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THE WEEKLY NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. The subscription price of this paper for a year is Thee* Dollars, payable in advance. For the long Sessions of Congress, (averaging eight months,) the price will be Two Dollars; for the short 8essions One Dollar per copy. A reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of the full charge) will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one time, five copies of the Weekly paper; and a like re duetion of 25 per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one time, ten or more copies. No accountt being kept for this paper, it will not be for warded to any one unless paid for in advance, nor sent any longer than the time for which it is so paid. WASHINGTON. ? Liberty aud^Julon, now and forever, oue and Inseparable." Kgl MONDAY. OCTOBER DEATH OP I>A!flBL WBBSTER Tb.' emblems of wo which shroud our columns will announce to our readers a National Ca Ijrfiity. The sad event has fallen upon us which ^he tidings for the last few days had rendered but too certain was soon to strike the National heart with sorrow. Daniel WEBSTF.r breathed his last at Marshfield yesterday morning, at three o'clock. Thus, one after another, in rapid succession, the great lights of our country and of the world pass away. Less than four short months ago his great compeer Clay descended to the tomb, and already the greatest of surviving Americans takes his place also in the "cata combs of time." What c;in we say of this national calamity whichi every bosom does not feel? The ruptured ties of friendship and personal affection might add their private grief; but these could not swell the tide of public sorrow, nor could we pre sume to attempt thus suddenly to do justice to the life and character of the illustrious dead. That duty must be left to a more fitting occasion and to abler hands. ? More appropriate than any thing which we could pen, we add the closing remarks of the Sermon pro nounced yesterday by one of our most eloquent Di vines*?the melancholy news having reached the city a little before the hour of morning sen-ice in our churches. The sermon was on the subject of Death, and from this text of the 90th psalm, "We spend our years as a tale that is told." After an impressive discourse on the solemn theme, the j Preacher paused, and then resumed as follows: u My friends, you all understand why I have chosen for the subject of this morning's meditation j the most solemn event that can address itself to mortal men?Death?the hour, the crisis of our j departure from this life. This morning brought us tidings of such an event. It occupies the whole mMic hhim! : we feel that it is no ordinary event ?From & high plaoe in thi* Government?fro*n a place still higher in the estimation of his country men?from the highest place, I suppose, on this continent, in intellectual power, a great man has passed away. He is gone ' he is gone! How diffi- j cult, how almost impossible, to realise it! He was so with us and of us j he was so a part of tkis na tion and of this nation's life atad history, ?<?at the very world, this American world, feels a shock in this disruption of his ties t*v it. He is gone ! Daniel Webster is dead ! That vast t^pace which he occupied is darkened j that great Aiid majestic presence has passed away ! . " You mourn for him. There friends of his here whose hearts are stricken his loss. It is not a great man only that you Jdve lost, but a man you loved. His was not a majestic presence only, I but, to those who knew hi*1 well, a presence the most winning. No convention perhaps was ever more captivating than hi-?? hjs, hours of ease and unbending from brood# thoueht and weighty carc. I think I never saw^e cloud of a brow so dark at times, beam fort^ a sweeter smile. u j gaying"^at "e no faulte' If be had, let the pall of Kat'1 QOver them to-day. But of what mortal p40 t^lal b? ^ say : that tH^ w^? imagined that in the majestic proportion ?f his nature, the heart had no place have utt/'y misconceived him. And this, too, I say tlv^ *n ^e moral judgments which his politi cal 'fyponents were accustomed to pass upon his (jai) life, no man, I am thoroughly convinced, was eT/ more misrepresented. ** But it is not my part to pronounce his eulogy, /hat belongs to others. This country, indeed, to which his life was devoted?this country, in its yhole length and breadth, bears his eulogy The name of Daniel Webster will be known and cele brated as long as this nation shall endure. 111 am reminded in this connexion of what one of his grcatoompeers in political lifo(Mr. Calhoun) once said in conversation upon the question, 1 What is the highest human greatness?' 'What is the greatest action that a man can perform.?' He said it was this: for a man to speak, in a difficult and perilous national emergency, the great word, that should give guidance and deliverance to his people. For (said ho) it implies the largest knowledge of the pa*t, the clearest foresight of the future, and the Aillost comprehension of the present. Mr. Waster, more than onoe, spoke that word. It was given to him in perilous emergencies to stand by Sie Constitution and Union of his country, with sage wisdom and giant strength. " And many other words did he speak, in the Senate and the Forum, which the world ' will not let die.' It is most fortunate that among the last cares of his life was the collection, under his eye, of his spocches into volumes, which arc destined to be read, marked, and noted as long as there is an Ame rican or Kn^lishman to road any thing. " But he is gone I All our thoughts of him now yield to that thought?ho is gone ! The voice is silent; the eye is quenchod: the brow that awed the world is but cold, dead, sonsoless clay. Oh Life ! how art thou but as a tale that is told ? We say a few words in mrmnriam ; we take our last look, or feci that tho last look is taken ; we shed some natural tears,' and all is over. " Oh! in the infinite realm of the unseen life there is a place for all souls. What awaits them there is not derided by what we say here. We bow bofore the infinite wisdom of God. To his infinite care and mercy we commit the dead, and we com mend the living : we commit the dead, who is gone, ind wo oommend the living, who mourn for him. " Yes, wo commit, we yichfhim up to God's be hest; it is all over; tho last struggle is past; the struggle, the strife, the anxiety, tho pais, tho tur moil of lifo is over: the tale is told, and finished, * The Rev. Oavilu Dbwwt. and ended. It is told and done: and the seal of death is set upon it. Henceforth* that great life, marked at every step ; chronicled in journals; wait ed on by crowds; told to the whole country by tele graphic tongues of flame?that great life shall be but a history, a biography, a tale told in an evening tent. In the tents of life it shall long be recited; but no word shall reach the ear of that dread sleeper by the ocean shore. Fitly will he rest there. Like the granite rock, like the heaving ocean, was his mind ! Let the rock guard his rest: let the ocean sound his dirge! " My respected hearers and friends, I have said these few words on the sad occasion that presses upon your minds this morning. I could not say less of such an one, who is lost to us?of such an one, who has dwelt among you as a neighbor, a friend, and a fellow-laborer in the cares of Govern ment. It would not become me to offer you admo nition, counsel, or omwolation. Your own miud?| will tltM for you better than I can. May God in his goodness grant that the uses of this visitation may be as great as the event is signal and solemn !'" In this city, where Mr. Webster's long and but] little interrupted residence had made him so fami liarly known, and had attached to him so many warm personal admirers and friends, the news of his decease was peculiarly felt, and the feeling was manifested by the general gloom which dwelt on the face of the community yesterday. The most affecting tributes to his eminent character and services were poured out from every pulpit, of every faith, and before nightfall the mournful work was in progress of clothing the public edifices and private houses in the drapery of wo. All the vessels in our I waters wore their colors at half mast from the mo-: ment the sad event became known. The Florida Semixoles.?Billy Bowlegs and j his companions arrived homo on the 29th ultimo. The Jacksonville (Fla.) News of the 2d instant has! the following : " We learn from Gen. Blake that Billy has entered iuto ! a solemn agreement to emigrate next March, with all the Indians he can induce to go, which he thinks will be nearly j | all in the country. We feel disposed to believe that at last wc may succeed in getting rid of our unwelcome ; neighbors, but shall not feel certain till they are gone." The Cubans, falsely calculating on public sympa- j thy, and believing the people will sustain them in , their unhallowed purposes, are less guarded than they have heretofore been. They held a public' meeting on Tuesday evening last at the Apollo' Rooms, and have published a manifesto. It is ru- ( mored that their enrolled men will be sent to New, Orleans for embarkation. Whether this in a riu>: dt guerre remains to be seen. Here it is certain they cannot carry out their plans.?N. Y. Mirror. VERMONT. The votes cast at the recent election for Governor; and other officers of the State of Vermont have been canvassed in convention of the two Houses of the i Legislature, and the following shown to l^e the re-1 suit of the popular ballot for irovemor: Whoie nunl??r of votes 48,31 a fw a cbcice 24.110 Erastus Fairbanks . 28,795 John 8. Robinson . 14,988 Lawrence Bniinerd 9,446 Scattering 20 The votes for Lieutenant-Governor and Treasurer were substantially the kame. It appearing that there was no choice by die people, the Legislature proceeded to the election of a Governor, : with the following result: Whole number of votes 218 Necessary for a choice 110 Erastus Fairbanks . . . . 117 John S. Robinson CI Lawrence Brainerd 40 j The Hon. Erasits Fairbanks was thereupon declared i elected Governor for the ensuing year. The Hon. William C. Kittredok was elected Lieu tenant-Governor, and the Hon. Geokge Howes Treasurer, j by about the same vote. On Monday, the 18th instant, Governor Fairbakk* took the oath of office in presence of the two Houses, and de livered his inaugural address. It is a short and business like document, worthy of its author and of the poble, UQ. wavering State whose affairs it discusses. The topics of the address are few. Referring to the recent publication of the Statutes of Vermont, the Governor questions whether any change in the features of the existing statute laws, unless clearly demanded by the expressed senti ments of the people, might not prove injurious in its prac tical results, and lay the foundation for increased litiga tion ; and advises, as a preventive of hasty and inoonsi derate changes in the laws, the adoption of the usage pre vailing in most legislative bodies, of ordering all public bills, at some stage of their progress, prior to their final passage, to be printed for the use of the members. He recommends a change in the railroa<Waws, so as to pro vide that all bridges be at least seventeen feet in the clear above the track, a recommendation worthy to be followed in other States as well as in Vermont. The following is all that he has to say upon national | polities: " The views of the citizens of Vermont on questions of | national interests are too well understood to require on the present oocasion a specific enumeration. A modifica tion of the present tariff is most obviously demanded as I essential to the prosperity ami be?t interests of the Air.e j rican people. The principal element which constitutes the wealth of the nation is labor. The great body of the ' people are directly employed in productive industry. | That industry should be stimulate ! and its productions | j protected by the fostering hand of the General Govern ment. " Without increasing the amount of revenue beyond what is required for detVaying the expanses of Govern ment, adequate protection may be effectually secured by a judicious discrimination in favor of articles of American growth and American manufacture, in the assessment of specific duties on foreign importations. The encourage ment of domestic manufactures and mechanical trades is ] essential to that division of labor which creates a home market for the surplus products of the soil, which in turn is reciprocated by the home market existing for the manu-1 factured article; while a laudable competition, spen to j all, is sure to bring the price of every commodity to its 1 proper level, and to regulate and control the prices of | imported fabrics. " The importance of a home market cannot be too highly appreciated, especially by the producing classes. 11 saves the friction and expense of transportation, equalizes the circulating currency, and by its constancy prevents, in a degree, those financial revulsions consequent upon over trading with foreign nations. It promotes that fraternal intercourse between different communities of the same State, and the citizens of different States, which is essen tial to the perpetuity of the Union, and to that equality of station which is the drowning element in our repnbli oan organization." Tub Lobos Isi,ai?i> Mattbr.?We hesr that the firms in the city of Boston whieh have dispatched vecsels to collect guano at the hobos Islands have sent out order* to their commanders not to attempt to obtain a cargo of guano, but to proceed to Callao and other points along the coast for freight, looking to the United States Govern ment for whatever loss accrues in consequence. At the last accounts Commodore McCauley was at Valparaiso. [TtmsUst. THE WHIG BARBECUE AT BLADENSBURO, The Whig Barbecue at Bladensburg on Saturday could not have had a fairer day than was accorded to it. Early in the day signs were plentiful all over Washington that quite a gala time was to be ex pected, and to many it was indeed a holyday. The Kailroad company having accommodatingly put the round trip from Washington and back at the mo derate sum of thirty cents, the special train of tars was jammed with citizens of both sexes and parties. We suppose approaching one thousand tickets must hare been sold. The plaoe where the business of the day was gone through with was the time-honored one in the grore near the Sp^-Spring, where a platform for the speakers had been erected and ornamented with mottoes appropriate to the oocasion. Tbe B]?Ak?>Ts for tfe* day were Successively Z. Collins Lie, Esq. of Baltimore, M. Kilgou*, Esq. of Montgomery ?county, Maryland, ColejUn YSllott, Esq. of Baltimore, Thomas P. Bowie, Esq. of Prince George's county, .Tamks M. Carlisle, of Washington, E. C. CARBiNaroN/Esq. of Virginia, and Hon. RIchakd I. Bowie, of Montgomery, the Representative in Congress of the District. The speeches were good and very acceptable to the company. The barbecue was got up and cooked in capital style; the meats excellent iu quality, and thoroughly done and plenty for all. After the meeting had concluded, and whilst the Wash ington city visiters were waiting at the Depot the arrival of the train of cars to take them home, the company urged Joseph H. Bradley, Esq., of Washington, to ad dress them, which he did in cheerful and humorous style from the roof of a burden car on the railroad. Philip Barton Key, Esq., of this city, spoke in reply on the other side, and Mr. Bradley concluded by answering a portion of the remarks of Mr. Key. We hear of no accident or injury the whole day calculated to damp the hilarity and pleasure of the occasion. Letters in answer to invitations to be present were re ceived from Hons. Truman Smith and Edward Stanly, and read to the meeting us follows : Washington, October 16, 1852. Gentlemen : I have received your communication of this day's date, inviting me, in behalf of " the Chippewa Club No. 1, to attend a barbecue, to be given at the Spa- ( Grove, Bladensburg, on Saturday, the 2<>4 instant." I beg you to present to the gentlemen of your patriotic association my warmest thanks, not only for the honor of their invitation, but also for the general appreciation which they are pleased through you te express of my efforts to promote the success of the Whig party, and the ascendency of it* principles in the administration of our Government. 1 assure you that I desire no higher reward for my humble efforts, or for any sacrifices 1 may have made in the present or any past canvass, than the good opinion of such Whigs as compose your club?such Whigs as are to be found every where in Maryland, who are above all narrow or sectional influences, and who have ever acted in the spirit of a broad and truly enlightened na tionality. 1 am with you, gentlemen, heart and soul, in the present struggle; I am with you for the sake of the country and all its great and essential interests; and I am | with you for the sake of justice to the great chieltuin, now our standard-bearer, whom faction would dishonor to ' the same extent he has conferred honor and renown on ' the American name and flag throughout the world. Gentlemen, Maryland aud Connecticut stood shoulder to shoulder during the conflict of 1776; so now we will stand shoulder to shoulder, and by one mighty effort will' oarry up muI forward So the pinnacle of power is Lbia1 , country one whe understand* well the principles of 1774, I and who will administer public %f*ur* jn the no hie spirit1 , which characterized the hotter days of the Republic. 1 have the honor to be, with sentiments of respect, tout j friend and fellow citixea, . TEUMAN SMITH. Messrs. Thomas Granger, Robert Wright, Henry Barron, H. H. Warring, W. F. Hill, committee of the Chippewa ' Club No. L Willard's Hotel, Washington, Oct. 7, 1862. Gertlimex : I had the honor of receiving your flatter-1 ing invitation this morning, and if it were possible would I be with you on the day you mention ; but my constituents have made appointments for me which I must hurry home to fulfil. I rejoice to be able to say eur prospects are bright, and I think Scott gains daily. Two months ago we had some apprehension of several States, which we regarded as doubtful, but now we feel that they are certain. 1 feel sure Scott will be elected. Have no fear of the old North State. In 1848, upon a local issue, wo elected our Whig Governor by only eight hundred majo rity. Three months afterwards we gave the vote of the State to Gen. Taylor by eight thousand six hundred. The same issue elected the Democratic Governor this year. Even without Governor Graham's name we could g;ve the vote of the State to Scott; but with Graham's name?always o favorite in North Carolina?I have no donbt of the result Hoping to rejoice with you in November on the success of our glorious leader over the combined power of 8eces aionism, Van Buren freesoilism, and English influence, and thanking you for your kind expressions, 1 am, very respectfully, &c. EDWARD 8TANLY. Messrs. Thomas Granger, Robert Wright, Henry Barron, H. H. Warring, W. W. Hill, committee, 4c., Bladens burg, Md. The following resolutions, moved by Thomas Granoir, Esq., were cordially adopted by the meeting. ? They are certainly very comprehensive and satisfactory : Re?olvrd, That the nomination of Wihfisld Scott for the Presidency meets our cordial approbation ; and we re commend him to the voters of Maryland, not merely for his distinguished military services, scaroely paralleled in the history of the Republic, but for his eminent qualities as a civilian, his honesty as a man, his integrity as a citi zen, which the offer of an Empire oould not impair, and for his devotion to the Union, for the preservation of which he has poured out his life's blood, and for the per petuation of which he has pledged "his Life, his fortune, and his sacred honor." A soldier by profession, he re gards an honorable peace preferable to a successful war, and in the proudest hours of triumph he never closed his ear to the pleadings of mercy or steeled his heart to the promptings of humanity; in him the oaptive prisoner ever found a protector and the wounded soldier a friend. 2. That the people of the South owe Gen. Soorr a deep debt of gratitude for his early advocacy of the Compro mise measures, at a time when gloom and despondency hung like a pail overthe nation ; when Northern and Southern fanatics were vieing with each other which should strike the first blow against the permanency of our glorious Union, ccmented by the blood and oonsecrated by the prayers of the heroes and patriots of the Revolu tion, in whoee school Scott learned his early lessons, and from one of whom he received his first commission 8. That in William A. Graham, the Whig candidate for the Vice Presidency, we recognise an eminent states man and patriot, whose services to his country, in what ever capacity he has filled, in the Cabinet and in the Councils of the Nation, entitle him to our warmest gratitnde. 4. That the Platform of principles announced by the Whig National Convention is broad enongh and national enough for every true lover of his ooantry to stand upon ; it is neither sectional nor partisan ; it knows neither North, South, East, or West?but the country, the whole omintry, ?one and Indivisible," and we Invite all, to whatever seel or party they may belong, to place them selves up#n it, and to unite in the support of our illus trious standard bearer, who has pledged himself to carry out those principles, and whose whole life has been an illustration of them. Tut CmmsR.?While the Governor of California Is trying to drive the Chinese out of that State, the govern ment of British Guiana offers a bounty of ^80 on their importation. Sad Trappy.?At about 8 o'clock on Tuesday morn ing, the old boat storehouse at Alton Bay, (N.H.) having a tenement in the tipper part oocupied by Mr. Sawyer, was burnt, and his wiffs and three ohildren perished in tht flames. Mr. Sawyer was not at home. One child two years old was thrown from the window, and it is thought will recover. It in supposed that the mother, after throw ing it ont, returned for the other children and perished with then. r ___ - ??*"11 ? " "S THE WELCOME TO GENERAL SCOTT. "We copy from the Telegraph of Saturday evening the following more particular account 01 the wel come tendered by the citizens of Washington to Gen. Scott, on the occasion of his return to the city from his late visit to Kentucky : W? Lave never witnessed more general and enthusiastic denujistrations of cordial good will and respect for any liviuf man than were last evening exhibited on the occa sion ?f Gen. Scon's return to his home. But a few hours' notice had been given, and that published only through the columns of a single evening paper; and yet, before the appointed hour had arrived, the immense saloon oc cupied ly tha Whigs as their headquarters was found too small for the vast concourse assembled. At eight o'clock the line of march was taken up Louisiana avenue to Third street sod down Third street to Pennsylvania avenue, where, H Is believed, the lkie embraced full five thou men. The Marine Band and music had been ubwULtd for the ooeaniou, and the in&vch watt Hght and joyous to the good old tunes so beautifully discoursed. In pawing the office of the Republic, cheers were given in tokm of respect for the able conductors of that jour nal. l>a reaching the residence of Gen. Scott, the band perl'o^ned the appropriate air of "Ilail to the Chief;" and d'ter arriving before his home, after three hearty clieer^ "Hail Columbia" was played with admirable i effect^ Tl>4 General now appeared upon the portico in company with |Dveral friends; and, amid comparative silence? Walter Lenox, Esq., the President of the Washington Whig Club, addressed Gen. Scott sub stantially as follows. We quote from the Republic: " general: In behalf of the citizens of Washington, per mit /ne, in a few brief words, to congratulate you on your safqreturn to your home. Immediately on the public announcement of your arrival, the spontaneous sentiment of our city seemed to demand this duty, and, impelled by gratitude for your services in the-country's behalf, to ren* iler to you this manifestation of onr profound respect. f We entertain a proper appreciation of your services as n public benefactor?services in which you have ever displayed an honorable nobility, marked by a proper de gr<e of manhood. If I am asked where are the proofs of yolr title to this, may I not, in the' language of sober truth, and not exaggeration, say a period of forty years furnishes the record, at once brilliant and imperishable ? [Clicers.] Allow me to congratulate you on the hearty manifes tations of public feeling with which you have recently j been greeted. Your claims have been recognised, and we trust that you may live long enough to enjoy, to a j greater extent, the gratitude of thecountry. [Applause.] "Permit me to make an allusion to a circumstance during your late tour, and which is peculiarly gratifying to the citizens of AVashington. While passing through the j fair of the Maryland Institute, in Baltimore, surrounded by a dense assembly, and in the presence of the products of skill and tAste, you had the heart to recollect what was due to the memory of the Father of his Country ; and you j invited an humble tribute from every one towards the . erection ctf the monument now rearing its proud form on i the btnka of the beautiful Potomac. It was appropriate I for yju, the soldier of two wars, thus to render this token I of ycur approbation to the soldier of the first war?of in- i dependence. ' Allow me to say, in conclusion, that while the coun- I try and history attest that you have shed lustre on our i arms, you have given peace to our borders and honor to the American name ; and as citizens of Washington, hav ing known you long, it is with pleasurable emotions that we have always observed you have added be an ty and grace to the virtues of social life." f Mr Lswox then from the front of the balcony amid onthasiastic applause , when General Soott, having again been greeted witb cheering replied substantially as follows : " Fellow-citii'ens of Washington, fellow-citizens of the Metropolis of the I'nited States : I am indeed agreeably surprised, as well as honored and gratified, with this spontaneous meeting of my neighbors and friends. I am equally gratified to find myself among men of such warm and generous hearts, having so muoh partiality for one like themselves. [Cheers.] " My friends, I little expected this meeting to-night; bat let me assure you that I. am not indifferent to the kind tones of welcome to which I have listened from the lips of your eloquent orator, the ex-Mayor of the city, who now stands before me. [Applause ] " It is proper that I should give some aocoiint of my ' late journey. I left Washington something more than five weeks ago, not dreaming that I shonld be called upon to open my lips at any public meeting whatever. I went upon a journey of professional duty?on a mission of charity for the worn-out soldiers of our country, volun teers and militia. [Cheers.] On that journey, which was a long one, I met at every point the spontaneous greetings of our countrymen, and as spontaneous expres sions of kindoess, which were enough to overwhelm and more than reward me for what I have ever done in the service of my country. [Applause ] I have not met with 1 one disagreeable circumstance during my absence; but thousands and thousands of the most agreeable inoidents of my life, such as I now have before me, of welcome, oordial welcome, and oordial greeting every where. [Ap plause.] " I could not have attended any public meeting what ever by appointment, and no invitation could have induced me to do so. Spontaneous meetings sprang up in my , path, and it was not for me to avoid them. If kind sen timents were expressed for an old soldier, it would have ! been improper in me not to make my humble acknow- i lodgments. I did not seek any of these meetings; I re peat, they were spontaneous ; and my heart was gladden- 1 ed and gratified in the highest degree. But of what eon- I sequence wonld those manifestations be to hire who should win the esteem of the whole world, If be lost the confi dence of his neighbors? Without your esteem, I shonld oonsider every other expression a reproach. [Applause.] But when my Washington neighbors, with one aocord and at short notice, assemble in such numbers as I see before me?men of intelligence and patriotism, and in whose midst I have long resided?call to tender me a welcome to my home, my heart is touched, and I now feel myself free to accept the approbation of my distant oountrymen [Cheers ] " It is your approbation which gives sanction to thrin. [Renewed applause.] " Being fatigued, and having but to-day arrived at home, I will detain you only a moment longer, [cries of 'Go on.' 'goon,'] to thank you once more, from the bottom of my heart, for your kindness, applause, and ap probation. And I beg each of you to accept a ' good . night;' and may all possible blessings rest upon your heads" The Okkkrai, then retired, when three cheers were given for him, and a like number for Wm. A.'Gkaham. The Marine Band then performed several patriotic airs. The asemblage called nf>on James M. Ca*lisli, Esq. for a speech. That gentleman, however, did not appear; but i.t was announced that he would speak to his friends at the Club-room on their return. The line of march was then taken op for that place ; and when the procession reached the neighborhood of the National Intelligencer three cheers were loudly given. The Hub-room was subseqnently densely filled by audi tors, who were gratified by eloquent remarks from Mr. Carlisle. Mr. 0. spoke with admirable effeot, anil his speech had a telling and salutary influence upon his hevrers. Altogether, the proceedings of the night were highly gratifying to the friends of General Soott and the Whig cause. i wo hundreu ana sixty-one vessels arrived at San 1 rancisco in July and August. This is equal to 1,660 a year, and it must be reoolleeted that these vessels are mostly of the largest class, 700 to 1,800 tons burden. Of this number?eeventeen were frm New York, fourteen from Bostori, and from China twenty-six. The trade be tween China and the Paciflo coast continues to increase rapidly, and there is no diminution in the number of Chinamen passengers arriving. The duties on foreign goods this year are estimated at three millions. THE CUBA QUESTION. PROM TI1K NEW VOEK tVENINO M1BBOB. \V hen it is considered that invasions and conspi racies from without have rendered the Spanish rulers of Cuba, necessarily and naturally, suspicious to the last degree of their American neighbors; also, that, while peculiar privileges were granted to American steamers touching at Havana, parties em ployed on these steamers were aiding conspiracy and revolution in Cuba, by facilitating correspon dence and spreading exaggerated statements; and one owner at least of the steamers was declaring his readiness to flog Spain by contract, and boasted of his hundreds of thousands of muskets ready for that end, we can see nothing in the course of the Havana authorities,j especially in relation to the Crescent City, that has not | been justified by the circumstances of the case?nothing that, were the matter reverted, aud the United States placed in the position of Spaiu, would or could have pre vent*! our Government irons acting as promptly and Buuuiai i)y as Spnju bag done. Prom the speeches of leading Senators nfc? stumping the countp*, down to Gsorge Law's expressed readiness to pitch into Spain, and the thirst of Tamttiuiy dema gogues for a " bloody row" in the Gulf, Spaiiwias every reason for her fears and her acts. The case of the Cres cent City is a simple one. One of her officers was sus pected of abetting filibusterism, and the Steamer Com pany were notified that while said officer was retained in his position the vessel in which he .sailed would not be permitted to land at or communicate with Havana. The principle of this decision was a sound one. If one con spirator was to be admitted with impunUy, a thousand might be; and if Spain has any right to guard herself against conspiracy and revolution, she had the right to ' shut out tho Crescent City while a conspirator remained I on that vessel. The action of Capt. Porter and his em- j ployers could be reasonably interpreted as defiant of the i police regulations of Spain, aud the persistence in thrust-, ing an offensive person before the Cuban authorities might be fairly construed as an endorsement of the acts of that person. In this light the agents of Spain evidently have viewed the matter and acted. They have had abundaut reasons to be suspicious of Americans, and of the Law steamers, and we do not believe they have taken one step which, judged with reference to the whole question, any thinking American will condemn. It may be " manifest destiny" that Spain is to lose Cuba through robbery or revolution, and that the " Pearl of the Antilles" is to become a Yankee gem ; but neither Spain nor the world has yet learned that a nation has not?in an age of treaties, law, order and civilization? the right to be jealous and watchful of its possessions and its honor. No; nor are the mass of the American peo ple prepared to back every or any adventurer or notoriety seeker, who, casting his eye upon his neighbor's posses- i aions in the new world, directly feels that, under the stars and stripes, he may treat said neighbor's laws and regulations with defiauce and contempt When the facts are all before crnr Government, any wrong that has been done in this Crescent City business will J>e redressed, and Spain will be found as ready to correct errors as the United States can be to prove them. THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL SCOTT. FROM THE MW YORK " EXPRESS" OF SATUBDAT. We have been surprised to hear intimations, from professed friends as well as open enemies of the Whig cause, that the President was not favor-( able to the election of Oen. Soott. 'Soon after the nomination was made we raw published an ex tract from a private letter written by him. which was decidedly in favor of the election of Gen. Scott, and a publication in the Washington Kepublie as serted the sanifi thing. We have recently seen a 1 private letter, addressed by him to a friend in this city, from which, though evidently not intended for publication, we have, under the cirrumstances sf the case, been permitted to make the following ex ! tract, which we publish for the purpose of putting ' this matter at rest. We know that the President has taken no active part in the canvass, either be fore or since the nomination was made, but we have j reason to know that in his private acts and conver sation?for we have heard it from his own lips?he , has acquiesced most cheerfully in that nomination, ' given it his cordial support, and urged his friends to support it with all true-heartedness and in all sincerity: Washikotoh, October 15, 1862. MyDeirSir: * * * I see the prospect is very fair for the election of Gen. 8cott; and those who give the most attention to the subject here are quite confident of his success. This makes it doubly important that he should be sustained by the right men in Congress: and I therefore hope that nothing may be left undone in my ! own State to ensure his success, and to sustain him if elected. I am, truly yours, MILLARD FILLMORE. In. the United States Circuit Court of Pennsylvania on Monday, Judge Grier charged the Jury in favor of the heirs of Stephen Oirard, who claim eleven tracts of land j in Schuylkill county, valued at $1,100,000, on the ground j that when Girard's will was made he did not own the en-1 tire title to the lands, therefore the will was Inoperative, I The jury rendered a verdict in favor of the heirs. The case J will probably go to the Supreme Court. The Richmond Whig says: "The Hon. Ww. 8. Par- i ham, of Louisiana, over whose accession to the Democra cy the Loeofoco sheets raised a universal shout, ha* be come convinced that he did Gen. 8cott injustice, and, lik* i an honest man, he has come out and said so; and will j support the Old Hero with all his might. This is the case with great numbers.'' The late I)r. Thomas Wilso*, of the city of Baltimore, ' has bequeathed a legacy of $">.000 to the Baltimore Ge neral Dispensary, and also a complete set of valuable sur- j gical instruments. The Dispensary is a most excellent eharity, and the donations could not have been better be- i stowed. Grrat Distress at Mapeir*.?The failure of the i vintage, resulting from the recent blight upon the grape, has produced the greatest distress among the inhabitants of Madeira, and threatens with absolute starvation large masses of the laboring classes. Ribeiro, the Civil Govcr- j nor of the Island, has issued a circular acknowledging the impotence of the Portuguese Government to meet the emergency with any thing like adequate relief, and ap pealing to the Christian sympathies of foreign nations for aid to avert the impending calamity. He invokes the in strumentality of the Punehal merchants to make known the distressed situation of the country to their correspon- i dent* in Burope and America. Landed proprietors and laborers are alike victims of the calamity, the one from the annihilation of their crops, and the other from the entire cessation of the labor which the preparation and treatment of the wines have hitherto required. [ Journal of Commerce. We regret tb notice the dnath of Col. Joiis G. Gamble, ' of Florida. Col. G. was originally from Virginia, and was a gentleman of accomplished education and talents. Whilst a yonth he was attached to the American Legation to France, at the head of which was Chief Justice Mar shall, and he subsequently became an eminent merchant in Richmond. About twenty-five years since he removed to Florida, and embarked in planting, and became the head of an extensive hanking institution. Col. 0. was allied by marriage to the late Attorney General Wirt and other distinguished men of the Union, and was beloved hy 1 all who knew him for his private worth. He was the in-' timate friend of the gr*at statesman whose death wc have just heard of. Col. G. is the dnole of Mr., Casell, the B?prosentative in Congress from Florida. At Portsmouth (N. H.) a few days since, a young dog. six months old, which was accustomed to sport with bis master's Shanghaes, unluckily approached a strange brood of chicks with a savage biddy for a protector. A gre.?t' fluttering and oackling ensued, which so enraged the old hen that she flew at the unfortunate our, and with a sin- j gle blow on the hack, as he was retreating, so injured him that he died in a few hours. I LAST IIOUHS AND DEATH OF DANIEL WEBSTER. Marsh field, 8*itboat NionT, 10 o'clock.?Mr. Web .srnu is not now expected to live an hour, anil is himself momentarily expecting the final summons with great calmnoss, resignation, and composure. During the after noon un<l evening he has conversod freely, and with threat clearness and detail, in relation to the disposal of his pri \ate affairs. He gave full directions respecting his farois, entering even into the most minute statements of iiis wishes in regard to them. I At five o clook in the afternoon he was seized with a violent nausea, and ruised considerable dark matter tinged j with blood, which left him in a state of great exhaustion : and debility. The physicians in attendance then announced j to Mrs. Wkbstbr that his last honr was rapidly approach-i J ing.. He received the announcement calmly, and directed l a!1 the female# of the family to be called into the room, ! and addressed to each of them individually a few affec tionate parting words, and bid them ? final farewell. He j I then took leave of hi* mule relative* and personal friends, addr eating emolv Individually in reflsronce to th-wr past re lations, and bade each an affeatWmw* adieu. Tk: la?t tf ; his family that he parted with was Pmtku. Hak\i:y W*b j stkh, a grandson, upon whom he nskad the richest bless ings of Heaven. He then said, as if speaking to himself, | " On the 24th of October all that is mortal of Danikl Web stek will be no more." Mr. Wjjbstek, in a full and clear i voice, then prayed most fervently, and impressively con eluded as follows: ?Heavenly Father, forgive my sins j and welcome me to thyself, through Christ Jesus." Dr. Jeffries then conversed with him, and told him that medical skill could do nothing more, to which Mr. Web ster replied, " Then I am to lie here patiently till the j end; if it be so may it come soon." j It is now ten o'clock, and Mr. Webster continues per fectly conscious of every thing that is passing. Dr. Jef fries and Porter have expressed the opinion that the im mediate cause of his inevitable death is a cancerous affec tion of some of the smaller intestines. Mabshheld, Sunday morning, 1 o'clock.?Since ten o'clock Mr. Webster has continued gradually to *ink. though still retaining all his faculties unclouded, but too weak to converse with his friends, except an occasional remark, as if to satisfy them that his mind was still free, and that all his mental faculties remained unimpaired. Marshfield, Si'nday morning, 4 o'clock.?The Hon. : Daniel Webster, the greatest of American statesmen, is i no moreHe died at twenty-two minutes of three o'clock, in the seventy-first year of his age. During the last hour he was entirely calm, and breathed his last so peacefully that it was difficult to fix the precise moment that he ex pired. BRIDGE MEETING IN FAIRFAX COUNTV. Va. The full proceedings of the meeting held on Wednes day at the house of Mr. William Means, at Langley, in I uirfax county, Virginia, having been placed in our hands, we are enabled to give a correct idea of what was done. As the preamble and resolutions adopted by the meeting will be printed and published in pamphlet form, we shall content ourselves with giving a synoptical account of them. The meeting consisted of a number of the most sub stantial larmers and citizens of the adjacent country, and was organized by calling W. W. Ball, Esq., the presiding magistrate of the precinct,, to the chair, and appointing 1>. P. I'almkk, Ktq. Secretary. The Chairman stated the object of the meeting to be to concert measure- to ensure a speedy restoration of com munication with \\ t-hiugton and Georgetown bv a new bridge at the Little Falls of the Potomac, in place of tbe one washed away by the freshet of April 20. 1862. ' Proamble 'tates that an act was passed March 2, j JHd.% appropriating $150,000 for the improvement of the navigation of the Potomac river from Alexandria toGeorge town, to make n turnpike road to the District line, on the \ irginia side of the river, and to purchase and make for ever free the bridge at the Little Falls. It also recites I the perpetual obligations which Georgetown incurred and accepted under this act, which she once practically ac-1 knowledged and faithfully obeyed in placing a bridge there after the removal of a former one by freshet in the winter of 1*40-1841, but which she has quite disre garded since the freshet in April last; and not only so but by her a. tion and interference with Congress at the recent session endeavored to super-.- |e by a contemplated substitution of a bridge at or near the rocks in the Po tomac called the " Three 8isters." The preamble further recites the advantages to an im mense extent of country not only of Virginia, but ,d States south and west of her, which the r^ad leading across the Little Falh Bridge confers, and hen. e the great necessity of ita thorough renewal. It also charges upon tbe (Jar |-orntion of Georgetown an imperfect , erformAnce of its duties under the act of 1HM, with respect to the r<-j>nirs> of the road, and failure to make the road itself safe for travellers and stock in transit. It states that n v.-ry sufficient and substantial 1 ridge at the Little Fall?, requiring to be only l,i>'!0 fret long, can be built for *>,.! K). and in from four to six months: whilst a bridge aero** the river at the " Three Histete" will cost nt the Inwest figure $1 independently of from $??0,l>000 to $120,000 for two new roads to connect ?t with Alexandria and the Lift'e Fal's road west of the river, and con-nming three yea--* of time in its con struction. , \ ?erie? of resolutions follows, inviting co-operation, "oiieiting ?sMMance fr-tn Virginia, Senators and Repre sentatives to provide a bridge at th? Little Palls, and a sevoud one somewhere below it. and within the limits of the In-tro t . appointing a committee to "olicitsubseriptions f<.r purposes of necessary printing Ac. We should judge from the rnnnAer in which this bn<: ne?, his been taken up that its movers are in earner and w.:l effect whatever can be done to secure the obi en tue\ have in view. FROM IIS NEW TOEK M.RIK H In.i.:: -ikh'i,. -It is rumored that the Cuban Span iar Is in thus and other cities are busy enroll,, e men for another Cuban expedition, regardle.* ? : the fat .1 conse quences of the last effort. It is said J. ."..person- chiefly boys, are enrolled in this city ; that r lis arP ?ow open for several Wards. VII that come ,re provided, and money is plenty, and distributed freely. These accounts nre evip-erated in effect. Srh . ' : ?(.,rr leave New^ork. They will be iutcrcef.^ | -mm irnpri-oned. and vexseis and Arms seized and md? ;,n?d. It i* hardly possible men can be reek!." ? i * ? embark on such an exped.'iori. with defeat, imp n-n-nt, and garrote star ing them in the face. They h ive Keen warned again and again, and, if they Attempt to g?, they must abide the oonse<juence< Government knows h';i the?o plans and movement", and this time wii'>. t w ?! er my nm) prompt ness. Cactiow. Men Off' The K imivln i Va. } Republican I brings curds from rn >re Democrat"-- , ' | .lackson Demo crats, they eali themselves?who ear r.ot vote for General P.i ? On- of tii em expre-e-i <>,. . . i v . t i ?. n that if Ge* ' i^-ri wer- alive he could n t hesitate to cast his v.."; for <b -i S.-'.rr in preference to Mr. I'ip.hck. TENNESSEE. Nashville. Tkn*.><>? ro?*i i>1.?." <>ir county letters now show us that we will carry Tennessee for Scott aiMtj (J iv mm by at least three thousand ioa " ty." : ?e ? ; Jrfffrt-mtan say? about two hundred and : 'I ' '"'r and cheese were -ent off from the rail' ro?I depot in that village on Mori ay, Tuesday, snd tyn Ine' lay of this week. Ms.: or rn?: W,t,essm.-A queer excuse was made a few days ago by an OM la ly. The good woman was subp<rna<* to appear n? a witness nn a rather drlieate n>e She did not h "arrant was i~ned tor h - a,.p?arance, on -he- she wa? br ught into court. Th-, pre-i ling judrt t wah his duty to reprimand hpr y w?r* MlbmMbr? ' M j? not ? mwhiv * Kir . but ! li?^k.", " Whrtt ?hmh ifiQ uiittor miuitoi ' * , " I tif." Kfltr A I four how flif j %pon wnj mi."