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?? Liberty and Uulou. now md forever,one and Inseparable." WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1854. SECTIONAL AGITATION. When, a few clays since, we deemed it our duty to make an appeal to the reason and cool judgment of our readers,not to yield themselves to sectional parties, nor to give encouragement for a moment to measures caleulatcd to impair fraternal feeling among the citizens of different sections of our favored country?to do nothing, in short, by which the spirit of compromise might be destroyed?we did not expect to please the partisan whose daily theme is found in appeals to the passions, nor the carping political gladiator who is always watching au opportunity to give his adversary a blow. Wc addressed our views to the sound-thinking and pa triotic men of the country, those who believo it better to promote the great and abiding interests of the nation at large than to achieve a party triumph. We were not, therefore, surprised to find several of the most violent of th<- Democratic presses search ing out points of objection and attributing motives and feelings improper and unworthy. We avoid controversy with print-, however respectable, which deal in unmerited imputations. We can have no other object than to advise our readers of the true condition of affairs throughout the country, and we consult our own sense of right aud justicc when we warn our countrymen of the danger of sectional strife and of disturbing anew the repose of the country by needless agitation. When, therefore, the mere partisan prints' which labor for a section, aud oannot see, or will not acknowledge, merit in any other, find fault with us, we feel sure that we have struck a national chord and shall have the approval of the wisest if not the most patriotic men of the country. THE COMING ELECTIONS. Among the Western Whig members of Congress whom wc are glad to see proposed for re-nomina tion is the Hon. John L. Taylor, of Ohio, who, though yet a young man, has, by his ability, inde pendence, attention to business, and gentlemanly bearing, won an enviable character in the National Legislature. That sterling Whig, too, the Hon. itlcnARD Yateh, of Illinois, who, though only in the second term of his service, has shown himself so worthy of the favor of his constituents, we arc gratified to see has been nominated for re-electi'on. But, if we have the promise of the return of many good men to the next Congress, wc are pained at the prospect of losing one whose place in all that is valuable in a legislator it would be hard to fill, and whose withdrawal may be regarded a public loss: we mean tho Hon. Joseph It. Chandler, of. Philadelphia. He wa^ not nominated by the ? Convention of his party for re-election ; why, wc canuot conceive. All that we know is that he de clined to permit his name to be presented to the Convention, under the idea, or knowledge, perhaps, that there were political elements in the body ad verse to his re-election. Whatever the cause, the cffect is deeply to be regretted. THOOPS FOR THE FRONTIER. The Houston (Texas) Telegraph of the 26th of August contains a proclamation of Gov. Pease, calling for volun teers to meet a requisition made by Gen. Percifer F. Smith, commanding the department of Texas. The call is for six companies of mounted men, to be mustered into the service of the United States on the first day of No vember, 1854, for twelve months, unless sooner discharg ed ; each company to consist of one captain, one first and one second lieutenant, four sergeants, four corporals, two buglers, one farrier, and seventy-four privates ; each man to furnish bis own horpc, equipments, and arms, and to be furnished with ammunition, forage, and subsistence by the United States ; the pay to be dependant on an ap propriation by Congress, which meets in December next. The Governor, deeming it desirable that each section of the State should have an opportunity to furnish a portion of said troops, divides the organized counties of the State (except El Paso, which lies too remote to far nish men in the time allowed) into six districts, from each of which one company will be received. No one will be received unless he is able-bodied, supplied with a good horse suitable for an active campaign, a good rifle, and a brace of pistols or a Colt's revolver. The Telegraph states that Capt. B. 0. Payne has al ready raised a company at Galvestoa. The object of this sudden call is to repel Indian incursions. No more Lands to he Reserved for Railroads.?The following letter from the Secretary of the Interior, ad dressed to the Hon. Airbed Iverbon, gives the conclu sion to which the Department has come in reference to public lands reserved for railroads. Wc find it in the Columbus Times of August 150: Department or the Interior, Aco. 25, 1854. Sir : In reply to yourB of Ae 21st, requesting that the President will withdraw from sale or private entry the land within a belt of twelve miles on each side of the proposed Mobile and Girard Railroad, I have to state that the whole subject of the withdrawal of lands for railroad purposes has recently been fully examined and considered, and that it has been determined, with the approbation of the President, to bring into market with as little delay as practicable all land? heretofore withdrawn for such roads as have not been favorably acted upon by Congiess, and to decline hereafter to withdraw lands for such purposes until after the grant shall have been actually made. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, R. McCLELLAND, Secretary. Hon. A. Iversox, Columbus, Ga. Forty Years.?This day is the anniversary of the de parture of the invading British fleet from the upper Po tomac. The reception given it as it passed the White House and Indian Head by Commodores Porter and Pkrry is fresh in the memory of many now living. Reduction in the Prick or Guano.?The agents for the sale of guano in Baltimore have given notice of a coa bidcrable reduction uf prioe. This will be hailed with juy by the farmers withia reach of the article. Rye for Pasture.?That there will be a scarcity of grfcen food for cattle the coming winter can scarcely be doubted. jt is recommended to sow large quantities of rje, which makes excellent fall and spring pasture, and yields its?eeed besides, if not cropped too close. The Mkmvhis Navt Yard.?The people of Memphis, Tennesset*, held a meeting on the 20th ultimo on the sub ject of the action of Congress ia ceding to ihat city the navy yard and its appurtenances. TheWhigsays: "The discussion on Saturday night has had the effect to satisfy the public, or at least those who doubted before, that the effort to arouse a favorable public sentiment in our behalf at the South is visionary, and that there remains to us not the slightest hope of any future beneficial Congres sional action.'' A vote of the citiiens was to have been taken on the Hnbject on the evening of the 28th ultimo. Th* Niw Governor or Cuba.?A letter from Havana of the 29th ultimo says: "Much gratification was ex 4 pressed by the Habaneros at the appointment of Gene * rai Conqha as Captain General, and great preparations ? are on foot for his reception.' an ADM18SI0N. The Richmond Enquirer admits that " a small portion of those heretofore acting with the Northern Democracy are tainted with fanaticism." Wo should like to be able to refer to the comments?nay, the indignant rebuke* they must have been?of the En quirer when it received and read the following reso lutions of the great Democratic Convention of Mas sachusetts in 1840. This Convention was stated at the time to have been a very large one. It met at Springfield, and the Hon. B. I*. Hallistt, now United States Attorney, offered the resolutions. The editor of the Boston Post, now a Government officer, was also present; and, as the resolutions were penned unanimously, he could have made no opposition to them. Here they arc: 1. Resetted, That we are opposed to slavery in every furm aud color, and in favor of freedom1 aud free soil wherever man lives throughout Gijd's heritage. 2. Resolved, That by .common law and common sense, as well as by the decisions of the Supreme Court ol the United States, (in Prigg vs. Pennsylvania, 10 p.c,e"<) " the state of slavtry is a mere municipal regulation, jounded u/iun und limited to the verge of the lerritotU\l law; that is, tho limits of tho State creating it. , 3. Resolved, therefore, That as slavery docs not exist by any municipal law in the new Territories, and Congress has no power to institute it, the local laws of any State authorizing slavery can never be transported there, nor can hla^cry exist there but by a local law of the Tern tories, sanctioned by Congress, or the legislative act of a State in its sovereign capacity. , . 4. Resolved, That we are opposed to the extension of slavery to free Territories, aud in favor of the exercise of all constitutienal and necessary means to restrict it to the limits within which it does or may exist by the local luws of the States: but? . 6. Resalved, That these sentiments are so universal at the North as to belong to no party, being held in common by all men north of a sectional line, while they are repu diated by most men south of that line, and therefore can not be made a national party test. ^ ^ Judging from late events, " these sentiments, which were then " so universal at th# North," have not been altogether eradicated from the Democracy. We shall wait with some degree of patience to see how they dispose of their former " sentiments." Arrest of Capt. IIollins.?Some of the pa pers doubt whether Capt. Hollinb can be held personally responsible for the destruction of the goods and merchandise ot Calvin Durand at tirey town. Do they remember the case of Harmony a Co., in which a recovery was had against Colonel Mitchell, of the army, for the seizure of their coods in New Mcxieo ? In the latter case there was a declared war, and Gen. Taylor gave the or der : in the present case there was no war by the proper authorities. But the Government will scarcely seek to shun a proper responsibility. Homestead Bills.?Some of the Western politicians seem to be wilfully ignorant or more than ordinarily wick ed. They aesert that homesteads have been granted in Kansas and Nebraska to actual settlers, and that a gene ral homestead bill had also been passed. The first state ment was corrected by this paper several weeks since; the latter is of more recent invention, but has had the effect of depreciating land warrants. It is true the gene ral homestead bill-passed the House of Representatives, as every body ought to know who reads at all, but it was superseded in the Senate by the Graduation bill of Mr. Hunteb, and the latter was never taken up in the House. The assertion that the Homestead Bill was passed iB used by brokers to depreciate the value of land warrants. Those documents arc so hedged round with restrictions and precise rules of transfer as to render a large number of them valueless. What is the proper course to restore a warrant rendered defective by improper endorsements? [Rochester Democrat. The form of assignment is certainly very simple; but if mistakes are made it is easy to attach a pro perly prepared transfer and let the old one staud, or cross it over with the pen. Of What Complexion ??In answer to the charge that the Saratoga Fusion 'Convention was a Whig affair, the Rochester American says : \ . ?' The Anti-Nebraska Convention was no more Whig than the Temperance Convention was. nor than the State Agricultural Fair will be. Not one .of its active promo ters is a Whig, so far as we have knowledge. The call was expressly to men of all parties opposed to tho repeal of the Missouri restriction. The Whigs quite generally, while sympathizing with its impulses and avowed objects, were afraid it would distract and perhaps divide their I party by proceeding to nominate a State ticket. And as the call was signed by men of all parties, so it was addressed to men of all parties, and responded to by all. " We do not believe a majority of its members at any time were Whigs. Its President was Vice Chancellor McCoun, a life-long Democrat. Among its members were Preston King, E. F. Ballard, the Rev. Adolphus Skinner, Judge Allison, of Rockland, Hiram Barney, George 1. Benedict, and scores more of life-long Democrats ; also, Leonard Gibbs, John Snow, Dennis Harris, Joshua Lea vitt, and more than a hundred other anti-Whig Aboli tionists." This Convention is to be re-asBembled on to-morrow at Syracuse. It will soon speak for itself. The W higa hold their own Convention on the 20th. Coming to tub Point.?The Chicago Journal wishes to know from Senator Douglas why Cape Fear river is a constitutional stream and Illinois river is not ? Perhaps there is no port of entry on the latter. Throttling.?In one of the districts in Indiana the candidates for Congress have had each other by the throat. The cause seems to have been tho difficulty of swallowing some of the inconsistencies of the incumbent. Singular.?It is stated as a significant fact, showing the chaotic state of the Democratic party in that quarter, that there is not one out-and-out Administration paper I printed in the city of New York. Tho True Democrat, the " last link," has dissolved the bands. Who Gains ??There seems to be a continuation of the pleasure afforded seme of the Democratic editors at the North in the fact that the new Territories arc not likely to tolerate slavery. The Neie IJaven Courant very perti nently reminds its neighbor of the Register of the useless ness of the slavery agitation last winter. Thus : ?? The Whigs, in Congress and out, resisted this repeal, and they are told by the Register that slavery cannot exist in Kansas. If slavery cannot exist there, of what use was the repeal ? If there was nothing gained to slavery and nothing hoped fa*, why was this ' Democratic measure' introduced to create a new agitation on an al layed subject! Where was the use to commence such an agitation, but to buy Southern votes for the Presidency and to secure fat offices to the newspaper supporter of the measure 1 If slavery cannot exist in Kansas, it was a mockery to say that it might be allowed to enter. If it can exist there, it was a flagrant violation of public faith to repeal the provision made for its exclusion." Maine.? It will be recollected therfc are three candi dates in this State for the office of Governor?Albion K. I'aubih, of the old line Democrats; D. L. Morrill, of the dissenting Democrats; and Isaac Reed, on the part of the Whigs. There have been efforts for some time past to induce the Whigs to support Morrill, but they cannot understand either tbre necessity or propriety of deserting their old standard. The Portland papers contain a call, signed by more than a hundred prominent citiiene, for a meeting to adopt measures to insure the Buccess of Mr. Reed. The Democrats, find it convenient to be very toler ant in regard to Nebraska. It is a dangerous issue in that quarter. _ Death or a Distinguished Armt Officer.?We regret to learn that information has reached Washington of the recent death of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel John McClel land,' of the Corps of Topographical Hcgiaccrs, at Kuox yille, Tennessee, of cholera. Col. McC. waa the brother of Secretary McClelland, of the Interior Department. He leaves a widow, formerly Miss Walrer, of this city, and a family of children, all of whom are now at Piney Point.?Star. The editor of tho Springfield Republican saw a day or two since in that city a fair haired, interesting looking boy of some six or seven years helplessly drunk, in the act of being lifted into a wagon by his father, and rolled under the feet of a drunken companion. MR. HUNTER'S LAND BILL. " From the way a number of the democratic organs of this State are paying their respects to Mr. Humtbe and his land bill we might infer that the Virginia Senator will have a troublesome account to settle with a large and very indignant portion of his Democratio constituents^ We have already quoted largely from numerous Demo4 cratic papers, iu which the distinguished Senator is se?' Yerely taken to (ask for his late heinous transgressions against the venerated principles of the Virginia Democrats on the land question."?Virginia paper. We have ourselves copied from the Virginia papers some of the animadversions on Mr. Hun ter's bill, but we must say that the honorable Se nator hardly receives fair play at the hands of those of his party in Virginia who have attacked him so violently for the measure which he introduced as a substitute for the " Homestead Bill." They ought to recollect that, however inconsistent with Mr. HuNter's former opinions the scheme of his gra duation bill was, it was the only measure by which he could avert the passage of the prodigal " home stead bill." It was with him, we presume, simply a choice of evils, and in that light alone it ought to be regarded and the author of it judged. It had the effect at least to arrest the mischievous squan dering laud bill, and that alone ought to screen its author from censure. " ANOTHER MISSISSIPPI OF EXTRAVAGANCE." This figure of the Union newspaper, in regard to the veto of the river and harbor bill, excited our curiosity. If another " Mississippi" be apprehended, surely there must have heeu a first " unlocking of the strong doors of tho TreasurjSun tho way of 44 extravagant appropriations for all sort# of river ?n<l harbor objects. ' Upon looking back at thWrecord we find the account to stand thus: Under Mr. Adams's administration (4years) $2,310,476 Under Gen. Jackson's " (8 years) 10,582,882 Under Mr. Van Buren's " (4 years) 2,222,644 Now, it is not exactly 44 backing one's friends," this bringing to mind the extravagances of the Jackson era, for in no other, that wo can disoover, were ther< such large appropriations for rivers and harbors. Do the con ductors of the Union take it for granted tiat all their readers have bad memories ? Some time last March, if our memory serves us, the Washington Union announced tho New Hanpshire elec tion with the exuberant flourish of 41 Behold, iow bright ly breaks the morning I" A correspondent vshes us re spectfully to inquire of tho Union whether .he morning which so brightly dawned upon its dazzled vision still shines, or whether it was not somewhat in tie condition of the young sluggard who, when reminded ly his more wakeful companion that day was breaking, gruffly re sponded, 44 Let the concern break ; it don't (ire mo any thing ?"?Loston Atlas. Too Much Freedom.?The Charleston Mercuy, in com menting on some of the Northern notions abou 44 univer sal liberty," 44a great free Democratic Repujlic," &c., expresses its apprehension of somo awful calanity to the South. It is impossible (the Mercury says) a pcruso the articles under notice, and indeed by far tie largest portion of tho productions of the Northern presi without realizing the just satire of Carlylo: 44 To such an extreme length is this Deiuocritic ten dency going, that liberty, self guidance, is dtnanded for the lowest slaves, for those needing most of til to be governed. And by and by we shall even hear of ih? emancipation of horses; old Sorrel will get some lotions of personal liberty, and will refuse to help farmer Oodds plough his field ; but woe to old foolish Sorrel when prin ter comes, and he finds that the revolution which he has made has cut off his supply of oats." Rain in the South.?On the 25th of August tie Mobile (Ala.) Register had what it called a stereotyped phra3e, ''it rained yesterday," aud added: 4' Indeed, the floods of sky-water have been >o over whelming that scaffold poles are constantly floatiig down the gutters, and the wooden bridges have obeyec a gene ral notice to move. But these are buoyant matters, and not unusually seen afloat; and the flood of yesteiday and Wednesday sought a vaster triumph in an unteard-of achievement in water-works, and absolutely begun to float off the huge granite curbstone from the northwest corner of the Battle house, on Royal street." * Shall there he a Famine??In noticing the great drought in some parts of the country, the paper* give a gloomy picture; but we are glad to find the calamity las not been a general one. The speculators upon the44 aafl' of life" arc all interested in keeping up the imprcssioi of a scarcity. We give an encouraging item : The C'roph in Noam Carolixa.?A letter from Raldgh to the Petersburg Intelligencer says : 441 have trarlcd extensively over the Old North State thjs summer, ind was pleased to seethe crops so luxuriant, asagecral thing. Tho wheat harvest was very large, I learn. The cotton and tobacco look pretty well; indeed, every tiing promises to afford the agriculturist the richest reward for his labors." Tub Crops?Official Statistics.?The United Shtes Economist is inclined to think that there is a disposiion to greatly exaggerate the loss by the failure of the ciops and to promote an unnecessary and hurtful alarm. The damage done, it says, may cause a diminution of the quantity that can be exported, and may sustain ptces for the year above the level they usually range aft<r a year of high prices like the last, but that is the *>rst consequence to bo expected. It is very evident, fronr the great general interest cxcited and the vast conuequmces which depend, iu a commercial and financial point of 'iew, upon the actual products of the soil, that the mos im portant service which Government could do all braiohcB of industry would be to institute an independent bireau by which accurate and reliable returns should be nade annually of the breadth of land and acreablo yield )f all crops. All the great interests in the country, rakroad, shipping, importing, manufacturing, and all small trades and traffic, are dependant principally upon tho agricul ture of the country, and it is to the last degree important that full information upon that subject should be attain able. The population of the country is constantly in creasing, aud with that inorease the proportion of food buyers to the whole mass is increasing; as a consequence, with shortened harvests tho proportions of their earning* that must be appropriated to food increases, involving lessened consumption of all other comforts and necessa ries. It followB that there is less demand for these things and diminished profits to those who manufacture them. Every possible branch of industry is affected by tho food question, and there is no possible application of Govern ment action that would confer such universal benefit as information upon that subject of such vital importance to all.?Iialtimore American. The Pennsylvania Canal.?The remarkable fact is stated that, notwithstanding the long drought has re duced the Allegany river to a rivulet and put a com plete embargo on steamers, it has made bo impression on the canal. Tho Pittsburg Journal speaks of the great advantage derived from the Johnstown Reservoir, a feeder for the Western division. It had eighty feet water at the commencement of the season, and yet has forty-eight, enough to keep the navigation unimpaired for six weeks j longer. The forwarding houses have boen doing a large business en the canal. i Fbavoi* B. Habersham, late associate editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer, died at his residence in Brooklyn a few days since of typhoid fever, after an illness of six weeks. He was a native of Georgia, and descended from one of the oldest families of that State. He gradu ated at one of the Philadelphia Medical Colleges, but, after several years of Southern practice as a physician, abandoned the profession and became an editor. Teatbllihq Sooth.?The bearing of the snn south wardly is very apparent, and we are fast approaching the winter solstice, notwithstanding the overpowering heat. The days are now fully two hours shorter than on the 22d of June. Tournament ami* Fanct Ball at Joedab's SrEi*os, (Va.)?On Tuesday, the 12th of September, the grand tonrnament, and on Wednesday, tho 13th of September, a fancy ball wilt take place at this celebrated and now numerously attended watering place. The company now iu attendance is said to be unusually large. A Collsctoe Dead.?John Lynch, Esq., Collector of the Port of Richmond, Virginia, died at the Huguenot Springs on Friday night last Steamke Tottbn.?This steamer was sold on Friday, at Norfolk, under an order of the United States District. Court, for $16,100. Mr. Hall, of New York, was the purchaser. PETERSBURG DEMOCRACY". The Democracy of th? 44 Cockade City," moved thereto l^he bustle all around them, (and it ia not often they vehiad in any thing.) have held a meeting on the ot of a candidate for the office of Governor. The ntions adopted on the occasion were prepared by a bittee, of which Mr. Richaed K. M*ad* (quondam B) the chairman. These resolutions inculcate ^asterly inactivity," and declare that a party in a ijority owes it to the community 44 to-consider well and reflect maturely on every act of importance which it is neccssary to perform." This is certainly a safe and sage suggestion. 6 j They further deolare that the appointment of a Gover nor, &c. is " an important and a responsible duty," and that " the selection of candidates should not bo hastily Bade, and not until the public mind has had time to act tnd make up a deliberate judgment." This, too, is sound. And all that we can gather from the proceedings of the - etersbnrg meeting is that they are not ready for a con tention in October. They prefer to hold one at Char lottesville on the 22d day of February next, and in the mean time county meetings are to be had in reference thereto. Ihe resolutions use tho old orthodox club to beat down all new conoeits, and rely on "the celebrated report of Mr. Madison on the alien and sedition laws" as a test of true Democracy; and, in regard to the "Know-Nothings," who seem to have invaded the saored soil of the 44 Old Dominion, ' the Democracy of Petersburg also rely on "the act establishing religious freedom penned by the llustrious Jefferson." As these sacred safeguards of the Democracy are by 30 means abundant in the libraries of the "faithful," we may expeot to hear that some enterprising bookseller undertaken to make them familiar as " household words ' to every man, woman, ana child, on th<? s-?-th Side at least. The Democracy of Staunton have also held & meeting, and promulgated some tolerant views in regard to their brethren. They, too, have recurred to 41 first principles," and find something in the 41 early action of our fathers'" against giving away the public land. They also favor 44 civil and religious liberty," and are against secret or ganizations. They are against the premature call of a convention, and hand the subject over to the 44 State Central Committee." It may not be out of place to remind the public that the term of the present incumbent of the office of Gov ernor in Virginia will not expire until January, 18.1(i. DESIGNS UPON MEXICO. A telegraphic despatch of Monday night from New i'ork referred to a meditated movement against a Mexican war steamer now fitting out in that port. The subjoined ar ticle goes somewhat into detail : VROM Till SEW TOBK EVENING POST OF y EI'TEMBER 4. The beautiful little war steamer Santa Anna, built by Wostervelt and Company, is attracting a good deal of at tention at the foot of Gouverneur street, East river where she is getting ready for her departure lor Vera Cruz. She is pierced for fourteen guns, though she will, only mount ten. These guns are 24-pounders, and they give the steamer a formidable appearance. Her officers and crew consist of citizens uf the United States, and, with the ex two'yoare ^ Captuin' tlieir CDgaSem?-'ntfl are made for If the rumors in circulation, however, are to l?c believ ed, Uen. Santa Anna will never see the pretty little craft bearing his name among the vessels of his navy. It is said that Gen. Alvarez, the opponent of Santa Anna, is now in this city, en-aged in fitting out an armed expedition against the present Mexican Government. Ihren or four vessels have been named as connected with this business, and among others the propeller steamer Benjamin J-ranklin, which was formerly engaged in the trade from New \ ork to a Southern port. She has on board ten thirty-two pounders and all the ammunition required for a naval engagement, if such a thing should become necessary. It is further rumored that the will sail from this port several days before the Santa Anna, and take the latter vessel at sea. Her officers and crew consist of Americans, all of whom are to bo liberally rewarded in case of success. The other vessels of Alvarez's party are said to be a ship, brig, and schooner. They arc preparing for sea at some point on tho North or East river; but the work is discovered B? 8eCretlj that the Precise locality cannot be Gen. Alvarez, though supposed to be in Mexico worry ing ^anta Anna, it is stated was seen in this city several evenings last week. The most interesting rumor of all is fripnri? w".C0?8tan.tly in company with Santa Anna's mend.. This has given rise to a suspicion that Alvarez will make au easy conquest or the war steamer after her departure from this port. It is even intimated that there is an understanding between the opposite parties to unite at sea and place the Santa Anna in possession of Alvarez Some of the seven millions of dollars paid by the Unit ed States to the Mexican Government for the Gadsden grant will likely bo carried to Vera Cruz in the Santa Anna, and this ia also said to be an inducement, to enlist Americans in the expedition of Alvarez. After tho cap ture of the vessel the plunder is to be divided. The Document at Last.?Tho Boston Post furnishes, through its neighbor of the Times, the following infor mation. It will bo remembered the Post convcycd the idea that the committee were unanimous. It is now ad mitted there were some dissentients: Democratic Stale Committee and the Administration. The following is a copy of the resolution adopted by the Democratic State Committee at its late meeting in this city: /'Ru?\*ed' That <>" confidence in the Administration of rianklin Pierce remains firm and unshaken, and that the measures and acts of the Administration meet our hearty and sincere approbation." Wc have the best authority for stating that there was no censuring of tho Administration in the Committee, and that had the yeas and nays been called upon the above resolution, it is the general impression that but two or three nays would have been received against it, probably not so many.?Boston Times. * Locating.?The Alexandria Gazette of Friday last says: "We understand that the corps of Engineers on the line of the Alexandria, Loudoun, and Hampshire Rail road, in charge of Mr. Randolph, have finished the loca tion of the first twenty miles of the road, and are now ongaged in making up the estimates of cost." A correspondent of the Boston Traveller, writing from Gloucester, Massachusetts, says: " The result of the I Bay Chaleur mackerel fishery is watched with much in terest here this season, as thia port has from 150 to 200 splendid schooners in those waters, worth, with their out fits, nearly $1,000,000. The worth of the whole fishing fleet from all the other towns in the New England 8tates does not exoeed the value of the fleet from Gloucester alone. The new treaty with the Provinces is looked upon with great favor in the community. The Komney Intelligencer says that the farmers of Hardy county are to hold a meeting for the benefit of the poor, and that the farmers on the South Branch will not reed many cattle the coming winter, but will, as they have been blessed with a good crop, sell their corn, &c. to their neighbors whose cropa have failed. We learn that in other portions of Virginia early steps will be taken to relieve, as far as possible, the poor the coming winter, and that Alexandria will not be behindhand in the gener ous work of charity.?Alexandria Gazette. A Path** Killid nv his Sow.?It becomes our mel ancnoly duty to record, says the Lauderdale (Ala.) Re publican, another deed of blood i* Kemper county. Mr. Locklair, a man who was generally respected by his neighbors while sober, was last week killed by his son. The facts, as communicated, are briefly as follows: Locklair was an habitual drunkard, and lately moved with his wife from Kemper county to the western part of the State, leaving his son behind him. After some time Mrs. Locklair was compelled, in conaequence of hia brutal treatment while drunk, to leave him; she arrived at her aon's, after having walked nearly one hundred mllea The eon dutifully bought and presented her with a pieoe or land, upon which she moved, and alao furniahed her with necessaries, and supported her afterwards with his daily labor. x Some time elapsed, when Locklair returned, behaved himself well for a time, but soon became intoxicated, and eeiting a knife, attempted to take the life of hia aon! The young man tried to avoid him, but all in vain. The wretched father waa upon him, the deadly weapon up. lifted, when the miaerable aon waa compelled to take the life of hia parent in order to save hia own, which he did by ahooting him through the head. Locklair expired im mediately, a victim to intemperanoe, leaving hia wife and aon to drag their weary lives along the path of life, a fate more wretcho<!ly miserable than that of the unfortunate yet abandoned father. METROPOLITAN RAILROAD. FOR THE RATIOMAL 1ITUU8UCRR. Under thia caption articles oocoaionally appear in the Intelligencer. A very sensible one, giving gQ0d ad rice to the oitisena of Washington, was inserted in your paper of the 80th ultimo, apparently from a correspondent in the interior, which I think is the seoond or third from the same pen. These articles contain 44 good seedbat I am afraid it will fall 44 by the way side" and be disre garded by oar citizens. There does not seem to be that enterprise here which is exhibited in other cities. In 1790 the city of Baltimore contained 13,603 inhabitants; in 1800 the Maryland portion of the Dietriot of Columbia contained 10,216 inhabitants; in 1860 the city of Balti more eontained 170,000 inhabitants; the same year the city of Washington contained but 40,000 inhabitants, with the patronage of the Federal Government for fifty years. The "newspaper" has been appropriately called a looking-glass. The National Intelligenoer is to me a good reflector, and I believe it reflects things truly. I like the journal, because the paper is white and the ink black; the print is good, and the punctuation is good, and the whole arrangement is pleasant to the eye. Seated in my arm cbair, with spectacles on, my atlas before me, and the Intelligencer in hand, 1 have a mov ing panorama reflecting the whole world in seotions as it pauses before me, and also all the actions of the inhabi tants of the world; and the daily Intelligencer gives me all the changes that take place from day to day and the progress of improvements from time to time. The siege of Silistria and the capture of Bomarsund, the marohing and countermarching of armies, and even the inside of the sealed notes of diplomatic ministers are all seen by me through my looking-glass as plainly, and per haps more plainly, than if I were present at eaoh place. Of all the scenes which I behold the most astonishing is the rapidity -wiu. ^niou people begin and finish railroads. It seems to me but a few j ?air reflected in the newspapor a meeting of some of the in habitants of Boston to talk about the feasibility of mak ing a railroad to the neighboring town of Woroester, a distance of some forty-five miles. Now, I behold that road finished, and continued through Albany, Buffalo, Detroit, Chicago, Iowa City, and almost complete to Council Bluff?, on the Missouri river, a distance of fif teen hundred and sixty-eight miles, which is, according to my map, exactly half-vray across the continent. During the same time the oitica of New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore have each made their great roads of three hun dred miles in length to connect with the Western waters, and have there united with Boston to continue the road westward; and the probability is that these cities will not cease their exertions until they reach the Pacific ocean. The Intelligencer for the month of August gives the 1 following railroad news: "Amherst County (Va.) voted in favor of $50,000 to the Lynchburg, Orange, and Alexandria Railroad. The I directors will put sixty miles under contract as soon as ] this subscription is secured." "The WUliamsport and Elmira Railroad, opened for travel, length seventy-five miles, only needs about fifty miles to make complete the connexion between Philadel phia and Niagara Falls. It is said this will be done in a few weeks." " The Baltimore and Potomao Railroad, to be construct ed from the city of Baltimoro to a point opposite Aquia creek, as a direst line of travel by the shortest route to and from the North and South. A rcconnoissance of the route has been ordered." This road is intended to cut off the trade of Washington. 41 A despatch announces that the Gov. of Texas has awarded to R. J. Walker and T. B. King, representatives of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Company, the contract for building a railroad through the whole State, a dis tance Of 800 miles, from the eastern boundary to El Paso. A deposite of $300,000 as seourity for the completion of tho road has been made." 44 Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. Norfolk is to have a railroad to Petersburg, From Petersburg to Lynchburg the Southside Railroad is nearly completed, which con nects with the road to the Tennessee line, at which point other roads are stretching to the West and South." 44 The opening of the Bytown and Prescot (Canada) Railroad to Kempville, twenty-four miles, was celebrated on tho 9th instant." 44 No man cun long continue a skeptic as to the effect of railroads on the general development and prosperity of tlie country through which they pass who will keep his eyes open while passing along tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The husbandman finds a market for kis pro duce, the price of land is increased in many places, and at almost every station a new and thriving village is springing up, While the gcuci?l tendenoj is to go ahead. Counties can observe, profit, and learn hence that their corporate subscriptions are repaid with interest the moment such works are completed, even should the stock not pay one per cent, or sell for twenty per cent, below cost." 44 The passenger train on the Danville (Va.) Railroad yesterday crossed the bridge over Staunton river and landed the passengers safely in the county of Halifax ; for the first time was the soil of that fine old county pressed by the wheels of a locomotive. This Danville road, which is stretching over towards North Carolina, has surprised even its best friends by its success, and proved an enterprise of great value, not only to Richmond, but to a region of country at one time very hostile to Internal improvements." Ohio and Mississippi Railroad. The passenger cars commence running this morning to Carlyle, fifty miles. From St. Louis, on the eastern route, the road is to be pushed forward with all possible expedition to its con nexion with the eastern section from Cincinnati. In the early part of next year we may be able to take an early breakfast in Saint Louis and tea in Cincinnati." 41 New York and Boston 'Air Line' Railroad. It ap/. pears that the consolidation of the whole line betweeh New Ilaven and Boston has been effected. The grading and work on the road has been done for a double track, and is of the most substantial and permanent character. Tho different amendments to the charter were unani mously accepted by the stockholders." 41 Southern Railroads. The extension of railroads throughout the South is absolutely magical. Every day brings accounts of some new enterprise. There is now in process of construction tho ' Blue Ridge' Railroad, to connect, in conjunction with others, the waters of the West with those of the Atlantic.' The President of the Company says 4 the organization of companies and the certain complexion of the roads render the several lines known as the Blue Ridge Railroad a matter of necessity, bringing as they will not only the interior of South Caro lina and her seaboard, but a large portion of Georgia and the city of Savannah nearer to Cincinnati and Louisville than these great centres of commeroe are to any other city on the Atlantic.' The business of this road cannot fail to be large beyond any calculation, as the other great trunk lines that have scaled the mountains have already proved." 44 Tho Railroad from New Orleans to Jackson, Mississip pi, now in course of construction, is completed and in oper ation to the State line, a distance of ninety miles. It is called the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad, and when completed, which will be at no dis tant day, will form a line of railway from Portland, Maine, to New Orleans, exoept between Jackson and Montgomery and Fredericksburg and Washington." " A line of railroad is now in progress of oonstruction from Savannah to the Gulf of Mexico on a perfectly straight line, and is to be opened 150 feet wide." Such ia the reflection that only a month's view of the Intelligencer givea concerning railroade. I have abre viated the articles as much as possible, but they are suf ficient to give a glance at the wonderful rapidity with which railroads arc constructed in thia country ; bat I have looked in vain to see the commencement of any railroad leading from Washington. In the great ronte which ia deecribod between Portland and New Orleana, there is an exception between Fredericksbarg and Wash ington aa a link not likely to bo built, and then Baltimore has a project of making a railroad direot to Richmond without passing through Washington. The census tables from 1820 to 1860 ahow the growth of oitiea for tho laat thirty years, by which it appears that thoae cities have Increased moat rapidly that have built railroads. In 1812 where Buffalo now stands the soldiers' tents whitened the open common, and Chicago was then unknown while Washington had been twenty nars previously selected aa the metropolia of the nation, lww the inhabitants of each of the above oitiea far out number thoae of thia city, because they have been active in building railroada while we have been looking on aeeing these roada paas around ua and the trade car ried from aa. Fortunately for aa we are in aach position that we oan reaeh one of 44 the great trnnk linea that have scaled the mountains" in forty-one milea, which ia only about ft mile for every 1,000 inhabitants, according ,Uth7^.0fl86a aeor*?town. with only a popula tion of 8,000 m I860, has already subscribed one-third of the amount H.C.8W7 to complete the road to the junc tion Ihis will leave bat about a million to be subscribed by this city, with a population now, it is said, of 63 000 Those who own real estate might subscribe this, for un doubtedly when the road is done it will inorease the value of their real estate at least two million dollar., and thus doubly refund their money, even if the stock should not P?y one per cent. But " a word to the wise is sufficient " *ad I have already written words to fill too much sparo w your valuable mirror. C I T AMERICAN DIPLOMACY. Th?r?*B* CHAEL"101, *vamRo news, (dxmocratic.) JV !?4rt ?f the duty of ? foreign Minister more aid u<if msr- f""0* dori,|e ? ?mi ?oo. and countenance t n*r>? it* n ri ,i . , weight to one or the other party in a domestic feud, the hope of securing it will in duce tho leaders of the respective pities to address every persuasion and Wandiehment to incline such represent? is not <1 t it COtltr?Ver8y- Th? Minister who is not flattered by such appeals, and huu > of duty, will rejeot them on tho soore of policy^weUu international obligation. Ills po9iUon, by publi" " that of the strictest impartiality. This as regards ordi nary conflicts fer political power. Does a revolutionary struggle vary the character of this obligation ? Certainly not. Such a conflict makes it imperatively binding ? for cid^d8^ illLw T Vi?- ^i? P0Uc7 BUKRe<>ted by his position, he indulges his political sympathies in favor of a party which 2K 1 b0 Vm,no/ity- In Buch case the Pend ancy of the opposite and stronger party may daman ir retrievably the interests of the country be represents !nt!r\ A toniga Mini^ success in a domestic struggle." aao?S of politic*! Tf>M.intnad theu? rCmark8 t0 have 4 P^cnt application If Mr. SouLi has interfered, as represented, in the Spanish strife, and has sought to give it a Democratic tar Thi ! exceeded his funotion as a foreign Minis ter. The country he represents takes no part in the changes offoreign Governments, or those by whom theJ are administered. If such was its policy ? thwrr jj would maintain agents and dispense rewards to carbon intrigues in European courts. If it take no part, b?in direct means, in subordinate changes.it can, with lew regard to a high standard of international duty, assist br nuy mode, in those radical contests of State which must assume one party to be right and the other wrong. We are speaking of the principles and practices that belong to a Republican country which professes to be governed by the immutable dictates of political morality Euro pean States constantly interfere in the internafoonceras of each other from the influence of monarchical, dynastic or family considerations. J """r 'a th? in8ta,nc? ?.f the Spanish revolution, if our Min sterbiM employed the influence of his position to advance the repubboan and obstruct the conservative or reaction ary movement, from political feeling, it is likely to Drove | wasted sympathy. There are very7ew, if anyf Ilep^H cans in old Spain in our sense of the term. The only question there is more or less power in reference to a monarchical constitution. Her leading statesmen of the progressive school have no Democratic affinities with ns as the Spanish people have no true conception of popular liberty. So, If the intervention has been hatarded it will have been at the peril of probable harm to our in terests, without any compensation to the cause of De mocracy. , FROM NORTHERN MEXICO. The Brownsville (Texas) Flag of the 19th ultimo has a long account of a battle fought on the 13th near Mata moros between the insurgents and the Government troops, in which it is stated that the latter were badly beaten. The insurgent force numbered only a little moro than four hundred men and the Government troop# less than twe hundred. The "Flag" says: "The coals of civil war in Mexico Ifve at tost been fanned into a consuming flame, which if sweeping every thing before it. The State of Tamaulpis is now almost wholly in possession of the insurgeiy forces. Victoria has been for weeks held by them, anpopular Govern ment formed, under the Gubernatoria direotion of Senor Juan J. di la Gabha. He has beeiyoined by the towns of Tula, Jimencs, San Fernando, S<* de la Marina See In the southern portion of the 9ta.te,mdtke probability ia that by this dau the 0iti?9 of Mattaoros and Tampioo alone hold out faithful for the Sanfc Anna Administra- * tion; the former of which is even ncr being menaced br a large and enthusiastic insurgent ftce, renewed confi dent of success from the result of aJignal victdw gained over their enemies near the gates if the city. Vumors were current here on Thursday las; that Camar,0 had already fallen into the hands of tho; insurgents; tiftt it was captured by another army of tlem, under the <Sm mand of Carvajal and a Juan Villarcal. We kuow Lot how true this rumor may prove, but wo place credence ia i it, from the fact that we have positive knowledge that a considerable force has been for some time in process of organisation for that object." Advices received direct from Mexico do not seem to attach much importance to this emeute. Carvajal, it will be re membered, has for some time past lost no opportunity of depredating on the frontier towns oTMexioo and then escap ing into the territory of the United States. The capture or Camargo, if made, is but a repetition of an old offenee or the s&mc adventurer. FROM TEXAS. Galveston papers of the 24th of August oontain no news of interest. The if aeo Era states that a citisen ef that town, just returned from Fort Belknap, where the commissioners for the selection of Indian lands had been engaged in the performance of their duties, reports? "The commissioners, Major Niiqhbors and Capt. Marct, had selected four leaguos of land below Belknap, and on the Brasos, for the future home of the Ionies, Cad does, Wacoes, Keechies, and Tahuacanies. The commis sioners had left to explore the country on the head-wators of the Brasos and the Big Wichita to find a suitable lo cation for the Camanches. Their impression was that the lands adjoining the four leaguos selected would be better adapted to the wants of the Indians, and place them where they could be more easily controlled. They, however, determined on examining the country above be fore,making a location. The different tribes manifest % determination to maintain their peaceful relations to- . wards the United States, and express an entire willing ness to move wherever the Government may see proper " to locate them." ' * r POSTAGE ON LETTERS TO ALTONA. We are requested to say that, AUona having withdraws from the Gorman Postal Union, the single rate on letters between the United 8tates and Altona, by th* Bremen line will hereafter be twenty-two instead of fifteen cento' prepayment optional. ' Qua*a*tin? -The Board of Health of Philadelphia have published a resolution requiring the steamers ply in r between that port and Savannah, Richmond, Norfolk, and Charleston to receive a visit from the Lazaretto physician prior to arrival at the port. Hsavt Fraud ok a Bank.?On Thursday last the Che mical Bank, in the city of New York, was swindled out of $9,000 by a man calling himself a Western merchant, who deposited a certified check for $12,000 and imme diately after drew out $9,000. fn T?h ,pr'tendec? merchant had previously presented a forged letter of introduction from an extensive mercan tile house in the West to a prominent firm of New Tork. This letter represented him as being a merohant of high standing and of excellent character. The firm, believing the letter to be genuine, received the bearer with all eor diality, and gave him all the information he required. In the course of the day he stated that he had consider able funds about him, and wished an introduction at some bank where he could make a deposits. One of the members of the firm immediately offered to accompany him to the Chemical Bank, and did so, and then introduced the stranger to one of the officers of the bank. After some conversation the stranger expressed a wish to depo flite a certified check on the American Exchange Bank for $12,000, drawn by an extensive house in Wall street, and certified by the teller of that bank, and, the deposit* having been made, he drew out on his cheok $9,000, and left the bank before suspicion was excited. The fraud was, however, soon discovered, as the eheck and the cer tificate of the teller were both forgeries. Steps were im mediately taken to secure the arrest of the rogue, but ao traces of him could be obtained. It is almost needless to say that (he letter of introduction was alse a forged paper. Miss Dix, the philanthropist, sailed from New York on Saturday for Europe. Her visit has a two-fold objee^ the benefit of the insane and the improvement of her health.