Newspaper Page Text
?? Liberty aud Union, now and lorever, one and inseparable." WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 10,185*2. The Hon. Edward Everett, who succeeds Mr. Webster as Secretary of State, entered upon the discharge of his duties on Monday last. An election for Governor, Representatives in Congress, Members of the State Legislature, &c. took plaee in Massachusetts yesterday. The can didates for Governor are, John H. Clifford, Whig; Henry W. Bishop, Dew.; and Horace Mann, Freesoil. Although there appears to be three parties in the held, the struggle iu reality is between the Whigs aud the combined forces of the Democrats and Freesoilers, who, by a coalition such as has existed for the last two years, hope to maintain their ascendauey in the State Govern ment. And there are other questions eonuected with the contest, one of which is the " Liquor Law," aud another the propriety of calling a Con vention to amend the State Constitution. We learn from Boston that the vote of that city is as follows: For Clifford 7,400, Bishop 2,400, Maun 2,000. This vote is 6,000 better for the Whig ticket than the one cast last week for President. In one of his incomparable letters to Sir Horace Mann, Horace^Walpole says: "I had my pen in hand all last Thursday morning, but my pen had nutting to say." We greatly fear that a majority of the Editors of Whig journals are just now in the same category with the noble author. We await the final summing up of the returns of the late Presidential election; not that we, or any of us, anticipate any thing favorable, but because we desire to put our readers in possession of the result which has terminated so disastrously for our cause, and then, closing that account, turn our attention to something else. There are subjects of grave national concern to be treated of, some of them depending upon the de cision of the accredited agents of the influential party just called to wield the Government of this country for four years. But there are others, hap pily independent of party influences, to which the attention of all of us must be called, and on which we may submit to our readers before long our own views. We might instance the reckless spirit of jtrogre*$, so called, which is only ailother name for retrograd ing from the precepts which have governed wise and virtuous men in every age of the world, not only in their'public character but in all their private rela tions. One chief principle of this wild law is to disregard the injunction. 4< Keep thy hands from picking and stealing," which might well have been penned with express reference to the late and pre sent attempts to forfeit many of our claims to *a tional respectability and decency by the repeated efforts of discontented rovers to infringe upon the peace aud integrity of a quiet nation, with which, though it is entirely uncongenial in policy and laws, we are still at pcace. But we do not propose to discuss this matter now, nor indeed any matter, with the particularity which it deserves. We might also instance another progress, inti mately connected with the last mentioned?7S0 inti mately, in fact, that it may be called its parent? and that is the progress of rouxlyism. We use the word, not because it is either classical or elegant, but because it is expressive, and most fitly embodies an t<l?a not known until lately to ?ny great extent in our primitive lociety, and in truth only revived from a remote period of Roman history. It then flourished in full exuberance, but died away under stringent measures, and reappeared in its most no table and congenial form in the days of the Jacquerie of Francc and the Jack Cades of England. Again put down, the noisome weed has reared its head among our own people, but weakly and seldom in the days of our good fathers, who trod it under foot, because (simple souls!) they had some regard for the lessons of their childhood and the example of their fathers, both of which alike taught a regard for morals, for sobriety, for rcspect to the well er>tabli?hed usages and opinions of the esteemed of past ages. The very effluvia and csscncc of this foul plant may be gathered in an hour by those who have leisure to read a single play of Hhakxpeare, in which Jack Cade, a very type of lawlessness, igno rance, and rovdyinm, is depicted with revolting vividness. But, as it is becouiing the fashion to sneer at any thing ancient, if only one generation old, the time has seemed favorublc for the growth of this plant, which has put forth its buds in our time, blosannied, and promises to bear abundaut fruit. The instincts of misrule, of disorganization, and of utter heedlessness of all laws, whether human or divine, arc rife, and seem to take any form suited to the madness of the hour And, to crown the whole dread picture, we are now not satisfied that vul garity, ignorance, depravity, should take a command ing part iu scenes of violated national faith, and on occasions where the laws of the land and of common honesty are openly scoffed at, but we have resolved, it seem.-, to enlist under the black banner our very youth, even children. And that bring* us to ano ther tiling that is to be seriously considered. There is nothing more joyous and interesting than a boy, properly so called. Hut we shall have to speak of a different raeu of boys, precocious, misgoverned, under no regular authority ; and such boys must? we say it for the very good and even salvation of society?such wild, lawless youths must be put down completely, resolutely, or bearded men will not en joy any security of life, property, or amusement. These are some of the subjects which are worthy of the notice and reflection of the Press of our coun try, of the LVss of l>oth parties, for they arc emi nently national; and, in urging them upon the consideration of influential men every wbene, the l'ress will perform only its true function of a coi\i senrator, n?>t only of th liWrtie* but the morals ol our common country. Kvcn if w<j pursue out purpose 110 further, ? h<>p? w have haul enough to attract the consideration of ?orac of the conductors of our public journals, wh -v abler pen? may take up a cause which involves our public character, prosperity, and true progress to greatness Three Democrat* have been elected to f'ongrew from the State of \\ Ijeovsis. la the first district Daniel Wklf.s is elected; in the second, IJk.nja mi.n 0. Kaxtmax, and in the third, John B. Maoy The l>emocr*ts. as is ucua! in that State, haves large majority in the Legislature VIEWS OF AMERICAN 44 PROGRESS." The London T'.nus Las lately addressed to our ?' Manifest Destiuy" Progressives some wholeaomo truths, and, as that journal is just now in great favor with the victorious Democracy, it may be disposed to heed the counsel of its Knglish mentor. We therefore subjoin the article of the Times : KKOM THK LONDON TIMES OF OCTOBBlt It). The public writers of England ami of the United Slates have few duties to perform, beyond the immediate circle of their domestic interests, which can vie in importance with those they owe to each other. At the present time, especially, when the presS of these two nations enjoys all but a complete monopoly in the free discussion of public affairs throughout the world, they are bound by the high est motives to keep in view the common welfare of the race to which they belong, and to defend the common in terests of the liberty they enjoy. For ourselves, wo hold it to be not the least of our privileges of our position that we may sometimes address, in their own language, and with congenial principles, those mighty multitudes of froe and intelligent men whose onward tide has already joined the Atlantio to the Pacific coasts; and that the opinions and convictions of England, multiplied ten thousandfold by the innumerable journals of the Union, and spread over an incalculable extent of territory and population, may sometimes weigh with the influence of a kinsman's voice upon the mind aiul conduct of the American peo ple. To promote those sentiments of esteem and good will, which every tie of nature and of policy prescribe to us and to the people of the United States, has constantly been our desire ; and, though we have never forborne to express with great frankness and severity our regret and indignation at occurrences indicating a departure from the strict path of national morality on the part of the United States, we are confident that the views wc have expressed, on such questions as repudiation, annexation, and piratical warfare, arc those of the best and most eminent citizens of the Union; and we may hope that these opinions acquired some additional force when it was found that they were echoed and supported by the independent judgment of this country. We take smail account of a class of turbulent and noxious writers in the United States who follow the opposite course, and who endeavor to inflame the suspicions and animosities of the populace against Great Britain. These mischiev ous productions originate, as we have reason to believe with renegades and outcasts far more than with the edu cated classes or even the genuine population of the Ame rican cities ; and their authors are animated by a morbid hostility to the country they have abandoned, rather than by an enlightened regard for that which they have adopted. Whenever, on the contrary, the discussions of the two countries are carried on in the temperate and friendly spirit which is alone consonant to their closc re lationship and their enormous common interests, they ought to strengthen those ties, which can never be weak ened or broken without inflicting a most serious calamity upon the world. Such were the intentions with which wc commented, not long ago, on the two great systems of policy?the policy of commerce and the policy of conquest?which lay open to the inexhaustible energies of the American people : and we learn with pleasure that our observations have been read beyond the ordinary limits of our own circulation. But, if there be any value in the criticisms suggested to Europeans and to Englishmen by the course of events in the United States, it consists mainly in the more strict and binding conception of legal rights which we are wont to apply to public affairs. The great peril of popular Governments and Democratic society in gene ral is. that the majority, conscious of its own absolute und irresistible power, is sometimes as little inclined as iny Oriental despot to surrender its passions and its de sires to mere objections of law. Intoxicated with politi cal power, theso self-governing or self-impelling masses confound that power with moral omnipotence; and they forget that all the might of a thousand empires 'cannot alter the inviolable conditions of public rectitude or efface the stain of one act of iujustice. Political interests, na tional predilections, incited by commercial enterprise or military ambition, are continually suggesting undertak ings which might contribute to the wealth and greatness of the country; but the question for a nation of honest men is simply whether they can be lawfully pursued, and whether even success in such enterprises is not rather a disgrace than a triumph. To swindle the pablic creditor, to attack a defenceless neighbor, to connive at the de signs of a band of pirates on a foreign island, to dispute tho most obvious right of other States, simply because they interfere with a national interest, are things which no amount of success can paliate ; but the only security against these intolerable abuses is the moral feeling of the nation. It is on that ground alone that we can ever presume to condemn some of the acts of the American people. No doubt a large party in tho United States regret as much as we can do that Mississippi and Pennsylvania repudiated their debts; that Mexico was invaded without a shadow of lawful provocation ; that Cuba was attacked by Lopez and his gang. ? * * * But, in discussing these topics, our contemporaries on the other aide the Atlantic scarccly appear sensible of the distinction we naturally draw between legal acts of public advautage to the Union and such acts when they are legally reprehensible. It is not the extension of ter ritory of the United 8utes that we deprecate or condemn, but the means by which that extension has been some times carried on. When Louisiana was purchased from France and Florida from Spain, a fair bargain was made and a fair price paid for those provinces. No one erer dreamt of disputing the legality and good policy of such acquisitions. Nay, even when hostilities had broken out between the United States and Mexico, though we saw great reason to condemn the series of clandestine aggres sion* which preceded and led to the war, nobody ques tioned that the conquest of certain extensive territories was the natural result of such a struggle. If the Crown of Spain were disposed to divest itself of the sovereignty of Cobs, by recognising its independence, or by transfer ring the dominion of the island to another Power, we should have no more right to oppose such a transfer than we had to oppose the sale of Florida. As long as the pro gress of the Union is carried on by legal, pacific, and avowable means, not only we are not adverse to It, but we have little doubt that it promotes oir own interests by extruding the range of trade, and by placing some of the most fertile parts of the globe in the hands of a more energetic and industrious people than the descendants of the Spanish race. But it is the attempt to carry on the work of civilisation by violence and fraud which calls forth oar strenuous opposition, and which we bold to be utterly unworthy of a people already in possession of an unlimited territory and unlimited freedom. The Ameri can notion of propagating democracy and democratic gov ernment in the world by such means is an absurd delu sion, unless they are prepared to propagate and form the States and nations to which their own institutions are ap plicable. It would be as practicable to apply constitu tional monarchy and representative government to the Hindoos or the Sikhs as to extend pure American demo cracy over the former colonies of Spain The Anglo American? may take their institutions along with them, but, bejond the territories inhabited by their own race, they will find subjects and slaves, not fellow-citizens. Neither there any sound foundation for the parallel which has sometimes been attempted between the wars in which the British empire has of late years been engaged, and those wars of con.,t-JSt to which the Americans seem more in 1 m..re prone. Our war with the Caires may be the result o< imprudence, but it is a war of necessity, and can no more be avoided or terminated than the protracted contest of the Unite i Ststes with the Seminole# on their Indian frontier. The w?r m China was forced upon this ' countrJr <jt?xavi?ted insults offered to the accredited agent of the Crown, and it w?. gloriously terminated by no exclusive or territorial advantages, but by opening the I chief ports of ('hinit to the trade, not of England, but of the , world. The extension ofour Indian territory has advanced, ? and probably is still advancing, in defiance of the efforts made to arrest its progress by cause, which appear to be i beyond our control. These are public acts, perfectly con sistent with our duty to foreign Powers as well as to our selves, which we find it easy to justify and to avow; for though in the affairs of a great empire occurence# way sometimes arise which the severer laws of morality con demn, yet the feelings and thfl' convictions of the people of England scorn and repudiate political advantages pur chased at such a prioe, and in these times no English statesman would dare to serve his country at the expense of a publio wrong. To maintain these principles of honor, forbearance, and legality is a higher duty and a more last ing advantage than to indulge the rapacity of conquest or to extend the foundations of an empire; and we are per suaded that the commonwealth of the United States will ensure its prosperity and perpetuate its institutions by re pressing whatever is irregular ia its ambition, far more than by the most ample and unscrupulous indulgence of its passions at the expense of the rights of others. ELECTION NEWS., From Florida our reports are such as to leave 110 doubt that the State has cast its electoraPvofce, by a small majority, for the Democratic Presidential candidates. Georoia votes the same way, giv ug to that ticket a very largo majority, and but few vote* to either of the irregular tickets. The returns from some forty counties in North Carolina slow an aggregate Whig gain of nearly three thousmd votes, as compared with the late Governor's elect on, rendering the result in the State doubtful. Loui siana is also doubtful, with the chances, it is Biid, in favor of the Democrats. Kentucky and Ien nesbee have given their votes for Gen. Scott. The steamer Crescent City arrived at Now Or leans on Friday. She was allowed to land her mails and passengers at Havana, but it is said that her commander was warned that she will not be again permitted to enter the port. The Vote of Concord.?This being tkc resi dence of Mr. Pierce, some importance is attached to its late vote for President. As heretofore reported by Telegraph, Mr. Pierce was stated to have re ceived less than the usual Democratic majority. This was an error or a misrepresentation. We ob serve by the Eastern papers that Mr. P. received the largest majority ever given in his town. His majority was comparatively large in Hillsborough, the place of his birth, and former residence. The Legislature op New York.?The result of the election for members of the Assembly on Tuesday last is the choice of forty-three Whigs and eighty-five Democrats. No Senators were elected this year. They all hold over, and arc equally di vided between the two parties. The next Legislature of New Jersey will proba bly stand as follows: In the Senate, Whigs 6, De mocrats 13. In the House, Whigs 21, Demo crats 39. Sherrard Clemens (Dem.) is elected to Con gress from the Wheeling district in Virginia, to supply the vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. Thompson. The following are the majorities received in the city of New York for the Democratic Presidential .Electors and State officers : Electors of Prtavlent 11,175 Governor Horatio Seymour, 7,050 Lieutenant Governor Sandford E. Church, 7,065 Canal Commissioner Frederick Follet, 7,515 Prison Inspector Darius Clark, 7,099 Hon. Alvaii Sabine, Whig, has, without doubt, been elected to Congress from the Northern district of Vermont, by a large plurality. At the Septem ber trial he failed of an election by want of a ma jority, having a plurality of some fifteen hundred over his highest opponent. So far as heard from, he has gained over the previous votes, and, as a plu rality cla||ti at the second trial, there can be no doubt he has been chosen. Vermont, therefore, sends an unbroken Whig delegation to the next Congress. We loam from the Boston Daily Advertiser that I Mr. Sl'ARK.8 Has rc.-^igiiftd the office of l'rcsi-1 denfc of Harvard University ; thfcy resignation to take effect at the close of the preseni term. J Vermont Judiciary.?On Friday last the Le gislature of Vermont elected as .Judges for the Su preme Court of tliat State Messrs. Isaac F. Red FIELD, PierpoNT IsHAM, and MlLO L. Bell ; and for the Circuit Court Messrs. Robert Pierpont, Jacob Collamer, Ashabel Peck, and L. P. Poland. * A division of Texas h|? been iu agitation in that State for more than two years past. At the present time the advocates of division are mainly in Eastern Texas, where several newspapers are enlisted in the cause. We arc informed by the Houston Telegraph that the scheme is rapidly gaining favor, and that it is even proposed to hold an extra session of the Le gislature upon the subject. The Telegraph strenu ously opposes it, urging that, if there should be a division of the State, as proposed, into Eastern and Western Texas, there would be great danger of the western section becoming a free State, which the Telegraph thinks would much depreciate the. value of slave property in Has tern Texas. It is stated that the success attending the culture of sugar in Texas has been such that the country between the Trinity and Guadalupe rivers is rapidly filling up with plant ers, and, if the State remains united for some years longer, it will be pretty well peopled with a slave holding population. Delaware State Election.?Partial returns from the State election held in Delaware on Monday last leave no doubt that Groruk R. Riddle (Dem.) is re-elected to Congress from that State. Members of the Legislature and of a Convention to revise the State Constitution were also chosen?the political complexion of neither of which bodies is yet ascer tained. More Troop>. foe Texas.?On board the sloop Orphan, which sailed from New York on tho 4th instant for Texas, there were one hundred and eighty-five I"?ited States troops and a band of fifteen musicians, destined for Texas. A large number of troops are already in that State, under command of able and experienced offieor*. They are stationed at posts dispersed all along the frontier of settle ment, and even far into the wilderness, and many of the men are constantly on scouting expeditions. Vet the Texaus complain of neglect on tnc part of our Whig Administration. Arctic Discoveries.?The Prince Albert has recently returned to England, after a fruitless search for Sir John Franklin. She was fitted out at the expense of Lady Franklin, and though un successful in the principal object of her search, yet her voyage has not been altogether profitless, as by her the discovery has been made that the large ex tent of land called North Somerset, which extends from about seventy to seventy-four degree* of lati tude, is not a peninsula connected with the conti nent by a narrow isthmus, as was supposed by Sir John Ross, who passed three winters there, about twenty years ago, but an island, thus apparently re ducing the latitude of the wert-northrrn cape of the continent of America about three degrees, or to about seventy-one. The expedition under Sir Kd w;ir<l JM; In r. who. when last liearu from, was i^ Wellington Channel, embraces the oilly vessels en gaged in searching for Sir John Franklin. It con sists of the Assistance and the steam screw ten der Pioneer; of the Resolute and the steam screw tender Intrepid, and of the provision tpsscI North Star. The expedition sailed from the Thames on the 21st of April last. SHADOWS OF COMING EVENTS. tHOM TUB ALBANY KVBH1MU JOURNAL. The Democratic party Lave, or shortly will have, the National Government at their own dispoMl. It is curious to note iu what a multitude of wiya it is expooted they will use it. The Wa*hi*yUm Union welcomes their triumph r? the death-blow to Anti-Slavery " agitation" and "sectionalism" thus: First and foremost, then, we think it means that the maiu public sentiment in this country, which calls itself corisrrvalum, has repudiated and abjured forever that sectional party of which Mr. Seward is the special repre sentative. The commanding voice of New York was need ed, in its whole power and significance, to give assurance to the country that sectional aggression, as a predomi nant element in our national politics, is no longer to be endured. All honor to the united Democracy of New York, which, through the policy and in the power of its union, has now given that full and final assurance. The New York Anti-Slavery Standard, on the other hand, sees in it a promise of success for its views, and the downfall of Whig hyprocrisy : For the cause we have at heart we had nothing to hope from the Whigs in power; and if we have any thing to fear from the opposite party, that, in some measure, may be counterbalanced by what we may hope for from the Whigs defeated. Mr. Qreeley has urged the South to elect Qen. Scott in self-defence, as the triumph of his rival would make Norhern Abolitionists. The prediction we hope will do more credit to his foresight than the feeling which prompted it does to his honesty. At any rate, as we have often said, the Whigs are always best in opposi tion. The American CtU anticipates from the acces sion of Gen. Pierce a prospect of the liberation of the Irish exiles. It says : The New York Herald of last week contained a long letter from Mr. Thomas David Reilly, editor of the De mocratic Review, to Gen. Pierce, entreating his aid for the Irish exiles in Australia, and expressing the writer's " warm appreciation" of the General's character. We sincerely trust, should Gen. Pierce be elected, his efforts in this behalf will be of more avail than those of Mr. Fillmore and Mr. Webster. Indeed, we think it quite possible that a little zeal from a new Administration would effect the purpose of the Irish delegates to Wash ington. The Manchester Mirror and the Journal of Com merce, on the contrary, congratulate each other that the time of " courting the favor of the Irish " is over: FROM THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE. The Manchester (N. II.) Mirror refers as follows to one of the most reprehensible means of electioneering which has been used so freely during the late Presidential cam paign by all parties, and which has caused much loath ing and disgust in the minds of those upon whom it was intended to operate, as well as among all other right minded men. The election is over. Once more a Protestant is just as good as a Catholic, and a native-born citizen as a for eigner. Not having any imported blood in our veins, we have not felt on an equality with mankind for a few months past. The Evcniny Post views the advent of Gen. Pierce as a guaranty that lavish expenditure and favoritism in office will not be tolerated : In the present election all parts of the Union have joined in calling to the Executive chair a man educated in the maxims of the most rigid sect of Democratic eco nomists?a man who has always At his face against every form of profusion ; who h&s always required a constitu tional warrant for every expenditure; whom neither flat tery nor sophistry, nor hope of personal advantage? means so often used with public men, and too often with effect?have ever been able to sway to the side of extra vagance. This is the sort of man whom the people have chosen with a most extraordinary unanimity; nay, with an absolute enthusiasm, to succeed Mr. Fillmore. A sense of the abuses practised has penetrated to every part of the country, and the people insist upon reform. But the Buffalo Republic, looking at it from an other point, thus predicts, while it deprecates, the coming rush for <l spoils and plunder 0> kick-Seikkks.?It is to be expected that there will be a great many offices to fall into Democratio hands which are now held by Whigs, in consequence of the change of administration, both National and State. The important question which occurs to us as peculiarly important just now is, "Shall Democrats take upon themselves the odious and almost murderous character that has dis tinguished Whig office Keekers V We allude to this subject thus early that, if possible, we may anticipate with our protest the furious onset of I those, if such there be, who hava ??? ?ye single to the spoils, proving that their party seal " hath this extent, no more." Is it not sad to think that all these bright hopes can never be realized? Professions may l>e dupli cate, but acts must be single. The new Administra tion cannot bo pro-slavery and anti slavery, nativist and foreign, frugal and lavish of patronage, all at once. Some of its creators must be disappointed. And yet each of them is confident of success. Verily " to whom much is given, of them shall much be ronuirod." Power is about to pass into Democratic hands, such as never before was placed iu the hands of any political party. It will be their own fault if it is not wisely used, for there is scarcely an obstacle left to hinder them from adopting what course they please, and carrying it to whatever lengths they see fit. Democratic principles will have a fair trial. If they are such as will promote the welfare of our country, then we and all good citizens will have reason to rejoice in their adoption, and in the strength which has been given them. If they arc not, time will expose their fallacy and vindicate the right. Our part is a simple one?to wait. . We learn from the Alexandria Gazette that Romulus M. Sauni>f.rs, a prominent Democrat of the North Carolina legislature, and formerly a member of Congress, Minister to Spain, <!tc., has come out in favor of the distribution of the public lands among the States, and was highly applauded in the body of which he is a member. Governor Ramsky arrived at St. Paul, Minne sota, on the 25th ultimo, from Washington, with $*500,000, the first instalment to be paid the Sioux Indians for their lands. A funeral procession took place at St. Jjouis on the 20th ultimo in honor of Mr. Webster, and a eulogy on his character was delivered by C. D. Drake. The publication of the newspapers was suspended, ami a general cessation of business ob served. Mississippi repudiation. One incident of the late election muat be universally gratifying. The people of the State of Mississippi have voted to pay the bonds of the Planters' Bank, and thus remove [so far as the debt ia concerned] the stain of re pudiation which has hitherto rested upon their State. The history of this debt is interesting. Under the old Constitution of Mississippi, the State chi?rtered the " Planters' Bank of the State of Mississippi," with a capital stock of $3,000,000. Of this capital, two millions were reserved to the State, and the remaining million, left to individual)*, wns subsequently increased to $2,000,000. The individual stockholders paid up; hut the State only subscribed and sold its bonds for $600,000 of the amount reserved, the bonds not being issued to the bank, but negotiated abroad by commissioners. . The com missioners and a majority of the directors of the bank were appointed by the Governor. The debt thus created was recognised under the new Constitution of 1832, and, as sneh, was approved by the people of the State. The bonds, meanwhile, sold above par, and from 1830 to 1840 the State received her dividend on tbe stock, generally ten per cent, per annum. The dividends than served to pay the interest on the l>onds, and left four per cent, profit to the State on its $2,000,000 of stock. This stock was sub sequently invested ir\ the Nstcliei; Railroa<i. and was there sunk, together with the sinking fund created to meet the bonds. The latter issues of bonds are due in the years 1801, IBM",, and 1871, and the question at the late elec tion turned upon th*ir payment. The result of the vote t is highly gratifying, as indicating a purpose on the part i of the people to restore the credit and reputation of the State.?-Vfte I'orJi Timet. THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. Notwithstanding the defeat of General SOOTT, lifl has received the votou of an immense numbeflff American citizen**?a larger number than coinpogfcs the population of some Kuwpean Kingdoms, ? a beautiful illustration of the excellence of our fofin of government mid the working of our institutions, to sec the perfect submission to and acquiescence in the will of the majority by the minority. A civil revolution has been effected by the ballot-box alone, and the defeated thiuk no more of rebelling or re volting than they do of going to the moon. What would produce convulsions, riots, bloodshed, and misery in the old world, in here just as much a matter of course as the execution of a decree in chancery, or the peaceable settlement of a suit at common law. The people have heard the argu ments, tried the case, and rendered their verdict, and there is an end of the matter. On the 4th of March next, Franklin Pierce, without armies or guards, will appear in the Capitol, and be sworn in as President, and from that moment wield the power aud patronage of the Government, us far a? his constitutional duties will permit, without a man in this wide Republic to object to bra right. Who can fail to love such a country, aud ?o glory in in stitutions that bring about such a result'( Political defeat loses all its sting, and Americans of all par ties may isjoicc thjit their nation is affording to the rest of the world an example which will tend more to propagate republican principles thau intervention or acquisition. Obedience to law is the great Americas doctrine. The termination of a Presidential elec tion is an exemplification of this doctrine, and in this sense it is an important event, apart from other circumstances which affect principles and measures. May the same great doctrine continue to be, in all matters touching our foreign aud domestic relations, the cherished creed of the American people ! , [Alexandria (Jazctte. T1IE VOTE OF MASSACHUSETTS. The Boston Traveller gives an analysis of the votes cast for President in Massachusetts on Tues day last, from which it appears that, as compared with the last Presidential election, there has been a great falling off in the Whig vote, and more than a corresponding gain in the Democratic vote. The Freesoil vote has likewise fallen off largely. In 1848 Qcn. Taylor had 01,070 votes in Massachusetts ; now Gen. Scott has 54,705?loss 8,365. Gen. Cass had 35,281; now Gen. Pierce has 40,411?gain 11,130. Mr. Van Buren had 38,058 ; j?ow Mr. Hale has 28,755?loss 9,303. Taylor's plurality over Cass was 25,780. Scott's plurality over ! Pierce is 7,294. In this respect there is a Whig loss of 18,495. In 1848 the majority against Taylor was 12,269 ; now tha majority against Scott is 23,311. In this view there is a Whig loss of 11,042. The falling off of the Whig vote in the city of Boston is the most striking. It is as follows: Scott 4,472, Pierce 5,026, Hale 1,433, Webster 1,024, scattering 38. This vote is less by 1,440 than that of 1848. Scott has 3,955 votes in the city less than Taylor, and Pierce has 2,029 more than Cass. Hale has 479 less than Tan Buren. Pierce has a plurality over Scott of 554. Majority against Pierce 1,941 ; ma jority against Cass 7,353?Pierce's nett gain over Cass 5,411. In Middlesex county, where Taylor had a plurality of 3,035, Pierce has a plurality of 395. In Essex, Scott's plurality is 1,213, while Taylor's was 3,533, In Worces ter, Taylor's plurality was 767 ; Scott's is 72. In Hamp shire, Taylor's plurality was 1,249; Scott's is 1,854. In Hampden, Taylor's plurality was 245; Scott's is 87. In Franklin, Taylor's plurality was 488; Scott's is 833. In Berkshire, Taylor's plurality was 1,162; Scott's is 591. In Norfolk, Taylor's plurality was 1,132; Scott's is 132. In Bristol, Taylor's plurality was 2,009; Scott's is 609. In Plymouth, Taylor's plurality was 399 ; Scott's is 603. In Barnstable, Taylor's plurality was 1,213 ; Scott's is 518. In Nantucket, Taylor's plurality was 285; Scott's is 140. In Dukes, Taylor's plurality was 137 ; Scott's is j 20. Hampshire, Franklin, and Plymouth, therefore, are the only conuties which have made gains for Scott. The Manchester " Mirror" refers as follows to one of the most reprehensible means of electioneer ing which has been used freoly during thn late Presidential campaign by all parties, and which has caused much loathing and disgust in the minds of those upon whom it was intended to operate, as well as among all other right-minded men : " The election is over. Once more a Protestant is just as good as a Catholic, and a native-born citizen as a fo reigner. Not having any imported blood in our veins, we have not felt on an equality with mankind for a few months past. Now, till the commencement of another Presidential campaign, 'All men are free and equal.'" Tiianksuivinu has been appointed in the fol lowing States: Mississippi ....4.?-Octobcr 14 Pennsylvania..Novomber 25 South Carolina " 29 Maryland " 26 New Hampshire ...Novem. 11 Ohio " 25 Maine " 25 North Carolina " 25 Massachusetts " 25 Georgia.. " 25 New York " 25 Florida " 25 New Jersey " 25 There is unusual backwardness in making this appoint ment, and not that unanimity in fixing upon a day whioh might be desired. The Cuban Movement.?The New York Cou rier of Saturday says: " As to the Cuban expedition, we learn ' from an un doubted source' that it is in a forward state of prepara tion, and it is represented that the utmost oare has been taken by the leaders not to violate the neutrality laws of the United States. All the arms and ammunition re quired have been procured abroad in large quantities, and are now deposited without the bounds of the United States, in a depot known only to a few of the leading spirits. Not even a pop-gun has been procured in the United States. The men are to leave this country as emigrants?unarmed?and will sail from different ports, and it is calculated in such a manner that no suspicion shall go abroad as to their actual destination. The mea sures of the revolutionists have been taken with great circumspection, and it is only to be feared that those who embark in this expedition will meet the bloody fate of their predecessors." A Temperance Convention has been held at Macon, (Ga.) at which resolutions were unanimously adopted in favor of the enactment of a law allowing each county to determine, by vote of the people, whether liquor shall be sold in its limits ; and also in favor of taking a vote of the people of Georgia to determine whether a general | law for the State shall be adopted to prohibit the sale of liquor within its limits. Missionaries forth* Pacific.?Eight missionaries, with their families, twenty-five in all, are to sail from New York during this week for California, under the auspices of the American Home Missionary Sooiety. Their names are as follows: Rev. Messrs. Obed Dickinson and Thomas Condon, for Oregon; Rev. Messrs. Samuel B. Bell, John G. Hall, Silas S. Harmon, James Pierpont, Vm. C. Pond, and Edward B. Walsworth, for California. The express company who lost so heavily by the sink ing of the steamer Atlantic have concluded a contract with Mr. Albert D. Bishop for the raising of the steamer within three months of the opening of navigation. Should the experiment prove successful, the company agree to pay Mr. Bishop $25,000. The first attempt to raise the steamer will be made in about ten days. | Wouldh't Vo'tk,?At llrunswick, Glynn county, Georgia, no polls were opened at the Presidential election?it being the deliberate opirfion of the good people there that none of the candidates were worthy of support. Such an opinion would not be confined to Brunswick if the people could b<3 made to believe half what is said j during an election canvass in disparagement of the j candidates. Tenskskkr.?The Knoxville Register of the 8d instant gives returns from several counties in Ksst Tennessee, which show steady gains te the Whig tioket. In Knox county the vote stands-i-Heott 1,863, Pifroe f>?>5, Web?ter 18. Knoxville (Brownlow's bailiwick) gives ont vote to the Webster ticket! LIBERIA. The Ojjgk that the American Colonization Society in* tended tflfrding out 176 colored emigrants, in a vessel which ml to leare Norfolk (Va.) on the 4th instant, Ixsujig announced, the number of applicants has increased until thero are 480, of whom the largest portion are from Virginia, fchc rest being from North and South Carolina. One hundred and twenty-five are from Norfolk and it* vicinity. The oompany, having actually promised pay sages to as many as 350, is now preparing to ?eud out two vessels, oue of which will leave Norfolk orj or about the Kith instant, and the other Wilmington (N. C.) about the 20th. Upon these facts the Philadelphia American remarks as follows; " This excess of emigrants over the number required is a noteworthy evidence of what we havs before remark ed, that the colored people of our country are much more disposed to emigrate than they were fome years wnce. Every vessel which has been announced as ready to take emigrants to the new republic has found more than her complement of pwsengers, and there can be no doubt that, were the facilities for emigration greater than they are at present, the number of the free colored people de siring to go to Liberia would be found amply sufficient to occupy them all. It cannot be long before such oppor tunities will be afforded at most of the large seaport cities, not merely through the aid of colonization socie ties, but by the entrance into the field of private com mercial enterprise. These societies have not now means adequate to the performance of their task, bat no doubt tbe general desire entertained by the American people to aid that unfortunate race in their exodus to the land of their forefathers wUJ prompt them to contribute freely from that abundanuc which prosperity has showered upon our people. "The opinion is becoming every dey more widely dif fused among the frte colored race in America that the re public established by their kindred on the western coast of Africa is as frei, peaceful, secure, and happy as our own, and that it is governed by a public policy which is wise, enlightened, and promotive of prosperity. From . their friends aui acquaintances who have gone there they hear oonstoutljr, by letter, the most favoraole accounts of th? land, and the prospect which there awaits the emi grant. With these inducements before them, it is not surprising that they are desirous of leaving a land where they must always be an inferior raoe, to go where they will be equal with all, and endowed with all the rights of freemen and citizens. "At the North, where colonization has for many years encountered the most'strenuous opposition, a spirit of in quiry has been aroused among the colored people who' opposed it, and they have held meetings in various places for the purpose of taking the matter into serious con sideration. In some cities societies have been formed among them to emigrate to Liberia, and one of these, at New York, has sent out an agent to examine the country and make report." THE JAPAN EXPEDITION. The attention of the whole civilized and commercial world has been strongly attracted to the expedition which our Government is fitting out for Japan. The thing is novel in its design, yet it enlists the sympathies of the most intelligent in all parts of the globe. The result of the movement remains completely in doubt. \ et it ie in accordance with the spirit of the age, and it belongs to a species of progress which the most conservative may com mend and support. The following, from the London Sun of Ooteber lfthT indicates something of the interest which is felt in Great Britain for this enterprise, identified as it is with the civilization of the century: " Here is a country of extraordinary dimensions, which has been, in a political sense, so to speak, hermetically Bealed from the rest of the nations of the earth during no less protracted an interval of time than the last two cen turies. It is at length about to be forced into some com munication with the external multitude, thanks t? the generous enterprise of the United States Government; for it must be observed that the expedition which has been so long talked of as about to proceed to Japan from the ports of the American republic has been only for a while delayed, not altogether abandoned. The interrup tion is simply attributable to that unlucky squabble about the British fisheries, which appears to be undergoing the process of an amicable settlement, owing to the better judgment of Mr. Webster and the energetic resolution of Lord Malmesbury. Ahnost immediately may be antici pated, therefore, the intelligence that the vessels engaged in the undertaking already specified have set out for their very singular place of destination. " It is impossible not to wait with peculiar eagerness the result of this novel and humane enterprise. For our selves, we look forward to that result with some such in terest as we might suppose would be awakened among the generality were a balloon to soar off to one of the planets under the direction of some experienced aeronaut. Nor can the comparison be regarded as is any way so very ex travagant, seeing that Japan is to the rest of the world almost as untrodden a region as the surface of the moon or of Jupiter. Serioasiy speaking, we may assert that we know rather more about the inhabitants of the Flying Island than about the hitherto almost inscrutable and nearly fabulous Japanese. Golownin, it is true, has given us an account of the latter, but an account by no means so categorical or explicit as that furnished in re ference to the former by Lemueb-Gulliver. The wonder is how this ignorance could have so long survived the application of the steam engine to the purposes of navi gation." In any view of the matter, this expedition, we should think, must be productive of useful results. Japan, here tofore excluded almost entirely from intercourse with the rest of the world, contains a population of some thirty or forty millions. The imperial cities of the Empire vie with London and Paris in point of population, magnifi cence, and splendor. The country is vastly productive, and affords the materials of a lucrative commerce. It is adverse to the interests of the world and to the fellowship which ought to exist among nations that such a populous and productive empire should continue in a condition of isolation.?Italtimore Antrtcan. TELEOKArmc Ehterpeisi.?The enterprise of bringing the Old and New Worlds within four or five days' com munication with each other, through the powerful agen cies of steam and electricity, is likely to be soon brought to a consummation. The capital for the Newfoundland Electric Telegraph, connecting New York with Cape Race, has already been subscribed, and the completion of the lin^is promised early in the ooming summer. The line will be fifteen hundred miles long, one hundred and fifty miles of which will be submarine. Commencing at Cape Race, it crosses the Island of Newfoundland, and thcnce, by a submarine line of one hundred and forty miles, crosses the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and, traversing Prince Edward's Island, by another submarine line reaches Cape Tormentin, in New Brunswick, from whenoe its course is direct to New York. At Cape Race a steam yacht will intercept the European and New York steam* ers, gather from them the most important intelligence, and transmit it with the speed of electricity to its desti nHtion. The completion of the project contemplates the running of a line of steamers to and from some port on the Irish coast, from whence a line of telegraph will communicate with London. We learn from the St. Louis Republican that the Old School I'reebyterians hare determined to establish a new College at Fulton, Callaway county, Missouri. The Re publican states that the society is a wealthy one, and that the College building, and everj thing connected with it, will be built upon a liberal scale. Its location is a fine one, in an old, well-settled, populous, and wealthy county, in the centre of the State, and accessible from all quarters. There nre now in the Female Medical College at Phila delphin thirty students, and among them two ladies pre paring for the missionary work among the brethren. One of these young women is a Baptist, the other a Pres byterian or Congregationalist, sent by the A. B.C. F. M. She has been ou missionary duty for the last three years, and is now studying medicine to prepare for greater use fulness. Ikartaknous PoRTRAits.?The Scientific American Mays that instantaneous portraits can now be taken on collodion by a very ingenious French invention. The person whose portrait is to He taken is placed at some distance off, in front of the lens, and the operator, While conversing with him, pulls a trigger. By so doin^ a newly invented cap turns on its own axis, and in its rotary movement allows the light and the image of the sitter to pass through a hoi# twice the diameter of the lens. The portrait is obtained in the fraction of a seoond, and for quickness cau only be compared to electricity. It is but justice to the inventor of the collodion (Mr. Beftsoh) to state that the rapidity is owing to ita extreme sensitive ness, which rendered it necessary to use the above Instru ment By the ordinary method the collodion Woold b* spoiled by the light, however sklltal th? manipulator, before the portrait could be taken.