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THE WEEKLY NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.
The subscription prioe of this paper for a year is Theki Dollars, payable in advance. For the long Sessions of Congress, (averaging eight months,) the prioe will be Two Dollam; for the short Sessions Ovk Dollar per oopj. A reduotion of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of the fall charge) will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one time, five oopies of the Weekly paper; and a like re daction of 26 per oent. (or one-foarth of the full charge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one time, ten or more copies. No accounts being kept for this paper, it will not be sent or mailed to any one unless paid for in advanoe, nor any longer than the time for whioh it is so paid. MONDAY, OCTOBER 10,1854.. THE RECIPROCITY TREATY. The information conveyed in the annexed article from the Journal of Commerce of Saturday accords substantially with what came to our knowledge through other channels two or three days ago, and we feel authorized to bay that its gei .ral correct . nsaf may be ivKo4 on : ;H. M. Pkulev, Esq, as Specif A ntof the Province of Nova Scotia, hw jt+f nwmgi ment with the Government at Washington in regard to the admission of colonial fish into our ports prior to the conclusion ot all the acts necessary to give full effect to the treaty. Mr. Perley arrived here yesterday from Washington, and was entirely suc cessful in the objects "of his visit. " The Secretary of State, in an official letter of the 10th, states that, in consideration of the admis sion of American fishing vessels to the benefits of the inshore fisheries, the United States Government is desirous of admitting Colonial fish free of duty at once, but has no power to do it by the existing law. But he states that an application will be made to Congress by the Executive for an act for refunding the duties which may be paid on such fish. " The acting Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. P. G. Washington, was yesterday to issue, in accord ance with this decision, a circular to the Collectors, directing them to give special certificates of the re ceipts on account of the duties on fish, with a view to convenience in refunding them upon their pre sentation after Congress shall direct this to be done, in pursuance of the Executive recommendation. Under these circumstances, the certificates thus is sued will be immediately available to the parties re ceiving them. " We also learn that the Crown officers of the British Government have given the opinion that no action of the Imperial Government is necessary to give effect to the treaty, because the laws made in -pursuance of the convention of 1818 are necessarily abrogated by'the abrogation of that convention. ? " The Colonial Legislature *of New Brunswick will meet on Thursday, the 19th instant, and will pssent to the treaty. No special miwt^g Q~ lJ10 Government of Nova Scotia has been ordered for the purpose of accepting the 'treaty, but it is be lieved that a measure so important to the interests of that Province will not be delayed. The prospect is, therefore, that the treaty, in all its points, will bo allowed to take effect in the course of another month. The President wilt'probably issue his pro clamation giving effect to the treaty after the re quirements of the act of -Congress shall be complied with, through the necessary Colonial action, and without waiting for an act of the British Parliament, if such act be deemed unnecessary by the British Government." RANDOM ASSERTIONS. The Illinois State Register (Democratic) makes the following statement with apparent gravity : v ?In the year 1853 Congress established the Territory of Washington. It was taken from the north part of Oregon, and waa part of that territory oyer which the ordinance of '87 e*oluding slavery wus extended by the act of Congress establishing Oregon Territory in 1848. By the act of Congress establishing Washington Terri tory the ordinance of '87 was repealed, so far as it ap plied to Washington Territory, and the people of Wash ington were left free to determine whether they would haVe slavery or not. This was the same principle of the Compromise of 1860 as applied to New Mexico and Utah. It not only carried out the principle of the Com promise of 1860, but in order to do so the ordinance of '87, the same in exaot words as the Missouri.Compro mise, wat repealed to give place to the principle of the settlement of 1850. Precisely the same thing was done in this case in Washington Territory as has since been done in the case of Nebraska. Over both the Missouri Compromise excluding slavery had been extended by Congress. In both cases, too, the Missouri Compromise was repealed to give place to the compromise principle of 1850, which leaves the question of slavery to be deter mined by the people of the Territories. In Washington, as in Nebraska and Kansas, the people have the right to say whether, they will have slavery or not, just as they have in New Mexico and Utah under the Compromise of 1850. Now, was it right to repeal the Missouri compro mise principle in Washington and to leave the people free to fix the question of slavery for themselves T If it was right to do so in Washington, was it not right to do precisely the same thing in Nebraska and Kansas ?" This is in the district of tho Hon. Richard Yaies, with a majority of 1,100 Democrats. There must be a great degree of apprehension as to tho result, when his opponents are driven to such bold statements. Will the reader believe, without turning to tho law, that tiiort io not in Jbe act establishing the Territory of Washington one word about slavery ? This Territory, as the reader knows, was a part of Oregon, over which the ordinance of 1787 was ex tended by a Democratic Congress, under Mr. Polk's approval, and therefore slavery is still prohibited there, and the people of Washington Territory have not " the right to say whether they will have slavery or not." On the oontrary, the laws now in force in said Territory of Washington, by virtue of the legislation of Congress for the Territory of Oregon since the 1st of September, 1848, &c. and prior thereto, (prohibitory ordinance and all,) are declared to be continued in force. Besides, all the laws passed by the Legislative Assembly must be submitted to the Congresss of the United States, and, if disapproved, shall be null and void. No " popular sovereignty " here. The Postmaster General and the Secretary of the Interior are at present at Boston on official busi ness. The First Assistant Postmaster General, Mr. Horatio Kino, and the Chief Clerk of the Department of the Interior, Mr. G. C. Whiting, are the acting officors in th(B absence of |&e heads of those departments. Mahassas Gap Road.?This railroad has been com pleted and opened to front Royal, in Warren county, Virginia. The design is to axtend it to Harrisonburg, in Rockingham, and its location is near the Valley Turn pike. Tho latter company think the close proximity of the railroad will be both dangerous and injurious, and have applied for an injunction. Judge Paaxaa has de clined to grant the request. OHIO ELECTION. The Cincinnati Gazette of 13th contains a sam ple of the returns from that State. The majorities are all on one side. Here are the reports from for ty-two counties: Hamilton county 7,174 Warren county .4.2,000 Butler 800 Clermont 2,000 Preble 1,600 Rosa 1,300 Montgomery 1,600 Muskingum .1,000 Franklin .. 1,800 Clark 1,600 Pickaway 400 Champaign 1,600 Linking 1,000 Miami 1,200 Portage 900 Darke./. 600 Tuscarawas ....1,000 Sciota 800 Huron 1,600 Logan: 2,300 Stark 1,800 Erie 600 Cuyahoga 2,600 Seneoa 1,200 Luoas 1,000 Fairfield 1,000 Morrow 600 Shelby ? 860 Knox 400 Union 800 Columbiana 1,000 Logan 1,200 Lorain 1,200 Coshocton 320 Medina ...1,100 Madison 926 Wayne 200 Athens 700 Starke ?? ..1,400 Perry 800 Trumbull 1,300 Vin?< a 76 In the above forty-two'^counties (the Gazette sayai the auti-Nebr-.ska 64,144. So have not heard of a county which the Ad ministration party has carried- There are eighty eight counties in the State, and we should not be surprised if the People's tickat was elected by ninety thousand majority. They have carried every Con gressional District, and it looks as if they had carried every county. The above returns are not official, but they arc nearly right. I PENNSYLVANIA ELECTION. The Return Judges of the various counties in the State of Pennsylvania were required to meet at the respective county seats on Friday to prepare the aggregate returns. The Philadelphia American says that Mr. Pollock's majority for Governor seems likely to reach thirty thousand. But three Nebraska men are known to be electecLto Congress from the State, all the rest being opposed to that measure. SOUTH CAROLINA CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION. We learn from South Carolina that John McQueen,William Aiken, Lawrence M. Keitt, Preston S. Brooks, James L. Orr, and Wil liam W. Boyce, the present Representatives in Congress from that State, have all been re-elected as members of the next Copgress. In the districts represented by Messrs. Aiken, Keitt, Orr, and Boyce there was no opposition to their re-election. Mr. McQueen was opposed by J. D. Wilson and , Mr. Brooks by A. C. Garlington. ? ~~ indian Treaties. Mr. Doax, United States Indian Agent, has just c^-~ eluded treaties with the Senecas, Shawnees, and Quapaw tribes of Indians, who own a small portion of country adjoining the southwest corner of the State of Missouri. The Senecas made an entire sale of their country, the United States receding one hundred and sixty acres to each individual, which is to be located in a body. The Shawnees and Quapaws made a similar treaty to that made by the DelawareB. The landa are to be suryeyed and sola by the Government for their benefit, reserving eighty acres to each member of the tribe. The Quapaws receive a gratuity payment of three thousand dollars. The Shq^rnees commute the payment of their annuities to be paid in four annual payments, whioh will amount to about twenty-two thousand dollars. The Senecas also oommute the payment of their annuities, which will give them about the same amount as the Shawnees ,* the entire amount to be paid upon the ratification of the treaty by the Government. Mr. Dokn was to hold a council with the Osages on the 26th September for the purpose of treating with them. [Kansas City Enterprise. Virginia Agricultural Fair.?The Richmond papers frequently refer to the preparations in progress to make this one of the greatest exhibitions ever held in the ooun try. Last year every body was surprised and gratified with the admirable suoceas of the enterprise. This year, as we learn from the Dispatch? " There will be twice as muoh ground appropriated as last year to the purposes of the society^ and among the most interesting features of the place is the circular track for the exhibition of horses. This is sufliciently large to give an admirable opportunity for a full display of all their excellencies. The trotters may show off in all their grace and the fleetness of 2.40, which we believe is tip top on the plank road. The accommodation for horses is superb, and we hope every man who has a horse that he takes any pride in showing will add him to the exhibition. " The stalls for cattle and pens for sheep and hogs are more numerous than they were last year, and we hope they will be filled with animals oreditahle to the stock raisers of the State. " Tents, and stands, and ooops, and other conveniences are provided for the ample display of works of art, of flowers and fraits, and vegetables and poultry, &c. The < xhibition grounds are hardly equalled, oertainly not sur passed, by any in the Union for their spaciousness and the general convenience of th$ir arrangements." A New. Railroad'Project.?An air-line railroad from Louisville, Kentuoky, to Memphis, Tennessee, is strongly urged in the papers of the latter'oity. It would save muoh distance, and give new life to both cities. Tbr Army.?Biz officers and three hundred and forty five men will leave New York on the 26th instant for Corpns Christi, whence they are to be distributed among different military posts, to fill vacancies occasioned by expired terms of servioe, desertion, &c. Tub South Shoal or NaxtcckIT.?Capt. Samuel Bunker, of the light ship stationed near this shoal, states that, during the last quarter, 12 steamers, 118 ships, 67 barques, 191 brigs, 142 schooners, and 36 sloops passed his vessel, making in all 661 vessels. On the 8th ultimo, wind strong from west and a thick fog, a large ship stood in within the light ship, bnt the ringing of the bell ar rested her progress, or she would have been aground on the South Shoal in fifteen or twenty minutes. Thi Obio and Indiana Railroad is finished to the State line of Indiana. There is now a continuous rail road from Pittsburgh to that point, spanning the great State of Ohio. " Three m^es and a half of iron remain to be laid to connect Pittsburgh and F|rt Wayne. In a few days the road will be opened to Port Wayne. It is computed that there will be twenty-one thousand miles of railroad in the United 8tates on the first day of January next. The longest railroad upon the surface of the globe is the Illinois Central, which is seven hundre^ and thirty-one miles in length, and is rapidly approach ing completion. ' MAKING THE MOST OF IT. The election returns from Florida and California oc cupy a much larger and conspicuous place in the Demo cratic papers than thoae from Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana. They are golden drops from distant sands. Thru Democrats are chosen from States which at present send Democrats, and these are victories worth relating 1 Those little rebellions in three great States are not worth the space neoessaty to recount them. The " sovereigns" have gone craty, and the Deraooracy awaits the ?' second sober thought," as Mr. Tan Buren did. But what if it should speak in the same manner t VERMONT SENATORS ELECTED. The Legislature of Vermont assembled on Thurs day week, and organized without difficulty. There is a large anti-Nebraska majority in both branches. Two United States Senators were to be elected?one for the remainder of the term ending March 3,1855, rendered vacant, .first by the death of Mr. Urn AM, and next by tho failure of the Legislature lflBt year to elect a successor to Mr. Phelps, whom the Gov ernor appointed temporarily, and tho other for a full term of six years beginning March 4,1855. The Le gislature proceeded to the election on Saturday last, and elected for the short term the Hon. Lawrence Brain ard, of St. Albans, and for the long term the Hon. Jac?b Collamer, formerly an able Rep resentative in Congress from Vermont, and more recently Postmaster General during Gen. Taylor's administration. THE ARCTIC CALAMITY. Of tho forty-fite persons who were sated from the wreck <4 the steamer Arotic^n the two boats under the charge of WttllAM Baaj-ham, the second mate, thirty eigUt arrived at Boston from Halifax on Thursday night. The passengers report that at the time of the collision tho Arctio was on the top of a long wave, while the Vesta was in what is called the M trough " of the sea, so that the Arctic was injured below her water-line. This will account for tho reported difficulties in Btoppiag the leak. Mr. Baalham states that there were two men on the lookout wheu the collision took place. The propeller was seen but a moment before the vessel struck, not in time to stop her headway. He repeats his former statement in regard to the thorough search which was made by the vessels whioh were sent to look for the boats of the Arc tic, and speaks in terms of the highest praise of the con duct of Capt. Lbitoh, of tho City of Philadelphia, in sending off two vessels to cruise for them. The cruise was continued seven days, but not a vestige of the wreck was seen. The boat in whioh Mr. B. went out cruised from Friday until the succeeding Tuesday. The Vesta was running, acoording to the report of her commander, at the rate of eight knots, and the speed of the Arctic is stated on the same authority at not less than twelve knots. Immediately after the collision, Capt. Duchesnk noticed that the bulkhead of his vessel was not started, and he proceeded to lighten his vessel at the head by throwing overboard all the cargo and lug gage which was in the fore part of the vessel. Thi9 eleva tion, with the firmness of the bulkhead, contributed much to stop the heavy rush of water. About one hundred and fifty mattresses, palliasses, and other effeots of the crew and passengers were now placed abaft the safety parti tion, over which were thrown sails, backed by boards and planks, the whole being secured by cables well and firmly wrapped round all. The ferema.st, which received some damage, was cut away, ?nd contributed considera bly to raise the head still more. Two boats were launch ed, the first of which sank, and the second was taken possession of by two of the crew and several of the pas sengers, against the orders of the captain. They were never seen afterwards. The Vesta arrived at St. Johns (N. F.) on the 30th of September. She is a merchant screw-steamer, and was bound from St. Peter's to. Granville. She fc** one Aiunureu and torty-seven passengers and a crew of fifty men?of whom thirteen were lost. It unfortunately turns out that the report that thirty - one of the crew of the Arctic wore pioked up by the Vesta is inoorrect. The passengers and crew on the two boats whioh left the steamer and made Broad Cove were at New foundland with the Vesta, and several of the passengers talked with the French captain and saw his vessel. He saved no one from the Arotio. From the circumstance that Capt Luoc steamed around him, to give assistance, he supposed that the Arotic was not seriously damaged, and when she left him his impression was she had made directly for New York ; otherwise the Vesta could and would have remained by her. Although the bow of the Vesta was literally stove in, leaving a large rent, yet the compartment of bulkhead saved her, and the French cap tain says that his vessel could have lived four or five days, if necessary, before putting into port for repairs. He could have taken off every soul on board the Arctic and landed them safely at Halifax; but the Arotio having steamed off in a western direotion, the captain of the Vesta was put out of hearing of the signal-guns which she subsequently fired. Of persons known to have got placeB in the boatp, there were only nineteen passengers. In contrast with the rush made to the boats by the orew stands the conduot of the passengers. Mr. Dobian, the third mate, tells us that he never saw men more coolly courage- j ous than these same passengers; and, he adds, that their quiet resignation and implicit confidence in the captain and officers of the ship were such as it is impossible to surpass. Mr. Burns also says in his statement that af ter the collision, and up to the last moment, the majority of the passengers were working at the pumps, firing sig nal-guns, and launching spars, &e. to form a raft by di-1 rection of the captain, while the crew took advantage of the opportunity to seise the boats and escape, leaving the eaptain without experienced hands, and tho passengers to take care of themselves. It should be remembered that there were boats enough on board to save all, with proper exertion and the use of a raft, whioh the sailors alone knew how to constrnot. The passengers agree in stating that Mrs. Collins and her son and daughter were drowned. ? Indeed, it does not appear that a single female escaped. This, however, was not the fault of Capt. Luoi, for we notice in the state ments of several of the survivors that be had caused boats to be launched for the use of the women, but they were immediately taken possession of by men, consisting mostly of the crew, who jumped overboard in order to get into them. The selfishness of human nature never was more strikingly displayed. There were not less than sixty females on board; but the instinct of self-preserva tion seems to have been predominant on the ocoasion, and, with somo honorable exceptions, courage, ohivalry, and humanity were thrown to the winds. THE PEE-DEE BRIDGE COMPLETED. This is one of the great bridges of the country ?which an American engineer may point to with pride. The Wilmington (N. C.) Herald say*: "AVe are rejoiced to say that the bridge over the Pee Dee river, on the line of the Wilmington and Manchester Road, is completed at last; and that the regular paascn ger train passed over it on yesterday. Henceforward there will be no lcnger delay at this difficult point of the road; and the old flats for the transportation of the mails Eind passengers over this impracticable river will be dis pensed with. The completion of this great work, the pioneer of the kind in this country, is an era in the his tory of bridge building, and a source of congratulation to the friends of the road and the public." Tbis bridge was constructed under the direction of Walts* Gwykn, Esq. A festival is talked of in oom memoration of the achievement in the face of difficulties at one time deemed insurmountable. The Directors of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, at their meeting on Wednesday, decided unanimously not to make a dividend, the nett earnings of the road having been applied to the construction and to the meeting of maturing engagements. On the proposition for an ad vance in ooal freights a vote was also taken and decided negatively, 14 to 12. AwruL Stbamboat Catahtrophk.?The steamboat Malta, Capt. Fraiob, from Louisville to Memphis, with about two humfred and fifty passengers on board, struck a snag at the head of Ilurrioane Island, about fifty miles above Paducah, on the morning of the 20th ultimo, when she immediately sunk in about twelve feet water. Most of the cabin passengers rushed on the hurricane deck, while the deck passengers commenced jumping on a flat boat swinging at the time and threatening to uspsizo. From information derived from one of the passengers the number drowned must have been between thirty and fifty, all exoept two being deok passengers, among whom were several women and children. None of the oabin passengers' baggage was lost, and all lives might have been saved had they stuck to the beat RESCUE OF CAPT. LUCE, AND HIS ACCOUNT OF THE LOSS OF THE STEAMER ARCTIC. Since the issue of our last paper the gratifying intelligence has been received of the rescue of Oapt. Luce, the noble commander of the unfortunate steam er Arctic, together with several of her passengers an crew, by the ship Cambria, which arrived at Que bec on Friday night. The persons thus saved from death were picked up at sea, upon rafts and frag ments of the ship, on the second day after the disas ter. Their names arc : J, fl. Luce, late captain of the Arctic; Geobqei F. Al lbs, of Now York; Jas. Smith, of Mississippi; and beickIMav, all passengers on the Arctic; and J. A. Govet FbahOo". of the Vesta. Ale?, the following firemen, be longing to the Arctic: Patrick Noran, Ale*. Grant, Mi chaeltRussell, John Riley, and John Patterson. Cipt. Luce has forwarded to Mr. Collins, by Tel?raph, from Quebec, a statement of the mei &? of the wreck, and of his own sufferings and rescue, of which the following is the substance: At detune of the unfortunate collision I wsb below, working out the position of the Bteamer/ I immediately ran oa deck and saw the iron steamer under the starboar bow, and passing astern, grazing and tearing the guards in her progress. The bows of the strange vessel seemed to be literally erf or crushed off for ten feet, and seemg that Bhe must prvbably sink in ten minutes, and taking a glance at our own ship, and belie ting that we were com paratively uninjured, the boats were cleared and the fir*t officer and Bix men left with a boat to board the stranger and ascertain the extent of her damage. The engineers were immediately instructed to put o the steam pumps, and tho four deck pumps were worked fcv the tassenwW and crew. The skip was at once head j eJ for land, and several ineffectual ttfempts were made to stop the leak by getting sails ove? the Jowa. Findiog that the leak was gaining on them very fas , notwithitanding the very powerful jfforts made^o keep the shi? free, resolved to get the boats reauy, have as many ladies and children placed in them as pos^ rible lo sooner, however, had an attempt been made to do tlis than the firemen and otters "shed into the boats in spite of all opposition, ^eing this itate- of thiogs, ! ordered the boats astern to be kept In readiness untif order could be restored, when to By dismay I saw thorn cut the rope in the bow, and soon disappear astern m Another boat was broken down by persons ^ at the da/its, and many were precipitated into the sea and drowned. This occurred while I had been ?n8a8 in getting the starboard guard-boat ready. 1 had placed the seconl officer in oharge, when the same scene was enacted ai with the first boat. I then gave orders to the second oficer to let go and tow alter the ship, Je?Pl?S near the s,era, to be ready to take the women ani cbi - ren as sooi as the fires were out and the engine should BtMy atteition was then drawn to the quarter-boat, which I fouid broken down, but hanging by one tackle. A rush was made for her also, and some fifteen got i I and cut thetackle, and were soon out ?f Bight. ! seaman wasleft on board or a oarpenter, and we.were wUhoutTooi to assist us in building a raft as our only hope; and te only officer left us WW Lr. t - , taird uiate. Tor the success of all. I Many of toe passengers, who deserve great praisefor tor ooolne. nod enlrgy, did all in tor power u.1 the latest m.meut before the ship ennk. Mr. Rogers the chief eigineer, with a part of his ? taken one oi the small deck-boats, and before the ship went down palled away with about eighteen To form a raft it became necessary to get the only re malning bost (a life-boat) into the wa r. boat, accomplished, kr. Dorian, the chief-officer of too boat, takine care to keep tho oars on board the steamer to.pre 5,J? '^'E'to'gVtbf wo^lS jtss-jasftuA t, a, j .L4?bl. prog?. struggled upwarJs. Burf.ce 0f the water the most were struggling together, amid pieces of the wreck call T32SV-oiali?g M"8 '< kum,? be"'8'1 toorr' Amid wis e,8 ft . . trvinir to save him, wt f? Tether piece and others remained until relieved K dir ?. .Cd'to ..t.r?p to e?r kneee. the ... by deatu. a0parated from our (3.?ff'tb.??^"d p....d the night e..h exiting every hfur to be bis^ast. - be seen The i^orning came, but not a^lmng ^ ^ coon Mr. ?SUISWwJodruff, of New York, was relieved by death and myMlf.?Night Verytoorf throe more ot oar ..ffering party were rebated by jL, and Mr. Allan,a,.n?g.S^u'ed. wXtCaVhTl. during to night, and became aome "hjlouE^blr before da,light on Friday to 20th, ?. Alout SB sou We all exerted our8?lves to 3? '?.K.a in hailing, b?t lb. light to the^tmost oi Md of ^ Sooa after daylight a hP?ua hove in sight to the northwest. The fog having "fcrff'rU?""w i?n "abort toe to'a"^ to\? ffgeii f to" STS ? |,f&. mi, hj? ^-."^'."ard, Shortly after a Bhrp ???r?bed they fortu steering directly for us. As sac. app ^ ^ buo. nately di?covered a m 6aved is a Frenchman, ^h ^wa^a^pa^seng'er" on board the steamer with which *rr.omfion. H' ij^Jb. proceeded to S at abont 3 o'olock P. M., after ?' Td and the sufferers rescued. None others could bo f0-tt John Routu. of the Cambria, proves to have &??;=: 3ris ?'-Sr f th? Vrctio about eighteen inches above the w ? ^nimment Sole bad bee. ?d. hy the fluke of the anchor, abonl two feet be . k. ter-lino. raking the fore and aft plank, and fina y ing its chain, left the stock remaini?ig in ? *??? Arctic, whioh rendered the attempt to draw the bow of the vesael impracticable. Bears.?Ic is stated by a gentleman lately returned from Canada that the bears, driven from the woo ls and back places for want of food, haro been unusually nume rous in the open fields. Oue fanner lost twenty-nine cattle, carried off by them, and others hare suffered in like manner, though not to such an extent. A crusade against these marauders was made and about a dozen were shot. One weighing abont 200 pounds was found in the sluioeway of the railroad at Sherbrook and forthwith killed.?Portland Advertiser.' T ? : . ' ;? THE LOST OF TOE ARCTIC. rtOK THE R1V TOIK COUKIE1. Among the passengers in the Aretic.were the following persons, whose less will be mourned not onlj by the immediate circle of their relatives and private friends, but by the public generally, among whom they were dis tinguished and honored citizens: Professor Henry Reed.?Prof. Reed w&s a native of Philadelphia, a grandson of Gen. Reed of Revolutionary memory, and brother of W. B. Reed, Attorney General of Pennsylvania. He graduated at an early age at the University of Pennsylvania, and after the regular course of legal study vras admitted to the bar. He practiced a short time with succcsa, but his fondness for literary pursuits led him to abandon the law and accept the Professorships of English Literature and Rhetoric in the University of Pennsylvania. He filled this post for more than twenty years, and so filled it as not to leave any thing to be desired in respect to its completeness and usefulness. He was also Vioe-Provost of the Institution. Mr. Reed was on his return to his native city, after an absence of a few months, devoted to the recreation and cultivation which a voyage to Europe, undertaken in the right spirit, usually imparts, in order to resume his pluoe in the University. He was married to a grand-daughter of Bishop White, and was fifty-five years of age. Bdwied Sasdford, Esq.?This well-known and univers ally respected member of the New York bar was a native of Senecacounty. He was a brother of the late Lewis H. Sand ford, Assistant Yioe Chancellor, and ofterwaeds Judge of i the New York Superior Court. Soon after his admission to the bar he became the law partner of John L. Graham, Esq., of this city. When the Court of Sessions was re organized, under the administration of Governor Seward, Mr. Sanford was appointed one of the Judges of that Court, but deolined the office. Mr. Sanford sailed in the packet ship Meroury, of the Havre line, on the second of July last, with his wife and six children, the eldest of whom is about seventeen years of age. He left his wife and children in Paris, where he had leased a house for three years, for the purpose of giving his children a con tinental education. On the voyage to Europe the ship Mercury encountered an iceberg, which seriously injured that vessel and endangered the lives of the passengers. The last suit in which Mr. Sanford was engaged he was associated with the late N. B. Blunt, and took leave of him in Ceurt on his departure for Europe. Mr. Sand ford was about forty-five years of age, was devotedly at tached to his profession, in whioh he stood among the most distinguished. F. Cathebwood.?Mr. Catherwood was extensively and favorably known as an artist of great merit. He was the painter of the panoramas of Jerusalem, Lima, and other cities, which were exhibited in this city some years since and attracted a great deal of attention. He was also the companion of the celebrated traveller, the late John L. Stephens, Esq., on his visit to Central Amcrica. Abner Benedict, Esq ?This gentleman was also a distinguished lawyer of this city. He was native of Con necticut, and was on his return from an excursion under taken for recreation from the active business of life. Mr. Jacob Morbis.?This gentleman was a resident of Philadelphia, and highly respected and honored there. He was a member of the Board of Managers of the Penn sylvania Institution of the Blind, and devoted himself to the promotion of the interests of the institution and to the personal comfort of the patients with a devotion which is not often equalled. At one time during the interoal between the resignation of one principal and the election of another he assumed the entire charge of the estab lishment for E0aw?. In the Board of Manama fCHnsytvania Hospital his services were equally important, especially in the department for the insane. His loss casts a gloom over a large circle of friends. The Due de Grammort was a young French nobleman of distinguished family, who was dispatched to this coun try as an attachi to the French embassy at Washington. More than six months ago he was appointed to the post which he was on his way to fill. His departure was re peatedly protracted by family circumstances and other obstacles, and it was only by the greatest exertion, and after all expectation of his being able ta leave by the Arctic had foiled, that affair*, as it ??? tj ;ugbt, took a more favorable turn, and his family were enabled to hur ry him off. He was but 21 years of age. His ancestry had nnenpied a prominent place both in the political and literary history of France. Mr. Mahlon Dat.?This gentleman was one of the oldest printers and publishers in New York, and was highly respected. His wife and daughter were with him on byard of the Jrctic. MR. SANDERS'S LETTER TO THE SWISS. TOR Til* KATIONAL IXTKLLICKNCER. Mr. Consul Sanoebs's Swiss letter, it appears, has not been very favorably received by the people of that coun try, a verdiot which its doctrine of intervention most justly assigns it. We extract the following from the Go vernment organ, the Xeut Zutricher Zeitung: " Mazcini and his coadjutors appear bent upon bring ing Switxerland into difficulty. With them there sympa thises and labors u certain Grobojs Saddles, American Consul in London, who has written an open letter to the Federal Council (Congress) regarding the position we should ocoupy towards political refugees. In London, by his doctrine of intervention, he so transgressed the bounds of his instructions that President Piibck wa3 obliged to recall him. But just before embarking, to climax his unwarrantable conduct, he wrote us his let ter, which, from its wording, is undoubtedly intended to apply as well to his country as ours. Now, Mr. Sanders may bo a very clever gentleman, but an onslaught on our established foreign polioy is and remains a useless and most miserable puff. We Swiss have bad much more ex perience of the ingratitude of political refugees than Mr. Sanders, of the great Starry Republic. We have the right to offer our country to refugees an asylum, but wben they misuse our-Iftaritality by efforts of a political or revolutionary character it is the duty of our Government to expel them in order to save her own subjects from having their country oonverted into a battle-ground for foreign revolutionists. Ws have repeatedly suffered from the abuse of our hospitality by having ourselves entan gled in difficulties with adjacent Governments, being in variably left to fight our own battles and repair the da mage as best we could. Yes, we know from a dozen in stances where mnch greater sacrifices have been made by our Government to political refugees than were ever granted by the world's greatest republio. Letters have been repeatedly shown us from individuals who never considered onr institutions sufficiently republican for their purposes whilst with us, but who now are quite modestly endeavoring to earn a subsistence with the sweat of their brow in our sister republio across the ocean. Coming as it did, however, merely from a consul, the letter of Mr. Sanders bears nothing diplomatic or official, and can, therefore, only be regarded as perhaps his well-meant advice, and not as the doctrine of a policy advooated by the United States. The letter, therefore, will rcceive no attention from our Government, as their policy is opposed to ' hauling other people's chestnuts from their fires.'" OUT OP EMPLOYMENT. Out of employment! The exclamation is almost as common as the notices of " to let" on new houses. Why out of employment? lias ingenuity reached its end that flesh and blood must waste as the flower wilts when plucked from the stem ? Energy may be seen any day in the week at a street corner sharpening knives. Apple stands yield profit enough to pay for an upper-room and something approaohing to comfort. Matches industri ously offered have purchased a house and lot. Tripe and sausage-meat enable the dealer to keep cool in warm wea ther, and more than pay for coals and expenses when frost prevails. An Ethiopian swill-colleotor lias qualified himself to exercise the elective franchise by pursuing his sloppy vocation with vigor. Oat of employment: Who ota know who or what yon are if you stand at the corncr moping and wondering why a stranger does not step forward to extend a helping hand? Never hope to jump at once into prosperity, for the chasm between in dustry and idleness is of frightful width. Never allow pride to bring a blush to your oheek because your busi ness is humble. Pride is not reliable in all cases. If you labor you produce, and producers are certain of reward in some form. If you are cheated of your money, an honest man may hear of yonr calamity, and with gener ous heart offer yon a position. Never say " out of em ployment!" because no reasonable excuse can be offered therefor. The world is wide; the people daily find rest in the cemeteries, and places must be supplied. There's work enough for all, while integrity and sincerity are characteristic!. Try again.?Albany Kniektrboektr. 1OE THC ? ATI 01A L IHTIUIOUTCIB. "NOT" A FERN LEAP. BT ONE WUO KH0W8. There is not in the whole range of human life a elsM of the community whose wrongs and trials will for a mo ment bear a comparison with those of whom I hare taken my pen to give you a single leaf. They nevertheless par enjoy less pleasure, hare less sympathy from the pubiic and less thanks from employers, while they exert mere energy, devote their entire time, and call into active operation every power, both of body and mind, to a*, complish less than could be achieved with one-half the labor in any other position in life. 'Tis an old saw, "the patience of Job." I tell you, yy darling public, Job ?a never a clerk in a dry-goods store. If he had bee*, more than probable he would hare taken Mrs. Job's ad vhse; for then indeed his affliction would hare been mot* than he could bear, and all the cardinal virtues would not have been as much as is daily called into requisition by those who would serve the public in the position of*, dry good's clerk ; and, if you will allow me space enough, I will endeavor to show you that what I have said w> true, by laying before yom a single page from my journal,. regularly kept up during a servioe of seven years it that capacity in this city, taking good care.so to change the name that none shall say 44I did it," and by it prove to your most perfect satisfaction that, in spite of MI* Fanny s leaf, we are more sinned against than sinning r Novkmbkb 24.?Yesterday, being a rainy day, we had a moment's respite from the throng which has poured mi upon us from the beginning of the fall season. Aroso ** six, dressed, breakfasted, and at the store by eight o olook, in the best humor imaginable, and with the pros pect of a fair day's trade. Took my position near lb* door, ready to wait upon the first fair customer who, should make known her wants. Ah, just in luck, thinks I to myself. Here is Mr*. Flounce making her way hither. I shall now have a plea sant oustomer to begin with; and she enters the store 'Good morning, Mr. Tape." 44 Good jnorning, Mr* Flounce. What shall I have the pleasure of showia* you this morning T" " Plaid silk, if you please. LhJS yon have some very handsome just out." 44 Yeg mar?t - walk back. Any colors you would prefer ?? " Blue and Sn m7 P?fer,enco " Aud immediately I begin t* show them. The large plaid being most desiratS ? ?how them am. But, being . SJJ lady, she prefers something smaller. But she does not like the small ones ; they look just like Rior J1?' :for., tbe Theu another and anothef wonld I k " DOt at a11 b?coming, and would like a green and black plaid. Down they come piece after piece, large and small, heavy and light u^S hnally her fancy is pleased with one. 'Tis just the tbuwr she wanted; and while I am inwardly congratulated Z AfrW1Sf,makin?the Sale" 9he h^eaa to^memtf that Mr. Flounce does not like green at all but if ah* u I .J? * Wvf jor ,h"t pl"'1"" ptoiSI it at once. Well, madam, here it is iust nu?w tin? SSTS: tiliM ?ornin?' and y?u ba've the good tune to be the first to see it." ?? Yes vn? ^ Br.t "?* ?1 ?"? <orr/fof thit*?'"v'oo k?wTc^'*"taar toLSi ?like . However^ doe a not nuuue ?, yQrwA ? rir time with a friend who wishes to purchase a dress or two, and then perhaps you will sell them cheaper, WKff you show me some delaines, if you have any thing new?" ? And down upon tbo counter comes pile after pile of de laines, of every variety, style, color, and quali *7- T"eJ are gone through with with like suocess. Haw ailks, cashmeres, and merinos share the same fate; and Mrs. Flounce is sorry that onr stock is not as handsome as we usually have, and is about to leave, when it occur* to her that the servant requested her to purchase a calico* dress, and she would look at them?something at 121 cents. They in their turn are.cuced over, and at 1??? *re stleoti.'d. " But really, Mr. ' Tape, Jie&a ere coarse. Could yon not selfihtau at 10 oe??*t (the goods cost 11 J, and of oourse we could not.) Well, you will at least give nine yards for a dollar." Well, rather than not sell, I cut it off; but yet my customer is not satis fied, and asks to have a spool of ootton, a few books and eyes thrown in. This is granted also. 44 Please charge It," says Mrs. Flounce, 44 and send it home. Good morn ing, sir. I'll call again in a few days, in hope you will hove something new." Scaroely has she left the store when up steps another customer, pushes open the door as if she would wreak upon it some of the wrath which is beamingjn her coun tenance and flashing from her eyes upon all she meet*, one passes me by without a glance, and moves on to the back part of the store. As all the other clerks are en gaged, I follow her until she stops at the cloak counter asd makes known herwants by one short word, uttered m a tone of anger: " Cloaks 1" 44 What kind, madam, cloth or velvet?" 44Show me''what you have, sir," is her reply, 44and I'U make my own selection." Cloak after cloak is shown?cloth, velvet, bilk, satin, trimmed and plain, long and short, with yokes and without, aud in fact every imaginable style under the sun; and not a. word either of approval or disapproval does my customer ut1ter- At last a blaok velvet strikes her fancy, and she af.ks the price. In the most quiet manner I answer, ''Forty dollars." "Is it possible! Did any one ever hear of such a price ? What is there about that cloak that should make it cost $40? I can bay such o ckxtk. in New \ ork for $25. I know a lady who got one there, just as good in every respect, and only paid $25 for it - and I just saw one at Messrs. Yardstick & Co.'s for$30> just as good. Won't you take that for yours ?" 44 Indeed. madam, I could not; the cloak cost us much more than that in New York. You will see at once that there i* Uiree yards of velvet in the oloak, which is worth at least *8 per yard, which would leave but $6 for the makinw and trimming." " Well, I bolievo the clor.k I saw ?< Messrs. 1. & Co.'s is just as good and just as pretty r but if you will take $35 for it I will take it." Finally W.e???}? dirid? the difference, and she takes the cloak ?t .?87.&0. Notwithstanding she oan purchase just *? ?ood m New York for $26 and in the next store for yet she purchases my cloak for $37.50. But, 1?! the lequel.-her husband has just returned from Biltimore ?nd brought her a cloak from there; but it does not suit her, and she wishes me to take her cloak at what he paid for it and charge her with the difference. Ho can wri the cash for a cloak in Baltimore while he has an aecuaas upon our books due last July, which yetremains unpaid t respectfully decline to make the exchange My cus tomer is much surprised, thinks I am very nnaco.mno aung, and leaves the store declaring she will spend tu? more money with mc. I havo not sent you the entire dottings of one dav% work, but sufficient, I think, to prove to your most per fect satisfaction the truth of the position I assume! at tWe beginning. Should you find room for this I shall b* tempted to Bubmit other pages from that same. CAXO. List th* Pkiktks Liv* ir thi Would m Coming to am End.?A 8econd Advsntist in Middlesex coiinty, who baa his Moension robes all ready and sleeps on the roof of th* bouse every night, has addressed the following letter to a paper in Lowell called the ''World's Crisis." Ww think hu is in a very fair way of going up heavenward some time or other, from the fact that his last thought* are directed towards paying the printer: "Westford, October 4, 1354. "Dear Brother Merrism: You will here find the atacy proved true, by indisputable testimony, that wo must k?t* without doubt for oar coming King on the tenth day afUr lire first appearance of the next new moon. Ton may all raise the loudest shout,' Behold the Bridegroom comeih,' for it will prove a reality. God baa given us the light, bless hi* name ! I have proved that the crucifixion was A. D. 41, wrd every period is perfectly fulfilled but the last, and that is bar*. Ob, ' what maiaer of persons ought wa to bo, in all nanaer of conversation and godlineaar Praia* God that we liva is this day ! I send you two dollars, that the paper may be sus tained two or three weeks longer, till we arrive wher? the^ will be no more needed. '* Years, with the sineerest esteem, " B. P. UltDRtTR.*' The new moon will be on Saturday next, the 21st in stant, and of course Tuesday, the last day of October, Ir the time assigned by Mr. llildreth. A Westford fr'aewof and classmate spent part of a day with us last week ; bat he made no mentioa of any particular excitement ia that place, or preparation for the " wreck of matter and thm crash of worlds." | A poor fellow, having got bis skull fractured, was told hy the doctor that the brain was visible; on which he reoarkaa^ k" Do write to father, for he alwayj swors I had nono." )