to and confirmed by the Senate on Thursday,
were yesterday sworn into office at the Department
of State, by Judge Cranch?the first as Secretary
for the Department of the Interior, the second as
Secretary for the Department of War.
Our latest accounts from St. Louis, by Tele
graph, are of the 13th instant. They report that
four W higs and one Benton Democrat have been
^elected to Congress, as follows :
John F. Darby, Whig, first district.
Gilchrist Porter, Whig, second district.
John G. Miller, Whig, third district.
Charles E. Bowman, Whig, fourth district.
John S. Phelps, Benton Democrat, fifth district.
The returns for members of the Legislature are
not all in. So far as received, the report says that
60 Whigs, 32 Benton Democrats, and 22 anti
Benton Democrats have been elected.
It is with extreme satisfaction (says the New'
York Courier and Enquirer) that we announce the
final passage of the California bill by the Senate.
It is the second great step taken by that body with
in four days towards the settlement of the unhappy
controversies that have so long been distracting the
-country and suspending all regular legislation. We
do not wonder that the passage of the bill was
freeted with an outburst of applause. It will be
ailed with equal delight by every liberal devoted
patriot throughout the Union. It will be welcomed
too with the liveliest satisfaction by that young
State whose patriotic forbearance has been proof
against so much insult and injury. It will be a
cause of grief to those only who wish ill to the
harmony of the Union, and those who are ready to
sacrifice every thing to the interests of slavery.
The Senate has nobly fulfilled its duty.
A scconil decided movement on the part of the Senate has
given a good example to the other House, aa to the superior
efficiency of action over speech. The bill for the admission
of California into the Union as a State, following the passage
by the Senate of the bill for adj usting the boundaries of Texas
and New Mexico, has gone to the House of Representatives,
with the sanction of a large majority of the Senate, and with
the hearty concurrence of the great mass of the American
Oar reader*, we doubt not, have received the intelligence
Of this event with deep and lively gratification. There are in
timations of a concerted purpose on the part of the ultraists in
the lower House to defeat, if possible, this bill, and the Texas
bill al?>. But we aincerely hope that the effort will be abor
tive. The real sentimente' of a large majority in the Houte
of Representatives are unquestionably in favor of both mea
sures, and it U equally beyond a doubt that public opinion
throughout the country is strongly in favor of both. A la
mentable spectacle, indeed, would be presented, if it should
hsppen that any combinations of taction and fanaticism should
be allowed to defeat the considerate purposes of a majority
in C. n?res?, and set at nought the general wishes of the peo
ple in resect to the?e important measures, so urgently de
manded by nil considerations of patriotism, conciliation, and
Yield of Wheat.?The Macomb (Mich.) Ga
zette lately stated that Ira Philips, of Armada, in
that countv, raised from two acres of ground one
hundrrd. and twenty-four bushels of wheat.
? That appeared to be a very large story to be
lieve, sixty-tiro bushels to the acre, particularly
when the fact is taken into consideration that forty
bushels to the acre i6 considered pretty fair for the
mellow soil of the Genesee Valley, when well
cultivated. But the Mormons of Salt Lake or
Utah make still larger drafts upon our credulity.
An account from thence says :
" Seventy-five butheltof wheat to the acre is the ordinary
yield when town bnyadea*t, but one hundred and fixty bush
els have been produced from a tingle bushel of *etd, when
planted in drill. Corn only grow* toierabiy in conse
quence of the eight* being too cold. Potatoes ire easily
grown, and produce abundantly. All thp smaller grain* flou
rish. The usual time to begin agricultural work ia about the
first of Apiil. In consequence of the proximity of mountain*,
which are always covered with mow, there is very liule rain,
ard the lands are irrigated by means of canals at the ba?e o!
All we can say to the above is, that we think ]
that in Michigan and Utah they must have consi
derably larger sized acres than we have in this
The Grinnell Expedition, which sailed from
New York some months since, in ?e?rch of Sir John
Franklin, has been heard from by an arrival in
England. The little squadron was pretty well on
>it? voyage. Every thing was going on pleasantly.
4>ut nothing had been heard of the lost navigator
The Hon. Thaddeus Stevens has been nomi
nated for re-election to Congress from the Lancas
ter district of Pennsylvania.
THE UNION SPIRIT IN VIRGINIA.
We doubt whether ti^ ?, in the whole range
of States usually designated a. Southern, a .s.ngfc
one more redly devoted to tbe Un.on, and the Con
stitution by which it is established,
of Virginia. Whenever that State is represented
.8 hostile to the Union, or as disposed to rush into
a conflict with it upon any contingency which is
now probable, it is beyond doubt misrepresented.
' As for the city of Richmond, which was not many
months ago proclaimed to be rife for rebeUion, and
ready to burst asunder the bonds of the Union, for
the purpose of realizing the beau ideal of a Southern
Confederacy, we have every day fresh evidences
that it iq sound and heart-whole on this question.
Among these evidences we quote, with particular
satisfaction, the subjoined notices from the two
oldest papers of that city, the one Democratic and
the other Whig, of an oration delivered in that city
on the commemoration of the death of the late
President Taylor, by Oliver P. Baldwin, Esq.
the talented editor of the Richmond Republican.
His whole oration is applauded, as we have no
doubt it deserved; but when, for particular com
mendation, a single passage of it is selected for
special remark, it is that which exhibits his devo
tion to the Union, and his aspirations for its preser
vation and perpetuation, that simultaneously attracts
the suffrages of both papers, as it had done of the
audience before whom it was delivered.x
FROM THE "aiCHJCOMD MftUimim."
Oliver P. Baidwijt, Esq. next followed, in one of the
most eloquent, thrilling, and entirely sppr.priate options we
have ever listened to. It waa in fine tone, and portions of it
glowing and brilliant. Hi? eulogy waa chiefly confined to
the military achie vementa and heroic deedaofTAVtoR, as a great
aoldier, and to hia virtues as a msn. Some of his descrip
tions would have done honor to any speaker, and such seemed
to be the general fentiment. His apostrophe to the Union
was grand and impressive, and when he concluded his sub
lime invocation for ihe preservation of the Constitution sn
the Union, in all their purity and vigor, there uas one burst
of applause from the whole audience.
F?0M THR " RICHHOSD WHIG."
With feelings attuned to the spirit of the occason, the im
mense assembly then listened with rapt interest for the space
of one hour to the eulogy of Mr. Baidwim. We express
only the opinion of every one who heard it, when we say that
this effort was one of the most felicitous and eloquent pieces
of oratory thst we ever heard. The exceeding beauty of the
composition pleased us less, however, than the noble senti
ments of patriotism with which it abounded. Having briefly
run over, in a happy and graphic manner, the leading events
in the life of the illustrious deceased, having traced htm from
hia first appearance in the camp to the " perilous edges" of
Buena Vista, and sketched the decorous fortitude of his last
days spent in the no lesa perilous conduct of affairs of State,
Mr. Baldwis turned to consider the present alarming crisis
of the country, and referred to the dangers which now menace
the Union. His remarks on this subject, more especially his
allusion to the feelings of the American in foreign lands, who
shall be the first to hear the tidings of our disruption, (should it
come,) and who shall fit down and weep over the quenched
hopes of human liberty and the ruin of his home, as the chil-1
dren of Zion by the waters of Babylon over their lost Jerusa
lem, glowed with the fire of the loftiest eloquence. We trust |
that this excellent eulogy will not be withheld frpm the
Whatever the extent of devotion to the Union I
manifested by the People of Virginia, now that |
the shadow of danger hangs over it, Louisiana, the
centre and the emporium of all Southern interests,
is not behind the oldest of her sister States in that
sentiment. The' following we believe to be a true j
type of the general sentiment of that State:
FROM THE I.AFATKTTI (lA.) E'CBLI CAW.
The South iw favor of the Uhios.?The danger
threatening the American Union has never been more immi
nent than at the present moment. The fanaticism oi abo
litionism, and the madness of Southern chivalry, are not now
so fearful as the sectional spirit which begins to pervade the
conservative portion of Congress. It was expected by all,
that the sudden death of Gen. Tatloh would have awed both |
Houses of Congress into silence, and have shut down the
floodgates upon intemperate discussion, which has so long
embarrassed useful legislation, and sickened the heart of the
nation by its display of puerile abstractions and unnatural
hostility. Acknowledging the danger to our Union from pro
longed agitation of a question arraying the North and South
in hostility, men claiming to be patriots, and pretending that
I they represent the people, continue to wrangle over impracti
cable schemes, daily increasing alienation of feeling, and
strengthening sectional interests and sectional jealousies, until
the mind can scarcely foresee the dreadful consequences which
msy follow to the country and to freedom. Congress is the
cause of the evil which threatens. The People have little^
sympathy with the fiery agitators. The masses desire the
settlement of the vexed question. They love the Union.
They will maintain it. South Carolina may raise the black j
fla? of disunion, and call upon her sister slaveholding States
to rally under its gloomy folds, under the pretence of defend
ing Southern rights, but there will be no answering 3ignal,
no gathering of enthusiast hosts.
We published a few days since the Speech of
the Hon. Abbott Lawrence at the dinner of the
Royal Agricultural Society of England. We have
since met with the speech of Mr. Rives on the same
occasion, which is short and felicitous:
" Mr. Rivks, American Minuter to the French Republic,
gave : 'The Highland ar.il Agricultural Society of Scotland,
the Royal Agricultural Improvement Society of Ireland, and
other Agricultural Societies." Coming there in an unofficial
and unaccredited character, he had no right to expect auch an
honor; but if a hearty and unaffected sympathy in their pur
suit*?if an ardent and constant admiration of British energy,
enterprise, and sagacity, wrre any qualifications for proposing
the toast entrusted to nim, he might not be without some pre
tensions. He did not consider htmssif a stranger; his coun
trymen could not say
? Ihis ii our own, our native land,'
but they could *av it was *next of kin,' for it was the land of
their forefmhera. [Cheers] It wan the land of their mother
tongue. [L )ud cheers.] It was the land whose religion,
whr>se literature, whooe laws, and whose institution* they
had inherited. IVay, more?he would any that they claimed
a tort of inheritance in ita very coil. They hail what might
be cat led the moral and intellectual usufruct of it, for there
was not a spot in the ialand in which family traditions, per
sonal at-sociationa, as well aa historical recollections, did not
give to each of them an individual interest. England had
many solid titles to the honor and the admiration of the world.
Aa her greatest poet haa aaid, ' she waa an old and haughty
nation, ptcyd in arms'?her navies rode triumphant on every
sea?her imperial capital was the Rome ot the modern
world?her cnmmeace reached the remotest extremities of the
globe?her workshops 'clothed the naked nationa but he
frankly owned that, %ith all that was great and glorious in
her military and commercial annals, there was something in
her (ieorgic* which filled him with still stronger admiration.
[Loud and long continued cheering.] It waa his firm con
viction that the pride and glory of England were to be found
in that noble agriculture which, while it bad improved the race
of tbeir useful animals, bad also multiplied the froita of the
earth to an extent of wbith he could not form a conception
till he had seen with bis awn eye*, that day, the prodigies
which had been effected. [Vud cheera ]"
The Wuahington Philharmonic Society treated a large
number of invited auditors, on Thursday evening, at Odd
Fellows' Hall, to the first public taate of their quality?con
fined entirely, however, on this occasion, to inatrumentation.
Weie wa qualified to deacant on musical excellence, we could
say much of the admirable display of skill which marked this
performance in ail its parte, and the high gratification of tha
numerous company who were privileged to witness it. This
experimental concert was altogether successful ; and the so
ciety of Washington are under gnat obligations to Mr. Kieck
hoefer. Professor Berlyn, and the other gentlemen who have
instituted this association, capable of affording so much en
joyment in th? divine art.
appointments by the president,
By and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
Absalom Fowlkr, Attorney of the United States
in and for the District of Arkansas.
John Turn bull Vam Aun, of New York,
Charge d' Affaires to the Republic of Ecuador.
Dwioht Webb, of Michigan, to be Consul of
the United Slates for the port of Fouchou, in
Horatio J. Harris, to be Attorney of the United
States in and for the southern district of Missis
William M. Martin, to be Assistant Treasurer
of the United Slates at Charleston, S. C.
Elisha H. Allen, of Massachusetts, Consul of
the United States at the port of Honolulu, in the
On the subject of the passage by the Senate of
the bill for the admission of California into the
Union, the Philadelphia Ledger says that " if the
? House should imitate this promptitude and deter
!' mination of the Senate, and pan the bill at once
1? without further discussion, the country would owe
4 it a debt of gratitude. The announcement of the
? passage of the bill in the Senate, by a vote of
? nearly two to one, (continues the Ledger) was
' greeted with applause, which is but the first mani
4 testation of the feelings of pleasure which the act
' will produce in every quarter of the country
? where the value of the Union is justly estimated."
The steamer Cherokee., which sailed froih New
York on Tuesday for Chagres, direct, took out
203 passengers. Among tbera we see the name of
Mr. Anson Dart, of Wisconsin, the newly appoint
ed Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Terri
tory of Oregon.
The steamer Georgia, for Chagres, via Havana
and New Orleans, sailed on the same day, with 80
passengers for Chdgres, thirty for New Orlfeans,
and twenty for Havana. Among those for New
Orleans were J. R. Bartlett, Esq. U. S. Com
missioner, and Lieut. Whipple and Col. Chand
ler, belonging to the Mexican Boundary Commis
The President's Message, on the subject of the
difficulties growing out of the boundary question
of New Mexico and Texas, is a plain statesman
like document, abounding in sound, practical views
of the duties of the Executive in such an emergen
cy as that anticipated, and breathes throughout an
earnest devotion to the preservation of harmony
and the Union. While we admire its mild and
conciliatory tone, we cannot withhold our approba
tion of its manliness and firmness; and, with all
our devotion to State rights, we are prepared to de
fend its positions.
We have regarded the position of Texas, how
ever just her claim, as unwise and ill-advised?
wanting in good faith to the Union, and productive
of evil consequences if persevered in. It is to be
hoped, however, that the present position of affairs
will impress upon Congress the urgent necessity of
prompt action, and an amicable, fair, and liberal ad
justment of the question, to the end that a collision
may be avoided, and harmony restored to the
country.?Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle.
Fleet or Vessels.?We were this morning surprised to
observe a fleet of not less than two hundred sail lying at the
Richmond wharves. All these vessels are employed in the
coal trade ; and, from this fact alone, one may form some
idea ot the great amount of business done every day at the
Philadelphia terminus of the Reading Railroad.
We copy the above paragraph from the Phila
delphia Bulletin of Tuesday. Many of our read
ers may not be aware that a similar scene, although
as yet not on quite as extensive a scale, can be seen
almost every day by a visit to Locust Point, the
southern terminus of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road. This place, which until recently was a bar
ren strip of land, is rapidly growing in importance,
nearly all the coal from the mineral region of Ma
ryland being there transferred from the coal cars to
the vessels. The wharves are capacious, with
water of sufficient depth, and the forest of masts,
with the bustle and noise attending the loading and
unloading of coasters, would, no doubt, astonish
many of our quiet citizens, were they to pay a visit
to Locust Point.?Baltimore American.
The Hon. John H. Lumpkin, late member of
Congress from the 5th Congressional District in
the State of Georgia, in a letter to the editor of the
Marietta Advocate, says:
"I am one of those who atill think that the constitutional
rights and honor of the Southern section of the Union may
be maintained and preserved by a just and equitable settle
ment of the questions in diapute between the two sections.
And I am unwilling to countenance the idea that the righta
and honor of the South cannot be maintained and the Union
of these States preserved. When mjr views undergo a
change, and I come to the conclusion that ? dissolution of
the Union ia the only remedy left for the protection of the
South, I shall renew my subscription to your paper, andreid
it with complacency if not with pleasure."
Spread or tub Cholera.?We regret to learn that the
?holers, which appeared so suddenly, and with considerable
fatality, at Harper's Ferry, a short time since, not only con
tinues there, but is extending itself in that section of Virgi
nia. Nine deaths occurred at Harper's Ferry by the scourge
in the last two days, six at Winchester, and there are se
veral also at Charlestown and vicinity. The Martinsburg
Gazette of Tuesday says, that since the disease haa broken
out at Harper's Ferry, thwe have been some thirty-five or
forty eases, about twenty-five of which proved fatal.
The cholera continues in various cities, towns, villages,
and other points in the Western States, in Ohio, Kentucky,
Indiana, Missouri, Illinois, Tennessee, <Scc. So great is the
number of places at which it appears, that it would be uselesa
to attempt to keep a clear record. It ia extending more and
more on the Lake*.
Navai Affaihs.?We learn from the Norfolk Courier
thnt Commander Edward C. Rutlkdok, of South Caroli
na, has resigned his commission in th* navy, which places
Lieut. T. D. 8haw, of Philadelphia, at the head of the liat
Commai-der Hugii N. Pake has rectived his commission
as Captain in the Navy. \
Commander John L. Hacsdkbh is ordered to be detached
from the Uni'cd States rendezvous at Norfolk, his term of
service having expired when his successor report* for duty.
Commander Gkoroe A. Magrcdkb is to be ordered to the
Lieut. A. D. Hahio.il has been detached from the Coast
8urvry, and ordered to the frigate Raritar, to sail in a few
day4 for the Pacific.
The United Stales surveying s'eamer Jrfferson, Lieutenant
commanding T. A. Je.rkirs, from Cape Hstteras, and the
United States surveying brig Washington, Lieut, commd'g
Sards, from the Capes of Delaware, arrived at Norfolk on
Lk.htsiho.?During the storm on Sunday, the 3d in
stant, we had a moat remarkable illustration of Dr. Frank
lin's theory, that the lightning will not pats through a roof
covered with metal, but will diffuse itself on the metallic
surface, and if there be a water spout, will pass off through
that to the earth. The house is covered with tin, and has a
tin pipe leading from the roof to the cistern, and has no
lightning rod. The flash was to is to startle pcnooi at
? distance, yet, being directly over (he house, was not seen or
felt by the inmates. All they knew of the shock was from
the roar of the thunder, and having the wster pipe shivered.
Not a shock was felt in the bouts?Charleston Courier.
The little schooner J. A. Wester, of only forty-eight tons
burden, sailed from Philadelphia on Tuesdsy for California,
via Cspe Horn. She is folly msnned, having in addition to
her captain, two mates, a physicisn, carpenter, boatswain,
and sail maker.
Amebicar Steahbb* or tbb Stocks.?Then era now
eight large and splendid ocean steamships in the course af
construction at New York, and all nearly completed. It is
expected that they will be finished and running within three
months. Four of them are i ntended for the Pacific ocesn.
One will be launched in three weeks. The Humboldt and
Franklin, of the naw Ham line, are nearly ready for ssa.
THE ISTHMUS OF TIHUANtEPE^.
The following letter from Mr. Moao, the engineer
of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, will be read with
interest. The whole Isthmus is aboul to be re-sur
veyed ; and Mr. Mono states in advance one or two
inaccuracies in his former report, making the cor
Mexico, July IS, I860.
Mi Dia* Si* : It is more than ? year, m you know, tha?,
having determined to connect, by mean* of direct observations,
the southern portion of the Iethmua, whoa* positions had been
determined trigonometrically, with the northern portion, in
which it had been impossible to make a rigorous examination,
I discovered that I had made an error of calculation in deter
mining the longitude, which was to serve (or the base of the
other points to be established.
Later still, I found that in the map of the course of the
Costzacoalcos, instead of making that river empty itself in
94? 17' west of Greenwich?as it is correctly stated in my
written work on this Isthmus?it is placed 5' more to the
west than it ought to have been. These errors I have cor
rected in the new map of the Isthmus which I have made ?
but as new explorationa are about to be" undertaken on the
Isthmus, I am anxious that I myself, and not others, should
correct them. To this end, I pray you to do me the
favor to have published in the papera what I now com
municate to you. ... , ? .
I have heard it stated lately, in the United 8tates, that
there is no port, and that none can be made, on the south side
of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
H j, positively established, aa well by a history wntten by
a Franciecan friar by the name of Burgoa, pnnted in Mexico
in 1670, as well as by documents found in the archives of the
descendants of Cortoi, in Meiico, that this great man caused
to be built eeveral vessels, on the lakee of Tehuantepec, all of
which went to see through the Boca barra, and some of which
were employed in the discovery of California, whilst the
others went to Panama on a commercial enterprise, con
nected with Peru, which was undertaken by Cortex himself.
What has given rise to these double is, that at times the
port of Tehuantepec has been confounded with the mouth of
the river of this name, which last hss alternately emptied
into tbe bay to the east of the Morro del Carbon?as it actually
does?and then into the upper lake, from which it discharged
itself prior to 1807.
In 1847, I mvself followed the deserted bed of the river,
and I had it in my power to satisfy myaeif that it emptied into
this upper lake a little to the south of the hacienda of the
Paso de loe Lagartos. In connexion with this, other circum
stances are to be explained, to which I will refer in the work
which I am preparing for publication.
Others doubt, as I understand, the sufficiency of water in
the Pacific ocean?i. e, on the coast of this gulf of Tehuante
pec. I do not kiiow what foundation there is for this doubt,
unless it is to be found in eome expressions of Wm. Funnel,
who advises navigators to keep at two leagues from the coast,
in order to avoid the low water of the intermediate space.
But Dampier, who navigated theae seas at the same period,
reproaches Funnel on several occasions for his want of accu
racy i and in fact, this same author, after haviog said what I
have just referred to, adds: " Five or six leagues from hence I
?(Port 8alinas) is the great town of Tecoantepeque. All
? along here the coast is very populous, and great stores ot
? pearls are found near tbe shore, in the bay of Tecoante
'peque, which is a good port" . . .
If, after all, there existed any shoals in this gulf, they
would not amount to more than those which surround the
Bermudas; which, notwithstanding, admit vessels of the
largest size. But certain it is, that from the height of the
Moro, I have never been able to obeerve any thing which
indicated the existence of the alleged shoal. I am, *c.
INTERCHANGE OF CIVILITIES.
Some time since the Corporate Authorities and Citizens of
Buffalo invited the Governor-General of Canada, and other
dignitaries of that Province, to vi.it the Queen City of the
Lake*, but by some accident the visit was not nude, to the
great legret of both parties. However, not unmindful of the
hospitable reception that was prepared for them, the Legisla
ture of Canada and the Corporation of Toronto invited the
corporate authorities of Buffalo to pay them a return visit,,
and on the 8th instant the Mayor, Aldermen, and about one
hundred and fifty citizens of Buffalo were warmly welcomed by
their Canadian neighbors, and entertained as guests of the
city of Toronto.
In the evening a ball of great magnificence was given,
which was graced by the presence of Lord Eisik, the
Governor General, and the Countess of Elgin and Kincardine,
"Lady patroness of the entertainment.? Amongst the de
corations of the room were the portraits of Queen Victoria
and General Washington, surmounted with mottoes, over the
one "God save the Queen," and over the other "Hail Co
lumbia also, the initials of the President of the United
States surmounted by an eagle, the coats of arms of the State
of New York and of the city of Toronto, around which were
festooned the English and American banners, and there were
other decorations of like character. A sumptuous banquet
succeeded, at which sentiments were reciprocal that were
calculated to increase the friendly feeling of the people of ihe
two countries. On the succeeding day there was ? g?ni re
view of the 71st regiment, and in the afternoon a fete cha?i
pctre at the rAidence of the Governor General. At the
dejeuner the toasts were the " Queen" and "the President
of the United States." To the friendly feelings expressed by
his Excellency the Governor General, on proposing the latter
toast, Mr. H. W. Rogers, of Buffito, pertinently replied,
and concluded by giving, "The Anglo-Saxon and the Anglo
American?one in blood and one in destiny.
Many other reciprocal complimentary toasts were given,
and the evening's enjoyment was enhanced by an illumination
and a brilliant display of firework, on the lawn, on the sides
of the villa, and the adjoining miniature forest. The proro
gation of Parliament took place on Saturday, at which the
city's guests were pr?ent, and at length came the departure.
The wharf was crowded with Canadian ladies and gentlemen,
who were anxious to be the recipients of a parting salute from
their Buffalo friends. Sir Hz*. DaWtmplx, with the brass
band of the 71st regiment, and a band of pipers, dressed in
their national costume, accompanied the party to the Queen s
wharf, and the scene is de?ribed as affording high gratifica
tion We cannot better close this brief notice of a pleasing
incident than in words in which the Buffalo guests were wel
comed on landing : " It will be a very delightful result of the
? interchange ot courtesies between the people of two neigh
1 ? boring cities, of the same origin, should it be the means of
? cementing thoee friendly relations between us, which must
< be as gratifying to our feelings as christians and neighbors,
? as they mu?t be mutually beneficial to our interest*."
Tni Lsoislatvrk or Wisconsin has recently pawed an
act by w^ich any owner or lewcc of land who shall, know
ingly, permit tbe Canada thistle to go to seed on such land,
is deemed gujjly of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof
to be punished by a flue not exceeding five nor less than one
dollar, with costs.
The Major of Winchester (Ya.) denies the existence of
cholera in that town. The only ea?e whicti has occurred
there, he says, waa tfeat of a railroad agent, who contracted
the disease at Harper's Ferry, and died at Winchester some
The following eminent scientific citizens of the United
Slates hava teen recently elected Foreign Associates of the
Astronomical Society of London :
Professor Besjamii* Peiuce, of Harvard University.
Piofessor Alex. D. Uachk, Sup. U. S. Coast Survey.
Professor O. M. Mitchell, Cincinnati.
Prolessor Sixas C. Walim, Afs't U. S. Coast Survey.
Til Coktct Pbisoscbs were all discharged at Mobile,
on Thursday of lait week, with the exception of three or four,
who it is thought may be needed as witnesses in the trial of
the indictments at New Orleans against those who were the
originators of the ill-advised Cuban expedition. Tbe dis
charged prisoners are all in wy needy circumstances, and the
Mobile papers appeal to the citizens to assist tbem, by giving
them employment or the mean* of reaching home.
Gold hat been discovered among the quartz rock of the
Lake Superior country, and of a quality and in quantity to
indicate that much more may be found hereafter. It b be
lieved that full and regular veins of the precious ora will here
after be discovered there, particularly as it seems to be dissemi
nated through the quartz of some ot the outer surface of rocks.
James Campbell has been convicted, at Westchester, in
the State of Pennsylvania, of murder in tbe second degree, in
causing tbe death of his wife, and has bean sentenced to
twelve yearn' confinement in the Eastern penitentiary. It
wye one of the most brutal homicides evar perpetrated, and
au sed by ram. Campbell and his wife were eaeh aged about
cO years, and bad been married about 30 years.
I NEW MEXICd.
I#f SENATE, AUGUST 14, 1860.
Thi Senate proceeded to the consideration of the special
order, being the bill providing for tile establishment of a Ter
ritorial Government for the Territory of New l*?iiro
Mr- DOUGLAS. I more to amend the seventeenth sec
tion ef the bill, which is the first section of the now New
Mexico bill, by striking oat sll after the words "United
States," in the 23d line, down to the word ?' act," in the 6th
line, those words relating to the boundaries of the Territory,
and to insert what I will now send to the chair, which makes
the bill conform to the Utah bill ae to the boundaries.
The amendment was read, as follows}
" Bounded as follows: beginning at a point in the Colorado
river, where the boundary line ot the Republic of Mexico
crosses the same; thenee eastwanlly with said boundary line
to the Kio Grande* thenee following the main channel of mid
river to the parallel of the thirty-second degree of north lati
tude; thenee eastward with taid degree to its intersection with
the 103d degree of longitude west from 6rcenwieh; thenee
north with said degree of longitade to the parallel of the 86th
degree of north latitude; thence west with said parallel to the
summit of the Sierra Madre; thence south with the crest of mid
mountains to the 37th parallel of north latitude: thence west
with the said parallel to iu intersection with the Boundary line
of the State of California thence with the mid boundary line to
the place of beginning."
Mr. UNDERWOOD. I see that the amendment only
proposes to run as far north as the 38th degree ef north lati
tude. Is that the case *
Mr. DOUGLAS. It was the old boundary of New
The amendment was then agreed to.
Mr. DOUGLAS. I now offer jhe following amendment
as an additional section to the bill:
"BeitJurtherenacted. That the provisions of this act be
and they are hereby suspended, until the boundary between
the United States and the State of Texas' shall be adjust
ed by the mntnal assent of the parties; and when such
adjustment shall have been effected, the President of the
United States shall issue hie proclamation declaring this act
to be in full force and operation, aad shall prooeed to appoint
the offioers herein provided to be appointed in and for said
Mr. UNDERWOOD. I do not like thai part of the
amendment which provide* that the act shall not go into effect
until the disputed boundary, as it originally stood, or until
the boundary, as now modified, shall be settled by the mu
tual agreement of the parties. Suppose they never agree ?
Mr. DOUGLA8. It will roquiie a new act, of course.
Mr. BENTON. I move to strike out all after the word
" be" in the present amendment, after the first clause, and
insert the words:
"Confined to that part of New Mexico wtyich was actually
let tied and occupied at a part Jof New Mexico at the time of
the ceuion of the country to the United States, and whioh it
not included within the boundary line proposed to Texas."
. Debate ensued, in which Messrs. BENTON, RUSK,
UNDERWOOD, PRATT, FOOTE* CHASE, ATCHI
SON, WINTHROP, BRADBURYr COOPER, and others
took part; of which a report will hereafter appear.
The question was then taken on Mr. Bkhtos's amendment
i to the amendment, by yeaaand nays? with the following result:
YEAS?Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Chase, Dodge, of Wis
consin, Hale, Underwood, Upham, and Winthrop?8.
NAYS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, BeU, Berrien, Brad
bury, Cass, Cooper, Davis, of Mississippi, Dawson, Dodge,
of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston, Hunter,
Jones, King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Norris, Pratt, Rusk,
Sebastian, Shields, Smith, Soule, Sturgeon, Turney, and
So the amendment to the amendment was rejected.
Mr. BRADBURY. I would suggest to the Senator from
Illinois (Mr. Docotas) the propriety of amending the amend
ment by omitting the words " by the mutual assent of the
Mr. D0UGLA8. I sccept the modification. I am not
at all choice in the phraseology.
The amendment as amended was then agreed to without a
Mr. FOOTE. I wish now to offer an amendment.
The PRESIDENT. The Senator from Mississippi pro
poses to smend the bill by inserting the following proviso
after the word New Mexico, in the 8th line :
" Provided, further, That, when admitted as a State, the
said Territory, or any portion of the same, shall be received
into the Union, with or without slavery, as their constitution
may prescribe at the time of their admission."
The amendment wss-egreed to.
Mr. CHA8E. I beg leave to submit an amendment to
come in in the 9ih line of section twenty-two, after the word
residents: . ,
? Nor (hall there be in said Territory either slavery or in
voluntary servitude otherwise than in punishment of crime,
whereof the pwty shall have been duly convicted to have been
The question on the amendment of Mr. resulted as follows:
YEAS?Messrs. Baldwin, Bra'dbury, Bright, Chase, Cooper,
Davis, of Massachusetts, Dodge of Wisconsin, Felch, Greene,
Hale, Hamlin, Miller, Norris, Phelps, Shields, Smith, Up
ham, Walker, Whitcomb, and Winthrop?80.
NAYS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Benton, Berrien,
Cass, Davis, of Mississippi, Dawson, Dodge, of Iowa, Downs,
Foote, Houston, Hunter, Jones, King, Mangum, Mason,
Morton, Pratt, Uusk, Sebastian, Soule, Sturgeon, Underwood,
So the amendment was rejected. .
Mr. HALE. I have now an amendment to offer precisely
similar to one which received the sanction of the Senate, and
was incorporated in the compromise bill. In section twenty
five, line forty-two,, after the word dollars, insert?
?? Except only that in all cases involving title to slaves, the
?aid writs of error or appeals shall be allowed and decided by
the said Supreme Court, without regard to the value of the
matter, property, or title in controversy; and except, also,
that a writ of error or appeal shall also be allowed to the Su
preme Court of the United States from the decision of the said
Supreme Court created by this act, or ot any judge thereof, or
of the District Courts created by this act, or of any judge there
of, upon any writ involving the question of personal freedom.
Mr. WALKER. I move to amend the amendment by
striking out the first branch of it, which relates to writs of error
on appeals with regard to slaves.
The motion to strike out was negstived.
The question tben recurred on the amendment, and a divi
sion being called for, there were for the amendment, ayes
26, noes not counted.
So the amendment was adopted.
Mr. HALE. In the same section, line 45, after the words
tt United States," I move to insert what I send to the Chair.
I would slso say that it is copied from tbe amendment which
was adopted in the other bill, and is intended to grant writs
of habeas corpus, which, as the bill now stands, could be
had by implication only :
14 And the said Supreme snd District Courts of the said
Territory, and the respective Judges thereof, shall and may
rrant writs of habeas corpus in all cases in which the ssrne
are grsntable by the Judges of the United States in the Dis
trict of Columbia."
The amendment was agreed to.
Skveral Sevators. Now take the question on the biH.
There being no further amendments, the bill was repoited
to the Senate.
The PRESIDENT. The question is now on concurring
in the several amendments which have been made as in Com
mittee of the Whole. The question will be taken upon them
separately, if required. If not, it will be taken upon them
Sxverai. SxwiToas. All together, all together.
The question was then taken on the amendments a?l to
gether, and tbey were concurrcd in.
The bill was then ordered to be engrossed for a thud resu
ing, without a division. .
On mjtion of Mr. HALE, the Senate proceeded to tne
consideration of Executive busine*s, and, after some time
spent therein, the doors were re-opened, and
The Senate adjourned.
Thdksmat, Auocst 15, 1850.
On the motion ol Mr. DOUGLAS, the Senate took up the
bill to establish a Territorial Government in the Territory ol
New Mexico, and it was read a third time.
Mr. DICKINSON. The final passage 6f this bill was one
of those questions upon which I have paireJ off wit my co
league. If I were to vote I should vote for the
bill; but under the circumstances I am not at liberty o
UPMr!b8MqiTH.0n'Upon this particular bill I too have psued
off, with the honorable Senator from Miss.s?ippi, (Mr
Foote,) and therefore I shall not record my name npon
^he'vote was then taken, ?nd it reached as follows :
YEAS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Ben'on Bemen, Brsd
Norris, Pratt, Hu.k, Sebastian, Shield,, Sturgeon, Lnder
of Massachusetts, Dodge,
.,NSrO?.V'. MiHer, Phelps Upturn,
Walker, and Winthrop?10.
oVlh^mo^nrfr' ATCHISON, it wa? ordered that
>l. annate adjourn it adjourn to meet on Monday next.
f ?""??*? ?t E.~?; i
tive business, and after some time the doors were re-opened and
the Senate adjourned. |
Thursday last was set apart by the Government and citi
zens of Boston to pay appropriate honors to the memory of
tbe late President. The arrangements comprise all the pre
parations which have been applied to this purpose in other
cities of the Union. |
TKAVBLS IN CUBA, with Notices of Porto Rico and
tbe Slave Trade, by David Turnbuil, Esq., M. A. i 1 vol.
$vo., London. TAYLOR h MAURY,
aug 14? Booksellers, near 9th tfreet.
TELEGRAPH RE POETS, Ac.
Baltimore, Auoon 16?6 P. M.
The puNge by the Senate jntardijr of the New Mexican
Ter"*ltorial bill baa given another caoae for rejoicing. Il ia
h.ii^i ^re with joy and gladneee.
Oar ma.'ket U quiet?wnall aalaa to-day of Howard Street
and Citr HlN* flour at $5.37$ t corn meal, #3.18 a $3.25.
Wheal ie declin/og?Mlee of red, good to prime, at 08 a 106
cent. | white do. J"T7ll2 ceaU. White corn, 60.62
Mni., yellow, 82 rf 68 cents. Oata, 80 a 87 csnta. Bye,
66 cente. Provkion* *?d gioceriee .teady.
The Tobacco market ia aoaewhal firmer under the Niaga
ra'. new*. There ie a gM demand, aad aalaa are making
fteely at foil price.. Some gredea have improved a .bade.
The inepectione are 1,04'J hl'd** of which 677 are Maryland,
end 468 Ohio.
Wool iein good demand, and aalaa of 20,880 lbe. during
the week at foil prices Whfckey 26 a 27$ cente in hbds.
Boston, Ararat 16.
DieTBxaeivo Casualty.?A party of aixteen women
and children, belonging to Lynn, Mawachuaetta, were drown
ed yeaterday, by being upeet from a boat, while aaihnji on a
pond near LynnieM. They had gone out picknicking.
ACADEMY OV TIE VUMTATIOM,
Geargetowa, O. C.
rlE exercises of thisInititutio* will iv-aommence on the
1st Monday in September.
tuii roa aaamniae.
Board and tuition, per aanum....- ..-.....$150 00
Washing and mending.. 16 00
oklt BOAaaaaa avd bat icboiavo.
Half Boarding, perannnm f?ooo
Tuition in the higher branches, paraanum. ..+> ? 60 00
Masio on the Ha^>, Phw, Guitar* or Organ fa1*! ? e*tr t
? AUo, lessons in the Prenehr Spanish, kalian, German,end
Boarders pay the current charges semi-acwuftUy, in advance.
Day scholars quarterly. ang 8?eodhc^'tS.pl
ACAOEKY OP THB VISITATION,
at th* coairan or rua in ceutA* itiiiti,
THE enerci.es of this institution will re-commence on ttoe
first Monday of September.
TEEMS FOR BOARDERS.
Board and Tuition per annum. * $150
Washing and mending. - *0
HALF BOARDERS ANI> DAY SCHOLARS.
Half boarding per annum...
Tuition in higher branches per annum 60
Elementary Instruction per annuaii ??? ?- ?
For pupils uuder 12 years of age, per annum .$25
For pupils under 10 yeara of age, per ~ ? 20
Ink Quills, ke. 3
Music on the Harp, Piano, Guitar, or Oryn, formran ex
tra'charge. Also, lessons in the Fren?A, Spanish, Italian,
German, and Latin Languages. ' , ,
Boarders pay the current charges semi-annually, in advance.
Day Scholars quarterly. auK 5 dtlSep.
UHIVBMS1TY Off MAEYLAHU
THE NEXT SESSION will begin on MONDAY, the
14th day of October, 1850, and close lfct March, 1851.
Nathan R. Smith, M. P., Surgery.
Win. E. A. Aiken, M. D., Chemistry aad Pharmacy.
Samuel Chew, M. D., Therapeutics, Materia Medica, and
, M. D., Anatomy and Physiology.
Wra. Power, M. D., Theory and Practice ot Medicine.
Richard H. Thomas, M. D., Midwifery* and Diseases of
Woratnand Children. .
George W. Miltenberger, M. D,, Pathological Anatomy.
The most ample opportunities for the prosecution of Prac
tical Anatomy at a moderate expense.
Clinical Lectures four times a week, by Professors Smith
and Power, in the Baltimore Infirmary ; with the privilege of
daily visits to its wards,, without charge to tho student for the
tlCFees for the Lectures $90 to $95 ; Practical Anatomy $10 ;
Matriculation $5 ; Graduation $20.
WILLIA M E. A. AIKEN, Dean.
aug 7?2awtl5thOc __
BOARDING SCHOOL. *OR YOUNftLADUtti.
THE subscriber proposes to open a Boarding School for
yoang ladies at Clarens, near Alexandria, on the 12th >?
of September. The arrangements of the School will be such
as to secure tor iu pupils a-liberal and accurata course of edu
cation, under the superintendence and instruction of the Prin
cipal, with such competent assistance as may be necessary.
One lady, at least, of experience and ability in teaching, will
be engaged as an Assistant, ?nd provision will be made forthe
instruction of pupil, in French, Music, kc. _
The situation of Clarens is well known for its healthfulnesa
and beauty, and it. buildings are spacious an* well adapted j
to the purpose to which they are to be devoted.
The School will consul altogether of boarders, without day I
The Sehool session will extend from the 12th of September
to the seaond week in the following July. Terms, $200 per
annum, payable semi-annually, in advance, witii extra charges
for bedding. Music, and French.
Further information map be obtained by application to the
auglO?2aw4wdep2w GEORGE A\ SMITH.
RARE CHANCE FOK CAPITA?J8T?r?Per
haps a more rare chance for profitable and handseme
investment has not occurred for a long time than the present.
The subscriber offers at private sale his beautiful and fine es
tate, situated on the Potomac river, in Charles county, Mary
land, about twenty miles below Alexandria and thirty from
Washington, containing about 731 acres, with a 'vanety ol
soil, from the fine flowery soil for making the No. I bright yel
low tobacco, to the alluvial bottom and stiff clayey .oil for
wheat and meadow land, with a large proportion of the latter.
The improvements consist of a large, commodious, anai
well-arranged dwelling house, with P*ntrievolo*ti, and fine
dry cellars, and built at a cost of nearly $6,00?, located on an
eminence from which the prospect commands a view ot near
ly the- whole farm, a view of the Potomac and adjacent coun
try, which is picturesque and beautiful; also, ot an overseer s
house, four No. 1 houses for servants, stable, and carriage
house, three fine barns, one among the beat corn-houses in
the country, a rat-proof meat-house, dairy, ice-house, nre
proof ash-house, with ad the necessary Pooitr7'h"u*,'i,*'
The whole buildings are nearly new, built ia the best style,
and-of the best material* . . .,
The peach and apple orchards are extenswe, and are otttie
best budded and grafted kinds, now in foil bearing; together
with a great variety of other choice from, such a. grapes,
quinces, cherries, apricots, plums, pears, ^ipbemei, straw
SerriesVko. The lucent waters abound .nth
and wild fowl in their season. It is convenient to
different persuasions, to grist and mw nulla, to P?*
blacksmith shop, ke. The facilities of getting
to market br vessels and steamboats are very great;. 1,000.
*u.ru of Wheat can be shipped in a day. ^he place .. ac
knowledged by all who know it to be a heahhj oqe.The
whole estate would make three desirable-sixed farmland
would be sold altogether, or in three parte, aanaj
ble ; one of 295, one of aboat 236, and one of about 200 aerea.
The place is well watered, has a superabundanceof wood, and
an immense quantity of fine locust and ship Umber. !???
1 quantity can be contracted for to be delivered wsthin half
a mile of the dwelling at eight centaper bushel. *
The adjoining larm, containing only 400 acres, and no better
land than this, has been rented out for three years tor one-third
ot the crop, which third amounted to more than $1,000 per year
for the two first years, and upwards of $1,100 the third year.
Persons wanting such an estate, or a part of ?t. would do
well to visit it and judge for themselves, for to see it would be
but to admire and appreciate its worth. Disinterested gen
tlemen, of high standing and good judgment, when speakn^ol
this farm, have said that, taking all thing, into consideration,
the character and quality of the improvements, its local adven
tures. fete., in their opinion it was certainly and decidedlf
the best farm in the county. CHARLES A. PYL,
act 6?wNItt Near Port Tobacco, Charles county, Md.
~ MAGNIFICENT LOTTEtt* 1
$100,000 Capital Prize?$50,000?2 of $25,000?
200 prizes of $3,000, being the lowest ibree
number prize?1st and 2d drawn Nosv$l,000.
The scheme ot this grand and magnificent Lottery has beca
examined and approved of by the State Lottery Co??1?"
sioners, and will be drawn in Baltimore city, September xStn,
Persons in Europe, the Canadas, or distant parts of the
United States, will now have an opportunity of ordering
tickets in one of the most magnificent schemes ever drawn u
the United States. ..
All orders are strictly confidential, and will be promptly
filled. ' , , .
The Maryland State Lotteries are under the sole and entire
management of D. PAINE k CO.
Payment of prises secured by heavy bonds to the State.
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY OF Mb.,
To be drawn in Baltimore eity, September 28th, 1850.
arLxxnm schkme. '
78 Numbers?12 drawn Ballots.
66 prixesffst k 2d) $ 1,?0?
66 do (3d k 4th) 50*
66 do (5th k 6th) WO
66 do(7thk?th) 300
132 do ICO
3,888 do ?>
200 do (low. 3 nos.) 3,000 And 25,740 prizes ot *>
30,316 prises, amounting to $2,434,432. ...
Whole tickets $40?halves $?0-quftrters $10?eighth* ^^
A package of 26 whole tickets will cost $1,040; there being
12 drawn ballots, which, at the lowe*,mu? draw $4?0.
the hmder to all prise, drawn in the package, over and above
*<?SL.. of ?.? *SK
missionera, will be sent to all who order tiakata.,
jSSm W. PAINE k CO., Baltimore, Md.
I july 10?2awepU
1 grand prize of $100,000
1 do 50,000
2 prizes 25,000
4 do 12,500
4 do 7,500
4 do 5,000
4 do 4,000