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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, November 06, 1852, Image 2

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WASHINGTON. t .
'? liberty and Uniou, uuw and forever, one and
inseparable."
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1852.
It gives us great pleasure to understand that
the President has offered to the Hon. Edward
Everett, and that the latter has accepted, the
vacant post of Secretary of State.
There is a peculiar fitness, we think, in this ap
pointment. Mr. Everett was the attached per
sonal friend of the Statesman whose lamented death
caused the vacancy in the Department, as well as
an irreparable void amongst the great men of the
world. To this recommendation, however, may be
added the higher consideration of the eminent
qualifications of Mr. Everett for the office. His
public services, at home and abroad, uniting expe
rience and a thorough acquaintance with our foreign
affairs to his fine abilities and regulated temper,
render him a worthy successor to the honors and
duties of the post.
After we had penned the above paragraph, we
had the pleasure to receive through the Boston
papers the subjoined letter from Mr. Everett.
Its patriotic spirit, and the high testimony which it
bears to the eminent character and merits of Gen.
Scott, give to the distinguished writer fresh claims
to the public respect r
Boston, October 29, 1852.
Dear Sir : I remain of the opinion, with respect to
the course to be pursued, which was expressed in my
leiter of the 20th. I have most deeply regretted the
existing divisions of opinion. .Is long as it was possible
that any measures could succeed in favor of a nomina
tion of Mr. Webster, I exerted myself to the utmost of
my ability to promote that end. The grave has closed
over every possibility of that kind; and I could now
wish that in that honored grave might be buried all dis
sensions among those who think alike, and have been
accustomed to act together, on the great interests of the
country.
For myself, I shall vote for the regulxr Whig electoral
ticket. I have been acquainted with General Scott for
many year?, originally as a known political friend of the
administration of Mr. Adams, and the warm personal
friend of Mr. Clat.. .As a public man, I have had some
official intercourse with him. 1 have nothing to say of
his eminent military talent. But he has been employed on
several occasions of great importance and difficulty, not
of a warlike churacter, and always with credit and suc
cess. He has shown, 1 think, beyond dispute, that he
possesses great qualifications for civil service. His con
Juct, at once firm and conciliatory, in 1839, materially
contributed to the peaceful adjustment of the difficulty
on the Northeastern boundary, where the danger of a
collision was much greater than was generally known. I
well recollect the relief'oT mind which I experienced
when General Scorr passed through Boston, in the spring
of that year, on his way .to the disputed territory, with
confidential instructions ffom President Van iii ken.
Having occasion to receive Uim in the Council Chamber,
I assured him that the- people of Massachusetts enter
tained the highest opinion %T his spirit, energy, and dis
cretion. I am not aware at that time any one dis
sented from this view of his character. Events which
have since occurred have certainly confirmed its justice.
Without being any judge of warlike operations, I can
not be mistaken in thinking that to land within the tro
pics an army consisting principally of soldiers then for
the first time in the field, to lead them through a foreign
country a thousand miles (Vom home, and, beside* gaining
every battle, to acquire the good-will of the better part
of the inhabitants of the conquered territory?that to do
all this requires administrative talent, as much as it does
the talent for military command. Indeed, 1 suppose the
actttal conflicts of the field of battles with troops like ours,
to be by far the least difficult part of 4he undertaking.
I would, as I have intimated, have done any thing in
honor to obtain Mr. Webster's nomination, but 1 have not
the least doubt of General Scott's ability to conduct an
able, patriotic, and successful Administration. Experience
has, in my judgment, shown thst he possesses qualities*
and is governed by principles peculiarly caned for in the
present eonditlon and prospect of affairs.
I remain, dear sir, with great regard, very truly your*,
EDWARD EVERETT.
Harvey Jewell, Esq.
President of the Young Men's Whig Club.
LETTER FROM MR. CHOATE.
We take pleasure in publishing the following
letter, because, in common wiih the letter of Mr.
Evehett and thousands of other ardent friend* of
the candidate whom they would have preferred for
the Presidency, it concur? entirely with the viewB
which .we have taken since the nomination by the
Whig Convention.?liotfotx Daily Ad^riiarr.
Boston, October 30, 1852.
Dkar Sir: I certainly can have no unwillingness to
repeat quite formally what I have informally said so
many times to ?o many of our friends.
That I regretted very keenly our failure to place Mr
Web-ter in nomination, I, of course, Lave never disguis
ed. So much, too, did I 'ove him. and so much, so
filia'ly?perhaps for him so unnecessarily?desire that in
all thing" his feelings might be respected, his claims ac
knowledged, and the effect of the proceedings of the Con
vention on him mitigated, that although I have ever
deemed tlione proceedings as obliging my vote as a Whig,
yet I bad decided that it would not be decorous or right,
having respect to those relations with him, which have
been and are in their memory so doar to me, to take any
active part in setting on the head of any other the honors
which he had earned.
But that the true Interests of the country, as our party '
has ever apprehended those interest*, require, in the a?-1
tual circumstance.-, the election of the eminent person
who it our regular candidate, 1 cannot doubt. As a Whig,
still a Webster Whig, standing at bis grave and revering
his memory, I think that more of his spirit, more of his
maxims of government, more of his liberal conservatism,
more ponce, a more assiduous culture of that which we
have, with no reckless grasping for that which w? have
not, would preside in the administration oftien. ft^orr
than in that of his Democratic competitor for the I're-'
sidency.
There are good men who esteemed. Mr. Webstkr and
Mr. Clat so highly and justly as to hope that while they
lived, although out of office, their counsels would still be
of power to repress the tendencies to evil which they fear
from the ascendency of our political opponents. Rut now
that those lights are passed and set, must we not all/and
those of ns with a special solicitude who followed them
with meat confidence, turn to others, whose association
and ties of party, whise declared opinions, whose conduct
of affairs, and whose antecedent* afford the surest trust
that their practical politics will be those which we have
so advisedly adopted and so long professed ? With thvse
politics, and th* great party representing them, Oeneral
Scott it identified. His election would pledge his cha
racter and honor to seek through them and by them the
common good and general welfare, and there is no reason
to doubt that the convictions of his judgment would guide
him by the same path. Certainly he is a Whig ; aud he
has rendered the country great services, in important
conjunctures, in war and peace.
It is quite needless to say, then, that I shall vote for
the regularly nominated Whig tickst ef electors. He, the
t?e?t beloved, the most worthy, is in his grave. Duty sub
sists, still and ever, and I am entirely persuaded that
duty requires of me this vote.
I am, rwpectfully, your obedient servant,
K1JFUS CHOATK
Harvbv JrWRU., Esq.
President of the Trwwg Men's Whig Clob.
FROM HAVANA.
A Telegraphk- despatch dated at New Oflleaij? on
| the 31st ultimo pieiitiou| the ui|-iva| at pobile of
! the steamship Bluck Warrior, in forty-nine hours
I from Havana, and say8 :
The war steamer 1'owhalan, from New York, having
on board Judge Conklim, the newly-appointed Minister
to Mexico, had arrived at Havana.
| Judge Conklin, soon utter his arrival, had an interview
: with the Captain General in relation to the recent troubles
concerning the steamer Crescent City, when the difficul
1 ties were so arranged that the Crescent City will hereaf
ter be allowed to land her mails and passengers, but Mr.
; Smith, the Purser, will not be permitted to go ashore.
I The Captain General, it is also stated, had acknow
! ledged to Commodore Newton, of the Powhatan, that he
' had acted too hastily, and was willing to make suitablo
apology to the American Government, but in no case
would he allow Mr. Smith to land on the Islund.
Treaty with Buenos Ayres and Montevideo.
Hon. Kohert C. Schenck arrived at Rio .Janeiro
on the 13th instant from Montevideo, whither he
had been negotiating a Commercial Treaty with the
Governments of Buenos Ayres and Montevideo. In
these efforts, we are glad to learn, he has been emi
nently successful. Tho treaties in question will
greatly facilitate and extend the commerce of our
American merchants when once they go into opera
tion. Their stipulations will transpire in due time.
By the same arrival which brings us this^ agree
able piece of intelligence we learn that the naviga
tion of the Parana and the river Plate had been
thrown open to vessels of all nations, and that a de
cree had been issued allowing the bondiug of goods
for any term not exceeding eighteen months.
[ Xeu- York Express.
By an arrival at New York ou Saturday we have
advices from Montevideo to the 22d of August.
From tho Comiuereio del Plata we make the follow
ing translations :
DIPLOMACY.
Yesterday took place the formal reception of Messrs.
Schekck and Pendleton. Mr. Flanoini, the Under Se
cretary of Foreign Affairs, and Col. Maqauin^s, Aid-de
Camp of his Excellency, proceeded in two co^f^s to the
lodgings of these gentlemen and conducted them to the
Government House, where they were received by a com
pany of infantry with the appropriate honors.
Being introduced with the usual ceremonies to tho
presence of the President, where he was waiting the au
dience with his Ministers, Mr. Schknck pronounced in
English the discourse which we insert beloj, to which
his Excellency responded in the words in which we give
his to our readers.
I
After this ceremony his Excellency invited the diplo
matists to be seated, and conversed with them for some
minutes. They were accompanied by Commodore McKek
ver, U. S. Navy, commanding the squadron on this coast,
their Secretaries, and by Mr. Hamilton, the United States
Consul. Upon retiring Messrs. Schenck and Pendleton
received the same honors as at their coming.
SPEECH OF MR. SCHENCK.
The credentials which we have had the honor to deliver
unnounce to your Excellency, as the head of the Oriental
Kepublic of Uruguay, the important and friendly charac
ter of the missiou which has been entrusted to us by the
President of the United States.
We come, in behalf of one Republic in the great Ame
rican family of nations, to bring greeting and good wishes
to another of the same sisterhood; and empowered to
treat fully of the means by which to draw more closely,
and establish permanently, the relations of peace and
commercial intercourse which now exists between the
two countries and their citizens. In view of the free
forms of government adopted by both?the common prin
ciples of liberty which pervade them, aud their confor
mity in all liberal institutions?it is peculiarly appropriatc
that such good understanding, secured by every guaranty
becom,ing to independent nations, should be strengthened
and perpetuated forever between the United States and
the Oriental Republic.
Being commissioned to invite to such adjustment of the
most friendly mutual relations, it is fit that we should
declare to your Excellency, at the threshold, the funda
mental principles on which we are instructed to stand.
These are two: A recognition always of perfect equality
? between sovereign nations; and the demand in no case of
an advantage on the one side which is not to be equally
conceded on the other. It is a formula by which the in
ternational policy of the United States is guided.
A people of energy and progress themselves, the citi
zens of the United States and their Government have
regarded with special interest those striking demonstra
tions of kindred character, which, since the complete and
happy restoration of peace and order, have more than
ever distinguished the people and government of this
Republic.
Under the administration of your Excellency we look
for the rapid development of the resources and power of
thin country; and the cordial deaire of that which we re
present it that you may henceforward meet with no
interruption in its onward march to procperity and
greatness.
REPLY OF 1116 EXCELLENCY PRESIDENT OIRO.
I have a particular satisfaction in receiving your Ex
cellency and your colleague, Mr. Pendleton, as Ministers
Plenipotentiaries, jointly charged by his Excellency the
President or the gTeat American Confederation with a
special mission near the Government of this Republic.
To draw more closely the relations of ^friendship hap
pily existing between the two Republic*, by establishing
them upon the lasting basis of justice, equity, and the
reciprocal interest of each people, is an object worthy of
the solicitude of their Governments; and your Excellencies
may be assured ti it will find in me the most decided
disposition to assist to a . ...>r.ihle issue the minion en
trusted to the prudence and patriotism of your Exoallc-"'""
with all the seal which animates me for the good of ui>
own country and of the United States.
I reciprocate to your Excellencies the kind words with
which you honor me, felicitating you upon having merit
ed the honorable trust which you have come to discharge
towards us, and expressing my wishes for the prosperity
and aggrandizement of the great American Union.
ToBArro.?An advertisement in the London Times of
the 19th ultimo calla for tenders to supply 1,200,000 kilo
grammes Virginia tobacco, 1,800,000 Kentucky, 1,350,000
Maryland do., crop of 1851-'52, for the use of the French
Government Tendera to be decided 10th January next,
at Ministry of Finance, Paris.
Losobvitt ih Canada.?The Montreal Herald mentions
some singular instances of longevity brought to light by
the late census. It say*:
" We understand that more than twenty person* are
returned whose ages eiceed one hundre<i years. The
most venerable patriarch of the?e, if we make no mistake,
resides in the township of Orey, flimcoe county, aged 116
years. Ninety-five years ago he scaled the cliffs of Que
bec with Oeneral Wolf; so that his residence in Canada is
coincident with British rule in the province, fie has at
tached himself to the Indians, and lives, in all respects,
like thrm. This veteran is named Abraham Millar. Oal
lai.try will not permit us to omit honorable mention of an
almost equally distinguished person of the other sex.
Helen Maguire is one hundred and six years of age. She
?till dresses without help, and walks out for air and exer
cise whenever the weather is sufficiently fine to tempt her
from the chimney corner. .She still has all her faculties,
and can thread a needle without spectacles.
Nautical Alimnac.?We learn from a Northern paper
that the first volume of the " American Nautical Alma
nac," published hy authority of Congress, will appear in
a few weeks. It has been prepared under the supervision
of Lieut. C. H. Davis, U. 8. N. It is stated that this
work will be a material improvement on the "British
Nautical Almanac," in having more current lunar tables,
whi"h give more accurate predictions, as tested in the
case of the eclipse of July 29, 18fil.
At Washington the British almanac was In error for the
beginning of the eclipse 78 seconds, and for the end 62
seconds. The American almanac was in error for the be
ginning only 13 seconds, and for the end only one second
and a half. * * * The errors exposed in this eclipse
may give rise to an error of from fifteen to twenty miles
in the determination of the longitude at sea by means of
lunar distances, and to an uncertainty of twice that
amount. The possibility ef such an error, arising from
this ifjoroe, is removed in the American epbeoMri*.
FROM CALIFORNIA.
Ou? Hon FruuciHco papers are to the 1st ultima
and from Sacramento City, Maynville, Stockton, &c
to the 80th of September. We copy the following
summary of events from the San Fraapiseo Whig
of the 1st ultimo :
Since the sailing of the last steamer nothing of im
portance has occurred. The news from the interior re
lating to mining affairs is somewhat uninteresting, owing
to the scarcity of water. Large numbers of miners, how
ever, are in the expectation of doing a good winter's busi
ness, dating from the rainy season.
On agricultural affairs the returns from the interior
are enoouraging.
The health of our city continues to be good. Compara
tively few deaths have taken place, and the few cases of
cholera have readily yielded to medical treatment. On
the whole, we may say that never has our city worn a
more healthful aspect.
The United States Land Commissioners are in session
at Los Angeles. Among other important claims before
them is tha t of Col. Fremont.
The village of White Rock, near Placerville, was de
stroyed by fire on the 15th.
The immigration is fait coming in, and the reports of
sickness und privation ou the plains are heartrending in
the extreme.
The health in some portions of the mines is bad. At
Burton's Bar, Park Bar, and Ousley's Bar, several cases
of sporadic cholera have occurred which have proved fatal.
More interest is manifested in political affairs than
ever before in the history* of our State. The Whigs are at
work in every section with an earnest determination, and
can scarcely fail of success. Mass meetings have been
held in all the large towns and villages.
A line of packets, to sail at short regular intervals for
China, had been organized at San Francisco by Messrs.
Ogden & Ilaynes. The pioneer vsssel, the Pathfinder,
was to leave on the 1st, and was to be succeeded Ijy* the
Fanny Major 011 the 6th instant. Both vessels were to
stop at the Sandwich Islands.
The arrivals and departures of passengers at and from
San Francisco for the quarter ending September 80th,
1852, were:
Arrived. Departed.
Panama and San Juan 6,180 2,601
Atlantic ports via Cape Horn 2,261 ?
China 7,61*0 346
Mexico 736 . 125
France 546 ?
England 460 ?
English colonies 367 411
Other ports 1,087 92
Total 10,217 3,564
The above table shows the singular fact that the arri
vals of Dassengers from China during the three months
exceediPthose from any other country.
Mini.vo Itkms.?The Coloran Advocate states that the
Empire Company, on the Middle Fork, about twenty
miles above Colotna, had taken out within a fortnight
about $60,000.
The Sacramento papers say that the White llock Com
pany of Feather river, numbering twenty members, had
taken out of a coffer dam $22,OUO; the Smith Company,
numbering nine members, $14,000; and the Jones Com
pany, numbering five members, during four weeks,
$30,000.
A correspondent of the Stockton Journal says that a
recent rise in the Tuolumne River had carried away se
veral dams. The companies at Temperance, Pioneer,
and St. Patrick's Bars suffered some loss. New diggings
have been discovered at Buckhorn Flat, at the head of
Maxwell's Creek. Miners generally are doing well in
that region.
Indian Airaias.?The Shasta Courier of September
19 says: ?'The Indians on the South Fork of Triuity
river have left their wild retreat in the mountains, and
come into the mining settlements. Two or three hun
dred came in and desired to make a treaty, binding them
selves to refrain from stealing mules, stock, Ac., and to
cease shooting white men. They wish to be allowed to
hunt, fish, and dig roots, &c. in the vicinity. These are
the Indians whom Capt. Dixon, with about thirty men,
chastised so severely some month* since for murdering
Anderson and stealing his stock."
The Stockton Republican states that the Indians of
Tulare county are now quiet, and no alanu is felt by the
settlers.
The Alta California says that there are indications of a
probable rising this winter among some of the most for
midable Indians in the South. The Cahuilla Nation are
calling in the various tribes, preparatory, it is thought,
to active depredations when the rainy season has set in.
These disaflectious have grown out of the non-fulfilment
of contracts aud treaties made with them by the Indian
agents in the South.
LATE FROM BUENOS AYRES.
We have advices from Buenos Ajm to Septem
ber 5, nearly a month later than the last.
The British Packet publishes a decree by Urquiza,
which declares confiscation of property for political
or criminal offences trca&on against the State.
Another decree abolishes the punishment of
death for political offences, except in the case of
offenders who have taken up arms against the au
thorities and Government, and in that case there
must first be a legal trial.?Com. Advcrtimr.
A correspondent of the Baltimore American
states that the rise in the price of British railroad
iron has been so great that many contractors of
roads now in progress will be ruined. At present
prices the difference against the contractors upon
the Cincinnati and St. Louis road, if the iron were
purchased now, would be $800,000 ! The corre
spondent also says:
** I hare a caution to give our iron-masters. They must
go into the manufacture of rails, if they do it at all,
Ipith the ruk of having the rinty oft the Brituh ariirle entirely
rf)Haltd. An attempt to do this will be made in Wash
ington this winter. The numerous roftde in prop-ess and
wanting iron will crowd upon Congress to get rid of the
duty. The agents of the British manufactures will be at
thei* sides helping them."
FROM OREGON.
The Oregon Times nays that the tide of overland emi
gration continues to roll into that State with increasing
rapidity and number*. This year's emigration is unpre
cedented in the history of Oregon. The lowest estimate
places the number at 10,000. They are entering Oregon
at different points?from Rogue rirer, Poster's, Dalles,
au... T rtland, to Puget's Sound.
Prist's Sot sD Coal.?We hare seen several largo
lumps of this coal, which appears to be far superior to
any that has yet l>een discovered on the Pacific coast.
Several gentlemen, well skilled in geology, pronounce it
pure uiithracite. It is said to abound in inexhaustible
quantities within about thirteen miles of the Sound, from
which a road can be made with a small outlay, over a
perfectly level country, to ship navigation. Arrange
ments are 4n progress to ascertain every thing in con
nexion with this new discovery, extent, quality, &c., and
to bring it into market immediately. A limited capital,
with proper enterprise, will turn an immense trade this
way, which now goes to foreign countries.?Columbian.
A special meeting of the New Jersey Protestant Epis
copal Convention was opened at Newark on Wednesday,
to consider the charges against Bishop Doarb made rinoe
the lsst Convention, and which by the order of the Court
of Bishops were left for the action of the Diocesan Con
vention. After a long debate the Convention adopted a
resolution appointing a committee to investigate the new
charges?the vote being 46 to 10. The Convention then
adjourned to meet at Burlington on the 1st Deeember next,
to receive the report of the Committee of Investigation.
We have much pleasure in recording the conduct pur
sued by Commodore Psaar, who was sent with his fri
gate, the " Mississippi," to the disputed fishing grounds?
not, aseome would have wished, to protect the American
fishermen, whether right or wrong ; but, as the Commo
dore more correctly understood his duty as an ofBoer and
a gentleman, to see that, while American rights were not
unjustly invaded, his own countrymen did not provoke
aggression by their own unjustifiable conduct, and by
disregarding the treaty subsisting between the two conn
tries. Every account we have seen of the conduct of Com
modore Pxaav, in executing the delicate duty devolved
upon him, reflects the highest honor on his character as
an officer.?Irfmiirm Shipping fJatHlt.
The United States mail steamer Baltic sailed from New
York for Liverpool on Saturday, with 106 passengers and
$M,000 in specie. Among her passengers were Thomas
M. FoOTB, Charge of Austria; Osoaoa W. Rioos, bearer
of despatches to England; and Col. Willooohbt, bearer
| of despatches to Naples.
Ohio will be fifty years old (since her adssissien as a
State) on the day of the Presidential election.
LATE FROM SOUTH AMERICA.
The London correspondent of the New ^ ork
Comiaercial Advertiser writes as follows, .;Uuder
date of the 19th ultimo :
"The mails from the River Plate this mouth; briug
most unexpected and satisfactory intelligence of the pro
gress of events at Buenos Ayres. The advioes a few
weeks ago led to the belief that the deposition of Rosas had
merely resulted in his place being filled by a still more
determined despot, General Urqi'iza having apparently
thrown off the principle* whioh he had professed up to
the hour of conquest, to establish an undisguised dicta
torship.
44 It is now stated, however, not only that he has made
use of the supreme power, which he thus assumed, in
bringing about the most beneficial changes for commerce,
but that he has also intimated an intention of summon
ing the National Congress at an early period, and pro
posing the udoption of a liberal constitution. By a spe
cial decree he has opened the Rivers Plate, Parana, and
Uruguay to the vessels of all nations. He has also es
tablished an efficient bonding system, and has commenced
at the same time a decided reform of the currency, ac
companied by a retrenchment of the public expenditure.
44 Simultaneously with these measures, moreover, he has
performed an act of grace, which has apparently added
much to his popularity, in restoring to Rosas the lifrge
estates that had been confiscated on his flight. He is not
to be allowed to return to the country, but all his proper
ty will be respected.
44 On the London Exchange the consequence of these
tidings Was an immediate rise of nearly seven per cent,
in Buenos Ayres bonds, which went from about seventy
three to eighty. A still greater advance would have
taken place but for the doubts which invariably arise as
to the possibility of any enlightened course being perma
nently pursued in a South American Republic."
From the newspapers we learn that tho advices
from Buenos Ayres are to the 5th of September.
The British Packet publishes a decree by Gen. Ur
quiza, which declares confiscation of property for politi
cal or criminal offences treason against the State. An
other decree abolishes the punishment of death for politi
cal offences, except in the case of offenders who have ta
ken up arms against the authorities and Government,
and in that case there must first be a legal trial. The
44 Packet" says:
44 As regards commercial prospects, the amicable recog
nition of the political independence of the Republic of
Paraguay, and the consequent opening of our interior
rivers to foreign flags; the right-hanil ot fellowship and
intercourse extended to Bolivia, and the convergence of
Argentine interests in a national focus, cemented by re
ciprocal interests, and guarantied by recognised rights,
cannot fail te give a salutary and lasting impulse to the
trade of tho River Plate. In due course Paraguay must
become an important outlet for European manufactures;
but, after the fairy tales that have been told of its wealth
and teeming population, we think there is a danger of
its immediate importance, as a consumer of foreign pro
ducts, being greatly overrated. As to primary necessi
ties, the Paraguayans require nothing, as an isolated ex
istence of more than forty years clearly demonstrates;
and a reasonable period must be allowed to foster, il not
create, a taste for the fiaeriesand luxuries that will doubt
less follow in the course of their progressive advancement.
We record this opinion distinctly, iu the hope of moderat
ing tho effervescence of a speculative enthusiasm, which
might prejudice individuals, without a corresponding be
nefit to any cause or interest.
44 The substance of the preceding remarks applies equal
ly to several of our interior provinces; whose export re
sources must be developed before much stress is laid on
their consuming ability.
" That the Province of Buenos Ayres is in good earnest
may be inferred from the unflagging energy of the Ad
ministration, the many importaut social and municipal
reforms already effected, and the respectable list ot an
nounced and projected enterprises. Of the latter, bear
ing'directly or indirectly on mercantile interests, we may
mention a mole or docks, several lines of railway, the
opening of two or more ports to the south, a steam navi
gation company, a public exchange, a provincial code,
and, to crown and ooncentrate all, the National Constitu
tion. In short, two of the most hopiful symptoms of our
case are the increasing interest evinced by the public in
tho discussion of these projects, and the ready and hearty
co-operation of the most opposite political colors in carry
ing them into effect."
The accounts from llio are to the 14th ultimo.
The Brazilian Chamber* were closed on the 4th,
when the speech w:is delivered from the Throne.
The following are extracts:
44 Among the benefits you have conferred upon the
country, those whidh will be derived from the construction
of roads and the navigation of the Amazon are the most
important.
The slave trade may be considered extinct. The laws
you have decreed, and which will continue to bevigorbus
ly enforced, appear to be sufficient to repress any attempt
on the part of mercenary adventurers, who may seek to
enrich themselves by such immoral speculations."
The principal measures passed during the session are the
construction of several roads, the navigation of the river
Amazon by a regular line of steamers, and the construc
tion of a railway in the province of Pernambuco between
the capital and the city of Recife. The contract for the
railway between Rio de Janeiro and the provinces of Mi
nas and St. Paulo wss not yet sijpjed.
The Imperial Government continued to act with energy
for the suppression of the slave trade.
A treaty of limits between the Argentine Confederation
and Paraguay was signed on the 15th July in Assumpcao,
the capital of Paraguay.
The advices from Valparaiso by way of Panama
are to the 14th, from Guayaquil to the 21st, and
from Lima to the 23d of September:
The Lobos Islands had remained quiet. No American
vessels bad reached there subsequent to the Manilas. The
whole Peruvian fleet was stationed in the vicinity.
The frigate Raritan had just arrived at the islands, and
the despatches last sent out by the United States Govern
ment were said to be awaiting her arrival there.
Among the passengers by tbe British steamer arrived
at Panama was Count MOHTHOLOX, French Charg6 d' Af
f'aires at Guayaquil. His reasons for quitting that port
was oertain insults which had been offered to him by the
populace, for which satisfaction was refused by the Gov^
eminent. ,
The accounts from the Cape of Good Hope
give a better prospect of a speedy termination of
the Caffrc war than has been entertained at any
previous time. The retreat of the chief Krcli has
been attacked and burnt, and ten thousand head of
cattle captured on the occasion. Soqie of the minor
chiefs have at the same time made overtures of peace,
and general signs of discouragement have been ex.
hibited on the part of their followers.
tioned by the former arrival, it appears that the
specimens sent in turned out to be merely sulphu
ret of iVon. From the nature of the country, how
ever, the colonists entertain an impression that val
uable mines will ultimately be found.
CrnA Affairs in Spain.?The late advices from
Kuropo inform us that the < Government at Madrid
had received despatches from the Captain General
of Cuba, dated the 14th September, announcing that
all was then quiet. Orders have been given to
dispatch to Cuba the steamer Antonio d'Ulloa, in
room of the Pizarro. Another steamship, named
the Secondo, mate of the Primero, launched recent
ly, was launched on the 16th, on the Thames. Both
ships are intended for service on the coast of Cuba.
China.?The latest account# from Hong Kong
(to August 24th) state that quietude prevailed at
Canton and in the north. The news from the west
ern part of the Kmpire was favorable to the success
of the Imperial troops. The chief of the insurgents
is reported to have been taken and beheaded, though
his followers are said to be still mustered in great
force.
Chixksk Mcciianics.?The 'granite walls of Parrott's
magnificent building on the corner of California and Mont
gomery streets hare been completed, and a number of f!hi
neM workmen are now engaged in dressing the itone.
I They cleanse it and with chisels cut it until it looks as
1 white and smooth a* marble. They appear to be Tery in
dustrious and cheerful rather slow and calculating, but
sure. An Anglo-Saxon oould with perfect ease perform
twice the amount of any species of hard labor. Home
thing could b? learned from thfm in the way of making
scaffolds for buildings, the one now used by them being
simple and subttantial. with little danger of giving away.
supposed discovery of gold, men
[San Pranrucoptptr.
NEBRASKA.
A letter published in tho$t. Louis Republican, un
der date N wbra.slju Territory, Octqbur 15, atatfts that
an election furDeUggatc to rtyre^'ufcthe people of that
volunteer Temtorjf in Opng^ss waajjeld oiythe second
Tuesday of wtoWr, several weeks' previous notice
having been^iven, and that it resulted in the choice
of ABKLARD (jUTIiuie ; though another letter states
that there was a possibility that G uthrle was beaten
by his opponent, Major Bakron. The letter first
quoted states, further, that the United States officers
resident in the Territory opposed the movement, and
the writer adds :
" Another and not an inconsiderable portion of the
white inhabitants of the Territory are neutral in the mat
ter, under the belief that such an effort to form a Terri
torial Government in this Territory is wholly in violation
of law. They are quite anxious to see such a thing
brought about, but are under the Impression that the first
move must be made by Congress, and not by the people;
and some are even found who speak of the effort as revo
lutionary."
The Hon. Francis Baylies died at Taunton,
Massachusetts, on Thursday, aged sixty-nine years.
The New Bedford Mercury, in speaking of Mr. Bay
lies's death, says:
" In one of the most stormy periods of our political his
tory, no gentleman was more distinguished in the local
politics of this section of the Commonwealth than Mr.
Baylies. He was successively elected a member of the
17th, 18th, and 19th Congresses, from the old Bristol dis
trict. He was elected, as was supposed, by National Re
publicans, but in the Electoral College of Massachusetts
cast his vote for Jackson, being the only member from
New England who did so. The eleotion of Adams gave
great satisfaction in this portion of Massachusetts, and in
New Bedford the event was received with the ringing of
bells, the discharge of cannon, and was honored by a pub
lic ball. In 1826 Mr. Baylies, of course, failed of a re
election for the Bristol district, although he had been
heretofore very popular. The late Hon. J. L. Hodges
was elected in his place. He was, however, the same
year eleoted to the Legislature from Taunton. General
Jackson rewarded his stanch and long-tried friend with
the appointment of Minister to Brazil. Mr. Baylies re
paired to his station, but, for reasons which have never
been clearly explained to the public, he was almost imme
diately recalled. This recall was, however, the cause of
a breach between the President and Mr. Baylies, which
threw him into the Whig party. He was several times
afterwards elected to the Legislature from Taunton. In
the House his speeches were always listened to with at
tention, and were characterized by ability.
" In the memorable campaign of 1840, his publio ad
dresses, for their force, clearness, and cogency of reason
ing, were remarkable, and had much popular effect. He
was also for several years run by the Native American
party as their candidate for Governor of the State.
"Mr. Baylies delivered many orations and addresses
before public bodies and upon public occasions, which
have been printed, and attest his ability and historical
accuracy. He was, when not engaged in political busi
ness, exceedingly attached to various research and study,
for which his large and valuable library afforded him an
excellent opportunity. His 4 Hitiory of Plymouth,' to the
composition of which he was led by many family and per
sonal considerations, is one of the most excellent local
histories ever printed in this State. At one time, such
w#& its confidence in his ability and accuracy, the family
of Alexander Hamilton confided to him the invaluable pa
pers of that illustrious statesman, for the purpose of pre
paring a biography. But his constitutional love of ease
and of desultory study prevented his making any pro
gress in the work, and the papers were withdrawn. His
address to his constituents, published in October, 182G,
defending his vote for Jackson, was a remarkable pro
duction."
FROM SOUTH AMERICA.
Ciiilj.?I>ates from Valparaiso to the 14th September
are at hand. At Santiago, the capital, on the morning of
the 12th September, a company of artillery revolted in
their barracks, wounded their officers, broke open the
money chest, from which they took $0,000, and divided
the money. They then made several discharges of can
non without ball, for the purpose of arousing the citizens
and inciting them to revolt. Col. Maturana, commander
of these troops, at once fired upon the barracks from the
fortress of St. Luiza, and the rebels dispersed. Immedi
ately after the insurgentft were tried and sentenced to
death. In the afternoon a csrporal and two soldiers were
shot; on the following day five more, and six on the 14th.
The people strongly discountenanced these disturbances,
and sustained the action of the Government. The extra
ordinary powers granted the Government a year since, at
the time of the revolution, had been extended for another
term of one year.
All was quiet at last dates. The condition of the coun
try was generally most prosperous, and enterprises of all
kinds extending.
Peru.?Dates to 25th September. No important po
litical news. Great excitement was produced throughout
the country, owing to the discovery of gold in the mines
of Ifuacho, some twenty miles north of Lima, on the sea
coast. Large numbers of gold seekers had already gone
up, and some of the wealthiest men were engaged in the
enterprise. The gold was found in quartz rock, like that
of California ; but in a private letter the yield of metal is
spoken of as greatly exceeding that of California.
Hon. Edward Everett having been appointed Secre
tary of State, has declined delivering the eulogy upon the
late Dajuel Webster, and Hon. Rtrrus Choate has been
selected in bis stead.
Naval.?The United States frigate Congrrtt, bearing
the broad pennant of Commodore Isaac McKeever, com
manding the United States naval foroes on the ooast of
Brazil, arrived at Rio Janeiro on the 13th of September last
from Montevideo. She would probably remain there for
two or three months ; at all events until the arrival of
the Jamealotcn, expected early in November from Buenos
Ay res.
A letter dated Penang, August 26th, says: The United
States ships St. Mart/'t sails from Georgetown, in the island
of Penang, on the 27tb of August, on ber wyr to the Uni
ted States, touching at Cape Town, where she will pro
bably remain a week or ten days.
A letter dated Batavia, Island of Java, July 12, on board
of United States ship St. Mary's, says: "We arrived here
on the 7th, in thirty-eight days from Hong Kong, hav
ing touched at one of the Phillipine islands on our pas
sage. The United States steamship Busquehcmnah sailed
the morning we left for Amoy, leaving the ship Plymouth
in port?officers and crew all well."
Terrible Railroad Aocii>e*t *kd Loss or Liri?It
was mentioned under our telegraph head on Monday that
the express train between New York and Boston was
thrown off the track on Saturday afternoon, at Windsor
Looks, thirteen miles from Springfield, Massachusetts.
The Boston Bee says:
The accident was caused by a portion of the rail on an
abrupt angle being forced from the track, by which three
passenger cars were thrown off. The rear car was thrown
with tremendous force, some fifteen feet below, into the
basin of the canal, in which there was about twelve feet
of water. There w?re upwards of twenty passengers in
the cars, several of whom were ladies. The train was
going at full speed at the time, and so tremendous was
the collision of the rear car that in its descent to its wa
tery landing it made one entire revolution, striking wheels
downwards. '
The car almost immediately, filled with Water, but by
great effort of the male passengers the doors were forced
open, and the persons, one by one, drawn from their ter
rible and death-threatening confinement. The top of the
oar was opened as soon as possible with axes in several
places, whon two brothers, named Parker, belonging in
I'nwtucket, Rhode Island, and having just returned from
California, were taken out dead. U was generally thought
that several others were killed, but subsequent investiga
tion happily proved the reports untrue. All of the pas
sengers were more or less iiuured.
The revolution of the car is said to have excited in the
hearts of the passengers the most terrible and indescriba
ble emotions. It was but a collision, a bound, a revolu
tion, and a submergcraent?411 in the rapidity almost of
thought.
Taking the Veil.?The ceremony of receiving the
b\ack veil took place yesterday morning at the Convent
of the Visitation, in Baltimore. The usual services ap
propriate to the occasion were performed?the Most Rev.
Archbishop Kenrick officiating. The names of theyonng
ladies who received the veil are Miss M. Virginia Bunt
ing, Miss Caroline Pyett, and Miss Mary Tarletoo, all of
Baltimore.?Patriot.
What Government is best f That which teaches ns to
govern ourselves.
COWAOE AT THE MINT FOR OCTOBER, 1862.
Gold?142,062 Double Eagles . . $2,841,240
18,600 Eagles .... 186,000
28,210 Half Eagles . . . 116,060
142,086 Quarter Eagles . . 866,090
178,046 Gold Dollars . . . 173,046
408,064 Pieces .... $3,666,026
Silver?14,000 Half Dollars . $7,000
80,600 Quarter Dollars . . 7,660
200,000 Dimes .... 20,000
106,000 Half Dimes . . . 6,300
2,666,800 Three-Cent Pieces . . 30,004
8,616,364 Pieces .... $3,785,980
Coh'Er-121,260 Cents .... 1,212
3,637,614 Pieces .... $3,787,192
Gold Bullion deposited for coinage in October.
From California .... $4,066,000
From other sources . . . . 76,000
' $4,140,000
TREASURY NOTES OUTSTANDING, Nov. 1, 1862.
Amount outstanding of the several issues
prior to 22d July, 1846, as per records of
this office $107,11164
Amount outstanding of the issue of 22d
July, 1846, as per ditto - 11,700 00
Amount outstanding of the issue of 28th
January, 1847, as per ditto ... 2,800 00
? - $122,611 64
Deduct cancelled noteB in the. hands of
accounting officers, all under acts prior to
22d July, 1846 - 160 00
%
$121,461 64
Treasury Department,
Register's Office, November 1, 1862.
N. SARGENT, Router.
-mp?
FROM MEXICO?THE TEHUANTEPEC GRANT,* &c.
New Orleans, November 2.?By an arrival here yes
terday the Piaayune has advices from the city of Mexico
to the 7th October. The proposals for the right of way
across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec ^ave been opened by
the Commissioners appointed for that purpose. They
were not, however, awarded, it having been concluded to
postpone the decision of the Commissioners for one hun
dred days, and in the mean time receive additional pro
posals. On this fact being made known, the original
holders entered their protest, which was finally reported
to the Government. The idea has boen promulgated that
the company to yhom the grant shall be finally awarded
shall settle all reclamations with the United States.
Some further disturbances have taken place at Orizaba
and elsewhere, but not very serious.
The Cholera was raging severely at Acapulco, and troops
had Bought refuge in the surrounding towns.
There was no further information regarding the rumor
ed Government coup d'etat.
An Important Slave Case Decision.?The well-known
case of Oliver and others against Daniel Cauifman, Stephen
Wheatley, and Philip Brechtel, charged with harboring
and assisting thirteen fugitive slaves to escape from their
owners in Maryland, was decided in the United States
Circuit Court at Philadelphia on Saturday, by the jury
rendering a verdict for the plaintiffs in the sum of $2,800
damages sgainst Cauifman, and not guilty as to the other
two defendants. The trial commenced on the 19th of last
month, and the jury were locked up from Thursday morn
ing until Saturday evening. This decision tellies the fact
that juries in the United States Courts in Pennsylvania will
give verdicts against persons who aid the escape of fugi
tive slaves.
Two arrests have recently been made in Prussia, on in
formation forwarded to the police from New York, of in
dividuals sent to Europe to pass forged Prussian notee
fabricated in America. One of them was arrested before
he landed from the ship at Bremen, with a large amount
of the forged paper in his possession ; the other was ta
ken at Dusseldorrf, having arrived by another route.
Every step of the forgws was regularly reported to the
Berlin police by a member of the band, and they were al
lowed to carry out their attempt* only to fall into the
hands of the authorities when the proof was rife.
Alleged Defalcation.?The decision of Justice Os
BDR.N in the case of Augustus G. M. Bowen, late the clerk
in the Banking House of Messrs. Brown, Brothers & Co.,
New York, who was arrested some three weeks ago, charg
ed with having embezzled $220,000 from his employers,
was rendered on Saturday. The magistrate, after care
fully examining the testimony in connexion with two legal
gentlemen, decided that Mr. Bowen had committed no
criminal offence for which he could be held amenable to
the laws, and he has been discharged. Mr. Comhtock is
a'so discharged, he having, as will be remembered, been
arrested for receiving money from Bowen, knowing it to
have been feloniously obtained. ?Express.
The Cumberland (Md.) Telegraph states that extensive
preparations are in progress in connexion with the deve
lopment of the Coal interests in that quarter. A number
of new companies have been formed. A trapt of coal
land, bought last spring by Mr. M. Miller for $700, was
sold a short time since for $16,000. Another coal tract,
bought by Messrs. Perct for $3,000, was sold by them
recently for $93,000.
A young man named James McQrade was arrested in
New York on Thursday evening for burling a burning
torcb upon a large tent erected at the junction of Horatio
street and 8th avenue, in which were congregated about
two thousand persons, who were listening to a lectore on
temperance. The tent was set on fire, but happily the
flames were extinguished before damsge of any amount
was sustained. The audience was much frightened, but
no person was injured, and order was soon restored. It
is doubtful whether the act was done designedly or not.
lie hid taken the torch from a companion, and was run
ning away with it, but finding himself closely pursued, he
threw it into the air and it fell upon the tent. The accu
sed was, however, held by Justice 8tuart to await exami
nation.
Fire at Trot.?On Thursday afternoon a fire broke
out in the extensivo carriage shop of Messrs. Baton, Gil
bert ft Co., at Troy, (N. Y.) which destroyed that and an
adjoining workshop, with all their contents, including fire
new railroad cars.
The fire then communicated to the row of brick build
ings in Fulton street, five of which, with adjoining frame
buildings, were destroyed.
It then caught the Baptist Church on Fifth street, with
several small buildings in Hie alley, all of which were
burnt down.
In the whole, twenty-five buildings have been destroyed,
and the loss is estimated at from $40,000 to $60,000.
The New Orleans Picayune says it has received a spe
cimen of hemp, made from the well-known okra plant.
These stalks grow from twelve to thirteen feet high, and
will yield four thousand pounds of this hemp to the acre.
It is said that this okra hemp will last longer in water
than the common article. The specimen sent to the Pi
cayune is white and glossy, with long fine threads.
TitKMRNDotra Excitbmkwt alono Tim Wiscoksir Rivir.
We learn that upon the recent deepening of the oanal con
necting the Fox and Wisconsin river, a large share of the
Upper Wisconsin waters passed through the canal into
Fox River. It is said that the volume of water, whioh
has ever since flown into the latter river, is equal to sixty
feet in width by three feet in depth ; and, consequently,
the Wisconsin waters have been* drawn off to an equal ex
tent Some time elapsed before the inhabitants along
the river Hisrovered the cause of the unprecedented fall;
but the facts were at length discovered, and ever aince
the excitement has scarcely been confined to reasonable
bounds. Meetings are being held at the villages to or
ganixe for resisting the outrage of the Board of Public
Works in permitting the Wisconsin waters to be plunder
ed for the b'-nefit of Fox river .?Grant county Herald.
A Miraculous Escapb.?A gentleman named Wood,
living near Rah way, (N. J.) as he waa going on horseback
to church, on Sunday evening, took the New Jersey Rail
road track, to save the mud of the common road. Sud
denly, before he could reach a crossway, and while he
was yet undiscovered by the engineer, a train, running at
the rate 9f forty miles an hour, struck his horse and kill
ed him instantly, tore off the saddle so that it hung to the
sides of the locomotive, and .yet left the man perfectly
unhurt, though be was thrown off to some distance. When
the train wan stopped, and the passengers ran back to see
what the matter waa, he was found contemplating his
poor horse, without a bruise or scar. How be escaped t
he cannot tell, as be lost all consciousness the moment
the accident occurred.

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