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Weekly National Intelligencer. By GALES 6c BEATON. JAMBS 0. WBLUHO, ASSOCIATE EDITOR. The subscription prioe of this paper for a year it Two D&bLAKS, payable in adranoe. ? reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of the full charged will he made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one time, ten copies of the Weekly paper; and a redaction of 95 per eent. (or one-foarth of the fall charge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one time, twenty or more oopies. No aecountt being kept for this paper, it will not be tent to any one unless paid for in advanee, nor any longer than the timeior which it is paid. THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC?A REVIEW, No. 2. We yesterday briefly adverted to the wide scope allowed themselves by the Committee on the Con dact of the War in performing the functions with whioh they were charged by both Houses of Con gress. It appears that very early in their investigations they desired to possess themselves of Qen. MoClel lan's " plans/' Gen. Richardson and Gen. Heint zelman, the first officers called before the committee at their first session, were both vainly interrogated on this point. In the second of their sessions, held on the 26th of December, 1861, they celled before them Gen. William B. Franklin, known to be a trusted and confidential friend of the Gen eral-in-Chief. The chairman, Mr. Wade, pro pounded to him the following questions, (see evi ?? dence, p. 122 :) " Question. Do you know any thing in regard to the plan* of the Geoeral-in-Chief with relation to the opera tions of this army 7 " x newer. I do hnow something in regard to it. " Question. Are yon willing to disolose what you know to tbe committee T We are all twon to ttcrtty. We want to know what the plana of the Commanding General are. " Answer. Before doing so, I would prefer, if the com mittee will permit me, to see Qen McClellan on the sub ject, bfCttuH-) I do noUthink be has made known bis plans to any body, unleaa be has done so to one or two of his general officers. And be gave us these plans witb the un derstanding that we were to keep them to ourselves. If tbe committee will permit me, I would much prefer to see him before sayiug any thing to any body aboat it. " Question How long since you bave had sneh conver sations with Oen. McClellan 7 " Answer. The last particular conversation I had with him was a week sgo to-day. " Question. I will waive that matter for the present then." At a later stage in the examination of this same offioer, Mr. Wade returned to this topio, and again sought to elicit from Gen. Franklin his knowledge of the "plans" of Gen. MoClellan. Geo. Frank lin having urged that " there might be very good reasons for keeping things quiet, because we know that every thing so far has got out," Mr. Wade rejoined as follows: " The Chairman. This nation is making an extraordi nary effort Next Maroh we shall be $600,000,000 ia v debt for what we have already done. And nothing has yet been done that seems to be at all commensurate witb the exertions the nation has made. And every body knows that our finances are not in a condition to keep this up eternally. All this is hanging upon one man who keeps bis counsels entirely to himself. If be wss an old veteran who had fought a hundred battles,or we knew him as well asBcnaparte or Wellington was known, then we could re pose upon him with oonfideoee. But bow can this nation abide tbe secret counsels that one mac carries in bis head, when we have no evidence that he is the wisest man ia tbe world T "The witness. I think Gen. MeClellan feels that as joe do. He knows the country has reposed a great deal more cnn6dence in him than be has yet shown he deserves. But I believe he is doing all be can to show the country that be doea deserve their oonfidence. " The chairman. I am not complaining of his faith lessness. " Tbe witness. Now, whether he should tell his plans to all his generals of divisions?for if he tells one he must tell all?is a question. It may be a question whether he had not better heep tbem all to bimself. " Question by Mr. Chandler. Is it not customary, in a council ?>f wsr, for the commander-in-chief to take the views of his generals, sven if be does not give his own 7 " Answer. Yes, sir. Yet the best military authorities advise every general never to call a council of war. " Question by tbe chairman, (Mr. Wade.) Yet it is fre quently done T " Answer. Yes, sir; bnt not alwsjrs. I think it is bet ter for a General to conault his officers, and learn what their ideas sre without giving bis < wn. Gen McClellan has told me some things about his plans which I have not told yen. "Question. I understand that. "Answer And which I should like to see him about, in case you should want to know about it. " Tbe chairman. We will waive that for tbe present. Bui it it exceeding]] important that we thould know. We are here armed wito the wbole power of both Houses of Cong rets. They have made it our duty to ioquire Into tbe wbole conduct of tbe war; into every department of it. We do not went to do sny thing that will result in sny barm or wrong. But see do want to know, and we mutt know if we ran, what it to be done, for He country it in j< crpardy. I wsnt you, therefore, to consult Qen. McClel lan. Though we expect bim to be here and give us infor mation, we hope you will consult him, ss we may want to call you again.'' Geo. McDowell being summoned before the committee on the same day, immediately after Gen. Franklin, he was in like manner aaked if he was "in possession of any plans of movement now." Hia reply being in the negative, the chair man next aaked if the witness did not think a council of offioers should be held for the purpose of discussing the " plans/* whatever they might be. To this suggestion Gen. McDowell replied as fol lows, <p. 181:) " Pwple differ very much about council* of ?ir. I my self ne?er hiw inclined towards them ; and from all that 1 bar* read, and from my general opinion Of council* of war, I do not think well of tfeem. Bus this is a mere matter of opioi<<n. I think it would be proper for tba General in Chief to call upon any particular officer or offioers in oom mand or upon the ataff whom he might suppose had know led?e that would be uaefnl. I have no doubt that be would do so too. Council* "of war, wham all the offioera get to gether, and the quet|p*n ia discussed backwards and for wards, and voted upon, from all that I have evjy learned, have always proved W be of little aooount, even if they have not been injurious." The next person examined on the same day was Brig. Gen. Wads worth He too was asked to "stand and deliver" all that he knew about the " plana" of the Gener^l-in-Cbief, (p. 145:) " Question. What do you kaow In regtSM to the plan of the campaign, or the military operationsithat are to be carried into eflbct T ?' Answer. I do not know any thing whatever. You mean as to t be plana of tbe Commander in-Chief, t suppose. " Question. Vea, air. " Answer. I hare not tbe slightest knowledge of them." We might greatly multiply snoh citations, but these will suffice. Ihe next point of our present inquiry relates to the sanctions under which these investigations were made. The reader haa already observed that Gen. Franklin was encouraged to tell what he knew in the faith that the oommittee were "nil sworn to secrecy." The following ftatement, made by the chairman to Brig. Gen. Morell, when he was be fore the oommittee on the 28th day of December, 1861, will alao ahow the rule of duty understood by themselves to be prescribed to them in the oonduct of these examinations. (8ee Evidence, p. 179 ;) " m ItU ,Ufjfe?t?d to me by one of my colleacuea and I do not kaow but what I ought to .tato it. iatyoumtV ts?of'CMSilTofSi.Sk Wk tr" d*"u,ed M Kcomtat' u.V.H Vn.A^' ?JK,fh brMchef. ?">d ?? enjoined upon M apdm.de oar duty to make all theae inqulriea. And ma UTM ^ a^.r Z* t0 ,tCrte* in relalinn 10 ma ters M?n the amy officers therm fives. I auDDo*e tha purmfae o^iSln*" A l?A ??4'n *'? information for the w? ??n i 1 ??? ?. and e?cienc7 <o the army ao far aa in may have no beaitancy at all bo^ b?n^Ca1g/r*?,)' With M If the people, through w>th branche? of Congreaa, are entitled to tbia information it a proper that you ahould give it to ua. ' in? 1 i*T? but'lttle information Command movement? of"" T* ?on,ulted ftt a" *bout the to me?* 7 ?B,y ?*ry oat "?? order, aent Such were the injunctions of secrecy under which the committee originally understood their inquiry to be plaoed. After a large mass of evi dence had been accumulated, it appears, however, that one of their number, Mr. Chandler, " burn ing to tell what he knew in seoMt or open Senate Accordingly, we read aa follows in the journal of the oommittee for June 23, 1862 : oom^'L9h*ndler ,aidt ?hat he desired permiaaion of the befo? ? P0rtl0DB of the evidence takou mSSfkl!?#? * ?e""on of the 8euate; and aa there 2 K other occaaiona when the uae of the teatimony would be beneficial to the beat intoreata of the oountry I e??h member of thia committee be' permitted to make auch uae of the teatimony of thia com proper! CoD?reu, aa ia hi. judgment may be right and | G?och aaid that while he waa willing to permit in Kx?tiv* Senatorial membera of thia committee ght deem expedient, he waa oppoaed to any uae of it in CreDo"rted?!iilt,,S|[Hoa*? of Coo?r?M. until it should the\if ?<,inmittee, aa it would be giving srsiE? jf&ssr *? "?jm lowt*r' Chandler thereupon modified hia motion aa fol Cnmmit^ *jve Permission to have read in t^battbfnTw011 uf S?Dato the teatimony relaing to "U?nmnt?? S*?r' I,r*ini?' of Maroh *3. 18(i2 to'.. MtoSi:*" m0ti?? "" """" commftr?rh? Thttt th* .memb?r" of the Senate upon tbia m^v t.r ? Penni,,,0n to mak? ??><* ??? of the teat. S ?!L Ik committee, in Executive session of the "ij" 10 l^m ma* '??? expedient. Adjourned to 10 A. M. to-morrow." It will be seen that the permission thus given was expressly restricted to communications made in Executive or secret session of the Senate. The oommittee judged that it was not proper at that time to publish testimony avowedly taken under the promise and pledge of secrecy. Bat Mr. Chandler was importunate, and on the 15th day of July he procured the adoption of a resolution "authorizing any member of the oommittee to use suoh teatimony taken before it in either House of Congress as he may deem expedient." And, on the following day, the 16th of Jnly, 1862, Mr. Chandler delivered in open Senate a' speech in reflection on the military operations of Gen. Mc Clellan, in whioh he used the information obtained by the oommittee sgainst that offioer so far " as he deemed expedient." At this time, we need not say, Gen. McClellan waa still retained in command of the Army of the Potomac. But Mr. Chandler was not restrained by this consideration from publiahing to the world a sharp and bitter attaok upon the military char acter of that officer. We do not reproach him for this, as we assume that in so doing he supposed himself to be performing a duty to the oountry. And while we hold that discretion should impose its laws on all human oonduct, we have never been of the number of those who would deny to others the right of freely but always candidly animadvert ing on the oonduot of Generals in the field as well M of rulers in the Cabinet. That this should be done with modesty and reserve by unmilitary oivil iaDs is too apparent to need enforcement. But it is to be remarked that those who object on these grounds to all critioism when applied to the condem nation of officers novr retained by the Administration had no word of oensure for Mr. Chandler when he arraigned the conduot and impeaohed the charac ter of Gen. McClellan, while as yet in the field, in a specoh more remarkable for its acerbity and disparagement than for any other qualities. This tpeeoh, it is known, was widely republished at the South, as serving to sfcow the low estimate in which Gen. McClellan was held by an influential member of the present Administration. To this extent it gave 11 aid tad oomfort to tbe enemy, bat nobody had then discovered that it vu " trea sonable" to question the oapaoity of an officer merely beoaufte he was retained by the President in command. It was this latter consideration which was then rather held to justify men in being more outspoken in proportion to their want of con fidence in the General who was, as they deemed, unworthily retained. If some men have ohanged their theory of duty on this point, it is not because of any ohange in the prinoiple that governs a de cision of the question, but simply because "cir cumstances alter oases." THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC?A REVIEW, No. 3. In our last number under this head, in the course of the review we are making of the Evi dence and Report of the Congressional Committee on the " Conduot of the War," we had oooasion to exhfbit the sanctions under whioh the Committee professed to take the testimony of the witnesses otiled before them, and then adverted to the pub lio use subsequently made (before any report was given to Congress) of the evidenoe taken under the pledge of secresy. No sooner had the Committee entered on their labors than they sought to drive the Army of the Potomao into a winter oampaign. Commencing their examinations on the 24th day of Deoembor, 1861, they interrogated officer after offioer for the purpose of eliciting testimony against the inac tivity of Gsn. MoOlellan at that time. The first offioer oalled was Gen, Heintselman, between Whom and the chairman, Mr. Wade, the following ooHoquy was had: Mr. Wade. Would tbey gain much more by lying in camp than by swelling a little powder 1 Geo. Heiutzelman. I believe the whole army ia ready to move on. * * * ? ? Mr. Wade. It ieemi now to be a mere question of lon gevity with ua. The idea it, whether, if we ever are going to attempt to dislodge the enemy from besieging our capi tal and blockading the Potouiac, there is any reaaon why M e delay of the last six weeka should have been made, or why we should longer delay 7 Gen. Heintzrlmaa s I presume we could attack Cen treville and lake it. but it would be at a heavy sacrifice And we would probably accomplish the same thing by re maining in our present position, with perhaps a small advance. In the examination of Geo. Win. B. Franklin, had on the 26th of Deeember, 1861, Mr. Wade announced the following opinion in favor of " ac tivity." Evidence, p. 128 : Mr. Wade. We must run some risk; we cannot keep such an army as this without doing something ; we must get money for the army, and to get that we must do something, and do it ?s soon as it can be done; we must run a little hazard. If tbey are the best fighters tbey will wbip us at lsat, and I do not know but what tbey are. Certainly if their armies are more numerous than ours, and if they are as well officered and manned as ours, they will sueceed. We must do something. Gen. Wadaworth, who is quoted by the Commit tee on several points as a great military authority, gave the following testimony in favor of the prac ticability of a winter campaign, if only Gen. Mo Clellan had a mind to make one. Page 148 : Mr. Wade. Do you suppose a campaign at thia time of the year, in the winter, could be had against the enemy'a lines. Gen. Wadsworth. Yes, sir; a slow and cautious move ment could be bad. It must necessarily be slow, on ao oount of transportation. The men would also be exposed to considerable suffering; but the wooded nature of the country is favorable t?> a winter campaign. Tbe men, with a little care on the part of their officers, could be preserved from perishing, although tbey might suffer a little. In thick woods, like those io front of us, and in fact all over the seaboard of the United Statea, yon could move an army iuto the thick pinea, aud tbe men could make themselves comfortable, unless in the esse of a long driv ing rainstorm. This was evidently conclusive with the Com mittee. And we know of nothing that bears against the conclusiveness o? Gen. Wadsworth's theory as to the relation between " the thick pines" and a comfortable winter campaign except the fact that when this same army was under more energetic Generals during the winter of 1862-'3, it remained much longer ipaotive in its tents than when it was under the command of Gen. McClel lan. If there had been much virtue in a winter campaign among " the thick pines," we are sure Gen. Hooker would have discovered it, especially as he had Gen. Wadsworth with him to point out the military aptitudes of the Virginia forests. But it was in the examination of Major (now General) Abner Doubleday, on the 3d of January, 1862, that the capacious military plans then nou rished by the Committee, if only we had had Generals sufficiently oapable to Comprehend them or sufficiently cnergetic to execute them, were most clearly developed. They had planned a scheme for "substantially bagging the whole Southern Confederacy." It was on this wise, the examination of the Major being conduoted by Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, p. 212 : Mr. Johnson. I k.iow that military men have their owu plain, and perhaps they are right. I do not undertake to oontrov?rt that; but then, for instance, we have the block ade approximating completion; our position here; the Con federacy. we may say in abort, down in Virginia here; their President, Vice President, Cabinet, Congress, army, all is there; we have every thing here now fixed ready for a forward movement; then, when we look west, we see the great atream of life of this rebellion coming in there ; there is the line of railroad running from Richmond to Lynchburg into Eastern Tennessee, connexion with lines of communication by Chattanooga and the south, by Nashville, Memphis, across the Mississippi, to Little Rock. Major Doubleday. We ought to cot that artery, of course, in connexion with this movement h?re. Mr. Johns n. Now, would not a column penetrating and laku g possession of that railroad in their rear be as impoitant as any other point in tbia programmeT Major Doub!c*l?y That would be one of the most vital thinga we could do. Mr. Johnson. Suppose I state the case in this way: In connexion with this whole plan, a column penetrates through Kentucky into Eastern Tennessee; that, yon think, would be one of the most important movements in connexion with this plan T Major Doubledny. It would be one of the most impor tant, without doubt That is very palpable. Mr. Johnson. You, as a military mao, understand how these things operate. For instance, we have our position here ; a column penetrates there and takes posaeasion of that road at two or three places. That would be like taking two or three jointa oat of a backbone, or shutting our hand upon an artery and stopping the circulation. Major Doubleday. That would dissolve the army here at once, simply holding that position. Mr. Johnson. And substantially bag the whole Con federacy t Major Doubleday. Yes, sir. If this plan had been carried oat it would have greatly simplified operations, and, had it suo oeeded, would have reflected imperishable glory on the Committee. As it was, the favorable mo ment was lost daring the delay of Gen. MoClellan in the winter of 1861-'62, and this plan rests among the things that might have been done, but were not. We leave oar readers to draw the moral of this review when we remind them that the men who sat in solemn oonolave, talking after this sort, were the men who assumed to direct the President in setting up and patting down the Generals who commanded our armies. What wonder that oonfu ?ion has sometimes waited on oar banners ? STATE NOMINATIONS IN OHIO. Columbus, (Ohio,) June 11.?The Dsmocracy of Ohio assembkd in the Capitol to-day to the number of forty or fifty thousand. Every train ooming to the city bore hun dreds from every part of the State. It waa the largest and most enthusiastic Convention ever aasembled in Ohio. Ex-Oevernor Medill was ehosen president. The first business was tbe nomination of candidate for Governor. C. L. ValUndigham waa nominated by accla mation, amid tbe prolonged cheers of tbe multitude. Ex Senator Pugh made a fiery apeeeh denouncing the arrest of Vallandigham, hia mock trial, and despotic banishment. He execrated Burnaide'a Order No 38, tparned and defied it. In spite of his wish to decliqe the nomination, Mr. Pugh was nominated for Lieutenant Qovernor. Judge Van Tmmp waa nominated for Supreme Judge. Resolutions denouncing Vallandigham'a arreat were adopted. A committee of twenty waa appointed to wait on the President of the United States and demand his re turn. No interference by tba military occurred, the soldiers taking part in the proceedings. Resolutions thanking Gen. Mason nnd the Provost Quard for the gentlemanly manner in which they had discharged their dutiea were paased. Speeches were made by 8. 8. Cox, Samuel Medary, Judge Thurman. and others?all bitterly denouncing Oeu. Burnside and bis order. That order may be conaidered a nullity in Ohio, unless the Admiois! ration proposes to im prison two-thirds of the population. Qovernor Seymour, of New York, waa heartily endorsed. I A despatch from Jndge Parker counselling the Democracy I to rebuke deapotiam by electing Vallandigham was read and repeatedly cheered. OFFICIAL By the President of the United States of America. A PROCLAMATION. Whk&ka* the armed insurrectionary combina tiooB dow existing ia several of the Suites are threatening to make inroads into the States of Ma ryland, Wtstern Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Ohio requiring immediately an additional military foroe tor the servioe of the United States: Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, Presi dent of the United States, and Commander-in Chief of the Army and Navy thereof, and of the Militia of the several States when called into actual service, do hereby call into the servioe of the United States one ftndred thousand militia from the States following, Miamely, from the State of Mary* land ten vousand, from the State of Penn sylvania fifty thousand, from the State of Ohio thirty thousand, from the State of West Vir ginia ten thousand, to be mustered into, the service of the United States forthwith, and to serve for the period of six months from the date of tfftch muster into said servioe unless sooner disoharged; to be mustered in as infantry, artil lery, and cavalry, in proportions whioh will be made known through the War Department, which De partment will also designate the several places of rendezvous. These imlitia to be organized accord ing to the rules and regulations of the volunteer servioe, and suoh orders ss may hereafter be issued. The States aforesaid will be respectively cre dited under the enrollment aot for the militia ser vices rendered under this Proclamation. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and oansed the teal of the United Statea to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington this fifteenth day of J une, in the year of our Lord one thouaand eight [L. s.] hundred and sixty-three, end of the indepen dence of the United Statea the eighty-seventh. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By the President: William H. Seward. Secretary of State. GEN. HOOKER IN " SUMMER QUARTERS." The Morning Chronicle aeema very much anrpriaed and paioed at our atatemont tbat the army of Gen Hooker had gone into " cummer quarters" at Falmouth," with the en tire approval of the country." We believe our statement Is perfectly accurate, for we are not aware of any mur mura at the long inactivity of Gen. Hooker aiuce the bat ties of Chancellorsville, such aa greeted Gen. McClellan after the battle of Antietam. But our amiable neighbor ia especially abocked at our threat to renew a comparison of tbe relative merits of Gen. McClellan and Gen. Hooker, if at any time there should be a renewal of hostilities be tween Gen Hooker and Gen. Lee. It wants to know what " even a decent secessionist" will think of auob a thing aa that. TheChrooicle, it aeema, ha? asalutary horror of a?oh compariaona aince its friend " Occasional," the Washing ton correspondent of the Philadelphia Press, wrote to the latkr journal as follows on the eve of the Chancelloraville campaign: " He [Geo. Hooker] will take Richmond or die. He is ?o placed tbat death would be far more wrloome than de frat. With the frankness charsoteriatio of his character, he has so sharply criticised hit previous comma* ders, and many who were hia colleagues, tba' ihe na'i"D wi.l matino lively compare hia own success with that of the turn be haa selected for bia standard* of comparison Proud, cod fldent, daring?it may be ambit-ous?with (treat military skill, and a vast experience in our war, alwajr* victorious, ?-lways in the advance, loving dar ger f>r its exriiemeot, and war for its glory, I tbrnk Gen Hooker possesses m<?e of the traits tbat combine to make an ideal commander than any General 1 have ever kn wn. He haa -hown tbat ( he cau command a corps and a grand division; he his now to thuw tbat he can command a great army, aud this cam paign will make or mar him." The Chronicle need not fear tbat we will ever dig pit falls for Gen. Hooker after this atyle. But while our con temporary, like a true Dogberry and as in duty bou-.d, v> ry properly holds tbat " com pa isons are odorous," and takes the Intelligeocer to task for intimating a purpose to make them, why is such a flagrant offender as '? Occasional" al lowed to enctpe exposure and condemnation in its oolumna T But doubtless the Chronicle, after mildly disposing of us, ia reserving for him the seven thunders of ita indignation. NEW MILITARY DEPARTMENTS. A General Order of the War Department (No. 172) establishes two new military departments, as follows: I. The Department of the Monongahela, embracing tbat portion of the State of Pennajlvania weat of Johnstown and the Laurel Hill range of mountains, and the counties 1 of Hancock, Brooke, and Ohio, in the Sate of Vi'ginia, and the c< unti-s of Columbia, Jefferson, and Belmont, in the State of Obio. Tbe c> mmand of this department is assigned to Msjor Gen William T. H. Brooks, with his headquarters at Pitt-burgh. II. The Department of the Sarquehanna, embracing that portion of the State of Penn>ylv*uia east of Jobn* town and the Laurel Hill range of mou>i*a:ns. Tbe com mand of ibi* department ia assigned to Major Gen. Coucb, with bis besdquartera at Chaonbrraburg. DELAWARE. The Republicans of Delaware are beatiring themselves to elect a member to the Hoaee of Representativea in the plaoe of Mr. Temple, deoeaaed. At a great public meet ing held in Dover last Tueaday Governor Cannon pre sided, sod speeches were made by Mesara. Junes M. Scovel, D. Dudley Field. H. Winter Davia, G- n. Schenck, aud others. The platform unanimously adopted declared that tbe loyalist of Delaware know uo issues exoept the preservation of tbe Union; tbat all other interesta are sub ordinate to this; tbat the war should not terminate until tbe national flag shall wave over the whole land ; tbat the Ad ministration should, for this purpoee, employ ail tbe means witbin its power comporting with the usage* of civilixed warfare; and finally pledging to ita support the oo-opera tien of arms, means, and influence. NEW JERSEY. A State Convention, composed of delegates from the varioua Union Leagues in New Jersey, waa held at Tren* ton on Wednesday. Ex Governor Chaki.ks 8. OLDER presided, a Vice President being taken from each Congres sional district. The organization is baaed on the doctrine that the Union ia auperior to all party considerations. A State Central Committee and a Committee of Correspon dence, witlr a view to tbe formation of county and town ship Leagues, were appointed. An addreas to tbe people of New Jersey was also adopted, urging them to unite in putting down the rebellion at any coat. CAVALRY VISIT TO GATESVILLE, (N. C.) Five companies of the Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, a regiment which has performed much valuable service in the country adjacent to Norfolk and Suffolk, under eom* in and of M^jor Btratton, made a visit recently to Gatee Tille, a small village in Gates county, North Carolina, about' ten miles aouth of the Virginia State line, and twenty-five inilea from Suffolk. On the night of tbe 5th the command bivouacked within tour mllea ?f Qateaville, and the next morning entered the town, much to tbe surprise of the re sidents. Tbe scout was subsequently extended, and ou the third day the expedition returned to camp without the lose of a man, but *llh a large amount of esptured gc?ds and s number of contrabands. LATEST REPORTS FROM VICKSBURG. Corrftpondtnce of the Attociated Prett. Two despatches have been receiv. d in Washington from Mnj.tr Gen.Grant,addressed tod ffirent gentlemen In bigb officii position*. Tbey are dated on Monday, 8 th instant, a much >horter time in obtaining news from Vioksburg than heretofore. An important fact, and which baa occasioned much anx iety, ia derived from tb m, namely, that Geo. Grant was in communica'ion with Gen. Btuks as late aa tbe 4th in stant, at which time Port Hudson waa ci?aely invested. Gen. Grant reports, what is already known or believed, that J<>bn?ton is concentrating troops with whom to ope* rate sgainat him, a> d mentions a report that three divisions * re moving from Bragg to reinforce that rebel General Breckinridge is known to h*vr j ined him. Vicksburg is still closely invcated, and tbe aiege 1a pro gressing favorably. Tbe tone of the despatches is repreaented to be such as to show that Gen. Grant fears not the enemy either in bi* front or rear; that he will protect hi* lines at all hstarda. It is presumed that he did not k'iow at the date of the despatch whether or not he waa to be re nforot-d. This inormation inspires increased hope and confidence in tne final aucoesa of the al ge. THE SIEGE OF VICK8BURG. Corn spondcnce of iht Cincinnati QaxtlU Walnut Hills, Vick&bukg, June 6, 1863. Nothing coiild be more satisfactory than i< even now, after two weeks oocup?tion tbe pr>?reea of tbe si>ge. The ent're aspect of the Vitkburg bluff? h?s been c'bai gd from tbe crtdi'y and hnrmles-nr-cs of nature to sternness and deadly ?ff ctivencss of military science. Batteries frown from (he crest of every hill for a semi-circular tract of couutrj?Vicksburg being the centre?of ten miles or more; and although tne rebels ho'd dec dedly the rno.-t ad vautageiu* positions, so skilllul y have our batteries been placed, and so accurate is our sharpahoot ng. ibat we have ihe best part of the < argairi, and uot only hold our own, but continue to advance slowly all along tbe lines. The nearest approach we have mide to the rebel works is one hundred a>.d sixty yards, although in some place* our sharp >h oters are within fifty yard* of tbe rebel forts. This proximity has only beeu tbe result of great toil and labor ut night, and no amount of praise but what is due to our brave lad* for th^ir U'jc~*aing efforts, patriotism, and endurance. Tney hive worked wi'h a fervor and patience hirdly t<> be expect d after the disappointment attendant upon the failure of the two assaults, and they are reeon cited to a sit g- of any definite length Jut this will not now be requ>rrd Tbe probability* of another two weeks' resistance are, to say tbe least, extieme!y few, f.-r consid ering ti e b-niMe converging fir-- undrr which the rebel* are galled night and day. iheir disappointment in not re ceiving astosiauC'- fr m without, and the cru?hi?g con -e ousi e's that our army it increasing in ttreng h aud num bert daily, they really cannot bohi out that leugih ot time; besidea w?-y will not be put to that trouble, for I tbi k it u ibe intention < f Geo. Grant to smash the rebel defences rtry toon and capture the euiire garrison of Vicksburg. REBEL ATTACK ON MILLIKEN'S BEND. Special Despatch to the New York Tribune. In the Rear of VickpBckg, Jtft?E 8, 1863. There baa bw n no veiy considerable change in the situ ation here (ur several dajs paat. The siege ia regularly progressing. Our forees gain new positions from day to day only to fiud equal d.fflculties presenting themselves from other qunrtera We are mounting aud advanoing new Urge aiege guns a* last at possible. There are many indications that the rebels are becoming in waut of botu f od aud amuiuuitioo. All deserters coming into our Ituea and there are plenty of tbt-m, tell the same ato>y of suffering and destitution in Vicksburg. The women and children are oompelled to stay in Otves to avoid slaughter by abella, and of those in the caves some have been riaugbtrred, a circumstance of grent horror. I hme beard of DOtiiing new or startling from 0 n. John* I ton'* gathering bo<t. He was at Canton at last advices. There baa btv n some trouble along the river from Lake Providence d iwn to wi hin sight of Vicksburg. The rebeie have app oached and threatened our pott on the Loumana thure at Millxken't B nd Yesterday they irov?" all our forces to the river's brink, where they were laved by the gunboatt. There was considerable fighting for two days, the 1 as on both aides being s-vere. Two or morn colored regiments constituted the pr ncpai Uil'D force. The behavior of the regiments in the fighting on !>oth days ia varoua'y s'aed, some aaytng that ihey fougl t U-sro cally, others that they were inefficient and cowardly. Our loss in killed and wound.-d is estimated at three hun dred At Young'a Point, yesterday, within sight of VicksSurg, on the Louisiana shore, the r bete appeared in considera ble force, to the nuuibt-r of five hundred probably. We h*d nothing to oppose th-rn with but aome three hundred o< nv<ilesceat ???Id ers, who were hurriedly armed and thrown into line. The rebels formed a line of b?ttle, but, being promptly confronted by a Nrger looki g force thso they expected, aud having probably a wbole>ome fear of gunboats before th- lr minds retreated to the wools. There was s me little firing between pickets lat* in the svening, but nothing like an engagement or even skirmish. 0 ' ? ' THE LATE8T OFFICIAL ACCOUNTS. The Intert official accounts from Vicksburg are to the svenii g of tbe 1 Ith instant. At that time, the sieve was itill progressing satisfactorily, and Oen.Qrant entertained n > apprehension of a sui-casf.il assault in hta rear byQen. Johnston. , Tne fight at Milliken's Bend on Saturday, the 6th in stant, waa i f more importance than at firat reporte'. The rebela were twe .ty five hundrel strong, aod tbe Union force c>nai ted of three negro regiments and tbe T?enty-ibird Iowa Regiment. The rebel* made a despe rate charge at daylight, when the nettroes broke in confu sion; but on finding that their captured compsulon* were being slaughtered tbey were rallied, and with great despe ration held tbe rebela at bay until a gunboat came to their assistance. Our loss is reported at one hundred and thirty four, one burdred of whom were negroes The wounded waa about the same number. Tbe rebels left over one hundred dead on tbe field, and took away several wagon loads < f wounded. About tbe time the battle was over a column of rebels made tbeir appearance at Youug's Point. ' THE ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE PROROGUED. Fpringfiki.d, (III.) June 10?Governor Yates this morning issued an unconstitutional and revolutionary pro clamation proroguing the Legislature until 1865. The Re publicans left the balls, and thereby broke the quorum io each House ; but the Democrata refuaed to reoogntse tbe prorogation, and continued the seaaion. The Governor's pretext is that there is a disagreement between the two Houses on tbe subject of adjournment, but there waa no parliamentary diaagreement whatever. The Democrats, in the afternoou, finding themselves powerless to do any further busineaa, entered a protest upon the reoord recit ing tbe facts, and arraigning the Governor for his usurpa tion and unconstitutional acts, and informally left their aeats, not rcoignisiug an adjournment but a revolutionary breaking up of the Legislature. The Governor's procla mation waa intended to and did defeat the one hundred thouaand dollar appropriation for sink and woundeJ sol diers The final passage of that bill was pending in the House when it dissolved. There is great excitement here | and deep indignation against the Governor. NEGRO lROOPrl If OR PENNSYLVANIA. HaRmisbuko, Ji/.nk 14 ?Uov. Curun bas issued a gen eral order atatmg that colored troops will be mu.tered into the servioe of the United States by authority of the War Department, aod forbidding oolored men from leaving tbe State to Join organisations in other States. FROM PORT HUDSON. United States steamshp Mississippi, from Now Or? leana 8th instant, arrived at New York on Sa'arday after Doon. The newspaper* brought by her cootaio oo new* from P?rt Hudson. Qeu. ttherioaa, who waa lately re ported M baviug d ed of bis Wound*, la improving, and it la even thought that hi* i Jued limb may be aived. The Era of June 3J baa an important ord<-r from Qen. B inks to the effect that no interference ta to be allowed wi h plantation propeity. It is dated in the fi?ld, near Port Hudaon, oo the lit of June, and direct* aa follows " No peraon, military ?fflc?r or other, will tike f -om any pla< tation workrd by the United ?t>tea Qurteriaaa ter's Department any aricle of property whatever, ?r la any way interfere with the woi king of the aatne, and any oeraon or p*r*o>ia who have iak-n fr?m the A?'>land, B ?wden, L- Blanc, Hermitage, or Point Houmas plant t uons proper y of any de*oripion will r-turn (be a*me to tie plan ation from which it waa taken." We make the fallowing extracts from the late*t letters received from newapaper correapondmta at New Orleana. They are dated oo the 5th iuatant: " Nothing of importance had occurred at Port Hadaon np t<> the lat-st a vicea from thxt point. ftkirmuhing ia ?<mig on c< n?tantly, and every dny bri> g* with it * liat of killed ant w. uided Oir foreea are bus.ly ?' gag-d in the constructs n ot batteries along our eut re Ine, ant tk j will probably be cornel ted a id opeoed agaiu t tb* enemy ? itber to-day or to-morrow, when a few houra at the mt>st will decide the 'ate of the b*?i~ged " Tne rebela are again in f roe In the Attskapaa ooan ty, and have m.de their nppearance in numbers at 0?r> w ok city. Our force baa all b*en moved over the Atoha ftlays to Braahear, and our batteriea were engtged a few nigma aiuce in thelliog Berw ck, in order to preveut their annojing ua by a fire of ma ketry. The rebela ar* aald to havrt at Franklin a force ot from three to five thotiMmd men under Qrn. Morton, and m<>re un ler Kirby Smith, between that point and Alexandria. Qen Magruder ta known to have trken every mau he could r?t<e iu T.xas, with the exoeption of a few left to man the bat eriea at Oalveaton, and marched againat Geo. Btnks while he waa in ihe Attakapa* country. Hia force la aaid to have been at least tweu<y thousand men. and it is part of it th?tia now threatening Braahear oity." Another writer refers as followa to the oondltioD of tke belligerents at Port Hudsou ; " The Federal army baa been reinforced by a few negro laborers, who have been of value in ereotiog the line of offen ive and defensive works?by a few heavy si-ge cum wl.ich went uj> on the Cabawba, but by no auldiers. The Confederates are so c< mplett-ly hummed in, and the po?i lion i< ao perfectly invested, thit no reinforcementa or suuplie* cm reach Frank Gardner, so long aa Banka holds hit present lme of attack aud occupation Meanwhile, it a quite certain that Wei'Z-^l did rarry the upper batery, ana he is presumed U> be fast completing the uudergmand nigging which ia to resuit in the blinking up of une end of the Confederate works aud the creation of a breach suffi ciently Urge to admit the entrance of the army by column. The works of the attacking army, earth aud aand bags, ?*xfc-nd from the upper battery on the right to the Spring field landing on the lett?a distance of four and one half milea Ti>ey are aiz fret high, " in apota" higher, are near e enemy's work, well armed, and at once protective and rmidable. Banks rides daily more than once from one end of the line to the other. The positions of the division of tbe army corps is nearly the same as on tbe day of the last general attack." FROM MEXICO. DETAILS OF THE SUEBENDEE OF PUEBLA. Acc"unta from Vera Cruz to the 1st of Jane, received by w?y of Havana, bring the particalara of the aurrender of Purbla on the 17th ultimo to tbe French forces ander Qen Forey,of which event we had intelligenoe so me day a ago from 8itn Francisco. Early in tbe morning of tbe 17th Qen. M->ndosa waa aent by Qen. Ortega t> offer a capitulation i n condition that tbe garrison should be allowed to march out with tke hooora of war. This proposal Qen. Forey refused. Qto. Ort-ga thr-n called a counoil of hia pnncpal officer* tad repmeiit'd the state of t> flairs. Tbe oouncil agreed that a further defence waa impoasible. and, aince a conditional surrender was refused, tbey adviaed that all the amsil arms and artillery ahouId be destroyed, the flays burnt, and then word tent to Forey that tbey were bis prisoners. In compliance with tbia droisiou the followiog note wee writteu ; Qtn. Oit g-i to O n. Fur>y. GederaL: I- not ben g poa ible for me to con'inee de fending ttus pNce, for wan of munition* and pr>-viaions, I bave disbai ded ibe army which w?? at n<y orders and de* stroyed the arin<< including nil the artillery Tbe town, then f?re, remai'ia at y ur oisp >s?l. an I you c n order ua occupa ion, taking, if >o>i de-ui it proper, th* m-a urea which prude' ce may ?ug^eai to prrv nt ib* evils whioh a fo cib e occupnt on will br ng with if, when th?-r* ia now no lo-cewary f-r auch. The gen-r Is. chiefs, and ? fflcera i?f which thia army ia composed are row iu tbe Uvvera ment Palace and ? urrend?-r theiiiae've* aa prisoners of war. I cannot, General, eon iuue to defe-d myself any longer) if I emiM, d ? no doubt that I would do ao. J. GiiNZALEZ Oktkua, Ueneral-iu-Chief. Qeneral Forey, oo reu>i>ing Geu. O t**ga'* w te, aent a amall force lo ? ocupy the towu, tbe rei egade M? zicana in his service being he first to euter, which they did at aix o'clock in the moroing of tbe 17th Between ten and eleven o'e'ock in the morninf of tbe 18ih Gen. Forey sent the following to his prisouera for a gnature: " We, the u- deraigned. officera of the Army of the Eaat, pledge oar word of honor? " l?t. Not 11 avaio interfere 10 the polite* of tbe coun try, ?i d remain ntu r-1 during the preseut war. "SI Not t<> l-ave 'he limit* <?( the pla e which the Ge o?rai-n-Cbief of he French army mty a*?ign u?. '?3d To common r>t?e w th do i Bi*, not even oar (ami lie % without his previou- couaeot." In reply, the fo.l<>wing proteat wa* tent: "Neither tbe law* of th<? country, military hoiM^r, nor our private con vie ion* permuting ua to aii(o th* pledge presented to an, we protest against it, siguing as fol low Ac. . In c nsequeoce of thia rf(u>al they were neoeaaarily treated at piiaonera and distributed in various building*, according t ? their grade*. A letter from Vera Crus.dtted June l,?tatea tbatOeoa. Ortega, La Line, and seven or eight others, with a large number of officer* and men, made tbeir escape while on the road to Vera Crut, where they were going In order to be sobt to Martinique. A* aooD a* the new* of tbe surrender of Puebla became known to President Juarei he proclaimed it to tbe nation in a manifesto from which we extract the following paa ?age t "M'lieana: Thia calamity cannot in any manner die courage you tn tbe hoi) undertaking wh eh you are carry ing nu'. Prove to th* French, prove to ail tbe oatioaa wh<> are watcbing your aotion* in this unfortauate situa tion that adveraity ia n<>t *ufflc ent can*" for failing, m> determined are reptiblicana when fighting lor their native land and their right*. Oar eountiy i* vaat, and eontaiaa I muiuerable elementa of war. wbien we will u?e agaioat the invader. Not only will the capital of tbe Kepublie be defended to the la t extr. mity w.th all the element* wh>eb we can oomoia?d, bu all plaoea will be defended with like vigor. The Na'ioinl Governmeot will urge with energy on all sidea resistance 10 and >.ttack upon tbe i reneb, and will not liaten to any proposition ef peace from tbem whieh ahall offend in any particular the ludr pendenoe, the com plete aovereignty. the liberty or the honor of the Ropablia and it* glorious antecedents in thia war. The aurrender was induced, it is aaid, by t acardty ot provision*. Tbe Frenoh bad not at the lateat aooosuite moved upon the capital city of Mexioo. Tbe Illinois Legislature, on Monday last, by the anaai mou* vote of both Houara, passed a resolution of tbe- he to the PKEaiuiNT and to Judge Dkummobo, for their action in relation to the recent attempt to su>pre*a th? Chicago Timet Thia expression of legislative opinion, ia which all partiee to completely concurred, may be Justly taken aa tbe crap it grace to every pre'euce of extrajedi c al interference witb journalism in parts of tbe country where oourta of taw are open.?Boston C*urur.