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?IdlUTT AID U?IOB.*OW AMD rOEBVIK, 0?B Afc? kHOCPAUABLB." THURSDAY, JUNE 11, 1863. THE ABMY OF THE POTOMAC.?A KBVIEW. We have already spread before our readers at full length the Report made by the Joint Com mittee of Congress on the Conduot of the War. This report, whioh was given to the oountry in ad vance of the testimony on which it purports to be based, has been widely disseminated, having been furnished for this purpoae to the politioal pi ess. It has, moreover, been printed in pamphlet form, and industriously circulated by a class of persons who, in performing this labor of love, (or hate,) doubtless suppose themselves to be doing the State some service, when to others they appear ra ther in the guise of gratifying their own peculiar prejudices. The factitious importance thus given to this document may perhaps deserve to prooure for it a more respectful treatment than its origin or con tents would alone command, and as the grand Army of the Potomac, under its present energetic leader, has for some weeks suspended its active opera tions and gone, with the approval of the entire oountry, into spring and summer quarter?, we have had ample leisure for reviewing what this brave but unfortunate army did under the lead of Gen. McClellan, who, it seems, early lost the oonfidenee of the War Committee by retaining his untried troops inactive during the winter of 186l-'62. If we could have foreseen the recent long inactivity of this army during the season most favorable for military movements, we might have made our re view of its past operations at an earlier day; but, supposing as we did that all our available space would be taken up, after the mud of winter had dried, with the chroniole of its marohes, battles, and conquests under its present gallant and " fight ing " leader, we did not immediately address our selves to the retrospect invited by the committee. During the last three or four weeks, however, we have devoted a portion of our time to the perusal of the evidence on which the committee profes* to base their report, and, while the Army of the Potomac is lying idle under the summer bowers with which we are pleased to learn the troops have embellished their familiar camps at Falmouth, we suppose we cannot do better than entertain our renders with the narrative of what it accomplished under a less active and energetic leader. If our narrative should at any time be interrupted by a renewal of hostilities between Gen. Hooker and Gen. Lee, it will be easy for us to resume it again, and to pursue our investigations of Gen. MoClel lan's conduct under the additional advantage of comparing it with that of Gen. Hooker as evidenced by still other achievements than those whioh sig nalized the oampaign of Chancellorsville. In referring to the very voluminous testimony compiled by the committee, we deem it neoessary to make a few preliminary observations by way of in troduction, that the reader may properly estimate the value of the report oondensed from it. In the first place, it is to be remarked that the committee put forth their publication without hav ing before them moie than a single ofl&oial report of the operations on which they pronounce judg ment. That was the report of Gen. Barnard. In the seond place, while clothed with pjwer io send for papers as well as persons, and while aware, from the Annual Report of the Seoretary of War in the month of December, 1862, that " the communications between the Department and the respective commander, were prepared under a re solution of the 8enate at the last session" for trans mission to Congress, they never called for th. se most important doouments, and waited to be bluntly reminded by Gen. Ilalleok of their duty and pri vileges under thii head. When he was summoned before them as late as Maroh 7, 1863?the com mittee was appointed early in December, 1861? the General-in-Chief, in reply to a question about the operations of the Army of the Potomao, sug gested the way in which they could prooure au thentic information on the topic of their inquiry. He said?we quote from the printed testimony, page 451: -I would make this suRftostion: either the 8fn*te or the House of Representative*?perhaps both?made a call upon the Department for all instructions tele urnms, orders, &c. in relation to the Army of the Potomac. Th^y w'H turnish the most satisfactory evidence upon these subjects. -The Chairman, [Mr Wsde ] Those papers were not received by CoDgreas before the clo?e of its last session, and cannot now be obtained by Congrtas unleas another call is m&de. ' ?? The witi.ess. 1 know that copies of them all have been made and it w?s the intention to send them to Con oregi I do not know the reason why they were oot svnt 7hi, c mmilltt, hutring powtr from Congrutf .end for paper,, a, v*// a? per,o??, ran call upon the Executive for thott copie,." When thus left without excuse for a persever ance in their total neglect of this source of infor mation? which one might suppose would have been the first applied to ? what did the oom rnittee do ? Send for the papers all prepared and ready at their oall ? By no means. The ohair man of the committee, Mr. Wade, having stated that he had seen " the large paokage of papers re ferred to in the testimony of Gen. Halleck, and judging that many of the papers there oopied were of no tpecial importance," he added that " he had requested Gen. Halleck to select suoh an he deemed important relating to the points to whioh his atten tion had been callcd by the committee, and to lay thtm. beforo the committee." Instead, therefore, of having in this report the papers as they were prepared by the War Department, for transmission to Congress and the country, we have the seleo tions made from them by Gen. Halleok. In the third place, if the reader has a right to be surprised at some of the persons who are called to bear testimony before this committee on- mili tary operations, he haa equally a right to be sur prised at the omission of the committee to call othera who, more than almost any body else, were cognizant of the facts under examination. As an illustration of thii peculiarity we may cite the eurious circumstance that twelve psges of this volume are devoted to a reproduction of the testi mony of one Uriah H. Painter, a newspaper cor respondent, who abundantly proves himaelf to be % swift witness but no expert in military affairs, while Brigadier General 8eth Williams, who, as | the Adjutant General of the Army of the Poto mac, was familiar with every step taken by Geo. MoClellan from the date qf its first organization, whs never called to render his testimony before this committee. In the fourth place, this testimony, suoh as it is, is not published aa it was taken. It is marked by suppressions in more plaoes than one. Having given so muoh of the official correspondence be tween the War Department and Gen. McClellan as Gen. Halleck thought important for a portion of the investigation, the oommittee end by giv ing the testimony where they think proper and suppressing it where they thick proper. Of oourse a dooument thus compiled has no olaim to either genuineness or authenticity, exoept so far as the truth may be eviscerated from the volume by a careful comparison of the testimony in its present shape, and by a oollation and reduction of the con flicting opinions it oontains. There is one point upon whioh no obscurity rests?we mean the provinoe assigned to them selves by the oommittee in the performance of their duties. On this head the members say in their report: , " Your committee concluded that tbey would best per- I form tbeir duty by endeavoring to obtain such informa tion in respect to the conduct of the war as would belt I enable them to advise whit mistakes had been made in the 1 pott and the proper courte to be pursued in the future / to 1 obtain ?ucb information aa the many aud laborious duties I of the Presideut and h\a Cabinet prevented them from ac quiring, and to lay it before them with such recommenda tions and suggestions as seemed to be most imperatively I demanded; aud the journal of the proceeding* of your committee ?how that, for a long tims, they urre in constant communication with the President and his Cabinet, and neglected no opportunity of at once laying before them the I information acquired by them in the course of their inves tigations." The committee oonoeivod themselves, it will be seen, to be associated with the President and the Cabinet, in the active direction of the war. The way in whioh the oommittee performed their duties may be gathered from such ityimations as the following, contained in the journal of their proceedings: Washington, January 21, 1862. 1 he committee met pursuant to adjournment; all the members present. The chairman was instructed by the committee to ad I dress the lollowing to the Secretary of War< j "Committee Room, &c " Washington, January 21, 1662. I "S>R: I am instructed by the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the Present War to inquire of you whether there is such an office as commander-in-chief of the army I of the United States, or any grade above that of major ge neral t If to, by what authority is it created 1 Does it exist by virtue of any law of Congress, or any usage of the Government? Please give us the information asked for at your convenience. I " I remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, " B. F. Waue, Chairman, Ac. I " Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War." j Washington, February 11,1862. I The committee met pursuant to adjournment; Mr. John son absent. The chairman informed tbe committee that, pursuant to I their instructions of yesterday, he and Mr. Chandler wait- I *d upon the Secretary of State with the testimony relating to Gen. Charles P. Stone. The Secretary of State con ducted them to the Presidents, and in his presence such portions of the testimony as waa called for, and there was time to read, w*a read by the stenographer of the com mittee. By direction of the committee an interview was had by a portion of their number, (consisting of the ohainnan [Mr. Wade] and Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee,) with the Secretary of War and Gen. MoClellan on the 19th of February, 1862, relative to " the importance and neoessity of at once wiping out that disgrace to the nation?the blockade of the Potomac and the siege of the capital." On behalf of this sub-oommittee, Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, made the following report, see p. 85 : " Gen. MoClellan stated that the subject had been con sidered by him, that be ba4 just then been seeing what could be d<>ne, and in a abort lime expected to be able to inform ua what steps oould be taken. When asked how aeon aomething would be done, he replied that it was not I a question of weeks but of days, and proceeded to state what had been done. The inference from what he said was, tbat some stepa were now being token, and the delay I simp'y depended upon procuring the necessary means. He said he could not give his conaent to take meu over on the other side of the river without having their rear protect ed, and having all precautions tak.-n to secure their re treat, if uecessary ; that be designed first throwing a tem porary bridge across the Potomac over which to cross his troop*, and immediately proceeding to erect a permanent bridge ??To which the chairman [ Mr. Wade] promptly replied that with 150,000 of the moat effective troops in the world upon the other side of the Potomac there was no need of a bridge; they could beat any f ree the enemy could bring against them, and, if any of them came buck, let tbem oome back in their coffius. To which Gen McClel lan made no reply. "Mr. Johnson stated tbat the interview with the Secre tary had been a very satisfactory one; that the Secretary listened attentively to all tbat tbe chairman said, and al though the chairman sometimes made his statement to Gen McClellan in pretty strong and emphatic language, the Secretary endorsed every sentiment he uttered. The Secretary feels as strongly upon this subject as this com mittee doea." The subject of the division of the Army of the Potomao into corps engaged the attention and di reotion of the committee as follows: Washington, March 3,1862. The committee met pursuant to adjournment; Mr. Odell absent. On motiou of Mr. Chandler, the chairman whs instruct ed, unanimously, to notify the President that tbia commit tee detire an Interview with him and his Cabinet to-mor row evening at 7 o'clock, at which time this c<>mirittee will again urge upon their consideration the absolute ne cessity of dividing the Army of the Potomac into army corps. Adjourned to 11 A. M. to-morrow These extracts will suffice to show the wide ju risdiction assumed by the Committee on the Con duct of the War. In our next number we shall have something to say on the use which the com mittee made of the evidence they took and of the amotions under which it was taken. Our succes sive numbers under this head will appear from time to time aooording to our convenience, and in the absenoe of more interesting and important to pics of remark. GEN HANKS REINFORCED. NRW York, Jiinr 10?Advices from New Orleana per the Cahawla state that reinforcements from Braahear City and other pointa, to the number of aix thousand, reached Gen. Banka on the 30tb and 31at of May, and our troops thus outnumber the rebela four to one. The rebels are entirely hemmed in, and no aucoor can reach them. Their force is varioualy atated at from six to ten tbouasnd. They are well supplied with cornmeal, but have few other provision*, tnd only a amall supply of ammunition. Itwaa believed impotaible for them to hold out much longer. THE ENROLLMENT IN PENNSYLVANIA. CnNNKLLSRURtt, (Pa ) JtrHE 10.?The enrollment meets with great reaiatance among the ayinpatbitera with rebellion in Fulton eounty. Some of the enrolling < tflcera have been pelted with egga Threata are freely made against their livea. In aoine instances tbey have txen abot at by partiei concealed in the woods, and attemp's have been made to deter the officers froin the execution of their duties. The barn of Win. H. Powell, enrolling officer for Thompaon township, was flred by a gang last night. It was entirely consumed, together with all the stock, farming nteoaila, Ac. THE LIMITATIONS OP CRITICISM Much debate bM recently arisen with regard to the right of free discussion and tho nature and degree of the limitations, if any, of that right during a time of war. It seems to be the opinion of mili tary legists like Geo. Burnside and Geu. Hascall that all civil rights, including the right of free discussion, are doomed to suffer a partial eclipse in the Loyal States because of the dark shadow which rests on the States in rebellion and whioh are the theatre of contending armies. If harsh oomments on the civil authorities are not admissible in the camp thty are equally inad missible, says General Burnside, on the tribune, where their promulgation may reach the ears of our soldiers and induce apathy or disaffection, if not aotual mutiny. And, starting from this premise, he immediately jumps to the conclusion that if it be lawful for a military commander to arrest and try before a oourt-martial the soldur who holds language that tends to produce insubor dination, it is equally lawful to arreBt and try be fore the same tribunal the oivilian who commits an offence whioh is similar in its nature and similar in its effect. Gen. Burnside seems unable to conceive that, alike under the constitutional and statute law of the land, there is a distinction between the civil and the military code, or between civil oourts and oourts-martial. Or, if he has a reminiscence of some suoh distinction as belonging to a time of peace, he seems to imagine that all such discrimi nations are merged by the fact of war. If any object to this simplification of Uwb it is naturally held by Gen. Burnside that all such per sons are exceedingly unreasonable, if not " disloyal at heart." They should willingly give up their rights for a season, he urges, that they may after wards eDjoy them forever. We have no doubt that Gen. Burnside is entire Iv sincere in this view of hi9 duty and prerogatives, but his sincerity does not atone for the grievous error into which he haB fallen. He should learn that those who protest against his proceedings are equally sincere with himself, and that all their protests procced from the solemn conviction that he has confounded acts which reason, right, and law combine to keep eternally separate, wherever the processes of the civil courts are undisturbed by the actual shock of arms. Those who object to his proceedings on the ground of their illegality do not desire to procure any im munity for treason or any lenity for traitors. They demand only that Gen. Burnside, in vindicating the laws violated by others, shall not break them him self. When the last Congress passed enactments designed to cover precisely such cases as those of Mr. Vallandigham or those of the Chicago Times they insist that these caaes shall be tried by the law made and provided for them, and not by the will of the commander, for it was expressly in order to exclude all necessity for the arbitrary re sorts of the latter that Congress passed the statutes of July 17, 1862, and Maroh 3, 1863. Loyal men who themselves respect the laws have a right to complain that violators of these statutes are not tried under them. Neither the President nor Gen. Burnside haa any " dispensing power" which enables them to unbind the sanctions of these laws, whether as applicable to them or to others. Their duty is to enforce the laws, not to suspend or supersede them. 1'hat it should be necessary for us to re-state such familiar axioms only shows the strange dislocation of idtas pro duced by the wrench and strain of martial violence The true doctrine was propounded on this subject by Mr. Senator Trumbull, when, a few days ago, he was called to consider the question raised by General Buruside's meditated suppression of the Chicago Times. He then said : ??The Constitution protect* u? all in time of war as well ft! pence. Tie Constitution expreafly givea ibe power to auppreas insurrection aud put down rebellion, lbere ii uo question but that a General has authority! but it is a quraiion how far that authority extendi. There ia no war in Illinois. Have not the people and tb? papers in th;a city a right to discuss aud ciitieise the measures of this war? It ia a right which you claim?every one of y?u. There ia nut a m?u of you but baa diaouaaed and criticised tbe acta of the Administration. Tbeie is not a man who has not blamed this Government for certain acta, and if you deny newspapers the rgbt to express their opinions, then jou are aubjecta of military authority. There ia civil law in operation here. A newspai er baa been auppresred in your cily> and it is claimed thai that paper haa attemp - rd to discourage our soldi. ra, oppoaed tbe acts of the Ad ministration, and eucouraged reaiatance ?o the draft. Now, if that paper ia guilty of aucb acta its editora could be ar reated and thrown into prison. The law should be en forced." He then proceeded to read f >r the information of those whom he wu addressing the statute of the last Congress fixing the manner of proceeding and the peualty in the case of ill who should oppose the Government or sympathize with the enemy in time of war. It is the same statute and section as were cited by the Intelligenoer in giving the "law of the case" as regards Mr. Vallandigham. And in view of the remedy thus made and pro vided, Mr. Trumbull asked that instead of news papers being suppressed by military ediot their proprietors and editors should be tried under the laws, and oondemned by the laws, if they give aid and comfort to the enemy. This is the right course. It is only strange that any thing so sim ple and primary ahould require authority to com mend it at thin stage of development in the politi cal world. As to the limitations which should be plaoed on the right of free discussion in a time of war, so far as they may be imposed by moral rather than legal oont-iderations, no general rule can be prescribed, fcr on this, as on all other topios of moral duty, men will differ according to their education and tastes, as well as according to their relative probity of intentions. In regard to the essence of the ques tion raised under this head, every thing must de pend on the tone and object of tho criticism. As is well said by an Administration contemporary, if the critioism " be unfriendly, harsh, malignant, in " tended to mislead the public mind aud not to " enlighten it; less designed to correct the errors " of our official agents than to further the ends of " parties and factions, it has unquestionably a bad " effect, and takes away frjui the publio servant " one of his main incentives to earnestness and ao " tivity, the just appreciation of his efforts by the " people. But if that criticism be sincere and " honest, and of a nature to expose the mistakes " of the men in power, or to show in what way " they are departing from tho convictions and in " stinoti of the people, or the acknowledged prin " oiples of law, the tendenoy of it mutt be bene " ficial." It ii to be observed that many of those who are moat Loarsc in their denunciations of others be cause of au assumed right to express dissent from the measures of the Administration are themselves very free in pouring out upon the head of the Pre sident the vialsof their wrath whenever he happens not toaet in unison with their views or in deference to their passions. This was amusingly turned by Mr. Senator Trumbull to the confusion of the Chicago meeting which was oalled to suitain tho suppression of tho Chicago Times beoause of its alleged opposition to the Administration. Mr. Trumbull said : " The Constitution is broad. It grant* all powers ue ceaaary, even for tbe auppiession ol treason iu the North. [Applauae ] Yea, gentlemen, it ia just aa legal and bind ing upon tLe General iu the field and the civil officers of the nation a* it ia upon tbe humblest citizen in the laud, lias it come to this, that you will deny iu the free city of Chicago tbe right of a citizen to discu a the acta of tbe Pre?ideut? [Cries of ' We won't all ?w it,' and 'None but copperheads do that, and we will atop thein.'] Ia there a mao in this audience who his not expressed to day his di satisfaction wuh some act of the Prerideut T [Cries of ' Yes,' ' Yea,'' We have none of ua ex pressed any dissatisfaction.'J Ah ! do all of you, then, think the Presi dent's revocation of Gen Buruside's order suppressing the Chioago Times waa right? [Cites of 'No!' 'No!' 'It was wrong" ' He ought to have enforced the or der."] Then you all deserve to be taken in hand by the military power and gent beyond the lines." If we would see how muoh of principle there is in the condemnation which some journals visit on harsh criticism when it comes from anti-Adminis tration prints, we need but mark the tone of their comments when they have oocasion to ex prees dissatisfaction with any act of the President. For instance, among the journals which were fore most in deprecating the harsh and intemperate language of the Chicago Times was its contempo rary, the Chicago Tribune; which latter held that the former deserved to be suppressed for the liber ties it took in speaking evil of dignities. After the President had annulled the order of General Burnside suppressing the Times he had a right to count on the support of the Tribune, or at least on immunity from hostile and insulting criticism. This is what he received. We quote from the Chicago Tribune of Saturday last: " As President Lincoln, by unconditionally revoking the order of Gen. Bumaide to ruppress the organ of J- ff-raon Duvis has given it and alt other traitorous shee s full license to b urt ih'ir treason in the face of the loyal massts of the nation, be surely cannot b ame ua for nairaing a few his torical facta, and indicating for ourselves and tie true lib erty-losing and law-abiding people of the Union what course we deem it our duty in the future to pursue. If treason goes unrestrained and unpunished, loyalty u ay apeak freely. " The loyal massea of the Union nominated and elected Mr. Linco u because they believed him honeat and pairiotic, and especially beciuse he waa tbe best man we could elect. The other prominent Republican candidates were Mr. Seward, supported by tbe ultra radical section of the par ty; and Mr. Bates, the repieseutative of tbe conservatives. Nearly all far-aeeing patriotic meu were convinced that neither of theae candida'ea could by any posaibility be elected. Aa a compromise they urged tbe uaine of Mr. Lincoln, aud the reault haa proved the wisdom of their choice. * * " " Bu' the time for mtre compromise candidates has pass ed. Aeguhrr. qualities will not insure the election of any mun to the highest office in the nation during the lifetime of the present gincratwn. The people will have a man of strong executive will, as well as personal purity aud un flinching hon? aty of purpoae. ? ? ? " If any 01 e is humiliated and disheartened at the events of the lust two and a half years, let him take courage. Have faith in G< d and tbe patnotiam and the purity of tbe people. Tbe doubt and anxiety will in a few more mouths give place to energy aud hope. That which loyal men have moat deplored, in tbe dispenaations of a'i all-*i?e Providence, may have been necessary to the total extinc tion of (livery and the biinging back of the nation to tbe recognition aud the practice of thoae vital princtplea of go vernment on which our fathers acted. God governa tbe affaira of men, aud to Ilia discipline let us cheerfully sub mit for tbe present, and, acting well our own part, trust to His wisdom and direction for the future aalety and the glory of tbe nation." Now, how much better is this contemptuous persiflage than the acrid criticism of tbe ultra Democratic press f Why will not the Chicago Tribune take a lesson from its own book ? PERMITS TO GO SOUTH. A passenger boat ia to leave Annapolis, Maryland, on the first day of July next, by which women aud children will be allowed to go to the South, provided th?-y comply with the annexed regulation*: All applicatons for passes to go Sooth muit be made in writing and verified by oath, addressed to " Major L. C. Tl'KNEK, Judge Advocate, Washington," as follows : "I A B., applicant for a pas? to go to City Point, Va , and now residing nt ??, do solemnly swear that, if said pass be granted, I will not lako any property excepting my wearing pparel, h d that all the ur icles to te taken with me nre contained in the irauk or paokage delivered, or to t>? delivered, to the qetrtermaster on the transport Ktenin?r on which 1 hui to go to City Point. That I h*ve not been in any insurgent Mate, nor beyond the military lines o' the Ooite 1 SiHtes witbia thirty day* last oust. That I will not re'urn within the military linea of the United Stat** daring the pie seift war; i nd that I have not iu my trunk, nor on my j>er eon, any pa) era or writings whatsoever, nor any contraband articles. No person will be allowed to take more than one trunk or package or female wearing appar l, weighing not ov?r Me huidred pound', and subject to inspectiou; and if any thing contraband be found in th? trunk or on the person the property wi 1 b* forfaited and t ie pats revoked The baggage of each applicant must b- delivered to the quar termaster on the passenger boat at Annapolis, for inspec tion. at least twenty-four hours previous to the day ot de parture. Children will be allowed to aocompany their mothers and relatives, and tike their usual wearing apparel, but t'<? name and age of each child must be giveu in the ap plication. Ladies and ch Idren desiring to come North will be re ceived on the boat at City Poiut and taken to Annapolis, and every adul'. person coming North will be required to take and subscribe the oath of allegiance to the O ivern rnent of the United States before the boat leaves Fortress M on toe. THE CLASHES UNDER THE CON8CRIPTION. The conscription bill divides citliens liable to draft into two cla>s?s One comprises all able-bodied men between the ages of twenty and thirty-five, married or unmarried' and all unmarried men between the ages of thirty-five and forty-five. The second class includes all married men be tween the laat named sg>-s. It turns out, according to the enrollment in New York city, that the proportion of the firat clss< to tb? second is nearly as four to one. There is do reason why the same ratio should not hold good through out the count y generally. Ia the extreme tier of West ern States, the Territories, and California, the proportion of the tirst claas to the second will undoubtedly be larger. As the second class is not to b>< drawn upon until the first class ia put into service, it appears that the Benedicts be tween thirty-five and forty-five stmd but little obar ce of the draft; in fact may be considered as practically exempt from it unless the war becomes one of extermination on both sides. LOUISIANA A meeting wss held at New Orleans on the 40th ultimo, by delegates from that city and Jefferson parish, to pre pare a plan for holding a Stat* Convention in Louisiana for tbn purpose of framing a new constitution. (Jen. Shepley, Military Oovetnor of the State, was communi cated with upon the subject, and replied by letter in which he statxl although the et-Ject of the Convention desired to be called met his hearty concurrence, still be thought that what the basis of representation to the Convention should be was a question more properly to be decided by the peo ple themselves than by any military authority, and that no shadow of suspicion of military dictation should darken the future page of the brilliant record of returning loyslty and renewed devotion to the Union and the Constitution in that Hate. He informed the committee that he wonld ' immediately order a register to be mad* of tboee voters ! w jo might voluntarily come forward to register themselves THE CAVALRY FIGHT OF TUESDAY. On Tuesday morning two brigade of Geu. Pleasautou's oavalry, under command of Gen. Bufo d made au impor* taut reconuoiasauce to Culpeper. I'Uo force was Com posed of Gen. Buford's brigade, aud another cavalry bri gade under couimau 1 ol Col. B. F. Davis, supported by two batteriea of artillery aud two regiments uf infantry aa a reaerve. At half-past twelve o'elock on Mouday night tbe cavalry bivouacked near Beverly Ford, Rappabauuock river. At three o'clock next morniug tbe men were ctiled, tbe horses ted aud saddled, and at four o'clock tbey crossed tbe ford. Beyond tbe fold waa a semi-circular belt of woods, with a range of rifle-pita near tbe edge of tbe tim ber, and a line of pickets guarded the ford aud the aoutbr id bauk of tbe river. Tbe Eighth New York Regiment (cavalry) crossed firtt, and diove the picket* back to the rifl* pit*. Tbe cavalry tbeu charged directly through tbe rifle-pit*, and, after a desperate combat, cleared tbe wooda, tbe enemy tailing back upon their artil'ery aud maintaining their position until twelve o'clock, wbeu our artilleiy came up aud they were driven to Cu'peper Court houae. Nearly all the fighting was done by the cavalry, and it waa oi tbe bloodiest character, mostly baud to hand, with ?abre and pistol. Xu tbe wooda tbe heavy timber wan not verydenae, ao that homes could advauce through ir, but tbe undergrowth was tbiok, aud wbeu a trooper dropped he was effectually concealed. Our lota was considerable, aud the slaughter of tbe rebels waa tearful. The proxi mate numbers of tbe caaualtiea on both aides are not yet reported. The enemy outuumbered our men, but thry could not withstand the impetuosity of our troops. Among tbe casualties are: Colouel B. F. Davio, killed ; Cnpt Benj F. Foote, killed; Lieut. Cutler, killed; Lieut. Reaves, mortally wounded; Lieut. Vane, severely wound ed. Tbe above were all of tbe Sth New York cavalry. Capt. Canfield, regular cavalry, killed. The whole Union force engaged is stated to have amounted to five or six thouaaud meu. After tbe action commenced Gen. Pleasauton took command of our foroes, and Geu. Stuart took command of the Confederates about ten o'clock, coming up from Culpeper Court-bouse aa soon as he learned that a heavy fight was begun. It ap peara that be had made preparations to oross and attack us, but our forces took the initiative. Their success is said to have frustrated the plans of Stuart and prevented the raid within our lines for which he had gathered hia force at that point. Our troops recrosted the Rappahannock at four o'clock on Tuesday afternoon, and during the night a few compli ments were exchanged between our artillery aud that of tbe rebela. No < fflcial news in relation to this conflict has beru made pnblio, and we gather the foregoing particulars fr<>m the Republicau of last evening, which gives them on the authority of perst ns who took part in tbe battle. FROM SOUTH CAROLINA New York, Junk 9.?A Hilton Head letter gives Col. Montgomery's report of bis late expedition into the inte rior. Tbe report is to the effect that his forces destroyed a vast amount of cottoo, rice, and other property, sad brought off seven hundred aad twenty five slaves. A letter puts the value of the property destroyed at one million dollars. Co). Hawley, of the Seventh Connecticut, in an expedi* tion to St. Augustine, captured a hundred and twenty five head of beef cattle. Tbe towu of Bluffron was burned and immense stores destroyed on the 3J instant, by an expedition under Col. Barton. NEGRO TROOPS IN MISSOURI. St. Louih, Ju'nk 9?By special authority of Adjutant General Thomas, Gen. Prentiss has detai ed Col Pride of tbe Tuirty-tt ird Missouri Regiment, to superintend the organiznt on of co'ored regimeuts in this department. The order has b en fully endoisrd by Gen. ScbofleM, who has directed all the officers of the department to afford til the proper facilities for the discbarge ot this duty. Colonel Piide has al-o obtained permission from Governor Gnmble to enroll and remove from the State all negroes desiring to enlist, except those belouging to loyal owners. GEN. HASCALL RELIEVED Gen. Hascall has been relieved Irom the command of tbe military department of Indiana by an order of Gen Burnside dated at Lexingtou (Ey ) on the 6th inetaut By this order it appears that the States ol Indiana ai d Micb gan have been farmed int > a district, which is placed in command of Gen. O. B Wilcox In retiring fivm his command Gen. Hascall issued an order, dated <>n th- 6th inatant, in which be reacmds General Order No 9, issued by him on the 25th of Apr.l lait. He does this, he says, without instructions from any source, in order to leave b^s turoestor free to adopt such course as in hia judgment will best subserve tbe publio interest. The order tbua rescinded is the one which imposed obnoxious restrictions upon the conductors of newspapera. MORE BLOCKADfi RUNNER9 CAPTURED. Tbe U. 8. steamer 8unflower, Acting Master Edward Van Sice, on tbe 31st ultimo, iu the Quit of Mexico, cap tured the schooner Echo, with one hundred aud eight)-five bales of cotton. She was cent to Key West. The U. 8. steamer Qu Koto, Capt. W. M. Walker, on the 24th ul'imo, captured the schooners Gen. Prim and Rapid and tbe sloops J me Adelie and Bright, all loaded with cotton and bound to Havana. Tbe same vessel has aUo captured the schooner Mississippi, with one bundrrd and eighty-?even bales of cotton, wbirh, wi:h those pre viously rep >rted, makes seven prices within a few days. The same ve?srl, on the 14th ultimo, captured tbe scho? ner b? a Bird, of Havana, without log-book, papers incom plete, dc c The U. 8 ateimer Kanawha, Lieut. Com. W. K Mayo, captured < n the 18th ultimo, wh le running the ol'-ckvle at Mobile, bound to Havana, tbe sohooner R pple, with one hundred aud ten bales of cotton. Oa the previous day the fame ves?el captured the schooner Hunter, from Mo. bile, bound to Havana, with forty three balea of o ut n. In a left r of tbe 33th May, to the Navy D^paitment, dated at Key West, Acting Rear Admiral BaiikY says: " Hnce I took command, December 9tb, 1"62, forty three vessels have been captured by the vessels of this squadron and declared g kkI prists; others have been re leased by the court, and others still destroyed at Ir.diau river and other j,lac. s along the coast. Many prixea have been sent in by tocWeat India and West Quit squadron, making tbe number that have come in for adjudication since January 1, ltJ63, to be seventy." THE FUGITIVE 8LA.VK CASE Mr. John Jotliffe, who was eouusel with Mr. John Dean in resisting the surrender of tbe fugitive slave An drew Hall to his mister, George W Duvall, of Prince George's county, (Md ) were indicted by the Grand Jury ? >me days ago for obstructing the execution of the fufi tive slave law in the D.strict of Columbia. Mr Jolliffo appeared in court on Thursday last, and Mr. Dean yester day, and gave 1 ail in one thousand dollars each to answer to the indictment. The case will not be tried till the next term of tbe court. GEN. MoOLELLAN AND THE VOLUNTEERS. The Thirty seventh and Tbirty-eighth New Yoik Volun teer*, lately counected with the Aimy of the Potomac, but whose time has expired, bad an Imposing reception in New York city on Monday last. A 1 t?f the militia regiments took part in the proceedings, and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed. Tbe soldier* were reviewed by Gen. McClellan from the balconyof the Fifth Avenue Hotel. He wascheered most heartily by the soldiers. Cheers followed cheers in quick succession, presenting, according to the representa tions of the newspapers, a scene of tbe wildest and most en thusiastic excitement. It was expected that he would ad dresa tbe soldiers, bu'. be did not do so. Gen Sickles bri- fly addietaed them iu front of tbe Metropolitan Hotel. In the evening the soldiers of tbe Thirty-aeventh aud Tbiriy-eightb were entertained in a most sumptuous manner at a ban quet given in their honor at tbe City Assembly Rooms Mayor Opdyke presided, and welcomed the soldieis b uie to tbe city of Now York. 8peechen were also made by Col. Haytnan, of the Thirty-seventh, Col Strong, (wbo was on ciutcbes,)of the Thirty-eighth, Judge McCunn. G -n. Sickles, and others FORT LYON, NEAR ALEXANDRIA, BLOWN UP I A TERRIBLE ACCIDENT. We learu that a terrific expl.iaiou occurred at Fort Lyon, distant about two miles from Alexandria, ou lueaday afternoon, by which ibe fort wu nearly demolished and some twenty or thirty u?u lost thrir lives. The explosion was accidental. At about two o'clock some meu were examining artillery ammunition at the noitheru entrance to tbe fort, wlieu, from ? >uie unknown cause, oae of the shells exploded, igniting several others which also ?xp ode J, aud immediate^ afterwarda the magazine blew up, caus ing a tremendous coucuaaiuu aud reduciug the fort aluioat to a w.eck. Aa before "tati d, betweeu tweuty aud thirty uieu were killed, about aa ujauy more were slightly wou ided, aud a few others severely wounded. Tnese were all taken to Aloxandiia for treatment. We have not been able to learu any further particulars. It is said that tbe f?rt was occupied by one of the German companies A laboring force haa already commenced repairing it. The Union of laat evening gives aouie further particulars of tbe ? xploaiou at' Fort Lyon, mentioned in yesterday'? Intelligencer. We copy the fol'owiug: Tbe accident occui red at about hfieeu minutes past two ??'clock, resulting iu the iutint killing o' nil tbo*e iu and about ihe magazine, some twenty-two in number, and woundiug eeveuieeu more in tbe fort. Tbe accident occurred in tlie f ?rt proper. It appears tbat Lieut Col. Scbimer, wbo h the commmdant of tbe fort, had ordered tbe auimuuit!On, wuicto be thought in bad condition, to be taken out luto the air At the tune of the explosion he wa< at Washington, leaving the fort in cmiu mand of Capt Scfoauuiberg This latter gentleman was at dinner at the time of the accident. Tbe force of tbe explos on dismounted several guns, demolishing nil tbe line officer*' quarters, and making a eoiiip eie wreck of the whol* exterior. Tbe b >dies of tbe killed were dreadfully loutilited and torn. Shell of all Mizes and weights were thiown in all directions?many of thein for miles?and a great many exploding wubout doing grea7 damage. Glass was broken in the house of Gen. 8lough, at bin reside ice in Alexandra. Partition Wilis were thrown down iu that city in several dwellings aud stores. In tbe fort, offi -era and m?n were bl >wn over tbe para pet nearly one hundred feet by tbe concussion, with little or no injury. The sentiuel had Lu musket torn from bis side by a shell, and himsrlf throwu into a ditch forty feet distant, witn sliubt injury. The killed am >unted to twen'y-two, vit: One lieuten ant, two sergeant*, and twenty men The wounded seventeen. Four of these are lieutenants, who are but slightly wounded. Immediately after the accident a guard of seventy-five men waa detail-d from Fort Ellsworth by order of Col. W?as> lis, who were immediate'y placed in charge. All the guus tbat bad been dismounted were immediately reuiouuied, and the fort placed iu a proper condition for defence. I he wounded were all conveyed to the Alexandria hos pital* and th ? convalercent camp CifBis were pr ocured lor the dead, aud tbe remains have been decently interred with the u?ual honors of war Alt tbe killed are stated 10 be Germans Foit Lyon in eituat d on B ?llenger'a Hill, on the oppo site aide of Hunting Creek, about a mile and a half from Alexandria The explo?i< n shook tbe house* in m-tuy pa<ts ol Alexandria, breaking the window g ass and jarring down the plas ering, but doing no otb-r d?m>'ge. SUMMARY EXfclCU 1 ION OF lihBEL SPIES. Mukfkeeshmko, June 9 ?-Col.Ltwreuce William Or on, foimerly Liwrence Williams, of the Second U. 8. Cavalry, one time m Gen. fcott'a st- ff, and late Geo. Brxgi^'a chief of artill-ry, and Lieut. Duul.p, of th* rebel army, were arr. st> d and hung as spiea, laat mgbt, at Frank - lid. under tbe following c rcumatances : Tbey made their appearance at Franklin iu full Federal uniform, horae, and equipments of Ocl >nel and major, and presenting them selves as Inspectors of the Uuited States army, having or ers iroin Aa-ista .t Adjutant General E. D. Townaend, and countersigned by G?n. Rosecrans, to inspect the forti* filiations of this Department. Col. Walkins grew suspicious of tbem, and Oommujicated his duubta to Col. Baird, wbo telegraphed to Kuseciausif any such persons held positions in the army. Qen Rosecrans repl ed in the negative. On finding themselves detect* d the rebels confessed. Docu ments oi a treasonable nature and cuutr&San 1 information were found on them. Uen. R'>?rcran* ordered a court martial, and this m<>rniug they were hanged. Col. Baird trlegrapbed tbat tbey were spi^a of no ordinary character, who o >ufea*ed tbat tbey thought Ibeir f?te was just and died like brave soldiers. Ortou wai a Cousin to Uen Ro oert E. Lee, and was a br..tber of Wi liamj, late ou Me Clellan a staff. [A despatch is said to have teen r- cem-d in this city froui (ieu. Koseciana confirming the above in all particu lar. ] LATE FROM EUROPE. Halifax, Jink 9 ?The steamship Africa, from Liver* pool on tbe 30.h of Muy, baa arrived. 1 ho pirate Alabama baa capturtd the ahipa Dorcaa, Prince, Union J nek, Sealaik, and Nye. The Nye ia a whaler. The Dorcaa, Prinoe, and Union Jack were bound from New York for Shanghai, and the He-dark from Boa ton for San Francisco. The dipt mat c relation* between EngUnd and Brazil have been broken. Mr. Roebuck baa given not ce that be will move in Par* I nm-ni ih >t England open negotiations with other Powera for tbe recog' itiou of the Southern Confederacy. Lord Montague will move an amendment. The Liverpool Pout gives prominence to tbe following, on the receipt of the Australian'* news: " Vicktburg ha* fallen. The Mississippi ia opeo from t*a moutb to its source Tbe Fedmal oatiae tu triumphed. There can now be no doubl of the fact that Oen. Grant baa aeix d the key of peace that i< hung up in the fortreaa at Vickaburg. Now i? the time f >r mediation. Jn*te*d of mdiilg n* the idea of aympathy or in vain hopes of tbe war continuing, every body win wi*b<a well to England and to tne win 11 at larg? ?h ul 1 promptly un te in an appeal to Lord Paluieratou reque-ting him not to lo*e a moment in propoi-ing terms not tnjuri< u< to the South, yet accept able to tbe Nurth '1 hi* luiportnnt news having only sr r vrd wbm we were go n^ ti? pre?s, we have only time to eipre?a tbe hope and payer that at las we are ou tbe sve ? f peace betwe- n the No tb and South " C tt' n had advance 1 from id. to i I. Sales of tbe week 04 000 bales, and on Friday 5,000 Breadstuff* dull, but atead) and uncbar g-d. Provisions flit Consols 934 a 93|. THE MEXICAN SUR^ND^R AT PUEBLA. San i Ktscisco, Junk". ? the steamship Constitution baa arrived fr< m Pan.tma, bringing, via Aeapulco, Puebla d ttea to tbe 19th of May sod city of Mexico advicea to tbe ssme date. O.i tbe 15th and 16th of May the French were repulsed before Fortress Carmen garrison and the inhabitants of Puebla were reduced to a state of starvation. and their ammunition eo'.irely given out before they would consent to surrender. Q?n. Ortega was greatly disappointed ia Gen Couiontmt not cutting hie way through with supplies. Un the 17ih Gen. Forey sent a fl<g of truce to Oen. Or tega offering to allow the Mexican offlivrs and soldiers to match out, the officers witi their an), -arms, provided tbfjr wou d givi? t'er parole not to serve agvnst the French again Tfi? waa refused by General Oitega, who in the meanwhile *p fced hia cai n-n, hurut bis oarrmgea, i-nd de coyed tbe arms of his mtnn ry. and then sur endered as priaoners < f war. O n K? gula and bis aid?, and other >iMn<nce ' (H era, preferring doith to b ing prisoner*, cum in 'ted au cide b) ntiootn g tiiem elve* dead T??e advance of itin t reucb army l* at Uboluls, six miles be>ond Puebla, on the way t. t e capital. The M xica s ?re much embittered agi'nat the French. All Frenehm n in the ci y ol viexicohave been ordered to leave wi bin eight days. The VI- xtran* are d-termi ed to defend ti e approaches t? the cpiial to tne last aud drive he inva?!eis of their oountry back Great enthusiasm pre vail* aiuoi'g them to eig-<ge in ih* coming Strugs e, not withstanding the d aaater which befell the heroic garrison of f'uehla. Tte foregoing news is fr 'm M-xi "'in aources. In Sao Frmci'co tlie houses of M? xo*ana are drap-'d iu mourning, while tiie French ha*e the tri o -lor every wh?.? flying. A RAID ON THE MATTAPONY RIVER A lommuolcation fr.rn Admiral Lee, enolosmg a report of Lieut. Com. Oillis , reoetvrd at the Navy D p irtment. 1 stat. a that a joint exp-diuon of army and naval forces" w. ut up the Mattapouy r ver on the 4tti in* tan t to a point some ten mi!es above Walkortou, where they destroyed a foundry, with al. ita maouiaery, which was manufacturing for th-' ri.euiy. The lanl forces also dea royed grain ?t other plac.-s, aid captured hors< s. mul s, and cattle. Too river below wsa hept clear, aud the rebels, attempting demonstrations at several points on the bank*, were die* pcti?d by tbe |unbo?t. The pa*y bad no casualties.