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WASHINGTON: THUK8DAY, MARCH 12, 1863.
Weekly National Intelligencer. By GALE8 & BEATON. JAMBS 0. WBLLINO, ASSOCIATE EDITOR. The subscription price of thia paper for a jeftr ia Two Dollars, payable in advance. A reduction of 20 percent.(one-fifth of the full charge) will be made to any one who ahall order and pay for, at oae time, ten copiea of the Weekly paper; and a reduction of 35 per cent, (or one-fourth of the ftill eharge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one time, twenty or more copier. No accoumtt being kept for thia paper, it will not be aent to any one unleaa paid for in advance, nor any longer than ?he time for whiob it ia paid. THE RECALCITRANT SOLDIER AND DIPLO MATIST. As it is always cur aim to be entirely aoouratc in whatever statements wo find oecaaion to make on current events, we desire to correct a repre sentation which we made on Thursday last, in the oourse of the observations suggested by the letter of Major General Cassius M. Clay to the Editor of the Now York Times. In referring to the fact that this distinguished soldier had just been re-nominated by the Presi dent as our Minister to Russia, we spoke of him as a " recalcitrant" patriot " who had had the hardihood at one time to decline a Major General ship because he did not agree with Mr. Lincoln in the policy then pursued by the Administration." On recurring to the letter of Major General Clay wc find this statement does not do him entire jus tioe. It was uot the honors and emoluments of the offioe of Major General which he declined, for he was, at the time in question, already invested with the dignities of the highest military rank known to our service. What he deolined to do was to " enter the field" and take an active part in the oampaign, as other Major Generals were doing, at the oommani of the President. The terms and conditions on which he held for a time the rank of Major General while flatly refusing to "enter the field" are thus stated in his Utter, whioh we oite in his own words for the purpose of correcting the inaccuracy of statement into whioh we fell when we spoke of him as having " declined the office of M?jor General:" " I told President Lincoln that I could not and would not enter the field except the policy w?a adopted of libera ting tbe slavea of rebels. So toon as the President issued his proc'amatioD of the 22d September, I offered my ser vices at once to Oen. Halleck." This downright language may seem slightly haughty and insubordinate, when we consider that it wss addressed to the Constitutional Commander in-Chief, and that Major General Clay had bound himself by his military oath, like other soldiers, to " observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States." But such is not the view we take of it He merely sought to notify the President in advance, that he was content to hold the offioe of Major General only on the condition that he should not be required to fight while the then existing war policy remained in force. And a sufficient justification of his course ia found in the fact that it was the policy, and not Major General Clay, that went to the wall. In his very interesting and cordial interview with the Czar he had frankly said that " we fought the South with reluctance" because '*Jwe were much intermarried and of a common history." So long, therefore, as it was simply an affair of the lawful Government struggling against armed insurgents, Major General Clay very properly made good his word to tho hm peror of all the Bussias, and rcluctated against ? fighting the South." But when it became a war of emancipation it is impossible to praise too highly the alacrity with which he offered his aword to the General-in-Chief. We already know what malign influences prevented that sword from being wielded in the service of the " country" and its owner's "reputation." Since the memorable day when Major General Clay was thus repulsed by the General-in-Chief he has not been resting idle. His oampaign in New York was none the less brilliant for ending in a great rout of the foroes ho led to battle. The vigor with which he would have charged at slave ry, if Gen. Halleok had not curbed his high ambi tion, was sufficiently attested by the short method in which he proposed to dispose of Governor Sey mour, and thus prevent his election. As our readers may have forgotten it, we quote from the report of a specoh delivered by Major General Clay in Brooklyn on the 7th of Octobtr last, while lie was oarrying on the " Wadsworth campaign. We quote from the report of the New \ork Tri bune, which represents him as speaking of the " Seymours" in the following emphatic vein : M These men stickled becsus* Congreaa bad not autbo tiaed tbe Presideut to tuspend the writ of babaaa eorpua. Tbe Preaidont had tb? power, and if antecedents were wanted we made thia an antecedent forever againat all rebels. [Cheers.] Instead of finding fault with tbe Pre aident for tbia, he did rather because he had not anapended these scoundrels by a rope. [Applause.] Were such trai tors aa Peymonr and Wood hung, it would save tbe livea of millions of honest Democrats. [Qreat applause, ' That's ?o.'"] And then what shall be said of the courage with whioh he entered the lists against George Francis Train. If in that encounter tho ex-Minister and tho Major General was rather unequally pitted against a man who was his superior in the art of popular logomachy, it is nono the less just to admit that he replied with considerable foroo to tho toll ing blows of the redoubtable and renowned antago nist with whom he ventured to measure his muscle and wind. latterly he ban been resting in comparative si lence and seclusion, until he turned up a few days ago in the letter whioh has already become oele brated, and of which, It seems, the public has not yet heard the last. For w? have extended our re marks beyond tho limits of the mere correction we made in the opening portion of this artiole, simply for the sake of properly introducing to our readers the following letter, wbioh we had the honor to re oeive from Major General Clay yesterday : Washington, March 5, 18(33. To the Editors of the National Intelligencer. iSiRfi: Id your artic!e of to-day, headed " A Recalcitrant Soldier and Dipl< inatiat," you ahow tbe ?atne spirit which led you to defend the mob at Lexington which destroyed my preaa and overthrew two Conatitutiona?ihit of the State nod that of the National Government. Aa tbe Sen ate will probably act upon my appointment to-day, before a reply can reach them, I write ibia only to call the atten tion of your readera to an article nf aelf-defeuce which I am preparing for the New York Timea. Till then I only a?k of ttie people a auapenaion of opinion in reference to the thick calumnies which fall upon me. C. M. Clay. TTe fear tbat the changeful and stirring scenes in wbioh Major Qeneral Clay has reocntly been en gaged lave somewhat confused bis memory of events dating so far back as tbe era of tbe mob at Lexington, Kentucky, in tbe year 1845. What with his diffioulty in finding, at first, under this Administration, a diplomatic position suited to bis taates and dignity, his epistolary tilt with tbe edi tor of the London Times, his dazzling reception by the Czar, his hegiru from St. Petcrsburgh aud sud den emergence from a diplomatist into a major ge neral waiting not for orders bat for a proclamation of freedom, bis disgust at Geu. Ilalleck'a insensi bility to military capacity, his fiery crusade against Seymour in New York, and lastly his bout with George Francis Train, we do not wonder that be should be too much prcoccupicd with the excite ments of the living present to recall with accuracy all the features of the dead past. It is only on this theory that wc can explain the misapprehension into which he falls when be supposes tbat we " de fended the mob at Lexiogton which destroyed his press and thereby broke two Constitutions." If it be true, as be presumes, tbat tbe Senate acted upon bis nomination on Thursday last, our article of that day was exceedingly opportune; and, as we were by no means chary in expressing our ardent wishes for his confirmation, we may flatter ourselves with the hope that we have contributed somewhat to promote the aspirations of a laudable ambition to serve bis "reputation" in a sphere where he can make an empire happy without ren dering his own country entirely miserable at the thought of losing him " in the field " And as cer tain of our contemporaries have, it seems, been showering " calumnies" on him because, like a man of spirit, be told the President what be would do as a Major General and what he would not do, or because he denounces the present General-in-Chief as " intensely pro-slavery," or bccause be mocks at the Premier of the Administration, we are informed that Major General Clay, before starting on his mis sion, will issue " an article of self-defence," which be is even now preparing for tbe New York Times, and in anticipation of which we unite with him in asking of the American people "a su?pension of their opin ion" upon all the questions affecting the charaoter of Mr. Clay as a dutiful soldier and a discreet di plomatist. We have no doubt that Major General Clay will find it an easy task to dispose of the " calumnies" that fall upon him from other quar ters, but to answer the " calumnies" vhich he has written against himself in the letter that has ac quired suoh a sudden celebrity would bo no easy matter for one less skilled in difficult performances on what the famous Bilboquet calls the " spring board of celebrity." THE PRICE OF GOLD. Those who mark the signs of the times will not fail to observe the decline in the price of gold which has been witnessed within the last few days Whether regarded in itself, or as a token of re newed confidence in the credit of the Government, it is equally a source of congratulation. Many causes have doubtless conspired to contribute to this gratifying result, prominent among which we may cite a natural reaction from the speculative tendencies that have lately enhanocd the value of gold beyond the legitimate relation in which it stands to the currency of the Government or the trado of tho country. In tho doubts nnd uncer tainties which for a time rested over the financial system that would be finally adopted by Congress the brokers and money-traders found the means of oreating a constant excitement to tho discredit of the paper emissions to which tho Government has resorted. Sinco the adjournment of Congress tho financial situation is no longer placcd at the hazard of unoertain measures of legislation, and the equi librium, so far as it was disturbed by speculative operations, tends to ro-odjust itself on the basis of fiota as they Are rather than a* they might bo. A PLEASANT AND BRILLIANT REUNION. Tbe adjournment of Congreas wan followed by an event which mark* an epoch iu tbe aocial aa well aa the political world of Waahingbon. We alltn'w to the reunion which t Kik place at the mansion of Mr. Secretary Chase on Wedneaday evenirg hut, and which embraced among ita invited gueat* the Cabinet, the Diplomatic Corpe, the Ju diciary, the meiubera of Congresa, without d.atinction of parfy, officer* of the army and navy, the chief* of Execu tive bureau*, arid citizena iu privai? atation, accompanied by their wivea and daughter*, aud compriaing a represen tation, aa large a* it waa brilliant, of the distinction, faah i?n, and beauty of the national metropolis. It wa* a htppy thought od the pait of the diatinguiahed Secretary thua to bring together, at the c1o*e of a moat iinportait aud la borious C >ngreaaional term, the repreaentat vea of all par tiea, to the end that in aocial converse and the interchange of mutual courtesies they might, at the hour of parting, beguile office of ita carea and political diflferenre of ita aapeiitiea. And while sharing his elegant bo*p:talitiea Mr. Chase's guest* seem to have caught the spirit of tbe oooasioo, for if the genius of discord has at any time lissn present in our connci'a, it is certain that that malign deity gave place to the spirit of unity and concord on this happy oecasion. Let us hope that a *cene so pleasant in the en joyment and so grateful to the memory may be also tbe presage of conciliation and fraternity in the future. THE DEPARTMKNr OF THE MISSOURI. We understand that Major General Ct'RTlfl has been relieved from the command of the Department of the Mis souri, and that be is trt be succeeded by Major General Sl'MNCit, a veteran and able soldier, who in every sphere has signalized himself by a simple and nnaoltish devotion to duty which is worthy of all praise. A WORD WITH OUR READER8. The publicity which it ha* become the questionable ha bit of the press to give to private as well as public oou cerns, places us under the necessity of a brief reference to a matter which we would willingly bare avoided, for we are nut in the habit of parading private griefs, and our regular readers are well aware that we seldom trouble them with our personal affairs. The correspondent of a popular Northern journal, how ever, has thought proper to mention, among other items of new#, that the Hon. Secretary of War had withdrawn from the National Intelligencer the publication of the advertise ments t f his Department, and bad directed the heads of the various Bureaus under his control to withhold any fur ther publications from that paper. We bad previously been officially informed of this step on the part of the Hon. Sec retary, but it was ooe he had the uaquestionable power to take, and we should certainly never have thought of makiug it the subject of complaint or couiiueut, if the publicity given to it had uot imposed on us the necessity of informing our readers that the decision of the Hon. Secre tary should not deprive them of the advantage of still seeing in our columns all official advertisements as usual, although their publication be gratuitous. This will be sim ply in conformity with our custom on previous similar occa nous; for, although we have never deemed such small proscriptions of sufficient dignity 1or complaint or ani madversion, this is not the first time that it has been our misfortune to fall under the ban of official displeasure. To go no further back in our history than the last Administra tion, we bad the honor of a similar mark of consideration from the Hon. Secretary's distinguished predecessor in the War Department, the Hon. Secretary Floyd; but self-re spect imposed on us then the silence that it would have done oow, but for the well intended officiousness of another Journal. What has drawn upon our paper the present mark of Departmental disfavor we are unable to say, unless we were to assume for the Hon. Secretary a reason which would be unworthy of a statesman who has himself always used the privilege of public discussion with the freedom that whs his right and the courtesy that became him. If in submitting to < ur readers, from time to time, as it was our duty as journalists to do, our views of public affairs in this dread cririsof the country, we have been obliged occa sionally to dissent from the prudence or expediency of some of the measures of the Hon. Secretary nf War, we have done so with the decorum due both to bis personal and official character and to our own sense of propriety. Studiously avoiding all factious cavilling, and desiring for him the fullest succetsin his arduous task, we would at any time rather have Eraised than blamed ; and it is quite possible that could we ave divined the reasons which directed important move ments we might have estimated their w.sdoui differently, but in official proceedings, having to see through a glass dimly if not darkly, we could ''only reason from wbat we knew." Thus much for elucidation, not for defence, for we have learned in our lengthened experience rather too much of official intolerance (and, thank Ood, a great deal too of noble political tolerance) to waste time in seeking out the moving causes (f any official proscription b.-wardn ourselves or official favor towards others. It is enough for us to know that we bave the approval of wise and good men, without distinction of party, and if the support we once received from a portion of our countiy has bsen impaired, at first by our advocacy of the Union, and lat terly destroyed by this wicked, causeless, and bloody rebellion, we are jet too old in our habits of self-respect to seek any compensation for there looses in the "thrift that follows fawning." We have survived the proscription of the War Department under former Administration#, and we hope under this to avoid the " consummation" which, from old instincts as well as recent grudges, the Hon Hecretary may at present 44 wish." OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENCE. Paris. February 17, 1863. Despatches of great length from New York have just come to hand, giving an account, amongst other things, of the pretended laisiugof the blockade of the port of Charles ton. But, inasmuch as the latest telegrams received by the same arrival announce tbat " twenty Federal ahips-of war" had reappeared before the same pr int of the South ern cHit, the above-mentioned pretensions of the Confed erates are viewed here with a feeling very nearly akin to the ridiculous, and none but the most avowed friends of the South are disposed to admit the absurd claims to a sixty days' repritve from the penalties of the blookade. On the whole the last intelligence is regarded as favorab'e t?thd North; an I, above all, the announcement tbat the Senate had rejected by a.large majority the hostile vote respecting the French expedition in Mexico, which hsd been proposed to it, has been received with much satis faction by the Imperial Government. It may be well to observe that the Emperor is extremely touchy upon this latter point. The expedition is, or rather was, generally disapproved of by the Country in its origin, and baa cost the Government do small trouble and unpopularity ; any addition to which, coining from a foreign quarter, would be regarded with great displeasure. The distress caused in Paris by the immense loss sus tained on remittances to Europe is being now very severe ly frit. Some of our oldest American residents, who have lived here on account of health or famiy connexions or otber causes for twenty or thirtv years, are preparing to break up their establishments and return home ; if indt-ed the latter Word be any longer applicable to either the feel ings or pi.an ion of such parties who have long made France their adopted country. In some instances very painful aceuea of privation and separation, in the ca?e of aged per sons, have been the consequence of this state of things. The debate on the address has just terminated in the Corps Legidatif by the usual majority of 'i4.r> Imperialist against the members wbo constitute the opposition. The only parts of the discussion interesting to American readers have been those which turned upou Mexican all'sirs and upon the ain> ndment attempted to be introduced into the paragraph respecting the conflict in the United SUtes In the toriner, M. Jules Favre, the celebrated Democratic orator, put bed the Government very hard on (he subject of the Unions or rather infamous Jecker loan, on v. h ch was principally baaed the enormous French demand for pecuniary compensation. He showed up the entire nature of the transaction, and inaiuuated rather than asserted the influence it had hsd both on the origin and conduct of the expedition by reaaon of these securities having passed into the bauds of " oertain persons" of high political position in Franc*, who were anxious that their claims should be up held and realised by foree of arms. M. Billault replied on, behalf of the Government; but, although the can try is well inolir.ed and fully determined to support the army and the military reputation of France at every hazard and ex pense, it b ars a grudge against the oiiginators of the ex pedition, and may very l;kely show its displeasure on the subject at the approaching elections. Were the pre*s al lowed to speak freely about the matter the result might he very seri >us for the Administration. The paragraph on American affairs in the address c.?n fined itself to expressions of regret at the civil conflict now raging in the Ktates and to the disappointment experienced by the refusal of the other maritime Powers of Kurope to join France in her attempted mediation. To this the cot toD interest endeavored to add a clause intended to ex press the inefficiency of the blockade and an expression of regret tbat it had been recognised by the country. But ! the Chamber displayed no disposition to support such a view ot the case, and the amendment was not even carried to a division. A capital speech from the Vicomte Anatoh Lemercier declared tbat the first thing Europe had to do was to convince the South that it would in no case be ac knowledged as a separate and independent nation; in which case, he said, the war would be over much sooner than most people thought We are now at the very height rf what is still called Camival time in Paris, and for many nights past masked balls of the m >at sj lendid description have been going on in officinl residences The gran<l?at of all w?s at ihe Tuil eries, where six hundred persona of the highest rank were invited, arid where the deflorations and dresses were of the most sumptuous character, many of th* Utter costing from b n to tw? nty thousand francs. The Empre?s wore a mag nificent costume to represent the Indy of a Doge of Venice, while the Emueror wore a Venetian cloak and Ihe Prince Imperial a similar atvle of dreaa. To day being Mmrdi (/rat, or Strove Tuesday, there ia a complete bolyday ; the streets are crowded to overflowing, and hundreds ot pub lic masked balls will be open till a bte hour of the morning. WAR MEETING IN NEW YORK. A large meeting of citizen* of New York who are iu favor of sustaining the Government in a vigorous prosecu tion of the war waa held at the Cooper Institute in that city on Fiiday evening last. The Hall, capable of contain ing four thousand person*, waa crowded (o excess, and an additional meeting waa organised on the outside of the building. The Hen. Geohoe Opdyke, Mayor of the city, presided inside, and Mr. Henry Hill on the outside. II was intended that Lieut. Gen. Scott should preside, but sudden sickness prevented hia attendance. Addresses iu aupport of the Government and favoring an energetic prosecution of tha war were made by the Rev. Dr. Hitchcock, Hon. James r. Brady, David D. Field, Judge Daily, Joiin Van Buren, and other dis tinguished gentlemen. The meeting continued until mid night, when it dispersed with loud and enthuaiaatic cheers for the Union. The following reaolutiona, submitted by Judge Bonney, were adopted by acclamation: Resolved, That it is the duty of every citizen to unite in all proper efforts to preserve aud perpetuate the Uoion in accordance with the Constitution. Rttolved, That thu conduct of disaffected persons, claim ing to be citizens of the United States, yet zealous in their attempts to embarrass and impede the action of the legally constituted authorities, aud in the utterance of treasonable sentiments, deserves and should receive the condemnation of every loyal citizen. Resolved, That the loyal people of New York hereby pledge their fortunes, their influence, and their honor to the support o> the national authority in every vigorous and determined effort, by force of arms, on sea and land, to se cure a complete and final suppression of the causeless and atrocious insurrection which now desolttes our country. Resolved, That the army and navy of the United States owe their und vided allegiance to the Constitution they have sworn to suppoit aud drfend, and that no soldier or sailor can rightfully hesitate in his obedience to the oommindsof nuperiors in rank, whose authority is derived from the Go vernment of the nation. Resolved, That every citizen owes allegiance to the Go vernment, and he who denies its authority, or fails in his duty to uphold the honor of its flag, is an abettor of trea son, and should suffer the peualty due to his crime. Resolved, That this meeting, under solemn convictions of duty, and in a firm reliance on the justice of that Provi dence which guides and guards governments and peoples, does hereby resolve itself into a loyal league of Union citi zens, pledged to an unconditional support of the Govern ment in all its constitutional efforts to suppress the rebel lion, and an uncompromising opposition to treason in what ever form it appears. Reso'ved, That the committee of this mpeting be the ofH oers and committee of the Loyal Union League of the citi zens of New York, aud that each person present is a mem ber of the league. Mr. Raymond proposed the following additional resolu tion, which was adopted: Resolved, That we approve the action of the President and the Congress of the United States in decliniug?as uu friendly in it* tendencies and effects?all intervention or mediation of foreign Powers, in any form or on any pre text, in the contest which the uatiou is compelled to wage for the perpetuation of its existence. The followii'g resolution was al?o proposed, and was unanimously adopted: Resolvid That, in the judgment of this meeting, tha re sort of the Government to a currency of its owu, for the purpose of meeting the extraordinary expenses caused by the rebellion, and made available tor th? payment of debts, public and private, was a necessity which could n t have been avoided ; and that as such currency binds all the pro perty, real and personal, owued withm the limits of the United States, it constitutes an obligation of unequalled authority and value, the upholding ot which, by its ready acceptance, by inspiring confidence in its validity and safely, and by denouncing all efforts to discredit it, by whomsoever made or for whatever purpose, are duties as imperative as any now appertaining t > aa Americau citizen. Sundry letters were laid before the meeting from dis tinguished gentlemen- whose presence had been invited, but who were unable to attend. We make room for three of thorn: Letter from Mr. Secretary Seward. Department op State, Wamiiinoton, March 3, 1803. To the Hon: George Opdyke and others, New York. Gentlemen : I thank you for your invitation to the meeting to be held on the tith instant, designed to resolve itself into a Loyal League of [Juion citizens, and I deeply regret tbat public occupations here prevent my scceptance. I pi ay that my name may be enrolled in tbat 1 ague. I would prefer that distinction t > any bouors that my fellow citizens coud besUiw upon me. If the country lives, as I trust it will, let me be remembered among those who la bored to rave it. If Providence oould disappoint the dear est h"pes of mankind, let not my name be found among th 'so who proved unfaithful I subscribe to your proposed resolutions in their exact letter and in their right loyal and patriotic spirit I would reserve nothing whatever fr m the sacrifice which may be required by the country. He that preferreth hroselt, bis fame or his fortune, h<s friend, his father, bis mother, his wife, his child, hi? party, or bis section above hia country, is not wort iy to be a eitizen of the best and noblest coun try that Gi d bas ever suffered to eome into existence. N<> one of us ought to object when called upon tore-affirm bis devotion to the Union, however uoconditiona ly 1 would cheerfully renew tbe obligations of fidelity to it every day and every hour, in every place, at home or abroid, as often aa any citizen should question my loyalty, or as often as the renewal of the obligation on my part should seem likely to confirm and strengthen any other ci izen in his patriot to resolution. The re-affirmation is wholesome for ourselves, even if it influence no one else. I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, William II. Seward. Isttter from Major Gen. Burntide. Washiwotoh, Friday, March 6, 1863. To Gtnrge Opdykr, Jonathan Sturgrt, and others. liKM'l.KMKN : 1 regret that my public dutes will pre vent my acceptance of your kind invitation to be present at a meeting of loyal citizens of New York at the Cooper Institute thi? evening. Tbe resolutions which it is pro posed to introduce are in exact accordance with my sen tiuieuts. It is clearly tbe duty of every " citixen, sailor, and sol dier" to give to tbo Government bis unconditional and roost effective support. A conditional tupport is full of discord, danger, ana disaster, and, at a time like tbe present ?m unta to dmlojalty. In view of nil tbe resources with which God has ble?M<l ns, it would be ignominious to be lieve that we bave not tbe physical ability to maintain the Government, when we remember that we are fighting to sustain a Government tb*t originated in truth, justice, honor, and patriotism, ngain-t a rebellion that origiosted in deceit, frmid, ambition, and ignorance. It would be dis trusting God's justice to believe that final success will not attend our efforts. If we see evils before us, let ua do all in our power to correct them in a temperate way. Our legialatora should be made to fed that I hey misrepresent us when they at t^mpt to clog tbe wheels of Government, or indulge in party legislation Politic* and party lines should be ig nored for the present. Kiaudulent contractors and dis honest diabur-it'g officers shou'd be punished. Officers and aold|ers should be subordinate, patriotic, energetc, awl free from all personal ambition. '1 he law of Congress making every man a soldier wbo is capable of bearing arms fhould be enfoioed and submitted to. Tbe old regiments sbou'.d be kept full, and promotions made fiom soldiers and officers in the field, for merit. The President and Governors should be always surrounded by honest, loyal, and patriotic men, capable of giving advice in their seversi Departments. The press should be temperate and inde pendent. And, finally, our whole people, men, women, and children, should be loyal, patriotic, and honest, trusting in the righteousness of our cause, aiid cheerfully submit ting to all the privations wbi< h tbe providence of God may visit upon us. Who will believe that this rebellion could laat another year if we were all reaolved to fulfil these conditions f Thanking you, gentlemen, for the high honor done me by thia kind invitation, I remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, A. E. Ht'RNSlDH, Major General. Letter from Admiral Paulding. Na?* Yard, March f>, 1868. My I>kar Sir t I bave the honor to acknowledg > an in vitation to be present at a meeting of loyal citizens at Cooper Institute, in New York, on tbe evening of the 6th instant, for the purpose of reaffirming a determination to sustain tbe Government in ita rightful efforts to quell rebel lion, and at all hazards of life and property to maintain and perpetuate tbe Constitution and the Union. I regret extremely that the condition of my health will uot permit me to be present oq an occasion that so vitally concerns me and every other man tbat loves his oountry, and would leave to bis children the inheritance of a free Government, as it descended to us from our sires. All my sympathies are with the object* of the meeting, aud to which I pledge myself in every sentiment tbat ibe resolutions convey. I shall be at all times ready, not only to perform my duties as an officer and a good citizen, in the support of the Government for the suppression of tbe re bellion, but it will afford me especial sati? faction to unite with all loyal men iu society to bring to puulsbment, in any mnnuer tbat uihy be rendered necessary, tbe iufamous scoundrels tbat would embarrass the Government They enjoy its protection and forbearance doubtless in the pre sumption that they may escape the penalty due to their crimes. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient seivant, 11. Pauldiku, Commandant. NEW STATES AND TERRITORIES Amongst tbe proposed legislation of tbe late Congress were bills to enable the Territories of Nebraska, Nevada, and Colorado to form Constitutions and State Governments. None of these, however, were consummated, so tbat tbe only perfected bill to create a new State was that passed In December last to admit West Virginia. This has yet to be Voted upon by that portion of the people 0/ the "Old Dominion" living west of the mountains, on tbe 26th of March. Two new Territories were organized ? Arizona and Idaho. The locality of the former is of course well known to tbe people. The latter embraces certain territory be tween tbe 41st and 46th degrees of north latitude, and between -tbe 104th and 110th degrees of west longitude. Its western boundary abuts against the Rocky Mountains, at the southeast corner of the Stat?of Oregon, and will be familiar to tbe border men as embracing the headwaters of the Yellow Stone aud tbe Missouri. THE CHIPPEWAS. To the Editors of the National Intelligencer: This Indisn tribe?tbe Ojibw&s of Lnke Superior?are scattered over au immense district between the Saut Ste Marie and the Red River of tbe North. The Western bands, who frequent Red Lnke aud the eastern bank of the Red River of Minnesota, are Under no treaty relations to the United States, and in September, 1562, committed rob beries upon trains of merchandise passing between St. 'Paul and the Selkiik Settlement in Central British America, as well as outrages upon individual tettlers in Nortberu Minnesota. Fully five thousand of their number (one thousand warriors) may be regarded as hostile, per haps in league with Little Crow and the Sioux. The re mainder (fitteeu thousand) will be hostile or peaceable, aa events may determine. Minnesota asks the removal of the Chippewas as well as tbe Sioux and Winnebngocs?a total relief from tbe an prehensions and obstructions of a savsge population. It is understood that Congress and the ludiau Bureau will coucur in regard to the Sioix and Winnebagoes, but hesi tate as to tbe Chippewss. Allow a suggestion through the columns of the Intelli gencer. Tbn people of Minnesota will be satisfied and grateful if tbe Pres dent (during the recess of Congress) ihou d refer tbe whole quesli iu of the proper and perma nent disposition of tbe Cnippewa nation to Henry M. Rc<\ Senator fr. m Minnesota, Henry B. Whipple, Epi?copsd Bishop of Minnesota, aud Clark W. Thompson, Indian Superintendent of Minnesota Give such a commission full powers of negotiation, aud the people of Minnesota aud Wisconsin will acquiesce in their recommendations. St. Paui., Feb. 24, 1863. J. W. T. THE REBEL CONGRESS. In tbe Confederate Senate, on the 3d ius'.aut, a resolu tion was adopted to inquire into the expediency of repeal ing the resolution* declaring that a neutral flig covers tbe enemy '? goods, with tbe exception of contraband goods. In tbe House a resolution was adopted to suspend all business until tbe currency and tax bills are acted upon. A bill bas been introduced in tbe rebel Senate to place all the telegraph lines under tbe control of (he Postmaster General. A recent report of the rebil Secretary of War contains some curious and instructive admissions regarding tbe stringency of tbe blockade, and the difficulty of obtaining supplies for the rebel army, lie apprehends no difficulty in obtaining a MufTiciency of arms and ammunition, but the question of subsistence is rather an alarming one. The harvests of the pa?t sensou, ho says, have uot generally proved propitious, and, notwithstanding the much larger breadth of land devoted to tbe culture of cereals and for age, tbe product im many extensive districts ia below tbe average, A j'Wi al in Georgia, called the Southern Union, baa propoaed to reconstruct the old Union of the States. Tbe Atlanta Confederacy pitches into it, aod in the oourae of its article asserts t U tfc "there are fewer Abolitionists in Maasachusetts than Keooristructionists in Georgia." TIIB PETERSBURG (VA.) MARKETS. A Fredericksburg corresp. ndent gives the following prices as current there, aud states that tbe troops are on half rations: C> ffee $f> per lb.; sugar $160; candles $1.50: beef $75 per bbl ; peas $17 per bushel; butter $8 per pound PANIC AMONG THE GOLD SPECULATORS. from lh? Ntic York Commercial of 7hunday Etenitig. AN EIIUI.LITION IN WALL STREET?AURIPEKOUa AIRO H4TIC PKHPOHMANt'Kfi?WHO PAYS THE PIPER? Wall street, (specitlly that portion wherein Bulla and Bears inont do congregate, bas betn ia commotion from au eaily hoar this morning until the time of going to press. The excitement equals that caused by the suspension of specie payments year* ago, and the throng of spectators has been so numerous a* to require the vigilant attention of several guardians of the peace. Qold has been falling gradually since the 2tith ultimo when it " tourhed " 172$, under the effect of Congressioua enactments?the loan and tax bill, Ac ?and yesterday it closed at 166 The market opened at that figure this morning, and almost immediately thereafter fell to 161. Tbia caused the most intense excitement, and the stock exchange and brokers' offices were soon bel< a<ured by a crowd of interested parties, some of the timid anxious to dispose of their auriferous load, and others devising ways and means by wt<irh the deprea?ed market ni ght be in flated. The Bull* at ooce vent to work and by m<>ans common to the craft " worked" the market, until, about noon, gold " touche1" 167. Then the fun wss at its height The Sh>lock< of tbe American bourse e.mtinued all their efforts to still further inflate the price of bulli -n. In tbeir handa it was a shut tlecock, snd went up aud down with pe-sintnt regularity Then was no time for bona Jtde operati.)ns. The market was too volatile to risk an bonrat sale or purchase Hence most if tbe transactions were "flyers,'' thrown out to effect a raise in tbe pric?. The lookers on were intensely amused, and thote who understood the game watched the ups and downs with ex treme gratification. As each spectator emerged from tbe aauctum of the money gods he would be met by a bull, generally of the Israeluish persuasion, who would imme diately seek to counteract tbe dread aonouncemeut of a fall in Ihe mark? t Offers of fxbnlous nmounts al goi d figures would be made in the h p* that some on ? would be gulled But those who were wont to wink at the auctioneer's " an'-a-half, au'-a half," preserved a rigidity of the lacial aud " blinkial" muscles, an 1' give no sign." Th>?y kept themselves and tbeir pockets as closely sea'ed as possible. The Jew w ho had made about $30,000 in the bullion business, confessed, with tears in bis eyes, that be bad lost all bis earnings arid was ruined. Many o h*rs, doubtless, will retire to their couches this evening mourning the loss of their earnings as of ill-gotten gains The throng was so dense that all who (ought to pene trate itguaided wtll their pockets. The seen* of to day has a moral: " All gold and silver ra her tnrn to dirt! As 'tis no batter r?okona<1 but of ihosa Who worship dir y gods." Im.?A large ice business is in progress in Maine, and ? (tensive houses are building on the Kennebec for the storsge of ice, which is now more than a foot thick GEN. HANKS AT NEW ORLEANS. Qfn. Banks wrni to be pursuing a policy at New Or leais which u calculated to disarm the hostility of the planters to the Union and to detach them from the rebel lious Confederacy. His aim appears to be to appeal to their interests, and his plans have be*n so far crowned with suc cess as to have induccd a Planters' Convention, which it remarkable as beiug the first public gathering of that in flueutial class since the rebellion, at which the suggestions of the General were discussed aud finally adopted for their government. As the military code of the United States forbids an offi cer to rtturu fugitive slave*, aud as without regular em ployment it had become evident that many thousands of negroes must perish duriug the year, Gen. Bauks deter mined upon a medium course, laying down a plan of labor by which the planters who acceded to it would be assisted by persons acting under the authority of the United States in induoing, as far as practicable, without violence, the re turn of negroes and families to the plantation where they have been accustomed to lsbor, on the assurance of a com pensation according to a scale which bad been adjusted by Gen. Banks. The plan of labor put forth by Qen. Back4 proposes that the officers of the Government will induce slaves to return with their families, aud wheu returned will require them to work diligently aud faithfully for one year, and to be re spectful and subordinate to their employers, upon condi tion that the planters or employers feed, clothe, and treat them properly, and give them at the end of the year one twentieth part of the crop, or a fixed monthly compensa tion in case* where it may be more convenient, as follow*: Mechanics, ?ugni-makers,drivers, Ate., three dollars each. Able-bodied field men, two dollars each. Able-bodied field women, house servants, nnrses, See , one dollar each. The proportion reserved for tU'e slaves shall be divided into shares and distributed according to the value of their labor, ss follows: Mechanics, sugar-makers, drivers, Ate , three shares each. Able-bod if d field men, two shares ea h Able-bodied field women, house servants, nurses, fee., one share each. All u^groesnot otherwise employed will be required to la bor upon the publio works, and no person capable of labor will be supported at the public expense iu idleness. This plan was accompanied by Gen. Banks by a certifi cate, to be signed by the plsuters, to the eff ct that they accept the ariaugement and agree to carry it out on their part for one year, it being distinctly understood that the crop referred to as compensation tor the negroes means the commercial crop, aD?i also that the acceptance of the contract does not imply the surrender of any right of pro perty in the slave, or other right of property. Gen. Banks status that the compensation to the negroea may seem small, but that it is a* much as the risks that attend mdustry in a period of war will admit ; aud far bet ter than to hive the negroes b-couie a public burden. The immediate cultivation of corn, sugar, cotton, and other products is also imperatively demanded upon every con sideration of public interest, and for this no other labor ia now available. He therefore has fallen upon the plsn of voluntary compensated labor by the negroes, and, to pre vent them from deserting their enipl* yers, baa iaaued an order that none are to be taken from the plantations until further oiders, by any officer or other person in the ienric? of the United States. This plan of General Banks was responded to by large meetings of the plauters, held at New Orleans, on the 18th and 19th of February, where it waa di?ou*sed at length, and after a cordial apeech by Gen Banks, waa acceded to by them, and a form of contract agreed updn, to be signed by them, embodying the provisions of the plan auggea'ed. It ia believed that the practical bu?iness manner in which Gen. Banka has grappled with tbia delicate and dif ficult subj-ct, by which the rigbti of the plantera and ne groes are left untouched, will be productive of excellent tesulta?at once relieving our Government of the burden of supporting large bodies of unemployed fugitives, and securing the cultivat on of cr< ps, so much needed both on public and private grounda.?Atwark Adv*rtuw. ADDITIONAL NEW8. Our New Orleans papers of the 89th ultimo oontain some further news ot interest. Thn recent report that a tnau had shot at Gen. Banka at the City Hotel ia untrue. It grew out of the faot that an officer thoughtlessly threw an exploasive plaything on the sidewalk. It is stated that no more uegro officers are to be mustered into the service of Gen. Banks's department. The officers of the Third Louisiana Native Guard have been mustered out. Gen Banka baa forbid tbe organization of Home Guards in New Orleans ; person* desirous of fighting can enl'st. The " Confederate Guards" wss the last organisation there of this description. '1 hree hundred and eighty Confederate prisoners were sent from New Orleans to the Confederate lines on tbe 20;h ult mo. Many of thr-m when landed, were found to have letters, pa. keg-s of medicines, etc. concealed on their persons, ail of which were confiscated. Among the prisoners was Brigadier General Clarke, who waa cap tured at Baton Kongo The departure of the prisoners attracted such a large crowd (many of them sympathizers) that General Banks wss compelled to send down a regi ment of soldiers to dear tbe levee to preserve order. SPEECH OF OKN, RANKS TO THE PLASTERS. The following is the speech of Gen. Bsnks delivered to tbe Louisiana planters, who met in New Orleans to delib erate oonceming ilave labor 1 Mr. President and Gentlemen: I certainly am very happy to meet so many of the citisena of Louisiana as I see around me to-nght. 1 do not present mysell hers to participate in tbe proceedings of this meeting, or to tahe any part in the discussion of the subjects which have brought you together. Charged with important dutiea by my Government, aud, so far as I atn personally concerned, reluctantly here, I have published that which 1 thought it to be my duty to do as an officer of the Government, coming herd under general insti uctions in tbia department. I am, sir, unable to espreas my feelings in meeting so many citis-n* of this distant part of our Confederacy, so many of my feliow-cit zen? in a portion of the country so far from uiy own home. In past times we have lived peacefully and prosperously together, and I am happy to believe that those who are to come after us will enjoy the ?ame peaceful aud prosperous intercourse. The nsmes of Jackson and Taylor are inseparably identified with the history of the nation, and there are no names dearer than those to the hearts of New England, and I trust that there are in your part of th? country, as ia mine, men who will so direct tbe affairs of the people that the Eaat and the West, the Northeast and tbe Southwest may feel that they ?till have a bond in common. I am sure that the Govern ment which I represent has no feeling of hostility to the Cfople here, ard that it would be the happiest day in our istory if the great intere-ta of theeonntry could be nnited together as heret? fore. [Cries of " Good," and loud ap plause.] I wish to contribute to the ext?nt of my powera to the welfare ?f this department, and to give you the as surance of my deep and earnest desire to do all that I can, consistent with my duty, for the peaoe, prosperity, and bappinets of the people of Louisiana. Ueu. Banks closed amid enthnsiestic applause, and im mediately retired. THE INDIANOLA. DE8TROYED The Petersburg Exprea* (rebel piper) oontaina the fol lowing despatch about the capture of the Indianolft: " VlCKSBL'RG, February 25, 1863. " I have the hortur to report, nfrer n terioua and hot en gagement, the capture of the Federal iron-clad iteamer Indnnola, L ent. Commanding Brown, U. 8. Natjr, to gether wiih all her < tBccr* and crew, by the Confederate ateamem Queen of the We?t and Webt>, forming an expe dition that waa cent out by tue for that parpen?, uoaer Major J. L. Brent. Tho prizt it a good ileal damaged " K. F. Taylor, " Major General Commanding.'* " Another despatch," taya the Expreaa, " from Lieut. Gen. Pemberton, announcing the capture; aaya that (A? /* dianola it tunk on the Miaaieaippi aide of the river, ktr hoalt and tipper icorlcs out, near Mr. Joe Daria'a pUn? tation." FROM CIIARLRRTOH. Cmari.rhton, Ff.b 26?The latent adnoea from Port Royal atate that the Yaohee fleet now there number* on* hundred and twenty-three veaaeU, including three frigate* and twenty gunboat*, the reat ebiefly tranaporta. There are now thirty MMrowad men collected there, and mor? expected.