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" Liberty and Union, now uid forever, one tud Inseparable." TUESDAY, MAY 81, 1853. If, as has been said, men are often good iu spite ] of their faith, we suppose we may apply the sayiug to polities, and claim that some men reason correctly in spite of their principles. An instance of this latter discrepancy, and a proof of the theory, we regard the annexed conservative views expressed by a very z6fth)us Democratic journal of New York, called, par excellence, the National Democrat: " Evils or Capital."?There is such a tendency in a portion of what is called the " reform press" of the United States to decry the " evils of capital," and to abuse " capitalists," that a large class has really coute to regard all capitalists as necessarily the enemies of all poor people. It is a great mistake, and a great fully. What 4s " capital ?" There is no magic or mystery about it.' It is nothing but hoarded labor. It is the re sult of all preceding labor of which the individual, whether honestly er not, has somehow or other oome into posses sion. It r^pmei)t? past labor; and by that fact it be comes the remuneration of present toil. All money is but a conventionalism to indicate to us that so much toil has, by somebody or other, been already ?xpended; and the party possessing money is recognised by society as having a property in the fruits of the labor which was so expended. Accordingly, from the very earliest times, the need of such a medium as money has been felt. The precious metals have no particular intrinsic worth, yet have, on various accounts, the recommendation of com merce for this purpose. As to intrinsic worth, if any one were left, like Robinson Crusoe, on a desolate island, he would find a hatchet of iron a much more valuable tool than one of gold or silver. But the proportion in which these metals are foundj, and a variety of circumstances, have, from an early stage of the history of mankind, re commended them for this purpose. They were used even before Governments coined them for money, by weight, as a medium of exchange. Nor is this the only form of capital. It exists also in the facilities for labor formed by its means, or which may be formed directly by the agency of labor itself?in build ings suitable for carrying on different operations, the machinery which is necessary in multiplying the power of those who toil, or in cheapening the commodity they produce. The moment that labor realizes more for an individual than he deems needful for present consump tion?the moment he begins to put something by, and ap plies that to the production of other results?from that ? time he has capital in the world ; and he would have it though there were but one man upon earth, and he him ? self toiling day and night. Whatever he puts by as sur plus to facilitate future operations, that, strictly and properly, is capital. The Indian who is disabled for the chase, bat who has a bow and airows which he lends to another in order that he may bring him home a portipn of the game he kills, is a capitalist. The farmer who may have no cash in his pocket, but who has a loaf and a plough, and who findfe a man willing to drive that plough on condition that he may eat the loaf, he ia the capitalist in the labor market, and the ploughman is his customer. Skill and strength are capital; they are the result of years of exertion, which has kept the muscular system in order. Bones and brains are capital as truly as miles of dock and ware houses, fleets of ships, towering factories, or pftes of gold. So that, strictly speaking, there is no person in the world but is or may be a capitalist, although he may be a laborer at the same time; and it ia oply in a broad, rough way that we draw the line of distinction, leaving on ^ie side of it the great mass of those who toil, and on the other side of it those who, by their possession of sufficient means, take to themselves or have bestowed upon them, in a popu lar way of speaking, the title of capitalists. The relation between them is constituted by the payment of wages. It is a bargain between the one and the other, in whatever form it may pass, whether merely for food, clothing, and shelter, or for the largest money remuneration. We see, then, that this thing called "capital," which the " progressive " journals of the day would have hs be lieve is such a very wizzard and devil, is nothing but pre tervtd labor, without which there could be no reward for present toil beyond the immediate supply of man's physi cal wants. Like all other great blessings, it is liable to great abuses ia the hands of bad men ; but to talk of de stroying it on that account would be like proposing to cut off a man's legs to rid him of a heavy pair of boots. What eays our Socialist neighbor of the Tribune to that ? [National Democrat. CITY APPOINTMENTS. Rumor states, and we presume correctly, that changes have becu made in the following offices con nected with city affairs, viz : The Marshalsbip of the District of Columbia has been 'conferred on Jon ah D. Hoover, vice Richard W alloc h ; City Postmaster, James 0. Berrett, rice William A. Bradley; Mr. Lathrog, as Navy Agents gives way to A. 0. Allkh ; .Jonas Ellis is succeeded as Wardeu of the Penitentiary by Thomas Thorxley ; William Easby as Commissioner of Public Buildings gives place to B. B. French. These appointments are all in the gift of the President of the United States. Captain J. H. Goduakd, having resigned to the Mayor the office of Captain of the Watch, the duties of which hare been long and faithfully discharged by him, Mr. Jamks H. Birch, formerly one of the lessees of the United States Hotel, and more recently of the Pavilion at Piney Point, has been appointed to succeed him. REPORTS FROM THE SOUTHWESTERN FRONTIER. We copy the following barbarous story to show by what.in)probabilitins credulous people will some times suTler theuwelvea to be imposed upon. It is hardly necessary Cb inform any of our readers that J its material 8tat<*ln<:uW are wholly without founda tion : ? *s'*? * Later from El Paso.?The following is an extract from . ?.???? received nj express, dated ?1 Paao, April ztrth, 1833: " Governor Trias arrived at Kl Paso yesterday, with 760 men and 160 officers, to command the levies of militia be hat made upon El Paso, La Real, and Sineca, from which places he had made a call for 700 men. " The General looks well. He reports the withdrawal of the Mexican Minister from Washington, war with Spain, fie., Ac. General Montenegro, with 6,0(H) men, is reported en route from Sonorft and below to the copper mines. General Morales, with 2,000-mmi, is expected daily from Parango. The excitement in El Pnso is very great, and all breathe war and death to the Americans. 11 Salaiar, the Mexican boundary Surveyor, is just from the city of Mexico, and reports the decision of the Mexi can Government to consider as a declaration of war the refusal on the part of the United States Government to recognise Rartlett aad Cunda's boundary. They think (hey have outwitted on, and mean to sVt up great pre tensions in consequence." The Chesapeake A*n Ohio Cakal is naw rn fall opera tion, though the detention from the break at Hancock ?tretched its effects farther into the week than had been anticipated. We have heard of no fracture* from the late rains. The returns from the whole canal for the month of April having been furnished us, we place them ia contrast with the returns for the corresponding month Of 18&2. They show a handsome increase over the busi B#ss of last year. The greatly augmented freightage of ooal is especiallyVatifying. April, 1868. Detcmdmg Trade. Flour ,.,...24,610 barrels. Wheat 27,160 bushels Corn 32.S40 do Coal 10,733 tons. Total descend'g 20,173 tons. Total ascending..2,466 do Tolls collected f 17,367.B2? April, 1862. J)e*cending Trade. Flour .,..*..38,110 barrels. Wheat 44,080 l>ui>h4f. Corn 31,240 do Coal 6,763 tons. Total desoend'gl4,202 tons. Total ascending..I,ltf9 tons. Tolls collected $10,321.31 The Jury in the case of Mary Ann WheeUr, on trial at Milwaukee, for the murder of J. M. W. Lace, could not agree on a verdict. They stood ten for acquittal to two for ( Conviction. The second trial commenced on Monday last MISAPPLIED TALENT. A friend*has favored us with a brief review ot a book which not long since issued from the Boston press, entitled the " K?y to lucle Tom * ( v}>tn." The review is not complimentary to the cha- J racter of the book, but the writer must pardon ua for declining its insertion. It will be a sufficient notice for this journal to take of the book to say that it is in every way worthy of the work to which it in the key; that, while it equals its pre cursor in talent and iuvention, it surpasses it in its mischievous tendencies, and the inveteracy of the evil it is calculated to produoc, in engendering mis construction and hatred between different sections of our country, and in drawing upon the whole country the scorn and contempt of the foreign world. To those who can regard with complacency these benign and christian results of the author's labors, we can re commend the book. For ourselves we would prefer the authorship of the subjoined brief paragraph, which we find in a late religious journal of Philadelphia^ to that of both the volumes of Mr# Stowe and all the celebrity which they have given to her name : KltOM THE l'BESBVTKEIAN. " The longer we look at this subject (slavery) the more fully we are convinced that the best friends of the slave are t^e dwellers in his own South. In that South are those who received him a poor, naked savage, fresh from Africa and the horrors of the middle passage.; they have clothed him, fed him, visited him in sickness, have taken charge of his children in infancy, and provided for him in helpless old age; have taught him a Saviour's name, and been instrumental in shedding abroad in his heart a Sa viour's love, and preparing for him a crown and a king dom in Heaven. A whole nation of his people hnve grown up here, and, under the genial influence of Southern homes, they have been elevated from barbarism to civilization and christianization, with a rapidity and to an extent to which history shows no parallel. A part of his people have .gone back to Africa, bearing with them the priceless treasure of the gospel?a compensation ample for all their hardships; more of them are going to join those already there; others are to go, and what is to be the final result will be known perhaps in 'that day when Ethiopia shall stretch forth her hands to God. In all this process of ele vating in the mass a whole people from barbarism, whose hands have plied the lever but those of Southern men ? Who have had the responsibility, care, vexation, expense, even to the impoverishment of their lands and their families, but the people of the South ? We believe that Qod in his providence is working out a mighty wonder for Africa's sons, both in their own and in this land, through what for the time seems an evil, and that the final develop ment will be full of joy and gladness ; and the results will then be traced to their right sources, when Uncle Tom's Cabin shall have crumbled to the dust, and Mrs. Stowe's name, her silver salver, and her British banquets are re membered no more." THE MEMPHIS CONVENTION. The Southern Commercial Convention is to meet at Memphis, Tennessee, on Monday next. Its pur pose is to devise means to develop the resources of the Southern States, and to make them less de pendant upon ihe skill and industry of the North ; to establish steam communication with Kurope ; to encourage the direct exportation of cotton by the planters; and to establish on the Continent of Eu rope a depot of cotton in opposition to Liverpool. The Southern States, generally, man if. much in terest in the Convention, an-1 all <J' hem will be largely represented. Portrait or a Dandt.?An amusing book, lately pub lished, entitled " Yiurf," oi ntai:<m<? a description of scenes and incident?, and society in Syria and the East, written by our fellow-townsman. Mr. J. Ross Browse, whose interesting letters to the National Intelligencer, a year or two ago, our readers wiH remember with pleasure, contained the following portrait of an exquisite of faslrfon and folly, designed, lioweYer, rather to depict the type of a class than the likeness of a real and particular in dividual : " When I first saw him he was on the way from Flo rence to Milaa, in quest of a pair of pantaloons of a par ticular style. No man in Europe understood cutting ex cept Pantaletti. There was a fit in Pantiletti that made him indispensable. He had tried the Parisian tailors, but they were deficient in the knees. It was his intentioq to proceed at ovce from Milan to Leipsic for boots; the Oermans were the only people who brought boots to per fection, and decidedly the best were to be had at Leipsic. He eipected to be obliged to return to Paris fcr shirts ; there was a set in the collars of the Parisian kbirt that suited him. His medicines he always purchased in Lon don; his cigars he was forced to import from Havana; his Latakia tobacco he was compelled to purchase himself in Smyrna, and this was partly the occasion of his (ire sent visit. As to wines, it wat nonsense to undertake to drink any bat the pure Johannisberg?which be gene rally saw bottlod on the Rhine every summer, in order to avoid imposition. His winters he speut chiefly in Spain; it was the only country where good cream was to be had; but the coffee was inferior, and he sometimes had to cross 1 the Pyrenees for want of a goo<l cup of coffee. " No mode of traveling suited him exactly; in fact be disliked travelling. Riding he hated, because it jolted him; walking, because it tired hin; the snow, because it was cold; the son, because it wa? warm ; Rome, be cause it was damp-. Nice, because it wa? dry; Athena, because it was dusty. (By the way, I disliked Athens myself chiefly on that account; Rim by was right there.) But it was impossible tor him to live in America again. What could any man of taste do there! No pictures, no ruins, no society, no opera, no classical associations nothing at all, except business ; and all sortr of business he despised. It was a ridiculous as well as a vulgar way of spending life. In fact, the only decent people he had mft-wlth Were the French ; a man might contrive to exist (?while in Paris. Not that he spproved altogether of the Fr*. langnage; it wanted depth and richness; the only lu worthy a man of sense was the Sanscrit. As soon u he u.. . ?.ited himself in boots at Leipsic he wis going to perfect himself in Sanscrit a '' University of Berlin; after which be hoped to recover tnc .. '? of hatd study by a tour through Bavaria, which was the only country on the face of the earth where the beer was fit to drink-" This extract from " Yutrf" some press in New York lifts given a personal application to, by representing it as iJ r" thful description of a certain gentleman of New lork, now, we ocftcTc, iu Paris, and whose name has suffered the gross injustice of befng publicly coupled with it as the original of the por trait. We therefore copy the extract, at the request of the author, for the purpose of adding, al?o at his request, that the picture was not intended for the gentleman named and referred to by the New York presses, as Mr. Browne, the author, never saw that gentleman in his life, and knew nothing of him which nmi^l justify sueh a pic ture, and had him not in mind when it was penued. CotomsTs ron Africa.?We learn that a company of more than ninety colored emigrants arrived last Thurs day night in the vicinity of this city, (Savannah.) to await their embarkation for Liberia, in the barque " Adelaide," now daily eipected from New York. These emigrants are a very respectable company from the State of Tennes see, and arein chargc of- two worthy clergymen, one of the Presbyterian and the other of the Methodist church. They will be joined here by several intelligent families of free people of color residing in this city and from othn parts of the State. We arc nl?o gratified to know that a resolution whs adopted at a recent meeting of the frien'is of colonization, at which Judge Watki presided, to or ganise ft societj here to aid t'n cause of the American Colonizfttion Society, and a meeting will be held esrly next week to adopt a constitution sn?l appoint officers, and, which is vital to *11 good ? nterprises, raise some material aid?Savannah Georgian. Stolen Diamonds Rxcovkrbd.^?The police of the city of New Vorit have succeeded in re* vr>ring five thousand dollars worth cf diamonds, which wevr stolen on the 26th ultimo from the state room of Mr. J. J? cobs, of Boston, on board the steamboat Empire State. Tic paroel con taining the prsperty.was found coneealt-d un<i?r t'ie nid dle of the carpet ef the lower saloon, near the . ngine room, and a wlored waiter on board the boat ii nor.' in prison, charged with st-aling the diamond?. VtHOINIA ELECTION. The returns of the late elections in Virginia jus tify the belief that the Democracy have succeeded in carrying every fougrestiouul district. These ro suits will create no surprise. Ihej are hut the le gitimate fruits of thegerrymandtj-, and could hard ly have been averted by any amount of oxertiou on the part of the Whigs. Our opponents have reaped the full benefit of their scandalous and un constitutional measures for the disfranchisement of the Whig party of Virginia, ajad^ as their con sciences are of the toughest kind, we suppose they will enjoy their ill-gotten gains with uualloyed nest and satisfaction. . J In respect to the elections for the Legislature, the political changes appear to have been more numerous than usual. W e think from present in dications that parties will stand in the next (Gene ral Assembly pretty much -as they stood in the last. The following is a list of the louses and gains tllus far: ^ i HOUSE or DELEGATES. Whig loss. Whig gaic. Whig low. Whig guii Henrico 1 ?..0 Amelia&nd Nottoway... I Augusta 2 0 Mecklenburg Loudoun........ 1 0 Clarke 0,....,....l Rockbridge ...2 0 Bedford 6..........2 Buckingham... 1 0 Wythe .0 1 Fauquier 0 ....2 Suiythe 1 Franklin 0 1 > Washington ...4 1 Jeffer?on....?...0 ?..t " ? . ? Botetourt and Craig t Total.......T IS. Culpeper 0 ,?.l SENATE. Augu?U~....r..l~..,.~...0 Fauquier........0.. I Albemarle 1 0 Bedford I...0 1. Wheeling 1..... 0 ? ? Charlotte, Ac..O 1 Total 8.. 3 [Richmond CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS OF MARYL i^D. The Baltimore Sun gives the following arrang' tn>nt of the six Congressional Districts of Maryland as 1 fcidifby an act which has just passed the Legislature, tonther with. the vote of each district at the last Pi ?esidlttial election; FIHST DISTRICT. Counties. Democratic.. Worcester 1,182 Somerset ! 1,115 Dorchester 933 Talbot 796 Caroline * 500 Que?n Anne's * 735 Whig majority 692. 5,261 SECOND DISTRICT. Kent ; 551 Cecil 1,550 Harford 1,378 Carroll 1,920 First 7 districts of Baltimore county 1,614 Democratic majority 879. 7,013 THIRD DISTRICT. Last 5 districts (8 to 12, both inclusive) of Baltimore county 1,387 First 8 wards of the city 5,950 Democratic majority 2,605. 7,337 FOURTH DISTRICT. 9th to 20th Wards of the city 8,085 Democratic majority 2,206. ?1FTH DISTRICT. Washington 2,723 Frederick 3,342 Alleghany 1,976 Democratic majority 714, 8,041 SIXTH DISTRICT. Anne Arundel 889 i Howard 625 I Calvert 352 | Charle 411 I St. Mary's 440 ] Prince George's 724 Montgomery . 842 Whig majority 688. 4,283 THE CHEROKEE INDIANS. The Cherokee Advocate ?gives a gloomy account o f the financial condition of the Cherokee Nation, and has some I gloomier anticipations their future fate, untwae ? re form takes .place in the administration of their affairs. The Nation has been indulging in the luxury at civi lization?a large public debt. The Government ia sup ported by the annuities which they receive annually trom the United States under the provisions of treaties. Thebe are insuffioient to meet the current expenses of the Gov ernment, and accordingly the debt continue J to increase, it takes the form of warr.mts upon the t-easury, iesued to citizens of the Nation ; but in the course of trade these have passed into the hande of wliite traders and merchants within the States in payment ior goods. They are se cured by the pledged faith of the Cherokee treasury; but the only revenue from which they can be paid is the an nuities from the United States. As this fi*td does not increase, while the debt does, the Advocat* foresees bankruptcy whenever the creditors press their claims. The oourse which is intimated that they will puraue is to apply to Congress to stop th* an nuities until these debts are thereby previded for. If thi* be done, the nation will be utterly without reiouroes or revenues, and its government will stop. Next follows, in the apprehension of the Chemkees, a claim on the rurt of the United Ctates to extend jurisdiction over their country as a measure of protection, and then a proposal to buy their lands and remove them further we?t. If they will not sell, they will b? made subject to the au thority of the Untied States, and finally lose the charac ter as an independent tribe they have clung to to long, and under so moch .difficulty. The prospect thus described is Indeed a pitiful one for this interesting people, which of aiJ the North American tribes has shown most progress in the arts and habits of civilization. We do not believe that the United States would deal with them so harshly m the writer appre hends, even in the event of a failure to pay their credi tors, or that their annuities will be withheld, with the result of stopping their government. The Government is more likely, we think, in a magnanimous and liberal spirit, to give their consent and aid to enable them to re lieve their affairs and to satisfy their creditors. It will not take advantage of their necessities to drive a hard bargain with them. The warning is ottered by the Cherokee editor with a view of impressing upon his countrymen the critical si tuation of their affairs, so that they may take steps them selves to avert these dangers, and be promises on a fntnre occasion to furnish a plan by which the Cherokees can extricate themselves from their difficulties by their own exertions, consisting, we suppose, in the nature of a fund- i ? ing of the debt, and a system of taxation, other improve ments of civilized life which are the natural appendages 1 of debt.?A'. O. ntaywe. Great Fire ir Cahada.?U was mentioned in our paper of vestprday that a terrible ?r. Uas recently been raging through the country uuivx ftytown, along the Ottawa 1 rivei', which is the dividing line between Canada Eaot and West It commenced on 8anday, the 15th, in the woods, in or near the township of Westmrath, not far from Beech's post office, and vm driven by a fierce northwest wind down the river for some eighteen mile? sweeping away fences, bridges, houses, mills, cattle and flocks, and even human lives, as it is feared, in its irresistible fary. The Montreal Gazette publishes n private letter from the acene of devastation, which gm*s the f <l'owing details of the destructive j rogress of the flames: " Upon the i.land of AUamitU* it ii believed that two churches ami about thirty building* have been consumed ; upon Calumet jsland thr saw luiiiauf F. X. Uastien, E?q. and I about thirty farm building''; in Pembroke, the establishment of Mr. C. 0. Kelley. and other buildings; in the town?Mp of Westmcath, Beech s grist, s#w mills, and about twenty farm buildings ; in the township of Ro??, ar. entire settlement, known a* the ' Garden of Kden,' has been de?troyed, besides Gould's wharves and all the stores and farm buildings on the s^uth ?ide of the river at Portage du Fort} in Bromley about tea buildi'igs were destroyed. About two hundred families, prin cipally those of agriculturists, have been left houseless." At last accoiyita a heavy rain had entirely stopped the progress of the fire. A Novbi Mktiop or Mkasi-rivo Foubhsic Tmiocsviess. A member of the bar of one of the Rastern States was noted for possessing all the attributes of a good advocate bnt oan; he never knew when to stop} indeed, it sometimes seemed as if he never would stop. On one ooeasion he had eompletely ex hausted the patience of the court, the Jury, and the other coun sel ; still the stream of his eloquence ran on as glibly as ever. At last he made a splendid peroration ; every oue present ex periencrd a feelirg of relief, and every eye was turned to wards him, oxpecting to see biin take his scat But at this niomont, to their astonishment and horror, he started off sfresh on a n#* track. " Gentlemen of the jury," said he, " astronomers t*ll ns that tfiere are so?ne stars situated tt a distance so remote from this earth that their light, though It left lb' ni on the morning of creation, and has been travelling ever slnee, has not yet reaehed us." "Never mind, briber T., interposed the opposing < ounsel, " it ntl h, ??r, ,,, l,re | i'forr. you have Hon* f" NO OOtt> MINES IN TEXAS. Halves ton papers of the 17th- instant. the latest eceived, give discouraging reporte in, logard to tlie ?umored discovery of gold iu Texas. The Galve?*^ ,on il Newe" ?ys : " On Saturday morning th? toteauship Mexico arrived from Indianola, bringing a number of passengers, Borne of wliom were directly (torn the ' diggings,' and others ftoin the nearest towne in the vicinity. We conversed with several of them, and they all concurred in the state ment that there was gold in that region, but that it had not yet been found in sufficient quantities t? pay for the labor of getting it. Col. Mostoomicily, -ot the U. S. Array, who was from San Antonio, assured us that it was there considered all a humbug. He had 8?en numbers from the mines who reported the name thing, namely, that they could not get gold enough to make it pay." The Houston Telegraph of the 3 3 th instant says: " Several parties who lately visited the ' gold diggings' on the Sandies and Hamilton's Valley have returned, and report that gold has certainly been found, but in very small quantities. A gentleman who visited the mines on the Sandy stated that he did not see any person who had washed out more than one or two dollars a day, and many had found nothing." The Austin Gazette hats the following paragraph concerning the mineral wealth of Western Texas : " Not long since one of our merchants obtained from Hamilton's Valley a specimen of iron ore, and forwarded it to a chemist in New fork to be analyied. The return was received a few days since, showing the ore to contain 68 per cent, of pure Iron. This, though not the richest of ore, would pay a handsome profit to the manufacturer, and lends an additional attraction to the Upper Colorado and Brazos country as a region of vast miueral wealth. In this region we have discovered gold, stone coal, salt springs, several varieties of marble of the most beautiful quality, and all in the most magnificent abundance. All we now need to develope these rich mines of wealth is railroad communication with the gulf and the Northern cities." A STRANGE STORY. The following <is a translation of the confidential letter from Paris, upon which was founded the re port, published yesterday by one of our contempo raries, of the assassination of Gen. Armand, the Minister of War of France. The silence of the French and English journals on the subject, and the absence of any allusion to it in the news brought yesterday by the steamer Arctic, warrant us in pro nouncing the report to be a mere fiction : ?I ought to tell you that the general, marshal of France, St. Axjiaki), Minister of War, was arrested last evening, by OTder of the Emperor, for the following rea sons: Gen. Oc&nkmeusk, aid ^e-camp of the Emperor, found himself in the cabinet of his Majesty with Gen. St. Armand. A sum of four hundred thousand francs was there, and the Emperor, entering his cabinet, asked for this money, which he destined for the marriage por tion of the daughter of Gen. St. Armand. Gen. CorntS meuse searched every where, but was ueable to find more than two hundred thousand francs, whereupon be said to Gen. St. Armand, ' You and 1 only have been here, and it is only yourself who could have taken it.' Finding that he could not deny the charge, St. Armand instantly drew his ewsrd nijd killed Gen. Corn^mense; the latter having merely the time to make a drgagtmmt, piercingthe arm of St. Armand. This scene passed under the eyes of the Emperor, and so suddenly that he had no time to prevent the two blows. The matter ie bushed up, but you may rely upon the facts, as L have them from a scurce beyond all doubt. St. Armand, you are aware, is the | general whe played so prominent a port in tho coup d'etat of December. Without pronouncing upon the guilt or in nocence of the parties, I cannot avoid observing that, con sidering the destination of the money, it is extraordinary that St. Awrand should have taken it, while it is equally strange that such a grave charge should have been made without probable cause." TESTIMONY TO LIBERIA. Lieut. Colvocohesses, of the Navy, recently returned from the coast of Africa, has delivered several addresses in the Eastern States on what be caw in Liberia. -A correspondent of the Vermont Chronicle, writing from Ilanover, thus notices one nf his lectures: " LiettL^XTTTLTDCmnnmEH Went rot tu ttK-Trtwp-or-w... Germantown, and, after an absence of a year, returned in tb? Porpoise about eight months since, lhiring his cruise he had frequent opportunities of going on shore at Monrovia, Harper, and other points. Of the lecture I do not propose to give any report in detail. It contained much and various interesting information; but what made it especially interesting was, that, having gone out preju diced against colonization and the society, he returned giving his unqualified testimony in favor of both, and this from personal observation. He went into tbe houses of tbe emigrants, over their farms, into their schools, conversed with many individuals, inquired if they were desirous to return to the United States, and receiving the uniform answer, no. In all the aspects which presented themselves to his view he was favorably impressed: so much so as to revolutionize his opinions previously enter tained. He fully confirms the statements often made that colonization is the most effective means of eradicating the slave trade?vastly superior to the combined influence of squadrons.'4 Capt. Foot*, of New Haven, Connecticut, in bis ad dress at the annivars&ry of the New York State Coloni zation Society on the 10th of May, bore similar testimo ny to Liberia. Is it Ignorance or Impudence ??The Wash ington Union says: M It seems to bo yet-unknown in certain quarters that the public treasury is under the protection of a Democratic Administration." Whatman be. more ridiculous, absurd, or disgusting than such stuff? The implication of the Union is that the public money i? only safe when the Demo crats arc in power. And this, too, in the face of the fact, patent, notorious known to every body, unless it may be the editors of the Government or gan, that more'of the people's money was embez zled and made away with by Democratic office holders, from 1831 to 1841, than the aggregate of all the other losses incurred by the Government from the adoption of the Constitution down to the closc of Mr. Fillmore's administration. The Union presume? strangely upon the ignorance of its readers, or it has forgotten the history of the model Demo cratic Administrations of Jackson and Van Buren. [Buffalo Commercial Advtrlutr. Annkxation and Manifest Destiny.?The ' 'S. It J Reporter Beriously goes in for an nexation of Mgn Umlt. After treating the annexation of tfa. Ta1nnHa na "a fixed fact," the editor says : " Cub*, too, mwrt come in before the close of four years, and how much more we cannot at thin time pre diot. The Mexican States, one after another, will inevi tably fall within the ample folds of onr Constitution ; the Central American and the South American States will add star upon star to onr galaxy; and in due time the Canadus, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, which are all fait ripeoing for the harvest, are as sure to fall within the great Union as the ripened fruit is to fall in its sea son. This is 'manifest destiny.' " Having annexed the whole of North and South America, will our "manifest destiny" be fulfilled? Certainly not. Japan and China are separated from us only by a strip of water, and belong natu rally to these United States. They tnust come into the American Union. On the other hand, our re lations with Great.Britain and other European na tions arc so intimate that it may soon become ne cessary to extend over them one wingof the Ameri can Kaglo. Africa and other part* of Asia will fol low as a matter of course. In tho opinion of these agitators, it is our destiny to absorb "all creation," and every body knows it is useless and absurd to resist destiny.?Breton Journal. Grkat Snow Storm in England in Mat.?The English papers give accounts of a severe snow storm at HolmGrth, in England, on the 9th of M?y. It oommenued snowing violently at six o'clock in the morning, and continued without intermission throughout the day. The railway trains were delayed in their tiips several hoars, the snow being fonr feet deep on the hills and eighteen inches on the plains and vallrys. The trees, on the verge of burst ing into full lAf, were covered with snow. Accounts from the vnrious parts of the north and south of France refer to the unseasonableness of the weather, and statt that the field# as W?U ?? mountains are covered with snow. THE AMERICAN ARCTIC EXPEDITION. I The briguutine " Advance " is expeotod to sail from I New York to-day. The first port made, after leaving New York, will be ou the coaat of Greenland. The lowing is a list of her officers : Commander?E. K. Kamh ; Sailing Master?J. Wall Wilson ; First Offioer?James Brooks ; Second Officer? James MoGeary ; Third Officer?AmosBonsall. Messrs. Hayes and Bontag, with an assistant, from the scientific corps. The Advanoe belongs to Hon. Hrnky Gkinnbll, who has fitted her out the aeeond time to search for Sir John Frauklin and explore the regions within the Arctic oirole. Dr. Kamk has been appointed by him to this command, and the Secretary of the Naty lias assigned him to " spe cial duty " in the oonduot of the expedition. Hie plan of search is based on the probable extension of Greenland to the far north. Instead of being a congeries of islands, as conjectured by Gieseke, Greenland is in fact a pen insula. Believing in this extension of this peninsula, and that it is better to attempt to attain the open sea to the north by Smith's Sound than through Wellington channel, he will take that line of search, hoping that the highest pro truding headland will afford some trace of the lost party. This sound is Bituated in the northern part of Baffin's Bay. There Dr. Kane proposes to land and pursue his journey over the country with dogs. By this method he will have land and not ice for the basis of his operations, and animal life to sustain travelling parties, together with assistance from the Esquimaux and other ad vantages. The party consists of some thirty men, with launches, sledges, dogs, and gutta perch* boats. The Esquimaux dogs are to be taken in at Uppernavlk, with a few pioked men to take care of the sledges. Much depends upon these sledges; they have accordingly been constructed with extreme care. Each will carry the blanket, bags, and furs of six men, with an allowance of pemmican, (prepared meat,) and a light tent of India rubber; but for tho nightly halt the main dependance will be the snow hQuse of the Esquimaux. Alcohol or tallow is the only fuel, and the entire cooking apparatus, which is chiefly for thawing snow for tea-water, may be carried in a little bag. Each sledge is to be covered with a gutta percha boat. Thus equipped, they will follow the tract vt the coast, seeking the open sea. Once there, they will launch the boats and embark upon the waters round the pole.?AT<tc York Tost. SAILING OF THE NORTH PACIFIC EXPEDITION. The expedition under Commander Ringgold, U. SJ Navy, for the exploration and survey of the China and Japan Seas, North Pacific ocean, sailed from Norfolk on Monday for its destination. It is supposed that the ex pedition will proceed with dispatch to the East Indies, via Cape of Good Hope, touching at Cade de Verde Isles for water, and rendezvous at Batavia preparatory to a careful reconnoissance of portions of the lower pari of the Chinese Seas. This (says the Union) is an important en terprise?one worthy of the Government, and from vhich valuable results may be anticipated. Expeditions of this kind 6uit the taste and genius of our people, and form good schools for young offiears. We subjoin a correct list ? of the officers: Commander Ca.dwai.adkr Ringgold, commanding expe dition. Stoop Vincennc*.?Lieut, fommanding and executive offi cer, Henry Rolando; acting lieutenant and is taut astrono mer, 0. M. lJrooko; acting lieutenants, J. Van McCollum, A. F. Monroe, D. P. McCorkle, Tho?. 8. Fillobro* n; acting mas ter, Rob't R. Carter; purse1- of expedition, W. Brenton Boggs; fleet-surgeon, Wm. Grier; assistant surgeon, Wm. S. Niohol; secretary and draughtsman, Fred. D. Stuart; assistant astro nomer, Sidney Coolidge ; midshipman, Geo. F. B. Babcr ; as sistant draughtsman, Win. R. Baker; captain's clerk, J. Pen nington, jr. ; zoologist, Wb. Stimpson ; photographist, Ed. M. Kern; taxidermist and chemist, F. H.Stone; mathematical Instrument maker, Anton Schomborn ; acting boatswain, F. Bunbar; gunner, James C. Davis; carpenter, Jas. II. Owens; acting sailmaker, Richard Uury ; purser's clerk, P. T. Gnmble. ?Vtraiiter John Hancock,?Lieut, commanding John Rodgers ; acting lieutenants, W. R. Bridge, Wm. Gibson, S. J. Bliss; acting master, U. St, George Hunter; assistant surgeon, G. Alexander; first assistant engineer, Elbridg# Lawton ; seoond assistant engineer, David 13. Macomb; third assistant engl Lloy.l -A. WUlinow: botanist rh?rl?s Wright; assistaui draugntsmuu mm clerk, K. R. Ruorr; as sistant naturalist, A. A.U.Ames; assistant draughtsman, Thos. Borland. Brig Porpoin*.?Lieut, commanding, AlontoB. Davis; act ing lieutenants, Francis A. Wroe, Wm. Riley, Wm. Van Wyek; acting master, E. 0. Curncs ; assistant surgeon, J. H.Stewart; assistant draughtsman and clerk, E. A. ilartman. Schooner Ftnimorr. Cooper.?Acting lieutenant commanding, H. K. Stevens; acting lieutenant, Thomas Roney y acting master, L. Livingston Breese. Jo)-* P. Kennedy.?Lieut, commanding, Napoleon Collins ; acting first lieutenant, J. II. Carter; acting lieutcuants, John H. Ruaaell, A. W. Habersham; acting master, Beverly Ken non ; purser, Gtorge Ritchie ; assistant surgeon, Jas. Hamil ton : assistant draughtsman, Samuel Pott*. [Tho surrey and supply ship John P. Kennedy will leave New York in about two weeks, with valuable stores, to join the expedition at the Cape of Good Hope. Letters sent to the care of Capt. Collins, New York navy-yard, will reach any of the officers of the expedition, should their friends desire to write.] THE NORTH PACIFIC RAILROAD SURVEY. The Chief Engineers of the expedition under Governor Stevens have arrived at Minnesota, the starting-point of the proposed survey for a route to the Pacific, as we learn from the Democrat of that place, dated the 18th ultimo. The general plan is to operate from St. Paul towards tiie great bend of the Missouri river, and thence on the table land betveen the tributaries of the Missouri and Saskatchawan to some eligible pass in the Rocky Moun tains. The route will connect favorably with the waters of the Mississippi, Red River of the North, Missouri, and Columbia. Mr. Lander, one of the engineers, has thus far made a reconnoissance of the route from St. Paul to Saulk Rapids, at which point the road will probably cross the Mississippi, and take a direct course for the great bend of the Missouri, and thence take the shortest practicable route to Puget's sound. Mr. Lander is at present making a rapid recon noissance of the country west of the Rapids along Sanlk river. The expedition will start upon the great work provided with every thing essential to its success. One of the first objects to be accomplished is the opening of an emigrant route from St. Paul to the North Pacific. The information gathered on- the expedition will be presented to the country at the earliest time. The Gov ernment has issued invtructions that, after the comple tion of the field examinations, the expedition will ren dezvous at some point in the Territory of Washington, to prepare the usual reports, and send to Washington, at the earliest practicable moment, a summary of the principal events of the expedition, and a railroad report to be laid before Congress on or before the first of February. uiuriSH aivc*.. ?"?wrrioN. The British screw steamer, Phvnir, Commander riBLD, which has just left England for the Arctic Seas, is " to explore Cumberland Bound, and hold on to the west ward as far as Repulse Bay, as the north side of that sound has not as yet been scarche l for the mining expe dition." If no trace of Sir John Franklin and his compa nions be found in that direction, she is to return through Cumberland Straits and proceed up Smith's Sound, to follow out the traoes of open water whioh Capt. Inulk riBLD discovered there last year. Capt. Penny will soon leave England in the Lady Frank lin sailing vessel, accompanied by the Sophia, to form a colony on the shores of Cumberland Sound, whore the Esquimaux hare reported there is abundance of plum bago and copper, with other minerals. Mrs. Penny goes out with her husband, as it is their intention to have a permanent residence in the Arctic regions. Lettersfrom Buenos Ayres to April 8 are confirmatory of advice* previously received through other channels. The proposeJ treaty has fallen through, and Buenos Ayres was more closely besieged than ever. Letters from Rio de Janeiro to April 13th report thatUnQUixA commanded the besiegers in person. All hope of peace ia abandoned, and Buenos Ayres and the neighboring provinces are pro bably again involved in an interminable civil war and anarchy. ? S. F. Com. Adv. A Frte Day in Hayti.?The anniversary of the corona tion of the black Emperor and Empress of Hayti wascele. brsted on the 18th nnd 15Hh of April, in a style of mag. nifieence fully equal to that of the imperial courts of Europe. Guns were fired, flags and banners displayed, a solemn 7V Drum sung, a grand banquet given at the palace, and the city illuminated, while the assembled multitude are said to have been enthusiastic in tbeir cries of Vi?t 'l-fimpntur. The Emperor and Empress were es corted by a military and oivic procession from the palaoe to the cathedral. They ?o?upied a oarriage drawn by eight splendid horses, surmounted with golden eagles. SPIRITUAL MANIFE8TATI0N8. TO TUB EDITORS. Gkxtlcmem : Your paper of the 24th has juft reached me. The second communication, from an anonymous writer, on Spiritual Manifestations, I have read with the deepest interest. I tender him my oordial greetings, and hope he will write often, for he treats the subject us it ought to be treated. It is a maxim, universally admitted by all orthodox de nominations of christians, that " the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament contain all things necessary, both for our faith and practice." If this be true, the return of the dead to our world would be a fruitless mission. Again: lam opposed to disturbing the repose of - such men as Clay, Calhoun, and Webster. While living they served their country faithfully, had trouble enouglfin this world, and now let them sleep in peace. If this new doctrine obtain universal credenoe, who oan tell the quarrels that will take place betwefb departed mothers and living step-mothers; departed husbands and living husbands ? The war carried on between the living and the dead would be worse than that carried on by " nation lifting up sword against nation." Let the dead sleep on. But we are told this mountain in labor may bring forth some valuable discovery. So thought the Arabian alche mist, who, while in search of the :61ixir vitae, waked up (alcohol) the elixir mortis. Yours, A CLERGYMAN. Oxford, (N. C.) May 26, 1868. TH? CIVIL WAR AT BUENOS AYRES. Corr?ftondenci of th? fftw York Evening Post. Bcenoh Ayres, March 4, 1858. ? The siege qf the city has been continued with unabated rigor and of course the longer Ui? continued, the worse onr State becomes. A general spirit of emigration has seized upon the English population of the city ; thew at tention is strongly, directed towards Australia. In o?r judgment it would be wise for every Englishman and American who depcivds upon his labor for his bread to leave the country at onoe. There is. no inducement to stay. If the present difficulties were settled to morrow, there is no probability of stability in any government that may succeed, at any rate for years to come. In suoh a I state of things, the mechanic oan have but little prospect of prosperity. Several of our American merchants also are turning their faces homewards. There is much suffering from want already in the city. Market supplies are cut off from the country, and food is scarce and dear. The poor muBt soon be reduced to the extremity of destitution, and families hitherto in comfor table circumstances are rapidly approaching beggary. A moment's thought will make this evident. Bread is near ly five cents per pound; beef twenty cents, ham forty, butter fifty, and potatoes seven cents per pound; coal to cook with, sixteen dollars per ton. -With such prices as these for articles of necessity, and work not to be had by the working-man", suffering must ensue. Fortunately the entrenchments of the Government party do not include the suburbs of the oity, where the majority of the poor live ; this gives them a better opportunity to get food, for vegetables and beef are comparatively abundant and cheap beyond the inside lines. The warfare is carried on principally by the pioket guards and foraging parties. The skirmishes generally take place early in the morning. Atsuch times the houses and persons of those who-live near the lines are in great peril. Mom or less of the contending parties are killed daily. The number is not known; no report is published. The estimated average is from six to ten persons each day. Judging from the emblems of mourning, one would sup pose there was scarcely a family in the city which had not been bereaved. It wears a funeral pall. All wars every where ure cruel, but they are especially so in this country. It has been the occupation of its peo ple for the last f?rt; years, and they have reached a re finement tn cruelty vllich would put a savage to the blush. Many of the methods of torture and execution are too. horrible to relate. Such a mode of warfare must have the worst effbet up on the buuiuc mind, not only demoralizing but brutaliz ing it. And this terrible influence is brought to bear up on the minds of the youth of the country. This is the worst feature of the war. Mere boys are underarms. They ?re met in our streets, of fourteen years and under, Dooced and sDiyred. belt around them securing a knife, bayonet, and pistols, and musxn stuug across shoul ders. It is easy to foresee what a sad effect this must produce. The rising generation must become worse than the preceding. Added to this, it is civil war, brother against brother, father against son. IJow many heart rending occurrences must have taken place during this unnatural war One instance has come to my knowledge of a father shot by his own son 1 They belonged to the opposing parties, and were both placed upon guard to watch each other's movements, unknown of course to each other, when the son with latal aim took the father's life ; when informed of the nature of the bloody deed, he be came frantic with grief. What part General Urquiza will ultimately take in re- " ference to the difficulties.in this province is uncertain. Whether he will come in person at the head of an army to suppress the rebellion and re-establisK his authority is at present extremely doubtful. When the revolution of the 11th of September took place, by which his authority in this Province was renounced, he declared his resolution to retire entirely, and leave it to govern itself. But aftep the revolution of the Cth of December, when the besiegers sent in their adhesion to him, and professed that they had taken up Arms to restore his authority, soliciting his ap proval, he granted it. He recognised Col. Lagos as com mander-in-chief, and furnished him with men and means to carry on the war, promising to come in person to the Bcene of conflict On the 22d of January last the National Congress adopted a preamble and resolutions, setting forth the ne cessity, and authorizing him to command the resources of the confederation and come and quell the rebellion. But, instead of so doing, he has sent a commission, composed of two members of the Congress and his Secretary of Fo reign Relations, to submit conditions of reconciliation. Commissioners on the part of this Government have also been appointed, and a conference held. A suspension ef hostilities has been agreed up?n, not to be commenced again without forty-eight hours' notice, and in the mean time negotiations are to be carried on. The suspension goes into effect this morning. It is rumored that the commissioners on the part of General Urquiza have come prepared to offer the most favorable terms. Very many are sanguine that a settlement will be effected. A few days will determine. If not settled now, the general opin ion is that the siege will be prolonged until the Province is desolated. From Bcenos Atrks.?Letters from Pernambuco of April 25th state that the steamer which left Buenos Ayres April 2d for England had touched at that port. When the steamer left Buenos Ayres the city was still besieged. One letter intimates thatUrqui*a himself was now opposed to the treaty of peace, and might, it was feared, join the oat.?iUp party. The selge or tlie oity has now continued n?er three months, nnil the inhavy>Hnt8 during that time ha^e D?eu??^. ..j (l gy8tem of ?*?-?inj? m0re healthy than agreeable.? Button l)raveUrr. The Uuiteil States stenin frigato Poukatan, Captain McCmjh*t, last from Madeira, was at St. Helena on the 1st of April, whence the would sail in a few days Tor the Cape of Oood Hope. Officer* and crew all well, and tho roughly satisfied with the action of her n.achinery and powers of speed. ' Ml'RDKlt AUD LYXCII LAW AT OOUISCU, BLUFF. The Woatern lliigle, publlahod at Council Bluff, ?fthe 17th, nonfafu* ft long n#v??nrit of ? murder and sulwe^uMit axatitinn of the alleged murlmr, by ?J?w "f Judge Lynch s court, Id Iim town. The mur der wa* eomwlttod at the encampment of * party:>remigrant*, nbout half ft mile from lb* town, upon aj onwm by the u?nr of/. C.&nutd*, Mill to be fr?>m Columbn?,?bk?. Thedecea.?-d undone lUUinum Mitr vnr immmM It the enmp; they wen- to rtaO guard. About 12 O'clock ftt night the party were ftrnumxl by ? n*n coming into the camp and aaylng that hla horee had been atolen ,/i daylight they went out and ft'und 8MMU lying about ten feet frrvrftjie ,-amp fire, on hi* beck, with hie head *eT?rrly brniaed, hi* rkif broken In *<jvnrml place*, *n '. hi* neck partly cut off with mime lift rumnnt, unppofu-d to he an axe, which wa* fmnd lying mtir the orwred with Mood. Hi* coat and panUloriHK had lawn opened, anl hla belt, containing woroe f.mo, had been taken off, and Muer wa* no*o be found. !>u*pl rlon fctl upon hint, and actlre exertion* were wUn font by the sheriff for hi* arraat. A coroner'* Jury a a* mimmnnedaiid about the time the body of the young mar, wa* pi teed in the wj..n to be moeed to the courMioui-e, Munr returned to the camp. Ilfa* arreted, (treat excitement pertftdod tlie town, and It wa* Miggeifcl that (he pri?oner should be Ifnrhrtt. But he wa* token to the mnjhouae and confined in the upper room ftiel Ironed. Tlu> examinatl proceeded. For a time the people (mo*tly emigrant*) were quiet. aherlff addreaeed the crowd, and they agreed not to be guilty ot By violence. After awhile, In werer, and When the body w?* dlapocdlir the Inquiry, the ofllcer* were aarrnod by the apiiearance of a P"1"* ?bo doninoded the pocae??ion of the prisoner. The iherlff remon*t ed, but to no pur [ poae. The emigrant* took iTie man in < u*tody 1 proceeded to try blm. A judge, jnry, an<l ofllcti* were appolhtr?1iiml. detplte the re mon?tranc<'? of the district attorney and othera, I trial w?? proceed ed with. At the conclusion of the exnmlnatlon, ? Jnry declared the prl?mer gnllt.y. and eentenecd him to execution a o'clock that even ing, at or near the *pol where the murder wa* conitted. Clergymen were admitted to him, but he protested hi* Innjnce of tht* crime, though guilty of other*. At the hour anpolntdlic man waa taken to the *pot, a rope wa# thrown orer the limb of tree and *<1jn*ted round hla Beck i the prisoner then mounted rft ainle, which waa driven froui uuder him, and the ftt 11 broke hla'ck To the laet he protrsfed hi* Innocence of tb* crime TtU* hnis ?e the work al moat entirely of the emigrant#.