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Thursday, January 6, 1853. IN SENATE. Mr. SEWARD. Mr. President, at the last session of Congress* 1 submitted the petition of Christian Hanson, of Brooklyn. iu the State of New York, praying that the Post master General might be instructed to make a contract with imn for currying the mails between the city of Brook lyn or New York aud Gluckstadt, in Germany. 1 now perform the agreeable duty of submitting to the Senate a further petition of the same enterprising citizen, in which he proposes to add to the line before mentioned a continuation, viz. a line of mail steamships, capable of being converted into ships of war, to ply between the city of Kiel, in the Duohy of ilolstein, or the city of Lubeck, one of the Hanse-Towus on the Baltic, anl St. Peters burgh in Russia, touching at Ystadt, in Sweden, which line would be connected also with the New York and Bre men line. Mr. Haason is willing to engage to make weekly pas sages each way between the ports mentioned, with two steamships of six hundred tons burden each, for a period of ten years, provided the Government will pay him $25,000 quarterly for the tirst four years, $20,000 quar terly for the next four years, anil ^lb.tMK) quarterly the remaining two year*, the Government paying the expense * of carrying the mail to and fro between Gluckst idt and Kiel. At the last session I had the honor of submitting to the Senate the petition of Christian Hanson, Esq., of Brook lyn, in the State of New York, in which he proposed to establish a line of mail steamers between that city and Gluckstadt on the Elbe, to be employed in carrying the mails of the United States aud incidental freights and pa-'engers between Germany and this country. In that petition it was shown that the line thus propos al would secure to the United States the advantages of ; the postal communications between the continent of Eu rope and the United States, a large portion of which are now carried on through the port of Londou; and it was also shown that the measure proposed would tend to in crease and eularge the commerce between this country and Continental Europe. This line, with the other from Brooklyn to Gluckstadt and the Bremen line, would se- ; cure to the United States a direct and independent steam mail an l commercial communication with Denmark. Swe den. Norway, Russia, and all the northern parts of Ger many, and the voyage would be reduced to a period of fii tr^ti days from New York to Copenhagen, sixteen days to G?thtoburg, seventeen to Christiana, sixteen to Stock holm. and eighteen to St. Petersburgh. 1: vessels Of the new line would afford protection and dign.ty to our commerce on the Baltic, where the national flag is now too seldom seen. The trade on that sea em ploys twenty-two thousand ships, and of them probably less tbitu two hundred and fifty are American. Although we supply Northern Continental Europe with all its cot ton, an ! . large portion of its rice, and sugar, and fisli oii. yet it is conveyed thither chiefly in foreign bottoms. Tne u-imher of immigrants from Continental Europe to the United States during the last year was one hundred an 1 thirty thousand, and that number annually increases. It is this extraordinary and peculiar branch of commerce, the importation of immigrants with their property, which, more tbaii even the new accessions of gold from Califor nia, ha- sustained the balance in our favor, notwithstand ing such v;ist augmentation of imported fabrics into the United States for four or live years past. But we enjoy much les- profit resulting from it than we ought, by rea son of iss being largely carried in foreign ships. The petition which I submit is accompanied by tables of excccd.og interest, which I hope the Senate will con sent to pu'iTteh. Mr. I're-iOent, this petition raises the question not so much Low f?* as how fast we shall go in the way of mak ing our postal arrangements subserve the policy of aug menting our commerce, and establishing it on such foun iations and^on a scale commensurate with the develop ment of our national resources. While many will object lo going too eitensively into such operations all at once, ill will agret^i think, that what has been done has been well done. What is now proposed to be further done is worthy of serous consideration, and I commend it, with great respect",*to the consideration of the Committee on the Post Ufficfc ari l l'ost Koads. Mr. SMITH, from the Committee on Printing,*o which was referred the report of the Secretary of the Navy, in relation to the loss of the United States steamer Edith. *nd the charges of Lt. Craven against Com. Jones, and the charges of Com. Jones against Lt. Craven, with the correspondence in relation to the appointment of Lt. Meade and otbfer officers, report: That the committee un demand that tfte foregoing papers were called for, and their publication'proposed, for the purpose of vindicating the professional Character of Lt. R. W. Meade from im putations contained in a letter of Com. Thoa. Ap C. Jones to the Secretary of the Navy ; but the committee are of opinion that the subsequent reappointment of Lt. Meade to the navy by the President, and confirmation by the Senate, are a sufficient exoneration from said imputa tions, and render the publication of said papers wholly unnecessary, and therefore ask to be discharged from the further consideration thereof; which was agreed to. RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED. The following resolution was submitted and adopted: JifK.irtd, That the Secretary of the Treasury be requested to inform the Seriate jrhat 9** :he nominal and what is the actus! fineness of the gold coin* (truck at the mint prior to the year 1S*4, and at whigh they are now received by the mint for reeoinage. Ai?o. to furniih copies of the report* for the last ten year* of the commissioner* who have met annually, in conformity with law, to examine the weight and fineness of the soins of the United State*, and of all communication* to and frcm the Executive Department of the Government in relation to any debasement of the coins rtruek in the mint or either of it* branches which may have been detected by raid commission er* or otherwise. Also, by what authority of law neither gold nor silver is se parnted for the benefit^ the depositor in the mint, when the ?ett product of the operation, estimated upon the charge* .by the mint, is les* than Sve dollar* ; whether said guld and sil ver is separated for the benefit ot the mint and used for its contingent expenses to tlie loss of the depositor; and, if so, by what authority of law, asul what has been the amount, if any, both of the gold and of the silver respectively so taken from depositors by the mipt at Philadelphia during each of the la-t four fiscal years. Also, what i* the am Uht of silver now left unextracted in the g<dd coins of the United States by the mint at Philadel phia, and to furnish a statement of the aggregate sums, both of the gold and silver, deposited, and of the deductions made therefrom respectively, aUd for each quarter, as well as the rates e. arged for silver, alloy, as exemplified in the abstracts of account* of tLs mitrt^aerompanying the reports of the First Auditor, numbers"! 10K150, 105,rt6<t, 10fl,25fl, 10ft,6V4, and lP7,lftS: and whether 4be depositor* of mixed gold bullion from the lith November.^ 860, to the 1st April, 1M1, were ehargM by the mint fu|l pHre for separating their silver from their gold, to wit, five c>-nt? per ounce, and then deprived of near.y the half of said sijrer, to wit, five per cent, by weight, left in the gold coin* by thr me Iter and refiner, and charged to said depositors as alloy, and, if so, then for what reasons, and by what authority oftaw. Also, what *?* the aggregate amount, if any, of said five per cent, of silver so taken from said depositors, and to furnish ?opies of all communications to and from the Department in any manner relating to this subject. Also, what deductions, if any, have been made by the as say's of U?s mint In reported fineness of gold bullion de posited,from the actual assay result# thereof, and, if any, then what disposal is made of the profit* thence accruing, and by what authority of law. Alao, by what act of appropriation, or by what authority of law the profits of the coinage of silver three cent coins are usel by the mint of the United States to defray its contingent fjrp'jsts. RESOLUTIONS SUBMITTED. Mr. MA80N surtaitted the following resolution for consideration : AW,'-W. That the Presideat of the United States be re quited, if in hii opinion not incompatible with the public in terest, to communicate to the Senate copies of any further correspondence that may hare taken place between the Min uter of the United State* at Pari* and the Department of F:Ate concerning the revolution in France of December, 1851, since the correspondence of like character communicated by the President to both Houses of Cosgrep with hii message of January JO, 1852. Mr. BROOKE submitted the following resolution for eon?ideration: Rf.lreH, That the President be requested, If in bis opinion not inconsistent with the public interest, to communicate to the Senat? the reasons which hare induced the Department of State to refuse to hold further official intercourse with Senor Don Jos? de Marcoleia, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Nicaragua near tfcis Gov ernment. On motion by Mr. RUSK. the Senate took up the bill for the relief of William Moss and Mathew Mom : which, after a brief discu*?ion, was passed. On motion by Mr. CASH, the genate took up the joint resolution declaratory of the views of the United States respecting colonization on the North American continent by foreign Powers, and respecting the Island of Cuba; and it was read a second time. Mr. C. then gave notice that be would call it np on Wednesday neit, when the Senate would resume the con sideration of the resolution respecting the tripartite treaty. Mr. MASON then gave notice that on WednlMay neit he should mow to refer the President s message in rela tion to the proposed tripartite treaty to the Committee on Foreign Relations, so that gentlemen who desired to epeak on the subject might be heard. On motion by Mr. SHIELDS, the Senate took up the bill to increase the efficiency of the army by a retired list <>f disabled officers; which, after haeiog been so amended I as to exclude all the provisions respecting the navy ud marine corps, was passed. Explanations were made by Messrs. CASS, DOWNS, and DAVIS, in relation to their understanding of the treaty of Nicaragua when presented to the Senate. On motion the Senate adjourned to Monday. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. KING, of New York, called up for consideration the report of the select committee appointed to investi gate the connexion of the Hon. Thomas Corwin, Secretary of the Treasury, with the Gardiner claim, and the bill reported by that committee to prevent frauds upon the Treasury of the United States, the question being upon f the motion to recommit the subject to that committee. Mr. KING submitted an amendment to the bill, and remarked that, when the committee made their report ! upon the subject, it was their design simply to submit the testimony which they had taken, and report a bill which they hoped might provide a remedy against at tempts to commit fraud upon the Government, and 1 furnish means to correct imputations against the char acter of members of Congress and officers of the Go vernment. But he thought it was due to the honor and to the character of the Government and of Congress that there should be no mistake about the law in reference to any act of impropriety of this character, impeaching the motives of members in connexion with their support of any bill. They should be precluded from their right to vote, as was declared by the rules of the House, upon any measure in which they had a personal interest; and by the bill und#r consideration it was provided that in all cases where they had such interest, procured during their membership, under the belief that they would thus aid the passage of any bill against the Government, it should be considered a misdemeanor, and make them liable to impeachment. It also made every officer of the Govern ment, from the highest to the lowest, who transgressed this law, liable to indictment an l imprisonment in the penitentiary, or the imposition of a fine, in the discretion of the court. The proposition was a plain one, and did not require, in the judgment of the committee, any ex tended or elaborate explanation. The report had been printed, ami every member had had an opportunity to examine it; und he therefore asked for its consideration now. , Messrs., HAVEN and FREEMAN submitted amend ments to the bill ; which were ordered to be printed. Mr. OLDS said that when he left his home in Ohio, and returned to the Capital, he had not the most distant idea of being called upon to address the House on the subject of the Gardiner claim. He felt that in calling for the in vestigation of the subject he had discharged a duty which he owed his constituents and the country; and even though the committee had acquitted Mr. Corwin of the charges alleged against him, still he felt he had but discharged his duty, and that he might rather rejoioe than fe^ mortified at such an acquittal. Even now he regretted exceedingly that a sense of duty to himself and his constituents com pelled him, in consequence of some remarks made the other day, during his temporary absence from the House, by the gentleman from New York, (Mr. Brooks,) to ask the kind indulgence of the House while lie reviewed some what in detail this most extraordinary transaction. He was aware that efforts had been made by pensioned de pendants, by hired letter-writers, and paid telegraphers, to forestall public opinion upon the report of the investi gating committee ; but, knowing that ihe real facts of the case would be spread before the nation, he was willing to await the verdict to be given upon that report by the American people. He then reviewed at length the report of the committee, and contended that it did not exonerate Mr. Corwin from all connexion with the claim. He thought if the commit tee desired to exonerate Mr. Corwin, they were exceed ingly upfortunate ; for it was impossible to separate the connexion of the Secretary of the Treasury with the claim from the necessity which gave origin to the bill now be- ; fore the House. Gardiner would suffer the penalties of ' the law; but what would become of the other parties inte rested in this fraud? Mr:Corwin and Mr. Waddy Thomp- ! son were now aware that the claim was a fraud upon the Ireasury, and would they come forward, like honest men, md refund the portion which they had obtained ? Would the House be content with passing the bill under consider ation, or would they make the parties refund the amount they had obtained ? Mr. STANTON, of Ohio, then obtain#d the floor; ; when? DEFICIENCY BILL?CUBA?HAYTI?NICARAGUA. On motion of Mr. CLINGMAN, the House went into "ommittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. i.lYLY, of Virginia, in the chair,) atfi resumed the con- , ideration of the bill to supply the deficiencies in appro bations for the service ot the fiscal year ending the 30th >f June, 18o3. Mr. MARSHALL, of California, said that he had in tended to introduce a resolution to this effect: Tbat the Committee of Ways and Means .be instructed to report a bill setting apart and putting at the disposal of the in coming President five or teu millions of dollars, to be ex pended at his discretion, to meet the exigencies in our foreign affairs particularly, and the general condition of the country, wbich it was admitted on all hands were likely to arise. He desired to present this resolution to the H?use, because it would afford an opportunity of de bating a measure which had some significance and meau ing, and because the Democratic party of the House could thus come up to some full and significant expression by vote as to the affairs of the country. The committee had been engaged in listening to abstract opinions and discussing questions which might never arise?which certainly only would arise in the future? instead of looking to other questions wbich existed, and which threatened the country, and upon wbich, so far as they had been decided at all, the American nation now itood, in the eyes of its own citizens and before the whole , world, degraded and dishonored. He should yet intro duce the resolution, and would call upon the members of the House to announce to the incoming Administration that confidence which the tote recently given by the people in the Presidential election expressed on their part in bim. A vote of this character was not at all without pre cedent in our own country, and in that from which we had derived so many of our own customs and usages. He re peated, he would yet pre*eBt some such resolution, if his purpose should not be forestalled by some one else, and would call upon the Democracy of the House to discharge one of its most important duties, and contribute to the formation of what he believed to be a wise and honor able public opinion in reference to important national questions. He proposed to call the attention of the committee to the conduct of the Government in regard to the Island of Hayti and Nicaragua. He had selected these two topics, out of the abundant materials for complaint which exist ed against the Administration, because they were sub jects in which the State he had the honor to represent felt an especial interest. As a general principle it was true, and every body would gee the reason of it in a mo ment, that the more remote States of the Confederacy, like California, felt with most sensitiveness every reflec tion upon national honor, every evidence of national weakness. The expression tbat " I am an American citi zen " was one that was nowhere so proudly uttered as upon the shores of the Pacific. The American citizen nowhere turned his eyes to the great federal centre with more interest in its honor and its power than from the more remote confines of the country, because rach remote State would be powerless rind insignificant were it not for the great power of the whole Union. They leaned upon it for support: and upon no people had the sense of de gradation and disgrace, which he should endeavor to show that the present Administration had inflicted upon the country, fallen more heavily than upon the people of California. They perhaps would be weak and impotent to sustain themselves as an independent republic, and they felt the deepest interest in the support of the entire Union. They believed fully, they trusted implicitly, that there was strength enough in the Union, if wisely and properly exerted, to sustain all its power* and all its rights. In California they believed that the eagle's wing was strong enough to bear its flight over this whole continent, and that its beak and talons were sharp enough and strong enough to carry all that might be committed to its care, even though the lion of England should array itself against it in its acknowledged power. They had a peculiar interest in all the questions of foreign policy as regarded the Gulf of Mexico and its islands. Questions of inter oceanic communication had derived their importance from the annexation of California to this country. The peo ple in California transmitted every month nearly as much a* three millions of dollars to the Atlantic coa?t, which in its transportation had to pass through foreign coun tries and under the guns of hostile forts. This question, therefore, was of e?pecial importance to the people whom i he represented. The Island of Cuba, the probabilities and possibilities of it? annexation to this Union, and the character of the J policy of the Administration towards it and towards the i Government of which it was a dependency, had produced much debate, and seemed to have engrossed almo*t the ; whole attention of th?> House as well as the other branch > of the National Legi?lature. He should consume but i little of hit limited time in saying any thing about Cuba. 1 He did not consider it as a practical question, and it was one upon which he did not think this generation would 1 probably be called upon to settle. He should be willing, therefore, to leave that question to the wiedom, courage, and patriotism of those to whom it would become neces sarily, in the course of events, a practical question?one to be immediately settled. He did not intend, even has tily, to advert to the course pursued by the Administra tion in regard to Cuba, except to notice one very curious fact, which he hoped somebody who might take part in the debate after him would explain ; for really he had as yet never heard any explanation of it. It might be that his ignorance was owing to lus own carelessness ; but he houl I like to have thfe mystery solved. One fact in re gard to Cuba wai certain, that the consul representing th? Administration in that island at the time when the most important of all our difficulties with Spain occur red that that consul, following the instructions of the Administration, doing, as he thought, exactly what Mr. Fillmore desired him tp do, and told him to do; pursuing precisely the quiet and insignificant course which the Administration recommended and pursued, was kicked out of his office and handed over in absolute disgrace? the most degraded and most execrated individual that erer was in any community. Curses loud and deep all over the country had been hurled at him, and it had never been explained why the Administration dismissed him from office for pursuing the course which the Ad ministration itself recommended. The case of the Con 1 toy prisoners was a hard one ; the case of the fifty rneu murdered in cold blood was a hard one, notwithstanding they went through a trial. Much in' the conduct of the Administration might be successfully urged against it; but he would not stop to enter iuto details. The gentleman from North Carolina, (Mr. Vkkahlk,) who led off in this debate, did not confine himself ton close discussion of the actual existing facts, but went on to assert certain general principles, which he (Mr. M.) was especially surprised to hear from that gentleman, and > in which, he must confess, he did not concur. The gen | tlenian objected to the annexation of Cuba under any ! circumstances, aud at any time, and said that this coun try had already acquired an unmanageable extent of ter ritory ; aud whether Cuba was to bo annexed peaceably, ' by negotiation, or in any other way ; whether it wus to j be annexed as slave or free territory, the gentleman ob I jected to it on the ground that the American Union could < not safely embrace any additional territory. Now, he I (Mr. M.) believed that if the gentleman had given, fully ' and distinctly, the real reasons of his opposition to the an | uexation of Cuba, it would have been fouud to cousist in j simply this: The gentleman believed that it would be im I possible for the United States to acquire any additional territory that would be slave territory; and the opposi tion of the South to the acquisition of Cuba, as expressed by the gentleman, arose not from any danger that the l extension of territory might' involve, but aro*? from their objection to strengthening tlie hands of the North by the ! acquisition of any more l'ree territory. Now, in his (Mr. M.'s) opinion, the time had passed when the question of j slavery in any newly-acquired territory would ever be 1 agitated as it had been. The principle settled in the com j promise, that the people of a territory acquired are them ' selves to determine the character of its government, as to , the presence or absence of this peculiar institution, de j cided the entire question on this subject. Owing tot local circumstances, it was perfectly certain in the future, as | it had been true in the past, and was true in the present, that emigration to any newly-acquired territory would come first from the free States. This was true, and he appealed to the history of his own State to prove it. Wherever free American oitizens, by emigration, obtained possession of a territory, the establishment of slavery among them would be utterly impossible ; and the princi ple was obvious and the reason clear. Labor was imposed upon man as a curse ; and, in his private opinion, it was a very considerable one. [Laughter.] Free American citizens, when compelled to labor, were not going to allow the additional brand of disgrace to be imposed upon that labor which slavery unquestionably would impose. He believed that the acquisition of territory, in the ab stract, had a tendency rather to strengthen than to weaken the Government under which it accumulated, and argued this point at some length. The acquisition of territory by the United States would be wise and prudent, aud was calculated to benefit the entire interests ef the whole human race. There was an island in the Gulf of Mexico which would be of greater advantage to this Union, if it were in its pos session, than the Island of Cuba. He meant the Island of llayti. It was not surrounded by those embarrassing and difficult circumstances which surrounded Cuba. It was an island which had succeeded in throwing off completely and entirely, for a loDg scries of years, all connexion or dependant connexion with Europe, and contained an area of thirty thousand square miles. It wus one of the most fertile countries in the whole world; its climate was most delicious, and its soil very productive. It laid to the windward of Cuba, and if it were but fortified and strength ened would absolutely command that island. Cuba would be powerless unless it were in the possession of the same Power which held Hayti. This island was situated at a convenient point, and contained a harbor and bay which was reliably said to be the very best in the world, not even excepting that of San Francisco. He referred to the Bay of Samana, which rumor said had been seized upon by the French. In regard to this island there had been much nego tiation, and in jevery step, so far as it had been con ducted by this Administration, there had been, demon strably, by their own showing, a sacrifice of every American right and of every American principle of foreign policy?a violation of the Monroe dootriuo < ? vio lation of every doctrine and e\ery principle of manhood; a violation of every principle which should control one gentleman in his actions towards another. These were broad assertions, but he expected to establish them. These propositions would perhaps seem to be more startling when he stated that the central Democratic or gan?and if lie could he would blush to make the state ment?had selected for eulogy, out of all the doings of this Administration, this very affair, not its most disgrace ful, but certainly and positively a disgraceful transaction. The Democratic organ, which ought to influence public opinion, and which the Democratic party h&i established in this place, should attend to its business as a political organ; should inform itself; should try to know some thing, and when they did know it, they should promulge it to the public. They were getting rich, or trying too hard to become rich?something was the matter with them. The Union exhibited the utmost possible ignorance upon this subject; and the editorial article to which he re ferred was copied into the Republic?copied with commen dations and eulogy! When articles were taken from the Union?a journal which ought to be the organ of the De mocratic party?and copied into the Republic with lauda tions and eulogy, he would say that that should be a con clusive argument on the subject. Mr. M. then read the article referred to, and comment ed upon it at some length. He said that the Dominican Republic was now appealing to the American people for support against the attacks of the Emperor of Hayti. The first question which occurred, and one which it was necessory to settle, was, had that Republic a right, ac cording to the customs and usages of civilized nations, and according to the principles of morality and humanity, to ask us for our protection and our interference, and had we a rifht to extend this protection and make this inter vention between the Dominican Republic and the Emperor Soulouque, who had declared his policy to be that of ex termination in the war which he was preparing to wage! i There was no argnment necessary, for the Administration had conceded all that he could ask. They had conceded and acted upon the principle that the Dominican Republic was entitled to our protection and should have our inter ference. Mr. M., for want of time, here dismissed this subject, i and proceeded to refer to the policy of this country in reference to Nicaragua. He condemned the cour?e the Administration had pursued in relation to the acts of Great Britain in Nicaragua, and considered the Clayton and Bulwer treaty as utterly disgraceful in all its princi ples. It provided nothing, but that England should do what she pleased, whilst we should do nothing cxcept that which would please her. Mr. HOWARD then obtained the floor, and proceeded to reply to the remarks delivered by Mr. BkV>ks the other day on the subject of Cuba. He thought it was manifest that the subject of Cuba was becoming one of great and growing national interest in this country, and he might say that its importance to his State consisted in this, that if Cuba should ever fall into the hands of a hos tile maritime Power, it would be impossible for the States bordering upon the Gulf of Mexico to send their produce to market. Ho was in favor of the Monroe doctrine, but was not inclined to sustain certain resolutions introduced into the other branch of the National Legislature, which proposed to give formal notice to the world that we should consider it an unfriendly act and a cause for war for any foreign Power to attempt to settle or colonize on this continent. He was not for abstract legislation and for serving ab stract notices to the whole world. He thought that ab stract legislation in all instances was improper. He was for this doctrine: Whenever a European Government tried to make colonial ?ettlements here which interfered with our Government and its institutions, then to resort to the last argument, if that argument should become ne , cessary. He gave his views at length on this subject, and said that he should be willing that Cuba should be held by 1 Spain, so long as its internal policy should not be dan gerous to the United States. I He then referred to the Thatcher and Crescent City case, condemning the course of the Administration in each instance. Mr. BELL then obtained the floor, when? The House then adjourned. Friday, January 7, 1852. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. ORR said that a few days ago the Speaker laid be fore the House a communication from the Committee of Arrangements, inviting the House to attend the inaugu ration of the equestrian statue of Gen. Jackson, to take place to-morrow. No action was taken upon the invita tion, and be now moved that when the House adjourn to day, it adjourn to meet on Monday next, with the under* standing that the House could then informally attend the ceremonies. The motion to adjourn was agreed to. PRIVATE BILLS. Mr. BOWIE moved that the House resolve itself into Committee of the Whole on the private calendar. Mr. HALL inquired if there were not several private bill s on the Speaker's table which had not yet been re fexTed! The SPEAKER replied that thero were a number of them?something like a hundred, be understood. | Mr. HALL inquired if it would not be in order to call for the consideration of these bills, this being private bill day ? The SPEAKER replied that that would not supersede the motion of the gentleman from Maryland. Mr. HALL inquired if the motion of the gentleman from Maryland should be voted down, would not that business be the first thing in order ? The SPEAKER replied that if the motion should be voted down, the first business in order would be the con sideration of private bills heretofore reported from the Committee of the Whole. The motion of Mr. Bowie was theu agreed to. And the House nooordiugly went into Committee of the Whole, (Mr. Puelps, of Missouri, in the chuir,) and pro ceeded to consider the bills on the private calendar. This being 44 objection day," all bills to which no ob jection was made were laid aside to be reported to the House with the recommendation that they pass. Those which were objected to were passed over, to be consider ed whenever the private calendar shall be again taken up. No objection was made to the followiug bills : A bill to provide for the payment of the companies of Capts. Bush, Price, and tiaurez, for military services in Florida. A bill for the relief of Elizabeth E. V. Field. A bill for the relief of the legal representatives of Ber nard Todd. A bill for the relief of the widow and orphan children of Col. Wm. R. McKee, late of Lexington, Kentucky. A bill for the relief of Capt. Lewis E. Simonds. A bill for the relief of Harlow Spnlding. A bill for the relief of Joseph M. Wilcoxou. A bill for the relief of John Ozias. A bill for the relief of Wm. J. Price. Senate bill for the relief of 8idney S. Alcott. A bill for the relief of Margaret Baury. A bill for the relief of Mary Pearson. A bill to surrender to the State of Ohio the unfinished portion of the Cumberland road in said State. Senate bill for the relief of John T. S,ullivan. A bill for the relief of John J. Sykes. A joint resolution for the relief of J. P. Converse. A bill for the relief of the Michigan Southern Railroad Company. Senate bill for the relief of Wm. Speiden. A bill for th? relief of John Dearmit. Senate bill granting a pensipn to Mrs. Elizabeth V. Lomax. A bill for the relief of Nathan H. Darling. A bill for the relief of Gilinan Smith, of Sycamore, in the State of Illinois. A joint resolution for the relief of Thompson Barnet. A bill for the relief of Samuel F. Butterworth. The following bills were passed over, informally, the reports in the cases not being before the committee : A bill for the relief of James H. Jenkins. A bill for the relief of John Frink. A joint resolution for the relief of the legal represen tatives of Wade Allen, deceased. A joint resolution granting the petition of Wm. and Matthew Moss. Objection Was made to the following bills : The bill for the. relief of Anthony Walton Bayard was objected to by Mr. Harris, of Tennessee. The bill for the relief of the legal representatives of John H. Piatt, deceased, was objected to by Mr. Jones, of Tennessee. The bill for the relief of the trustees of the Philadel phia Gas Works was objected to by Mr. Jones, of Ten nessee. The bill for the relief of James Glynn was objected to by Mr. Letcher. The bill for the relief of S. Morris Wain was objected to by Mr. S'Kelton. The bill for the relief of Jasper A. Maltby was object ed to by Mr. Goodenow. The bill for the relief of Britain Franks was objected j to by Mr. LETcnER. The joint resolution for the relief of Mary Reeside, ex- j ecutrix of James Reeside, deceased, was objected to by ! Mr. Joxes, or Tennessee. Senate bill for the relief of John F. Callan, administra tor of Daniel Renner, deceased, was objected to by Mr. Goodixow. Senate bil\ for the relief of Col. James R. Creecy was objected to by Mr. Mustek. The bill for the benefit of J.'C. Buckles, of Louisville, Kentucky, was objected to by Mr. H.uiais, of Tennessee. The bill for the relief of McAtee & Eastham was ob jected to by Mr. Sackktt. The bill for the relief of the legal representatives of Nathaniel Patten, deceased, late a postmaster in Missou ri, was objected to by Mr. Joxes, of Tennessee. The bill authorizing the adjustment and payment of the claims of Wm. ilazzard Wigg, deceased, for losses | sustained by him during the war of the Revolution, was 1 objected to by Mr. J?xes, of Tennessee. The private calendar having been gone through with, the committee rose and reported its action to the House. The House proceeded to consider private bills report ed last session from the Committee of the Whole, when the following, to which no objection was made, were read a third time and passed : A bill for the relief of Josiah P. Pilcher, late a private in company F, second regiment Kentucky volunteers. A bill for the relief of the heirs at law of Anthony G. Willis, deceased. A bill for the relief of Dr. S. R. Addison, passed as sistant surgeon in the United States Navy. A bill for the relief of Jacob J. Storer. A bill for the relief of Henry Miller, a soldier of the war of 1812. A bill for the relief of Wm. Lynch, a soldier of the late war with Great Britain. A bill for the relief of Charles Staples. A bill for the relief of Aaron Stafford. A bill for the relief of John B. Rogers, of South Ca- I rolina. A bill for the relief of the legal representatives of Jos. | Arnow, deceased. A bill for the relief of Geo. Simpton, of Galveston. A bill for the relief of C. L. Swayze, in relation to the location of certain Choctaw scrip. The House then proceeded to consider the bills report ed from the Committee of the Whole this morning, when they were all read a third time and passed, with the ex ception of the bill for the relief of 8amuel Butterworth, which, on motion of Mr. PHELPS, was laid upon the table, and the bill for the relief of Lewis Simonds, which was objected to, and therefore lies over. Mr. HOUSTON, from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported a bill making appropriations for the navy for the year ending June 30, 1864, which was read twice and committed. The House then adjourned nntil Monday. Solid Gas.?Murdock first used gas to light up his office at Redrath in 1792. "It would," says Liebig,'" be one of the greatest discoveries of the age, if any one could succeed in condensing coal gas into a white, dry, solid, odorless substance; portable, and capable of being placed on a candlestick or burned in a lamp." Already is the desire of Liebig being accomplished. A mineral oil flowed out of coal in Derbyshire, obviously produeed by slow distillation from the coal. On examination it has Keen ascertained that parafflne, a solid, waxy substance, hitherto never produced from coal, could be formed in commercial qualities by a slow and regular distillation. This is condensed coal gas?a solid form of defiant gas desired by Liebig. In forming cake, this product, dis solved in an oil of a similar composition, may be readily obtained instead of the water-gafces now thrown away. Should this discovery be as successful as it promises, a groat change will be wrought in fuel as well as illumi nating gas. We see it stated that at Nottingham, England, the great centre of the lace manufacture, they are now manufac turing a most beautiful fabric of lace for window curtains, bed curtains, &c. of iron wire. Iron houses, iron ships, and now iron capes for the ladies! Won't they attract the lightning, and shan't we have women of metal for wives ? The GKKTHOtsn akd Hoasa.?A gentleman of Bristol, Eng.. had a greyhound which slept in the stable along with a very fine hunter, about five years ago. These ani mals became mutually attached, and regarded each other with the most tender affection. The greyhound always lay under the manger beside the horse, which was so fond of him that he became unhappy and restless when the dog was out of sight. It was a common practice with the gentleman to whom they belonged to call at the sta ble for the greyhound to accompany him in his walks; on such occasions the horse would look over his shoulders at the dog with much anxiety, and neigh in a manner which plainly said "Let me also accompany you." When he dog returned to the stable he was alwavs wel comed with a loud neigh; he ran up to the horse and licked his nose. In return the horse would scratch the dog's bark with his teeth. One day, when the groom was out with the horse and greyhound for exercise, a large dog attacked the latter and quickly bore him to the ground j on which the horse threw back his ears, and, in spite of all the efforts of the groom, rushed at the strange dog that was worrying the greyhound, seised him by the back with his teeth, which speedily made him quit his hold, and shook him till a large piece of skin gave way. The (offender no sooner got on his feet than he judged it pru dent to beat a precipitate retreat from so formidable an opponent. LATER FROM MEXICO. By an arrival from Vera Crut we have received files of Mexican papers to a late date. Our advice* from the city of Mexico are to the 14th ultimo: The Tehuantepeo question i? yet undecided. It ftp pear*, from what we can gather in the obscure intima tions of the Mexican press, that the President had taken the initiative in support of the claims of the Guanajuato company, and the subject 4ras referred to a committee in the Chamber of Deputies. The committee reported by resolution; and on the 10th instant, after a sharp debate, the resolution was adopted: Ayes 46, noes 40. The state of the country appears to be about the same. On the tith instant a battle was fought between the rebels under Carreon and Segura and a considerable body of Government troops commanded by Camargo. The insur gents were completely routed, lotting four pieces of can non, 50 horses, 150 mules, &c. Forty of their men and several leaders were killed. This victory has put the Government organ at Mexico in high glee, and every num ber teems with fresh details of the triumph at Guanajuato. In Morelia, the insurgent Bahamoate, at the head of 300 men, is still at large, roaming about the country and committing depredations. Rebolledo's band has been pretty nearly extirpated in Puebla. In Guadalajara there is a large body of rebels, said to be 2,000 strong, but bad ly armed, and composed of the vilest dregs of the popu lation. Au article in the Monitor strongly advocates a grant by I Congress of extraordinary powers to the Supreme Gov ernment. The Monitor says very plainly that unless this be done rebellion may succeed, and the Republic will be dismembered and fall an easy prey to the rapacity of the United States. Senor Yanez has resigned his post a* Minister of For eign Affairs. Senor D. Foncia de Arriago, a member of thel Senate, has been appointed Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs. He is claimed as a liberal by that party. President Arista has issued a decree ordering the dis banding and extinction of the 8th battalion for insubordi nation at Tampico and elsewhere. Senor Don Felipe Garcia has offered to lend the Gov ernment three hundred thousand dollars, on condition of receiving payment out of the first revenue derived from the Tehuantepeo road. Slight shocks of an earthquake have been recently felt in the city of Mexico and the neighborhood. The Count Rousset had capitulated with Gen. Blanco at Qaaymas, giving up his arms and being secured in person and private property. One hundred and eighty-two Frenchmen signed the treaty of capitulation, and all the arms were delivered to the Mexicans. The wounded were taken care of, being placed in a large convent. The ex pedition was entirely dissolved, and the members of it went to Mazatlan, where they arrived on the 15th No vember.?New Orleans Bee. Judge Coxklin had been formally presented to the President of Mexico, to whom he delivered an autograph letter, from Mr. Fillmore, and made an address of which we find the following translation iu the Picayune: Sefior President : On presenting to your Excellency, as I have the honor to do,, my credentials as representa tive of the United States accredited to the Government of your Excellency, I refrain from speaking of the senti ments entertained by the President of the United States towards your Excellency, and toward the people of this the greatest of our sister Republics on this continent, be cause Mr. Fillmore has wished to be his own exponent of those sentiments in the personal letter which I have the honor to deliver. But I avail myself with pride and pleasure of this op portunity to recall to your Excellency the love of justice, the moderation, and the scrupulous respect of the rights of other nations, that in all our foreign relations, as also in his patriotic regard for the welfan of his country, in every thing concerning her domestic policy, have so honorably distinguished his Administration. Your Excellency will not fail to perceive, in his firm and constant adhesion to these principles, a sure guarantee that, in regard to the several points which demand an ar rangement between the two Governments, there can be" j nothing in my instructions obliging me to insist on any thfcig which in the judgment of my country is not unques tionably just; and, in regard to myself, I can assure your Excellency that my desire as well as my duty will keep me within the limits I have mentioned. If, as I have no reason to doubt, 1 should have the good fortune to find this Government animated b/similar sen- | timents, I shall not despair to see a protnpt and Batisfac- : tory arrangement of all the differences between the two Governments, and the foundations of peace and friend- j ship firmly established between the two nations. When we shall happily have attained that object, there will only remain tomy countrymen an unreserved sympathy with the wise statesmen and patriotic citizens of this re public, in their efforts to consolidate, by means of wise laws and strict administration of justice, the blessings of liberty and national weal; the day, which I hope will soon come, your country shall have reached a degree of pros perity and grandeur proportionate with its geographical extent, its unequalled natural elements of wealth, the variety and salubrity of its climate, and the all-surpassing magnificence and richness of its soil. Tbe President replied in the following terms : Sefior Minister : I am happy to receive from your Excellency the credentials which constitute you represen tative of the United States near the Government of the Mexican Republic, nnd the private letter of his excellency Mr. Fillmore, President of the United States. The sentiments of patriotism, moderation, and justice which animate his Excellency, and have distinguished his administration with honor to his country, are well known. In them, and in the personal sentiments which your Ex cellency has expressed, I do see a guarantee of a prompt and happy arrangement of the diverse affairs pending be tween the two countries, on the basis of justice and good faith. The Mexican Government, guided always by the sentiments named, has insisted on nothing not in confor mity with them, and the perfect agreement of the Govern ments in euch holy principles will produce the consolida tion of the good relations that so happily exist between the two countries. The wish of the Mexican Republic, and also my own personal desire, is, that we shull daily draw more close those friendly an<l useful relations, and I entertain the most sincere desire for the prosperity of the United States and its worthy President, congratulating myself at the same time for the wise selection of your distinguished self for the charge of promoting those interests as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from those States to this Republic. THE HOME JOURNAL FOR 1853. The universal commendation that the Home Journal has ever received (say its editors) at the hands of the press, is highly flattering to our editorial pride, and we feel truly grateful for it. Last week's number?the first of the present series?has been every where received with unusual favor. If we were to collect the kind paragraphs of our contemporaries respecting that number alone, they would occupy several columns. Although this pleasure is denied us, we are nevertheless tempted now and then to insert a specimen or so. Here is a notice from the Botion Trarucript, which hits our fancy to a T: "We were much amused on gettiog into an omnibus, a day or two since, by hearing the parting injunction of an anxious mother, who was evidently starting on a journey into the country. ' Take tart of the baby, and don't forget to tend the Ilome Journalshe cried out lustily from the window as we drove away from her door. We hare faith in that lady's domestic character, and feel sure that her fireside is a happy one. The ' Home Journal' and the ' baby ' oc cupied her last thoughts, (the latter first, of course,) but the connexion of the twain in her mind gave rise to a few pleasant reflections on Morris and Willis's excellent Jour nal in our own. If the good, kind ?oul could not have her baby with her, why she ckost the next best reminder of her happy home. The paper might be sent by the post, but the baby couldn't. To give up l>ofh she would find quite impossible. Her hnsband, by the way, was not mentioned in her farewell inventory, but he, no doubt, was awaiting her arrival in the country, and would enjoy his favorite paper through the music of her voice. Long life to the ' Ifomt Journal' and the 4 baby,' so opportune ly mentioned as above! Every husband will take care to have a copy of Morris and Willis's paper on his wife's ta ble every Saturday morning. We say Saturday, because the week tloses brighter and better after the reading of so cheerful a family paper." Rknovai. or Rocks m Nsw Have* Hahbob, Cokhic Tici'T.?Mens. Maillefert has just oonoluded a contract with the Government for the removal of " Middle Rook" from New Haven harbor. This rock is situated about one mile southeast of the lighthouse, and is altogether the most dangerous of any in the harbor. It is twenty seven yards long, fifteen yards wide, and ten feet from the surface at mean low water. The removal of this rock is of the greatest importance to the city of New Haven, and the prompt action of the General Government in the matter, as soon as sure and satisfactory means for its re moval were at command, will meet with deserved appre ciation from the merchants of that city. The arrange ments on the part of the Government were made by Cap tain George Dotton, U. 8. E. Coij>s. (JV. Y. Courier and Enquirer. A Good SpnccaATio*.?- A man in Boston has erected ? building elx stories high for a market aad store*. The cost of the land and building was $100,000. The two lower stories fitted up in market stalls have already been rented for $18,000, leaving the other four stories to be rented. CENTRAL AMERICAN TREATY. [RfCBIVRD LAtfT RIGHT BY H0C?*'s rRJRTlNG TBUWRAI'U.] Wilmington, (Del.) January 7,1853. Messrs. Qalxs & Beaton, Washington: I have been astonished at reading to-day the at tack made upon me in the United StateB Senate yesterday. I have the letter of the Hon. Wm. R. Kino, chairman of the Committee on Foreign Isolations, written to me on the day of the exchange of ratifi cations of the British Treaty of the 19th April, 1850, stating, in the very words of my letter to Sir Henry Bulwer, what the Senate perfectly understood, that the Treaty did not include British Honduras. To show you with what injustice I have been assailed and misrepresented, 1 will send you the original correspondence between Mr. Kino and myself by the earliest opportunity. I herewith send you a precise copy, certified by the gentlemen whose names are annexed. You will perceive that ray letter to Sir Henry Bulwer, written on the same day of the date of Mr. Kino's letter, and after it was received, in forms Sir Henry that the title to British Honduras it was then, and had been, ray intention to leave as the treaty left it, without denying, affirming, or in any way meddling with the same?just as it pre viously stood. The British title to the Central American States was recognised by Mr. Polk, in sending there Mr. Christopher Hempstead as Consul, who re mained in British Honduras, under the protection of the British flag, and in virtue of an exequatur obtained by Mr. Buchanan from the British Go vernment, nearly three years, till I recalled him, to prevent the possibility of any charge against Gen. Taylor's administration of having recognised the English authority in British Honduras. Please publish this note in to-morrow's paper. JOHN.M. CLAYTON. Mr. Clayton to Mr. King. July 4, 1850. Dear Sir: I am this morning writing to Sir H. L. Bulwer, and while about to decline altering the Treaty at the time of exchanging ratifications, I wish to leave no room for a charge of duplicity against our Government, such as that we now pretend that Central America in the treaty includes British Honduras. I shall therefore say to him, in effect, that such con struction was not in the contemplation of the negotiators or the Senate at the time of confirmation^ May I have your permission to add that the true understanding was explained by you as Chairman of Foreign Relations, to the Senate, before the vote was taken on the treaty ? I think it due to frankness on our part. Very truly, yours, J. M. CLAYTON. To Hon. Wm. R. Kino, U. S. Senate. [We certify that the above is a correct copy of the let ter from the Hon. J. M. Clayton, Secretary of State, to the Hon. Wm. R. Kino. J. Walks, John Kirkman, P. Sheward Johnson, Wm. K. McClres.] Mr. Kimj to Mr. Clayton. July 4. 1860. My Dear Sir : The Senate perfectly understood that the Treaty did not include British Honduras. Frankness becomes our Government; but you should be careful not to use any expression which would seem to recognise the right of England to any portion of Honduras. Faithfully, your obedient servant, W. R. SING. To Hon. John M. Clayton, Secretary of State. [The above is a correct copy of a letter of W. R. Kino, now in possession of Hon. John M. Clayton. J. Walks, P. S. Johnson, W. R. McClbrs.] Extract of a letter from Mr. Clayton to Sir H Bulxoer. It is unnecessary for me to repeat that the Treaty ne gotiated was not intended by either of us to apply to the British settlement of Honduras and dependencies, before described, the title to which it is now, and has been, my intention throughout the whole negotiations to leave as the treaty leaves it, without denying, affirming, or in any way meddling with the same?just as it stood previously. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH. The Accident to Gen. Pierce and Family. Boston, January 7.?Gen. Pierce and Lady are now staying at the house of Mr. John Aiken, at Andover. Neither of them have received much physical injury, but Mrs. P. is prostrafed with grief at the loss of her ton. Mr. Newell, of Cambridge, one of the passengers, is in jured beyond possibility of recovery. Small-pox at Havana. Mobile, Jan. 6.?The passengers by the steamer Black Warrior, arrived here from Havana, report that the small-pox is raging there to an alarming extent. The disease was still unchecked, and very many were dying from it daily. Baltimore, Jan. 4.-*The steamer Palmetto arrived here to-day from Charleston with thirteen passengers and a full cargo. Whilst coming up the Chesapeake bay last night, off Wolf Trap, she Am into the bri^ Ohio from Baltimore to Mobile and sunk her in five minutes. An orphan child, four years old, passenger on the Ohio, was lost, the captain, crew, and other passengers escaping with great difficulty. The Ohio is insured for $10,000. The Palmetto sustained injury, which will detain her se veral days. Baltimore Market. Baltimore, January 7.?There were sales to-day of 4,000 bbls. Howard street and City Mills flour at $5.25. Rye flour $4.50; cornmeal $8.62. The inspections of. flour this week are over 38,000 bbls. Sales of red wheat at 112 a 115 cents; white do. at 116 a 120 to 125} white corn 60 and yellow 62 a 63; oats 37 a 40 for Maryland and 42 a 44 for Pennsylvania; cloverseed $6 per bushel. Tobacco is very quiet and dull. Therejare no shippers in the market, and prices are merely nominal, with a downward tendency. The receipts very light. Week'?, inspections only 80 hhds., in all. New York Produce Market*. New Fork, Jan. 7.?Flour is very firm. 8ales of 8,500 bbls. at $5.50 a 5-62$ for State and $6.62$ a 5.75 for Genesee and Southern. Wheat firm but quiet. Corn dull. Sales of 11,500 bushels old mixed at 78 cents. THE GTiADE FOR SALE.?I offer for sale my farm in Jefferson, known as the " Glade," containing 31# acres, IMS acres cleared, and 150 in timber. The quality of the land is unsurpassed by any in'the county of Jefferson. On the traet is a comfortable log dwelling, a well of good water, and a stream running through one end of the farm. A more particular description is unnecessary, a* those wishing to purchase will first view the premises. The farm will be shown at any Mms by Mr. T. A. Lewis who reside* near it, and who will give information as to terms, Ac. Application may also be made (postpaid) to Mr. Edward E. Cooke, Charlostown, Jef ferson county, Virginia, or to Mrs. Alexander G. Gordon, Foifi Hamilton, Long Island, New York. janl I?wpwtf ?OCK CREEK FOUNDRY AMD AGRICUXTU ral Implement Manufactory, corner of Pennsylva nia avenue and 2Ath street west. The above establishment is now ready to fill all orders for (he following articles, vis i Cathcart's Patent Horse Power, the lightest running ma chine ever made, and warranted; threshers with separators at tached. Ploughs, Hay-Cutters, Corn-Shellers, in fact every article that is wanting on a farm. Also, oast Railing, and everv description of casting done at the shortest notice and upon the be?t terms. All kinds of Agricultural Implements and Maebinery re paired in the best manner. All communications will be prompt It attended to. ap 1? -StASattf JAMS L. CATHCART. Mfi~%VAR OF <jljft7l>Z and Ahrlman, in the Nineteenth Century, by Henry Winter Davie, 1 volume,. octavo. FRANCE TAYLOR.