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BIGHT OF FREE DISCUSSION We are glad to tind tliat we were not too san guine wbeu we intimated the opinion a few days ago that the Phksident, in view of the public sen sibility arouatd by it, was iu little danger of re peating the error into which he fell wheu he re cently gave hia sanction, iu an unguarded moment, to the illegal proceedings instituted by Gen. Burn side agjinst Mr. Vallandigham. By haateniug to annul a subt-equent order of this same Goncral, founded upon considerations of alleged " military teceasity" precisely similar to those invoked for the summary arrest aud trial of Mr. V., the Pkic dlbENT ban signified a determination on his part to icturu fu " the uoimal course of administration," so seriouniy interrupted in the military department of the Ohio It is kuowu tu our readers that Gen. Burnside, in pursuance of the repressive policy which he put in force against Mr. Vallandigham, promulgated a few days ago the following order: " Headquarters Department oe the Ohio, " Cincinnati, June 1, 1863 ? General Orders No. 84. " 1 Tbe tendency of tbe articles aud Opinions habitually published iu tbe newspaper known as Tbe New York World being to cast reproach upon tbe Government, and to weaken it* effort* to suppres* the rebellion, by creating distrust in its war policy, it* circulation in tiiue of war it calculated to exert a pernicious and treasonable iuiluence, and is, therefore, prohibited iu tbi* department "2. Postumtere, news agents, and all others will govern themselves by tbi* order, as any persou detected iu for warding, selling, or in any way circulating tbe paper re ferred to will be promptly arrested and beld for trial. " 3. On accouut of tbe repeated expression of disloyal and mceiid ary si ntiuieuts, tbe publishing of the newspaper known as The Chicago Times is hereby suppressed. "4. Brig Gen. Jacob Atumeu, commanding tbe district of Illinois, is charged with the execution of the third para graph of this order. " By command of Major Gen. A E. Burnside : " Lewis Richmond, Lieut. Col. and A. A. Gen." On the ensuing day Gen. Burnside gave additional extension to bis interdict on "unlicensed printing" by publishing the following note and comment as an appendix to " General Orders No. 38," under which Mr. Vallandigham was arrested, tried, and banished: " Headqi arteks Department of the Ohio, " Cincinnati, ( Ohio,) June 2, 1863. " General Orders No 87. " It is announced fur the information of all concerned that tbe publication or circulation of books containing sen timents of a disloyal tendency comes clearly witbiu tbe reach of General Orders No. 38, and those who offend will be dealt with accordingly. " By command of Mnjor General Burnside: ?' Lewis Richmond, Assistant A^j't General." It will be seen that these " orders" are of the nature of military edicts, and proceed on the as sumption that all civil rights in the Department of the Ohio are put in abeyance as completely as if the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Ken tucky were placed under " martial law" by the actual presence of contending belligeients, and by lawful proclamation made accordingly. But, in point of faor, neither of these conditions, prelimi nary to the legitimate exercise of such paramount military jurisdiction, are found to exist in these States, where, without even colorable pretext, Gen. Burnside has assumed to substitute 4< the will of the commander" for the established law of the land. If we did not know the transparent candor and sincere patriotism uf this gentleman, w?* might sus j ect him of a Minister purpose in these stretohes of military power. Bat we have known him too long and too well to suspect him of any disposition to em barrass the Administration, or of any desire to make the fortune of its pt l.tical opponents by initiating measures which cannot hut enure to the disadvan tage of the former, as far as it countenances them, and to the corresponding profit of the latter, by giving to them, what tl! politicians know so well how to uae?the benefit of "a good cry." With out meaning to do so, Gen. Burnside has already placed the Democracy under incalculable obliga tions to him for the pc litical service he has ren dered them, while the Administration finds his well-meant but injudicious zeal more dangerous to it than all the machinations of the enemies and traitors sought to be quelled by such means. Accordingly, the President has wisely annulled so much of Qen. Burnside's Order No. 84 as un dertook to dictate the suppression of the Chioago Times; and, in view of such a manifestation of the Presidential displeasure at his conduct, the General ha* himself thought proper to revoke so much of the same "order" aa undertook to prevent the circula tion of the New York World within his depart ment, and pro lanlo to suspend the liberty of the press and the administration of the postal laws enacted by Congress. These high-handed proceedings afford a curious illustration cf the extremities to which one of the purest patriots may prooced as soon an he diverges, under inspirations however sincere, from the straight line ol that professional duty which trachea him to keep the military Hubordinatc to the civil power. The former is always subordinate to the latter, and naver mure subordinate than when it puts on the garment rolled in the blood of some stricken battle field, where the military arm, commissioned by lawful civil authority, seeks only to uphold the majesty of law, to enforoe the claims of justice, or to maintain the honor of the flag under which it tights. It is the civil law which gives to Gen. Burnside his military existence, and sends him on his mission, and he should therefore seek sedulously to respect the boundaries within which alone he oan move as one who would not bear the sword in vain. We could wish that Gen. Burnside might devote more of his time to the movements of the enemy in the field and less to the analjnis of speeches like Mr. Vallandigham's, or of editorial reflections like those of the Chioago Times or New York World, in order to gauge the: amount of "treason" which they hold in solution. What are the testa by which he decides such delicate matters? Has he a literary wine-taster attached to his staff whose duty it is to pronounce what is the pure juice of the grape and what ia the distillation of treason f And how does it happen, under a government of laws, that military commanders, holding e^ffice by the same authority and armtd for the same ends, are found to differ so muoh in their practices, inso much that Gen. Wool in New York tolerates the publication and dissemination of the same " World" which is excluded from Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois by the cordon tanitairr. of Gen burnside? On (his point that intelligent Administration journal, the Now York Evening Post, propounds the follow ing queries: 'Here in tb* city of New York, wh ch i* nearer tbe actual teat of war than either Doytou or Chioago, we have spe?4che* made far ujore treasonable tbau any ever utt-red by Vallaudighaui, and journals ijuite ?? bitterly disloyal as tbe Chicago Times, while tbe authors of. theui enjoy a complete immunity. They say tbe worst things of tbe war, the President, our military chief*, tbat it is poiai ble for their rancorous hearts to devue, and are no mure molested or troubled than the sweetest litlle unconscious infant asleep in hia craiile How is this ? Are political < fleiices things of latitude and lougitudef Doea tbe air of tbe gre?t lakes and tbe prairies convert tbat which is harmless on th>.? sea coast into a poisonous malaria? or have we different systems, different rules of government, different ethics, different notions of propriety, in the thou sand differeut localities of our broad land? What has Vallandigbam said that Wood and bin five thousand roughs did uot repeat and echo last night? What has the Cnwago Times printed that tbe Express and the News have not printed, only in blacker letters and a more trucu lent spirit 7 But Ben Wtod aud ike New York journals both rejoice in their impunity anil insultingly dely the in terposition of the Federal authorities. While Gen. Burn side in hia department appears to be bristling with bayo nets agaiust all sorts of gaiusayers, Geu. Wool sits iu bis chair as calmly as the swans of Central Park float on tbe lake when do breeie rutH->s the surface. Strange to say, however, in the face of this central of demeanor, they pretend to act under tbe same general authority, tbe same rules of law and the same sens# of duty, the same maxims of propriety and love of order." The only cure for such inconsistencies is to be found in a striot and uniform adherence of all func tionaries, both military and civil, to the spirit and letter of the laws. It is the duty of good citizens to avoid any and all agitation which has for its ob jeot to embarrass rather than to enlighten the Ad ministration. As is well said by the journal from which we have just quoted, " fair and earnest criti ' oism of those entrusted with power is not only the ' right, but the duty of the citizen of a republic. 1 He is bound, by his relations to the common ' weal, to indicate to his political managers where 1 he thinks they are wrong, in what respect their ' measures are defective, in what respect injurious, 1 in what respect of evil tendency^ In no other ' way can those functionaries learn so well the con 1 sequenoes and bearings of what they propose." As men are, this right is undoubtedly liable to abuse, but lor such an abuse no proper corrective is found in the attempted repression of free speech by military edicts. They who make such an at tempt will only succeed in giving fresh volume and headway to the current of popular declamation, while they themselves will come into danger of be ing swept away by the torrents of popular passion. On this subject we have but to repeat the admoni tory language of the Evening Post: '? But, attempt'to put these men down by force, aud you ' exalt them?not in character, but in consderation. Th^-y ' become important personages at one*. Better men, who ? will not yield their love of impartial liberty and human ' rights to any pretext of State necessity, begin to sympa 4 th ze with them ; their cause, without intrinsic merits, in ' fact utterly despicable in itself, is furnished with weapons 'of argument, aud is helped along?in miuds where it would ' not otherwise have gained accese?by getting confounded ' with the cause of free speech and free printing." We could of course multiply indefinitely our ex tracts to the same effect from the columns of our contemporaries ; for, whatever may have been the hesitation of any to condemn the proceedings of Gen. Burnside in the case of Mr. Vallandigham be fore the law covering that ease was known, there is absolutely no dissent from the impolicy and wrong fulness of the course on which the General has en tered in trying to assert a military jurisdiction over the press. Gen. Burnside seems to have forgot ten that there is any other code than the military, or that there are any other tribunals than courts martial for the trial and punishment of disloyal practices in his department. The only journal in New York which thought his conduct defensible in relation to Mr. Vallandigham was the Times, but even this paper recoils from any approval of his recent assumptions. It srys: "Unless we are greatly mistaken, the Government will very soon find it necessary to check the intemperate pa triotism of Qen. Burnsid* in his m<>de of dealing with ais affected persons and pre??es in tLe loyal Staffs Whether the powers which be claims to exercise over freedom of speech aod of the press do actually belong t > his office or not, it is very clear that they ahould never ba entrusted to any man wboae teal outruns bis judgment An over-z>a!ous friend will often do ten times more harm by restless and injudicious meddling than an open enemy ; and in the ex ercise of powers which, however necessary they may be, are always odious, an excessive prudeuce is always prefer able to a headlong and reckless temper. We have no doubt that Oen. Burnside thinks he is rendering the country an essential servioe in suppressing the Chicago Times and in forbidding the circulation of th* New York World within his lines ; and we have juata* little doubt that he is utterly mistaken. He will very speedily find (bar he is multipl>ing teu fold the very evil he seeks to extirpate. It is very rarely that a military man can he found who is capable of understanding what public opinion is, or who can be made to comprehend that the preis has any other rights than those which he may be pleased to confer upon it We do not know that we should gain mueh oo either point by ap pealing from the camp to the Government; but our inter eft in the welfare of the country impels us to risk the ex periment of counselling President Lincoln t? put a check upon Gen Bumsid?'a supers- rviccable and dnngerous pro ceedings aa speedily as possible." The President having in this matter realized the just expectations of the Times and of all good citi zens, it is to be hoped that our military com manders will spare him the necessity of a similar intervention in the future, and that those who re cently thought to ingratiate themselves with the Administration by addressing its passions rather than its reason when they upheld the illegal pro ceedings against Mr. Yallandighara, will not soon let their complaisance again get the better of their discretion. The President has shown, by his prefer ence for a legal course, that he values no support which is tendered to him at the expanse of the law. As suoh we interpret the rebuke he has just ad ministered to an honored military subordinate, and as such we applaud it. A HISTORICAL PARALLEL The readers of Clarendon's History of the Great Rebellion may recall the passages in which he recites the incidents connected with a visit made to Great Britain, after the outbreak of hostilities between the King and the Parliament, by M. Bellievre, the Ambassador appointed by the Fr. noh Government to confer with the two belligerent parties for the purpose, if possible, &f accommoda ting the matters in dispute between them. The French Government at that period, during the minority of Louis XIV, wns in the hands of a Regency, the Cardinul Muzarin being at the head of the Ministry. M. Bellievre, whose name figures largely in the Memoirs of the Cardinal de Rctz, was the Presi* dent of the Parliament of Paris, and a man of mark among Li* contemporaries who were actors in the war of the Frondo. When dispatched on his mis sion to Kugland Tie was requirod, says Clarendon, " to do all ho could to persuade the Presbyterians to join with the King's party, and not to insist upon the destruction of the ohurcb, snd yet if he found that could not be compassed, he was to press his Majesty to part with the churoh and to satisfy the Preibyterians oo that point." li will be remembered that Clurendon refleots severely on the manner in wbioh Bellievre (who arrived in London in the yoar 1646) interpreted Lis duty under these instructions, and charges him with having, from the outset, consulted rather for the interests of the insurgent parliamentarians than for the rights of the Crown. He says : " While the Kin? ataid at Newcastle, Bellievre, the French Embassador, who wt? sent from P.?ris after the Prince [the son of Charles I.] arrived there; and by whom the Cardinal [Mazarin] bad promised to press the Parlia uieut so imperiously, and to deuouuee a war against them if they refused to yield to what was reasonab'o toward* an agreement with the Kiug, ctuue to bis Majesty, after he had spent some titue at L< udou in all the low application to the Parliament that cau be imaged, without any men tion of the King witb auy tenderneai, a* if Lia interest were at all conaidered by the King hia master, and without auy couaultatioii with ttioae of hia Majeaty'a party wbo were then in London and would have been very ready to have advised witb him. But he chose rather to converse with the principal leadera of tbe Presbyterian party iu the Parliament, and with the Scotch Commiaaionera, from whoae information he took all bia measure*, and they assured him that nothing could be done for the King except he would give up tbe church?that ia, extirpate Episcopacy and grant all the lands belonging to cathedral churches to aucb uaea aa tbe Parliament ahould advise ; ao that wbeu he came to the King he preaaed him very earneatly to that condescension." So muoh for Clarendon, with the justice of whose animadversions we do not propose to deal, as our purpose in referring to this episode is simply to suggest to the reader's notice a jiarallel between the reception given by the Parliament to the offer of mediation tendered by Franoe to the parties at issue in England in the year 1646, and that given by our Government to a similar proposition coming from the same Power at the present day, in the midst of a domestic conflict that has arisen between the descendants of the British raoe in the United States. It will be seen that in gracefully de clining to entertain any propositions on this soore, our Government has merely followed, under cir cumstances which make the parallel singularly com plete, the precedents of the year 1646. As has been already intimated, it was in thi.s year that M. Bellievre reached the oity of London. Arriving there he officially announced his quality and his mission to the House of Peers, to whom he presented his letters of credence, and at whose hands he asked, in a personal address, the favor of a pass from the Parliament, for himself and his train, to go to the King to Newcastle and then to the Estates of Scotland, and to return again. It appears from the journal of the House of Commons at this time that on the 17th of July, 1646, a message from tbe Lords was received by that body announcing that " their lordships think fit to grant him [Bellievre] such a pass and desire the concurrence of this House." Whereupon it was " ordered that the answer to this message shall be that this House will send answers by messengers of their own." It further appears from the journal of the House of Commons, that on the 22id of July, 1646, Sir Henry Vane, Mr. Holies, Sir Arthur Hesilridge, Sir Henry Vane, Jr., Mr. Selden, Sir Benjamin Rudyard, Mr. Pierpont, and Sir Philip Stapilton were appointed a oommittee to prepare an answer to the papers of the French ambassador, wherein they were enjoined to declare " that the Houses will admit of no interposition in these matters of difference between the King and the Parliament. They are likewise to consider of the pass given by the Lords to the Ambassador." This committee on the same day reported, through Mr. PicTpont, their " answer, pass, and letter," to bo delivered to the Lords, at a conference, for their concurrence. The proposed draft of the answer to the Minister was as follows : "My LORD: We do thankfully acknowledge the ex pression which we have received from tbe French King of bia Mpjeaty'a good affectiona to tbia kingdom, and shall heartily endeavor, od our parts, tbe continuance of it. But, as to hi* Majesty's desires of mediating a peace, and in terposing betwixt the King and us, and to what was said by your Excellency in that particular, and of your being sent to invite us to take or propound aome conditions that might effrct tbe aame: We do declare that we ourselves have been careful to improve all occaaiona to compoae tbeae unhappy troublea, yet we have not, neither can, admit of any mediation or iuterposing betwixt tbe King and uh by any foreign Prince or State. An! we derire that bia Ma jesty, the French King, will rest patiafied with thia our re solution and answer." Then follows in the committee's report the form of a pass, addressed to "all commanders, soldiers, courts of guard, and nil others," certifying that the " Sieur de Bellievre " is authorized " to pass quietly and unmolested to any place within this kingdom, and into the kingdom of Scotland if he think tit." To this was added a letter addressed to the Ambassador, coveriog the answer of the House and the pass. The two houses then immediately met, through their respective committees, in conference in the " Painted Chamber," and concurred in the foregoing " deolararion," with a few verbal amendments. It appears from a collection of "original papers" used by Lord Clarendon in the compilation of his history, that M Bellievre started on his errand to tbe King at Newcastle " without the answer or pass from the Houses, and that the same were sent post after him by Sir Peter Killigrew " The reader who recalls the visit of M. Mercier to the authorities at Richmond ; the proposition made by M. Drouyn de L'liujs for a conference be tween the belligerent parties to our civil war; the reply of Mr. Seward, and the terms of the resolu tions drawn by Mr. Suaaner, and adopted by the Senate, in exclusion of any proffered 'mediation coming from any foreign Power, will easily detect many points of analogy between the incidents attending the interposition of France in the civil dispntes of 1646 and those occurring under similar ciroumstanocs in our current history. The ana logy is as curious as it is instructive. COL. MONTGOMERY'S RAII) The Fort Royal news bring* intelligence of the taut raid by Col. Montgomery, in which that doughty champion ac complished the feat of burning fifty dwelling houses find a number of rice mill*, au.l bringing back a largp quantity < f household furniture. A corre*pondent add*: " Col. Mont gomery, it is understood, takes the whole responsibility of the burning of private re?idenoes and other unusual acts of warfare, defending them a? the true policy for conduct ing a war against rebels. ' Some legitimate acta of warfare Col. Montgomery occa sionally performs, but his raids are ordinarily marked by excesses and abuses which ar* entirely indefensible, and which show him Dot to be the man to conduct an expedi tion. He i* smarting under the memory of hi* persecu tions in Kanaas, and he firmly believes that h > is cotntn s sioned to smite the Philistines wherever he finds thenr? But these " unusual acts of warfare" are not in accord ance with the policy of our Government in this war, or with the rules which should govern in a content betwe< n civilized people. Rapine and marauding are uotthe meai ? by which the Union is to be restored, and officers *lo permit or tolerate them shonld be summarily dealt with [JVsie York Commtrtial Adv$rt\t?r ? FAMILY PICTURE. I In the discharge of - ur function* u impartial I iouru-lieta wo hafe somen me# had occasion to cite, | for condemnation, the acrimonious criticisms pro | uouueoti by souio Democrat* and the contempt^ L sneers passed by *ome ^ President and his Cabinet. As it alway 8 , satisfaction to nee the rulers of the peopletreated with respect, and, when it can be done, htld up to the admiration of their oountrymen we take creat pleasure in quoting the subjoined portraiture of Mr Lincoln and his official subordinates as drawu by cne who is known to be in the closest personal relatione with them, and who., therefore L well qualified to speak from an intimate know ledge of the men he commemorates. \\ e have only to regret that in doing justice to the excel laut heart and conscience of the President, the Orator should have thought it proper to apeak oi Mr. Lincoln as having "the exterior of a "jes ter " " tritier," and " demagogue, qualities which were never revealed to us in our intercourse with him, now extending through many years. We quote from a speech of Mr. John W Forney, de livered at Chester, Pennsylvania, on the evening of June 5th, before the Union League of Delaware oounty, as wo find it reported in the " Morning Chronicle" of th? 9th instant: ?? I with some of my Democratic frieud?, and even some of iny Republican friends, could go to Washington to see the incalculable, th? arduous, and the UDPar?lleled ^?po?T 8ibilitie. of tbe officers of the Adunn.stra ion. \N hen I ?ee the labors of Mr. Lincoln and the members of his Cabinet, I feel sorry that I bave not more strength to Biiuuort them. These enormous responsibilities, however, moke small men great, and make weak men strong, and compel a man to be a patriot whether he will or net Do you think these gentlemen m Washington have any desire to do wrong; that their interest is not rather to do the beat they can to serve and to save their country what strait they stand. Sometimes a Republican loses patience because we bave not victories enough home time. he complains that Gen Butler has not a command Bouirtimes because Gen Fremont is not restored to active service, and some are afflicted, but these ca-e* are very rare, because Gen. McClellan is not recalled. [Laughter ] This Republican friend forgets all the time that eve y complaint he utters is sure to help the common enemy, and no Republican can griluible without having some eager ? copperhead' at his ear reporting it as a means and an excuse for doing worse himself. I believe that n<> act has been done by the Administration of Mr. Lincoln that was not done with an honest purp so. " Mistakes have happened; mistake* will happen. You may say that it is mere servility to stand by and not criticise the acts of our rulers Be good enough, my friends, to understand that we are in a state of war; that the enemy of freedom is clutching at the thr, at of the Republic, that if our Executive cannot have supreme power for the moment to redeem our country we can never succeed. Mr. Lin coln, who is the President of the United States, I have Lad occasion to see frequently. No man has been more, malign*^d by his opponents ; no man moie ridiculed, if you please, than he; and yet it ha. so fallen that to him have ton odd fided these stupendous i-sues. He ha* be-n called a jes e . He has b en called a tnfler. He has been called a dema gogue I say to you around me here to-night that God his given us a President who, under this exterior, has the heart of a statesman, and the conscience of a christian patriot. Laborious, patient, and unassuming, he(isi acces sible to every man or woman that calls to see him. Liberal no man in the country has shown more liberality than he liberal above all to the men of the Democratic party who come in to help him. Convince him that a Democrat ? the determined supporter of the war and he gives him bis earnest light hand. Cabinet ministers and foreign kgrtwna have frequently been refuted a hearing m order that he might listen to the tale of a poor widow who has come to As to the other Departments of the Government, their work, their promise, and their performance are befo? y?u. Human experience may be searched in vain for such triumph as that of the Treasury Department. It is true that simultaneous with that question arises the fact that the people have done the work, and have given to the Go vernment all, and more than all, it asked^ As an old frt e trade Democrat, I am to-day convinced by this war of more things thau one ; but, primarily, I believe we are, in our present prosperous existence, furnishing to the nations of the earth ihe great truth that we must have a protec ive tariff. [Applause] Why, I recollect, jefernrg to this financial question, that when the war broke out, a dis^ tiuauished Republican Senator said : Mr. President, they are asking for sixty thousand hones; you never can pay this debt.' I remember, alio, the horror excited when it I was pioposed to pay our troops thirteen dollars per mouth. Some g^ntlemeu endeavored to show that no nation could ?taud such expenditures. Where are we n-w? Why, the prosperity is so abouuding ail over the Northern Stnteo that God seems to h.ive thrown a htlo about us of comfort aud p.ace. Men are prosperous to-day who were never prosperous before. Employment has been given to thou gauds of men aud women who sweated along fur years at tbe lowest wag^s. 1 regret te .ay that many of those who Lave so flourished are now assailing the Administration aud the couutry itself. "If you leave the treasury and go to the navy, there again vou find that the science and invention of the people have startled all the nations of the earth. It is true, we cannot accomplish marvels. Our impaMeiit pe ople are so proud of their country, so ba,.p> in tbe fact "t living in such a country, that they caunot hear defeat The n-?vj and the trea-ury, however they may be assailed, have yet fii.ed with glory the records of the CMuntry. _ ?' i he War Department has undoubtedly been the most ass tiled. Only where there is the most responsibility there is the utmost criticism. Whe.e there is the most work to do, and the most patronage to give there is the most.sue piciou 1 am i uniting this list rapidly over, not to indulge in the mere praise of individual., but to give you *n idea of the ii.ju.tice of the assaults made by thoM who attack the war, aud of the fearful responsibilities of the ministers of the Government. The War Department has had her culean ta?ks before it. Mr. Stanion, called, as a Demo crat, under circumstances you will all remember, to suc ceed a Pennsylvania who retired with a high an.I uoble record, after having laid the foundation of that doctn,,? the employment of loyal colored men of the South?has bravely discharged the duties of hi exact'"? . 1 have known Mr Stanton for nearly fifteen yeais. He has never been a politiciao, though always a Democrat, and a member of th* bar of great distinction. I remember bm, many years ago, when he made a speech in an Ohio De mocratic Convention, aud the circumstance is now recall ed for the first time in a long while. He at tention by a remarkable expression. The old foge?ii.t the Democratic party concluded they would have a State C m ( vention, and tbe young fel ows, to wh ?ui Stanton and my self at that day belonged, (I am getting oi l now. (delte - mined that they w. uld have a hearing. Stanton was at the head of the live young men. They were rejected from their seats in tbe Convention, which was presided over by one who, if he were living to day, would undoubtedly be a copperhead. It was held in a ti,e*tre at C. lumbus Stan^ to-, was in the third tier. H? wrapped his arm round the pillar and addressed tbe speaker, ' Mr President, but fhere wn. no r, .pome. ' Mr Pre-ident. he shouted ?ga.n The President at last recognised him " d ' 1 address you here to-day the i. eanest man of the one bun Sr." ?ed l,rty tb,o..nd m,n ,.. !?? J<"> *????<? TLiughtfr. 1 Mr. 8c?nton is just this sort of a man termined, resolute, conscientious. If b* has one charac teristic more than any other it is that of pneo'l <andI pub lic integrity. No jobber can reach him; no talse contrac tor can get a hearing. With such he shows no mercy, no let""ln refere'nc^tlJ the State Department, we have another tiiuuiph of the Republican policy. To it we are indebted for the blessing that we are now at peace with all the na tions of the earth. Not a single ripple is upon the v where But I need not continue this catalogue. I Will only say, gentlemen, that what has been accomplished by this Administration, and by tbe armies in the field, has no parallel in human history." OEN. HUNTER'S RETALIATORY MANIFESTO. A letter frmn the correspondent of the Philadelphia In quirer, dated at Fort Koyal on the 3d mutant, contains the following paragraph in relation to the late retaliatory man ifesto ol Gen. Hunter, which wan first published in the " New Houtb," printed at Port Royal, and a copy of which appeared in the Intelligencer of the 'id mutant: "The letter froui Gen. Hunter to Jtfl'eraon Darin, under date of April 23J, i? a document which will doubtless at tract great attention through) ut the North, even as it has L >re. This letter is the coinmuuication sent by flag of truce ship to Havannah, and which was not received by the authorities in command. It has, however, been sent North by special messenger, arid by this tiuie has been read by the arch Rebel, he having rcceivi d it through our Northern lines. One thing is quite evident from its perusal, and that it that Gen Hunter is in earnest, and that if Davis chooses to commence a war ol extermination, Gen. Hunter will not hesitate t > meet the issue and protect, by all the power of this department, every so'dier in it, be he white or black. We are waiting with interest for JefTs response, wonder ing whether he will retract his brutal proclamation, or utter a fiercer fulmiiiatiou against our use of the negro in suppressing the rebellion, or ireat this former letter with contemptuous silence. Whatever course he may adopt it is certain that Gen. Hunter will not be swerved from the course which he ha* maiked out for himself on this question." ANOTHER Cotion Loan.?It it stated that Confede rate agents iu Faris had proposed a scheme of a aeeond cotton loan (or the Confederates, to the eitent of 8ve tn I lions of pounds sterling, but the Messrs Rothschild re fused to negotiate it. ? JUDGE LE4VITT. We Itarf received & oorumuo'Citlon ft mi a gent'emao la Ciuc unali v. h ? pr | o.t ? 11 h'tiit 'If ih? t*?k of defoudiug Ju^ge LbaVITT from soujo an wad versions which he ?? ? uui * to have btn n luiprop-rly east upou that Jurist by the references we recently made to hi* ruliugs aud utterances ou the occasion of the application made to bim by the at torney of Mr. Valfaudighaui for * writ of habeas corpus addressed to General Burusid*. A? the writ-r replies to th?ee animadversions without having our articles before him, and professedly " relies on his recollect on for the subbtaiioe of I hem," we cau find in this fact a sufficient explanation of the uiuapprebeuaious under which he labors iu seeking to defend Judge L^avitt from certain charges without exactly knowing what they are. It the apo logia of this officer will fully possess himself of the allega tions we wade, and should then think it worth while, at the instance of Judge Leavitt or in his behulf, to undertake a vindication of his conduct, we shall gladly make room for it, as we know hardly of anybody whose conduct stands more in need of explauarion as th<* case now stands in the public judgment. But, (or Judge L.'s sake, we would not like to publish a' vindicition" which is chiefly remarkable for misconceiving or overlook ing the allegations actually brought against him, aud which, therefore, by mistaking the issue, leaves him no better thau it finds him. THE LIBERTY OF THE PRESS. A meeting of Editors of Newspapers in the city of New York was held at the Astor House ou Monday afte:noon to consider the " subject of the nature, extent, aud ligbt ful limitations, if any, of the public journalists to criticise the conduct of the Government in a time of war and civil convulsion." Mr. Horace Gkeelev, of the Tribuue, was elected Chairman and Mr. Elon Comstock, of the Argus, cboaen Secretary. Among those prrtent were W. C. Pfiui*? Jouuim ol Commerce ; Mr. R C. Hort.n, Csucasun; Mes<is. Wm. Cauldwell aud Horace P. Whitner, of the Sunday Mer cury ; Horace Greeley, of the fr.bune, J. B. Beach, ^u >; Anson Heinek, Atlas; Rev. Dr. Prime, Observer ; P. J. Meehan, Irifrh American ; Mr Ottendotl r, St?ats Zeitung ; John Claucy, Leader; Theodore Tilton, Independent; Cornelius Matthews, New Yorker; Robert McFarlmd, Scientific Aiuericau; M. 8. Isaacs, Jewish Messenger; James Brooks, Express. Mr. Brooks, of the Express, stated the object of the meeting iu some brief remaiks, after which Mr Greeley offered a series of resolutions, when the following gentle men were appointed a committee to consider the resolu tions aud report the result of their deliberations to the meeting: Mr. Brooks, Mr. Tilton, and Mr. Prime. On motion, the Chairman and Mr. Ottendoffer were added to the committee. After a recess, the meeting was again called to order, when the resolutions were unauiuious|y adopted, after some amendments, as follows : " Whereas the liberty aud rights of the press, as affected by the existence and necessities of a statu of war, and especially of civil war, are topics of the highest public concern; and " Whereas recent events indicate the existence of grave misapprehensions aud lamentable confusion ol ideas with regard to this vital question ; Therefore, " Resulvtd, That our coLC^ptions of the righ's and duties of the press in a season of couvuUiou aud public peril like the present are briefly summed up iu the following propo sitions : " We recognise and affirm tbe duty of fidelity to the Constitution, Government, and laws of our coun'ry as a high moral as well us political obligation resting on every cit zeu, aud neither claiui f r ourselves uor concede to others any exemption from its requirements or privilege to evade their sacred and binding force. "2. That treason and rebeiliow are crimes, by the funda mental law of thi? as of every other country, and nowhere else so culpable, so abhorrent as in a republ c, where each has an equal voice and vote iu the peaceful and legal d rec tion of public affairs. "3. While we thus emphatically disclaim and deny any right as inb-ring in journalists or o h>rs to invite, advocate, abet, uphold, or justify treason or rebellion, we respectt'u ly but firmly asseit and maintain the right of the pr>-ss to criticise freely and fearlessly the acts of those charged with the adminutra'ion of the Government, also those of all their civil aud military subordinates, whether with in tent directly to ensure greater energy, efficiency, and fidelity in the public servioe, or in order to achieve the tame i-nds remotely through the substitution of other per son* for those now in power. "4 That any limitations of this right, created by the necessities of war, sbou'd be confined to localities wherein hostilities actually exist, or are imminently threatened; Mid we deny the right of any military officer to suppress tbe nsues or foi bid the general c rculation of journals printed hundreds of m les from the seat of war." A resolution was adopted authorizing the President and Secretary to forward copies of the resolutions to the Pre sident of tin United States and to the members of the Cabinet. Before doing so, however, they were requested to call upon the editor of each newspaper not represent? 1 at the meeting and obtain bis sigdature, if possible, to the resolutions. The meeting then adjourned. THE PROPOSED PRESBYTERIAN UNION. The Genral Aiseuibly of the Presbyterian Church, Old School, ill ?es*i n at Peoria, on Friday Int, being the eighth day of its session, adopted the following resolutions on the luliji c' of the prop s d reunion of the two branches of the Presbyterian Church, vii: 1. R sol red, That, in the judgment of the General As sembly, it is not deemed expedient to take at this time any dec djd aci iou with reference to a ^union of the New and Old School Presbyterian Churches. ii. Risohrd, 1 h :t in the fraternal correspondence now hippily luaugura ed the General Assembly would rec. g nise an initiative iu the securing a butter understanding of the rela'ions which tubfist between the two Assemblies and th-' means of promoting that mutual charity and that just appreciation of the true ground of Chri<tian uui in and fellowship wb'ch may serve to prepaie the way for a union that shall be harmonious and permanently promotive < f the interests of truth and vital godliness 3. Resolved, That as a s ill further preparative to such a desirable union, the General Assembly deem it important? at d this in re'erence to both branches of the Presbyterian Chureh?that the ministers and elders, and such as have tl e rare sn i instruction of the young, be increasingly care ful to exhibit clearly tho di tinctive principles of Christian d> clrine and Church polity as held by the Presbyterian Church ; that the ministers of these two branches of the chur.-h cultivate fraternal intercourse and interchange of v.ews and feelings, and i i all suitable ways encourage and a?d i ne another in the spurnptiate works of the ministry ; that the members of the < ne and the other branch connect tbemtelvi s with existi: g congregations of either rather "than cast the r ii fliience an 1 th?-ir aid with bodies whose principles and form of government are foreign to their ou n. The committee of the General Assembly of the Presby terian Church, (Old School,) in session at Peoria, Illinois, last week made a report on a resolution which had be-n referred Iu them proposing to r.iise the national flag npon the budding iu which I he Assembly is convened. In . e gard to tbn matter and the state of the country the report says: " The General Aaaem1 ly would not withhold from the Government of tlie United State* that exi>re**ion of cordial sympathy which a loyal people ?h?nld offer. We believe that Go'l hna afforded im ample resources to auppreM thin rebellion, and that, with Ilia bin ning, it will ere long be accomplished; we would animate those who are now dis couraged by the continuance and fluctuation* of these costly ?fcrifeai to remember arid rejo re in the supreme gov ernment of our Oi d, wh > often leads through perplexity and darkness; we would exhort to penitence for all our national airin. to sobriety and humbleness of mind before the Great Kuler of all, and to constant prayerfulness for the Divine ble??iug; and we would entreat our people to beware of all schemes implying re?i?tanoe to the lawfully constituted authorities, by any other means that are re cognised as lawful to b? openly prosecuted. "And as t i? Assembly is j-eady t> declare our unaltera ble attachment and adtie ence to the Union established by our fathers, and our unqual fied condemnation of the re bellion ; to procla m to the world the United States, one and undivided, as our country ; the lawfully chosen rulers of the land, our rulers ; the Governmrnt of the United Ntates, our civil G.vrnment; and its honored flag, our fl*g; and to affirm that we are bound in the truest and strictest fidelity to the du'ies of ChrUtiau citizens under a Government that has strewn its blessings with a profuse band, your committee recommend that the particular act contemplated iu the original resolution be no further urged upon the attention of this body." This report waa adopted by the Assembly. A RESERVE STANDING FORCE. It ia stated that Governor Curtio, wf Pennsylvania, haa received from the Secretary of War directions to form a volunteer force of fifteen regiments, of which five will be oavalry, designed it ia understood as a defence for the Htate border in any contingency of raids. The Governor, it is aaid, will make every effort to aeeure the early com pletion of the oorpa. Whether tbey are to be out of the new conscription or to be raised separately ia not stated. THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. The army cot respondents of ?h? New York papen, writiug from lb* beat quartet a of Gen. Hooker, give the particular* of tbe movement of n part of tbe Aruiy of tho lVtomac which whi briefly alluded to iu tbe lntelligenoer ol Saturday last. Am we suspected, it was merely a ro oonnoissauoe, though iu conaiderable fore*, to accertain lhe poaition and strength of tbe enemy on and near the Kappahanuock, which object appear* to have been accom plished. Tbe f. Mowing account ia extiact-d Irom the cor. rt rpundi-nce of the New York Times : Hkaihiuahtehh Aiimy or tub Potomac, e, .. .. . . .. Satuiday, June G, 1?63. for the third time in an months tbe U?pp?hsuuock ban beeu successfully croaaed by our brave meu, with flight loaa. The poaition and designs of tbe enemy uot be in* sufficiently apparent to tbe commanding Geuerol, a heavy rectiiuioituunce in force waa ordered to be made H 'loax the river yonterday, to determine where their chief force Uy, or in what direction it waa moving The indication* for a day or two had beeu that the ene my were moving, but theamoky, duaty state of the atmos phere, aud the absence of any ((Tensive demonstration! against auy portion of our lines, left the direction of their march in much doubt. On Thursday a number of ctmpi heretofore in aight auddenly diaappeared, and Thursday niglit the line of pickets along the river wa? doubled. Yeaterday morning the Eugiueer Brigade was ordered to proceed to the river, with a pontoon train sufficient for t?o bridges. Howe's splendid lighting division of the Sixth Corps was selected for tbe work of crossing, and the point for lujing tbe bridges was just below the mouth of Deep Huii, at tbe identical spot wbere we have crossed twice before Our infantry aud artillery, as well as the engineers, be gan to debouch on tbe open plain opposite tbe crossing soon after uoou, but lor some reason active operations were not commenced until about five o'clock. During the afternoon tbe pickets of tbe enemy lounged on tbe oppo site bmk, apparently filltd with a?touithinent at the pre parations! tbis "demoralized and weakened" army wbich were going on lijjht under their noses, Save this picket of tbe enemy no other force was visible, aud the impression wax strong that the enemy hsd left Ab ut five o'clock the engineers drove their teams down to tbe river bHiik aud commenced unloading The rebels j at one betook themselves to the rifle-pits and commenced ' . firing Tit1 rifle pit here is a very stroug one, aud our men I were wittiu very close range. Quite a number of the en i gin ers were soon wounded, and it was evident that the I old and successful method of pushing men across in boats w uld have to be adopted. Oeu. Howe at ouce ordered the Twenty-sixth New Jersey, (!ol, Morritou, of the Vermont brigade, to mau the boa's, puih over aud storm tbe rifle pits. Six of the batterieo of tbe Sixth Corps, vis : Williston's, Butlei'a, llaints,' McCartney's, Cowan's and McCarthy's were placed in position on the plain, and lor ueatly two hours ?belled the rifle pits aud the flanks of our position very vigorously. Their practice was excellent, Iho rifle pits being almost demolished, yet the cnsualities among tbe euemy by shells were few. The rebels stuck to their position until the gallant Jersey men set foot on the south hide of the river, at about 6^ o'clock, when, notwithstand ing tbe shower of canister sent after them, they fled be fore the lapid charge of our men. Indeed, they could not well leave before, for our guns completely swept the plain, aud the rill? pit was by far the safest place for them. The Twenty-sixth New Jersey was soon followed by the Vermont regiments, and that whole brigade crossed in the ht at?. Skirmishers were immediately deployed, and we at once advanced in tbe direction of the Bowling Green road, covering D. ep Run on our right, and a point below Mauefield on our lef?. Some sixty or seventy prisoners were soon brought in, being the main part of the force which had occupied the rifle pit. They belonged chiefly to I he Second Florida Regiment. By dirk our skirmisher* had advanced nearly to tbe edge of tbe timber beyond the Bowling Green road, without having met the enemy in force. Pickets, skirmishers, and soouts were plenty, how ever, and in the direction of Fredericksburg the rifle pita seemed to be full of men. The enemy used uo artillery ugainat us, and none wa* seen. A lew wagons hastily moved down tbe Telegraph road, aud a f,iw tents were seen south of Fredericksburg. At eigbto'clock last night, when I left the sj>ot, these were all the indications that had been di cover? d. Tbe prisoners give but little information relative to the enemy. Enough was learned, however, to convince us that a large portion of tbe enemy's force is still in the neighborhood of Salem Church and Chancellorsville, appa rently on tbe watcb for our movemeuts, rather than on any off-n-ive demonstration of their own Tbe charge of tbe New Jersey regiment (Twenty-sixth) is deserving of special praise. Almost any other regiment would have done the same, doubtless, but they are nine months' men, and their time is out in three days. They thus go home crowned with the glory of this additional achievement, and thus add to the lustre of tbe arms of that State already won on many a battle fleld. The conduct of all our men was most admirable. Tbe Fifteenth and Fiftieth New York, and the Regular Battalion behaved manfully, and withstood a murderous fire at close range. Our casualties are five or six killed, and thirty-five or I forty wounded. Among the former we have to lament Capt. Charles E. Cross, of the Regular Engineers, shot through tbe brain while at the river bank in charge of the bridge details He was a gallant and accomplished officer, and his loss is deeply regretted. He bad rendered valu able services at every former crossing, aud was promptly at bis port again when he was struck by tbe fatal bullet. Saturday Morning. June 6?11 o'clock. Another squad of prisoners to the number of thirty, cap tured during the night, were brought In this morning. They report a small force of two or three regiments imme diately in our front, but give little further ciue to what ia going on within tbeir own lines. Our force is gradually feeling its way out, aided by a couple ol batteries of artillery, and there has been more or less skirmishing and considerable sheiing on the extreme front ever since sunrise. The br.dgea were completed about nine o'clock last evening, aud the remainder of Howe's division passeJ over and took position for the night Our crossing tbe river surprised tbe enemy very much, prisoneis stating that they had no id*a we would m?ke the attempt in daylight, aud they had even postponed the reinforcement of tbeir pickets until night, confident that we would not attempt to cross until after dark. The operations caused a great commotion among tbe enemy, aud Longstreet's corps was massed in F>edericks burg last night, fully expecting tbe place to be attacked by daylight. This morniug they moved ofl' to the right iQ tbe direction of Hamilton's Crossing. It is fully ascerta ned that the rebel force is nearly all yet iu Ibis vicinity, and that Gen. Lee has not yet really begun any independent offensive movement of bis own, although his intention to do so is pretty evident. It is quite pro bable, also, that whatever movement* Gen. Lee has made during the past week have been based upon suppositions of our movements as much as upon anythlng.else. Tbe correspondent of tbe New York Times at the head quarters of the Army of ths Potomac writes as follows under date of Monday evening last: " Th* situation here remains unchanged. The position taken by Howe * division on the aoutb bank of the Rap pahannock on Friday evening; is still peacefully held. The only hostile manifestation during the pant twenty-four hour* has been an occasional shell from one four-and-a-balf inch Rodman, stationed on the hills on this side. Our skir mishers hold the line of Deep Kun an i the Bowling Green road, while the enemy are in plain sight, about one-fourth of a mile further on No large bodies of their troops are in sight. About one mile directly in front of our position and on the crest of the bill is a battery in light, but this ia all we can see. There is abundant evidence, however, that the enemy is closely watching our movemeuts, evidently hoping we may cont nue our advance, and meet him on hia chosen ground. That depends altogether on circumstances. Our troops lay on their arms in the open plain, covered by several batterirs of those fierce brass Napoleons. They are in excellent spirits, and enjuy this episode far better than tbe dull and tedious life ol camp. " A large detail of men is to-day engaged in destroying the enemy's rifle-pits on the bank of the river near where we croasi-d. The ditches are being filled up and tbe bank* levelled ofT, thus restoring the groun 1 to its former level surface, and depriving the enemy of the immediate use of this defence, and facilitating the passage of our troops over the ground. " No general engagement is yet imminent. There are indications, though not very numerous, that ere the week is over there may be noteworthy news, though from what quarter and in what shape no one seems to know." Fredericksburg is still held by the enemy, and no at. tempt has been mnde by our troops to take it. WASHINGTON DESPATCHES Rev. Dr. Gitrlky, of the New York Church, of this city, has been appointed vioiter to West Point. A letter from there states ns an example of the efficiency of the graduating class of cadets, that they dismount a cannon and separate the parts of the carriage and remount and reunite them and fire the gun in twenty-six seconds. Senator Shbhman, of Ohio, ia in this city. Last winter he made special opposition to military arrests, saying that two-thirds of them had bren wrong and foolish, and it it thought that his errand hither at this time is with reference to the subject generally. Senator Trumbull took much of the same ground, and henoe he was specially persistent in getting through the bill providing the ways and means of proceeding in courts with persons who might be arrested by Executive authority. His late speech at Chicago ia affirmation of his views a? expressed in the Senate. It is understood that Admiral Dahi.gRRN is to be ?ecood in command under Commodore Foote.?Sun.