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FROM OL'R rARlS CORRESPONDENT P^Toctobeh 26, 1852. Hv this time doubtless, the aMurance ot the re Uu?-f A?SK-?^T1* ^ ?f "r your side of the Wtt* ^ ^ ^ event itHelf. It change W ahu ^ ^ preBent year. Mo will be before hag been alrett(ly re Htep howler,jnceion ^ ^j for ^ ^ of | November h?? been taken. Committees of that K known to be informally wttrng, busily em nbved in the examination of the petitions for the I Kmnire which have been already sent in; assorting them, couuting the signatures, testing their regu larity, and remitting to the prefect* for legalization those which seem wanting in form. \ With laudable punctiliousness, Louis Napoleon iXareful to let no mark of the spontaneousness, the simerity, and universality of the popular movement that\s bearing him to the throne be wanting. e pages of the Moniteur will afford to the captious future historian most abundant testimony. O i narily tl<i action of Government agents in the pro vinces is not mentioned in the official journal. ^ The main fact of the p?pular concurrence in the coming change, and of the expression of an earnest wish to see it eftecte , is recorded. Mow would swell to unreasonable length the columns of the official. Occasionally, however, the naiveU of provincial journals uncovers the machinery by which this grand phantasmagoria of universal suffrage is worked, and shows the character of the agents who set it in motion. For instance, we sometimes read in papers of limited circulation in the departments proclamations lifce that of which I give a part below : ?' Th$ Mayor ?/ Lutieu* *** .f ', ?GF.TiTLF.MEK : I receive from M. le Prefeot a form of demand for the "-establishment of the Ei^ire to be a - dressed, clothed with your signatures, to MM. the Sena tors wlio are to propose the restoration of the Empire, in ?? 'person of limi N?rot?o?. This demand .. thus conceived." ? , ,, ? [Here follows the form of the petition, and the Mayor proceeds:] . . ? you will hasten, gentlemen, to sign with us this mani festation. You will concur in the sentiments expressed by all fiance for the re-e,t.bli.hm.nt of a Oovernment which is to consolidate the prosperous oondmoninwhich the genius of Louis Napoleon has P^ced us, and gi>e entire security for the future. Vive 1 Empereur . " Liseux, OcTOBia 16, 1852. " The Mavor : " Victor Godefboy. ? Note.?The petition is to be signed at the Mayor s office, between 10 A. M. and 4 P. M." Now, there are in France eighty-six departments and thirty-seven thousand and forty communes. Each de partment has its prefect and each commune its mayor. Doubtless the prefect of the department of Calvados ad dressed to all of his subordinate mayors, as to the mayor of Lisieux, the form of petition, with instructions for its execution. Probably all the prefects of the eighty-six departments have had similar communication with their Mayors ; only it was unnecessary that this should in all cases be published. Now, when it is remembered that all these prefects are nominated by the Executive, and ha\ e been recently nominated, with special reference to their devoted, active, exclusive Bonapartism, and that the thirty-seven thousand mayors are all nominated either y the Executive at Paris or by these prefects; and when it is further remembered how important are the powers of the prefects, and how almost irresistible the influence of the mayors upon the small sections of the population with which they come severally in contact, it may well be feared that the thousands of petitions upon which the contem plated action of the Senate is to be based, and the in numerable addresses from the provinces all to the same end which adorn the columns of the Moniteur, are not really so tponUuuotu as might be desired, and as in official circles they are declared to be. But doubt is perhaps not admissible in presence of the repeated direct assertions in the Moniteur of their complete and absolute spontaneity. It is remarkable what prominence is accorded to com merce and commercial men in the visible apparatus by which this movement toward the Empire is being effected. This is oertainly corroborative of the famous doctrine re cently emitted with so much eclat at Bordeaux, the Em pire it peace ! That important political exposition was made by the Prince in the great commercial city of Bor deaux, at a dinner in which he honored with his presence the chamber and tribunal of commerce. The Pnnce at tends no more military banquets, and gives none to the officers. One would be almost tempted to believe that the reviews and banquets of Satan, were repented of. The Moniteur of yesterday morning affords another proof of the role that commerce, as one of the handmaids of peace, is playing in the great drama of which France is now the scene. At the head of the $rst column is published an address just delivered to the Prince by the very important body the Chamber of Commerce of Paris. It is worth while to put this upon record. It of course joins in the universal cry for the Empire : '? Monseigneur: You have said the Empire u peace. That is to .a,, it is order, labor, credit, nicated to all great undertakings, public and private, is well-being diffusing itself throughout all classes of so ciety ; it is general prosperity : " France, which has faith in your words, which has the presentiment of all that you meditate for its and which knows from experience that between 7?"**" and its realization there is hardly time for hope, I ranee is awarding to you, by an immense and unanimous accla mation, the power supreme. Yield, Monseigneur, wishes of France. You will acquire thus yet another tit to its gratitude. The commerce of 1 ans, whose we are, offers yon in advance its hearty thanks. To live and prosper, it has need of peace. With most undouht ing confidence it expects peace at your hands ; and it un derstands that this peace will, under your reign, be the more firm and the more lasting, because it will neTe[ purchased at the expense of the honor and the grandeur of our oountry." It ia rumored that several grand measures, political and financial, will serve as preface to tbe Empire; and the Moniltur will very shortly be charged to make them pub lic?amnesty, reduction of the army, lowering of the rate of interest on money, conversion of the four and a half per cents, and the renewal of the redemption of the three per cents discontinned since 1848. Concerning tbe last measnre, Lor is N afolkon is known to have said to a cele brated banker some months ago, " Under my government the French three per eents must be quoted as favorably as the three per cents of England." Concerning amnesty, I have myself little expectation that any large liberality will be practised. Doubtless something will be done, but the measure adopted will, closely examined, be like that of the 15th August last The number of pardons accord ed will seem high upon paper; but they will turn out to bs mostly not full pardons, but commutations of punish ment that will imply little or no mitigation of the pains nnder which the prescripts lie. The Prince will prove hU own distrust of the sincerity of the immense popular demonstration in his favor which is now being operated in Prance by excluding from contact with the people the ?ome thousands of political enemies whom it was found necessary to eject from France after the eyents of Decem ber. His uncle himself oould not dispense with that severe polioy. There is certainly no more sincerity and convic tion in the professions of adhesion which the Prince is daily receiving than there was in the case of Napolion I. Touching the diminution of the army, nothing, 1 am quite satisfied, will be done that will materially relieve the budget or effect more than a seeming reduction of the military power of France ; nothing will be done that will make it impossiblo or even inconvenient to present to Eu rope, in complete array and in marching order, every regimrnt of the five hundred thousand men who now com pose the military force of this oountry. I would guaranty to put within (he compass of an advertisement of two squares in one of your columns the name* of all the off}, cers, from lieutenants np to msrsbals, who, in conse quence of any changes that may be made, will abandon their profession, or cease to receive the pay of their grade. The Emperor will probably not have need of his army for a foreign war, even during the year 1868, immediately subsequent to his accession to the throne. The first year will be occupied in strictly domestic cares for the consolidation in France of his Government and dynasty, and in maturing, to the point at which the plication of military power will be necessary, h s foreign ,pcts. In 1^54 th-re will be war, or Napoleon 111. will iu the face of failing Europe be well advanced in the nroce** "f peaceful anuexatam of l'.clgium au. Savoy to France. 1 wiU take uocomou in some letter soon to relate to you some significant faets which ma an enlargement of the boundaries of Franco the neces 8ary, the inevitable fundamental principle of the foreign policy of the new empire. Ah! If the Emperor weie a norus homo, if he belonged to any other of the Irene dynasties than that of the Bonapartes, then the speech of Bordeaux might not be all a vain rhetorical pretence, then the empire might indeed bt peace. With Lousi ISA polkon on the throne it is impossible?it is impossible it is impossible ! unless Europe quails and abandons to Frcnch domination every thing between the yrennees and the Alps, between the Atlantic and the Hhine. n other of the rumors forerunning the_ empire is a o the#Prince's intention to declare the fortifications built around Paris during the reign of Louis Puiuprs o the boundaries of the city. This greatly increases the ex tent of the city, and gires Paris about one and a half mi - lions of inhabitants, all counted. There are^umeroua objections of an inferior order to the execution of b s plan; but its manifest advantages, and the quelque elko de grandiose which characterizes it, will outweigh all these witii Louis Napolbos, and 1 am confident that measure, if it does not precede, will speedily foUow the proclamaUon of the empire. The Prince seems determined to illus trate his reign by the splendor which the capital is to nc reunderhiefo-tering protection. At l.Mt . do.e? meat works of public improvement are rapidly progress tag at th. present tnoment. ? Yon think th.t much .. doing, gentlemen," eoi<4 ? Ugh funotionar, th. ^ in converantion upon thi? .object, "bnt yon nothing yet. Th. cU, of P?U dred million., to be all .peat in ** In the embellishment of the capital 1 There we still two institutions which it is believed wil have to undergo modification. upon the proclamation of the empire, putting them more in Larmony with the new order of things-the press and the legislative body. It is believed that an express declaration of acquiescence in the empire and abandonment of systematic opposition will be exacted from the editors of all existing newspa pers. Refusal will be followed by suppression. As for the Legislative Corps, there are numerous signs of the slight esteem in which it is held at the hlytie, and of the complete abasement to which it is destine when the Imperial Government shall be well installed a the Tuileries. A slight offered to the members of the Legislative Corps at Bordeaux in the arrangements made for them on some public occasion during the Prince s visit was near producing a violent outbreak, which was only prevented by the interposition of the Prince him self. And at the French Theatre last week every body remarked the signally inferior respect which was paid to M. Billaut, President of the Legislative body, when compared with that rendered to high functionaries of every other class. The new imperial Constitution, it is universally expected, will notably modify the position of that body in French politics. The Legislative body since 2d December has been almost a nullity. It is to become quite so. Universal suffrage for the election of the Chief Magistrate will of course be abolished upon the estab lishment of the hereditary empire. The Prince will use the new constituent powers which will probably be gran - ed by abolishing it totally for all political purposes. Will there not be danger in allowing the existence of a politi cal body, which, though elected at long intervals, may at important junctures throw into the face of a Go?? ment pretending to be Democratic the argument that it came as immediately and more recently from the people than the Emperor himself? And in case of the death of the Emperor, and of the political commotion which in France may well be supposed to follow such an event, a body originating in universal suffrage would in evitably possess a moral influence superior to that of corps having only executive origin. That influence, which circumstances may readily make decisive in the conjuncture supposed, might readily become antagonist to that of corps (the Senate, the Council of Bute, for in stance) emanating from the Emperor, imbued with his personal policy, and having of course strong family and dynastic prejudices. Louis Napoleox, as Emperor, will not, depend upon it, suffer the existence of such a body in the State. He will not venture to run so directly counter to the spirit of the nineteenth century as to abol ish totally "even all seeming of a legislative body,?> nomtne. He will have probably what he will style a legislature, but it will have even less of legislative powers (if it be possible to devise such an institution) than the actual so called corps. And its origin I predict will not be direc universal suffrage. Yet, in order to preserve his title of Democratic Emperor and restorer of universal suflroge, he will not probably strike the institution entirely from his political code. lie will allow universal suffrage to elect the members of the departmental mu nicipal corps who have no political function* whatever, whose role is purely ad ministrative, and strictly local in its operation. W itli the election of such bodies, the Emperor reserving to himself the nomination of their officers, (which is already the rule,) universal suffrage may be readily trusted. The title of the new Emperor will be, it is presumed, Napoleon III. Emperor of the French, King of Algtry, and Protector of the Jloly Place,. It is thought becoming and expedient that the ruler of France, the most powerful of the Catholic States, should possess some title suggestive of this fact, and analogous to the title of Mo*t Chrutxan Najaty, by which custom has for ages designated French monarchs of the Bourbon race. The title of Napoleon HI may,'it is contended, be adopted without any pre tence on his part to mount the throne as heir of Nspo leon, by inalienable divwe right, like Henry without any pretence to ignore intermediate revolutionary gov eminent*, like Louis XVIII, the first Bourbon successor of Louis XVI, who dated his reign from the death of the son of Louis XVI, who died toon after the execution of his father, daring the first republic, baring nerer reigned a day, or even been proclaimed King. Young Napoleon, it is argued, was proclaimed Emperor by Napoleon him self at the moment of his abdication, and was recognised as Napoleon II. in several pnblic acts after the abdication. Should the title of Napoleon III. be really adopted, will it not be a little curious that Austria should thus indi rectly recognise the Duke of Reichstadt as having been Emperor of the French under the title of Napoleon II! The knottiest question connected with the re-establish, ment of the empire relates to the designation of the line of succession in case of the Emperor Loris Napoleon's death without issue. There was talk of the adoption by Louis Na 1*01.icon of n grandson of his uncle Luciex, Prince of Canino, now a promising youth in Rome. But this project seems abandoned. Jerome and his son Na poleon, who were some time on cool terms with Loins Napoleon, seem now to be most cordially reconciled. They are constantly at the Elye^e and St. Cloud on the most favorable terms. It is believed that the senatus consultum finally adopted will leave the question of suc cession unsettled, to be decided by the Emperor himself, to be governed by circumstances, as the future may de velope them. The Vice Royalty of Algery is confidently given cither to the Prince Lt?cien Mukat, or to Napoleon Bonaparte, son of Jerome. This young gentleman is believed to be radically cured 0/ the radical doctrines which he professed in the late Assemblies. They never indeed took very deep root with him. The Pope it is still believed will be prevailed upon to come t0 Paris to crown Louis Napoleon in the spring. Petitions are already being circulated in several of the de partments of France, signed by the clergy, praying the Pope to come to Paris for this purpose. The chief ob jection seems to be that the Emperor of Austria, who has not yet been crowned King of Hungary, or King of Italy, may insist with propriety upon receiving the same honor from the Pope, and a precedent will be established from which It will be difficult to depart, and which it may be inconvenient and inexpedient to always observe. A mystery still envelops the nffair of the infernal ma chine of Marseilles. The chief conspirator, whom it was thought had been arrested in one Oaillard, is still At large, j He bM escaped from France, but the polite profeaaes to bare discovered his trace, and it ia hoped that by virtue of the treaty of extradition he may be arrested, and brought t<> France for punishment wherever he shall be found. It ia not presumed that a criminal of that sort will be protected abroad a* a political refugee. I have juHt learned that the senutus oouiultuni in favor ot the empire uu 1 the subsequent sanction of the people are already bo taken for granted in the upj^r regions, and considered as fail* accompli*, that coin are struck and ready ' for circulation with the effigy of NapoUuii III, Emperor of the tYench. FOREIGN ITEMS. ! The funeral of the Duke of Wellington is positively fixed for Thursday, the 18th of November The body in to lie in state at Apsley House, and the yrocession will proceed thence through Piccadilly, St. Jnn)es' street, Pall Mall, and the Strand, to St. Paul's, the entire distance be ing about three miles. Prince Aluert is V> be the ohief mourner; and among the other principal fersons in the ceremony will be the Marquis of Anglesey, who command ed a division of the army at the battle of Waterloo, and is now in his 86th year. The funeral car will be very richly adorned. It will be drawn by six horses, and be ns lofty aB the passage through Temple llur will admit. A rich canopy of black velvet will be erected over the space in St. Paul's Cathedral, where the body will be placed. The whole of the galleries also will be hung with black cloth, of which about twelve thousand yards will be re quired, and aix thousand yards of black drugget for cov ering the floor. It is understood that President Roberts, of Liberia, has satisfactorily completed all the negotiations with the Brit ish Government which constituted the object of his pre sent visit to this country. The subjects of complaint with regard to the oonduct of certain traders on the oonat have been a^jpated. w?U um the extent of the territorial ju risdiction of the Republic. President Roberts was to sail on the 30th ultimo for Liberia, in her Majesty's steam er Dee. The duel, already repdhed, between two French refu gees, at Egham, one of whom, named Cournet, was killed, occupies public attention. The secondB, MM. Baronnet and Alain, have been arrested, and are in prison. They both refuse to give up the name of the absconding mur derer, from a " sense of honor." The victim appears to have been a gentleman much respected by his country men. The coroner's jury have given a verdict of wilful murder against the parties. The Paris papers announce the death, at the age of 58 years, of M. IIenky Decaisne, an historical painter of some celebrity, and a chevalier of the Legion of Honor, and the order of Leopold. Also announce the death of the Abbd Vincenzo Gioberti, who played such an important part in the affairs of Italy in 1848. He was President of the Council and Minister for Foreign Affairs in the cabi net of Charles Albert, and, after the battle of Novara, (March 20, 1849,) was sent to Paris as Minister Plenipo tentiary. Iron Ships.?As a good deal of attention has lately been given to iron ships, it may be interesting to ship owners to know that the iron barque "Richard Cobden," now being overhauled in No. 1 Canning Graving Dock, was bored through one of apparently the worst and most corroded plates in her, Mr. W. F. Sim, the managing owner, being anxious to ascertain what the actual dimi nution in thickness would prove after eight years' thrash ing about between this and the East. The restilt wns that the plate operated upon turned out to be precisely the same thickness that it was when the ship was launch ed in 1844?namely, nine-sixteenths of an inch on the sixth tier from the keel. The only part of the vessel which, on examination, exhibited any corrosion, and that only slightly, was the bow, where the ?nchor and chain had chafed the paint or coating with which the vessel is covered as a preservative, and which appears to perform its office effectually.?Liverpool Albion. Fire in the Mountains?Great Haul of Wild Ducks. We learn from a friend at Hamburg that the Blue Mountain, in the vicinity of that borough, took fire from a locomotive on last Monday night, and burnt for seve ral hours with great fury. A number of citizens of (lam burg and vicinity turned out to stay the conflagration, and, after laboring assiduously for six or eight hours, suc ceeded in putting it out before it had reached the most valuable timber lands in its course. A singular circum stance connected with the fir* was the capture wext day | of a large flock of wild ducks. These aucks were at tracted by the fire during the night, and had their wings and feathers so badly singed and burnt that they were I prevented from flying, ana were of course easily caught, i The chase was kept up all day Tuesday, and the number taken was between fifty and sixty. They were all in ? good condition and of the largest size. [Reading (/'<*.) Journal. Ret. Jonathan M. W. Waiswhioht, the newly-elected l Provisional Bishop of New York, was consecrated at i Trinity Church on Wednesday. The sermon was preach ed by the Right Rer. Cablkton Chase, D.D., of New | Hampshire. The Consecration of the new Roman Catholic Cathedral : in Cleveland, Ohio, teok place, with great state and cere mony, on Sunday, 7th instant. The Right Rer. Bishop ' of Buffalo preached during the morning service, and at 4 ?'clock in the afternoon a discourse was delivered in the German language. In the evening there was a benedic tion and sermon by the Most Rev. Archbishop of Cincinnati. D.uring the week ending October 80th there were two hundred nnd forty-six deaths at New Orleans, of which twenty-six were from cholera and sixty-two from yellow fever. The Santa Clara (California) Register giTes the parti culars of a duel which came off in Santa Clara county, near Oilroy's ranch, and which, in ferocity and despera tion, we find no parallel for. It occurred between a Mexican and a native Californian about a game of monte, and Colt's navy revolvers were the weapons used in com bat. Nine shots were fired, and four of the balls took effect in each of the combatants. Both parties expired immediately, and each was ushered into the presence of his Maker to answer for the murder of the other. A Chili> Shot by his Fathir.?The Wilkesbarre (Pa.) j Advocate relates a most melancholy circumstance, which recently took place in Covington township, Luzerne coun ty. A Mr. John Williams, seeing his own son, Isaac, a boy about 12 years of age, in the woods gathering chestnuts, I and supposing him to he a deer, fired his rifle and shot j the little fellow through the back. On approaching eacli other, the boy exclaimed, " Father, why did you shoot j me ?" and afterwards added, " Father, you will bury me , on the farm, won't you ? " We are rejoiced to learn that the poor little boy survives, and is recovering. Increased Anuai Duration or Life.?Professor ' Buchanan, in an interesting lecture before the Mechanics' ' Institute of Cincinnati, makes the following observa- j tionsupon the average duration of life, the effect in part of medical science. He says that in the latter part of the slxteehth ccntury one-half of all that were bom died under five years of age, and the average longevity of the whole population was but eighteen years. In the 17th century one-half of the population died under twelve. But in the firnt sixty years of the 18th century one-half of the population lived over twanty-seven years. In the latter forty years one-half exceeded thirty-two years of age. At the beginning of the present century one-half exceeded forty years, and from 1888 to 1845 one-half ex- j ceeded forty-three. The average longevity of these sue- ' cessive periods has been increased from eighteen yea rt in 1 the ltith century to 43-7 by our last reports. These facts are derived from the medical statistics of Geneva. Applied to this country, such an improvement as is here exhibited from 1500 to 1845 would make a variation in our bills of mortality of more than half a million, or fif teen hundred deaths daily. LANnt AnK or the Law.?If a man wonld, according to law, give to another an orange, instead of saying, 111 give you that orange," which one would think would be what I is called in legal phraseology " an absolute conveyance of all right and title therein," the phrase would run thus: " I ?'Tf you all and singular my estate and interest, right, title, and claim, and advantage of and in that orange, with all its rind, skin, juice, pulp, and pips, and right and advantages therein, with full power to bite, cut, suck, and otherwise eat the same, or give the same away, as fully and effectually as I, the said A. B., am now inclined to bite, cut, suck, or otherwise eat the same orange or give the same away, with or without its rind, skin, juice, ; pulp, or pips, any thing heretofore or herfiimftpr, or in any other deed or deeds, instrument or instruments, of what nature or kind soever, to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding;" with much more to the same effect. Such is the language of lawyers; and it is gravely held by the moat learned men among them that by the omis sion of any of these words the right to the said orange would not pass to the person for whose use the same was in tended. WASHINGTON. ?* liberty ?ud Union, now and foreveri one and inseparable." SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1852. RESULT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. The result of the Presidential contest may now be accurately stated. Of the doubtful States, Ken tucky and Tennessee have cast their votes for Gen. 8cott, and North Carolina has gone for Mr. Pierce by two or three hundred majority. Texas and Cali fornia, the only States not yet heard from, are con ceded to Pierce and Kino. This will make the vote in the Electoral College stand forty-two for Scott and Graham, and two hundred and fifty four for Pierce and Kino?giving the latter a majority of two hundred and twelve votes. We append a table of the result, in detail: Gen. I'ierce. Gen. Scott. Maine 8 ? New Hampshire 6 ? Vermont ? 6 Massachusetts ? 13 Connecticut 0 ? Rhode Island 4 ? New York SJtJ ? New Jersey 7 ? Delaware 3 ? Pennsylvania 27 ? Maryland 8 ? Virginia 16 ? North Carolina 10 ? South ( arolina 7 ? Geor^ .i 10 ? Flor. la ? Ohio ? Indiana 18 ? Illinois 11 ? Iowa 4 ? Wisconsin 5 ? Michigan 6 ? Kentucky ? 12 Missouri 9 ? Alabama 0 ? Louisiana 0 ? Tennessee ? 12 Mississippi 7 ? Arkansas 4 ? Texas 4 ; ? California 4 ? 254 42 THE ELECTION IN GEORGIA. The Milledgeville Recorder briefly sums up the result of the Presidential election in eighty-two counties of Georgia, from which official returns have been received. In the counties referred to the regular Democratic ticket has obtained 30,045 votes, the Scott ticket 14,521, the Webster ticket 4,313, the Union Pierce and King ticket 5,210, the Troup and Quitman ticket 150, and sixty votes cast scat tering. In these countics the vote polled is 30,172 less than in the same counties last year, and the vote given to the successful Democratic ticket is 4,507 less than the Whig vote in 1851. APPOINTMENT BY THE PRESIDENT. Robert B. Lambdin, of Missouri, to be Indian Agent at the Upper Missouri Agency, in place of | James H. Norwood, deceased. ' ILLINOIS. We are happy to state (says the Boston Atlas) that the election of E. B. Washburn, Whig, from Galena district, Illinois, is confirmed. Mr. Wash-1 burn is a gentleman of tine talents, a native of the State of Maine, and a brother of the Hon. Israel Washburn, member of Congress from that State. He beats Campbell, the present Democratic mem ber, and his election is, of course, a Whig gain. Hon. Richard Yates, Whig, is re-elected from the Jacksonville district. This is an unexpected and gratifying result, the more so that his district was gerrymandered expressly to defeat him. j Mr. John Wentworth appears to have suc ceeded in the Chicago district, although there was a strong opposition against him in his own party. MASSACHUSETTS STATE ELECTION. The people of Massachusetts failed to make choice of a Governor at the State election on Monday last. The plurality for the Whig candidate is upwards of | 20,000. The selection of a Governor will now devolve on j the Legislature, of which a large portion of the I members are to be elected on the fourth Monday of I this mouth. So fur as elections were made last : Monday, the Whigs secured ten members of the Senate and 05 of the House, and the Coalition eight ' in the Senate and H8 in the House. The struggle now is to obtain the majority in the latter body, which will have to fill the twenty-two vacancies in the Senate. The Legislature will also have to elect a United States Senator. The call for a Convention to alter the State Con stitution has been carried by a majority of 5,000. Samuel H. Walley and William Appleton, Whigs, are the only Representatives to Congress yet elected. They each have a majority of about 1,200 votes. Mr. Scudder, Whig, lacks but nine votes of an election. The Whig candidates have a plu rality in nearly nil the districts, and at the next trial a plurality vote will elect. DELAWARE ELECTION. Full returns have now been received of the elec tion of members of the legislature, and the Whigs have a clear majority of four on joint ballot, which secures them the United States Senator. Official Vote of Pennsylvania.?The official vote of Pennsylvania stands for Pierce 198,5*3, Scott 179,188, Hale 8,580, Brown 1,070. In 1848 the vote stood Taylor 185,730, Cass 172,1*0, Van Kuren 11,117. THE NATIONAL PARTT. Gen. Scott was dragged down, it is said, even by some Whigs, because he was Mr. Seward's candi date?that is, because Seward in this free country chose to prefer him to Pierce or Hale. Put John and Martin Van Burcn sustained Pierce?all right! The only open coalition between the Frcesoilere and any other party is in Massachusetts, where the De mocrats ahd Kreesnilers are in one family?ail right! The Disunion party in Alabama, Georgia, and Mis sissippi all supported Pierce?all right. The South Carolina Legislature chose Pierce and King electors, hut at the same time passed in caucus a resolution declaring that in so doing the State "protests against an approval or arquifucrHce in the measures com monly tailed the compromise "?all right! Hurrah for the Democratic National Union party ! [A'etc llartn Palladium. The " great calm" which has succeeded the " groat storm of the Presidential election will be favorable to the consideration by Congress of many matters which were neglected at the last session, and which ought to be attended to and acted upon. There are many important subjects deeply affecting the inte rests of the people which were lost sight of in the 1 hurly-burly of the political campaign, and now will be the time for taking them pp and giving them a i lalin and fair investigation. The short session ought ( to be devoted to fm*inrx*. Surely there has been ipetikiw<7 enough to last for a year to come. The members of Congress should be held to strict ac- 1 count for the manner in which the time shall be | spent from December to March. I jet us sec icork Jane. That is what the people want.?Alex. Gaz. i REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT ok the RIO GRANDE. | Our Telegraphic correspondence announces the receipt of advices from Brownsville, on the Rio . Grande, to the ftth instnnt. containing accounts of a lute re\nlutiuuarj ;j.i >'cineijf at Mataniori". which teriuinuhd in 'he of the >vernim>m threes by the insurgent..-. The following particulars are j given: On the 2d instant a portion of the National Guard sta tioned at Matamoros revolted, and crossed to the Ameri can side of the Rio Grande, where they raised the revolu tionary standard, and soon had n well-armed and orga nized force of six hundred men, when preparations were i made to recross the river and attack Matamoroa. The revolutionary troops succeeded in crossing to the ; Mexican side on the 4th instant, and immediately took up their line of march towards Matamoros. General Avalos, with 1,500 Government troops, had been sent out by Cardenas, the Governor of Tamaulipas, to meet them, and a battle soon ensued. The insurgents fought with great bravery, and ndtwithstanding the Gov ernment troops outnumbered them almost three to one, they soon put Gen. Avalos to flight, and routed bis troops with considerable loss of life. Avalos and his scattered forces tied to Matamoros, where preparations were mak ing to meet and repel the insurgents. The revolt was caused by the appointment of Cardenas as Governor, whose usurpations have made him very ob jectionable to the people. FROM THE PACIFIC. The steamer Illinois, from the Isthmus of Panama, arrived at New York yesterday. She brings three hundred passengers and two millions of gold. Amongst her passengers is Lieut. Gilliss, of the Navy, who Wring* despatches from Mr. CLAY, our Chargl d'Affaires at Lima, relative to the Lobos Island affair. A proclamation of Com. MoCauley appears in the Panama Star of the 4th instant, in which he informs American citizens that he cannot protect them in forcibly resisting the laws of Peru. Com. McCauley arrived at Callao on the 13th of October, from Valparaiso, at which place there was a severe earthquake on the 2d. The dates from California are to the 20th. ultimo, but there is no news of importance. Masxachusetls State Election. Boston, November 9.?At the State election which came off yesterday the vote was not so full. All but twelve towns have now been heard from, and Clifford, the Whig Gubernatorial candidate, has 21,804 plurality over Bishop, the Democratic candidate, and 24,000 over Horace Mann, Freesoiler. Mr. Clifford's vote is far ahead of that cast for Gen. Scott. Messrs. Appleton and Walley, Whigs, are elected to Congress from the fourth and fifth districts. The Temperance party polls a strong vote. There were over twenty different tickets in the field. LATEST DESPATCH. We now have returns of the vote for Governor in near ly the whole State. Mr. Clifford, Whig, has 56,500; Mr. Bishop, Dem., 35,500; Mr. Mass, Freesoil, 38,400. To the State Legislature eleven Whig Senators and eight Opposition members are elected, leaving twenty-one vacancies. Ninety Whig Representatives and sixty Op position are also elected. In the case of two hundred and twenty-seven Representatives there is no choice. Three Whig Congressmen are elected. The other eight districts have failed to make a choice. Information from Liberia, via England, to August, 1852, states that the barque Ralph Crots, belonging to the Chesapeake and Liberia Trading Company, Baltimore, which sailed from that port on the 1st of May last, with emigrants and stores for Liberia, was icrecked at Cape Palmas on the 19th July. All the emigrants were land ed and the crew saved, but most of the cargo was lost. j Fayikq Dear tor tub Whistle.?At Baltimore, on , Thursday, a part of the private stock of wines and liquors j of the late Josiau Lee, Esq. were sold at auction, and brought extraordinary prices. Fifty demijohns of vari- J ous brands of Madeira were struck off at prices ranging | from twenty-four dollars to forty-nine dollars per gallon ; \ and one lot of twenty-two bottles commanded the extreme j price of fifteen dollars and fifty cents per bottle?which, ' at five bottles to the gallon, is at the rate of seventy-seven dollars and fifty cents per gallon The following are the particulars of several lots, as reported in the Baltimore American: 1 demijohn of Pine Apple Butler Madeira Wine. (24 per gallon. 1 do of old Cbarlentnn Madeira. per gallon. 1 do of old Madeira. ?? Hattewon." f it per gallon. 10 do from the stock of Jauio* Cox, " Holmes " Madeira, from $41 to J4'.i per pillon. I 7 do of the ami', $-".1 per gallon. SO do of J. Cox, Madeira W inen of rarioo* kind*, at price* varying | from $1- to %'U per gallon. 22 bottle* of celebrated J. Cox, " Sheffield * Madeira Wine*, at (16% I per hnttle. We learn from the Ledger that Capt. R. F. Lot>kr, of Philadelphia, has just concluded a contract with the New York, Baltimore, and Alexandria Steamship Company for the construction of ten propeller steamships, which are to be built and fitted out for delivery in March next. The dimensions of these vessels are to be 160 feet in length, 2o feet beam, and 11 \ feet depth of hold. The building of the vessels and engines is distributed so as to secure their early completion. These vessels, when completed, will compose lines between New York and Baltimore, and between New York and Alexandria. BANKS. The Washington correspondence of the Courier and Enquirer contains an abstract of the annual statement of the ' condition of the Banks of the United States, as communicate ed to Congress by the Secretary of the Treasury, at the close of the session in August last. From a table exhibiting the affairs of banks making returns nearest to January, 1851, it appears that there were then 787 banks and 128 branches, making 865 banking institutions, of which returns were received at the Treasury Department. From the abstract above referred to it appears that there was an increase of banking capital in 1851 over the preceding year of some what over five per cent. The number of banks and branches increased at about the ?nme rate. The expan sion of bank credits was over $48,000,000, or 18.2 per cent. The amount of stock held by the banks augmented 12.2 per cent. The value of real estate diminished. The specie in all the banks was, in round numbers, $52,000,000, j and the increase within the year was $f>,580,000, or about 15 per cent. The most considerable advance took pWc? in the items of circulation and deposites. Thecir- j culation increased $22,002,(WO. about 16 pe;r cent; the deposites $20,000,000, 18 percent. These figures, though indicating a general extension of banking business, do not show a state of things calculated to excite any uneasi ness in the minds of prudent men.?Baltimore American. . A JrsT Ricm-kb.? General Pikbcb has already been assailed by politicians in quest of the spoils, who cannot wait until'his inauguration to make known their great i merits and special claims to his consideration for office under hia Administration. One of the leaders from this quarter visited him a few days ago, and was about to lay before him a budget of overwhelming testimony in favor of a particular friend, who is a candidate for Executive favor, when he was told by the President elect that he wns very glad to see him, but that he had made up his mind not to speak on political subjects for nt least three months to come. The rebuke was fully appreciated by the applicant, who returned to this city entirely satisfied that in'politics, at least, and among the intelligent, it is not always " the early bird that catches the worm," but haste may sometimes be injudicious as well as indecent. [Philadelphia Ledger, WoNDHnnb Escap*.?Yesterday Prof. Paob. his wife, and daughter were upset and dragged in their carriage, which was literally demolished upon a mass of scattered hricks near the Patent Office. Mrs. Page was much bruised, the little girl escaped without a scratch, and, strange to say, no serious injury was incurred. They were very kind- | ly cared for by Mr. Habhauoh, apothecary, in front of whose shop the oocident occurred. The horse took fright j at a country wagon covered with bed qviltt of many colors. , 'Lootc.?A gentleman asked a country clergyman for the use of his pulpit for a young divine, a relation of his. * I really do not know," said the clergyman, " how to re fuse you; but if the young man should preach better thnn me, my congregation will be dissatisfied with me af terwards ; and if he should preach worse, I doa't think he's fit to preach at all." i MR. WEBSTER AND MR DICKINSON. Since the lamented decease of Mr. Webster ther? have found their way into the public journals a variety of hits private and familiar letters, all of them characterized by the power of thought, ima gination, sportivenesa, or devotional sentiment, for each of which ho was so remarkable. Several of these interesting memorials of the great statesman we have heretofore given to our readers, and should perhaps have given more of them but for the re spect due, as we thought, to the implied wishes of his literary executors lately made public. A letter, however, baa just been presented to the public by the gentleman to whom it was addressed, of so interest ing a nature, and which does so much honor to the magnanimity and sense of justice of Mr. Websteb, that we break through the reserve we had prescrib ed to ourselves, iu regard to his correspondence, by inserting the letter below. Our readers may re member that a public and very angry and protracted personal quarrel occurred in the Senate between Senators Webster and Dickinson, in the session of 1846, originating iu a charge brought by tho latter against the former respecting the Aahburton treaty. Two years afterwards, the feelings left in Mr. Webster's bosom by that quarrel had been so entirely subdued by Mr. Dickinson's manly and patriotic course in regard to the sectional agitation, that, in the year 1850, on the point of leaving tho Senate for the Department of State, Mr. Webster addressed to Mr. D. the subjoined frank and gener ous letter. As it comes to us through the columns of a paper in Binghampton, New York, the resi dence of Mr. Dickinson, it' is fair to presume that it was given to the press by that gentleman himself. Washington, September 27, 1850. My Dear Sir: Our companionship in the Senate is dissolved. After this long and most important session, you are about to return to your home, and I shall try to find leisure to visit mine. I hope we may meet each other again two months hence for the discharge of our . duties in our respective stations in the Government. Bat life is uncertain, and I have not felt willing to take leave of you without placing in your hands a note containing a few words which I wish to say to you. In the earlier part of our acquaintance, my dear sir, occurrences took place which I remember with constantly increasing regret and pain, because the more I have known of you the greater have been my esteem for your charac ter and my respect for your talents. But it is your no ble, able, manly, and patriotic conduct in support of the great measure of this session which has entirely won my heart and secured my highest regard. I hope you may live long to serve your country; but I do not think you are ever likely to see a crisis in which you may be able to do so much, either for your own distinction or the pub lic good. You have stood where others have fallen; you have advanced with firm and manly step where others have wavered, faltered, and fallen back; and for one I desire to thank you, and to coipmend your conduct, out of the fulness of an honest heart. This letter needs no reply; it is, I am aware, of very little value ; but I have thought you might be willing to receive it, and perhaps to leave it where it would be seen by those who shall come after you. I pray you, when you reach your own threshold, to remember me most kindly to your wife and daughter. I remain, my dear sir, with the truest esteem, your friend nnd obedient servant, Dan'l Webster. Hon. Daniel 8. Dickinson, U. S. Senate. The Hon. David Hensuaw, formerly Secretary of the Navy, died at his residence at Leicester (Mass.) on Thursday. Hon. S. S. Phelps, late U. S. Senator from Vermont, has accepted the invitation of the citizens of Middlebury (Vt.) to deliver a eulogy upon Mr. Webster. He has also been invited to deliver a eulogy at Montpelier before the Legislature, now in ' session. The majority for Gen. Scott in Tennessee, all 1 the counties being heard from, except Fentress, is 1,844. Files of Sidney papers to July 7th have been received in New York. The gold discoveries are reported to extend iu surface and increase in rich ness of deposite. Fortunes are being made, it is said, with great facility, and hundreds of emigrants are arriving daily from all parts of the world. It i.s stated in the Boston papers that a late letter from San Juan, Nicaragua, confirms a former re port of the discovery of iron, coal, and gold in great abundance in Central America; also diamonds, 1 pearls, and other precious stones. Grand Democratic Jubilation.?Our Democratic fel lo w-citi zens celebrated their J ubilee on Th ursday afternoon and evening according to previous notice. A consider ? able number of citiiens, composed of persons of both par ties, met in front of the City Hall, and listened to an ad | dress read by Mr. John W. Fotxir, Clerk of the House j of Representatives. The character of this address was temperate, without failing to expatiate in full on the ? greatness of the victory obtained by his party. After the conclusion of this address the procession was organized ' and performed its prescribed route through the city. It , was long and well got up. and neither in its mottoes nor j transparencies, or in the bearing of its constituent mem bers, did we see any thing offensive to the feelings of the more numerous citizens of a different political faith who were looking on from the side walks. Some of the dwel lings of those citizens who are Democrats were illumi nated, but the illumination wm far from general. . The telegraph from Louisville reports that Mr. Thomas | Carnel, son-in-law of Governor Foote, was killed on Mon day last, at Kentucky Bend, by James Carnel, whose fa ther was wounded by Carnel some time since. We see it stated in the Ohio State Journal, published at Columbus, that there is a movement on foot for hold ing a National Railroad Convention somewhere in the Great Went, at a time to be named hereafter, to bring the people of the East, West, North, and South together, for the purpose of consultation nn I the acquisition of neces sary intelligence relating to the interests of the country. Raleiuii axd Gaston Railroad.?The Raleigh and Gaston railroad has been relaid with heavy iron to within about ten miles of Raleigh. These ten miles will soon be rtlaid, and. as the railroad, of some fourteen miles, between Weldon and Gaston will be completed in a few months, Raleigh and Norfolk will be connected by one continuou^'route of railroads. The committee appointed in pursuanoe of the publio meeting held in Mobile in honor of Mr. Werster deter mined to recommend that the 26th of November should be observed as a day of general mourning, at which time the bells should be tolled, minute-gun* tired, places of business closed, public building^Wnd such others as the oconpnnts were willing should be draped, and a funeral oration should be delivered. Piter Hamilton, Enq. was selected as the orator of the occasion, and a sub-commit tee of arrangements was appointed to complete the details Coal in Mississippi.?A bituminous mineral, resem bling coal in every respect, easily ignited, and giving out great heat and blaze, has been found in Inrge quantities upon the plantation of Gen. W. R Miles, in Taioo conn ty. Several teste have boen made of it. and with uniform success. More extensive explorations sre about to be undertaken, and it is to be hoped that they will provo that our soil can furnish the Southwest with this exceed ingly valuable commodity. A coal mine will be worth more to Mississippi than a gold one.? XJtchtt <.'tuner.