Newspaper Page Text
A SLANDER REFUTE'j. In a Philadelphia paper, issued by a Member of the Society of Friend#, was Lately published the following article, containing a 'fitter denunciation of Mr. Shaiuust, now Consul 0/ the United States at Havana, on a charge which^ as will be seen in the sequel, consists of an entire misrepresentation of facts: j >RUM TUB "raitMD," PHILADELPHIA, 5tM MONTH, 15. It is sometimes said, by those who rank themselves as the decided opponent of slavery that it is sot fair or honest to select isol ^ cases which are of an aggravated oharacter, either f- ft cruelty or injustice to the bondman, and hold them up. to pablic view, for the purpose of ex citing or confirn opposition to slavery or slaveholders. But all such cr .seg gru# out of the sj stein whioh recog nises one ma*j tva hawing ? rigfct of property in his fellow, and in a c> jiutuuuity composed of the great variety of character whioh human nature presents such cases of crime, b^w^yer revolting to the ordinary sense of right, are ins-AMmfely attached to that system, and are expo nents r>f its inherent evils. It oannot be otherwise where mer, ?re educated from their earliest years in a belief tb>t the white color of their skin gives them a superiority Aver the darker colored race which no circumstances can obliterate or change; and that the ooustruction of society renders it neoessary t? keep the colored portion ef it de prived of all the inalienable rights'of man and in 'the de gradation of ignorance; but that in the many the sense of justice mutft become more or less vitiated, and tin feelings of mercy and kindness stunted or perverted. The golden precept of the Saviour of man, -"Do unto others as ye ?would hrve others do unto you," cannot be so universally disregarded without the moral tone of the whole commu nity being contaminated. How constantly do we see this illustrated by the occurrences in what are called the higher classes of society in the slave States, as recorded in the daily papers published there; as, for example, the duels, the street fights, the reckless disregard for human life in the effqpty to gratify private revsnfe or to pursue .private interest; all which arc almost uniformly allowed to escape unwhipped of justice. It is no marvel, there fore, that this state of demoraliiation shows itself occa sionally on the bench, and that when strict justice would ?demand that the rights and claimB of the poor black should be recognised and protected the ermine is found far from being unsoiled. The following case, which we take from a late paper, is a case in point. The Judge Sharkey who gave the de ? ciaion was appointed recently United States Consul at Ha vana, and as the case appears to hare made some noise t at the time of its occurrence, and had been reported in print, it oould hardly have escaped the knowledge of those at Washington who bestowed his present office on him and thuB in some measure became abettors of his crime. A man of the name of Elisha Urazealle, a planter in Jef ferson county, Mississippi, was attacked with a loathsome dis ease. During his illness he was faithfully nursed by a mulatto slave, to whose assiduous attentions he felt that he owed his life. He was duly impressed by her devotion, and soon after lus recovery took her to Ohio and had her educated. She was very intelligent, and improved her advantages so rapidly that when he visited her again he determined to marry her. He executed a deed for ker emancipation, and had it recorded both in the States of Ohio and Mississippi, pursuant to the laws of Mississippi at that time?the infamous prohibitory statute to which we have referred not having yet passed?and made her hjs wife. " Mr. Braiealle returned with her to Mississippi, and inpro oe?8 of time they had a son. After a few y*ars he sickened and died, leaving a will, in whieh, after reciting the deed of emancipation, he declared his intention to ratify it, and de vised all his property to this lad. *** d1'Btant relations in North Carolina, whom he did not know, and for whom he did not care, hearing of his death, oame on to Mississippi and claimed tlie property s devised. They instituted u suit for its recovery, and the case (U is reported in Howard's Mississippi Report^, 2 vol. p. II J ge Shftrkey> ou* n#w Consul at Havana. He decided i^and in that decision declared the act of eman cipation an offence agatnH momfity, and pernicious and detes table as an example; he set atide the will; gmve the pr.,,,ertu "j"*, l0., relation*, condemned lirazeallSt ?on and hi* wife, that eon's mother, again to bondage, and made them the slaves of these North Carolina kin.man, as part of the assets of the estate. ^ qu?te the following extracts from the Judge's opinion : . . e.aUU? of the case showsconcluHively that the oontract had its origin man offenoe against morality, pernicious and de testable as an example. But, above all, it seems to have Ix-en fttstr'sr&f' *""" d"ls",o ,ht -Jho acU ?f.the Pwty in to Ohio with the slaves, d0#dJ and hi" ""mediate return with them to this State, point with unerring certainty to his pur P?,a,"!d Tbe laws of Uiis State cannot be thus de eded of their operation by one of her own citiiens. The rrtOCe S.j* negroes, Brawalle's son and hu d " ^ "Vk Te"' luid 4 P*rt ?f the estate of Elieha j j 1 ^>n' ? slave, cannot take the property as devised: and I apprehend that it Is equally clear that it cannot be held In trust for him.'" ' Whatever opinion may be entertained respecting the propriety or expediency ol intermarriage between the races, it certainly does not involve any violation of the moral law; while such a decision as is here given is an outrage upon every feeling of justice and humanity, and betrays a willingness to sacrifice the dearest rights and tenderest ties of the virtuous but helpless victim in order to pander to the detestable cupidity of the white claim ants, and to deter others who might wish to emancipate their slaves from following the dictates of their better 'u,Wua This poor woman was ruthlessly unconditional bondag? among those whom she had never known ; to be treated, according to their option as a human being with an immortal soul to be lost " SKtlj'iF T the.be"t th4t P?ri9h*th ; had shown the strength bf her pnnolples and the depth of her feelings by the manner in which she had watched over and nursed mm who was then her master, when perhaps he may have been deserted bv all others, and had Ivinced her meatal aupenonty br the rapidity with which she responded to tie genial influence of literary cultivation ; so much so tha. the pride of stat.on and the prejudices of education had been overcome thereby, and she became the wedded wife of him who, according to the laws of the State or Which he was a citixeh, already possessed absolute oon . trol over her. Her husband had taken every precaution to secure her freedom, and that of their child, probably ' ?>? passage of a law, such as hu since been en acted in Mississippi, forbidding emancipation, and in the foil assurance that all was straight and clear, that his inten-' tions oould not be misunderstood, had, on his death-bed ( bequeathed his property to his offspring. What wicked ness is there that cannot be sahl to be connected with a system which, under such circumstances, would allow a f t . JttdRenot only to strip the widow and orphan of all their 1 *,ve them M ch^tels to their unprinei ' &? ^ 10 ** *7 thena kePl 10 ,4b<5r or sold, as nught seem most likely to swell their unrighteous gains? And what abominations connected with slavery will not Jurh ?,?OTCrnLaent ?<>ontenance, when it selects such a judge to represent it In a foreign country T The preceding article was placed in our hands by a gentleman of thin eity, to whom it had probably been forwarded for the purpose of inflicting injury upon the character of the United States Consul at la van a Hi* absence from the country in the din charge of important official functions, even had his excellent personal character not interposed a shield, should have protected Judge Sharkky from such' ungenerous treatment We avail ourselves with pleasure of the opportunity afforded us to give pub licity to the following Letter from an honorable Senator from Mississippi, addressed to the gentle man who had brought the " Friends" publication to his notice, conclusively vindicating the Judge's cha racter from the reproach attempted to be cast opon it: i Skwatk Chambkr, Mat 21, 1862. D*a? Sia: I am happy in being able, in reply to your note of yesterday, to vindicate from unmerited aspersion ? highly-^teemed friend, and one of the best and purest _ Tb6 d*?'"?on in the case of Hin<Js ?*. Braiealle, tote nt al ? "PV,W,<,?" WM P'?diosted upon a sta cTimni ?? l!*** pMawl 40 present the increase and ac tot, o^.?!L? "??">?? within it? boi-leri. The >u bnt h- I 'Li 00 own9r <?"H emancipate hie alftve " ?*" P"P'"r ettaeted or ,ek?n.W?? in r " ?h? etieh ,l?e b.l rfo the d?ml or .in ,"f1",h*d ?ervioe for the State; and ?w i ?:L7'u?' 5S2JSS 25"? I . , v rhl" iaw ?* referred to in the decision, and of conrs* thf? assertion . ? u .T "? the artiole in the that u not in existence at the t1m? tu deoision referral to is false. Braiealle'. ^ this: AAer living for several year, jn ? auuT^lTJ tnterooorse with bis negro woman, be hecam. ?irot? of emaneipating her, and still retain her In State for his nnhallowed purposes; and for the nurno.. ?nd with the intent of avoiding the aforesaid statute he took her to Ohto, and there executed a deed of emancipa tioa according to the laws of that State. The emancip? tion never vim and could not have been oonaununated ac cording to the laws of Mississippi. No upeoial act of the Legislature was had us required; no such servioes ren devud by said woman to her master, as alleged in the " Prieud," having been proven ; ou the contrary, the only services were of fhe infamous nature referred to above. Judge Bha&kjcy very properly decided that this act of emancipation, made to avoid the letter and policy of the law, was void. The language of the decision quoted in the " Friend" manifestly referred to the adulterous inter coarse that existed between the parties, which from the proof appeared to be the motive for the act of emancipa tion. Well might it have been characterized as " an of fence against morality, pernicious and detestable as an example." To show that the simple act of emancipation oould not hate been regarded by the Judge in that light, I will refer to the case of Ross vt. Vertner, 6th Howard, Mississippi Reports, decided in 1840, some year* after the oase of Brazealle. Hobs, a wealthy planter in Mississippi, by will emancipated some four or five hundred slates, with directions that they should be sent to Liberia. His bears at law contested the validity of the will, relying upon the statute before referred to. The court, of whioh Jwdge Suabkey was a member and present, nnanimonsly de cided that the law was a police regulation ?naoted te pre vent the increase of free negroes in the State, and that the case then before them providing for the transporta tion of the negroes beyond the btate was not within the " mischief" of the statute, and the will was therefore sustained. This case, on account of the magnitude of the interests involved, created much excitement at the time, and subsequently gave rise to an alteration in the law ; but tbe correctness of the deoision was never questioned. Judge Suabkey occupied a seat en the supreme bench of Mississippi for twenty years, and I am sure no judge has ever lived who more " tempered justice with mercy" than did he; and no one, on retiring, has left a brighter name behind him. Kindness of heart and the larg?ot be nevwlence have ever been his characteristics, while at the same time he was never known to fail in the discharge of a d?ty, however repugnant it may have been to his feel ings or nature. In short, such is the estimation in which he has been ever held by those who know him that in the circle of his acquaintanceship the highest compliment that one man can bestow upon another is to say that he is "almost as good a man as William L. Suabkey." "With much regard, I have the honor to remain, very truly, your friend, W. BROOKE. AFFAIRS OF THE RIVER OF PLATE. FROM THE BOSTON COCKIER. We refer readers to the letter of an intelligent corre spondent at Montevideo, which will be found below. In addition to that, we are informed byan American gentle man from that oountry that, as to the revolution which has taken place in public affairs on the La Plata, its im portance cannot be overstated. Old Rosas had outlived his execrable system, and a new rule, if it brings nothing immediately better, can bring nothing worse, and any change must be necessarily a transition towards improve ment. The American squadron, under Commodore McKeeter, as we are informed verbally, and hear of by letters from American residents, was, in its action, extremely condu cive to the interests of our countrymen, and the services of the little American fleet were of infinite importance to not only the interests of our own country, but to those of humanity. We understand that the Commodore received the very highest testimonials from the authorities there of the excellence of his measures. Montevideo, March 9, 1852. The decisive victory of Urquixa over the Argentine dic tator, Don Juan Manuel de Rosas, the implacable enemy of this city, was hailed with the greatest exultation by the "Unitarios" here. Tt Deum was performed, and a sort of Catholic thanksgiving, or civic "festa," was pro claimed by the Government. The election for President of the State of Uruguay took place on the 27tli ultimo, and resulted in making Senor Giro President. He is an outsider, of the ?' bianco" party, but his talents and char acter make him acceptable to the Montevide&ns. During the lost week the French troops, some fifteen hundred in number, who for three years have held posses sion of the city, as its protectors against Rosas add his General, were all embarked on board the troop ships, (fri gates armed en flute,) and are now on their way to France. Previous to their departure, a famous entertainment, con cluding with a brilliant ball at the theatre, was given by the authorities to the French, and to which all foreign officers were invited. The correct deportment and per fect discipline of this fine ctrpt, together with the amiable manners of the officer?, have made the French very popu lar; and indeed Montevideo is in itself almost a French city, nearly all the shopkeepers and most of the citiiens and trades-people being French, and that language being nearly as much spoken as the native Spanish. In plaoe of the neat,, orderly, admirably kept French soldiers, the city is now swarming with the rabble of the Braxilian army. These, since the great battle which de cided the fortunes of Rosas and Urquixa, and where, strange as it seems to us who judge by their outward appearance, they fought well and did good service, have been brought down and deposited here until they can be sent back to Bratil; or, as some suspect, until the hard terms of the treaty is fully complied with, the city being held in the mean time as a sort of pledge. The terms of this secret treaty betwen Montevideo aud Bratil, and guarantied by Urquisa, have not yet been made public, but enough has leaked oat to create some d<?coi.tcnt in this province, for it is believed that it gives to Brasil nearly one-third of the whole State of Uruguay, a portion of whieh, however, has always been considered debatable ground, over which neither Government had exercised legal jurisdiction. The old "blanoo" party will not, without a struggle, yield up any of the Oriental state, and perhaps out of this will spring sew disturbances in this unhappy region. With the city, however, peace is the chief object; for this they are ready to make almost any sacrifice?at least of the country ; and look upon the territory rather as mat ter of trading interest than as a subject of state pride. Indeed, the dty of Montevideo can hardly possess any strong nationality. For the last nine years its isolation in regard to the country ban been complete, and its only intercoufse with the world has been tnrough foreigners. Its population is also chiefly foreign, at least that portion which is most active and influential, and its policy is dic tated chiefly by the requirements of trade. It is, in short, rather a sort of fair, or caravan sera, for strangers to buy and sell, and temporarily to lodge in, than a eity. A long course of commercial prosperity may make of it something better. It is finely situated, and is capable of becoming the New Orleans of this mighty confluence of rivers; steam navigation will also be to the La Plata what it has been to the Mississippi; and Montevideo, in another generation, will perhaps be recognised as the queen city of the southern hemisphere. The only two steamers now running on these rivers are the " W. J. Pease" and the " MannHita Rosas," both American. By the last news from Buenos Ayres we learn that every thing remains quiet in that eity. Urquixa has de oreed that the red badges should oontinue to be worn, without, of course, the " devita." RmrtJawmo R?aj?oh.?In the conrsc of a discussion in the New York Common Conncil * ftew <Wy? since, growing oat of a resolution offered by one of the Aldermen to ap point a committee of fite to extend the courtesies of the city to the offices* of the frigate Prince of Orangt, one of the mem bore observed that he would go for the resolution if tt was to ihow honor to the Dnteh; but if it wu an other Kossuth affair he wan opposed to it. Tbej wasted | thousands on that man, and now Aldermen could look back and Me what fool* (Key were. An outsider here audibly re: marked, continues the report^ " that the Alderman of the XYth was making a candid confession." Tsswisi.ii Affimtff,?A son of Mr. William Spendley, of Rlnghampton, about thirteen yam old. living With his uncle, Riobard Hpendley, at Bmilhbcrt)', was killed on Tuesday after noon last, in the following manner: He was engaged in driv ing a span of homes attaobed to a roller or leveller, la the field of his unele. Two hired men and Mr. B. were at work in different parte of the field, in sight oP the learn. Abut Ave o'clock they discovered the team lind stopped, asd 'opposing the lftd Had gone to the house for water took no farther notice of It until the long thne the team remained still nttraoted their attention, When, golngtO the spot, Uiey found the boy ?<mler tkr r?U*r dead, with the lines in bis hands, having been In that condition upwards of half an kowr*?0M4pa (Jft Y.) Gamttt. The e<H*"? ?f th? RwrMnffion (1*. J.) Omirttf hurt an IntrnrtncMoo. * few days Slnor. to a ?fn?r?hte tortnin*. which here "W" ?*? shell Wis initial* of a roldentof that towiwhip, who died tone ulnce. purporting to have been eat fa the r*mr 1774, two j?x* bM?*e the rtftniag of the rvi*r*?ion Of indef >awm T*? **m? animal heart the initials jt nnotherrJBxen. stfll living. ?wt in IK30. The tortoise was found upon the form ef J0OT1 C. Pcaoon, Esq., when* he hss been known for forty yesra TMs laet -latr w*? rot by the brother of WT- D . the Drat bt hiagfendfethev It * hspo-^W. t? Mrwrtaln the a** of this snliaid, fee the ftrst date epadara to have bean rot after be hod attelaod hie foil slae ll? Inhabits * m?adu% at ths lower imd of the fhrm, and rarely leaves It, r?<*pt wh>n taken to th? marwion lie appears to be in excellent health, and era* ae lively as others of his apedes are gene rally reported to be. POST-OFFICE STATISTICS. * The subjoined Official Letters, containing inte resting information relating to the operations of the Post-Office Department, were laid before the Senate yesterday: Post Omci Department, May 20, 1862. Sia: Upon the receipt of an official copy of the resolu tion of the Senate of the 25th of March last, by which the Postmaster General was requested " to report to the Se nate the whole number of letters which passed through the Post Office of the United States during the fiscal yesr ended June 80, 1861; distinguishing the pud from the un paid, those paid by stamps from those paid in cash," to gether with oertain other matters therein specified, I re ferred the same (with the exception of such parts there of aa relate to the operations of the dead letter office) to the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office Depart ment, who has by law the settlement of the accounts of the Post Office Department, and the official oustody of the quarterly returns of postmasters, and the other papers and books necessary to be examined for the purpose of furnishing, as far a* practicable, the information called for by the said resolution; and I directed the proper exami nations to be made to enable me to answer so much of the said resolution as related to the operations of the dead let ter office for the last fiscal year. In compliance with the said resolution, I have the honor to transmit herewith the report of the Auditor upon so much of the resolution as was so referred. Presuming that the object of the Senate in calling for the eost of transportation and the amount of postage col lected in each State was to furnish the means of com paring the cost of transportation wfth tho receipts from postages by Statn, it is deemed but just to say that, in the division of the cost of transportation among the 8tates, the whole cdst of n route extending from one State to another, and even through several States, is charged to the State to which the route is assigned by its number, generally to the State in which the route as entered on the route register is made to commence. Thus the whole cost of service on a route from Buffalo, New York, through Erie, Pennsylvania, and Cleveland, Ohio, to Dwtroit, Michigan, if embraced in a single contract, would be charged to the State of New York. Again: the entire cost of a route extending quite through a State, and used for the transportation of a great mail, maybe charged to such State, although nearly the whole of that cost is incurred for a high grade of service necessary for the transporta tion of letters and other matter on whioh the postage is collected at great commercial cities in other and perhaps distant States. Thus $75,000 per annum of the eost of transportation charged to the State of North Carolina is for transportation of tho great Northern and Southern mail over a route which is of very little importance to that State. In the same manner the States of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois ore charged with the cost ot service, which is important and expensive, mostly inconsequence of the weight of the great through mails, which are made up and delivered in other States and the State of Missouri is now charged with for the cost of service from Independence, near its western boundary; to Salt Lake, and $18,000 for the service from Independence, to Santa Fe, while probably but a small por tion of the postage earned by these routes is cflllected in Missouri. . ,? It will therefore be seen that, in instituting any com parison, these circumstances should be duly considered, as well as the fact that the great cost of transportation on the most important routes is incurred to a large extent on account of the mails passing between such offices as the following, at which there were collected in postages du ring the last fiscal year the sums set opposite the name ol each, vii: New York $631,830 89 Philadelphia 197,010 08 Boston New Orleans c? Baltimore Jo'S 16 Cincinnati It Saint Louis 58,06- 81 In reply to so much of the resolution of the Senate as relates to the operations of the dead letter office during the last fiscal year, I have the honor to state that the num ber of dead letters received at that office is estimated by the officer having chargv thereof at 2,750,000, agreeing in that respect with the estimate of the Auditor; and that during the same period the number of dead letters con taining money, opened, registered, and sent out for de livery, was ............6,463 The aggregate amount of money found in the game - ..f40,ool 7w The number of such letters delivered 6,347 ^ The amount of money therein $86,090 G1 The number of letters returned unclaimed 1J06 The nominal amount of money in the same $4,24'"; 12 A few of the unclaimed letters have been restored to their owners since the olose of the fiscal year, and the re mainder are yet on hand in the dead letter office. There is also another elass of dead letters which contain articles of value other than money, such as bonds, notes of hand, drafts, bills of exchange, checks, certificates of deposite, certificates of stock, and other papers having ? value capable of being expressed in dollars and oent.-. Daring the same year the number of letters of this cla? registered and sent out for delivery was 10,088 Their enclosures having a nominal value of...$l,292,l- > Of these 6,631 were restored to their owners, 3,268 were returned unclaimed, and 194 remained in the hands ci postmasters to whom they had been sent for delivery. All the foregoing facts in reference to the operations of the dead letter office, and many others of much interest, will be found to be stated in the report of the Third As sistant Postmaster General, annexed to my last annual re port (and which has just been printed) as apart of the documents accompanying the President's annual message. To the statements contained in such report of the Third Assistant, and to the tables thereto annexed, I beg leave most respectfully to refer the Senate. The money found during tht year ?tided June 30, 1851, in letters which are still unclaimed, is now being examined and registered, and will soon be prepared for conversion into funds which can be deposited in the Treasury oi the United States. It would have been sooner done if the clerical force of the office had been sufficient to dispatch its business with promptness and accuracy. I have the honor to be, with great respect, your moit I obedient servant, N. K. HALL, Postmaster General. To the Hon. W. R. Kino, President of the U. S. Senate. Auditors Ovtics, Post Orric* DirArrnwr, Mat 14, 1862. Sift: It is impossible for me to answer fully and e* actly the several inquiries embraced in the Senate's reso lution of the 25th of March last The present clerical forc^of my office is barely suffi cient to perform its current business; and to answer the resolution fully would, I have no doubt, require it to be doubled, for the space at least of one year. The circumstances of the case are such that I am com pelled, in a great degree, to resort to estimates, and even then without such data as to render the result* strictly reliable. The first inquiry in the Senate's resolution calls " for the whole number of letters which passed though the Post Office of the United 8tates during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1861, distinguishing the paid frem the unpaid ; those paid by stamps from those paid by cash ; also, the number of free letters ; also, the number of drop letters." , u . By calculation I estimate the whole number of paid and unpaid letters which passed through the Post Office of the United States during the year aforesaid (exclusive of California, foreign, and dead letters) at 71,186,286 Deduct number estimated to have been prepaid by stamps Leaves paid by cash and unpaid 69,916,197 Then estimating the number paid by cash to have been 8-64ths of this amount, we have as paid letters 19,20.',471 Leaving as unpaid letters ". t Drop do'.! " f 716,428 Letters conveyed by European steamers 8,909,186 Do do Havana 66,901'. Do do California. 1,828,667 Dead Letters ! 8.416,2110 Total ft 83,262,716 letters which passed through the Post Offioe of the United 8tates during the fiscal year ended June 80, 1W>1. The amount of postage due on dead letters for the same year was $166,126 by estimate. The number of free letters is computed from the returns of postmasters for a single quarter, and may ba regarded as rather below the actual amount, aa in some cases post masters fail to enter in their returns the free letters deli vered from their office upon whioh by law they are allow ed a oommiasion of taro cents. la distinguishing the drop and sUmp letters, ray esti mates are based upon the returns of a certain number of miscellaneously selected offices, and which I believe give a fair though not an exact result In answer to the inquiry embracing the " printed mat ter," by calculation I estimate that the aggregate number of newspapers and pamphlets chargeable with postage which passed through the Post Office of the United States during the year ended June 30th, 1851, was...82,695,872 According to a calculation made by Mr. Brad ley, of the Washington city post office, the free printed matter passing through his office (luring the same period was 8,460,000 Exchange newspapers and documents franked by Governors of States, &c., estimated 6,000,000 Total printed matter 91,155,922 It is proper to remark that in computing the number of free letters no allowance is made for such free printed matter as is mailed at other offices than Washington city; and as it is never entered on way bills by postmasters, and no returns are made therefor, this offioe has no data upon which to base even a calculation. The following table shows the amounts actually credit ed for the transportation of mails, by States, and differs slightly from the amounts actually paid. It also shows the amounts by postage collected in the several states: Transportation. Postages collected. Maine $47,690.25 $161,891.57 New Hampshire 27,662.00 100,784.21 Vermont 48,643.98 108,700.68 Massachusetts 132,164.84 540,686.65 Connecticut 62,176.19 177,592.38 Bhode Island 12,088.20 59,220.44 New York 321,251.60 1,351,873.68 New Jersey 56,813.87 106,049.71 Maryland 143,150.97 174,290.72 Delaware 8,717.85 20,508.45 Pennsylvania 146,105.64 595,070.86 Virginia 169,425.21 244,229.18 North Carolina 154,126.10 84,288.84 Sttuth Carolina 107,281.74 118,918.30 Georgia 144,262.86 170,054.59 Florida 81,701.55 28,831.68 Alabama 139,349.80 183,391.68 Mississippi 81,189.93 99,888.28 Tranessee 74,142.59 115,441.97 M-ssouri ....*. 101,313.23 188,623.81 Arkansas 61,244.90 82,628.72 Iowa 24,850.05 48,787.90 Lwisiana 66,546.80 165,802.66 Tcias *. 107,977.20 60,162.36 Miinesota 1,192.89 8,550.36 Keitucky ?. 87,121.70 1 48,404.67 Inaana 76,225.82 154,269.77 Illinois 166,685.71 209,063.20 Ohio 138,543.88 485,758.78 Michigan 86,720.22 - 11(5,799.50 Wisconsin 34,484.77 102,540.74 California 111,515.87 302,247.33 Oregon 9,876.80 6,847.95 New Mexico 350.00 441.03 Utah 1,171.48 Nebraska 42.96 District of Cdnmbia 42,039.86 New York to Iremen 166,416.68 Do liuvre 73,550.00 Bremen postage 19,308.76 Miscellaneous entries 274.25 Charleston to Jiavanna 60,000.00 19,808.76 Across the Isthnus of Pa nama, under reaty with New Grenada 45,318.86 $6,404,373.65 The above tabe of transportation embraces (with the exception of what is paid for sea service) only such items as are classified ly States upon the books of this office. A portion of the (xpenses of the Department charged to transportation, consisting of river mails, route agents, irregular service, \nd some cases of recognised servioe, are consequently z?t included; but it is believed that this table furnishes wit* sufficient accuracy the i nformation called for. The number of htters conveyed by the Cunard, Col lins, Bremen, and Havre lines for the same period is as follows, viz.: By the Cunard line, whole number 2,613,771 By the Collins line do 843,144 By the Havre line do 139,030 By the Bremen line....-.do 813,241 3,909,186 Unpaid by Cunard line 1,515,860 Paid by do 1,097,911 Unpaid by Collins line 497,165 faid by do 845,979 Unpaid by Bremen line 206,032 Paid by do 107,209 Unpaid by Havre line.... 91,072 Paid by do 47,958 8,909,186 Number of newspapers conveyed by same lines, respec tively, and the amount of postage collected oh the same: By Cunard line 637,168 By Collins line 224,278 By Bremen line........ 7,180 By Havre line 8,920 872,540...at 2 cts. each...$17,450 92 j Amount of postage on letters by Cunard and Collins lines respectively collected in the United States and Great Britain, and the amount of commissions paid to our postmasters on the balanoe due and paid to the British Government: By Cunard line collected in United States $303,494 44 Do do Great Britain 226,543 17 $536,037 61 By Collins line collected in United 8tates $131,127 86 Do do Great Britain 74,718 86 , $206,841 71 The balanoe due and paid to the British Go vernment was $59,490 78 It is estimated that three-fourths of the postages by the Cunard and Collins lines collected in the United States have been collected in the large offices, at which the com missions are 12? per cent., and that the average rate of commissions paid on the remaining one-fourth has not exceeded thirty per cent According to this calculation, the commissions paid to our postmasters on the balance due and paid to Great Britain amounts to .$10,089 06 To, say, $44,618 09, at 12| per cent $5,577 26 14,872 69, at 30 per oent 4,461 80 $10,039 06 A portion of this sum is returned to the Department in the shape of surplus commissions at the large offices. The amount received from the British Government^ on closed mails was $46,279.41. The amount paid to the British Government on closed mails was $6,806.80. . The amount of postage by transatlantic steamers on letters to and from Chin a and Continental Europe this office has no mean* of determining, as the post bills from th#N?w York and Boston offices do not distinguish be tween them. The number of letters conveyed between New York and California and New York and Oregon, via Chagres and Panama, and the amount of postages collected thereon, are as follows: Number of letters sent and received 1,823,667 Amount of postage thereon - $629,341 04 The post bills sent to this office from New York do not distinguish between the California and Oregon letters; nor do they state the number ef newspapers sent and re ceived by the same line nor the number of free letters. It is therefore net in my power to tarnish this information. The number of letters and newspapers conveyed by the Charleston and Havana steamers, and the amount of postage collected thereon, are as follows: Letters...... .....66,908 Newspapers 24,664 Amount of letter postage $9,166 87 Amount of newspaper postage. .. 789 92 $9,896 79 I estimate the whole number of ship letters received during the same period at 839,032, and the amount paid for the same $6,780.64. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. W. FARRKLLY, Auditor. Hon. N. K. Hall, Postmaster General. Tub Ciltio Kxodcs.?The flight of emigrants from Ireland across the Atlantic still continues without the slightest symptom of diminution. The number leaving the port of Cork, taking the Liverpool route, may be in some measure shown by the fact that one Arm alone has chartered twenty-five ships to one port only, that of Bos ton, during the past four months, each ship containing at an average 400 passengers. These were from various parts of the oonntry. the number from Dublin oounty alone being 1,084. Three ships setting sail from Queens town took 686 passengers to Koston. most of them of a comfortable description of farmers. The amount of the exodus direct from the port of Limerick for Canada and the Onited States, from the 20th of March to the let of May instant, oomes up to the number of 2,896 persons. This is bat the preliminary of the spring season of 1862. The analysis exhibits eleven ships for New York with 1,477 passengers, and eight ships for Quebec with 1,418 passengers?total, nineteen ships and 2,896 passengers Paid do Total Unpaid, (estimated) $443,848 67 86,492 47 $629,841 04 [London paper. Tabular Statement of Deaf and Dumb, Bliiul, Insane, and Idiotic, returned by the Seieuth Census of Out United States. Statrs and Tkiikitoriks. Deaf and Dumb. Blind. White. MJ P. Maine 140 8? New Hampshire | 87 Vermont ] 75 Masnachasett*........ 288 Rhode Inland I 34 Connecticut. 211 New York 682 New Jersey |lll Pennsylvania 041 Delaware 28 Maryland 103 District of Columbia 1 Virginia 325 North Carolina l'JM South Carolina 74 Georgia 110 Florida 8 Alabama 06 Mississippi 52 Louisiana 58 Texas 33 Arkanmu 46 Tennesace 105 Kentucky 253 Ohio 503 Michigan Indiana. Illinois Missouri Iowa. Wisconsin California. Minnesota Oregon Utah New Mexico., 76 08 235 27 174 015 81 500 26 92 0 256 153 55 05 4 61 2 0 31! 3 16 37' ? 140'... 2321 1 436 0 60,.. 213 4 1?0 ... 1161... 24|... 23 1 Col'd- Hl'v* Agg. WhiU-. Col'd. M. F. M F.I 1... 1 ... ft 1 3! J 4 1 M. iF. M 230 115! Ml... 163 00, 65 1 144 801 40 520 27? 220 04 30 15 I 67 46 20 23 11 4 20 21 61 4 28 25 13 13 S3 12 6 3 4 2 16,24 328 22 2j...... 1 ...... 10 10 5 380 110 67 1,307 738 203 114 1,226 443 ?58 10 254 10 711 407 144 252 22 211 108 128 58 80 377 530 047 122 518 06 7 261 182 01 1M 10 82 75 36 36 45 100 22 483 Its 355 20 IT 07 30 7' 5 275 2d.. 61 06 8 82 1 55 81 23 30 186 240 172 370 283, 7 476 156 250 104 28 2 . 70 28, Slaves. M. F. Agg. 22 137 57 31 :is 8 73 35 60 12 3 20 40 11 201 136 138 407 64 102 1,272 213 *20 46 307 23 006 532 3S3 300 26 308 217 218 1? 81 468 530 665 122 340 IM M7 17 211 ... 47 ... 50 21 1 202 60 25 42 4 68 51 ne 2 2 44 44 Iasane. Idiotic. White. Col. Sl'vs Agg. White. Col. Sl'vs- Agg. M. I F. 270 254 188; 107 276 276 781 121 218 107 848 127 231 1108 1346 178 024 018 31 28 251 10' 605 417 220) 242 108 157 4 106 71 83 24 258 271 84 124 2 102 56 67 16 ML 22 217 605 640 71 64 300 260 137| 100 140 131 10 21 27; 2' 21 M F M 3 ... ... 1 .. ?I.. 18... sL I6|3a!.. 6 7.. 20 141 2722 F. M. I F.'MlF. M. IF. ... 5*6 3301226 L.i 568 ... 384 208|140: 4I I.J 352 ...| 662 171 100, l! 281 ...1647' 465 320 4 2 .... .... 791 ... 252 65 30 I 2 1... 107 ... 462 182 114; 3j 1 j... 300 ... 2580 10321680) 8 10 ...J..,1739 ...j 386 242 168' *,t 7 !.J 426 ... 1801 7001587 34 28 '...1448 70 38 4(1 7 12 3i 1 101 16! 543 147 121 32 21 41 31 *03 4 3 1' 2, 3 1! r 1 18 12 14 l! 1 3 a 22 3 36 1026 560 1. 0 16 401! 838 0, 204 130 16' 306 264 l| 8 23 245 210 1401 88 208 67 4H 58 63! &l 478 430 607' 428 v*y> 769 l??i 113 5701 520 240 213 .. 11 385 64 56 125 05 1285 J66 12 20 74 64 774 103 212... 6 1 1441... 5.T 1 37| 5 30 1 40 2 350 2 321 13 61110 74: 3 ?86| 7 t?6. 2 108 102 282! 186!118]...t.^ 48j. 31, 1', |: ?j: 16..1 26 24 50 30 577 4l 3 37 80 62 505 36 28 210 2?'2?" 178 7l 3 71 2, 36 26: 864 48 32' 849 1399 100 019 371 18| 333 03 77 8 1 4 2 38 11 PRETENDED SPIRITUAL MANIFESTATIONS. FKOH TUB COUBIBK AND BKQUIKBB. In looking over our exchanges from different parts of the country, we are struck with the fre quency of reported cases of lunacy arising from the ** spiritual-manifestation" delusions of the day; and there is no reason to doubt that very many occur which are prevented by friendly delicacy from being made public. It will do to laugh at hallucinations when they are simply ridiculous; but these, absurd as they are in essence, are too serious in their effects for derision. Addison has finely remarked that " Babylon in ruins is not bo affecting or so solemn a spectacle as an intellect overthrown." Who will say that the imposture which destroys mind is not more truly and more sadly a publie calamity than the confla gration or the whirlwind which destroys matter ? This " spiritual rapping" humbug is no longer confined to a little knot of itinerant charlatans. It has votaries scat tered all over the country, and has even beguiled a por tion of the press into countenancing the fantastic tricks it plays before high heaven. It has not only deceived the ignorant and the weak, but has imposed upon men of high capacities and large acquirements. It is, in fact, fast gaining a foothold among the best accredited and most deplorable follies of the time. It is useless to argue against delusions like this. Of all things, those which are the most irrational best defy the weapons of reason. Phantasms of this description may perhaps be conjured down in Latin, but can never be debated down in plain English. Each must hare its brief day, and vanishes at last only to be succeeded by another in different shape. In the very nature of man there is an appetite for the wonderful, which, under favorable cir cumstances, is capable of swallowing the greatest absur dities.- Machiavelli but stated the naked truth when he declared that "mankind are so simple that the deceiver will never want a dupe to let himself be gulled." It holds good in every age, and among every nation and tribe un der heaven. Ignorance may be peculiarly exposed to de lusion, but education is no safeguard against it. In the days of witchcraft your Leo Tenths, Sir Matthew Hales, and Cotton Mathers were as profoundly deluded as your Gellie Duncans, Agnes Sampsons, and Barbara Napiers; j and the ranks of learning have contributed their full nu merical quota to the clairvoyant neophytes of the present day. To be sure, it does not often happen now-a-days that much learning makes people mad, but by no means is it true that a well-stored' intellect implies also a well regulated imagination. Philosophers have seen their full share of visions and spectres; and it is your literary hy pochondriacs particularly that fancy their legs are glass or their heads teapots. The truth it, that since man has left Eden folly has been indigenous to this world of ours; jt is carried about like thistle down on every breeie that blows, and easily takes root on all soils and in high as well as low places. We of this nineteenth century are aocustomed to boast of our prodigious advance in all that is great and wise; but is it one whit more civilized or respectable to hold converse with spirits by myrtle raps on the table or wain soot, than, as in olden time, over the chafing-dishcs of ne cromancers and sorcerers ? It may be more tcxentific, but, after all, is it a particle more rational t? say that it is an Odic force that permits this, than as of yore to attribute it to the Evil One ? In fact, were not our ancestors, en the whole, the more philosophical in imputing it to a power which they knew did exist, and had existed from time immemorial, rather than to an agency of which the werld never heard, and which, when separated from its name and resolved into a definition, is found to be nothing more nor less than just " such stuff as dreams are made of." In what respect are our nuxnrn " mediums," who utter prophecies, tell fortunes, prescribe remedies, and recover stolen goods, more creditable to this generation than the magicians of the fifteenth century, who did pre cisely the same thing with the aid of only a little more barbarous jargon and fantastic gesticulation ? Where in Edmond Dickenson's Quintaeeneee of the Philotophert, or Jaoob Bohmen's Temporal Mirror of Eternity, or in the " New Method of Roeiervcmn P/tyttc, by John Il'yden, the Servant of God and Secretary of Nature," or in an} standard work of the Middle Ages, can you find any thing to beat the following from the New York Spiritual Telegraph of May 16th, 1862:t " For three weeks past she has been thrown into a su perior magnetic, condition, in which she has remained from three to four hours a day, when messages have been delivered by the following distinguished spirits: Franklin, on physical and moral laws; Washington, on government; J. y. Adams, on the rights of slavery; Z. Taylor and A. Jackson, on war; Noah Webster, Bonaparte, W. K. Chan mag, Judson, Byron, Milton, l'enn, and ethers, all breathing forth a moral purity and harmony of philosophy worthy of those from whom they purport to emanate. These lectures have all been taken down by three different scribes, and when finished will be published, that the world may jud^e of their merit. ?? The Harbinger of Peace" is the title which has already been given this wort, and, thus far, it is highly characteristic of the name it is to bear," Or the following from the personal observations of a learned Judge, (Esmonds) as detailed by hi* own pen in No. III. of the New York ShthnaK t It was thus that William Penn appeared, and said that be had been one of ay guardian spirits since the inci dent of the kitten; that he happened to witneas that, end was struck with the effect it had produced upon me. He had ever since been near me, trying to influenoe me, and had influenced, though not enough to keep me alway* from going astray. He had, however, helped much to produce in me my repugnance to slavery, and to inflict iog suffering. 8ir Isaac Newton next appeared, and told me he was wrong in considering the attraction of gravitation as a dI<tinct ?<x| auhaUnliva principle, for U wna, in nothing Wot the effect of a combination of motion?motion hilng a principle that per Tiwlnrt all crnated thing*, and one of it* effect* *u gr*Yitatjnn. Sweden bo rg then appear*.I, and mH to mo that in hia r-Telation* of what he had ??n he wan right and truthful, and lo ho relied unnn, but/Kit In the theory which he hail built upon tb<-m, and eapeclally he mentioned hi* itortrine of enrrwpomlefKv*. and hln attempt to ro eoncile hi? revelation* With Um popular religion of bio day. And he mid, aa the Bible contained many Important and valuable truth*. yat being written In and fbr an onprogrwaacl agn, It mntalned error* and Imperfretion*; an hi* lhe*J?gfc>al writing* oontaisert many TaJuablo truth*, aa well a* aome error*, produce.I by his 4rnrn to raeoneile the truth* whk-h ware unfolded to him with the prevailing theology of his age. lie bade U* beware of hi* error*, to renetre a* true hia Perela Uon*, but 4i*rard hia tlilulaa, and inoteml of them appeal to owr un derstanding* for lb* infareweea to be drawn froio the truth* he had develop*]. Dr. Franklin then came ferwaM, and *aM *omething a boot explain ing tome the manner in whMt the "Odic rorW waa uaad In making ?p?rltual mwifeaUtinn*. But tnnhnw or other his explanation waa not made, ami la the mean Una a great crow* of *pirfts appeared?all of thet# bright and happy imirite- among whom 1 r?wognia?d many anjoaintance* whom I had known when on earth A aort of *emi rlrrle waa formed fronting whore I atood, 8 and hor companion forming the centre of tbo arch, and oai their left Penn, I'rmnklin, New ton, 8wcdenborg, and many other*. Behind the front rank, xplrlU in great uumbura ware then, anil the number inenH?d every moment. I IU )?'rmltU;il to ?oe fkr beyond where we were?fe.r indeed into the region* of apace?and I eew million* upon million* of giiul and happy Kpirttn, and many of theui from other pLuetu, all crowded around that ?eini-circle. PoRson once boasted tiuU fc? couUl write the history of human folly In five htun**?9<I volumes. The boast was not unroaann&bU i? aay, but. in ours It would make a fool of the man who ventured it. A NEW FOUND LAKE. Some of the Eastern papers doubt the statement, re cently published, says the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, of a newly-discovered lake of considerable size, within fifteen or twenty miles of the Falls of St. Anthony. Peo ple living on the seaboard have very inadequate, notions of the extent of the West There is more land to the acre lying between the Mississippi and the Missouri than they have ever dreamed of. In regard to this lake the proof below should satisfy every body. Except that the gene ral features of the country are known, and the more mark ed characteristics reported by explorers and trappers and the native Indians, the whole territory of country west of the Mississippi and north of the northern line of Iowa, stretching back to the Rocky Mountains, is an almost un explored country. There may be lake* fifty miles across, large rivers, ranges of high hills, extensive elevated pla teaus, and a thousand topographical and geographical features and curiosities, unknown to the white man in this great wild Indian country. The St. Anthony Express gives a circumstantial account of the discovery, which we append: " Calvin A. Tuttle and John H. Stevens, two of the old est and most reliable settlers in Minnesota, together with several others, inoluding the writer hereof, some two weeks since spent three days in the exploration of this lake. They found it to be from thirty to forty miles in length, and full fifteen miles in width, containing an area of four hundred and fifty square miles. They also found numerous islands in this lake, many of which they visit ed, and one in particular, that will be found on survey to measure full three thousand acres. The explorers, fur thermore, found the lake to contain an innumerable mul titude of fish, an<l to be the resort of myriads of wild fowl, countless as the sands of the sea shore. They found its scenery indescribably beautiful. They found, more over, a splendid belt of timber skirting the borders of the lake, to the width of from three to five miles, rich in every variety of hard wood." Dibaiteailajicb or a. Lake.?A lake about two miles and a half long, and located about eight miles from the Tillage of Brighton, Canada, burst its banks on tke 21st ultimo, and completely drained oat the water on the neighboring land. The bank through which the water broke wu about forty feet in height. The rush of water dug a chan nel twenty-five feet deep and one hundred feet wide for ? length of two miles, uprooting forest tree?, carrying away miU-danu, and drowning two men. Thus occurred the singular phenomenon of a lake being dried in a few hours. \_LouurilU JourmmL Thi Small-pox.?The last acoounU received from Hong Kong represent the small-pox as prevailing to an alarm ing degree, both among the Chinese and Europeans. Among the former it was of course particularly fatal, while, strange to say, even vaccination did not protect the Europeans from its ravages. The only effect thi? great preventive, heretofore considered infallible, appear ed to have, was to mitigate the severity of the attack, as ' nearly all the European* recovered. I lllTTRR TO Bl DO** LVCKT THAN RlCH. The Dillott family, descendants of Lord Dillon, of Ireland, have in herited an estate valued at upwards of $7,000,000. We understand that our lncky fellow-citizen, Dr. Johk Bria^. the great Sarsaparilla man, is an heir by marriage, and cornea ixi fur a snng little share amounting to three or four hundred thousand dollars. This is what we call good luck in reality.?LouitvUU Journal. Tm Const awi> Plamht Bi'srsrss.?Are not our scien tific friends in Harvard and elsewhere carrying this planet and comet business rather too far? A new planet in the oourse of three or four years and a comet a year will do very well; but this finding a planet every week, and s new comet daily, <? it not running the thing into the ground? We used to know the number of the planets, and had some idea of the principal comets, bat they hav* gone ahead of our astronomy long ago, and we think the school-boys must have a hard time of it. Mr. Boxd, of the Cambridge Observatory, has himself turned out ele ven or twelve new ooaets, the telegraph does not exactly know which ; and the rivalry among observers is so great that every country and every institution with pretensioa to science is setting up its own comets, and some of them their own planets. If it be true, as some very wise peo ple have suggested, that this globe is ultimately to be de stroyed by aa untamed comet, is it wise in our astrono mers to be beating up new ones, and letting them loose T Is there not danger that some unpracticcd hands may take op the business and set them flying in wrong direc tions? We have great c<mftdenee in Mr. Bond, and we have no doubt that the business is reasonably safe so ; long as it is confined to regular professors, but every ] schoolmaster is pointing his telescope to the sky, and bringing down a star with the certainty of Capt. Scott aiming at a coon j and even the women?who ought to be content with knowin* that they are terrestrial Msr*- are searching the heavens for planets and comets. [/VoiWrtte/! Journal. Ths UvnutuRot \n Raii.boad.?A trial lately had ia the United States District Court for New York city, bo fore Juilge tends to show where at least a part of the money comes from that supports the underground railroad and other contriran^ps by whirh the Vnti slavery Society carry on their machinations against the peaee and prosperity of the South. A letter from New York s*yi?: "Mr W*. Jnmmm*. the InManr we b?IWr??at all rrent* one *f iK? leading offlcata?of the Anti-alarary Sorted, wa? *mign+l. triad, uni fonnd jr>iilty of the nth-nee of coining and paaalnc counterfeit bom. It ippMn that thta worthy, who w an MmM* ahollUoa i in hill rj bad for aoroa *?*?* been in the hahitof inaniafnataHn- largw quanUtl<'? of i^urioui coin an occupation for which bi? nrtntnal calling m direr worker pArtirularty qualified htm. II* joined a rhwMt. MMt mam took a hitfh rftak la the aaaoriatton for afdrttlmr iw?y furvlffn <1mm. Moo.-7 apeadily became pleat* in the voOrr* of tha kklaapper*, and Mr.Johnaon, thinking lioobUea* that he waa <loln? (lod a?l hlinaelf ?arrloc at the nua* Um?, w**e<1 holder and mom rwklfw In hi.? nefortoaa parauit*. Hat thenar of juaMna wia upa* him and ita haud arentuaJly irr**p??d kla?. Ha prarad a m?-t i>Mi lent character, hot la Tain Neither hli> exemplary pWty, hla philan thropy, nor hi* phlloaophy could aare him Tha evidence hi* KM.il* wu IrraaiaUhla. Ha <u roartetad, and aant for a term of year* to tha Mate priaon." Pwn.?mn.pwt?, Kit Ml?A targe [icapi of the Mayor'a Nfo ware rm duty taut night in Oormantown, and armtei tha ilaad la-Hand Kn IClno Company, who want thither on a May liur ajumraion for the par poae of roMiiix prtrata garden* of ftowara They war* caaght In tha art, and thirty two mem hem were af mated with thair aaijrina. Tha tatter waa taken a# security for the appenra.nr* of the prironcra to ?Kirruw morning. Wm. R. I*1tt? and Pranci* Elliott, eharjfe.1 with robbing Moary I Morton, brokera, of Wk lwannd. iVa.) were arreatvd yesterday at th< Baltimore depot, aod nearly $300 of the $.">00 ?w>len war* i oooVarad Vltta wan a eiwrk la tbe often, and the oidaat of tha pair k but rnrrmm loan yaaraftf age. A UUer la tha MllMaaaiilr (Ua.) Mamrdrr aaya that ka the raa IMA a little boyvthe aon of Mr. A*?HT, of Hharp'. Htore, I^wnda county, Waa aaarly rtia^ll to daathia trying fo vwallaar a ehinqw pin, and (Vnm tha* time he haa bnejt troubled with a rough aimliar I eitmp erery winter. Thla aprtng Me parent* thtaffct ha wow id dk (haina wen* o? than uaaal.) hot be ao^ghad ay the ehh?p"-plo 0 nam I nation it had a bony oorerlng about oa>e-rWtaewth rfan lat UtakawK On mnwalag tha naaaau* aabatanoe, tha afcia*nepin wi found to ha perfectly aound: tha mark* war* on It where be had aeraa) It with hi* kolfo before trying to aw allow K. Ha k now In rood healt and U fraefrom tha eaufh with which ha haa baaa troubled ao ion?.