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Weekly National Intelligencer.
By OALES dc SEATON. JAMBS O. WBLLINOt ASSOCIATE EDITOR. 9 The subscription prioe of this paper for a year it Two Dollars, payable in advance. A reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fi fth of the full oharge > will he made to any one who aball order and pay for, at one time, ten copies of the Weekly paper ; and a reduction o/ 96 per cent, (or one-fourth of the fiill oharge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one time, twenty or more copies. No ?ecountt being kept for thia paper, it will not be aent lo any oae unleaa paid for in advance, nor any longer than the time for which it ia paid. THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. The interests of the Distriot of Columbia formed in an unusual degree a topic of discussion during the last session of the late Congress. In the House of Representatives the people of the Distriot were fortunate in having as the chair of the committee appointed to consult for their welfare and that of the Government an esteemed member from the fctate of Massachusetts, the Hon. Coab. Delano, who brought to the discharge of his duties a fidelity and capacity worthy of grateful Recognition. We have already adverted to the pro ject of a bill whioh he introduced at the late ses sion proposing to authorize the people of this Dis triot to send a Delegate to Congress for the purpose of representing in that body their interests and that of the Government, so far as the latter is involved in the local surroundings of Washington and its vicinity. Mr. Delano, like every consoicntious le gislator when charged to consult for interests whioh* are at once those of the resident popnlation of the Distriot and of the entire people of the United States, felt, it would seem, the need of some re sponsible representative to whom the Committee on the Distriot might repair for advicc and guidance in the adoption of measurds devised for the welfare of the community which looks to the Congress of the United States as its constitutional guardian. With , out such a responsible representative of the import, ant interests, affecting, it may be, equally the local relations of tho Government and of the resident population, the members composing the Committee on the Distriot of Columbia, coming from remote sections of the country, are comparatively cut off from a source of authentic information, to which ? they should have access in maturing the measures recommended for adoption by Congress. In the absence of suoh a recognised representative of the Distriot, sitting in the body of Congress, and whom that body, as well as the people conccrned, might hold responsible for his suggestions and recommen dations, we now have this responsibility divided among municipal functionaries and prominent citi cens, with the conflicting counsels inseparable from all sdviee or information given under such cir cumstances. Mr. Delano, in bringing his pro position before Congress, has but revived a measure whieh that staunch friend of tho Distriot and of the Government, Joseph Kent, of Maryland, sought to establish during his Congressional carcer. We hope that the wise suggestion may eventually com mand the favorable consideration of Congress. A measure most intimately affeoting the District was passed by the late Congress, in the shape of a bill reorganizing the judicial system, which, with subsequent amendment#, has obtained for the last sixty years and more. The original bill, which proposed to effect this change, was introduced into the Senate on the 18th of June last, by Mr. Har ris, of New Fork, from the Judiciary Committee, but was not then pressed to a vote fcrfiaal passage. It was supposed by many that the measure would be allowed to drop. Speaking on this subject, after the bill had been again brought forward at the late session, Mr. Senator Collamer held the following language on the 18th of February last: I will nutrtlf any thnt I wad culled upon by a landing member of the bar, an elderly and very respectable and highly conaervative gentleman, who taid to me that Un bar had itpposed the whole matter was ended ; they did not think that anything whs really going to be done about if, it had alept ao long ; but recently, within a few days. it Dal j?-en (.ailed np again, and they deaire an opportunity to preaent their views before thia bill shall be pasaed. I did nut suppose the bill wsa t* be paased in an hour or in a a>ngle afternoon ; but if it ia ao inaiatnd upon, I suppose it will be paaaed. It ia certainly open to a suspcion that we initiate the practice of removing the judge* by changing the eourt, and it needa aome explanation to my mind to ahow that there ia a necessity for thia change, in order to dear it of the imputation of having auch a purpoae. I take it, it can be explained what necesa ty th? re ia for al tering the ayafc m, and why it ia n*-ce*aary to change the judges if the Pjaiem be altered. I pre?ume that ia capa hie of explanation ; perhnpa it doea not need it; but alter what baa been augge.ted iroin the other aide of the Churn bt-r, I tbmk it wou'd be no flMire than right and fair to give an opportunity t ? the bir to be heard on the auMeet and preaent their viewe, whatever they ars, that we may have an opportunity more inlly to undet stand the real character of the meaaure." The measure thus brought forward for theaotion of the Senate was postponed till the 20th of Feb lusry. In the mean time the Bar of this city had with great unanimity made the following repre sentations : "The undeia gned Membera of the Rar of the District of Columbia, respectfully represent: T1 W'th 'nrprU* ,hllt * bi? bren reporUd to the Senate to reorganae the curt, to the Dia tnct of Columbia, which proposes to aboli.h three of aaid courta, namely, the circuit, district, and criminal courta of aaid Dietrict. "They rrapcctfully submit that the courts which are proposed to be thua abolished have been proved by expe rience to bo rfficient and arit quale for the administration of Justice in thja Diatiict, and that the preaent judgea have th? reapect and confidence of the profession and of the eommonity genrrrlly. "They b.iieve that lhi< measure ia not called for by any public nereis ty.ai d that it would not be acceptable to the gteat. masa of the pecple of this Diatrict. hey therefore pray your honorable bodies to reject the name." ' In tlio faco of these representations10 Senate prooeedod to a vote on the bill, which resulted in its passago by the small majority of threo. In the House the bill was passed under the excitements in cident to the closing dajs of the srssion, though it enocuntered in that body, as in the Ssnatc, tho op position of many Republicans, who, with Senator Collamer, eonld Dot give their approval to a mca sure which was open to tho suspicion of aiming by indirection s blow st the incumbents of the oourts, however far this purpose may have been from the intention of Mr. Harris, who, on introducing the bill, spoke as follows : " I would be tbe last man to legislate merely for the pur pone of turning a man occupjing a judicial poaitiou out of his place. I think I may disclaim any auch motif* on the part of tbe Judiciary Committee who authorized this bill to be reported.". It is no part of our purpose to insinuate that any Senator was influenced by his personal objec tions to any inoumbent of the bench, though the reflections oast upon one of their numbar were of a nature which, if they oould be sustained, would have seemed to dispense with the necessity of mak ing a change so sweeping under oireumstanoes open to grave exception, on the ground of the prinoiple which is violated whenever a judge who holds office under the tenure of " good behavior" is " legislat ed out" on suspicion, instead of being impeached, as the Constitution directs, if there bo any charges seriously affecting his judicial integrity. It would be impossible, under this head, to say any thine; more than was saicT by Senator Hicks in de precation of the passage of the bill of the Senate. He spoke as follows: " I riae simply to ask Senators to reflect before they cast their vote* in favor of thu bill. I am oppoied to tbe bill aa a whole and iu all its parts. While all things may be lawful, I do not believe all things expedient I am oppos ed to this constant innovation upon long-established prece dent and usage, and I agree fully with tbe Senator from New Hampshire, (Mr. Clark,) that if tbe object is to reach auy of the judges upon the bench of your oourts here, becailse of tbeir secession principles, bring tbem up for trial and turn tbem away; but do not let us attempt to break iu upon our judiciary system that baa been tried for so long a time and has worked ao we'l I feel further that we are here aa tbe guardians and the protectors of the rights of tbe citizens of this District; and for as much as I find no application has been made by any citizen of the District ol Columbia for this change, but that they are de cidedly opposed to it, I am for that reason aud mauy others opposed to the passage of the bill." The bill having beoome % law we were yester day called to announce tho names of the gentle men whom the President has nominated as the Judges of the new " Supreme Court of the Dis trict of Columbia." They are as follows : David K. Cartter, of Ohio; Abraham B, Oljn, of New York; George P. Fisher, of Delaware; and Andrew Wylii, of Virginia.' It is a matter of surprise and regret?a just rc spect for the highly intelligent and honorable gen tlemen above designated forbids that we should make it a subject of complaint?that in a District so largely governed by Maryland law the President could not fiod any resident member of the bar suf ficiently able, upright, and learned to receive a no mi nation at his hands. As he was compelled, in his opinion, to look to the several States forjudges to sit on the bench of this District, it is a matter of congratulation that tbe same bill which provides for their appointment also makes provision that the President bhall appoint " a suitable person, learned in the law, to revise and codify the laws of the Dis trict of Columbia " In this way some compen sation may be afforded for the disadvantages un der which the Judges might otherwise labor from a want of familiarity with the oode they are oalled to administer, and it is to be hoped that the President will be able to find a " suitable per son" for this task among members of the bar in our District. Major General Cassius M Clay was on Thurs day confirmed by the Senate aa Envoy Extraordi nary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of Russia. Judge Joseph Casey, of Pennsylvania, has been confirmed by the Senate a* Chief Justioe of the Court of Claims. " - ? INDIANA. Despatches in the We?tero papers state that the Legis lature of Indiana adjourned situ du on the 9th instant ' without pasticg any appropriation bills." The failure to paas tbe bills referred t > resulted, as our readers have been informed, from tbe absence of tbe Republican mem beraof tbe House, who withdrew in order to defeat certain measure* proposed by tbe Democrats. Having left In dmnapolis, the capital of the State, their attendance in the Legislature could not be enforced in the ordinary way; and ihry did not return until Ute in the night of Sunday tbe Rtb instint, when the lust day upon which any legislation could be sccompl shed had expired. No appropriation bills were passed, and, says a letter, " the Governor surf* denly finds the benevolent institutions, penitentiaries, and State Government on bis hands, and no money appropriated with which to carry tbem on for the ensuing two years. He announces his intention of oarrying them on, notwith standing the action of this Legiilature." CAPTUKE OF AN ENGLISH STEAMER. Account! from South Carolina state that the magnificent English steamer Queen of the Wave wae on Sunday, the l?t instant, ttr&Dded near the mouth of the North Santee.whiWt endeavoring to run into Georgetown, (8. C.) The gun boat Conemaugh got sight of her, but was unable to follow her until the tide ros?\ and then found her aground and abandoned by her crew, who had first attempted to blow her up, but the explonion only alightly lifted her upper deck. Tbe Conemaugh aent a boat, armed with a howit zer, to hoard ber, and met a rebel boat coming from her with a lieutenant and aii aoldio a on board. Tbey surren dered, and were sent prieonere to Port Royal. The cargo of the Queen of the Wave conaiata of clothing and ammu nitu n, a id ia said to be very valuable. Several vetaela had been aent from Port Royal to try and get her off, and, if not, to rave aa much aa poatible of her eargo. YET ANOTHER CAPTURE. Nrw YORK, MaRCII 12?The ateam gunboat Quaker City haa arrived from Poit Royal by the way of Chariest* n bar on the 8th mutant. She cornea hither to repair and receive a new boiler. On the 9th instant, off Cape Fear, abe captured the British steamer Douro, after an exciting chase of aix home. She had a cargo of four hundred and twenty balea of cotton, and waa bound from Wilmington, North Caro lina, to Nassau. She was ordered to New York for adju dication, and haa arrived here to-night. CONFIRMATIONS BY THE SENATE. Promotioni in the Ordnance. Department Mhjor Wm. A. Thornton to be Lieut. Colonel. Capt. Alex. B. Dyer to be Mi\jor. ("apt. Franklin D. Callender to be Major. Cnpt. Charlea P. Kingabury to be Majur. TO RE MAJOR UKNKHAI.g OF TOUTRTRKRH Biig. Gen. Frank P. Blair, Jr., Nov. 29, JHfij. Biig. Gen. C. C. Waahburne, Nov. 29, 18fuJ. TO ni* IIRIOADIKR ORNRRAl.R OT VOI.ITNTRRRH. Col. Lysander Cntler, Oth Wieeomin Vole. Lieut. Col. Henry Baxter, 7th Mtflhigan Vole. Major Henry J. Hunt, f>tb Artillery. C?pt George W. Getty, 5th Artillery. Col. Beatty, 3d Ohio Vol*. LETTERS OF MARQUE. It may be within the recollection of our readers that three weeks ago?it was on the 21st of Feb ruary?the New York ** Chamber of Cowmeroe " hold a special meeting u to hear a report from the committee appointed to recommend to the Chamber what aotioo should be taken by it io reference to the continued piraoies of the Alabama and other vessels fitted out in Oreat Britain." * At a previous meeting held by this association, on the 21st of October last, the facts oonneoted with the burning of the ship Brilliant and other Ameri can vessels were submitted for consideration, and a series of resolutions was then adopted expressive of the " sense" of the " Chamber," copics of whioh were duly forwarded to the Secretary of State for transmission to our Minister at London. We have before us, in pamphlet form, an authen tic report of the proceedings that were had by the Chamber on the 21st ultimo, and as this associa tion has latterly assumed to itself the duty of ma king a (tdeliverance" on divers topics of political as well as commercial concern, we are glad to find that, in the exposition of its doings on the oocasion indicated, the Secretary, Mr. John Austin Ste vens, Jr., has thought proper to omit from his certi fied record any minute of a proceeding which was understood at the time to have made a part of the transactions of the Chamber on that day. For, after a very judioious report on the subject in hand had been read by Mr. A. A. Low, (thechair man of the special oommittee on the subject under advisement,) it appears, from the newspaper ac count of the meeting, that the following proceed ings took place. We quote from the report of the New York Tribune: "The report and resolutions were unanimously adopted, and copies ordered to be aent to the President, to Coo greaa, to the Chambers of Commerce of Liverpool and London, and elsewhere. " Geu. Wetmore presented the following resolution, and in support thereof made a brief speech : " Resolved, That this Chamber approves and earnestly re commei.ds the passage of the Senate bill now before the House of Kepreseutatives, granting authority to the President of the United StuteH to iseue letters of marque and reprisal for the protection of the commercial maritime rights of American citixens against the depredations of the Alabama and Florida and other piratical cruisers. ?' Mr. Leopold Bierwirtii objected to the policy of committing the Chamber of Commerce to auch a measure, and inquired what good oou'd be attained by letters of marque under existing circumstances. Letters of marque and arming privateers were synonymous. The Confede rates had no commerce upon the ooean to destroy, and privateers, therefore, could do them no harm, but might lead io the eud to serious embarraaaments. " Gen. Wetmoke reaponded, insisting that commercial men ought to assart the right of aelf-protection. In con cluding, he aaid :I do not care whence the aasault comes; whether from the Southern Confederacy, which grew up under the protection of the Amerioau flag, or from Liver pool in England or Havre in France, or from the commer cial classes that grew rich by American commerce, or whence it comes, I most aay we muat evince a determina tion to protect ourselves agaioat all such depredations. Therefore it is that I hope the resolution shall pass. Mr. Bierwirth again objected to the resolution, a?d re market! that it was a new theory that privateer* were in tended to protect the commerce of their own nation. The President explained that the question was to the propriety of fitting out volunteer cruisers, atd the resolu tion had reference to that object?the fitting out of volun teer veasela competent to take care of the Alabama and other pirat cal vessels preying on our trade. " On the question being called, the resolution was adopted" We regretted at the time what seemed to us this inconsiderate action on the part of the New York Chamber of Commerce, and that we were right in deeming it not only inconsiderate but in judicious, would seem to be the opinion of the as sociation itself, as no minute of the transaction is preserved in the publication they have made, pur porting to be "a true record of so much of the proceedings of the Chamber, at the speoial meeting of February 21, 1863, as relates to piracies upon American commerce." The Congress at its late session parsed the bill to whioh Gen. Wetmore referred in the resolution above cited, authorizing the President " in all do mestic and foreign wars" " to issuo to private armed vessels of the United States commissions or letters of marque and general reprisal, in such forms as he shall think proper, and under the seal of the Uni ted States, and make all needful rules and regula tions for the government and conduct thereof, and for the adjudication and disposal of the prizes and salvages made by such vessels." The only limita tion put upon this grant of present and contingent " war power" was the proviso " that the authority conferred by this act shall cease and terminate at the end of three years from the passage of the act." While the President is thus clothed with full power under this head, it does not follow that he will deem it either necessary or judicious to exer ci8o the authoiity conferred by the act, pending the " domestic war" in which the Government is now engsged, a war with an enemy who has no commerce Upon whioh letters of marque may prey in the pur suit of their ordinary and legitimate vooation, if, indeed, in the present age of the world, it be proper to speak of such a vocation as being " legitimate" in any true sense of the term. We suppose eurselves to make a statement which involves little or no risk of contradiction when we say that the bill passed by Congress on this sub ject found its ohief motive and its conceived justifi cation in the contingent usos to whioh it might be put, if, unfortunately, the country should at any time within the next three years be plunged into a " foreign war" with some maritime Power?a con tingency for which it may have boen thought proper to make some suoh preparation, however sanguine may be the hopes of every citizen that we shall esoape a calamity so great in itself, and likely to be so fatal to the suocess of the oporationH in which the Government is already engaged while coping with a "gigantic insurrection." Congress, in authoriziiMr the President to close the ports of the Insurgenrotates by proclamation, did not require him to perform this aot if, in his judgment, it was not deemed expedient and proper; and in faot no such proclamation was ever issued, duclaring insurgent ports no longer ports of entry under the laws of the United States. And in like manner Congress has remitted to the judgment of I the President a decision of the question whethir it be neoessary, judicious, or timely to issue letters of marque iu the war now waged against a u do mestic enemy" who has no commcroe. There are many considerations whioh, we are con strained to think, tvinoe the impolioy ol the step, especially at the present time. These considera tions were ably enforced by Mr. Senator Sumner while as yet the measure was pending in the Senato. In the first place, the ordinary justification of the aiming of privateers does not exist during a war with an enemy who has no mercantile bottoms ?float on the high seas. Private armed vessels licensed to cruise against an enemy are equipped in the hope of booty. It is in the booty they take that owners, officers, and orew find their sole re ward for the hazards they run, and it is by the in jury they thus do to the trade of the enemy that they confer any possible benefit on the Government in whose service they are cnlistod. In the war with the insurgents it would seem that this iacen tive to the men engaged and this advantage to the Government are equally wanting. But it may be said that such rovers of the sea will be effective in hunting down and seizing the foreign merchant vessels whioh now carry on an illicit trade in contraband with the Southern it be remembered that it is in pre cisely this aspect that the possible good they do is offset by possibilities of another kind which must be prudently taken into account by the Gov ernment. It is well known, as was recalled by Mr. Sumner, that according to ancient usage and the law of nations every privateer is entitled to bel ligerent rights, one of which is that most difficult, delicate, and dangerous of all, tho muoh disputed right of search. There is no right of war with regard to which nations arc more sensitive, and no nation has been more sensitive than our owd, while none has suffered more from its exeroise. When we consider how the officers and crew of private armed vessels are constituted, we can see how much greater are the dangers which result from placing this right in their hands than in the hands of naval officers belonging to tho regular service, and sup posod to be trained in the duties and amenities of their profession. Is it not to be apprehended that the vexations of neutral commerce under such a system will be the fruitful parent of international complaints and reclamations'( If it be said that these private armed cruisers may be employed in the search and capture of the Alabama and other similar depredators on our com merce the answer is easy. For suoh a service ves sels possessing a strength of timber and a weight of metal bejond that of ordinary letters of marque will be necessary. If the Government proposes in this way to supplement the activity and enorgy of the navy, and deems that it can do so without any reflection on that arm of the national defenoe, we do not conceive that any roving commission of marque is either necessary or proper. Let it be distinctly stated that the capture of suoh enemy vessels is the sole motive and object of the private armed oruisers thus authorized to enter the service of the countiy. And the Government, as a stimu- j lus to their activity, might offer them a bonus for | the capture of the Alabama, or of any similar ship engaged in depredating on our commerco. We need not enumerate, in addition to these par ticular considerations, suggested by the present as pects of the war we are waging, the general objec tions of a moral kind which obtain against the species of warfare recognised by letters of marque. Tho civilization of the age, and the progress of the international code in tending to put itself abreast with that civilization, have stamped this licensed brigandage with the seal of condemnation. If many friends of the Government at home would regret to see it embark in suoh an enterprise where tho risks are so great and the advantages so inap preciable, it if equally oertain that our friends abroad would look with sorrow upon the stigma in flicted on our cause by a resort of Buoh doubtful morality and questionable expediency. For it should be remembered thatithose who in England and elsewhere have reomtly been foremost in avowing their sympathy for the National Government arc preoisely tho class of poisons who have been most forward to denounce the predatory warfare which was onco generally tolerated under the law of na tions. It surely is not necessary to cite authorities in condemnation of private war on tho high seas. Gen. Halleck, in his excellent treatise on Interna tional Law, holds the following language; " It lead, to the wor.t eXce.H,>. and crime, and haa a corrupting influence upon all who enKa*e in it, but cannot be pun-shed a* a breach of the law of nation. The en lubtenfd ojuuioo of the world i. u*..t decidedly in f.vor ol abolishing it, and recent *vent. lead to the hope that all the commercial nation, of both hemispheres will unite in JicSp iB tiU* ?f W4r' t0 "? h*rb??? ? ( hancellor Kent wrote to the same purport, as follows : Pi ivateering, u- drr all the restrictions which may have bren *d,,pted u very liable to abuse. Tho object is not fame, or chu.lric warf.re, but plunder and profit The discipline of the crew, is not apt to be of the hiKhe.t or der, aod privateer, are often ?,.il?y of enormou. J?cea? and become the .course of neutral commerce Under the eTin'r; ^ the apirit of rapacity.? n?Hr"b * kwleM and It is known that tho United States, when as yet they wcro the youngest in tho family of nations, took tho lead in discountenancing the wholo sys tem of privateering. And, faithful to our best tra ditions on this^subjeot, Mr. Secretary Sxward, at the beginning of the present Administration, pro posed to join in tho Paris declaration of 1856, whioh announces, iu the name of all Governments aoccding to it, that " privateering is and remains abolished." We all romcmbcr how the adhesion of our Government to the declaration was frustrat ed at the time; but for this wo oan see no good reason in taking up at this date the weapon we were then ready to renounce, cspeoially when it oan be wielded with so little promise of advantage. CONCESSIONAL. EXTRA SESSION OF THE SENATE. Thursday, Maboh 12, 1863. The Hou. Alexander Ramsey, from the State o Minnesota, whose credentials were presented on tbe 5th of February, attended. The oath prescribed by law having been administered to Mr. Ramsey by the President pro ttmporr., be took hi* seat in the Senate. Mr. McDodgali. surubitted tbe following, which was considered by unanimous content and agreed to: He solved, That the Secretary of tho Treasury be direct ed to have prepared and presented to tbe Senate a stat sti ca! and general report upon tbe value and present condi tion of our foreign and domestic commerce, including as well that of th? Pnfiflc coast; and, further, to suggest what legislation, if any, is uec-sxary to enlarge and pro tect the important interests involved. On motion, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of Executive bus iness. Friday, March 13, 1863. The Senate met at 11 o'clock A. M. After prayer by tbe Rev. Dr. Sunderland, and the read ing of the journal of yesterday, the Senate, on motion of Mr. PomehoY, at quarter pnst eleven o'clock, proceeded to the consideration of Executive business. Saturday, March 14, 1863. On motiou of Mr. Harris, it wa? ordered that Hiram Paulding have leave to withdraw his memorial and papera. Mr. Lane. of Kansas, presented the petition of Gilbert Vrooman, ouly surviving eon and heir of Peter Vrooinan, deceased, praying compensation for provisions, forage, and other supplies, furnished by his father to certain United States tr< op?, during the war with Great Britain, in the year 1813. Referred to the Court of Claims. Ou motion of Mr. CowaN, it was ordered that the re Eort of tbe Court of Claims in the case of Theodore Adams e recommitted to the Court of Claims. Mr Anthony presented a statement showing tbe prac tice of the Senate in th* appointment of its standing com mittees. Ordere 1 to br> printed. The President pro tem. laid before the Senate a report of the Secretary of War, communicating, in compliance with a resolution of tbe Seriate of tbe 11th instant, the re port of Mnjor D Ferguson on the country, its resources, and the route between Tucsen and Lobos bay. Ordered to be printed. On motion of Mr. Sl'MNER, at quarter past twelve o'clock tbe Senate proceeded to tbe consideration of Exe cutive business. At half past one o'clock the doors were opened and the Senate took a recets until five minutes to two o'clock, i On reassemoling, the hour of two o'clock having arrived, The President pro tern. (Mr. Foot) announced the Senate adjourned without day. THE BREVET APPOINTMENTS. Under a recent act of Congress authorizing the President to make brevet appointments without pay, the President sent to the Senate a large list of names, but the Senate did not act upon them. THE WAR AND THE COTTON TRADE. Speaking of tbe supply of cotton the European Times (Liverpool) says : " Strange events have been produced by the civil war in America. We are now receiving cotton?in driblets, it is true?from the most likely and unlikely places in the world. A ship has just arrived in tbe Mersey from China with a full cargo of t'.is invaluable staple, and hardly a week parses without the receipt of s<me of tbe same material from quarters where, before tbe war, it was hardly ever heard of, much less grown But tbe most extraordinary revulsion in tbe cotton trade is the large exportation which ia now taking place to the Federal States. During the last few days several cargoes of cotton have been sent from Liverpool to New York at full prices, the eost of which murt be largely inct eased by the coat of shipment. This reversal of the ordinary laws of trade will doubtless con tinue as long as the war lasts." ARRIVAL OF COTTON FROM LIVERPOOL. Tbe British steamship Kangaroo, from Liverpool, haa on freight eight hundred and twenty-five bairn of cotton ; the City of Baltimore three hundred and sixty-nine balea. [ iV. V. Com. Advertiser. CAPTURE OF BLOCKADE RUNNERS. Dea^atche* received from Admiral Dupont mention tbe capture of the schooner B. lie, of Nassau, by the United Stales steamer Potoinska, blockading Sapelo Sound, coast of Georgia. She purported to be bound to Port Royal, but there was found among tbe papers in the baggage of R chard II. Eo( les, the maater, a written agreement be' tween him and the owner, (F. Qpdebeck,) who was on board, to run the blockade. Tbe cargo consisted of coffee and salt. The Navy Department has also received a despatch from Fortress Monroe announcing the arrival at Key West of the British blockade-running steamer Peterhoff, taken by the VMnderbilt off St. Thomas. The Peterhoff ia a large and very fine and fast vessel, and is known to have repeat edly run tbe blocknde. Her cargo is believed here to have been boots and shoes, saltpetre, military clothing, &c. She makes the third of the tame class of valuable steam ers rews of tbe capture of which has reached here in tbe last two days. CHEROKEE LEGISLATION. Eitrart from Correspondence of the Missouri Democrat. Camp Blunt, (Ark.) Fkbruahy 1963. ' The Cherokee National Couucil has just adjourned. It convened in Delaware District, Cherokee Nation, a few milea from Camp John Ross, where Col. Phillips camped the Third Brigade, to guard its proceedings. The result of this Legislative assembly is tbe most sig nificant and instructive. The members of tbe body were elected nearly two year* ago. They are t'ie old Legisla ture?the Legislature that was onerced into an ordinance of secession by the rebel army. The first act of thi Legislature was to repeal tbe ordi nance of secession, which w.is done unanimously. Tbe next act was to deprive of office in tbe nation and dis qualify a 1 who should continue to be rebellious or disloyal to the United States Government. The courts and other legal business of the nation will go on as heretofore the moment the country is peaceable enough to warrant it Some acts were passed relative to the expenditures ol Cherokee funds. A law was enacted appointing a delegation to visit Washington about the military and civil affairs of the nation, and this d legation was authorised to abolinh slavery in the nation should the Congress extend the same privi lege to the nation as the Border States. This was to be a rwiiiunerated emancipation But this c?u!d neither meet the wishes or tbe notions of the Cheiokee legislators C'apt Bird Geitz, somewhat noted for fighting the rebels in the mountains before he joined the Federal service, a full blooded Indian, and good lawyer, framed a bill for uncondi tional emancipation. lie iutr<'duret his bill with a fine speech, and was el iuiiently supported by Capt James Vann, Lieut Col l>*wi* Doming, and others. A few clung to the hope of emancipation with compensation, and urged the losses of the people already, but the majority urged that the bill ought not to be clogged. If the Government cho.?e to pay the loyal, very well, but tbey would leave such a necessary act as tbe abolition * f slavery to no con tingencies, and no one should do it fur them. It was their work. When the history of this gieat rebellion and of this nation is written, the Cberi kees shall uiake no mean figure. Under the leadership of Col. Phillips, ibey fought despe rately at Newton a a id Cane Hill, and have distinguished themselves in every battle of the Southwest this la?t season. They have fought fearlessly and bravely, ??<-ond to no other troOus, even while their famines have suffered untold misery and disaiiter, and now they come cheerfully up to offer the slavory of their nation to the cause of Liberty and Union. MILITARY ARREST OF AN ILLINOIS JUDGE. Indianapolis, Mau< ii 13.?a few day* sinew two aer geanta arreated four deaertera in Clark county, Illinoia. On tbeir way to the car* with the u?en in charge the aer gftanta were arreated by a polio* officer and taken before Judge Conatatile, of the Court of C >mmou Pleaa of the fourth Judicial circuit < f Illinoia, who committed the aer geanta to jail for kidoapping, and aet the four deeertera at liberty. Intelligence of the affair having reached Col. H. B. Carrington, he at once notified Oen. Wright, who or dered him to arreat the Judge. The Colonel left the night before laat, with two hundred men, aud found the court in aeaaion. Upon iU adjournment he at once arrested Chaa. H. Constable, Judge of the Court of Common Pleaa of the fourth judicial circuit, for reaiating the arreat of deaertera. All waa done very quietly aud cautiously, aud no exoite ment enaued. The Colonel arrived here this evening with hia prisoner, who will be tried by the United States Court Three of the deserters were re-arrested and brought here. REPORTED FIOHT ON YAZOO RIVER. Cincinnati, March 13.?A special despatch from Mem phis to the Gazette givea a report of a fight on the Yasoo river, and the capture of seven thousand rebel prisoners and eight transporta. No particulars are giveu. A letter from Florence, Alabama, in the Mobile Regis ter, says that Wayne county is full of renegades, styling themselves Union men, joined by deserters from the South ern army. They have become more formidable than ever. Cairo was full of excitement yesterday over rumora ooonoerning the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson. There is nothing new from Vickaburg. Cincinnati, March 13.?The Commercial haa a ru mor, via Cairo, that the rebels have re-poaaeaaion of Forta Donelson and Henry. Though it is not credited, troopa were ordered there for any emergency that might arise. NEW HAMPSHIRE ELECTION. Concord, March 13.?The returns from all the towns except thirteen indicate a majority against the Democratic candidate for Governor of about seven hundred. Marcy, Democrat, for Congress in the firat dialrict, baa from fifty to aeventy-five majority ; the second and third districta elect the Republican candidates. The State Senate stand* nine Republicans and three Democrats. The House have from forty-five to fifty ma jority for the Republicans. ARREST OF BRIGHA.M YOUNG. Salt Lake Citv, March 10.?Judge Kenney ibis day issued a writ against Brigham Young under the polygamy act of Congress Marshal Gibbs served it without the aid of a posse, and the writ was immediately responded to aud the defendant personally appeared in court. Upon an in vestigation the Judge held bim to bail in two thousand dollara, which waa promp.ly given. WAR IN THE SOUTHWBST. Cincinnati, March 13.?Geo. Granger's force, who were aeut in purauit of Van Dorn, returned to Franklin on Wednesday, the rebels having fled beyond Duck river. They had several cavalry akirmiahes, and some three hun dred ragged fellows were picked up in the purauit. Rebel accounts show that in Northern Alabama the loy alist* are giving the rebels a deal of trouble. Su: prises, skirmishes, and all the incidental horrors of neighborhood war are witnessed. The Gazette baa a report from Memphis of the capture of Yazoo Pass and aeven thousand prisoners and eight traotporta, which needs confirmation. FROM THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. Headquarters Army of the Potomac, Friday, March 13, 1863. The Richmond Examiner aud the Dispatch of March 13 have been received. Tbe-e ia no news from Charleston, Vicksburg, or Port Hudson. A despatch from Charleston, March 11, says all is quiet. The city is full of rumors of an impending attack, but there is nothing authentic. The Richmond Dispatch, in a leader, speaks discourag ingly of the prospects for food, and says the impressment of flour and grain by the Government discourages produc tion The Richmond Examiner contains an announcement that Gen. Beauregard has revoked all furloughs and recalled all deserters to tbeir posts. FIRE AT FORT McHENRY. Baltimore, March 13?There wu a fire at Fort McIIenry thia forenoon. It destroyed the officers' quar ter*. Several officer* lost their baggage and other private property. The fire wm accidental. REPORTS FROM THE SOUTHWEST. Cincinnati, March 14 ?A special from Memphis says that Admual Porter is momentarily expecting intelligence from Haine'* Bluff* announcing the arrival of oar force* there, which w<ull be the *ignal for a combined attack npoa that fortifioation. Cincinnati, March 14 ?The Gazette ha* a Memphia deapa<ch which rajs thnt a report wan in circulation that Admiral Porter had received information that the Yazoo P?*? expedition bad raptured Yszocity and destroyed the refer 1 fl^e*. Chicauo, March 14 ?A apecial Memphia despatch of the 11;h h.ijh that Geo. Quimby'a division, which WM forced to return from Young'* Point on aecount of high water, atopped at Yazoo Paa?, and ha* probably gone to reinforce ttiat exped tion, which ia aaid to have passed Yazoo City and capture! the fleet of rebel tranaporta that haa rendetvoused there for a long time. [Tb? expedition which entered Y*zoo Paaa conaiat* of two of the largest mid heaviest iron clad gunboata, on raui, six light draught guuboata, three barges laden with coal, three tteam tenders, and fifteeu or eighteen trans ports laden w.th troops. The gunboata Carlew and Cricket and the ram Lioness joined the expedition after it bad entered the Coldwater.] THE ARMY IN SOUTH CAROLINA. Th?? Port Royal correspondent of the New York World, writing under date of the 8th instant, aay* : " From Oeneral Orders lately issued I judge that active operations will shortly be commenced. All enliated men have been ordered to return to their regiments from detail duty, and there ia great activity prevailing in the medioal department in view of probable contingencies. How soon we shall commence the campaign, and at what point it ia intended to strike, are seoreta which uobody attempts to fathom. " Brig. Gen. Naglee, the senior officer of Foster's expe dition, has be?n ordered to return North immediately by the General commanding the departipent. The report ie that his extradition is due to complaints of the treatment of the troopa under him. Whatever may be the reason hia loss will be seriously frit here, for he is regarded by all a* an extraordinarily fiuo officer and a true soldier." Another letter of prior date confirms the accounts here tofore received of the discharge from arrest of Col. Slaight and Gen. Stevenson, The letter says: " The colors were hoisted on the vessels of Gen. Foster * expedition on Monday last in honor of the release of Chief Quartermaster Slaight, who was arrested by Gen. Hunter for refusing to transfer Gen. Foster's transportation over to Gen. Hunter's Quartermaster. The reeent order from Washirgbou, recognising Gen. Foster's forees here as still belonging 11 the Kighteeoth Army Corps, sustains Capt. Slaight in his refusal to make the transfer. "Gen. Stevenson, who was charged with using disrespect ful language against the blsck brigade, waa booorably re letsed by Grn Hunter on Saturday last, it having appear ed that there waa nothing disloyal in what be bad said. Ha received an ovation last evening from his brigade of tka most flattering character "