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Weekly National liitelllK*-iic< r
Bv GALES 6c SEATON. JAMES 0. WELLING, ASSOCIATE EDITOR. The subscription price of this paper for a year is Two Dollar*, payable ia advance. A reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of the full charge) will be made to any one who (hall order and pay for, at one time, ten copies of the Weekly paper ; and a reduction oi 25 per cent, (or one-f >urth of the full charge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one tiuie, twenty or more copies. No account$ be**? kept for thin paper, it will not be aent to any one unlets paid for in advance, nor any longer than ?he time for whion it it paid. CONGRK8& EXTRACTS FROM OUR DAILY REPORTS. Thursday, February 5, 1863 IN SENATE. Mr. RICE presented the credential of Hon Alf.X P. Ramsay, elected United States Senator from the State of Minnesota for six years from the 4:h of March next Mr. TRUMBULL called up the bill in relation to juries in the courts of the United Sta'es. Pasted. Also, the b;ll concerning courts in Washington T? rrito ry. Passed. ALo, the bill to temporarily supply vacancies ia the Executive departmeuts. Pa<ocd Alto, a bill to ch nge the time of holding district co urts jn certain districts. Passed. DRAFTING THE MILITIA. The bill to encourage enlistments, enrollment, and draft ing militia was taken up, the question being on Mr. Car Elm's motion to strike out the fourth section. The bill was discussed nt considerable length by Messrs. COLLAMER, BAYAHD, and DAVIS Mr. CARLILE wished to call the attention of the Sen ate to the question before them. The objection to this secliou was that it gives tha President | uw<>r tver the persons drafted, and subjects them to the articles and rule* of war before mustered into the service of the United States, the same as if in actual service. H* said this very quesliou was raised an I the same objection made in the convention wh'cb framed the Constitution, lie quoted from Story's Commentaries tbat there was a distinction in being simply drafted aud being in actual service, and that the General Government did not have control of the militia until in actual service. He thought it not expedien* to give such power to the President He said there was an impression tbat tbis war is waged (or other purposes thm restoriug the Union as it was, and be thought there was much to give strength to that imprest ion. He was for the Union as it was, aud he believed there was force enough in the Constitution, if adhered to, to preserve the Union Force might be employed against the rebellion but not against tbe loyal people of the country. If the policy of the war is to be liberty to tbe slave or de*tb to the Union, tbenihe latter would be the only result attained from tbe attempt to piosecute such a war. If the Administration bad a policy, no matter what, it should be ebanged if against tbe will of tbe people, and the people have declared, with great unanimity, that this was n it a war of subjuga tion, but to restore tbe Union aud put down an arm^d in aurrecti n Mr. SHERMAN was surprised at the opposition to this bill. We have arrived at a condition when we cannot tilt up the army by volunteers, and the question is bow thall we till up the army. Is the Senator from Virginia unwilling to give up the contest T Every nation has some kind of a conscript on law, and Congress has pow<-r to raise armies. In regard to th.s section, it tiraply Axes the time wh?n a man shall be cousidered to be in the service of tbe Uuitiid States. Tbe opinion of Judge Story, theiefore, has no bearing on tbis section. Mr. DOOLITTLE said he had a decision of the Su preme Court on this point. The ca?e arose in Pennsylva nia, and Jus ice Washington, delivering the opinion of the court, laid down the tn'e that a distinction was tsk^n be tween a person called into serv.ee and one who was actual ly employed ; but he further say* that Congress might have declared?aud perhaps it was better it should have declared ?that tbe time wh-su a man was in til* service might date from tbe time be was di afted, or when the order was given to the Governor. But Justice Story, who was from New England, aud perhaps disaffected to tbe war of 1?12, de livered a d'asenting opiuioo, and tbat is what is quoted. Mr. SHERMAN claimed tbat tbe question really was whether we shall fill up our armies and contiuuo this war, or whether we shall give it up; and tbe bill, instead of be ing liable to tbe objection urged, settles the question re ferred to by Judge btory, and makes tbe tiui-? definite when tie time ol servico begins. Ilo would have bad tbe bill gone further, asd made the proper exceptions of tbose who ahould be drafted. The laws of France and Prussia bad many wiae exceptions, which would prevent many I ar t eas t wbioh would occur under a general law. If we could bava f. wer political speeches, aud less talk about the n-gro, and turn our energies to ih.j suppression of tbis rebellion, we should soon see the good rc tilts He be lieved a proper conscription law, with tbe necessary limi tationa, to be one of tbe most important laws tbis Congress could psss. If no such law whs passed, be abould deapnir of success. If we allow the armies to dwindle in conse quence of party disputes ?id quarrels about geoeials, we might as weli give up (he contest. But be did not tolieve tbe people would ever give up tbis e? nt -st until rebelliou was crushed out Mr. CAHL1LK riaimod that tbe decisio i referred to b) tbe Senator froui Wisconsin was merely the dictum of Jus tioe Washington. The motion to stiike outwaa rejected?jess 13,nays 28 Mr. DAVIS moved to amend by inserting the word "white;" so as to make it read, "all able bodied white male citizens." Mr. LANE, of Indiana, moved to recommit the bill to the Military C( mmittee, with a view to incorporate cer tain exemptions. Mr. HOWARD wna willing to go as far as the farthes! in the prosecotioa of the war; but ho wanted to know if it was tbe desiro of the leaders of tbe Democratic party to lodoctiiuate that party with the idea that this is an uti ooastitutioual war, aud they were under no obligation to give it a support. Mr. McDOUGALL did not understand (lie .Venator, or see any reason why he abould make a paitisan speech at this time. He would not engage in any party discu*?iou with him; he had endeavored to keep out party politico from the discussions in the Senate. Tie Democrats of tbe oysl States were willing to do ali that was necessary to trengtben th?> Government and r? slore tbe Union. Mr. DOOL1TTLK regarded tli s as oue of the most im portant bills th it C'ongiess could psss; it was necessary tbat this war should be carried on, and tbe rebellion must be put down by tbe sword and bayonet, and if necesstry the whole strength of the country should be exiled out. He veiy much regretted to have this war discussed in a partisan spirit: tfcere was a time when theie were no psr ties in regard to the war, and be be ieved that tow the people, win,out distinction, were true to the Government when tha real issue was presented of whether this Govern ment should live or die, aud a military despotism beerecte 1 on its ruins. If the people, for any cause, should 1ml to support this Government ai.d the Sonthern Conlederac) is established, it needed no prophet to loretell the result Appeals would he made first to the Border States (o join thein and th> n to Pennsylvania aud Indiana and Illinois, pioraiairig them a monopoly of the manufactures; and, under the lead ol aueli Democrats as Jam?s Buchanan, an effort would be made to o.inpel these Stites go int ? that Confederacy. He bel euvl tbis to he the original conspiracy to which J*ines Buchanan wa? a partner. The friend of Buchanan, Judge Black, hud said if tbe S?uth went tbe State ol Pennsylvania would go with iheiB. Mr. RICE asked the Senator if he wou'd express bis opinion of Horace Greeley. Mr. DOOFjITTLK said he was perfectly willing to ex press his opinion. He regarded the rourae of the New York Tribune iu December, IW'H), and also thn course pur sued by that pnper latterly, as amor g the most unfortunate of oceurrencea and ni'St mischievous in its tendency The New York Herald was regarded as the organ of the Demo cratic party, and day after dny that paper was snying to the people of Ibe South, " If you go out of the Unn n a id the friends of Mr. Lincoln shall undertake to force ths people to submit t > h'S authority, the Democracy of the North will rise iu arms, and no Republican soldier shall ever be permitted to leave the Free States." This wa? the language el the Herald, till tho?c nt the South believed the Democracy of the North would tight against their country, and if there was a civil war it would bo in the Free State*. The New Yoik Tribune, at the snine time, almost equally unfortunate, said " if ihey want to go, let them go." Here was the New York Tribune e'aiming to be the leader of the great Kepublican parly siyiug, in suhatance, to the-e srMMlODiits, " if jou go tbe Republi cans will Tt?t fight you.' Thete two presses, working upon (he miods of the secessionista, mad* them believ* they oould enter upon and carry through their attempt to pooMtraet tie Uuion without any war. Mr. LATHAM raited tbe point of order that this discus sion wis out ol' order on a motion to refer the bill. The VICE PRESIDENT decided it wax out of order Mr DOOLIITLE said tbare bid always been the ut most latitude on such motion*. The bill was theu committed to tbe Military Committee. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr STEVENS, reported from tbe Committee on Way* and Mean*, Home bill making appropriation! for I fan legisla tive, executive, uud judicial expenses of tbe Government for tbe year ending 30ili June, I8G4, with Senate amend ments recommending a concurrence iu Home aud nou-con currence in otters. The Kenate struck out the appropriation for the sub acriplion ot the National Intelligencer in the office of the First Comptroller and the office of tbe First Auditor aud iuhi'i te<l the words " ? ih city newspaper." Mr hi EVENS moved that the House concur in the Senate'* amendment. Mr. MaYNARP. of IVnncupe rani: The Fecre'ary ol the Treaauiy haa eatimated for a copy of the National In telligent r tor each of tbe officea of the Second Comptrol Icr oiid of the Firat Auditor, to be bound ami preserved lor the me ol the officea. That paper has acquired the dignity of mi inatitutiou. It is largely documentary, aud ia by lur the beat current compilation of tbe political history ol tbe country. Ae such it ia preserved, a>id the aubocrip tmu provided for fr. m year to y,?ur in the legislative ap propriation bill. Aud tbougb it waa the exponent of the Whig party, 1 am not aware that the Democrats ever manifested hostility to it by str.kiog at this inconsiderable item A? a member of that noble o;d party, I avow my ndmiratioo lor this venerable journal. 1 .am ?urn it will geuerally be accepted, all tbiuga considered, aa the most lavorable example of our political journalism?temperate as an advocate, d'guified and ciiidi.l aa an oppoueut. Though f'T the moment it may not couiurin all the details of the administrative policy, I submit that its criticisms, wbt ther just or not, have been legitima'e, while its repo sition to the rebellion, both in iti Inception and progress, had been vigorous and constant. It may be well to con sider whether wa can afluid to strike do.vn any of our al lies, simply because tbey question our peculiar tactic*, or doubt the tamper and efficiency of some of our weapons. Mr. LOVEJOY taid he considered, so lar as the Intel ligencer supported the Admmistrotiou, it was very doubt ful Ho ttiou^hi it ? very fiuo specimen o| nothing. In reply to Mr MaYnaiid, he said if a mau was found with a copy iu Lis pocket he was no man at all. It i< constant in itsa-saults 011 the Administration, and its tendency was a semi-fympathy with tbe tebels. The Senate amendments were concurred hi by the fol lowing vo'e : \ EA8?Mewars. At.lrich Arnold, Ashley, Babbitt, Baker, Baxter, Beaman, Bingham, Blake, Buffiiiton, Chamberlain, Clark, Coitus, Frederick A. Conkting of New York, Roscoe ConUliug of Mew York, Conway, Cutter, Davis, Dawes, Dunn, Kdgerton, EdwanU, Kty, Samuel C. Feaseuden of Maine, Thomas A. 1> Ke^senden of Maim, r isber, Frapchot, UOidwin, Hickman, Hutching, Jutluu, Kellogg of Michigan, Kellogg of Illinois, Lansing, Lehmau, Loo rule, Lovejiiy, Low, McKian, .Witcliell, Morrill of Vermont, Noett, l'uelps, Pike, Porter, Potter, ltice of Maiue, Kiddle, llollius of New Hampshire, sarg< ant, hedgwivk. Khellabarger, Sherman, Sloan. Trowbridge, Ver ree, Wallace, Washburne, Wheeler, Wilson, Wiudum, aud Worces ter??>2. NA\S?Messrs. Allen of Obi?, A.lcn of Illinois, Alley, Aocona. Itaity, Diddle, lltuir ot Virginia, Drown of \irg1nia, Calvert, Clements Cox. CrUhold, Diven, Orider, Haight, Uale, Harding, Harrison, ilol man, llortun, Law, Lazeor, Leary, McK night, May, May nurd, Menzies, Moorbead, Miun, Noble, Norton, Pendleton, Perry, Price, Kobiuson, ^egar, $hefli>-ld, tjbiei, Mnith Spaulding, Steele of New Jcieey, utiles, atratton, Ihouas <>f Mas?iu.hu>i? its, Thowa* of Maryland, Yallandig ham, Voorhees, WaJsworth, Webster, White of Indiana, Wlok.li!l?, Wood, Woodruff, and Yoauian?W. NAVAL APPROPRIATION BIM.. Oj tndion of Mr. STEVENS the House resolved itself in'o Committee of tbe Whole, (Mr. R. Cokklikc in the chair,) and took up the naval appropriation bill. The b ll basiteuH making no aggregate appropi istion of $63,195 000, including nearly $1 >,000 000 for che pay of officers ?nd s-amrii; $9,296,000 fi.r tbe construction of vessels; $3,250,000 for purchase, charter, *kc.; $ 12,000,000 for the construction of iron steamers ; $*,000 000 for tqu p ments ; $5,000,000 for machinery, and over $7,000,00u tor ordnance and store*. Tbe following items are (or the n-.vy yards : Portsmouth, N. H ,f 132 000; Nrw York, $4(53,000; Washington, $132,000; Sackett's Harbor,$1 000; Hos'oo, f 228 000; Philad. l?bia.$v!30.000; Mare Maud, #306,000; Naval Academy, $25,000. Mr. CAL\ ERT off, r>d an amendment that a<> part of th s appropriation shall go to pay the sevtnty-?ix midship men ill gaily appoint; d by the Secretary of tbe Navy. Pending the motion, the committee rosp aud the House adjourned FitiDAY, February G, 1863. IN SENATE. Mi'. 8HEBMAN presented the petition of citizens of Pennsylvania, iu favor ol a nttional currency. Mr. FE8SENDEN intn duced a bi I to prevent and pun ish tranda upon the revenue, ai.d to provide lor the mure certain and speedy collection of claims in favor of the Uni ted States. A long debate ensued upon a private bid, for tbe re liet of tbo heirs of Stephen Johnson, in which Messrs HARLAN, WADE, FESSENDEN, and Others partici pated. Mr. FOSTER moved to postpone all prior order* and take up the bankrupt bill. Lost: Yoiu 11, nays 24. The discu-sion of the b II wii6 continued, aud the bill finally pa?*ed by yoss 24, nays lo. The couim ttce of conference on the deficiency biil made a repmt, wLich was adopted. Mr WILSON, of Massachusetts, called up the resolu linn expellms George E. Badger from the Board o( Regents ol Ui? Suiithsonuu Institute, and appointing Prof Agass z ill bis place. Passed. The tenate weut into Executive session, after which it adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Home resumed the consideration of the bill to con struct n sb'p csnsl for the passage ol armed and naval ves ?e!s fn m tbo Mississippi riter to Lake Michigan, and for the enlargemtnt of the locks of the Erie c.nal aud the Oswego canal ol New York, to adapt them to the defence ol the Northern Lakes. Rlr. OL1N saiJ the provisions of this bill bad been miti understood. A report has beeu authorized, as appears upon its face, by the Naval Committee of this House w.th reference to ti>is m-aiure. He would take th* responsi bility of eayiug here that the material (mature is a tissue of misrepiesentations Mr. F. A CONKLING called the gentleman to order, i n the grouud that his language is iiisul ing t > a committee of this Home. Mr. OLIN, resuming, addressed his remarks to the bill. He rend a statement from the Secretary of tbo Treasury to b'iow that since the last aeasiun of Congress the ag gregate amount of exports that passed through these lock to loieign connti ics, by which the Government was ena bled* to cariy on the war, amounted to two hundred and twelve million nine hundred and twenty thousand ait bun died and tbir y-nine dollars. Of this one hundred and twenty-two mi lion were for breadst'ifls and provisions from the great t alley of the W< at. In conclusion he niai jtaim d there was a military necessity for the enlargement of these canals. Mr. VOORHEES had listened to this debate with ereat interest He ^a cl every scheme introduced in tbi? House thi* *t ssiou calculated to give patronage to the Eastern States was introduced from the other s-de of the House. He raid it was impossible to compete with what tbe Aliu'ghty li.ts done tor us; we cannot make a car nl that will be 1) tter tha;i the one made by God. Under the pre sent taiiff the West had to pay great tribute to the East He should v<>te against the bill Mr. DAWES replied that these threats against New England hail been ground to powder thirty years ago in the oth? r end of ibe Capitol. He would not allow tbe gen tleman of Indiana to p/etenbe upon what terms or condi tions NiW Eng'and should be allowed to remain in the Union. Mr. VOORHEKS replied that he was not conscious of having given the gentleman any cause to exhibit such bad temp -r as he had done. Mr. DAWKS replied, sufficient for the oecaaion. Mr. VOORHEES desired to know if the Mississippi river from the St. Louis to the mouth of the Illinois river was not unnavignble lor cerla;n portions of tbe fear, ex empt for sin ill vetsels. air. KHLLOGG replied that he bad ascertainci from a gentleman that such was net tl.e (act. ^,r-HOLM AN opposed th* bill. There must be even handtd justice administered if we expect the integrity of the IJnton continued. W ithnut concluding the House adjourned Saturday, Fsbkuary 7, 1803. IN SENATE A communication wrt received from the Fccretary of the I"*""', transmitting a report from the Commissioner of I he p^|eral Land Office, asking an increased sppn.pri ?'f 9'l^0 for the dispo.it,on of lands in Kanws and e ??where. Referred EMANCIPATION IN MISSOURI. thtf. n"e !'/,l1''ck to*8*"*** reeniued die special order. beii.K W? P/,'vldeils aid e" "?? State of Missouri in the emancipation of her slaves. The committee to whom tbe bill hud been refarr.d re ported an amendment to the effect that, whenever the t^o" nf . 8ThBbHl1 paM ? |HW f"r thft -?n?u?p? tiou of her .lave., f20,000 000 in bond, of the United I,/:1', I"1of <1V? P*r ce:.t per annum. ?hul! be I ,D t^r,>' ye?f?. provided the^aid S ate shall pa?8the law within twelve uionth. after the pad Nave of l hi. bill, to tike effoot by the 4th of July, ]H7?, and that v Znry Jrk* ^r " netr<'r be i?trodured therein : pro ceedVtOO fa i? i "W**1* ?mouBt shall n..t ex uea f .too for each elave .? emancipated. Mr WILSON, of Mi.aomi, moved to strike out twenty twenty live in llio,? as tfco turn appro pnated by Congrwi. to aid th- State of Missouri, anl the amount originally asked by the Legislature of that State Upon IbiH amendment much debateensued,during which, in answer to a question by Mr Cari.ilk, of West V.r ginia, ^hing ^p. McNeil'. conduct iu Missouri? Mr. HENDEHSON, of Missouri, remarked that duiing last summer, when rebel raids were taking place in Mi souri, hi. order was issued that an assessment of $5,000 should be levied by unl.tary authority iu each county ui the State iu which an asrtassmation should he, made of Union citizen*. When those guerilla raids were made, in. d.viduals were shot down merely because they were Union ril' r fu <K"rurred m tnttr,y conties, and the order was made for the purpose of deterring men Irom entering into tbeee guerilla Incursions upon the loyal citizens of Mis lbp8? "'Moments have beeu made, and n greai many men were killed. Those men who were sh< t bv *'j bad forfeited their parole, and had been ar retted a second, third, or fourth time The amendment was lort by a vote of yeas 2, nays 30 Mrywil,KnSe,f't'Hend,'"')D and Wilson, o| Missouri, m ?,i. iu ?? ' of!MlTu1' m(m'd ,0 s,rike ?"t twelve months-?the time given by the bill in which the Legisla ture is to pass a law for the abolitiou of slnvery-and in sert three years. ' 1 Mr. CAKLILE advocated the amendmout of tbe Senator i?? M'Moun. because he thought full time should be given lor culm deliberation. Mr' wnS' W,'tBJ0tt b' a vote of J-fa" 8, naye 27 Mr. W ILbON, of Missour, mived to strike out the following words: ''Said bonds in their agnate amount shall not exceed the sum of three hundred dollars for tacb slave emancipated under this act." Theanaendmentwas lost by a vote of ye is 9, nays 27. i- i**#! j * , Keu?uCky. thought ai thera were a hun dred thousand slaves in Mif.ouri which are worth Sf>00 f?rCfif. e".r mIi nD "" wouId not ba sufficient to pay fifiy million dollars worth of property. He thought no ' Wltj n. delll>?ralo judgment would receive such small cou.^uKaimn j,nd that in green backs, for these slaves. , i r*i 1 KP.. 'I'' I,,dlttn?. remarked if tbe wh.de world ould be combined under one government it would settle at once the groat question of a balance of p.wer, and would do away with all the difficulties that res It from in ncate fo.egn relation.. But it h?s been so ordered that fhn !Utl"8l ?f a w, e 18 promoted by promoting the interest of an individual, and the interest of this Gov KtD?l a bM PreH,,r'ed by giving full rights to the states. A separation of States is n. t to be avoid, d by identity of language, by identify of ra-e, by g* graphical contiguities, and is i.ot to be avoided in any event where the interest of the community nictates a separation. I ln\v WnHth ' ,be*P for a Datl0n8' uniOU founded I J/ , of peograph ral contiguity ??nd identity of race, religion, or oj language! Self-int. rtftt identifies and it separates The A me he an Union wa-1 formed on the principle ol varicu* inter, sts of local c?m m.in,tie. being protected, and m..re effectually protected fl! HnV"J tLsn by n?y o'ber meaos. It was formed on the sole idea that the reserved rights of the Stetes a^d tho people ?h?nld not be interfered with by the General Governments It unlets t,. talk about imaginary line* not bung sufficient to divide nationality. Tue line which divides these 8tates from Cauada i. distinct and insur mountable. The moment you abandon the rights of the States tie moment the Federal Government under any exeu*e cu duets itself m such a way a. t?. .bow that tney no lonaer consult the re.erved ngl.ts of the State., tbe only tie i, destroyed which can bind all the States unter one nation-! ality. 1 he Sute. made the Union, the Union dd not make tbe State. The 8tate. existed before the Union and must have existed out . f it. The Union was f..rmeo' solely upon the idea that the right, of the people the right of life, tbe right of property, its acq>ii.ition, its pos session, its deposition af er the death of the owuer, the right of freed om of tbe press, the toleration of religious opinioi-, tbe iiybt of freedom of speech, and all the p?>liiical and domestic rigLt. of tbe people should be rc.erved to the s ales, and not be inter.'ered with by the General Gov I ernment in any imnn.-r whatever. If that re?.rvat:on is to be destroyed the Union will perish w,tb its destruction In the constitution of my rttate, and of all the States the cume of trea.o . against the State is defined a id punished lreaion c.nnot be committed ag >inst less than a sover-1 eiguty , and I take it, that as tbe 8tat?* h ive thu.ena.-ted laws lor the punishment of tr?..oo aca:n?t there right. tlies* right, are re.erved to them and their people ' The Government i. undertaking n most difficult task, h ranee, England, II race Greole>, and other great Powers are to be watched and fearod, the rebels ?re to be driven out of thrt R'ate of Missouri, and the draft is yet to be en forc.d in Mnssachu e,tts by this Admmstrati-.n through he speaker of parables who darkened the Pre*idential man.-ion. Senators say iiulcss the country is saved during this Ad ministration, it cannot be saved at all. Ho was of a cou trory op n on, because so far as the existence of tbo Ad ministration is concerned, with a Presid.nt thoroughly ui.bu. d with tbe abolition notions of the New Eng ana ?chod. u would be impossible with such ptiueipl-s at tbe bead of affiirs to ellect a final re.tyration of the political relation, loimerly exist ng between tbe Stete. of the North and South He did m t wish to be exceeded by any man to his devotion to the Union. He had -poken, writtea, and acted for the Union, and was not among thoie who affect ing to be it. m->?t ardent friends, are willing, under certain contingencies, to let it .I d*. What do Senators mean by the Union 1 If it mean, to ] purchase the slaves of Missouri and p*y for them out o| the people s money, I am not f. r it If you mean by tbe Uuion, the suDport of the*e fugitke tribes, those Pariahs of the South, I am not for it. If you mean the aosorpti. n of the reserved rights of the 8late?, I am not for it If I you mean the restoration of tie national authority upon eveiy foot of the national .oil, the preset vation of tbe na ti,>nal fame, of the national fl ig-the fl,g that floated over Hunker Hill, at Saratoga and Yorkt.-wn, at Pnlo Alto ?nd Chepultepee?that flag with not a .tar erased or polluted tbe only flag in the world that floats over a free and tnde' pendent people, if you mean that by the Union, I am for it forever. Mr Turpie deprecated tb? idea of purchasing the sUves ?; B,ld thft "lea of the Sciiat4>r fio:? that State J*ir' ,,^J'nKRSON) that if they Were not pmchas-d "he did n t know what the result might be but he feared them ' He did not care for that loy.lty which ha I to be bought India rubber, to remaiked, heretofore has had much repu tation for elasticity, and gold for malleability, but tho doc trit e of this mar power outdtd the e materials in those qualities He thought whin one man is allowed to direct the army and navy without restriction, a military despot- I tsm '? created. Iu I- ranc< such a de.pot i. cnlle.i an Ein p -ror ; in Kngland n Kin<; in Russia aCz ?r ; but tbe American Czar will find no serfs we.t of the Allegheny mountain#. ' Mr T. contended that Hie defeat of tbis Missouri bill would strengthen the federal Government in Mi ...uri a'id in other States He saw a new phase of treason in the withdraw the army from fighting f-r the coun-1 try ai;d for the Constitution, and to make it light for tbe Administration. As far as the State which he represented was oooeerned, it. people were unwilling to accept sr>i.ara- ! tion even as a necessity or an alternative. The recent verdict 0 Indiana, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and oth, r States was clearly rendered, that wlole it should receive men and money from the State., guarantying the sover eigoty, there should be no inteiference by ibe Federal Government with the rights of the Stat -s lh.>m*elves. Let us heed that warning; let its retrace our steps, and admit tniit wt* hii\o done poiiih wrong. Mr. P. said one mdlion of dollars was squandered away .n Ihis District to gratify the fanaiicm ol a .cel. Had it not been for those frequent and uucon.titutional sets, he lhT?.i me" WOU4 Uv? voluntarily r.teu to sust.in 1 *.!!! r,'"n ry than followed Peter the Hermit t,. IS nf^n/7 Cbr" ?f. PhrUt fr,,m th0 il,fid?l? 1 hp h!lTl,;L'^.r,;rr,ICe ml fn m tbe beginning he eontendwl bad been mo?t disastrous. If he were asked to point out that .pot which had been m.?t di astrous to the country, he would p,?int to Harper . Ferry. A? otter f *'?torjr perched upon our banners, but there we beeai,?e<!t " di^r,,?* d^f<"?t and disoomtiture. because it is the place where fanaticism was first rawed against the reserved rights of the State*. This m-v be treason, but it i. the truth also. y Mr WALL, of New Jeraey. said: I aiop|y ri(,0> Mr President, to give my reason., in brief, why l shall not be able to vote for any section or for the whole of this bill Af er tbe very ab e and eloquent elT.rt of the Senator from nd.ana I w.ll not, at thl. time of the debate, inflict tlpou the Senate a Mt speech. l'i? o .ndilion uf my health aup my voice would alike forbid it; but I believe, ?ir, tlmt 1 n[?-i?k (he Huntiiu^iitu of it majority of tbe people of my own S.'ate when I aay that they are opposed to this bill (or very aiuuy reasons I have listened to tbe arguments which bave be?u ad vanced fmui d?y to dty, and 1 have read?I nitty uy with u great of pleasure and I hope profit?the very able and eloquent effort of the young Senator from Missouri (Mr. tlKhUKHsoN) on uiy left, but all that I have heard baa failed, Mr. President, to convict; me that this bill is not only uucona ilutioual, but inexpedient. But, air, whatever might be my conviction*?uiy individual conviction*?of I one IIjiu? ] aui certain, that my people are all opposed to this bill, and to every proviaion iu it I believe this Con gross bat no much ri^bt to paaa a bill appropriating money for the purpoae ol purchasing slaves on the coaat of Africa as to appropriate money for the purpoae of defrayiug the expena-s o| thr. slave* belonging to the conatituenta ol the Senator from Mi?souri. I believe, to uae the language of my colleague, (Mr. Ten EVCK,) that the Government ia ' about to become a tra tor to organic law." Mr. TEN EYCK anid he did not intend to apply that language to the Government. Mr. WALL continued: I stand heie to resist any at tempt by iLii Government to place itself in any such posi tion. The people ol New Jersey cannot see the policy of taking twen.iy million dollara of the people a money to emancipate the slaves in Missouri for encouraging on ab straction; for if there is any thing written upon the aunalu of history it is that tbia question of emancipation, when ever tried, has always proved a moat stupendous fallacy. England tiied it with her colonies ; and it was only a short time ago that the London Titn-s, the Thunderer, came out and denounced the whole *ch,-me aa a most wretched fallacy, and pronounced the last state of the emancipated slavo as worst than the first That will be the history of he case now before us, and ot the schemes which gentle men are anxious to prosecute It will bo as difficult to crush the tebellion by these means as " to build a house from the roof down, to make gunpowder from pulvetired ice, to make silk out of cobweb*, or extract sunbeams from a cucumber." Mr. jsAULSBURY thought that great alterations in the social stiuciure of any State should be mnde with extreme caution. He did nol believe that this measure would uive peace to Mistouii or prevent the divisions of opinion among the people iu the councils of the couutry. He thought the continued agitation of the slavery question has culminated ill secession, and now it waa proposed to end the efforts of a'eceasiouists by doing away with that domestic institution. He thought this idea would raiae and has raieed a spirit of opposition throughout all the States of the Uuion. Toe warning given by Missouri, Maryland, and otber slaveholding States is treated as uongbt, aud is left to pass as the idle wind By continuing this discusrion he contended that the whole North might be placed iu tbe same unhappy condition as Missouri is now. Mr. HENDERSON thought the Legislature of Missouri, elected by a majority ot the people of that State with a virw to emancipation, were as capable of judging about this mntter as himself or any Senator preaeut. He would raiber leave the subject to them. 1 he amendment was lost. Mr. RICHARDSON, of llliuoia, moved thit a separa'e section be added to the bill to the effect that, upou tbe back of each bond issue! for the above purpoae, there shall bj wiitten these words: " Is-u d for the puipose of paying for slaves emancipated iu the S'a'e of Missoqri." He submitted it for the reason that if it ia constitutional for Congress to appiopriate money for this purpose, the people b .ve a rigi>t to teat it in the courts. Jf'tbey decide it is constitutioLfil, it will f.o a great way towards recon citing his State aud his people t> submit to the same Mr. POWELL moved to amend by striking out twenty milli >n and inciting one million dollara; wh:ch amend ment was lost, as follows: YEAS? Me.'srs. Uarlile, Clvirk.Collnmer,Davis,Fessenden Gruica, Harding Harlan, L'mo of Indiana, Neamitb, Powell, Rice,and WM1-H. NAV? Me era. Anthony, Arnold. Chandler, Dixon, Foot, Foster, ltarr 8, Howatd, Kennedy. King, Lane of Kansas Monili, Tomerov, Runnier. Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wil ley, VViimot, Wilaou of M i?3achuBetts: and Wilson ot Mis son-i?31. Mr. DIXON, of Connecticut, moved to amend to make an impropriation ten million* fur gradual emancipation. Ttic amendment was lost, as follows: YEA-'?Messrs. Carli e Davis, Dixon, Fessenden, Hardine Lane of Indiana. Morrill, Nesmith, Powell, Rice. hit Lard' to -, i^au stmry, Ten Eyck, and Wall?II NAYS?Mwsrs. Anthony, Arnold. Chandler, Clark, Colla iner. Do..little, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Harlan, Harris, H-D dcsoa, Howard. H we, Kin*, Lane of Kansas Pomerov, Nnmner, Trrm^nll, Wa )e, Willey, Wilmot, Wilaon of Massa cbiisettr, and V\ ill >n ol Missouri?21. Mr. COLLAMER moved to amend by striking oat twen ty millions and inserting fifteen million* 'Ilie (.uj 'udnieut was lost, as follows: YEAS?M?,snr? Clark. Collumer, Davie, Fessenden, F<.ot, Grimes, llnrdii'i;, IJ.irlau, Lane of It dianu, Nesmith, Pow ell, Rire, With rdeon, Truabul', and Wall?15. NAYS?Messis Anthony, Arnold, ("handler, Dixon, Doo little, F?is;er, Harris, Henderson, Howard, Howe, King, Lane of Kan as, Moiril', Pomeroy, Snniner, Ten Eyck. Wade, Wiltay, Wi mot, Wilson of Miissachusetts, and Wilron of M nouri?-M. Mr SUMNER moved to amen.) by striking out 1876 and iusciting 1661 as the time after wbich (here shall be uo more slavery in the Stile, on the ground that the bill could Ouly be defended as being instrumental in the sup pression of the rebellion, and that to bo no it must take effect at once Mr. HENDERSON opposed the amendment, and urtod that Senators ought to concede something to the prejudices of the people ol Missouri. Mr. DAVIS argued at much length that the President had no war powers, but that all auch belonged to Con gress. Ho antistd the revocation of the proclamations of 8?*pteinber, 1862, and January I, 1863. lie sp ke of Gen. Hunt-r no beit g an imfficient. general, and a man of ?mill capacity and patriotism, and wished the President had sent S'tne othc- general to the Department of the South He railed Gen. McClellan the greatest general the Country b.is. [Much laughter in the galleries and on the floor of the Senate.] He read from the remarks of the Pre* d-nt at tbo interview last summer with the Border State Congressmen, and argued that th* war was not being c?rried on in accordince with the views the President then expressed He read frotn II*nry Clay to show that ho was not an Abolitiouiat. He called slavery the harp of a thousand string*. on which every man who came into Con gress Iroru the North was furious to play. He declared that if James Guthrie could wield the power of the Oov ernuient fur three mon'hs, he would restore peace snd unity in the entire countiy ; aud said it is tb$ piodamation thatcau<es tr uble hi the array, and called on the President to order a backward march and put men in command who are not iu favor of negro-omaocipalion schemes. He urged Mr. Sumner to oigtnize a negro brigade and put himself at the head of it ind charge home on the rebels. The amendment was lost, as follows : V EA ? Mosses. Fessenden, Grimes, Hurlun, La.;e of ludi ai.h, Lane<f K.n-a*, Pomeroy, lt-ce, Samuer, Wade, Wil mol. nnd Wi'sou of Mnssiiclinsetts?II WKY&? Mestre Amhonv. Arnold,Chnndle.r Clark,Cowan, Davi>, Dixon, DooiittU, Foot, Kilter, Hardin;, Harris, Utu deison. H.iwaid, Howe, K'lig. La'him, Monill, Nesmith. Powell, Sherman Ti n Eck, Trumbull, Wall, VVilloy, nnd Wilson of Miaeonri?26. Mr POWELL moved, at a quarter past ten, that the S nate adjourn. Lost Mr. POWELL spoke at groat length npin the bill, pra sing the Constitution, but denouncing the war Mr. HOWARD, of Michigan, asked the Renntor how it wa? possible for a man to favor the Constitution and yet \c opposed to the war which is waged for the support uf the Governm-rit ? Mr. POWELL answered that he thought the prosecu tion of this wnr has violated the Constitution in many im portant respects ai.?l therefore he was opposed to it. Mr HOWARD said tho Constitution gate the Presi dent aud Congress th? power to suppress rebellion ; and tba>, moreover, any m.ii who denounced the Admi .is trntnn and the war in such a crisis as this was not strictly a l.?jal man to th? countrv.' (.tpplaute in th? galleries.) Mr. POWELL concluded his speech, a?d, without ae t ou on ih" bill, on motion of Mr. HARLAN', at five min ti'es before midnight, the Srnate adjourned until Monday, at I'2 o'clock HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The House resumed the consideration of th< bill to con struct a ship cannl for tho passage of armed nn I naval ves sels irom the Mississippi river to Lake Michigan, and for tho enlaigemont of Ihe locks of the Erie canal, nnd the Oswego canal, of New York, to adapt them to the defence of the Northern Lakes Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois, expressed his opinion that further discussion would not obange a single Vote on this bill. He had believed the meaaur* was of equal impor tance to every portion of this notion. So csrly in the his tory of this country as 1787 tho question ol uniting the waters of the Gulf of the St. Lawrence with the waters which flow into the Gulf of Mexico was agitnted, so as to aff .rd a great public tiiwh?ay for the cn?nierce of the na tiou, and to b-f ee. lie mentioned this to show it was uot a new question. He believed the biil was not sufll cieiitly h?cal iu its character to suit some ol the gentlemen who were opposiug it Referring to the report of the Com uiittee Oil Naval A Hair- against the proposed w<nk, he Haul the author of the report, (Mr. F. A CoHKlJK<i ) one would auppone, lived on u line of railroad which during tii* last year had made five millions of dollars on a capital ol thirteen million*. We, he said, propose nothing as a eba rity. The Government, in effect, was only asked to losn its credit. Tli* receipts from tolls now pay more than the interest on the two millions of dollars which the state Illinoii has expended on the Illiuou and Michigan Caual. Mr. F. A. CONKLINO, of New York, who was the author ol the reporteuiaiuting from the Cousuiittee on Naval Affuirs, iu opposition to the purpose of the hill, said that committee had umdtf the report in accordance with the in quiry of the House They were required to report upon ttoe subject a? to its naval mid military aspect, lue com mittee had examined a number of gentlemen. No com mercial rivalries were lepreseuted, Lor was there any occasion for the committee to sunpect any unlair combi nation was contemplated, in any quarter. With one excep tion?tfce member being ab.?ent?the report wa* unanimous. He had made up his mind to vote against every measure job, scheme, or project who h proposed t.i divert either the money or ihe eredit of the Government trom what he con ceived it should be exclusively employed, namely, the crumbing out by foreo of arum this atro^iom lebellion Threats had been made against Liiu, both in New York and here, because of his nppo?ilion to this measure. The press had been brought to its support in a manner almost unpaialleled. The lobbies of this House were filled with paid advocate? who intruded on the ttoor oontrary to tho rules of the House. This bill was brought her- in an irregular manner, by fraud, as it was unauthorized by the committee. Mr. OLIN, of Now York, pronounced the statement wholly fili-e in its breadth aud length, and wt uld meet the question both here and elsewhere. Mr. McPHERSON, of Pennsylvania, (ft memb?r of the Committee on Military AOairs,) asked as a matter of jus tice to be beard. Cousent being given, he said he did not iutecd to enter into sny controversy with the chairman of the committee, (Mr. Oi-IN.) The ether day he rose to a p dot of order, but it wm ruled as being made too late, i'be chairmau said the stat ment of his colleague (Mr. F. A. Conklino) was wholly fabe, in length aud breadth He (Mr. McP ) was nol content to r^st under such an im putation. He asserted, as a member of the committee, that his point, at that time tnkeu, was literally true. (A voice: "What is it T") The authority to report the bill was given by the committee as a matter of favor. Five member* of the committee vtted ugimst it in every phaBe. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, rose to a point of order, soyirg the gentleman had violated the rule vyhicb prohibits any gentleman from divulgiug tho proceedings of a com mittee. - _ , .. Mr. McPHERSON explained. Five members of the commit'ee had vnted in this II"Use agaiust the measure. He repeated t hat the committee did not not recommend the passage i.f the bill, but consen!ed to it* being reported as a matter of favor. Not only were the Committee on Naval Affiirs, but the Committee on Military Affairs were opposed to it. Mr. OLIN rose to a p?r<?onil explanation. Mr. CONKLINO. I csll the member to order. He yesterday iu the course of his remarks charged ttia Com rnitlee ou Naval Affairs with presenting in their report a tissue ol misstatements and misrepresentations. Tbe SPEAKER. The gentleman on the light is enti tled to the floor, and tbe Chiarwill sustain him. He could not be depiited of it without his Consent. Mr CONKLINO then concluded his remarks in vindi cation of the report of tho Committee ou Naval Affairs. Mr. TRIMBLE, of Ohio, opposed tbe b.ll.not regirding the proposed work to be of tbe uati'<nal character wbicb bad been claimed for it. The trade of the Mississippi was auouully of a greater amount thin th&t of the Northern lak? s from the Weet. Instead of devising means for cairymg on the war, tbe effort seemed to be to open the way by wb'uh public money may be expended. Mr. DIVEN, ol New York, explained tbe object and purpose of the substitute which tie intended to offer; in sisting it would be better to tecure a national chanutl for military purposes, from the Qulf of Mcxico to the Northern lakes .. Mr. STEVENS opposed the bill, regarding this as the most preposterous scheme ever brought forward. It would not answer the purpose, as a war measure, claimed for it. We beve b en so accustomed to give away money by millions that no sum is regarded too lsrge to be appro priate). Gentlemen earnestly discussed pensions for tht loss of a leg or other casualties of war, but when a State or company asked for twenty cr thirty millions of dollars, tbe question immediately rose to such dignity that they could not propo*e t> debate it. Mr. VALL ANDIGHAM, of Ohio, said this bill proposed to strike a d* a^ly blow at tbe iutere-ts of Indiana, Ken tucky, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and New Jersey, and those of Cincinnati, PitUburg, Bal i more. Ph ladelpbia, ^ud Louisville, and to give a prefer ence to a single I ne Irom the West to the East, when there are now five or six channels which art and nature have constructed. And while trade and travel are to be diverted from those States and cities, th* people thus to be injured are to be called upon to pay for the scheme, which will be of no practical beuefit to anjbody sa*e the contractor concerned. Mr. PORTEK, of Indiana, entered his solemn protest agaiust tbe passage of the bill. Tbe abh report ol the Committee on Naval Affiirs bad completely destroyed the argument on which the measure was originally based? namely, ?? necessary for war purposes The bill was now ruppoited on the ground of its necessity to develop the commercial interest" of New Yotk and the West. To em bark in sucb schemes of internal improvement would in volve the Government in cnntless millions He warned gentlemen not to pass this bill. The burdens of the West were already gretter than they could bear. Mr WASHBURNE cbaracteriz d the opposition to this bill as extra-Tdiunry It was an in liCAtiou to refuse aid to the millions of people who had never refused to aid tbe older portions of tho country. He urged the passage ol the bill a* a military measure, showing why it was ol this nature. lie iusis'ed this was a work of national defence and general welfare, aud insisted upon the justice as well as importance of consummating it Tbe channel would, he said, in the evrnt of wsr with Great Britain, enable us to bring up our vessels of war for defence upon the lakes In response to gentlemen who preceded him. be said the Mistim-ippi river wi'l be opened under the brate and in comparable Gen. Grant. While Gen. Gram is opeuing that river let us open the- canals, aud have a general jubi lee. In conclusion, he moved the previous question, which was seconded Before further pr< ceedings on the subject Mr STEVENS moved.at half-past four o'clock, lhattbe House a jourii, which was carried?yeas 64, nays Gii. Monday, February 9, 1863. IN SENATE. Mr. SFIERMAN presented the credential* of Hon. B. F. Wade, re-elected United Stntea 8 nator from Ohio for mis >ear* frim the 4th of March uext Mr WILSON,ol Maimacbiwett.', from the Military Com mittee, reported a bill for eiirjllnig mid calling < ut the na tionnl force*. Mr. tUMNER introduced a bill to raiae additional aol dier* for the aervice of tJ e United Statea. a battokal cikrkscy. The CHAIR called up th* special order, being tlie bill ti? provide a national currency arcured by the pi dge of Uuited State* utock*. and to provide for the circulation and redemption thereof . An amendment was adopted inereaaing the amount of circulating currency from $200,000,000 to $300 000,000. Several other minor amendment* were adopted. Mr. SHKRMAN offered an amendment providing that existing Bank* might become a**ociation* under the pro vision* of thia act. 11m aa?d there wna a grave and legal quratiou at to whether the B*nk*, bunfr mere creature* of law, rou'd chaigt) tholr rhmaeter under their charter*. Mr FESSENDEN ?*id the amendment wna aimply to give the a*-out of the United Stnte* to auch a change a* far aa it would g.>, leaving the aaaent of the Stat* to be obtnn ed if neceaaary. Mr. HARRIS deaired to have the State Brinks avail themaelie* of the Condition* of thia b II t?? a certain extent. He thought none of the B*nka would give up their char ter*, but tboy m:eht adopt thia currency aa * circulation. Mr. tKWRNuEN thought they mi?ht do that now to a Certain extent. We could n?t interf-re with fie State charters in any way, but enn only give the coneent of the Uolt d Stntei-. Mr POWELL waa of the opioion that Congrea* had no power to authorise individual* Urorgnu te a Bank with* out the aa*r tit of a State. The amendment wiw adopted Pend'tiR 1he qucaliou? Mr. GRIMES, from the select committee to investigate the fact*, brokerage, &c. of chartering the ve?*ela of the Bank* expedition and contract* for tranaportation gener ally, mide a report. | The S? nate went into Executive ?eaaion - after which it adjourned, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The SPEAK.EH laid before the liouae a communicating froui the Seore'.ary of War, in response to a reanlutioa tusking inquiry a* to the granting of paroles to rebel olB cers. The Secretary encloses a communication from Geu. H-illeck, who stat ?? tint to bia knowledge a > parole* have been granted to rebel officer* aince he issued bia order of December 30, 1862, forbidding auch parole* in eonae quenceof a violation of the carte) by the rebels. Medical men, however, are excepted from tbe rule. Mr. DAWES, from the Committee on Elections, made a report, accompanied with a reai lutiou thai Johu P. Rogers ia Dot entitled to a aeat in thia House aa a representative from the Statrf of Tennessee. Also, a similar report in the case of Lewie McKentie, accompanied with a resolution that he ia uot entitled to a aeat in thia House aa n representative from the seventh Congressional district ol the Stite of Virginia. Ordered to be printed. SHIP CANAI. FROM THE MI.1 SI8SIPPI. The House resumed the consideration of House bill to construct a ship canil for tbe passage of armed and naval vessels from tbe Mississippi river to Lake Michigan, and for the enlargement of tbe locka of tbe Erie canal and the Oswego canal, of New York, to adapt them to the defence of the Northern lakes. Mr. BABBITT opposed the bll, And argued that it WM not for a military defence, but clearly of a commercial character. . Tbis is not the time to enter upon this com mercial enterprise, when we are engaged in putting dowu thia. rebellion. Mr. MOORHEAD said, as a military measure, this wad the most preposterous idea he hnd ever heard. He caused to oe read a letter from Commodore Foote, to show that it would be impracticable for the gunboats now plying on the Mississippi river to live on the lake*. Mr. W1CKLIFFE. I desire to state Mr. KELLOGG I object. Mr. WlCKLlFfc'E. I knew the gentleman would ob ject, because be does not want to hear tbe truth. Mr OLIN closed the debate on the bill, advocating ita passage ns a military measure. Mr. DIVEN, of New York, offered the following, in the nature of a substitute ; Sec. 1. That the State of New York shall, within two yearn from the postage of this act. so construct, alter, and enlarge har canals its to pass a vessel two hundred feet iu letgrth and twenty five feet in width, of six fret six inches draught, and eighteeufuet in height, measuring from bot'em of keel, from the Hudson river to Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, and shall grant to the Government cf the United States the right ?f passage through saidcanals ol voesels of war, b ats, gunboats, transports, troops, supplies, or munitions of war, free of t>U or charire, upon iu being certified by the Secretary of tha Navy to the Secresrv of the Treasury, at any time within the two years aforesaid, that siid canals ?ro s > constructed, altered, snd eularged, and that ve?selsof thef >regoin?t dimen sions have passed, or cau pus*, through tbe same, and upon the executiou of a grant f urn the Stato of New York to tha Government of the United States, approvid by the President, authorizing, upon the re |U\sition of tho 8ecrotaiy of w*r or of the Navy, the use of the said canals as hereinbefore pro vided, the Treasurer of tbe Unitel States shall execute and deliver ?.o tbe said 8tfct?of New Y.-rk bouds o' the United Mutts in sums of one thousand d< liars, each bearing six per ee mm interest, red emabie iu not less than tweotyyeaiB, with eeroi yearly interest coupons attached, for the sum of three million five hundred thou aud dollars: >ec. 2 That if the Stats < f Illinois shall, withi'j two veftrs from the pa s:?ge of thir act, so construct, alter, and enlarge her canals as to ^ass a vessel two hundred feet in l?o?th and twe.jty-tive fee' in width, of eix feet Bix inchei draught and eighteen feet in height, meoeuring fr in bottom of keel, from the M s.ds-ippi river t > Lake Michigan, and shall grant to the GoverumeLt of tbe United 8;atcsthe right of passage through said canal* of vem-eb-of-war, U>at\ gunboats, transports, troops, supp'iee, or tnuuinous of war free of toll or charge, upon its I emg certified by the Secret try of the Navy to tno Secretary of the Treasury, at any tiae within tbe two year aforesaid, that said canals are so constructed, altered, and enlarged, aul that ves.els of the foregoi g dimensions have passed or can pass through the same, and upou the execution of a grant from ti.e Mat.- of Illinois to tbe Government if the United Mates, appioved h-j the Presidejt, anthoriziog, upou the requisition of the Secretaiy of War or of the Navy, tho use of the eaid canals, as hereinbefore provided, the Treasurer of the Unitud States shall execute .a id deliver to the ia;d Mate of New York bouds ol the United Stages in suma of ona thousand dol ars each*, bearing six per ceutum iu'eregt, r? deemab o in uot less than tweuty years, v iih semi yearly interest coup- us attached, for tbe sum of thirteen million three hundred tied forty-seve-.i thousand dollars. Adopted by a vote of yeas 71, naya 57. Tbe bill wm rejected by tbe following vote: YPaS?M. ?r?. Aliiikh, Allsn of Illinois, Arnold, Ashley, Baker, Baxter, twin in, Bumuloo.Cawey, Clark, Colfax, K.ec<>e Conkllnf, Cou way, Dawes, Delano, Dl?en, Kdoards, Kliut, Ely. Hamuel C. Faaeen deii, Fraurbot, Frnnk, (ioocb, Oranger. llatgbt. Uooper, Julian, K*t logfr of Michigan, K.llocg of Illmolejtnapp, Laoaing, LoooaJa, Love Joy, Mclndoe, Marxton, Noell, Ulm. I'ike, Potter, Rico ol Mains, Kid die, Botllna of Misouri, 8arg unt, Sog.ir, Sheffield, Sherman, BIood, Smith, SpaUdlng. Van Horn,Van Va!k?ibur?h. V?a Wrck, Walker. Wall, W allnca, Walton, Ward, Wanhbnrne, Whaley, Windom, and Woodruff?01. NAYS?Meairt Ancoua, t'.sl hitt, Blihr, Bkldle, Bingham, Blair of Virginia, BIh r of Peun., Ulake, Calvert, Campbell, Chnmberlain, Ck uiciiU, Fro icrU k A. Conkltug, CevoJa, Craveue, Ciiafield, Crittenden, Cutler, Dunn, Edgertoa, Frnton, Thorn a* A. D: Feasendan, Orlder, lUle, llall. Harding, Harrifoa, Hickman, Holumn, Kaliev, Kerrir*n, Killlnger, Law, Lazear, Loary, McKnlgbt, McPherson, Mal'orT, May, Maynanl, Men 7 lea, Moor head, Morrill of Vt., Morris, Noble. Norton, Odcll, I'atlon, Pendleton, Potior, Slmnks, Shellabarger, ghlai, Staeli* of New Jersey, Steveus, dtratton, Thomas of KLisauchuaotta, Tbonasi of Maryland, Trimblo, Trowhrldge, Vallandlgham, Wads?orth, Wheeler, White ot Ohio, Wlckliffe. Wilson. WorceiSer, Wrirfit, and Yeaman?71 Tbe House adjourned STRINGENCY OF TflE BLOCKADE. The rebri stenmsbip Tropic, formerly the Huntress, was recen ly captured by a United States vessel, and all her papers were seized. The following extracts from letters found on hrr prove tbe effectiveness of the blockade: Charleston Janl'aky 14,1863. Geo Wigg, Esq , Nassau?Dkar Sir: Tbe Leopard is uti 1 here ; not b?* n able to get out?weather too calm, or too many bl ochaders. Sbe goes with very little coal. L*t me call your attention to this Ynu cannot get any here, and evil wood is difficult at 920 a $25 per cord ; ?o allow sufficient iu anyve?*tl you hare to do with, to make the ruu in aud out. There in a report on the streeta that the Yankees are bombarding Fort Caswell, at tbe mouth of Cape Fe?-r river, the entrance to Wilmington. If they make a seiious demonstration, I fear they will take it. We skill doubtless know more about this by the time the boat leaves At all events, I think, taking all tbe chances into c.m-ideration, thia bar is safer than that ot Wilmington until we know the result. Mr. Webber k? es over in the Leopard. lie may try to make some arraogeuicnt with you about getting goods over for bun Th* Hero is still here, and no telliog when, or if ever, she wiil get out. Yours truly, Thos. P. Power Richmond, December 15,1862. lion. J. A Seddon. Secretary of War. Sir: 1 bi g leave to refer to my communication relative to th? transfer of the " Geueial Clinch " to us She is chartered at, I believe, $175 < r $200 i>er day, and valued at $40,000. I woiil 1 heie suggest that, iu order to save tt?e charter money, the be purchased by the Government: and we will pay for her when *he returns with the cargo Sropooed, if not damaged, per valuation, Jbc , should tbe lOVernm'-nt desire to discon inue the adventure. Permit me to say that there is v?*ry little prospect of the Government receivirg on private enterprise certain cla?s of gvMids, owing to their weight and price, and dan gers of c tpture. These goods ?:0 as follows, and are very uiuch nte.ltd by al. orduance, engneer, snd wavy depart ments and also by private parties under Government eon tracts, viz. sUel, iron, p g iron, copper, zmc, orduance of all kinds, munition* oi w.?r, chemicals aud acids in particu lar, boiler irou, engines, &c ?fcc. The freight p-r ton in Nassau, payable in advmnct, la $500 to a Confederate port. This is equal to $1,500 here ; therefore, it is self-evident that such olaases of goods as above cannot be impoited on private account; because many other articles pay tnticb b tter, and take up less room. For instance, we take the article salt, worth $7.50 per ton in Nassau and will bring $i ,700 I ere; c< ff-e is worth $240 per Un in Na^au, and here $5,500, <kc. &c' l*y the arrang tment we propose the Government will get seventy-five tons in weiiiht or measurement of this elata of goods lor a risk of $10,000, the u?ual freight being $37,500 in Na-sau, equal to at !ea?t $100,000 here; and at tbe same time we will (oueive facilities which will enable us to 1m p -rt r.ther ?bip? the necessary goods contracted for. We will pay all expanses of the outward and inward trip, except the ? Hirers, wt icb th-* Hon Secretary of the Navy has promised to detail, i. e. an engiueer and some other men. If we can leavn Cbarloston on the 1st of January, we ran return about the 15tli. Our other ship will bo here about the saints time with "'army supplies," die. dto. I hope Uitt my proposition will uiret your approval, and that an order be given accordingly, hiul that the importance of tbo subject wul b* a sufficient apology for so long a let ter. I have the honor t.i remain, your very ob't servant, J M VERNON. Of Vernon & Co., Government Coutrsctora, Ac. P. 8?1 deaire to leave for Chaileaton as sooa m possible.