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FURTHER EXTRACTS From the Family Letter? of an American Lady abroad. Paris, Mjsuricju's Hotkl, Jlly ?. It does not seein half so strange to find myself in this groat caravanserai, in the heart of the metro polis of the world, as it did to be seated in the ! Strand, the day after my arrival in London. I don't ' know why, perhaps my utter iudifference and dis gust for all sublunary things consequent upon the transit to Calais may account for my want of ex citement in being absolutely face to face with la belle den belles. Pear, dear, those two hours ! All the horrors of the Atlantic concentrated into a French ex- - trail of suffering! As we pleasantly flew by Folkestone, ?long the margin of the sea, I was wishing romantically to follow the moonlight path over its silver waters ; but how was I repaid by the treacherous beauty ! We embarked Where so many famous men and women had preceded us, wd 1 was dutifully full of historical thoughts from the times of the Black Prince down to lady Blessington, who ?sed to cross in her carriage on deck vainly hoping to ?scape the heavy tax laid by these inhospitable waves upon travellers. We were watching Albion's cliffs, of ?o'urse, and exchanging the usual original remarks in eident to the scene, railing against the wet decks, disa greeable paesengerB, and general discomfort, when our little cockle shell began to dance up and down in a most demoniac manner. I stood it manfully, or rather tcoman fuliy, for a little while; but, alas 1 for romance in ap proaching the oountry of the Gaul. Ah ! those blessed twinkling lights of the quay, and tho joy of a first step on the soil of France. It was bitter cold, a keen wind whist ling, gent <f armet, gar^ons, and custom-house people shriek- ' ing at the top of their lungs, as we made our way in stu pid and froten bewilderment to the douane. I seated myself quietly on a table to take in ond enjoy the extra ordinary and often'deseribed hubbub, and, while our chief had wildly rushed after the luggage, we were questioned very closely as to our business and general movements. Wiiother they saw any thing suspicious in the appearance of four such woe-begone miserable looking women, or that my French was not sufficiently explicit, I did not learn ; but we were very politely requested to follow a huiuier, 1 who led the way, and; before I had a glimmering of their intention, I was passed through a barrier, locked in a little room with an old woman, and then and there most thoroughly and uncompromisingly searched. For the first minute I was very indignant, but finished by chatting with my foe, and being highly amused at the incident; in deed as a foreign experience not undergone by many ladies, I rather enjoyed it. Great regret was expressed by the officers when our passport was produced, (it had been unaccountably mislaid,) and, on finding furthermore that we were official, i was overwhelmed with apologies for my detention. At Quillac's famous hotel we had our first Frenoh room, with waxed floor, a perfect picture of a provincial old fenim,e-d?-chambre with snow-white high cap ; and in the morning such rolls, such coffee, as even old Virginia can not approach. We had no time to devote even to so mark- I ?d a place as Calais, and passed many a walled and ancient town, which we will one of these days quietly stop and examine. The road was uninteresting and flat, the women with no picturesqueness of costume, working in the fields aad rowing aboat in little boats through the ditches which mark the owuer's boundary, there bflng no fences; the strips of land run back for miles, the fanners living at the far end, clustered together, forming hamlets favor able for defence "in former times. On through Amiens, where we lunched, terribly shaken and jolted by the miserable railway, which is worse, if such can be con ceived, than the one between ? and ; at last, hot, dusty, and quite disbelieving that I was out \>t America, without any prepartion of suburbs or strag gling village, we passed formidable fortification?, glided through immensely thick walls into a superb station, and nout voM in Paris. I confess to being very little excited for the first moments, but as we drove through the curi ous streets, at each step, each odd sign, the little soldier?, the blouses, the peasant caps, and the bare-headed women, 1 became aroused ; and as we entered the boulevard ItaUen, passed Tortoni's', drove through Rue Rivoli, and entered Meuxice's court-yard, my heart at last gave a throb of recognition that I was actually in fascinating Paris. After vast, sombre London, which at once impresses a stranger almost with awe, I'aris is too bright, too scat tered and gay, to present at .the first glance any adequate idea of its immensity and grandeur. It is said that one should enter Europe by France to receive the full tide of foreign emotion. To me, however, Paris much resembles New.York in bustle, brilliancy of streets and shops, eager activity of crowds, and brightness of skies, although im mediately striking of course in the contrasts of an ancicut continental capital with our young city. There being no one or two absorbing points of interest to us, as the Tower and Westminster Abbey, we began our Bight-seeing with the streets of the ancient eitd, filled with a swarm ing population principally in the middle of its zigzag tor tuous ways; then driving through the famed faubourg St. Germain, very stately and Aristocratic, and the magnifi. cent qvartitr* of modern Paris, I trying to penetrate the myeterious grille* of the grey chateau-looking houses with the great gate and courtyard, admirably adapted one would suppose to the revolutionary tendency of the pre sent day. I vu all eagerness to see the enchanthig Tuilerie? and other gardens, but alas! for a first visit by daylight; could these indeed be the Elysian fields, with bare, brown earth, not a blade of grass, formal avenues of trees and rows of benches, only relieved here and there by a jaunty honnt flirting with an enormous moustache. Fresh from the glorious London Parks, they looked dull and dreary; but what a magic change in the evening! Filled with shows, illuminated by gas, crowded with chattering, laughing throngs, smoking and drinking ; here an exhibi tion of legerdemain, a circus and harlequin, and merry go-rounds ; there a little further off a concert in the open air, to which those who please can give some sous, and to which hundreds listen with delight, bestowing enthusias tic bravo*, the only thing perhaps they do bestow in re turn for really well given songs and good orchestral music. Then there are restaurants and many a caff* where this vivid people can dance until morning. Dut the place to see certain classes of French in the height of their good bamor and fun Is at one of the often described jardint domtnU, where hundreds nightly seek the popu lar guddesa, pleasure. Sunday being the great holyday, by a conspiracy among our gentlemen friends we chanced to find ourselves on that evening at on? of the most celebrated, much to the horror of a lady <>ur Par,y, whose rigid notions were much shocked, bat who was lured on by false pretences; the flaming gas and crowds about the door made her rather suspicious, but what was her amazement, after ?trolling quietly through green alleys and avenue" where not a sound unbefitting the day was to be heard, when the crash of a full orchestra burst upon her ears, and a turn in the walk discovered to her astonished eyes hundreds of men and women gaily whirling in deux temps, to the sound 4ft a delicious band. We were at first bewildered by the glare and excitement; the orchestra pavilion was brilliairt. shedding a flood of light upon a surrounding circular area, which was raised a step for the ball-room; and here, in every variety of dress, from the exquisite of the bonlevart to the griiette and the blouse, in every style of movement, from the last finish of Cellarins, to tue capering of the Inrritrt, was assembled a crowd presenting certainly an extraordinary spectacle to our sober Sunday eyes. The women generally danced m bonnet and shawl, although many were bare-headed, and their Coiffure might be a model for many of our ball-room belles. The rnnske was very excellent, and, quite excited by one of Launer's most enchanting walties, I could scarcely refrain (Vom whirl ing in among the not ungraceful throng: the time ie far more rapid than with us, and gives rather a furious air, although nothing la soon orlieard in the slightest degree indeeorou*. There is the most perfect freedom of course in sooh a motley assemblage, but the ease and grace of manner with which they speak, bow, aud dance are perfect, and the propriety with which unknown partners are claimed and returned to the mamma's side, would do no discredit to the faubourg St. Germain. Gens d'armes are at every turn; indeed they oarry their watchfulness rather far, as one of my oompanions may remember, who having, 4 F Americain, mounted a lamp-post for the enjoyment of hie cigar and a better view, was suddenly seised by the leg, hauled down, and told that both amusements were for* bidden. One oan but sympathise in the evident happi ness of these light-hearted people; but when do thoy sleep or rest, the women especially T for we know'that they work hard all day, sometimes giving their last sous for this two or three hours of recreation. Truly the whole scene, the dimly lighted gardens, the dark, mysterious alleys, the noise of billiard balls, and pistols in the shoot ing gallery, the wild rush of a galop, the chattering in a foreign tongue, the inspiring music, the dazzling bright ness, with high above all the solemn sky, the quiet stars and soft night air, not only naturally fascinated mo by its novelty, but held my rebellious lady friend equally en chaincd. As a revelation of one phase of Pal is life, it was most strangely suggestive. You do not of course expect me to say a word about the palaoes and public buildings, exhausted as they have been in description; indeed it seems absurd to write at all from Paris, as you are perfectly familiar, from reading, with all salient points of interest; yet it would be Ham let left out not to say that I have been to Versailles. It is truly a magnificent mass of gilding and mirrors, superb saloons, and those miles of pictures! In situation, not to be dreamed of by the side of glorious Windsor; the fa mous gardens, the avenues of orange trees and covered groves of box, are so prim and formal; no nature, not a twig growing except at the proper angle; but the enormous chateau and grounds are on too formidable a scale of grandeur to be appreciated in one hurried visit. Have you not seen easts from the statue of Joan of Arc by the Princess Marie ? It is a charming delicate conception of the maid ; she stands in half armour, olasping her conse crated and miraculous sword with somewhat an hcroic air, yet full of true womanly grace ; and it is executed with a spirit and talent quite wonderful in the amateur sculptor Princess. We were four hours walking, or ra ther sliding, over the waxed floors, with thousands of pic | turus passing before the eyes like the colors of a kalie descope, for that is about the amount of artistic impres sion which one receives in this racing. Vernet's master pieces are painted by the acre, two of them filling the height and depth of an immense room, and although the figures are said to bo exact portraits, and the scenes faithful representations of the battles oommemorated, I soon wea ried of such faithful horrors. Many rooms are filled with the history and exploits of Napoleon, civil and military; and le grand monarque is repeated at every turn, with his pompous air, but gorgeous aHd regal. In the third story I came suddenly upon a portrait of Mr. Webster, and sent him a thousand good wishes far away over the broad wa ters ; and iu this same palace attic I should like to be shut up for a day, to view at my leisure all the famous men and women of every age aud many countries of this high-up collection, including Washington and Franklin. The rooms of Marie Antoinette, her chamber, cabinet, and the narrow passage through which she escaped for a few hours from her mortal foes, we stood in with silent inter est. The guides say that we walk twelve miles in going through this chateau, and I am sure my weary feet bore willing testimony to the fact; wh'en one is told that the great gallery is a quarter of a mile long, the whole dis tance may scarcely seem exaggerated. The theatre is glow ing in velvet and gilding ; but dusty now is the stage and sad the empty seats. I filled them in thought with the great Louis and his brilliant court, and the scarcely less gorgeous one of the Empire, and almost fancied I heard tire rustling robes ftf stately dames, and the murmured homage of their gallant cavaliers. A sweet cool drive through the noble woods brought as to Trianon, charming, quiet, and soothing after the glories of the monster palace. It has a home-like com fortable air, not too large for a gentleman's every-day residence, and filled with souvenirs of Napoleon and Jo sephine ; presents to him from Emperors and heroes; vases of malachite, services of china, rare tables and clocks, many pieces of furniture remaining as they were used by him aud his lovely Creole wife. Her bed-room is much as she left it, aud on a table stands a beautiful marble bust of this Empress of a day, the features expressing infinite sweetness and grace. Some sleighs, in the shape of dol phins, were odd, used in the time of Louis XIV, and al so the crimson velvet and gilt chair of Mme de Main tenon, into which I hopped, when the cross guide leaked another way. In justice I must say that this cicerone was an ex ception to French guides generally, who are rather di verting from the enthusiasm with which they dwell upon the glories of la belle France. The view and fresh fra grance of the grounds were very delicious, and I thought how often poor Josephine may have enjoyed them from the same window. From there we strolled to the gardens of le petit Trianon, associated with the beauteous Marie Antoinette; and here was her favorite walk through a grove of orange trees, of which she was very fond. The gardens are oool and shady, varied quite in Englbh style of lawn and grass, the fine trees being allowed to grow as nature directed. A little further on, in the private park, is the famous cottage where 'Mme de Pompadour transformed herself into a piquante dairy-maid, offering the King, with a rustic curtesy, afresh and foaming bowl of milk. Of course you do not suppose that two days weTe pass ed without our devoirs being duly paid to the shops, which, I verily believe, to the feminine stranger, contain the concentrated essence of Paris delight. I have seen but little superiority to New York in the style and array of tempting paraphernalia, and certainly none in the evi dences of profuse luxury. Lace, embroidery, and silks are cheaper, but the best gloves seventy cents; bon nets much more reasonable, and the very prettiest, from the most rtchercKee module, about half the price asked by Lawson in New York. 1 begin to find that it is not a law of nature that every thing Paris-made is beautiful; for I have been in most of the renowned shops on the boulc varts, and many in less noted streets, without finding just such sleeves or collars as 1 happened to want; and, al though it maj not be credited, I have seen in the Rue dt la l'aii, bonnets which would be thought laughably clum sy if made on our avenue ; they were probably intended for Englishwomen. But dear, dear, the millions of beau tiful things one dot* see, so temptingly arranged ! Even the confectioners proved too much for any self denial; and, by the way, what quantities of sweets tlfe Parisians j consume; almost every one carries her bonbonnitre, filled with pastilles, or chocolate in some dclicionsly dainty form. Even tliemeu seem to share in this taste: with the women it is as universal as their passion for flowers. Very exquisite indeed are the bouquets offered to one at every street, made of tiny rose-buds or large double blue violets, and arranged with such skill that wreaths of these delicate blossoms preserve their fresh beauty through a summer ball. The unapproachable ease of Paris boots and shoes is world-known ; but I was always heretic enough to think them ugly little boats, and I now discover the reason to be that Frenchwomen have no in step, and it is naturally supposed by them that no other nation can " see daylight under the arch." It is this uni versal neatness and freshness of the chau?>ure and i?ot beauty of feet which has given the Parisian reputation. I was not surprised in London, where the hands and feet arc enormous, to hear the shopman say to one of my com panions, who asked for gloves No. "You must be an American, dikUib but in Paris I m?u a little astonish-, ed when the bootmaker made the seme remark to her. i The graceful, winning ways of these ehopwomen havo been proverbial since the days of the " sentimental jour ney and they could make one buy a basket for a bonnet, so flatteringly do they plead in their pretty accent. " Yes," I said, " give me theso handkerchiefs ; I have al ways heard there is no resisting French women." 14 No, no, Mademoiselle, it is French etnlrroidrry which ia irre sistible." One charm about the shops, and all work peo ple, ia the prompt punctuality with whieh orders are filled; a dress always comes h"me to the minute, and of oourse there is seldom a plait to be altered, so that one i? relieved from tbat wear and tear of temper for which ia erica mantua-tsakeri are responsible. I hare come i to the conclusion that New Yorkers are fast approaching Parisians in elegance of dreits, though it is still far too elaborate, even flashy, and needs much toning dovn, while ! French dressing is ohieflj exquisite from its perfect fit ness, propriety, and unity, two ooiora rarely being mixed; and the street dress is of most lady-like, marked simpli city. There really must be something in the mere air oi Paris to make a gown fit; even among the poor, and of coarsest material, it adapts itself to the figure in a com fortable way, to make us outaide barbarians despair. But the place to see an exquisite toilette is the tbeutre; such taste, such rich elegance and variety, that I suspect thfe actresses are dressed by the modistes gratis, as an adver tisement for strangers; and one should go there to study the fashions, as well as to improve one's French accent. I whs charmed at the VarUtce, where the acting is admi rable, if that may be called acting which is only a tran script of the every-day passing life and manner. They amused me infinitely with their vivacity, and the audience was most encouragingly appreciative, oatching instantly and responding with animation to every " point." Some of the scenes were odd enough to us, but doubtless on every morning affair in Paris, where the toilette is begun ! and finished in the presence of several admiring friends, and the lover standing by, " assists" at the robing of the fair lady. The ladies of the audience were in demi-toilette, generally in bonnets; and by the way, it is an immense relief from the London custom of full dress, to be able here to drop into the theatre or opera in walking attire; for when a mile or two from one'B lodgings, after a heavy day's work of lionising, to be obliged to undergo the fa tigue of grande tenue is a heavy tax for tired travellers to pay. On our way from the Column of July, on the site of the famous and infamous Bastille, we went to the opera eomiqui, where the same life-like scenes were presented in the Bunte natural, telling, characteristic way; but to me the singing was uninteresting and miserable, the voioes thin, nasal, of that singing-through-a-comb-quali ty peculiar to the French organ. The great bronze column did not impress me with either grace or majesty. I tried" to get a leaf from a neighboring tree as a souvenir of the horrors of the olden time, but the gens d'nrmcs are too watchful of all that embellishes their beloved Paris to eonnive at suchjietty larceny. We hod capital fun during our long drive to this end of the city in the omnibus, which affords many an amusing scene among this droll people; and I have picked up a good deal of local infor mation from nice old women, who are ever ready with a kind word and graceful answer. I am too wearied for any thing more to-night. TIIE ACCEPTANCE OF THE TURKISH SULTAN. mo* TUB LOUDON DAJLT SEWS 01' SEPTEMEER 1. The following document, just received from Constanti nople justifies the assertion of our correspondent there that the note prepared by M. Delacocr, quite as much as the original note forwarded from Vienna, flutWred the vanity of Russia, and put words in the mouth of the Sul tan inconsistent with bis dignity as an independent and injured sovereign. The modifications with which this document has been adopted by the Ottoman Council of, State are contained in the notes. They arc not more (if so much) than was required to preserve appearances for the Turkish Government in the eyes of its subjects. Turkey has receded from its stipulation to have an ex press guaranty of the evacuation of the Danubian Tro unces before it acccded to the proposals of the four Tow ers ? Turkey has, with little more than mere verbal alte 'rations, adopted the language they put in its mouth. Turkey has ccfnplied with the requests of the four Towers as far as it could consistently with safety from internal insurrection, if indeed it have not overstepped that line. Turkey is therefore entitled to call upon the four Tow ers to insist upon the withdrawal of the Russian troops from Wallachia and Moldavia. The English Ministers at least stand publicly pledged to insist upon the eva cuation of those provinces; and the English Ministers must have been made to speak as they have done on this head in Parliament, if they had not in private similar unequivocal pledges from the otfier three Towers. The intentions of Russia respecting the evacuation of the provinces are yet ? mystery. Suspicious cihcum stances there are in abundance ; as, for example, the feelers put forth to try whether European compliance will ro so far as to sanction a demand from Turkey by Russia for the expenses it has incurred in its lawless ! inroad into the Ottoman territory. On the other hand, | there is the positive declaration of the English Ministers. But even if Russia withdrew its troops at present there | can bono doubt that the aggression will be speedily re newed. The mustering of troops in all parts of the Rus sian Empire, the establishment of telegraphic communi cation between St. Tetersburgb and the Black sea, the in cendiary appeals to the fanaticism, of the Russian com monalty in favor of a religious war?all these can only be meant to prepare for a speedy and heavy blow at Turkey Russia must be watched quite as jealously and closely if she withdraws from the Danubian provinces as if she finds some pretext for procrastiuuting her evacuation of them. - DRAFT OK NOTF.. His Majesty the Sultan, having nothing more at heart than to re-establish between himself and his Majesty the l mperor the relations of good neighborhood and perfect amUv ihich have unfortunately been weakened by re cent and disagreeable complications, has betaken him-*.f diligently to the task of seeking means whereby to efface the traces of these various incidents. I The Sublime Porte is happy to be able to communicate to his Excellency Count Nesaelrode a supreme Iradf, which gives publicity to the result of those labors. If the Emptrtr* of Ruttia have on all occasions evinced their ac I flcare for the maintenance of the immunity and privileges of the orthodox Greek Church u-ilhm the limits of the Otto I Ln Empire, the Sultans on their part hare n*tr refusedto (1) confirm them anew bv solemn acts which testify their old and enduring benevolence towards Ueir Christian sub f Majesty the Sultan, Abdul MeOjid, now reigning, is animated by the same sentiments, desirous to give to his Majesty the Emperor of Russia a personal proof of ! Sincere friendship1 He has listened to nothing but hi. unbounded confidence in the distinguished q?^>t?es of his august friend and ally, and has condescended to take 1 into serious consideration the representationi (2) of which hi* Excellency Trince Menschikoff has been made theme 1 dium of communication to the Sublime l'orte. i The undersigned has, in eonscquence received orders to declare by these presents that the Government of his Majesty the Sultan will remain faithful to the Utter and the 1 snirit of the stipulations in the treaties A uscvik, A amardji, (3,) and 4 drianopl. ? elatmg to the protection of Christian ir or,hip, I 14 )and that hia Majesty considers himself bound in honor to ' cause to be respected, now and in future, the enjoyment of spiritual privileges which have been conceded by the ! t ancestors of his Majesty to the orthodox church ! of the East, and which are now confirmed by him; and, moreover, to make the Greek ritual participate. In an equi- j table Spirit, r* the advantages conceded to other Christians by | any convention or special ordinance, (5.) As the Imperial firman, which has just been granted to the Greek patriarch and clergy, and which contains the confirmation of their spiritual privileges, will of coui sc be regarded as a new proof of those generous sentiments and as, moreover, the promulgation of this firman affords a guaranty which will dispel forever all fear with i regard to the ritual which is the rel.gion of his M*jc?ty thcf:.n_ peror of Russia. 1 air happy to be charged with the duty of making the present intimation. A* for the guaranty for the future, nothing will be altered in the T,s,tA^n ' Jerusalem; it is regulated by the firman Issued by the Hatti Ilumayon on the 15ih of the month of Rebbi I U . 1268, (February, 1S-V2,) and explained and conhrmed by the firmans of , and the intention of his Sultan is to oause his sovereign decision to be enrorcea without alteration. The Sublime l'orte, moreover, promises spont*neou.iv that no modilication will be introduced in the estaW Ft ate of affairs without a previous understanding with th Governments of Russia and France, and without prejudice for the various Christian communities. In the event of the Imperial Court of Russia ma g such a request, a proper locality will be assign*1 ? eily of Jerusalem, or its environs, for the erectioni c.r eJsurch set apart lor the celebration of divine> servlc . KoMian ecclesiastics, and of an hospital for ? 1 or sick pilgrims eit the same nation. The Sublime Tort* engages to subscribe a formal docu ment to this effect, which will place monts under the especial supervision of the general con aulate of Russia in 8yri* and Talestine. (The ?nder?igued, Ac.) 1. The Saltan, hm* *ovsr eeaseJ to keep? JJ maicttaanae of the Inanities and p*rH?g? of lb" P | and tliis cUcroh In the Ottoman Empire, and to confirm th?m ! mw>w by MtleKin acts, which uttested, Ac. 1 2. The oommuuioationi. 3. Of Kutuhuk and Kainardji, confirmed by that of Adria nople, rolating to the protection of Christian wunship by lite I Ports. 4. And to notify that H. M. the Sultan. 5. In tho udvuutages granted, or wbiuh iihall be granted, to i other Christian communities of Ottomau subjects. raox tub London times ov bmptkmbur 1. We publish this morning an authentic copy of the Note originally proposed by the French Cabinet and adopted by the Conference at Vienna, which has been transmitted to us from Constantinople. Few documents of a similar character hare ever inspired greater curiosity and inter est; for upon its terms and phrases bus hung, and possi bly still hangs, the peace of the world. The copy we pub lish contains the Note as presented for the acceptance of the Porte, but without the alterations subsequently re quired by the Divan. We have ascertained, however, that these alterations are of a verbal character, and that they do not include the three important changes and ex planations mentioned by the Journal des Debuts. They appear, ou the coutrary, to effect the substantial provi sions and meaning of the document so slightly that we hope they will not occasion any serious opposition or delay (it St. Petersburgh. The Note itself is before our readers, and must tell its own tult. We do not hesitate to express our conviction that this Note docs include terms sufficiently favorable to the es sential interests of the Ottoman Kmpire ; and if the delay which has now occurred were unhappily to lead to its ultimate rejection and to graver consequences, we are equally convinced that thiH ill-advised determination would have the most injurious effects upon the power and dignity of the Sultan's Government. It has indeed beeu said that this Note differs scarcely at all from Count' Nesse'rode's alhmufum; but we can find in it but very 1 few traces of Prince Menschikoff's original and obection able demands. In reality, the tenor of the Note much more resembles Redschid Pasha's own proposal, from which it is in great part taken. It is true, however, that the Note does contain two points;whichhave already b*en criticised in no friendly spirit in this country. It pro vides that the Greek rite shall, in all cases, participate in the same privileges and concessions made to other Christian churches ; and it declares that the Sultan will ; adhere faithfully to the stipulations of the treaties of i Kaiuardji and Adrianople with reference to the worship ! of his Christian subjects. I What is there in the slightest degree derogatory to the j Porte in these declarations ? The first is merely a rep? | tition of what is termed the "most favored nation" clause i in various international engagements; and, if concessions i are to be negotiated by one Christian Power in favor of i its co-religionists in a Mussulman Empire, it is not easy ; to see on what grounds similar concessions are to be ro j fused to the co-religionists of another Power. This very point was the origin of the dispute about the Holy Placer, | and that question was settled on this very principle, by i undertaking that whatever privileges were granted to | one branch of the Christiau church should be equally ! granted to the others. In reality, this engagement is of ? more value to the lesser religious con rn unities in the East | than it is to the greatest of them ; for it cannot be sup ; posed that the most numerous and powerful of these Christian sects, the Greek church, will obtain-the small est share of concessions, and all the privileges it docs ob tain, now or hereafter, will b? equally afforded to the Latins, the Armenians, and the Protestant. But the Sultan is to declare that he will adhere faith fully to certain existing treaties, and this too is repre sented as a very fatal and humiliating concession. We were surprised that the Russians ever threw any doubt on the observance of these engagements by insinuating that they had been departed from, for it is evident that Tur key has for many years past neither had the will nor the power to violate them with impunity.. But, as the most important of these treaties has already been in force for about eighty years, to ask the Porte to recognise what it has never disputed signifies no more than if the British Government wera now ia a diplomatic pote to recognise the independence of the United States. When Russia assumed a menacing attitude, having deceived and attempted to overreach her allies, and com promised the peace of Europe, we were entirely of opin ion that the most energetic measures might be required, and ought to be taken, if necessary, by the Western Pow ers to defeat her pretensions and to resist her progress; and this country was prepared to meet that danger, not from any strong sympathy for Turkish barbarism, hot from a unanimous hostility to Russian aggression. That ] demonstration proved successful, for Europe was unani mous, and Russia was reduced more speedily than had been anticipated to accept the offered terms. Id the in terests of peace, and in the real interests of Turkey, it is ? as important to prevent the Sultan from making war on , Russia as it was to prevent Russia from making war on | the Sultan. We care little for one or the other party; 1 our concern is with that cause of civilization, freedom, and peace which has nothing to gaiu from the triumph on either side, though it has much to lose by a rapture ; and we support the terms of compromise recommended I by the four Powers because they afford an honorable | path out of a difficult position, without increasing the weakness of one aide or the preponderance of the other. - ? ?? The Ritlb.?Many persons who are very expert in the use of the rifle know nothing of the principle on which it operates, and would be at a loss if asked why a grooved barrel throws a ball truer than a smooth bore. The reason!! are these: In the first place, no bullet is or can be cast perfectly j spherical. One side is always heavier than the other, and the ball therefore swerves from the right line of projec- i tion. However lmrd it may be to prove this Iheoreti- j cally, practice demonstrates it. The same smooth bore, j immovably fixed, twice loaded, with the same charge, of the sumc powder, and with balls cast in the same mould, will not plant them both in the same spot at the same distance. The rifle barrel is a female screw, which Rives the tightly driven ball a rotary moti?n, so that if the j bullet, or rather the slug, swerves with one twist of the screw, another revolution corrects the error. There are but three motions in a rifle ball?the straight i forward, the spiral, and the downwurd, caused by the power of gravity. A rifle of thirty to the pound drops its ball about a foot in a hundred yards. Rifles nre sighted, , therefore, to meet this deviation. On leaving the barrel the ball moves above the lifts of sight, continually falling in a parabolical curve till it intersects it. The point ol intersection is called the point blank. \\ bo invented the rifle is not known. Its principle was ; known to the North American Indians before the discovery i of the continent. Their arrows are feathered spirally, | and move precisely in the manner of a rifle ball. Ax Orthodox Doo.?Attending meeting last Sabbath evening for the first time at I>r. Chandler's church, in this town, 1 whs much amused to see a large one-eared dog stalk up the aisle near the commencement of the services, ?nd quietly stretch himself out on the pulpit platform. I After taking a survey of tile congregation, as if probably to see who were absent, he dropped his head and fell in to a sound sleep, perhaps thinking that was city styl . I afterward learned that this dog was strictly sectarian in his view.*, having after mature deliberation settled down upon the ihode of worship as adopted by the Congrega tionalist order, and chosen the Meadow church as his regular place of meeting. Ilia master is of the Baptist denomination, and attends church in this village. Hut the dog pins his faith on no one's sleeve. He accompa nies his master on the Sabbnth to the road that leads to Ills own chosen place of worship, and there tarns away without saying one word to persuade him that his own wsy is right and all others are wrong. At the intermis sion he calls on a neighbor, gets his dinner, and attend* divine worship again in the afternoon. At the close of services he quietly wends his way homeward, meditating upon the topic of the day, no doubt, and perhaps revolv ing in hia own mind bow much more of the true christian spirit might be shown by professors if they would but do as he doe?, worship whero he fehose* and let others do the same without molestation.?firemjHtli Qazetfa, A singular case of conscience has excited mucl\ atten tion in St. Louis within a few days. A Dr. fioernstein, editor of the Angtibtr <ir* Wffttiu, refused to give testimo-' ny before the Grand Jury under a general oath, but in sisted upon being first informed of the particular ease to which the questions were to relate, and being sworn se parately on each case. This with him was a matter of conscience, hia fear being that he might become guilty of perjury by answering inaccurately an extended and mi? eellaneous series of queries, or rather, v seems to have been generally understood, that he might become the in strument of bringing oertain law-defying liquor dealers to justice. Judge Colt, before whom he was brought for contumacy, sustained hit extraordinary demand, and the jury proceeded with the witness until the oath had been adtniuistercd to him thirteen times, when they found the process insupportably tedious, and at their reque?the was discharged from further duty. The course of Judge Colt was severely censured, and he has resigned his office. The Dntch war-steamer Amttrrifam, Capt. 8paktaki>, han sailed from Hew York for Vcne*uela, thence she pro ceeds to Curacoa. She has been at New York about three weeke, during which time many of our citisens bav??Ti9it od her. The oaptain and hia officers called at the Brook lyn Navy Yard on Saturday, and took their leave of Com modore UoAauAM and his assistant*. Tb? strangers were well pleased with their sojourn in New York, and express ed their thanks for the abilities extended to them by the naval ofhoers on that station. SrEECII OF HON. ROBERT C. W1NTHROP, At the Celebration at Groton Utiahl*, CoMect uut, * September t>, lbo3. 1 am greatly honored and obliged, felloW-eitUens, by this frieudly and flattering reception. I thank you for thio cordial greeting. Most heartily do I wish that 1 were in a better state of preparation for doing justice either to the occasion or to myself. Circumstances be yond my control, however, rendered it extremely uncer tain until the very last moment whether I should be able to be with you at all, and I have come at last upon the express understanding and condition that I was not to be i responsible for any thing in the nature of a formal or ceremonious address. But I cannot deoline to attempt i some response to the call which has just been made upon ; me. I cannot #mit such an opportunity of expressing | the high gratification I have enjoyed in being present on i this occasion, in wituessing these interesting ceremonies, | in meeting my distinguished friend, Judge Wayne, and his excellency the Governor of Connecticut, and yourself, Mr. l'resident, with all of whom I have had so many pleasaut associations at Washington, and in forming so many new and valued acquaintances anions the people of New London. Mr. l'resident, I am almost ashamed to confess it, but it is the first time in my life that I have ever paid a visit to New London, or ever stood upon these consecrated heights. It is, indeed, almost the first time in my life that I have ever passed a day or a night within the limits of the State of Connecticut. Let me assure you, how ever, that I have not come here with the feelings of a stranger. I have not forgotten by whom the Connecti cut Colony was originally led out and planted. 1 have not forgotten by whom its charter was obtained from Charles the Second. I have not forgotten what names are to be found on the roll of its earliest Chief Magis I tratos for a period, father and son together, of more than a quarter of a century. Still less have I forgotten by whom the good old town of New London was founded, or whence caipe the name, of this ancient village of Groton. For myself, my friends, 1 am a Massachusetts man, a native Bostoniao, born within a biscuit's throw of that old Mflk street corner, which will be always distinguish ed as the birth-plaoe of tho illustrious Franklin. All my persoual interests and all my present associations are connected with that noble old sister Commonwealth of yours, and with its proud and prosperous capital. God bless them! But I caunot but remember on this occa sion that, if the blood in my veins were subjected to a chemical analysis, by far the largest part of it, on the paternal side at least, would be found to be Connecticut blood New London blood. No wonder that it glows and kindles and courses with something more than its wonted fervor, as 1 finu myself inhaling for the first time this an cestral air, and treading for the first time this almost natal soil. For nearly a hundred and fifty years New London was the residence of those from whom 1 am lineally descend ed. Here my own honored father was born, about the year 17G0, and here he passed the happy years of his child hood und his boyhood, having left here to enter college soon after the death of his father, and only a few years before the very event which you arc this day assembled to commemorate. Had he been a few years older and remained here a few years longer he might have fallen a victim to the British bayonets, and his name and race been altogether cut off. Or, haply, he might have fallen a victim to the hardly less powerful or less piercing shafts oT some one of the mothers or grandmothers of the fair daughters whom I see around me, and the birthplace of his children might thus have been the same with his own. But here, at any rate, are still some of my esteemed re latives and kinsfolk, occupying the old places, and some of them keeping alive the old name, where it was orgi nally introduced more than two centuries ago. Nor can 1 be mistaken in the idea that the very heights on which we are gathered and the township in which they are in cluded derived their name from that ancient Manor of Groton which was granted to the Winthrops in the time of Henry the Eighth, and which continued to be their re sidence until they came over to America in 1030. Was I not justified, then, in the remark that I had not come here with the feelings of a stranger; and may 1 not be pardoued for adding that 1 cannot help feeling a little at home even among places and persons that 1 have never < iu my life seen before ? But I pray your forgiveness, my friends, for even al luding to these passages of personal and family history. | j I must not, 1 will not dwell on them an instunt longer. The day, the occasion, belong to other names and other theme*, and 1 turn, for a few moments, to the event which j you have met together to commemorate without another word of preface. And certainly I know of few events in the whole history of our Revolutionary struggle more worthy of I commemoration, or which present to our contemplation i incidents ef a more striking and impressive character. The 6th of September, 1781 ! What Now Londoner, what New Knglander, what American can ever forget the oc currence which ha* rendered that dote so memorable . Its details, I am sure, are familiar as household words to you all even before your memories hare been refreshed by the address of the eloquent and distinguished gentleman who is to follow me. ..... . , The British fleet entering your beautiful harbor at early dawn; the alarm and couetornation of the inhabitants; the removal of the aged and infirm; the flight of the timid; the rallying of the brave; the noble exclamation of your heroic Ledyard, as he bade a last farewell to his friends before crossing the ferry to take command of the I* ort, ?? I must lose, to day, honor or life; you who know me can tell which it willbe;" the landing of the British regiments with their gorgeous uniforms and glittering bayouets ; the repeated summons to surrender ; the final response, antici pating almost in terms, the reply of the gallant and la mented Taylor at Buena Vista, " We shall not surrender, let the consequences be what they may the desperate conflict on these heights ; the treacherous and coil-blood cd massacre of Ledyard and his little band, after they had coased all resistance against aucb (Tverwhelming odds; the wanton cruelty to the wounded ; the deliberate burn ing of New London, with all its circumstances of cowardly brutality ; all, all are impressed upon your minds and hearts with a distinctness and a Tividnes* which no lan guage can increase and which no length of time can efface. t . . One of the accomplished daughters of Jew London, let roe add, has recently embodied them all?not forgetting the angelic ministrations of her own sex to the wounded and the dying?in a hiatory which is as creditable to her own pen as it is to the people whose fortunes she has de That was, indeed, my friends, a#ad day for New London and its vicioity-a sad day for New England, andfor all the confederated colonies. And yet, after *B8 * proud day, and one which, 1 think, you would hardly be willing to spare from the historic pages of onr country^ The monument before us is, Indeed, no monument of triumph. It tells of victims, not of victors But it tells of those who have nobly dared and died in defence of American liberty. And what can any man desire more or better, as the epitaph cither of himself or of those with whom he is connected? It is a monument like that at Thermopylae of old, and it well might have borne the very same inscription. . . . ,. _ " Go stranger," was the well-remembered inscription on the stone erected to commemorate the Leonidas of ancient Sparta ; "go, stranger, and tell the Lacedemo nians that wc have obeyed their laws aud that we lie her? M It was more in keeping with the good old Puritan cha racter of Connecticnt to borrow examples and analogies from Holy Writ, and to likea her heroes to the heroes of the ancient people of God ; and most apposite and appro priate is the verse from the sacred volume which you have quoted upon yonder tablet: ?? Zebulon and Naphthali were a people that jeoparded their Eve* unto the death in the high places of the field." . But had you thought flt to borrow of the j?wels of the heathen, not less appropriate or less just certainly wou.d have been the inscriptian, " Go, stranger, and tell the American people that we have defended their liberties, and that we lie here." tll. v , Nor, fellow citiitnf, did your Laonidaa and hu little banu lie here and die here in vaiu. Fidelity to duty, fidelity to principle, fidelity to freedom, are never displartd in vain. They may be overborne and overwhelmed for the moment. They m?y subject those who exhibit them to the loss <>f place, of fortune, of friends, or of life. But the example, tho example will remain ; and ?ome where or other, some how or other, at some time or other, early or late, Its influence will be felt, and Ks power will be asserted and recognised. And I need hardly tell yo? that the event which you this ?lay commemorate, disastrous as It wastoiiew London and its ficiaity, and distressing as it was to the whole ooun try, did not have to wmit l<mg for the manifestation of its influence upon the great o%u?o of American liberty. That was, indeed, a dark day, the <Uh of September. 1781; there Is hardly a darker to be fownd in ail onr tta ?olutionary calendar. But its darkness was the mime, i ate precursor of the dawn. In just tit weeks from >'? date the great crowning riotery of independence waa achieved at Yerktcwn, and it I* matter of historical re cord that Ute naiA??cre on A1? ?8#l Wft8 lh* ? ^."3% est incitements wbich stirred the blood and ntrvetf **? arms of oor troops to strike that final and decisive M?? It is matter of tradition that New Loudon and Oroton wea? among the watch-words at Yorktown. When tht? chivalrous Lafayette, to whom Washiujga? gate absolute command in storming one of the rcdoaM^ was about proceeding to the attack, he is suid to kMK expressly ordered his party "to remember New !? don." What a consolation, what a compensation wooM not have been to Ltd yard an<l his fellow victims r*" they have been permitted to hear that order, and to ness its results; could they have seen the arms of A? ica finally victorious, and the ttars^aud stripes lifted ? last in triumph to the sky, to float evermore over a pad and glorious Republic! Let me not fail to add, however, that while the Ameri can armies at Yorktown "remembered New Lond?m?"" they remembered humanity and mercy alBO. They car ried the redoubt in triumph ; but Hamilton and Laurwa% who were Lafayette's lieutenants in storuiiDg it, werem~ capable of cruelty, even in the way of retaliation, to their eternal glory be it spokeu they brought off all their prisoners unharmed ; and when questioned how thiH they replied, "We could not, wc could not, wi*e* thev begged and cried on their knees for their lives." 1* capable of imitating examples of barbarity, (iaid 11am ilton iy hi# oflicial report to Lafayette himself, and with unmistakable allusion to New Loudon,) and fcrgetti* recent provocations, they spared every man that ceaj?& to resist.* ... - You will agree with me, my friends, that there are vm nobler passages in American history or in any InsUoy than this. Our armies on that^ day achieved a uouUaa victory a victory over the British forces, and a itol 1 more glorious victory over themselves in subduing it* base passion for revenge, and heaping coals of tire voly in the true Scripture sense upon the heads ot their ew? " And now, fellow citizens, if our fathers at Yorktowr*, six weeks only after the Groton massacre too* could forget the provocation, and hold back their from the retaliation which was within their iromed??? reach, we of this generation, more than threescore ya* ; ten years afterwards, are not assembled to-day in I of inferior magnanimity. You are not here, 1 am | sons of Connecticut, to commemorate this sad chapter M? your history with any feelings of resentment tows*h? Great Britain. Y'ou cannot have forgotten either tMV after all, it was no native Briton who commanded tht t*~ pedition which perpetrated this inhuman massacre, ioso. cannot havo forgotten that it was your own soil wlnri^ reversing for once the whole character of its nrodac*%. and concentrating all its poisonous ingredients in * Ma gic nature, gave being to that bold, bad man: who, Hi satisfied with turning traitor to his country in geneae^. made haste to signalize hie new allegiance by dealing tkiE parricidal blow at the very State and neighborhood in which he had been born and brought up. Let me B?t pollute this pure air by giving utterance to his nam*: Let it be blotted out from the remersbrancw of men L if reoallod at nil, let it only be as a warning of imagined depths of depravity and infamy into whsa&ja daring and desperate valor and a vaulting and TauigW* ous ambition may plunge a man when utterly unre.?tj*x*? ed by any thing of moral and religious principle. Nor under any circumstauces would it be worthy to employ such an occasion as this in reviving a f*^Nf ofintterucss and animosity towards those with whom aai differences upon this Bcore have been long ago scti5?4 Great Britain and the United States may continue to ka#e their little jealousies and controversies aud contenti?f?W and now and then ambitious and arrogant rneu on sides of the occau may push matters, for their own MP"?" zan purposes^ to the very verge, and even beyond *** verge, down into the fearful and fiery vortex of war. ven forbid that any such catastrophe should be wital'irwl in our generation ! But, in the long run, these two rt'gW nations must go along side by side and shoulder to t-bwm der together in the great cause of civilization aud cfcr? tianity, of civil and relig<oua liberty, or that jawejmH be put back and lost, it may be forever, let usv cherish and cultivate o spirit of conciliation and kiwiwww towards the old mother country. Let us neT<r b?a*&?me* to say, what every one of us at this momgnt f.-eU, t&??* we could havo chosen our parentage fr<*?among au ** families of tli a earth, wo would uotha^comeot e-y other stock ; we would not have sgoken any ?th?rte? guage than that of Shakspeare and Mnton andCaat^. We would not have inherited any other history ortvwH tions than those of llnnnymedc and Cbarta, ??? the Petition of Right and the Revolution of 16M. Lei realize, as we proudly contemplate our own growth and grandeur, that after all she was the mother capable of bearing such a child. hind these remembrancers of her injustice or inhumaaiq^ and revert to that old original spirit whioh animatedlw fouuders of your colony when they gave the names of*** names and of JS'tw London to yonder river and town. ?? surely as imagining that they could ever rival toe weaflm and splendor of the great metropolis of the world, bo* ? of recard and affection (as I hove seen it in the hawlwra iug of John Winthrop himself) to "their dear nntsse I country," and in honof of its famous capital. \\m No, my frieuds, it is with no view of raking opei ashes iu which your resentments towards Britain loug ago buried that you have gathered anew upon 1 memorable heights. You have come to renew yourpte4gam of devotion to your own country, and not to indulge m? any feelings of hostility towards other countries, i ^ have come to remember the valor of your own dead aiul the hoyea of your own living. The one great end of commemorations like this otyra to be and is, to impress upon our own minde and u|K?n tl* minds of our children a deeper ecnaa of the value of tin*. liberty and of those institutions whioh it cost our fuXbra* to much treasure and blood to establish. ( ertainly. i> view of such acenesof suffering and slaughter as were wit nessed here and elsewhere duringour revolutionary stru^ gle, wc may say with the Apostle Paul on eoothcr occea***v " withagreat price purchased they thisfreedom. Antinn^ it is for us to see to it that tliio great price was not !***? vain, and thatthfteatate goes down, not only umropniiw^ but improved and fortified, to posterity. We are not caUwd on as they were?let us thank God that we are not topaajm our fortunes and jeopard our lives unto the death w defence. We are not summoned to light against tb? ??? miea of the aliens, or to WTestle against flash and bM*. Rut we art called upon to confront foes by no means lessfcr mideble. Wc art called upon to contend against the tr*| tations ond blandishments of national and In lividy I prosperity. Wi are called oa to restrain and resist lAtr inordinate lusts which involve more danger to our hXerv Uea'thaa ten thousand hostile artniesor'hoatile fleets? lust*of power, the lust of wealth, the luat of office, lust of territory, the lust of national apgrnndi*eiin?mt. and, I may add, " the lust of the flesh and the }-n*eeflT life," and whatever elae goea to make up the of that corrupting luxury which liaa caused the derniiir and downfall of so many other republics before our ??* la ene word, my friends, we of this generation are s?s moued, by infallible aigaa and signals, to a atwn warfare for the maintenance of the institution# for ???? our fathers fought and bled. We have reached e~3s? our national existence, if I mistake not, ?n which a ****** recurrence it demanded to those old-fa?hioned, Cull cut, Puritan rirtues, moderation, and tampetance. ana I ,,siice .ni l -elf denial, and purity, and piety, which been ?o often and *<> admirably ilhistrated and^ pcn*? fied by your Shermans, and Wolootta, and Grisw&Uls^ and Trumbulls, and Williamaea, and of which no Odaar delicacy ahall restrain me from saying that John vtn* throp, of Connecticut, like hit father of MawachuaeW^, was among the brightest exainplea in your annals^ In this way alone can our free institution* be preserve* unimpaired, and in thia way alone caa a true, safe, v^ tional, and regulated progrt*s, the only progress worthy m the name, be promoted and secured. o Here, then, to-dvy, on thia hallawed spot, rvvwrlhe graves of your martyrs, and on thla anniversary eft wear fall, beneath this canopy, which was so lately vocal wrrt* the praises of the pilgrims of Plymouth Rock, and which you have now gathered witt hearts freshly ed and saddened by the sudden death of a most estimnMn I young mnn who had been among the earliest projec I of this commemoration, here and now let Moot renew our vows of devotion to American liberty. | the Constitution and the Union which "*?>?*** safeguards and supports, hut let us re so h o thM;^.f itkr i not given to uS as it was te some of tho^e who have goon 1 before us to die in its defease, we will at least so regulate our own conduct, and so instruct our children that the Republic shall cither from our acts or from our example. Then, no lofty coin out like that before us may be erected.m^r honor 'to tell of heroic services or sacrificca in thejM? t or"n the forum, we may at least go dow? to <mr ho^r ! with the proud oonsoiousness that we have Dean faithful to those great moral principle which lie at tW t, ?sit of all successful self-government, and without wk??k no amount or intensity of pajriotio ?nntimant ei.d ao ?ny rtCiw1 intellcCtUAl forC? 8aT" #m ladies and K?tlemen, I thank you for this kind and flattering reception, net emitting a spec ial ac knowledgment of the charintiiK serenade by which I ? sainted last night; and I pray you to acoept, m nirni, an aaaurance of mv moat earnest wishes for continued prosperity and welfare. [?In th<^ original repot* of thb parage ailu^ioe wi nwide to Dr. Gordon a sUtament of an abaolute order t rtfUoiion. Hamilton'a explicit denial of the atatim. had been forgotten.] A diaaatroua break occurred in the Erie ?'?nal on 3a day morning, wbieh it will require ten or twelve daye | repair The loe&ton of the break ia near Uuahnell'e I ' eia, ahoat ten milea east of Roeheatar.