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WASHINGTON: THURSDAY, JUNE 4, 1863
Weekly NatUnal Iatelllfcii??r Br 0ALE8 de BEATON. JAMBS a. WKLL1NO, ASSOCIATE BOITOH. T|t aubaeriptiou price of tkia piper for * feu ia Two Dolus*, payable in adtanee. ? reduction of 20 per eeut. (one-fifth of the Ml charged will ha made to an7 one who thall order and pay for, at one Ume, tan copies of the Weekly papar; aad a reduction of 46 per eant. (or ont?-f >urth of the tall charge) to any one who will order and pity for, at one time, twanty or inorc copies. No account/ being kept for this paper, it will not be sent to any 00a unlaw paid for in advance, nor any longer than the tine for whieb it it paid. AMERICAN PRIZE COURTS. It ia known to oar reader* that daring the pend ing war oar Prise Courts have been repeatedly called to deal with questions of Admiralty law which were difficult as well by their novelty as their delieaay. These questions have naturally engaged in a large degree the attention ax they have enlisted the solioitude of the Secretary of State, charged with the duty of interpreting to foreign Governments the decisions of our courts in matters of saoh lively interest to neutral com merce, and in which the decisions reaohed may give a new eitension and development to a branch of law placcd more than almost any other under the jealous scrutiny of commercial Powers. The present British Secretary of State for Foreign Af fairs has taken repeated occasion to express his entire satisfaction with the manner in which the admiralty law has been administered by our courts daring the present war, and whioh has resulted in the condemnation of so many British vessels seek ing to break the blockade of the Southern coast We observe that Jn the British House of I^ordn on the 19th ultimo the Marquis of Clamrioarde thought it proper, in support of a motion calling for certain papers on the subject, to stigmatize the oondaot of our Government as being so contrary to the recognised law of nations, in referenoe to the seiiure of ships engaged in oommerce, that it was absolutely necessary, in his judgment, for her Majesty's Government to take more decided aotion in the matter than they had hitherto done. At this moment it was impossible, he said, to effect insu rance upon vessels trading to the Weatern hemi sphere, owing to the constant seizures whioh are uiade by the United States cruisers. A vessel was seized, her cargo, worth probably ?150,000, was looked up, and if the owners applied to the Government for redress, they were simply told that their case hpd been referred to Lord Lyons. If there was any hope that the present state of things would soon pass away, " or that the United States would evince a greater deaire to respect the recognised law of nations," he should wish the Government to make every allowance, but these seizures had now gone on for a considerable time, and he raw no prospeot of a more satisfactory state of affairs arising unless the steps taken by her Msjeaty's Government were of a more ener getio and decisive character. The Marquis refer red to the seizure of the Lebuan, the Adelia, the Springbok, the Dolphin, and the Peterhoff, and urged that in each oaae the eapture was clearly illegal, and oontrary to international law. He also complained of the oourse of procedure adopted in our prize oourts. It was in reply to such animadversions that Karl Ruasell spoke as follows : ? ?' Earl RufMBM. Hid bia noble friend had made a speech containing very grave charges againat the Americaa Gov erement and priw courts. He bad brought, is fact, a charge thai the American Government and eourta had aet aaide tbe whole international law of the world; that they bad given orders inconsistent with international law, and that they bad decided upon interrupting Britiah enmmeroe ?a far aa they coull. Now, an far from denying the law of uatione, Mr. Reward, in all hi* communications, bad com pletely acknowledged it, and bad aaid over and over again that these mnit be a certain and legal eauae of capture be fore a ahip was taken. Admiral Milne had been instructed to aend a ahip or ahipa-of-war to the neighborhood of Mata moraa, in order that British veaaels might be protected from uojuatifiable aeiaure. The port of Matamorai waa crowded with veaaela engaged in eemmerce, ao that it would not appear that the proceedings of tbe United States oruiaera could hare bad any effect in deterring tboae who Wtra engaged in legitimate oommsree from carrying on (Mr ordinary business. lie had referred to the law offi cers of tbe Crown almost every caae in which there bad I)lpn a complaint, and they reported that there waa no ra tional ground of oljection. As to the decisions of tbe prise courts of tbe United States, they were hound to be lie?* that as tbe hno* ledge poa?*a*ed by tbeee courts of international law was very great, ao their impartiality and their wish to do justioe must be for tbe present unques (toned There could be no doubt that many reeaela built tat *p*ed sere systematically engaged In breaking the HrthtV* and be waa afraid that the moment one of tUera waa aaiaca her owners at once made their appearance at' the Foreign Office, and, with all the airs of injured inno eence, demanded redreaa. Referring to tbe case of the Alabama, tbe noble Earl denied that that vessel had been itted out with the cognisance of the Britiah Government, and aaid that there was no wish on tbe part of this eountry |o interfere unfairly in tbe conteat now going on " Tbe Karl of 1>kbby concurred in the remarks which had fallen from Karl Russell, and thought that the Britiah Government ou^ht not either rash ly of hastily to impute to the American conrta that they deliberately, and contrary to law and justice, set aside the Isw ol nations. The British (lovern inant ought also, he thought, to make ewy allow ance for the natural provocation the Americans uiuat feel at fleeing so large a portion of tha eotu rn eroe of this and other countries oarried on, not withstanding the blockade, to the Confederate porta. After some remarks from lx>rd Oeanworth, the motion was withdrawn. GEN. HOOKKR'8 ENLARGED POWER8. H ia reported by tbe Waabington correspondent of the XSncinnsti Gaaefte that wbrn Gee. Hooker neat no.ves be trill have command of all the forces in Virginia. The ttiUMk and Norfolk troops, those lying at the extremity of itbe Prri'T"'* U?? Change and Alexandria railroad, and about the defences of Washington are to be alike sub ject to his call "ET TU BRUTE'" MTfc? IntelligMie?r's humor is more grave than gay. It* Joke* are a little too severe aod practical." f tt'*tkington Chronicle of Nag 18/A. Our readers have been apprised, by the oaaual ' and incidental refereuoea made to it in our oolumns from time to time, that there exists in this city a paper under the name of the Morning Chronicle It was established by its proprietor and editor for the avowed purpose of giving to the Administra tion, in all lis departments and in all its measures, an "unquestioning support," and down to its issue of yesterday it has faithfully fulfilled, ao oording to the best of its knowledge and ability, the function performed in the days of the Roman ?mpire by the elass whom history has handed down under the not very fragrant title of auunta torn. It has been the axiom of the Obroniele that this Administration, " in all its departments and in sll its measures," is the best possible of Ad ministrations; that all men in eivil or military com mand?so long, of course, as they may be retained by the appointing power?are the best possible in cumbents of plaoe; and that all men removed from offioe are henoeforward suiitten with a de merit of the most obvious aod iucurable nature. If any thing be done by the " ooustituted authori ties" it has always been done in the best possible way and at the best possible time. If any thing be left undone it has been equally acoepted as the mark of infallible wisdom, and only the more con fidingly because to unofficial minds the wisdom may have been insorutable. In short, the Chroni ole, we supposed, had found what Jerome Patu rot, the hero of the French fiction, had so ardently but vainly pursued in his "search for the Abso lute and the bept possible of Republics." So long as our youthful oontemporary oonfined itself to daily preleotions on the thesis that " what ever is (officially) is right," we had no occasion to do more than admire the wonderful patience with which, rcduoed as it was to play on an organ of so few stops, it stood up under the monotony of its own music. We oonfess to have always had a sympathy for the laborious grinders of the hurdy-gurdies who perambulate our streets, turn ing the dolorous crank with one hand and holdiog frisky Jocko in leading strings with the other, doomed all the while to lend an ear to their own mechanic melody. But we think their labor must be lightsome and merry compared with that of those called to endure the fatigues of official jour nalism, and who, like Polonius in the play, look ing through the eyes of some office-bearing Ham let, must see yon fieeoy oloud assume now the shape of a camel, now of a weasel's back, and now of something very like a whale. We do not greatly wonder, therefore, that our neighbor has found the satiety of " unquestioning support" greater than he could bear. Having al ready notioed the " deplorable defection" of the Philadelphia Press from the rule of duty prescribed to itself by the Chroniole of this city, we are now called to lament the ominous wavering of the lat ter journal, which in its issue of yesterday has ac* tually had the audacity to declare that " nobody has ever pretended that the President has not committed mistakes." " Committed mistakes !" What " mistakes," we should like to know, has the President ever committed, that a journal pledged to his " unquestioning support" must needs make such an admission f We have never before seen in the columns of our neighbor the suspicion of any short-comings on the part of Mr. Linooln, or of any body else oharged with " high and responsible duties" at this crisis, and we submit that it is hardly less than gratuitous calumny to make suoh a charge, in the abnenoe of any specifications to sustain it. And, then, how ean a journal whioh avowedly sop ports the Administration without " question" ar rive at the conclusion that any " mistakes" have been committed? Only those who have the spirit of inquiry are entitled to form judgments on this difficult point. The Chroniole should not exercise itself in such high matters. But, as if it ?u not enough to bring this accu sation against the President, the Chronicle of yes terday proceeds to saj that there are two journals in the land?the New York World and the Na tional Intelligencer?which, unlike the two unani mous journals that profess never to question where they always approve, seem to take a wicked delight in " exposing the weakness?if we may so call it? of the public servants, and in holding up daily pictures to the rebels of fanoied corruption and ex aggerated imbecility." " The weakness of the pub lic servants!" Well may the Chronicle meekly add, with ** bated breath," " if ice may to. call it," I when daring to insinuate that there is any thing like "weakuess" in our " publio servants"?in a Stanton, a Halleok, or a Hooker, all men of war and of might, if there be any thing in the foroc of eulogy daily applied with forty goose-quill power in the pages of that paper. We imagine the con sternation with whioh our " publio servants" must have read this fling at their capabilities?all the more stioging for being incidentally bestowed. 80 the surgeon sometimes oonceals his lanoet in the sponge, and drives the oruel steel to the quiok while professing only to soothe tho patient with a flatter ing uaotion of soft-soap and tepid water. We do not approve of these back-handed blows at the Administration, delivered in the guise of awkwsrd adulation. Better a questioning support that knows what it is about than an " unquestion ing support" whioh, from its very assiduity, is in daoger of wounding the hand it seeks to lick. Bat what does our facetious contemporary mean by an " unquestioning support" upon rendering which it so greatly prides Itself, while loosely talking about the President's " mistakes ? and about the ? weakness " 1 "if tee map to call iV"?-of our "public ser i rants ? " What i? the use of an u unquestioning support which makes such ooncessions to the pub | lie enemy ? Why claim the merit of " going it blind " and at the same time apeak like a dragon of vigilanoe with an eye open to " mistakes" and " weaknesses " whiob the Chroniole does not deny to exist, bnt which it only proclaims to blink ? Shame on sueh a dragon, whiob does not know how to be either more diaereet or more honest! An for ourselves, it is known that we do not profesa to give any body, in the Administration or ?out of it, an " unquestioning support." We seek to address ourselves to the merits of all the " mea sures " uud of all the " departments " of the Go vernment. In so doing we are able to give to them each and all the support to whioh we think them entitled on grounds of law and expediency. When we approve, we have done so for reasons given, and we are not aware that the value of our support has been impaired by our efforts to base it on what the Chroniole has no use for?reason and right, as ascertained by oandid and independent in quiry. When we disapprove, we have equally done so for reasons given, and if we have stated our views with the frankness of honest men wri ting for intelligent readers, the latter will bear us witness that we have never forgotten what was due to them or to ourselves in the animadversions we have felt it our duty to make on public men or public measures at this crisis. We have never found it neoessary to rail at the Sec retary of State like some of his "political friends," nor have we aided or abetted Senatorial oabals to procure his removal from the high place he holds at the bead of Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet. We have not given him an " unquestioning support," it is true, because we have often vindicated hisoonduot, io the light of free inquiry, and shown it to be unjustly as sailtd by Republican as well as Democratic cavillets. The Chroniole has allowed Republican abuse and Senatorial combinations against him to go unre buked or unnoticed. Wc have not given to Mr. Chase, in bis Depart ment, an " unquestioning support" because we have brought the light of financial discussions to the elucidation and enforcement of his judicious and successful revenue measures, but we have never heard that he felt our " support" was any less valuable for being inspired by a candid apprecia tion of his merits rather than by the partiprix of professional adulation. Just as little have we given an "unques tioning support" to the present Secretary of the Navy, for at one Btage of his adminis tration we felt it our duty to inquire into cer tain charges brought not only against the effi ciency but even the probity of bis official man agement. We then defended him against these reckless imputations, and if we have had no reoent occasion to defend him from fresh aspersions it is simply because the unostentatious but effective man ner in wbieh he diseharges his duties has enabled him to live down oensure, and thus enjoy, in addi tion, the inappreciable felioity of escaping even the inept flattery of the Chronicle. As to the War Department, we have not given to it an " unquestioning support " any more than to any other branch of the public servioe. But since its distinguished head has been left free to contine himself to his appropriate oivil duties, and no longer divides with the martial committee of Con gress the responsibility of directing the oonduot of the war, we have found in bis administration no thing to condemn. If we do not approve of mili tary arrests where they arc made in violation of law, we know full well that we have the countenance and co-operation of Mr. Stanton in ooniirmation of our opinions on this topio, for we have never had oocasion under this bead to do more than reiterate the declarations with wbich he signalized his acoea sion to the office he now holds. As to the merits of the Generals retained in milL tary oomjaand or dismissed by the President we have repeatedly expressed our opinion, not, it ia true, in the way of giving an " unquestioning sup port" to any body, but after due examination made of the faots in the oase. We have not discovered so many Napoleons in actual command as our more favored contemporary, the Chroniole, which draws its military inspirations doubtless from the highest sources, but just as little have we praotised that art of military criticism which oooBists in trying to pull down military reputations by idle abuse, and to oonsfruot others by equally idle praise. Faots are faots, and as such we have treated them, whe ther we were disoussing the movements of McClel lan on Riohmond, of Halleck on Corinth, or ot Hookc r on Chanoetloroville. We have seen nothing very " Napoleonic" in any of these demonstrationn As to the Department of the Attorney Goneral, of the Interior, and of the Postmaster General, we may have had little to say, but that little, we be lieve, has been said in the way of commendation, not beoause we are in the habit of giving praise like out professional neighbor, but because we deemed it due. We wish it to be distinctly understood by the Chronicle that we olaiut no merit, such as it aspires to, on the score of what is called " con formity to the views of the Administration." We propose to ourselves a higher standard, however far we may fall below it, when wc make all the ends we aim at "our Country's, God's, and Truth's." If there has been no jlayornerir in our oommendations, they have beeo none the loas sincere for not being " unquestioning." We have thus made it apparent, we hope, to the perceptions of the Chronicle, that it need not fear in us a rival for the distinction of giviog the Ad ministration, in any of its departments, "an un questioning support." We leave to our neigh bor an undisputed monopoly of all the honors it can oull in this field; and, in consideration of the ardu-1 ous nature of the lervieM performed, wc hops the constituted authorities may find it in their heart* to reward these assiduities aocording to the aeal of the performer, rather than aocording to the value of the services rendered Thua much by way of pleasant discourse. It la bard to be severe on a paper like the Chronicle, which is evidently well-meaning enough, either when it essays to flatter or to denounoe. If its flattery sometimes burta worse than its censure, and if its denunciations sometimes redound to the praise of those whose conduct it fails to understand, this is due, we are persuaded, more to the infelicity of its position and the difficulty of its monotonous functions than to any other cause. It did not mean to be indisoieet when it spoke about the Pre sident?* "mistakes" or the "weakness" of our " public servants," and just as little did it mean to be unjust to us iu penning the following para graphs, which have provoked our mirth so much that we think it proper to Bpread them before our readers, albeit we are assured there may seem ?ome severity in thus exposing to their gaze the justice and comity of our neighbor. So long as we are reviled in the columns of tha Chronicle, no par ticular damage is done to any body, for it passes with the readers of that journal as so much rhetorical objurgation to balance so muoh rhetorical praise; and if this antithesis gives any pleasure to the oon duotors of tbe Chronicle, we should be sorry to in terfere with their enjoyment, as it certainly does no barm to us. We hope, therefore, it will not think that we are disposed to inflict on it (what the Con stitution forbids) "a cruel and unusual punish ment," if we give to our readers the opportunity of passing a judgment on its style of editorial ani madversion, by laying before them the subjoined article in its number of yesterday. We are assured that our oourteous contemporary would have been more guarded in its statements if it had supposed that we would take this summary vcugeanoe on ita indiscretion, but much as our heart relents at the severity of tbe exposure, we must make it, in the hope that when the Chronicle yields to the next temptation of saying hard things against the In. telligencer, its diatribes may be such as we can re print for the amusement of our readers without bringing oonfusion to the writer by their transpa rent inaptitude. Let him, if he will, '? stick to his pantomimes," but, for his own sake, let them not be such as shall provoke derision when he assumes to make grimaceB at men who resisted secession before he was born, and who, in doing so, have been often brought, down to a very late period, into conflict with the present conductor of that sheet, while as yet he was in close political fellowship with the Southern leaders whose schemes were even then preparing the way for treason and rebel lion, and in which, if he did not knowingly abet, it was only beoause he had not sagacity enough to peroeive them. Lessons on modern " Loyalty," if addressed to us, might possibly come with better grace from another souroe. From the Washington Chronicle of May 2ikh. There is no better way to underataod the embarraaa menta that surround the Administration the Federal Government in thia eriaia than to read the National Intel ligencer or the New York World. Conaidering the extra ordinary character of the rebellion and the inestimable eonaequenoea depending upon ita successful suppreaaion, one might suppose that even an indifferent observer would feel count rawed to withhold eritieiam, and to allow himaelf to be governed by common solicitude for the welfare and preservation of a great people. No one baa ever contended that tfce President liaa not committed miatakea ; but in both these journala he ia rarely credited with the ordinary virtue of good intentiona. They are more intolerant in judging of his actiona than tbe public enemy, fur he at lenit paya the Eiecutive the tribute of aiooere and manly hoatility, and doea not hesitate frequently to remind the rebel leadera that they might copy many valuable lesaona tr< iii tlie vigor ana perseverance ol tbe federal Govern ment. Clamoring in favor of freedom of speeeh, these- two newspapers, and the claaa they represent, abuae and scandalize tbe liberty they enjoy in constant attempts to weaken and destroy the power that protecta tbem. In the face of aucb novel complications and under the burden of such novel reaponaibilitiea, decency, if not gratitude, ought to awaken the solicitude of every humane man and to in apt re even the cold eat hearts with patriotic co-operation to auatain our public authorities. It ia frequently said by the Intelligencer and the World that only parasites and placemen stand by the Admimitra tion in this crisis, and that he who gives it an unquestion ing support deserves to be despised for his subserviency. But do these two journal* and the gcotlemen who manage them ever reflect that their conduct may be characterised by still harsher phrases, and that in clamoring for rights which they themselves habitually disregard they run so near to open treason that if they published their news papers in Riobmond or Charleston they would find approv ing readers in the ranks of the rebels themselves? It is one of the easiest things to And fault with the Government. This truth is always realized in times of peace, but when war convulses and distresses a great people those who have the conduct of it are infinitely more harassed and ham pered by the mru who will not believe them honest or cspabie than by those who asmil them in the field. There is not a number of the National Intelligencer, for instance, that is not a reservoir of transferred calumnies upon the Government; not a number that does not contain articles that seein to have been copied with the determined pur p?ce of poisoning the public mind, and ot bringing tbe authorities into contempt- This treason is occasionally diluted by tbe presence of a loyal paragraph or speeoh. but the animus of the concern, its intense and ineradicable hatred of the general cause is ahown by the eagerness with which it selects the complaints of captious and pretended friends, and by tbe satanic ability with which it debates what it regards as the shortcomings of the Administration. Now, this may be patriotism, but it seems to us that it is nothing more than base and callous ingratitude. It ia inconceivable bow men who reorive and prosper upon tbe patronage and the protection of Mr. Lincoln's Administration should refuse to give him tbe benefit, we will not say of an unquestioning or an unconditional sup port, but the benefit of that fair and impartial treatment which tbe honorable man always accords to his adversary. It baa been said that there is uo spectacle more tooching tban that of a brave man struggling with adversity. What shall we say of a great nation environed with perils, at tacked front and rear?ia not this a sight to awaken all our beat feelings! Should it not impel us to forget enmi ties and envies, and pos'pon<? prejudices and party; to overlook for the time being that which may be universally or hastily done ? But no such sentiments animate the claas represented by tbe National Intelligencer and the New York World. They *eem to delight in exposing the weakueaa?if we may so oall it?of the public servants, and in holding up daily pictures to the rebels of fancied corruption and exaggerated incapacity. Thin may be n pleasing task, and they seem to be fascinated with it; but we predict thit when the history of these times conx s to be written nothing will be presented in a more odious light than the fact that in such a struggle as this there were men to be found in free and loval odrainuiiitie* who were blind to the issues involved in this struggle, and who seemed to revel in the occupation of misrepresenting and embarrassing those public autboritiea who had the war in oharge." A SKIRMISH NEAR PIEDMONT, (Va.) We are informed that on Wedneaday last, when near Piedmont station, (about thirty-six miles from Winches ter, on this sde of the Manaasas Gap,) a squadron ot the Thirteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry attacked a recon noitering detachment of the Sixth Virginia Cavalry, put ting the latter to flight and taking fourteen prisoners. Scouting parties are seut out every day In this neighbor hood, and as a consequence slight skirmishes are cuntantlj occurring THE SENTIMENT OF BALTIMORE. A subscriber io Baltimore seu-ls us for publica tion the subjoined resolutions reoently unanimously passed by the Councils of that city, aud they are entitled to this respeot at oar hands as the repre sentative expression of a great and important city on a question of public coneern In hit note trans mitting the resolutions, however, oar subscriber remarks that dissatisfaotioo is felt by some of our friends in Baltimore that we " should say so muoh and publish so muoh in favor of Vallandigham.' We beg to take issue with this remark, and to de ny that we have said a word in justification of Mr. Vallandigham. Muoh as we reverenoe the consti tutional freedom of speeoh, we have no further dis oussed the merits of his harangues than to regret their violence; but we have contended that he was entitled to a legal trial, to whioli every violator of law has a right. Treason itself is not to be tried by courts-martial; the law provides for that of fence, as well as for all other civil offences, courts of .another sort. It was not that we approved of his intemperate speeches that we objected to Mr. Vallandigham's being brought to the drum-head; but that the dignity and supremacy of the law were violated in his person in the mode of his trial, and not less in the mode of his punish* ment; for, had his guilt been legally ascertained, the punishment inflicted on him is an anomaly Banishment is a penalty not known to any Ameri can statute; and the punishment of Vallandigham, therefore, in as irregular as his trial was illegal. The Councils of Baltimore, however, think other wise ; and it is not to dispute the unanimous sen timent of that enlightened body that we have said thus muoh, but simply to demur to the allegation with which our Baltimore friend accompanied the resolutions. From the Baltimore American. Action of tiie Baltimore City Council.?'The fol lowing resolutions were presented in the Firat branch of the City Council last evening by David Hoopes, Esq., of the Tenth Ward, and after being adopted unanimously in that Branch alao passed the Second Branch with the aame unanimity: Whereat Clement L. Vallandigham, of the State of Ohio, haa long been endeavoring in hia public speeches to create dissensions in our country, poison the public mind, and give aid and comfort to thorn who are in rebellion against the Federal Government: Therefore, Resolved by the Mayor and Citf Council of Baltimore, That they have heard with pleasure of the arrest and trans portation beyond our lines of Clement L. Vallandighaiu ; and that in their judgment the best interest of the country and the preservation of the Government fully justified the proceeding. Resolved, That, whilst they consider all measures of the Federal Government are subjects for just and fair oriti cisui, they do not believe that at a time like this any man should be tolerated who ia plainly, palpably, and notorious ly endeavorinf to create a f&ctioua opposition to the Gov ernment. thereby increasing the difficulties of putting down the rebellioo. Resolved, That the Hon. John Lee Chapmau, Mayor of the city of Baltimore, ba and he ia hereby requested to transmit a copy of the foregoing preamble and reaolutioua to the President of the United tttates, and also to General Burnaide. THE BLOCKADED COAST. The information famished in the following offi cial communication from the enlightened Superin tendent of ths ('out Survey will not only posaesa interest for all of our readers, but it afford* an ad ditional evidence of the great value to the country in this time of war of that branoh of the publio service?a branoh whioh haa often been decned by the ignorant and not alwaya properly appreciated by the more intelligent: Coast Survey Office, May 96,1363 Ahmikai.: I have the honor to send herewith, in com pliance with your letter of April 3, IH63, the following statements prepared in this office, appended to the inquiries contained in that letter: " 1. The length of the coaat of the United States bow 4 under blockade by our naval forcea, beginning at the city ' of Alexandria, Virginia, aud going down the Potomac 4 river and Chesapeake bay to Cape Henry, aud thence 4 continuing along the outer line oi the aeacoast around 4 the peninsula of Florida as far as the Rio Graode, this line 4 to cross the rivers and harbors in the direction of the 4 coast?" The line thus measured ia three tbouaand five hundred and forty-nine statute miles. " 2. The number of openings in this line of coaat, ' whether rivers, bays, harbors, inlets, sounds, paas<?s, or 4 others 7" There are *>ne hundred and eighty-uiue openings iu the line, of which the measure has just been given. 41 3. The classification of these openings according to the ' depth of water on the bars at their entraooe, under the 1 three following distinctiona?six, twelve, and eighteen ' feet curves as they are drawn on the charts of the coast by the United States Coast Survey T" The classification of these openings is aa follows : At mean high water the number of openings tinder aix feet in di-pth is .45 Between ail and twelve leet in depth 70 Between twelve and eighteen feet in dsptb 42 Over eighteen feet in depth '?& Very respectfully, yours, A. D BACHE. Superintendent 17. S. Co??t Suivey. Rear Admiral Davim, U. S Navy. Chief of Bureau of Navigation. THE REVOLT IN NICARAGUA SUPPRESSED. New York, May 28?The iteamer America, from Grey town on the 20th, has arrived. She bringa a large number of passengers from California, and a confirmation of the total defeat of tbe revolutionary party in Nicaragua, under Jerei, by President Martin*!. Jerez won the battle of the 2Htb of April, in which Martinez was slightly wounded. He then marched to Leon, where Martinez gained a complete victory. Jerez and twelve officera were all of bis army who escaped capture. Chamorer, who held Fort San CarlTta for Jerez, fled to Costa Rica The revolution is thus entirely crushed. FROM NORTH CAROLINA. Nkwiirrn, May 24 ?Col. Jones, of tbe f>rUh Pennsyl vania Regiment, made a reconnoiaanoe from Newbern on the 22d inatant, with Lee'a brigade, and when about seven miles of Kiunton surprised and captured aome two hundred rebels belong ng to tbe Mth North Carolina Regiment, with several officers, a field piece, arma, equipment*, ?Sco. A rebel captain and lieutenant were killed. None were killed on our side. Col. Jones it the hero of many daring eiploits, and as a military man stands very high in this department. He will anon be promoted. The acbooner Sea Bird, of Philadelphia, while aground at the mouth of tbe Neuae river on the 20th inatant, waa captured and burned by the rebels, who went off to her from the shore in small boats, and took her captain and crew priaoi.era All ihe rebel troops io tbe State, including recent con soripts, have gone to Virginia Gen Foster is now on a tour of inapection to the differ ent military posts in this department, which be ia continu ally strengthening VIRGINIA ELECTION.?SUCCE8H OFMK HROAii. Fortrbm Monroe, (Va.) Ma* 30, 186a. Fo tht Lduort of ike National hUeUigtnctr. In tbe absence of uews from Vtcksburg tbe residents of this vioinily have bwn congratulating themselves over ? victory which, in a civil putut of view, is nearly or quit* as gratifytug lo them aa the Uil uf the rebel strongholl would prove io a military p..mt. We have ju?t received tbe fail election retariu Uom thia district, and have tbn pleuurc to auuounce th> >4* election of the Hon. Joseph Seoar, our late Reprecel* tative in Congress, by nearly nine hundred majority. Thm people may well rejoice over this result, u uuny bad bee? led to believe bie election doubtful on account of his standi and undeviating aupport of tbe war policy of the Admia* iatration. Ilia opponenta bad repreaented that be wou4 receive hut a fraction of the votes in the moat populoiia 1 counties in tbe district, viz. Accomac and Northampton, and had contended upou tbe butting* that bia votea upoa conacription, indemnity, and other bill* would prove one*, oua upon the people. But the terdict of the Union mta of tboae oountiea prove that they are in favor of a vigo> oua prosecution of the war, aad fully endorse Mr. Regar'i courae aa their Representative. I enclose you a statement of the vote in the different counties for Congreas. The vote tor Governor, Lieu* tenant Governor, and Attorney-General waa onaoimoud. Measrs. Pier point, Cowper, and liowdeu are gentlemen it whom the people have confidence, and who will undoubt edly reorganise the State Government upon a firm basis. The Hon. L. H. Chandler was elected to Congress from the Norfolk diairict unanimously. Mr. C. haa tilled tbe post of U. 8. Consul at Matanxaa lor the paat two years, and returned from there to accept the position <4 IT. 8. District Attorney for the Eastern district of Virginia, to which he had beeu nominated by the Preaident, but found, much to his surprise, tbat he bad been nomiuatel for Congress by acclamation, bis former townsmen and tL* people of tbe district having determined he ahould sen ? them in tbat capacity. He therefore bad to decline tic more lucrative office and the honor conferred upon him bf the Preaident and accept tbe position assigned him by tta voi fuyuh. Your correspondent attended the different election pr.w ducts in Elizabeth City county, snd found, much to bis surprise, very uiaoy returned voters who bad been withit the rebel lines until recently. Tbey were invariably I >nioa meu, and uucouditioual at that. To cure tbe rebellious propensities of our people nothing is so efficacious aa a twelve montha' resideuce within tbe rebel lines. There is no doubt but for the destruction of Hampton and many of the dwellings and farm houses in the surrounding couutry, the people of this county would gladly return to the folds of the glorious old flag and the paternal care of our beaefi* cent Government. Yours truly. The following ia the vote eoclosed by our correapon 1.312 421 Segar's majority 891. VIRGINIA ELECTION. Alexandria, May 28 ?In thia city, forming a part of tbe Seventh Congressional district, Lewis McKenzie has received one hundred and thirty-eiyht votes. Kitchen fifty nine, sod Gallaher fifteen. In Fairfax county, at Aec?> tink precinct McKenzie reoeived fifty-eight and Kitchen five. THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. YIATOR. dent: Accomac...... Northampton.. Elizabeth City York Stgar. IVuttoM. . 774 330 . 276 21 . 221 20 . 41 00 A special despatch to the New York Evening Poet stat?? that the council of war held at the Executive Mansion oft Tueaday I ait wai tbe " result of tbe laat visit of Senator* Wade and Chandler to the Army ot the Potomac, and had reference to tbe nffienaive movement* which the reb la is Virginia have been for Mime time threatening. General Hooker ia ?aid to express the opinion that tbe enemy ?? bringing up all their forces from Charleston, and probnblf North Carolina, for a desperate aggressive movement.'* This, however, though it may ctute iineaaineaa in komg quarters, does uot receive general credeuce. A letter to the Tribune, dated on the 27th iastaut, at " Gen Hooker's Headquarters near Falmouth," says : " The ominous movements of the rebels bnve beei watched with interest from this side of the Rappahannock to-day. There baa been marching and counter-marching of squadrona and battalions opposite the different tord^ (Unitad States, Kelly's, arid Banks's.) In front of Unite! States Ford tbe greatest activity haa been displayed. It this vicinity new camps, in cl.<se proximity, aa if a cor pa was massed for an offensive movement, har* appnared. Bustle and confusion have been the order of the day. Drums have resounded, regiments have manmavred, nni exciting rumors come from our videttea that a demonstrate tion i? on tbe qui riv*. " Yesterda>. accompanied by Col. Arrowaatith, of th# 157th New York, your enrr. spondent called on (fox Hooker, and had qu.te a long conversation with the " fight ing Califorman '' He looks upon the last movement with any thing but dissatisfaction in the grand result, and, aaid he, " Got d people will cease to write mi letters of condo lence when my official report is published." The Gennral has been receiving about fifty lett?rs of condolence dailf from people in the ouatry since the battle. He anid ht carel m<?re about crippling tbe rebel army than taking Kicbmond. He did not care about sacrificing thn iowef of the Union army in pushing the rebels toward the strong holds of Richmond only to encounter another frnah nrmtf from Suffolk." THE WORK OF REBEL PRIVATEERS. Phii.amcumiu, May '<W.?The brig Williim M Dodgn arrived to day from Pernaiubuco, bringing Capt. Botter, of the ship Oneida, who reports that the Oneida, from Bhang* hai for Nrw York, and barque Henrietta, from Baltimore for Rio, were burned by the pirate Alabama on the 24tkn( April, in latitude 140 8 , Ion*. '">4 W. The Alabama aog Florida were cruising together. They bad prnviona'y dJ" atroyed ibe ship Louisa Hatch, from Cardiff for Singapore} tbe ship Nora, from Liverpool for Calcutta; the Cbarte* Hill, from Liverpool to Montevideo; the whaling barqu* Lafayette; tbe brig Kate and the schooner King Fisher. Nrw York. May !W.?By the arrival of the America from Grey town, we learn that tbe ship Commonwealth ol Boston, from New York for San Francisco, was cap* tured by tbe Alabama previoua to the 24th of April. Thn Oneida and tbe Henrietta were taken by tbe Florida ai<4 their crews transferred t<i' the French barjne Brenmntia, which landed them at Pernambuco. The Bratilian schooner Sergroiano, from the Ialsnd of Feraandn de Noremba, ar? rived at Peruauibuoo, bringing about sixty men, crews ?>f other vessels who had been placed on the island by tin Alabama The value of the Commonwealth, with h< r cargo, is estimated at four hundred thousand dollars, an 1 that of the Oneida tally half a million. A msjnrlty of thn officers of tbe captured vessels departed for the TTnitei States by the way of England. BRAZIL AND THE REBEL PRIVATEERS. The correspondent of the New York Merchant*' Ex* change writes fiorn Pernambuco aa follows: ?' The Bracilian authorities have diaplaoed the com mander at Fernando de Noronha for allowing the Alabama to commit depredations in Braxiliau wators. " Tbe new commander who waa sent to the island pr<>? tested ngainet (he Alabama remaining there, and ordered her to leave in a few hours Unfortunately he had no ft id of war to enforce his orders. " Every satisfaction in tbe power of tbe Bratilian a?fr thortties to give had been tendered to tbe AJnnrln?a Consul. '* It wns supposed at Peraamboco that the Alabama aailed south on the 'itfth ot April."