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The word loyalty, says Dean Trench io bis ex cellent little treattuo on the "Study of Word*, ?being derived from the French lot, expresses properly that fidelity which one owes according to law, and docs not ueoessurily include that attachment lo the nojal peraon which happily wo in England have been able further to throw into the word. In England this attachment to the royal pereou has becomo an integral element of " loyalty" in the true sense of the term, because that attachment is not solely personal in its nature, as muBt be the case in unlimited monarchies, where it exists at all, but is ?sentiment cherished towards the reigning sove rei 'Q, apart from bis personal qualities, as the legal Incumbent of tho executive office, with its preroga tives and responsibilities defined by the constitu tion of the realm. The poet Cowper truly expressed the sentiment and the ground of English loyalty when he wrote, "We too, are friends to 1 >yalty. We love Tbe Kiug who love* tbe law, reject* its bound*, Aud reigut content withiu tbtw. An intelligent correspondent of the Philadelphia Ji^d^er, a neutral print, has rccontly discussed this topic with equal discrimination aud candor We ?cite from bis communication to that journal t e following extraots: "In theory, all partiet would consent to accept 1 roncbi s **???? Tb,iu Wi.b tb, Z I- ?*?>". N? Tb.ir com nlaiut is that it hat been waged with iaeffioiency Baeaus* ST.? t 'io" ruld Ji," ?.i in miv wne and equitable way, at a boou of unuf SSS. <!?^Wliercin, tben.li? t?,r *ai.lniattv V Why, tbey aie not ready to aancuon all tkt measures which the Adminittration ha# adopted lor carrying on the war Tiey distinguish between any existing Admlu istrattoo and tbeGoverumaut. The Constitution is with them paramount to the Legislature, the Jud???1 tho Executive. It was, in their view, mude lor all tune ? an 1 seasons It has carried us through two wur?. It vull SJTJt through a third. To admit that it way If *'t atidebyanyol the authorities c>ufe?eedly auboi d n ?t? to ? and d"mng tLeir existence from it, U to proclaim to Ihe iorldX disUutionof the Union For the Union tT^e'y upon the Constitution; and to set aside the SM34 E to resuivo tho Union into it, primitive is tbe reasoning of tbe class of persons we have jn view?many of wbow have cheerfully given their money, their sons, and their whole influence to the support of the war Tney are charged with d slc yaliy. nevertheless be cause, awong other thi-gs, 'they do not ftV?Pr?v? 1l'f JJ* emaucipatiou proclamation.' It we are right in our defi nition of loyalty, their estimate of that already celebrated flute paper has nothii g to do with the quostion. 1hey SSV2tol5 to tb. clu.titotioo, to lb. XI..OJ, M loyal to the Government as the Frt anient hiwailf, with out ?ui:cticniug this or any other specific measure of the Admiui'trariou. To make the approval of every step an Administration may choose to take tbe t* at ol |o>ulty, is convert the Pres aunt into a Persian satrap, and the free cit z-tiB of tbe Republic into miserable tetfa, who have uo longer the right even to think for themselves. It is also to establish a rule as fluctuating as it is arb trary. \\ hat was loyal yettfciday may become diobjal to-da>, and the patriot of to-day may be braudtd as a traitor to-morrow These remarks are entirely just, but it is pre cisely because tbey arc just that great caudor and consideration should be exercised in nil judgments pronounced on the incumbers of high official placc, who may rightfully claim a degree of honor ss due to their station, irrespective of the personal qualities which they bring to the station. This we underttand to be tho idea of an eminent divine? we allude to the Rev. Dr. Bellows?who, in a re oent discourse, has held the following language on tbe respect due to civil ruleTs, as : ?? The head of a naM< n it a sacred parson, representing, for the time he holds his (fliee, tbe mont valuable andI so lemB right# and dutu s of a people. ' Tho Government is ?noon his shoulder,' and the Government is the mighty pilisr that (Bttens in order and holds in safety the ten thousaud vaiying interests, rights, and obligations of a nation. File at the staple ^hich God fattens to bis own ttrjoe, in the oaths of office whieh wsk- a m?nehi^ ruler of a people, and jou loosen thoughtlessly every link in that chain ot law and o:der which bind* society tog tier. There is something in the chiel magistrate of a peop.e fin tely m?re important than bis personal qualitns, h iudvinent, hit lnielliaeuce, his rectitude. It is Am ojfrt his repiesenlativ* character, as the national head H* can truly asy with Louis XIV : ' 1 he &tt?t?*?it n T Dia honor me aud you disg ace tbe nation' Weaken mo aud y. u undermine the country ' Speak or th nk lightly of my oath, n,y . dice, n.y place, and you cheapen y< ur insntutioiis, your hopes, and pvosp. c a. I know the attempt-d refinement wih which a licentious press, era thoughtless public, attempt to evade their duty by disun cuisl.ing between the man and his office, despising and e' uein g tbe one while affecting to lienor aud respte IDe other* But urBctically?in times of revolution or war specially?there can be no distinction. I he office iii much larger than the man that any abuse direct, d at him bits it in spite ol the m?rksmao. Y? u cannot rudely assail tie porsoual cbar.cter or judgmeut of a chief magi'trate wi hout weakening publio tespect for the office he hoids Th ? fact makia it of the utmost lmp- rtatce to select ru lero wbosr characters and qualifications do not invite <lit Tespect. But, however car.lessl) now uated,? nc. tbey ousbt to be ihoucefortb Tee tr?. m the toi gue of ligh criticism or coar.e abu.e for tie r office ,?ke aweerely believe that tin free an.l ea-y tougue of our ; cutting th* personal character and claims vf our Ouisf mnglstiatot while in office during the last tw^y y"" hat contributed greatly to the ?lew.;ial zation of the nation, bat cheapened tbo standard of quahttcatious for tbe Hresi denrv, bat low? red and loosened the office itself, and is at the tame time perhaps tbe chiof danger in our public ?flairs." Without subscribing to the letter of the doctrine here propounded, wo are free to express our entire concurrence in its spirit. Under itstitutions like ours it may not bccorae the Presidont ever to say, With Louis Quatorze, l'4fattc't?t mot, but, within the sphere of his constitutional duties, tho President may justly claim the cheorful support of all good citizens, and even when he errs ho is to bo mot only by that opposition wl.ioh has candor for its motive, and whiob, in its manifestations, is re strained within the bound* of tho law. Personal abuse and disparagement of tho President, like that indulged in by the anti-slavery radicals who find a mouth-picce in Wendell Phillips, or like that allowed to themselves by a portion of the Demo cratic press, forms no part of a " loyal opposition, and is as disgraceful to those who take this ltccosc ss it is dcrogbtory to the character aud incompati ble with the beauty of free institutions. We are not required to give place by subjection for one hour to the unconstitutional demands of the Execu tive, or of any other Department of the Govern ment, but personal vilification of tho Chief M?gi" trato is a form of political resistance which tends alike to degrade the authors and tho subject of such cheap vituperation. A truo political oppo sition, like a worthy political allowance, should base itself on principle and not on considerations of a personal nature; for, without supreme nd herenco to principle, political opposition is per petually in danger of degenerating into faction, as, without th3 snme paramount rule of conduct, political allegiance becomes only another name for pervili'y EXPLOIT OF T1JE QUEEN OF THE WEST. Jacks.'*, (Miss.) F?n. 9.?A de*|>ttch dated tbe 4th inataot ttya that tho Federal ram Queen of tbe West landed at Vidalia, opposite Natche?, mid atten ptel to capturr Cel Zebu'on Yoik, but he csrnped The rm ?teamed down tbe river, doing contiaernble damage AVWkabutg despatch of tbe UJ instant ?ayt tbat the purpose of tbe ttm wst to detlioy the rebel thipping be tween they* and Port Hill n. A ? CONFLICT OF AGES." When the lirut "proclamation of freedom" was i??ued oo tho 22d of September last, unaccompa nied a* it was with a statement of the considera tions which had induced the President to depart from tho policy previously prescribed to himscll in the oonduct of tho war, we were tempted, in giving publication to the paper, to adopt tho following hy pothesis oo tho subject. Wo quote from the lutel ligencer of last September 23d : " We ore not without the suspicion that the Prendfnt ha* tukeu tbi<* method to couviuce tbe only elms uf per ho hit likely to be pleased with this proclamation of the utter fallacy of tbe hopes they have fout.ued upon it. This opinion, we may add, derives contirmatiun Iroiu tbe'act that he bu?peiidj for bi uie mouth* the enforcement of so much of h * declaration as denounces th* emancipation of slave* in punishment for contumacy ou the part of the Iusurgeut States, while he guei immediate force and eH'eot, ?o far as force and effect le.-ult from proclamations, ti) the regula tioui prescribed by the new article of war and tbeprovi stuua of the confiscation act in the matter ?>l slaves." According to theso " regulations" and "provi sions" all slaves escupingfrom tho Insurgent States withiu our army liues were declared frcr, and as it had been confidently predicted that such an official declaration and pledge, coming frcyn the President, would lead to a general " stampede" of slaveB from the South, and thus upturn tho very basis of the insurrection, it seemed to us that, if he had no other motive in issuing the proclamation, he might at leaft have promised himself the incidental advantage of testing by it the sagacity of tha political advisers who were mott urgent in their " pressure" for such a manifesto. Addressed, a* this manifesto was, (in the invita tion it extended,) to the "loyal blacks" of the South, it was not, so far as regards its practical ef ficacy, a matter of any importance how it was viewed at the North; for, whatever may have been tho theoretical objections of any in that quarter to the form or substance of tho proclamation, it is obvious that if there was among the "loyal blacks" that degree of alacrity and facility to escape from the service of their rebel masters which was ascribed t> thorn by the patrons of the proclamation, we should see a demonstration that Wuuld soon put to shame the cavils of " hair-splitting critics." We have lorg sinoo absolved ourselves from the duty of considering "tho proclamation" in the light of the political principles it involves, and, esohewing further controversy ou the topic, wo wait, only as impartial journalist to chronicle its results, as they arc developed by events and admitted by the friends of the measure. Among'the mo9t determined frionds of the mea sure, as we all know, is that able politico-re ligious jourcal, tho New York Independent, to whose columns we are accustomed to look for the dearest and most definite statement of the current views entertained by the party to which it belongn. In its issue of the last week our able cjnteroporary, under the head of " The Conflict of Ages," thus refers to the disappointment of tho hopes which had been found-, d on tho " proclamation of free dom." We quote tbcm, as before said, not for tho purpose of controversy, but simply as signs of tho time for the information of our readers: "An it becomes at length apparent that the ship of State is launched upon a lug ami difficult voyage, and cuu fiud her haven ody through storms ai d perils, a very natural feel ing of disappointment, arises in the pubi c miod, and even unions those who have a real interest and confidence in tho principles which govern onr national courte. At first we htped to see slavery b fllrd and defta;ed under tbe peaceful forms of legislation; when that hope was destroy el by tt>e outbursts of rebellion, wo looked to see the sjs tern sjeedily overthrow i by the m-Te fortune, nay, by the very lac', oi war ; Ihit failivp, ire trusted that tU procla mation would work a ?fit tity accomplinhment vf our triumph, until atUvgt'i we begin to discover that conflict/ and l<iilt are yet before us. 'lilts krd goetb not ?>ut but by pr*yer and tasting, nor ev d then without great and sore convul sions." Our contemporary then proceeds to reconcile its readtrs to the prospect before them by adducing for their instruction and ooiufort certain analogies of nature and history, which are suggestive of paticnoe ucdtr the chronic tribulations incident to all great and bent fioent changes, whether occuriiog in the physical or social world. It cites the experience of the geologist, who, seeing how powerful is tbe influ ence of the existing and normal agencies of nature, is tempted to imagine that the rain and the dew, tbe puushinc and the frost, are adequate to account for all the chang-s that the earih has experienced In so doing, adds the Independent, he is in daa* gor of forgetting "that there have been convulsions in which the loftiest peaks have been submerged and tbe bed of the ocean upheaved into mountains. So wc are apt to imagine that our familiar agenoies of reform, which by their steady influence accom plish so much, are tho only ones that are needed; and we forget that through all the oourso of his tory there have been great volcanic periods, in which the stable earth has rocked beneath tho feet of men; and that these violont agcncies have borne a nocesssry part in the great, progress of society." Aud the lessons of history are made sources of appeal, for the purprs j of showing that in Europe the system of feudal and predial slavery wa? only gradually exterminated by a combination of mili tary and moral agencies. Foremost among theao " military agencies" were, it Hays, tbe wars of the crusades. Under this head, it reasons as follows: " When the Crusader* routed the whole stagnant life of the peasants to activity, nnd sent hither and thither thro ighout France, on tiie high btisiiie?s of the boly war, thousands of strangers whom ihe law eould not consider slaves, it was no longer p Sfible to act on the supposition that ev< Yy stranger was a slave. The nobles, too, were in numberless cases absent, or had sold their feudal estates an.l lights to the hurgesfe* ; and tbe old vigilance of a mul titude of petty tyrants was henceforth baffled. Kvery wVere among th?? rerfs a ela a of men began to spring up, aceu tomed to cany arms in their hands, t> go whither they would, aud to call no man master; and thenceforth Europe began to be fret. " Such were the prmoipal circumstances which inaugu rated the birth of a cl s* of freemen in modern society. Tie old ?ystem had fir?t t?? be broken up; whole orders an I classes of men had t> be ground to powder between ibe humble populat oti on the one ?ide, and the monarch on the other, to nuke way for liberty. Then Christian sentiments found room fer their operation. The conscience of a p< nitent master might then find some relief in eman cipating the serfs be had long oppress* d; snd, ' pro rrme dionninne.' the dying sinner miutit be impelled to do jus tice. The great work of the Cru*a1es was the destruc tion of that slavebolding arist-cracy which had been for g? nerations an incubus upon society, repressing all growth of freedom, and crush:ng each hopeful geim of improve ment;. For thu destruction of this remorse ess bord*?of graduated tyran'.s no price wan too great to be paid. The profonndest agitation that society has ever witnessed, the blooiirst wars that the earih has tver beheld, the most prof.i?? ex per d ture of treasure, the most extraordinary uprisings atid invasions that history records?all this for a pe iod of two hundred years, in Older to termioato the slavfhohling of Europe 1 That was the meaning of the Crusades : the Divide purpose in the existence of Moham medanism." Tn the light of thfic analogies and parallels, onr learned contemporary is conducted to the following useful nnd instructive deduction with regard to the probable duration of tho socnlar conflict on whioh we have now cotcrod for the destruction of slavery. Pointing the moral of its elaborate arti olo, it bays : "Let us not be surprised. tbt-n, if tbe extirpation of our long slavery should prove a serious and difficult aobievo uiou'. Let us uot distrust the principles of juaiice aud freeduui, tor tbe God who has ever been their strength, if we fiud that long oonflioti aud great dissensions are be fore us. Tbe struggle may try our powers, and test our faithfulness and our euduranee to the utmost. It will be only in accordance with the divine methods of the past if it should. T&e nations who lo?,k coldly ou tbo long ugouv of our convulsion may believe it fatal, and, with selfish satisfaction, may pronounce tbe grandest ustioa of all his tory as dead as tbe Heptarchybut they kinw not tbe greatness of the priuiipfes which are at slake, nor the vitality of tbe people which God has prepared for tbe as sertiou of tbern." POLITICAL PKOPHLCV. There is one form of political icquiiy to whioh, wo imugioe, the most sensitive time-server can bring no objection, and in which he can (lis rn no trace of " disloyalty." It is that which seeks to try the inspiration of certain political pro phets by comparing their predictions with the course of events. Whatever may be 6aid in defence of the li Eman cipation Edict,'" it is at least very certain that it has not brought to pass all the great things whioh its sanguine patrons expected at its hands. So true is this, and so universally is the fact ad mitted by the best friends of that " war measure," that Mr. Wendell Phillips, in his recent speech on "Our Future," expressed the belief that " the President in his heart to-d'iy doubts whether his proclamation has done more harm than good." Yet wo all know the magnificent auguries under which he was " pressed " to issue it. Bringing to the touct stone of experience a few of the predictions made by the New York Tribune, in anticipation of the proclamation, the New York World propounds the following significant inter, rogatories: " What, then, have we witnefsod as the fiuit of the proclamation? Have we seen 4 tbe roads svvaruiiog with Union volunteers?' (Gov Andrew.) Have we Been mch multitude of slaves fljing from every part of the South that 'our enemies must thenceforth devote half their *tiene*h to keeping the rest back?' (Tribune, July 17 ) Have we witnessed, as the consequence of tbe emancipation edict, ' a speedy and overwhelming Uniou triumph V (Tribune, July 19.) Have we seen 'three times three hundred thousand boru aud naturalized Yan kees, who uever smelt battle, all join in tbe grand old ? cLorus of human nature, and its own clear, musical, glorious, buniug, self-evident words, the old chums ot liberty forever, all join in aod march ou, knowing, every ' bleared mother's sou of them, that what is going to be 'done now is to save the country?' (Tribune, August 2) Has emancipation ' pierct d the very vitals of the revolt?' (Tribune, August 6.) Did the proclamation, as Wits predicted, 'just lilt the nation rwht oft" its feet, ami curprise it iuto one unanimous yell of enthusiasm ?' (Tribune, August 8 ) Did tbe proclamation fulfill the prophecy that it' wou'd give an immediate reinforcement to the Union armies equal to a hundred veteran rrg ments and fifty well-served batteries?' (Tribune, August II.) Did it give such a mighty impulse to the Union causa that 4 three months will see the rebellion utterly squelched ind bring tbe traitors to their marrow bones?' (Tribune, December G.") Just a month before the first " Proclamation of Freedom" was issued by President Lincoln, tbe New York Tribune risked the proph cy that ''the war could not last until Christmas" if every fugi tive "who Comes to us from Jeffdom bo weloomcd as a freeman." About two weeks before tbe edict of last September 22d was issued, this same entbu siastic journal expressed the belief that " if this policy were once adopted in good faith aud thorough ly carried out, sixty days would amply suffice to break the backbone of tbe slaveholders' rebellion.'' Now that the policy hss been " adopted," as we must suppose " in good faith," and is being car ried out as " thoroughly" as the nature of tbe case admits of, wc arc commended by tbe Tribune to the folLwing startling proposition in lieu of the sixty days within wbich the " backbone of the slaveholders' rebellion" was tj be broken by a pro clamation, according to the prophecy adventured by that journal on the 6tb of September l&st. We quote from tbe Tiibune of tbe 22d ultimo : " If three months more of earnest fighting shall n?t serve to make serious impression upon t' e rebels ; if tbe end of that t?im 'hall fi d us no fuither advanced than its begin ning ; if some maligasnt fate has decreed that the blood and treasure of the nation shall ever be tquandered in fruitless efforts, let m Low to our datiny and mala the best attainable peac*." It is thus cvtdeut that tho ccstsoy of the politi cal inspiration under which (he former predictions wire made is fast passing away. It was, there fore, to bo expected that our prophctio contempo rary would begiu to lose heart and hope; but it is precisely at the point whero such enthusiasts de spair that more steadfast and coursgeous souls will " bear up and steer right onward." BOiiDEK STATE LOYALTY It i* quite common for orcr-j 'alous partisans of tbe Aduniiittiatiou in Congress ami iu Ibe Press to urner at " Border 8tite loy*lty" as aomething quite unworthy to be mentioned in any connexion, bowser remote, with thtir devotion to the Union. We bave more tbm once protected against this injustice. In our judgment, if the Uuion is savtd, it will be due quite as much to the efforts of loyal men in Mi*>ouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mary land. as to tbo more fervid, but not m >re serviceable, zeal of Massachusetts and new York. It is due to two State* to bear ia mitd the greater sacrifices they made in adher ing to the Union cause. We of the North have known nothing of the evila and agon es of a divided sentiment at hom'?of divisions which pervddel neighborbo ids, social circles, aud penetrated eu?a to the benrthstcne, wh eh biuihJ tbe father agiiust the son and brother against bio ther So far as any personal contact with the quest on has been concerned, our peop'e bave been unanimous. Our interests have all been ene way in the Border Slates this was by no means the case. Tbo civd war has there touched the very heart of a. ciety; and no man espoused either ride without a sncr fice of tbe feelings, prejudices, and hopes of a lifetime. Yet these 8:atea have ?tood do bly by tbe Government, and bave contributed very l.trg ly to tbe Courage, the endurance, and the patriotism which have come to ita support.?Ntw York Times. Two hundred rebel prisoners, who were taken at Mur freeaboro, voluntarily took the oath of allegiance to tbe United states at ft. Loin* on tin 4th instant, and were discharged They are deftitute of money, clothing, shoes, Ac., and the President of the Sanitary Commission in that Oity solic ts aid in their behalf. ARMY OF TUB FRONTIER. A despatch <in ed at St. Louis, February G h, s ates that a movement of tbe Army of tbe Frontier was order< d se veral days ago, which was supposed to be diieottd toward. Little Rock, but wh?-n the troops were all ready t<> start the order was counteimanded. Gen. btint's division is now at Crane Creek, Totteu's is at Flat Cre? k, aud ller ron's ia at Forsyth, all withiu forty-five miles of Springfie d. Bloomfield, which was taken by thj enrolled unlit a week before last, and evacuated next day, haa been re-occupied by rebel nuerillas, w ho are arresting Union meo n< hostnges ! for guerillas taken prisoners at Bloomfield. Cotton Speculators,?a Memphis observer, describ ing tbe immense rush after cotton along tbe railroad be tween Jackson and Vick*burg, says : " If there is one sportacle mote sublime than any other afforded by the present str.fe, it is a steamboat load of well-drea?ed gentlemen rushing forward h- roic illy u> take the profits of the war whtn the ri-ks are all ..vrr. It makes one feel that we hate not l*at our character as n 1 commercial people." DR BRECKINBIDOE'8 VIEWS. Rot. Kobkhx J. liaECKiNKiuot., D \) , of Kentucky, who is equally distinguished for bis learning, cluquenoe, aud loyalty, has recently con tributed to the Daovilje Review, of which be is the editor, a remarkable article on " Negro Slavery," oonaidcred in its relations to our " oivil war." Dr. Bicckinridgd, wo need not nay to our readers, ban long been conspicuous for the zeal and con stancy bo has displayed in the cause of emancipa tion, having been one of the motit active, aa he was confessedly one of the most able, of the eituena of Kentucky who have urged the initiation of mea suios looking to the removal of slavery from that State, lhe last ooncerted effort in this direction was made by l)r. Breckinridge and othors about thirtom years ago, on the occasion of the formation and adoption of a now State Constitution. His views of political duty and economical policy did not then prevail, but they were enforced with an earnestness which sufficiently indicated the strength of bis conviction*. It uaunot be charged, there fore, that tho animadversions of such a man on the President's " Proclamation of Freedom" are inspired by any love of slavery, or by any "sympa thy with rebels." And yet in the article we have designated he protests against the proclaimed policy of the President, declaring it unconstitu tional, uncalled for, inexpedient, and dangerous. Hut at the same time he avows his unalterable de votion to tho cause of the American Union, and bis faith in the final overthrow of the " iniquitous rebellion." As the torvcnt loyalty of Dr. Breckinridge is as indisputable as his ability, this paper of Ms, if it had no other value, would at least serve to show, by a signal instance, bow earnestly and conscien tiously a man of determined patriotism may dissent from any paiticulur measure of tho present Ad ministration without subjecting himself to the slightest surpicion, among men whose good opinion is cntitlod to any respect, of cherishing a thought adverse to tho honor or welfare of his country. 'J he creed of Dr. Breckinridge, under the head of slavery iu its bearings on the war for the Union, is thus succinctly stated, in that compact and stately st^le of wbich he is a master : We have no doubt that God, iu bis own good time and way, will give to the human race that freedom wbich it loat before tho dawn of history, wbich it baa always sigh ed for, which is uever understood, and wbich but a small portion of it now poaseapea We have no doubt it is the duty of all men, each according to hia place and hia de gree, to strive that thia and every other real blessing aLoul J be obtained by every one competent to enjoy and use it aright < " But we believo in the providenoe of God; and it seem* to us a folly, if not a ?iu, to attempt to frustrate the courae ot Providence?whether by hittcuirg -or by retarding it or in auy otLer way. And we believe iu the binding ob'i giition of t. n thousand duties, higher than the special one ot Biriviug to set free all the slaves iu America wbo are fi1: toboftve; and do not believe it any body's duty to set tLoS'* fiee who are uufit to be free; and, afier much ex per ence, we greatly doubt whether it is best, by individual caees, to set a few negroes free iu States where the blacks generally remain slaves Moieover, both from inatinct and from a aente of duty, we prefer rur own couutry far above all others, and our race far beyond all betide*; and we will never consent to endanger, much lea* to ruin, the one or the other, upon consid.-rat ou of the advantage there by to African alaves. 1 he emancipation of slaves iu Amerioa, beginning at the North in small numbers, has gradually proceeded South and to large numbers. It will go forward, iu our opinion! in the earne way, by a procem certain in itself, but liable to to be disturbed and retarded. Fromour earliest roanbood long ago, wr have thought and said Keutucky would con sult her iulerett, her duty, and her fame by proceeding with the work, She thought not; and rhe baa loved and Iruated u? too much for ua to rebuke her, even when we thought rhe eir<>d. " We do uot believe that tb? alaves, generally, in a single cotton or sugar State of this natioo, are now qualified to u?e or enjoy freedom, or that any of those States are in a condition to s-t them free. We do net believe that the Federal Government has the leaat power, of peace or war to abolish slavery iu any State; uor that the pretext iet up to justify such an attempt ougbt to have any influence upon Juat and eulighteued men. Wo believe tbatseivi. tnde. in all it? form*, is an incident of the fallen condition of mau?like poverty t r sickness?atd uot a sin of itself; that hereditary riavery ia the worst form of ssrritude ; and that all me j ought to do what they can to alleriat? the evils and mi^ened ol riavery, poverty, rickncss, andeveiy bid? of eur fallen state. 8 ''In the question of vested rights to property under the Federal Constitution, we do not believe that the inquiry conceding the m<<r?l charsct-r of the property is one com pete it for Coupes! or the President to make; but if tbey will make it about slavery, their decision ought to be stated as above. " 1 he difference in color of various races of human beins we b-lievti to have been intentionally brought about by God, for righteous euds, which are unknown u> ua, and that God w II finally give to each of these rac-s that parti tion of the earth bost fitted for them. ? We do not b lieve that any two of the three great raoet?black, yellow, ai d fair?can. if auy w here near each other - equal at to number, live c mtentediy together iu peace and equa.ity, except wbere all are equal y .hvea, or wheie pjiy?amy is pe.mitted; and, therefore, that io 5 ave Stat. wh-re ;h ? alaves and matters are of diff. rent racrs, >nJ tbe slaves numerous, emancipation should al ways be followed by the Colonization of tbe slaves, and we believe that the founding of black free States, with n tbe tropic*, is one of tbe highest necessities of the human race. " We beht ve that this civil war will probably, in a legit mite pro eeution of it, gr. atly weaken tbe poli icil power of tte Slave States, relatively considered ; tbat it will demoralize tho insii:uticn of tlavery to a fearful e*. tent; an 1 that re?u!ts from it may be reached concerning s'avory, in opposite directions, far bcyotd our ability t. forr tee. ' *? Ard, finally, we do not believe that the existence of slavery is so a nous an obstacle to our triumph as to Justify any a( prtbeusion, or any resort to unusual or illegal acts ; while, ou the other band, it* total destruction, in the due, vigon us, and legal prosecution of the war to com p!e?e rucccss, ougbt not to hinder us from putting the doctrine and practice of aecession forever at rest." THE PRIVATEER ALABAMA It h reported that the privateer Alabama arrived at Kingston, Jiroaiea, on the 20th of January, and landed the crew of the United States steamer Hatteras, anl th*t the prifateer was so badly dsmaged by tho shot of the Hatteraa tbat immediate repairs were required at King aton These reports come from Key West, and ?re said to be fiiuud- d on a communication received b> Rear Ad mini Bail. y. iu commnnd on that station, f.otu our Consul General in HavRua. It added that immediately on tbe rcc ipt of the news iu Havana tho United Stat, a steamers Wuhusott and Oneida sailed direct for Kingston, and the Cubii i ntl R. H. Cu) W, then ?? ,h<. !oall, ,id, "riTd ,h" "m? !?"????' tZ and Sonoma were alao steering in the same direction If tbe.? statements be correct, and the repairs of the Ala bama kept ber iq port foqr days, she is blockaded, for the 0ntranch to the harbor of Kingston ia so narrow that it cm, b,effectually barricaded by fix vessels Ijv.g ,.v,.n bo. yoml t ie limit of neutral waters. assault on fort McAllister. 1 ho Port Royal correspondent, of the New York Times gives au account of the second engagement of tho iron-clad M. ntniik with tbe rebel batteries at the inmtb of the Ogeecheo river, gbe fir d in the abrogate ib ut eighty lounda, but was unable to breach the work in consequence of tho thickness of the embankment, hhe was struck forty-six times, hut received no other jamagc than tbe starling of a few hulU ber pilot-house by a rifle shot, blJ the shattering of her smoke-ftack. It ia conridered probable that no fuither attempt will be made on Fort McAllister by the Montauk until she has do .e some other Important work. j The GovicnNMK*T Supplied with G?;ld?As the "P0 in k- Id is largely bated on th i.'tn that tho U. vmm >r.t Will have to m.ke large pUrrha?..sof g.,|d to pay its current lot rest, it mny not be improper to state Ihtt the (Joveromeir Ims bought no gold lor the last six ! n.outl s. and his a suffijieut supply now on bind for a'l lt? pe essities f.r the next payment ?Mis York Timti POLITICAL ODDS AND END8. Mr. Wm. CokmtiLL JkWbrr, the coadjutor of Mr. GkukleY iti tlit) work of creating a aeutiment favorable to foreigu mediation in our atfuim for the purpose of making peace, baa published a letter " defining his position" and that of bis distinguished co-laborer. After detailing bia efforts in Europe in the cauae of mediation be proceeds to "On returning I mtule an addreta to the American people, through the Portland Advertiser, urging ' media tion,' amid general bottil ty?from a believed hostility of Frauce in the move?in connexion with the South. My plan waa, firat, to seek the power of Hon. Horace Greeley? thus reach the Republican paity ; atcoudly, Count Mercier, thereby power to rruiove the prejudice again?t Franca. In interview* with Mr. Greeley 1 urged the policy and juatice of mediation aa a meant of peace and to preveut threatened revolution " Mr. Jewett alio, gives a letter be received from Mr. Greeley, unJer data of the 2d ultimo, stating the conditions on which he wou!d advocate a " foreign mediation,'" being the aame with thoae enforced in the columns of the New York Tribuue. The At!auta(Qi>o ) Intelligencer opposes the proposition of Mr. Uunhy S Footk, introduced into the Confederate Congress, und which looks to the admiasion of the Western States into the KoutLeru Confederacy. Itaays: "We are fighting ihia war for Sou1 hern independence and for a Government * of Southern States recognising Afrioau slavery as an institution ordained of God, beneficial to mankind, a neoesaily in our social and political relations as States, and in intercourse with all other nations or htates. H-uce the admission of any Free Htat-s into our Uuion ia not only repugnant to us, but it will be only a con tinuance of that evil which has brought on the war, and which to get rid of we are n-w fighting " Tne Washington correspondent of the New York Com* mercial Advertiser says that some adherents of tte Admm istration " are beginning to talk about the organization of a conservative Republican party that is to support the Administiatiou against radical influences, and that such persons approve the position of Senators Anthony, Dixon, Doolittle, Foster, Harris, King, and Sherman, as announced in the discussion of the bill appropriating money for the abolishment of slavery iu Missouri." Mr. Wendell Phillips deolaree the destruct on of slavery the on!y thing to be fought for. That granted, nothing else is wauted. He8ays: " I would accept any thing on an anti slavery basis. I would accept aeparatiou ; I would accept compromise; I would accept disunion ; 1 would accept peace, aud pay the whole Confederate debt at par, on an anti-slavery basis." At the cincluoion of Mr. Phillips's recent speech in Brooklyn (N. Y.) Mr. Tilton ro?e and taid: " Is it your pleasure to tend a menage to the President of the United btates ? " [Mauy voices ? Yes! Yes!] Th*n " 4 Resolved, That three thousand meu and women of Brooklyn say to Abraham Lincoln : Sir, wherever you sen a black man, give him a gun and :ell him to save the Re public ' " "Will you vote that rt solution f [Voioes. Yes! yes! Amen.] All iu favor will eay ' aye.' [Many ayes.] 41 Ho (hen said: 4 Let any man who says no, write him self a traitor and go home.' " [Applauee.] The choir then sat'g n hymn with a John Brown chorus, arid the audience retired. The Richmond Dispatch of the 30th ultimo strives to keep up the epirita of tbo Southern people by loud predic tions that peace is close at baud, and it thus sets forth the rearoos on which this faith is baaed: " If we meet with no great and unexpected disasters; if we do not relax our exertions, the voar must virtually be ended by the Itt of June. A 1 the 'igaa of the times, the ascendency of the Democratio party at the North, the par tial failure of the draft, and the entire cessation i f voliin tcering; the admiasiou by them that a la'ge part ot the r army goes out of service in Mny, and that no new recruits can be had to supply their places; the frequeut aud nume rous dfttrlioiis fr"ui tbe'r army ; their uomesiic disten sions ; their bitter denunciation of Lmooln, his Cabinet, the Abolitionists, and of all New Englaud ; the imminence of national bankruptcy ; tbe ruin of their sfcippi: g and com mercial interests, and incipient social auarchy, all prove that tbey can keep up the war but a few months longer. Betides, they know that foie'gn iu'ervention, however de layed, must ootuc at la*:. No doubt t^y desire it, in order to have a pretext for backing out from tbe contest, tan HohaCEGrkkLEV adin ts that theymust conquer ut in thret montht, or then make the be-t peace they can Indeed, whether between individuals or uatioas, a big fight must ever be a ebort fig't, because the parties putting out all their streugth at once soon become exhausted. Tbe North is exhausted. " CALIFORNIA SENATOR San Francisco, Feb 10?John Conness was finally elected Benst ir, rroeiving 93 out of tbe 114 votes lie was formetly a Douglas Democrat, and latterly a member of the Uniou par y. Tr e unrelenting feud between tbe friends of Congressman Pt?lps end Mr. Sargent prevented the election of a Se nator of Republican antecedents, in accord, a ice with tbe political bias of a large uj'jor.ty of tbe Le gislature. FROM THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. Corrtipondtnce of tht Philadilphia Inquirer. Stafford Court-House, (Va ) Feb. 9, 18G3. In tie absenoe of any thing very absorbing, the atten tion rev. rti to what uiay be done io the future. Au im pression bai firui'y planted itself io tbe uiuUs of miny here that the Army of the Potojiac will ha virtually dis solved and trau?ferred to tome other locality where a more effective blow cm be (truck. Many have gn.wo ?tr. ng in thia belief, from tbe fact tbnt the Ninth, burns,do's old corps, embarked from Aqua Creek Station on tran*porta for mme point southward during tbe put two day* . Wbelber their opinion be correct tiioc alone can dete; rniue . but it is hardly likely that it i?, aa there ;s but irtlc probability that th <<e h gh in authority who hold tbe mili tary reina will slacken thru; enough to allow tbe with drnvval of any comulerablo number of our troopa from thii loca ity ai long aiso many srmcd rebels remain iu Virginia. There is much to confirm the statements that the rebels h*vo withdrawn some of their forces from the vicinity of Fredericksburg. Put, notwithstanding this, the rebels are still string aud well foit 6>d in i ur front. They evince a deWmiuatiou to remain as long as our army continues to be opposite to tbern. Why we should abandon tbe field to the enemy at this point no plausible reason can given. Some urge that at other pi iota he can be more easily at tacked and weakened. This undoubtedly so, but would any thing justify th*i weakening of our army here to strengthon it at some other point ? Nf.w York, Feh 11.?The New Haven Palladium states that tbe Ninth Army Corps, under Q*n Sin-tli, has gone to Fort Monroe. SOUrHERN INTELLIGENCE FoRTRMS Monroe, Fed. 10.?The flag of truce boat New Ycrk arrived this afternoon from City Point, bringing down two hundred and sixty-nine exchanged Union prisoners. Among the released prisoners are two (ffl cors?oqo a coionei and the other a lieutenant. Richmond paper* of Monday, 9ik instant, have been received. The tone of theae papers in regard to tbe to* oalied blockide raising baa wonderfully changed. The Whig has the following despatch from Charle*t n: ?< Robert Hunch, Hi it sh Consul, tailed from this oity on tie 7ili msUnt on the Cudmus. From the officer* of that steamer we learn that the result of the Into nsvhl en gagement was much less ?ub?tMititil than was supposed. No Yankee vessel was sunk The New Ironsirfej is still off Charl> j'oa b*r. Hhe goe* out to sea every morning but lelurns evory t veiling. The impression is tuat Savau nnh wi 1 be attacked b fore Chaile*tou." The Richmond psp,<rs hare tho following despatch : " Augusta, Feb. 0.?Oen. Reynolds's Yankee Division marched to Alexandria, Tennessee, yesterday, for the pur poaa of destroying the flouring mills there. A portlou of Morgan's force* tought tlo-in ?evernl hours, but, owiug to the strength of the enemy's forc?\ had to fill back " REBEL REPORTS FROM THE 80UTII. New YoKK, Fed 9 ? Despatches from Charleston (S C.) state rof Orts brought there l.y tbe Hritish frigate Cad mus bad alarmed tbe oitlxena, who were leaving rap dly Tho r^bel correspondence fi^m Fredericktburg sta'es that the Yankee army is likrly to be annihi'nt-d at any liine t y a sudden dash of tho rebels. At an election heM at Wheeling, Visglni*, on Thursday las*, fir a de'egate to the State Convention, tbe New Stat* esq tidate wm elected by oyer two hundred miWity. WOKE RUMORS OF FRENCH MEDIATION.}; 1 Halifax, Feb. 9?The steamship Europe, from Liver pool ou the 24th of January, arrived here this evening. The Pifii corresponds. t^>f the London Times says he has reason to kui?w that official instructions have horn wot by the i reach Government to Washington suggesting (hat oomuiiaaioaera be delegated by the Federal Government and the Southern States, to meet on neutral ground, toooo ter together, without hostilities being suspended, ao that they may adviao aa to mutual concessions and effisot a re conciliation, ao desirable for the interests of the world. The Paria Pays says: " We believe we are able to state that tLo Government of the Emperor has addressed a coin uiuLi !itioti to Washington, propoaiog a mean* of arrange went butweeu the beLigerents which would fully protect the dignity?uvutur proprt?ut the Americana." The Nord alao aaya: " Franca baa propoaed a oonvoca tion of ao Ainoricin Congress with a view to peaoe." The Moniteur denies thattbe French Conaulat New Or leans baa been superseded. He left merely on a leave of absence. Six thousand Freuch troops, reinforcements, have been ordered to Mexico The ship Pame'.ia Flood, from New Orleans for Liver pool, has fceeu abandoned at sea Tbe captain waa the only one saved. Tbe steamship Win. Corey, from New York for London, put into Falmouth ou the 23d, iu a leaky condition. The decks Were swept. She lost her masts, etc. FROM FALMOUTH AND RICHMOND Hkadquaktehs Army of the Putomac. Sunday, Ftbruary 9, 1063. A reconnoissance was complete.! yesterday on th? right wing of tbe army, accomplishing all the purpo.es which were intended, and in the moat successful manner. The Richmond papers of the 5th aud 6th instant have been received. They, as usual, contain long extraotsfrom the New York papers, and rather a significant notice of three executions, to take place on the 6th, in Richmond. Ihe notice states that executions are so frequent that they excite no attention whatever. FROM PORT ROYAL. New York, Feb 9.?The United States gunboat* Cir cassian aud Water Witch arrived here duriog the night from Port Royal, the latter to repair. The Circassian has six officers of the rebel steamer Hnn trers, burnt by our fleet otT Charleston on the 17th ultimo. They repcr? that tbe neutral British steam-srs Herald, Hero, and Ariel were at Charleston on the 17th. The Hero is of 2.200 tons, and had 2,400 bales of cotton aboard. The Ariel had over 1,200 bales ou board, and was also waiting for a chance to run the blockade. Tbe rebels in Charl-ston, ac cording to their showing, are well pasted in all our mili tary and naval movements. Th.i Circassian is from New Orleans via Port Royal, and took the rebel prisoners on board at the latter pert. She has nothing later from New Orleans. FROM NEW ORLEANS. New York, Fed 9 ?The steamer Marion, from New Orleans on the 2J instant, arrived here this afternoon Among the passengers is Ccunt Mejan, tbe late French Consul at New Orleans. No demonstration has yet been made on Port Hudson No news has recently been rrcoived from Galveston. Gen. Banks htd is.ued an order exp'anatory of "the Pre sident's Emancipation Pr.xj'auiation, wb ch order has disap pointed many wLo thought that fugitive slave. wot?M be returned to thoir owners iu thit part of the State exempted by the terms of tbe proclamation. I ho editor of the True De!U has been rebuked for en deavoring to foreshadow the action of Gen. Banks. Every thing Is qu ct in the oity of New Orleans. Capt. Mi:ler succeeds Col. Deming as Mayor of that city. Tbe General Williams struck a snag while on the way to the an* but sll baads were saved. THE IRON-CLADS NEAR SAVANNAH. New Yohk. F*r 9.-AP^t Royal !etter of tfc, 3d in stant says tbe Montauk has been engaged several d?? at Uu king the iron-dad batte y on Ogeechee (G O'gia) river before Th , T ^ h ^7'" "UBi ^ ev*r before 1 hey also me steel-pointed ,iot. Although the turret of the Montsnk had been smxek .ix'Mn^, the m*t f !ff Capt ? MtrlT demolished Jit blV'l &0d eX?*cU 'oou "pture the ba? behind wh.ca Ues the st:-aner N*ahv,lle Tbe 1 as.aic is said to be up Warsaw Sound, and hesvy firtrg was beard thereon tbe 2d in.tant. Ttc rebel ram 1 mg jJ it jo that vicinity. ^ n,P.u,la, md tte We^hankea are both hourly ex of P?rt,B"1 >? Wl of "".I., and (fcmera! roster and troops had arrived SUCCESS OF THE QUE^T^^TwEST Chicago, FEh 11-A spco.al tel^ram from Cairo, re d to-day, say. that new. bas teen received from Viek. r tu^Vr The r8ni Q,*fn 0f returned from below. Iler trip down .he river was i0 ,be h'gbest d-grre successful Sbe met three ste.mnr. with I Prov sions for the rebels at Vicksburg. and sueoeeded in sinking them. Hha took fifty-.ix prison rs-oo0 tf tbeuj a colobe.. Sbe went near enough to Pott Hudson to draw fire from tbe rebel upper battery. hie war in Tennessee N??1U.., F?. 10-Oar f.?. nUni ^ 1WMH., ? .he 9lh. They eepturetl . ,m. ,i, CdrM JtadAjL' ^""oAm:,,,, ?, priwne? ? . of lSc A'oTij "u'?l tb? Of IK) and 18CJ. He ... ? ordinal Mo,a./oaiat ,od of the earWat adfocatea ?f ,be 8,.uthe,n Coofed.rM, )?er one hnndr, d wounded reached hare by tbe earn [ from Murrrecsb. ro tonight. Tbe 6r.t train for Murfree^ Wo w? | leave fere to-mo,row. The river 1. ,ix feet on the shoals and fsl.mg. i he rain^ii now falling heavily. T1IL UNION PRISO^iar<8 AT GALVESTON i p f" 11 from Capt. Proctor, cf tfc. F. rty-iecond Massachusetts Regiment, dated Hoo.tot, January 3th. state, that bis and two ?tber r^paniea of that regiment were captured at Galveston on tbe l.t Tbey are at Houston. Capt. Proctor state, that Captsin \\ ainwnght, Lieut. Lee, a3d eight of the crew of the Harriet Lane were killed, and thst tbe rest are prisoner.. hey all receive good treatment, and expect to be ?oon par,Jed. O ly .?* was killed a?d fourteen wounded in tbe Maianchiiiiott* rotiipntjieff. A HECONNOISSANCE IN VIRGINIA On Monday C.,1. Wyudh.m returned from ^ther connoi-aar.ce. With a considerabk otvalrv luroe iu I S tbo co,ijti> fr..,? Fairfax Manassas Gap, east as tar as Snicker's Gan >, i k t ? Fair fix Court-boiiae, v.a LfesburT On t,T b,ck ^ found i... traces of rebels in arms any whetM m'boTtnp. A SKIhMIaH IN FLORIDA JSTi'r3SL ?' river, at scrubby Bltff hetweOT f* ^ c,.n,panie? of tfouth Caryl,,m n, ?ro viuntUr. tk.r? atle,opted u, take the steamer J<tVr! A^lam h k* rebda her. but tbe neu-u a. ld^r. K.L A?m* hy Wrdiiu? oaptain of the J, ha Adams val h ? sh>'t i?me4iai rare? bv - ?' a"d hU "'^dcrer w.. waa two men ltd a d ... ?ur priMitera. W' ** ""o Fiik Pkukknt to Gen MfTi n . i?~ u7 . log the assertion to th? c 'n'rary made bv 0twlWi?t,ln<,? per, it is a fact thit Gen L J ?'?ning pa. with a house it. ,h's city. About tw^* ceivod the br<>w u skonn i>, r,i k "rerks ago h^ re hon-e was filled with th9 ch<>i,-est i rn'f BTe"u"*- The p?rt of tbe tnaguifiront prt se .t Oen mTu.? b WM * will tak ? possess n of he dwell,,, MeClell*n *n<l wife from their trip ??down La.t ^ clad WeehTwkrVra.T Hod' g th? of 'be iroo Monroe, fiX?WFortm. one ot her officer# 1 Kn. g"le she encountered. Cliot weU fcrwaJ ?aX) ^ih9d in'? ^ low the water ?t>H th " lb? ^ rious inliir Th! 0 ?**'?.00 lb? d*ek witbem s^ l?, .h J 7 W WM aom-thiog akin to the (,???*? l>?ch p?o,.bmentof ^Wiar.ud is an expend 0u 1,0 ouo c??d desire to try a second time.