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FROM our PARIS CORRESPONDENT
Paris, Auoust 29, 1850. The most important intelligence that will be taken to America by the next steamer is that of the death of the late King of the French, Louis Philippe. He was no longer Kino ; he would never more have had part personally in the public affairs of Europe: but his party is still active, vigo rous, and full of hope in France; the young Princes his sons are burning to connect themselves, in some way with the actual history of their coun try Party and princes were strongly influenced, perhaps controlled, by the wily, able, and expe rienced old monarch. Having now no acknowl edged head in whose skill and experience all may confide, and which none may dispute, it becomes a matter not only of interest but importance^ know what effect upon the conduct of the Princw and parly of Orleans will follow Una release from the moral influence exercised by Lome Philippe. The Journal del Debat>, which ls the organ of the Orleans parly in France, and doubtless ha? its in formation! from the most authentic sources, thus describes the last hours of the Ex-Kmg: "The King Loch Philip" died surrounded by hi. family, and in full potion of bis intellectual faculties. The habitual lucidity of hia mind was not in the slightest degree obscured by the approach of death. For some months hts health had been visibly declining, but no particular organ was specially affected. There was a general decay of organi zation. In June last the residence of his Majesty at Su Leonard appeared to put him in the way of complete resto ration. He received several visiU which caused him most lively emotion, of pleasure. The month of July seemed to confirm this improvement of bis health ; but or t e a. or night his disease was evidently becoming aggravated, and two days ago the general failure throughout his system made .0 rapid progress that it became impossible for any even for the Queen to be longer deceived as to the result. A journey to and temporary residence at Richmond, which had been projected, were countermanded, contrary to the wishes of the Kmc, on account of the impassibility of travelling without aggravating the disease. From that moment the medical art became poweiless. It was in vain that Dr< Chomel was summoned to the patient. It became necessary to announce to the King the imminence of the danger. 1 he King re ceived the intelligence of his approaching dissolution with a firmness of soul that did not for a moment fail him throughout this cruel trial. This was Sunday morning, 25th August. He had the strength to dictate several dispositions which he desired to add to his will, as also the last page of the me moirs of his life, the writing of which has during the last two years afforded him occupation in his retirement and amuse ment in his exile. Then, his Majesty having sent for the Duchess of Orleans, bad with her an interview wh,ch lasted more than half an hour. After this interview the Queen s almoner, the Abbe Guelle, being called in, the King in presence of his whole family, simply, nobly, and with perfect resignation, performed the duties of a christian. The Queen, Mme., the Duchess of Orleans, the Count ol Pans, the Duke of Chartrea, the Duke and Duchess of Xemoure, the Prince and Princess of Joinville, the Duke and Duchess, of Aumale, and the Ducheas of Sax-Cobourg were kneeling around the bed of his Majesty. The officers and servants of the King were also present at this touching scene. ? In the evening a violent fever came on. It went off after awhile and the King passed a tolerable night. In the morning he felt still belter. At seven o'clock, one hour be fore his death, he was yet completely in possession of his mind, and told his physician that he felt better. At eight o'clock he surrendered his soul to God, amid the tears and embraces of his family, without convulsions, without pain, with an admirable serenity, dying like the just man, lament ed by all as the moat tender of husbands, the best of fathers, a most indulgent, wise, and kind master." President Bonaparte has returned from his ex cursion to the eastern departments. He'ravened the boulevards last evening between eight and nine o'clock, with a strong escort of cavalry. He was expected, and immense crowds were outto wJtne,S? the ovation which it was said his liegemen of the "Society of the 10th December" were preparing for him. They did in truth utter along the route from the railroad terminus to the Elysee occasional shouts of Long live the Emperor! But the Repub licans were out in much greater force, and made the ears of the President, as he passed on at a rapid trot, tingle with their vivats for the republic. During the whole journey the cry Vive la Republique . has been proffered and received as one hostile to the President. At Metz, three days since, we had he most remarkable proof of this. The officers of the National Guard, upon the occasion of their grand re ception by the President, had come to the determi nation, it was known, to utter this cry and no other. A civil functionary, aware of the intention, approached a group of officers, and addressing a General present, hoped that no improper cries would be uttered upon the occasion. ? Certainly not," replied the General, "we mean to acclaim the Republic ; aurely this will not be deemed improper. The President entered the room and the presentation commenced with loud shout, of " Vive la Republique!" ? Stop, gentle men !" said M. Boxapahtz, with a haughty waive of the hand, "Please to remain .ilent for a moment! It is not " usual to utter cries of any sort upon the prestation of the " public authorise. ; yet I hear some of you shout ' Vive la " Republique !' to which other, reply by shouts of a different ?. character. If it i. counsel that you mean to give me, I have " no need of it; my acts speak loudly enough. If it is a " lesson that you would give me, learn that I receive rs " from nobody !" Increased shout, of " the Republic! the Re public ! nothing but the Republic >" was the reply of the offi cers. It is generally believed that the result of this excur.ion into the Eastern Democratic Socialist department, has not been so satisfactory to the President as he had hoped to find it. He has found the masses inveteralely hostile; and the moderates, who are well disposed toward him, silent, from the conviction that, if under hi. government order was maintain ed, security wss dearly puichased by the unconstitutional an oppressive measures which have already signalized his admin titration. The Persideht intend* leaving again on Monday for Cherbourg where he will pass (he fleet in review. Already the English have gathered there in great numbers to witness the evolutions which are promised. Ia the course of this tour he will meet with populations of very different political com plexion, but hardly better disposed toward himself. The meeting of Legitimists at Wiesbaden in honor of Henry V. ia dispersing. Pacific and conciliator; measures with re spect to the other parties, and especially with respect to the Orleanists, have been resolved upon. The ultras of the par ty represented by Larochejsquelin and La Gazette de France, were in favor of boldly unfurling the white fl?g of Legitimacy, and having no more communidn, even to oppose socialism, with the Orleanirt party. The animosity, however, between the Legitimist and the Imperialist parties is daily becoming , more strong and bitter, and we are constantly looking for some decisive manifestation of it on the part of Government. By order of Government the marble bust of Batzac, who has recently died, is to placed at Versailles in the gallery de voted to the distinguished men of the nineteenth century. Balloon a*cfnaiona are atill the favorite amusement here. Hardly a day paaaea but we have an entertainment of the sort. Lieutenant Gale, of the Engliah Navy, is in Paris with a re markably fine balloon. He baa made many ascensions of ex traordinary daring. Having made known hia willingnesa to accept companions in his atrial voyagea at the rate of sixty dollars per seat, one hundred and fifty applications were made to him in the course of l?ur days. Among them are noticed the nsm??s of many diatinguished political characters, literary men, artists, and savans of the capital. An interesting and extenaive sale of picturea belonging to Museum of William If, King of Holland, baa been nVce at the Hague. An American friend, who has the ied, speaks in terms of the highest admiration of the taking ' ?' anxiety manifested to become owners of Just retti) ^ Lord Hertford and the agent ol picturea in. 'ussia were the principal competitora. The *? r?r1r*iu (Mr- ,nd Mri b lh? rpirited contest of more than an hour, farmer ^ sand dollars! William II. himself I ?ff i. as than ten thousand dollara. for th? ' *"er * Ino,t notices of new books, literature, and THE FINE ARTS IN NEW york. New Yobk, Septemb** 10, 1850. The excitement produced by the arrival in New York of JcwNr Lino reaches its climax to-day, in anticipation of the j concert which ia to take place thia evening at Caatle Garden, j The Swedish Nightingale will make her first appearance in j America before an immenae audience, unanimoualy disposed j to be gratified and atimulated by the previous competition for the privilege of hearing her on thia opening night of her trana | atlantic campaign. But it will not be, by any means, an au dience representing the musical taste or the artistic judgment and discrimination of this community. It was very evident at the auction aale of the tickets that the biddera consisted chiefly of strangers, who were obliged to hear Jenny Lind at the first concert or not at all, and who accordingly were com paratively indifferent as to the price of their placea; persons with whom a feeling of curiosity to witness the "reception" of the songstress was the predominant motive, and who paid for the spectacle rather than the singing; and a number of individuals who seemed to suppose that the fact of purchas ing at a high price a ticket for the first concert in some way reflected upon themselves an extra ray of distinction and pub lic regard. The consequence is, that Jenny Lind will sing to hearers in the main quite unprepared to appreciate the real merits of her voice; and, unless the contagious enthusiasm which a large and excited crowd is apt of itself to create, sustains th? previous expectations of the house, much disappointment will inevitably be felt. On the Continent and in England the lovers of music had been in the habit of listening to the elaborate, artistic, and exquisitely finished performances of the Italian prima donnas until their taste had become thoroughly educated in a parti cular school; Jenny Lind appeared, and the striking contrast between the peculiar powers of her voice and the style of her execution with the prevailing standard took the musical world by surprise. This very contrast, in a great measure, secured her pre-eminence ; and those who had heard Grisi and Per siani the oftenest were the most competent to measure the distance between them and their new superior in the ranks of song. But here, in a community comparatively unedu cated in musical taste, and entirely devoid of the means of forming the discrimination to which Jenny Lind owes so much of her European eclat, she is obliged to rely upon her positive vocal powers, without the aid of that connossieurship in her hearers to which she has hitherto been accustomed. Really it is a very severe ordeal; because, although her voice is wonderful, and, without much musical experience, can be admired and appreciated by any one, she has now to meet and satisfy the vague anticipations of people who have no de finite conception themselves of what they expect, and who will be disappointed with any thing short of an absolute miracle. Nevertheless, she will accomplish as much as can be asked of human powers of song. In spite of the difficulties alluded to above, and the fact that no real estimate of her powers can be made by the American public until the present furor has subsided, and a calmer, more discriminating judgment, by more competent audiences, shall have been pronounced, her first appearance cannot fail to be a triumph. It will be a tri bute to her unrivalled reputation and her acknowledged posi tion as the first of vocalists now living, if indeed she has ever been surpassed. It will be a welcome to her at once as an artist and a woman, and we may expect very much such a scene as Madame de 8tael describes in her glowing picture of the coronation of Corinne. Jenny Lind's reception in this country has been marked by some of the characteristics which never fail-to accompany the proceedings of the American public with regard to "distin guished foreigners." It invariably happens that no sooner does one of this genus set foot on our shores than he is imme diately seized upon by some particular class of persons, who monopolize the offices of hospitality, and, while overwhelm- ' ing their guest with civilities in the name of the entire public, are guilty of subserving their own ends. When Dickiws came to New York he was pounced upon by the ultra fash ionables, and the Boz ball, at the Park Theatre, was got up as the most appropriate form of welcome. The particular clique which originated the idea of course were enabled by means of it to obtain complete control of the lion. Ole Bdll was mo nopolized at first by the theatrical people, and it was a long time before those who had scruples against the theatre could get an opportunity of hearing him ; that was before the operp was established here as a separate entertainment, and the great violinist fiddled in the intervals of farces. Lord Mo* I feth was a godsend for the diners-out and the bon-vivants of select circles. During his progress through this part of the country he probably saw miles of polished mahogany, and was^the bonnc-bouche of innumerable suppers. Latterly the Hungarians were a capital card for some of our enterprising hotel proprietors, who, in entertaining them gratis, cast bread upon the waters which they found ayin in a very few days, in the accessions of popularity which ensued for the benefit of their establishments. Jekkt Lind has not been captured by the fashionables nor the managers, but no sooner had she reached the Irving Hou?e than the retail shopkeepers set to work to overwhelm her with the products of American in dustry, and secure flaming pufls for themselves, by being pa raded in the papers as donors of presents to Jejkt Likd, thus getting for their own use a slice of the prevailing excite ment. A constant stream of toilet, wardrobe, and boudoir luxuries poured in upon the prima donna ; the cornucopia of American hospitality discharged itself upon her in the shape of satin slippers, riding gloves, hats and whips, silk bonnets, bouquet-holders, artificial flowers, and fancy stationery; her rooms looked like the beginnings of the Industrial Exhibition of next year, and she has probably formed the very natural conclusion that an American welcome to strangers consists in a complete outfit in the latest fashion. A glance at the ad vertising columns of the daily papers Bright open her eyes to the poasible admixture of a little leaven of selfishness in all this retail munificence. The purchase by Genin, the hatter, of the first choice of a ticket for the first concert at the absurd price of $225 would then be understood by her as the best in vestment he could possibly have made j a more complete me thod of advertising throughout the entire Union was never devised and accomplished ? in any other way it would have cost five times that sum. In the mean time, Jenny Lind herself, the object and cen tre of all this interest, looks as fresh and undisturbed as if she were not the first vocalist in the world. The impression which she has produced upon those whose estimate is proba bly more judicious than that of the mass, fully con6rms all the prestige of her European reputation. 8he is remarkably unaffected, simple, and sincere in her manners, and entirely without any of the pretensions a self-consciousness of genius excuses in persons of her profession while it spoils them for society. The fascinations of the footlights give to her appear ance on the stage a youthfulness and beauty which sunshine and every-day intercourse dissipate, or rather convert into passable good looks and a rosy healthy freshness of counte nance, not unpleasing, but by no means elegant. After hav ing heard her in England, I saw her the other dsy at the rooms of the American Art Uni >n, where she csme by invi tation, and examined the galleries, in company with a few invited guests, and I waa much struck by the apparent change in her appearance. An exceeding honesty of expression, however, compensates for the want of actual beautv, and wins very much every one who makes her acquaintance. As one of the products of the current excitement, the Messrs. Apfllto* have published a brochure entitled Bar num't Purnru&u*, in which, under the veil of " Confidential Disclosures of the Prize Committee on the Jenny Lind Song," the leading poets are imitated after the manner of Rejected Addresses, and a qniet satire of the whole affair indulged in. It has gone to a second edition, and is one of the indicia of the enthusiasm prevailing upon every thing .connected with the great speculation of the manager of the American Museum. The same publishers issue this week, complete in one large volume, a most valuable work on Gothic Architecture, ap plied to Modern Residences, by D. H. Amronr, architect. I his is a book which has been cslled for by the increased and increasing interest in domestic architecture, and is a good companion to Dow kino's elaborate work on Cottages. Ellen Parry, or Trial* of the Heart, a quiet home story, published under the modest authorship of 4? Olivia," and a valuable " Catechism of the Steam Engine," by Joa* Bocaiti, an eminent civil enginerr, are also among the issues of the Messrs. Arrlitow for the present week. The Hauek's have got out the fourth number of their extremely popular monthly magazine, being for September, fall of good matter as usual, and now commanding a circula tion of nearly forty thousand. Thia shows what can be ef fected by taking advantage of the faciiitiee afforded by the rage for cheap and light literature, and turning it to the account of really uaeful and instructive publications. Julia Howard, a novel reprinted from an English work, the original name of which, I believe, is tbe " O'Connors," is highly spoken of., The Harfers have also just published the Life of Darius the Great, one of tbe series for young readers prepared by the Rev. Jacob Abbott, whose abilities aa an author of thia class of juvenile biographies are well known. Notices of various other publications I am compelled to postpone until my next. Jacques Do Monde. JENNY LIND'8 FIK8T CONCERT IN AMERICA. [ From our Regular New York* Correspondent.] Jesuit Lisa's first concert, on Wednesday evening, brought together an immense and moat enthusiastic assem blage, far greater than was ever before called forth by similar attractions. The immense area of "Castle Garden," which has been converted into a semi-circular hall, with deep galle ries, and arranged with special reference to operatic and mu eical entertainments, was crowded at an early hour, while the throngs of people on the Batery, eager to catch a glimpse of tbe great songstress, showed the extent of the excitement which ber presence has awakened. Castle Garden is a grand place for the purpoaea of public entertainmenta. The sea breeze circulatea through the build ing, and a moment's walk from the centre of the house takes you out upon the esplanade behind the garden, where you can look out upon the bay and the shipping and enjoy a charming prospect and a cool refreshing breath of air. Last night a crowd of row-boats collected on the river in tbe rear of the garden, and, with the moon shining on the water, pre sented a gay and beautiful appearance, which harmonized with the brilliant interior. , The opening overture to the Crusades, performed' by a picked orchestra, under the direction of Biiidict, himself tbe composer of the opera, went off well; at any other time it would have been pronounced marvellous, but the impa tience of the audience prevented them from doing it the jus tice they would otherwise have conceded to its merits, aa was also the case with Signor Belletti'h performance of that spirited aria, from the opera af Maometto Secondo, beginning " Sorgete," &c., which, though well executed, was evidently regarded as only introductory to the main attraction of the evening. , But when Jerrt Lixd, the veritable immortal Jerrt Lmn, came down between the ranks of the orchestra and took her place in front, ready to discharge her part, the long restrained enthusiasm of the multitude burst forth in a tumul tuous uproar of shouts, huzzas, and welcomes, accompanied by such a waving of hats and handkerchief* and such a shower of bouquets, as were enough to bewilder even one as long ac customed to public ovations and vociferous greetings as Jenut Liitd. For some time it seemed as if the audience would never come to its senses again, so perfectly carried away was it by the impulses of the moment. By-and-by, however, quiet was restored, and the incomparably beautiful strains of ** Cos la Diva" the crowning charm af "Norma," came clear and liquid from the hps of this queen of song. She was deadly pale, and for some moments sang evidently under the pressure of strong feelings, too great for the free exercise of her voice. Recovering, however, she captivated the whole house by the matchless purity of her style, so far as those who had any musical taste were concerned, and all others by tbe ex ceeding grace of her manner and evident power of voice, and ended amidst another torrent of applause. In the succeeding songs, a duet with Belletti, from Rossini's opera of " 11 Turco in Italiawhich displays her powers as an actress no less than a singer, and the flute song, from the " Camp of Silesia," in which she imitates and surpasses the most exquisite tones of the flute by her finer cadences, she won upon the audience greatly, and in the Swedish Melody fairly set us all wild again. In this peculiarly beautiful piece, adapted to her voice with singular effect, she represents tbe Swedish herdsman calling to his flocks under the brow of a lofty hill. His musical shouts are all answered by the echoes of the mountain j and it is these echoes, given with marvel lous accuracy, and a sweetness of melody perfectly unimagin able until heard, that constitutes the charm of the perform ance. The accompaniment is that of a single piano, by Jenny Lind herself: nothing can exceed the brilliancy of this per formance. The Swedish Melody was thb true finale of the concert, and the announcement by Mr. Barrum, who appeared in answer to repeated calls, that Mad'lle Lird had appropriated her entire share of the proceeds of this concert, amounting to $10,000, to the charities of the city, washer true "Greeting to America." This is an act which corresponds with her whole career?a noble, whole-souled munificence, which shows that she considers her rare talents as a gift of which she is the steward for the benefit of all tbe world. After this, her career in this country, it cannot be doubted, will equal her previous triumphs. I send a list of the institutions which are to share in Jenny Lind's generosity : To the Fire Department Fund $1,000 To Musical Fund Society 2,000 To Home for the Friendless B00 To Society for the Relief of Indigent Females 500 To Dramatic Fund Association 500 To Home for Colored and Aged Persons 500 To Colored and Orphan Asylum 500 To Lying-in Asylum for Destitute Females - .. 500 To New York Orphan Asylum 500 To Protestant Half Orphan Asylum* 500 To Roman Catholic Half Orphan Asylum 500 To Old Ladies' Asjlum - 500 Total 10,000 In case the money coming to ber shall exceed this sum, she will hereafter designate the charity to which it shall be appro priated. Jacq.ces Do Morse. The city of Paii.iPii.rHiA, after having enjoyed several days of uninterrupted quiet, wai again the acene of various fires and riota on Monday and Tuesday nights. Two gentle men, whilst pasting through the streets of Mojamensing on the latter evening, were ruthlessly attacked by ft band of out laws, and both severely injured, one having been shot through the lungs with a slug, and injured so much that his life was thought to be in danger. Among the firemen several were shot and the hose carriage of the Good Will Company was forcibly taken from them and precipitated into the 3chuylkill. [Baltimore American. Among the fine productive larm? in Western New York is that of Mr. H , a gentleman who a few years since commanded one of the atetmers on the Hudson and the Bound, and was well known for his gentlemanly deportment every where. He retired to the county of Monroe, and located himself in the pleasant village of Pittsford, near Rochester, where be purchased a farm and devoted bimeelf to agricul ture. As a proof of his success he hat the past harvest garnered frem thirty-three acre* upward* of fourteen hun dred bushels of wheat, averaging forty-four bushels to the acre, for which he has recently realized over seventeen hun dred dollars in cash. This is a specimen of farming in Western New York. The New York Courier of Monday gives the following touching incident, exemplifying tht strong attachment of do mestic animals to persons who have showed kindness towards them: " A few davs since a personal friend connected with this office had the misfortune to lose his ?on?a fine, intelligent, manly little fellow, not quite three years old. A King Charles spaniel had been in the habit of playing with him, receiving food from his hands, and bearing bim company in his rambles and sports. While the little boy was sick, the dog watched by his bedside. After he died, he missed him, and wandered all over the bouse, drooping and ?ad. The second mominf after his death, he took his station at the foot of the stairs, where he had been accustomed to meet him?watched and waited for him in vain for a long time, and at last laid him self down upon the lower stair and died. Thus fine are the issues to which the nature even of brutes is often touched." Dr. JiKffta W. Roach, of 8t. Mary's county, Md., met with quite a seviou* accident at Piney Point, on 8aturday, the 31st ult. In attempting to jump from a steamboat to the wharf, his foot slipped, and he fell with his whole weight upon the edge of tbe wharf, three of his ribs being broken by the fall. The New York Journal of Commerce states that on Wed nesday last not less than 80,000 baskets of peaches reached that market by railroad and steamboats. One steamer land" ed a cargo of more thftn 10,000 baskets. WASHINGTON. "Liberty and Union,bow and Ibrever, one and InseparaMe." SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1850, ACT THE FIFTH, We have this morning the happiness to announce the passage through Congress of another healing measure. The House of Representatives on Thurs day passed, without amendment, and by a large ma jority, the last member of the Senate's original Compromise Bill, being the bill to provide for the restitution of fugitive slaves. This is the fifth act in the great drama of Pacification, and as such we hail its enactment with sincere satisfaction. It is a measure which we have always thought due to the requirements of the Constitution, and should have been glad to see passed, as a measure of duty to the Southern States, even if it had not been de manded as one of compromise and peace. But while we regard the passage of this bill as a mea sure of duty on the part of Congress, we feel none the less respect and gratitude to those Representa tives of the non-slaveholding States who have given their support to it. In consenting to the measure they doubtless surrendered some sectional feeling, and do violence to many sectional prejudices. There fore, although justified by the constitution, we may regard their consent as a concession made in the spirit of concord on the altar of patriotism. It is not strange, however, that the difficulties referred to should have constrained many of the Northern members to refuse their sanction to the bill. INTERESTING FROM TEXA8. The Secretary of State received on Thursday the following Telegraphic despatch from the Collector at New Orleans, communicating information of a much more pacific state of things in Texas, than I has been rumored and anticipated : "New Orleans, September 11. " I have had the honor to receive your Tele graphic despatch of the 9th instant. A few hours after its receipt, I sent a special express to Gov ernor Bell, of Texas, by steamer, communicating the despatch, as instructed. The last accounts from Texas announced the early adjournment of the Legislature. It has probably adjourned before this. The Texas war bill was defeated, and the Legislature passed an act leaving it to the people to accept or reject the bill adjusting the boundary." MAINE ELECTION. The Telegraph reports the following as the re sult, so far as ascertained, of the Congressional election held on Monday last in the State oi Maine: Moses McDonald, (Dem.) first district. John Appleton, (Dem.) second district. Robert Goodenow, (Whig) third district. Ephraim K. Smart, (Dem.) fifth district. Israel Washburn, (Whig) sixth district. The fourth and seventh districts not ascertained? the latter said to be very doubtful. We are happy to learn that the Post Office De partment has received official intelligence from the General Post Office in London, that " hencefor * ward all letters addressed to the United States, and t not directed to be otherwise sent, will be trans f mitted by the first packet, whether British or ( United States, which is dispatched after they are ( postedand notice to the public, and instructions to all postmasters, sub-postmasters, and letter re ceivers, to this effect, has been issued by command of Her Majesty's Postmaster General, with a table showing the day on which the British and United States packets are appointed to be dispatched from Liverpool and from Southampton. This is a gratifying terminatiofi of a matter that has been the subject of very earnest discussion be tween the Post Office Departments of the two Gov ernments. It will be recollected that the British Post Office has hitherto mailed exclusively by the Cunard steamers, except when the writers have directed the letters to be sent by the American packets. We regret to learn that Dr. Henry Nes, a Re presentative in Congress fromjthe fifteenth district of Pennsylvania, died at his residence in York on Tuesday night. He has been ill for a long time, and, in consequence of sickness, has been absent from his seat in the House during most of the present session. The President received on Monday the sub joined letter from Charles J. Jenkins, Esq., of Georgia, declining the pest of Secretary of the Interior, tendered to him by the President: Augusta, September 3, 1850. Honored Sir : I received a day or two since, through my friends, Judge Dawson and Mr. Toombs, a message from you, tendering me the distinguished honor of a place in your Cabinet, and, knowing you desired an early answer, replied briefly by telegraph. I cannot, however, refrain from expressing more distinctly and appropriately my appreciation of the obligation conferred, and my regret that circumstances, from which I cannot escape, forbid a compliance with your wishes. You will readily recognise the difficulty of closing abruptly a practice in the legal profession, continu ously pursued for nearly a quarter of a century; but this difficulty is enhanced by the pressure of several engagements of peculiarly binding and con fidential obligation, at this moment resting upon me. Pardon the expression of the deep solicitude I feel for the success of an Administration with which you have offered me a most enviable con nexion, and which I have an abiding confidence is faithfully devoted to the promotion of the highest interests of our whole country. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, CHARLES J. JENKIN8. His Excellency Millard Fi?lmore. Judge BallaRd has been nominated by a Whig Convention of the Second District of Louisiana to fill the vacancy in Congress caused by the appoint ment of the Hon. C. M. Conrad to the station of Secretary of War. The United States*storeship Krit arrived at New York yesterday, with the Turkish Commis sioner and suite on board. The Hon. George W. Crawford, late Secre tary of War, has been offered the compliment of a Eublic dinner by his friends at Augusta, Georgia, le has accepted it, and the entertainment is to take place on the 13th instant. Dates have been received at New Orleans from the city of Mexico to the 19th ult. An extraordi nary session had been opened?the majority com posed of Conservatives. The resignation of the Minister to Washington was not accepted, but leave of absence was granted. APPOINTMENT fiv THE PRESIDENT, By and uith the advice and content of tht Senate. Alexander H. H. Stuart, of Virginia, Jo Secretary of the Interior, vice Thomas JVf. T. McKennan, resigned. The above appointment completes the Cabinet of President Fillmore, as we understand that Mr. Stuart accepts the office, and will be here on Monday, to enter on its duties. Second to no man in Virginia, either in abilities or personal character, all who know Mr. Stuart as well as we have the pleasure of knowing him, will deem the Adminis tration fortunate in having him for one of its members; indeed, we may say that it has been fortunate in every step it has taken in the compo sition of the Cabinet, in some respects pre-emi nently so. The annexed sketch of Mr. Stuart's character and public career, which we copy from the Richmond Republican, is entirely just: Hon. A. H. H. Stuart.?The appointment of this gentleman to the Department of the Interior is one of the very best which has been made by the present Administration, judicious as it has proved itself in the exercise of the appointing pow er. Mr. Stuart is one of the most prominent and efficient members of the Whig party in this State. He was on the Harrison and Taylor Whig Electoral tickets of Virginia, and proved himself, in the public discussion between the orators of the two parties, one of the ablest, best-informed, and most eloquent of the champions of Whig principles. When a member of the Virginia Legislature, he occupied a high station as a statesman and as a debater. He was elected a member of the House of Representa tives from the Augusta district in 1841, and soon acquired a national reputation in that body, by his services in effecting an organization of the House, after weeks of confusion, and by a uniform ability, tact, eloquence, and dignified and courteous bearing. Mr. Stuart is a gentleman of enlarged views, liberal tone, sound judgment, an<l an emi nently national and conservative spirit. He occu pies a high position at the bar of Virginia for legal knowledge and persuasive eloquence. We trust that he will accept the appointment so flatteringly tendered him, for we feel sure that it is one which will be most acceptable to the Whigs of Virginia, and that he will fill it with great honor to himself, and to the State ?Rich. Jtepub. Bvt. Brig. Genl. Riley, U. S. Army, has arrived in this city, and taken lodgings at Brown's Hotel. This gallant officer has just returned from Califoi* nia, (not in as good health, we regret to see, as when he left us in 1848,) where he was charged with delicate and most arduous duties, both civil and military ; and, judging from the tokens of his fellow-citizens in the now State of California, his administration of affairs in that quarter gave very general satisfaction to the good people of that State. On laying down the reins of civil government, with which he had been temporarily charged, the vete ran soldier received from the Legislature, in the name of the People, a gold box, beautifully wrought, and of much value, as some testimonial of the high respect entertained for him as a man, and approval of his services as an officer. The inscription is simple, but expressive of the good feelings of the citizens: "Presented to Governor Riley, Brig. General in the Army, by the People of California." LETTER FROM Mb. CONRAD. The Hon. C. M. Conrad, recently appointed Secretary of War, has addressed a Letter to his former constituents of the second Congressional district of Louisiana, from which we make the following extract: "It is proper that, in surrendering the trust which you confided to me, I should render yoa an account of the man ner in which I have discharged its duties. The present ses sion of Congress has been unusually protracted and laborious, but I am sorry to say that the country has derived, thus far, but little benefit from its labors. The time and attention of Congress have been so completely engrossed by the questions growing out of the territory acquired from Mexico, connected with the institution of slavery, that all other subjects have been entirely overlooked. " Believing, as I have, always dune, that no legislation could permanently introduce slavery into this territory, I have always considered these questions (as applicable to it) as rather of a speculative than a practical character, and have therefore not fully participated in the heat and excitement which their discussion has occasioned. " Opinions in regard to the questions may be classified as follows "1. There are those who seek, through the direct agency of the Federal Government, to introduce slavery into this territory. * " 2. Those who wish, by the same means, to prevent this introduction. " 3. Tho.?e who resist any interference with the question by the Federal Government, and would leave to the inhabitants of the country the exclusive right to decide it. " To the latter claas I belong. I have always maintained that the subject of slavery, whether in the States or in the Territories, should be absolutely excluded from the halls of the National Legislature. This is the only principle on wbich the South can, in all times and under all circumstances, safely rely. Even if I were satisfied, therefore, (which I am far from being,) that Congress could, by interfering in the pre sent case, introduce and permanently establish slavery in a portion of this territory, I question much whether this partial benefit would compensate the South for the abandonment of a principle so essential to its security and to the repose and harmony of the Union. " These are my individual views. But, belonging as I did to a deliberative body, in which no one had a right to expect thai his own opinion should exclusively prevail, I have al ways declared my readiness to modify those views so as to suit those of others, and to vote for almost any plan of settlement (not involving a manifest violation of principle) which held out a reasonable prospect of success. "Further than this I could not go. I could not consent to adopt any particular scheme as a sine qua non. I would not proclaim that the adoption of this or that geographical line (a measure of doubtful constitutionality and still more doubtful expediency) was the ultimatum of the South. "The Union is too great a blessing to be staked on any such game of hazard, and I was not commissioned by my con stituents to play it. I consider, too, thit the prolongation of this discussion is in itself a calamity. It alarms the South and agitates the North ; it alienates each from the other, and augments the number and influence of those who wage an endless war sgainst slavery, and whom this discussion has raised to a political importance which, without it, they never could have attained." Death of Bishop Bascomb.?A despatch has been received by the Rev. John Hurst, of this city, announcing the death, at Louisville, Ky., on Sun day last, of the Rev. Henry B. Bascomb, one of the Bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Bishop Bascomb had been ill for some time, and his death was looked upon as more than probable.?Baltimore Sun. The Boston Transcript states that between Saturday morn ing last and Sunday noon nearly five inches of rain fell in that city. The surface of Lake Cochituate, which supplies the Boston waterworks, rose in that time twenty inches, which is equal to 375,000,000 gallons, atid at the latest ac counts it was still rising. The public fountains in Boston had to be kept constantly playing in order to relieve the lake of the surplus water, notwithstanding 70,000,000 gallons are estimated to pass daily over the dam into 8udbury river. New Orleans, Sept. 7. General Rcsk has been re-elected to the Senate of the United 8tates by the Legislature of Texas. The vote stood 56 yraa to 8 nays. The joint committee of the Legislature of Texas has re ported a bill in favor of raising three thousand troops to march forthwith against Santa Fe. The news of the passage of Mr. Pearce's bill has been received at Austin. It is said that tbe Legislature possess no power or authority to dispose of territory. The subject, it is contended, m ust be referred to the vote of the people. ANOTHER RUMORED CUBAN EXPEDITION. There have been rumors flying about for some time past of another expedition being formed for the purpose of invading Cuba. The New York correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says : " I heard to-day, from a person who assumed to know all >ut the subject, that they are true ; that an immense sum of nK n?y has been raised for the purpose, and that as many as tevei' thousand men have already been enlisted for the purpose ot roaking another descent on that island. "The genv.'eman is recently from Havana, and in addition to what he said 'n reference to the rumored expedition, in formed me that at ib.ut two-thiids of the people in Cuba are opposed to any further j?o!itical connexion with Spain." To meet this rumor, if there be any truth in it, nothing can come mo.re apropos than tho follow ing exposition of the e ffect of the late expedition upon the standing of the United States in the fami ly of Nations. We trust that the Government of the United States will be evt'B more wide awake to the renewal of this project, if its renewal be really intended, than it was to the first' attempt against the honor of this nation and again,9' the peace of the world. Extract of a Letter to the Editor' of the North Carolina Register, Jrom a tnembe." of the Uni ted States Legation at Madrid, daU'd Avovn' 9, 1850. On the 2ftth ultimo we received the news of ?Gen. Tat loa's death, by telegraph, from Paris, and by the mail all the particulars of the melancholy event reached us. It has produced a general feeling of regret here, and in all Eu rope, so far as I can learn. The 8panish papers of all par ties paid the illustrious dead deserved tributes of reapect. Spain, as a friendly Power, looked with confidence to the veteran soldier for the fulfilment of all the solemn treaty obli - gations of his country, and she feels that a strong arm betweeie herself and villanous pirates has been suddenly and at a crfci-J cal moment withdrawn. Tbose.newspapers and individuals who have in 'any way countenanced the late midnight robbery of Lopez, merit a punishment as severe as the odium which they have contri buted to cast upon their country abroad is deep, and, I fear, lasting. Such piratical outrages, undertaken by foreigners and cheered and cncouraged by citizens at home, in the very face of the solemn enactments of law, and in the very teeth of every dictate of international decency, are a disgrace to American civilization, and all of us abroad feel it. I had thought that the age of private war was passed. Wherever Gen. Taylor has shown his hand in this matter he has done credit to himself and credit to his country ; and I consider it as a brighter monument of his fame than the most glorious of his victories, that, against the popular clamor and reasons of perfidious policy, he should have virtually said, in sublime devotion to the public faith, what the amiable Duke of Bur gundy actually said?"Here is a treaty." I have no time to dwell on this subject. SURVEY OF THE WE8TERN COAST. Extract of a letter from Lieut. Comd'g McAr thur, U. S. Navy, Assistant in the Coast Survey, to the Superintendent, relating to the progress of the reconnaissance and survey of the Western Coast. U. S. Suhvetiho 8caooiria Evias, Astoria, July 16, I860. ( Dear Sir : ? ? ? Sioce my last letter to you I sent Lieut. Bartlett, with Messra. Denny and 8imms, to examine the mouth of the Willamette river, and the Columbia river generally, directing them to examine and point out any diffi culties or impediments to navigation, should they exist, their character, &c. I myself went on a hurried trip to Puget's Sound, but found matters so interesting there that I spent just four weeks between Cape Flattery and Nisqually. I made a good reconnaissance of New Dunginess Road*, Pro tection Island, and Port Discovery. Reports in connexion with these expeditions will be fowarded in due season. I hope to complete a tolerable survey of the mouth of the Columbia river in a few days, and to be able to point out with considerable accuracy the changes which have taken place in the channels since the survey of the exploring ex pedition. On completing our work here I shall proceed to Point Conception (California) for the purpose of meeting Mr. Davidson, who will require some assistance about two months hence. On my way I will reconnoitre the coast, and endeavor to fill up the intervals which now exist on our chart Two or three good clear days will suffice, as the wind at this sea son is always fair when vessels are bound south. I will send the coast sheet to you with a desire that it be published, (with all its imperfections,) as it is so much more correct than any chart of the coast extant. With all the importance which the subject demands, I hope I have represented to you the necessity of my having au thority to employ men at the ususl wages of the country. The times of several will expire in January next, and I must lay the vessel up. Do not indulge the belief or hope that seamen can be obtained here for the amount which I am au thorized to pay. This difficulty must be overcome in some wsy, and most happy would I be could I suggest a remedy which would cure the evil. Congress should increase the Coast 8urvey appropriation for this especial contingency, and most fortunate would it be for the country if they would do SO. ? ? ? ? ? ? I am, very respectfully and truly yours, WM. P. McARTHUR, Lieut. Comd'g and Asst. U. 8. Coast Survey. To Professor A. D. Bache, Superintendent U. S. Coast Survey, Washington. SURVEY OF THE COA8T OF CALIFORNIA. Mr. George Davidson, Assistant United States Coast Survey, is now employed in charge of a land party at Point Conception, determining its position and the adjacent islands arid main. This portion of the coast, about two hundred and thirty miles south of San Francisco, is in the line of all our steam ers, and is said to be erroneously laid down on all existing charts. * The late French papers contain discouraging letters from the French emigrants to California. One of the Paris papers states that 41 the French ' cannot cope with the Americans, who, first, are ? at home, and whom nothing stops nor discourages. ' If mountains are in their way, they are levelled ; ' if fires rage, new houses are undertaken before ? the conflagration is at an end." New Orleans, September 11. Late advices from Texas state that bills have passed the Legislature of that State directing the Governor that he must put the question of disposing of territory to the popular vote. Alto, requiring that he domand of the General Govern ment the removal all Indians from Texas. A meeting at San Antonio, passed strong resolutions in favor of Union. The intelligence of the passage of Mr. Piahci's bill has been re ceived at Austin, and produced greet satisfaction. On 'Thursday evening last, as Mr. and Mrs. Oldham, of Kentucky, were crossing the Ohio river, on their way home from Cincinnati, in a skiff, by some accident the skiff was upset, and both were drowned. ExroKTiso Peaches to 8cotlahd.?The steamer City of Glasgow, which tailed from New York on Saturday, for Glasgow, took out several baskets of fine New Jersey peaches, as an experiment to see bow the fruit would keep oo the voy age. If they reach 8cotland safe and sound, order* for more will be filled immediately. The peaches were picked with the stems on, and then these were covered over with wex. Psojectid Raiwoad iw Iowa.?W? have received ? report of the proceedings of a public meeting held at Daven, port, in the 8tate of Iowa, for the purpose of taking measures for the establishment of a railroad in the town which is situated on the western bank of the Mississippi, to Iowa city. It is de signed to be an extension westerly to the Mississippi of the line of railroad two thousand miles in length, which is expect ed at no remote period to reach that point, beginning st Portland, in Maine, and passing through all the intermediate States between it and the Mississippi.