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'? liberty and Uniou, uuw and forever, one and inseparable." MONDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1852. It gives us great pleasure to understand that the President has offered to the Hon. Edward Everett, and that the latter has accepted, the vacant post of Secretary of State. There is a peculiar fitness, we think, in this ap pointment. Mr. Everett was the attached per sonal friend of the Statesman whose lamented death caused the vacancy in the Department, as well as an irreparable void amongst the great men of the world. To this recommendation, however, may be added the higher consideration of the eminent qualifications of Mr. Everett for the office. His public services, at home and abroad, uniting expe rience and a thorough acquaintance with our foreign affairs to his fine abilities and regulated temper, render him a worthy successor to the honors and duties of the post. After we had penned the above paragraph, we had the pleasure to receive through the Boston papers the subjoined letter from Mr. Everett. Its patriotic spirit, and the high testimony which it bears to the eminent character and merits of Gen. Scott, give to the distinguished writer fresh claims to the public respect r Boston, October 29, 1852. Dear Sir : I remain of the opinion, with respect to the course to be pursued, which was expressed in my leiter of the 20th. I have most deeply regretted the existing divisions of opinion. .Is long as it was possible that any measures could succeed in favor of a nomina tion of Mr. Webster, I exerted myself to the utmost of my ability to promote that end. The grave has closed over every possibility of that kind; and I could now wish that in that honored grave might be buried all dis sensions among those who think alike, and have been accustomed to act together, on the great interests of the country. For myself, I shall vote for the regulxr Whig electoral ticket. I have been acquainted with General Scott for many year?, originally as a known political friend of the administration of Mr. Adams, and the warm personal friend of Mr. Clat.. .As a public man, I have had some official intercourse with him. 1 have nothing to say of his eminent military talent. But he has been employed on several occasions of great importance and difficulty, not of a warlike churacter, and always with credit and suc cess. He has shown, 1 think, beyond dispute, that he possesses great qualifications for civil service. His con Juct, at once firm and conciliatory, in 1839, materially contributed to the peaceful adjustment of the difficulty on the Northeastern boundary, where the danger of a collision was much greater than was generally known. I well recollect the relief'oT mind which I experienced when General Scorr passed through Boston, in the spring of that year, on his way .to the disputed territory, with confidential instructions ffom President Van iii ken. Having occasion to receive Uim in the Council Chamber, I assured him that the- people of Massachusetts enter tained the highest opinion %T his spirit, energy, and dis cretion. I am not aware at that time any one dis sented from this view of his character. Events which have since occurred have certainly confirmed its justice. Without being any judge of warlike operations, I can not be mistaken in thinking that to land within the tro pics an army consisting principally of soldiers then for the first time in the field, to lead them through a foreign country a thousand miles (Vom home, and, beside* gaining every battle, to acquire the good-will of the better part of the inhabitants of the conquered territory?that to do all this requires administrative talent, as much as it does the talent for military command. Indeed, 1 suppose the actttal conflicts of the field of battles with troops like ours, to be by far the least difficult part of 4he undertaking. I would, as I have intimated, have done any thing in honor to obtain Mr. Webster's nomination, but 1 have not the least doubt of General Scott's ability to conduct an able, patriotic, and successful Administration. Experience has, in my judgment, shown thst he possesses qualities* and is governed by principles peculiarly caned for in the present eonditlon and prospect of affairs. I remain, dear sir, with great regard, very truly your*, EDWARD EVERETT. Harvey Jewell, Esq. President of the Young Men's Whig Club. LETTER FROM MR. CHOATE. We take pleasure in publishing the following letter, because, in common wiih the letter of Mr. Evehett and thousands of other ardent friend* of the candidate whom they would have preferred for the Presidency, it concur? entirely with the viewB which .we have taken since the nomination by the Whig Convention.?liotfotx Daily Ad^riiarr. Boston, October 30, 1852. Dkar Sir: I certainly can have no unwillingness to repeat quite formally what I have informally said so many times to ?o many of our friends. That I regretted very keenly our failure to place Mr Web-ter in nomination, I, of course, Lave never disguis ed. So much, too, did I 'ove him. and so much, so filia'ly?perhaps for him so unnecessarily?desire that in all thing" his feelings might be respected, his claims ac knowledged, and the effect of the proceedings of the Con vention on him mitigated, that although I have ever deemed tlione proceedings as obliging my vote as a Whig, yet I bad decided that it would not be decorous or right, having respect to those relations with him, which have been and are in their memory so doar to me, to take any active part in setting on the head of any other the honors which he had earned. But that the true Interests of the country, as our party ' has ever apprehended those interest*, require, in the a?-1 tual circumstance.-, the election of the eminent person who it our regular candidate, 1 cannot doubt. As a Whig, still a Webster Whig, standing at bis grave and revering his memory, I think that more of his spirit, more of his maxims of government, more of his liberal conservatism, more ponce, a more assiduous culture of that which we have, with no reckless grasping for that which w? have not, would preside in the administration oftien. ft^orr than in that of his Democratic competitor for the I're-' sidency. There are good men who esteemed. Mr. Webstkr and Mr. Clat so highly and justly as to hope that while they lived, although out of office, their counsels would still be of power to repress the tendencies to evil which they fear from the ascendency of our political opponents. Rut now that those lights are passed and set, must we not all/and those of ns with a special solicitude who followed them with meat confidence, turn to others, whose association and ties of party, whise declared opinions, whose conduct of affairs, and whose antecedent* afford the surest trust that their practical politics will be those which we have so advisedly adopted and so long professed ? With thvse politics, and th* great party representing them, Oeneral Scott it identified. His election would pledge his cha racter and honor to seek through them and by them the common good and general welfare, and there is no reason to doubt that the convictions of his judgment would guide him by the same path. Certainly he is a Whig ; aud he has rendered the country great services, in important conjunctures, in war and peace. It is quite needless to say, then, that I shall vote for the regularly nominated Whig tickst ef electors. He, the t?e?t beloved, the most worthy, is in his grave. Duty sub sists, still and ever, and I am entirely persuaded that duty requires of me this vote. I am, rwpectfully, your obedient servant, K1JFUS CHOATK Harvbv JrWRU., Esq. President of the Trwwg Men's Whig Clob. FROM HAVANA. A Telegraphk- despatch dated at New Oflleaij? on | the 31st ultimo pieiitiou| the ui|-iva| at pobile of ! the steamship Bluck Warrior, in forty-nine hours I from Havana, and say8 : The war steamer 1'owhalan, from New York, having on board Judge Conklim, the newly-appointed Minister to Mexico, had arrived at Havana. | Judge Conklin, soon utter his arrival, had an interview : with the Captain General in relation to the recent troubles concerning the steamer Crescent City, when the difficul 1 ties were so arranged that the Crescent City will hereaf ter be allowed to land her mails and passengers, but Mr. ; Smith, the Purser, will not be permitted to go ashore. I The Captain General, it is also stated, had acknow ! ledged to Commodore Newton, of the Powhatan, that he ' had acted too hastily, and was willing to make suitablo apology to the American Government, but in no case would he allow Mr. Smith to land on the Islund. Treaty with Buenos Ayres and Montevideo. Hon. Kohert C. Schenck arrived at Rio .Janeiro on the 13th instant from Montevideo, whither he had been negotiating a Commercial Treaty with the Governments of Buenos Ayres and Montevideo. In these efforts, we are glad to learn, he has been emi nently successful. Tho treaties in question will greatly facilitate and extend the commerce of our American merchants when once they go into opera tion. Their stipulations will transpire in due time. By the same arrival which brings us this^ agree able piece of intelligence we learn that the naviga tion of the Parana and the river Plate had been thrown open to vessels of all nations, and that a de cree had been issued allowing the bondiug of goods for any term not exceeding eighteen months. [ Xeu- York Express. By an arrival at New York ou Saturday we have advices from Montevideo to the 22d of August. From tho Comiuereio del Plata we make the follow ing translations : DIPLOMACY. Yesterday took place the formal reception of Messrs. Schekck and Pendleton. Mr. Flanoini, the Under Se cretary of Foreign Affairs, and Col. Maqauin^s, Aid-de Camp of his Excellency, proceeded in two co^f^s to the lodgings of these gentlemen and conducted them to the Government House, where they were received by a com pany of infantry with the appropriate honors. Being introduced with the usual ceremonies to tho presence of the President, where he was waiting the au dience with his Ministers, Mr. Schknck pronounced in English the discourse which we insert beloj, to which his Excellency responded in the words in which we give his to our readers. I After this ceremony his Excellency invited the diplo matists to be seated, and conversed with them for some minutes. They were accompanied by Commodore McKek ver, U. S. Navy, commanding the squadron on this coast, their Secretaries, and by Mr. Hamilton, the United States Consul. Upon retiring Messrs. Schenck and Pendleton received the same honors as at their coming. SPEECH OF MR. SCHENCK. The credentials which we have had the honor to deliver unnounce to your Excellency, as the head of the Oriental Kepublic of Uruguay, the important and friendly charac ter of the missiou which has been entrusted to us by the President of the United States. We come, in behalf of one Republic in the great Ame rican family of nations, to bring greeting and good wishes to another of the same sisterhood; and empowered to treat fully of the means by which to draw more closely, and establish permanently, the relations of peace and commercial intercourse which now exists between the two countries and their citizens. In view of the free forms of government adopted by both?the common prin ciples of liberty which pervade them, aud their confor mity in all liberal institutions?it is peculiarly appropriatc that such good understanding, secured by every guaranty becom,ing to independent nations, should be strengthened and perpetuated forever between the United States and the Oriental Republic. Being commissioned to invite to such adjustment of the most friendly mutual relations, it is fit that we should declare to your Excellency, at the threshold, the funda mental principles on which we are instructed to stand. These are two: A recognition always of perfect equality ? between sovereign nations; and the demand in no case of an advantage on the one side which is not to be equally conceded on the other. It is a formula by which the in ternational policy of the United States is guided. A people of energy and progress themselves, the citi zens of the United States and their Government have regarded with special interest those striking demonstra tions of kindred character, which, since the complete and happy restoration of peace and order, have more than ever distinguished the people and government of this Republic. Under the administration of your Excellency we look for the rapid development of the resources and power of thin country; and the cordial deaire of that which we re present it that you may henceforward meet with no interruption in its onward march to procperity and greatness. REPLY OF 1116 EXCELLENCY PRESIDENT OIRO. I have a particular satisfaction in receiving your Ex cellency and your colleague, Mr. Pendleton, as Ministers Plenipotentiaries, jointly charged by his Excellency the President or the gTeat American Confederation with a special mission near the Government of this Republic. To draw more closely the relations of ^friendship hap pily existing between the two Republic*, by establishing them upon the lasting basis of justice, equity, and the reciprocal interest of each people, is an object worthy of the solicitude of their Governments; and your Excellencies may be assured ti it will find in me the most decided disposition to assist to a . ...>r.ihle issue the minion en trusted to the prudence and patriotism of your Exoallc-"'"" with all the seal which animates me for the good of ui> own country and of the United States. I reciprocate to your Excellencies the kind words with which you honor me, felicitating you upon having merit ed the honorable trust which you have come to discharge towards us, and expressing my wishes for the prosperity and aggrandizement of the great American Union. ToBArro.?An advertisement in the London Times of the 19th ultimo calla for tenders to supply 1,200,000 kilo grammes Virginia tobacco, 1,800,000 Kentucky, 1,350,000 Maryland do., crop of 1851-'52, for the use of the French Government Tendera to be decided 10th January next, at Ministry of Finance, Paris. Losobvitt ih Canada.?The Montreal Herald mentions some singular instances of longevity brought to light by the late census. It say*: " We understand that more than twenty person* are returned whose ages eiceed one hundre<i years. The most venerable patriarch of the?e, if we make no mistake, resides in the township of Orey, flimcoe county, aged 116 years. Ninety-five years ago he scaled the cliffs of Que bec with Oeneral Wolf; so that his residence in Canada is coincident with British rule in the province, fie has at tached himself to the Indians, and lives, in all respects, like thrm. This veteran is named Abraham Millar. Oal lai.try will not permit us to omit honorable mention of an almost equally distinguished person of the other sex. Helen Maguire is one hundred and six years of age. She ?till dresses without help, and walks out for air and exer cise whenever the weather is sufficiently fine to tempt her from the chimney corner. .She still has all her faculties, and can thread a needle without spectacles. Nautical Alimnac.?We learn from a Northern paper that the first volume of the " American Nautical Alma nac," published hy authority of Congress, will appear in a few weeks. It has been prepared under the supervision of Lieut. C. H. Davis, U. 8. N. It is stated that this work will be a material improvement on the "British Nautical Almanac," in having more current lunar tables, whi"h give more accurate predictions, as tested in the case of the eclipse of July 29, 18fil. At Washington the British almanac was In error for the beginning of the eclipse 78 seconds, and for the end 62 seconds. The American almanac was in error for the be ginning only 13 seconds, and for the end only one second and a half. * * * The errors exposed in this eclipse may give rise to an error of from fifteen to twenty miles in the determination of the longitude at sea by means of lunar distances, and to an uncertainty of twice that amount. The possibility ef such an error, arising from this ifjoroe, is removed in the American epbeoMri*. FROM CALIFORNIA. Ou? Hon FruuciHco papers are to the 1st ultima and from Sacramento City, Maynville, Stockton, &c to the 80th of September. We copy the following summary of events from the San Fraapiseo Whig of the 1st ultimo : Since the sailing of the last steamer nothing of im portance has occurred. The news from the interior re lating to mining affairs is somewhat uninteresting, owing to the scarcity of water. Large numbers of miners, how ever, are in the expectation of doing a good winter's busi ness, dating from the rainy season. On agricultural affairs the returns from the interior are enoouraging. The health of our city continues to be good. Compara tively few deaths have taken place, and the few cases of cholera have readily yielded to medical treatment. On the whole, we may say that never has our city worn a more healthful aspect. The United States Land Commissioners are in session at Los Angeles. Among other important claims before them is tha t of Col. Fremont. The village of White Rock, near Placerville, was de stroyed by fire on the 15th. The immigration is fait coming in, and the reports of sickness und privation ou the plains are heartrending in the extreme. The health in some portions of the mines is bad. At Burton's Bar, Park Bar, and Ousley's Bar, several cases of sporadic cholera have occurred which have proved fatal. More interest is manifested in political affairs than ever before in the history* of our State. The Whigs are at work in every section with an earnest determination, and can scarcely fail of success. Mass meetings have been held in all the large towns and villages. A line of packets, to sail at short regular intervals for China, had been organized at San Francisco by Messrs. Ogden & Ilaynes. The pioneer vsssel, the Pathfinder, was to leave on the 1st, and was to be succeeded Ijy* the Fanny Major 011 the 6th instant. Both vessels were to stop at the Sandwich Islands. The arrivals and departures of passengers at and from San Francisco for the quarter ending September 80th, 1852, were: Arrived. Departed. Panama and San Juan 6,180 2,601 Atlantic ports via Cape Horn 2,261 ? China 7,61*0 346 Mexico 736 . 125 France 546 ? England 460 ? English colonies 367 411 Other ports 1,087 92 Total 10,217 3,564 The above table shows the singular fact that the arri vals of Dassengers from China during the three months exceediPthose from any other country. Mini.vo Itkms.?The Coloran Advocate states that the Empire Company, on the Middle Fork, about twenty miles above Colotna, had taken out within a fortnight about $60,000. The Sacramento papers say that the White llock Com pany of Feather river, numbering twenty members, had taken out of a coffer dam $22,OUO; the Smith Company, numbering nine members, $14,000; and the Jones Com pany, numbering five members, during four weeks, $30,000. A correspondent of the Stockton Journal says that a recent rise in the Tuolumne River had carried away se veral dams. The companies at Temperance, Pioneer, and St. Patrick's Bars suffered some loss. New diggings have been discovered at Buckhorn Flat, at the head of Maxwell's Creek. Miners generally are doing well in that region. Indian Airaias.?The Shasta Courier of September 19 says: ?'The Indians on the South Fork of Triuity river have left their wild retreat in the mountains, and come into the mining settlements. Two or three hun dred came in and desired to make a treaty, binding them selves to refrain from stealing mules, stock, Ac., and to cease shooting white men. They wish to be allowed to hunt, fish, and dig roots, &c. in the vicinity. These are the Indians whom Capt. Dixon, with about thirty men, chastised so severely some month* since for murdering Anderson and stealing his stock." The Stockton Republican states that the Indians of Tulare county are now quiet, and no alanu is felt by the settlers. The Alta California says that there are indications of a probable rising this winter among some of the most for midable Indians in the South. The Cahuilla Nation are calling in the various tribes, preparatory, it is thought, to active depredations when the rainy season has set in. These disaflectious have grown out of the non-fulfilment of contracts aud treaties made with them by the Indian agents in the South. LATE FROM BUENOS AYRES. We have advices from Buenos Ajm to Septem ber 5, nearly a month later than the last. The British Packet publishes a decree by Urquiza, which declares confiscation of property for political or criminal offences trca&on against the State. Another decree abolishes the punishment of death for political offences, except in the case of offenders who have taken up arms against the au thorities and Government, and in that case there must first be a legal trial.?Com. Advcrtimr. A correspondent of the Baltimore American states that the rise in the price of British railroad iron has been so great that many contractors of roads now in progress will be ruined. At present prices the difference against the contractors upon the Cincinnati and St. Louis road, if the iron were purchased now, would be $800,000 ! The corre spondent also says: ** I hare a caution to give our iron-masters. They must go into the manufacture of rails, if they do it at all, Ipith the ruk of having the rinty oft the Brituh ariirle entirely rf)Haltd. An attempt to do this will be made in Wash ington this winter. The numerous roftde in prop-ess and wanting iron will crowd upon Congress to get rid of the duty. The agents of the British manufactures will be at thei* sides helping them." FROM OREGON. The Oregon Times nays that the tide of overland emi gration continues to roll into that State with increasing rapidity and number*. This year's emigration is unpre cedented in the history of Oregon. The lowest estimate places the number at 10,000. They are entering Oregon at different points?from Rogue rirer, Poster's, Dalles, au... T rtland, to Puget's Sound. Prist's Sot sD Coal.?We hare seen several largo lumps of this coal, which appears to be far superior to any that has yet l>een discovered on the Pacific coast. Several gentlemen, well skilled in geology, pronounce it pure uiithracite. It is said to abound in inexhaustible quantities within about thirteen miles of the Sound, from which a road can be made with a small outlay, over a perfectly level country, to ship navigation. Arrange ments are 4n progress to ascertain every thing in con nexion with this new discovery, extent, quality, &c., and to bring it into market immediately. A limited capital, with proper enterprise, will turn an immense trade this way, which now goes to foreign countries.?Columbian. A special meeting of the New Jersey Protestant Epis copal Convention was opened at Newark on Wednesday, to consider the charges against Bishop Doarb made rinoe the lsst Convention, and which by the order of the Court of Bishops were left for the action of the Diocesan Con vention. After a long debate the Convention adopted a resolution appointing a committee to investigate the new charges?the vote being 46 to 10. The Convention then adjourned to meet at Burlington on the 1st Deeember next, to receive the report of the Committee of Investigation. We have much pleasure in recording the conduct pur sued by Commodore Psaar, who was sent with his fri gate, the " Mississippi," to the disputed fishing grounds? not, aseome would have wished, to protect the American fishermen, whether right or wrong ; but, as the Commo dore more correctly understood his duty as an ofBoer and a gentleman, to see that, while American rights were not unjustly invaded, his own countrymen did not provoke aggression by their own unjustifiable conduct, and by disregarding the treaty subsisting between the two conn tries. Every account we have seen of the conduct of Com modore Pxaav, in executing the delicate duty devolved upon him, reflects the highest honor on his character as an officer.?Irfmiirm Shipping fJatHlt. The United States mail steamer Baltic sailed from New York for Liverpool on Saturday, with 106 passengers and $M,000 in specie. Among her passengers were Thomas M. FoOTB, Charge of Austria; Osoaoa W. Rioos, bearer of despatches to England; and Col. Willooohbt, bearer | of despatches to Naples. Ohio will be fifty years old (since her adssissien as a State) on the day of the Presidential election. LATE FROM SOUTH AMERICA. The London correspondent of the New ^ ork Comiaercial Advertiser writes as follows, .;Uuder date of the 19th ultimo : "The mails from the River Plate this mouth; briug most unexpected and satisfactory intelligence of the pro gress of events at Buenos Ayres. The advioes a few weeks ago led to the belief that the deposition of Rosas had merely resulted in his place being filled by a still more determined despot, General Urqi'iza having apparently thrown off the principle* whioh he had professed up to the hour of conquest, to establish an undisguised dicta torship. 44 It is now stated, however, not only that he has made use of the supreme power, which he thus assumed, in bringing about the most beneficial changes for commerce, but that he has also intimated an intention of summon ing the National Congress at an early period, and pro posing the udoption of a liberal constitution. By a spe cial decree he has opened the Rivers Plate, Parana, and Uruguay to the vessels of all nations. He has also es tablished an efficient bonding system, and has commenced at the same time a decided reform of the currency, ac companied by a retrenchment of the public expenditure. 44 Simultaneously with these measures, moreover, he has performed an act of grace, which has apparently added much to his popularity, in restoring to Rosas the lifrge estates that had been confiscated on his flight. He is not to be allowed to return to the country, but all his proper ty will be respected. 44 On the London Exchange the consequence of these tidings Was an immediate rise of nearly seven per cent, in Buenos Ayres bonds, which went from about seventy three to eighty. A still greater advance would have taken place but for the doubts which invariably arise as to the possibility of any enlightened course being perma nently pursued in a South American Republic." From the newspapers we learn that tho advices from Buenos Ayres are to the 5th of September. The British Packet publishes a decree by Gen. Ur quiza, which declares confiscation of property for politi cal or criminal offences treason against the State. An other decree abolishes the punishment of death for politi cal offences, except in the case of offenders who have ta ken up arms against the authorities and Government, and in that case there must first be a legal trial. The 44 Packet" says: 44 As regards commercial prospects, the amicable recog nition of the political independence of the Republic of Paraguay, and the consequent opening of our interior rivers to foreign flags; the right-hanil ot fellowship and intercourse extended to Bolivia, and the convergence of Argentine interests in a national focus, cemented by re ciprocal interests, and guarantied by recognised rights, cannot fail te give a salutary and lasting impulse to the trade of tho River Plate. In due course Paraguay must become an important outlet for European manufactures; but, after the fairy tales that have been told of its wealth and teeming population, we think there is a danger of its immediate importance, as a consumer of foreign pro ducts, being greatly overrated. As to primary necessi ties, the Paraguayans require nothing, as an isolated ex istence of more than forty years clearly demonstrates; and a reasonable period must be allowed to foster, il not create, a taste for the fiaeriesand luxuries that will doubt less follow in the course of their progressive advancement. We record this opinion distinctly, iu the hope of moderat ing tho effervescence of a speculative enthusiasm, which might prejudice individuals, without a corresponding be nefit to any cause or interest. 44 The substance of the preceding remarks applies equal ly to several of our interior provinces; whose export re sources must be developed before much stress is laid on their consuming ability. " That the Province of Buenos Ayres is in good earnest may be inferred from the unflagging energy of the Ad ministration, the many importaut social and municipal reforms already effected, and the respectable list ot an nounced and projected enterprises. Of the latter, bear ing'directly or indirectly on mercantile interests, we may mention a mole or docks, several lines of railway, the opening of two or more ports to the south, a steam navi gation company, a public exchange, a provincial code, and, to crown and ooncentrate all, the National Constitu tion. In short, two of the most hopiful symptoms of our case are the increasing interest evinced by the public in tho discussion of these projects, and the ready and hearty co-operation of the most opposite political colors in carry ing them into effect." The accounts from llio are to the 14th ultimo. The Brazilian Chamber* were closed on the 4th, when the speech w:is delivered from the Throne. The following are extracts: 44 Among the benefits you have conferred upon the country, those whidh will be derived from the construction of roads and the navigation of the Amazon are the most important. The slave trade may be considered extinct. The laws you have decreed, and which will continue to bevigorbus ly enforced, appear to be sufficient to repress any attempt on the part of mercenary adventurers, who may seek to enrich themselves by such immoral speculations." The principal measures passed during the session are the construction of several roads, the navigation of the river Amazon by a regular line of steamers, and the construc tion of a railway in the province of Pernambuco between the capital and the city of Recife. The contract for the railway between Rio de Janeiro and the provinces of Mi nas and St. Paulo wss not yet sijpjed. The Imperial Government continued to act with energy for the suppression of the slave trade. A treaty of limits between the Argentine Confederation and Paraguay was signed on the 15th July in Assumpcao, the capital of Paraguay. The advices from Valparaiso by way of Panama are to the 14th, from Guayaquil to the 21st, and from Lima to the 23d of September: The Lobos Islands had remained quiet. No American vessels bad reached there subsequent to the Manilas. The whole Peruvian fleet was stationed in the vicinity. The frigate Raritan had just arrived at the islands, and the despatches last sent out by the United States Govern ment were said to be awaiting her arrival there. Among the passengers by tbe British steamer arrived at Panama was Count MOHTHOLOX, French Charg6 d' Af f'aires at Guayaquil. His reasons for quitting that port was oertain insults which had been offered to him by the populace, for which satisfaction was refused by the Gov^ eminent. , The accounts from the Cape of Good Hope give a better prospect of a speedy termination of the Caffrc war than has been entertained at any previous time. The retreat of the chief Krcli has been attacked and burnt, and ten thousand head of cattle captured on the occasion. Soqie of the minor chiefs have at the same time made overtures of peace, and general signs of discouragement have been ex. hibited on the part of their followers. tioned by the former arrival, it appears that the specimens sent in turned out to be merely sulphu ret of iVon. From the nature of the country, how ever, the colonists entertain an impression that val uable mines will ultimately be found. CrnA Affairs in Spain.?The late advices from Kuropo inform us that the < Government at Madrid had received despatches from the Captain General of Cuba, dated the 14th September, announcing that all was then quiet. Orders have been given to dispatch to Cuba the steamer Antonio d'Ulloa, in room of the Pizarro. Another steamship, named the Secondo, mate of the Primero, launched recent ly, was launched on the 16th, on the Thames. Both ships are intended for service on the coast of Cuba. China.?The latest account# from Hong Kong (to August 24th) state that quietude prevailed at Canton and in the north. The news from the west ern part of the Kmpire was favorable to the success of the Imperial troops. The chief of the insurgents is reported to have been taken and beheaded, though his followers are said to be still mustered in great force. Chixksk Mcciianics.?The 'granite walls of Parrott's magnificent building on the corner of California and Mont gomery streets hare been completed, and a number of f!hi neM workmen are now engaged in dressing the itone. I They cleanse it and with chisels cut it until it looks as 1 white and smooth a* marble. They appear to be Tery in dustrious and cheerful rather slow and calculating, but sure. An Anglo-Saxon oould with perfect ease perform twice the amount of any species of hard labor. Home thing could b? learned from thfm in the way of making scaffolds for buildings, the one now used by them being simple and subttantial. with little danger of giving away. supposed discovery of gold, men [San Pranrucoptptr. NEBRASKA. A letter published in tho$t. Louis Republican, un der date N wbra.slju Territory, Octqbur 15, atatfts that an election furDeUggatc to rtyre^'ufcthe people of that volunteer Temtorjf in Opng^ss waajjeld oiythe second Tuesday of wtoWr, several weeks' previous notice having been^iven, and that it resulted in the choice of ABKLARD (jUTIiuie ; though another letter states that there was a possibility that G uthrle was beaten by his opponent, Major Bakron. The letter first quoted states, further, that the United States officers resident in the Territory opposed the movement, and the writer adds : " Another and not an inconsiderable portion of the white inhabitants of the Territory are neutral in the mat ter, under the belief that such an effort to form a Terri torial Government in this Territory is wholly in violation of law. They are quite anxious to see such a thing brought about, but are under the Impression that the first move must be made by Congress, and not by the people; and some are even found who speak of the effort as revo lutionary." The Hon. Francis Baylies died at Taunton, Massachusetts, on Thursday, aged sixty-nine years. The New Bedford Mercury, in speaking of Mr. Bay lies's death, says: " In one of the most stormy periods of our political his tory, no gentleman was more distinguished in the local politics of this section of the Commonwealth than Mr. Baylies. He was successively elected a member of the 17th, 18th, and 19th Congresses, from the old Bristol dis trict. He was elected, as was supposed, by National Re publicans, but in the Electoral College of Massachusetts cast his vote for Jackson, being the only member from New England who did so. The eleotion of Adams gave great satisfaction in this portion of Massachusetts, and in New Bedford the event was received with the ringing of bells, the discharge of cannon, and was honored by a pub lic ball. In 1826 Mr. Baylies, of course, failed of a re election for the Bristol district, although he had been heretofore very popular. The late Hon. J. L. Hodges was elected in his place. He was, however, the same year eleoted to the Legislature from Taunton. General Jackson rewarded his stanch and long-tried friend with the appointment of Minister to Brazil. Mr. Baylies re paired to his station, but, for reasons which have never been clearly explained to the public, he was almost imme diately recalled. This recall was, however, the cause of a breach between the President and Mr. Baylies, which threw him into the Whig party. He was several times afterwards elected to the Legislature from Taunton. In the House his speeches were always listened to with at tention, and were characterized by ability. " In the memorable campaign of 1840, his publio ad dresses, for their force, clearness, and cogency of reason ing, were remarkable, and had much popular effect. He was also for several years run by the Native American party as their candidate for Governor of the State. "Mr. Baylies delivered many orations and addresses before public bodies and upon public occasions, which have been printed, and attest his ability and historical accuracy. He was, when not engaged in political busi ness, exceedingly attached to various research and study, for which his large and valuable library afforded him an excellent opportunity. His 4 Hitiory of Plymouth,' to the composition of which he was led by many family and per sonal considerations, is one of the most excellent local histories ever printed in this State. At one time, such w#& its confidence in his ability and accuracy, the family of Alexander Hamilton confided to him the invaluable pa pers of that illustrious statesman, for the purpose of pre paring a biography. But his constitutional love of ease and of desultory study prevented his making any pro gress in the work, and the papers were withdrawn. His address to his constituents, published in October, 182G, defending his vote for Jackson, was a remarkable pro duction." FROM SOUTH AMERICA. Ciiilj.?I>ates from Valparaiso to the 14th September are at hand. At Santiago, the capital, on the morning of the 12th September, a company of artillery revolted in their barracks, wounded their officers, broke open the money chest, from which they took $0,000, and divided the money. They then made several discharges of can non without ball, for the purpose of arousing the citizens and inciting them to revolt. Col. Maturana, commander of these troops, at once fired upon the barracks from the fortress of St. Luiza, and the rebels dispersed. Immedi ately after the insurgentft were tried and sentenced to death. In the afternoon a csrporal and two soldiers were shot; on the following day five more, and six on the 14th. The people strongly discountenanced these disturbances, and sustained the action of the Government. The extra ordinary powers granted the Government a year since, at the time of the revolution, had been extended for another term of one year. All was quiet at last dates. The condition of the coun try was generally most prosperous, and enterprises of all kinds extending. Peru.?Dates to 25th September. No important po litical news. Great excitement was produced throughout the country, owing to the discovery of gold in the mines of Ifuacho, some twenty miles north of Lima, on the sea coast. Large numbers of gold seekers had already gone up, and some of the wealthiest men were engaged in the enterprise. The gold was found in quartz rock, like that of California ; but in a private letter the yield of metal is spoken of as greatly exceeding that of California. Hon. Edward Everett having been appointed Secre tary of State, has declined delivering the eulogy upon the late Dajuel Webster, and Hon. Rtrrus Choate has been selected in bis stead. Naval.?The United States frigate Congrrtt, bearing the broad pennant of Commodore Isaac McKeever, com manding the United States naval foroes on the ooast of Brazil, arrived at Rio Janeiro on the 13th of September last from Montevideo. She would probably remain there for two or three months ; at all events until the arrival of the Jamealotcn, expected early in November from Buenos Ay res. A letter dated Penang, August 26th, says: The United States ships St. Mart/'t sails from Georgetown, in the island of Penang, on the 27tb of August, on ber wyr to the Uni ted States, touching at Cape Town, where she will pro bably remain a week or ten days. A letter dated Batavia, Island of Java, July 12, on board of United States ship St. Mary's, says: "We arrived here on the 7th, in thirty-eight days from Hong Kong, hav ing touched at one of the Phillipine islands on our pas sage. The United States steamship Busquehcmnah sailed the morning we left for Amoy, leaving the ship Plymouth in port?officers and crew all well." Terrible Railroad Aocii>e*t *kd Loss or Liri?It was mentioned under our telegraph head on Monday that the express train between New York and Boston was thrown off the track on Saturday afternoon, at Windsor Looks, thirteen miles from Springfield, Massachusetts. The Boston Bee says: The accident was caused by a portion of the rail on an abrupt angle being forced from the track, by which three passenger cars were thrown off. The rear car was thrown with tremendous force, some fifteen feet below, into the basin of the canal, in which there was about twelve feet of water. There w?re upwards of twenty passengers in the cars, several of whom were ladies. The train was going at full speed at the time, and so tremendous was the collision of the rear car that in its descent to its wa tery landing it made one entire revolution, striking wheels downwards. ' The car almost immediately, filled with Water, but by great effort of the male passengers the doors were forced open, and the persons, one by one, drawn from their ter rible and death-threatening confinement. The top of the oar was opened as soon as possible with axes in several places, whon two brothers, named Parker, belonging in I'nwtucket, Rhode Island, and having just returned from California, were taken out dead. U was generally thought that several others were killed, but subsequent investiga tion happily proved the reports untrue. All of the pas sengers were more or less iiuured. The revolution of the car is said to have excited in the hearts of the passengers the most terrible and indescriba ble emotions. It was but a collision, a bound, a revolu tion, and a submergcraent?411 in the rapidity almost of thought. Taking the Veil.?The ceremony of receiving the b\ack veil took place yesterday morning at the Convent of the Visitation, in Baltimore. The usual services ap propriate to the occasion were performed?the Most Rev. Archbishop Kenrick officiating. The names of theyonng ladies who received the veil are Miss M. Virginia Bunt ing, Miss Caroline Pyett, and Miss Mary Tarletoo, all of Baltimore.?Patriot. What Government is best f That which teaches ns to govern ourselves. COWAOE AT THE MINT FOR OCTOBER, 1862. Gold?142,062 Double Eagles . . $2,841,240 18,600 Eagles .... 186,000 28,210 Half Eagles . . . 116,060 142,086 Quarter Eagles . . 866,090 178,046 Gold Dollars . . . 173,046 408,064 Pieces .... $3,666,026 Silver?14,000 Half Dollars . $7,000 80,600 Quarter Dollars . . 7,660 200,000 Dimes .... 20,000 106,000 Half Dimes . . . 6,300 2,666,800 Three-Cent Pieces . . 30,004 8,616,364 Pieces .... $3,785,980 Coh'Er-121,260 Cents .... 1,212 3,637,614 Pieces .... $3,787,192 Gold Bullion deposited for coinage in October. From California .... $4,066,000 From other sources . . . . 76,000 ' $4,140,000 TREASURY NOTES OUTSTANDING, Nov. 1, 1862. Amount outstanding of the several issues prior to 22d July, 1846, as per records of this office $107,11164 Amount outstanding of the issue of 22d July, 1846, as per ditto - 11,700 00 Amount outstanding of the issue of 28th January, 1847, as per ditto ... 2,800 00 ? - $122,611 64 Deduct cancelled noteB in the. hands of accounting officers, all under acts prior to 22d July, 1846 - 160 00 % $121,461 64 Treasury Department, Register's Office, November 1, 1862. N. SARGENT, Router. -mp? FROM MEXICO?THE TEHUANTEPEC GRANT,* &c. New Orleans, November 2.?By an arrival here yes terday the Piaayune has advices from the city of Mexico to the 7th October. The proposals for the right of way across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec ^ave been opened by the Commissioners appointed for that purpose. They were not, however, awarded, it having been concluded to postpone the decision of the Commissioners for one hun dred days, and in the mean time receive additional pro posals. On this fact being made known, the original holders entered their protest, which was finally reported to the Government. The idea has boen promulgated that the company to yhom the grant shall be finally awarded shall settle all reclamations with the United States. Some further disturbances have taken place at Orizaba and elsewhere, but not very serious. The Cholera was raging severely at Acapulco, and troops had Bought refuge in the surrounding towns. There was no further information regarding the rumor ed Government coup d'etat. An Important Slave Case Decision.?The well-known case of Oliver and others against Daniel Cauifman, Stephen Wheatley, and Philip Brechtel, charged with harboring and assisting thirteen fugitive slaves to escape from their owners in Maryland, was decided in the United States Circuit Court at Philadelphia on Saturday, by the jury rendering a verdict for the plaintiffs in the sum of $2,800 damages sgainst Cauifman, and not guilty as to the other two defendants. The trial commenced on the 19th of last month, and the jury were locked up from Thursday morn ing until Saturday evening. This decision tellies the fact that juries in the United States Courts in Pennsylvania will give verdicts against persons who aid the escape of fugi tive slaves. Two arrests have recently been made in Prussia, on in formation forwarded to the police from New York, of in dividuals sent to Europe to pass forged Prussian notee fabricated in America. One of them was arrested before he landed from the ship at Bremen, with a large amount of the forged paper in his possession ; the other was ta ken at Dusseldorrf, having arrived by another route. Every step of the forgws was regularly reported to the Berlin police by a member of the band, and they were al lowed to carry out their attempt* only to fall into the hands of the authorities when the proof was rife. Alleged Defalcation.?The decision of Justice Os BDR.N in the case of Augustus G. M. Bowen, late the clerk in the Banking House of Messrs. Brown, Brothers & Co., New York, who was arrested some three weeks ago, charg ed with having embezzled $220,000 from his employers, was rendered on Saturday. The magistrate, after care fully examining the testimony in connexion with two legal gentlemen, decided that Mr. Bowen had committed no criminal offence for which he could be held amenable to the laws, and he has been discharged. Mr. Comhtock is a'so discharged, he having, as will be remembered, been arrested for receiving money from Bowen, knowing it to have been feloniously obtained. ?Express. The Cumberland (Md.) Telegraph states that extensive preparations are in progress in connexion with the deve lopment of the Coal interests in that quarter. A number of new companies have been formed. A trapt of coal land, bought last spring by Mr. M. Miller for $700, was sold a short time since for $16,000. Another coal tract, bought by Messrs. Perct for $3,000, was sold by them recently for $93,000. A young man named James McQrade was arrested in New York on Thursday evening for burling a burning torcb upon a large tent erected at the junction of Horatio street and 8th avenue, in which were congregated about two thousand persons, who were listening to a lectore on temperance. The tent was set on fire, but happily the flames were extinguished before damsge of any amount was sustained. The audience was much frightened, but no person was injured, and order was soon restored. It is doubtful whether the act was done designedly or not. lie hid taken the torch from a companion, and was run ning away with it, but finding himself closely pursued, he threw it into the air and it fell upon the tent. The accu sed was, however, held by Justice 8tuart to await exami nation. Fire at Trot.?On Thursday afternoon a fire broke out in the extensivo carriage shop of Messrs. Baton, Gil bert ft Co., at Troy, (N. Y.) which destroyed that and an adjoining workshop, with all their contents, including fire new railroad cars. The fire then communicated to the row of brick build ings in Fulton street, five of which, with adjoining frame buildings, were destroyed. It then caught the Baptist Church on Fifth street, with several small buildings in Hie alley, all of which were burnt down. In the whole, twenty-five buildings have been destroyed, and the loss is estimated at from $40,000 to $60,000. The New Orleans Picayune says it has received a spe cimen of hemp, made from the well-known okra plant. These stalks grow from twelve to thirteen feet high, and will yield four thousand pounds of this hemp to the acre. It is said that this okra hemp will last longer in water than the common article. The specimen sent to the Pi cayune is white and glossy, with long fine threads. TitKMRNDotra Excitbmkwt alono Tim Wiscoksir Rivir. We learn that upon the recent deepening of the oanal con necting the Fox and Wisconsin river, a large share of the Upper Wisconsin waters passed through the canal into Fox River. It is said that the volume of water, whioh has ever since flown into the latter river, is equal to sixty feet in width by three feet in depth ; and, consequently, the Wisconsin waters have been* drawn off to an equal ex tent Some time elapsed before the inhabitants along the river Hisrovered the cause of the unprecedented fall; but the facts were at length discovered, and ever aince the excitement has scarcely been confined to reasonable bounds. Meetings are being held at the villages to or ganixe for resisting the outrage of the Board of Public Works in permitting the Wisconsin waters to be plunder ed for the b'-nefit of Fox river .?Grant county Herald. A Miraculous Escapb.?A gentleman named Wood, living near Rah way, (N. J.) as he waa going on horseback to church, on Sunday evening, took the New Jersey Rail road track, to save the mud of the common road. Sud denly, before he could reach a crossway, and while he was yet undiscovered by the engineer, a train, running at the rate 9f forty miles an hour, struck his horse and kill ed him instantly, tore off the saddle so that it hung to the sides of the locomotive, and .yet left the man perfectly unhurt, though be was thrown off to some distance. When the train wan stopped, and the passengers ran back to see what the matter waa, he was found contemplating his poor horse, without a bruise or scar. How be escaped t he cannot tell, as be lost all consciousness the moment the accident occurred.