FROM our PARIS CORRESPONDENT
Paris, Auoust 29, 1850.
The most important intelligence that will be
taken to America by the next steamer is that of
the death of the late King of the French, Louis
Philippe. He was no longer Kino ; he would
never more have had part personally in the public
affairs of Europe: but his party is still active, vigo
rous, and full of hope in France; the young
Princes his sons are burning to connect themselves,
in some way with the actual history of their coun
try Party and princes were strongly influenced,
perhaps controlled, by the wily, able, and expe
rienced old monarch. Having now no acknowl
edged head in whose skill and experience all may
confide, and which none may dispute, it becomes
a matter not only of interest but importance^
know what effect upon the conduct of the Princw
and parly of Orleans will follow Una release from
the moral influence exercised by Lome Philippe.
The Journal del Debat>, which ls the organ of the
Orleans parly in France, and doubtless ha? its in
formation! from the most authentic sources, thus
describes the last hours of the Ex-Kmg:
"The King Loch Philip" died surrounded by hi. family,
and in full potion of bis intellectual faculties. The
habitual lucidity of hia mind was not in the slightest degree
obscured by the approach of death. For some months hts
health had been visibly declining, but no particular organ
was specially affected. There was a general decay of organi
zation. In June last the residence of his Majesty at Su
Leonard appeared to put him in the way of complete resto
ration. He received several visiU which caused him most
lively emotion, of pleasure. The month of July seemed to
confirm this improvement of bis health ; but or t e a. or
night his disease was evidently becoming aggravated, and
two days ago the general failure throughout his system made
.0 rapid progress that it became impossible for any even for
the Queen to be longer deceived as to the result. A journey
to and temporary residence at Richmond, which had been
projected, were countermanded, contrary to the wishes of the
Kmc, on account of the impassibility of travelling without
aggravating the disease. From that moment the medical art
became poweiless. It was in vain that Dr< Chomel was
summoned to the patient. It became necessary to announce
to the King the imminence of the danger. 1 he King re
ceived the intelligence of his approaching dissolution with a
firmness of soul that did not for a moment fail him throughout
this cruel trial. This was Sunday morning, 25th August.
He had the strength to dictate several dispositions which he
desired to add to his will, as also the last page of the me
moirs of his life, the writing of which has during the last two
years afforded him occupation in his retirement and amuse
ment in his exile. Then, his Majesty having sent for the
Duchess of Orleans, bad with her an interview wh,ch lasted
more than half an hour. After this interview the Queen s
almoner, the Abbe Guelle, being called in, the King in
presence of his whole family, simply, nobly, and with perfect
resignation, performed the duties of a christian. The Queen,
Mme., the Duchess of Orleans, the Count ol Pans,
the Duke of Chartrea, the Duke and Duchess of Xemoure,
the Prince and Princess of Joinville, the Duke and Duchess,
of Aumale, and the Ducheas of Sax-Cobourg were kneeling
around the bed of his Majesty. The officers and servants of
the King were also present at this touching scene.
? In the evening a violent fever came on. It went off
after awhile and the King passed a tolerable night. In the
morning he felt still belter. At seven o'clock, one hour be
fore his death, he was yet completely in possession of his
mind, and told his physician that he felt better. At eight
o'clock he surrendered his soul to God, amid the tears and
embraces of his family, without convulsions, without pain,
with an admirable serenity, dying like the just man, lament
ed by all as the moat tender of husbands, the best of fathers,
a most indulgent, wise, and kind master."
President Bonaparte has returned from his ex
cursion to the eastern departments. He'ravened
the boulevards last evening between eight and nine
o'clock, with a strong escort of cavalry. He was
expected, and immense crowds were outto wJtne,S?
the ovation which it was said his liegemen of the
"Society of the 10th December" were preparing
for him. They did in truth utter along the route
from the railroad terminus to the Elysee occasional
shouts of Long live the Emperor! But the Repub
licans were out in much greater force, and made
the ears of the President, as he passed on at a rapid
trot, tingle with their vivats for the republic. During
the whole journey the cry Vive la Republique . has
been proffered and received as one hostile to the
President. At Metz, three days since, we had he
most remarkable proof of this. The officers of the
National Guard, upon the occasion of their grand re
ception by the President, had come to the determi
nation, it was known, to utter this cry and no other.
A civil functionary, aware of the intention, approached a
group of officers, and addressing a General present, hoped
that no improper cries would be uttered upon the occasion.
? Certainly not," replied the General, "we mean to acclaim
the Republic ; aurely this will not be deemed improper. The
President entered the room and the presentation commenced
with loud shout, of " Vive la Republique!" ? Stop, gentle
men !" said M. Boxapahtz, with a haughty waive of the
hand, "Please to remain .ilent for a moment! It is not
" usual to utter cries of any sort upon the prestation of the
" public authorise. ; yet I hear some of you shout ' Vive la
" Republique !' to which other, reply by shouts of a different
?. character. If it i. counsel that you mean to give me, I have
" no need of it; my acts speak loudly enough. If it is a
" lesson that you would give me, learn that I receive rs
" from nobody !" Increased shout, of " the Republic! the Re
public ! nothing but the Republic >" was the reply of the offi
cers. It is generally believed that the result of this excur.ion
into the Eastern Democratic Socialist department, has not
been so satisfactory to the President as he had hoped to find
it. He has found the masses inveteralely hostile; and the
moderates, who are well disposed toward him, silent, from the
conviction that, if under hi. government order was maintain
ed, security wss dearly puichased by the unconstitutional an
oppressive measures which have already signalized his admin
The Persideht intend* leaving again on Monday for
Cherbourg where he will pass (he fleet in review. Already
the English have gathered there in great numbers to witness
the evolutions which are promised. Ia the course of this tour
he will meet with populations of very different political com
plexion, but hardly better disposed toward himself.
The meeting of Legitimists at Wiesbaden in honor of Henry
V. ia dispersing. Pacific and conciliator; measures with re
spect to the other parties, and especially with respect to the
Orleanists, have been resolved upon. The ultras of the par
ty represented by Larochejsquelin and La Gazette de France,
were in favor of boldly unfurling the white fl?g of Legitimacy,
and having no more communidn, even to oppose socialism,
with the Orleanirt party. The animosity, however, between
the Legitimist and the Imperialist parties is daily becoming ,
more strong and bitter, and we are constantly looking for
some decisive manifestation of it on the part of Government.
By order of Government the marble bust of Batzac, who
has recently died, is to placed at Versailles in the gallery de
voted to the distinguished men of the nineteenth century.
Balloon a*cfnaiona are atill the favorite amusement here.
Hardly a day paaaea but we have an entertainment of the sort.
Lieutenant Gale, of the Engliah Navy, is in Paris with a re
markably fine balloon. He baa made many ascensions of ex
traordinary daring. Having made known hia willingnesa to
accept companions in his atrial voyagea at the rate of sixty
dollars per seat, one hundred and fifty applications were made
to him in the course of l?ur days. Among them are noticed
the nsm??s of many diatinguished political characters, literary
men, artists, and savans of the capital.
An interesting and extenaive sale of picturea belonging to
Museum of William If, King of Holland, baa been
nVce at the Hague. An American friend, who has
the ied, speaks in terms of the highest admiration of the
taking ' ?' anxiety manifested to become owners of
Just retti) ^ Lord Hertford and the agent ol
picturea in. 'ussia were the principal competitora. The
*? r?r1r*iu (Mr- ,nd Mri b
lh? rpirited contest of more than an hour,
farmer ^ sand dollars! William II. himself
I ?ff i. as than ten thousand dollara.
for th? ' *"er * Ino,t
notices of new books, literature, and
THE FINE ARTS IN NEW york.
New Yobk, Septemb** 10, 1850.
The excitement produced by the arrival in New York of
JcwNr Lino reaches its climax to-day, in anticipation of the
j concert which ia to take place thia evening at Caatle Garden,
j The Swedish Nightingale will make her first appearance in
j America before an immenae audience, unanimoualy disposed
j to be gratified and atimulated by the previous competition for
the privilege of hearing her on thia opening night of her trana
| atlantic campaign. But it will not be, by any means, an au
dience representing the musical taste or the artistic judgment
and discrimination of this community. It was very evident
at the auction aale of the tickets that the biddera consisted
chiefly of strangers, who were obliged to hear Jenny Lind at
the first concert or not at all, and who accordingly were com
paratively indifferent as to the price of their placea; persons
with whom a feeling of curiosity to witness the "reception"
of the songstress was the predominant motive, and who paid
for the spectacle rather than the singing; and a number of
individuals who seemed to suppose that the fact of purchas
ing at a high price a ticket for the first concert in some way
reflected upon themselves an extra ray of distinction and pub
The consequence is, that Jenny Lind will sing to hearers
in the main quite unprepared to appreciate the real merits of
her voice; and, unless the contagious enthusiasm which a
large and excited crowd is apt of itself to create, sustains th?
previous expectations of the house, much disappointment will
inevitably be felt.
On the Continent and in England the lovers of music had
been in the habit of listening to the elaborate, artistic, and
exquisitely finished performances of the Italian prima donnas
until their taste had become thoroughly educated in a parti
cular school; Jenny Lind appeared, and the striking contrast
between the peculiar powers of her voice and the style of her
execution with the prevailing standard took the musical world
by surprise. This very contrast, in a great measure, secured
her pre-eminence ; and those who had heard Grisi and Per
siani the oftenest were the most competent to measure the
distance between them and their new superior in the ranks
of song. But here, in a community comparatively unedu
cated in musical taste, and entirely devoid of the means of
forming the discrimination to which Jenny Lind owes so
much of her European eclat, she is obliged to rely upon her
positive vocal powers, without the aid of that connossieurship
in her hearers to which she has hitherto been accustomed.
Really it is a very severe ordeal; because, although her voice
is wonderful, and, without much musical experience, can be
admired and appreciated by any one, she has now to meet
and satisfy the vague anticipations of people who have no de
finite conception themselves of what they expect, and who
will be disappointed with any thing short of an absolute
Nevertheless, she will accomplish as much as can be asked
of human powers of song. In spite of the difficulties alluded
to above, and the fact that no real estimate of her powers can
be made by the American public until the present furor has
subsided, and a calmer, more discriminating judgment, by
more competent audiences, shall have been pronounced, her
first appearance cannot fail to be a triumph. It will be a tri
bute to her unrivalled reputation and her acknowledged posi
tion as the first of vocalists now living, if indeed she has ever
been surpassed. It will be a welcome to her at once as an
artist and a woman, and we may expect very much such a
scene as Madame de 8tael describes in her glowing picture of
the coronation of Corinne.
Jenny Lind's reception in this country has been marked by
some of the characteristics which never fail-to accompany the
proceedings of the American public with regard to "distin
guished foreigners." It invariably happens that no sooner
does one of this genus set foot on our shores than he is imme
diately seized upon by some particular class of persons, who
monopolize the offices of hospitality, and, while overwhelm- '
ing their guest with civilities in the name of the entire public,
are guilty of subserving their own ends. When Dickiws
came to New York he was pounced upon by the ultra fash
ionables, and the Boz ball, at the Park Theatre, was got up
as the most appropriate form of welcome. The particular clique
which originated the idea of course were enabled by means of
it to obtain complete control of the lion. Ole Bdll was mo
nopolized at first by the theatrical people, and it was a long
time before those who had scruples against the theatre could
get an opportunity of hearing him ; that was before the operp
was established here as a separate entertainment, and the
great violinist fiddled in the intervals of farces. Lord Mo*
I feth was a godsend for the diners-out and the bon-vivants
of select circles. During his progress through this part of the
country he probably saw miles of polished mahogany, and
was^the bonnc-bouche of innumerable suppers. Latterly the
Hungarians were a capital card for some of our enterprising
hotel proprietors, who, in entertaining them gratis, cast bread
upon the waters which they found ayin in a very few days,
in the accessions of popularity which ensued for the benefit
of their establishments. Jekkt Lind has not been captured
by the fashionables nor the managers, but no sooner had she
reached the Irving Hou?e than the retail shopkeepers set to
work to overwhelm her with the products of American in
dustry, and secure flaming pufls for themselves, by being pa
raded in the papers as donors of presents to Jejkt Likd,
thus getting for their own use a slice of the prevailing excite
ment. A constant stream of toilet, wardrobe, and boudoir
luxuries poured in upon the prima donna ; the cornucopia of
American hospitality discharged itself upon her in the shape
of satin slippers, riding gloves, hats and whips, silk bonnets,
bouquet-holders, artificial flowers, and fancy stationery; her
rooms looked like the beginnings of the Industrial Exhibition
of next year, and she has probably formed the very natural
conclusion that an American welcome to strangers consists in
a complete outfit in the latest fashion. A glance at the ad
vertising columns of the daily papers Bright open her eyes to
the poasible admixture of a little leaven of selfishness in all
this retail munificence. The purchase by Genin, the hatter,
of the first choice of a ticket for the first concert at the absurd
price of $225 would then be understood by her as the best in
vestment he could possibly have made j a more complete me
thod of advertising throughout the entire Union was never
devised and accomplished ? in any other way it would have
cost five times that sum.
In the mean time, Jenny Lind herself, the object and cen
tre of all this interest, looks as fresh and undisturbed as if she
were not the first vocalist in the world. The impression
which she has produced upon those whose estimate is proba
bly more judicious than that of the mass, fully con6rms all
the prestige of her European reputation. 8he is remarkably
unaffected, simple, and sincere in her manners, and entirely
without any of the pretensions a self-consciousness of genius
excuses in persons of her profession while it spoils them for
society. The fascinations of the footlights give to her appear
ance on the stage a youthfulness and beauty which sunshine
and every-day intercourse dissipate, or rather convert into
passable good looks and a rosy healthy freshness of counte
nance, not unpleasing, but by no means elegant. After hav
ing heard her in England, I saw her the other dsy at the
rooms of the American Art Uni >n, where she csme by invi
tation, and examined the galleries, in company with a few
invited guests, and I waa much struck by the apparent change
in her appearance. An exceeding honesty of expression,
however, compensates for the want of actual beautv, and wins
very much every one who makes her acquaintance.
As one of the products of the current excitement, the
Messrs. Apfllto* have published a brochure entitled Bar
num't Purnru&u*, in which, under the veil of " Confidential
Disclosures of the Prize Committee on the Jenny Lind Song,"
the leading poets are imitated after the manner of Rejected
Addresses, and a qniet satire of the whole affair indulged in.
It has gone to a second edition, and is one of the indicia of
the enthusiasm prevailing upon every thing .connected with
the great speculation of the manager of the American Museum.
The same publishers issue this week, complete in one large
volume, a most valuable work on Gothic Architecture, ap
plied to Modern Residences, by D. H. Amronr, architect.
I his is a book which has been cslled for by the increased and
increasing interest in domestic architecture, and is a good
companion to Dow kino's elaborate work on Cottages.
Ellen Parry, or Trial* of the Heart, a quiet home story,
published under the modest authorship of 4? Olivia," and a
valuable " Catechism of the Steam Engine," by Joa*
Bocaiti, an eminent civil enginerr, are also among the issues
of the Messrs. Arrlitow for the present week.
The Hauek's have got out the fourth number of their
extremely popular monthly magazine, being for September,
fall of good matter as usual, and now commanding a circula
tion of nearly forty thousand. Thia shows what can be ef
fected by taking advantage of the faciiitiee afforded by the rage
for cheap and light literature, and turning it to the account of
really uaeful and instructive publications. Julia Howard, a
novel reprinted from an English work, the original name of
which, I believe, is tbe " O'Connors," is highly spoken of.,
The Harfers have also just published the Life of Darius
the Great, one of tbe series for young readers prepared by the
Rev. Jacob Abbott, whose abilities aa an author of thia
class of juvenile biographies are well known.
Notices of various other publications I am compelled to
postpone until my next. Jacques Do Monde.
JENNY LIND'8 FIK8T CONCERT IN AMERICA.
[ From our Regular New York* Correspondent.]
Jesuit Lisa's first concert, on Wednesday evening,
brought together an immense and moat enthusiastic assem
blage, far greater than was ever before called forth by similar
attractions. The immense area of "Castle Garden," which
has been converted into a semi-circular hall, with deep galle
ries, and arranged with special reference to operatic and mu
eical entertainments, was crowded at an early hour, while the
throngs of people on the Batery, eager to catch a glimpse of
tbe great songstress, showed the extent of the excitement
which ber presence has awakened.
Castle Garden is a grand place for the purpoaea of public
entertainmenta. The sea breeze circulatea through the build
ing, and a moment's walk from the centre of the house takes
you out upon the esplanade behind the garden, where you
can look out upon the bay and the shipping and enjoy a
charming prospect and a cool refreshing breath of air. Last
night a crowd of row-boats collected on the river in tbe rear
of the garden, and, with the moon shining on the water, pre
sented a gay and beautiful appearance, which harmonized
with the brilliant interior. ,
The opening overture to the Crusades, performed' by a
picked orchestra, under the direction of Biiidict, himself
tbe composer of the opera, went off well; at any other time
it would have been pronounced marvellous, but the impa
tience of the audience prevented them from doing it the jus
tice they would otherwise have conceded to its merits, aa was
also the case with Signor Belletti'h performance of that
spirited aria, from the opera af Maometto Secondo, beginning
" Sorgete," &c., which, though well executed, was evidently
regarded as only introductory to the main attraction of the
But when Jerrt Lixd, the veritable immortal Jerrt
Lmn, came down between the ranks of the orchestra and
took her place in front, ready to discharge her part, the long
restrained enthusiasm of the multitude burst forth in a tumul
tuous uproar of shouts, huzzas, and welcomes, accompanied
by such a waving of hats and handkerchief* and such a shower
of bouquets, as were enough to bewilder even one as long ac
customed to public ovations and vociferous greetings as Jenut
Liitd. For some time it seemed as if the audience would
never come to its senses again, so perfectly carried away was
it by the impulses of the moment. By-and-by, however,
quiet was restored, and the incomparably beautiful strains of
** Cos la Diva" the crowning charm af "Norma," came clear
and liquid from the hps of this queen of song. She was
deadly pale, and for some moments sang evidently under the
pressure of strong feelings, too great for the free exercise of her
voice. Recovering, however, she captivated the whole house
by the matchless purity of her style, so far as those who had
any musical taste were concerned, and all others by tbe ex
ceeding grace of her manner and evident power of voice, and
ended amidst another torrent of applause.
In the succeeding songs, a duet with Belletti, from Rossini's
opera of " 11 Turco in Italiawhich displays her powers as
an actress no less than a singer, and the flute song, from the
" Camp of Silesia," in which she imitates and surpasses the
most exquisite tones of the flute by her finer cadences, she
won upon the audience greatly, and in the Swedish Melody
fairly set us all wild again. In this peculiarly beautiful piece,
adapted to her voice with singular effect, she represents tbe
Swedish herdsman calling to his flocks under the brow of a
lofty hill. His musical shouts are all answered by the echoes
of the mountain j and it is these echoes, given with marvel
lous accuracy, and a sweetness of melody perfectly unimagin
able until heard, that constitutes the charm of the perform
ance. The accompaniment is that of a single piano, by Jenny
Lind herself: nothing can exceed the brilliancy of this per
The Swedish Melody was thb true finale of the concert,
and the announcement by Mr. Barrum, who appeared in
answer to repeated calls, that Mad'lle Lird had appropriated
her entire share of the proceeds of this concert, amounting to
$10,000, to the charities of the city, washer true "Greeting
to America." This is an act which corresponds with her
whole career?a noble, whole-souled munificence, which
shows that she considers her rare talents as a gift of which
she is the steward for the benefit of all tbe world. After this,
her career in this country, it cannot be doubted, will equal
her previous triumphs.
I send a list of the institutions which are to share in Jenny
Lind's generosity :
To the Fire Department Fund $1,000
To Musical Fund Society 2,000
To Home for the Friendless B00
To Society for the Relief of Indigent Females 500
To Dramatic Fund Association 500
To Home for Colored and Aged Persons 500
To Colored and Orphan Asylum 500
To Lying-in Asylum for Destitute Females - .. 500
To New York Orphan Asylum 500
To Protestant Half Orphan Asylum* 500
To Roman Catholic Half Orphan Asylum 500
To Old Ladies' Asjlum - 500
In case the money coming to ber shall exceed this sum, she
will hereafter designate the charity to which it shall be appro
priated. Jacq.ces Do Morse.
The city of Paii.iPii.rHiA, after having enjoyed several
days of uninterrupted quiet, wai again the acene of various
fires and riota on Monday and Tuesday nights. Two gentle
men, whilst pasting through the streets of Mojamensing on
the latter evening, were ruthlessly attacked by ft band of out
laws, and both severely injured, one having been shot through
the lungs with a slug, and injured so much that his life was
thought to be in danger. Among the firemen several were
shot and the hose carriage of the Good Will Company was
forcibly taken from them and precipitated into the 3chuylkill.
Among the fine productive larm? in Western New York
is that of Mr. H , a gentleman who a few years since
commanded one of the atetmers on the Hudson and the
Bound, and was well known for his gentlemanly deportment
every where. He retired to the county of Monroe, and located
himself in the pleasant village of Pittsford, near Rochester,
where be purchased a farm and devoted bimeelf to agricul
ture. As a proof of his success he hat the past harvest
garnered frem thirty-three acre* upward* of fourteen hun
dred bushels of wheat, averaging forty-four bushels to the
acre, for which he has recently realized over seventeen hun
dred dollars in cash. This is a specimen of farming in
Western New York.
The New York Courier of Monday gives the following
touching incident, exemplifying tht strong attachment of do
mestic animals to persons who have showed kindness towards
" A few davs since a personal friend connected with this
office had the misfortune to lose his ?on?a fine, intelligent,
manly little fellow, not quite three years old. A King Charles
spaniel had been in the habit of playing with him, receiving
food from his hands, and bearing bim company in his rambles
and sports. While the little boy was sick, the dog watched
by his bedside. After he died, he missed him, and wandered
all over the bouse, drooping and ?ad. The second mominf
after his death, he took his station at the foot of the stairs,
where he had been accustomed to meet him?watched and
waited for him in vain for a long time, and at last laid him
self down upon the lower stair and died. Thus fine are
the issues to which the nature even of brutes is often
Dr. JiKffta W. Roach, of 8t. Mary's county, Md., met
with quite a seviou* accident at Piney Point, on 8aturday,
the 31st ult. In attempting to jump from a steamboat to the
wharf, his foot slipped, and he fell with his whole weight
upon the edge of tbe wharf, three of his ribs being broken by
The New York Journal of Commerce states that on Wed
nesday last not less than 80,000 baskets of peaches reached
that market by railroad and steamboats. One steamer land"
ed a cargo of more thftn 10,000 baskets.
"Liberty and Union,bow and Ibrever, one and
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1850,
ACT THE FIFTH,
We have this morning the happiness to announce
the passage through Congress of another healing
measure. The House of Representatives on Thurs
day passed, without amendment, and by a large ma
jority, the last member of the Senate's original
Compromise Bill, being the bill to provide for the
restitution of fugitive slaves. This is the fifth act
in the great drama of Pacification, and as such we
hail its enactment with sincere satisfaction. It is
a measure which we have always thought due to
the requirements of the Constitution, and should
have been glad to see passed, as a measure of duty
to the Southern States, even if it had not been de
manded as one of compromise and peace. But
while we regard the passage of this bill as a mea
sure of duty on the part of Congress, we feel none
the less respect and gratitude to those Representa
tives of the non-slaveholding States who have given
their support to it. In consenting to the measure
they doubtless surrendered some sectional feeling,
and do violence to many sectional prejudices. There
fore, although justified by the constitution, we may
regard their consent as a concession made in the
spirit of concord on the altar of patriotism. It is
not strange, however, that the difficulties referred
to should have constrained many of the Northern
members to refuse their sanction to the bill.
INTERESTING FROM TEXA8.
The Secretary of State received on Thursday the
following Telegraphic despatch from the Collector
at New Orleans, communicating information of a
much more pacific state of things in Texas, than
I has been rumored and anticipated :
"New Orleans, September 11.
" I have had the honor to receive your Tele
graphic despatch of the 9th instant. A few hours
after its receipt, I sent a special express to Gov
ernor Bell, of Texas, by steamer, communicating
the despatch, as instructed. The last accounts
from Texas announced the early adjournment of
the Legislature. It has probably adjourned before
this. The Texas war bill was defeated, and the
Legislature passed an act leaving it to the people
to accept or reject the bill adjusting the boundary."
The Telegraph reports the following as the re
sult, so far as ascertained, of the Congressional
election held on Monday last in the State oi
Moses McDonald, (Dem.) first district.
John Appleton, (Dem.) second district.
Robert Goodenow, (Whig) third district.
Ephraim K. Smart, (Dem.) fifth district.
Israel Washburn, (Whig) sixth district.
The fourth and seventh districts not ascertained?
the latter said to be very doubtful.
We are happy to learn that the Post Office De
partment has received official intelligence from the
General Post Office in London, that " hencefor
* ward all letters addressed to the United States, and
t not directed to be otherwise sent, will be trans
f mitted by the first packet, whether British or
( United States, which is dispatched after they are
( postedand notice to the public, and instructions
to all postmasters, sub-postmasters, and letter re
ceivers, to this effect, has been issued by command
of Her Majesty's Postmaster General, with a table
showing the day on which the British and United
States packets are appointed to be dispatched from
Liverpool and from Southampton.
This is a gratifying terminatiofi of a matter that
has been the subject of very earnest discussion be
tween the Post Office Departments of the two Gov
ernments. It will be recollected that the British
Post Office has hitherto mailed exclusively by the
Cunard steamers, except when the writers have
directed the letters to be sent by the American
We regret to learn that Dr. Henry Nes, a Re
presentative in Congress fromjthe fifteenth district of
Pennsylvania, died at his residence in York on
Tuesday night. He has been ill for a long time,
and, in consequence of sickness, has been absent from
his seat in the House during most of the present
The President received on Monday the sub
joined letter from Charles J. Jenkins, Esq., of
Georgia, declining the pest of Secretary of the
Interior, tendered to him by the President:
Augusta, September 3, 1850.
Honored Sir : I received a day or two since,
through my friends, Judge Dawson and Mr.
Toombs, a message from you, tendering me the
distinguished honor of a place in your Cabinet,
and, knowing you desired an early answer, replied
briefly by telegraph. I cannot, however, refrain
from expressing more distinctly and appropriately
my appreciation of the obligation conferred, and
my regret that circumstances, from which I cannot
escape, forbid a compliance with your wishes.
You will readily recognise the difficulty of closing
abruptly a practice in the legal profession, continu
ously pursued for nearly a quarter of a century;
but this difficulty is enhanced by the pressure of
several engagements of peculiarly binding and con
fidential obligation, at this moment resting upon
Pardon the expression of the deep solicitude I
feel for the success of an Administration with
which you have offered me a most enviable con
nexion, and which I have an abiding confidence
is faithfully devoted to the promotion of the highest
interests of our whole country.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
CHARLES J. JENKIN8.
His Excellency Millard Fi?lmore.
Judge BallaRd has been nominated by a Whig
Convention of the Second District of Louisiana to
fill the vacancy in Congress caused by the appoint
ment of the Hon. C. M. Conrad to the station of
Secretary of War.
The United States*storeship Krit arrived at
New York yesterday, with the Turkish Commis
sioner and suite on board.
The Hon. George W. Crawford, late Secre
tary of War, has been offered the compliment of a
Eublic dinner by his friends at Augusta, Georgia,
le has accepted it, and the entertainment is to take
place on the 13th instant.
Dates have been received at New Orleans from
the city of Mexico to the 19th ult. An extraordi
nary session had been opened?the majority com
posed of Conservatives. The resignation of the
Minister to Washington was not accepted, but
leave of absence was granted.
APPOINTMENT fiv THE PRESIDENT,
By and uith the advice and content of tht Senate.
Alexander H. H. Stuart, of Virginia, Jo
Secretary of the Interior, vice Thomas JVf. T.
The above appointment completes the Cabinet
of President Fillmore, as we understand that Mr.
Stuart accepts the office, and will be here on
Monday, to enter on its duties. Second to no man
in Virginia, either in abilities or personal character,
all who know Mr. Stuart as well as we have the
pleasure of knowing him, will deem the Adminis
tration fortunate in having him for one of its
members; indeed, we may say that it has been
fortunate in every step it has taken in the compo
sition of the Cabinet, in some respects pre-emi
nently so. The annexed sketch of Mr. Stuart's
character and public career, which we copy from
the Richmond Republican, is entirely just:
Hon. A. H. H. Stuart.?The appointment of
this gentleman to the Department of the Interior
is one of the very best which has been made by
the present Administration, judicious as it has
proved itself in the exercise of the appointing pow
er. Mr. Stuart is one of the most prominent and
efficient members of the Whig party in this State.
He was on the Harrison and Taylor Whig Electoral
tickets of Virginia, and proved himself, in the public
discussion between the orators of the two parties,
one of the ablest, best-informed, and most eloquent
of the champions of Whig principles. When a
member of the Virginia Legislature, he occupied a
high station as a statesman and as a debater. He
was elected a member of the House of Representa
tives from the Augusta district in 1841, and soon
acquired a national reputation in that body, by
his services in effecting an organization of the
House, after weeks of confusion, and by a uniform
ability, tact, eloquence, and dignified and courteous
bearing. Mr. Stuart is a gentleman of enlarged
views, liberal tone, sound judgment, an<l an emi
nently national and conservative spirit. He occu
pies a high position at the bar of Virginia for legal
knowledge and persuasive eloquence. We trust
that he will accept the appointment so flatteringly
tendered him, for we feel sure that it is one which
will be most acceptable to the Whigs of Virginia,
and that he will fill it with great honor to himself,
and to the State ?Rich. Jtepub.
Bvt. Brig. Genl. Riley, U. S. Army, has arrived
in this city, and taken lodgings at Brown's Hotel.
This gallant officer has just returned from Califoi*
nia, (not in as good health, we regret to see, as
when he left us in 1848,) where he was charged
with delicate and most arduous duties, both civil
and military ; and, judging from the tokens of his
fellow-citizens in the now State of California, his
administration of affairs in that quarter gave very
general satisfaction to the good people of that State.
On laying down the reins of civil government, with
which he had been temporarily charged, the vete
ran soldier received from the Legislature, in the
name of the People, a gold box, beautifully wrought,
and of much value, as some testimonial of the high
respect entertained for him as a man, and approval
of his services as an officer. The inscription is
simple, but expressive of the good feelings of the
citizens: "Presented to Governor Riley, Brig.
General in the Army, by the People of California."
LETTER FROM Mb. CONRAD.
The Hon. C. M. Conrad, recently appointed
Secretary of War, has addressed a Letter to his
former constituents of the second Congressional
district of Louisiana, from which we make the
"It is proper that, in surrendering the trust which you
confided to me, I should render yoa an account of the man
ner in which I have discharged its duties. The present ses
sion of Congress has been unusually protracted and laborious,
but I am sorry to say that the country has derived, thus far,
but little benefit from its labors. The time and attention of
Congress have been so completely engrossed by the questions
growing out of the territory acquired from Mexico, connected
with the institution of slavery, that all other subjects have
been entirely overlooked.
" Believing, as I have, always dune, that no legislation
could permanently introduce slavery into this territory, I have
always considered these questions (as applicable to it) as rather
of a speculative than a practical character, and have therefore
not fully participated in the heat and excitement which their
discussion has occasioned.
" Opinions in regard to the questions may be classified as
"1. There are those who seek, through the direct agency
of the Federal Government, to introduce slavery into this
" 2. Those who wish, by the same means, to prevent this
" 3. Tho.?e who resist any interference with the question by
the Federal Government, and would leave to the inhabitants
of the country the exclusive right to decide it.
" To the latter claas I belong. I have always maintained
that the subject of slavery, whether in the States or in the
Territories, should be absolutely excluded from the halls of the
National Legislature. This is the only principle on wbich
the South can, in all times and under all circumstances, safely
rely. Even if I were satisfied, therefore, (which I am far
from being,) that Congress could, by interfering in the pre
sent case, introduce and permanently establish slavery in a
portion of this territory, I question much whether this partial
benefit would compensate the South for the abandonment of
a principle so essential to its security and to the repose and
harmony of the Union.
" These are my individual views. But, belonging as I did
to a deliberative body, in which no one had a right to expect
thai his own opinion should exclusively prevail, I have al
ways declared my readiness to modify those views so as to suit
those of others, and to vote for almost any plan of settlement
(not involving a manifest violation of principle) which held
out a reasonable prospect of success.
"Further than this I could not go. I could not consent to
adopt any particular scheme as a sine qua non. I would not
proclaim that the adoption of this or that geographical line (a
measure of doubtful constitutionality and still more doubtful
expediency) was the ultimatum of the South.
"The Union is too great a blessing to be staked on any
such game of hazard, and I was not commissioned by my con
stituents to play it. I consider, too, thit the prolongation of
this discussion is in itself a calamity. It alarms the South
and agitates the North ; it alienates each from the other, and
augments the number and influence of those who wage an
endless war sgainst slavery, and whom this discussion has
raised to a political importance which, without it, they never
could have attained."
Death of Bishop Bascomb.?A despatch has
been received by the Rev. John Hurst, of this city,
announcing the death, at Louisville, Ky., on Sun
day last, of the Rev. Henry B. Bascomb, one of
the Bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
South. Bishop Bascomb had been ill for some
time, and his death was looked upon as more than
The Boston Transcript states that between Saturday morn
ing last and Sunday noon nearly five inches of rain fell in
that city. The surface of Lake Cochituate, which supplies
the Boston waterworks, rose in that time twenty inches,
which is equal to 375,000,000 gallons, atid at the latest ac
counts it was still rising. The public fountains in Boston
had to be kept constantly playing in order to relieve the lake
of the surplus water, notwithstanding 70,000,000 gallons are
estimated to pass daily over the dam into 8udbury river.
New Orleans, Sept. 7.
General Rcsk has been re-elected to the Senate of the
United 8tates by the Legislature of Texas. The vote stood
56 yraa to 8 nays.
The joint committee of the Legislature of Texas has re
ported a bill in favor of raising three thousand troops to march
forthwith against Santa Fe. The news of the passage of
Mr. Pearce's bill has been received at Austin. It is said
that tbe Legislature possess no power or authority to dispose
of territory. The subject, it is contended, m ust be referred
to the vote of the people.
ANOTHER RUMORED CUBAN EXPEDITION.
There have been rumors flying about for some
time past of another expedition being formed for
the purpose of invading Cuba. The New York
correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says :
" I heard to-day, from a person who assumed to know all
>ut the subject, that they are true ; that an immense sum
of nK n?y has been raised for the purpose, and that as many
as tevei' thousand men have already been enlisted for the
purpose ot roaking another descent on that island.
"The genv.'eman is recently from Havana, and in addition
to what he said 'n reference to the rumored expedition, in
formed me that at ib.ut two-thiids of the people in Cuba are
opposed to any further j?o!itical connexion with Spain."
To meet this rumor, if there be any truth in it,
nothing can come mo.re apropos than tho follow
ing exposition of the e ffect of the late expedition
upon the standing of the United States in the fami
ly of Nations. We trust that the Government of
the United States will be evt'B more wide awake to
the renewal of this project, if its renewal be really
intended, than it was to the first' attempt against the
honor of this nation and again,9' the peace of the
Extract of a Letter to the Editor' of the North
Carolina Register, Jrom a tnembe." of the Uni
ted States Legation at Madrid, daU'd
Avovn' 9, 1850.
On the 2ftth ultimo we received the news of ?Gen. Tat
loa's death, by telegraph, from Paris, and by the mail
all the particulars of the melancholy event reached us. It
has produced a general feeling of regret here, and in all Eu
rope, so far as I can learn. The 8panish papers of all par
ties paid the illustrious dead deserved tributes of reapect.
Spain, as a friendly Power, looked with confidence to the
veteran soldier for the fulfilment of all the solemn treaty obli -
gations of his country, and she feels that a strong arm betweeie
herself and villanous pirates has been suddenly and at a crfci-J
cal moment withdrawn.
Tbose.newspapers and individuals who have in 'any way
countenanced the late midnight robbery of Lopez, merit a
punishment as severe as the odium which they have contri
buted to cast upon their country abroad is deep, and, I fear,
lasting. Such piratical outrages, undertaken by foreigners
and cheered and cncouraged by citizens at home, in the very
face of the solemn enactments of law, and in the very teeth
of every dictate of international decency, are a disgrace to
American civilization, and all of us abroad feel it. I had
thought that the age of private war was passed. Wherever
Gen. Taylor has shown his hand in this matter he has done
credit to himself and credit to his country ; and I consider it
as a brighter monument of his fame than the most glorious of
his victories, that, against the popular clamor and reasons of
perfidious policy, he should have virtually said, in sublime
devotion to the public faith, what the amiable Duke of Bur
gundy actually said?"Here is a treaty." I have no time
to dwell on this subject.
SURVEY OF THE WE8TERN COAST.
Extract of a letter from Lieut. Comd'g McAr
thur, U. S. Navy, Assistant in the Coast Survey,
to the Superintendent, relating to the progress of
the reconnaissance and survey of the Western
U. S. Suhvetiho 8caooiria Evias,
Astoria, July 16, I860.
( Dear Sir : ? ? ? Sioce my last letter to you I sent
Lieut. Bartlett, with Messra. Denny and 8imms, to examine
the mouth of the Willamette river, and the Columbia river
generally, directing them to examine and point out any diffi
culties or impediments to navigation, should they exist, their
character, &c. I myself went on a hurried trip to Puget's
Sound, but found matters so interesting there that I spent
just four weeks between Cape Flattery and Nisqually. I
made a good reconnaissance of New Dunginess Road*, Pro
tection Island, and Port Discovery. Reports in connexion
with these expeditions will be fowarded in due season.
I hope to complete a tolerable survey of the mouth of the
Columbia river in a few days, and to be able to point out
with considerable accuracy the changes which have taken
place in the channels since the survey of the exploring ex
On completing our work here I shall proceed to Point
Conception (California) for the purpose of meeting Mr.
Davidson, who will require some assistance about two months
hence. On my way I will reconnoitre the coast, and endeavor
to fill up the intervals which now exist on our chart Two
or three good clear days will suffice, as the wind at this sea
son is always fair when vessels are bound south. I will send
the coast sheet to you with a desire that it be published, (with
all its imperfections,) as it is so much more correct than any
chart of the coast extant.
With all the importance which the subject demands, I hope
I have represented to you the necessity of my having au
thority to employ men at the ususl wages of the country.
The times of several will expire in January next, and I must
lay the vessel up. Do not indulge the belief or hope that
seamen can be obtained here for the amount which I am au
thorized to pay. This difficulty must be overcome in some
wsy, and most happy would I be could I suggest a remedy
which would cure the evil. Congress should increase the
Coast 8urvey appropriation for this especial contingency, and
most fortunate would it be for the country if they would do
SO. ? ? ? ? ? ?
I am, very respectfully and truly yours,
WM. P. McARTHUR,
Lieut. Comd'g and Asst. U. 8. Coast Survey.
To Professor A. D. Bache,
Superintendent U. S. Coast Survey, Washington.
SURVEY OF THE COA8T OF CALIFORNIA.
Mr. George Davidson, Assistant United States
Coast Survey, is now employed in charge of a land
party at Point Conception, determining its position
and the adjacent islands arid main. This portion
of the coast, about two hundred and thirty miles
south of San Francisco, is in the line of all our steam
ers, and is said to be erroneously laid down on all
existing charts. *
The late French papers contain discouraging
letters from the French emigrants to California.
One of the Paris papers states that 41 the French
' cannot cope with the Americans, who, first, are
? at home, and whom nothing stops nor discourages.
' If mountains are in their way, they are levelled ;
' if fires rage, new houses are undertaken before
? the conflagration is at an end."
New Orleans, September 11.
Late advices from Texas state that bills have passed the
Legislature of that State directing the Governor that he must
put the question of disposing of territory to the popular vote.
Alto, requiring that he domand of the General Govern
ment the removal all Indians from Texas. A meeting at San
Antonio, passed strong resolutions in favor of Union. The
intelligence of the passage of Mr. Piahci's bill has been re
ceived at Austin, and produced greet satisfaction.
On 'Thursday evening last, as Mr. and Mrs. Oldham, of
Kentucky, were crossing the Ohio river, on their way home
from Cincinnati, in a skiff, by some accident the skiff was
upset, and both were drowned.
ExroKTiso Peaches to 8cotlahd.?The steamer City
of Glasgow, which tailed from New York on Saturday, for
Glasgow, took out several baskets of fine New Jersey peaches,
as an experiment to see bow the fruit would keep oo the voy
age. If they reach 8cotland safe and sound, order* for more
will be filled immediately. The peaches were picked with
the stems on, and then these were covered over with wex.
Psojectid Raiwoad iw Iowa.?W? have received ?
report of the proceedings of a public meeting held at Daven,
port, in the 8tate of Iowa, for the purpose of taking measures
for the establishment of a railroad in the town which is situated
on the western bank of the Mississippi, to Iowa city. It is de
signed to be an extension westerly to the Mississippi of the
line of railroad two thousand miles in length, which is expect
ed at no remote period to reach that point, beginning st
Portland, in Maine, and passing through all the intermediate
States between it and the Mississippi.
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