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?? Liberty and Union, now and lorever. one and Inseparable." IHUB8DAI, 8SPTKMM? 7? 1864. The Secretary of State and the Secretary OF War have returned to Washington from a short visit to the Virginia Springs. Ihe President uud Mrs. Pierce will remain some days longer at Ca pon Springe. THE NAVY. Imkovatiou. There is much dissatisfaction manifested at the practiee recently adopted by the Navy Department in the raxeeing of our large vessels of war. The frigate Macedonian, rated at 38 guns and carrying 44, which was captured by the frigate United States, Ca'pt. Decatur, forty years ago, has been cut down to a gloop-of-war. , It has also been suggested that the Constellation, the frigate in which Truxtos fought and won a French ship nearly twice her size, b$ also cut down. >Vo thiuk, how ever, there is no danger of this still noble and gallant reminder of our country's prowess and her children's bravery being thus turned for the sake of national econo my into a floating monument of our nation's want of pa triotism. If we can build monuments to commemorate the victories of our armies, we can certainly afford to retain " Old Ironsides" in the garb she wore when she honored the American flag. The preceding is from a respectable New York paper, biit the writer of it is, we think, not well informed on the subject of his paragraph. Neither the Macedonian nor the Constellation have been cut down from frigates to sloops-ol-war, as both of those vessels have been condemned and broken up, and two new vessels have been built to which those names have been given in order to perpetuate them in our navy. Though the two now vowolu havo a light spar-deck thrown over their guns for the pur pose of working ship clear of the armament, as well as to protect the latter from falling spars and rigging in time of action, they still, it is true, are only what may be called floops-of-war or single deck vessels, as their spar-deck is without arma ment, cxcept one heavy pivot-shell gun forward and another aft. Hut still the ghosts of the old frigates need in no way be ashamed of them, for they probably are the two finest ships of their class that float the ocean, and, though designated as sluops-of-war, they each exceed in tonnage their former namesakes; and, fitted and armed as they are with shell-guns and all the modern naval im provements, either of them could capture or de stroy in ten minutes a frigate such as was the Con stellation when commanded by Truxten or the Macedonian when captured by.Decatur. It is the opinion of experienced naval men that but a few years will elapse before such a vessel as a line-of-bactle ship will be a rarity in the navy of any nation, and the heaviest of vessels for war purposes will be armed only on one deck with a full battery of shell-guns; for such a ship would be a match for the present leviathans like the Napoleon and the Wellington, which could be sunk by a single well planted ten-inch shell, and which affords a mark above water double or treble the bulk of a single-decked vessel like the new Constellation or Hacedonian. In former times a vessel similar to either of the latter would not for a single moment attempt to contend with a line-of-battlc ship; but now, with their long Paixhan shell-guns, they could do so with somo equality as to success, and particularly as the greater portion?of the armament of those heavy two and three-deckers are the ordinary 32-poundcrs, with but a small number of the heavy shell-guns. "YOUNG AMERICA." In natural history we believe that most of the ephemera have been so profoundly studied that all their various changes, from the ovum, which, if we arc not mistaken, Professor Agazzis declares to be the primary state of all animated nature, to maturity and death, arc accurately known. How long they remain undeveloped in the egg, what time they creep as pupa, the number of days they rest from tho labor and necessity of seeking food in their chrysalis state, and how long they flutter in their pride of gaudy wings, have all been noted and de fined with scientific certainty, liut hitherto there has been one talcnta of this innumerable family which has eluded all attempts at investigation. How it sprung into existence, what were its respec tive terms of pupa, chrysalis, and papilio, was all a problem to the Naturalist. Happily, we are at length enabled to solve the great mystery. " Young America" has fulfilled its mission and is dead. In the short space of forty-nine weeks it has passed from infancy to old age, decrepitude, and death ; and, what is most extraordinary, its unnatural pa rent has tho cruelty to acknowledge, in its epitaph, that his offspring, throughout its brief life, never held a very affectionate place in his bosom. The beautiful and prosperous city of Chicago, the resi dence of the great " embodiment" of" Progressive Democracy," was the place of its birth and death. Whether any inferences may be drawn from these coincidences favorable or unfavorable to the future of the party we leave to the sagacity of our readers. Wc have done our duty in chronicling an event of the times : FRO* THE CHICAGO " rotNO AMERICA" OF ACGUST 29. Valedictory.?This morning's issue terminates the existence of " Young Anaiec." In the course of human events all things must sooner or later die. Thus, in tho present instance, wc are leminded of the old adage of the nncerUitity of ail things here below. Young America dies, an! the death is voluntary; and, liko an infant on its parent's breast, it calmly sinks to rest, without any throes of agony or conscious pain. Tlse nomme dc plume by whieh our sheet has been recognised lias never held a very affectionate place in our bosom ; aud, although the name disappears, still the embodiment remains, and will still be seen at your firesides and placc3 of business, we doubt not, much improved in merit and calibre, and be quite as welcome as over has been Young America. * * * The next is?.ue of this paper will be under a different same, and under the management of one whom wc com mend to the patrons of Young America. J. Willaud Patterson.. T1IE RESULT IN VERMONT. The triumph of the Whigs in this State seems to have been complete and overwhelming. One of its best results Will probably be the restoration to the Senate of the Uni ted States of that f-terling Whig and sound statesman, the Hon. Samuel S. Phelps. The return to the lower House of Messrs. M each am and Sabine nn 1 of Mr. Moa kill (in place of Mr. Tracy, who declined) is also a good result. Th* Reciprocity Teeatv.?The New York Express says it has private advices from CaDada which give as surances that the Reciprocal Treaty between Great Bri tain and the United States will bo ratified during the month of September. The now Parliament met at Mon treal on the 6th. The business men all over Canada are ?ush gratified at the speedy prospect cf reciprocal trade with the United States. MR- GEORGE PEABODY, or Loaroa. We deem it an act of justice due to this worthy American, whone character and standing abroad re flect credit on his native country, to give a place in our columns to the subjoined letter, which he haB thought proper to publish iu reply to certain unkind and unjust attacks on him which appeared in some of our papers a few weeks ago. No one who has any knowledge of Mr. 1'eabody and his antecedents would for one moment suppose him capable of showing tho least disrespect either to his country or to its Chief Magistrate, and he certainly most triumphantly vindicates himself from the imputation to which he replies. I To the Editor of the 11 Boston Post." London, August 16, 1854. My attention has been called to an anonymous letter, dated at London, published iu your paper of the 21st ul timo, commenting on the proceedings at a dinner given <by me, at Richmond, in celebration of the 78th Anniver sary of American Independence, on the 4th July ; and 1 cannot allow euch a communication, so wanting in libe rality and truth, to pass through the press of my country | without notice, particularly as the writer is connected with the American Legation at the Court of St. James, and his conduct, on the occasion of the dinner, stamps him the author of the letter in the opinion of those pre sent as truly as would the signature of D. S. Sickles. The motive of the United States Secretary of Legation in this ebulition of bad feoling is unknown to me. I shall therefore content myself by pointing out the misrepre sentations and inoousistencies contained in the letter, and leave tho matter to the consideration and judgment of my countrymen, who have ever evinced toward me the utmost kindness, and who, I feel assureJ, will believe me sincere and truthful !?> the remarks I am about to make. I responsible for all I say in this letter, but not for what has been written by others on the subject of the celebration, and published either here or in the United States, as those communications first reached me through the press ; and I immediately expressed my regret that some inaccuracies had taken place in the report?first, in the statement that several gentlemen did not rise when the 44 President of the United States" was proposed. This was not so, for every oue joined in tho toast with enthusiasm, and nil honor was given to the Chief Mngis- ! trate of the people. Secondly, Mr. Buchanans remarks in proposing my health, although highly complimentary, wero not as reported; and, as I have.understood that he has felt annoyed thereby, 1 most siucerely regret the cause. Having conceded all that truth and candor re quire, I will now take up the other portions of his letter. The Secretary of Legation says the facts arc brielly these: 41 This being an entertainment avowedly given in com memoration of our national independence, the Americans present were greatly surprised to meet a number of Eng lishmen at the table, and also to observe full-leugth por traits of tbe Queen and Prince Albert on each side of a small picture of Washington at the head of the table. The absence of any likeness of the President of the Uni ted States was noticed. When the toasts were given, what was the surprise of the American portion of the company to hear the Queen proponed with a most servile speech, and this, too, on a national holyday, before the President had been named! The result was; th;it several gentlemen did not rise, cither for tho toast itself, or when the air of 4 llule Britannia,' which followed, was perform ed by tho band. The President of the United States was next given, with some lukewarm introductory remarks, when the whole company rose, without exception, and drank tho toast with all the honors, spontaneously cheer ing the Chief of our Republic." 44 The Americans present were greatly surprised to meet a numb*r of Englishmen at tin table.'' It was well known among the resident Americans that English gentlemen were to be present, as they had been on all similar celebrations given by me; and this had been known at the Legation many days before, as also that Sir Emerson Tennant would take part in the pro ceedings and propose tho memory of Washington. " The Americans, also, were surprised to observe full-length portraits of the Queen and J'rince Albert on each side oj a small picture of Washington." Tho presence or the two former wa3 entirely owing to the courtesy of the Queen. That of Washington was a fine half-length picture, and the only one that could by ? anj' exertions be procured for the occasion ; but it seems ! that it was comparatively small. Will the Secretary of Legation call to mind that, in February last, ho wrote me a note, stating his great anxiety to obtain a portrait of Washington for the use of Mr. Belmont for a celebration at the Hague on the 22d, and asking my assistance, as he could not find one in London? I assisted him to obtain this tame portrait, and he appeared highly gratified and obliged. " The absence of anyliktnea of the President was noticed. " If one had been sought it is not likely that it could have been obtained in London, and my patriotism in any assemblage is always satisfied, and I feel that my coun try and its Chief Magistrate are honorably represented, when a portrait of the- Father of his Country is present. I am accused of proposing the health of the Queen in a " servile" speech before the President had been named, and the result was that several gentlemen did not rise, cither for the toast itself, or when " P-ule Britannia," which followed, waa performed by the band. That 1 proposed the 44 Queen " in a servile speech is not true. That " Rule Britannia" was performed at all is not true. That several gentlemen did not rise, from the best in formation I can obtain, I believe to be untrue, one person only continuing' in his seat. That 1 intentionally proposed the President in a " luke warm " speech is not true ; but, as 1 am more a man of deeds than words, the mistake of the Secretary of Lega tion is not surprising. In the second paragraph he says: " I ought to add ' that, having heard that an unusual amount of ' toady 1 ing' was to be done to the Queen and the English at 4 this diuner, a distinguished American intimated his dis 4 approval of the rumored programme to Mr. Peabody in 4 advance of the 4th, wjien he was assured in reply that 4 these rumors were altogether unfounded, and that all 4 honor would be shown to the President." The whole of this paragraph, so far as it is connccted with my name, or any knowledge I have of the circatn ! stances stated, is untrue. Observe its inconsistency, also, with the remark in the former parugraph respecting Eng i liih being present. In conclusion, he says: 41 Need I add that, under such j 4 circumstances, I felt it,to be my duty to leave the tablo I ? in disgust; and Mr. Buchanan only remained becauto ' ? he knew that his rising would have at once broken up ; 4 the affair in confusion and anger ?" i What the American Secretary of Legation says of his J own feelings I cannot contradict; but what he says of | those of Mr. Buchanan appears so completely at variance with that gentleman's deportment towards me on all oc casions, and with his remarks on proposing my health at the conclusion of the celebration, that I would not com mit so great an offenco as to ask him if the word3 used by his Secretary of Legation having reference to himself were or were not sanctioned by bim. The great outrogo committed on the patriotism of tho Secretary of Legation seems to have been toasting the Queen before the President. I will say a few words on this subject. On occasions when I have as guests my own countrymen only 1 give the " President," or 44 Our Coun try," and omit the Q-ieen ; but, if I have a party of Ame ricans and English, I invariably have given the Queen first, feeling satisfied that 1 thereby conform to the laws of courtesy and etiquette; and I am, if possible, more confirmed in this opinion by recently observing that, at the loyal demonstrations of the allied troops, the French bands commence with 44 God save the Queen," followed by 41 Honor to the Emperorwhile, on the other hand, the English bands reverse the order, and commence with 44 Honor to the Emperor." On the late celebration, be fore going to the table, I informed Mr. Buchanan what had been uxj custom, and remarked that as the first toast? " The day we celebrate "?was purely American, I trail ed that my giving the Queen, followed bj that of the Pre sident, would be approved by him. He unhesitatingly sanctioned this coarse, and stood, doing honor to the Queen, while his Secretary of Legation was sitting silently looking on. An absence of eighteen years from my native land knu eradicated that party and sectional l'eeling which hft'l some influence with me in early life, but has strength#*! my interest in whatever alTccts the welfare or hoMfjtf the whole country; and I never did, nor will 1 ever, f*k side or sit at a table and see or hear disrespect manifest ed towards the Chief Magistrate of my oountry without reproving the guilty party and in future avoiding him. This feeling for the respect due to the President will ap ply also to the Queen of these realms ; and, while stand ing between the American Minister and Sir Emerson Tennant, doing honor to the toast of the " Queen, had I observed the indignity offered by the American Secre tary of Legation to all present I could not have refrained from instant reproof; or if, when the health of the Ire sident was being drunk, any Englishman present had re fused to rise, I should unhesitatingly have requested him to leave the tuble. In conclusion, I. will remark that the conduot of the American Secretary of Legation, in not rising to the toast of the Queen, was observed by only a few of the party, , and the company generally separated with & feeling of great satisfaction, both English and American frieids congratulating me on the harmonious and successful cele bration of the day. I am, respectfully, yours, GEORGE PEABODY TUB WEATHER. The excessive heat which has marked this summer not only continues, but becomes more intense. The mercury in the thermometer which hangs in the InUKigenctr count ing-room reached yesterday a fraction above 1)4J, being that fraction higher than at any time before. This ex-1 cessive and protractod heat is rendered more oppressive by the unprecedented drouth. Except the fino chowcr of Sunday, the 27th ultimo, there has been no rain here abouts since early in June more than enough to lay the dust, and that only two or three times. Under the most chastening dispensations of Providence, however, there is always some consdling or compensating accompaniment. So, in this season of unexampled drouth and heat, our community is blessed with health, almost as rare in de gree as the weather. The great bard has truly said: '? In things evil there is some soul of goodnees, would man observingly distil it out." THE HIVE It AND HARBOR BILL. ? It was the vo,te against this bill more than his support of tho Nebraska measure that seems to have been the main cause of violent opposition to Senator Douolas on his visit to Chicago. We had forgotten, indeed, that he was among the negatives. Messrs. Atchison, BataitT, and Douolab aro tho only Western Senators who voted against the measure. The vote on tho engrossment of the bill waB taken on the lBt of August, and is as follows: YEAS?Messrs. Allen, Bell, Benjamin, Cass, Chase, Cooper, Dodge of Wisconsin, Dodgo of Iowa, Fessenden, Fish, Foot, Geyer, Gillette, James, Johnson, Jones of Iowa, Jones of Tennessee, i'earce, Pettit, Pratt, Hock well, Rusk, Sebastian, Seward, Slidell, Stuart, Sumner, Thompson uf Kentucky, Thomson ot New Jersey, Wade, and Walker?31, NAYS?Messrs. Adams. Atchison, Bright, Brown, Clay, Dawson, Douglas, Evans, -Fitspatrick, Houston, Hunter, Mallory, Mason, Morton, Norris, Toombs, and Williams?17. This was deemed so decisive that no nccossity existed for calling the roll upon the passage of the bill. There were twelve absentees and two vacnncies. Wii.mot's District.?'Ibis is a large Democratic dis trict in Pennsylvania, represented for a long time by the Hon. David Wilmot, but tor the last three sessions by the Hon. Lcthcr A. Grow. The " free Democrats," as they call themselves, of that district, ha\e lately held a meeting and resolved to vote for Judge Pollock, tho Whig candidate for Governor, instead of Gov. Biclbr. This is considered as ?? abolitionizing" the Whig party! Well, this same district in 1852 gave Gen. Pierce a ma jority of about 2,500. Did the Democratic presses com plain, either before or after the election? If they did, let us hear what they Ba'td. Reception or tub Baltimork DErEKDRHB.?The citi zens and military and civil authori.ies of Alexandria have had a meeting and made handsome arrangements for tie reception of the " Defendersof Baltimore," who areaboat to pay them a visit on the 12th ?f September, the anni versary of the British repulse at North Point. No doubt the military of Washington will give the veterans a pasi ing salute. Internal Improvemhnt is Tbxas.?A Convention has been held at Taos, in Navarro county, to take into con sideration the best means of removing obstructions to the navigation of the Upper Trinity River. The Convention was well attended. In the address to the people of the j Trinity Valley it iB stated that " the Trinity possesses ad vantages over any other stream in Texas, penetrating, as it does, into the heart of the State and affording naviga tion into the interior farther than any other river not bounded by other States." " The adaptation of the Upper Trinity country to farm ing purposes" (continues the address) " is acknowledged by all unprejudiced minds, it neither being affected by the withering droughts of the West or the blighting frost of the country further north. The color of the soil is as j varied as the crops produced on it. Fields of small grain in tho spring are only equalled by the beautiful appear ance of the prairies, whioh hy their rich green livery cause the hoart of the settler to throb with gratitude at beholding tho rich patrimony that rewards his emerpriso of selecting a home in this favored valley; while the ap pearance in early summer of the golden harvest ready for the sickle is only equalled by the snow-like aspect that gladdens the ootton planter's flight in the fall as a reward for his toil." This is a glowing picture certainly, and ought to arouse the energies of the people of that region. Southern Railroads.?There is a road from Peters burg to Lynchburg, Virginia, called the South Side Rail- j I road, which has had a very successful career. The in crease of business for the months of June and July this year over the same months of last amounts to $12,296 This is at the rate of more than a hundred per cont. The Petersburg Intelligencer says : " When it is considered that the road is not yet finish ed to Lynchburg, where it will connect with the great Southern trunk, with itu Tennessee extensions that are in progress, we may well say that it promisss to be ' primut inter primi*' of Virginia wurks. If, in its unfin ishtd sUte, i?s monthly receipts have been doubled in a year, Burely it is not an extravagant prediction that after it is fully completed and in the enjoync?t of its valuable connexions its business will be quadrupled from what it now is. That this result will be realized we have no manner of doubt, provided our Legislature will only ' let well enough atone.'" Death or a* Editor.?The Liberty (Bedford county) Seutinel of Friday last says: ?'We regret to learn that ! Jamks II. Wilson, Esq., Editor and Proprietor of the Hsanoke Republican, died at the residence of Rev. Nelson Sale, in this county, on Sunday hut, after a protracted illness. He was a young mau uf talent, just entered tipoa the aotive duties of life, and gave promiee of much use fulness." ?ThrChovs?In conversation with a gentleman from Council Bluffs yesterday we learned that the crops were unusually fine in Western Iowa and the country opposite as far down as the Nodaway river. The season had been very fine, and the corn crop* were unneually heavy. From New Madrid, Pvmlscott, Mississippi, and other counties in that region we learn that ihera will be a heavy crop of corn, the season having been very favorable. The re cent rains in other sections of the State may yet bring out a very considerable crop of iHte corn. [St. Loui* Republican. A Frresoil Convention was held on Wednesday at Wolfborough, New Hampshire, which was attended by about twenty-five hundrel persons. The Hon. Ichabod Goodwin presided, and speeches were made by the Hon* Amos Tucr, James Bill, S. P. Chass, of Ohio, John P. Hals, and others, all of cour?e denunciatory of the Ne braska measure and in favor of a fusion of parties, the more effectually to oppose the extension of slavery, No resolutions were adopted. FIVE FREE STATES. Some of the Northern and Western Democratic leaders, to escape the odium incurred by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, are endeavoring to prove that great advantages will be derived by tho free States from that repeal. This ground would seem to be well taken, if wo may judge from the charac ter of emigrants who are now flocking to Kansas aud Nebraska. Mr. Millson, of Virginia, exhibit ed no little sagacity when he expressed surprise at the alacrity with which Southern members joined in the measure oreating anti-slavery States. In his speech on the Kansas-Nebraska bill, in which he thought the South was obtaining but a shadow in the acknowledgment of 11 a great principle" whilst the North got the substance, he said : "But I had & further objection to the establishment of these governments. I was unwilling to multiply the num ber of free-soil and non-Blaveholding communities. We have already five organized Territories; and whilst I am not so illiberal and seotional as to object to the introduc tion of a new State into the Union because of the absence of the institution of slavery?fori deolare in all sincerity that i would not allow myself to be influenced by such unworthy reasons?yet I was not willing to precipitate the formation of non-slaveholding communities, aud force by a hot-bed procecs their unnatural growth. We in the .South then [last year] were unwilling to establish the Territory of Nibruka All that was then asked of us was to tqrm one Territorial government, but now we are called upon to create " But, before we can determine as to the real value of the consideration now tendered, we must see what will be the advantages secured to us by the passage even of the bill of my friend from Illinois, (Mr. Rtf hakdson.) Are we to make these two Territories slaveholding commu nities ? No one ezpeots it. No one dreams that slavery will be established there." Here Mr. Millson quoted from the remarks of Senators Hunter, Douglas, and Baduer to show that neither of them expected slavery to go into either of the proposed Territories, and continued: " Do not tell me, then, that a creat principle is recog nised when it is intended to continue the restriction in Minnesota, OregOD, and Washington. No mrwi has pro posed, and no one now dreams of asking, a removal of the restriction in any of theee Territories." "Would it not have been better for the South to let tho ?ld political compact stand by which the South had some hold upon the North 'I What now but a spirit of conciliation, of patriotism, and of pride in all the gloriee of the past can hold together this grcit community of States ? But the duty of every pitriot is plain and imperative. Let sectional jealousies be stifled; let sectional parties be dis couraged by such appeals as must always operate upon h?nest men devoted to their country and her true greatness. A Sober Second Thought Pertinent to the Above.?the last number of the Richmond Whit/ has aa article ou the stale of parties, commencing with these sound reflections : " havk Pkach.?Xto can heartily second the wish of our contemporary of tho Paltimore American that tho country poseesncd eooie statesman, elevated in pa triotism and commanding in influence, whose voice could be heard throughout the land rallying to hiu aid the con servative majority of all sections, and bidding Northern fanaticism and Southern ultraism, freesoil aggression and pro-slavery agitation, alike be still. We are tired of this everlasting commotion about negrodom; the Southern people are tired of it, and they waat peace and quiet, if it can be obtained without the sacrific# of their inalien able rights." The Santa Fe Gazette announoes the return to that Territory on the 22d July, after an absence of four months, of Governor Meriwether, who, dur ing kin stay-in Washington, (the Gazette gay*,) accomplished much for tho Territory, and mado tho Administration fully acquainted with its wants and situation. THE BANKS OF THE UNITED STATES. The following statement of the condition of the Banks of the United States, a3 near as could be ascertained on the 1st day of January, 1851, is taken from a pamphlet which was laid before | Congress in May last-, and has just been printed. The ligures show an increase of nearly one-half over those of 1851: Number of Banks in the United States 1,208 Capital paid in $391,476,071 Loans and discounts 007,287,428 Due to other Banks 55,510,085 sPeci? 59,410,253 Circulation 204,689,207 Deposites 188,'l88,'744 Due to other Baoks 50,322,162 ! Aggregate of current credits, i. e. of circula ; tion and deposites 392,877,951 Aggregate ot immediate liabilities, i. e. of I circulation, deposites, and dues to other . Btttik8 443,200,113 I Aggregate of immediate moans, i. e. of spe cie, specific funds, notes of other Banks, and sums due from other Banks 163,164,657 Gold and Bilver in tho United States Treasu ry depositories ,"V 25,136,252 Total specie in Banks and Treasury deposi toriw 84,546,505 V... Florida.?-Tho election in this State is to be held on the first Monday of October. It is for a member of Congress, and for a State Legislature, which will have the appointment of a United States Senator in place of Mr. Morton, whose term will expire on the 3d of March next. The canvass is carried on quite actively. Rumhkr.?If the rummer in past and gone, certainly some of its eharacterictiM are left behind. With tho thermometer at 82 for some days past, it is rather diffi cult to persuade our sweltering citizens that summer is really gone. Aa Imivrabor Swinulk.?The Presidents of the Ame rican, the Franklin, and the Massachusetts Fire Insurance Companies, Boston, havo published a card exposing a gross attempt to swindle the people of tho West by par ties who pretend to be accreditcd agents of these institu tions and to issue jtelicies of insurance on their respon sibility. The companies disavow these ageneies, and pronounce the circulars they have issued a forgery and a fraud. The Rb-Appointkemt of Gbneual Cohcha.?The New Orleans papers consider the re-appointmeut of Gen. Concha as Governor of Cuba as the surest mcann that the Spanish Government could have adopted of preventing the acquisition of tho island by the United States. The Bee says: ?'The Eopartero and O'Donnell Administration act wisely and for their own interests in sending back Concha to Cuba. Ue is popular, not by any means inclined to cruelty, rather disposed to traat the Creoles with forbear ance an I mnpiuaniinity, rigidly honeet, and thoroughly acquainted with the inhabitants of the island, their neces sities and their aspirations. Concha will treat them well, and will extinguish tbeir yearnings for independence, he will conquer thorn by kindness, and attach them to their mother country t>y relieving them of some of their bur* deus. The filibusters may be assured that Conoha is the most dangerous foe that could be found to their designs, lie will do for Cub* precisely what the Pesuelas and Ca nedos have never comprehended?he will extend the franchises of the inhabitants, diminish oppression, and gradually annihilate all revolutionary ideas." There is said to bo a man in New Brunswick ninety six yearn of nge, who reads the newspapers printed on the finest type, and is waited upgn by a great-great- | grand-daughter eighteen years of age, who is but three I feet and three-fourths cf an ineh tall. He has a grand daughter who is four feet eight inches tall, but who weighs two hundred and eighty-six pounds. She cannot stand I upon her feet more than thirty minutes at ?Le time. AN HONOR DECLINED. Ill noticing the article in this paper a few days since in regard to the proffered honor tendered by Mr. Madison to John Quincy Adams ot a seat on the bench of the Supreme Court, the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser citc6 another declination of the name office. It says : " We presume it is known to but few that the same distinguished honor wan declined by Silas Weight; but such ie the fact, and the circumstances may now be de scribed without indiscretion. On the death of Smith Thompson, in 1842-43, President Tylkk offered Mr. Weight the vacant se?t on the bench. No place under the Government would have been so acceptable to Mr. Wright, as he remarked when the offico was tendered him; and if his name had been sent to the Senate with out consulting*him in advance he would have been unani mously confirmed without delay, the usual formalities attendant upon the action of the Senate on nominations being dispensed with, as is usually the case when a dis tinguished and favorite member of the body is nomina ted. If, we say, this course had been taken by the Presi dent he would have accepted the place, and might, even now, have been one of the ornaments of the Supreme Court. It was suggested to Mr. Tyler by the gentleman charged with the task of conferring with Mr. Wright on the subject that his party obligations would constrain him to decline if spoken to before being nominated; whereas the case would wear a different aspect if he should b<; appointed without being apprized of the honor intended him. Mr. Wright took a similar view of the matter ; and, after expressing his oonviction that under the circumstances he could not agree to take the place, added that ho never had expected to be called upon to make so heavy a sacrifice to his party ; for the office of all others, he said, would have best suitod his inclina tions and habits of mind." LETTER FROM THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY. Navt Department, September 1, 1854. Sir: You are hereby detached from the coromaud of the sloop-of-warCyane, and you will proceed to New York without delay, and report to Captaiu Boaeman for the command of the rendezvous at that place. The President is absent from Washington at present, and ou his return you will receive an additional commu nication from the Department in reference particularly to your recent action at Oreytown, for which I regret, on my return to the seat of government, to learn you have been arrested in New York. 1 cannot forbear, however, in transmitting this order tietaehing you from the Cyane, (requiring repairs,) ex pressing the assurance that you retain unimpaired the confidence of the Department in your patriotism, gallan try, and fitness for the command of a national ship. Yours, respectfully, J. C. DOBBIN. To Com. Geo. N. IIollins, U. S. N., Boston. Enlargement of tiie Erie Canal.?The Now York Express contains a list of the lettings of the Western Division of the Erie Canul. The Express says: " The Lotting Board for the Western Division met in Buffalo on Friday to open bids and award contracts for the work upon the western division of tbo Erie Canal En largement. There was considerable competition. The work has been all let to responsible practical men, whose i names are a sufficient guarantee that it will be carried I forward with energy and directness. The contracts were avfarded to the lowest legal bidders therefor. The con tracts were let about $175,000 below the engineer's esti mates." COINAGE FOR THE MONTH OF AUGUST. ' during the month of August the coinage at the Philadelphia Mint has been as follows : GOLD.* Double eagles (pieces) 113,856 $2,277,120 Half eagles (pieces) 4'.), 196..245,980 Quarter eagles (pieces) 62,698 156,745 Dollars (pieces) ...118,793 118,793 Bars (pieces) 617 2,146,947 ?i tal 345,160 $4,945,585 SILVER. Quarter _?nars (piecos) 1,440,000 860,000 COPPER. Cents (pieces) 325,134 3,251 Indiana.?The following are the candidates for Con gress in this State: Disls. Republicans. Old Line Democrats. 1...Samuel Hall, Smith Miller. 2...T. C. Slaughter, William H. English. 3...J. A. Hendricks, C. L. Dunham, 4...Will. Cumback, W. S. Holman. 6...D. P. Holloway, Jos. II. Buckles. 6...Luoien Barbour, T. A. Hendricks. 7...H. D. Scott, JohnO. Davis. 8...Daniel Mace, James Davis. 9...Schuyler Colfax, Norman Eddy. 10...Samuol Brenton, E. M. Chamberlain. 11...John U. Pettit, James It. Slack. Illinois.?In the first district Hon. E. B. W-isnnrBJCE has been renominated. A Warning.?When Mr. Quow, Democrat, (the succes sor of Mr.Wilraot,) made his speech in the House against the Nobraska bill, he stated one of the political reasons which operated upon him in desiriug the defeat of that bill. As a true friend of the Administration, he did not want to see it in a minority in the next llouso of Repre sentatives, and this ho feared would be the inevitable consequenco of the success of that measure. On that oc casion, too, he reminded his brethren of the large majo rity which that district had given to Qen. I'iebce. It was worth a passing thought. Starlet's Western Wilds.?Those who have a taste for fine painting, and feel a desire to encourage native talent, will not forget that the exhibition of Stanley's Indian Scenes will commenco this evening at the Na tional Theatre. We can scarcely doubt a full attendance. Thk Canai,.?A. K. Stakh, Esq. received his commis sion as General Superintendent of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal on Tuesday last and comracnced the duties of his office on the 18th instant. His instructions require of hitn an active inspection of the whole line and a regu lar report of the condition of the work. His rppointment confers upon him the power of removal fcr neglect of duty or incompetency, together with such general control nnd supervision as should justly attach to the office. Under hie practical management we look for better times upon this great thoroughfare.?llagerntcwn Chronicle. Dr. Robrrt M. Pattekson, late Director of the United States Mint, died in Philadelphia on the 5th instant. He was President of the American Philosophical Sooicty, and formerly Professor of the Universities of Pennsylvania and Virginia. Sal* or thk Wabm Strings.?The celebrated Warm Springs, in Bath county, (Va.) were sold at auction on the l?t instant for the sum of $50,000. Messrs. Mays, Francisco, and a gentleman residing in the neighborhood were the purchasers. There are about tf,000 acres of grazing land attached to tlio Springs. Fibka im th* Woods.?To get even a faint idea of*the drought and fires one should take a trip through the country. We have-just passed through Willsborough, Essex, Westport, Moriah, Elizabethtown, and Lewis. Vegetation has all dried up. Woods are on fire in all directions, and tho smoke settles down over the earth like a funeral pall.' The village of Elizabcthtown was seriously threatened on Thurpdav afternoon. At Lewis there was a raging fire within fifty rods of the village. A row of men were resolutely fighting it back. A similar slate of things exists up the river. Villages, mills, ko. are threatened with destruction. Several mule teams of tho Peru Iron Company, sent out with loads of men to fight fire, were burnt to death. An Irish settlement on " Tho Patent," in Peru, has suffered seriously from fires, but we have not learnt the particulars.?KutevilU Republican, Aug. 26. A few days sinco an old lady, with de#pcr to intent, asked for a dime's worth of laudanum at an apothocary store in St. Louis. The druggist, fathoming hor purpose, gave her an innocent mixture, whioh she swallowed within a few steps of the store. With what she mistook for the pangs of dissolu tion came reflection and repentance, and, frantic with appre hension, she rushed back to the store for an antidote, which was given her in the shape of a dose of other and a*safoctida, and whioh is supposed to hare cored her of all Undoney to buicido. OFFICIAL. Department or Statb, __ # , , , Wabhiboto*. September 6, 1864. The following is an extract from the London Gazette of the 14th of last month, which haa been officially commu nicated to this Department: "On and from the 17th of April last all Ruwian port.. ?' and 0reek8' from M? 53' 0" N., Ionir 21" t> v . V* Fape Dager-ort, in lat. 58* 55' 0" N., long. i2? 5' ... i u lncludllDS specially the port. of Libau, Windau, Riga, na Pernau, were placed in a slate of strict blockade by a competent force of her Majesty's ships. n , V" ?nJ fr?"? the 2flth of April last the Riusiaa port. of ?* Sweaborg, and all Russian ports/ road*, Hun*. ' ii j0r.eo^* *? westward of Ilel.ingfort, as far as liango Head, in l?t. 5#? 46' 0" N. long. 22? 53' 0" ?., were in like manner blockaded. ? ' sal Warmso^UU, ,?* ?0tl1 Mny lwt the Ru"i?n ports of Haf road. haven* J? IJaltic'' Revel,and all Russian ports, Daeer-on to KWh T v ?? tbeut""" ofEnthonia, from Cape and long J5o JM* i1*1'' (?"???* in lat. 58? 48' 0'' N., ade bv f coinnot ,n? f w?r? l)ls^ed in a state of strict block aae oy a competent force of her MaieHtv'ti *l?in? Nystad, Bjorneborg, Chrl.tine.tad ^w32*?,' iokLBrahertudari1nb7hJ^0r,t?<1, ?ld Carl^y. Lohto.Kala LLn t:iln por^^o^^havenia?nd'oree^Vf"*' H Head, in lat. 5#? 48' 0" N., long 22? 53"1?Tt Dg? (included,) situated at the head of the Gulf of Uotlinia (about) 6b? 50' 0" N., long. 24? 15'wor?S^l" .? fleets? ? BtriCt blockade by * """Petent force of the allied ?' ?n being joined by the French squadron in the Gulf of 1) inland on the 13 th June, the duties of blockading in that gull and elscwhero were henceforward conjointly carried into TIIE FRAMERS OF THE CONSTITUTION AND SLAVERY Messrs. Editors : The journal of the G'onveution to frame the present Constitution of the United States ex hibits the following facts in connexion with the subject of slavery : The first committee on the eubjeot consisted of Rut ledge, of South Carolina, Randolph of Virginia, Wilson, of I ennsylvania, Gorham, of Massachusetts, and EU.worth of Connecticut; and they reported, as a section for the Constitution, "that no tax or other duty shall be laid on ' the migration or importation of such persons as the ' sev?ral States shall think proper to admit, nor ahall ' such migration or importation be prohibited." This was the first action or the Contention on the slavery question; and it will be seen that a committee the majority of which were from what are strong anti! slavery Statos, reported ngainst any future prehibition of tho African slave trade, but were willing to legalize it perpetually. This section was subsequently referred to a committee selected by ballot, consisting of Langdon, of New Hump! shire, King, of Massachusetts, Johnson, of Connecticut Livingston, of New Jersey, Clymer, of Pennsylvania,' Dickmstfn, of Delaware, Martin, of Maryland, Madison, of Virginia, Williamson, of-North Carolina, Pinckney, oi South Carolina, and Baldwin, of Georgia. This committee, a majority of which were from ,lav* (thcn and "?>*.) reported the clause with authority to Congress to prohibit the slave trade after tho year 1800 and in tho mean time with authority to levy a tax on such importations. This section was afterwards modified and adopted as it now exists in the Constitution, extend ing the time before which Congress coald not prohibit the trade until 1808?Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Connecticut, .free Mute,, and Maryland, North anil bouth Carolma, slave States, voting lor the extension; Now Jersey and Pennsylvania, free States, and Delaware and Virginia, slave States, voting against it. From tho above it appears 1st. A committee, the majority of which were from Jne State*, reported in favor of denying to Congress the power at any period to prohibit the African slave trade. 2d. That a subsequent committee, a majority of which were from tho slate State*, reported a new section an. IB-JO*'118 C?DgreS8 t0 ab?lisl1 the trui(l0 after the ye" 3d. That this period was extended until the year 1808, thus giving eight additional years to tho traffic, by the vote oi New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, wkilst the vote of Virginia wa3 against such extension. Were the representatives in that Convention from these three New England States less virtuous or less patriotic than those of tho present day, and would it not be as well for tho latter, when fulminating their anti-slavery anathemas, to reoollect how their sires voted and acted on tho question, and that their curses may, acoordiug to the Arabian proverb, ?liko young chickens, come home to roost ?" ,r _ Smithfikld, Skpt. 4, 1854. Messrs. Editors : If J0IJ deem tho enclosed observa tions on the temperature of July and August. 1854, and the quantity of rain which fell in those months in this fa ?h.ttas' "'? Respectfully, j. ^ pf July, 1854. July 5tb.?Hottest day, Fah. thermometer 94? " 17th.?Coldest day <? gg Average max. temperature 84'' . " "? .'"73| Average for the month 79^ Quantity of rain in July, 1854 G 407 in July 10th.?Greatest fall .2.000 "* * AUGUST, 1854. August 2d. Hottest day, Fah. thermometer....931? -9th.?Coldest day. Average max. temperature 83 . " " 71J Average for the month 77| Quantity of rain in August, 1854 3.700 in. Number of rainy days 10 August l!)th.?Greatest fall 1.106 in. ? 'DS'rUiacn^8 used were the self regulating day and wight thermometer and Prof. lllodget's rain guage. man* ufacturcd by John-Jones, of Baltimore. ITALY. Lettkr to Garibaldi.?The adherents of MazzinL j have addressed the following letter to Garibaldi, relathm to his explanation concerning the rccent revolt at Parma: [ " General, your protest, inserted in several Pie.lmonteso journals, has giveu rise to sinister interpretations. For the sake of your honor, which, having foupht under your orders, wo have a right to defend against malignant com ments, we aemand of you a frank and straightforward decla ration. We havo shared with you the perils of wnr and the sufferings of exile. We have shed together our blood for the triumph of one object, the independence of Italy. Jur advensaricH regard your letter as a fir.st stf p toward a compromise and an act in direct contradiction with our programme and principles. It behooves you to. disabuse the over-credulous and confound tho impostors." Enclosing tfib Tkack.?The Philadelphia, Wilming ton, and Baltimore Railroad Company, it is staled, ar? actively engaged in collecting material along the lino of their road preparatory to enclosing the sumo with a sub stantial fence. This is right. We have recommended this a number of times for all our railroads. [?' cientijic American. An Artificial Wowdbr.?They have Mink an Artesian well in St. Louis 2,200 foet, and uro still boring. It is to get pure water for a sugar refinery. At the depth of 700 feet a rein of fait water was stru k, and at 1,500 feet an immense vein of sulphur water burst forth, which has boen running ever since its discovery in a large stream from the mouth of the well. This water is the same as that of the Clue Lick Springs In Kentucky, and posses*#* a purity and freshness nftast? quite superior to that which reaches us in barrel* and casks. It is carriod off by a large sewt r leading to the river. It seems too wasteful that such profuse, quantities of this oclebrated water should be permitted to flow away, but the refinery needs the clear, unadulterated element, and it must have it and nothing else. Other medicinal waters have been discovered, we believe, but they havo beeu of little consequence. Sao Occurbkxcb at a Bridal Partt ?A sad affair took place at Elgin on Friday night, which resulted in the death of Edmund Adams, a young man aged about eighteen years. A young man by tbo rame of Cyrua EL. Larkin was married the evening before, and his acqiuunt ances mado up a party for a charivari. Assembling around the house, they struck up with bells, tin pan*, and instrumental accompaniment*, when a gun wastwica discharged in their midst from a window, taking cflect upon young Adams. He lingered until Saturday night, when he died. Both of the young men had resided for* long time in Elgin, belonged to highly respectable families, and were esteemed aa quiet and exemplary young men. [ Chicago Journal of Monday wttk.