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SEPTEMBER 9, 1854
WASHINGTON: SA' THE WBBUY WATIOW ALIHTELUGENCEH. The subscription price of this paper for a year is Tain Doll am, payable in advance. For the* long Sessions of Congrlts, (averaging eight months, )'the nrloe will be Two Dollam; for the abort Sessions 0*a Dollar per oopy. A reduotion of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of the full charge) Will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one time, lire copies of the Weekly paper; and a like re daction of 26 per oent. (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one tine, ten or more copies. No aeeotmti boing kept for this paper, it will not be sent or mailed to any one unless paid for in advance, nor any longer than the-time for which it is so paid. NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. A RUS8IAN ADVOCATE. Under thia head the Journal At Franefort pub lishea in ite number of July 27 what the Courrier des Etata Unis (from whioh paper we translate it) <mll? a yeiy prions article, but which tb% h rank fort paper did not think fit to admit without acoompanx; JTL itt8ertk% br*-"**?^w.fc-mittrttouiefTn 2^ ^ ?ne publication. Frankfort on the Mayne, our readers will recollect, is the seat of the Ger manic Diet, or Congress, where the German States are represented by delegates, and is therefore one of the most important diplomatic and political centres of Europe. We are indebted to a retired states man and friend for having our attention turned to these papers, he being still a close and enlightened observer of the .progress of public affairs, and hav ing been much struck with the force and significan cy of these two articles on reading them in the Courrier. . The following is the St. Petersburgh article : 44 The events which are taking place under our eyes have a moral side which is perhaps not less instructive. ? This is the seoond time Binoe the commencement of the century that several great Powers of Europe have coalesced against one nation. The first was against Na poleon I, who during five years had put the world In flames, marched hiB victorious armies into nearly every oapital, dethroned sovereigns in order to establish mem bers of his family, and almost realised the dream of uni versal monarchy. Europe, persu aded that she could have repose only after tho fall of this indefatigable oon oueror, rose in a mass, and only laid down her arms when Bhe had completely attained the object of her efiorts. " To-day it is against Russia that a coalition is renew ed. But what has this Power done to attraot so muoh j hatred ? Has she for twenty-five years menaced the peace of the world, outraged and done violence to her neigh bors. and attempted to establish universal dominion? That is what no man of sense would sustain, lhere is rather something a little apathetio in the Russian cha racter Besides, the form of its immense territory, coarsely peopled, the mass of unexplored riches which it contains, do not impose on this people, as upon others, the necessity of seeking outside for elements of aotivity. Ite Government lias generally given proofs of moderation; it has ever been ^e representative in Europe of the idea of order and comfcrvatism. Every timo that it has in tervened in questjps of general politics it has been for the interest of cckjiliation and of the maintenance of peace upon the bai of treaties. "Quite recently % English Minister, Lord Aberdeen, testified openly in t? House of Lords to the moderation of whioh Russia ga\ proof in 1829, after her victories over the Tnrks. and * the respect whioh she has ?***/? shown fbr thetotegr* Of that Empire, in whoBe affairs "he interfered only tiave it ft? an Egypttan incursion by an lmposttg miMttry demonstration. In 1848, while Kurone wa??P?et bra frightful revolutionary crisis, the ?3u (J?e?nmeXd not exhibit any foreign action except V opposing *he first dyke to this destructive torrent It labored to Strengthen the shaken thrones, lent to Debark the most effectual and disinterested support oare/Austria from the greatest danger she ever ran, and contributed to bring back ooncord aud peace among ? " Such are the crimes which have merited for Russia the animadversion cf the civilised world. " Beholding tJ-d?y at what price have been paid twenty years of moderation, wisdom, and services rendered to the cause of order in Europe, the Russian Government must make many painful reflections, and confess that in fact she has pursued a false course up to the present time in following exclusively in its politics the inspira tions of its sentiments and principles, instead of listen ins to those of interest. . ,, "The sympathies of Governments are variable and tran sitory ; their interests are immutable and permanent, be cause they are based upon geography which does not change ?? Within sixty years the invasion of revolutionary ideas has broken the equilibrium between these two intlueoces, affected the traditional system of natural alliances, and approximated France to England, her eternal enemy. But these factitious sympathies, due to causes quite acci dental, have in no wise altered the profound differences oreated by their permanent interests. The wrong of Rus sia is to have mistrusted this truth, to have been too faithful to her alliances of sentiment and principle, to the injury of her own interests, and to have countod too much upon a kind reciprocity. But the Russian nation is young, she has time in her favor, and the future belongs to her. If now she pays for lessons of experience, it is to be believed that she will try to profit by them. She now knows that sentiments, sympathies, principles have no concern with politics, and that overy one should think above all of his own affairs, and seek first of all his own eood, and then the harm of another. Let one of those periodical crises come, then, with which Europe is ever menaced. Russia, tranquil at home, will doubtloss in future regard with indifference those revolutions, in the midst of which no one will have tho right to be surprised if she seeks before overy thing her own advantage. ?Besides, the occasional alliances which particular circumstances have united against her are not eternal. They will be dissolved one day or other, and one is justi fied in believing that the Russian Government, enlight ened by what has just passed, will re-enter the path of her natural alliances. If these predictions be realized, they will doubtless form one of the gravest ovents of whioh Europe has been witness for forty years. For our own part we could not express our astonishment if this eventuality bad not entered into the calculations of bog land and Austria. _ " Contrary to ite ordinary wwdom, the English Gov ernment seems in the present case to have allowed itself to be led off by its passions. With whatever ability it has raised against Russia a formidable coalition, it has been wroog to add to it a refinement of outrages and violences which have profoundly wounded the Russian nation. Ab to Austria, oertainly no one could blame her for having taken as a guide what the believet to be her true interests in a question so important for her; but she should have ?pared more the sentiments of a Government in whom she bad*o often found in the hour of donger a faithful and sure ally. If from the commencement of the crisis ?he had clearly signified to the Russian Cabinet the course which she thought imposed on her by her interests that Cabinet would have been able to avoid in time the pain ful complications of the moment. At any rate, an armed mediation, boldly put in advance, would havo been more honorable and more easily accepted. But tho illusions of the Russian Government have been kept up; she has been lnlled into a security which she drew from a conscious ness of her own good faith; she has been left to compro mise herself with the Turks and her allies in a strategetic position whioh the intervention of Austria oould have Bade untenable; then, in declaring herself at the last moment, she has been forced to painful sacrifices. Whom will they profit? Certainly not the monarchic union, fruitful up to the present time in beneficial and paciflo results for the repose of the world, nor that consolidation of action which was able to keep down the revolutionary element of Europe when it came forth boiling from Franoe or took refuge in England, as in a citadel where it could quietly await the coming of a more propitious women t." The following is the note with which the Journal de Franr/ort accompanied this publication : ?' The preceding article emanates from a person who appeals in its favor to our impartiality. Unquestionably it contains many truths. Bat the Russian author appears to forget that the Austrian Cabinet has taken every pos sible step to engage Russia not to enter the path whioh she marked out by the occupation of the Danubian prin cipalities; that she has omitted no opportunity to oall the attention of the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh to the missiofi whioh has been imposed on him who descends from the ancient Romano-Germanic Emperors and to the interests which Austria has to.care for on the Danube and the Po. Russia ought to know that Austria could not consent to be placed in a position subordinate to that of Russia in regard to the affairs of the Danube; that she*could not compromise her possessions in Italy by a partiality towards Russia which would havo been inter preted by Franoe as an alllanoe in favor of Russian in terests alone. The conservative prinoiple whioh for ages has been the pivot of Austrian policy gave to this Power the ability to try every expedient to preserve peace be fore recurring to more energetic methods. If there are Russian statesmen who have considered this policy of conciliation as the sole manner in which it was possible for Austria to act,it would be unjust to aetase this latter P?wer, because it is they a^o have been dnceiv?d- -A? trla is bTT^jfJak. Those who cOua?fa off" ner weakness have reckoned without their host That ia their fault, but not that of Austria.' ORANGE AND ALEXANDRIA RAILROAD. The following is a comparative statement of the reve nue of this road for July, 1853 and 1854: 1863. 1854. Passengers, &c $5,7C8 Passengers, &o $12,017 Freight 5,741 Freight.. 8,258 Total 11,709 Total 20,275 The public will see from this the value of this impor tant road and how rapidly it is increasing in its business. THE OLD AND TIIE NEW. The present Constellation, though only rated as a sloop of-war, is capablo of throwing a greater weight of metal than her namesake, tho frigate, and is somewhat larger in her dimensions. The following, according to the Nor folk Herald, is a correct comparative statement of the size of the two vessels, from which it appears that the new one has considerably the advantage : OLD CONSTELLATION. Feet. Inches.' Between perpendiculars 1(54 00 Beam moulded 40 06 Hold to gun deck 19 OG Length on tho load line 102 00 NEW CONSTELLATION. Between perpendiculars 170 00 Beam moulded i 41 00 Hold to gun deck 21 00^ Length on the load line 170 00 The now Bhip has been built with a spar deck, on which sho will mount two 10-inch pivot guns ; on the gun deck she will carry twenty guns, sixteen G8-pounders, and four long thirty pounders, which will make her a very for midable man-of-war. Nbw Pai-br at CmcAGO, III.?We have received the first number of the Chicago (111.) Times, dated the 30th ultimo, under the editorial control and management of J. W. Sheaiian, Esq., formerly of this city. The young editor lays down his platform in his introductory remarks to the publio, and says: " In advocating these principles and maintaining these positions we are and intend to be wholly independent of all parties and men. We are tho organ of no man and of no party. We intend by all the means in our power to make the Times a journal of useful information to the general reader, and particularly to those engaged in com mercial pursuits. We have made arrangements with several valued friends for regular correspondence from the seat oF government and elsewhere, and hope, by an earnest desire ana uu wavering efforts to please, to com mand that support which a deserving paper never asks for in vain." We cordially wish Mr. Sheahan all the success that his enterprise and ability entitle him to receive in his ardu ous and responsible undertaking. Neutbal Papers.?We have heard of many, but have never yet seen one that was truly so. The Pickens (Ala.) Republican hits the nail on the head: " We were led into error in notioing the new Gainesville paper, the Independent,' as ? neutral politically.' It is Locofocally neutral, and very rancid at that, judging by its last." Yellow Fever.?The Savannah papers notice "mu riated tincture of iron" as a certain cure for this disease. A prominent physician of Charleston writes that he has treated, during the ton days previous to the 2d Septem ber, a hundred and fifty cases of yellow fever, and that of that number not one has died who commenoed the remedy prior to "black vomit." Doses vary from twenty to sixty drops, taken every two hours in water, and the euro is said to be perfected in three days. This preparation of iron is supposed to act by medicating the blood, and exerting its styptic qualities upon the coats of the stomach. If it is as invaluable a remedy as is repre sented, it will effect a revolution in the manner of treat ing that dreadful disease. Mountain Fires and Wild Game.?The recent moun tain fires in Vermont, and in New York in the vicinity of Lake Champlain, have driven the wild beasts and game from their " local habitations" and foroed them to seek new retreats nearer the inhabited portions of tho coun try. On the west side of Lake Champlain the fires have swept from a short distanco above Whitehall up along the lake Bliore for a distance of forty miles. Much of this burnt district iB a wild region abounding in game and wild animals, which have been driven into other quarters by the devouring flames. A few days since nine bears, which had been thus driven from the mountains on the west shore of Lake Champlain, crossed the South bay about two miles above Whitehall. Some boys and a womhn, who had been picking berries in the vicinity, pushed off a boat and rowed up to a large she bear which was swimming in the lake with her cubs, when one of the party struck the bear with an oar. Thus molested, the bear turned upon the attacking | party, and, clapping her foro paws on the side of the boat, she exhibited a handsome row of ivory, and made an effort to get inside the skiff. Another bear and cubs also came to the rescue. After considerable ma noeuvering on both sides a compromise was effected by which the bear let go of the boat, and the boat made a " strait wake" for tho shore. The boys and the woman went on their way rejoicing, and so did the bears. The former had a narrow escape from being upset in their ! boat and having a fight in doep wator with the bears, while the latter were probably satisfied with being per mitted to escape in safety. Some of the woods on the shores of the lake which have not been burnt over are alive with partridges and other game, which, like many of our citizens at the late confla gration, had to seek new quarters on short notice when their late looations booame too warm for habitation. __[ Tf6y liudgtl. Siiaiieful Dishonesty.?As a proof of the extensive adulteration of liquors in this country, the New York Sun says that more port wine is drank in the United States in one year than passes through the cuatom-houso in ten; that more champagne is consumed in America alone than the whole champagne district produces; that cognac bran dy costs four times as much in France, where it is made, than it is retailed for in our grog shops; and that the failure of the whole grape crop in Madeira produoed no apparent diminution in quantity or increase in tho price of wine. The Chattanooga Advertiser of the 25th ultimo say*: On Monday night the City Council of Chattanooga met, a foil board being present, to consider the question of transferring tho city subscription of $100,000 of the Wills v alley Railroad to the Northeast and Southwest Alabama Railroad and have it bona-ftde and available in three to ^Pom ?' '^e ent'r? grading, and an additional cash subscription of $600,000 to be raised for the line. After a spirited discussion, in which all parti cipated, it was carried, and the Mayor is thus authorized to make that subscription." TO TEE EDITORS. Batbsvillb, (Abk.) August 14,1864. We are suffering from the severest drought that baa' ever befallen North Arhftuws. The kills ?re burnt *| and the creek bottoms but little better off. Here aiU there in the rirer bottoms you may hear of a tolerable crop. The wheat crop was a fair one, and fortunately the oat crops were the best ever known here; still there is bound to be great suffering. While I write this it ia thundering and thiok clouds art gathering up, and. the prospect for a rain most oheeriag. A long spell of wet weather now would bring out'a great deal of corn that was planted late. . . We have been blessed with health. This entire region is free from epidemie, and indeed but tfgf csmas B&tesvllle has reoeived a heavy blow in the death wf the Rev. Jamks F. Ubkkn, of the PresbyterianChureSji wh.j -lied from cholera at Memphis. He |M of decided talents, of gre^t energy, antf'P^lod a pow&i ful infiuenoe in his oh?roh- Jfacamie College 1iofr Wfr| w CWi rnena, and Tfear his death will retard for many years its beiiyt established. j We too have just leaned of the death of Gapt Gkobgb Buckley, who was the contractor for the river mail from Aberdeen to this place. He was very highly respected by all w^o knew him, and his death, 1 fear, will seriously affect for some time our mails, whioh are now in as bad oondition as they well could be. Our elections are over. The Whigs made no fight In this Congressional district we were satisfied with Judge Greenwood, and, unless we could get a real No. 1 Whig, 1 would not consent to swap him off. In the Southern district Col. Albsrt G. Rusk, nephew ofyour old Loudoun friend, Gen. Geo. Rusk, has been elected. He is a gene rous warm-hearted Virginian; bold and frank, and with so little policy about him I felt fearful he would never succeed. By the by, our election comes off sixteen or seventeen months in advance of the time for tho member oleot to take his seat. Col. Warren, the representative at present from the Southern district, was badly treated. The Convention gave him a majority vote, nearly two thirds ; finally they took up Col. Rusk, who was not a candidate, and compromised on him. The Convention waB, I presume, (for all Conventions are,) oomposed of politicians, with here and there a small sprinkling of the bone and sinew. To crown all, this very Convention which threw overboard Col. Warren before one-third of his session was over passed resolutions endorsing his conduct as a representative to the fullest extent; in short, declaring him a gentleman, a scholar, and a model Congressman. Our Legislature will be Bob Johnson all over. I do not think there will be any opposition to him. I have heard but from few counties. The Whigs gain a Repre sentative in Independence! one in Pulaski, one in Monroe, and a Senator in White, Jackson, and Conway. Yet I have no idea we shall have exceeding twonty-fivc or thirty members of the one hundred composing the Legislature. I rejoice in the strong hope that the Convention question has carried by a very large majority. A reduction of our representatives from one hundred to sixty, triennial sessions, and free banks may give new life to Arkansas. Something must be done for her and speedily, or she will remain at the tag end of the Union. It is raining, and it is so novel a sight here I must break off this scroll to look at it. Truly and ever your friend, N. or A. Ta* Con* Caor iw Ohio.?A letter dated Toledo, Sep tember 2, says : "A gentleman just informs me that there | is corn in the vicinity that will make one hundred bushels to the aore. So far, I have seen but few fields that will not make twenty bushels, and many that will make forty to seventy. I have seen many from all parts, and they say that the corn crop is coming out much better than was expected. It is all raised and tho ears are full." Virginia and Tjcnnjcssib Railroad.?The Abingdon Virginian says: " The tract is now laid to a point within thirteen miles of Wytheville, and is expected to be finish ed to that place, barring 41 Providential hindrances," by the 15th of October. The work has been retarded by a heavy freshet which washed away a considerable em bankment. The Lynchburg Virginian says that the busi ness on the road is increasing with astonishing rapidity, the freight for several days last week having averaged one hundred and fifty-eight tons. Of wjiat Use is a Govienmiht ??This is a qucwtion which a correspondent asks and answers himself. He says a Government is a sort of necessary evil, but when it impedes the prosperity of a country in its rational pro. gress it becomes a curse. We will not follow him through his denunciations, but will copy from a Tennessee paper a few words that oonvey volumes : " It is universally conceded that one of the advanta geous purposes for which appropriations can be made from the Federal treasury is for removing obstructions from our navigable rivers and for providing harbors and lighthouses along our great lakes. In order to keep these serviceable after their original construction ap propriations are necessary for repairing, and for these legitimate purposes were most of the appropriations con templated by the vetoed bill. Hundreds of thousands of dollars have already been expended in harbor and river improvements that are incomplete and yet comparatively worthless, and which must waste away for want of the very reasonable and just appropriations for their comple tion provided for by the very bill now crushed beneath the iron heel of the Executive. Hundreds of lives and thousands of dollars are yearly lost on the great rivers of the West inconsequence of bars, snags, and other ob structions the removal of which was contemplated by this bill, and a similar destruction of life and property is yearly endured on the lakes for want of suitable har bor securities."? West Tennessee Whig. Illinois Crntral Railroad Lands.?Pew persons fully appreciate the quantity of land that is contained in the grant in aid of the Illinois railroad. The quantity is 1!,GOO,000 acres. How much is two millions six hundred thousand acres ? Neither more nor less than the dimen sions of the whole of the State of Connecticut, as fol lows: Official return of Connecticut 2,733,879 acres. Lands patented to Illinois Central Railroad...2,572,060 acres, A person or company that should own the whole State of Connecticut in fee, free of debt, with all its rooks, rivers, swamps, bays, hills, dales, and valleys, would be possessed of a good farm, notwithstanding that a very large). i-oportion of it would be unremunerative, being unsusceptible of cultivation and ineligible for occupation. The State ot Connecticut contains 369,000 inhabitants, 60,878 dwellings, 547 miles of railroad, and a taxable valuation of $300,000,000. This is what has grown up upon a " patch" of land equal to the quantity owned by the Illinois Railroad, but far beneath it in value. The land owned by the road is all seleoted for its fertile qualities and eligible location. Thero is none of it waste or unprofitable. There is no portion of it remote from railroad conveyance to the best markets north and south. It is all accessible to the most abundant supplies of bituminous coal?the whole quan tity of coal in the whole Union is 133,000 miles, one-third of which is in Illinois. The supply of timber by railroad from the north is limitless. Here aro all the elements for the support of an immense population. [ UniUd States Economist Hobrid.?One of the most fiendish acts we have ever read of is reoorded by the Rowan (N. C.) Whig. In Ca barrus county, last week, a man by the name of Holbrooks hung his own son. He had sent the boy to a neighbor's to procure something to eat, and the boy returned with out it Holbrooks then sent him back, and threatened that if he returned again without it he would hang him. The boy returned as be'ore, whereupon his fathor took him out to a tree and hanged him. Holbrooks then tied, but has been apprehended. ? ? A COREECTION OF ERROR. Editors : Sundry misstatements have been ia relation to parties and person* really not way connected with the company that holds a grant of land in what is called the Mosquito country, in America. I simply desire to correct errors that ( faff* doubtless occurred for want of authentic informa jtoa. There is not at this time, nor has there ever been, of the Cabinet, or any person connected with any official capacity whatever, interest ?414 said grant. Mr. Bokj.a?d is not interested, nor is it in the contemplation of the company to rtnploy him in My way or manner, his course at Greytown rendering idea wholly out of the question. simply add that, prior to the organisation of the American Land and Mining Company fCr the deve of the resour ces of the country under the grant, Mr. Evexett, (Secretaries of State of the 8tates,) and Mr. Ckakptok, the British Minister, infcly and folly conversed with sn ue subject, W*i8f'*efre it countenance by admitting Unit the opening of the KMfarcas pf tUazMBMuad mak log Grtytowu ? frte pifrt Would be a , beneficial not only to the commerce of Engnp4 and the Unit^l States, but to that of the civilized world. Indeed, every international and pacifia point of view in which the subject is placed would ceem to give encouragement to the enterprise. J. TEE NAVY YARD AT MEMPHIS. Congress, at its recent session, incorporated into the. Navy appropriation bill the following section: " See. 3. Aid be it further enacted, That all grounds and ?ppurteotDori thereunto belonping known as the Momphis Navy Yard, is Shelby oounty, Tennessee, be and the snme is hereby ceded to the Mayor and Aldermen of the oity of Mem phis, for the ise and benefit of said city; and that the Secre tary of the %ry order tho Commandant of said Nary Yard at Memphis ? surrender to the Mayor of Memphis snid pro perty: Provflcd, That tho accounting oCoers of tho Treasu ry, in settliig the account of the lato Navy Agent at Mem phis, shall nit deduct the sum of two thousand nine hundred and; sixty-lJur dollars and fifty-nine cents, already received by him andjiassed to his credit on the books of the Treasury Department from his salary as acting purser, provided for by an act mukfig appropriations forthenavul servioeof the coun try for thenar ending tho 30th of Juno, 1853." In ordtr that the Department might avoid mistake from an erroneous construction of the law, the subjcct was refened to the Attorney General for an opinion. The act ajcl the opinion given by Mr. Cubuinq were sent by Secrctry Dobbin to the Mayor and Aldermen of Mem phis for ^cir acceptance. The Bubetance of the opinion is this: The qfceetions arising are two : First, whether it was the intaition of the law to inolude in the cession all the buildings and machinery erected, and pubiio property of every (feecription placed at the Memphis Navy Yard for purpoifes connected with tho object of the yard. Second, whethtr the cession is intended by Congress to bo cendi tionil, or whether the provision is a distinct and inde pendent provision, afl'ecting only the action of the ac counting officers of the Treasury in the particular subject matter. In considering the first question, the Attorney General is of opiiion that the words " grounds anu appurte nances" are descriptive of real estate, and nothing else. It is plain, therefore, that the act does not cover public property of every description. Kemp, timber, iron, move able^stoies, or other chattels of any sort are not compre hended h the words "grounds and appurtenances." The persona] property not annexed to the land is not conveyed by this grant. The act is a grant of the land, the build ings on the land, as a matter of course, and all machine ry, provided suoh machinery It* attached to the freehold ?o an ?o jonaittata ? " fixtura." Whether the machinery in tkb Memphis Navy Yard be a fixture or not is to be de- I termiced by suitable inquiry, under the direction of the Secretary of tSe Nivy. As to the second question, he is of opinion that the provisions of the section are distinct in nature, and per fe jy independent the one of the other in construction. T11 connexion of the two clauses by the word "provided" is considered as an accidental or unintentional fact. " Irovided" seems to be equivalent to " Be it further en acod." So that the cession of the Navy Yard does not def nd on the settlement of the accounts of Mr. Perrin. ir. CusniNa is therefore of opinion that the two clai ies are, in legal intendment, to be considered and disj >sed of separately?the first by the Secretary of the Nai< and the second by the accounting officers of the Trefcury. [|t may be proper to remark that the Engrossing Clerk e Senate states that the provito in regard'to Mr. Pei in'a accounts was placed by mistake in the paragraph reli.ing to the MemphiB Navy Yard.] of tie R)8itivklt Dkclines.?Got. Setmook, of New York, in a letter dated the 4th instant, positirely declares that he <kunot accept a nomination for re-election. Otoo and Pennsylvania Railroad.?The business on thie load in August has far exceeded that of any former monti. We understand that the receipts have been more thauone hundred thousand dollars; being about twenty thousand dollars more than ever before. The increase over the corresponding month of last year has been more than tfty per cent.; aud the increase in eight months has consicfcrably exceeded the estimate made by tlie superin tendent of the inoream for the whole year. Freight is now rant through from Pittsburgh to Cincinnati and other Western cities with unprecedented dispatch, and a large part of the increase has been in the freight transporta tion.?Pittsburgh Qazette. Atlantic Railroad.?The Newbern (N. C.) Atlantic says that the survey for this railroad from Newbern to Goldsborough was commenced on the 26th ultimo, and that it is intended by the company to bogin the road so soon as the survey is completed, about the 1st of Novem ber. The Atlantic predicts that in eighteen months the road will be complete and the oars running. On Thursday last the farm of Daniel Jacobs, deceased, in Washington eounty, Maryland, containing one hun dred and two acres of land, near the Hagerstown a?d Waynesboro' road, was sold to Jacob Hykos for $91.70 par acre. Tlio mountain land belonging to the same ?state sold for $35.05 per acre ; also the farm of Chris I tiAn Sheiler for $47 per acre, and the farm of Nathan McDowell, to John Fox, of Pennsylvania, at $90 per acre. The Grunbll Arctic Expedition.?The second expe dition sent out by Henry Grinnell, Esq. to the Arctic ?eas, under command of Dr. Kane, was last heard from on the 23d of July, 1853, when ho was at Uppornavic, on the west coast of Greenland; but he is expected to report himself in New York in the course of next month. Should he not be heard from at that timo it will be surmised that he has decided upon spending another winter at the North. He could not remain there longer than the first of Sep tember if be designed returning this season, as at that pe- : I riod ice commences forming very rapidly. It was his plan, at last aocounts, to proceed as far north in his ship (the " Advance") as the ice would per mit during the fall then next ensuing. He would then proceed, with a portable boat and an ample supply of stores, to establish a depot at a remote northern point, and subsequently to penetrate to the most extremo point accessible. Even should he obtain no clue to the miss ing English navigator, Sir John Franklin, confidence is entertained that, with his rare scientific attainments and \ facilities for investigation, the expedition cannot be with out important results. It is expected that in the course of a few weeks infor mation will be received from Capt. Inglcficld and all the other English vessels now in the North seas. [ AT. Y. Journal of Cunmtrct. A Singular Fatal Accident.?On Monday afternoon, as a boy named Macey and a son of the late Judpe Dar culo were playing around the academy at Poughkeepsie (N. Y.) during recess, on turning a comer their beads came in collision with nuoh violence as to rapture a blood vessel and cause the death of young liarculo. The other boy was seriously injured and taken home insensible. The Trey Daily Whig understands that there is not water enough in the Champlain Canal to float boats, and that this has been the caso for more than a wcok. FETE IN HONOR OF THE FRENCH EMPEROR. The last number of 6align?ni's (Paris) Messenger fur nishes the following account of the great national fete at Paris on the 16th ultimo in honor of the Emperor of France: The thunder of the artillery from the Invalides firing at six in the morning a salvo of one hundred and one guns announced that the proceedings of the day had commenced. The weather was most propitious, the hori zon being without a cloud ; and already, long before that early hour, a number of promenaders might be observed in the Champs Elyalea, watching with curious eye the workmen who from early dawn had been engaged in completing the varied arrangements. As the morning wore on the crowd inoreased, and by ten o'clock every point which presented more than ordinary attraction was thronged with spectators. The general character of the ornamentation was similar to that of last year, and the ground principally selected comprised the Garden of the Tuileries, the Place de la Concorde, and the Champs Ely Bees, up to the Arc de Triomphe. In addition, in the Champ do Mars a vast theatre had been erected, in which the siege of ailintria was to be represented with " all the pride, pomp, ?od circu??Btance 0f, glorMMWUM^' Perhaps the beat spot to see the principal preparations a-TO? 111 tie eer.tro of tfc* 1'Uso d?U,Con corde, from which the eye could ranKfc'irithout much dif ficulty from the front of the Tuileries Gardens up the main avenue of the Champs Elysles. On eaol) Ride the lofty terrace of the Gardens was surmounted With a long range of arcades of open woodwork, representing theco lonade of a Moorish building. The whole of this vast piece of lace-like architecture was composed of variega ted rods, not an inch wide, arranged with so due a re gard to harmony of coloring that the eye returned with unsated pleasure to each renewed examination of the general effect. In the centre, just in front of the main entrance to the garden, rose a lofty triumphal arch of the eame description of open wood-work, but made wide and square, to give the idea of additional solidity. Every part of theBe constructions was covered with colored iamps, to matoh the shade of the wood-work beneath, and which were to be lit up at night to furniah forth a marvellous illumination. Round the Place de la Concorde similar erections were to be seen, all gaily painted, to match the long range of arcades on the terrace, and like them bearing colored lamps on every part of their sur face. Perhaps the Place de la Concorde never appeared to greater advantage, its space seeming almost doubled by the removal of the sunk gardens at the four corners, and the heavy wall of the garden-terrace being replaced by a light and elegant balustrade, surmounted at equal distances by Grecian vases, filled with living flowers. All up the Champs-Elyades to the Rond Point was erect ed at each side a long-extending range of arcades-similar to those already described, and, like them, clustered over with many-colored lamps. To relieve the monotony whioh might be produced by so long a line remaining uninter rupted?for these arcades were not less than three hun dred and fifty-four in number?lofty perticoes, placed at equal distances at each side, relieved the eye and added to the general effect. The fountain at the Rond Point had undergone a complete metamorphosis, its gushing waters being silenced, and over its marble circle an im mense celestial sphere, studded with golden stars, being erected, bearing a large eagle with outstretched wingB on its summit. The whole of this construction was covered over with variegated lamps, and the imperial eagle gavo promise of being at night one blare of light. From the llond Point to.the Arc de Triompho the arrangements were of a less ornate character, consisting merely of wooden stands of various colors, covered over, like all the rest of the erections, with lamps to match. Opposite the Exhibition Palace was erected a circular construction, in which towards the evening a military band performed, and at the nearest corners of the Rond Point two others stood for a similar object. All the three were dressed out gaily with flowors, and produced a most happy effect. The letter N and the imperial eagle, placed occasionally on shields disposed in various parts of the constructions, served to show in whose honor the | feU was given. In the wamp* Elys6es immense hastres were suspended along the centre alley from lofty poles placed at equal distances. In the side alleys on the right aud left similar lustrct were to bo seen, and from every arcade at each bide hung a chaudelier of one hundred lights. All these chandeliers were composed of lights of the most varied and most harmonious colors, and all, whether in the centre alley or in the side ones, were suspended from lines twined round with green leaves, each line in fact forming a long reachjng wreath of verdure." In the garden of the Tuileries, as if to form a marked contrast with the varied coloring of the ornamentation outside, the principal characteristic of flic arrangement was a certain chaste simplicity. All along the principal walks long lines of globes of glass, rivalling the snow in whiteness, were suspended from gilded poles, and in the distance gave one the idea of strings of priceless pearls. Over tho central fountain an orchestra had been raised of blue, white, and gold, the water bathing every side but that at which tho performers passed along a narrow pas sage to gain their scats. Every point or vantage-ground on which flowers could be placed was employed for that purpose, whilst the up per part of the construction was ornamented with colored lamps. All waB so happily blended together that when the spectator looked in the water flowing below he could with difficulty Bay which was shadow and which the real substance. The two otner iountains near tne palace were covered over in the centre with a raised construc tion composed of three ledges of green lamps, in the midst of which the water bubbled up all round, and then fell into the wide shret below in broken spray. Along the adjoining walks the principal style of ornament was a number of gigantic vases of the Etruscan shape, com posed altogether of colored lamps. During the early part of the day the religions services performed in all the churches of Paris in honor of the i Assumption, which fete is coincident with the fete of the ! Emperor, attracted vast crowds, and until 12 o'clock every place of worship was thronged. In the course of the morning also provisions were distributed at the differ ent Mairies of Paris to the indigent and the aged, and the directions of the Emperor wore that the allowance should be furnished with a most liberal hand. By one o'clock an immense multitude filled the Garden of the Tuileries and the Champs Elystes, the tide gener ally flowing towards the Pont d'Idna to witness the boat races, and to tho Champ-de-Mars to behold the grand military spectacle of the raising of the siege of Silistria, of which two representations were to be given, one at t we o'clock and the other at about half-pant four. Perhaps no part of the amusements of the day attracted more at tention than this representation: first, because every thing appertaining to war or its imitation is always i agreeable to the French nation, and, next, because . the sympathy felt for the brave defenders of Silis tria has been universal with all classes of the population. I The temporary theatre on which this glorious episode of the Eastern war was represented stood on the sido of the Champ de Mars facing the stands of the Jockey Club, and was of suoh vast extent as to cover a superficies of 25,000 metres. It represented the town and fortifications of Silistria, every thing in the foreground depioting the ramparts and bastions of a fortified place, blackened with smoke and shattered by shell and lire; whilst behind stood, bright and clear in the sunshine, the mo^qoes, minarets, and private habitations. A large space of the Champ de Mars was enclosed round the minno fortifica tions, and in it took place several of tho incidents of the attack and defenco. Tbe principal bastion of the place must have been at least 150 metres in length, and up wards of 1,500 performers lent their aid to impart veri similitude to the action. The military pantomime en acted on the immense theatre just described was com posed of two parts. The proceedings are supposec| to commence at early dawn, and numerous sentinels keep careful watch on the ramparts of tbe citadel and on the fort of Abdul-Medjid, which occupies tbe foreground. Bodies of soldiers are observed to assomblo on the ad vanced works, which they strengthen with the various materials lying about. Mussa Pacha, the governor of tho place, comes forward with a numerous staff and encour ages the soldiers. Suddenly an alarm is given; peasants are seen to rush in, as if pursued by the enemy; one old man describes the Cossacks by their thiok boards and long lances, and expresses the greatest terror at thoir acts of cruelty. Orders are given for every one to bo on the alert, when shortly after a body of Russians appears and the firing commences. A stronger carps afterwards appenrs, with Gen. Gortschakoff at its head, and prepares to besiege the town. The Russian soldiers at once com mence the oonstruotion of a battery right against the fort; gabions, faeoines, and bag* of earth are brought I forward and arranged, whilst the sharpshooters protected | the workmen. At laBt the assault takes place, but the Russians are repulsed with great loss. The fire ceases, ' and a flag of truoe arrives from Prince Gortschakoff with propositions to the Governor. Then ensues the scene of a large sum of money offered by the Russians to have the place betrayed, and the indignant refusal of Mussa Pacha. Gortschakoff, who is waiting outside, is furious at lean ing the result of his treasonable propositions, and give* the signal for a fresh attack, in which the Russians are again beaten baok. The Turks make a sortie, slaughter the enemy at their guns, and seize on several pieces of cannon. Mussa Pacha testifies his satisfaction at the conduct of the Turks ; his wife and children cast them selves into his arms; a Turkish envoy brings a sword of honor to the governor from Omer Pacha; it is intimated that the French and English forces have landed and are about to relieve the town; a grand ballet ensues, in which various military dances are given; and so ends the first part of the performance. In the seoond, the Russians return in force and attempt a more desperate attack than before, but which proves again unsuccessful. Prinoe Paskiewitsch then arrives, and presents to Prince Gort schakoff the formal order to the Czar to give up his com mand to hint, the new-comer. Prince Paskiewitsch inti mates that, co&tt que cotUt, he will obtain possession of the fortress, and a dreadful assault takes place. After a se ries of desperate attacks the Russians are obliged to give way; the Turkish cavalry makes a sortie and completes the rout ?f the enemy. Mussa Pacha, whilst returning thanks to Providence for the suocmof the Turkish arms, iemttilrily wonsdwd^irn ind into the anas of hi* follower*! At this frightful intelli gence his wife and children-rush to the scene of desola tion ; the dyingwarrior embraces them, and, looking round once more on his faithful officers, expires 1 Such ie & brief explanation of the representation which was receiv ed with extraordinary applause by the thousands who thronged the Champ de Mars. It is not easy to imagine any thiDg more enthusiastic than the applause given to every action of the Turks, whilst the Russians, and par ticularly the Cossacks, were received with groans and hisses. The Turkish flag, representing a silver crescent, surmounted by a star on a crimson ground, was greeted with enthusiastic shouts, whilst the yellow flag of Russia, with its double black eagle, excited great disoontefit. During the whole of the first performance of this piece small tri-colored balloons were sent off from an enclosure near the Military School, each bearing the name of a ves sel belonging to the throe allied fleets. An exhibition of rope-dancing, gymnastic exercises, and balancing then took place on a stage erected near the Ecole Militaire; and a little later the second representation of the siego of Silibtria was given, with even more applause than on the previous occasion. Before the second performance M. Godatd, accompanied by three females in allegorical costumes, representing France, England, and Turkoy, ascended in a balloon forty two metres in diameter, which was seen after a short time to bear off towards the northwest. But, vast as were the crowds assembled in the Champ de Mars, the quays near the Pont d'Hna were at the same time thronged with spectators of the boat-races. The space appropriated for the races is far too limited for a good sailing match, but that very defcot lias the advan tage of compelling the competitors to be sharp in their movements'; and, taking the confined space into due con sideration, the number of " foulings" were exceedingly few. At one time eighteen boats were engaged in the coutest, and presented a very picturesque scene, many of them being worked with considerable skill. There, was a good breeze blowing, but, as is tho case in all river sail ing, it came in " catspaws," and at times laid some of the bouts nearly gunwale under. Tho rowing matches were well contested, tho eanotitra showing both skill and mus cle. Much amusement appeared to bo afforded by that part of the day's entertainments which consisted of tho jousts on the Seine and the swimming m&tches, and, con sidering the extreme heat of the day, it is probable that many of the heroes of Silistria?that i3 to say, tho mimio place of that name in the Chatnp de Mars?would not have been averse to have changed places with the compe titors in the Seine. In the course of the day pantomime performances were given on the Place du Trone to crowded audiences, and every seat was occupiod in the Theatre Francis, the Grand Opera, the Opera Comique, the Palais Royal, the Gymnaae, the Porte St. Martin, the Varletes, in all which, theatres th^ performers gave their best pieces, and were listened to with a decorum and appreciated with a surety of taste which the population of no other city in Europe could display. During all this early period of the day the Tuileries Gardens and the Champs ElysGes were so crowded with promenaders that one could almost imagine that all Paris had thronged to thiB part of the capital; but, in reality, every point where amusements were given was equally crowded, even to the booths and merry-go rounds under the trees at each side of the Champs Ely sees, which, during the whole day, bad so long a succes sion of guests as must have afforded them a most satisfac tory harvest. ? Towards six o'clock, as the human tide was veering round from the Champs Elysdes to return home and seek refreshment, the cannon of the Invalidcs thundered forth its second salute of 101 guns, to intimato that the day fete had reached its termination. Perhaps the crowd thinned a little at this period, though certainly not very perceptibly; and when, in about two hours and a half after, the tide again flowed baok, how splendid was the illumination that greeted the eye in every direction! The whole of the garden of the Tuileries, the Place de la Concordo, and the Champs Elys6es were lit up in the most magnificent manner, all the colored lamps having, as it were, at once changed their character, and shone forth as rubies, diamonds, emeralds, topazes, and other precious stones. The grand avenue of the Champs Ely sues resembled an interminable ball-room lit up with long lines of magnificent chandeliers, all varying in color* and eaoh equal to its fellow in beauty. The cords of verdure, which had appeared so graceful in the daylight, had now become invisible, and euch largo lustre seemed uelf-poised in the dark biite atmosphere. In the same manner the lustreB under the long line of arcades appear ed held aloft by some magnetic power, the spectator being less occupied by their surpassing brilliancy than by tho strangeness of their unsupported position. The large sphere at the Rond Point was studded thickly with blue lights to represent the firmament, and the huge eagle above was one magnificent blaxe of light. The eyo almost ached at regarding so vivid a blaze of continuous illumi nation, And expressions of admiration were universal. Occasionally, too, might be heard an expression of re gret that the Emperor was not present to witness bo mar vellous a scene. The lighting up of this immense mass of lamps occupied not more than forty minutes, the per sons employed being about 2,000. I The spectators had scarcely time to admire the bright soene of beauty thus presented to them when, soon after nine o'clock, the signal rocket announced that the dis play of fireworks was about to commence. The moment after a shower of rockets roso in the air opposite the Pa lais of tho Legislative body and burst into stars of every color of the rainbow. No sooner had they disappeared than flights of Roman candlcs, serpents, and other speci mens of pyrotechnic art wore exhibited for several raio utes, until.the time arrived for lighting up the grand die play of the evening, namely, an exact representation of what the Louvre will be when completed. In tront of th? mimic palace stood an equestrian statue of the Emperor Napoleon I, having on either side immense allegorical figures of War and Peace, flanked by columns surmounted by an eagle with wings expanded. The appearanoo of this picce when fully lighted was grand beyond descrip tion, and drew forth a rapturous burst of applAse from the assembled crowd. It was a chef <fceuvr* of pyrotech nic skill, and reflects the highest credit cn the artist who designed and executed it. As soon a3 this part of the display had disappeared other flights of rockets succes sively rose, and were followed, as a fipale, by the bou quet, which certainly, from its duration and the variegat ed fires of which it was composed, may be .declared fully worthy of the encomiums which were lavished on it. Fireworks were also let off at the Burriore du Trone and at Bercy, and the extreme fineness of the night tended to render tbeui quite successful. At night the public offices and a great number of pri vate houses were illuminated. The Hotel de Ville, which during the day had been dressed out with flags and other ornaments, was at night one blaxe of light, its front hav ing nn illumination in gas of the French lino-of battle ship tho Ville de Paris. The column in the Piaoe Yea dome, the railings of which were during the day orow mentcd with innumerable bouquets of flowers, was orna mented at its summit and at its base with lampirne, which, however, did not produoe tho effoct which was probably expected. Looking at the f&te in its ensemble nothing couid be more successful. The people, according to the orders of the Emperor, were left perfectly masters cf the wholo of the spaoe on which stood the erections raised for their amusement. Scarcely a soldier was to be seen any where beyond a fow weak patrols sent out occasionally, rather to show the world that the authorities were not neglectful of their doty of watching over the general safety th.ui for any other purpose.