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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, May 29, 1852, Image 2

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WASHINGTON.
?* Uberty and Union, now and forever, one and
Inseparable."
THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1852.
RECEPTION OF THE MEXICAN MINISTER.
()u Saturday last Soil or Don Manuel Laurain
ZA& presented Lis credentials to the President, aud
was received as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary of the Mexiean Republic to this
Government. lie uiadc the following remarks on
the occasion :
Most Excellent Sra: I have been entrusted with the
honorable mission of representing Mexico near the Gov- |
ernment of this Republic. The appointment of Envoy
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary which has
been conferred upon me, affords me the distinguished
honor of being the interpreter of the sentiments by which 1
she is actuated, und of expressing my own, to the worthy i
Chief Magistrate who at present presides over the desti- j
nie? of this great nation. All this will be found in the
credentials which I have this day the pleasing satisfaction
to present.
The relations between the two Republics are of the
highest importance. The Mexican Government is desir
ous to cultivate friendship and good understanding, so
that those relations may be sustained and happily pre
served unaltered. Its most earnest wishes are for the j
maintenance of peace, which should ever exist between
them, and to avoid all occasions tending to disturb that
peace, or drive it from the path which for their own com
mon interest should never be forsaken by either, in order
that no disagreeable or unhappy occurrence may engender
enmity between two nations, which, inhabiting the same
continent, with so many of the elements of life and pros
perity around them, ought each to be employed by such
means a just and enlightened policy can put into prao
tice in securing the welfare and moral perfection of its !
own citizens and the material progress of the country.
I flatter myself that nothing will occur to alter or di
minish these sentiments of mutuAl good will and conside
ration, and that, both nations being guided by them and
by the principles of justice, whatever obligations may
spring np on either side, or may have been contracted be
tween them, will be fulfilled to the letter.
My aims and all my efforts will be so directed that the
interests of Mexico, which I am called upon to uphold,
may always be reconciled and in harmony with those of
this great and enlightened nation, and that during my
mission I may rely upon the kindness and esteem of your
Excellency, whose noble qualities are known every where,
and duly appreciated.
To which the President replied as follows:
I am happy, sir, to welcome you as the representative
ef a conterminous Republic. There is certainly no reason
why the utmost harmony and good feeling should not
prevail between Mexico and the United States. The in
creasing intercourse between them is mutually beneficial,
and every effort compatible with justice and national honor
should be made amicably to adjust pending differences.
Unhappily some such have arisen, but I cordially unite
with you in expressing the hope that all obligations on
either side will be faithfully fulfilled. This, in my opinion,
would be the only course which would comport with the
honor and dignity of two Republics whose territories oc
cupy so large a space on the North American continent.
1 pray that the Supreme Ruler of the universe may so
direct the councils of both nations as to induce each to
render equal and exact justice to the other, and that you
may be instrumental in acc?mplibhing this desirable re
sult, towards which I promise you my cordial co-operation.
In conclusion, permit me to assure you that during your
residence among us you may depend upon receiving every
consideration and courtesy from this Government which
is due to the representative of a sister Republic.
An interesting ceremony took place on Wednesday '
19th instant, in the llctuudo of the Capitol. We al-1
ludp to the formal presentation to the Washington Mo
nument Society of the block of native copper contribu
ted by the State authorities of Michigan to the Mo
nument. At 12 o'clock the Managers of the Society
repaired to the Capitol, and having, together with a
crowd of persons of both sexes, drawn thither by the
occasion, assembled around the block, which rested
on a truck in the middle of the rotundo, the Hon.
Andrew Harvie, a member of thcsLegislaturc of
Michigan, in the name and on behalf of his State,
tendered the beautiful present to the Monument
A*n)ciatiou. He accompanied the act by an ad
dre<-s, truly appropriate, eloquent, and felicitous,
which, with the happy and impressive response of
Mr. I jf.jfox, the Mayor of the city, (speaking in be
half of the Association,) we hope to be able to give
in a future paper.
This remarkable block of native metal weighs
upwards of tico thwttand pAind*, and consists of a
solid mass of pure copper as it came from the mine,'
on Lake Superior, and has undergone no change
Have in being squared and polished. The inscrip
tions are of native silver, inserted in the face of the
block, the two metals forming a beautiful contrast,
and the whole constituting a splendid and unique
tis well as patriotic contribution from the Peniasular
8tate.
The Free-Soil politicians of Indiana held a State
Convention at Indianapolis last week, at which a
ticket for State officers was nominated and Delegates
appointed to attend the National Free-Soil Conven
tion, proposed to be held at Cleveland in August.
Resolution* were adopted in opposition to the
Fugitive Slave Law, and to the thirteenth article of
the State Constitution; favoring the freedom of the
public lands ; declaring that the Anti-Slavery party
is not a sectional party, but for the Union ; and as
serting that the Democratic and Whig parties have
outlived the measures which brought them into ex
istence, and that they are mere factions. The last
of thetie resolution* is decidedly " oool." ?
THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT.
The Finance Committee of the City Council of
Savannah (Georgia) have recommended that the !
Mayor of that city be authorized to remit to the
Hon. Ki.ikha Whittt.bkkv, general agent of the
Washington National Monument Society, one hun
dred dollar*; and that an ordinance be enacted, in
virtue of whi<-h it shall be the Mayor's duty to
make for the same object, on th* anniversary oj
Wn*hinyton'tbirth-<1ny every year, until a sufficient
sum is collected for the purpose, an annual dona
tion of not lr*t than on* hundred dollar*. Such an
ordinance (says the Savannah Republican) will en
sure a yearly contribution of one hundred dollars
until a sufficient amount shall have been collected to
build the Monument, and we are sure that no citi
vn of Savannah will grudw the amount thus pro
poned to be contributed. 1 tie movement is worthy
of imitation by other corporations.
Watkr Dhinkino.?Prof. SlLLlMAlf closed a
recent Smithsonian lecture in this city by giving
the following sensible advice to young men :
** If, therefore, yon wish for ? clear mind, strong mus
cles, and quiet nerve*, and long life and power prolonged
into old age, permit me to ?ey, although I am not giving
? temperance lecture, avoid all drinks but water, and mild
infusion* of that fluid ; shnn tobacco and opium, and overy
thing els# that disturbs the normal utate of the system ;
rely upon nutritious food and mild diluent drinks of which
water i* the beeis, and yon will need nothing beyond these
things except rest, and due moral regulation of all your
powers, Ui give yon long, happy, and useful lives, and a
eerene evening at the close."
THE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY.
The annual meeting of this Society was held at
Boston on Monday last, when, after some prelimina
ry business, Dr. ?. D. Huntington delivered the
Annual Address, of which the lioston Journal gives
the leading poiuts, as follows:
" The speaker laid aside the financial part of the argu
ment for the cause of peace, for it i* a cause too greut to
be measured by treasure. The only power on earth that
can overcome the appetite for war is a christian con
science. The cause of war is logically overthrown by the
Peace Society every year, but still war lives on, being up
held by the passions, not the reasons of men.
u The speaker eloquently alluded to the settlement of
the Northeastern and Oregon boundary questions by Eng
land and the United States without resort to arms, as show
ing that arbitration renders strict justice to all parties,
while war makes justice to depend on aocident.
44 The speaker alluded to the project now o^foot in this
country for armed intervention in the affairs of a foreign
nation. He considered it the duty of every true disciple
of peace to set his face against all such enterprises, how
ever plausible the arguments in 'their favor might be.
The law of Christ is the only guide. Despotism loves war,
while true freedom ubhors it; for in peace only can she
really exist.
?' The address of the reverend gentleman was an elo
quent exposition of the Christian religion, as the only
instrumentality which can ever bring the triumph of
peace. It was listened to with much interest by a large
audience."
Our attention has been called by a distant friend
to the following passage in an Editorial article of
the WaMnyUm Union, of Tuesday last, which had
cscaped our observation, or, in common justice to the
friends of one of the distinguished Whigs presented
by them as a candidate for the Presidency, it should
have tyeen earlier noticed:
44 If any public assemblage of Whigs has any where, or
4 at any time, met together and said, in substanoe, ' we
4 want General Scott for our President, and we do not
4 want any more anti-slavery agitationthen we have yet to
4 hear, and the country has yet to hear, the first tidings of any
4 sueh ei'ent. Wherever any body of Whigs has come to
? gether, at the North or at the South, in any way to de
' precate further sectional strife, and to indicate a candi
' date for the Presidency, the candidate chosen by them
4 has in every case been some one else than Gen. 8cott !
* Can a position of greater 1 embarrassment' in the way of
4 letter-writing be imagined ?"
So far from this being true, among the Resolu
tions prefatory to the late expression of the pre
ference of the W high of the county of Newcastle, in
the State of Delaware?to go no further back?was
the flowing, avowing their thorough approbation of
the Compromise Measures, and their determination
to abide by and sustain them all, " to the end
that further agitation on these subjects may cease
forever
" Resolved, That, in reference to the acts of Congress
passed during the session of 1860, relating to slaves and
slavery, we continue to entertain the same opinions which
were freely expressed by the Whigs of this State in Conven
tion prior to the election two years ago, when we approved
the votes of our Whig Senator and Representative in favor of
those acts, and tendered thera our thanks for the course
pursued by them. The unanimous vote of the Whig dele
gation in Congress from this State, upon all the separate
measures of adjustment and compromise, approved by
their constituents in the year 1850, then fixed the posi
tion of the Whigs of Delaware forever on that subject.
Whatever opinions we may have entertained in regard to
other propositions of adjustment, or touching the impolicy
of blending subjects having no connexion with each other
in one bill, so as to defeat them all, we have never ceased
to rejoice on account of the final settlement of the dis
tracting topics of that day, by the separate passage of the
various acts requisite for that purpose. The Whigs of
Delaware committed themselves in favor of the passage of
these measures, because responsible, as a party, to sus
tain them as Delaware Whig measures, and mean to abide
by and sustain them all, to the end that further agitation
on these subjects may cease forever."
The office of Second Assistant Postmaster Gene
ral, lately made vacant by resignation, lias, we arc
informed, been temporarily filled by the appoint
ment of Wm. II. Dundas, Esq., who has been for
many years connected with the Post Office Depart
ment, and for several years has been its Chief Clerk.
The Chief Clerkship made vacant by the appoint
ment of Mr. Dundas has been in the same manner
filled by the promotion of Thomas P. Trott, Esq.,
lately principal clerk of the Inspection Officc.
Alabama.?Mobile papers continue to furnish
evidence of the progress of the movement in Ala
bama to secure the presence of delegates in the
Whig National Convention. To the list of meet
ings previously noticed, we have now to add others
held in Marengo and Baldwin counties, both in fa
vor of being represented at Baltimore. The Ma
rengo meeting recommended Mr. Fillmore as their
first choice for the Presidency, aad Mr. Webster
as the second choicc, with Mr. Crittenden for the
Vioe Presidency. The Baldwin meeting recom
mended Mr. Fillmore and Governor Jones, of
Tennessee. In each c:\se the delegate? were in
structed to regard known adherence to the Compro
mise as a " final settlement" of the question to which
it re lutes, as the test to which other considerations
are to be made subservient.
Massachusetts.?The Journal of Commerce re
marks that the people of Massachusetts are punish
ing themselves for having, in a period of great ex
citement and folly, denounced their noble Senator in
Congress, (now Secretary of State of the United
States,) the Hon. Daniel Webster, all the dis
tricts in the State, which have thus far chosen Pre
sidential electors, having chosen men favorable to
Mr. Webster. At a meeting of the Whigs of
Rockport, (Mass.) a few days since, the following
resolution was adopted :
Resolved, That, of all the pre-eminent services of Dahirl
WttnTU, do one so entitles him to the luting gratitude
of this nation aa when he stood forth in the face of oblo
quy and reproach, and in the majesty of hi* ow* reputa
tion, a whole man for his whole country; breasted the
storm which faction, prejudice, and false philanthropy had
conjured up to shake the foundations of the Union, and re
buked the elements of diaoord, vindicated the Constitution
and the laws, and gar* to patriotio hearts throughout the
land the assurance that the crisis was past, the danger
averted, and the Union saved.
The Hon. Caleb Cushino has been appointed
by the Governor, with the advice and consent of his
Council, a Judge on the bench of the Supreme Ju
dicial Court of Massachusetts.
I Point op Hocks Railroad and Water Com
pany.?A bill has been reported in tho Senate of
Maryland to incorporate this company, with a
capital of twenty thousand shares, of one hundred
dollars each. lion. Thos. G. Pratt, Hon. Philip F.
Thomas, Hon. Samuel Hambleton, Hon. W. Cost
?lohnaon, and W. II. Dunkinson, and K. Gaithcr,
hsqs. constitute the compsnr, who are to have
j>ower to construct a railroad from the Ppint of
Rocks to some point on the line dividing Montgo
mery countv (Md.) from the District of Columbia;
and also to furnish the I nited States Government,
and the cititens of the District of Columbia, with a
full supply of pure water from the Potomac or its
tributaries, by means of iron pipes laid along the
line of the proposed railroad. Sun.
Drath or Jons Howard Vats*.?A Washington letter
in the Baltimore Patriot announces the death of Jons
Howard Paysr, Esq., our Consul at Tunis, and the au
thor of several dramatic works and a numbeT of other
literary productions, including the popular song of?Home,
sweet Home."
PHILANTHROPIC SOCIETIES.
The lute recurrence of the period for holding in
the city of New York the Anniversary Meetings of
various Religious and Philanthropic- associations ha.s
brought forth the uaual yearly exhibits of the ex
tent of their laudable operations in the cause of be
nevolence and humanity. Ou the occasion of these
assemblies, says a New York paper, "intellect hud
wealth from all parts of the country centre here,
bound on missions, not of selfish aggrandizement or
pecuniary accumulation, but spurred by the impulse of
duty, and receiving reward in the consciousness of doing
good. We may not, in all iufit&noes, perfectly agree that
the modes adopted are the best, but we feel assured that
they are prompted by earnest and honest motives. These
conventions furnish the evidence of what has been accom
plished by the various benevolent combinations, through
the exertions of their individual members, during the
year. They aim at reforms and ameliorations, at home
and abroad. They circle the globe with their benignant
influence. They send the Scriptures in cargoes to distant
lands, and circulate them freely through portions of oar
own. They educate self-sacrificing men, and send them
?n errands of meroy to the uneducated and heathen. The
scattered Jews; the superstitious and wandering seamen;
the intemperate and the oppressed; the blind, the deaf,
the dumb ; the vicious, the licentious, the ignorant, are
all brought within the sphere of their influence, efforts,
continuous, persevering, immense; time and money in un
counted quantities; energies, and intellects, and hearts of
the first order are employed in the great worl{ of im
proving and advancing the condition of humaaitypver the
world."
The following are the revenues for the ye^rof the
several Societies mentioned in the table: /
American Bible Society $31$,744 81
Home Missionary Society HO,062 26
Female Guardiau Soeiety 15,490 32
National Temperance Society , ii,00ft 00
American Tract Sooiety 842,859 93
Central American Education Society 86,240 18
New York State Colonization Society..* 21,0815 41
American Seamen's Friend Society..../ 28,660 64
Amerioan and Foreign Christian Unifn 56,649 91
N. York and American Sunday Sctyol Union 198,846 44
American Board of Com. For. Missions 211,062 54
$1,874,699 43
Creditable as is the foregoing Exhibit of the liberality
and humanity of the age, yet it ii stated by the "Golden
Rule," a respectable weekly parpr published in the city
of New York, that the revenue pr the present yea> of the
Odd- FellowAssociation, " whidi quietly attempts to carry
" out the simple creed upon wlich it is founded, 'to visit
" the sick, to bury the dead, t< comfort the widow, and to
" educate the orphan,'" excels in amount the aggregate
of all the above associations, Constituting it "the leading
and unapproachable Benevoltnt institution of the day."
The fact is a remarkable one(' and speaks well for the en
ergy and efficiency with whi^h the Odd-Fellows' Associa
tion is conducted. Its revenue last year, as slownby the
official returns, was $l,81(j,227.
LATER FROM TEXAS.
We have dates from Galveston to tie 10th in
stant, together with files from the interior.
The Comptroller of the State has aorepted bids
for 9800,000 of the million of the United States five
per cent, bonds offered for sale by the State. The
following arc the terms: The Commercitl and Agri
cultural Bank of Galveston takes $100p00 at four
per cent, premium, exclusive of interest, payable in
Galveston, viz. $26,000 on the 15th of Maf, $25,000 on
the 1st of June, and $50,000 on the 15th of June; S. M.
Swenson takes $100,000, at two per cent., payable at
Austin within thirty days, and Corcoran & Riggs take
$600,000, payable in New York?$250,000 in ten days,
$250,000 in twenty days, and $100,000 in thirty days,
at $5.01, $5.02, $5.08, $5,04, and $5.10 ^er cent. The
Treasurer of Texas had paid out nearly $600,000 in
bonds previous to the 1st of May.
The regular mail from Paso del Norte Irings informa
tion that the Indians there are committinf depredations,
and that no person can travel in safety, large numbers
of mules and horses have been taken by tkem, including
those of Captain Skill man, the mail oomractor. Las
Cruces, a village of New Mexico, has been plundered by
the Indians. Their robberies have also extended to the
copper mines. Two soldiers were killed by them ?n the
Jornado. The Government has lost large amounts of
property under the eyes of its own troops. The San An
tonio Ledger extends its list of Indian mtssacres and
robberies in New Mexico and Chihuahua to ntar a column.
Col. Joiimsto*, the engineer, was still prisecuting the
survey of the San Antonio and Gulf railroad by different
routes. He was expected to report very so*n where the
terminus on the Gulf will be decided on. Tht Ledger says
this road will be built beyond a doubt Hie trade via
San Antonio to El Paso is said to be constantly increas
ing, and the practicability of a railroad by fiis route to
the Pacific is becoming a subject of common remark.
Gen. Johnson, Paymaster United States army, had re
ceived orders to pay off the company of Rangtrs that were
mustered into the service of the United State* under '.'apt.
J. W. Johnson.
CUBA.
The Cronica, a Spanish journal, printed in New
York, and ably edited, but a little excltado upon
the subject of Cuban affairs, announces that there is
reason to believe there is another expedition under
concoctioji, for the purpose of wresting, vi et armis,
and per fat aut nefag, from Queon Isabella, that
gem of the Antilles and brightest jewel belonging
to the Spanish crown. The reason assigned is the
removal of General Concha, which was a very un
popular measure in Cuba, and, we doubi not, n very
impolitic one. This has encouraged t|e "jlibtutt
rot," the Cronica says, to renew their experiments
upon the island; but it is alleged that they are de
ceiving themselves; that the Cubans art unchange
ably loval, and more Spanish than the Spaniards
themselves, if that could be?wc do not see how it
could, for there are no people more national than
they are?that in Cuba " the negroes, the dogs,
and the very stones " are, by the confession of " the
chiefs of the piratical hordes themselves "?-jffc* dc
lo* horda* piraticuu?ever hostile to the invaders.
Since the foregoing was set up we have observod
paragraphs in a good many newspapers, which seem
to authorize, in some degree, a belief that another
expedition is organizing against Cuba; but we are
still incredulous, and shall continue to be, until we
hear of somo overt act, or of some fact of signifi
cance enough to make us change our opinion, and
I that we have not yet heard of.?Globe.
The Senate of Martxand has concurred in the
amendments of the House to the bill to suppress
the circulation of small notes in that State. So
that the bill is now a law, to go into effect next Oc
tober in relation to notes of banks out of the State;
and to prohibit the issue by the Banks of Mary
land of notes of a less denomination than five dol
lars after the 1st of March next.
Tn* Death Penalty in Michigan.?Michigan
is getting heartily sick of the abolition of capital
punishment, which the philosophers out there?far
in advance of the age?contrived to obtain some
years since. And no wonder, (says the New York
Kx press,) in view of the following, one of many state
ments we often meet with in the journals there. We
copy from a Detroit paper :
" Tub Proa**** or Crimk.?A late grand jury which **t in
the count/ of Wayne had it* eye* opened in the coume of it*
deliberation* to the remarkable fact that the cla**ei of crime
Involving violence and shoving contempt of human life are
upon an alarming increase in this city. It ia needle** to look
for the oau*e ; It stand* confeeeed, prominent, undi?gul*ed, in
the repeal of the only adequate penalty which the bloody
criminal fear*?Death. The nature of the investigation* which
that grand jury were called upon to make satisfied it* mem
ber* that the oity of Detroit i? a dark ami bloody ground,
whoee noil ha* drunk the blood of many a victim, and whose
quiet river haj choked the gurgling death cry of manyawretch
of whose end nothing more i* known hot that he wa* and i*
not, and the eecret of whose 'taking off' is between the mur
derer and hi* Maker. The river (low* In cloee proximity to
purlien* ef a most dangerous and disreputable character, and
offers a ready reeeptaele for all traces of proof wbieh are *ub
ject to human ken."
Mil* pok Babs*.?The Milk Ml at the New York City
Hall, for the city government, was for the month oi
April.
PRESBYTERIAN ASSEMBLY?NEW SCHOOL
The Aabemhly met on Friday morning ftt the appointed
hour of nine. The usual devotional exercise* were had
and the regular form of business observed in calling the
roll and approving the journal of the previous day s pro
ceedings. The following are the titles of the Standing
Committers, with their respective chairman :
Oh Bill* and Overturn.?Rev. Dr. Taylor, of \ irginia.
Judiciary.?Rev. Dr. Wisner, of Ithaca.
Church J'ofay.?Rev. Dr. Reman, of
Devotional Burmet ?Rev. Dr. Duffield, of Detroit.
Narrative State Reli</ioH.?Rex. Samuel W. Fisher, of
Cincinnati.
Leave of Absence.?Rtv. Dr. Stearns, of Newark.
After a discussion by l>rs. DuiriBLD and Ukma*, aud
Judges Dabu*q of Pennsylvania, and Mason of New
York, it wa8 decided that the committee first above named
should not be a committee to originate business for the
Assembly, i)ut one to whom documents should be referred
after having been received.
On motion of Dr. Dukkikld, it was determined that all
communications from Presbyteries should be placed in
the hands of the Moderator for his inspection and dispo
sition.
The Rev. Drs. Roland, Wisnbk, and others spoke to a
resolution moved by the latter to adjourn over from the
afternoon session to Monday, (to-day,) to allow facility to
accept an invitation to visit Mount Vernon on Saturday.
A large number of appeals, memorials, and resolutions
relating to church extension, slavery, rotary eldership,
doctrinal tracts, ministerial education, and other subjects
were then offered. The records of various synods were
referred to a special committee.
The Treasurer's report showed the receipts of last year
as $1,520, and the expenditures $1,458, including $871
for mileage for members.
The Rev. Thornton Miles, from the Committee on
Church Extension, appointed last year, reported at great |
length. The plan proposed in this report is threefold, re
lating to the education of the Ministry, and enjoining all
Churches and Presbyteries to aid this object by collections
of money; the exploration of regions unprovided with
churches and ministers; and, lastly, the preparation and
publication of tracts explanatory of the doctrines of the
Church.
In the afternoon session communications from Presby
teries were received and appropriately referred. After
other routine business, the first of June was named as a
day of fasting and prayer ; and the first of February next
for prayer for the revival of religion in colleges and
schools.
After prayer by the Rev. Dr. Patterson, the Assembly
adjourned over to Monday, (this day.)
According to invitation, the members of the Assembly
visited Mount Vernon on Saturday, touching at Fort
Washington, and returned to the city about 3 o'clock P. M.
The Hon. Rurvs Cuoate.oC Massachusetts,was of the party
Subsequently, and by prior appointment, the Assembly
called upon the President of the United States, when the
Moderator, Dr. Adams, on behalf of himself and friends,
neatly addressed the President as follows:
" Mr. President : We trust that you will at once ap
preciate the sentiment which has inspired this ancient
body, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church,
(and it is a pleasant reminiscence that it was first organ
ized in the same year, the same month, and in part by
the same men, with the first American Congress,) in this
its first convocation in the city of Washington, to wait
upon the President of the United States. Do not impute
it to idle curiosity. As ministers of religion and officers
of Christian churches, we should impeach ourselves for a
criminal impropriety if we failed to improve the opportu
nity which your Excellency has afforded for expressing
our profound respect for the Chief Magistrate of this free,
Christian, and Protestant country. A self-governed peo
ple, of all others, should never be deficient in the senti
ment of loyalty. As expositors of inspired truth, we be
lieve that rulers are orduined of God, that we may lead
quiet and peaceable livesand that good rulers andgood
governments are among the greatest blessings which liis
benignant Providence can bestow upon any people.
"We .have observed that the remnants of our Indian
tribes are accustomed ,to address the President of the
country as their 'Great Father.' Our hearts respond to
the beauty and propriety of the designation, we have
this day, as a body, visited the tomb of that immortal man
of whom it has been said, ?Providence ordained that he
should be childless, that a nation might always call him
Father.' On those melancholy occasion? when death nas
smitten the head of the Republic, and we were called to
truide the swollen emotions of national gnef into the chan
nels of religious truth, we were ourselves surprised into
a consciousness of the tenderness of that relation which
unites the people of this country to their chosen I resi
dent?a sentiment often overlooked amid the collisions of
party spirit, but which we would on every occasion culti
Tate and express. .
" Though many of our body are laymen, and some or
them have held or now hold important political positions?
as Governors of States, Judges of the highest courts, and
members of State or National Legislatures?yet, as a b<>
dv, we have no political relations or associations, We
aspire to no connexion between Church and State; yet it
may not be presumptuous in us to think that our peculiar
relations to our fellow-citixens may exert some beneficent
effect upon the condition and prospects of the country.
We remember our history; we are thankful for our an
cestry; and we believe in the superintendence of an All
wise Providence. That is the best nation which " com
posed of the best men ; and it is our constant aim,, by the
inculcations of religious truth, to nurture that intelfigeooe
and virtue, that liberty and restraint, which are at once
our national ornament and protection.
" It may not be without interest to you, Mr. President,
to be informed that we represent twenty-one synods, more
than fifteen hundred ministers, and, in connexion with the
delegates from corresponding bodies now with us, many
hundreds of thousands of Christian people. Coming from
almost all the 8tates of the Union, our fraternal feelings,
like the roots of the ?willows along the water courses
binding the bank#in a solid and compact sod contribute
directly to a strong and decided national sentiment. 0
religions sympathies make us patriotic.
<< Mr. President, it is not inappropriate to this occasion
to say that we are accustomed to pray for you. We in
struct our people that it is alike unkind and unsaf^ un
generous and irreligious, to elevate a fell??tl,e"
very highest position of trust and responsibility, and then
withhold from him the benefit of their prayers, ^en sad
dened by the burden of your official cares, it may be a sup
port and satisfaction for you to ^memt*r that *s ?f^n
as the Sabbath returns thousands in an our cities and
villages resorting to the temples of religion, fail not to
implore'the aid and blessing of Almighty God upon the
President of the United States.
? Thanking yon for this kind reception, we beg yon to
accept the assurances of our sincere respect and affection.
President Fillmork briefly repliod to the address,
expressing the high gratification it afforded him of re
ceiving the visit of so large, intelligent, nnd imposing
an ecclesiastical body. The sentiment* of love, of re
ligious and political freedom, of devotion to the
country, as expressed, he duly appreciated ; and in
regard to the regular invocations of the blessings
and aid of Heaven in behalf of the head of the nation, he
felt its full force and importance. To appreciate his feel
ings, his deep anxiety, growing out of the daily incidents
transpiring at home and abroad, it was necessary to bo
placed in a situation where the weight of such matters
is personally imposed, and he therefore felt the more
pleased to know that continual prayers were offered in
behalf of him upon whom so many important public duties
devolved. The mission of the ministry having for its ob
ject the dissemination of truth, religion, and intelligence,
forms an interesting guaranty of the peace, perpetuity,
and prosperity of our common country. Again thanking
them for their visit, he wished them a pleasant sojourn,
and a happy return to their homes.
The members were then severally introduced to the
President.
On Monday morning the first business was on a resolu
tion of thanks offered by the Hon. Mr. Hasoall to R?v.
Dr. Barnes for his semion before the Assembly, and W*
questing a copy for publication. This was contested by
Dr. Wisnir, Dr. Bemas, and Rev. Mr. Tollock as unusual,
and on the further ground that the sermon contained views
and sentiments on whioh the Assembly did not desire to
be committed. On the other hand, the publication was
advocated by Rev. Dr. 8mith, Rev. Mr. Hawley, R*y.
Mr. Woonaoir, and others, as a remarkably clear and
satisfactory expression of Presbyterian doctrine. The
resolution was at length indefinitely postponed, with the
understanding that the sermon will be published un
officially.
Addresses of delegates from Corresponding bodies w?re
received, and replied to by the Moderator la the some
fraternal terms In which the Addresses themselves were
coached.
r A resolution was introduced by Ret. Dr. Bemak to pro
i cure u block of marble for the Washington Monument,
| bearing the inscription, " The General Assembly of the
i Presbyterian Church met at Washington, 1862," and that
i each member give one dollar for the purpose. After dis
cussion it was passed, the iter. Mr. Eckuakd, Jacob
Gidkok, end Carter DkaxKon, Esqs. being appointed a
committee to calty it feto effect. * # I
The report on Church Extension Was then taken <?p,
the first section being moved by the Rev. Mr. ST1144UN,
of Buffalo. It requires each Presbytery to present the
subject to all the Churches and obtain an annual contri
bution, and to find out and - sustain suitable young men
for education. Each Convention is also to have a Standing
Committee, to be responsible to a Standing Committee of
the General Assembly ; and this committee shall employ
a salaried secretary to attend to this work; each Presby
tery to apply its contributions to their own candidates,
and to pay over the surplus to the Secretary of the As
sembly Committee. The different Theological Seminaries
are also required to send up annual reports to the
Assembly.
Rev. Mr. Miles and Dr. DurriKLP defended the report,
whilst Rev. Mr. Hotchkiss desired to know how the pro
posed plan differed from an Ecclesiastical board ?
On Tuesday, after the usual opening, the Assembly en
tered upon the discussion of the subject of Church ex
tension.
Rev. Mr. Rahney proposed an amendment substituting
a plan which recommends to each Presbytery to appoint
a Standing Committee on Ministerial Education, who shall
take charge of the subject, and allow each to give its
funds to any education society, or disburse its funds in
its own way, as may be deemed most advisable.
This proposition, as preventing the formation of a gene
ral board co-extensive with the whole church and as re
cognising voluntary societies, was opposed by the friends
of the report.
The report was defended by the Rev. Mr. Tennry, ot
Ohio, Rev. Dr. Campbell, Rev. Mr. Steele, Rev. Mr.
Eckhabp, Rev. Mr. Fowler, Dr. Ballard, and others,
and opposed, as leading to ecclesiastical domination and
sectarianism, by Judge Daruwo, Dr. Stearns, Rev. Mr.
Stillmaw, and others.
The Assembly Toted to hold its next meeting at Buffalo,
in the North Church.
Yesterday, after the Hon. Wm. Jessup, appointed from
the Presbytery of Montrose, bad duly taken his seat, the
reports of Committees to examine Synodical Records was
made the order of the day for Friday next, at 10 o'clock.
The Assembly heard statements with respect to the
Theological Seminaries within its jurisdiction.
The subject of Church Extension was then resumed and
debated until 2 o'clock, the question being on the amend
ment of Mr. Ranney.
In the afternoon session leaves of absence were grant
ed to several brethren.
Dr. A. D. Smith reported the complaint of J. Henry Clark
and others against the Synod of New York and New
Jersey.
The Judicial Committee reported on two memorials on
the subject of slavery, transferred to them by the Com
mittee on Bills and Overtures. The first, marked No. 1,
in the report of that committee, is from the Presbytery of
Athens. It inquires whether it will not be lawful for the
General Assembly to call before them Synods and Pres
byteries who are alleged to be f?iilty of wrong doing in
the matter referred to. No. 4 is from the Presbytery of
Franklin. It represents that the Synods of Kentucky,
Mississippi, Missouri, Virginia, Tennessee, and West Ten
nessee are charged by common famt with holding senti
ments and countenancing practices on the subject of
slavery in direct opposition to the repeated declarations
of the General Assembly ; and respectfully suggest that
the said Synods be cited to appear before the next As
sembly to answer upon the subject, according to the Book
of Discipline, chapter 7, section !, articles 6 and 6.
The committee suggest that prosecutions on the ground
of common fame, even in the case of a single individual,
ought, not only upon principles of Christian charity, but
according to an explicit injunction of the Book of Disci
pline, chapter 3, section 5, to be undertaken with " great
cautionmuch more when the character of a Synod is
concerned, or as in the present case of several Synods,
and when the matter in question is one of peculiar deli
cacy and difficulty.
It does not appear to the committee, as they say, that
there is any such common fame In the premises as requires
the interposition of the General Assembly; and they there
i fore recommend that the action proposed by the memorials
! be not taken.
On a motion being made to adopt the committee's report,
the consideration of it was, for the present, deferred, and
laid upon the table.
The unfinished business of the morning on the subject
of church extension, on Mr. Ranney's amendment, was
then resumed and discussed till just before the time of
closing.
Mr. Starr, from the Committee on Mileage, made a re
port.
The Assembly then, after prayer, adjourned.
PRESBYTERIAN GENERAL ASSEMBLY, (Old School.)
This Ecclesiastical body met at Charleston (S. C.) on
Thursday. Upwards of two hundred clerical and lay
delegates, from various parts of the United States,.were
in attendance.
The meeting was opened with prayer by the Rev.
Bk.vjamin Rick, of Ohio. An able and impressive dis
course was then pronounced by the Rer. Enw. P. Hum
phrey, of Louisville, Kentucky, the Moderator of the last
General Assembly. His text was from Matthew 7, 17?
" Even so, every good tree bringeth forth good fruit, bat
a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit;" and his theme
was " Presbyterian Theology in its developments."
At the evening session the Rev. Johji C. Loan, of Buf
falo, New York, was elected Moderator, and the Rev.
John M. Lowrik, of Columbus, Ohio, Temporary Clerk.
The "Courier" cites from Dr. IlmrHRiY's admirable
sermon the following appropriate reference to the settle
ment of the Huguenots in South Carolina:
" Nearly one hundred and sixty-seven years ago the
revocation of the edict of Nants drove from the kingdom
of France more than five hundred thousand Huguenots.
They fled to all the Protestant States of Europe, to Eng
land, to the Cape of Good Hope, and to the shores of the
Western Continent. Invited by the genial climate of the
South to the infant oolony of Carolina, large numbers of
these exiled people of God found rest, some on the bor
ders of the San tee, and others on the banks of the Cooper
river. The latter company built their house of worship
in a little village a few miles distant, called Charleston.
Thither on the Lord's day they were borne on the bosom
of the river, by the gentle flow of its waters, or the mo
tion of the oar, or the ebbing of the tide. In their forest
homes, and in their humble sanctuary, they wept for joy
as the voice of their supplioations and the melody of their
songs, rising upon the tranquil and fragrant air, stood
contrasted with the carnage and terror from which they
had fled. This isthe ancient Carolina, This too is Charles
ton. Near us is the sit# of their first house of prayer.
Yonder is the Cooper river. There are the fields in which
they set up their dwellings and domestic altars. There
the rich and odorous vegetation of the early summer re
peats for us the life it lived for them. Around us lies
their dust, awaiting the resurrection to meet their kin
dred dust, as that too shall rise from the graves of mur
dered saints beyond the seas.
?? Here, in this presence, are their children. The blood
which moistened the beautiful valleys of Languedoc and
Tours, which stained the waters of every river and the
pavements of every city, from the English channel to the
Mediterranean, now mns in the veins of those with whom
we worship God this morning. With what unanimity
these adhero to that ancient faith, a stranger may not
presume to inquire. But they are our witnesses this
day, that in faith, order, and worship, our church
is identical with their own ancestral church in its pure
and heroio day. Not these alone?for here are they
also whose fathers brought hither, many generations
?go, the living and fruit-bearing stock of Preebytcrlanlsm.
Let these our own brethren, partakers with us of the root
and fatness of the olive tree, and let balievers of everv
name, and they who believe not, discover in onr proceed
ings and in us no spirit of contention or unchariUbleness,
or evil speaking. May they see nothing in this august
oouncilbut a pious teal for the theology, the spirituality,
and the extension of the church, and for the glory of its
eternal King."
Mr. Grorar Howlawd, a citiien of New Bedford, Mas
I sachusetts, worth over half a million of dollars, died oo
' Friday, aged seventy years.
WmO STATE CONVENTION OF MARYLAND.
The Whig State Convention of Maryland met at
Baltimore on Thursday week for the purpose of ap
pointing Delegates to the Whig National Convention,
^nd afck) elefllors of President and Vice Prewdent of
fthe United States. The Delegates chosen to represent
4he several counties in the Convention are as follows:
^ C. M. Thurston, Norniaud Bruce, Dr.
C. If. Our, Michael Treiber, Archibald Cary.
Anne Arundel? Thomas G. Pratt, Richard J. Duvall
James Kent, Henry II. Thomas.
Baltimore county?V. F. Cockey, Robert Wilson, John
B. Pearoe, B. C. Htinchcomb, J. Wethered, W. II. Hoff
man, Wm. II. Johnson.
Baltimore city?George E. Songston, Thomas Creamer,
Jamet) 8. Muter, Juiuea II. Cook, Samuel Maccubbin, Wm.
H. 0. Dorsey Dr J Hanson Thomas, O. Spear, Charles
B. Hardesty, R. B. Clark, Wm. Kent Hall.
Cecil Ben jam in F. Slayter, J. A. J. Creswell, John
Conrad, hdwm WUmer. Alternates?Hamilton Morton,
Upt Henry Bennett, James Crawford, Joseph Abrahams.
Charles?Gen. J. G. Chapman, Col. D. Jenifer, 0. Brent.
Calvert-A. R. Sollers, Basil S. Dixon, Dr. James B
Robertson.
Caroline?J. P. Manleve, J.E. Rochester, John Nichols
. Carroll?James Raymond, Joshua H. Shiplev G 8
Haines, Joshua C. GiBt V
Dorchester?James Wallace, Martin L. Wright Jacob
Wilson, Geo. W. Jefferson. K '
Frederick?Thomas Hammond, John Lee, Jacob Root
David Schley, Charles E. Trail, Wm. Richardson, Richard
I Ijams.
Harford? Dr. Joshua Wilseo, John S. Williams, William
B. Bond, Evans 8. Rogers.
Howard?Luther Welsh, John T. B. Dorsey. Dr Wm
Watkins.
Kent?E. Cacy, Edward A. Moore, Morgan Brown, jr.
Montgomery?Dr. Charles A. Harding, Allen B. Davis,
George W. Dawson.
Queen Anne'a?Hon. Matthias George, Stephen J. Brad
ley, Woolman I. Gibson.
Prince George't?Samuel H. Berry, Thomas Granger,
Thomas F. Bowie, James J. Bowie. ,
Somerset?S. W. Jones, Dr. C. Dashiel, Dr. G. R. Den
nis, Noah Rider, John Curtis.
St. Mary's?Thomas W. Gough, Henry W. Thomas, Jas.
R. Hopewell.
Talbot?Howes Goldsborough, Alexander H. Seth, Jas.
G. Thomas.
Washington?Isaac Motter, William B. Clark?, Lewis
P. Fiery, Frederick Wecker, George L. Zeigler, Samuel
Claggett.
Worcester?Teagle Townsend, Alfred M. Powell, W. J.
Leonard, Thomas Timmons.
Hon. John G. Chapman, of Charles county,
was appointed permanent President of the Conven
tion, who, on taking the chair, thanked the mem
bers for the honor they had conferred upon him,
aud referred briefly to the duties of the Convention, which,
he said, were very simple. As regarded the objects for
which they had assembled, there was but one sentiment
among the Whigs of Maryland, and of that sentiment the
Convention was well informed. He alluded to the Com
promise question, and to the present National Adminis
tration, with the success of which the interests of Mary
land were identified, and concluded by recommending*
unanimity and harmony in the proceedings.
On motion of A. B. Davis, of Montgomery, John Lee,
of Frederick, and Howes Goli>s borough, of Talbot, were
chosen Vice Presidents.
On motion, Thos. Granger, of Prince George's, and
W. J. Gibson, of Queen Anne's, were appointed Secre
taries.
On motion of the Hon. Daniel Jenifer a committee of
one member from each County Delegation was appointed
to prepare resolutions for the Convention, and a recess
was then taken till half past tVelve o'clock.
On re-assembling, Mr. Jenifer, from this committee,
reported the following resolutions:
1. Resolved, That we regard the acts of Congress com
monly known as the Compromise Measures, embracing
the fugitive slave act, as a final settlement and adjust
ment of the questions involved in them, and would con
sider any attempt to disturb these measures hostile to the
peace of the country *nd the integrity of the Union.
2. Resolved, That we approve the Administration of
Millard Fillmore, who has evinced by the conduct,
amidst difficulties, of our national affairs, his devotion to
and support of the principles of the Constitution, his
firmness in the maintenance of the laws, and his just re
gard for the rights of the States; and we, the Whigs of
Maryland in Convention assembled, do declare him to be
our first choice for the Presidency.
8. Resolved, That the Whigs of Maryland will give a
cordial support to any true Whig who may be nominated
by the Whig National Convention for the Presidency and
Vice Presidency, who stands by the Compromise aots, em
bracing the fugitive slave law, and regards them us a final
settlement of the questions involved in them; and that
this Convention will not consider itself bound to support
any nominee of the Whig National Convention nnless he
is known to be in favor of such measures.
4. Resolved, That the Committee reoommend to the
Convention that the Delegates to the National Convention
and Electors for President and Vice President be taken
one from each of the six Congressional districts, and that
they be elected by the general vote of this Convention.
That the delegates and electors for the State at large be
selected one from the Eastern and one from the Western
Shone, to be elected in the same manner.
6. Resolved, That the wise maxims of Washington re
specting the foreign policy of this country ought ever to
guide the Federal Government in its intercourse with
foreign nations.
The resolutions were acted upon separately, and adopted
by a unanimous vote.
The following resolution was adopted standing, by a
unanimous and most cordial expression, before the action
of the Convention on the report of the oommittee:
Resolved, That the Whigs of Maryland hare an undi
minished confidence in the patriotism and wisdom of
Henry Clat, and they deeply sympathize with him in his
present affliotion.
The Convention having amounted until four o'clock
on again assembling proceeded to the choice of Delegates
to the Whig National Convention, when the following gen
tlemen were elected:
Gen. John G. Chapman and Hon. James A. Pearti,
for the State at large ; Oeoroe C. Moroan, for the first
district; Wm. B. Clarke, for the second; Abram B.
Patterson, for the third; Dr. J. Hanson Thomas, for the
fourth; Georoe Viceers, for the fifth; Dr. Francis D.
Phelps, for the sixth ; all of them being in favor of
Mr. Fillmore.
Electors of President and Vice President were then de
signated as follows: T. F. Bowie and Jas. B. Ricaud;
for the State at large; A. R. Sollers, for the fire* dis
trict; J. Philip Roman, for the second ; Dr. W. W. Wa?
kins, for the third; Henry W. Davis, for the fourth;
Henrt W. Archer, for the fifth; Henrt n. Goloswo
rohoh, for the sixth and last.
The Convention then passed resolutions complimentary
to its presiding officer, (who made an appropriate acknow
ledgment,) and adjourned sine die, after a very pleasant
and remarkably harmonious session.
CHLOROFORM.
A medical friend informs us that he witnessed a few
days since the employment of chloroform as an anes
thetic, that may prove valuable and useful to farriers and
others interested in that noble animal the Horse.
A gentleman In this eity, having a fine blooded stallion,
three years old, desirous of having an operation of the
most painful nature performed on him, determined to test
the efficacy of chloroform. For this purpose a cone of
ooarse canvass, lined with strong paper, sufficiently large
to cover the mouth and nostrils of the animal, with a
head-stall to prevent its being easily thrown off, was pre
pared ; into this was introduced a sponge charged with
four ounees of chloroform. In forty seconds from its ap
plication, the animal (which had previously been led into
the stable yard and held by a groom) staggered and fell,
perfectly relaxed and motionless; the operation was
quickly performed, without the horse moviag a muscle.
The anesthetic was removed, and in three minutes he
sprang to^his feet as if awakened from sleep.
The " Liquor Bill" which was last week vetoed by
Governor Boutwell, of Massachusetts, was afterwards
introduced into the Legislature in a new and amended
form, and, having passed both Houses, has become a law
receiving the signature of the Governor. The altora
on in the bill consists in striking cut that portion which
required the bill to be submitted to a rote of the people.
The law is to go into effect in thirty days from the time of
its passage.
Two Wives in a Dat.?Mr. Nahum Thomas, of this
town, was yesterday divorced from hie wife *>y the Su
preme Court, and last night he was married to Mrs. Abbj
Kemptou.?r/j/wiov/A R^c^

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