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FR OM 0 UK L OND ON CORR ESPONDENT. London, October 14,1852. " Our workhouse has not u e a, ej muner in its wards." This seeuiB likely to become pauper in its *arus. country news aatereotyped announcement in the countrynews papers n rural district*; whilst in many of the larae manufacturing towns-Nottingham, for iR , i Af *ii?? " smallest number ot pau stauce?we hear ot tiie >( SllMlftI iA * pers of all classes ever known. In husscx labtr were 80 fcw that soldiers were employed in har vest work, and the colliers ascended from their sub terranean abodes into pure air and sunshine to fol low the same avocatiou in the northern counties. The Times is now indulging m speculations on the day when we may have to import laborers trom Flanders and Saxony. We are, in fact, at present importing artisans from Germany for some of our manu factures. In London business of all kinds is so brisk that it is with difficulty additional orders can be executed. Prices for all kinds of raw produce and of manufactured goods are advancing. The laborer of every kiud is get ting more money for a day's work. Ileal estate is rapid ly increasing in value. We are oognizant of the sale of a dwelling-house in one of the midland couuties for ?1,000 j ?which would not have realized ?1,000 a year ngo. We do not wish to take any party view as to the cause of this prosperity, or to attribute it to either Whig or fory< measures ; it appears to us to have a much higher origin, and may, we think, be traced to the wonderful impetus which scicnce has lately given to mercantile and social in tercourse ; to the rich metallic discoveries in California and Australia; to the oonsequeut large emigration; and particularly to the spread of education among the lower classes, bringing with it moral restraint and habits of temperance and industry. Nor must the continuance ot peace among the nations of the earth, and a promise that it will continue, be overlooked among the causes of the present prosperity. But let us leave facts and proceed to figures; for, in spite of Geobok Canning, we are partial to facts and figures when truly stated and fairly used. The amount of pauperism in Great Britain will of course be correctly represented by the amount of money raised for the support of the poor; this was, for thf respective years, us follows: In 1834, ?0,317,255; 1835, ?5,5-0,41iH, 1830, ?4,717,030; 1837, ?4,044,741; this was the mini mum. From 1887 it continued to rise till.1843, when it reached ?5,208,027, and in 1844 it fell to ?4,976,093; from that time it again augmented, and in 1848 reached the maximum under the new law of ?0,180,704. Then it began to fall, and in 1851 it was ?4,902,704. The ex penditure for the year which ended at Ladyday, 1852, was ?4,724,019, and a very considerable further reduc tion has taken place in the half year which ended at the beginning of the present month. Important as this state ment is, the obvious deductions to be drawn from it are much more important. Pauperism, after all, is only a small, though a very significant, part of society, but wo are entitled to conclude from its relative amount and in crease or decrease the condition of society at large, and the state of the community or nation of which the pauper ism under consideration forms a part. The political world affords little novelty. Rumor has been busy circulating with its hundred tongues during the last fortnight a statement that Parliament would be call ed together for the dispatch of business about the last we$k of the present month. The Oltervtr says there is no authority whatever for this report, and that it is a mere guess. The same paper adds: " The subject of a change in ihe day originally named has not been broached. It will be considered fully at the first meeting of the Cabinet on Friday next, the 15th in stant, and the result will be published at the Privy Coun cil to be held at Windsor on the following Monday, the 18th. There is no more reason for supposing that Par liament would be called together on an earlier day, be yond the impression that very generally prevails that the discussions and preparations for the funeral ef the Duke of Wellington will naturally consume a week or two of the time, already short enough, before Christmas, for thfe yery important deciiion for which the new Parliament ii specially convoked. The question of a more early meet- , ing than was first arranged will therefore very naturally arise. The arrangements for the funeral of the Duke of Wellington cannot possibly be completed under a fort night, and every one feels that the time between the com mencement of the ceremonies and the last fad scene that will confine the illustrious hero to his final resting place on earth would be no fitting time for party conflict. It is impossible to foretell what decision the Cabinet will come to. It is generally felt that an earlier day ought to be named for calling Parliament together: but we be lieTC it will not. and that the old arrangement will stand. Lord Derby has been elected, without opposition. Chan cellor of the University of Oxford. The Ministry is charg ed with coquetting with some of the leading member* of the Peel party, in order to strengthen their ranks. The lure is held out to Lord Dalhousib, who is coming homo from India, of the Wardenship of the Cinque Ports. The noble Earl is supposed to be not overburdened with patri monial wealth ; and as snug sinecures of thousands a year are becoming scarce, they are not likely to be thrown away upon doubtful or wavering adherents. Should Lord Daliiovsib accept the office, there will be no doubt of the tenure by which he is to hold it. The Uoily Ne*i says: " His Lordship was a member of Sir Robert Peel's ad ministration during its more liberal period; and upon its dissolution he was regarded as a politician who in senti ments so nearly approached the standard of Whigism that he was one of those to whom seats in the new Cabinet were offered by Lord John Russell. In common with the Duke of Newcastle, Lord 8t. Germans, &nd other mem bers of the former Government, he supported in the Up per House the measures of the Whigs, and severed him self both by speech and vote from the followers of Lord Derby." Another rumor of the day is, thst proffers have been made to Lord Pai.mkbston. A Secretaryship of State and the leadership of the Commons are a^jd to be the bid dings offered by Lord Dkbbt for the support of Lord Pai bf.bstos. We are inclined to think, however, that no blandishments or flatteries which Lord Drbby can offer will prevail with the noble Viscount even to contemplate taking a step so irreooncileable with the eloquent profes sions of his best years, so suicidal of his fame. The forthcoming budget of the Chancellor of the Ex chequer is ragerly anticipated ; but if what is said of it be true, it will not prove to be the universal panacea, the heal-all. which was promised. The conversation at the conservative cluh-h?uses is that it will please nobody ? that it will be rather an apple of discord, provoking dis sension even in the camp of Lord Dbbbt, and hastening the separation of his ill-assorted forces. One feature of it has leaked out. The property tax will be retained in a modified shape, so as to "be more productive and less oppressive;" and, as a sop to the Cerberus of Parliamen tary reform, the elective franchise is to be extended to all who pay any thing to this tax. All laboring men whose wages amount to 20s. per week are to be assessed ?1 10s. per annum each, and allowed to vote for members of 1 ar liament. We really could not believe such an idea wis entertained, did we not find it stated soberly and plainly in a respectable daily paper. The inclination of the Derbyites towards the friends of the late Sir Robkrt Pbbl is shown by the fact that Mr. Wilsob Patten, M. P. for North Lancashire, will be the Ministerial candidate for the position of Chairman of Com mittees of Ways and Means. Mr. Pattf.s is a decided friend of free trade. The changes in the last returns of the Bank of England are of some importance. They show that during the week the bank has made heavy payments. The individual de posites diminished ?305,584; the coin and bullion de creased ?257,980; the discounts and advances inoreased ?811,940, and the circulation ?781,210; all showing an increase of business, and a consequent increased demand for money. The decrease of a quarter of a million in the stock of bullion need not be referred to a pause in the im port of gold, or to any especial demand for foreign coun ts or the colonics. We arc told that the specie and bullion in the bank have already increased more than ?100 000 during the present week; and, although the payment of the dividends will probably require a consid erable amount in coin next week, wo suppose the influx will more than counterbalance St. The amount of the pre ciou metals will fluctuate for some time to oome between twenty one and twenty-two millions sterling, an auoun t far too large to occaoiou any real importance to attach to a trifling weekly variation. The English stock market 1b tiro, without any decided rise; the pacific speech of Louis Napolbon at Bordeaux has given a good deal of confi dence both in London and on the Paris Bourse. The corn market is also very steady, and probably a trifle in ad vance, and foreign and colonial produce in general, in cluding coffee, sugar, tea, rice, tallow, and spices, is de cidedly dearer. In articles of home production, coal may be mentioned as advancing, and the iron-masters arc said to be ooutemplatiug au additional rise upon the ?2 per ton mentioned last week. The cotton market is quiet, but the weekly sales are large. The rapidly-increasing consumption of this article in the United States, the im proving condition of the social relations of Europe, and the augmenting wealth of Greut Britain and her Oriental and Australian empire, combine to indicate that consump tion in the aggregate must continue to increase, and oc casion serious consideration to all connected with the cot ton trade respecting the future auj'pliea of the rnw mate rial. The Economut estimates the consumption of cotton for the year 1852 as follows: littles. Great Britain . '2,039,752 France and remainder of continent 1,819,686 United States 003,000 8, W2,888 The stock of cotton in the ports of Great Britain at the close of 1851 was 494,000 bales; it is expected to be con siderably less at the close of the present year. The revenue returns for the quurter and year ending on the 9th instant have been published, and all parties concur in acknowledging that they are most satisfactory. On the year as compared with 1851 there is a decrease to the extent of ??37,399; but it must be remembered that the loss which would result from the modification of the window duty was alone estimated at ?1,100,000. This, in fact, occasioned a falling off in the department of taxes of ?1,157,201. In the customs there is a deficit of ?84,752, partly attributable to the reduction of the duties on sugar and timber. The excise has increased ?114,185. On stamps there is an increase of ?133,932; on the pro perty tax an increase of ?53,058; in the post office there is an increase of ?20,000; and in the miscellaneous of ?130,237. Such are the results on the whole year. The returns of the quarter are still more cheering, showing an increase over the same quarter of 1851 of ?28,929; the increase being in Uie items of excise, stamps, aud pro perty tax, which are those which best indicate the activity of trade and the comfortable condition of the people. Strange to say, there are persons who assert that the country is not prosperous, because there is a diminished amount at the foot of the column. They are so unreason able as to expect that taxes can be lopped off by millions at a time nnd the revenue remain the sama. If the loss to the revenue is less than the gain to the public, it is a certain sign of prosperity, and good financiers and rea sonable men will desire no better. The returns of the Board of Trade for the month and the eight months ending the 5th of September are highly satis factory. The total declared value of the exports of British and Irish produce and manufactures during the two periods were as follows : ? For the month. For 8 month*. 185 0 ?0,043,496 ?48,851,508 185 1 , 6,045,928 47,157,984 185 2 6,870,580 47,009,146 Examined in detail, these returns are equally gratify ing, as exhibiting an increased demand for all the chief articles in the production of which the immense manu facturing population of the country Is constantly engaged. There is an increased consumption of sugar, tea, coffee, rice, and cocoa ; a diminished one of foreign corn, flour, vrine, and tobacco, for the month. The month's return of articles of import used in our manufactures arc annexed : 1862. 1851. 1R50. Flax cwts. 254,074 117,615 266,964 Guano tons 7,005 10,995 9,735 llemp cwts. 203,020 193,705 118,343 Silk, raw lbs. 539,392 258,006 897,974 Tallow cwts. 88,142 04,964 92,170 Timber loads 848,088 874,588 830,608 Cotton cwts. 016,568 646,920 60U.843 Wool lbs. 16,188,090 8,001,778 12,337,810 These returns in their main features are likewise in dicative of a steady state of trade and general prosperity. From returns just issued it appears that there has been a great increase in the importation of opium. In the month ended the 5th ultimo lbs. were imported ; in the same period of the preceding year, 0,612 lbs.; and in the month ended the 5th of September, 18oO, only 8,584 lbs.' There is nothing new in Theatricals, except that her Majesty's theatre is about to beeome the property of a joint-stock company which is now in course of forming under th< management of the Marquis of Clanricarde, the Duke of Lienster, the Karl of Harrington, and other noblemen and gentlemen. It is proponed to raise ?200,000, in 40,000 shares at ?5 each ; a large propor tion of this has already been subscribed. About ?125,000 will be devoted to the purchase of the lease of the theatre, concert room, Ac., and the remaining ?76,000 is to con stitute the capital for carrying out the lyrical objects of the association. It is understood Mr. Lumlkt is to be the managing director. The Literary world is nearly a blank, except for novels, magazines, and reviews. ' The tpost prominent book of the week is " Village Life in Egypt," by Bayle St. John, which the reviewers pronounce a very pleasant book upon a new subject. We were already pretty well stocked with books upon city life in Egypt; Mr. Pt John lias interest ed htaiftolf, ftnd interests his readers, in the , the country population, the laborers, the character and con dition of whom he seems to have fully studied. In con nexion with Egypt, we will mention that M. Zpcchi, an Egyptian chemist, has discovered the means of clarifying the oil extracted from the seeds of cotton, and rendering it fit for use in manufactures, in making soap, and in lighting lamps. Egypt produces annually nearly sixteen million bushels of oottoa seed; about one-third of this is n?ed as fuel; the remainder will product about 40,000 quintals of clarified oil?the quintal is 220 lbs. The match between the yacht America and the Swedish yacht Swerige came off yesterday at Portsmouth ; the former completed the run in about twenty minutes less time than the latter; but, owing to particular circum stances, it is allowed that the race was not a fair test of the speed of either vessel. Lord d* Bum-mas. the owner of the America, denies that his yacht has ever been challenged by any veasel whatever exoept the Swerige He now challenges the yachts of all countries, America exoepted, to sail for any sum between ?500 and ?1,000, on any day and in any place (the inside of the Isle of Wight exoepted) thatfwould give scope for testing the sailing qualities of the America and her opponents, un der all point*, in a nine-knot hreeie. It was lately stated at a meeting of the Common Coun cil of London, when discussing the propriety of erecting an additional bridge across the Thames to divide the im mense traffic that at present inconveniently throngs Lo?' don bridge, that the delay now experienced in crossing London bridge occasioned a loss of time equal in value to ?),500 a day, on an average, or ?450,000 a year; an amount almost sufficient to build a bridge annually. The Economist lately gave two or three receipts for manufacturing Kngtinh port wine. The same paper states fits week that there are some eighteen or twenty esta blishments in London which paid duty in 1833 for 148,840 gallons of manufactured wines. Since then the annual produce has increased to about 000,000. of whioh about 00,000 gallons are BHtith port. Ginger, green ginger, orange, raisin, black enrrant, white currant, red currnnt, raspberry, cowslip, elder, rhampaport, theriy, and tent are all manufactured ia one house in London. They arc all made muoh in the same way, and about equally spi rituous, and flavored wi'h the fruit from which they are named. Champagne is made from Prenoh grapes; cape wine is used in the manufacture of port and sherry ; tent is made from the black cherry. British port and sherry can be sold retail at Is. 3d. a bottle. British champagne is sold to the trade at from 21 s. to 28s. a dozen, but the consumer has to pay 4s. to 6s. a bottle for it. These facts are now stated as an argument for the reduction of the import duties upon foreign wines. It U decided that the remains of the Poke of Welling ton shall be deposited in Bt. Paul's; the day of the fune ral will be fixed bv Parliament. The old warrior is reoeir ing posthumous honors from foreign nations such as no British general ever before was favored with. Advices from St. Petkbsbukgh state that the whole of the Rus sian army had been ordered to wear mourning three days. And the entire officers' corps, down to the lowest subal tern of the Austrian regiment " Wellington," will accom pany their colonel to London to join in the funeral pro cession of the illustrious Duke. Emigration still continues with undiminished ardor. Two steamers have recently left Waterford for Liverpool with twelve hundred emigrants on board, principally from among the more respectable portion of the population. The Liverpool papers state that the emigration from that port to 1st October, 1851, and 1852, respectively, wrs as follows: Ships. Passengers. 185 1 483 150,174 185 2 485 179,736 The whole number of passengers in 1851 was 195,932. Among many rumors relative to Fjlakce is the strange one that the Northern Powers have sent a note to Loi is Napoleon, purporting that they have no objection to his being proclaimed Emperor as the heir of Napoleon, but that they will consider him as their enemy if his assump tion of the imperial crown is submitted to universal suf frage. This sort of popular consecration, says the note, would endanger all the thrones of Europe, as the people of all other States might also claim a right to elect their kings and sovereigns. The financial and commercial affairs of France are in a very satisfactory condition. Trade is reviving every where, and the people ,do not fear the consequences of the Empire. The Economist says " there is now such a ma 1 nia at the Paris Bourse, and the prices of every kind of 1 security have been so much exaggerated, that a crisis must ? be Apprehended, and then those who now support Lous ' Napoleon as the author of this seeming general prospe 1 rity will be the first to curse him when the financial 1 crisis has ruined them." The President is to arrive in Paris from his southern tour on the 10th at 3 o'clock. Great preparations are making to receive him. The lead ing news of the day is his speech at Bordeaux. Whatever may be thought of this speech, it has certainly had its effect on the Bourse at Paris and the Stock Exchange in London, and is undoubtedly a stroke of good policy. He assures the French people that the second Empire will be an era of peaoe, and the enthusiastic response which the country has given to this assurance must be taken as a decided assurance that he cannot violate this pledge without irritating public opinion and injuring the best interests of France. Louis Napoleon must be fully satis fied that the general desire of the French people is decid edly for peace. The only news from Spain is a statement of the revenue for the month of August last. The amount received was 133,259,923 reals, beinj^l 1,788,959 reals more than in the corresponding month of 1851, and makes a surplus of 27,075,058 reals more than the estimates of the budget. There is no news whatever from any part of Italy. Nor does Gk.bmany furnish any thing, except the con tinuation of the contest between Austria and Prussia respecting the Zoll-Verein. Prussia wishes the League to be reconstituted for twelve years, and Hanover to be ad mitted, before entering upon the great question of a com mercial and customs-union with Austria: but the South ern States objected to defer for so long a period the pos sibility of negotiations. The Prussian Government will now only admit to the Congress of the Zoll-Verein those States which have consented to re-establish that *body without condition or reserve* in favor of a future treaty with Austria. Above a year, however, has yet to elapse before the present Zoll-Vcrein will expire, and before then, no doubt, many changes will take place in the feel ings of the now opposing States. The latest news from Germany is very welcome, since it mentions the almost total disappearance of the Cholera not only from Berlin, Konigsberg, and Dantzic, but also from Warsaw, where it had been very extensive in its ravages. Letters from Constantinople- state that the Sha? of Persia had been wouuded in an attempt to assassinate him, but was fast recovering, and intended to make a pub lic entrance into Teheran as soon as possible. A rumor in the provinces of the Shah's death had oaut-ed great dis turbances, and the koords and other mountain tribes were in open insurrection. There is no additional news from India, and that from the Capk or Goon Hope is very unsatisfactory. Some excitement had been created in Natal by the discovery of excellent coal on the coast of that oolony. A more ex citing report, however, was the alleged discovery of gold in the Waterkloof, the residence of Macomo. The Natal T\mu says: "With coal in the East and gold in the West, we shall soon be independent of all the world.'' The exports from this infant colony for the quarter which ended Jnly 6 last amounted to ?10,800, of which ivory formed an item of ?3,980 in value, and butter ?3,565 ; the other articles were wool ?950, and maize, beans, wood, hides, &c. FROM OCR PARIS CORRESPONDENT. Paris, October 14, 1R52. Nothing is of interest now in the capital of France hut the tour of the Prince President in the South, its incidents, its almost certain result in the speed) proclamation of the Empire, the Prince's speech at Bordeaux, and his triumphal return to Paris the latter part of the current week. The note of pre paration for his entrance into Pari? is already heard m all quarters of the city. It is intended that the magnificent parade of his reception shall eclinse all that has been done in the department", wcrting in this, as in all other matters, the prc-eminer.oc of the capital over the provinccn. Louis Na? '.BON has pretty distinctly announced in his spece?. stPd; lenux ! (of which more anon) that his scruples and hesitation touching the restoration of the Empire have been over come.' Fie consents to persevere in the course of "abne gation" upon which he has entered, and to assume the ' crown, sacrificing himself for the good of France. The reception preparing for him by his good city of Paris is, you will see, upon a scale befitting the state and title with which he is soon to be invested. I take the follow ing informatio* respecting this ceremony from the Mcmi trvr of day before yesterday. I might as well give it to you new. It will save me the trouble of a minute descrip tion next Monday, when all will be over: " The Prince President will arrive at Paris on Saturday, the ltith October, at 8 P.M. His Highness will be re ceived at the terminus of the Orleans railway by his Ministers, by the Archbishop of Paris and his clergy, by the Prince President of the Senate and MM. the Senators, by M. the President of the Corps Legislatif, and the De puties present at Paris, by MM. the Councillors of State, i by the Grand Chancellor of the Legion of Honor, by the general commander in chief of the army of Paris, by the general commandant superior of the National Guard of the Seine, by the general officers of the armies of land and sea, by the members of the court of appeal* and of the court of aocounta, by deputations of the tribunals, I and by the principal public functionaries. His Highness 1 will meet upon the place of the Bnstile the Prefect of the I Seine, and the municipal corps of Paria, and the banlttv* His Highness will pursue the Boulevartia,the rue Royale. the Place de la Concorde, and will through the garden enter the palace of the Tuileries, where he will meet the ! members of hia family-" Then follows in the Moniteuran order by Gen. Maonan, I commander in chief of the army of Paris, fixing the exact 1 route of the triumphal procession from the terminus of < the railway to tho Palace of the Tuileries, the positions ' of the various bodies of troops of all arms, national guards, and regular army, which are to compose the close double line along the whole route, a distance of soino three or four miles, the composition of the Prince's I escort and the order of the proceasiou, Pr6m the railway the Prince wtll proceed to the bridge of Austerlitu, oppo site the Oarden of Plants. There he will meet a first arch of triumph, which is now being erected at the ei- ' l?ensc of the city, whioh has appropriated $10,000 to- ' ward the expenses of the reoeptioti. Me will cross the | bridge and proceed by the rue Contrest arpe to the place , of the Pastil where another areh of triumph is to be '. erected by a great circus company of that quarter; ' thence along the boulevards to the Madeleine, passing on th? way several more arches of triumph ; from the Made leine, by the rue Koyale, to the Place de la Concorde, where, bj another and last and most splendid arch of triumph, he will pass through the garden of the Tuileries to the famous royal and imperial residence, the goal of his life's ambition. There the members of his family are to meet him, and the evening will be spent in a grand official receptij>u. It is not certainly kuowu whether the I'rince will thenceforward take up his residence at the Tuileries, or whether that event will be deferred till af ter his investiture of imperiul title and authority. The line from the bridge of Austerlitz to the Tuileries will be formed by the national guard and the infantry of the army, ranged in close order, frontiug in on both sides of the way. A note commuuicated to the semi-official journals announces that? "His Imperial Highness will be pleased to see at the railway terminub the general officers who may happen at the moment to be iu Paris without their commands. They will assemble at hulf-past two P.M. in full uuiform, white breeches and Hessian boots. The cortege of the Prince will be thus composed : 41A squadron of the mounted National Guard opening the march. ?'The general staff of the National Guard. " Five sau?drons of the mounted National Guard. " Two squadrons of the guides, and two regiments of mounted riflemen. " Th^^eneral in chief of the army of Paris, the general in chief of the staff, and the officers of the general staff. "The lieutenant general commanding the first military division and his staff. " One regiment of hussars. " Two regiments of cuirassiers. " The general commanding the place of Pari? and the staff. ?? Flying artillery. "Gen. Count Partounneaux. " Eight squadrons of lancers, and four squadrons of the 12th regiment of dragoons. " Two regiments'of chasseurs. " The aids-de-camp and the military family of the Prince, preceding his Highness. The Prince will be on horseback. " General officers immediately following his Highness. "Gen. Korte and the sixteen squadrons of his division." The post of honor at the railroad terminus and in the court of the Tuileries is assigned to the fine corps of horse aud foot garde rtpublicaiiie and gendarmerie, mobile, which it is understood are to form the nucleus of the future im perial guard. The batteries of artillery of the army will be placed on the quay below the Place de la Concorde. One battery post ed at the round point of the Champs Elysi'-es will fire a hun dred and one guns, commencing with the arrival of the Prince at the railway terminus. At 4 P.M. the cannon of the Invalides will tire one hundred and one guns also. ?A band of three hundred musicians will be in attend ance ut the railway depot, and will play, upon the arrival of Lovis Napoleon, pieces of music composed for the oc casion. The Te Dtum at Notre Dame, at which it was at first proposed that the Prince should be present, has been abandoned as tukiug up too much time. Resides, the pious Prince can more satisfactorily perform this religious duty in his private closet. Ilia going in public to Notre Dame might suggest to the uncharitable some seeming aualogy between the Prince and the class of worshippers so formally censured in Matthew vi. 0. I see it announced in this morning's papers that the triumphal arch erecting at the bridge of Austerlitz at' the expense of the city is to bear the following inscrip tion: " T/U City of l'ari* to Loui* Napoleon, Emperor." While I write, I tee them below upon the place pat-ting up the prefect's placards announcing police regulations for the fete of Saturday. The contents are greedily de voured by the people. The foreign and provincial papers which have reached us agree with all Paris in treating the President's Bor deaux speech* as " an event." It is deemed not only an announcement of the coming Empire, but as a manifesto which shonld relieve France and all the Powers of Europe of the very natural apprehension that war would speedily follow an imperial restoration. I partook of those appre hensions, and feel not in the least assured by the pacific programme which the Prince has sketched as that of the policy of the new Emperor of the French. In the first plaoe, the history of the coup d rial of the 2d December justifies the placing bat- small trust in the professions, protestations, and oaths of him who will hold in his hand the decision of this question of peace or war. lie has played with and broken and tossed to the winds all the most solemn and sacred obligations which eon bini him as man and as ruler. His averment, therefore, that the policy of the new Empire will be pacific may be set down as 00 in calculating the guaranties lor the peace of Eu rope under the new order of things. The Trince Lorn Napoi.kon will have, as Emperor of the French, an idea as definite, as fixed as was that of becoming Emperor before the consummation of that ambition. The peace of Europe can only consist with that idea upon the suppo sition that Europe will recoil from the war with France which the Emperor Lous Napolku* will be prepared to wage for its realization. That idea is the restoration to France of what are termed its " natural boundaries"? the river-ilhine and the chain of the Alps. If, in the hope that Lous Napolsos will content himself with that, and not seek to extend his empire beyond these limits; if, from the feeling that, in view of the events of the last five years, must press heavily anil alarmingly upon the continental mouarchs, it would be extremely perilous to their own authority for them to engage in any war which was. not directly ?id palpably one for national indepen dence, these monarchs shrink from war with France until its ruler, manifesting an intention to cross the Rhine, shall show himself smitten with that curse of his uncle, the lust of universal dominion, then the peace of Europe may postibly be maintained for a few years after the as sumption of imperial power by Loris Napolio*. And even then, with such a magnificent field for pacific action and development as Louis Napoleon points to in his speech, it wi]) be extremely difficult for the new Emperer, even with the honestest and most sincere desire for peace, to confine himself to that field and avoid war. For, let this be ever remembered, the French Empire will be essentially a military Empire. The vocation of the sol dier is to be the most honored of professions. The toga, under the new order of things, must give way to arms. That army, already the most brilliant, daring, and cffectivs of Europe, will be inspired naturally, necessarily, with a set of feelings and impulses quite different from those which have characterized the French military forces nn der all the Governments which have succeeded each other ; since the fall of the first Bonaparte. It may almost say | with truth, ?? VtdU fmt metBut war is the trade of i armies. They naturally seek occupation. The French I armies have Waterloo to redeem, and two occupations of i Paris to avenge. The army feels, too, and so will the new Emperor, that the Empire was won by the army; that | itisonly maintained in France by the army. Here we have at once obligation on one side, and exigence on ths ; other. The army ealling for glory, action, vengeance, and the Emperor constrained in spite of himself to give | the opportunity of aetion; that may win glory, and : achieve vengeance. Rely upon it, that, even with the most sincere desire to preserve Rnropean peace, (which I do not at present attribute to him,) the new Emperor will j find it extremely difficult to do so for two years. Parts, October 18, 1#*>2. The grand ft?tc which wan to mark the return of Louis Napoubo!* to the capital, and cvincc to Frnnec and the world that Paris was not one whit behind the provinces in devotion to the person of th# Prince and enthusiasm for the promised Em Eire, is over. The programme concocted in the ureaux of the Ministers of State and the Inferior was earriod oat to the letter. Acclamations for the Kmperonr buret forth with irrepressible violence and fervor just at the points where it had been pre dicted, and in quarters where heretofore the people, when supposed to bo acting spontaneously, have ahown themselves most infected with the pestilent opinions of the u idealogues." [This was the term by which the first Napolkon contemptuously indi-1 oatcd Republicans who understood democracy dif ferently from himself. It was doubtless in the wine sen* that Loom NaPoijcon used the term in his Borilenti* *peech.^ Tb? cooe<rar<t? of people on the boule ? Pobl.ahed la the Nation*! lat?l%9t>o?r of l*?t wetk. vards, from the Madeleine to the Garden of I'lanta, was astounding. I never saw it surpassed even during the agitated days of March, April, and May, 1848. Every organized body in the capital, no matter what its nature, civil, religious, military, industrial, literary, scientific, professional, artistic, was ordered by the prefect of polioe, or invited by one of the Ministers, in a manner not to be refused, to take part in the fete. They all, therefore, came forward tponlaneotuly. [If my use of this word Bhould appear to you a little strange to-day 1 beg you to excuse it: it is the style of the Moniteur. I promise in fut(ire letters to use it in its ordinary acceptation.] They all, therefore, came forward spontaneously, and with ban ners, triumphal arches, inscriptions, processions, bou quets, crowns, addresses in prose and poetry, saluted Lotis Napoleon Emperor, by every possible variation of title to which that dignity could be rendered adjunct. By order of Government, and to impart to the occasion more of the air of it popular fete, all the public offices, the tymk, the post office, the exchange, and all the aca demics and schools of the capital were spontaneously closed, and Hoods of employes and school boys, with teachcrs nt their head and banners flying, deluged the boulevards and squares and gardens upon the line of the Prince's march. Not only that, every town and oommune for twelve miles around Paris was spontaneously, and by superior orders from Paris, present by numerous delega tions, with mayors at their head, and banners with patrio tic imperialist inscriptions flying, crowding the line of march. The market-women, the market-men, the market girls of all the markets of the capital were out en masse. I can almost aver that I recognised hundreds of the men that in^larcli, 1848, shouted Vive la Republique! Vive Ledru Kollin ! des Campions! and sang la Murieillaue and Ca Ira to the terror of all respectable and order loving persons who had not been frightened from Paris. Now it was A bat la RepubliqueVive l1 EmpereurNot a form of sycopbautic adulation and worship in the way of ' speech but was repeated to satiety and disgust addressed to their new master, Louis Napoleon. The military dis play upon the occasion was as brilliant and imposing as had been anticipated. That was spontaneous, and was of a nature to make one fearfully doubt if Louis Napo leon sincerely professed the pacific intentions of his Bordeaux speech, or if. granting him sincere, he would be able to long resist the tendency to war, which he would certainly encounter in the host of generals surrounding and supporting his throne. I myself attribute, you kfcow, not one straw's weight to the assurances of Louis Napo leon that his policy as Emperor will be entirely pacific. Before I begin to suspect they may be sincere, he must disarm and send back to the fields and workshops of France two hundred and fifty thousand at the very least of the half million of young men who now till the ranks of his armies. And he must suspend the immense and active preparations that are making in all the navy yards ! of the Empire. Why this immense military apparatus, | so onerous to the treasury, so disastrous to the ugricufc i ture and industry of France ? Why this launching and : manning of powerful steam wftr ships almost by dozens ? i No man that is not fit for bedlam believes that there is ' the slightest disposition on the part of foreign Powers to ! invade France or encroach upon any of its territorial or ' national rights. I am pointed to domestic hostile parties, Democrats, Legitimists, Orleanists, and am told that his army is to keep them down and submissive. But less than half his army, with his gendarmes and police, would suffice for that. Besides, this reply docs not touch the naval preparations. The new Emperor, therefore, nny cry peace, peace in the ears of Europe, but I tell you there will be a European war breakout in consequence of the aggressions of France, and that in less than two years, unless Europe shall avoid war by submitting to French aggressions. By the way, while upon the subject of the policy of the new Empire, let me, in sell-justification, nllude once more to the famous Bordeaux speech of the Prince. I sent you by last mail a carel'ully-prepared translation of that address: but I perceive that in one of the most important passages I have differed from most of the English journals in my English rendering. The English papers make the Prince say: u Certain persons are Baying to themselves, the empire is war; but 1 say the empire is peace. It is peace ; for I France desires peace, and when France is satisfied the i world is tranquil." My own translation of the tame passage vran : " Certain persons are saying to themselves, the empire is war; but 1 say the empire is peace. It is peace: for France desires the empire; and when France is satisfied, the world is tranquil.'' The French passage itself reads thus : " Certaines personnes sedisent: l'empire, e'est laguerre Moi, je dis-l'empire, e'est lapaix. ("est la p&ix, car It I France le desire, et lorsque la France est satisfaite, h monde est tranquille." I extract from the Moniteur of 12th October; and I in sist upon the correctness of my own rendering, for tb< prononn le, in the phrase "car la France It desire," if masculine, and stands in the place of the preceding noun rmpire, which in masculine. It cannot stand in the place of jkiu, for that noun is feminine. Touching the date of the proclamation of the Empire and the mode of proceeding that will be adopted, wc are yet ns much in the dark as we were last week. The Moniteur is still silent. Rut something will probably be known certainly on this subject ere the week closes. The most interesting item of news to-day is one rela tive to Ab?-RL Kaorr, the African Prince confined in France since January, 1848. The Moniteur of this morn ing informs the public that Locis Napolios stopped at A>nboi*t, on his return to Paris, and causing the prisoner to be brought before him, communicated the grateful in telligence of the approaching termination of his confine ment in the following address to the chief. I wonder if Loris Napolkor did not wince a little under the lesson that Abi>-ki. Kapir in reply gave him from the Koran touching the universality of the injunction contained in that holy book to maintain oaths and plighted words inviolate. " Abp-kl-KAincn, I come to announce to you your li beration. You will be conducted to Bursa, in theSultan's dominions, so soon as the necessary preparations shall be msde; and you will receive there from the French Gov ernment a stipend worthy of yonr former rank. For a long time, as you are aware, your captivity has eaused me real pain ; for it unoeasingly called to mind that the Government which preceded me had noCkept engagements taken with an unfortunate enemy; and nothing in my eyes ip more humiliating to the Government of a great nation than to miscomprehend its strength to the extent of failing to fulfil its premise. Generosity is always the best counsellor; and 1 am convinced that your residence in Turkey will not endanger the tranquillity of our Afri can possessions. Yonr religion, as ours, teaches submis sion to the decrees of Providence. If, therefore, France is mistress of Algery, it is because God hss so willed it ? and the nation will never abandon this conquest. You have been the enemy of France : but I nevertheless render justice to your courage, to your character, to your resig nation in misfortune ; and it ts on this account that I con sider myself bound in honor to put an end to yonr capti vity, having full confidence in your plighted word.'' ?? This noble language," continues the Moniteur, "made the most lively impression upon the ex-Emir. After ex pressing to his Highness his respectful and eternal grati tude, he swore upon the holy book of the Koran that he would never attempt to disturb our rule in Africa, and that he submitted unreservedly to the will of France. Abd-el-Kader added ' it it would be grossly to misappre lientl the spirit ami tn< letter 01 ttie ;aw or ttie I'ropli t to suppose tlifit it permit* the violation of engagement* made with Christians ; and he pointed out to the Prince a verse of the Koran that formally condemned, withont any re serve or exception, every one who violates <worn faith, even in the case of inlMcls. In the eyes of all intelligent Arab* the conquest of Africa in now an accomplished fact. They see in the constant superiority of our arms the signal manifestation of the will of Ood. A loyal and generous policy is the only one befitting a great nation ; and France will approve and applaud the l'rince for having pursued such a policy. Abd-el-Kader will remain at the chateau of Amtioise until all the measures shall have been taken to effcct his transfer and residence at Bursa. ' , Hum (I'ruta of the ancients) is a city of about 60,000 inhabitants in Natolia, Asiatic Turkey, oolhundred miles south of Constantinople, near the sea of Marmora. It was formerly, previous to the c^pttire of Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Touching this illustrious and unfortunate African Prince and bis promised release, I have but a word or two to say at present. I have on several previous occasions, when hi* release has Ween the subject of dfrenstion in the Ajttmbly ?r ia tie prew, invoked sympathy for the pri soner, and signalized to the indiguation of all honest and generous men the breach of plighted word on the part of Franoe, of which he is the victim ; a breach of plighted word perpetrated in the first instance by Louis Philippe, but to which all succeeding Governments, that of Louis Napoleon no lens than those which preceded him, have rendered themselves accomplices. The Duke u'Aumale, Governor of Algery, in a despatch addressed to the Min ister of War, and published in the Momteur of 2d January, 1848, now before me, says, rendering to the Minister an aocount ?f the military operations which resulted in the possession of the person of Abd-el-Kauek : " lie (Abd-el-Kader) has confided himself to the gene rosity of France, and surrendered upon oondition of being sent to Alexandria or to Saint-Jean-d'Acre." He adds afterwards, in the same despatch : " A scouting party of twenty spahis, under the eom muud of an intelligent and sure offioer, Lieut. Ben<-Khouia, bad been sent to the pass of Kerbous on the evening of the 21st, upon the arrival of the first news. A musket firing from that quarter soon apprized us that an engage ment was taking place. It is Abd-el-Kader encountering our spahis. Gen. Lamoriciere, who at night had put his eolumu under arms, advances rapidly with his cavalry. The Emir has in hit favor the darkness, a difficult country, intersected by paths with which our scouts were unacquainted ; liiyht was still easy for him. But soon two of his horsemen, led by Beu-Khouia himself, came to aunounce to the General that he had couoluded to surrender, and that he merely asked t? be conducted to Alexandria or to Saint Jean-d'Acre. The convention, immediately concluded orally, was soon ratified in writing by Gen. Lamoriciere. Your Excellency will find in the report of this general officer, which I send yon in full, the dramatic details of this negotiation. This afternoon Abd-el-Kader has been received at the Marabout of Sidi-Brohim, by Col. Mon tanban, who was soon after rejoined by Generals Lamo riciere and Cavaignac. * * * One hour after Abd-el Kader was brought to me at Nemours, where I had ar rived in the morning. 1 ratified the pledge given by Qen. Lamoriciere; and I firmly hope that the Government of the King will give to it its sanction." Thus the pledge given ou the night of the 21st Decem ber, 1847, hs now, in October, 1852, promised to be par tially kept by the Government of Louis Napoleon. Buxsa is not Alexandria nor St Jean d'Acre. When will he be sent to Bursa ? This is still indefinitely future. Wlien will " the necessary preparations" be completed ? Per haps in one month, perhaps in ten years. Upon what conditions ? It is an ominous fact that Bursa possesses a famous castle one mile in circumference. Has this fact any connexion with the election made of Bursa as the re sidence of Abd-el-Kader? If full confidence is had in the plighted word of the captive Prince, why keep him in prison in France till the "necessary arrangements" shall be completed ? And why, let me ask in conclusion, why that ungenerous slur upon " the Government which pre ceded me V' Would not, it may be asked, the.same rea sons of state which iu his own esteem justified Louis Napoleon in coutinuing the imprisonment of Aui>-kl Kauek since 2d December, 1851, justify "the Govern ment which preceded me," and still more the Government of Louis Philippe, for commencing and continuing that imprisonment ? HONORABLE TO TI1E TURKISH GOVERNMENT. Those who have read the interesting letter of the Rev. Dr. Bac on, while on his recent tour, will recollect his being robbed by a Kurdish chief, and his life, and those with him, endangered. The facts in the case were made known to the Turkish Government, and the result is given in an article in the "Independent," of last week, which we subjoin: The Robbihs is Klrdistan.??The robbery of Dr. Ba con and .Mr. Marsh by a Kurdish chief named Malul Agha has not been forgotten. Our friends have often inquired whether the property has been recovered, and whether Malul Agha and his associates have been in any way pun ished by the Turkish Government. Mr. Williams, one of our missionaries at Mosul, says iu a letter dated August 30, 1852, 44 1 have just received 4,500 piastres from his excellency Ilemly Pacha, for the spoiling which the Kurds did your party a year since." 44 Three cannon and three hundred men were sent up there and collected this money, refusing to take the articles, as the owners tfere in the United States, and the articles probably injured. The troops also brought back 70,000 I piastres Government arrearages, and secured 200,000 more, which is to come down after the rice harvest." Mr. W. also writes that as soon as the; 200,000 piastres still due to the Government shall have been received at Mosul the robbers will be punished. This is a great lesson to the plundering barbarians of the mountains, a lesson which they will uot be likely soon to forget. Other travellers may be able to pass through those wild districts in safety, iu consequence of the people having been taught in this way how sttcred is the duty of hospitality to strangers. In this act of restitution we have a new instance of the friendly disposition of the Sultan towar^KAmerican citi zens, whether they visit his dominions as merchants, as travellers, or as Christian missionaries. Thanks to his Imperial Majesty ! Our thanks are also due to his ex cellency the Pacha of Mosul for the energy and fidelity with which he baa executed the orders of the Supreme Government at Constantinople. Mr. Rassam, the British Vice-Consul at Mosul, has promptly and generously done all in this matter that conld have be??n expected had he been in the service of our own Government; and the result now announced i.? due in no small measure to his hearty and uncompensated interposition. He, in the first instance, acting as the agent of a friendly Pewer, took up the wrong that had been done to citizens of the United States, and made a com munication on the subject to Sir Stratford Canning, (now Ixtrd Stratford,) tl?e British Ambassador at Constantinople. Nor from first to last haa any thing been wanting that he could do to obtain the restitution which has now been made. FOREIGN ITEMS. A letter from Nigra'"*, of the 1st instant, gives some few details of the assassination of the Marquis de Dacimartio, Mayor of Ties, in the Gard. At the moment when he was about to set out, accompanied by his son, forNismes, to be present at the reception of the President, four armed men came up to him, and one of them discharged a pistol point blank at the breast and unother at his head, llis death was instantaneous. The ten days which intervened between the promulga tion and execution of the Presidential decree, aggravating the duties to be levied at the French frontier on coal and iron coming from Belgium, were so well improved by the importera that, on t^e Valenciennes railway alone, 9,341,000 killogrammes of coal and iron were oonveyed in 18tJ0 wagons across the Customs boundary, between September L'4 and October I. This is at the rate of nearly 300 wagons per diem. At 0<<trowa, in the duchy of Posen, four criminals wfrc beheaded on the 24th ultimo in the court-yard of the pri?on. They had been condemned for murder. The ! death-warrant having been rea 1 to them, they were taken separately to the block, all traces of each execution having been removed before another was led out. In twenty minutes the executioner had severed the four h^acK each with a single blow of the ate?a dexterity lauded by the journals, as it presents a contrast to a sc?n? which took place recently at Dresden, where the instrument was the sword. At Ostrowa the execution was, according to the Prussian law, in private. The " North British Mail" states that a gentleman be longing to Aryshire, no less distinguished as a fearless horseman than as a man of letters, made a daring leap, a few weeks ago, which deserves to be recorded When exercising in a field a celebrated steeple-chase mare, his own property, he found it necessary to rush her at a hedge to sive himself being run aw ay with. The mare boldly reseat the hedge and took it; the height of the leap, when afterwards measured, being found to be no less than eight and a half feet, the rise being about nine l'cet, and the fall on the other side about seven (Vet. V factory is going up at Saltaire, near Shipley, Eng land, where the area appropriated to the buildings is computed at six acres, while the several floors in the mills, warehouse*, and sheds form a superficies of .">6,600 yards, or 11J acres. It is owned by one man, Mr. Titus Salt, and employs 4. VK) hands. rpilE CiLADK K(>Hi MALE. I otto for ? ile inv I in Jefferson, known u the " Olade," containing 301 ?cres, 1.'>t> acres cleared, and 150 in timber. Th? quality of tl.. I?r l is unsurpassed by any in|tho county of J.ffcrson. On the tract is a comfortable log dwelling, a well of good water, and a *tret?m running through >ne end of the farm. A inorcpsr^ctilar description is unnecessary, a* those wishing to ?arcb.i '? will first view th? premises. The (arm * ill be?IioWi> it any tim<* by Mr. T. A. Lewis who re?idc? nesr it, and wl.o sill give in > rmation a* to terras, Ac. Application m ?y also K! mitde (postpaid) to Mr. Edward R. Cooke, Ch?rlert??'n. Jef erson county, Virginia, or to Mrs. Alexander U. Gordon. Port lamilton, !<oag Island, New York. jani .1?wpwtf I > i roi I.RCTIOM* <??? v M.%v i ii llride, and of a Southern Matr;?n, by Caroline (Jilinsn, >?* edtlion. A Hook for a Corner, by Leigh Hnnt, sacon.l series. Oriicles for Youth, a home pistisne, hy Caroltne <nl?*n. liar ler Walks with the Po ts, by Mrs. Kirk> ..'id. n?v i PIUNCK TAYLOK.