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European princos to science en2 sd?tlic men.' A/evolution against the King of Greece is expected. TtiSLletry and the Monarch are at open variance^ Gnst p*rt of the population supports the Ministry and thi Allied Powers. . __ FIOM OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENT. Paeib, August 17,1854. the Emperor has not been- able to be present in Prfet the fete of the 15th. He has passed xt mwTquietly on the sea-shore, near liayonne, where tit health of the Empress seems rapidly improv ing under the influence of sett-air and bathing j but tbS file, passed off not the less splendidly, and to all appearance quite as satisfactorily to the pleasure population of Paris as if their Majesties had been present. The Moniteur has been filled for several ' days Past with nominations upon the occasion of the frnte to membership of the order of the Legion of Honor and to the new distinction instituted by the present Emperor, that of wearing the military medal. Numerous pardons, or diminutions of pains, * are also declared by the Moniteur to have signal led the joyful occasion. The names of the persons thus made subjects of the imperial clemency are not given; they belong to all the categories of .of fenders, and are declared to present a total ot two , thousand five hundred and eighty-two; about one third of the whole, are stated to be political offend t?rs. The Parisians wero favored upon this oocasion with remarkably fine weather, and nothing occurred to mar the general festivity. I have never seen Paris | wear a gayer face; in fact all the preparations were on a efiulf of unparalleled magnificence. It was, however, all offioial rejoicing, gotten op by order of Government, and paid for by the public purse. Private persons were offi cially invited to illuminate the fronts of their houses. 'A* the invitation did not, however, as In the blessed days of the Republic, assumo the authority of an injunction, it was generally disregarded. I saw but a single case of respect to the invitation. I must say, however, jn jus tice to ia Saint Napoleon, that my observations were made exclusively in the Faubourg St. Germain, which is per haps the very last quarter of Paris to which one would resort in order to find tokens of fealty to the Empire. By the way, I was told yesterday that the entire absenco of illumination at the United States Legation and of all other complimentary signs in honor of the French national rtte was remarked, and will be unpleasantly remembered. ' was not in the neighborhood of our Legation on the Vening ef the 15th, and therefore do not know from por tal knowledge to what extent the allegation of want of itoeot to the day is founded on fact. My informant, hfever, and he waB a Frenohman, stated that the cus tOthcretofore has been to illuminate, and that our Le gain on the 15th formed perhaps the single exception am^g all the foreign Legations in Paris. I will inquire andfcould be glad to be able to inform you in my next that)recedent und fact aro not so much againBt us as theyipcm to be at present; but I feel in advauoo per fectly^asured that no one acquainted with our new Min ister aid Secretary of Legation will believe that they de liberate intended to treat the French national fete-day with disrespect. On the contrary, I have reason to know that both Mr. Mason and Mr. Piatt have succeeded in making themsclvos unusually acceptable, as well to the Government hero as to Amoricans abroad with whom they have been thrown in contact. The intelligence from Spain is not so satisfactory as when 1 last wrote. The weakness of the Ministry in pre sence of the difficulties of all sorts by which it is sur rounded, and its inability to resist the ultra-revolutionary democratic influences which arc daily strengthening against it, are beooming daily more apparent. A ruffian bull-fighter, yho has at his back some four or five hun dred lawless, reckless men, roves the city with his armed bands to the terror of all peaceably-disposed inhabitants. Espabtebo, the Duke of Victory, himself cannot or dares not disarm them. There is really no government in Mad rid or in Spain. The powers that be exist only by suffer ance of the mob, which may at any moment be roused to outrage and riot by the popular leaders, late chiefs of the barricades. It would really surprise no one to learu that the ball of revolution, which seemed for a moment to have been definitively stopped, is again in motion. The Qaeen Mother, Maeia Christina, is the special ob ject of popular odium. Espaetebo's and O'Donkell's power, which I? a mere shadow, and the Queen s own, which is less than a shadow, will, it is apprehended, be unable to save her property from confiscation and even her person from violence. Ebparteeo has been compell ed to give a publio and formal assurance that she shall net be allowed to leave Spain till the Cortes shall have leclded what disposition shall be finally made of her property, If not of her person. I am forcibly reminded by passing evonts in Spain of tho condition of 1 aria and Fiance during a few months after the revolution of 1818, when Louis Blahc and Cacssimbm were all-powerful over masses; when Baebbs and Blanqui threatened nightly society with dissolution ; and Sobeibb, with his band of ruffian Montagnards, was the real master of Pa ris. The nominal Government at Madrid is tremblingly trying the same means that were tried here to conciliate and disarm the people. It is offering to purchase back again the arms that were lately put into the people's hands for the defence of the barricades. Three dollars are offered for every musket, with its bayonet, that may be thus brought back. The people, it seems, are giving into the snare. Upwards of twenty-five hundred mus kets were thus delivered into the State arsenals in the course of two days. Let us hope they will all be given up; for 1 feel persuaded that the successful use of them now by the people in civil war would result not in the establishment of sage substantial liberty, but of anarchy first, and finally of a tyranny harder than any they have ever thrown off. You will see by the following extraots from the latest news from Spain that th s fearful state of \ doubt and anxiety is to be maintained, if possible, atleast three or four months longer. The Conitituenl Corte* are to meet on the 8th November. It may well be apprehended that the efforts of Government to preserve sooiety amid the agitation of new popular election*, the collisions of ambitious leaders, the strifes of extreme parties, the In. j trigues of wealthy corrupt courtiers till a new coustitu tion shall be elaborated will be unavailing. " The con ??UutionBl monarchy is to be preserved, ' they say; " the ^aestion of separating liberty from the dynasty is not to * be discussed," forsooth 1 But where Is the guaranty that this expression of the will of Mm. Espabteeo and 0 Doh bbll, who lack now even the power to put down the ruf fian bull-fighter and his band of armed marauders, will be respected three months hence by a Comtituent Attcm 6Jy, instinct with the life, with the wild and dangerous pamlons of a people Intoxicated by the fumes of its new found sovereignty T Not the dynasty only, but the throne of Spain may well be considered as in imminent danger. The Moniteur of this morning publishes the following 1 Utter, dated Madrid, 12th August: *' The electoral question seems to have been settled in as satisfactory a manner as ciroumstances would permit. The Gazette of Madrid contains a deoree designating the 8th of November next for the meeting of the Constituent Cortes. The preamble formally declares that? the Cortes ef 1854, like those of 1887, will save the monarchy, and form a new bond of union between the throne and the nation, between liberty and the dynasty, objeots which cannot be put in question, points upon whioh the Gov ernment admits neither doubt nor discussion.' Tbe preamble then goes on to say that, as in 1812 and 1831, the Constituent Cortes of 1864 will be composed of only one chamber, the Congress. The question whether the ordinary Cortes shall oonsist of one or two chambers is reserved for future decision. Nevertheless the document aicnalises with approbation the conduct of the Senate. The elections will be held under the electoral law of 1837, modified in some particulars. Thus the number of representatives will be increased. The ratio will be \ that of one representative for 85,000 souls, instead of one for 60,000. This will give a Constituent Cortes oompos I ed of 849 members. Deputy or substitute members are I not to be allowed. The formation of the electoral bu ) Ntu wiu place under the law of 1846, amended by some precautionary provisions to guard against certain abuses committed under the law as it stood. A royal I order published by the Minister of the Interior sppoint. the 6th September for the eomposiUoa ef the electoral I lists, and the 4 th October for u?e commencement of the *'eot'ona- M. Sagaati has juat been appointed Civil Governor of Madrid. He performed the same func tions in 1843. lie has addressed a proclamation to the inhabitants of Madrid, and another to the national mili tia, in which he promises energetically to maintain order." Another decree published in this morning's Moniteur, signed by the Queen Isabella II, and dated Madrid, 9th August, 1854, provides as follows respecting the naTal forces in the West Indies: " For reasons which the Minister of the Marine has explained to me, and by the advice of the Council of Ministers, I revoke my decree of 21st October of last year, which conferred the command in chief of the navy at Cuba, Porto Kico, and the Philippine islands upon the respective Captaius-Qeueral. By the terms of arti cles 93 to 97 of title VII, treaty 6 of the general ordi nances of the marine, they will have the authority and powers conferred upon the viceroys of the Indies." It appears by the Espana that a movement has been got up in favor of universal suffrage. On the 8th a de putation from the Union Club waited on Espartero with an address, calling for the adoption of that mode of elec tion. The Diario Espanol states that on the reiterated application of Don Manuel de la Concha to be relieved from his post as Captain-General of Catalonia, as soon as tranquillity shall have been re-established in Barce lona, the Government has decided on appointing Gen. Dulce in his place, and that Gen. Dulce was to leave Madrid on the 10th for the capital of Catalonia. The Espana gives a sad picture of the state of affairs in some of the Provinces. At Seville there is great .discord ; at Lorida therq must, it is said, have been something se rious, for the Junta of Huesca bad scut off forces to aid in the protection of the inhabitants; but it is Barcelona which appears to excite the most uneasiness. The last accounts received at Madrid from that city were'very un favorable. Gen. Larooua had given up the command of the Province to Gerf. Manukl Concha, and embarked for some foreign place, and Gen. Concha was displaying ad mirable seal and firmness, bat the difficulties that he has to contend against are innumerable, and are much in creased by the absenco of most of the influential inhabi tants, who have fled from the cholera. The Espana pub ishes the following proclamations : " Qcntral Order to the Army of Catalonia. " Soldiers, the cause of liberty cannot accept the slight est stain on the standards which defend it. The battalion of Tarragona committed on the 6th a horrible crime by revolting against its officers and assassinating two of them. Orders had been given that the battalion should be decimated, but the submission which it has made, de manding to lay down its arms to implore pardon, has in duced me, in interpreting the generous sentiments of the Government and tho magnanimous heart of the Constitu tional Queen, to lessen the punishment. Impunity was impossible, and discipline called imperiously for expia tion. Justice has been done. The battalion of chasseurs of Tarragonia has been disbanded. Its colors, covered with a black veil, have been lodged in the citadel; a corporal and two privates, the principal ringleaders in this shame ful affair, have been executed; and300 corporals and pri vates, with the exception of the third company, which, faithful to its oaths, took no part in tho sedition, have been destined to serve in the Colonies, losing their terms of service. Soldiers, I havo given the Duke de Vittoria an assurance that the causc of liberty iu Catalonia had the guarantee of the fidelity and discipline of the army. I made that declaration in your honor, and I thank you for having aided me in the task. Your General-in-Chief, " Manukl dk la Concha." Speech addressed by Gen. Concha to the people of Jiarcelona. " Barcelonesc 1 The enemies of Espartero and of O'Don nell, who are now the enemies of public tranquillity, spread calumnies in order to divide the liberals and the army, and to stain the fine page of our rising, and take away their prestige from the illustrious chiefs who are now at the head of the destinies of the nation. Men of bad cha racter, introduced among the respectable and industrious working classes, spread alarm in the city and have suc ceeded in causing an unfounded panio. At these solemn moments tho authorities address themselves to you in order to point out a rule for your coBduot?blind obedience to the government of tho Duke do Vittoria and mainten ance of order to tho last moment. Let those who think with me place themselves at my side in order that they may know who are the enemies with whom we have to contend, and restore tranquillity to this fine city. 11 Manukl de la Concha, Captain-General. "Barcelona, 5th." It is asserted on all hands?the Moniteur itself, last Thursday, formally declared?that " the Russian Envoy has announced to the Cabinet of Vienna that the Empe ror Niohol?s had just ordered tho oomplete evacuation of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia." It is fur ther deolared that several Russian regiments have already recrossed the Pruth. This was certainly unexpected in telligence after Count Nesselrode's answer, dated St. Petersburg!), 29th June, to the request of Austria and Prussia that he would fix a time for the completion of that measure. That answer was a distinct refusal, except upon certain conditions and for reasons given at length. The Moniteur gives us Count Nesselrode's note. (Soe it in another column.) These conditions have not been com plied with; the reasons for occupation as stated by the Count exist in full force; Russia has suffered no new and disastrous defeat, and yet she is averred to have commenced, in less than a month after the drawing up of Count Nesselrode's refusal,to effeot the complete evacuation of the two provinces ! One oan with difficulty believe that the Czar is sincere in this pledge, if he has really given it; and with still greater difficulty can we believe that the pledge will be kept. If it should be, he will be unable to persuade the world, no matter what specious pretexts I he may put forth as having induced the retreat, that it is not a compelled retreat, diotated by what he deemed an untenable position in front of the Austrian troops, which his continued occupation would make overtly hostile. I cannot believe that Austria has dared to peremptorily offer to the Czar the alternative of retreat or fight. And there are many who think that this movement of Russia is a ruse de guerre, resorted to to gain time and to sever the two German Powers more thoroughly from the allies. The regiments that have recrossed the Pruth, and perhaps some others, detached from the army of the Danube, will be sent down to reinforce the garrisons of Odessa and the Crimea, which are now seriously threatened ; but the great body of the occupying army will evacuato so slowly that winter will be allowed to surprise them west of the Pruth. In the mean time the Austrian occupation, con tinually imminent, is not yet un fait accompli. So far as we know, not a regiment of Austrian troops has yet set foot in the provinces. And none; even of those who most believe that in good faith the Czar has let go his hold of the material guaranties, pretend now that the Austrian occupation is to possess a character of hostility to Russia, or that in ?Dy event it will be allowed to bring Austria and Russia into collision. It is hoped that, Rus sian evacuation being promised and commenced, Austria will be induced te sever from the allies on the allegation that Austria and Germany being no longer injured or menaced, the Turkish war is more a concern of theirs. It is hardly doubted that Prussia at least will take this view of it; and thus the Czar hopes, if Anstria and Prussia are not both severed from the allies, Prussia at least will be severed from Austria. In relation to this subject, the position of Prussia, since the promise of evaouation by Russia we have received the following telegraphic despatch: " Bkblik, 15th.?The Prussian Correspondence pub lishes a note, from which it appears that, though the guarantees demanded by the Western Powers are favora ble to Prussian interests and advantageous to Germany, it would be incompatible with the duties resulting from the treaty concluded between Prussia and Austria in April last, that Prussia should separately bind herself to conditions which, besides the evacuation of the Danubian Principalities, would give a broader basis to the treaty of April 20, 1864. Before entering into any further en gagement, says the Prussian Correspondence, it would be necessary to come to an understanding with the other members of the Oermanic Confederation." You will probably learn by this steamer, by telegraphio despatch from London, that Bomarsund has fallen into the hand of the allies. There is evidence that the Russians mean to make a brave defence, but it must be a hopeless one, against the force the allies will bring to bear upon it. We are now also in daily expectation of having inter esting intelligence from the Crimea. Success there, however, will be more difficult, whether Sebastopol or only Odessa prove to be the object of the expedition. We learn to-day that the Turks have sustained another very serious defeat in Asia. The Moniteur has the following from Bayenne : " The presence of the Emperor, whieh every day it manifested in the capital by to many benefit* and amelio rations, is always fruitful in useful results for the towns which are fortunate enough to possess it. Important works at Dieppe will perpetuate the remembrance or tie residence of their Majesties in that place last year, and the year 1854 will not be lees fortunate for Bayonne end Biarritz. The iuubitants of this part of the country will never forget tho kindnes3 of the Empress, her affability aud her inexhaustible charity towards the unfortunate. The residence of the Emperor will have ap immense in fluence on the future condition of this country. Scarcely bad his Majesty armed at Biarritz when he informed himself of the wants of the country ; he listened to the oompl&intsaud the wishes of the authorities; and, thanks to his personal intervention, important works were order ed, and questions which had been pending for years were settle either with the War Department or with the Ponts ot-Chaussos in a manner most favorable for tho future wclfure of the country. Those who have had the happi ness of seeing the Emperor in his promenades, and who witnessed the calm life which his MajeBty leads at 1 iar ritz, cannot but experience a deep feeling of admiration and respect in thinking that it is from that Imperial re sidence, remarkablo only for elegant simplicity, that pro ceed without noise and without external agitation the | great affairs of Franco and Europe, (ind^ those resolutions which every Jay ralbe France both in the eyes of her frieuds and of her enemies. Scarcely eighteen months have elapsed since the re-establishment of the Empire, and already, in that France so long agitated, tranquillity is so well re-established and authority so well restored that the Emperor can, at u distance of 200 leagues from his capital, direct by his high and powerful will all the affairs of the country, without their progress being check ed, any iuterest suffering, or the Bolution of any question being delayed. And at what a moment do we see realized this action of a strong and national Government? When in the North and in tho South, at Rome, at Athene, at Constantinople, on the Black Sea, apd in the Baltic, the standard of France is unfurled, and when our diplomacy speaks such a noble language and performs so glorious a part! The will whioh direots these fleets, these armies, and these negotiations, tho force which gives movement to all these springs, is at one of the extremities of i ranee, and under the impulse of that will, under the action of that powerful foroe, all proceeds towards tho object so gloriously purrued. What finer praise can be given to him who, in so short a time, has created so strong an or ganization, and whose Arm hand directs all the move ments of it?" The Constitutional has the following on tho national fete of the 15th: "To-day, throughout all France, will be celebrated the third anniversary of the national fete, instituted by Na poleon I. and re-established by Napoleon III. Through out the whole Empire the chief of the State, though ab sent in person, will be present to the ideas and the hearts of all; for every where will the benefits of his Govern ment speak of him to the enthusiastic and grateful peo ple. Whether we look at home or abroad, we only see striking testimonies of the prudenco of conduct, cf tho sagacity of views, of the profound acquaintance with the necessities and interests of our epoch, and of the senti ments of patriotism and energy of will which preside over all the political acts of Napoleon III. At home what ele ments of labor, of comfort, and prosperity ; what motives of confidence, gratitude, and security do we not owe to the courage and devotedness with which Napoleon 111. has labored for the appeasement of party passions and the revival of industry, by the re-establishment and con solidation of material aud moral order in every class of societyT Abroad what legitimate sources for pride! In a few months every thing has changed its appearance in that Europe formerly on its guard against the Govern ment of France, and now united to it in thought aud action, owing to the enlightened, chivalrous, calm, and firm conduct of its sovereign in the question of the Last, which is one of the greatest questions that has ever arisen in the civilized world. At home all those elements of publio and private riches developed which lead the coun try to the highest possible summit of prosperity, and realize iu their object the great principles of liberty and equality which triumphed in 1789, aud which constantly tend to improve, both morally and materially, the condi tion of the laboring classes; and all this without popular agitation and without social revolution. Abroad, France replaced in the rank of the great nations which exercise a preponderant aud salutary action on the destinies of Europe, and those powerful alliances secured to her which give to her armies and her fleets the noble mission of pro tecting the cause of right and equity, and that without compromising her repose or staking her future condition. Such are the fruitful results which Napoleon III. has known how tojicquire in a reign of less than three years. When facts speak so forcibly to the imagination of all, it is only sufficient to mention them to excite the gratitude and the blessings of the people towards the Government to which the country owes its grandeur and its pros perity FROM OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENT. Paris, Auovst 21,1854. About noon day before yesterday the thunder of the heaviest artillery of the Invalides announced to startled Paris the occurrence of some stirring evedl E'er the first half dozen of the one hundred and one guns were fired all Paris was on the qui vive, and every one was asking his neighbor what was tbe news? What has happened'! Is Sebastopol taken Has Austria declared war against the Czar ? _ Has Sweden joined the Allies? Is the Empress encicnte t What is the matter ! said every body to each other. " Jc n'en sais rien," was every body's reply. Paris for twenty minutes was completely intriguet; but a notice posted up at the Bourse and hand-bills scattered in profusion over the town speedily satisfied the public curiosity by apprising us that Bomarsund had fallen Yes, twelve thousand French and English troops, aided on the side of tho Bea by a large division of the allied fleets throwing its bombs into the fort from a distance far beyond the reach of the Russian guns, had succeeded on the 16th instant, eight days after their first appearance before the place and after four days' active operations, in compelling the capitulation at discretien of the two thou sand Russians composing the garrison of the Russian fortress of the Aland islands, in the Gulf of Bothnia. We have all been expecting, even a little sooner than it occur red, the capture of Bomarsund by the imposing force sent against it under the command of Gen. Baraguay d'Hilliers, but we did not expcct that the capture would be deemed matter of such thundering rejoicing ; and it would seem that the Government itself was, upon second thoughts, a little ashamed of this noisy expression of its joy; for, while yesterday morning every unoflicial journal of Paris made the one hundred and one guns of the day before the subject of its first notice, the Monitcur itself simply pub lished the despatch announeing the " brilliant success," but said nothing about its costing almost as great an ex pense of powder at Paris as at Boi*rsund. With the two thousand prisoners, the allies have taken one hundred pieces of cannon, composing the armament of the fort. The loss of the allies, in killed and wounded, is set down at only one hundred and tweaty. " France will applaud," says the Fay*, " this first effort of tho heroism of her sons, and Russia will learn from it* that the foroes of civiliza tion are not to be with impunity provoked." And the Conttilulionnel thinks that this "magnificent feat of arms," compared with the repulse of the ltussicns before Silis tria, " evinces the same difference between the character of the two armies that exists between the two causes." Now, there can, I apprehend, be no doubt whatever that this little military enterprise was conducted well, skilful ly, and just as it should have been; but the Emperor will hardly seize this opportunity to send to his success ful General tho marshal's baton, with the title of Prince Bomarsund! I doubt if, in " my uncle's" time, the an nouncement of such an incident would have been deemed as meet occasion, in view cither of its attending cir cumstances or of its probable consequences, for rousing Paris with all the guns of the Invalides. The Emperor himself thus announces the event to the army of the East, in a proclamation addressed to it from his retreat at BierriU and published in the Moniteur of this morning: " Soldiers and seamen of the army of the East! ^ ou have not yet been engaged in actual combat, and yet you have obtained a signal success. ^ our presence, and that of the English troops, have sufficed to compel the enemy to recross the Danube, and the Russian ships-of-war re main ignominiously in their ports. \ ou have not yet been engaged in oombat, and yet you have courageous! v striven with death. A fearful though transitory pesti lence has not slackened your orJor. France and the sovereign she has given herself do not witness so much energy <nd abnegation without profound emotion, and without making every effort for your assistanoe. The first Consul said, in 1799, in a proclamation addressed to the army, 4 the first quality of the soldier is constancy in supporting fatigue and privation; valor is but the se cond quality.' You are now evincing the first. Who may dispute your title to the second ? Our enemies, from Finland to the Caucasus, are anxiously asking at what peint England and France are about to strike their blows, which they foresee will be decisive; for right, justice, and Warlike inspiration are upon our side. Already Bo- , marsond and two thousand prisoners hare fallen into our hands. Soldiers! you will imitate the example or the army of Egypt. The victors of the Pyramids and of Mont Tabor had, like you, to combat veteran troops and disease; but, despite the pest and the efforts of "ire? armies, they returned honored to their, country. Sol diers! hare confidence in your General-in-chief and in me. I am watching over you, and I hope, with the aid of God, that 1 shall soon see your sufferings diminish and vour Klory increase. Soldiers, <1 recoir ! r6 1 ? Napolson. Some anticipate the rather improbable policy of strengtheniug Bomarsund and keeping a division of the allied forced there throughout the coming winter, to be ready there for early operations at the opening of the next spring. Others calculate that this first hostile occupation of a portion of the territory formerly wrested by Russia from the Kingdom of Sweden will be promptly followed by an outbreak of the Finlauders ag.iinst the Russian domi nation, and that the islands of Aland will be transferred to Sweden as a first instalment of territorial restitutory payments to be promised by the allies in consideration of I the active participation by Sweden in the war against the Ciar. Wo are left in doubt, by the last accounts from the Black Sea, whether the expedition to the Crimea has actually Bailed or not, nor is its exact destination cer tainly known : whether Anapa and Caffa, on the eastern coast of the Crimea, or Sebaatopol, on the western, or whether Odessa is not to be made the first point of attack. ^here are many plausible and strong reasons in favor of the last conjecture, and indeed there are some symptoms indicating OdeBsa as really to be the first place attacked. It would be a much lees doubtful and haaardous enter prise than that against Sebaatopol; and Odessa, once in the power of the allies, would afford a most convenient and excellent ccntre from which to direct extensive and definitive operations against the latter formidable strong hold. The attack upon Odessa in preference to Sebasto pol would also be conformable to the precedent just set in the Baltic, where Cronstadt, Sweaborg, and even Kevcl have been avoided in order to flesh the maiden swords of the war in the less difficult enterprise of more assured success, which has just been made the subject of such noisy rejoicing here. In fact, all impartial judgments must admit that the allies thus far, in selecting their points of attack, have given proof of the same discretion that the Russian fleets have displayed by remaining in their ports and not risking the hazards of conflict with the unquestionably superior fleets of the allien. The cholera, to which the Emperor makes allusion in his last proclamation, has really made deplorable havoc in the army of the East, but would seem to be now on the decline. It has also prevailed all over the south of France, and al30 to a seriously alarming extent in Paris itself. It is still among us, and is perhaps on the increase, but the journals daro not speak of it. We know of its existence, however, by private conversations whenever two or more persons meet together, by the more frequent sight of fu nerals in the streets, and by frequent notices in the papers of persons who died ? suddenly," or " after an illness of two days only." It is announced that orders for entering Wallachia im mediately by the christian troops have actually been dis patched from Vienna. The movement of Russian troops toward the Russian I frontier of,,the Pruth continues to be reported ; but the I ' opinion ventured to be expressed in my last, to the effect that the evacuation by Russia would be very slowly oper- j ated, a:?d that complete evacuation was hardly to be ex- j pected and was not sincerely intended, has gained some confirmation since my last. The troops that have crossed to I the eastern side of thePruth do not stop there, but hasten on to reinforcc Odessa and the Crimea. It is even said to have been officially intimated on the part of the C?r that his troops would not entirely abandon the Princi palities until the Turkish forces should have retired to the I right bank of the Danube. j The position of the German Powers is still of a nature ' to creatiy embarrass the resolutions of the allies bellige rent. Prussia is more and more decidedly separating her policy from that of the Western Powers in favor of Rus sia, and thus increasing the hesitations of the Emperor of Austria and the indiatinotneM of his position. The former alleges that the Russian retirement back of the i Pruth annuls the late treaty between the two great Ger man Powers, satisfies the German intere?tH, the lesion of which induced the joint summons to evacuate, and re moves all pretext on the part of Prussia and Austria to de part from their neutrality. The further demands of the allies are, it is admitted, favorable to German interests in the east of Europe and on the Danube, but they are with out and beyond all the treaty obligations of 1 russia, and if Prussia should be ever induced to adopt and support them against Russia, it must be by virtue of new treaty obligations, to be specified aud fixed after renewed nego tiations and mature deliberation with tho J8?" Austria, on the other hand, seems disposed to accept the retirement of the Russians as a peaceful indication, but not to accept it as satisfactory, hhe insists, belligerent allies, that the Ciar must give security against the rgepetUion of the occupation ; that he must renounce tho protectorate claimed ; that he mus France the Danube- in short, that he must do all that France and England require of him, except j to tho annihilation of Russian naval pow Se\Ye have no important news from Sl'a'n thi? week^ The situation of a flairs remains pretty much what it was at the date of my last. The roins of Government are held very irresolutely by the persons nominally at the head of affairs. The new Minister of Finances has resigned in utter des pair of being able satisfactorily to administer his dePart" ment. The leaders of the mob have still to be coaxed and conciliated A number of them have paid an official visit to Espart.ro, further protesting a gainst that portion of the Ministerial policy, as announced recently, that re moved the question of monarchy or no monarchy from the deliberations of the Constituent Assembly which is to meet in November next, and requiring him to revoke that decision. The General, in his turn, ventured to gently re monstrate against this dictation, but promised to consult his colleagues touching the matter they had brought be fore him. Rumors are again current of serious differ ences that have arisen between Espartero and ODonnell. Several of the provinces have refased to acknowledge the Government established at Madrid and have armed to resist bv civil war. Catalonia itself, notwithstanding the energetic conduct of the Gen. Manuel de la Concha, U considered as being far removed from a sUte of assured tranauillity. Espartero, invited to repair to that lead province in order to assure order by his presence, wfs compelled to decline, order in the capital itself being to ill-assured to admit of his absence. The Queen Mother is still in Madrid, and nothing has yet been decided re specting her. Most of the ex-Ministers are also believed to be still concealed in thecapital. .^e Q?een Isabella lscon^ pelUd daily to sign decrees which in spirit and by their terms must do great violence to her secret opinion and * The Princess Charlotte Julia Zenaide Bonaparte ha9 re cently (8th August) died at Rome, where she has resided for many years. She was the oldest daughter of Joseph Bonaparte, ex-King of Naples ^d of Spain. Shes was married in June, 1822, to her cousin, Charles Luci en Bona parte, eon of Lucien Bonaparte, (brother of Napoleon 1,1 and the actual Prince of Canino. She has left many chil dren, who all reside in Rome. It is conjectured that, ir Napoleon 111. should eventually have no children of his oin, Z will adopt one of the sons of ti?s deceased Princcss, who are doubly nephews of Napoleon I. Oao of them is spoken of very highly, and as being a grea favorite with the present Emperor. The Prince Canino him self has for several years resided in France. Ho is disti - cuished as a man of science, bat is reported to bnve Tcry estimable personal qualities. His character has g I prevented hi. H.to, op? good tern. ***?*??? his late wife, who was exceedingly liable and mteUi pent. She waB born in Paris 8th July, 1801. RUSSIA AND THE WESTERN POWERS. feom thk ramie no?iT*r* or august 11. . We place before our readers the reply of the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh to the demand for the evacuation of the Principalities, which was formulated by Austria and sup ported by Prussia. The despatch of Count Ncmilsods, transmitted officially by the Court of Vienna to the Gov ernment of his Imperial Majesty, has provoked, on the part of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, a reply, which we also publish. The communication of these documents preceded and prepared the exchange of notes which took place at Vienna on the 8th instant, a fact which we have already announced. We restrict ourselves to observe that, after the argu ments employed by Russia to decline the demands of the two great German Powers, the tenor of the proclamations it has addressed to the Wallachlans and Moldavians, the anltiplM checks its troopi h*T? suffered in their rstmt, and the eoncentr&tion of forces commanded by Gen. Baron Hess in Transylvania and the Bukowina, the Cabi net of St. Petersburgh can no longer honorably represent the evacuation"of the Principalities as a concession made to the diplomacy of Austria. Despatch of Count Neftrlrode to Prince Gortscha kojf, Russian Envoy at Vienna. St. Pktebsdcxoh, 17-29 Jcxe, 1864. My Prihcb : Count Esterhaiy has communicated to me the despatch by which his Cabinet requests us (nous enguye) to put a term to the actual crisis by avoidiug to push further our trans-Danubian operations, and in evacu ating the Principalities within as short a delay as pos sible. In notifying this desire on Austrian and German interests, which the extension of the struggle on the Da nube would compromise, Couut Buol supports himself on the ground that our occupation of tho Principalities was the principal cause of the war. We shall ask his leave to make some reserves in this respect. The ocsuputiun of the Principalities had not prevented the opening and the continuation of tbe negotiations. It was not it which provoked the abandonment of the Vienna note, the rejectiou of the propositions made at Olmutz, with the concurrence and the approbation of Austria, no more than the complete change of all the anterior bases of negotiations; and if siuce then all attempts at recon ciliation have proved abortive, the Austrian Cabinet can not disown that it arose from incidents and motives much more complicated, upon which we prefer remaining silent to day to avoid disagreeable recriminations. We replied by silence to the summons of France and England, because it was of an offensive nature, (forme bl?s sante,) preceded by open provocations, and devoid of all conditions of reciprocity; and if war resulted therefrom, it would be just to impute the cause thereof less to the nature of our reply than to the tone and terms which pro voked it. However this may be, (<juoiqu'il en wit,) if, in the opinion of tho Austrian Government, tho prolonged occupation of tbe Principalities was the motive of the war, it would result therefrom that by the cessation of that occupation the war would cease from the fact itself, as hostilities would be suspended. Is it in the power of the Cabinet of Vienna to give us the assurance thereof? (LecJOabinet de Vienna est il en mejsurc de nous en donntr Cassurance:') It cannot escape its attention that from tbe first mo ment that the Porte declared war to us, especially since tho circle of that war, transported beyond Turkey into our seas and on our coasts, has been extended beyond measure, that the occupation of the Principalities, what ever may have been its original character, has become nothing else for us but a military position, the mainte nance and abandonment of which are, above all things, subordinate to strategical considerations. It is clear, therefore, that before we voluntarily give up, out of re gard to the situation of Austria, tho only point where, pushing the offensive, there remain for us some chances of re-establishing in our favor the equilibrium which is every where else agaiust us, we ought to know at least what securities Austria can offer us ; for if the hostilities continue, if the Powers, disengaged of all apprehension in Turkey, remain at .liberty either to pursue us on the evacuated territory or to employ all their disposable forces in future to invade our Asiatic or European coast, so as to impose upon us unexceptionable conditions, it is evident that Austria would have asked us to weaken ourselves morally and materially by a sacrifice en pure verte. To exact from Russia that she should place herself en tirely at the mercy offEer enemies, wheu the latter do not dibsimulate the intention of upsetting or diminishing her power; to expose her to all the attacks which they may deem it. suitable to direct against her by reducing her every where to the defensive; to deprive her, finally, in the numo of peaoe, of every means of providing that that peace should not be ruinous and dishonorable for her, would be an act so contrary to all the laws of equity, to every principle of military honor, that we flatter our selves in the belief (nous nous plaisons a croire) no such idea could have for one moment entered the mind of his Majesty Emperor Francis Joseph. In communicating to us the protocol of tho Oth April, the Court of Vienna lays stress with us upon the positive engagement taken by it toward the Western Powers to bring about, by all means in its power, the final evacua tion of the Principalities; but, in taking that engage ment, Austria could not refuse itself the choice of the means which might seem to it most proper to fulfil its obligations?that of placing Russia in a condition to pro ceed with the evacuation with honor and safety. The very obligation which she has contracted gives her, on the contrary, the right of insisting with the Powers that they do not, by their exactions, prevent the suceess of her ef forts. Tho same applies to the interests of Austrian and German commerce, invoked agaiust the prolongation or extension of our military operations. They authorize the Cabinet of Vicnua to use with tho two Powers the same reasons as with us; for if the interests of Austria and of the whole of Germany may momentarily Buffer from our operations on tho Danube, with greater reason do they suffer, and still more seriously, like those of all neutral States, from the situation caused by the maritime opera tions of Frauce and England in the Euxine, in the North Sea, and in the Baltic. Let the Austrian Government, then, maturely weighing theso considerations, explain itself towards us on the eubject of the guaranties of security which it can give us, and the Emperor, out of deference to the wishes and in terests of Germany, would be inclined (serait ditposi) to enter into negotiation on the precise period of the evacu ation. The Cabinet of Vienna may, beforehand, be per suaded that his Majesty shares in the same degree with it the desire of putting as speedy a term as possible to the crisis which weighs at this moment upon all European situations. Our august master still wishes, as he always has wished, for peace. He does not wish?we have re peated it, and we repeat it ugain?either indefinitely to prolong the occupation of the Principalities, or to esta blish himself there in a permanent manner, or to incor porate them with his States, still less to overthrow the Ottoman empire. In this respect he makes no difficulty to subscribe to the three principles laid down in the pro tocol of the Oth April: Integrity of Turkey.?This point has nothing which is not conformable to all we have hitherto enounced, and it will not be menaced by us as long as it shall be respected by the Powers which occupy at this moment the waters and the territory of the Sultan. Evacuation of the Principalities.?We are willing to pro ceed therewith on suitable securities being given. Consolidation of tht Rights of the Christians in Turkey. I Starting from the idea that the eivil rights to be obtained 1 for all the Christian subjects of the Porte are inseparable from the religious rights as stipulated by the protocol, and would become valueless for our co-religionists if the latter, in acquiring new privileges, did not retain the ancient ones, we have already deolared that if it was thus the demand which the Emperor has made to the Porte would be fulfilled, the motive of the difference set aside, and his Majesty ready to concur in the Europoan guar antee of those privileges. Such being the disposition of the Emperor on the capi tal points indicated in the protocol, it appears to us, my Prince, that, provided peace is wished for without arriere pentfe, which renders it impossible, it would not be diffi cult to arrive at it on this triple basis, or at least to pre pare the negotiations thereof by means of an armistice. This is the hope which your Excellency will kindly express (voudra bien eiprimer) to the Austrian Cabinet, by communicating to it this despatch. Receive, &o. Nbsselrodi. Despatch from M. Drottyn de L'lluys to Baron de Jiourque ney, Minister of the Emperor at Vienna. Paris, Ju.lt 22, 1854. Monsiktr i.k Barox : I have received the despatches which yon have done me the honor to write to me up to No. 121, and your telegraphio despatch of yesterday has also reached me. Whatever interest the double communication which you announce to me must necessarily offer to the Gov ernment of his Imperial Majesty, I need not await it to appreciate, en plane connausance de cause, the reply to the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh. For some days that doeu ment has been in my hands, which was, as you know, presented by Gen. Issakoff to all the Governments who were represented at the Bamberg conferences, and the Emperor, before his departure for Biarriti, had time to examine it and to give me his instructions. * I shall object but a very few words to the commence ment (debut) of Count Nessclrode's despatch. Russia persists in throwing back upon the Western Powers the responsibility of a crisis which she alone provoked. She complains of the form of their summons, and beholds in a step which her acts have rendered necessary the deter mining cause of tho war. This is forgetting a little too soon the series of long and laborious negotiations which occupied last year; it is not taking sufficient account of the multiplied warnings which in every form France and England gave to the Cabinet at St. Petersburg!*; finally, it is a wilful self-disavowal that, from the day upon which the Russian armies invaded the Principalities of the Danube, peaee was so much compromised that the most loyal, the most patient efforts could not save it. I shall, therefore, M. le Baron, confine myself to recall to mind that the despatch of Count Buol to Count Ester haiy, the very same to which Count Nesselrode replies, re-established as it should do (comne Ufalloit) the veri ty of the parts, (roles,) and that the conference of Vienna, in the protocol of the 9th of April, solemnly recognised that the summons addressed to Russia by France and England vu founded in right, (etail fonde en droit.) Eu rope has, therefore, pronounced its judgment by its most accredited organs, and that suffices for us. I now oome to the political part of the Russian commu nication. What at the very first strikes me is that, in ?slj attributing to the step attempted bj Austria and supported by Prussia a character pare]/ Germanic, those two Powers could not show themselves satisfied with the result of their insistances. The despatch of Count Buol to Count Esterhaiv pat in relief the two following points: 1v1'r.T1,e n?cosHitjr of evacuating within a short delay the Principalities of the Danube. -? The impossibility of subordinating that evacuation, claimed in the name of the essential interests of Germa ny, to conditions independent of the will of Austria. , V! ?.? 1,'?U ia fixed t0 occupation of Moldavia and Wallachia, and the proclamation of ao armistice in considered as the condition ttnc qua non of the retreat of the invading armies beyend the Pruth. The prejudice which Russia, according to" the testimony of Austria and 1 russia, bears to the Germanio Confederation, by not re entering withiu its territorial limits, subsists consequent ly in full, and not only does it become aggravated by ite duration, but also by the fin de non reeevoir, of which the legitimate representations which it had raised have juet been the object. The Cabinet of St. Petersburgh, it is true, adheres, it says, to the principles laid down in the protoool of the 9th of April, but the presence of the Russian troopa on the Ottoiium territory already takes from that declara tion, which I wish to examine closely, the greatest part of its value. The evacuation of the Principalities fa ia fact the primary condition of the integrity of the Turkisk Empire, and the fact of their occupation constitute! a flagrant violation of European rights. The crisis which troubles the werld?I will repeat it the more readily because an attempt is made to contest it?arose from the passage of the Pruth; and Russia no longer can render subordinate to the exaction* of a position in which she has deliberately placed kef self the preliminary reparation of an act which gen eral opinion has condemned. 1 do not understand, 1 own it, what M. de Nesselrode means to say iir announcing that the integrity of the Ottoman Empire " will not be menaced by Russia as long as it shall be re spected by the Powers which occupy at this moment the waters and the territory .of the Sultan." What similarity is there between the invader and.the protector? What analogy whatever is there between the presenoe of allied troops demanded by the .Sublime Porte, authorised by ? diplomatic act, the cffects of which must cease by a com mon act, and the violent entrance of the Russian army into the Ottoman Territory ? Finally, M. le Baron, the paragraph of Count Nessel rode's despatch which concerns the situation of the Chris tian subjects of the Sultan signifies, or I am very much mistaken, that the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh places ia the number of the ancient privileges that the Greeks of tbo Oriental rite ought to retain all the consequences, civil and religious, at the same time of the protectorate it claims over them ; and, in admitting that this protec torate should be founded upon a European guarantee, ? in vain endeavored to find how the independence and sovereignty of the Sublime Porte could co-exist with sucli a system. The Government of his Imperial Majesty as suredly does not wish to Bay that Europe oan show itself indifferent to the amelioration of the condition of the rayas ; on the contrary, it thinks that it ought to oover those populations with its active solicitude, and come to an understanding to encourage the benevolent disposi tions of the Sultan in their favor; but it firmly be lieved that the reforms of which the system is susceptible, to which the different communities of Turkey are sub mitted, ought to bo salutary and efficacious to emanate from the Ottoman Government; and that, if their accom plishment requires foreign assistance, it should be an amicable action, shown by good i;nd well-meant advice, and not by an interference founded upon treaties whick no State could subscribe to without abdicating its inde pendence. This examination of the reply of the Cabinet of St. Pe tersburgh would not be complete, M. le Baron, unless I observed that Count Nesselrode avoids with extreme care to make the slightest allusion to that one of all the para graphs of the protocol of the 9th of April which deservee most to attract his attention, and the only one, in oar opinion, which has capital importance, as it implies the necessity of a European revision of the ancientrelations of Russia and Turkey. Prance and England could not therefore consent to a suspension of arms on the vague assurances given by Count Nesselrode touching the pacific dispositions of the St. Petersburgh Cabiuet. The sacrifices made by the al lied Powers arc very considerable, the objeot they hava in view is great enough for them not to stop on the way before having the certitude of not being obliged to re commence the war. The particular conditions they will put for peace depend upon too many eventualities for them to indicate them at present, and in this rtfspect they * reserve their opinion. However, M. le Baron, the Government of his Impe rial Majesty is perfectly willing to make known at onee some of the guaranties which appear to it indispensable to reassure Europe against the return of a new and proxi mate perturbation. These guaranties result from the very situation which pointed out the dangers of their ab sence. Thus Russia has taken advantage of the exclu sive fright of surveillance which treaties conferred upon her in the relations of Moldavia and Wallachia, with the sovereign power to enter those provinces as if they were her own territory. Iier privileged position in the Euxine has allowed her to form establishments in that sea and te develop there an amount of naval forces which, from a want of all counterbalance, are a perpetual menace ngiiinst the Ottoman Empire. The possession without, control of the principal mouth of the Danube by Russia has created moral and material obstacles to the navigation of that great river which affect the commerce of all na tions. Finally, the articles of the treaty of Kutchuk Kanardji relative to the religious protection have become, in consequence of an abusive interpretation,'the original cause of the struggle now maintained by Turkey. On all these points there are new regulations to be es tablished and important modifications to be made to the alatui quo ante btllum. It may be said, I think, that the common interest of Europe will demand? 1. That the protectorate exercised hitherto by the Im perial Court of Russia over the Principalities of Molda via, Wallachia, and Servia shall cease in future, and the privileges accorded by the Sultans to those depend ent provinces of their Empire should, in virtue of an ar rangement concluded with the Sublime Porte, be placed under the collective guaranty of the Powers. '2. That the navigation of the mouths of the Danube should be free from all obstruction, and subject to the application of the principles consecrated by the acts of the Congress of Vienna. 8. That the treaty of the 13th of July, 1841, should be revised by agreement of the high contracting Powers ia an interest of European equilibrium, and in the eense of a limitation of the power of Russia in the Black Sea. 4. That no Power shall claim the right of exercising an official protectorate over the subjects of the Sublime Porte, no matter to which right they belong, but that France, Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia ?h?ii give their mutnal concurrence to obtain frem the initia tive of the Ottoman Government the consecration and ob servance of the religious privileges of the different reli gious communities, and turn to account, in. the recip rocal interests of their co-religionists, the generous inten tions manifested by his Majesty the Sultan, without any infringement upon the dignity and independence of hm crown resulting therefrom. The Conference, if it meets, will, I flatter myself te hope, recognise-that none of the ideas I hare juat express ed are contrary to the protocol of the 9th April; and that it was even difficult to contain witfiin more moderate limits the investigation (la recherche) which Franoe, Aus tria, Great Britain, and Prussia have, at this period* formally engaged themselves to make in common on the subject of the means most proper to consolidate the ex istence of Turkey by attaching it to the general equili brium of Europe. The recent communications of 31. de Hubner authorize me already to say that the opinion of Count Buol coincides with mine, and that he takes tka same view as I do of the guarantees which Europe hae the right to demand from Russia to be no longer exposed to a renewal of the same complications. Such is, M. le Baron, the reply which the Emperor hae ordered me to make to the contents of Count Nesselrode'e despatch. You will be good enough to present a copy ef this reply to Count Buol, and to beg him, if necessary, te call together the Conference to communicate it to them also. To resume: the document which has emanated from the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh makes absolutely ne change In the respective situations, and, in the opinion of the Government of his Imperial Majesty, it will only serve to define them still more distinctly. Since Russia hae still to make known her intentions in a practioal and po sitive manner, France and England persist in their atti tude of belligerent Powers; and, as the Principalitiee have not been evacuated, Prussia and Austria will doubt less come to the conclusion (Jujeront) that the obligation* resulting from the treaty of the 20th of April, and strengthened, as regards the Cabinet of Vienna, by itc private agreement with the Sublime Porte, subsist in their integrity and have fallen due. Receive, &c. DROUYN DE L'HUVS. Willow glen school, for yol'mg Ladles, West Cambridge Centre, Mass., on the Lexington Railroad, six mile* from Boston, under the oare ef the Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Ganxktt. The 17th section will com mence on Tuesday, September 5th. This School ia finely located ia one of the most beautiful and healthy villages of New England. It afford* the bait facilities for securing a thorough, extensive, anil accomplish ed education. Pupils are received into the family of the Principals aad watched over and cared for as daughters. For circulars containing further information and refereneee direct to Mr. and Mrs. G. aug 8?wpAcp4w C H OO L B(H)KSofevsry d eseription, for sale low by FRANC* TAYLOR, Pena ar. between Stk aadd| ?H?