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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, June 04, 1853, Image 7

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NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.
FROM OURLONDON CORRESFONDENT.
London, May 12, 1853.
Although Lord John Uubsell is not, properly
speaking, a member of the Democratic narty, and
probably would decline the title of a leader ot the
people; although he undoubtedly belongs to the
aristocracy, possessing sentiments, tcelings, and opi
nions in harmony with his place in society j yet he
is a man of great foresight and wisdom; he perfect
ly comprehends what is coming tQ pass, and is ap
parently prepared to witness great aud organic
changes in the framework of European society, with
out expressing and perhaps without feeling any very
great or overpowering regrets. The undisturbed
preponderance oT the oligarchy is at au end, eveu in
. conservative England, and Lord J. Russell, as a
statesman, is among the first to proclaim this im
portant truth to the world. The greatness of his
views, and tb? consummate prudence which is bo promU
sent in his character, recommend him to the confidence
of the House of Commons and the approbation of the peo
ple ; but, at the same time, they call down upon him the
envy-and hatred of the oligarchy aud the vituperative
personality of Mr. D'Isbakli. The persecution with
Which Mr. D'Isbakli systematically pursued Sir Robkbt
j Pkkl he has now commenced practising towards Lord J.
Russell. But the objects of his Bpite are very different
men. Sir Robt. Peel was of a painfdlly sensitive tem
perament, and felt the stings of his perseoutor. Lord J.
Russell regards the ferocity of his antagonist with silent
contempt, and seldom stoops to notice it. Towards the
Earl of Dkbby his Lordship does not exhibit the same in
difference. He considers him as a more worthy antago
nist, npt beoause he is a peer, but because he is a gentle
man. What he thinks of Lord Dkbby and of his policy
he has more than once forcibly expressed:
" It was said last year," said his Lordship, " and I
think i( was proof of little wisdom in him who said it,
that he would endeavor to rule this country so as to check
the advance of democracy. Depend on it that the ruler
who sets himself to check the advance of democracy will
but increase the irritation and augment the influence of
the power against which he sets himself; but if you con
sult the interests of the people you will make democracy
conservative; y.ou will carry democracy with you instead
of having to oppose it as an enemy." .
It may be asked, how is the Government to carry the
democracy with it? Lord John Russell evidently means
that the business is to be effected in a legitimate way, by
reforms and improvements of English institutions. Mr.
D'Isbakli took occasion the other evening to express the
fears of bis patfons on the subject of the concessions to
the democracy which (he present Government is making
or has promised to make. With a sophistry ludicrously
extravagant, he contended that the imposition of the lega
cy duty on the succession to land wo^ild cause the aris
tocracy to lose their position as a privileged order. Since
this phrase "privileged order" or "class" has been in
troduced into'the political vocabulary, it has been inva
riably employed to signify a small body of men enjoying
certain political and social immunities at the expense of
the majority; and it is these immunities which Mr. D'ls
baeli wishes to preserve to his political supporters, and
of which he accuses Mr. Gladstone and Lord John Rus
sell of a democratic design to rob them. Mr. D'Isbaeli
thought he was insulting Lord John Russell the other
night by asserting that he was holding a subordinate of
fice under a subordinate of Sir Robt. Peel. The public
think very differently, and regard the position occupied
by his lordship as the most honorable that a man can
ho.ld. He is, in fact, the Minister; it is his policy tjtiat
is earned out; his views that are adopted; his principles
regulate the conduct of the Administration. No man in
Great Britain, no man in Europe, occupies at this mo
ment a proudtf- position than Lord Joun Russell. He
does so by carrying out his own maxim aud making the
'democracy of the couutry conservative. He does this by
raising the condition of the people, and by giving every
man the power of having something to cotuerve or preserve
in the shape of property; by enabling every one to pos
sess a stake in the country, not perhaps in acres of land,,
but in a comfortable home, profitable labor, equal rights,
and the protection of the laws for whatever he may pos
sess, how little soever that may be. The great bulk of
the people are rapidly feeling and acknowledging that in
their improved condition they possess something worth
preserving and defending; so far, therefore, they j^re con
servative, and seek no change. That this healthful state
of things has been produced by the su^essively adopted
policy of Sir Robt. Pkkl and Lord J. Russell, very few
persons will now be disposed to question. Mr. D'Isbakli
and Lord Dkbby are the representatives of those who do,
and Lord J. Russell is exposed to the coarse personality
of the one and the unmanly outbreaks of temper of the
other, on account of the share he has had in the business.
It is sometimes asked, who are the men of enlightened
and liberal views who will succeed to and carry out the
policy of the men of the present day ? It is time that the
people of England felt themselves in seme degree prepar
ed with an answer. Lord Lansdowne has considerably
passed his threescore years and ten, Lord Palmkbston is
in his seventieth year, Lord Abkbdekn the same nge;
Lord J. Russell, Lord Cbanwobth, and Sir J as. Gbauam
each above sixty. We think we see even in the present
Cabinet worthy successors of these Nestors of legislation.
There are Mr. Gladstonk, the Dukes of Newcastle and
Ab<jtlk, the Earls of Clabkndom aud Gbanvillb^ and
Mr.-Cabdwkll and Mr. Fbedkbick Pkkl, all "worthy
men and true," all tried, all capable, and all young enough
to bear the weight of offioial cares and duties for many
years after their worthy elders in political life shall have
" shuffled off this mortal coil." On this head we feel we
can exclaim, Nil deiperandum, even without taking into
account the numberless young men yet untried who may
achieve their own fame as statesmen and their country's
weal as patriots. ?
Mr. Gladstonk has lately taken a great step towards
oelebrity. His budget, although faulty in some minor
respects, is admitted by fair speaking men of all parties
to be admirably adapted to the necessities of the country,
and peculiarly fitted to its present position; whilst the
excellent way in which he has explained and advocated
it has proved him t* be a skilful und powerful debater.
There is about Mr. Gladstonk a tone of steady feeling
and deep-seated opinion which will, we think, preserve
him from the pctulance and personality of even Mr. D'Is
bakli. Mr. Gladstone haa what, ia mercantile parlance,
is called "great transacting ability." He is laborious,
and makes a point of finishing his work. He has proved
himself an able financier, and his manner of dealing with
financial subjects has something jery open and straight
forward about it. We like, says the Inquirer, a Chancel
lor of the Exchequer to say: ,
" Mr. Speaker, I know that it has been said that two
and two make four. My honorable friend* the member
for Montrose [Mr. Hume] has during many years made
himself conspicuous by advocating that assertion, and,
after a mature consideration of the entire subject, I must
say I think there is a great deal which may be very fairly
said in behalf of it; but, without committing myself to
that opinion as an abstract sentimeut, 1 may be permit
ted to ast-uine that two and two do not make live, which
will be amply suffioient for alf the operations which I pro
pose to enter upon during the present year;" and this is
very nearly what Mr. Gladstone does say.
In m iny respects certainly Mr. Gladstone is the tfost
proiniuent of the young statesmen of England, and bids
the fairest to occupy the very highest position. We do
not mean to say, however, that ho is i> man who is quite
sure of his ground. He used to be called rather a " crotch
ety man ;" this was perhaps rath or too strong a term
yet there Is eertainly a tinge of over subtlety in his in
tellect. He wrote, when a young man, ,fa misty treatise
on the churoU;" and about the same time mode nome
speeches which no one understood. We do not think,
however, that his extreme theoreticai views upon theolo
gical matters are ever likely to revive so far as to inter
fere with his practical ideas as .1 statesman and a fiuancier.
This is the month when London is redolent of Exeter
Hall meetings and piouff and charitable and benevolent
gatherings of all descriptions; many of them, we are sor
Tj to say, betray in the speeches made from the -plat
form mow of a sectarian and intole^^ 8pir}t ^an 0f ^
broad aud universal principle of Christian philanthropy.'
The population which through the btreetH of London du.
ring the month of May is B<jnaib]y atfe(.te<i hy de_
monatrations. Instead of presenting the usual motley
aggregation of self-suffi'^ng an(j mind-your-own-business
passengers, it, during 1>re8ent portion of the month,
exhibits a great pro portion of two distinct classes?Qua
kers and ClergyrJeu- usual London features are
neurly absorbed^ and broad-brims and white cravats pre
dominate. \\ e are not versed enough in the history of
by-gone ti?.nes to know how it is that all tln-ae annual
gatherings hare crowded themselves in the month of May;
we only know that May meetings are, at any rate, a fait |
accompli. We all know that the month of May first be
came notorious In the calendar In connexion with the
worship of a heathen goddess. Afterwards the May-pole
became a symbol of High Church tendencies, under the
auspices of Arohbishop Laud. In more modern times It
beoame the occasion on which oertain sombre spirits re
vived their acquaintance with the features of humanity,
and, as disinterested persons, took the lead In welcoming |
in the warmth of summer, although It put a stop to all
fires except those of the kitchen, and of course nearly
broke up the trade of chimney-sweeping. But even Jack
in the Oreen has lost much of his pristine glory, and mo
dern science and modern humanity have wrought a change
even in the art of the chimney-sweep. The machinery of
brushes, rods, and levers has superseded the use of the
man or rather boy-machine, and the cruelties of a past
age have become the subject of nursery legends. At pre
sent the genius of philanthropic piety has taken posses
sion of the month; and this yeur at least the May of the
poets iB neither fair nor flowery, but cold, wet, and un
comfortable. But a word or two about this congregated
charity, this consolidated piety, this organized and sys
tematized benevolence. We do not coincide with those |
who attribute to the oratory of the May platform an effi
cacy exceeding the quiet and unassuming labors of the
rest of the year. We infinitely prefer the judicious dis
tribution of this world's wealth according to the natural
charities of an individual's own sphere oT life, and within
the natural range and influence of that sphere, and the
circle of bis own personal knowledge and superintendence.
We like the charity which lets not the left hand know
what the right hand doeth. We rejoice not in the " un
precedented pecuniary collections" which startle our eyes
in the records of the present month, spasmodic in their
nature, and fearfully weakened in their efficacy by an in
tervening medium of secretaries and treasurers. We do
not deny, however, the value of these annual public loos
enings of the purse-strings; we wish there was less osten
tation in them, and that they were not so often regarded
by the contributors as charitable compositions for the
year, and aB reasons for keeping the said purse-strings
very close during the remainder of it. So much, and
more than enough probably, of this peculiar phase of
London life.
Mr. Oaa-an Duffy's Irish freak in the House of Com
mons last week was a check upon publio business, but
will probably be productive of good. Mr. Duffy has
placed himself upon a bad eminence; he was more re
spected as the consistent friend aud brother in affliction
with Messrs. O'Bbien, Mkagheb, and Mitchell, than he
is now as the originator of charges which he has not the
power to make good or the principle to withdraw; but he
has furnished another reason for the most rigid inquiry
into the construction of the House of Commons and for a
most thorough reform of the abuses attending that con
struction.
In the House of Lords on Friday the Lunacy Bills were
read a third time and passed. In the House of Commons
Lord John Russell announced that the Government in
tended to bring in a measure to disqualify persons em
ployed in Government dockyards from voting at elec
tions. Mr. Duffy rose, in a house crowded in every part,
and manifesting the most marked attention, to make a
statement in reference to his conduct on the preceding
I evening. He said Mr. D'Isbaeli had pronounced his
j language to have been perfectly parliamentary ; but Lord
< John Russell had denied positively the truth of this as
| sertion. He therefore had no alternative but to maintaiu
| his ground, and he was prepared to maintain it in nny
I manner, and at any time that it pleased the House. At
j the same time he felt bound to state that, in making the
| charge, he had not intended to allege corruption of a pe
cuniary kind; he had simply alluded to the abandonment
of their pledges by Irish members, and their subsequent
acceptance'of offices with salaries attached. Lord Jouji
Russell said he had understood the charge of Mr. Duffy
In a different manner. Corruption under Sir Robert Wal
pole meant gifts of money to secure support; and the
expression, as new interpreted, certuiuly did not make
that charge, and indeed could scaroely be considered dis
orderly. This charge will of course now " sleep the sleep
that knows no waking," unless Mr. Sadksie or Mr.
Keoob makes a personal matter of it.
On Monday another attempt was made to defeat the
proposed income tax, by a good deal of speechifying and a
division upon a mere matter of detail. Ministers were,
however, supported by a vote of 276 against 201. On |
Tuesday, upon a division on an open question, in refer
ence to the inspection of nunneries in England, a motion
was carried, in opposition to the expressed opinion of
Lord John Russell, by a majority of 28 in a thin house.
A return has been presented to Parliament showiug the
number of railway accidents which have occurred in the
United Kingdom within the last Bi? months. They amount
to 133 persons killed and 387 injured during that period.
The number of passengers conveyed within the six months
was 49,886,124.
Mr. Chambers, in the course of his speech on Wednes
day night in the House of Commons respecting nunneries,
stated that there were seventy-five Roman Cathlic Con
vents in England and Wales, and no less than one hun
dred of^to-Catholic nunneries professing to be guided.by
the principles of the churoh of England, but holding 3,000
females in a state of mental and bodily subjection. These
arc statements which have startled the Protestant public
In England, and will no doubt greatly surprise the world
at large.
Tbc Bank of England make* the following exhibit:
Circulation . . . ?24,124,556 Decrease ?288,776
Coin and bullion . . lB,i)66,(Kit Decrease 199,087
Public depositee . . 8,084,8*22 Decrease 221,888
Other depositee . . 12,922,620 Decrease 284,808
Reserve unemployed. 9,280,589 Decrease 84,688
The next returns are expected to exhibit an increase of
bullion.
In Literature several new books are announced. Mr.
Murrat has ready for publication the third and fourth
volumes of " Oeorge Qrenville's Diary (" ?' Life in Abys
sinia," by MANsriKLit Parkyns; Dr. Hook's " Discourses
upon some of the oontroveraics of the day;" and John
Palliskr's "Solitary Rambles nrnl Adventures of a Hun
ter in the Prairies." Messrs. Lokomaw & Co. have ready
" Burton's History of Scotland," " Memories of the Earl
of Peterborough," by the author of " Hoehelaga," and the
Rev. AarnnR Maiitikkac's "Church History in England."
Republications of many American books are announced.
In France it is no exaggeration to say that with a vast
miss of individuals there is now but one thought, an ex
clusive at ention to business and money-making. A late
London journal says:
"You will find in a vast majority of'Instances French
men determined to enrich themselves. In the provinces
of this country you will find more misers than in any
country in tho world. The French peasant knows noth
ing beyond the golden calf. The miser of BaIxac iu Eu
genic Grandetis a profound type of the French provincial.
Next in rank of money worship stand the small shop
keepers of the tawns, a majority of whom merit most cm
phatically the term of thieves behind the counter. All
men are money-makers now, even more than under Louis
Philippe. In high and low, rich and poor, exists the de
vouring desire to become rich, and the Government Is
daily called on to start some new speculation to gratify
the Inst of gold. The public funds are looked on as a
very poor resource. There is not sufficient rise and fall
in tb"m. It is speculations of a more risky charaoter that
are required, and the cry Is evehy day, wanted a new
oompany. Something gigmtic, something immense
talkod of as likely soon to come forth, to absorb the loose
cash of the eager capitalists. One day will come th#crisis,
and then France will feel onoe more another Law ex
citement,
" The budget of Mr. Gladstone is hailed by the liberal
party in France with rapture ; it is nlso favorably receiv
ed by the population, which already trades largely with
England. Butter, fcggs, fewls, cheese, fruits will riw in
the market, and the agricultural provinces of the West
have reason to rejoioe. The inferiority of France in every
thing connected with commerce )? shown by the progress
of the commercial navies of other couutries in her own
land. In the first three months of 185:2 there entered into
French porta 1,653 French ahips of 178,275 tons; this
vear there entered but 1,424 vessels of 176,489 tons. On
the other hand, in the aaine period of thb year 1852 there
entered into French porta 2,086 foreign vessels of 297,421
tons while in 1853 the number has advanced to 2,203
vessels of 309,109 tona. The English flag enters lately
into the account."
The citizens of London are holding up to their munici
pal authorities the example of the Parisian functionaries,
who, under the authority and direction of the Frouch
Emperor, are making such extensive alterations in the
French capital. The expenses of placing constructions
in the vicinity of the Louvre in harmony with that build
ing will amount to 62,660.000 francs.
And the central markets 87,300,000 "
Or in round numbers 100,000,000 "
But the materials of the houses taken
down and sale of the ground, &c.,
with the contribution of the State of
18,0QP,000 fraucs, will amount tp... 32,000,000 "
Absolute cost 08,000,000 "
A loan of 50,000,000 francs, owing to
the credit of the city, produoed 61,000,000* 44 |
Leaving to provide for 7,000,000 "
Which will be more than covered by the surplus of the
receipts over the expenses of the last year and the
present one. The entire debt of the city is 75,000,000
francs, one-third of which will be reimbursed in 1858, and
the city means will pay off the whole in 1870. Our Lon
don financiers say a little management would enable the
magnates of that city to execute improvements upon as
large scale as are now being carried on in Paris.
The Corps Legulati/h&B passed the jury bill, by which
the majority of seven against five is sufficient for the con
demnation of the accused. A bill is now before the Coun
cil of State for the re-establishment of the punishment of
[ death for political offenoes.
The following communication from Paris, extracted
from the Augslurger AUgemaine Zeitung of the 27th ult.,
explains the present journey of the King of Belgium to
Berlin and Vienna, and agrees with an intimation given
a few days back that within twenty-four hours of news
arriving in Paris of any extreme step being taken by Aus
tria or Prussia against Turkey, a French army would be
en route for Brussels:
" A thing happened lately in Belgium, of which the
Belgian nor the French journals neither speak, nor will
probably speak. At the commencement of the difficulties
arising out of the Oriental question,/ ?. at the time of
Graf Leiningen'sbeing sent to Constantinople, the French
Government was for a moment taken with surprise.
People had been far from expecting such a decisive de
meanor as Austria showed, and were of opinion that it
would have been proper to have informed Franco previ
ously of this 'sharp practice.' The arrival of Prince
Menschikoff made the Cabinet of the Tuileries still more
bitter. On this M. Drouyn de Lhuys received instruc
tions to send M. His de Butenval, our Minister in Brus
aels, a note, not to bo handed to the B?lgiai* Minister 01
Foreign Affairs, but to be reud to him. This verbal note
said that the desire which certain great Powers seemed
to entertain of isolating France was a slight to her, that
France felt herself offended with it, and that Belgium
should take notice that she was offended, (que la Belgique
devail ti tenir pour avertir de ee mecontentemmt de la France.)
The Belgian Minister is overwhelmed with astonishment.
M. His de Butenval is begged for an explanation, and de
clares in a somewhat haughty manner that he has nono
to give. King Leopold feels himself compelled to com
municate this unintelligible note to the various Powers that
have guarantied the independence of Belgium. The un
swer was, that, according to all appearance, the note con
tained a threat, conditional on tW occurrcnce of serious
events in the East; that Belgium had, however, no need
for apprehension on this score, tor that the Powers above
alluded to had not .orgotten their engagements towards
Belgiuir, and were niorfl let^rmined than ever to act up
to them. Belgium was, uowever, advised to take every
measure of prec.u ion th:-t prudence could suggest to se
cure herself against a coup demain. Belgium did not lose |
any time, but set on foot immediately those noiseless but |
important works which are tendihgto make Antwerp one of j
the strongest fortresses in Europe. At the present mo
merit Antwerp can withstand the attack of 100,00O men. |
Furthermore, a number of emuM forts on the French fron
tier, which might easily be taken by a superior force, and
which, in case of war with France, would serve only as a
| support to the invading army, aa, for instance, \ pres,
, Menin, Ath, Philippeville, &c., have been dismantled.
Accounts are very contradictory respecting the rumor
! ed congress of crowned heads at Viensa. One paper of
i this morning asserts that there will not be any congress,
| whilst another states that the King of Prussia's arrival
has been absolutely announced.
' The tone of Prince Misscmicorr, the Russian Envoy
at Constantinople, has been very much moderated. He
states that the Russian Cabinet never intended to make
any demands which were not compatible with the dignity
of the Porte; and that his mission is of the most peaceful
and friendly description, as he has no special demands
whatever to make. On the other hand, it is said that
Lord Stratpoed is satisfied with the settlement of the
question of the holy places, but that he is prepared for a
struggle on that of the Greek patriarchate.
A letter from St. Petersburgh of April 26th says:
?? There is much talk here in the best informed circles of
a secret mission of a Russian envoy, who has been sent
to China overland, and who is said to have already arriv
Ant Kiatha, a town belonging jointly to the tw? Govern
ments. The object of his mission is said to be an offer to
the Sovereign of the Celestial Empire of the aid of Russia
for the purpose of quelling the insurrection in his do
minions."
FROM OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENT.
Paris, May 19, 1853.
The Empress seems quite recovered. She appears be
side the Emperor, in an open caleche, almost every fine
afternoon upon the fashionable proircaadc of t'.c Champs
Elys^ea and Bois de Boulogne. It sccma uoicrntcod that
they will very soon leave Paris for ihe summer, making
8t. Cloud the imperial residence for a few weeks, whep
they will retire to a watering-place among the Pyrenees,
which has been recommended to the Bmpress for the
complete re-establishment of her health. Their morn
ing walks in the reserved garden of the Taileries have
also been resumed. It is currently reported in private
that in one of the E.nperor'a rides ten days since in the
Bois de Boulogne another attempt was made on his life.
No French paper alludes to the subject except in the
most distant terms. The fate of the misled-individual ia
a mystery yet. He w 11 probably never be heard of again.
Whatever judgment impartial posterity will pronounce
upon the means by which the Emperor has consummated
his ambition, yet a wise patriotism would not dictate
the blow. France would bat undergo, perhaps with ter
rible convulsions, a ohange of rulers. That civil and
political liberty wonld gain by it a larger and more as
sured field I do not believe. Forms might be improved
a little, but the despotism would be as real and less fa
vorable to the advent of real constitutional liberty than
the regime of unveilod, high-handed authority that now
prevails. Such is not the opinion, however, it would teem
of the Republicans, a* they call themselves, and of the
Legitimists of France. The attempt at assassination
above alluded to is attributed to an officer in the army of
the Democratic party;'and during the last week some
twenty-five or thirty arrest* have been effected with ?s
much sccresy as possible among the Legitimists. Among
the persons seiied are several of the upper ranks of so
ciety. I henr no name mentioned save that of Jrannt, a
notorious print and bookseller of the passage Choiseul.
Thig person has heretofore upon several occa>ion? figur
ed in my letters, by reason of the notoriety he has given
himself as one of the most active organ* and agents of
the Legitimist faction.
In the meanwhile Napoi.ko* III, despite the desperate
remedies to which his morales arc disposed to resort, relies
confidently upon his star and the protection of Divine
Providfnce seconding his own efforts for the perpetuation
of his dynasty. Aidt-toi, U del CaiJfra.
One of the first acta of the R^publio of l{)t8 was to
strike from the penal code (which Lamartine did with a
dash of his pen, and a few magniloquent phrase*) the
penalty of death for political offences. The Constitution
of November, 1848, solemnly confirmed the'measure in
its fifth article. But M. Euokne Rouheb, who U now Vioe
President of hi? Majesty's Council of State, but who in
the early mouths of 1848 was one of the most zealous of
the sudden oonverta to new-light republicanism which
was the epidemic of the day, has, by order of the Km
peror, sent to the Legislative body, to be passed into law, a
bill providing capital punishment for all attacks upon the
person of the members of the imperial family, and upou
the reigning imperial dynasty. M. Rouheu thinks that
tbe pain of death " is justified by considerations of an
' order too supreme and too strikingly manifest for it to
' be necessary that be should go into a long argument
' for their development." lie cannot for a moment doubt
but that the Legislative Corps will consider the bill pro
posed to be indispensable; and that all legislation tend
ing to fortify aud to protect an authority which is dear
to all of us will receive its prompt and zealous sanction.
We have nothing more to say at present touching the
coronation of the Emperor. We have yet no evidence
that the Pope has beeu induced to revoke the unfavora
ble answer which he is understood to have given to the
request of Napoleon. We have som$ evidence, however,
that his Majesty still hopes to succeed in prevailing upon
Pius IX. to visit Paris. The faet that the ceremony is
deferred at auy rate till midsummer is perhaps the best
proof of this: and of the same character is the fact that,
notwithstanding the positive refusal to yield in the mat-;
ter of the civil and religious marriage, the Emperor is
still evincing a desire to conciliate the clerical interest.
For instance, a journal announces that Corpus Christi
day (Fete-Dieu) is to be celebrated this year in Paris
with a magnificence and parade worthy of the beat days
of Charles X. In Paris, since the revolution of 1830,
the religious ceremonies which belong to the occasion
have been to tho churches or to the immediate
precincts and enclosures belonging to them. This year,
under the pious influences which are kmown to sway so
potently the actual chief of the State, the proccssion,
with all its i upressive concomitants of robes and chants
and costly rcposoirs erected along the route, and flow
ers strewed in profusion over all the streets by which the
proccssion is to pass, is to leave the churches, and glad
den the eyes and hearts of the faithful by a public ap
pearance. In Italy, where I have several times seen this
ceremony performed with a pomp which will, I suspect,
never again be equalled in Paris, the Fete-Dieu takes
place on the first Thursday after Trinity Sunday ; but in
France, since the concordat of 1802, the celebration is
adjourned to the following Sunday. In Paris it is in the
church of St. Thomas d'Aquin that Corpus Christi day
is celebrated with most magnificence.
The news from the East has been this week of a more
interesting and disquieting character than usual. The
sensitive Frenoh bourse was sensibly effected. To quiet
the bourse and the public mind the Government has
thought proper to intervene, and we have in the follow
ing article published iu the "Moniteur" of yesterday the
assurance of his Majesty's Government that there is not
the slightest reason to apprehend a European difliculty
from the solution about to be given to the moot questions
between Russia and Turkey. Says the Moniteur:
" It might have been apprehended, at the moment of
the arrival at Constantinople of Princ<v Menhchikoh in
the character of ambassador extraordinary of his Majes
ty the Emperor of all the Russias, that one of the consc
quences of his mission would be to annul in part the con
cessions obtained by M. di la \ alette in favor of the
Latin Fathers of the Holy Land. It will be recollected
that upou the demand of the Legation of France the Go
vernment of his Highness had consented to restore to the
Patriarch of Jerusalem, delegate of the Holy See, the
key of the great door of the Cburch of Bethlehem, to
ordttt the re-establishment in the grotto of the nativity
of a star adorned with a Latin inscription which had dis
peared in 1847, and finally to accord to the Catholic com
munion the right of celebrating its worship in a venerat
ed sanctuary called the Church of the Virgin's Tomb.
*? The Government of his Imperial Majesty could not
consent that any of those advantages should be with
drawn from the Latins. In fact, the Cabinet of St. I e
tersburgh soon transmitted to the Cabinet ot the 1 uile
ries that its intention was not to constrain the Porte te
retract the concessions which had been made to us. The
'last intelligence from Constantinople, brought by the
steam advice boat, the Cbaptal, and dated , th of May,
enables tn affirm that the maintenance of the statu quo
1 at Jerusalem, demanded \>y M. the Prince Menschikoffl,
i does not imply any modification or Oit> rights of
possession affecting the arrangement concluded with M.
1 the Marquis de la V alette. There was for us the essen
I tial point, the point upon which on our side no conces
sion could be made. With regard to our aucient treaties
I wjth Turkey, no diplomatic act, no resolution of the
Porte can invalidate them without the consent of France.
<? the Prince Mcnschiknff demanded also of the
Divan the conclusi .i of a treaty which would place under
the guarantv of F. n'sia the rights and immunities of the
church and clergy of the Greek rite. This question, com
pletely different from that of th# Holy Shrines, touches
interests of which Turkey first of all is lo appreciate the
value. If complications should arise, it would then be
come a question of European policy, in which France
would be concerned by the same right as the other Pow
ers, signers of the treaty of 13th July, 1841.
French papers would not venture to publish any East
ern news inconsistent with the tenor of the article above:
but foreign journals, which have not the same reasons te
be prudent, state that the statu quo to ho preserved upon
tho subject ef the Holy Shrines does not include so com
plete a recognition of the advantages obtained last year
by M. d? la Valkttk, as is above asserted. The foreign
papers publish telegraphic intelligence from Constantino
ple (via Trieste) up to the 9th instant. Tbe French
steamer, the Cbaptal, left on the 7th. It appears by the
news via Trieste that Prince Menschikofp had presented
his ultimatum, and required a categorical answer within
eight days ; that uneasiness had increased in Constabti
nople since the departure of the Cbaptal, but nothing
had occurred to make a rupture probable?a pacific so
lution had only been rendered a little more difficult. The
death of the Valide, the Sultans mother, will, it is ex
pected, affect in an important manner the future policy
of the.Porte. 8be had great influence over her son, and
it was all exerted in favor of the ultra Turkish policy,
and against the ideas of progress and reform which have
been striving to take root in Turkey in late years.
The " Patrie," a semi official sheet of Paris* not i?e
the report in the last American journals to the effect ttyt
a division of the French fleet bad been recently ordered
to the Sandwich Islands, in support of certain designs
which Franoe is supposed to have fo* the augmentation
of influence if not of territory in that quarter The
Patrie denies in positive terms the increase of the French
naval force in those seas, and states that the last and late
intelligence from the French Consul at Honolulu is of the
most pacific and satisfactory character.
There are numerous interesting rumora afloat touching
the objects of the present excursion of King Laoroio of
Belgium, with his son, the Duke of B*aba*t, to the
Courts of Austria and Prussia. Three marriage*, it is
said, are contemplated, by which close alliance is to be
effected Otl^een tho reigning houses of Belgium and
Austria. Leopold himself is to And a new oonsort in the
Archduchess E M* a BETH of-Este ; his son and heir, the J
Duieof Brabant. Is to espouse the Archduchess Mabie,
daughter of the lu?e Pslutine; and the young Emperor
himself is to marry Lbopold's daughter, the Princess
Charlotte. It is not likely, however, that there is any
truth in these reports. The Emperor of Austria would
not form so close an alliance with the lil/eral, constitu- ;
tional, revolutionary King of Belgium; or so intimate a
connexion with the*grandchildren of Lori* Philippe, i
from whom be ever kept aloof as from the usurper of the
rights and crown of the Legitimist Frerfch pretender, the
Count of Chambobo. But whilo these close family alii- j
ances will probably not be formed, it is certainly a very .
significant political fact this visit of Lt.orom to the so
vereigns of Prussia and Austria. Nothing short of the I
resurrection of tbe French Empire under a Bonaparte
could have effected this intimacy. They feel that they ,
have common interests in peril, and that, notwithstand
ing the pacific words of Napoleon III, they evidently j
anticipatf the time as not perhaps remote when they will
have to unite all their strength In defence of those inte
rests. The distrust with which the Powers regard the
French Empire, and the isolation of Napoleon III.
among tie sovereigns of Europe, is becoming more and
more evident They oAnnot but beget dangerous senti
ments of hostility on his part, which will ere long seite
or make opportunities for manifesting themselves by ac
tive ngtfresmon
FOREIGN ITEMS.
Lord Campbell and five other Judges had pronounced
a decision in the Writ of Brror case of "Salomon versus
Miller," to teat the legalitj of Alderman Salomon, a Jew,
voting in the British Home of Commons. Their decision
confirmed the judgment of the lower Court, that Jews
cannot sit in either House without taking the Christian
oath.
The Great Exhibition in Dublin was opened on Thurs
day, the 12th Instant, by the Lord Lieutenant, In the pre
sence of fifteen thousand spectators. Mr. Benson, the
architect of the building, was knighted by the Lord Lieu
teuunt, but Mr. Dargau, to whose munificent advances of
?80,000 the exhibition owes its origin, declined the
honor.
Seven hundred emigrants from the Province of Ackvor
shaus, in Norway, were embarking at Christiana in the
ships Argo, Tegner, and Zephyr?the two former for Que
bec, and the latter for New York."
Silver mines and traces of auriferous quartz had been
discovered on Government lands near Konigsberg. '
The passport relaxation in favor of Englishmen travel
ling in Bavaria is withdrawn.
The Frieburg Council of State in Switzerland publishes
an official account of the late insurrection, stating that it
was got up by the aristooracy and clergy.
The Russian Government has announced its intention
of doubling the duty on imported books.
It is said that a sum of from ?12,000 to ?15,000 an
nually will be saved in cousequcnce of a recent order re
quiring all Government offices to return their waste paper,
&c. to the stationery office.
The people of Scotland are memorializing the crown
that the administration of that country should be entrust
ed to the secretiwy cr under-secretary for Scotland, as
was the cpse prior to 1746, and as is still the case in re
gard to the ull'uirs of Ireland.
The first, weeping willow ift England was planted by
Pope, the poet. He received u present of figs from Tur
key, and observing a twig in the basket ready to bud, he
planted it in hiB garden, and it soon became a fine tree.
From thiB stock all the weeping willows in England and
America originated.
The following notice has been sent to all the employes
in provincial post offices: " The Postmaster General has
been pleased to withdraw the restriction which precludes
letter carriers, and others employed in country offices,
from soliciting Christmas gratuities."
Recently there might have been seen, near the high road
leading from Goosnargh to Broughton, a plough team,
consisting of the holder, verging on 00; the driver, the
holder's son, verging on 00 ; two horses, ages united, 50;
plough 30. The age of the gears is not exactly known,
but it was little, if any, under 40. The two men are both
deaf.
The Ftpana announces that the general autograph chart |
of the pilot Juan de la Cossa, the companion of Columbus i
in his discovery of the New World, has been purchased
in Paris, by order of the Spanish Government, for the I
sum of i000f.
It is said that Abd-el-Kader is tired of his residence at
Broussa, and is most desirous of returning to France.
A considerable enlargement of the city of Vienna litvs
been resolved on. The extent of surface which is to be
enclosed within the walls is equal to half the area covered
by the present city.
In a country newsroom in Yorkshire the following no
tice is written over the chimney: " Gentlemen learning
to spell are requested to use yesterday's paper."
Several largo towns in England and Scotland are me
morializing Government in favor of the establishment of
a museum of patented inventions. It iB understood that,
the Commissioners of Patents approve the measure, and
that, under their direction, Prof. Woodcroft is collecting
models to form the nucleus of such a museum, to- be lo
cated at Kensington, and to be called the "National Mu
seum and Library of Inventions."
The Peace Congress Committee have offered two prizes
to literary competition: the fir^t, a sum of ?250; the
second, ?100. These amounts are to be given respectively
to the best and the next best essay " On the European
System of Standing Armies." The essays sent in are to
embrace these several features : A succinct history of the
origin and growth of standing armaments in modern Eu- I
rope; an accurate statistical account of the present num- 1
ber of men employed by the European nations on their
! naval and military establishment?; and an estimate of
the cost of these establishments.
The University of Londop is likely to acquire the pri
vilege of sendiug a member to Parliament. If the privi
lege is conceded, the Scotch Universities will put in their
claim.
During the sitting of a committee of the English Ilouse
of Lords in 1825, a right reverend prelate, being under
|examination, was required to state whether belief in the
1 creed of St. Athanasius was necessary to salvation, re
I plied, " I would not mf.v whether it is, but a great many
I ptrtons have sworn thai it u."
The General of the Jesuits, Father Roothan, died at
Rome on the 8th of May.
The Liverpool electors are about to come under Parlia
mentary inquiry, and it is said that greater corruption
will be proved against them than against those of the
1 other places whose members have been unseated. Be
tween ?10,000 and ?12,000 were spent on bribes during
one forenoon.
A company of Zulu Kaffir* are performing in London
before crowded houses. The entertainment consists of
the songs, dances, and characteristic customs of their
tribe.
Fbkxth CAiir or Ihstructioh.?It haa long been cus
tomary in France to concentrate large bodies of troops in
camp, for the purpose of instructing them in the duties
and services of war, and in all the arts of campaign lite.
The custom was abandoned in 1848, when the active ser
vices of the army were needed to check the spirit of civil
war among the people. We learn from the Monitevr dt
VArmte that the Emperor has determined to renew this
system of discipline, in order to increase the capabilities
and efficiency of the national troops. Helfaut, near St.
Omer, and in the heigliborhood also of Lille, Valenciennes,
DunkiYk, &c., an<f possessing in the highest degree all the
conditions of such an encampment, has been fixed upon
for the establishment of a Camp of Instruction. It pos
sesses a superb field for manoeuvres, belonging to the
Government, and embracing about seventy-five acres, upon
which are barracks capable of lodging 7,000 men. The
camp was to have been opened on the 20th of the present
month, and to be composed of four regiments of infantry,
one battery of artillery, one company of engineers, one
squadron of cavalry for the service of the staff, and de
tachments of horse and foot police, &c., comprising in
the whole, 269 officers, 6,359 non-commissioned officers
and privates, and 892 horses. The command of the camp
will devolve upon Major General Canrobert, assisted by
Brigadier Generals de la Motterouge and Bisson.
The London correspondent of a North German paper
relates a story with regard to the way in which Prinoe
Albert disciplines his children :
The young Prince stood one day in his room in the
palace at Windsor, at the window, whose panes reached
to the floor. Re had a lesson to le*rn by heart, but, in
stead, was amusing himself by looking out into the gar
den and playing with his fingers on the window, liis
governess. Miss Hillyard, an earnest and pious person,
observed thia, and kindly asktd him to think of getting
his lesson immediately. The young Prince said, 441
don't want to." 44 Then," said Miss Hillyard, 4' I must
put you in the corner." 441 won't learn," answered the
little fellow resolutely, 44 wid won't stand in the corner,
for 1 am the Prince of Wales." And as he said this he
knocked out one of the Window j anes with his foot. At
this Mies Hillyard rose from her seat and said, " Sir, you
must learn, or I must put you in the corner." 441 won't,"
said he, knocking out a second pane. The governess
then rang, end told the servant who entered to say to
Prince Albert that she requested tine presence of his
Royal Highness immediately on a pressing matter con
nected with his son. The father came at once, and heard
the statement of the whole matter, after which he turned
to bis little eon and said, pointing to an ottoman, 44 sit
down there, and wait till I return." Then Prince Albert
went to his room and brought a bible. 14 Listen, now,"
he said to the Priucc of Wales, 41 to what the holy apostle
Paul says to you and other children in your position."
Hereupon he read Galat. iv. 1 and 2: 41 Now I aay that
the heir, so long as he is a child, difFereth nothing from a
servant, though he be loved of all, but is under tutors
and governors until tho time appointed of the father."
"..It Is tru?\" continued Prince Albert, that you are the
Prince of Wales, and if you conduct yourself groperly
you may become a man of high station, and after the
death of your mother may become King of England. But
now you are a little boy,'and must obey your tutors and
governors. Besides, I must impress upon you another
saying of the wise Salomon, in Proverbs xiii. 20: 44 he
that sparetii his rod, hateth his son ; but he that lovcth
him chasteneth him betimes.'' Hereupon the father took
out a rod and gave the heir to the thw>ne of the weightiest
empir|Lof ohristendom a tory palpable switching, and then
stood him up in the oornor, saying, ? You will stand here
and study your lesson till Misa Hillyard gives you leave
to come out. And never, forget again that you are now
under tutors and governors, and that hereafter you #11
be under a law given by God." This, adds the corre
spondent, is an excellent christian mode of education,
which every citixen who has a child may well take to his
heart as a model.
It may be proper to add that the youngster who in re
presented^ have received that paternal admonition is bat
eleven years old.
FROM EUROrE.?TUE REBELLIQX Itf CHINA.
The I uited States mail ateamer Arctic arrived at
New York yesterday moruing, with Liverpool dates
to the 18th instant.
The Hon. William C. Rives, late Minister to
trance, and his tamily, are among her passenger****
Mr. Riveh presented his letter of recall and took
leave of the French Emperor on the 12th instant.
Commodore Aulick., late in command of the
East India squadron, also returned in the Antic.
He is bearer of despatches from the United Slates
Commissioner for China and from the American
Embassy at London, which were forwarded from
New York to the President yesterday afternoon.
The Comuiodoro, we learn, will arrive in this city
on Wednesday morning.
From England we have no political news. It
being Whitsuntide the British Parliament was not
in session. It is reported that a commercial treaty
has been made between Great Britain and Paraguay.
The cotton market at Liverpool was active, with
out change in prices. The market for breadstuff's
was rather dull, though the last quotations were
maintained.
The screw steam-sloop Phcrnix, under the com
mand of Capt. Inolefield, had received orders to
sail for the Polar Seas, in search of Sir John
Franklin. Capt. Penny and his wife go out in her,
to found a colony in the Arctic regions.
The only item from Paris is that Madame Achillx
Murat had recently arrived there from Florida,
i From Spain we have a repetition of former ru
mors as to the dissatisfaction of the Madrid journals
with the appointment of Mr. Soule as Minister to
that Court, and of editorial protests against his
reception. .
The news from the Cape of Good Hope looks
favorable for the early pacification of that country.
All the native chiefs, it is said, have submitted to
the British authority.
Affairs in Turkey continue to wear a peaceful
complexion.
The advices from Hong Kong, China,'are to the
28th March. They confirm the previous accounts
j of the siege (not capture) of Nankin by the revo
i lutionists; also, that the Chinese authorities, ia
their extremity, had applied to the British officials
for aid in quelling the insurrection. Quit^ a panic
prevailed at Shanghai, though all remained quiet
at Canton.
Suoh is the news received by way of England.
Com. Aulick, however, who sailed from Chioa a
fortnight earlier than the above dates, discredits the
report that the Emperor of China had applied to
I the British for assistance, as his hatred to that
people has never been intermitted. The Commo
dore further thiuks, that if assistance were applied
for it would not be given, as the foreigners in China
are unitedly in favor of the success of the rebels.
The present Emperor has, (he says,) by his sensu
ality and his addiction to opium, alienated from
himself the esteem of his people, and that he and
his corrupt Cabinet are unfitted to comprehend and
deal with the present enlarged demands of com
merce. The Commodore considers, also, that all
the assistance which could be now given iu aid of
the existing Government would b? of no service in
determining the issue of the war ; that the triumphs
"of the rebels consist in an inland progress to* aids
Pekin, which can in no way. be affected by the
operations of a naval squadron; that the war
vessels of any nation on the station are not more
than sufficient to protect its own interests; and,
finally, that more is to be lioped for, commercially
and politically, from the success of the insurgents,
than by the continuancc of the reigning dynasty.
| Great Britais.?Whitsuntide holydays were over, and
the Parliament had reassembled. On Friday, the 20th,
the Income Tax Dill was read a second time, the Opposi
tion reserving their force until the third reading. Mr.
Cobden asked by whose authority the Province of Pegu
was annexed to British India, and contended that the
people of Britain ought to have had a voice in the matter.
Sir C.'Wood replied that the annexation had been made
| by tbo Governor General, under the authority of the
J Government, as compensation for the expense of the war.
1 There was reason to expect the Province would pay its
own expenses, and no authorisation had yet been given
for any further annexation.
In reply to Lord Jocelyn, Lord John Russell stated that
the Emperor of China had applied to Great Britain for
assistance, hut no orders had been given to* interfere in
any way, except for protection of British property and
subjects.
Lord John Russell stated that on the 3d June the
Government would state their viewB with respect to the
; future administration of Lndia.
| _ The House of Commons refused to grant money for re
pairs to Maynooth College, and the Government had de
termined not to push the question further.
On Tuesday night, the North Shore Mill, on the bank*
of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, near Yauxball road,
the only cotton factory Liverpool possessed, was totally
destroyed by fire. Some idea of the extent of the place
may be formed probably from the fact that there were
805 windows in it. The mill, which was formerly the
i property of Mr. R. F. North, changed hands, we believe,
about two years ago, and is now the property of Messrs
John and Alexander lirogden. Attached to the building,
a long, low cotton shed stretches to the southward, and
in this was stored a very heavy stock of cotton, valued
roughly at from ? 12,000 to ?20,000. Parallel with this
shed were a series of tcrraced cottage-horses, four stories
in height, erected by the late proprietor for the use of the
workpeople. The fire can only be said to have really
lasted two hours, but at its climax the sight was one of
the most astounding grandeur. For an hour before the
heavens had been illuminated, and an immense concourse
of people assembled at the scene of the disaster The
unfortunate factory, with the exception of tLe dark out
line of walls not yet fallen, seemed one mass of burnished
I01'1- . .
The mill, including stock, machinery, &c., the latter
being of the best and roost approved construction, was
valued at about ?102,000. The sheds adjoining the mill
and the property which they contained are veined at
?20,000.
Francs.?The proceedings in the Corps Legislatif be
guu to assume an aspect unfavorable to the Government,
so much so that there were surmises of a dissolution. In
the Civil Pensions bill the Government commanded a ma
i jority of only 82, no fewer than 98 members of the Legis
lature having had the courage to vote against it.
j The demand for a sum equal to $'M),000 for indemnity
to tlie widow of Marshall Ney, for loss of her pension
from 1816 to 1880, had also proved exceedingly unpeja
lar, being regarded a?an ill-disguised attempt to pay off
, tlie debts of the Prince de Moscowa, and it was expected
that the committee to whom it was referred woul<l make
no report. Further, the bill to revive the penalty of
death for attempts against the#Government wss reoeived
' with strong disfavor.
The Pntrv contra diets a statement that has appeared
in " the American journals" that Frenoh ships-of-war are
on their way with hostile inteat against the Sandwich
Islands. It further dcuies that the Frenoh have purchased
any tract of territory along the Red 8ea, nor do they in
tend to take possession of an island there, as bad else
been fcported.
The Minister of Police has published an order to the
effect that henoeforth no bills or placards oaa be exhibit
ed on the walls of Pnris without a previous authorization
from the Prefecture of Police.
The article fixing the extraordinary expenses has been
adopted by the Corps Lcgislatif. The following are the
items: Ministry of State of the Household of the Hiupe
ror. 5,000,000ft Public Works, 82,000,OOOf; Marine,
. 2,403,000f.
Prussia.?The Prussian Minister of the Interior has
ordered the adoption of rigorous measures against the
I Mormon missionaries, who are endeavoring to make pro
selytes throughout Germany ; if considered neoea*>iry,
power is grutted to the competent authorities to expal
them.
| The Pruasian Minister of Commerce has decided on tb"
erection of drawing schools for the young m*u emplojfd
I in the manufacture of piece goods

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