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Washington) ? ? 1-itiert^auU U WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, 1851. ^i^??R AND TONE OF THE D18UNI0NIST8. ^ The temper of the Disunionists of the South, wherever their strength is such as to encourage its exhibition, is inflammable and malignant to a de gree never before paralleled in the United States, unless by the same nearly identical party during the Nullification period twenty years ago. We have before us the Charleston " Mercury" of Thursday last, the organ of the Immediate Seces sionists, a glance at the contents of which will give to the reader a pretty accurate idea of the state of feeling of the Revolutionists, of the feeble ness of their cause as established by the character of the appeals by which they are endeavoring to exasperate their own party to deeds of violence against the General Government, and of the fierce denunciations and threats by which they are seek ing, apparently, to force upon the rational and dis creet of their own party a degrading submission to the demands and behests of the Fire-eaters. The first thing we meet with in this number uf itie ** Mercury" is the inclusion of a Speech delivered at Edgefield Court-house, on the 7th of July, by Hon. Francis W. Pickens, lately a Member of the Nashville Convention, and formerly for some years a Representative of the same dis trict in Congress. This part of the speech begins with a lamentation that Virginia " did not take the lead in this matter," and that Georgia also shunned the snare which was set for her, as well as Virginia. "Those two States acting together, then," says Mr. Pickens, " could have controlled, the South and dictated terms." They neglected the glorious opportunity that was offered, first to one and then to the other, by South Carolina ; and hence, says Mr. Pickens, " we must make our own liberty." That ** liberty," he argues, has been wrested from South Carolina by the admis sion into the Union of California upon the prin ciple of the right of any State, coming into the Union, to do so upon the basis of its own Constitu tion; a principle which was first distinctfy laid down by South Carolina herself, at the instance of the " bright and God-like spirit," as he is called in an article in the same number of the Mercury," to whom has been decreed by his native State a statue, in honor of this and other of his services during a long public life. The effect of the admis sion of the State of California into the Union upon this principle Mr. Pickens describes and com ments upon in the following terms : " If they can pat the citizens holding slaves in certain States under the ban of the Confederacy, they can put the 8tates themselves by name, and the citizens as citizens. The Con stitution declares that (the citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States.' And yet the Government openly asserts that the citizens of near half the States of this Union shall not be allowed to go above a certain line with the privileges of their property, but shall dispossess themselves of tha most valuable part of that property before they can claim equality in privi leges with the citizens of Ohio or Massachusetts. They make a compromise line of 36? atX when it suits them to seize half the territory of Louisiana, and then, instead of carrying out that line in good faith, as it was intended, in spirit and ?ub stance to the Pacific, when it suits them to seize territory be low it they do so without remorse and without shame "Where is their compromise"? Whew is their plighted faith ? Are we to be circumscribed at their pleasure ? Are we to be encircled in great penitentiary walls by our masters and oar keepers ? " Merciful God ! Are we born ?laves, or are we born free men } Are the descendant* of cavaliers to let the swords of their forefathers hang around tbem in their balls to rust for ever * Do I hey d-ead to draw them because, forsooth, a na tion of Yankee shoemakers may let drive at tbem with their awls, or a nation of weavers may threaten to raise their shut tles and spindles After this explosion, which, if not characteristic of the eloquence of its author?by whom it is evi dent that this speech has been carefully written out for publication?is not without precedent,* the dis tinguished orator goes on with an elaborate argu ment of several columns, intended to impress upon his hearers the truth of the following proposition: " Mr. Chairman, the final result of all these mea ? sures is to abolish slavery in the States, or to 4 render it valueless, and thus to force those who ' own them to abandon the country or perish in its 4 ruins." Upon a proposition so directly in the teeth not only of the certainties which in his own mind every man must admit?such, for example, as that slave property within the Union has never from the year 1776 to this day been as fully protected as it now is, and the improbability that it can ever be as securely protected as at present by any form of separate State Government?it is hardly worth while to pursue, for the benefit of our readers, (who well understand the whole matter,) the train of ar gument by which it is attempted to be supported. From the remaining reading-matter of the 41 Mer cury" of Thursday we shall make only such brief extracts as will, with little comment, other than italicising a few sentences, serve to illustrate the quasi civil, but really uncivil, war that is waged by the Disunion press in the city, of Charleston, not only against the authorities of the General Govern ment, but also against their own neighbors who are not as mad as they themselves. raOM THE MBBCrRT. The Plot Trickehs.?The planters of James Island have been in the habit of carrying their children over to Fort Sum ter for refreshment and recreation?its situation in the midst of the harbor miking it an exceedingly airy and pleasant resort. On Tuesday the following incident took place : A gentleman oftbe highest respectability, with his friend and two or three children, weni over to the Fort, and when the boat was wiih in a abort distance of the landing, the sentinel on duty lower ed hia musket and demanded whether it was a Government * Such language as this in an argument against the con stitutionality of the act admitting California into the Union, dtc. may excite sorpriae in the minds of some readers : and no wonder, truly, if it do. But it is hot the first time we have met with it. fn a speech delivered, we believe, before the ?ame audience, and by the same gentleman, before or sfer his return from the tale Nashville Convention, he expressed himself as follow* t " If we should be disappointed in all our peaceful plans? 4 if we should be disappointed in ail oar endeavors to cherk ? and reform ih i aciion of the Government by a development 4 of thoae State powers that lie at the foundation of our Fede 4 rative ay stem, we will then have no al'ernative: we must go ' through, though the land be covered in blood. l>ei * otbera fail?we can never falter; the peace and existence ol 4 our families are a', stske It is a matter of life and death. ' Has any man ever thought of the ultimate cons quencea to ' this country, if tho*e who claim to be our master* carry oat ' their open and avowed objects lo their legitimate enda ) 4 Are we finally to be governed by a nation of Yankee tin ? pedlera and blue-bockel-makers > Forbid it, Almighty God! ' Could any white man Irve here >n boat >" It wu answered in the negative. Then, aud the sentinel, you cannot land. The gentleman asked for the cor poral of the guard, who came forward, sod, to hia request to be alb wed to land, the same brief rude answer waa re turned "job cannot land." He asked the reason of live refusal, and the officer turned bis back upon him and made no reply. We | make rbis statement on the authority of the gentleman himself. It is manifest from this that the troops are under orders, to treat the people of South Carolina as enemies. Our corre spondent, " Barnwell," well advises that we accept the chal lenge thus thrown in the face of this community. They could only consider us as enemies because they have hostile designs ?gainst us. Yet these men are daily seen in our streets, and hofr among ps cndistdrbeo. Are we any longer safe with such company ? Is it not equally the duty and the po licy of the city effectually to exclude from her limits men who*e purpose of hostility ia no longer doubtful, and who do not even affect the concealment of it ! There has been great excitement in the community in consequence of these devel opments, and the general ieeling demands that something effectual and speedy be done. Are we to sit down tamely, and allow ourselves to be scorned and trampled on by the minions of power, as if the State waa already a aubjugated province ? What, now, ia plain language, is the fact which has called forth this burst of " Secession" elo quence from the Mercury ? What had this com mander of & small detachment of United States troops in the harbor of Charleston done to justify this coarse insult to the Officers of the Army? this threat of violence should they dare to walk the streets, and, nnaliy, or ?? eflc^i exclusion" from her limits ? Why, ? the very head and front of his offending" is this, and nothing more : that at a fort of the United States, called Fort Sumter, occu pied and garrisoned by troops of the United States, it has been thought proper to prevent the landing' .without leave, of persons having no business there. This is the practice, we believe, at all military sta tions in every part of the United States. It'used to be the rule " in the days when we were young," and if it be not now, it certainly ought to be. FOB THE mictril. [a COMMUNICATION. J Occupation of Fort Sumter?Insolence of Federal Minions. Messhs. Editors : Port Sumter has been occupied, fur lively, unexpectedly, and without warrant of authority, save from a usurping Northern President and the subservient tools of his Cabinet. The object of this movement of Federal Woops is apparent and anmistakeable. Intimidation of the wavering, encouragement to Union-loving Submissionists, and preparation to meet the question of secession, and defy its exercise. It is a challenge to the State to come up to that issue, and meet the Government upon it. Shall the challenge be accepted wow ? There is but one way of giving the answer?through the Legislature, which should be instantly assekrled. In the mean time, what should the citizens of Charleaton do > Already are her citi zens denied admission to the fort, and all reason for the peremptory prohibition contemptuously refused, amid the jeers of liveried slaves, obedient to the will of official masters. The people should assemble at onci?put on their arms guard their city against the ingress of these myrmidons and incendiaries, and confine the pestilence of their presence within the wall, of the forta. There is but one circum stance to temper the anger pf a true Southerncr-it is that so few of these men are Northerners. The soldiers of the Gov ernment are any thing else than Yankees, and their deeds illustrate the courage of every land save Yankeedom. Yet are tbey the instruments of our deadly foe?the Government? and, as such instruments, must be placed under the ban of public cxecration. BARNWELL. [The Italics and small capitals in this article are not ours, but the Mercury's own.] FROM THE SAME MEHCCRT. "Ellen Douglass."?A lady-writer appears in the last Pendleton Messenger, says the Edgefield Advertiser, over this beautiful and appropriate signature. The communica tion seems to have been called forth, by some unfortunate piragraph written by Mr. Perry, of the Patriot, in which the latter says "he cannot be mistaken in supposing the ladies to be generally in favor of the Union." Our fair friend scorches the gentleman not a little for his temerity in hazarding so un founded an opinion. She is evidently tjje daughter of a spirited house, and would make a heroine did tho opportunity offer. It is said that woman is the creature of impulse only. However this may be, her impulses are, in ninety-nine in s ances out of a hundred, pure and noble. The impulses of the women of Carolina have ever condemned submission to wrong in those they loved. And they do at this day ' Brave gentlemen oj Carolina, see that your arms be bright. The ladies call upon you to resist your oppressors. M^anfalter at such a call? We give an extract from LlleQ Douglass : " The ladies of our Fort Hill District are as high-toned and as patriotic as their sires, husbands, and soDs, and how could it be otherwise when a bright and godlike spirit has L bear1ta^ThCll7ith r' ' would nerve he heart and hand to achieve for the cause, sanctified by the heroin, ?tren8lh? wonders not surpassed by the heroines of Hungary , and should fortune ever be so adverse I' ? "H*8 of truth and JU8Uce to need their aid, I feel no doubt of the energetic response. cold hhM^tri?n! Cf?"e8p0ndennmU8t a darae or damsel Smill if' f 8h" C#n reflly anJ tru,y f?ncy a submis kTnm'/'h/r entrQ8t,D* ber8elf and happiness to such keeping her love can acarce deserve the name.' I trust the daughters of Pendleton are of a nobler mould, and have not yet forgotten the mothers of the revolution, and the venera safe count '? tb6'r n,emoriea- Ta "one will they vouch Zr thrnanc6, or ,m,le who do not enlist themselves un .to b?n? glorou* .on. of fire, ,nd plcJg, ' TijVCr' :h!le of ,ife ?ha" within them Never to forgiTe the race whoie ruthless chain ' Has left upon the South a stain ' tt^7fVhXh(^^^wouW b' - 3 After the foregoing article was prepared for the press a subsequent number of the 44 Mercury " came to hand, in which we find an explanation of the matter in the following terms : FRO* THE " HIICURt" OF ACOUST 15. We publish with pleasure the following note in reference to a matter upon which we commented in yesterday's paper It completely exonerates the gallant officer in charge of the Fort from any participation in, or responsibility for, the un pleasant occurrence alluded to : . f0ET Swer, Acocst 11, 1851. J he circumstance of two respectable citizens of this 8tate recently vi?iting Fort Sumter, having been prevented from landing at the work, arose from the fact of the sentinel on duty be.ng a recroit and not clearly understanding his in structions. No orders have been, or were intended to be issued, prohibiting e tizens from landing during the day, and even at night , the only prevention being the introduction of liquor, or the soldiers from leaving the garrison. The pre cautions adopted were intended solely for the preservation of discipline in the command. Had a commissioned officer been present, instead of a non-commissioned officer, this unplea sant circumstance would certainly not have occurred. ? S. C. RIDGELY, Captain 4th Artillery and Brevet Major. After this handsome admission by the 44 Mercu ry " that the officer in command of Fort Sumter was entirely exonerated from all blame or discour teous intention for what passed in a matter in regard to which occasion had been taken grossly to revile him and his cloth, must not the publica tion, in another column of the same paper, of the following Communication on the subject be consi < e red very strong additional evidence that the enmi ly on the part of the " Southern Rights" gentle men is 80 great to every thing pertaining to the Gen !w?k rerfnment M t0 m?ke war even upon the f ,, " ll" *utho"?y. when admitted to be law fully exercised ? [FOR THE MBRCCRT.] Messrs. Editors : Ii ia i . i '"nR since that we ftitnriiril lb. DO..I ^.ctMl. of . Pr-lW ,u Uoitad ^ ing with a eovereign Bute with the aword in one hand and the pur* in the other. This scene had acarcely been enact ed era we m? the same illuatrioua personage auspending the Government of another aovereignty, by apprehending and re moving iu Chief Magistrate upon a charge eo trivial lhat the object or pretext for the eierciee of despotic power waa but too apparent even to the moat superficial obrarver. Quite m character with these demonstrations, we have lately received a modest intimation that a spot consecrated by the best blood of Carolina would be profaned by the presence of those tn whose veins that blood still courses, and thia too while a sec tioa which had intimated their hostility to ua by *cta of re cent outrage ia receiving from the aame aouice letters of con ciliation denouncing as a moral and political evil the institu tion againa*. which they were arrayed, thereby encouraging them not only to hope but to urge its destruction and ours. And in the flush of an " insolence of office," which scorns even concealment, while one Secretary ia assuring the inhabi tan a of loyal Boston of "all his sympathies," another, at the instance of hia master, ia preparing for our devoted city that chastisement which a hireling soldiery ia employed to inflict upon slavea. It remains to be seen if this game of brag is to succeed with us too. VERBUM 8AT. On this subject we have received from a resi dent in the neighborhood of this city the following communication: Mesars. Editobb : The National Intelligencer of yester day containe extracts from the Charleston Mercury of the 14th inatant reflecting very unjuatly upon an "order" for bidding the landing of citixena at Fort 8umter without per ns asion. The order alluded to, or a similar one, haa been in exiat ence for at leaat thirty-nine years, for the writer of this, aa a volunteer in the war of 1812, had to execute it? and he well remembers that an officer was shot by a aentinel and killed for not promptly obeying the order to halt, when passing through the line for which be waa poated. The commanding officer of Fort 8umter is one of the most intelligent and able officera of the army, born in a slave State, where hia connexions still reside. In his veins runs,the best and purest blood of the Revolution, and, if I miatake not, the signatures of aome of hia relatives are affixed to the Declara tion of Independence. " Inaolence of Federal minions" ia applied to the gallant officera of the army?men who have just returned from one of the most brilliant campaigna on re cord ! And by whom ? A VIRGINIAN. AcsuaT 19, 1851. From the Moniteur Beige of the 29th of last month we learn that J. C. G. Kennedy, gsq., the Chief of the Census Bureau of the United States, (in the Department of the Interior,) was at that time at Brussels, pursuing the objects of a public cha racter with which he had been charged, in refe- , rence to National Statistics, by that Department. If the fact of his being there had not been directly stated, we should have recognised his hand in a very clear and perspicuous statement of the census feature of the Government of the United States, and the particular requisitions and results under | our last Census. I The statistical department of the Government of Belgium is, as might be supposed from the anti quity of its institutions, and its narrower limits, more perfect in its details in some of its branches than that of the United States, and especially in all that relates to the agricultural production of the country, its habits, and its progress. In these re spects it cannot be doubted that information may be obtained from abroad through the agency of Mr. Kennedy which will be of much advantage to the United States in arrangements at the next recur rence of our decennial Census. The annexation of Cuba would be a far more fa tal blow to the South, so far as slavery is concerned, than the acquisition of California is alleged to have been. lib cliiof ailrontagCM "vjulll Kuuic dirootljf and immediately to the?North. The sugar interest of the South could not stand a moment against com petition with Cuba, when the sugar of that island should be admitied, as it would in the event of an nexation, duty free. The North would, besides, find in Cuba a new and immense market for its staple products of flour, beef, pork, machinery, im plements, and manufactures of every kind. So strong is the belief of Northern advantages to be derived from the measure, we have heard strong and active opponents of slavery declare their desire that Cuba should come into the Union, with or without slavery, as she might elect. Our Southern friends, if they are wise, will look twice, and care fully too, at this scheme of Cuban independence before they commit themselves in its favor. It has a sharp edge on one side of it, they may feel well assured. To the North it would be a new and vast field of adventurous enterprise, wealth, and power. To the South it would be a drain and a most formid able competitor.?Albany Register. Gen. Cass is said to be suffering at home from a severe attack of fever and ague. MISSISSIPPI. The Vicksburg Whig of the 2d instant contains a pretty full report of the proceedings at a Union Mass Meeting held at Canton. The meeting con tinued two days; numbers of the most eminent men of that party were present. The speakers, the first day, were Gen. John f). Freeman, Wm. Yergkr, Esq., Gen. W. R. Miles, Judge A. R. Johnson, Mr. Luckett, and that distinguished citizen of Alabama, Hon. A. F. Hopkins. Of his speech the editor of the W hig, who was present, says : '?The hour of speaking having arrived, the Rev. Mr.Todd invoked, in a prayer to the Ruler of the Univerae, the bless ings of Heaven. Gen. Hxhrt then introduced to the vaat asaemblage the Hon. A. F. Hofkiss, of Alabama, who ad dressed the audience for about two hours in an argumentative and eloquent atrain, in which he ably reviewed the questions at isaue, and urged the acquieacence in and the aupport of the Compromise measures." On the second day the speaking was commenced by Judge Sharkey. The interest manifested to hear him is said to have been intense. The editor of the Whig closes quite a lengthy report of his speech with this paragraph : "He contrasted the principles of the Union party, and their tendency to preaerve a Government which had confer red such manifold blessings upon mankind, with the prin ciplea, policy, and consequencea of secession, in auch an im preaaive manner aa to excite the highest enthusiaam in the frienda of our united Republican Govern ment, and to cauae the seceeeioniats to shudder as though they stood upon the brink of the precipice to which they would lead us. At one moment bis hearers would bestow breathless attention, at another silent but eloquent tear* would course down the cheek of matron and maid, sire and son, and anon a spontaneous burst of applause from his immense auditory would atartlethe ear like an electric shock." Judge Sharkey was followed by Wm. H. John son, Esq. and W. A. Lake, Esq. Mr. Arthur, of the Whig, winds up his account with this sentence: " During the whole of the two day a there was no scene of disorder to disturb the pleasure of this social and political gathr ring < and if it had not been for the disconsolate and dejected physiognomies of the secessionists, and their pitiable wailinga, every one would have been perfectly happy." We learn from an officer of the U. 8. Army, just arrived from Florida, that a namber of men were congregated at the mouth of the St. John'a river, awaiting the arrival of a steamer to convey them to Cuba. A large party had gone up the Santilla in a steamer, where they received on board six pie?M of artillery and some farther reinforcementa. These Mi were in high spirits, and made no oncealmeot of Um otyaat of the expedition. ?Journal of Commerce. QUICK PA88AGE FROM EUROPE. The United States mail steamer Baltic, of the Collins' line, arrived at New York on Saturday morning in nine days and thirteen hours from Liv erpool, being the shortest passage ever made across the Atlantic. She brought 148 passengers and a valuable cargo. London papers to the 5th instant and Liverpool to the 6th contain but little else of interest than ac counts of the fete given in Paris to the Managers of the World's Fair. Nor is there any thing re markably new from the Continent of Europe. The Great Exhibition was still thronged. The number of season tickets disposed of on the 4th instant realized the sum of ?22. The money ta ken at the doors from the other visiters amounted to ?3,006 18s., making a total receipt of ?3,028 18s. The police return made the number of visit ers 62,631. The London Globe of the 5th says that there is truth in the assertion contained in a late number of the Assemble Nationale respecting instructions supposed to have been addressed by Count Nessel rode, after the meeting of the Emperors at Olmutz, to the Russian representatives at Naples, Rome, and Austria?that they had agreed to afford assist ance to those States for the suppression of revolu tionary movements. The Irish news is not important. The crops were looking well, and a good season anticipated. Advices from Paris are to the evening of the 4th. The chief subject of remark at Paris is the visit of the Lord Mayor of London and the Commissioners of the Exhibition, accompanied by many hundreds of Londoners and Englishmen of note. The open ing banquet, on the 2d instant, is described as gor geous and tasteful in the extreme. Five hundred persons sat down to dinner, and many hundreds more assembled in the evening. The next day the visiters were taken to Versailles. After having visited the chateau and park, and other interesting features of Versailles, the Lord Mayor returned to Paris, where he and the aldermen partook of a pri vate dinner with the Prefect of the Seine. In the afternoon the Mayor was admitted to a private au dience by the President at St. Cloud before the public entertainment. On the 5th a splendid de jeuner was to be given at the English embassy in honor of the visiters, and in the evening a grand ball at the Hotel de Ville. On Wed nesday, after a superb review and sham fight, the Mayor would dine with the Minister of Foreign Af fairs, and in the evening a choice selection of pieces 'be performed at the opera. On Thursday the party was to be entertained at a grand dinner given by the Minister of Commerce. This was the closing day of the fetes, and on Friday the visiters I returned to London. [ The city of Paris has already sent ninety fore men and workmen to London to visit the Exhibi tion, and about thirty Chambers of Commerce of the chief manufacturing towns of France, and twen ty Chambers Consultatives have acceded to the wishes of the Government, and presented lists of first-rate workmen of all trades, amounting collec tively to about one hundred and forty, who are also to be sent to London. To them are to be add ed twelve foremen of the national manufactories of Beauvais, Sevres, and the Gobelins, and of the pro fessional schools of Chalons, Aix, and Angers. j The village of Poignolles, in the Eure et Loire, containing thirty houses, was nearly all destroyed by an incendiary fire on the night of the 28th ulti mo. The authors of the fire, who have not yet been discovered, attempted to burn in their beds the inhabitants of the first house fired, having bar ricaded the door outside to prevent their escape. The National Assembly, on the 1st of August, elected the following committee to serve during the recess of that body: i/iaier, (Jhangarmer, Dulougerais, Bauvaire-iiaruifcieray, | de Montigny, Berryer, Vitet, Poujoulat, de Melon, (Nord,) D'Olmer, Passy, Druet Desvaux, Gouin, Bcrnardi, de Mon tebello, Bocher, de la Tourette, Cecille, Rulliere, Herbert del'Ilae, Bointilliers, de Kermarec, de Bar, Grouchy, de Mor temart. i The persons who had the highest number of votes after these were Dufaure, Cavaignac, Gr?vy, Vesin, J. de Lasteyrie, Remusat, Bixio, Charras, Labrousse, de Mornav, Delessert, de Saint-Priest, Lamoriciere, and Baune. [ It will be seen that not a single republican or friend of Napoleon has been placed upon the com mittee, the Mountain itself not having uniformly voted for its own candidate. A PLEASING INCIDENT. j Whilst the President was holding a levee at the Taylor Hotel, on the evening of his arrival at Winchester, (Va.) among the numerous ladies and gentlemen who hastened to pay him their respects, J there was an old man whose head was white with the snows of age, but whose form was still erect, and whose eye still wore the brightness of earlier days. Advancing to the President, and taking him by the hand, he said: 44 Sir, I am one of the old soldiers of 1812. Whenever my country is in danger I am ready to serve it again." The Pre sident, greeting him pleasantly, replied: "lam always happy, sir, to meet the old soldiers of 1812, and I know that I can depend upon them in the hour of need." i It may safely be asserted that no one who has borne arms in defence of the Union entertains for a moment the mad scheme of its dissolution. Archi tects of the glorious structure, they know the cost at which it was reared, and their downright unwil lingness to hear of its destruction may well be con ceived ; more particularly when the danger is not j from a bombardment without, but from those who threaten to hold the brand over the magazine with in.?Winchester Virginian. The Revolution in CuteA.?-It appears by a I paragraph in the 44 Sun" that some of the Cuba re-1 volutionists at Principe, of whose wonderful paper victories we have been hearing so many flaming re velations, are now exiles in this city. Arrival after arrival we have here from different ports in Cuba down to the 3d of August; but no sea captain who comes here has yet even heard of any thing like a revolution. There are Principe affairs, which the Spanish papers belittle into the affairs of 44 highwaymen;" but there is nothing yet come that deserves the dignified name of a re bellion, much less of a revolution.-?AT. Y. Express. The Rev. Dr. Stephen Olin, President of the Wesleyan University, at Middletown, Connecticut, died at that place on Saturday morning, after a long ! and painful illness. He was one of the most emi I nent ministers of the Methodist EpiscopalChurch. ! Father Mathew, it is said, will return to Eng land during the coming month. Since his arrival in this country he has enrolled over half a million persons under the banner of total abstinence. He commenced his labors in this cause in April, 1838, since which he has administered six million sixty four thousand two hundred and fifty pledges. ' Whig NomsATiows.?The Whiga of Anno Arundel County (Md.) met in Contention at Annapolii on Tueeday, and made the following nomination! of candidate* : For tba House of Delegates: Thomaa R. Kent, Gabriel H. Do?all, and Robert Lemmon, jr. Clerk of the Circuit Conrt. Joseph H. Nicholeon. | Reflater of Will* : Benjamin E. Oantt. Judge# of the Orphans' Conrt: Dr. 8. (Jambrill, Dr. Geo. A. B?rbor, and Noble Stockatt, Esq. State's Attorney t B. T. B. Worthington. Surveyor : John Dn?all. Coonty Commissioner*: Daniel T. Hyde, Gassaway Win tenon, P. W. Wain wright, William Williams, Eli Qaithor, and John Sellman. ON THE REPORTED REVOLT IN CLBV. The New Orleans papers received by yesterday's bouthern mail contain letters from Havana, received by the Cherokee, which represent the insurrection in Cuba in a mora formida ble light than even it was represented in the correspondence published by our city contemporaries and ourselves on the arrival of the Georgia. The New Orleans papers also re ceived by the Cherokee the Address of the Liberating 8ociety of Principe, which we have now reason to believe was an exaggerated statement ot the successes and strength of the patriots. At any rate, reverses seem to have befallen the patriots in the neighborhood of Prineipe which that docu ment did not lead ua to anticipate. By an arrival at thia port from Nuevitas, we have dates from that place to the 2d instant, and the accounts are very unfavorable to the cauae of the revolution in that quarter. The Government had concentrated three thousand troops in the department, and divided them up into columns of eight hundred each, for the purpose of scouring the whole country around Principe and driving the revolters from their positions. They had succeeded in defeating and acattering the band led by Don Joaqnin Aguero y Aguero, and the capturing Aguero and a number of his party. A few of the party escaped, suc ceeded in reaching the sea shore, and embarked for the Uni ted States. Two of the party who made the first pronun ciamiento at Principe have arrived at this port. They were of Aguero's party, and were with him when defeated by the troops. They state that.they fear that the immenae military force sent to the central department has succeeded in exterminating the patriot bands. The Government authorities had suc ceeded, by inducing the mothers of the revolters to go and entreat their sons to lay down their arms and accept of the proffered pardon, in weakening the strength of the patriots. Many yielded to the entreaties of their mothers, and this served to dispirit others. We need not conceal our bars that the Government has triumphed for the present at Prin cipe. Other parts of the Island, however, are represented to be ftiaking pronuncismientos and organising guerrilla bands, though with what success remains to be seen. The Cubans are mwerably deficient in arms and all the equipments of war, which is a serious drawback. The Ha vana Cubana appear to exaggerate the rumors that reach there almost as much as the Government exaggerates its official statements. We anxiously await the news by the next Havana ateamer, as we will then have more positive news of the extent and character of the revolt. Lopez's landing may give a turn to the revolution that will make it formidable to the Government. LATER FROM HAVANA. By an arrival at Charleston the Courier of that city has advices from Havana to the 8th instant, six days later than before received. On the 5th instant intelligence was received at Havana respecting the movements of Lopez, which caused great excitement, and all the Spanish vessels of war and steamers were ordered out immediately to cruise along the coast. The Courier says : *' Full files of the Faro Industrial up to the 7th instant, ? inclusive, throw but little light on the progress of events ' in the Island. We perceive therein addresses from the ? officials of Cienfuegos, Trinidad de Cuba, Puerto Prist- j ? cipe, and Villa Clara, stating that the disaffected were sur < rendering themselves, and that many prisoners had been ? taken. The very tenor, however, of these addresses tends * to demonstrate that the aspect of affairs is more serious than < they would have the people of the island imagine, and that ? an organized revolution is in existence. But, notwithstand ? ing the political troubles, strange to say, commercial mat 4 ters seem unaffected by them." FROM SOUTH AMERICA. The Rio Janeiro Journal do Commerceo of] July 8th gives news from Buenos Ayres to the 27th of June, and Montevideo to the 29th. The Government of Montevideo had sent the steamer W. J. Pease, with Senor Herrera-, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, up the river Uruguay, to confer with the Generals Urqutza and Garzon. On the 18th of June, Herrera was with the two Generals. The Brazilian Admiral Grenfell also went up the river in the steamer Recife. Gen. Oribe, an officer of j the Buenos Ayres forces, was stationed on the river to forbid the passage of the Brazil flag. No attention was paid to the message, and no opposi tion was made by the forces of Oribe. It is said that the troops of Oribe began to desert the garrison of Salto on the 18th of June, and a company of I soldiers on the 20th passed over to Gen. Garzon. Urquiza has closed the ports of Entrerios against the vessels of Buenos Ayres. The Governors of Entrerios and Montevideo have agreed to co-operate against Rosas. The Whios of Tennessee and of North Ca rolina have given us great and most cheering vic tories. In Tennessee, especially, we have carried all before us. It will be a long time before we shall consent to part with this noble band of brothers in the South ern States, who thus rally around the " Union," and who extend to us the right hand of fellowship. No sectional party will we ever belong to that shall separate us from them. Let us only keep upon the true National Platform, eschewing all isms, and sectionalism, especially, as the worst of all, and victory awaits us elsewhere as well as there. [New Yvrk Express. The Cincinnati Commercial says that " means both false and nefarious " have been used in that city to enlist adventurers for the " Cuba hunt.' Amongst other things it was stated to the poor fel lows thus duped that the officers of the Spanish fleet off Cuba were in the pay of the patriot lead ers, and would offer no resistance to the landing of the hunters. Th* Califobria Bab.?Hon. Isaac E. Holmes, the former Representative of the Charleston (8. C.) district in Congress, we see has recently entered into a law partnerahip I at San Francisco with Frarcis J.Lippitt, Esq., late of I this city, bat now one of the most promising members of the [ California bar. The professional abilities of Mr. Holmbb are as well established before the country at large as we are sure those of his partner's are in California, of which he has | been a resident ever since its acquisition by the United 8tatee. If success does not reward them, we are sure it will not be I for the want of those qualifications which should make suc cess certain. Mr. LtruTT was a severe sufferer by the lsst great conflagration but one in Sen Francisco, but we are | happy to learn that he has now fully re-established himself. [New York Express. Death ot Job* Armstrong.?This well-known citizen | of Maysville, Kentucky, died at his residence in that city on Tuesday evening last. Mr. Armstrong waa a resident of | Maysville fer nearly half a century, and by his energy and intelligent industry had amassed a very large estate. Mori Grbat Spkkp ;?The four o'clock train of five care I came to Poughkeepaie from New York on the Hudson River Rail oad on Monday, the 11th instant, in I hour and 64$ minutes, including ten stops. Distsnce 72 miles. Actusl running time 1 hour and 26 minutes, or fifty miles the hour. Tha train was drawn by the engine New York. raOM THE RE W YORK MEDICAL OA* ETTR OF AOBTJST 15. The lamented death of 8ignor 8arti has brought bis cele- I brated collection of wax preparations into the market; and I that school which shall be fortunate enough to possess itself of these treasures would become an object of envy and attrac- | tion ; for nothing approaching to them in accuracy and per fection has ever before reached this country. For teaching I anatomy, physiology, and pathology they w>uld be invalua ble. Tb?y are worthy of the great Florentine school, at which j they wave prepared from nature in the highest style of art. Hurbicabb at Tampico.?A letter from Tsmpico, dated < Jnly 16tb, states that a destructive hurricane had occurred in Tempsee. It lasted sevsn hours, demolished many booses, and damaged Urge quaotitiea of merchandise. NORTH CAROLINA. raox TBI nfimnui omiru or Atrsurr 14. Th* Congressional Election has resulted in the selection of fire Union Whigs, three Locofocos, and the Hon. Thomas L. Clingman, who 44 fights for his own hand." That the Whigs should faithfully perform their whole duty in the election just passed was in our view highly important. They owed it to their own reputation, tarnished by past neglect?to the patriotic President in whose election they bad assisted?to their dis tinguished fellow-citizen called by that President to the Na tional Councils?to their brother Whigs of the Union, and to the union of the 8iates. Nobly have they fulfilled their duty ; freely have they given their voices to sustain and per petuate the Union for which their gallant fathers fought. Lo cofocoism, Secession, and Disunion are put down in North Carolina. It becomes the duty of the friends of the Union to see that they are kept down. It should never be a re proach to us that the good people of sober, steady, thinking % North Carolina, first to declare her independence of a foreign oppressor, assisted in the destruction of that Union to which we owe the full enjoyment of our freedom. The result has equalled the most sanguine expectation. True, we deeply regret the defeat of that sterling Whig and true patriot, Col. Gaithib. But we had little reason toex pjet his election. His opponent, besides repudiating in full his disunion sentiments, and representing himself as a good Whig and a better Union man than Col. Gaither, has so zealously fostered feelings of jealousy and distrust of the Eastern seotion of the State, has so constantly represented Jumself as the sole defender of the West against Eastern usurpation, that he has in a measure identiied himself with the cause of his section, and induced many to believe, as he most certainly does, that Thomas L. Clingman it the West. To these causes, and not to any feelings of hostility to the Whig party or the Union, Col. Gaither's defeat must be at tributed. Let the question of Union or Disunion be fairly presented, and the Mountain Whigs of North Carolina, true to their country, their party, and themselves, will roll up a majority of thousands in favor of the Union and the Consti tution aa they are. Two other districts only were contested. In the third the stanch Whig, ALraxn Dockeht, is elected by an overwhelm ing majority. The good Whigs of the third, neighbors to Soutfi Carolina as they are, and accused of sympathy with that misguided 8tate as they have beeo, have clearly proven that among them secession can have no abiding place. They have repudiated it in the abstract and in the concrete ; they will have nothing to do with the cast-off folly of 8outh Ca rolina, either as a question of right or a question of expe diency. 80 also in the eighth. The whole machinery of party warfare had been put in motion by the Locofocos in that dis trict and elsewhere to secure the defeat of Eowaho 8taklt. All would not do. Mr. Stanly's election by an increased majority has changed the exultations over a triumph confi dently expected into lamentations over a bitter defeat. In the other districts there was, as we have said, no regu lar organized opposition. If there had been, the result might have been different. As it is, however, few will be found bold enough te assert that Secession or Disunion finds favor ;n the good old North' State. With the result as it is we are satisfied. As a triumph of Whig principles, we rejoice at it. As a confirmation of the action of the great Whig party of the South, and as a ratifi cation of the acts and an approval of the courie of thtf Admin istration, which has so nobly fulfilled all its pledges of respect to the rights of the 8outh, we rejoice at it. But far above these, high above all considerations of party, we rejoice at the triumph of the Uhiobt and the Cosstitctiow. May many more such be in store for us! For over such triumphs Whigs and Democrats, not only in North Carolina, but throughout the whole country, may and will unite in re joicing. A SPEECH FOR THE UNION. Strange as it may appear, in view of the present position of the Hon. R. B. Rhett of deadly hos tility to the Union, the authenticity of the following extract from an able Speech delivered by him in the House of Representatives of the United States, in the year 1842, is not questioned. As true as it was then, it is now. He cannot unsay it: " But to make the will of all the law?by constitutional arrangements to protect the weak, and enable the weak as well as the strong to rule themselves, and thus to secure the blessings of liberty and free government to all?that is the mighty problem which has puzzled the statesmen and patriots of all ages, and which has, at last, bees so wonderfully solved in our Constitution. This Constitution was the result of a long train of events, of peculiar times and circumstances, and a wisdom and virtue quickened by the intensest thought, and matured by the sternest trials. Gentlemen may succeed in overthrowing it?for there is no blessing man is not capable of despising and abusing?but let them not indulge the vain hope that when overthrown, they can re-establish it. Cen turies rolled over before the birth of this Constitution; and it may take aa many more to find a people either capable of appreciating or administering such a Constitution. Once fallen, like the decayed cities of the old world standing amidst ruins and deserts, it will be fallen forever. If the Union were to be dissolved to morrow, it could not be re-united. Aware of the difficulty of establishing the Constitution, and ita completeness, when honestly administered, to accomplish the great objects for which it was created, the people of the United States have ever frowned upon all attempts to alter or abolish any of its essential features. Whenever any party has fairly developed designs hostile to its integrity, they have been overthrown. To what but this Constitution must we attribute the glorious distinction we possess, aa the happiest and freest people in the world ? and what are all our troublea and contentions with each other but providential rebukes for departing from its wise and just provisions ) " Sir, I go for the Constitution as it is. I want no change in its provisions; but if there ia to be any change, I want those changes to be in favor of popular liberty. Instead of strengthening the legislative power?from which all usurpa tions on the Constitution have originated, and which now threaten to overthrow it?let the legislative power be atili further restrained, by limitations more clearly defined; let the veto principle,'on which the Constitution is built, be en larged, in order that great majoritiea?an increased number of wills?may be required to make laws for the people ; and thus a nearer approach may be made to the naked theory of a free democratic Government?that every man ahall rule himself. I detest the dominion of one man?a king. I de test more the dominion of many, because more heartleas and irresponsible ; but, above all, I fear, and loathe, and despise more than I fear, the dark, faithless, remorseless tyranny of a caucus majority?first the tools, and then the victims of the bloody despotism of some bold bad man, who uses the high aapirations of the people for liberty to overthrow the Constitution of his country, and lift himself on ita ruins. 8ir, republics are proverbially short-lived. They aim at a higher standard of equity in government, and require, there fore, a higher standard of virtue to administer them; and, being open to the aspirations and ambition of all, they muat neceesarily be liable to more frequent and desperate contests for power, and darker conspiracies against their integrity ; and let us never forget the sad lesson all history teachee, that every free Government the sun has ever shone upoo has been overthrown in the names of liberty and the people." WHIG .OPINION IN L0UI8IANA. At a meeting of the Whigs of Ascension and St. James Parishes to appoint delegates to a nominat ing Convention, the following truly National Whig resolutions were passed: Resolved, That, however uncalled for and supererogatory, under ordinary circumstances aud in ordioary times, might appear the formal declaration by American citizens of their Gdolity and attachment to the Federal Union, the menacing attitude of South Carolina, and the treasonable language of some disaffected spirits in other portions of the 8outb, render it incumbent upon us, as Southerners, to profit by every Siting opportunity to reiterate publicly our profound and un alterable love for the glorious free Republican Government under which *e live; that, accepting in good faith the aeries of measures known as the Compromise as a definitive settle ment of the dangerous and ezciting questions which (or years back have been permitted unwieely to disturb our national peace, we repeat now, what we have already proclaimed, that we ask for no other Constitution and no other UBi??n than those with which we were eodowed by the founders of the Republic. Rooked, That the present Administration deserves the gratitude and hearty support of all patriotic Americans, North, South, East, and West, for the firm stand it has taken and maintained at every hazard in favor of the Constitutional rights of the South ? and that we hail witb unalloyed gratifi cation the repeated evidences of a returning seoea of alle giance to the lawa manifested by our Northern brethren, un der the teaching* of our most eminent political leaders of both parties.