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would ttuod still in the meantime. A pretty comment
ihia upon the Eugliah purity of electloa, when the House of Commons does not furnish a sufficient number of un impeacbed members to try those who are accused with being oorrupt. Proh ftiidor The Bank of England returns show that the circulation is nearly the same as last week, say ?22,7518,150. The bullion has increased ?100,667, and is now ?21,808,88 The discounts hare increased ?447,199, showing an in creased demand for money. Silver has again declined in value, which, in the face of such large supplies of gold, was unexpected. Insurances have been effected at Lloyd s on ?4 000,000 of gold on its way from Australia ; and. assuming that only half the sum has been shipped, there seems no probability of mouey becoming scarce. The Northern exchanges continue depressed. English funds are firm, and rather on the rise. The price of wheat has advanced from 4s. to 5?. per quarter during the last fortnight. The produce market is firm and ad vancing. American cotton is quoted Jd. higher at Liver pool. _ , . . i ? 1 The return of the Bank of France to the 9th instant is Tery satisfactory, and shows a decided improvement: """'""."tso,407,518. a*?* ?780,000 Bills cli?ouatei' 10,'J?7,2<*'.locnue Advance on railway shares 2,823,758, do , Advance to the State a,<?00,000, the same. Circulation.. 27".TOMJJ gjgj scs*>, The Theatrical world has no peculiar novelty or inte rest. M. JutiKN bus made his bow in Loudon previous to his visit to the United States. There are a number of New Books, particularly the first two volumes of Lord John HcssKU'a editions of the " Me moirs, Correspondence, &o. of Thomas Moore; they are called a valuable addition to the biographical treasures of the English language. A useful introduction to the know ledge of architecture has been published by Mr. G.God win under the title of " History in Ruins. Lord Bel fast has published " Lectures on the English11 oets^an Poetry of the Nineteenth Century. M"* Hurdle stone " " Pig Woffington," " Agatha's Husband, Lady Bird," and ? Arnold Lee" are the names of new^novels>y authors of some eminence. Mr. Hind, the celebrated as ? tronumor, announces "The Comets, a Descriptive Trea tise upon those Bodies." " Varroniana, a Critical and Historical Introduction to the Ethnography of Ancient Italy " by Dr. J. N. Donaldson, and " Homes in the New World " by Fbedebika Bbemeb, are also announced. Mr.'Colt's revolving pistols and other firearms have obtained so great a celebrity, and consequently are, m such great demand in this country, that the inventerha found it necessary to establish a manufactory of them in London. These formidable weapons are in great request at the Cape of Good Hope, for their extraordinary range and precision and the rapidity of their discharges. Louis Napoleon appears to prosper m all his affairs excepting those of a matrimonial description. His match with the Princess Wasa is now decidedly broken off, and the rumor now is that a matrimonial alliance with Na ples is under arrangement. The Princess Wasa is to find a husband in Prince Alhebt of Saxony ; and the Aum blte Nationale says that the prince has gone to Prague, where the marriage is to take place. The editors of the Vienna newspapers have been ordered by the po ice not to make any statements respecting the marriage of the Princess Wasa with Louis Napoleon. It is expected that the Count ChamboW) will send a protest to all the great European Powers against the crea tion of the French Empire, but no one believes it will have any effect. _ The modifications in the Constitution now under di - cussion in the French Senate will, if adopted, dimmish the small amount of power left to the representatives of the people, especially as regards the control of the finan , ces, and will greatly increase the prerogative of the Crown. The Senate has fixed the annual appropriation for the use of the Emperor at ?1,000,000. Abd-il-Kadeb is to have an allowance of ?4,000 annually during his residence at Broussa. A commission has been ap pointed to frame a constitution for Algeria. It is intend ed to establish a company on the plan of the East India Company to govern ani direct colonization and commerce in Algeria. There is a general dread among the Priests at Rome, and the crowned heads throughout Italy, of the policy of Napoleon III. They well remember that the title of King of Rome came shortly after that of Emperor of France, and they trust too little to the fidelity of their subjects to imattine for a moment that any resistance would be made to the conversion of the patrimony of St. Peter into a French province. Naples is upon the alert, strengthen ing fortifications, ani continually increasing and exer cising its troops. Letters from various parts of Italy concur in stating that the re-establishment of the Empire in France has had the effect of uniting the liberal party in the former country, which before that event was di vided into two great sections, the Constitutionalists and the Republicans. Austbia is evidently turning her eyes with some anxiety towards Italy. From India there are tidings that the Bubmese war is protracted by proceedings which are universally con demned there; they certainly are unpopular at home. \t the Cape the Kaffir war is still without any symptoms of being brought to a close : the principal chiefs still keep harassing the British troops. We continually hear of their being attacked and pursued, but they are not yet brought to submission nor driven across the Am. December 17.?The great news of the morning is the defeat of Ministers upon the Budget question. The division took piece at four o'clock this morning, after very damaging speeches from Sir Alexander Cockbubn, Sir T. Bari.no, Mxl Mr and a very intemperate one from Mr. P Israeli. The result was a vote of 280 for the Budget and 305 asrainst it; being a majority of nineteen against Ministers. After the result was announced the Chancellor of the Exchequer moved the adjournment of the House until Monday, when he would state th? course which the Government meant to pursue. All sorts of ru mors are afloat, but they succeed each other so rapidly that they are not worth recording. Mr. DIsbaeli's con cluding ipeech is characterised as being " more ingenious than ingenuous, more clever than sound, and more parti laa than prudent." Mr. D'Isbabli hinted at the possibility of the Govern ment being overthrown by a coalition, evidently alluding to the Whigs and the friends of Sir Robebt Peel, an.l the division certainly shows that both these parties united in opposition to the Budget. The Timet concludes an article upon the subject by saying, " It now remains to be seen whether the great and heterogenous body of Liberals will be as potent and as prompt to construct a Government as they have been to destroy one. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. George Bancroft, Esq., in a lecture before the New York Historical Society, reported in the Times, pay* an eloquent tribute to the philosopher: "Not the half of Fkanklis's merits have been told. He was the true father of the American Union. It was he who went forth to lay the foundation of that great de sign at Albany; and in New York he lifted up his voice. Here among us he appeared as the apostle of the Union. It was Franklin who suggested the Congress of 1774, and but for his wisdom, and the confidence that wisdom in spired, it is a matter of doubt whether that Congress would have taken effect. It was Franklin who suggested the bond of the Union which binds these 8tates from Florida to Maine. Franklin was the greatest diplomatist of the eighteenth century. He never spoke a word too eoon ; he never spoke a word too late ; he never spoke a word too mnoh : he never failed to speak the right word at the right season." Thb Caloric Ship.?The caloric ship Ericsson returned to New York on Wednesday afternoon from her trial trip down the Bay, having exceeded the anticipations of those interested in her. 8he made a distance of 7| miles in 34} minutes. I*MiomATioB.?The total number of arrivals at the port of New York from foreign countries during the year 1862 adds up 868,666. Of these 89,062 are ascertained to have been American citixens, returning home from travel abroad. The immigrants from Ireland were in numbers, 117,667; from Germany, 118,126; from England, 81,276 (torn France, 8,718; from Switierland, 6,466. WASHINGTON. 44 Liberty a lid Union, now and forever, oue and inte parable." SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1853. The Senate did not sit yesterday. The House of Representatives, with a laudable oonsiderate ness for the amount of individual loss and suffering caused by its delinquency at the last session, devot ed yesterday (FriJuy) to its proper business, the consideration of what are called Private Bills, being bills for the relief of just claimants upon the Gov ernment ; by which means between thirty and forty such bills were put upon their passage. A like just employment of its time on each succeeding Friday of the present session would send many a man home rejoicing, and cause many a family to bless the House of Representatives. Neither House of. Congress sits to-day. INTERESTING FROM FLORIDA. Intelligence of undoubted authenticity has been Motived here of the refusal of the Seminole Indians remaining in Florida to emigrate to the country as signed them west of the Mississippi. The agree ment -to emigrate made by their chief, Billy Boic It'jn, wheu here in Washington, they refuse to rati ! fy, influenced, as we understand, chiefly by the ad ! vice of Sam Jones and Billy Bowlegs' only sister, 1 who has great consideration with the tribe. Billy himself is believed to have been well disposed to comply with his promise, and held out several weeks, but the other Seminoles, having taken away his two wives and their children, and threatened to annul his tribal authority, at length forced him to yield to their views. T)n restoring his favorite wife?the first?he dashed deep into the everglades, and has not since been heard from. The excite ment in Florida is of course very great. We under stand that a regiment of the famous 11 Cowboys," or "Crackers," is in rapid course of formation, to act under the authori^ of the State. Mr. Senator Douglas, of Illinois, has Wen elect ed by the Legislature of his State to a new term of six years in the Senate of the United States, com mencing on the 4th of March next, when his pre sent terpi will expire. MARYLAND. The Legislature of Maryland (this being its second session) having yesterday resolved to pro ceed to business under the organization of last year, the Message of Governor Lowe was laid before both Houses. One of its prominent features is a recom i mendation of a reduction of the State taxes, and a 1 total repeal of the stamp tax, except upon lotteries. ? It shows the finances of the State to be in a very | satisfactory condition. The Legislature <h*s resolved to attend the formal I opeuing of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. As the letter of Mr. Crampton, of the 2od April, on the Cuban business, published in our impression of Thursday, purports to be confidential, it is well perhaps thaff we should call attention to the fact, as stated in the report of the Secretary of State to the President communicating this correspondence, that it was at the instance of the Department?not of the French and British Minis ters?that the early portions of it were considered as confidential, for a temporary reason which has ! ceased to exist. The Maine Lands.?The Massachusetts Coun cil has voted not to ratify the 6ale of the Maine lands. It is stated that the Council was tied on the question, and that the Governor gave his cast ing vote against the measure. : ? The Fisheries vs. Reciprocity.?The fishing i interests of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are i moving in opposition to the rumored proposition on the part of the British Government to include the 1 freedom of the colonial fisheries as an item to be ' conceded to the Uuhed States in return for the pro- * poseji reciprocity. That, they contend, will more j especially benefit Canada, which has little connexion with the fisheries; and they demur to the surrender of their exclusive privileges for its advantage. What ( formal action Nova Scotia has decided on to give effect to this view we know not. The New Bruns wick papers, however, report the proceedings of a public meeting held at St. John, at which rcsolu- j tions were agreed to declaring that the coast fisheries , of the colonies are " the natural right and property of the inhabitants thereof," and expressing " deep anxiety and concern" at the terms in Trtiich the matter ha* been alluded to by President Fillmore. and also by Lord Malmsbury, the British Secre-! tary of Foreign Affairs. A committee was appoint ed to prepare an address to the Queen. [Buffalo Courier. > ? FROM LAKE SUPERIOR. Dates to the lit of December hare been received from Copperdom. At Ontonagon the river is closed with ice, and the snow two feet d?ep. The accounts from the mine* are favorable, though the miners are somewhat disheart ened by the failure to get their copper shipped last fall. I Over one thousand tons remain behind?a heavy item at the present high prices of copper. The Ontonagon river . was low last fall, which made it difficult to ship from the i mines to the Lake. The plank road now constructing from Ontonagon to the mines will obviate the difficulty hereafter. A letter from Portage Lake states that a shaft sunk on | the most southerly ancient pit to the depth of seventy two feet, in the rock the vein has been not less than five feet wide, and has carried copper the entire depth. One mass taken out is estimated to weigh over 1,000 pounds. Some fifteen tons of copper have been taken out, and thf prongs of another mass are in sight beneath where the last one was taken out.?Cleveland Herald. Th* Yellow Fivift at St. Thomas.?A letter from Walter A. C. Brigham, of Worcester, a passenger in the ship Palmyra, at St. Thomas, dated December 18, states that the yellow fever was raging to a terrible extent. He himself and Captain Perkins, of the Palmyra, had been down with it, but were recovering. Five of the crew, however, had died. There were other vessels in port from which all on board had been buried?captains, mates, and seamen; and the terrible disease was hourly destroying new victims. Among those who had fallen was the Ame rican Contul, who died a few days previous. The atmo sphere had become so infected that even turkeys, ducks, and other fowls are dying with the epidemic. Mr. Brig ham was about to sail in the ship Art Union, Oapt. Stubbs, for Mobile or Apalachicola. We hope and conceive it to be highly probable that the description of the ravages of yellow fever given above will prove to be greatly exaggerated. Capt Perkins, of the ship Palmyra, writing to his wife in Worcester, under date of December 19, and speaking of the ravages of the yellow fever there, says: ?< That there were lying directly around him no less ' than teven Amerioan vessels whteh had lo?t their captain*, motet, and creic$, including all on board; and also among them five of the wives of the captains, who accompanied the vessels to the island; and nil of these were victims of the prevailing epidemic. One of these ladies was intend- | ing to have returned with Mrs. Perkins, who arrived home a few days since by the steamer from St. Thomas; but unfortunately some occurrence prevented, and thus the formers numbered with the dead." Over 22,000 children are attending the public schools . in Boston, where they have * law to punish truant*. ACCIDENT TO THE PRESIDENT ELECT. It is with deep regret that we hear of a sad ca lamity which yesterday befell the Family of the President Elect of the United States. The particu lars of this lamentable event, as eommunicated4by Telegraph, are, that Mr. and Mrs. Pierce, accom panied by their only Son, from 10 to 12 years of age, were passengers in a train of cars upon the Boston and Maine railroad, when, by the breaking ) of an axle near Andover, the ear which they occu pied was thrown off the track, and precipitated down an embaukment some twenty feet, turning a com- 1 plete summerset in its cqjarse, and falling upon a pile of rocks. The car was smashed to pieces; the Son ; of Gen. Pierce was killed upon the spot; Mrs. Pierce was severely thougli not fatally injured; and six or eight other persons were more or less hurt. Gen. Pierce escaped with but slight injury. This terrible visitation is the more deplorable, as the fine boy thus so suddenly suatehed from life was the single remaining one of the only three children with which the afflicted parents have been blessed. The whole country, we are sure, will deeply sympathize in their bereavement, whilst it will rejoice that the parents themselves were pre served from the saino terrible fate. THE COAL TRADE ON THE BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD. ? A meeting of the Coal Companies operating in the coal region west of Cumberland, Maryland, was held at the office of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail road on Wednesday morning, for the purpose of conferring in relation to the requirements of the coal region for transportation of coal. Thomas Swann., Ear]., President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, stated that the Kailroad Com pany had passed a resolution at a recent meeting providing for the Expenditure of 92,500,000 for the purpose of laying a second track between the city of Baltimore and the coal region, and constructing an additional number of cars aud engines, if the re quirements of the coal trade should render it ne cessary. Before proceeding with the contemplated improvement, however, the Railroad Company wished to ascertain how many tons of coal per day each coal company would guaranty to transport if the Railroad Company should provide the accom modations, and he called upon those present to hand to the Secretary the number of tons which their respective companies would contract to have trans ported daily. After he had concluded, the following applica tions were handed in: Coal Companies. Capital?. Tons daily. Phoenix Coal company...?<2,10),ooO 500 New Creek do 2,000,000 400 Lleingollon do 750,000 500 Swanton do 500,000 100 Borden do 200,000 400 Thomas Kinn ? 75 Withers Coal Company.. 1,000,000 400 Parker Vein do 2,000,000 600 Lonoepning do 1,000,000 300 Frostburg do 500.000 400 Allegheny Mining Co.... 1,000,000 500 Chesapeake Coal Co 2,000.000 1,000 Cumb'ld Coal & Iron Co. 5,00*),000 2.000 $18,050,000 7,175 From these it appeared that there were twelve coal companies, with au aggregate capital of $18,030,000, to gether with one individual represented in the meeting, who jointly applied for the transportation of 7,155 tons of coal per day, or about 2,107,500 tons per year. The Cumberland Coal and Iron Company transport at present about one thousand tons daily, and now make application for increasing their transportation to double that amount. The conference of the represen tatives of the coal companies, which followed the explanation and withdrawal of Mr SwANX, resulted in the adop tion of the following resolutions, viz: " Retolvtd,, That this meeting fully concur in tlie sug- 1 gestions of the President of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail road Company as to the propriety of requiring security for the daily use of ouch car* as may be allotted to the different companies. That, inasmuch as it would be im practicable to determine upon any general nature of se curity to be furnished, it is the opinion of this meeting that each company should make its separate negotia tions in regard to the guarantees they shall severally furnish. " Rttolved, Tbnt the Secretary be and he is hereby re quested to lay before the President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company a copy of the abore resolutions, with a list of the applications this day made." THE CIVIL COMMOTION ON THE RIO GRANDE. The " American Flag," published at Browns ville, Texas, of the 18th December, has the follow ing summary of recent events in the adjacent Mex ican States: The news from our neighbors of Mexico continues every day to increase in interest.' We have, through the cour tesy of a friend, been shown letters and documents from the city of Victoria to the 14th instant. Gov. Cardenas has been captured in Tula, together with some nine mem bers of the Legislature, his adherents. An extra, issued from the seat of the new Government, announces this hap py event. We have before us a message from* the pro vibional Govemor to the people, in which he tells them their success has been moat complete. The entire State, with a few exceptions, have sent in their acquiescence to the provisional Government, and the new plan?tl plan xalvador de Guadalajara. Rufino Rodriguez announces to the people the same happy result. He says that after four days' hard fighting success has crowned the victo rious banners of the invincible pronuueiados. Cardenas had been taken prisoner to Tampico; he was captured by a detachment of national guards from the latter place. Canales is still at lar^e, and, report says, in Linares. A letter from Rodriguez to a friend in this city, dated the 14th instant, states that the war steamer Estado de Mexico, which recently left the Brasos with munitions of war, cannon, &c. for Vera Crui, bad, together with a na tional war schooner, also pronounced, and were now with the insurgents in Tampico. If this be true, and our in formant assures us it is, it gives a death blow to the ma ritime force of the Government in the gulf. The over throw of the present Government seems inevitable. Ma tamoros. however, seems determined to hold out to the last. The comii^andant of that important post has com menced to fortify and barricade, preparatory for a deter mined resistance. Our merchants have been supplying barrels, &c. for breastworks, and to-day the sonorous tones of his big-mouthed cannon announced to us of Brownsville that all power in that city had passed from the civil into the military arm of Government. Matamo ros has been declared in a state of siege, though no ene my is in sight, and martial law prevails in our sister city. The flags of the different nations are now floating over their respective consulates. The broad ensign of Mexico this morning flutters in the breeze as proudly and as de fiant as ever?its rampant eagle seems to grasp the ser pent in its talons with even a firmer gripe, as though de termined to crush, not only that, but every other one which presents itself, hydra-headed as they at present are. We have before us three proclamations from Gen. Ara bs to the troops under his command and the people. He ^ptreats them to remain true to the Government in its hour of peril, and assures thefh that there are yet strong arms and stout hearts enough in the land to stem this great tide of insubordination, gigantic as it is. | Sact Sts. Maris.?We learn from the Toronto Colonist that the Canadian Government have determined to un dertake the immediate construction of the Saut Ste. Marie canal. The sum of $480,000, the sum required for the work, is to form an item in the estimate to be presented' on the re-asMmbling of Parliament in February. DISASTERS ON WESTERN RIVERS. The Louisville Courier has published a list of disasters on Western waters during the year 1852, It is a formi dable one, embracing 78 steamboats, 4 barges, 78 coal boats, 82 salt boats, and 4 others flat boats. It appears that 48 boats were lost by being snagged, 16 by explo sions, 4 were burnt, and the others lost by collision and other mishaps. The greater number of the flatboats were destroyed by the breaking up of ice last winter. The greatest number of lives lost fly one disaster was the ex plosion of the Saluda, 100. The total loss of lift exceeds 100 persona. THE MINISTER OF THE U. STATES IN ENGLAND, j We oopied a few daya ago, from one of our ex change papers, a report?a very meager and inaccu rate one, as we fiud?of our esteemed Minister's ; speech at the late annual banquet t>f the Lord Mayor of London. As this report of Mr. Inuer- ? soxx's remarks has called forth some illiberal com ments from certain quarters in which it seems to be thought that an American Minister should have had the bad taste to distinguish himself by a brusque assertion of his national principles, instead of the courtesy fnd comity due from a gentleman, a public Miuister, and a guest on a festive occasion, we think it proper to give to our readers a correct version of .Mr. Inoersoll's speech, which we find reported in :he London Chronicle. The insertion of a true repon of that speech is eminently due to our distinguished representative at London. The Lord Mayo* said the next toast was one of pecu liar interest. This country was most anxious to provide for itsoomphte defunce against all aggression, and to tliis end they did well in perfecting the deficiency both of their army aid navy ; but they felt that it was still more desirable that these formidable arms should not be called into requisition, and that the maintenance of kind anil j triendly feeliigs with other nations wus the best way to j maintain the peace of the world. With these feelings, he h&4 pleasure n proposing " The health of his Excellency the AmericanMinister." [Loud cheers] They all remem- 1 bered the interest aud the satisfaction with which they i were accustoned to listen to his predecessor, Mr. Abbot J Lawrenoe, a nan of a kindly nature, bland and open in I his aentbnenft?a man who was us much an Englishman as he was ai American, showing that the two nations were not divded, but were really one. [Cheers.] And he believed his excellency Mr. Ingersoll, who had done them the honor to attend this banquet, was no less cordially and heartUy attached to peace than his predecessor was. [Cheers.]' He appeared among them with all the intelli gence and promptitude of his countrymen, while he join ed with all sincerity of feeling in the promotion of those interests wuich joined nation and nation together, and thus constituted the best safeguard and protection from war. He was sure his Excellency would be received among then with all that cordial attachment and respect which was iiownto the representative of a foreign coun try when he appeared among them to forward the inter ests of civilijation and to promote the blessings of peace. [Loud cheers.] Mr. Inoebsou was received with loud cheers. He said: Thanking you for the honor you have done my country and mysdf, 1-cannot but express my regret that other representatives of foreign nations are not present to share the comp iment. If they could have foreseen the assembled loyalu which would make them welcome, and the assembled >eauty that now graces the occasion, [cheers,] they vould have received well-merited hon ors that are kinlly bestowed on myself alone. Called upon as I am tu answer for my country rather than my self, I can have no hesitation in meeting and returning with the utmos; sincerity the expressions of kindness and goodwill that aave been uttered. Nothing can be more agreeable to me than to wish continued health and pros perity to the dty of London,' and to all its inhabitants. [Cheers.] Bit allusions have been made to a state of mutual friendihip between your country aud my own, which cannot iftil to merit my grateful and especial no tice. I am aixious to take this early opportunity to'ex change with this brilliant assembly proofs as strong as language con afford that we are, and ought to be, friends and brothers [Loud cheers.] No occasion can be more fitting, and ao purpose can be more honest or plain. I am here the messenger of good will. It would be an aban ? donment of duty were I not to cultivate in behalf of my own Govertment and people the best feeling's with this Government and this people; and gratitude for kindness received from the moment I touched your shores will not allow me t> omit or fall short of the attempt. l"Cheers.] There wis a time when our nation struggled for a po sition among the nations of the earth. That time is long since past, and we feel, in llie still esrly maturity we have reached, that there is opportunity and inclination for mutual good offices between the two countries, which bear to each other great and striking resemblances. They derive their essential principles of government from the same sources'?their knowledge from the same instruc tors?their habits, in a great degree, from the same ex amples. [Cheers.] How should it be otherwise * Your great charter of the middle ages is our charter; your re volution towards the close of the seventeenth century is ours in its intiucnceg im<l results : your bill of rights is j our bill of rights : and your habeas corpus, in spirit and ' in terms, is precisely ours. [Cheers.] You have given to us the benefit of these great endowments, without abating a particle of your enjoyment of them ; and we have modified and applied them to our condition and con ' stitution, without affecting their essential? properties or ends. An identity of language, which serves almost to make us one people, serves at least to place in our hands ' the same books, and to give the highest reli?h to intellec ? tual taste an l social intercourse. [Cheers. 1 I will not I dwell upon the points of interest that should cement our , national intimacy and continued htrmony. They are many, and easily named. Bat my pre-ent object is loftier Mid more pure. It is to appeal to the better feelings of our nature, and to fin l I in sympathy of spirit causes for uninterrupted relations | of friendship. It is not in boasting that I would call to ' i mind one or two recent proofs of regard. A gentleman j I of your own city lately Tisited our shores. He bore no \ exulted rank or office, but he carried with him the proud ] title of a London merchant: and he was treated, I am I told?for it was after I had left America?with a cor ' dlality and respect of which conquerors wouM not hare been ashamed. [Cheers.] He 1ms brought back with ! him,. I believe, recollections of a kind which will show ! bow well our people are disposed to cultivate an associa tion with true British werth. [Loud cheers.] Not much | longer ago, the fate of your gallant navigator, Sir John ' Franklin, was the cause of a feeling not less sincere, and an effort to aid him not less kind, than those which were ! exhibited among yourselves. When calamity some years j ' since befell Ireland in the shape of the lo?s of her conge- i nial food, and the Government of Great Britain extended j i its benevolent hand for liberal relief, our Government and our people were not wanting in efforts of a similar kind. A public ship was sent out charged with provi sions, and large contributions were furnished from dif ferent quarter.-! of the land. [Loud cheers.] We are not without sentiments of profound respect for the august sovereign of your realm?for her whom your notional anthem before me justly styles your noble and your gracious Queen. [Cheers.] Happy in all the rela tions of life, she is blessed with the affections of a loyal j people. With domestic virtues that alone can give lustre to her diadem, she wears a crown that gives lustre to do mestic virtue. 8he is said to be fortunate in every thing around her: but wisdom teaches us that the fortunate are the wise. An examplp to the poorest of her subjects in j all those qualities which the poorest may imitate, she fills her royal seat with dignity and grace. If fortunate in the possession of these virtues, she is wise in the ex- j ercise of them. [Loud cheers.] I ought not to omit to notice, as especially connected with the city of London, the good order of its inhabitants. On the great occasion of the 18th of November, a vast 1 conct/urse was Assembled in the streets. The occasion, j indeed, was one of deep solemnity, but the general pro priety of conduct was not the less creditable to the mul- , titmles that took part in it. A becoming sorrow filled the public mind, and gave tone to the behavior of crowded mas?es of men, who felt that they had lost a hero and a friend. [Cheers.] But among those crowded masses all : was respectful to the occasion and the laws. A system of order seemed to have become habitual, and it was prac tised without apparent effort, and certainly without re straint. [Hear, bear.] No city in Christendom could have given better evidence of the proper disposition of the people, or the good government of their magistrates. The eloquent remarks made on the ensuing day by the First Minister of the Crown in fhe House of Peers truly descril>ed the scene, and paid a just tribute to the actors in it. As a stranger, I can cheerfully confirm and bear testimony to what was so well said by that distinguished nobleman. [Loud cheers.] It is upon a great civic occa sion, in the pretence of vast numbers of the best of the representatives of various classes of the empire, that I acknowledge the universal sentiment which I have found to prevail towards my countrymen. It is impossible that they should be insensible to it. The task becomes an easy one of cultivating feelings of friendship and kind- ' nes? when the disposition is so congenial and the tenden- i cies towards it are so conspicuous, and, I firmly believe, so true. [Loud cheers.] IifmoTxrsTs roR Issriwo Small Notis.?The Grand , Jury of Cook oounty. Illinois, at Chicago,' have returned bills of indictment against Henry T. Adam* and George Smith for issuing notes payable at banks in Chicago and Milwaukee, contrary to the law of the State. Mr. John Robinson, who served under Gen. Washing ton in the revolutionary war, aud under Major Stockton in the war of 1812, died at Wilmington, Del., on Monday night last. The venerable old man tu between % and % years of ago. THE STATE OF MARYLAND. The Baltimore American characterises the Annual Message of Governor Lowe, of Maryland, commu nicated to the Legislature of that State on Thursday last, as a comprehensive document, which, both by its lucid suggestions and wellroonsidered argument in relation to the material interests of the ^tate, cannot fail to engage the earnest attention of all who shall peruse it. The following is a brief out- | ljjtte of its most important points, as recited by the American : " After alluding to the general prosperity of our coun- | try, the Governor proceeds to get forth the operation of the revenue and compensation system originated by the new Constitution in regard to Clerks of Courts and Re gisters of Wills. He points out the increase of income in the counties, from these quarters, as fully proportionate to the comparative slowness of their growth, and exhibits the decrease in the city of Baltimore, whose steacty and rapid expansion is well known, as singularly anomalous. 1 This, however, his Excellency supposes susceptible of ex planation, and he seems persuaded that it would be agree able to the oollecting officers themselves that some law of regulation should be .speedily passed. " Thd message then proceeds to the investigation of our internal improvements. It exhibits the prosperity of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and its branch ; of the Sus quehanna Railroad and the Tiue-Water Canal; but re grets that the successful operations of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal were impeded throughout the season by the freshet which occurred iu the midst of the spring trade of last year. The canal was navigated for only about six months. " The financial condition of Maryland is then shown to be on the most favorable footing, the balance in the trea sury at the eloae of the fiscal year being $170,452: during which period $o0,000 of the matured public debt were paid, and $343,088 applied, in pursuance of law, to the increase of the sinking fund. Governor Low is heartily : recommends the preservation of this fund as a nucleus i axouu'l which the necessary means are to acotiwulat* Tdr ; the progressive liquidation of our State By a policy indicated he shows that in ten years this fund may be j swelled to an amount (beyond its present capital) suffi cient to absorb the outstanding debt as estimated by the majority of the last Legislative Committee. i " With these views, the Governor is prepared and autho rized to recommend the reduction of taxes; and he par : ticularly aims at the odious stamp-tax, which, as an im post on credit, rather than on property, falls so heavily on our commercial interests. '? The message contains many salutary suggestions, inde pendently of those addressed immediately to our pecuni ary interests, which we hope the Legislature will act upon promptly. Legislation is wanted to equalize punishments ; aftd to revise our criminal code. Juvenile delinquents, who ripen gradually into the criminals that harass our i towns, should be taken care of, before they are entirely lost, in the noble House of Refuge which has been project 1 ed in the neighborhood of Baltimore. The Governor re ' commends this institution most cordially and wisely as a fit subject for the State's immediate bounty. The new I Asylum for the Insane is favorably spoken of, and recom mended to the kind consideration of the Legislature. The Governor alludes al?o to the exemption of a certain amount of property frota execution, and suggests the amount fixed as a maximum by the new Constitution. Education, too, is not left untouched. This the Governor considers the most essential element of progress in a re public whose institutions rest on the basis of intelligence and morality. The synopsis of the Baltimore Sun contains a I condensed view of the present condition of the finances ot the State, as follows : " The condition of the State treasury is the succeeding ' topic of remark, and it is of the most gratifying charac ter. The amount of receipts during the year was $1,530,1*11, the expenditures $1,300,458.72. Balance in ; the treasury $170,452.28. During the same period $50,000 of the matured public debt were paid, and $348,088.42 applied to the. augmentation of the sinking 1 fund. The surplus revenue amounted to $343,540.70, after disbursing the sum of $677,456.80 in payment of the current interest on the public debt, and the further sum of $809,914 for all other purposes. Upon the gene ral condition of the treasury, the state of the internal im provement works, and the general prosperity, the Gov i ernqr bases an elaborate argument in support of & propo sition for a reduction of taxes commensurate with the favorable state of the revenue, via. a reduction of forty per cent, on the direct tax instead of twenty, as recom. mended last year,, and the total repeal of the stamp tax, excepting in so far as it operates upon lottery tickets." THE CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL, i Governor Lowe; in Lis Message delivered to the ' Legislature of Maryland on Thursday, gives the following view of the business done, during the past year on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal: Misfortune seems to attend the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. But a, year ago I congratulated you upon its final completion, and expressed the hope that it would at last begin to realize a long-deferred prosperity ; and now I am agaiu called upon to refer to a new calamity. In the midst of the spring trade of last year an unprecedented freshet swept over the work, disabling it so completely as to suspend navigation from April until the close of July ? thereby occasioning the loss of three of the best months of the business-season of the year. An expenditure of one hundred thousand dollars, it is estimated, will have been caused by that freshet. In reply to a letter addressed by me to the President of the Company, a statement has been furnished, in which it is said that to the cost of repairs rendered necessary by the disaster mentioned " must be added the loss of revenue daring the suspen sion of navigation ; the general interruption to business connected with, and in some cases diverted from, the canal; the postponement of arrangements contemplated for the coal trade; and the want of confidence, to some extent, in the canal as a reliable source of transporta tion." The whole loss is put down at two hundred thou sand dollars. The freshet of April was followed by two or three breaches in the embankments, which occurred during the months of August and September, and by which the navigation was further suspended for one month. Since that time the navigation has net been in terrupted ; and the amount of tolls was greater than those received in the corresponding period of any previous year. You will be able, with these facts before yon, to account for the unsatisfactory results which this company exhibits for the past year. It is proper, however, that I should here remark that the work is represented to be in a better condition than it was before the freshet of April; and tkat the repairs made have been projected upon a scale which is deemed sufficient to guard against like dis asters in the future. The canal during the past year was navigated for only about six months. The tolls collected from the first of January to the thirtieth of November, 1862, amount to $78,486.66 ; which, with the estimate for December, will swell the aggregate to about ninety thousand dollars. To this sum may be added three thousand dollars for water-rents; which will give the gross revenue for the year. The whole tonnage of all articles transported for various distances from January to December was, as cending, 18,648 tons, descending 127,447 tons; which, with the estimate for December, will show an aggregate of 160,000 tons for the year. Of that quantity ninety thousand tons are claimed as rqvivaUnt tonnage, within the meaning of the act of 1844, chapter 281, which re quires an average annual transportation of 196,000 tons of tonnage upon the entire line from Cumberland to Georgetown, for five years, dating from the en l of six months after the completion of the work. The whole quantity of coal transported to various points on the ; canal during the year (allowing 10,289 tons as the esti mate fur December) will not exceed ?3,000 tons. This is to be attributed not only to the causes already named, but also to circumstances connected with the operations of the muting companies of Alleghany coanty, over, which the canal oompany hod no control. It will be peroeived that, notwithstanding the many untoward events of the year, the revenue fell bat twenty thousand dollars below that of 1851: and the President estimates that the aetaal receipts would have been one hundred per cent, greater than they were but for the unfortunate accidents of April, August, and September. He adds: " The same cause* will affect the revenue of 1S58 to some extent; but the probability ia that it will amount to $250,000, if nothing should happen to interrupt the navigation of the canal; in which cabe the company will b? able to resume the payment of iuterest on its preferred debts on the first of January, 1864." After the disaster of April, and before it was ascertain ed that sufficient funds could be negotiated for the repair of the damages, the preparations previously commenced for increasing the mean* of transportation were imme diately arrested; which seriously affected the general business of the canal after navigation had been resumed. There are now two hundred and thirty-seven boats regis tered, and it is estimated that of that number one hun dred and sixty are engaged in the coal trade, capable of carrying from one hundred to one hundred and thirty tons of coal to the load, and of making two full trip* per month; which, in a navigation of nine months, would secure the transportation of about three hundred and forty thousand tons of coal over the whole line to tide water. Although the operations of this company for the past year must cause disappointment, nevertheless my confi dence in the ultimate success of the work is etill un shaken. THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. The following is a synopsis of the Message of Governor Bigler, just placed before the Legislature of Pennsylvania : It commences by congratulating his fellow-citizens upon the general prosperity of the country, its freedom from | famine, wars, and internal strife. Notices in a feeling manner the death of Websteu and I Clat, and says, while lamenting the lose of those pa 11riots, we should be consoled by the recollection that they uuvtj vocu at) t'uil -i I lotted to man. Alluding to the state of the treasury, it says that an actual balance of 9671,000 was on hand on the 1st of De | cember. The Governor estimates the amount of receipts for the coming year at $4,026,500, and the expenditures at I $4,028,070. I He alludes to the loan made by the State for the com pletion of the North Branch Canul and other purposes. ! The Governor seems to think that the slight inisunder ' standing between the United States and Great Britain ! on the fishery question disturbed the monetary world for a short season, and that for this reason the bids for the $5,000,000 loan were not so favorable as had been anti cipated. He further states that the financial operations of the year, including the North Branch loan, have left but little ! additional burden upon the treasury. The receipts from the public works for the fi?cal year 1 of 1852 amounted to $1,89(3,811, and the expenditures for j the same period $1,029,341. The Governor, in alluding to the expense incurred upon I the North Branch Canal, and the relaying of the north ! track of the Columbia railroad, says that although it is ! necessary to the public welfare that these works should ! be speedily consummated, yet he is opposed to the crea tion of any permanent loans whatever; nor should the sink | ing fund be diverted from its legitimate ends. The General Assembly may, however, ia Y*elf of tiiee" i pressing necessity for the immediate completion of these ' improvements, deem it wise to authorize the anticipation ' of the surplus which may accrue in tile treasury for one j or two years. The Governor alludes to an unpleasant miaunderatand i ing which has existed for some time between the Board of | Canal Commissioners and the Pennsylvania Railroad Com ; pany, and considers it a cause of regret that feelings ' should have keen excited calculated to lead to an unneces | sary rivalry between the main line of the State improve ments and the Pennsylvania railroad. He also alludes to the relief notes in circulation, and sincerely hopes that the General Assembly may bring ; about a speedy cancelling of the same. He likewise al j ludes to the currency of the State, which seems to be in : a sound condition. The influence of the gold discoveries in-California und Australia upon goods and property is commented upon at \ some length. He recommends the removal from circulation of all ! notes under $5. and when that is accomplished to remove ! them also. The Governor alludes at some length to the agricultural i interest, and says that it has been too much neglected. He sets down the population as 2,311,786?an increase ' of 35 per cent, since 1840. The public debt is stated at $40,000,000, and the assess ed value of real and personal estate at $497,039,649. The animal statement of our various City Banks haa been published, un?l shows them to be in a sound and highly prosperous condition. Together they show an average capital of $7,291,415. Investments $680,067.65; discounts $14,291,221.15 ; specie on band $2,991,910.44; circulation $3,528,058: deposites $6,021,709.04. At no i period for any previous time have our banks shown so well. The banks noted in the above statement are the I Merchants' Bank of Baltimore, Union, Farmers and Plant ' ers', Merchants', Commercial and Farmers", Western, Farmers and Merchants', Chesapeake. Marine, Franklin, and Citizens'. They are all now discounting freely for 1 any good paper offered. We lear? from the Iowa Republican that the monthly return of the Land Office at Iowa City was deposited in the Post Office on the 1st of December for the month of I November. The location of land in this district was two thousand warrants and about four hundred cash entries. Two or three hundred warrants have been the usual work 0? the office. What is still better, nine out of every ten 1 of these entries were for actual settlement How long, at this rate, before Iowa will have her millions of popu | lation ? Commo* Schools is pExjrsTLVAjrtA ?We learn from the school report just made to the Pennsylvania Legisla ture, that there are in that State 9,699 common schools, with 7,860 male and 3,853 female teachers, and 267,059 male and 213,719 female scholars. The average cost of j teaching each scholar is 42 cents per niunth, and the total cost of instruction $743,54*i. The whole amount of school tax levied last year was $982,196, besides the sum of j $158,958 appropriated by the Legislature. ^vils or 8mokiiki.? A leading medical practitioner at Brighton, England, has lately given a list of sixteen oases of paralysis, produced by smoking, which came under his own knowledge within the last six mouths. Some of the Canadian papers are taking ground against the influx of negroes into the Province, viewing it as a present injury to their property, a drawback to their so cial progress, and a source of much future trouble. Mr. C. Summer, of Hadley, (Mass.) has recovered $1,050 from the New ) ork and Erie Railroad Company, on account of injuries sustained by him, by the cars run ning off from the track on the 12th of March last. Mrs. Lupkins, of New York, consulted a gipsey in regard to her fortune. The gipsey, as a condition to success, told her to put $100 in a certain drawer, and wear a certain plaster over her heart for nine days, with out looking at the one or removing the other during the time. The plaster, becoming painfui. was removed at the end of three days, when Mrs. Lupkins looked into the drawer, and found Mrs. Lupkins's money gone, and as certained that Mrs. Lupkins had been diddled. The Espibiti' Sasto.?This beautiful flower appears to be a description of lily, possessing a bulb root, long oval leaves, and a stock from three to four feet in length. The Espiritu Santo is one of those rare flowers that is said to be found only on one particular part of the isthmus, a short distance from Panama. It requires little earth for vegetation, growing among heaps of stones, with the fibres alone covered, the bulb, being almost entirely exposed. The plant possesses little beauty beyond what is con tained in the flower itself, which is of a most elegant and peculiar formation. The outward part, which is smaller than a pigeon's egg, resembles a curious shaped vase, on opening the lid of which the most perfoct and beautifhl fac *tmtlt of a dove is found within. The head is turned over its hack, appearing as if it were about to take ita farewell of earth and soar to some brighter region. No person can see this extraordinary flower for 4Ji? first time without a de?-p feeling of wonder and admiration at the perfection and beauty displayed in its formation, and every succeeding time it is met with, the observer gaxes upon it with increased admiration and curiosity. Of all the really beautiful plants or flowers we have ever seen, we recollect none so beautiful as the Stptrtiu fonto, or?M Holy Spirit," and we are sure that if a speci men could be sent to the United States or England it would be looked upon as an invaluable curiosity. [ Panama Star.