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WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1850
THE WEEKLY NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. The subscription price of this paper for a year is Thrik Dollars, payable in advance. For the long Sessions of Congress, (averaging eight taonths,) the price will be Two Doll ass ; for the short Sessions 0*s Dollar per copy. A reduction of 20 per cent, (or one-fifth of the full charge) will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one tine, five copies of the Weekly paper; and a like reduction of 25 per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one who will orderand pay for at one time ten or more copies. No accounts being kept for this paper, it will not be for warded to any one unless paid for in advance, nor sent any longer than the time for which it is so paid. OFFICIAL. APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT, By and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Daniel D. Barnard, of New York, to be Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Prussia. William Strong, of Ohio, to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States for the Territory of Oregon. John S. Gallaher, of Virginia, to be Third Au ditor of the Treasury. William Irvin, of Pennsylvania, Marshal of the United States for the Western District of Pennsyl vania, vice Alexander Irvin, removed. Thomas Ewbank, Commissioner of Patents. Lemuel Wilson to be Register of the Land Of fice at Newnansville, Florida. John P. Gaines, oi Kentucky, to be Governor of the Territory of Oregon. Buckingham Smith, of Florida, to be Secretary of Legation to the Mexican Republic. P. Sheward Johnson to be Attorney of the Uni* ted Slates for the District of Delaware. CONSULS. William Carroll Sanders, of Alabama, for the city of Rome, in place of Nicholas Brown, recalled Lorenzo Draper, of New York, for the port of Havre de Grace, in France, vice William J. Sta ples, recalled. Edward Kent, of Maine, for the port of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, vice Gorham Parks, recalled. William R. Glover, of Monterey, for the city of Monterey, in Mexico. William R. Hayes, of Connecticut, for the island of Barbadoes, vice Noble Turner, recalled. Ralph Kino, of Louisiana, for the port of Bre men, vice William H. Robinson, recalled. John L. Hodge, of Pennsylvania, for the pert of Marseilles, in France, vice Daniel C. Croxall, recalled. Fayette M. Ringgold, of the District of Co lumbia, for the port of Arica, in Peru. Benj. H. Norton, of Massachusetts, for the port of Pictou, in Nova Scotia, vice Luther Brackett, re called. Albert Lange, of Indiana, for the port of Am sterdam, in the Netherlands, vice Charles Nicholls, recalled. Joseph Mosier, of New York, for Ancona, in Italy, vice James E. Freeman, recalled. - Alexander H. Clements, of the District of Co lumbia, for the port of Messina, in Sicily, vice T. W. Behn, recalled. Nathan Burchard, of New York, for Basle, in Switzerland, vice George H. Goundie, recalled. Zabdial W. Potter, of Maryland, for the port of Valparaiso, in Chili, vice Wm. G. Moorhead, recalled. James F. Waddell, of North Carolina, for the Sort of Matamoras, in Mexico, vice Thomas W. lemons, recalled. J. B. Wilbor, senior, of New York, for the port of Nice, in Sardinia, vice Victor A. Sasserne, re moved. Lewis Baker, of New York, for the port of Laguyra, in Venezuela, vice John P. Adams, re called. Thomas M. Rodney, of Delaware, for the port of Matanzas, in the Island of Cuba, vice Simeon M. Johnson, resigned. Reynold Frenckall, for Helsingfors, in Russia. Henri Stuckle, for Algiers. John M. Fessenden, at Dresden, in Saxony. Pablo Auguera, for the port of Barcelona, in Spain. Union Feeling in Western Virginia.?A highly intelligent gentleman of Western Virginia, and one who has enjoyed excellent opportunities of obser vation, says the Richmond Republican, writes us from Monroe county, under date of August 20 : J 4 The public in this quarter responds most heartily 4 to every invocation sent up for the preservation * of the Union; and although I have travelled over 4 five counties within the last month, and been with ' the people at different points in each county at 4 their public meetings, I have yet to meet with one 4 man who does not denounce the course of many 4 of our public men who are occupying what they * call the Southern Platform." , Louisiana Loyalty.?A Whig meeting held in Donaldsonville (LaJ recently passed resolutions declaring 44 that the Whigs of Ascension have per 44ceived with indignation the course pursued by 44 Congressional Agitators, who would create upon 44 the public mind a false impression that a spirit of 44 hostility towards the North prevails among the 44 Southern States,'* and that in common with their brother Whigs of the other parishes of the district, they 44 regard as traitors those who would sever the * the bands which connect the States of this great 44 confederacy." A Whig meeting in Assumption passed similar resolutions, V , ?. j k.-'' Letters have been received at the Coast Survey Office from Lieut. W. P. McArthur, commanding surveying schooner Ewing, dated July 17, 1850, mouth of Columbia river. Officers and crew all well. RHETTI8M IN TENNESSEE. Mr. Rhett's course, of late, must have served to open the .eyes of all who care more for their country than they do for faction. Thank Heaven, such men find no sympathy with the patriotic masses in Tennessee. Neither of the great politi cal parties here are with them; and when they, failing to keep any portion of our citizens 44 in line," turn round to abuse them, the case is plain which path the latter ought to pursue. If it was doubtful a few months ago with those who did not penetrate their schemes, it is no longer doubtful now; and while the true defenders of Southern rights should watch with eagle eye to defend themselves against the assaults of faction, they can have no fellowship with those who would place under ban all who will not endorse their 44 disunion " and 44 secession " doctrines as a remedy to save the Union! [ Nashville Banner, Aug. 31. It is said that the owners of the Cunard line of steamers having disposed of the Hibernia and Caledonia, two of the oldest ships in their line, are about building two new steam ers in their stead. The new vessel* are to be constructed without delay, and are to be of much greater power than the Asia, the fastest vessel at present in their line. PUBLIC DINNER TO 8ENATOR FOOTE. | We learn from the Warrenton Whig that on Saturday week a Public Dinner was given to Hon. H. S. Foote, one of the Senators frofi the State of Mississippi, by a portion of the citizens of Fau quier county, Virginia, in testimony of their appro bation of "the patriotic devotion to the Union which he has manifested" during the late arduous discussions in the Senate. The Dinner was, we believe, without distinction of party, Samuel Chil ton, Esq. presiding, and. Messrs. J. Q. Marr, Eppa Hunton, and T. Turner acting as Vice Presidents. As usual on such occasions, a num ber of Toasts were drank, and a suitable reply made by the Guest of the day to the compliment to himself conveyed in them. The following Letters from invited guests, pub lished in the 44 Whig," have such connexion with the Politics of tho day as to entitle them to be transferred to our columns: Wabhirgtoh, AuouaT 29, 1859. Gertlemer : I haw the pleasure to acknowledge the re ceipt of your letter, inviting me to attend a public dinner, propoeed to he given in honor of Gen. H'hh 8. Foote, at Warrenton, on the 31at instant. I ahould be moat happy to be able to attend on that interoating occasion, as well on account of the gratification I abould derive from meeting many highly esteemed friends, of both political parties, in the county of Fauquier, as to testify, by my presence and assi*. tance, to the very high merits of the distinguished 8enator from Mississippi. Prior to the present session of Congress I had only a casual and limited acquaintance with him, and I came to Washington with impressions somewhat unfavora ble towards him. These have not only been entirely re moved by my personal and official intercourse with him, but his course and conduct during this long, protracted, and arduous sesaion have impressed me with the conviction that he is an ardent, able, and enlightened patriot. In the trying scenes which have passed and are passing, no one has sur passed him in firm devotion to that Union which I believe to be the surest and best guaranty of all our political blessings. Prompt, ready, and full of information in debate, he has sought, with untiring industry and patriotic zeal, to heal and adjust the agitations and dissensions which unhappily affect our common country. 8uch a distinguished statesman de serves to be honored and cherished every where, but espe cially in that State which gave him, you, and me our birth respectively. I regret thai my public duties here forbid my sharing in the testimony intended to be rendered to him at Warrenton. I hope that the festival will realize all your anticipations, and be worthy of the ancient dominion and of her patriotic son from Mississippi. I I am, gentlemen, with the highest respect, your friend and obedient servant, H. CLAY. | Messrs. Smith, Gaskins, Gaines, Shackleford, Scott, Chilton, <kc , &c. Washirgtor, August 29, 1850. Gertlemer : I wish I could be with you on Saturday, at the dinner to be given to General Foote. But I cannot, for the state of the public questions before Congress is such that I must be at my post to meet them as they come. I thank you, however, not the less for your recollection of me upon an occasion in which I feel so lively an interest. I have the highest regard for your distinguished guest, who is about j to receive tbis testimonial of the approbation of the friends of his youth, in the district of his nativity?a testimonial not less honorable to those who offer it than to him on whom it is be stowed. His lofty patriotism, his deep devotion to the Union, bis moral firmness, and his generous attachment to the whole country, while maintaining with untiring zeal the interests of his own State, should endear him to the heart of every true American. His country knows him and will appreciate him. I am. gentleman, with much reapect, your obed't servant, ' 8 LEWIS CAS8. R. M. Smith, W. E. Gaskins, W. H. Gaines, B. H. Shackleford, R. E. Scott, and S. Chil ton, Esqs., Committee. Berate Chamber, Washirgtor, August 29, 1850. Gertlemer : I have tbis moment been honored with your kind communication, inviting me, in behalf of the citizens of Fauquier county, to be present at a dinner to be giyen to the Hon. Herrt8. Foots, the distinguished and patriotic Senator from Mississippi, a native of your county. 1 regret that an unusual press of public business will deprive me of the plea sure of being present on the occasion ; but the compliment is so highly deserved and so worthily bestowed upon him who is to be your guest, that I shall be with you in sympathy and spirit. No man in the Union is more deserving for bold and persevering efforts to uphold tbe true piinciples of the consti tution, and to strangle the fell spirit of sectionalism, and no one, in ray judgment, has at this time a deeper hold upon the public mind. I have only time to pen this hasty note before the mail closes, to thank you for the kind manner in which you have spoken of my humble efforts, in a noble and common cause ? and believe me sincereljr yours, D. 8. DICKINSON. Messrs. Smith and others, Committee. Senate Chamber, August 30, 1850. Gertlemer : I very much regret that such are my senatorial duties that I shall be unable to avail myself of your polite in vitation. The high respect and great personal regard which I entertain for the distinguished gentleman whom you propose to honor with so flattering a mark of the estimation in which you hold him as a patriot and a statesman, would render it particularly agreeable to me to be present on thst occasion. With the highest, I am your fellow citizen, WILLIAM R. KING. Messrs. R. M. 8mith, W. E. Gaskins, and others. Warrertor SraiRos, August 31, 1850. Gertlemer : ? ? * I was not only ready but anxious to unite in this most appropriate testimonial to wards that distinguished 8enator whose diligence, ability, and courage, through the whole of the long and exciting struggle of the past nine months, have deserved, in my opinion, the fullest measure of the public approbation. I am, gentlemen, very truly and tespectfully, your friend and obWient servant, JOHN 8. PENDLETON. B. H. Shackleford and others, Committee. Union Feeling in the Rural part of Loui 8IaNA.?At a Whig meeting held in Thibodaux, the heart of the Sugar country, the following reso lutions were passed: Resolved, That we view with pride and gratification the elevation of the Hon. C..M. Cos*ad to the post of honor to which he has been called by the Chief Executive, and re vert with pleasure to the part he took, as our Representative, in the councils of the nation, and trust that the country will find in him the embodiment of the devotion of Louisiana to the Union.. Resolved, That we have watched in anxiety and hope the labors of our Statesmen, in seeking to adjust the unhappy j difficulties of the Republic, and have viewed with infinite re gret and mortification all their plana defeated without any offer of a feasible substitute on (he part of their opponents. Resolved, That so far as we can judge of the sentiments of this 8tate, and with a full knowledge of the people of this Parish we assure our fellow-citizens, and all attached to the Union'of these States, thst Louisiana has but one voice, and that voice is for the Union?and one feeling, and that is, the principle of Compromise which gave us a ConstituUon. Serious Railroad AcciDE?T.--The Springfield (Mas.0 Journal contains an account of the late accident on the Western Railroad, of which we had a telegraphic report a day or two ago. It occurred on the Washington ?u/ni*'t? between Albany and Springfield, and was ?c??oned by the breaking of an axle of the second passenger car of the train from Albany, which was going at the rale of iwenty-six m.les an hour. The end of the car dropped down upon the track, and was dragged along for some three hundred yards, the axle, truck, and floor breaking up, causing thi?????"?? and destruction among the paaaengers. Tbe ki e . ' Samuel Jorrb Mitmfobd, a lawyer of New \ ork city; Mias Koesble, of Albany, daughter of the proprietor of the Delevan House, and Mr. Writmobe, of Leicester, Mass. James Hagerman was badly injured?one leg broken an was carried away in a litter. Amasa Richardson, of INortti Adams, waa much hurt by the handle of one of tbe seata being driven into the fleshy part of his leg. Three ladiea were seriously injured, and rendered unable to proceed. A number of othera were hurt, but it is hoped not aeriously. The car was a complete wreck, and it was difficult to extri cate the mangled bodies from it. The whole scene is described as moat terrible to behold. MINI8TER OF THE UNITED STATES IN SPAIPKj We hare received from a friend abroad the fol*, lowing copy of a correspondence4between the ?ev-'j eral American citizens at that time (June 28th) in Paris, and the Minister of the United States iw Spain, which we have pleasure in placing before onr^ readers. Pabis, Juste 28, 1850. Deab Sib . We have seen the London Son's account of the groaa insult which was lately offered to you by Nsrvaez at the house of the Minister of Naples, in Madrid. It is there stated that when you approached him at a large party to lute him, he had the audacity to apeak of the United Statss of America as a nation which harbors pirates and encouraged public felonies, and, in a very loud voice, to give that reason for refusing to notice the salutation of her representative. The account does not state whether the words were spoken in our language, so that you could understand them, instantly \ nor does it say that you made any reply whatever. By this outrage, if the statement be true, great as was the personal affront, a greater insult has been offered to our coun try, which will no doubt, in the present crisis between th? Uni ted States and Spain, lead to the extreme consequences which it may have been the object of the Spanish Prime Minister to provoke. We have the utmost confidence in your respond ing to both the personal and official difficulties of this char acteristic breach of courtesy, and this violation of truth and justice. It will not, we are satisfied, be more in your wishes than it will be in your pswer to avoid a rupture of all rela tions with the Spanish Court. In what concerns yon as I man, there is not the shadow of a doubt that you will resent to the uttermost the insolence of the first officer of that de? cayed but arrogant Government. We have no right, in thai respect, to advise you, but we do assure you of our warmest sympathy on the subject; which is one in which our public will be most anxious to do you justice. If we can be now of any service to you, here or elsewhere, you will please to command our services. At Madrid there are very few American citizens to furnish you with that united support which is proper between all parties who have received an insult. For that reason chiefly we have written this letter, first to let you know forthwith the ef fect of the outrage on us, and no doubt upon all the Ame ricans at Paris; and second to assure you that at home there will be a most cordial response to that line of energetic conduct towards the offender which his brutality demands. The time has come for American Ministers to enforce the unlimited respect at the Courts of Europe which belongs to the very first rank of diplomats. We are, respectfully, your fellow-citizens, W. A. CORRY, of Cincinnati. R. M. GRAHAM, of New Orleans. JNO. CAUCHOI8, of New York. Hos. D. M. Barrixgeb, American Minister to Spain. Madbio, Jcit 6, 1850. Gektlemeh : You have my sincere thanks for the generous offers and the warm expressions of personal kindness con tained in your letter dated PariB, June 28th, which I have just received. I am happy to say to you, however, that there is not the slightest foundation for the statement on account of which your friendly services are proffered. The publication in the London "Sun," which was copied into Galignani of the 26th ult., and alluded to by you, is en tirely fake in every particular. No personal insult of any kind has ever taken place orbeen offered to me, or through me to our country, by General Narvaez, or any other person, at the residence of theNeapo itan Minister or elsewhere. On the contrary, in all the in tercourse, personal or official, which I have bad with the Prime Minister of Spain, he has ever been most courteous and respectful. You do me no more than justice in assert-, ing that if such an indignity or any other affront had been given to my nation or myself, 1 would have been most prompt to resent it to the fullest extent. 8uch a course would have been due not only to myself but to the Government I rep resent. As soon as this false and offensive publication appeared in Madrid it was promptly and positively contradicted by the Government paper here, "El Heraldo," of July 2; a copy of which denial, with its foundation, I herewith enclose to you. . I may also be allowed to say, in this connexion, that I have received from General Narvaez a note, in which he denounces the publication referred to as a "malicious fab rication," and a calumny which injures his character and his principles of propriety, expressing at the same time his warmest regards and respect for myself. Repeating my thanks for the interest you take in my per sonal welfare, as well as for the devotion you manifest to our common country in a foreign land, I am, with much respect, gentlemen, your fellow-citizen and obedient servant, D. M. BARRINGER. To Messrs. W. M. Cobbt, of Cincinnati. R. M. Graham, of New Orleans. John Cauchois, of New York. Translation of the denial referred^ to in the preceding Letter. El Heraldo, of Madrid, July 2d, after copying the article from Galignani, as taken from the Sun, of London, says : " We are able to contradict, in the most conclusive man ner, the absurd rumors which the foregoing paragraph has reproduced. There is not now, nor has there been, either great or small, any thing of the kind. And in regard to the alleged scene with the representative of the United States, in order to believe that this is true, it is necessary not to know General Narvaez, nor to have any knowledge of the courtesy and urbanity, becoming a gentleman and a person of his ele vated position, with which he treats not only the representa tives of friendly Powers, but all persons, whatever may be their rank, who have the honor to approach him. We de clare, then, that the whole paragraph which we have just quoted is absolutely false.1' VERMONT ELECTION. Our previous favorable accounts from Vermont are fully confirmed by the additional returns re ceived. Returns from 166 towns show a majority for Williams, the Whig candidate for Governor, of 2,353. In the same towns last year the Whig ma jority was but 1,038, showing a nett gain for the Whigs of 1,315. This settles the point that the whole Whig State ticket is elected by the people, which is the first time it has been done since 1844. The election for Representatives to Congress re sulted (the Atlas says) as follows: In the first Congressional district there is no choice. In 54 towns, Lyman, the regular Whig candidate, has 3,519 to 2,913 for Mr. Miner. There are over 3,000 votes thrown for the two Locofoco candidates. In the second district, Hebard, Whig, bas 1,496 majority over all others. Five towns remain to be heard from, which will not reduce his majority below a thousand. In the third district, Mr. Meacham is re-elected by a majo rity not far from 1,200 to 1,500. In the fourth, JBartlet, Loco, succeeds Peck, Loco, by less than the ususl majority. The Legislature stands as follows: House, Whigs 120? opposition 84. Senate, Whiga 20?opposition 8. The result speaks well for the gallant Whigs of the Green Mountain State. They nave carried the day against the combined forces of their opponents, and have nobly maintained the high position which they have ever held in the galaxy of Whig States. AH honor to the gallant Whigs of Vermont! [ Boston Journal. The official returns of the late vote for Governor of North Carolina show the following result: David S. Reid, - . * . . 44,844 Gov. Charles Manly, ... 42,071 Mr. Raid's majority, - - 2,773 This statement shows that Gov. Manly falls only 289 votes behind his vote in 1848; while that ot Mr. Reid has increased the large number of 3,358! MARYLAND CONVENTION ELECTION. Tht remiU of the recent election for Delegates to Convention to revise the Constitution of Mary is as follows: WHIG. DMOCBAT. city ? 6 county 1 5 Arundel 5 I 3 3 4 2 L 4 ? 4 4 0 ? 5 ? 5 2... 3 _ . 3 2 George's 5 0 5 ? Anne's ? 4 4 4 5 5 4 . 55 48 ?*, which consists of 103 member*, u to meet at Annapolis on the first Monday of November next. The Constitution which may be formed is to be submitted to the people in the month of June, 1861, and if it shall be found that a majority of the people of the 8tate are in favor of its | adoption, the Governor shall issue his proclamation to that effect, and the constitution will at once go into operation, and will of coarse be the fundamental law of Maryland. Baltimore American. Mr. DUER TO HIS C0N8TITUENT8. To the Whig Electors of the 7\centy-Third Con gressional District of New York. Within a few weeks past I have received letters from sev eral of you inquiring whether I would content to be a candi date for re-election to the House of Representatives. If I had been aware that there was any doubt of my intentions in that respect I should have sooner removed it I say now publicly to you all, what I have already said in answer to private com munications, that I adhere to the resolution long since formed that the close of my present term must terminate my con nexion with you'as your Representative in Congress. In taking final leave of my constituents it would be ungra cious not to express my heartfelt thanks for their repeated fa vors, and especially for their confidence and support under trying circumstances during the present eventful session of Congress. Nor can I suffer this occasion to pass without congratulat ing you upsn the termination of a dangerous sectional contro versy by means of the final passage of the Senate bills for the admission sf Calfornia, the settlement of the boundaries of Texas, and the establishment of Territorial Governments in New Mexico and Utah. Although I waa opposed to one of those measures, the Utah bill, regarded separately, and for that reason, to avoid misconstruction, did not vote for it, yet I approve it aa a part of the general plan of pacification, and should not have suffered it to fail for want of my vote. I stand by and shall maintain the aettlement that has been made? and I am proud to have contributed, though in an humble degree, to its adoption. It giver me pain to think that some of you whom I respect, and whose good opinion I desite, may not be able to approve my action on these questions. That cannot surprise me, since I have doubted myself, and struggled with opposite feelings. But I am not conscious of having been influenced at all by any personal or interested motive. The reasons that have convinced me will, I believe, when you shall hear them, con vince you? and I hope before long to meet you face to face, when I shall stand ready to vindicate my course in all its parts. Paidan me now if I go a step further and ofler to you a few words sf advice. Whether I and the majority in Congress with whom I have acted, have done well or ill, the thing is done and cannot be undone. No sane man supposes that a majority can be elected to Congress that will change the Ter ritorial bills that have just been passed, by attaching to them the Wilmot proviso. There is no necessity for such a change. Slavery can never go into these Territories. It is unadapted to their soil and climate; it is prohibited by laws now in force, and which Congress has left unrepealed; and it is op posed besides to the known opinions of the people who have complete power over the question. Under such circumstances the continuance of agitation on the subject of slavery can do no possible good, while it is certain to do much mischief. They are not wise counsellors, or else not honest, who tell you that on this question "there is no danger." If the strife is to continue, the alienation now existing will in another generation-become hatred, until diaunion, instead of being re garded with horror, will be welcomed as a blessing. It is time there should be peace. The question is settled; let it rest. The wounds are not yet deep? I know that there is a sound American feeling, however soured or perverted, at the bottom of every good man's heart. Let us return to our nationality ; and, laying aside the cries of the North and the 8juth, rally one and all for the Union and our common country. The settlement that has been made bears the marks of a genuine settlement. It is not a triumph of the North or a triumph of the South ; a triumph of Whiga over Democrats or of Democrats over Whigs. It forced itself through by its intrinsic ttrengtb, breaking down party lines and sectional ties. No party can claim ita merit. Yet as Wnigi we can not but regard it as fortunate, that it happened under the au spices of a Whig President and received the hearty welcome of a Whig Administration. It has disembarrassed the Exe cutive branch of the Government, and enabled it to pursue its course towards a successful prosecution of public affairs. If now this dead question of slavery is to be galvanized, whether for the aRnoyance of the President or to prevent the adoption of beneficial measures of public policy, I can only say that the last men who should do this are Whigs, and the last Whigs who should do it are the Whigs of the State of New York. I am your fellow-citizen and friend, WILLIAM DUER. WiSHIKflTOK, SlPTEMBlB 9, 1850. Springfield. (Mass.) Sept. 10. A most melancholy accident happened on the Boston and Albany Railroad to-day, near this place. The front axle of the second car broke and dragged about 300 yards. When the engine stopped it was discovered that three persona were killed, among them Col. Mochtfobt, of New York, and a daughter of the proprietor of the Delavsn Housejin Albany The name of the other individual killed ia not known. A very large number of persons were more or less injured sotw, it is feared, fatally. The bodiea of the killed were much toangled. A Rsscoe?As the sloop Mary Gray was on her passage from New York to New London, (Ct.) on Tueedsy night, the was hailed when about mid-sound, "Sloop ahoy ! lower your boat and take a body aboard." Thia mysterious re quest, at anch a time and such a place, was of course a little out of the common run of seafaring adventure, but the boat was lowered, nevertheless, and after some search a young man was picked up and carried on board the sloop. He proved to be a Mr. Looms, of Norwich, who had fallen overboard from the steamboat Worcester about an hour be fore, and the steamer waa out of sight on ber way to Nor wich. Loomis seemed very little exhausted and not at all alarmed, but on being furniahed with a suit of dry clothes, was aa cheerful aa any one on board, and arrived at New London the next morning in fine health and spiriia. It is certainly about aa remarkable a case of preservation from drowning as ever occurred.?Netv London Chronicle. Lokoivitt.?The Cecil Democrat aaya the census taker 1 in that county came across the following aged persons : iMsry Wilmer, near Ceciltoo, 108 years old; Mark Simpers, near Elktoo, 106 ; Joseph Luaby, Back Creek, 102 years. The first named is a whits woman, and the rest colored. THE GREAT INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION. The following is an extract of a recent letter from an American gentleman now in London to his correspondent in this city : " Loud01*, Auooit 20, 18.30. " Mi Deab Sib : I address you again to urge you, and through you the whole country, to exert itself to be credita bly represented at the coming exhibition here. I have just had an interview with Mr. LaWbiuce, our Minister, wbo as sures me that he has learned from many European countries that they will be fully represented here, and he expresses the hope that we sball in no way fail, when we have such ample materiala for advantageous display. Such a failure would occasion a mortification that every American abroad would deeply feel. I have been into the workshops here and on the continent, and, without detracting from them in the least, I unhesitatingly say we have nothing to fear in the competition with at?y of them in displaying our edge tools, agricultural implements, or labor-saving machinery generally. We hope to see the enlightened Ame'*c,n public cast off all unworthy prejudices #and jealousies that would tend to make us lock up and secrete our improvements. Such a course is unworthy of our enterprise, and we should be among the first to throw off the veil of mystery that has been drawn around the manu factories of nations, and especially Great Britain herself, who now throws the door open to fair competition. We have many things that we may well be proud of, as manufactured articles that should, by all means, have their representatives here ? such, for instance, as our axes, drawing knives, planes, and other edge tools, the handles and stocks lor them, and other articles in wood, scythe snathes, rakes, ploughs, and other agricultural implements ; in these we can fully com pete with our European neighbors. , In guns and every de scription of fire-arms we need fear no rivals. Will not our" accurate mechanics send out some of our exact riflea, to show their superiority ? and, with them, some of their inimitable re volvers ? Ever-pointed pencils, and especially gold pens, can be sent with perfect confidence. I should be glad to see specimens of carpetings from our power looms, together with cotton prints and (figured goods; we can show broadcloths and cassimeres, and shall not be obliged to plead their recent introduction into our country, but may proudly stand on a level with the oldest nations. Another class of productions in which we stand pre-eminent is labor-saving machinery. Will our countrymen let thi? opportunity pass without show ing to Europe our vast strides in advance of the world in many of these machines ' The Exhibition would be incom plete if we had not a card machine here, and did not claim for its inventor's nsme the honor it so richly deserves. The cotton gin also will be of infinite interest, and should be ac companied with plenty of the raw material to show its opera tion. The shoe-last and gun-stock machines must be repre sented, the pin and hook-and-eye machine, with a host of others. Apparatus for pressed glass, and specimens of glassware should be sent, especially of the commoner kind, and a host of others which your extended knowledge will readily supply. * * We'must have a full display of the mineral kingdom, from the gold of California and of our Atlantic 8tates to the lead of Missouri and Wisconsin. 8end specimens of wheat, hemp, flax, cane, and last, though not least, cotton, together with flour, sugar, and tobacco. We should be proud to seo the steam engine and the printing press, on the latest and most improved principle?such works as can nowhere else be soon. Our merchants should give us specimens of their shop tools, in which they have no rivals any more than in our mineral riches. * I have a greater confidence every day in the ability of my countrymen. Lei them fairly put their shoulders to the wheel and they will know no such thing as tail. But what is done must be done quickly. You have no time to lose. Let noth ing be sent before January 5 but it will perhaps be better to have a place or places of deposite in some of your principal ports for the articles to be sent, and when collected to ship as much as possible in the same vessel. This is recommended by the British Commissioners. Yours, truly. In connexion with the above subject we invite attention to the following statement: The number of active minds now devoted to the promotion of this exhibition may be briefly noted. Besides the Royal Commission 'of twenty-five in Great Britain there are committees of sections, vix: one of five members for the mineral kingdom, of eight for the vegetable kingdom, of five for the animal kingdom, of thirteen for ma chinery, of eight for agricultural implements, of twenty-three for manufactures, and eleven for sculpture, &c.; besides a committee of eight on the building, and one of seven on the medal to be awarded. In the different countries on the continent of Europe we find that France has appointed six distinct committees, of six members each, or thirty-six names in all. Belgium, a commission of seventeen members. Bavaria, appoints the Polytechnic 8odety of Munich. Netherlands, a commission of three members. Saxony, a commission of one member. Hanover, the society called the Art Union of Hanover. Sweden, a commission of one member. Norway, a commission of aix members. Russia, two commissioners, one at St. Petersburgh and the other at Odessa, number not given. United States, a commission of twenty-one members, de signsted by the National Institute, Washington. Nassau, the Chamber of Commerce acting Jhrough its President. Venezuela, a commission to communicate through its Con sul General. Prussia, a commission of thirteen members. Austria, a commission of eighty-nine members. Hesse Darmstadt, a commission of one member, the Pre sident of the Trades Union of Heeae. Bremen, a commission of one member. Turkey, a commission (number not given) of which Ismael Pacha as its President. Spain, a commission of thirteen members. Hamburg, the Society for the Promotion of Arts and Ute ful Professions. Switzerland, a commission of five members. These have already been designated, and others will doubt less follow the example. Explosion at Ihdefckuknce, Mo ?We learn from the 8t. Louis Intelligencer that a fire broke out between one and two o'clock, on the morning of the 2<1 instant, in an extensive warehouse at Independence, Mo. Mr. A. P. Khan, the owner of the building and a prominent citizen of the town, lost his life by the explosion of some fifteen or twenty kegs of powder, stored within. As soon as the alarm was given Mr. Kean rushed to save bis property, and at the time of the ex plosion was standing on the roof of the house. He was thrown to a great height and fell to the ground terribly j mangled. He lived about an hoar after the accident. The shock of the explosion was so great as to arouse the citizens of the town and for miles arouod from their slumbers. The glass in the windows of all the houses on the square were broken, and a Presbyterian church in the vicinity w?s almost entirely demolished. A dwelling house in the neighborhood waa destroyed by 6re. The warehouse received but little in jury from the flames. Enwiw Forkest, the tragedian, was arrested at the Astor House, New York, on Wednesday, on the complaint of Catherine Forrest, his wife, and held to bail in the sum of $10,000 to keep the peace so far as Mrs. F. is concern*), she being fearful of an assault from him. An injunction has also been granted to restrain Mr. Forrest from conveying away hia property to the injury of the right which Mrs. F. haa therein. Mrs. Forrest ha* also, within a few days, com menced a suit in the courts of thai State for divorce against Mr. Forreat. Aa a proof ofj the very slight attention given to the study 6f Admiralty Law in the United States, it is said that of the aixteen hundred lawyera in New York city, not more than fifty pretend to practice in the Court having original cogni zance in Admiralty caaes; and of this latter number aome fifteen to twenty do neatly all the business. , A letter from New York, which appeared in the National Intelligencer of the flth instant, conveys the idea that Brass failed aa a debater in the House of Commons, where he never sat as a member, and in which he never made a speech. It waa in the House of Lords that ha " failed," aa it has been often said, though we doubt if with absolute proprietv. [Globe. I ASTRONOMICAL EXPEDITION TO CHILI. uoM tbi Borrow traveller. Letters from Lieut. Gilliss, who has charge of this expedition, state that after the safe arrival and erection of his instruments, he observed Mars on forty-three out of the remaining forty-seven nights of the period designated for observations on that planet; and subsequently he has undertaken a cata logue of Southern Stars, wbieh on the 1st of June numbered nearly five thousand. This large amount of labor evinces an indefatigable zeal and industry on the paort of Lieuts. Gilljss and McRae (for the greater pari of the time his only available assistant) which merit most fully the co-operation of astrono" mers in other parts of the world, which has already been solicited as necessary to carry out the remain ing objects of the expedition. But the friendsof the expedition and of the pro gress of astronomical science wilt be highly grati fied to learn that the labors of the Superintendent and his associates, and the unexampled adaptation of the climate for astronomical observations, are folly equalled by the liberality and just apprecia tion of science on the part of the Chilian Govern ment, as exhibited in the following decree and cor respondence, and which fully deeerse the high commendation expressed in the letter ef Lieut. G.s Dipabtmikt or Justici, Wobsbif, abb Pcblic r. u Iwstbwctiob, Sabtiaso, Maw lft, I860. tt V?"8,?,rin&. That the Lieutenant of the Nary of the United States of America, chief of the Astronomical Com mission of that nation, resident in Santiago, baa made known to the Government through the Charge of the United States that he is disposed to admit a certain number of young men, which the Government may designate, to the Observatory which baa iteen established, for the porpoae of acquiring a knowledge of astronomy, and of practical instruction in the u?6 of the instruments therein provided : 2dly. That, profiting by the opportonity of an Astronomical Observatory, well conducted, and of the residence of a dis tinguished astronomer, who is disposed to direct the young men who may dedicate themselves to . the science, we shall more readily succeed in obtaining men accomplished in this depart ment of science, and be able even earlier to establish a per manent Observatory : 3dly. That it is necessary to secure to the young men who [may dedicate themselves to this study a suitable monthly pension to compensate them in part for the abandonment of their usual occupations, for the sake of dedicating themselves with the requisite assiduity and1 effort, as likewise to defray the expense incusnd by the purchase of books : j'h'y. That Don Ignacio Valdivia, Don Francisco Fierro, and Don Gabriel Izquierdo, possess the qualifications which, in the judgment of the chief of said Astrraomical Commis sion, are necessary to pursue with profit the practical course in the Observatoiy, and to accomplish an adequate theoretical study: 1 5thly. In view of the recommendation which the Council of the L niversily has made to the Government, and the proposi tion tor the designated youths which the rector of the institu tion has made, that for thia-purpose the Government should confer it aa a special charge, after obtaining the consent of said youths? I have resolved to grant the decree: 1. Don Igpacio Valdivia, Don Franciaco Fierro, Don Ga briel Izquieido, shall dedicate themaelvea to the study of Astronomy, to learn the use of instruments, under the direc tion of the chief of the Scientific Expedition of the United States of America, and to practise observationa and other labora which the said chief shall impose upon them, for thair greater progress and advancement in said science. They must assist at such hours, and in the form prescribed by the aforesaid chief, and engage in theoretical atudy by the text books which he shall recommend to them. 2. While tbey pursue their studies at the Observatory there shall be dispensed to each one of them, by the general trea sury, the amount of twenty-five dollars monthly, which sbsll be assessed for the present year upon the Division 46 of the Estimate of Expenses of the Ministry of Justice and Public Inatruction. ANTONIO VARA8. Sabtiago, Mat 16, 1850. In consequence of the liberal offer made to this Govern ment by that of the United Stales of America, wbich was communicated to it by its agent in Waahington, respecting the admission into the Astronomical Observatory under your charge of a certain number of Chilian young men, it hay been deemed expedient to elect Don Jgnacio Valdivia. Don Francisco Fierro and Don Gabriel Isquierdo, to the end that having for themselves studied the science theoretically by the text books which yoa may be pleased to indicate to them, they may unite in learning it practically during the hours and in such form as you may designate. I have the honor to impait to you the knowledge of this disposition of the Government, with the understanding that the said young men shall be seaaonably presented. I avail myself of this occasion to offer you ths assurances of the particular consideration with which I am your assured H1" , ? _ ANTONIO VARAS. To Mr. J. M. Gilliss, Lieut, of ths Navy, and Chief of the Astronomical Expedition of the United States of America, in Santiago. Defartmixt or Forxigx Affairs, Sabtiaoo d* Chili, Mat 18, 1850. Gentlexek : I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 16th instant, by whteh you inform me that in consequence of the offer made by the United States Govern ment through the Chilian ambassador in Washington, to afford practical astronomical instruction to soch young men as the Chi lian Government might designate, there have been elected Don Ignacio Valdivia, Don Francisco Fierro, and Don Ga briel Izquierdo, and that they will present themselves with? a few days. J hat a nation which, like Chili, enjoys during so large a part of the year a climate so admirably suited to tbe practical culture of the most noble of all tbe sciences, should be the first in America to bestow patronage and effective support, m an additional proof of its advance to a rank among the nations most illustrious and liberal, and a realization which will be hailed with heartfelt complacency by the astronomers of the Northern Hemisphere. It is certain that the officials of tbe Astronomical Expedition will leave nothing unattempted to facilitate the execution of the designs of the Chilian Govern ment, and that our books and instruments will be wholly at the command of the before-named gentlemen, whenever they may need them. As the small library brought for our own use is almost wholly composed of English books, and as it is important to possess a theoretical knowledge of the strnc tare and adjustment* of instrument*, before undertaking to make observations with them, I should strenuously recom mend their acquiring a knowledge of the English language sufficient for reading it without difficulty. The only nations which publish any thing of importance upon astronomical subjects up to the present time, are the German and the Eng lish, or their descendants ; and it is indispensable that astro nomy, to be intelligible, should be presented in one or the other of these idioms. Begging you to accept the assurance of my distinguished consideration and respect, I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient set van t, J. M. GILLI8S. To his Excellency Do* Antoxio Vabas, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chili. ARRIVAL OF THE UNITED 8TATE8 8HIP ERIE. The United States ship Erie, W. D. Porter, Lieutenant commanding, arrived at New York on Thursday morning, from Constantinople. Among her passengers are Ammir Bey, Commissioner from the Sublime Porte to the United Stales, and suite; John P. Brown*, Esq., Dragoman to the United States Legation at Constantinople; and Thomas N. Carr, Esq., late Consul General at Tangier. On the 9th instant, while in latitude 38 degrees north, longitude 70 degrees west, the Erie made a sail, which was Isying to alongside of a wreck about ten miles to windward. Finding it impossible to come up with it daring the day, a gun was fired to attract attention. Sooa afterward the ship filled away and made all sail in a wind, and the wreck was then observed to be on fire. The Erie gave chase to the ship, but was unable to come up with her. The vessel on fire burnt to the waters' edge, and was loat sight of st 11 P. M. Nothing was seen of the string* sail at daylight. Every effort was made to get new the wrack, but the wind hauled and constantly brought the burning wreck to windward. It is supposed that the penooe on board wera [taken off by the ttrailge ship, as she lay alongside sexsral hours.