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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, April 26, 1851, Image 7

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NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.
FROM OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENT*
London, Aran. 8, 1861.
The last week has passed without the occur*
renoe of any incident of importance, either foreign
or domestic. Little, excepting rootiae business,
hut.cn attended M in Pnffanent The .ray end
ordnance estimates for the current year have been
agreed to in the Cosamons, but not without efforts
to reduce them by Mr. Hun? and others. Lord
J#hn Rriffin htf totrodvoad & bill sanctioning the ^
Mpointmentof an additional Vice Chancellor, and
lor remodelling the duties of the Court of Chancery.
The plan for dirfdmg the functions of the Lord
?Chancellor has been abandoned, and he is, ia future,
lobe assisted by the Master of the Rolls and a com
mon-law Judge, in order that he may be enabled to I
get through the accumulating business of the Chan
eery Court. The vest ecclesiastical patronage now |
vested in the (Lord Chancellor is to be transferred
to the Crown, and the Minister of the day made re
sponsible for fts disposition.
We noticed in our last Lord Lynbhurst's ob
servations -in the House of Loeds respecting *he
existence of associations of foreigners in London
for the-organization of schemes and plots subversive
of the peaee of continental Europe, -and his opin
ion that a'return 4o the operations <jf an alien law
might be necessary. We were {lad at the same
time to state that Earl Gasv, on the part of the
Government, indignantly repudiated all idea of the
necessity for sncn an extreme measure; adding
that the authorities were oenvineed that no danger
would arise fVom any existing -societies to tne
peace of England, or any infraction of the duties
which wo owe to the nations on the continents.
Mr. 8wynx Wortlky, Recorder of London, and
M. P. for (Buteshire, made inquiry on Tuesday
last ?f ihe--ttasretary of State for the Home'Depart
ment, whether his attention had'been called to t^e
number of foreigners now iit "London, their charac
ter and .proceedings; addiqg that he (Mr W.) had
in his ipoeeeesion evidenoe-ofu- wide-spread- conspi
racy in Europe, a branch-of which had boen estab
lished in this country, under the name of the " Com
mittee of4 Central European 'Democracy whose
object was the subversion-of the Governments of
Central 'Europe. Those parties?recommended, as
the means of promoting this object, insurrections
against, and the extermination of, the existing
sovereigns. It had come to his knowledge, he said,
and be"believed he bad the*fcest foundation for what
he stated,- that there were, at that cnomen Vgoing on
among foreigners residing ?in this oountryjin combi
nation with some of the subjects of her Majesty,
a scheme for making some demonstration which
would be-very dangerous to the public tranquillity.
Sir Gnonon Grky said, he was not aware of the
existence of any such circumstances as were allud
ed to by <Mr. Woutlet, which rendered it neces
sary for the Government to resort to any extraor
dinary precautions ; that the civil and municipal
authorities possessed sufficient power to meet any
anticipated emergencies afchome, and that Ministers
would take care no breach should be perpe trated
here in our relations to foreign countries. Hf the
honorable-member was in .possession of any-cir
cumstances which he considered likely to prove
dangerous to our domestic-or foreign peaoe, with
vhich Ministers were not acquainted, it was his
duty to place the Government in possession -of
tham?a much more likely course to ooun.tecact
their mischievous tendency than by thus Helling
their abetters that their plans were known, leading
them to adopt a more secret mode of carrying on
i their mischievous machinations.
The conversation then -dropped. There is no
doubt that many of the revolutionists of oontiiaertfal
Europe are now in London, and it is more than
probable that they have their plans and their plots.
Government, however, has-its eyes *pon diem, and
it is very improbable that they should intend any
demonstration In England, where their number aofl
power are inconsiderable, and where there -exists. ?o
body of materials upon which they can operate.
By a very well arranged plan the oensas of.the
population, <fec. of Great ^Britain was 'taken by
i returns made to the proper authorities on the 1st
(instant?the whole, buaintM being 4o*e in that
cringle day.
The Archbishops and Bishops of England, with
the exception of four of the latter, have issued a
well-timed address to the Clergy, setting forth the
necessity of uniformity in their public teachings
and administrations, and representing the hetero
doxy of the Puseyite opinion, that the Church of
England is nothing more than a reformed. Church of
Rome, and that all the forms and ceremonies of the
latter, which wese not done away with at the refor
mation, are yet to he attended >to or not, according
to the views of the officiating minister. On the
eontmry, say the right reverend dignitaries of the
Church of England, the whole scheme of Catholic
rites and ceremonies was set aside at the reforma
tion, and none other were re-established, excepting
such as are clearly set forth in the ritual then agreed
upon j and, where difference of opinion as to that
ritual exists, the appeal is to be made to the Bishop
of the Diocese. The four Bishops whose names
are not attached to this important manifesto are
those of Hereford, Manchester, Exeter, and Bath
and Wells. The first two have not signed it, be
cause their tolerant principles incline them to regard
all action ?n the matter as unnecessary. The
Bishop of Exeter repudiates the document on ac
count of his high tractarian or Puseyite tendencies,
and, the Bishop of Bath and Wells upon some
technical matter of form. Had such a document
as this issued from the Bench of Bishops a few years
pgo, we should probably have been spared the Pa
pal aggressions and the mischievous train of con
sequences which they have induced.
The great Exhibition is the principal point of at
traction at present, &nd all its arrangements are suc
cessfully and rapidly advancing. We have great
hopes that the United States will occupy a very
prominent place in this cosmopolitan display of
human skill and industry* Some difficulties and
misunderstandings have arisen among the Ameri
can exhibiters respecting the exact meaning of the
appointments made by the Central Committee at
Washington. Mr. Stawbury has been placed
in an unpleasant position, and it is due to him
to state, that, so far as we are conversant with
the circumstances?and we believe we know them
all-?he has conducted himself like an able, active,
and intelligent rgent, and with the deportment
of a gentleman. We trust that explanations,
which nave been written for to Washington, will
remove all difficulty upon the point, and place the
exhibiters at large in a position to recognise the
plainly declared intentions and wishes of the Cen
tral Committee, which they are unanimously pre
pared to do. In the mean time a majority of them
understand, and have acted under the impression,
that Mr. Stansbury's present duties ceased when
the goods were placed in the building; and that at
that point Mr. Riddlb's duties commenced, atleaat
so far as related to their arrangement and display.
Mr. Riddle is now thus occupied, and the interests
of the exhibiters and the credit of the country will
be efficiently cared for; but it is very desirable that
it should be known as soon as possible who is to
be the Agent or Commissioner representing the en
tire body of the American exhibiters in all meet
ings of the foreign Commissioners, and in all inter
course and business arrangements, Sic. with the
British Executive Committee and the Royal Com
missioners. Mr. Stansbvry and his friends main
tain the opinion that he was appointed as agent for
general purposes, and that therefore he occupies
the first position, and is to remain here in that po*
gitlon until ihe close of the Exhibition; and that
Mr. Riddle is an-agent for a special purpose only,
confined to the building, and the display and cus
tody of the goods in the building. Your Central
Committee must settle the point by a short and
clear declaration of their intentions and wishes.
The arrivals of goods at the .building last week
were very large, and the total number of packages
received there to Saturday night last wsn 5,5T#4 of!
British manufactures, &c.; Foreign goods, 6,333;
Colonial, 767; Channel Islands, 36* total, W?M>8.
Of the foreign, 738 packages are from Belgium,
and 1,529 from France; Germany has sent 707,
and Prussia M*; Italy 95, Spain ?13, Portugal
1*4, Switzerland 142, Russia 24ft, Tunis 3*0, Hol
land 204, China 108, United Stales 786, Mexico
and South America 6. Among the eoloniea, Au?
'tralia and Van Dtoman's land have sent 5)9, Africa
/the Niger) 7, Canada 332, India 167, Malta 4t,
and the West India Islands 48. Mope than si*
hundred wagons discharged their loads at the build
ing on Monday, and before next Saturday evening
ihe packages received wHl be 17,000'to 20,000 in
number. The leakage >in the roof was caused, in
great measure by tfce number of penes of glass
which had been brokenly aceidentyi;968 of wniwi
have been discovered -end replaced; and dering
three day 8 of soaking vain last week scarcely any
moisture fonnd its wey into the 'building, wo
doubt to eutertained of the whole being made per
fectly water-tight.
Tbe return* of the Sank ofiEoglsndAow a decreased e*r
culatien of ?270,#e0, increased public deposites of
decreased private depoaites^Sie.OOO, a?d decreased buHton
? 1 7,000. The lank of France shows die following results :
Bullion ^E?1,3H209 Uocreaee ^93,691
Balboa oo depose 116,136 Increaee *YW0
Circulation ,. *#>81.1*1 Increaee
Public r'Jepoeites,,.... 3,781,027 Decrease
Private-Jepositee..... 4ilOT,129 Increase ,536.225
Bills duicouated.. . .... UfSaa.719 Decreaae 480,429
Govern meat aecoritiee 7,018,787 Decrease vl<J,681
Mr. Locks Kwoaaaved, last night, in the Howe ef Com
mons, the aeoend reading ?f hi? btU fat increasing tbe Parlia
ments ry aqffrege. Many of' the leading advocatoa of Par
liamentary reform "deprecated the farther agitation of the
qaeation at Aeipreeeotaiaie, when*Lord Joaa Rceswx had
pledg id hkneetf to'biiag far ward the aubject in a campreben
arve form ?eat>year, arid when, oa a division, the i present
posit; on of Ihe frienda of the meaaaae would be euro-to be in
jured by a defeat. Mr>Fox Maobe reiterated tbe pledge ol
the Government to take op the hauinees next eeeaton ; but
Ihe division *waa preeeid^nod resulted in a majority of 216
agair ist the aecond' reading?oply eighty-three members vot
ing i afavsrr of it.
T'ao dinner 'to 'Lord -Staklsi waa held at Merchant
Tail ore* Hall, in Throadaeedle street, yeaterday?Mr. Taos.
Bjluvs, MJP.'for 'Huntingdon, to the chair. About one
hundred (Mors and two hundred members of the Moose ol
Commons attended. (There waa nothing enthuaiasticabout the
proceedings, although, ?s they occupied more than frve hours,
there waa time for much to be said and done. LordSnsiiT'i
speech, as well as that of Mr. fiMsBASti, were say thing
rather than encouraging. Lord-SffAHLit expatiated upon
(i tbe dificuhies of .Tory governments at all times in England,
* and upon the impeaeibUity of even Attempting to displace their
*? rivals before <hay wen ready fbra-diaaolution of Paslisment.
* A diaaalution.aod new Parliament were (he said) Ahe last
* i-hmawn of ihe (Protectionist party ; but there muat be no
* precipitation in forcing that event." The watchwords ol
the two partiaa appear now to be,-en one aide, "Protection
and PratoaUntiem/' on the other, "Cheap bread and tolera
tion."
Many law changes have been, or are about to be made.
Mr. Tcans*, M.P. for Coventry, and an eminent eountel
' at the chancery bar, wiH be the new'Vice Chancellor.
The money market is firm, but without alteration imterms.
There have been very trifling fluctuations in the price ol
funded stocks; nor has the share market been materially
affected. The corn .market, which advanced laat week, ii
! dull again that but without any alteration in laat woek'i
prices. The produce mwketaare all doll, particularly cof
1 fee. Cotton iabuoyant; wool rather dull, and buainees ol
I all kinda torpid at thu moment.
There ia a good deal of .novelty in the Literary world. A
, mi, Muabfur of narh of tbe leadins qoarterlies ia about being
, published. The Westminster:* first ia tbe neW, wim welt
written articles oa Modern Ballad Writers, The Recent Cam
! paigna in India, English Mathematical Literature, Msrtineau
and Aikinaon on " Man's Nature and Development," Rev<fiu
tion and Couater-revolutioB, Marriage with a Deceased Wife'i
Bister, Diplomatic Reform, Ministerial Criais, Education, Ac.
The Quarterly isaues the following list of contenta i Poultry
Literature; Women in Franee?Madame da Maintenon; Ju
lias Csmr?Merrivale^s Roman Hiatory t The Republic in
I the King's Coaches; Sanitary Movement?(Centralization j
Livea of Calvin, by Dyer <Scc.; tfjftd Holland's Reminiscen
ces ; Lord John RucaelL We have not seen any announce
' ment of the articlea in the Edinburgh. Bkktlbx for April
" has a long and well-written biography of the late Judge
Stobt. Mrs. Tbollops baa a new novel ealled Second
Love, and Lady Butwxa Ltttoit one called Miriam Sed
ley. Mr. Gbaxvilli Taixob announces a new work upon
the United States and Cuba. Mr. R. P. Gilliks's "Me
moir* of a Literary Veteran," including aketchea and an
ecdotes of the most distinguished characters, from 1794 to
1819, does not fully realise the anticipation which will be
generally formed from ita title, although it ia not deficient in
anecdotical and charscteriatic interest, and abouoda in sketchsa
of society and of the celebrated persona of the time, and ia a
very plmsant contribution to the literary biography of the
laat balfcentury. The author's own biography ia one of the
most interesting portions ot his book. In poetry three works
of rather more than average interest have lately appeared :
Mr. Edmund Peel'e Fair Island, Heartly Coleridge's Poems,
and Mr. Charles Knight's truly National Edition of Shaic
speare. Mr. B. Poole has commenced a publication called
Statistics of British Commerce. It is intended to be a con
denaed book of teforenoe for persona engaged ia the commerce
of the country ; the firet number begina With " acetate," and
ends with " chicory," anil ths volume will probably extend
to about 400 pagea. Under the head " Blacking " ia given
the curioua information that it ia annually manufactured in
England to the extent of 11,600 tons, and that ita average
price is about ?30 per ton, producing an amount of more
than one-third of a million sterling every year. Of course a
considerable portion of the article ia exported. There is noth
ing of novelty and importance in Theatricals. ?
In France the establishment of a definitive Ca
binet has been unsuccessfully attempted, and the
country still remains under the transitory Govern
ment. M. Omlon Bareot had an interview with
the President at the Elysle on Monday afternoon,
when it became known that negotiations with that
statesman had completely failed; and the Moni
leur announced the failure officially on Tuesday
morning. It is now expected that an Administra
tion, combining MM. Baroche, Foold, and Rou
her, will be attempted. The Ministerial question,
however, does not excite so much interest in^he
public mind as the approaching question of the re
vision of the constitution. The papers in the in
terest of the President begin to declare openly that
the Elysle intends making an appeal to the people
if the Assembly refuses to grant the revision, and
they have also announced that the electoral law of
May Si will be set aside for the Presidential elec
tion. The question of revision may be raised te
the National Assembly at the end of the next
month, and all parties are already as if on the eve
of a solemn fight. The Government endeavors to
frighten the peaceable citiiens into compliance with
ita own views by trying to convince them that the
Socialists are making progress every day. It is
?hoped by the friends of Louis Napoleon that the
?people will prefer the continuance of his govern
ment to a change of Preeident. There are, no
doubt, in Franee some exasperated demagogues
who dreaftn of the overthrow of the moderate re
ublic. But they are not dangerous, since they
ave been abandoned by the working, classes.
There would be danger should the time again ar
rive when tfye operatives have no work; and trade
appears at this moment to be very much depressed
in Pirii, It b probable, nowever, that business
?ill wiw fcriM- the exhibition in London.
Strangers bay nothing pt present, saying that they
desire first to see the goods of the exhibition.
Spain and Portugal are, as usual, political
blanks. A telegraphic despatch announces the an
rival of the Emperor ol Austria al Venice on the
27th ultimo. The patent making that eity a free
harbor was issued on the sama day. This restora
tion * the privileges of a free port is attributed to
the representations of Marshal Radetzky, who sees
clearly the importance of attaching the Venetians
le Austria by ties of interest. A conference be
tween the Emperor and the King of Naples is to
take place, in which the relations of the Peninsula
to ftyrance and Piedmont will be discussed. The
aeeounte from Row describe the exultation of the
i&oclesiastics at the difficulties into which the " Pa
pi! aggressions" have plunged the British Govern
ment. Strong hopes areentertained that Che W higs
mil be driven from power, and that the mors fa
vorable lendenoies of Lord Aberbebn, as British
frltmster of Foreign Affairs, will soon be exerted
?in their ?a?or. We think these hopes will not be
?realized, and we think further that the Italian ec
clesiastical politicians would have much !less reason
to be satisfied with Lords Aberdeen and Stanley at
i the British hekn, than they have to be at present
with Lords John Russell and Palmerston in that
position. Conflicts between French soldiers and
the Roman population frequently oocur, with occa
sionally the loss of life. So inadequate are the
police regulations in the Papal States that encoun
ters with brigands often occur in the Romagna, and
sometimes near the gates of Rome.
The chief news in the Gerkax papers is, that
there are many symptoms of an approaching good
understanding between Austria rod Prussia. ' A
retreat to the old Diet system appears to be the
condition upon which this understanding has been
effected. <Great disturbances arc apprehended iir
Hungary from the introduction of the tobacco mo
nopoly intothat country. The measure ia regard
ed at Vienna as a hazardous one. It is thought
thatit will ,prove utterly impossible to prevent the
illicit growth and consumption of tobacco, which,
from long habit, has become one of the necessaries
of life to the people. ' " To deprive the Hungarian
of his constitution," says the'correspondent of the
Times, 44 to'make him pay duty for his wine, these
are injuries ; but to impose a tax on his tobacco,
the fumes of which are the very breath of his nos
trils, is at once an injury and an insult which he
will neither tforget nor forgive."
The difficulty of finding a fit successor for Baron
MAwrEUFrBX. is now again said to be the only
cause why that Minister does not resign the port
folio of foreign affairs. The Times of this morn
ing says, " Baron Munteuffere position as premier
appears to be untenable, and a Gabinet crisis is at
hand." The Daily News says, M It is quite cer
tain that Manfeuffel is tired of the confusing duties
of the 'Foreign Office; He perceives that ail his
efforts have ended in failure abroad and opposition
at home^"' Some of the German papers state that
in case Baron Manteuffel retreat from the Foreign
Office, he will retain the position of President to
the Council.
There has been a little outbreak of the peasantry
of SwiItzerlano in the neighborhood of Fribourg.
An engagement took place between the militia and
about eighty peasants, who formed the advanced
guard of a body of about 2*900. The peasantry
dispersed, after having had eight men killed or
wounded. Switzerland has been compelled to sub
mit to the pressure upon her, and has expelled the
French and Gorman refugees who sought shelter on
her soiL Twenty-five of the latter passed through
Besan^on the other day, on their way to Havre,
with, passports to the United States. v
It makes the lover of constitutional Government
almost despond, to read the article upon " Rtvolu
' lion and Counter Revolution" in the number of
the ;Westminster Review just published. It is
worthy, however, of the most serious and attentive
perusal by all w,ho would keep well posted up in
; the Hiotoiy qf continental Europo during the last
half century.
April 4th.
A. formal vote upon the Income Tax will be taken
i this evening. Mr. Anstby brought forward a mo
tion in the House of Commons last evening relating
to the. affairs of the East India Company, and the
mode in which the people of Hintjostan were gov
erned. He wished to have a Commission appoint
? ed to inquire, on the spot, into the operation and
results of the laws now in force in our Indian Em
pire. Lord John Russell said the Government
would offer no opposition to any inquiries into the
Administration of Indian affairs. Sir J. W. Hogg,
on the part of the board of directors^ courted the
fullest inquiry into the government of India. The
motion was withdrawn.
Lonl John Russell brought forward his long
promised motion to remove existing impediments
persons of the Jewish persuasion occupying
seats in Parliament; the motion to bring in a bill
was opposed by Sir Robert H. Inolis and others,
but was carried by a vote of 166 to 98.
The bill for protecting the rights of inventors at
the approaching exhibition passed into committee
by a vote of 132 to 42. There is no doubt of its
passage and efficiency.
The forming of a definitive Cabinet in France
is still the subject of very animated discussion in
the committee rooms of the Assembly; particularly
in that section which is under the leadership of
M. Thiers,' and most hostile to the President.
This party affects to believe that no serious attempt
has been made by Louis Napoleon to come to any
understanding with M. Barrot, and that the whole
negotiation has been " a mere sham" to bring back
MM. Baroohb and Fould. Be this as it may,
M. Barochb is now the*person charged with the
task of forming an administration.
Two Theatrical events'are noticed io the papers
of this morning. One the completion pf the Drama
written by Sir Edward Bulwbr Lytton, as his
contribution towards the fund for the new Literary
Institute, and it is now in course of rehearsal at
Coyent Garden Theatre. The first performance
' wnl .take place in June. Mr. Webster has pur
chased the right of performing it at the Haymarket,
at the expiration of two years, for five hundred
guineas. The other theatrical event ia the open?
ing oi the Royal Italian opera at Covent Garden
Theatre last evening, with " Semiramide;" Grisi
S the Princ'P*l character. The " unrivalled
...waa pronounced to be 44 more noble and
queenlike than ever," and to be 44 in the very height
and plenitude of her powers." She was admirably
supported by Signora Angri and by Signor Sal
T?10"* " ?h* ensemble had all the completeness
for which this theatre is pre-eminent." I
FROM OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENT.
Paris, April 3, 1851.
A prudent explanation of the views of Govern
ment, made frOm the tribune on Friday last, in an
ticipation of the discusaion, prevented the explosion
which the resolution of M. Dbskars was expected
to provoke. M. Waisse, Minister of the Interior,
renewed in the most explicit terms the ezpression
of the Government's opinion touching the applica
bility of the electoral law of 91 at May to the Presi
dential elections, upon whioh current report had lat
terly thrown so much doubt. He said:
41 The Government hold* that there ia only one electoral
law, and that it ia applicable aa welt to the election of tbe
President of the Republic aa to tbe election of tbe member* of
tbia Assembly. To apeak more to the point, I adopt the
very teima of the declaration of M. Desman, and I ?sy?
4 When, in the caaea provided for in the constitution, tbe oc
casion arisea to elect a President of the Republic, the election
is to taka place according to the lists made out, in conformity
with the diipuMton of the icli of forct for Um election of
uembera of tbe National Asssmbly.' Bach is the opinion of
t|ke UuTernmnQt j nothing more, nothing less "
'a ^j *kove declaration, (he Assembly, satis
fied, passed by ? large vole, which nay be almost
called one of conciliation, (466 to 21,) the (ollowioi
resolution as a substitute for that of M. Dksmars :
kesrd tbe declaration, mult in tb?
naae of tm Executive power, and adopting tit* motives of
the report of Um Commission of Initiative decides that it ia
ord ?^fthe'day S?D*'^er proposition, and paaaea on to the
The whole Left, with the exception of a small
band of constitutional moderate republicans, com*
posed of Gen. Cavaignac and friends, refused to
vote, in order to do nothing which could be con
strued into a sanction of the law of 31st May. The
position of the friends of the Ely see upon the occa
sion was particularly noted. They were heard
loudly protesting that the Preaident waa not, after all, bound
by the pledge of hi* Mioiater. The worda of M. Waissx
committed the actual Ministry only ; with new Miniatera the
President would be free aa ever. In fact, many of tbeElysean
members abstained, and three of the moat intimate personal
friend* of M. Bo?ariaTi voted with the minority.
A remarkable letter, of great hiatorical value, written by the
l?le Marshal Buscacd, detailing theeventaof the 24th Febru
ary, 1848, in which he waa a prominent actor, haa just been
publiehed. It ia dated October 19, 1848, and was addressed,
says the Presiie of to-day, to M. Lkomci de Lavkhobx, a
member of the Chamber of Deputies during the late reign,
and now a professor at Versailles. It haa created an immense
sensation in the political world, and will, it ia aaid, be very
promptly followed by couoler pamphlets from Tbixbs, Fias
co? Abago, Cbxmixcx, and M. Marbast. U will be as
tonishing if, in this shower of pamphlets, M. si Lakabtibb
should have nothing to say. By the way, this last named
gentleman is amusing his leisure momenta by writing for the
feuilkton of the Bonapartiat journal, Le Pays. A fragment
eatUkxf ".The retoak of the Janiasariaa, an episode of the
reign of Belim," ia made the matter of abundant puffc and to
serve as bait lo allure subecribeis. M. si Lakabtibb suc
ceeds, in capacity of feuilletonist to the Elysean journal, the
notorious Lola Mantes, whose biography, after all the magni
ficent promises in relation to it, stops short with the first vo
lume, juat as the heroine was about entering upon the most
curious passages of ber career?life in Paria. Le Pays is
certainly to be congratulated upon the change which hsabeen
effected in its correspondence, but it places " the greatest re
ligious poet of the age," the superb Lamartine, in a juxta
position not very satisfactory to his amour propre.
An official communication to the journals has just an
nounced that the attempt to compose a parliamentary minia
tiy to replace that of transition which now holds the port
folio has failed. All combinations that could command the
confidence of the President and the support of the Assembly
have failed, and will fail. Legislative assemblies in France
cannot bear to have beaide them an independent executive,
and members declare thst M. Bonaparte, must choose his
Ministers from the Assembly. I do not think that he ia really
inclined to do this, and I am very aure that he is right, at
leaat for the present. The repeal of the act of 31st May ind
the revision of the constitution are understood to be the ques
tions upon which all stumble.
M. nx Lakabtibx has juat communicated to the Pays (La
Prcsse used to be his favored journal) the first sheets of an
article entitled "The Revision," about to appear in his
monthly paper Le ConseiUcr du Peuple. The editor gives
it the honors of his first columns, but protests that he does
net accept, without abundant reserve, the doctrines of the wri
ter. The Payt is thoroughly committed to the support in
its integrity of the law of May SI. M. de Lamartine, on
the contrary, declares that no honest and true republican of
France will listen for a moment to a proposition for the revi
sion of the constitution, unless the odious act mutilating the
universal suffrage which waa eatablisbed in 1848 shall be
previously repealed. This ia well known to be also the
opinion of all portions of the left side of the House. Now,
as the left counts some 850 votes, it is difficult to conceive
how tly constitutional vote of three-fourths required for the
call of the Convention ia to be obtained. But Lamartine,
who persists in teeing patriotism in every body, and evil no
where, is sure that every thing will at last, and very speedily,
go right itt this country, so eminently, he aays, one of good
commefreaos*.
"rV**says he, in the conclusion of his article, "the Con
stituent Assembly can be legally convoked in time to revise
the contffcutton before the 4th of May, 186S, and if it de
clans Presidents to be capable of re-election, m good sense
dictates and the sovereignty of the people requires, and if the
actual President of the republic haa preserved the eateem and
confidence of the country, the people may renominate him
for a second term to the Presidency. If the Censtitusot As
sembly ia not convoked in time for the re vision, if the re-ele
gibility of the Presidents is not admitted by the amended con
stitution, or if finally the actual Preaident of the republic haa
not a majority of votes, he will retire till he can come forward
again; andjie will bear awsy with him the most enviable
glory of a republican magistrate of bis name, the glory of
having neither usurped nor betrayed the republic rashly entrust
ed perhaps to such a souvenir. A new President, chosen by
the nation, will receive the deposite of the Executive power
and whoever that President maybe, France will have nothing
to fear from him. For if he be a statesman and a man of
virtue, France will love and support him i and if he is neither
one nor the other, France will of heraelf despise and abandon
him. Trust we to the good aense of all, to enable us to ar
rive in peace and order to these solutions, which are the only
sensible ones; and let us say boldly, upon the eve of 1852,
what Admiral Nxtsov said to his crew the eve of Trafalgar :
' France expects every man to do hit duty.' Haa not Provi
dence ever done its duty toward this country of good sense
I think that I have detected the secret of many of Lamab
tibb'b speeches and writings during the last three years. He
haa not, in very truth, the oonfidence in men and thinga that
be professes to have; but he acts and talks and writes upon
the principle that the best way to make men do right to lead,
to govern them?is lo make them believe that you suppose
them incapable of doing what ia wrong; that you have per
fect confidence in them. Thia ia a good rule ; it
worka well with children frequently ? it worked well with the
masses with whom he was thrown in personal contact at the
Hotel de Ville; but be will find that it is not of universal
application; he will fail in applying it by means of his con
sdller du peuple to the millions of France; and he may call
Louis NiroLEOjr a good boy, and pat him on the bead, and
say how sure he is that he will keep his word, and do nothing
that's naughty < but I predict that Louis will be a naughty
boy in spite of papa LaxabtisVs confidence in him.
A bill is before the Assembly, and will probably pass, ap
propriating #131,000 to the establishment of eight new lines
of electric telegraph between several important cities of this
country. The total length of the proposed lines is 481
It is estimated thst the beeping those lines in repair and the
workiaff them wfll coat the annual sum of $19,700; but
there being on all these routes ordinary aerial telegraphs, which
it is intended to discontinue, and these last costing annually
more tbsn electric telegraphs to be established, there will, in
point of fact, be effected a considerable saving to the
treasury.
The first experience of tbe extent to which the thouaand
troublesome formalities which accompany tbe use of the elec
tric telegraph in France embarraases the public, preventing
frequent and general resort to it, fully confirms the correct
new of my remarks when I communicated the legislative ac
tion in relation to the subject some months ago. The whole
income of the newly-established lines, during the firat fort
night, was two hundred and three franca, ($40 60.)
I read in the Gazette of the Empire, a semi-official journal
of Vienna, a notice of what purporta to be a definitive ar
rangement relative to the Hungarian refugees domiciled at
Kutayeh. The Austrian Ambassador will soon declare to
them that they may go where they will, upon condition that
they never re-enter any of the Austrian 8tates. Tbe Porte
conducts them, at ita own expense, to a seaport, where they
will embark for Europe. 8ome tea or twelve individual are
excluded from this amneaty. These exceptions include Koe
suth, bis wife, Bstthiany, and Perrtel.
Gen. Dkmbibsbi, who commanded the Polish army in
1831, and the Hungarian army at Kapolna in 1849, arrived
in Paria a few days ago. A large number of Poles and Hun
garians, resident in Paris, immedistely proceeded to his hotel
to bid bim welcome again to France.
A very curious and intereating philosophical experiment
haa been attracting crowds to the Pantheon during the last
ten days. Ita object ia to show, by means of pendulum,
to make manifest to ihs eye and mind of the most uoscien
tific observer, the fact of (he earth's rotation. I have been, of
course, with the crowd to we it, tad should have mentioned
the subject ere tfaie in my latere, but the account, which sp
peered in the pepere were eo various, and ae fall of palpably
gross errors, that, before deeoribinf the experiment, I desired
tj **e * notic? of " bom some scientific su whose name
and pen I was acquainted with. The inventor himself, M.
Fobcacit, the young savant who narrow!y missed, on the
uJuino' d?oeen to fill in the Academy of Sciences
the chair ef Gey Lu?e?c, has just published a description of
his invention and experiment. 1 have commenced the transla
tion of it for the columns of the Intelligencer, and shall for
ward it by the American steamer of Wednesday next, from
Henceforth we are to have two departures per
rpi , , .Paris, April 7, 1851.
1 he week here has been filled with rumors re
specting the painful passage of the French Minis
try from a transition to a definitive state. Lanjui
nam, de Tocqueviluc, Abbatucci, oe Malleville;
db Beaumont, and Barrot are the names which
have been most rife, in connexion with those of
^HE? .FoULld\ Bi" ">w> elements
w little affinity with the hieudent on one .ide, with
the Aeeembly on the other, end al.o with each
other, that all combination was found impossible.
They could not be even made to cohere for half a
day; and the formation of a Parliamentary Ministry
is now, to all appearance, as far from realization as ft
has ever been. No, nothing but the fear of imminent
Socialism, with its concomitant horrors, can unite
in apparent temporary concord the discordant ele
ments of the Assembly and of the Elys^e. There
fn!L8lgnS lhat Jear ifl raPidly acquiring the
force necessary to effect the union. The organs of
m the Pre" !'8naliie in P?is and through
out the departments the existence and progress of
that disquiet, agitation, alarm, derangement of com
merce, and cessation of industrial pursuits which
are the precursors of change. But sufficient untc
the day is the evil thereof.
The week has been fruitful too in curious docu
ments touching the revolution of 1848. The pub
Iication of Marshal Buoeaud's letter, which it seems
took place without his family's consent and by a
culpable breach of confidence, has elicited from
ben. Bedeau, the Constitutional, and others, arti
cles of hardly less interest. The most curious is
perhaps the account of the conference which lead
ers of the parties held on the 19ih February, in or
der to concert together the ways and means of
avoiding collision by reason of the banquet, and at
the same time save both parties from the appear
ance of retreat and from ridicule. It was agreed
that the banqueters should assemble on the 22d;
that the public force should not intervene; that they
should take their seats at the table, and at a parti
cular moment the commissary of police should en
ter in solemn form, take his notes, and summon the
assembly to disperse. Thereupon M. Odilon
Barrot was to rise, make a short speech, protest
ln? against this abuse of authority by Government,
and praying the company to immediately and peace
ably retire, and declaring that in so doing they were
yielding only to force. M. Barrot, who was the
Magnus Apollo of the banquet, with other deputies
named, was then to go and harangue the people,
who, it was supposed, would be thronging the ban
queting room outside, in order to prevent their be
coming irritated beyond measure. The press wac
to be operated upon by influential persons, in ordei
to prevent this ridiculous game which the great re
ormists were playing before the people from beinc
unveiled. On one side, the conduct of the opposi
tion was to be treated by the press as moderate ani
dignified; on the other, Government was not to bt
afccused of having weakly yielded. The events oi
the next week showed that these gentlemen could
not control the storm they had raised. The ar.
rangements of these wire-pullers were all overrulet
when the day of action came by more sincere anc
revolutionary reformers, who considered as serioui
politfcs"16 Wh'Ch WM being Played* Enou8h 0
Let me hasten to give you, in his own words, ai
account of the ingenious experiment alluded to ii
my last, by which M. Leon Foucault has recent
ly demonstrated ihe phenomenon of the earth's ro
| tation. rhis gentleman is one of the youngest,
yet already one of the most distinguished scientific
men of France. He has, there can be but little
doubt, a very brilliant and illustrious career before
him. One of the veterans of science, Cagniard
LATouR,has, to be sure, just won over him a seat in
the Academy; but it is admitted that the respective
ages of the candidates entered as a very considera
ble element into the results of that election. " M.
Foitcault can wait," it was said; ?he ie yel
young." In support of his claims, young as he is,
it was urged that it was Foucault who first de
monstrated that the velocity of light is greater in
air than in water, by which the coup de grace was
given to the Newtonian or corpuscular theory of
light, and the undulatory theory finally established;
that he had made, in connexion with M. Fizeav
remarkable observations in optics; that he firsi
fixed electric light; and, lastly, the beautiful ex
penment which all Paris is flocking to the Pan
theon to see, and which is being repeated all ovei
t ranee and Europe?the subject of the following
memoir: ^
EXPERIMENTAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE
EARTH'S ROTATION ON IT8 AXIS.
The notion of the rotary movement of the earth ba< nov
become so general, it has S3 victoriously passed from the do
mam of science into that of vulgar idea., that it would seen
superfluous to seek to establish it by additional testimony
Nevertheless, when it is considered lhat the principal argu
menu in support of this movement are drawn from the obser
vation of celestial phenomena, one will perhaps be disposed
to accord some attention to the results of an experiment which
dispenses with the necessity of scanning tbe heavens, and
permits the fact of the earth's rotation to be deduced from a
mere household experiment. As upon the broad ocean, with
no shores in sight, the helmsman, bis eyes fixed upon the
compass, takes cognisance of every variation in the course o|
his ship, so tbe inhabitant of tbe esrth msy mske for himself,
by means of the pendulum, a sort of compass, which, set ar
bitrarily in absolute space, will, by its apparent motion, r?
sal to him the actual motion of the globe which supports
him. When the magnetic needle, which does not cease to
point toward the north, appears to turn in one direction, it is
immediately concluded that the ship itself is veering in the
other. By and by, when we ahall see the plane ofr oscilla
tion of a free pendulum constantly deviating in a certain di
rection, we shall likewise conclude, in presence of this plane,
which should not turn, that it Is we that are turning in the
contrary direction. Upon this point, then, we shall be agaia
constrained to correct by reasoning the testimony of our
senses. Upon putting the pendnlum in motion, we will com
mence by establishing?founding ourselves upon an easentia!
property of matter, inertia?that tbe plane determined by the os
cillations cannot turn about the vertical; and if, contrary to tbe
most positive laws of mechanics, the pendulum appears to us
to have a movement of rotation conformed to that of the ce
lestial sphere, we will struggle against the appearance, and
we will apply to ourselves, to Ihe ground, to the objects sur
rounding us, this movement in an opposite direction
At the same time it behooves us to acknowledge that if at
tbe present day the new experiment seems conclusive and de
cisive, we must thsnk for it the progress of the times. In the
hands of Copernicus and of GsMeo this experiment would have
only proved one perplexity the more, by reason of the diffi
culty they would have had in seizing the link which connects
it with the movement of the earth. It is, then, rather a con
sequence of this movement than a proof In auppoit of an un
disputed truth, that we would produce bete ? for if; which is
impossible, there be yet found persons who persist hi making
the sun revolve around the earth, it ia certain that for those
prejudiced minds tbe spontaneoua deviation of the plane oi
oscillation of a pendulum would remain without effect. But,
considered as a simple verification, this experiment has at lesst
in its favor the advantage of facile execution and assured suc
cess, The phenomenon develops itself calmly. It is fatal,
irresistible, like the superior cause which produce* it. Yom
feel, asypqs? Ifbsghi ?Ipmn-^ tfcel ? W um W <W "pWW -
of the operator to hasten or ratard the manifestation. Everj
man pat in the prcMnce of the fret, whether converted or not
to prevalent idea*, remain* for tome minutes thoughtful and
silent, end generally retires bearing sway with him ? mere \
pressing end livelier sentiment of onr incessant mobility in
?pace.
As we heve already said, the observation bears upon thw
m ivement of the pendulum, one of the most precious rostra -
meats of physics, one of the finest conceptions of Galileo.
The simple pendulum is a pore abstraction, a creation of the
mind, which it is impossible to realize materially, (tie sup
pos d to be formed of a heavy molecule, suspended by a flex
ible, ineitensible thread, without weight, attached by the
upper extremity to a fixed point, and intended to preserve an
unvarying distance between the fixed point and (he molecule.
The perfect flexibility of the (breed at the point of attachment
permits the molecule to move upon the surface of a sphere of
which the thread is the radius and the fixed point the centre.
In practice we approach a* nearly a* possible the conditions
of the simple pendulum, by causing a very denee metallic
sphere to represent the heavy molecule, and the most slender
thread that can be used witboat rupture to repreeaot the
mathematical thread. Furnished with a pendulum of thie
kind, the physician verifies, very nearly, the lews indicated
by mechanics aa those which would be illustrated by the
movement of the simple pendulum. It ie thus that Ihie
physical pendulum, removed two or three degreee from the
vertical, and then left to itself, passes and repesses by the!
vertical, describing a long series of oscillations, decreasing in
extent, but the duration of which remeins sensibly the same,
from the largest to the smallest. This fundamental property
of the pendulum, discovered by Galileo, and known by the
name of uoehrxmitm, has been for more then two centuries
the object of innumerable obeervationa; and Huygbens, by
applying the pendulum to docks, produced the most valuable
instrument for the measurement of time. But the dock- .
maker, in taking posssssion of the pendulum, has earned it
to undergo e modification which masked another of he remark
sble properties?the eery one which we heve just brought
into play; I mean ite property of faithfully preserving it*
plane of primitive impulsion. In the application of the pen
dulum to clocks, K has been found expedient to suspeod it,
not by a (bread, but by meens of e knife or e plate, which com
psls it to vibrate in a plane determined by the construction, an4
permanently set. in correspondence with the immovable pieces
of the machine; whence it follows tbet the pendulum of the
clock-makers no longer oscillates freely about a point upon
the surface of a sphere, but moves in a determinate arc and
about a fixed axis.
In order to demonstrate the movement of the earth, it ha?
been necessary to break this connexion of the plane of oscilla
tion with the point of attachment, and come back to the free
pendulum. It was necessary to deliver the admirable in
strument of Galileo from the bonds which habitudly attacbsd
it to the earth, and re-establish, with its origind indepen
dence, its natural relatione with absolute apace. An exact
sphere, suspended from a fixed point by a metallic thread, as
slendor, as bomogeneou*, and ae exactly cylindrical as possi
ble?such is, up to the present time, in all the dmpbdty
of Gdileo's invention, the instrument the beet adopted to give
to men e sensible sign of the rotation of the globe upon which
he dwells. The moment it is put in motion it belongs, in
some sort, to (he celestial space ? and if it yet holds by ?
point to the esrtb, it is only that it may continue preient to
the eyes of the spectator, and offer to him the evidence of hie
own mobility. '
It is, in feet, easy to ahow by experiment op to what point
we may count upon the independence of the plane of oadl- -
lation.
Before contemplating directly the movement of the earth
itself, which by its slowness compels the resort to apparatus
of extraordinary dimensions, let us install upon a table, which
we will make move at pleasure, a small pendulum?a ball of
lead auspended by a thread. The room in which we operate
shall represent the universe < the table ahall be for oe the
eaith. The pendulum, attached to a support, shall work
above a circle traversed by different diameters, of which the
point of intersection correeponds with the direction of the pen
dulum when at reat. The pendulum, the support, and the
circle form a connected whole, a complete apparatus, whioh
we place, first, at the centre of the table. You then take
hold of the bell of leed, draw it from lta position of equi
librium, following the direction of one of the diameters of the
circle; then let it go, and commence your observations.
What happens then i The most simple and evident thing in
the world. The moment it becomes frse, the pendulum starts
toward the central point, passes it by virtue of the vdocity it
has acquired, returns to it agdn, passss and repasses, until
its movement ceases over that centra, having oscillated in an
unvarying plane in the direction of the diameter dong which
it had received the primitive impulse. Let one seek to ob
serve the vibrations of the pendulum, by comparing them
with some fixed poiots off the table, upon the walls of the
chamber, and he will 10 the same manner be conducted to
the concludon that the plane of oscillation ia unchanging.
But if, while the pendulum is in play, you cause the table
gently and smoothly to turn upon itself, what will be the re
latione of the plane of osdllation, both to points or objects
ehosen off the table, and to the radii of the divided drde > I
a*k you, dl who have not yat made the experiment, what
would be your answer to such a question ? Does it not ap
pear to you, at first sight, that the plane of osrillation, drawn
on by the movement of the table, is going to change ita direc
tion in the room, and preserve the same relative podtion upon
the divided cirde ? Profound error 1 It is precisely the con
trary of thia which takes place. The plane of or dilation is
not a material object. It does not belong either to the sup
port or to the table. It belongs to space?to absolute spece.
The movement communicated to the material objects which
surround the pendulum changes their relstions with the plane
of oscillation, whence it results that the rotary movement of'
the table has simply the effect of ceasing the several diame
ters of the dividsd circle to pass succesd*ely beneath the
plane of oscillation, which remains invariable.
This being wall es ablished, it becomaa necessary to repeet
the experiment under circumstances somewhat more compli
cated. 80 long as the apparatus remdns at the centre of the
table, and the table itself only turns upon its own axia, the
plane of oscillation remains abaolutely fixed. But if yon
place the apparatua upon the edge of the table, while the ta
ble itself is turning about its supposed centre, the vertical of
the pendulum, which must dways be included in the plane of
I oscillation, becomes eccentric, and, consequently, ie materi
ally subject to a movement of trandation, which did not ex
ist ia the preceding case. Thia movement draws with it the
plsne of osdllation, and we can no more count upon ita abao
lute fixedness. But ie the plane itaelf going to change } By
no means. Tiue, it follows tbe vertical in ite displacement,
but its direction undergoes no change. If in the beginning
it was parallel to one of the walls of tbe room, it continues to
be so perallel dl the while that it is successively plaring itaelf
at various distances. Thus acta the eompeaa, which yon
transport to varioua positions. The pivot carries with it tbe
needle, but tbe needle does not turn. As for tbe plane of
osdllation, the point of suspendon ia ita pivot. It bean*
dong the plane of oecillation parallel to itself. It is incapa
ble of causing a deviation. Now, while the table is revolv
ing upon its supposed axia, bearing along tbe w bolts apparatus
of the pendulum, placed at a distance from tbe centre, it
impreesee a movement of tranalation common to the plane of
oecillation and to the divided drde. More than that, it commu
nicates to the divided drde an angular movement, which tbe
plane of osdllation resists. We msy, then, tske no notice of tbe
common movement of tranalation, and we thus fall back upon
the preceding experiment, in which we had only to condderthe
contrast of the immobility of the plaoeof oscillstion and of the
circle of rotation aboutits centre. We may introduce into the
experiment yet an additional complication, which will not be
without analogy with the complication of the movemente of
the heavenly bodies. At tbe asme time that the table m re
volving upon its axis, we may make it nw* ?roun?
room? In thia caws the point of iuapena.enw.il describe in
space a sinuous corve, but without affecting tbe parallelism of
tbe plane of oscillation.
The communication of M. Foccalt being ralher
jonjr (I have translated about one-half ol it,) yoti
would, perhaps, prefer that it should appeir lh iwb
parts. I will send, in three days, bv SatortfayV
steamer, the concluding portion, in wfoich tfra *p
paratus constructed beneath the dome oT the Pan
theon, in Paris, ia described, and* its Application
made to demonstrate the phenomenon of thef earth's
diurnal rotation.

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