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sustained oo other ground* of interest peculiar to those sec
tions. It wu emphatically a greet national acquisition, ad vocated aa atimulating the manufacturing and commercial interacts of the North, and affording a market to the grain and provisions of the Wast. By the Democracy every where in the Union, it wac supported and carried on broad grounds of policy and expediency, and certainly the South ought not in justice to beheld specially responsible for, or peculiarly bene fitted by it. Indeed, I believe it has even more largely advanced, in a pecuniary view, the great interests and prosperity of the North and West than of the South. It was, too, I believe, a wise, just, and beneficial measure of national policy, and I protest against its adoption being made any ground of special responsibility to the South, in re lation to the Mexican war, or any claim of superior right on the part of the North in regard to the territories acquired from Mexico. That war, too, I trust, is to be held, as it has been pronounced by this Government, in all its departments, and by the verdict of the Union, a just and righteous one, and as such its responsibility is not to be cast as matter of reproach or of disfranchisement on the South. If it be not such, we are stigmatised before the world with the inextinguishable guilt of rapine and oppression practised on a feeble neighbor. No, sir. The war was just snd righteous, and as such it ought to have engaged equally the resources, the valor, and the sympathiea of all our people. All were to share its bur dens, and equally participate in ita acquisitions. We of the 8outh did our part manfully and fully?all admit it. The valor and treaaure of our citizens were expended in large measure. And now, sir, on every conceivable principle, are we not entitled lo equality of privilege and enjoyment in the territories which constitute the prize of our common victories and sacrifices ? I deny all claim of the North from any ante cedents to the war, or from any events in it to superior rights or exclusive appropriation. We may indeed be excluded and debarred from all enjoyment, but surely that is wrong and ag grestion enough, without the added drop of bitterness, com mended by a friend, too, tbat we have deeerved it aa the pun ishment of past demerit, or as the meed of unrequited favors due the North. Mr. BROWN, of Mississippi, said that be bad always thought that it waa a good policy for a party when fairly whipped to give op. It waa well understood that they had made a fair fight, and had conquered twice out of three times, but they had been beaten at last. It would be the better plan now to leave the matter to the people ; if they were satisfied their representatives ought to be. The gentleman from Vir ginia reminded him of a valiant youth, who on the day suc ceeding the battle of New Orleans, was seen busily loading bis gun and firing; and upon being asked what he was doing, ha replied that he waa carrying on the war on hia own hook, [a laugh ] He was tor turning over the matter to the people now, and letting them dispose of it. He trusted that bis frinds would yield the fight gracefully here. And, added Mr. B., so help me God, I am for resistance. The queation waa taken on the amendment of Mr. 8edooit, and it waa, without a division, negatived. The question then recurring on the amendment of Mr. Willbobv, it was taken and decided in the negative.' Mr. 8crkhck moved to amend by striking out the follow ing from the 9th section, viz : " Except only that, in all cases involving title to slaves, the said writs of frror or appeals shall be allowed and decided by the said Supreme Court, without regard to the value of the matter, property, or title in controversy $ and except, also, that. Mr. 8. remarked that there was a provision in the bill which allowed writs of error and appeals to the Supreme Court in all matters exceeding a thousand dollars in value, and there was a provision for writs of eiror and of habeas corpus where the liberty of the person waa concerned. He had moved to atrikeout a passage from which it might be plausibly inferred that property in slaves was recognised as one of the existing lawa of the new State. It might be said that it waa intended to apply only to cases where there was a claim for fugitives from service, or an action on the caae for damagea where a slave had been enticed away from his owner in his own 8tafe. It was true that it waa applicable to auch cases, but it was not limited to them, and it waa also fairly to be implied from the phraseology of the act that slavery was recognised as existing there by authority of law. The question was taken on the amendment, and it waa not agreed to. On metion of Mr. KAUFMAN, the committee then rose and reported the bill to the House. Under the operation of the previous question the bill was read a third time f and the question being on its passage Mr. HARRI8, of Illlinois, moved the previous question, which waa seconded. And the question being put, "shall the bill pass >" it waa decided in the affirmative by the following vote : Alberston, Alston, Anderson, Ashe, Ave Efl. ??'? ? e' Bissell, Bokee, Bowlin, Boyd, r!^l t'Pi'j n i'1 William j. Brown, Chester Butler, ?eu0H^A-.Vl^ell> Jo,ePh P- Caldwell, Casey, W. R. W. Cobb, Daniel,, Deberry, Dimmick, Disney, Dunham, Edround soo, Eliot, Alexander Evans, Ewing, Fuller, Gentry, Gerry, Gilmore, Gorman, Hall, Haralson, I. G. Harris, T. L. Hari 3 HI*y??ndJ Hibbard, Hilliard, Hoagland, Houston, How ir r J"0!?' A. Johnson, J. L. Johnson, Jones, m k n' HiK1;?'Leffler> Le?. Littlefield, Job Mann, Marshall, Mason, MeClernand, McDonald. McDowell, Mc ,MLUnC' FA_E; McLean? McMullen, Mc 2K. ' D?.?he^? Norton, Outlaw, Owen, Parker, Peatlee, Pitman, Potter, Richardaon, Bobbins, Robinson, Rose, Ross, Savage, Shepperd, Stanly, F. P. Stanton, R. H. Stanton strong, Jacob Thompson, James Thompson, J. B. Thompson, JJt'J"nba.Valdcn, Watkin., Wellborn, Wildrick Williams, Wilson, and Young?97. Alexander, Allen, Bennett, Bingham, Booth, Bowdon, A. G. Brown, Burrows, Burt. T. B. Butlar Joseph Cable, Calvin, Campbell, Chandler, Clark, Coleock. S? r' ^ u Featherston, Fitch, Fowler, Giddings, ^SrS^ Harlan, 8. W. Harris, Hebard, Hen n, Holladay, Holmes, Howe, Hubbard, Hunter, Inn. W. T Jackson, Julian, G. G. King, J. G. King, J. A. King, P.' King, Horace Mann, Matteson, McKissock, McQueen, Mea cham, Meade, Moore, Morris, Nelson, Newell, Ogle. Olds, &!wt?luC<i 'h v5 ? ?e7nol^*> Root, Rumsey, Sackett, Sehenck, Schoolcraft, Seddon, Silvester, Sprague Thaddeus Stevens, Stetson, Sweetser, Taylor, Tuck. Van Dyke, Vinton, Waldo, Wallace, Wentworth, Woodward?85. . Mr. HARRIS, Of Illinois, moved to reconsider the vote juat taken, and alao moved to Uy the motion to reconsider on toe table; which latter motion was agreed to. And the Houae then adjourned. Tuesday, September 10, 1850. Mr. BOYD rose to a question of privilege. The Repre aentatives from the 8tate of California were present, and, he understood, desired to be sworn in. Mr. VENABLE rose to make a queation as to the right df theae gentlemen to take seats on this floor. He said that it would give him very great pleasare to be relieved of the con stitutional difficulty which he bad on this subject, and he should be very much gratified, if he coufd do so frith propri ety, to vote for their admission. The constitution provided that " the times, placrs, and manner of holding elections for ?Senators and Representativea shall be prescribed in each 8tate by the Legislature thereof." Now, the facts of the case, as he had learned them from the very best authority, were these ? The California Convention met and adopted a constitution ; that constitution waa submitted to the people ; these gentle men, on the very day it waa submitted, before the constitution waa adopted, and before the existence of any government in California, were elected. On account of these irregularities w w?ibe,e. rePre?entatives entitled to their aeats. Mr. TOOMBS said that he would make a suggestion. He was not prepared to say the gentleman waa wrong. It appeared that these gentlemen came here with prima facie evidence to take their seats in the Houae. It struck him that the case had better come before tbe House after their credential had been referred to the Committee of Elections Md reported upon. It would not affect the right of the gen tlemen to take their seats, which would be perfect until the contrary appeared. When the report should come from the Hou*e W?Uld Ulen * ProPer^ txfore the At the suggestion of Mr. Vxwabu, the credentials of tbe representatives were read, and at the request of Mr. 8tajt tow, of Kentucky, article 6 of the achedule attached to the constitution of California, authorizing the election of Repre sentative*, waa read. IMr. VENABLE contended that the House had the most ?da-!!!??08* .from the commi*ion? of these gentlemen to seau ? "S *t lh? Ub,e? lb#t lh?y we,e not entitled i conrti,u,lon of the United States provided that irLSSdtt t1nd?anner ofbol(lin* ,he Action should be CTn?.dL^l^W#,Ure0fe'ch 8ta,e- The convention people and n!T?k* C0M,"U,,00? wbich waa aubmit'ed to the Je7nnSnt -.fi ?*** ** 11 WM ?*?"tted, before anygo The election thm "u?ence? 'k?* representatives were elected. adontS 5! ihV00^*0! before ?"y fundamental law was sanctioned the sdmisjon ofj,^' ? ^ f Con&rew effect be equiv.len? to Congre^SE?^?' iT5 in of voters in California. AttS tfmf lbe 1U8,lfic?tions gentlemen there waa no government in rrlghiniT^.0^'"! ..?ture in existence in California. The ron?n,;~ J t Vamed the constitution had been elected underth? I? ^ General Riley, for the purpose of forming a jrovemiZ? ?T ore the people of California decided that they would receive teir constitution, they elected theae rspSalitatitlT.h! ?embers of Congress and the constitution were ?oUd fir ?# tte same time. He contended that their election was uncon ditional. He moved that their credential be referred in tto Committee of Elections. e<l to Mr. ROBINSON did not intend to discuss tbe consiitu "tinal objpceon mooted by the gentleman from North Ca rina. Whatever might have been the merit of his argu nnt, he was entitled at least to the credit of having made U first discoveiy of this point, for the Government had been png on for half a century, and had admitted new 8tatea upon U very aame principle, ao far as the admission of represent ees was concerned, and this question hid never been raited J bore. He referred to the fact of the admission of the Sena te of California to aeata in the Senate, and proceeded to give precedent! to show (hat this wu not an extraordinary Sroceeding. 80 far m he had examined, all of the new tales, with the exception of Miaeouii and Texas, aent repre sentatives here who were elected without any previous provi sion of law by their respective Legislatures designating the time and manner of their election. He referred to the case of Michigan as a case similar to the one now preeented. In conclusion, he moved to amend the motion of Mr. Vksablk, so as to make it that the Speaker proceed to administer the oath prescribed by law to Eswaan Gilbert and 6. W. WmiGHT, as members of the House from the State of Cali fornia. Mr. TOOMBS desired to say a few words. He said that when he expressed an opinioo as to the members being sworn in, and their credentials being referred to the Committee of Elections, it was then very apparent that they could be sworn io. As to the argument of the gentleman from Indiana, per haps many gentlemen on that floor had never been legally elected, but the question had not been raised when they pre sented themselves. Even if those precedents were true, they were not sufficient; for the constitution was explicit, and could ?ot be explained away. It provide^ that the Legisla ture of each State should prescribe the time*, place, and man ner of holding their elections, and it appeared that the Le gislature of California had never done tbie, because, at the time of the election of these repreaentatives, there was no Legislature in existence. In conclusion, he moved the pre vious question. Pending which, the House adjoarned. ' Wednesday, Septembbr 11,1850. The SPEAKER stated that the first business in order this rooming was the consideration of the motion made by the gentleman from North Carolina (Mr. Vkvablb) to refer to the Committee of Elections the credentials presented by the members elect from the State of California. Tbe gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Robirsoh) had moved to amend this motion by adding thereto tbe words "and.that the Speaker proceed to administer the oath prescribed by law to Edwabd Gilbirt and Q. W. Wbight, as members of the House from the State of California." The previous question had been demanded, and the question was now on seconding this demand. * The demand for the previous question was seconded?ayes 84, noes 38. The question being on agreeing to the amendment of Mr. Robihsov, it was decided in the affirmative, as follows : 1 YEAS?Meuri. Albertson, Alexander, Alien, Andrews, Baker, Bay, Beale, Bennett, Bissel), Booth, Bowlin, Briggs, William J. Brown, Buel, Burrows, Chester Butler, Thomas B. Butler, Cable, Joseph P. Caldwell, Calvin, Campbell, Carter, Casey, Chandler, Cole, Corwin, Deberrv, Dickey, Disney, Doty, Duncan, Dunham, Durkee, Eliot, Nathan Evans, Ewing, Filch, Fowler, Freedley, Fullur, Gentry, Gerry, Gid dings,Gilmore,Gorman,Gott,Grinnell, Hall, Halloway, Hamp ton, Harlan, Hay, Hebard, Hibbard, Hoagland, Howe, Hunter, W.T.Jackson, Julian, G. GJCing, J. G. King, J. A.King, P. King, LefHer, Littlefield, 'Job Mann, Mason, Mattesen, Mo Donald, McKissock, McLanahan, Finis E. McLean, Meacham, Miller, Moore, Morris, Nelson, Olds, Peaslee, Pitman, Potter, Putnam,. Reed, Reynolds, Richardson, Robinson, Root, Sackett, Saw telle, Schenck, Schermerhorn, Schoolcraft, Shepperd, Silvester, Sprague, Frederick P. Stanton, Richard H. Stanton, Stetson, Sweetser, Taylor, James Thompson, Tuck, Underhill, Walden, Waldo, Watkins, Wentworth, White, Wildrick?109. NAYS?Mesrs. Anderson, Ashe, Averett, Baylv, Bow don, Brooks, Albert G. Brown, Burt, Georee A. Caldwell, Clingman, Williamson R. W. Cobb, Colcock, Edmundson, Featherston, Green, Hamilton, Haralson, liham G. Harris, Sampson W. Harris, Hilliard, Holladay, Holmes, Houston, Hubbard, Inge, Joseph W. Jackson, Andrew Johnson, James L. Johnson, Robert W. Johnson, Jones, Kaufman, Kerr, La Sere, Horace Man Marshall, McClernand, McQueen, Mo Willie, Meade, Millson, Morse, Orr, Outlaw, Owen, Parker, Ross, Rumsey, Savage, Seddon, Stanly, Thaddeus Stevens, J. Thompson, Toombs, Venable, Vinton, Wallace, Wellborn, Williams, Woodward?59. The motion of Mr. Vevabli, as amended, was then agreed to. Mr. BOYD then introduced Mr. Euwa.ro Gilbert and Mr. Gbobob W. Whioht, the Representatives from the State of California, when the Speaker administered to them the oath to support the Constitution of the United States. PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE. Monday, September 9, 1850. A message was received from the President of the United States, transmitting a letter from the Secretary of State, ac companied by a copy of the report of the Commissioner to China, made in pursuance of the provisions of the act to car ry into effect certain provisions of the treaty between the United States and China and the Ottoman Porte, giving cer tain judicial proceedings, ?Scc., called for by a resolution of the Senate of the 5th instant; which was referred to the Commit tee on Foreign Relations, and ordered to be printed. A message was also received fiom the President of the United States, sent in compliance with a request of tha Hon. Manuel Alvarez, transmitting a copy of the constitution re cently adopted by the inhabitants of New Mexico, together with a digest of the votes for and against its adoption, and stating that as Congress had passed a bill providing a Terri torial Government for New Mexico, he did not deem it expe dient to submit any recommendation on the subject of a 8tate Government; which was read and laid on the the table. The following is the digest of the votes alluded to : Digest of the votes given for and against the Constitution of the State of New Mexico: For. Against In the county of Taos 1,339 35 Rio Arribo 0 - .0 San Miguel 203 0 Santa Anna 1,146 0 Bernalillo 1,504 1 Valencia - 2,008 1 Santa Fe . .571 2 Total 6,771 39 LAND FOR A RAILROAD IN MIS80URI. On motion by Mr. ATCHISON, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of Senate bill No. 272, being the bill to grant to the State of Missouri the right of way and a portion of public land for the purpose of aiding in making a railroad from 8t. Louis to the western limits of said Slate, with an east ern extension to Cincinnati and Louisville. The bill had been reported from the Committee on Public Lands with an amendment, as a substitute for the entire bill, in conformity j with others heretofore passed, making donations of land for like purposes to other States. The amendment having been agreed to, the bill was report ed to the Senate, and the amendment having been concurred in, the bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. The bill grants to the State of Missouri the right of way through the public lands for the construction of a railroad from St. Louis to such point in Cass county, on the western frontier of that State, as may be designated by the Legislature, with the right also to take necessary materials from the public lands adjacent to the road ; providing, however, that the right of way shall not exceed one hundred feet on each side of the length thereof. The bill also grants to the State of Missouri, for the purpose of aiding in making the road, every alternate section of land designated by even numbers, for six sections in width on each side, and doubles the minimum price of tbe sections which remain to the United States. It also provides that the road when made shall be a public highway, for the use of the Government of the United States, free from toll or other charge upon the transportation of any property or troops of the United States; and that the United States mail shall at all times be transported thereupon, under the direction of the Poet Office Depsitment, at such price as Congress may by law direct. The road is to be completed within ten years, or the grant will be revoked. GRANT IN AID OF A RAILROAD IN INDIANA. On motion of Mr. BRIGHT, the Senate proceeded to consider Senate bill 290, being the bill granting the right of way and making a grant of land to the 8tate of Indiana, to aid in the construction of a railroad from a point on the boun dary line between Indiana and Illinois, near its intersection with Like Michigan, to the city of Indianapolis, and a branch to intersect the Southern Michigan Railroad at or near a point where the same enters the said State of Indiana. This bill is similar in its provisions to that which makes a grant of land for a like purpose to the 8tate of Missouri. The bill was considered as in Committee of the Whole, and no amendment being proposed, it was reported to the Senate and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. COASTING TRADE WITH BRITISH NORTH AMERICA. On motion by Mr. DAVIS, of Massachusetts, the Senate proceeded to consider Senate bill No. 308, being the bill to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to permit vessels from the British North Americsn provinces to lade and unlade at such places in any collection district of the United States as he may designate. The bill was reported to the Senate without amendment, and ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. CALIFORNIA, TEXAS, NEW MEXICO, AND UTAH. The Clerk of the House of Representatives, R. M. Yocwo, Esq., appeared at the bar and announced that the Hotue of Representatives had passed Senate bills entitled : An act for the admission of the State of California into the Union. An act to establish a Territorial Government for Utah. He also said the House of Representatives has passed Sen ate bill entitled "An act proposing to the State of Texaa the establishment of her northern and western boundaries, the re linquishment by the said 8tate of all the territory claimed by her exterior to said boundaries, and of all her claims upon the United States," with an amendment, in which I am directed to iik tbe concur re nc a of the 8enate. . PRESIDENT pro tem., at a la'er period of the day, laid before the Senate the bill "proposing to the State of Texaa the establishment of her northern and western boundaries," DONATION OF which had been agreed to by the Houae, with an amendment establishing a Territorial Government for New Mexico. Mr. DOUGLAS. I would suggest to the 8enate the pro priety of diepenaing with the reading of the amendment of the Hooae of Representative*. Their amendment is, word for word, the New Mexican Territorial bill which passed the Senate aome days aince, which they have added to the Teian boundary bill, without altering either. I therefore move that the Senate concur in the amendment of the Houae. Mr. CHA8E. Mr. President, if I am not laboring under ? miaapprehenaion, there ia an amendment of the House to that bill other than that of which the 8enator from Illinoia ?peaks. I would ask for the reading of that amendment of the Honee. Mr. DOUGLAS. I beg pardon; I recollect the other amendment. The 8xc1iktabt read the following amendment of the Houae: Sec. 19. And be it Jurt/ier enacted, That no citizen of the United States ahull be deprived of hi* life, liberty, or property in taid Territory, except by judgment of hi* peers or the laws of the land." ^ Mr. CHASE. I move to amend that amendment of the Houae by striking out the word " citizen," and inserting the word "person and by striking out the words "eicept by judgment of his peers and the laws of the land," and insert " without due process of law." This will conform it preciaely to the language of the constitution. Mr. POOTE. 1 hope there will be no debate on this ques tion. We will vote down the amendment. Mr. CHASE. Nor do I wish to debate thia motion. It is nothing more than a proposition to substitute the language of the constitution for the language of the Houae. If we are wiser tban our fathera, let it be voted down. Mr. POOTE. The amendment is wholly unnecessary, any way. We all know that5 and I do not want any delay in this matter. The PRESIDENT. The question will first be taken on the first amendment of the Senator from Ohio, to atrike out **citizen," and insert "person." The amendment was rejected. The question was next taken on the second amendment of | Mr. Chask, to strike out " without judgment of his peers or the laws of the land," and inaert "without due process of law," and it was rejected. The question then recurred on concurring with the amend ment or the House. Mr. SEWARD and Mr. CHASE asked for the yeas and nays on the question of concurrence. The yeas and nays were ordered ; and, being taken, were as follows: YEAS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Berrien, Bright, Casa, Clay, Dawion, Dickinson, Dodge, of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston, Jones, King, Mangum, Mor ton, Norrii, Force, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Smith, Spruance, Sturgeon, Underwood, Wales, Whitcomb?31. NAYS?-Messrs. Baldwin, Beaton, Cnase. Da via, of chusetts, Dodge, of Wisconsin, Ewing, Hamlin, Seward, Up* ham, and Winthrop?10. 8o the amendment of the House was concurred in. ADJOURNMENT OF CONGRES8 SINE DIE. The following resolution was received from the House of Representatives: " Besolved, (the Senate concurring,) That the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives adjourn their respective Houaes tine die on Monday, the 30th of September instant, at 12 o'clock meridian." After some, debate, the question was taken on concurring in the resolution of the House of Representatives, and it was decided in the affirmative. The Senate then proceeded to the conaideration of Execu tive business ; and after some time spent therein, adjourned. Tuesday, September 10, 1850. Mr. DOUGLAS. Mr. President, I have been requested to present the credentials of W*. M. Gwu ts a member of the Senate elect from the Stale of California. I move that they be read, and that the oath of office be administered to Mr. Gwiir. The Secretary read the credentials accordingly. Mr. BARNWELL. Mr. President, I have been requested to present the credentials of Johx C. Fbemobtt as a Sena tor from California. It is well known, sir, that I entertained the strongest constitutional objections to the admission of Cali fornia into the Union. But Congress having passed an act for her admission, Mr. Fhkxoht's admission could not be otherwise than very acceptable. The credentials were read by the Secretary. Mr. DAVIS, of Mississippi. Mr. President, if I were governed by either personal or party considerations, I certain ly should make no objection to the ordinary course which is pursued when the credentials of Senators are received here. But believing, as I do, that the constitutional provisions for the election of Senators could not have been complied with in this case, it is with me a sacred matter of duty to interpose such objection as requires me to move the reference of these cre dentials to the Committee on the Judiciary, with instructions to report on the law and the facts. I make that motion. Mr. DOUGLAS. Mr. President, I see no necessity for taking up time by this reference. If this were the fore part of the session I would interpose no objection to the re ference. But now less than three weeks of the session re main, and much legislation must take place for California. Hence it is important that these Senators should take their seats. In order that they may do so, there being msny pre cedents for this case, certainly one or two precisely in point, as no one can doubt, I hope the motion will not prevail. Mr. DAVIS called for the yeas and nays on his motion, and they were ordered. Mr. DAVlB. If it be in order, and if the chairman of the Judiciary Committee thinks he will be then ready to report, I would move, as additional1 instructions, that the committee report to morrow morning. The PRESIDENT. Such imtrucions are not in order. Mr. FOOTE. As the yeas and nays have been ordered, I wish to make a single remark. I shall not vote for the re ference of these credentials, because this matter has been thoroughly investigated heretofore.. And I am very well sat isfied that if the Judiciary Committee, for every member of whom I entertain the highest respect, were to take the matter into consideration for twenty centuries, and were fifty times as well qualified to discharge the duties connected with this matter as they are, they could not, in my opinion, throw one single particle of new light on the question. Under such circumstances I shall oppose the reference. Mr. BUTLER. Mr. President, if this matter should be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, I ceTlainly will, in good faith, report on it as speedily as possible. That is, I would not postpone the consideration of what rights these gentlemen may have. But what course will be taken in the committee I cannot tell. It may be discussed, and a long re port written upon it. I can make no other than this general ststement. Mr. TURNEY. Mr. President, I shall vote for the refer ence, upon the principle that no other case of the kind has ever occurred since the formation of the Government. I believe there is no instsnce where a State has been admitted without there first being some organization on the part of the community to be admitted. No community has been admit ted as a State unless there was some vestige of legal existence to such community. In the present instance there was none. There have been States admitted where there was no law of Congress authorizing the formation of a constitution and Stite Government. But in all such cases there was previously a Territorial Government, and jurisdiction on the part of Con gress conferred upon such communities as a Territorial Gov ernment. And in every such esse the Territorial legislative authorities enacted laws for the calling of a Convention for the purpose of forming a State constitution ; which, in my judgment, gave it something of a legal existence as a State, sltbough the election of Senstora by a Legislature, under a constitution formed in that way, without the sanction of Con gress, would not to a certain extent be in compliance with the constitution, which requires the Legislature of a " State " to elect Senators. But, sir, California was no 8tate, in any sense of the word, in my judgment; consequently I must vote for the reference, and sgamst the admission of her Senators. Mr. MA80N. Mr. President, I bad occasion to look into this question when the bill for the admission of California was before the Senate, as one properly involved in the considera tions relating to that subject. I did not then find any prece dent directly in point, but in the esse of the admission of the State of Michigan. I considered that a precedent directly in point. I did not consider that the fact that Michigan had previously been organized into a Territorial Government, could make any discrimination whatever. But I entertained very serious doubts whether the Senators whom we then ad mitted were Senators within the meaning of the constitution. I have the same doubts in the case of California. As fsr ss my personal feelings are concerned, I should certainly welcome the Senators elect from California, as peers upon this floor. But I have a constitutional doubt; and I should be glad to have that doubt solved, if it can be solved by this reference Mr. FOOTE. I wish to make one other observation in addition to what I have already said. Although all those Se na tori who opposed our plan of adjustment did not tske the ground which I am about to state, yet some of them, and among them some very influential and leading gentlemen, did take the ground, that if we would reduce the territorial boundaries of California, all constitutional difficulty in regard to the admission of California as a 8tate would be thereby removed. I suppose those' gentlemen, at least, can have had no difficulty in allowing the gentlemen whose credentials have been presented to be qualified and take their sests, as I suppose a mere alteration of territorial boundsries cannot alter the constitutional sspect of this particular question. One other observation, and I have done. I am very happy that the credentials *f these gentlemen have been in pert presented from the State of South Carolina, whose attitude ia perfectly well known to the whote> country. This movement originating in part from that 8tale, seems to me to lend a grscious sanction to what we have done heretofore on the sub ject, upon which I congratulate the country. Mr. BERRIEN. I do not mean to enter upon this dis cussion, but 1 do mean to protect myself from the remark mad*, that then would have been no objection to the admis ?ion of California Mr. FOOTE. I said in certain quarters, and I certainly did not intend to allude to tbe Senator from Georgia, became be and I discussed tbe preciae point, and I understood him to take the opposite ground. Mr. BERRIEN. I wish merely to cay, for aelf protection, that when 1 urged restriction* upon the limits of California, it was with the entire conviction, in my own mind, that if tbe limits were restricted, the constitution presented here would not be the constitution of tbe people of California, as then constituted, and we should certainly be obliged to refor the instrument back to the people for their action upon it. Mr. MA80N. I do not know to what opinioo, or to what Senator, the Senator from Mississippi alluded, but I was one of thoee who felt an earnest desire, and frequently expressed it in debate, to limit the boundaries of California to the paral lel of 86? 30" ; and I never went further, after having done that, than to declare my willingness to allow California to be admitted, after its boundaries bad been restricted, upon tbe proclamation of the President, in order to avoid unnecessary delay. Mr. FOOTE. I did not intend to refer to the Senator from Virginia ; for I have understood that he was utterly op posed to the admission of California under any circumstances whatsoever. [Mr. Masov shook his head in dissent] Cer tainly, however, his mistake was natural enough, inasmuch as I alluded to the leading and influential gentlemen who op poeed tbe admission. It is natural, therefore, that in himself he should recognise one of those persons to whom I al luded. Mr. MA80N. I can assure tbe 8enator from Mississippi that, so far from looking upon myself as an individual of any great influence, it has been a matter of deep regret with me, since I have bad a seat here, tbat I was not entitled to more influence than I have been able to exercise. I have never ob truded myself upon tbe Senate except when I thought the oc casion imperatively required it, in the solemn discharge of my duty. Tbe 8enator is also mistaken in ascribing to me an opinion adverse to the admission of California on any grounds; and if he had listened, as I doubt not he did as a matter of courtesy, to ray remarks when I addreaaed the Senate on the admission of California, he would have known that I ex pressed myaelf ready, so far as I could, to harmonize tbe dif ficultiee which had arisen on the acquisition of this territory, in any way I could, with a proper regard to my constitu tional obligations; and that I was willing, from devotion to the Union, to agree, in order to avoid delay, to admit Cali fornia on tbe proclamation of the President, if her constitu tion should be returned to her for tbe proper action upon it. Mr. CLAY. Prior to yesterday, California was a State, de facto, out of the Union. Upon the approbation of tbe President of tbe United States of the bill for her admission into the Union, she became, and now is, one of tbe States oi the Union, having equal and all the privileges which belong to any State in tbe Union. Among those privileges is ihat of being represented on this floor by two Senators. She has presented through her Senators tbe regular credentials of their election, and as she has tbe same privileges as Kentucky, New York, or any other State, I do not see upon what ground we can treat her differently, or make any reference of those credentials not made in the case of any other State. If we do, then she does not in alt respects whatsoever stand on that equal footing which ths constitution has prescribed. Mr. DAYI8, of Mississippi. I do not consider that Cali fornia was a State out of the Union, but that it was a Terri tory of the United States?territory obtained by conquest and purchase?over which tbe United States bad full authority, and over which Congress failed to exercise that authority, from considerations, ai I believe, discreditable to the Govern ment itself. It was tlis failure of the Government to take charge of this Territory which constituted the best argument for the action of the people of California themselves. Cali fornia became a 8taU by the action of Congraas, and the ac tion of the President ipproving the bill which Congress passed; and she was not a Bate before that action was had. The constitution providea that 8enators shall be elected by the Le gislature of a State, and, if there was no State, there could be no Legislature of a State. I do not propose to go into an ar gument upon this subject, and I only moved the reference to a committee which 1 thought might best judge of a constitu tional question, and I do not believe now that the committee would have detained us more than one or two days. I seek for no delay?I wUh the question fairly presented, and I took this mode of reaching it. I am one of those who opposed the admission of California?who sought to restrict its bounda ries ? but I am not one of those who at any time was prepared to enter into a compact to admit her with reduced boundaries. I considered the dsfect in the whole proceeding to be inherent and radical, and beyond any reduction of the boundaries. I am one ofthoee who stand here instructed by my 8tate Legis lature to resist the admission of California by all honorable and constitutional means. This is taken as an incident to State existence prior to the admission of California, anu this is the ground taken by the Senator from Kentucky. If, then, I am under instructions to use all honorable and constitutional means to resist the admission of California as a 8tate, I am also necessarily instructed to oppose every thing which is an incident to the assertion of State existence prior to our acUon for admission. I did not wish to be drawn into any remarks on this subject, and personal considerations rendered me very reluctant to do so ? nor did I wish to consume the time of the Senate by de bate. Whatever views I have entertained on this subject have been heretofore expressed, and I have merely sought now to refer the question to that committee to whom we have supposed we might entrust the examination of questions of constitutional law. Mr. DOUGLAS. I desire to state only one of the grounds upon which I base this proceeding. California has been ad mitted into the Union as a State, and, by the act ol admis sion, she becomes a State from the day of the date of hereon Stitution. The principle of relation, known to the law ap plying to it, when the act is consummated it becomes a valid act from the beginning. It was upon that principle, and that only, that the Michigan Senators were enabled to take their ?eats here. It was upon that principle, and that only, that the Senators from Indiana first elected were enabled to take their seats here. And it is upon that principle, and that only, that the two gentlemen now repiesenting Texas on this floor are now eligible, they not having been for nine years cittiens of the United States at the time of their election. But when we annexed Texas to the Union, by the principle or relation, they having been nine years citizens of Texas, they thereby became for nine years citizens of the United States. It is up on this principle of relating bsck that the defects in the case of Texas, of Indiana, and of Michigan were remedied; and so in this case; California being a 8tate now, she was a State from the time she adopted her constitution. She has had a Legislature from that time, and all the acts of that Legislature from that time relate back, and become valid fromi the time of their adoption. These are the grounds upon which I place my vote, and upon which I suppose these gentlemen will be sworn in. ? . Mr FOOTE. I was instructed also to vote against the admission of California, and I have done so, and complied with my instructions and obeyed them to the letter. was not instructed, after the admission had taken place, to op pose the admission of the 8enatora elect upon the floor of the Senate, and therefore I present no such opposition. And I am free to say that it would have been exceedingly disagreea ble to me, if not a duty impossible for me conscientiously to perform, to obey such instructions if I had received them; for, according to my judgment, it would be an act improper in itself, extremely improper with my views of constitiuUonal duty to oppose the admission on this floor of 8enttors from a sovereign State of the Union, so recognised and already ad mitted into the Confederacy. Such being my view, it was not a matter upon which I conceived we could hesitate or de lay, and hence I rose and first objected to the proposed re ference. Mr. BUTLER. Perhaps it is proper, as I am on the committee to which it is proposed to refer this matter, that I should make s single remark. My opinion, so far as regards the faculty or the piwer of the people of California to erect themselves into a State, is well known, and in regard to this body of men, said to be a legislature, I do not believe that they have the faculty of being a^ legislature. They have not bad the previous assent of Congress, or passed through a territorial condition, and they cannot, in my opin ion, have the faculty, in legal phrase, without thst consent I of Congress being given, without s violation of the consutu tion. Mr. DAVI8, of Mississippi, again ratified his motion, so that it stood as follows : # Retotved, That the credentials of Wro. M. Gwm and J no. C. Fremont, presenting themselves as Senators elect from the State of California, be referred to the Committee on the Judi ciary, with instructions to report on the law and the facts. The question waa taken by yeas and nays, and they were YEAS?Mesars. Atchison, Barnwell, Berrien, Butler, Da yis, of Mississippi, Hunter, Maaon, Morton, Pratt, Sebas tian, Soule, andTumey?12. . NAYS?Messrs. Badger, Baldwin, Bell, Benton, Bright, Cass, Chase, Clay, Davia, of Massachusetts, Dawson, Dayton, Dickinson, Dodge, of Wiseonsin, Dodge, of Iowa, Douglas, Downa, Ewing, Feleh, Poote, Greene, Hamlin, Jones, King, Manguro, Norria, Phelps, Seward, Shielda, Smith, Spru ance. Sturgeon, Underwood, Wales, Walker, Whitoomb, Winthrop?36. So the motion to refer was not agreed to. The PRE8IDENT. The Senators elect from California will now approach the Cbair and take the oath of office. Me>sra. Gwm and Fmxovt then presented themselves and the oath of office was administered to them by the Presi dent of the Senate. Mr. BARNWELL submitted the following resolution, which was considered and agreed to : Retohxd, That the Senate proceed to ascertain the olaises in which the Senators of the State of California shall be in serted, in conformity with the resolution of the l?h May, 1789, and as the constitution requires. Mr. BARNWELL submitted the following motion, which was considered and agreed to : Ordered, That the Secretary put into the ballot-box three papers of equal size, numbered one, two, and three; each ol the Senator* from the State of California shall draw oat one paper, ooinber one, if drawn, shall entitle the member to be placed in the clan of Senators whose terms of service will expire the 3d dajr of March, 1851, number two in that class whose terms will expire the 3d day of March,-1833 ; and number three in the class whose terms will expire the 3d day of March, 185S. Whereupon the papers marked No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3 were by the Secretary put into the ballot-box ; and No. 1 was drawn by the Hon. Jon? C. Fbkmomt ; who is accordingly in the class of Senators whose terms will ex pire on the 3d day of March, 1851 ; and No. 3 was drawn by the Hon. Wx. M. Gwm, who is accordingly in the class of Senators whose terms will expire the 3d day of March, 1855. POST ROUTES IN CALIFORNIA. Mr. FREMONT submitted the following resolution, which was considered by unsnimous consent, and agreed to : Retohw<4 That the Committee on the Post Office and Pott Roads be instructed to inquire into die expediency of estab liihing the fol lowing post routes in the State of California : From San Francisco, by Santa Clara, city of San Jose, San Juan Bauptista, Monterey, Solidud, San Miguel,San Luis Obis po, Danas, La Purissima', Santa Ines, Santa Barbara, San Bue na Ventura, Los Abgelei, Santa Anna, San Juan Capistrano, Santa Margaretta, and Sun Luis Rey, to San Diego. From the city ol San Jose, by San Jose mission, and Liver more's, to Stockton. From the city of San Jose, by the mission of San Jose, and Martines, to Benicia. From the city of San Jose to Santa Cruz. From Monterey, by Pacheco's, to Towalumne. ? From Los Angeles to San Pedro. From Los Angeles, by San Gabriel, Workman's, Roland's, Chino, Pala, Agua Caliente, to Gila town. From San Francisco, by Sansalito, and Benicia, to Saera mento. From Benicia, by Sonoma, to Humboldt aud Trinity. From Benieia, by Martines, and New York, to Stockton. From Sacramento, by Vernon, Fremont, Nicolaus, Sutter's, (Hock Farm,) Yuva town, Neil's, Lassen's, Reading's, and Placer town, to Humboldt and Trinity. From Sacramento, by Columa, to Carson Vallev settlement. From Sacramento to the gold diggings on the Rio de los Americanos. From Yuva town to the gold diggings on Bear, Yuva, and Feather rivers. From Sacramento,by Murphy's, Shaddan's, Laird's, Isbel's, Stockton, Stanislaus, and Towalumne, to Las Mariposas mines. From Stockton to the gold diggings of the Mokelumne and Calaveras. From Stockton to the gold diggings of the Stanislaus, Towa lumne, and Mereedea rivers. Mr. FREMONT submitted a map exhibiting the positions of the proposed mail routes in California ; which was referred to the Committee on the Post Office and Poet Roads. NOTICE OF CALIFORNIA BILLS. Mr. FREMONT. Mr. President, I desire to give notice that to-morrow, or on some subsequent morning, I will ask leave to introduce bills of the following titles : 1st. A bill to provide for the appointment of a recorder of land titles in California. 2d. A bill to provide for the appointment of a surveyor general in the State of California, and for the survey of the public lands. 3d. A bill to provide for the erection of land offices in Cali fornia, and the appointment of registers and receivers. 4tb. A bill to provide for the ascertainment of private Und claims in,California, and for the adjudication and settlement of the same. 5th. A bill to grant donations of land to settlers in Cali fornia before the cession of thst country to the United Stater, and to allow pre-emption rights to all subsequent and to all future settlers. 6th. A bill to regulate the working of the placers and gold mines in California, and to preserve order, by granting tempo rary presents to actual operators to work the same in limited quantities. 7th. A bill to provide for extending the laws and judicial system of the United Suites to the State of California. 8th. A bill to refund to the State of California the amount of moneys collected for duties on imported goods at San Fran cisco, and the other ports, before the custom-house laws of the United States were extended to California. 9th. A bill to grant to the State of California certain quan tities of public land for the purposes of education. 10th. A bill to grant to the State of California six town ships of land for a university. 11th. A bill to grant to the State of California four sections of land, to aid in constiucting public buildings at the seat of government. 12th. A bill to grant to the State of California two town ships of land, for establishing an asylum for the deaf and dumb, and for the blind and insane. 13th. A bill to relinquish to the city of San Francisco all the ground reserved for military or other public purposes in the said city, and which are no longer wanted for such purposes. 14th. A bill to grant to the State of California twelve salt spring*, with a section of land around each. 15th. A bill for granting to the city of Monterey the old government house in that city, and tha^round upon which it stands. 16th. A bill to provide for opening a road across the Sierra Nevada, on the line of the Rio de loa Americanos and Car son's river, and the pass at their head, as the commencement of opening a common travelling road' between the present western settlements of the United States and the State ol California. 17th. A bill to grant to the State of California one million six hundred thousand acres of land for purpofes of internal improvement, in addition to the half million of acres granted for such purposes to each new State by a general law. 18th. A bill to preserve peace among the Indian tribes in California, by providing for the extinction of their territorial claims in the gold mine districts. Mr. FREMONT. In the present advanced state of Cali fornia I have thought it best to ask for all that has been grant ed to any State. Her population is large and rapidly accu mulating, and the demands upon her resources are extraordi narily great. SLAVERY IN THE TERRITORIES. Mr. CHASE gave notice that to-morrow, or some subse quent day, he would ask leave to introduce "A bill to pro hibit slavery in the Territories of the United States." BILLS PASSED. The following engrossed billa were severally read a third time and passed : The bill for the relief of Charlea Reeder, Walter R. John son, and the legal representatives of Thomas P. Jones. The bill to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to per mit vessels from the British North American provinces to lade and unlade at such places in any collection district of the United 8tates as he may designate. The bill to establish a port of entry at Milwaukee, in the Slate of Wisconsin, and for other puiposes. The bill to grant to the 8tate of Missouri the right of way and a portion of public land for the purpose of aiding in making a railroad from St. Louis to the western limits of said State. The bill granting the right of way and making a grant of land to the State of Indiana to aid in the construction of a railroad from a point on the boundsry line between Indiana and Illinois, near its intersection with Lake Michigan to the city of Indianapolis, and a branch to intersect the Southern Michigan railroad at or near a point where the same enters the said State of Indiana. BILL FOR THE RELIEF OF JOHN LE ROY. On motion of Mr. RUSK, the special orders were post' poned, and the Senate took up Senate bill 56, being a bill for the relief of John Le Roy. The bill was read a second time, and considered by the Senate as in Committee of the Whole. It proposes to allow to John Le Roy, who was an express rider in tbe late war with Mexico, a pension of twenty dollars per month, to com mence on the twenty-second of February, eighteen hundred and forty-seven, and to continue during life. After some debate, tbe bill was reported to the 8enate and ordered to be engrossed for a third resding. BOUNTY LAND BILL. The Senate proceeded to tbe consideration of the bill granting bounty lands to certain officers and soldiers engsged in the military service of the United States. The pending question being on the following amendment proposed by Mr. WALKKK .* " Nor shall any warrant or certificate for land issued un der the provisions of this act be assignable in any ease what ever, and the heirs at law or any one of them, or the widow, may at any time recover possession of raid premises, with tbe rents and mesne profits, by merely proving ou trial the fact of heirship or widowhood." The amendment was rejected. Mr. WALKER. I now offer the following amendment, to come in in the 7th line of the third section, alter the word " whatsoever": " Nor shall any warrant or certificate for land issued under the provisions of (his act be assignable in any case whatever." Mr. WALKER demanded the yeas and naya which were ordered and taken, and resulted ss follows : YEAS?Messrs. Benton, Bright, Cass, Chase, Davis, of Mississippi, Dodge, of Wisconsin, I)odge, of lows, Douglas, Felch, Jones, Shields, Smith, Walker, Whitcomb, ana Yulee?15. NAYS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Baldwin, Barnwell, Bell, Berrien, Butler, Clay, Davis, of Massachusetts, Daw son, Dayton, Dickinson, Downs, Ewing, Fremont, Hamlin, King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Norris, Pratt, Rusk, Soule, Spruanoe, Sturgeon, Tuhiey, Underwood, Upham, Wales, and Wiothrop?31. So the amendment was rejected. Mr. MA80N offered the following amendment, to be ad ded at the end of the bill: Sec. . And bt it further enacted^ That all unsatisfied out standing land warranta which have been heretofore issued,and the residue of all such lsnd warrants as have been partly satis fied, under the provisions of the seoond section of the set ap propriating for the civil and diplomatic expenses of the Gov ernment, passed 3d March, 18d5, as have been issued by the State of Virginia, under the laws thereol, for services per formed in the war of the Revolution, may be surrendered to die Secretory of the Interior within two years fie? tke passage of this act i and it shall be the duty of said Secretary to issue thereupon to the owner* of ?uch warranto scrip at the rate one dollar and twenty-five cento per acre for sash aere sailed for by said warrant, which aerip shall be receivable in payment for an* land? subject to tale or private entry in the 8tote? ot Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, or Wisconsin, and shall moreover be assignable by endorsement attested by two wit nesses. In issuing said scrip the said Secretary ia authorized, where there are more persons than one interested in the same warrant or tract, to issue to each scrip for his or her portion, and where infants and feme coverts may be entitled to scrip under this act, the guardian of the infant and the husband ot the feme may receive and dispose of the same. Mr. MASON spoke at some length in suppoit of hi* amend ment, and the debate was continued by Messrs. UNDER WOOD, CASS, and ATCHISON. Mr. CLAY then reminded the Senate that the hour bad arrived for the consideration of another special order?the bill to suppress the slave trade in the District of Columbia?and, on bis motion, the further consideration of the bill before the Senate was postponed until to-morrow. DR. PAGE'S ELECTRO-MAGNETIC POWER. Since the first announcement by Professor Page of the results of his discoveries, I have seen in seve ral public journals accounts of inventions for the savne purpose, by other persons, and in most of them claims to novelty and K*?** superiority. ? had some curiosity to refer to Professor P. an arti cle of this kind, from a late number of the St. Louis Republican, in which it was stated that Mr. Bland, of that city, had a new invention, "far in advance," as was shown by calculation, "of that adopted by Professor Page." On making the reference, my attention was called to an article in the 36th volume ?f Silliman's Journal, page 352, published in 1839, in which Professor Page had explained and figured an electro-magnetic engine, exacdy like Mr. Bland's, and which plan, I was in formed, was abandoned more than ton years ago. The fact is, Dr. Page's method is peculiar and entirely new, and distinct from every other hitherto tried ; and therein lies the source of his success. Instead of going upon beaten track*, which, though seemingly fair, he was persuaded would not reach the desired end, he marked out an entirely new one. The great difference between his and other plans, as I understand it to be, is this: In all former electro-mag netic machines, the power is made up of a aeries of jerks or impulse?, while in this, which he styles an axial machine, or engine, the power is uniform and continuous ; and it ia just as easy to make a reciprocating engine of twenty-four feet stroke as one of two feet, like that already constructed and recently exhibited. I saw at the laboratory of Dr. Page, a rotary axial engine, which he thinks may, in many cases, supersede the recipro cating. It is really a curious machine ; and looking at this, and all bis wonderful results, it appears as if we had just entered upon a new era in science and art, promising revolu tions in social life and business pursuits as miraculous to the people of the dsy as have been those effected by the steam engine and the magnetic telegraph. On Saturday night last, in company with several gentle men, mostly members of Congress, I witnessed the most won derful and interesting experiments I ever beheld. The honor able Mr. Evahs, of Maryland, was among^the number pre ' sent, and evinced, by his scrutiny and pertinent inquiries, a truly sagacious and scientific mind. His remarks elicited some points on which there had before seemed some room for doubt, particularly with regard to methods for determining tbe j power. On this occasion the power was carefully calculated, and found to be six horses.* I mention thia because I re member to have seen a statement that Professor Page was mistaken in tbe power of bis engine ? but the experiments on this point satisfied me that all was right. In order to show that there was something like power, he loaded down the engine, placed the crank at half stroke, and then a hook over the end of tbe crank, to which hook was attached a long rope. Three of the strongest men of the party then took hold of the rope, two of them having their feet braced. The three men could not start the engine a hair's breadth. Four of the men then took hold, and they moved the end of the crank two inches, where it stuck faau The power waa then let on, and the engine started, and made a speed of ninety revolutions in a minute. By taking off fourteen pounds from the end of his friction brake the engine made one hundred and ten revolutions per minute. Professor Page stated that this was not testing the power of the engine, but it showed that what four men could but just move through ' two inches, the engine carried through one-fifth of a mile, f and that, too, in one minute. Understand that, from the change in the position of the crank, the power of the four men i could go no further than the two inches. 1 The witnesses to these results were all much delighted, and L will sustain all I have said. But the most remarkable, pro bably, of all, was the battery. When the engine was work ing full speed, we could scarcely see any signs of action in the battery,* showing that Uh? consumption of zinc must be very slight. Professor Page expects to make a trial upon a railroad soon*, He has sufficient power now to make a demonstration; but ia not satisfied with it. He would be glad to make tbe first trip wiih fifteen to twenty borse power. It is, however, in navigalion that he expects Ihe greatest benefit from this great invention, and I would like to see the project carried out <5 an engine and magnetic boat [not steam boat] of One hundred hoise power. This would settle the question, and suable the world to enter upon the benefits of the discovery, or satisfy mankind that the power cannot be made available for " loco motion or navigation and thus arrest the further sacrifice of mind and means, in endeavors to find that which (if it cannot be (.'etermined by tbe present plan) does not probably exist. A point has been arrived at in this investigation which indi cates, to use the language of Professor Page, in bis Iste report sent to Congress,' the importance of carrying the thing " be yond An uncertain issue." I have no doubt of tbe applica bility and economy (especially if we count the risks and value of human life) of this power for the purposes contemplated by Congress in providing for the experiments; but the world may not yet be satisfied, and many experiments have still to be made, and much money expended before the invention will be really available. Fulton's steamboat would bear but a sorry comparison with those of modern construction ; yet who will say that Fulton's limited success should have been the signal for suspending all efforts to use steam as a propelling power for ships, or that to his zeal and intelligence we are not indebted for the introduction of what we now enjoy in the way of steam navigation } H. ?At the Smithsonian Institution tbe battery had been ar ranged for about four horae power, but it seems that less than this power was there realized, from the fact, subsequently dis covered, that many of the platea had become accidentally coated with oil and cement, which prevented the action of the acids upon the zinc. A Lecture on Propriety.?The Philadelphia Bulletin thus notices the extravagant folly of some of the New Yorkers in forcing themselves into no tice by their attentions to Jenny Lind. We trust (says the Baltimore American) that the example will not be followed in other cities : Jexxt Lind Agaiw.?A few of the New Yorkers, we perceive, are beginning to see the folly of their behavior to Jenny Lind; but others continue to Exhibit the same adula tion which desecrated last Sunday. If, however, they injur ed only themselves, their conduct would be less censurable. But they are positively rude to the fair 8wede, annoying her in every way with tbeir attentions, dining her at a picture gallery, asking her to public balls, and waylaying her when ever she enter* the streets. 8he has become, we understand, disgusted already with their behavior, and will leave the Irv ing House, as one means of escaping persecution, as soon as suitable accommodations can be found for her in some private establishment. _ The Cost of thi Jewwt Liivd Hall iw * ?**? exclusive of the ground on which it stands, will be f 185,000. Tbe aaloon ia 150 by 100 feet, and will seat five thousand persons. There are no pillars to support the ceiling, nor will there be any chandeliers to obstruct the view of the stage. The arrangements for lighting tbe hall are on a novel aad magnificent scale. Around the cornice under the ceiling a gas light will be led, perforated every eight inches foe a trig. of clear flame. The stage will be lighted by five splendid chandeliers, of Bohemian crystal, at a cost of 96,000. Around tbe front of the galleries there will be a balustrade in white enamel and gold, below which will ran a row ot dou ble bracket lights, with glass globes, making 800 lights in all. A Shark, measuring nine feet in length, and-fonr and ? half in breadth, waa lately captured in the Potomac river. He was caught in a sturgeon net, and was not easily brought, to shore.