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AUGUST 6, 1853.
*HB WEEKLY NATIONAL INTELLIGENtEK The subscription price of this paper for a year is Three Dollars, payable in advance. For the long Sessions of Congress, (averaging eight months,) the price will be Two Dollars; for the short Sessions One Dollar per copy. A reduction of 20 por cent, (one-fifth of the full charge) Will be made to any one Trho shall order and pay for, at ooe time, five copies of the Weekly paper; and a like re duction of 25 per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one who will order and pay for. at one time, ten or more copies. No accounlt being kept for this paper, it will not be for ward ed to any one unless paid for in advance, nor sent any onger than the time for which it is so paid. NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. FR OM 0 UR L OND ON CORRESPONDENT. London, July 15, 1853. Several weeks, you are aware, have now elapsed since the Eastern question reached a crisis appa rently involving the chances not merely of a war betwoea the. Czar and the Porte, but sometiiiag very liln * ggjMjHlMli"*" couflagrati<?^^^ , ... _ _ w ? vopevte mT to the itmHons of the two Governments of England and France, and the position of the two if not bliferent yet contending Powers. The fut)<fa have been under the hourly influence of those TCports, many of which no doubt originated in a desire to exert such an influence, and bulls and bears, consols and rentes depended for their specu lations and their prices upon the vibrations of the telegraphic wires. Public opinion has vacillated, in the wake of these rumors, often with the most ad mirable contempt of judgment or common sense. The funds have appeared to be the chief deities, if not of England and France, at least of London and Paris, and the publio pulse has beat faster or slow er according to the oracles pronounced by the priests of those new Delphi, the stock exchange and the bourse. The funds of other countries have been affected by the nervous Agitations experienced in London and Paris; and the ephemeral philosophizings of our daily journals and the echo of the sentiments and opinions expressed in tic comments of foreign papers, and the crude and hasty and party statements of " our correspondents from Vienna and Constantinople," have continually affected the state .of the funds and the state of opinion in Lon don, and by a return action the funds and the opinions of continental Europe. This is the simple rationale of the state of public feeling at least in London, and conse quently in England. Wc cannot think that Buoh a state of fluctuation and uncertainty in the public mind Is de sirable, and wc are of opinion that a little more infor mation dropped from the lips of Ministers would to a very considerable degree obviate it. We do not ask for a copy of the last note which has been dispatched to or received from a foreign Government, but we think it eould do no harm, and might produce considerable good, if the English people knew in what light their Govern ment viewed the occupation of the Danubian provinces; whether the English and French fleets were absolutely at the disposal of the Sultan ; and, if so, whether it was the intention of the Allied Powers to consider the Rus sian ultimatum as one which under no circumstances what ever could be admitted, and to support the Sultan cordi ally as well as formally in its absolute rejection. The motions proposed by the Marquis of Clambicardb and Mr. Latakd have been postponed unr die. A rumor is very prevalent that the Cabinet is divided as to course to be pursued, and that, while Lord Jons Russell and Lord Palmkbston are in favor of redeeming faithfully and fully the pledge which has bee" #<*?? Sultan, Lords Absrdibn and Ci<m?iH* are desiroua of draw ing back at the eloveath hour, and giving up the inte rnets of the CHtosian lapire to the unjust demands of t?e Cxai. | We do not wot to know how or in what words Lord Clarehdo* made certain inquiries of Baron Brtnow, or what latter said or thought about the policy of his imperii master; but We think the people ought to know ?om&^iD8 respecting the views entertained by their own Misters upon the subject at issue. Hth respect to the real state of the question between key and Russia, we know scarcely any thing more than we did last week. We know that the Emperor has very much increased the embarrassments of the question, and very materially enhanced the difficulties of giving it a pacific solution by his occupation of the Danubian principalities. We know that Nicholas has again spoken to Europe through Count Nessklbode, and that this new imperial manifesto does not say the difficulties between Russia and Turkey cannot be arranged, but it gives a new twist to political complications by declaring that the Emperor will not withdraw his troops from the princi palities uatil the pressure exercised upon him by Eng land and France shall be removed ; and further, that he will not withdraw his troops within the Russian frontier until Turkey has granted "the satisfaction due to him.'' To this statenent of the present position of this absorbing subject we can only add that the Fre?^h Government has applied to the English Cabinet to ascertain its views re specting the las\ manifest and pat the question whe ther the time has aot arrived for England and France to make a decided demonstration ? In other words, to give orders for ^>eir fleets to enter the Dardanelles. On the other kand, the news from Constantinople is, that th* ambassadors of France, England, and Austria at that city, on learning Jhe passage of the Pruth by the Rus sians, had an ii^erview with the Sultan for the purpose of praying wm not to cause the fleet* to enter the Dar danelles, *nd that the Sultan had acceded to their ro quMt nmiting himself to protesting against the violation of his territory. There is a good deal of anxiety occa sioned by the great accumulation of Austrian troops and munitions of war, withia the Austrian territory, it is true, but on the very borders of Turkey. Some of the strong anti-Austrian journals alloge that this force Is concen trated there for the purpose of making a similar inroad Into Bosnia as that which the Russians have done into Moldavia and Wallaohia; others of the more docided anti-Russian paper9 Bfiy ti,at Ujese troop* are thus brought to the borders of Turkey to assist her against Russia on land, should it be necessary, whilst England and France arc protecting her at sea. It is known that the British, renci , ani Turkish ambassadors have many conferences With the Russian ambassador at Vienna. As a precau tion agains surprise, the Porte has suspended the per mission under which merchant vessels coming from the Black Sea now enter the Bosphorus by night. Money bemg the smews of war, the friends of Turkey will be the Government a loan of 50,000,000 piastres mil lion dollars.) Greece is said to be armine'sL^l ?rmta.d ?p?? line of orutact; for, ?lU.ooeh it I,,,,, the Turks for gone-by tyranny and violance, it i? thought to dread still more the despotism of Russi^. The p! is about publishing a manifesto in reply to that of Rus" sia. The merchants of Odessa are ordered to oonfmn themselves in their letters to matters of business and friendship, and not to communicate information respect ing passing events to their correspondents abroad. The Russian Government has also taken the post offices in the invaded prinoipalities under its direction. The Porte had not been informed of the invasiori of the principalities on the 4th instant. The " Journal de Con stantinople " closes an editorial article with these words: " llussia demands what is Impossible ; Turkey cannot yield." Ninety-five thousand men will be concentrated at Shumla. In case of need the whole of the allied fleet could be towed up to Constantinople iu twenty-nine hours. A mobile corps is to be formed of Circassians residing in Turkey, and placed at the disposal of Sohamyl, who is preparing for a campaign " a la (Jenghu Khan." An im portant piece of news is that two English Bteamers are busily employed in tugging the ooru-luden ships out of the Sulina entrance juto the Danube. The Paris Steele, wliich is supposed to have the best possible means of obtaining correct information of the state of the Eastern question, gives the following contra diction to a statement made ify the Timet : " The Timet announces that a note has been sent to St. Peter6burgh by England, containing an account of the ut most limits of concession which the Bri tannic Government could go to without openly wounding the sentiments of the country. Ten or fifteen days, adds the Tititei, will be required before it can be known whether Russia accepts. The following is what we have learned on the subject: In the Cabinet Council, held on Saturday, the 2d mutant, Lord Aberdeen., supported this time by Lord Clarendon aion^prono??d^at1^e InMr^Uons^pwi* to tbe&^iuh irty ta call on __ having referred the matter to fjfibir roapcotivo Governments. This proposition was re jected by a very large majority, after a most stormy dis oussion. It is on this fact, which has been guarantied to us by persons worthy of all confidence, that we have been able to say that the instructions to the Ambassadors have not been changed, and they still dispose of the fleets, should the Sultan call for the armed intervention of her allies. Matters are consequently at such a point that, in order to come to an amicable solution, it is absolutely necessary that llussia should begin by evacuating the Danubian provinces ; a station near the entrance to the Dardanelles not being equivalent to the occupation of Moldo-Wallachia. Since we are on the maritime frontier fixed by treaties, it is necessary, in order to establish an equality of position, that llussia should remain on the land frontier fixed by the same treaties. More might be demanded without departing from the right; but as we desire peace, as long as it is compatible with the national dignity, we accept equality between the iusulted and the aggressor; however, not without declaring that, in our opinion, a step the more in that direction would be a backing-out and a disgrace." Our Parliamentary report is a meagre one, although the House of Commons has been very industrious and has sate early and late. On Friday the Royal assent was given to a number of bills?all, however, of domestic and private interest. In the House of Commons Lord I'al mkrston made a statement which proves that the insi dious rumors circulated of disagreements betwCeu the English and French Governments on the Eastern ques tion are devoid of foundation. His Lordship said: " I think it is sufficient to observe that when two great countries like England and France are united iu a common course of policy, are aiming at a common object, are guided by common interests, and inspired by the rnpst perfect and unreserved confidence in each other, [loud cheers;] I say that, when this is the case, I am sure it cannot enter into the mind of any man to suppose that any temporary forbearance which the Governments of two such countries may show arises from a want of determi nation, or that the most conciliatory course which they can pursue can be a symptom of debility and weakness. [Renewed cheers.] 1 trust that, without any exhorta tions from my honorable friend, or from any other quar ter, the honor and the interests of England and France are in safe keeping, aud that honor and those interests are inseparably bound up with the great and important interests of Europe." Mr. D'Israkli, in the course of the discussion upon the withdrawal of Mr. Layarii'm motion, with the keenness of an adroit Parliamentarian, hit the Ministry on a rather tender point when he midi " It is only a week sinoe the first Minister of the Grown in this house wished that this sutyeet should be brought forward, and himself fixed a day for its discussion. Very injurious #??<??- T"m follow from wii? lias taken place to-night, unless they be removed by her Majesty's Ministers; for if the noble Lord (J. Russell) was anxious that this subject should be brought forward a week ago, and to bring it forward would now be inju. rious to the public service, it would seem that in one week circumstances have occurred which have changed the opinion of her Majesty's, Mihisters upon this subject. I do not say that such circumstances have really occurred. I hope that they have not; but the only inference to be drawn from the fact which 1 have stated is, that matters in reference to this question are in a more critical posi tion than they were a week since. [' No, no,' from the Ministerial benches.] 1 hear the murmur of ' No.' It is not by murmuring ' No, no' thnt this impression can be removed; the house and the country ought to be better informed on the subject. We ought to know what cir cumstances have occurred of such gravity that her Majes ty's Government had altered the resolution which they expressed such a short time since." On Tuesday, in tbc House of Lords, the bill for regu lating the future transportation of convicts to the Colonies was read a second time, in the Commons questions were asked respecting the Turco-Russian dispute, and answer ed satisfactorily, but in as few words as could be employ ed courteously. The India bill made considerable pro gress in committee. On Tuesday further questions respecting the last Rus sian manifesto were asked in the Lords, when Lord Cla uen don said the document issued for home consumption by the Russian Government differed from that which was sent abroad. In the former the word "perjidiout" was applied to Turkey; an epithet which was a good deal sof tened in the translation sent abroad. In the House of Commons Mr. Ball, at the commencement of the evening session, immediately on the meeting of the House, and when there was an evident majority of the Opposition present, endeavored to steal a march upon the Govern ment, by moving that the Honse resolve itself into a com mittee for the purpose of considering certain proposed alterations in relation to the malt tax, which had been hitherto opposed by the Government Tv9 Chancellor of the Exchequer arrived just in time to defeat this ma noeuvre, and, although evidently speaking against time, made a good speech, until his forces had arrivod in suffi cient numbers to outvote Mr. Ball's supporters, when the motion was lost by the narrow vote of 73 to 09. We were a good deal struck on Thursday with a short discussion which took, place in the House of Commons respecting our friend Lieut. Maury's labors in effecting certain improvements in navigation. Sir R. Inolis said he wished to put a question to the honorable gentleman (Admiral Berkeley) who, on that occasion, represented the Admiralty department: " It would be known," he said, " that about two years ago Lieut. Matey, of the United States navy, devised a great improvement in navigation by the discoveries and observations he made as to the depths, currents, and tem perature of the ocean, and by means of which voyages had been reduced by one-half. Lieut. Maury's invention had been adopted by the United States navy, and the Government of that country had recommended it to the consideration of the Government of this and to those of other maritime nations. The question he had to ask wa?, whether the Government, having referred this plan to the Royal Society, and having received from the council of that body a strong recommendation in favor of its adoption, and having been made acquainted with the fact that the British Association had simultaneously concurred in a similar recommendation, were prepared to adopt the suggestion of the United States Government, and to co operate with them in carrying out tho invention? No doubt its adoption would involve some expense, but, com pared with the important objects to be gained, that ex pense would be so trifling as to be scarcely north consideration. " Admiral Bkhkhlky, in reply tihis honorable friend's question, begged to state that the Government were qaite prepared to take their part in any well-devised plan to carry out the object in view. And, with regard to the royal navy, most of the observations required as to the state of the ourrents, depths, and temperature of the [ ocean had already been directed to be made. But, as to I the merchant service, tlier# were great doubts and diffi culties on the subject, and when he said that in thermo meters alone the adoption Df the proposed plan would oo caston an expenditure of J>8,500, nud that after the ther?| luoun.-ters were issued there were great doubts if thev would bo of .vail, he tkougft there w? io ?.g STpiH*' Ui?S ? >??? for | This reply of the gallant Admiral (a Lord of the Admi ralty although he be) is any thing but complimentary, either to the liberality of the owners or the intelligence of the commanders of the British merchants vessels. In the first place, if the tkermometcrs necessary for the merchant vessels would cost ?-3,500, what would that amount to per vessel when divided among ten thousand ? About $1.75 each. And, if the thermometers were useful in carrying out Lieut. Mauby's plans on board of American merchant vessels, what was to prevent their being equally so on board of English ones, but the incompetency of the masters to use them and to record the necessary obser vations ? We grcatl/ foar there was more truth than compliment in Admiral Bebkklcy's observation*, and are truly eoiTy that it is so; 1 to the fact. ?w ?>* The proceedings iu the House of Lords last night, al-1 though a large amount of private business was dis patched, did net contain ally thing of general interest. In the Commons, Lord Jo us Russell said the" bills on | the table which the Government did not intend to pro-1 ceed with were very few. The Succession Duty Bill, the India Bill, and a number I of private and local bills were forwarded in committee. The Eastern question wus then alluded to as follows-: t I wish to refer to the question which 1 put to the noble Lord opposite on Monday last, with re spect to the recent circular despatch of Count Nesselrode. 1 1 then mentioned that it was stated in that despatch that the occupation of the Turkuh l'orte by the English and French fleet was consulted by Russia as a naval occupa tion analogous to the occupation of the principalities by the Russian army. I mentioned that it was stated in that despatch that when that complete satisfaction had been granted by the Sublime Porte to Russia which it said was due to it; and when, moreover, the pressure rut upon Turkey by the two maritime Powers had ceased ' that the Lmperor of Russia would then order the with drawal of his forces within his own territory. The noble Lord, while he justly felt it to be his duty to question the propriety of the first allegation which was made?name-! ly, that the presence of the combined fleets was a naval occupation of tho dominions of the Sultan?said with re gard to the second, that his-inrpression was that 1 was not authorized m the interpretation I put on the language of the despatch. It has since been mentioned by a col-1 league of the noble Lord, in another place, that that ob servation of the noble Lord was made inadvertently ? an inadvertence that might well be pardoned, as the docu-1 ment referred to had only just arrived. But it is not in I reference to tins matter that I now rise to address a ones-1 tion to the noble Lord. Tho Secretary of State, in another place has publicly declared that it is the determination of I her Majesty s Government not in any way to submit to the condition expressed in so peremptory a manner by the Court of St. Petersburg in the circular despatch, and that they could not for a moment, in their management of affairs, admit as a primary condition of the' with drawal of the Russian troops the withdrawal-of the com bined fleets from the Turkish waters. The question I wish to put now is this: that, assuming as I do that the nego tiations arc now only formally pursued, and that thev have arrived at a dead lock, and therefore believing in i that case that great advantage to the public service would i ariao from a discussion of this important subject in both 1 Houses of Parliament, I wish to kuow whether the noble Lord will fix a day on which the motion of the honorable 1 member for Aylesbury may be brought under the consid eration of this House ? Lord J. Russell. Sir, in answer to the question put to me by the right honorable gentleman, I wish to refer 1 OCT cainlv had not made myself cooipUUU m?lMr ftf ita r - i.u-tit* I-t here fore answered the tleman with regard to my impression cTthe int*rpr*t?,Tion to be put upon that part of the document which said that the Russian troops would be removed from the prinoipal | 'ties when the pressure which had been put by the pres ence of the combined fleet on the Turkish Porte had been taken off; and I said that I could not believe that it was intended by the Russian Government to make that a con dition of the evacuation of the Turkish territory by the Russian troops. I said that, in the first place, because at first sight it did not appear to be so laid down in the cir f r; but I said so, in the second place, because I thought it so unlikely that the Russian Government could think themselves justified in demanding that the English and trench fleet should leave tho Turkish waters before the Russian troops evacuated the principalities^ because in the one cave the English and French fleets were in the waters of an allied Power; were thero not for the purpose of putting a pressure upon that Power, not for the Dur pose of injuring that Power in any way, but to be ready with assistance in case Turkey felt itself obliged to call for the assistance of her allies in case of an invasion of her territory. But ,n the other ease there was an actual Th?r??n Jf* T territory b7 Russian troops. I twin thcreforc' no similarity or comparison be tween the two cases; and I could not think that a person pf the experience and sagacity of Count Nesselrode would, affix his signature to a document declaring that this con dition would be made by the Russian Government. This is the excuse I have to give to the right honorable gen tleman at the same time admitting that the words bear on the face of them the interpretation which he put on them. With regard to the question which the right hon or^,le gentleman has put to me, I have to state that he tlTl>? 2 8TP?Tg thttt th? nc8?ti?tions have come Fr.nS'n ? . * contrary, both the English and French Governments have considered that there are pro Ed SH tSSL rj be ftCCeded 10 b0,h b* the and the Turkish Government* which may be the means t<,rmi"fttion of these unfortunate *putes. Whether or not these hopes may be justified we cannot know immediately. It must take some time Can, earn frT 8t; Petersburg!, what is the view Frnru?? ?n?l A *12 * , settlement which England, httTe arrived at on this subject m ? i h t'1? matter is in a state of negotiation 1 do not think it would be advisable that there should be any dis cussion with respect to it ia this House. Rumors of incurable dissensions in tho Cabinet on the Eastern question are still put forth by gossiping Sunday papers and ultra Tory journals. These bid the country prepare for an immediate dissolution of the Aberdeen Ministry. We se? no symptoms of such an event, but there ia a strong rumor that Lord Jonsr Russell will, at the end of the session, be elevated to the peerage, un der the title of Lord BLOOMsumr, Mr. Oladstoxk suc ceeding him as leader of the House of Commons. The early retirement of the Earl of Abbrdekn is also specu lated upon. We find the following in a paper of this ovening: " Strong hopes of the maintenance of peace are ground ed on a remonstrance addressed to the Czar on his con duct towards Tt'RKir, drawn up by Lord Abkrpkkx in the name of England, which has received the sanction of Austria and Prussia, and will receive that of Franco. What is tho precise nature of the remonstrance is of course not stated, but it is hoped it will be roceived in a favorable spirit by Russia, seeing that Austria and Prus sia have acquiesced in it. If so, the whole thing will be amicably arranged." Railway trafiio continues to increase in England. The oggregate traffic receipts for eleven of the principal lines for the first six months of 1852 was ?4,780,630 ?? " 1853 6,807,443 Increase of 1852 ?520,'.'13 Of this latter huge sum ?1,231,638 was received by the Northwostern on its 668 miles. With increased traffic these lines furnish increased accommodations and greater safety. New towns, new villages, new residences of all sorts follow railway routes. The suburbs of the larger cities are extending everywhere and in every direction. AH the provincial towns tapped by railways have their distant clusters of pleasant villa residences, to which well ants, lawyers, and tradesmen return to din their children are reared ia all the freshness tf rural life, and where the differences that ited town and country are being fast broken family haying its bit of land, and feeling all , and enjoying all the pleasures, and sharing n ipations of the successive seasons as keenly ig boi^, who have scarcely ever resided in a As respects trade, the social and political th a? or as a barometer of general prosper rc erse there are few more interesting subjects 1 ye*.I !y returns of the railways. ti nl uncertainty which hangs over Europe f evt- -y kind in an uncomfortable state of 1'he cf rn trade feels, in a particular manner, t f the present situation, and for that reason, :i*l depree, a speedy settlement is deTOUtly to l uder the apprehension of war nearly tigle.s imported from Russia and Turkey hare ?bly in price. Ilence this country, with ,le shot, has already paid ?heavy wai $iich in theafasgle artiole of corn is est! mated at Beveral millions sterling, computing that tlit whole stock of corn and flbur all over the land has been raised tea to fifteen per cent. To add to tMs dilemma, the result of the next harvest is still very precarious. Wheat, it i^ said, wiU fall short in yield per acre full one fourth of on average, independent of the smaller breadth of land sown this year. parley and oats promise a fair crop. Potatoes do the sa^e, although disease ia already visible in some localities, N|d in Ireland vrry saddening rumors are prevalent of fee re-appearanc? of blight. Freights continue very Iiigny and there is the greatest difficulty to obtain vessels |ven at nearly double the freights paid last year. The Markets are sparingly sup plied with home-grown corn. Abroad the late excite ment caused by the large opentioas on French account (it is asserted for the Government) has also subsided. The news respecting the harvc^ in France is now most favorable. Very large quantity's of corn have been pur chased in England and elsewii re to guard against any possible contingency. The fl.ltic, Dutch, and Belgian markets are all very quiet. 11 Odessa large purchases have been made for Italy, wM re the appearance of the crops is unfavorable. The ^Ivices from the Black Sea are a good deal blended witl^ political considerations, but the upward movement is .*.11 maintained. About five, hundred tesecls are looked ip in the Danube, the water j at Sulina being too low to. allow their passage out, and j the condition of the river $rows worse every day, owing j to causes already stated, wiich Russia i3 bound by treaty to remove. The History of the Car;ivity of Napoleon at St. lie- j lena, as detailed by the litters and journals of Sir Hudson ; Lowe, now first published, is full of most interesting de- | velopments, and will put several public men of that period j in a new position. Tardy' juBtice will be accorded both to the guilty and the iraocent, to the oppressor and the , oppressed. Thus slowjy do we obtain a correct view of i the characters of our fellow-men. Many new books are | announced upon most interesting subjects. We annex a few titles: I A Pony lilgrimags through the Peninsula, by 0. J. ] Cayley ; 2 v*jla. 8vo. Castile nn^l Andalfsia, by Lady Louisa Teuison. The Missioia and tie Cantonment, by Mrs. Mackenzie. Life in the Cleariigs vereut the Bush, by Mrs. Moodie. j A Journey roundkbe Dead Sea and in the Bible Lauds, | by F. DeSaulay; 2 vols. 8vo. Memoirs and flbrrespondence of Dr. Bathurst, Lord Bishop of Nor wicljby his daughter, Mrs. Thistlethwayte; 2 vols. 8to. Memoirs of Mary, Duchess of Burgundy, by MissCos tello; 8fo. Lettees of the Toet Gray, by the R*v. J. Mitf^ri The Lirc? gf the Laur?*t??, " ? London llaeM*. I The W. Kaye , X\, , , History of us^BPry omlWans, by Samuel Eliot; 2 vols. 8vo. The Colonial Iolicy of Lord John Russell's Adminis tration, by Earl Iwy, 2 vols. 8vo. is exciting much at tention. The Edinburg) and Quarterly Reviews announce new numbers full of *ery interesting articles. The Westminster Review, which was published on the 1st instant, is as improvement upon all the precediug numbers, good as they generally were. There is mucl disappointment in Dublin in conse quence of the Hsit of her Majesty being postponed through Prince Albert's indisposition, it now being doubtful whethei she will be able to pay the visit. The Prince is, however, convalescent. His complaint was the | measles. Notwithstandiig the attitude in which England and Russia stand towirds each other, it is stated that a man sion has been tiken for the Grand Duchess Marie, eldest daughter rf the Emperor of Russia and widow of the late Duke Dl Lh'ciitkniiero, who is about to visit England with h<r six children for the benefit of their health. Thi Grand Duchess Cathkbink of Russia, daughter of the jrand Duke Michael and niece of the Emperor, is also about to visit England, with her con sort, the Duke of Mecklenburg Strelitx. Nearly the wh)le of the events and the politics of Europe are to mixed up with Turkey and Russia that we feel wc tare nearly exhausted the subject when we have attended to those two countries. However, France fumiuhe* a domestic incident of some importance. But little seems to be known at Paris, and still les? snid, about the plot tr assassinate the Emperor at the theatre. The police are actively at work in endeavoring to trace out its ramificatijns, and the Prefcct of Police is said uot to have been in bed for nights together. The con spirators are known to belong to a secret society called the "Invisibles.'' Kumors are in circulation about nn attempt upon the Emperor in the Bois do Boulogne. Shots arc sai<I to have been exchanged between the Emperor s guards and the assassins. Another rumor is that about forty soldiers belonging to one division in the camp at Suttory had been arrested. A third rumor is that plots in connexion with the one at Paris have been discovered in the provinces. In fact, if half the rumors from Paris are to be credited, it would lead to the inference that France was one great hot-bed of in surrection, and that Louis Napoleos's life was not worth half an hour's purchase. We believe, however, that there was something real about the affair at the theatre There is a curious article in the Monittur, devoted to a consideration of the fortified cities in Germany, of the value of a majority of which, in a strategical point of view, but an indifferent opinion is entertained by the writer. Of Vienna it ia stated that experience has re pentcdly shown its inability to resist an urinv, vis. in >800, 1809, and 1848. The only news which SrAi* furnishes is that, the (jueen mother is on her way to Paris. Different motives arc assigned for this journey. Italy yields only the single paragraph that the Sar dinian Government denies that its Consul at Smyrna granted authority to the Austrian Consul to apprehend Costa. The arrest took place in ix Greek coffeo-house, and the Sardinian Consul had nothing to do with the affair. A letter from Smyrna states that the American Minis tor at Constantinople has claimed Costa as an American citizen. He is yet, however, detained on board the Aus trian brig-of-war. The Minister's demand is based on his having given to Costa a passport at Constantinople. An American ship-of-war has laid herself by the side of the Austrian brig to prevent her from carrying off her prisoner. A letter from Vienna states that Costa is [ charged by the Austrian Government with having assisted j to hide the regalia of Hungary. The Calcutta mall of the 3d of June has arrived nt Trieste. Negotiations with Ava have been terminated by the Burmese envoys refusing to sign the treaty proposed to them by the British, and declaring that they wonld not sign away any part whatever of- the Burmese do minions. They were ordered to reconsider their answer, or to leave tbe British territory within twenty-four hours; they left it beforte the end of ten hours. It is said that Lord Daluoi'sik doea not intend taking any other steps beyond extending the frontiers and ap propriating the country already seized. Should r.n at tack be made upon this territory uti immediate advance will be mado on Ava and the King dethroned. There is not any news from China by this mail. The English stock market has rallied a little. Money is in increased demand, uml the Lomburd street houses are ready takers of money on call. Stock Exchange, 3 o'clock.?Consols, both for money and for aocount, 97if to 97$ ; Bank stock 222.}. l'aris Bourse, latest prices yesterday.?Three per cents 77f. 20c. ; 4A per cents 102f.; Bank stock 2,6<>0f. A telegraphic despatch, addressed by the Minister of tho Interior to the prefects, says that "reports from aU parts indicate a marked decline in the price of corn, and that the crops are everywhere satisfactory." The market for American stocks this week has shown considerable activity and an upward tendency, particu larly for United States stocks, which are especially in quired lor and are very Bcarce in the market. The fol lowing tie the latest quotations : Itedecniibie. fix per cent. boncl<) nix twr cent. Lu*ur?noe .Julted 8Ut Uultod BUt. ?liiiiii tun ipVnuAh.'.iVftv* i?T ???!?. >?"?>?><< Maryland i.v? per cent. Bferiistg bonds Virnim.i rixpor cent. bonds K?ntu< fix poteen*. T.iuiiiwum (t per evutn Canada ?lx per out. lUrting bond* city four-aa4-ahiilf per cent, fttuellnjr tou I- .... Bot?too ftVI! per rcnl sterling boudri . Now Orleans ettv Ft* jxrr cent l'enni*ylvania Cchtqtl Jtallroud iHx per CUfUS ... . Cincinnati and St. Ixniii foven p<T cent., tir?t mortgage Chicago and Mie.-ifnippi acvoa per et., first mortem:" .... Philadelphia and Beading Kuilroad six per rent. mortgage bonds New York and Erie .seven per cents convertible . Now York and Erie seven per cenU, firnt mortgage .... New York and Krlo nevcn per ceutfl, second mortgage . Chicago ami Aurora seven percent*., (teooml mortgage .... Great Western of Illinois, ten per c^B., Hijcond mortgage .... 18CS l?i'2 XWfi 1H68 um 1874 1S73 IMS IS03 I'ricei. iooy2 U0)4 100 #7 9 ?aft (IS #?; 11# 101 u Ilo 8t> 93 VIU WilZ 99 97 llfl W/i 97 >4 93 Wt BOX 60 67 1SC2 1868-1869 18C8 $91* 90 107 108 84 FROM 0V1? PARIS CORRESPONDENT. Paris, July 14, 1853. The presumption is daily becoming less reliable that Russia will lay down her arms and cvacuatc the principalities on the Danube until the demands of her ultimatum touching her Greek protectorate within the Sultan's dominions are virtually if not literally comjdied with. You received by the last steamer a copy of the new circular, under date of the 2<3th June, '(2d July, new style,) ad dressed by the Czar's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Count de Nesselrode, to his diplomatic agents at foreign Courts. This important document has awoke the ire of the English press in a most extra ordinary manner. The French press is much more reserved. The Mmiteur has not yet published it : in fact, it is not till this morning that the official sheet here gives the Count's first circular of the 550th May, (? 1th June,) annexing the reply to the same, dated 25th June, under the signature of M. Dbouyn j de l'Huys, French Minister of Foreign Affairs, and forwarded to French diplomatic agents abroad. The new document of the 2d instant is understood to have produced a dccided effect, and of no pacific character, at St. Cloud. The argument by which the Czar attributes the advance of hia troops toward the Danube to the threatening movement toward Constantino- J plo of the combined French and English fleets, and the j assertion that dignity and honor command the continu- | anco of the occupation of the principalities until Turkey j ! shall have given the satisfaction required, and until " the ' exorcised upon the Czar by tlic two maritime ha*e giveu special offence to Napo W allied ^<?w?rB.?S&tt be modified touv of txL*. ? i%e ??>;., .ficiai j of P.irft fWith the exception of the Constitution have maintained a prudent reserve with regard to the new circular. They have all published it, however; and j the leading semi-official, the ft/i/e, promises to have its say upon the subjcct to-inorrow. The article is looked for with much interest; for without doubt it will b<; in spired from St. Cloud itself. The Mmiteur has repeatedly I declared, and for the last time very recently, that the Government makes the Moniteur only the medium of its communication with the public, and must be held respon sible only for such articles as appear in its columns; but nobody the less believes for all that that the rays is often used as its unofficial but real agent for making explana tions, giving information, broaching opinions, suggesting arguments upon subjects and occasions upon which it is not deemed prudent for the Government to distinctly com mit itself for the moment. Government is always at liberty to disclaim what appears in the unofficial sheet, though it may have originated in the very Cabinet of the Emperor; yet, from the nature or the connexion of the journal with the Cabinet, certain of its articles are justly esteem ed of as much authority, and as truly and immediately indicative of the Government's intentions'; as if they had appeared in the Moniteur itself. Such was the article from the pen of M. de Laupeuoxmere upon this same Eastern question, quoted in my letter of the 9th June, and which the Intelligencer quoted also from the Times of London on the -oth June. Such will be the article which the Pays of this morning promises for to-morrow. \ou will remark that the Emperor of Russia denies again, in the new circular of Count Nksselroke, as expli citly and emphatically as in the manifesto which I sent you last week, all idea of territorial conquest, which is so universally attributed to him. He protests, again and again, that the sincere wish and the present purpose of the Emperor of Itussia is to maintain the integrity of the Ottoman empire; and Count Nksselrode gives, iti the con clusion of his circular of the 2d instant, what may seem a couclusive argument in favor of the sincerity of the Czar's professions upon this subject. Nsy, I will go fur ther, and say that, at least for the moment, I do believe him sincere in those professions ; and 1 do not join Tray, Blanche, and Sweetheart, who are now yelping at his heels, and charging him with the wish and intention to march at once upon Constantinople. But read the fol lowing document, emanating from his own Chancellery, and written by this same Couut Nessklrode, then as now the Czar's Minister : " The end to be attained by our relations with Turkey is that which we proposed to ourselves in the treaty of Adrianople itself, nud in'the re-establishment of peace with the Grand Seigneur. Our armies had only to march upon Constantinople, and the Turkish empire would have been overthrown. No power would have opposed us there: no immediate dinger would have threatened us if we had given the last blow to the Ottoman monarchy in Europe. But. in the opinion of the Emperor, that mon archy, reduced tocxi*t only under the protection of Rus sia. and to execute henceforth only his desires suited better our political and commercial interests than anv new combination, which would have forced us either to en large our dominions by conquest, or to substitute in place of the Ottoman empire States whioli would have soon become our rivals in power, in civilization, in industry and in wealth. It is upon thisprinciple of hia Imperial Majesty that are regulated for the present our relations with the Divan Since it has not pleased us to extinguish the Turkish Government, we are seeking the means of main taining it in its actual condition ; since that Government can be useful to us only by its deference towards us. we exact from it the religious observance of its engagements and the prompt realization of all our wishes." The above is an extract from a despatch dated St. Pe tersburg!,, February 12, 1880, and addressed by Count NessatRoot to the Grand Duke Cwutamtiwi The Constitutionnel of this morning has a philippic against the Emperor of Ilussia not leas incisive and ve hement than those of the Athenians of old against the King of Macedon. The jSurn^l also quotes, liUratim et verbatim, the text of an address presented to the Sultan no later than last month by the " Greek Patriarchs of Constantinople and Jerusalem, the Metropolitans and Bishops of the first class, the notables of the nation, and the chiefs of corporations, subjects of the Sublime Porte." In this address the most loyal, grateful, and affectionate sentiments are expressed, with Eastern inflation of style, towards the person of the reigning Sultan; and they pray that his beneficent, liberal, and paternal reign over them i may be preserved for many long years. You have doubtless heard by the last steamer of the unwarrantable arrest, at the instigation of the Austrian. Consul-General, on the 22d of last month, at Smyrna, of Uabtim Costa, ex-Secretary of Kossuth, who, it is said, ijas lately arrived in the East from the United States un d r the protection of an American passport. Accounts ot the riot that subsequently occurred in EJmyr*a, in which liu'ee young Austrian officers were maltreated by the Aus trian refugees who huve beeu unable to procure the re? lease of Costa, have also reached you. At I**81 the young Austrians is dead, and psAaps another has since died of his wound*. The affair created immense sensation in the East, and It ttimj ui>i'roln>n-lf<l at one moment that it would unluip pily complicate existing yolitir.al difficulties in that quar- , ter: for Mr. Brick, the special Austria agent, who, it w' allege J, had gone to Constantinople t0 act as inter mediary between Russia and Turkey, and about the pacific solution that is so much desired, lmmeftUicly seized the occasion to demand peremptorily from the Sul tan the dismission of the Governor of Smyrna, and the surrender of the Austrian refugees resident there into the hands of the Austrian authorities. The first demand was promptly complied with by the Sultan, and satisfaction promised touching the refugees. We are daily expecting to learn that this unfortunate affair has produced at t e | demand of Mr. Bruck most unfavorable changes in the position of the political refugees who have hitherto found protection in the Sultau's dominions. Austria, it seems, is satisfied, but another incident has arisen which may unpleasantly renew our own difficulties with Austria. Costa, immediately after his'arrest, had been taken on board the Austrian brig Huttar, where he was thrown into the hold. A spirited visit of the Consul and the commander of the United States ship St. Louis, which wa? lying near, had failed to effect the release of Costa; and j it was after that attempt that the riot took place which i resulted as above stated. The Journal des Dtbals of Paris published yesterday the following notice, which contains the latest intelligence we have of the aflair: ? \ private telegraphic despatch from Smyrna, 29th June, announces .but Cbo .Miui.Ur . Constantinople has made a formal demandforMMjxUn Costa, who was still at Smyrna, on board the Austrian bri". This demand is based upon a passport which the United States Legation is alleged to hove previous y - livered to Costa at Constantinople. The American slo?P of war St Louis, which is now in the port of Smyrna had taken position near the Austrian brig Hussar, b order to prevent M. Costa from being forcibly carried away. ?' If," says La Vresse, commenting on this despatch* ?< if, in fact, the Captain of the American sloop-of-war has acted in this firm and praiseworthy manner, every one who has two free hands at the service of a noble heart will applaud with phrenzy this grand example given by the new world to the old." Your correspondent, for his part, hopes that the con duct of the Captain of the "United States ship St. Louu and of American Minister at Constantinople will be 1 severely lnqui?d into. If Mr. Costa hi an American ci tiif,, and entitled to an American p*??port, then your correspondent weuki wpplaarf with land loudly as La Trrrn itself any act of eocrgy, e<fcn.to the linking <ff tmilustar, n^es.-ary to making ?rtba? rms?port an efficient protection or the persou of Costa against illegal violation. But if Mr. Costa be not an American citiicn, and not entitled to an American pass port, let the functionary that gave the passport be pun ished, and the naval officer that used for its enforcement the United States power entrusted to him be made to answer for it. I see in a letter from Athens, (Greece,) dated 27th June, the following allusion to our difficulty with King Otuo touching the indemnity to be allowed the missionary, Mr. King : ?' Mr Marsh, the American Minister, who came hero about a month ago to settle the difference between Greece and America relative to Mr. King, has just taken his de parture, after exchanging lhrec notes, and without con ducting the question to any solution. He has gone, big y displeased with our Government. The three American shins of war have also sailed from this port, one for 1 I i ples, the other for Smyrna, and the third for Constantino ple, having on board Mr. Marsh, who Is going to await new instructions from his Government." From Paris particularly we have nothing of marked in terest to communicate this week, unless it be that the number of arrests made up to this date of persons impli cated in the recent attempt to assassinate the Emperor upon his leaving the Opera Comiqut, amounts to fourteen. The polico keep the facts of the case as secret as possi ble, and hardly any thing of a reliable nature in relation to it has transpired. There seems to be close connexion between these conspirators and those arrested at the Hip podrome two or three weeks previous. It is said that the conspirators were posting themselves at small distances along the way by which the Emperor and the Empress were to pass, with the intention of firing on them irregu larly in quick succession as thev prooeoded on their way. It is said that they will be tried next week. I doubt if a regular trial of persons really guilty of an attempt on the life of the Emperor would be permitted. I think that such persons would be summarily shot, without trial, or sent to Cayenne, and the less guilty or the only suspected discharged, after a confinement of more or less duration, according to the good pleasure of his Majesty's police. WASHINGTON'S WEALTH?THE MOUNT VERNON ESTATE. Tho following extract is taken from an old book pub lished by Russell & Wert, Boston, in tlic year 1800, en titled '? Washington's Political Legacies," aud dedicated by the editors to Mrs. Martha Washington: " General Washington was at one time probably one of the greatest land-holders in the United States. Hi? annual receipt from his estates amounted in 1706 to four thousand pounds sterling. His property, at the same pe riod, was estimated to be north one hundred and aixty thousand pounds sterling, which is a very large sum in federal money, and was considered a very great fortune at that early "day in this country for any one man to possess. ?? His estate at Mount Vernon alone was computed in 1787 to consist of nine thousand acres of land,'of which enough was in cultivation to produce, in a single year, ten thousand bushels of corn aau seven thousand bushels of wheat. In a succeeding year he raised two hundred lambs, sowed twenty-seveu bushels of flaxseed, and planted seven hundred bushels of potatoes. He desisted, it was said, from planting tobacco, which wa? then extensively raised in Virginia, for the purposo of setting an example, by employing this extensive nnvins in the introduction and fostering of such articles of domestic tiso and necessity as would ultimately tend to the best advantage of country. His domestics, at the same time, were industri ously employed in manufacturing woollen cloth and lin*n in sufficient quantities to clothe his numerous household, which numbered nearly one thousand persons." SCIIOOI. HOOKS ?,f pvpry description. for nalejbj A FAltNilAM, Penn. avenue, sorter of 11th street.