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MILITARY DISCIPLINE Wc art: glad lo see it btatcd by our contempo raries that the forccs of Gen. Lcc in Maryland and Pennsylvania arc restrained by their commanders from all acts of wanton mischief and'rapinc. Tn thiB respect their demeanor appears to be worthy of praise. It will not be alleged, wc presume, that this forbearance of the Southern forces in Pennsylvania springs from any secret "sympathy" with the Federal Government. Vet wc know it has been common "to charge that such of our com manders a^ protected private property in Virginia were for this reason justly open to the suspicion of being " tender towards the feelings of rebels." In fact, the plainest considerations of military pru dence and expediency dictate the propriety of this course. If humanity had nothing to urge in favor of it, military discipline would none the less make it a duty, because it is an indispensable con dition of effective warfare. The President, in the instructions promulgated for the government of our armies, has so held, and it is only because these instructions have not been obeyed and arc not enforced that we have witnessed such sccncs as the burning of Bluffton and Parien and other towns in the South. The conduct of the insurgents on land stands in contrast with their operations on the sea, where, whatever may be the strict letter of the admiralty law which authorizes the captor to destroy the prize he cannot bring into the port for condemna tion, little can be said in dcfcncc of such depreda tions as those of the Tacony among the fish^Dg fleets of New England. T'nder this head the Bos ton Couiicr says: " The capture of fi*heruien by the rebel cruiser Tacony ii an outrsge upon civilization and the recognised cus toms of warfare of a character quite as base as the raids of Montgomery iu South Carolina. The people of our fishing towns depend almost entirely for subsistence upon the proceeds of their dangerous and but moderately pro ductive toil, and, as uon-combaUnts, they have always in war times been free from interruption or seizure. Not only has this been so.in our wars with England, but dur ing the long iwars between Holland and England fisher men were generally allowed to pursue their vocations un harmed. In the war of 181*2 commanders of British ships of war gave passes to American fishermen. The first ship that displayed the Stars and Stripes in the Thames was laden with oil, aud the whale fishers of Nantucket, during the hostilities of the previous seven years, were allowed to go and return from the fishing grounds at plea ?ure." REMOVAL OK GEN. HOOKER. ?_- *?> The Philadelphia Press, one of the two journals which are ambitious to give to the Administration an " unques tioning support," expresses, as becomes a truly " loyal journal," its entire concurrence with the President in tbe expediency, not to say the necessity, of the removal of Gen. Hooker from tbe command of the Army of the Poto mac. It says: ' . " It might be impossible for us to give the reasons for the existence of such a feeling, hut it is very certain that the confidence of the Army of the Potomac in Gen. Hooker had become seriously impaired. His removal was there fore a necessity beyond the control of the Administration, and no one seemsr to have felt it more deeply than General Hooker himself. 'Impressed with the belief,'says Gen. Hooker, ' that my usefulness as the commander of tin Army of the Potomac is impaired, 1 part from it,'yet ti"t without the deepest emotion.' In the country and in the army there existed great animosity toward Gen. Hooker.'' This " animosity" of the army, as well as of the country, towards Gen. Hooker must have very recently come to the knowledge of our Philadelphia contemporary, which deserves to be congratulated on the timeliness of a dis covery mat enable* tt to giro t?> tne rresMeac ite Dt*n> (It of its approval in the step he has taken. Simultaneously with the discovery of the "animosity' entertained by the army and country against Gen. Ui? ker, the Press came to a perception of the fact that General Meade was the best man to succeed him. On this point our contemporary says: "There are few officers in the army who posters more military experience, and, in addition ,to this, he is a just, honest, higbminded man, intensely loyal, and devoted heart and soul to th? cause. He has obtaiued the confidence of the Army of the Potomac by his valor and his stern but careful discipline, and, we feel assured, from what we know of him, that he will justify the highest expectations of the country." This testimony is certainly very frank, and as the as surance with which it concludes is based on what the con ductor of the Press " knows" of Gen. Meade, it is a mat ter of surprise to many loyal readers in this city that the Waabington Chronicle has not yet expressed its gratifica tion at the removal of Gen. Hooker and the appointment of Gen. Meade as his successor. We must be permitted to suggest to our city contemporary that tbe absence of all expression of satisfaction at this recent important step of the President is marked in its usually exuberant columns, and has led to the most painful misgivings among all " un questioning supporters" of the Administration, who con-' cur with the President in the opinion that the man who " stands by and says nothiug when the peril of his Gov ernment is discussed cauuot be misunderstood." Even if the editor of the Chronicle has not the same facilities for acquiring useful knowledge on these delicate matters as are evidently enjoyed by the Philadelphia Press, he must admit that it is none the less a bounden duty to give an " unquestioning " approval to whatever the Administration doe*. When one cannot walk by sight be should be only the more glad to walk by faith, for we remember to have read in the editoral columns of the Chronicle, but a few day? ago, that " there are times in the history of every people when they are specially called upon to c/crcist faith as well as display courage." And, as if to point a moral for its own admouition, the Chroncile immediately add<Ml, " the former (exercise of faith) is often the more difficult task of the two, and it is that which is jutl nine demanded of the loyal people of the I'nited IStites." However " dif ficult" our contemporary may find the " tank' of rej icing to-day at the removal of the General in whom it trusted yesterday, the work should none the less be undertaken as a duty, if not a pleasure; f<>r it would be a most mortifying circumstance to see the Chronicle weuk in " faith" at the very time when the Pri-ss is strong in " knowledge." REPORTS FROM MEXICO. San Francisco, Ji nk Date* from the Cilj of Mexico, from the 30th of May to the litb of June, have been received. The news is of the highest importance. President Juarez and the Cabinet have concluded to evacuate the city of Mexico, believing that the most eflVc tual resistance to tbe French army can In made outside the walls. On the IKtth of May the Government moved to S .11 LtTi Potosi, taking all the moveable fire-arms and munitions of war; also two millions of dollars from the treasury. The force that garrisoned the city, said to number over twenty thousand, was withdrawn Ct|ernavaca plaza and the intermediate points around the city, for the purpose of carrying on a (fiierrilla warfare On the* first of June a meeting was held in the city, at which the principal lenders of the Church party Were pre sent. I hey sent a commission to Gen. Forey t?> < ff *r their allegiance On the .>th a J* ranch division, under ("< n. Haz ne, oceu I pied the main entrance to the nty t? t)fl,,rd the Church party protection against the excited populnca The entire French army i* expected to occupy the caui tal on the Hth of June. Three newspapers have been established favoring the policy of the French. One says that the occupntion of tbe city settles, with absolute certainty, that it u aary to extirpate by tbe root the democratic institution and that there is no longer need there should tie even a dream of popular sovereignty, and advices the confiscation of the property of all parties w ho have been or are in arms against the French This news is derived from letter* received hero from high Mexican official*. INTERESTING FOREIGN NEWS. Our latest accounts from England are to the 17th Juno, brought to New York by the steamer Ilecla. Lord Paluierston, in n speech at the Lord Mayor's ban quet in London on the Kith June, said that on all questions of peace or war, whether in the East or in the West, France and Englaud were in perfect accord. Mr. John Bright has again been speakiug on Auiericau affairs, in Parliament, arguing that freedom in the South will increase the produce of cotton. The Belfast News Letter of June Kith says; "The Mary Edson arrived at this port yesterday from New York, with about one thousand quarters of Indian corn and two hundred barrels of flour 'or the cotton operatives of Lis burn and the neighborhood. Free passages to New York will be offered to male and female cotton operatives of stipulated ages, who must be able to read and write." REPORTED I'NION DEFEAT AT VICKSBURG. The London Times, in an editorial on the position of affairs at Vicksburg, as advised by the China, argues that the first accounts had not been followed by the successful results expected, and with every day Graut's position was becoming more critical. The article says: "The fortunes of the jFederal arms at the last date were balancing be tween a temporary check and total lailue. All the details leave an impression that unusual energy had secured very slight results." Later advices from Vicksburg were anxi ously awaited in England, the more especially as it was re ported through private channels and extensively credited that Vicksburg had been relieved, and that Grant's army had been surrounded by the Confederates. APPEAL OF SOUTHERN CLERGYMEN. The Loudon Morning Herald publishes a lengthy appeal from nearly one hundred ministers of all denominations in the Confederate States, seeking to enlist English sympathy in the Confederate cause. It is stated that the address originated from no political source whatever, but from a conference of ministers held at Richmond. The address takes the ground that the restoration of the Union is im ' possible. COMPLAINTS AGAINST AMERICAN CRUISERS. In the House of Lords,on the 15th, the Marquisof Clan RICarde moved for copies of any reports that may have been received from the Admiral commanding her Majesty's squadron on the North American West India station con cerning the protection from seizure or visitation afforded by the Armdne and other of her Majesty's Bhips or gun boats, by convoy or otherwise, and asked what had been the reslilt of the remonstrances made to the United States Government by her Majesty's Minister at Washington against the seizure of British vessels engaged in legitimate commerce. The Marquis recapitulated the complaints which had been made a few weeks ago in reference to the pro ceedings of the American cruisers, contending that they were in contravention of international law, and that it was the duty of her Majesty's Government to reinforce the North American squadron so as to afford adequate protec tion to our merchantmen. He also urged that the constant seizures which were being made by the Federal fleet were not for the purpose of maintaining the blockade, but of destroying, if possible, a large and legitimate British trade which had sprung up with Nassau and Matamoras. He altogether denied the efficiency of the blockade of the Southern ports, and said it ought not to be recognised by her Majesty's Government. He read a letter from a Lan cashire manufacturer, giving details in reference to four steam merchant vessels which had successively run the blockade of Charleston seventeen times in the course of one month, conveying ?1:20,000 worth of British goods into Charleston, and taking out ?200,000 worth of cotton. The noble Lord in conclusion complained that the Ariadne and other of her Majesty's ships had been employed, in contravention of international law, in convoying certain vessels encaged in commerce, while they had altogether omitted to afford protection to others. Earl Risseu. said the statements of the noble Marquis were inconsistent, inasmuch as he declared that the ves sels ho desired to protect were engaged in an innocent trade, while in the same breath he admitted that numerous British vessels were carrying on a profitable trade in run ning the blockade. Earl Ki ssei.i. further b.iiu that the attention of the Government had been drawn to one or two recent cases of neizure. and he had written t<? Lord Lyons upon the sub ject, directing him to inform the American Government that it was evident that some i f the ships which had been seize? were trading with neutral ports, and that a strong impression prevailed that they had been seized in a reck less manner. The answer of the American Government was that there were sufficient grounds to justify the *ri/. ure, and that tnose Kimmda bo pror?l before the proper tribunal, namely, an American prize court, fie had no objection to produce a copy of the correspondence which had taken place upon the subject. The noble Earl added that, in the opinion of the Home Government, the blockade maintained by the American fleet was sufficiently efficient to entitle it to be observed, and he thought every allowance ought to be made for any hasty act on the part of the blockading force, lie believed there was every de sire ou the part of the American Government to prevent injustice from being done. The Duke of Somerset said it would be inconvenient to produce the reports which had been received by the Admiralty from the Admiral commanding the squadron on the North American and West Indian station The motion was then withdrawn. THE FRENCH ELECTION*. Another opposition candidate has been returned to the French Chamber. At the second election in the sixth dis trict of Paris M Gueroult, the opposition candidate, editor of the Opinion Nationals, obtained 17,4'.J."> votes, and 11. Fouche Lepelletier, the Government candidate, 11,016. M. Gueroult was therefore elected. The London Times's Faris correspondent, under date of the 13th instant, writes: " One of the curious incidents which have sprung out of the elections is that seven Bishops are to appear before the Council of State?not, however, for refusing to read a declaration in their churches, or for denying the 'dispens ing pow er of the Sovereign,' like the ' seven' under James, but lor having published a letter to a number of persons who had asked for their advice as to whether it was right and proper to abstain from voting for deputies to the Le gislative Chamber and, if not, for whom tbey should vote. Tbe letter, which has acquired fresh interest, may have produced some effect on the elections : had it not done so, probably no notice would have been taken of it. M. Rou laiid, Minister of Public Instruction, took the trouble to reply to it in n sharp nfrid reproachful tone; and M Rou lund had in return a rejoinder from the Archbishop of Tours, which was bold and even defying. It is for this re joinder, as well as for the more formal and more elaborate document on the elections, that he and bis brother prelates are now called upon to defend themselves before the Coun cil. The document was signed by the Archbishops of Cam brai, Tours, and Rennea, and' by the Bishop* of Metz, Nantes, Orleans, and Chartres." FRANCE AND MEXICO. Iii addition to tbe Royal congratulations previously an nounced, the Emperor had received the congratulations of tbe King of IUly, the King of the Belgians, the King and Queen of Spain, and the Queen of Holland upon the cap ture of Puebla The report of Gen. Forey, dated May IS, had reached Paris. It ag rees generally with the published accounts of ti e surrender of Puebla, and concede* by stating that the Frew 1 , my was at the height of its joy, and would march in n I -w days upon Mexico. Prior to the receipt of the report the Emperor addressed a letter to Gen. Forey testi fying ti e i troi g satisfaction which the taking of Puebla had given Lim. The Emperor also expressed his appre ciation of tho per*e\eranc? and courage of the army, " which,' he hh) s, " in a distant expedition, fought against the climate, arid an enemy so much more obstinate because deceived res pecting my intentions." He alludes as follows to his object iu invading Mexico : " 1 bitterly deplore the loss of so many brave men, but I haw the conso'atory thought that it has not been useless for the interests arid honor of France and for civilization. Our aim is not to impose on the Mexicans a Government against their will, nor to make our success serve to the triumph of any party whatever I desire that Mexico may be born to a new life, and that, shortly regenerated by a Government founded upon the national will, the principles of order and progress, and respect for international law, she may, l>y establishing friendly relations with France, acknowledge that it is to France that she owes her peace and prosperity."* The Paris correspondent of the London Daily News ad verts as follows to the Mexican invasion: "The 'France,' following up tbe idea ventilated by M. Miche-I Chevalier, that Mexico is to be permanently occu pied for the glorification of the Latin race on the Western continent, says that a civil service in every department is to be immediately organized in that country. Freneh clerks are going out to work the finances, post office, cus tom-house, electric telegraph, and railways. A railway is to be made not only from Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico, but from that capital to the Pacific ocean. A ct n .1 from the Ciulf of Mexico to the Pacific ocean is also in <' rj' m plation. All these schemes, tending to the penuan .t I pat ion of the country, and to a greater drair upofc tor I resources of France than the war itself has bee MP Mm A contrary to the reiterated official assurances that no con quest was intended, and that the Mexicans were to be free to chooee their own government. I, however, quite be lieve the assertions of the ' France.' I am persuaded, from various indications, that a permanent occupation is ami was from the first iutended." 1'OLAM). The political aspect of the Polish qut stion had under gone no chango. Cracow telegrams report the following movements of the insurgents, &,c.: The insurgent leader Hrowniewski had met with consid erable success at Nagoszew, iu the palatine of Pluck. In Lithuania an engagement, favorable to the insurgents, had taken place at Alkienika, near Kowna. Guv, Mouravidf has caused the Abbe Zumecki and the landowner'Lesko wicz to be shot, and the Polish chief Colysko to be huug On the loth instaut Czaschowski gained a brilliant victory over the Russians at Konski, in the government of Sando mir. Two Hussian companies were completely destroyed. On the same day the Poles defeated the Russians at Igna cew and Kalsie. The insurgent chief, Abicht, and the Ca puchin priest, Konarski, were hung in front of the citadel at Warsaw. A Paris letter states that the iusurreotiou is very active in the district of Ostroleuka, although the insurgents have lost there some of their most valiant chiefs, and among them Mystkowski, Pmcinski, Ostaszewxki, and Podbielski, who were all killed at the battle of Malkiuia. In the last engagement which took place in that district Col Frytche, the successor of Mystkowski, was likewise killed. The insurgents in the district of Ostroleuka have since been re inforced, and they are again ready for aotion under fresh leaders. PRU88IA. The Norde Deutsche Zeitung of June 13 says that the King has neither received the deputation from the Town Council of Breslau nor accepted the address, which had been illegally voted. The same paper also says: "The addresses and petitions of some meetings and Town Councils, e?en without taking into consideration that they have transgressed their privileges, are partly of a nature to render their publication objectionable in view of the law on the press. It does not appear superfluous to state this in the interest of the press." ITALY. The Minister for Foreign Affairs replied on the 13th, in the Chamber of Deputies, to the question put to him by Signor Mecchi respecting the international relations be tween Italy and Rome, and the intentions of the Govern ment relative to the Polish question. The Minister stated that Italian policy in the Roman question had not varied with reapect to the accord be tween Italy and France. " The Government," be said, " is always disposed to treat on the basis of the principle of non-intervention." Relative to Poland, the Minister said : " In the Polish question Italy could not follow a passive policy. I shall not reply to questions bearing upon future eventualities ; but Italy is too strong for her influence not to be calcu lated in an European concert." In conclusion, the Minister refuted certain revolution ary theories, and said that Italy ought not to be in perma nent revolution in the midst of regular Governments. FROM THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. Headquarters Army of the Potomac, Sunday, June 2d, 1863. This morning Col. Hardie arrived here by special train from Washington, as a bearer of despatches, relieving Gen. Hooker from the command of the Army of the Potomac, and appointing Major General Meade, commanding the Fifth Corps, his successor. Soon after the reception of the orderB at headquarters Gen. Hooker issued the fol lowing farewell addfess: Headquarters Army of the Potomac, Frtdcrick, (Aid.) June 28, 18G3. In conformity with the orders of the War Department, dated June 27,1863,1 relinquish the command of the Army of the Potomac. It is transferred to Major Gen. George G. Meade, a bsave and accomplished officer, who has nobly earned the confidence .and esteem of the army on many a well fought field. Impressed with the belief that my use fulness as the commander of the Army of the Potomac is impaired, I part from it, yet not without the deepest emo tion. The sorrow of parting with the comrades of so many battles is relieved by the conviction that the courage and devotion of this army will never cease nor fail; that it will yield to my successor, as it has to me, a willing and hearty support. With the earnest prayer that the triumph of its arms may bring successes worthy of it and the na | tion, I bid it farewell. JosEl'H Hooker, Major General. This order was followed by the subjoined address from Gen. Meade: Heat-quarters Army of the Potomac, June 28, 1863. By direction of the President of the United States 1 hereby assume command of the Army of the Potomac. As a soldier, in obeying this order, an order totally unex pected and unsolicited, I have no promises or pledges to make. The country looks to this army to relieve it from the devastation and disgrace of a hostile invasion. What ever fatigues and sacrifices we inay be called upon to un dergo, let us have in view constantly the magnitude of the interests involved, and let each man determine to do his duty, leaving to an all-controlling Providence the decision of the contest. It is with just diffidence that I relieve, in the command of this army, an eminent and accomplished soldier, whose name must ever appear conspicuous in the | history of its achievements; but I rely upon the hearty support of my companions in arras to assist me in the dis charge of the duties of the important trust which has been confided to me. Georoe G. Meade, Major General Commanding Nothing could have exceeded the surprise occasioned by ' this announcement. The first rum< rs of the change were scarcely credited, and it was not until the appearance of the farewell address of Gen. Hooker that the report was generally believed. The reasons for the change of com manders are yet unknown, but it is believed, and indeed indicated in the brief remarks of Gen. Hooker to hi? staff, that he had applied to Gen. Ilslleck to be relievod of the command. The report of the change soon extended to the soveral corps, and their commanders hastened to bid farewell to the General. Hy three o'clock a large number of officers had assembled, and soon after Gen. Hooker appeared in the avenue before his tent. Some time was spent in social in tercourse, and to the last all formalities were dispensed with. The parting was painful to every one, particularly, to these who had become endeared to the General by old associations: Gen. Hooker was deeply grieved. lie had been identified with the Army of the Potomac, bp said, since its organization, and had hoped to continue with it t<> the end. It was the best army of the country, worthy of the confidence of the nation, and could not fail of suc cess in the approaching struggle. He spoke of his suc cessor as a glorious soldier, and urged all to give him their earnest support. Gen. Hooker leaves to-morrow for Baltimore, to which place he has been ordered to report. Hi* personal staff, including Gen. Buttorfield, will acrnmpany him. The officers of the several department* at headquarters will doubtless remain. Gen. Meade was totally surprised by the order appoint ing bim commander of the Army of the Potomac, and deeply felt the weight of responsibility resting upon him. His appointment gives universal satisfaction, and all ex press a determination to extend their heartiest co-opera tion. Affairs on the Upper Potomac are reported quiet. The enemy has but a small force south of Hagerstown, and our forces remain in the undisturbed possession of South Mountain. RANK IN THE ARMY The question of rank between the Major Gene rals of the army has been decided by the Board of Officers to which it has been submitted by deter mining the following order of prcccdcncc: Major General McClellan, appointed May 14, 1861, to take rank from same date. Major General Fremont, appointed July I, to take rank from May 14,1861. Major General Hanks, appointed June ft, to take rank May 16, 1861. Major General I)ix, appointed June 14, to take rank May 16, 1*61. Major General Butler, appointed May 16, to take May 16, 1861. The decision is upon two grounds: First, that an appointment may bo antedated by the Presi dent, as in Gen. Fremont's case; and, second, that the order in whioh the names stood in the list when the appoiiiimcn woro sent into the Senate determine* the itu '< 'tween Gens. Hanks, Dii, *nrl Boil or, without u ard to the aottoal date of appointment by the President.-?/^. \ UNION ADVANCE IN TENNESSEE. 8UCCES8ES OF GEN. R08ECKANS?DEFEAT AND RETREAT OF THE ENEMY. ilKAlMtUAItTUKH AltMV OK THE CUMBfcKUAKD, Manchester, (Tcnn.) Junc'ZH, 1863. Gon. Reynolds, at b A. M. yesterday, took possession of tbia place. At 6 P. M. Gen Grauger occupied 8belbyville. The rebels, after a slight resistance, evacuated their seve ral positions, retreating on the lines of which Tullahoaia is the concentric point. The recent brilliant movements have resulted with but slight losses to us, in taking possession of towns, gnps, and strongly fortified lines, lately held by the rebels. The movement whs begun on the 24 th, in the midst of a heavy rain, which continued with but slight intermission. The enemy's advance posts were found on all the roads leading south, not more than nine miles distant from Mur freesboro. On the left Butler's Jst Kentucky Cavalry were driven rapidly through Hoover's Gap to Beech Grove, and had not time to place their artillery in the unfinished works in the gap. Two companies were cut off and scattered among the hills. Stewart's division moved from Fairfield on the alarm being given to Beech Grove, and engaged the head of Thomas' corps, uuder Col. Wilder. A brisk engage ment between Wilder's mounted infantry and Bates's rebel brigade ensued, in which the enemy attempted to flank us, but were repulsed by the 17th Iudiana voluuteers with heavy loss. Our loss is about fifteen killed and fifty wounded. The fight lasted four hours. The rebels bad two guns disabled by Lilly's aud Harris's butteries. The battle ended with night. The rebels threw up earthworks and planted Dardeu'B battery to rake Hoover's Gap, in which General Thomas's corps was massed. Late in the evening they opened from five points a heavey cross fire upon our position, but were soon silenced by Loomis's, Church's, aud Harris's batteries. On Friday Gqn. Rosecrans made a flauk movement to the right, for the purpose of getting upon the Fairfield roatjl and cutting the rebels off from their line of retreat. Major Coolidge, commanding in the absence of Gen. King, (who was ill at Murfreesboro,) had the advance of the flanking force, and made a rapid and brilliaut charge upon Bates's rebel brigade, driving it in great.confusion for half a mile, and causing the rebel right to hastily evacuate Beech Grove works, retreating in great haste towards Fairfield. Col. Walker, through fear of being flanked by our force, apparently moving on his right, but really re treating, failed to move his brigade as far as Fairfield; and the enemy escaped They threw away every thing but their guns, strewing the country with blaukets and knap sacks. Gen. Rosecrans pursued to Fairfield, aud the ene my retreated thence to Tullahoma. Gen. Reynolds in the mean time moved forward, and next day occupied Man chester, taking thirty prisoners, among them three officers. On the ceutre Clayboru's division was encountered at Liberty Gap, and a severe engagement of an hour's dura tion ensued. Our loss is estimated at about three hun dred. The rebels, finding us in Manchester, hastily evacuated Wartrace and Shelbyville. Had not the constant rains of the past four days and the difficulties of bad roads retard ed our entire left, we should have succeeded in forcing Bragg from his line of retreat to Tullahoina, theuce to ward the river, or compelled hiua to fight us west and north of Tullahoma. As it now stands, he is safely re treating on Tullahoina. Hardee is on the Wartrace, and Polk on the Shelbyville road. They will be in front of Tullahoma to-night assuming a defensive position, and await an attack from the Army of the Cumberland. To night we will be within reach of them. Gen. Grauger met with a grand reception irom the loyal citizens of Shelbyville. Flags floated from the buildiugs of citizens, and men, women, and children welcomed hun with tears and shouts of joy, the flag which they had not seen for ten months, and the most extravagant demonstra tions of joy were made. Gen. Granger captured three hundred men, twenty offi cers, and three pieces of artillery, and then pushed on in pursuit of the rebel train, nine miles ahead. THE REBEL P081TI0N TURNED. The forward movement of the Army of the Cumberland continues. At the different gaps of the mountains, as was stated yesterday, our forces had severe skirmishing with the enemy, but in every case with success. At Hoover's, Liberty, and Guy's Gaps the posts were vigorously de fended, but the rebels were finally driven back, with severe loss. It is.said that the rebel General Claybrook was kill ed at Liberty Gap, where, oo the 25tb, a rebel division was completely routed, leaving their dead, part of their wounded, and some prisoners in our hands Our loss was forty killed and one hundred wounded, including fourteen officers. We subjoin some additional despatches. Manchester, (Tenn.) June 28?Gen. Rosecrans moved his headquarters yenterday to this point. A glance at the map will show that Manchester is on the Duck river, twelve miles east of Shelbyville. Tullahoma is eighteen miles east by south of 8helbyville, on the Virginia and East Tennetsee railroad. The result of this rapid and brilliant march is that we have turned the rebels in two strong lines?first, the line of mountains through Liberty and Hooker Gaps; and, second, the line of the Duck. Sunday, '.?4 A. M.?A despatch has just been received from MHior General Granger, annonnciog the capture of Shelbyville at 6 P. M. last night, of three pieces of artille ry, and of three hundred prisoners, among them a score of officers. The stars and stripes floated from many win dows and housetops. We saved the bridge over Duck river. Bragg bad about thirty thousand men at Shelby* ville. He has gone to Tullahoma. Manchester, June 29, 10 A. M ? Headquarters re mained at Manchester during yesterday, waiting till the corps of McCook and Crittenden should come up. Mean while two divisions of Thomas's corps were sent out to within five miles of Tullahoma as a corps of observation, to watch the enemy. Wilder's brigade of mounted infan try was thrown out on the flank and rear of Tullahoma, and last evening found the whole of Wilken's division eight miles south of Tullahoma, at Estelle Springs, guarding the retreat of the rebel wagon trains over the Elk river at that point. It is feared, therefore, that Bragg's army is with drawing from Tullahoma to Chattanooga, and that we shall not be able to get the fight out of him which the men and officers have been so eagerly expecting. He will be prompt to do so from the fact that our movement to the present point has really outflanked Tullahoma The defences of Tullahoma are only calculated to meet an attack in front and from thn Shelbyville side. On the front they have a regular bastion work for eight batteries, and on the west rifle pits. On the other hand, ther* are several considera tions that make Gen. Rosecrans hope that Bragg will make a stand at Tullahoma. Manch enter, June 30.?The movements of the Army of the Cumberland have resulted in forcing Bragg's army into abandoning its strongly fortified position on the north side of Duck river, and beating a ba*ty and confused re treat to Tullahoma. Had it not been for the delay of our movements by continuous torrents of rain and wretched roads, Gen. Rosecrans' splendid plan of eperations would have been more lully realized, and the enemy's retreat to his base prevented. Since yesterday the whole of oar army has been south of Duck river, well concentrated at this point. It is now advancing upon Tullahoma as rapidly as the wretched condition of the roads permits. It is certain that the enemy are in strong force at Tullahoma; but the question whether they will contest our advance at that point i? still unsettled. Col. Wilder's brigade of mounted infantry is trying to destroy the Chattanooga railroad south of Tullahoma. The Chattanooga Rebel gives the following account of the fight on Wednesday: " From passengers who came down on the afternoon train of yesterday we learn that on Wednesday seven brigades of the army of Gen Rosecrans attacked the brigades of Gens. Bates ami Liddell, holding Hoover and Liberty Gaps (Jnr men fought I he enemy nntil their ammunition was exhausted, when they fell hack. Movements iudic?te a general advance of the enemy's forces, which may result in a pitched battle. We regret to learn that among the killed in Bates's brigade was Minor Claybrook, and that Gen. Liddell lost some esti mable officers." In another part of the Rebel is a proclamation from Iaham G. Harris, in which he calls for six thousand troops for six months from Tennessee, under the provisions of the act 6f the rebel Congress to provide for local and special service, the force to be composed of men of over forty years of age, or such as are not liable to consoription. RETALIATION. 8t. Loub, June 30.?Gen. Grant, under flag of truce has notified Gen. Taylor, the rebel4comm?",,e? at Milli ken's Bond, (who hung all black Federal soldiers captured in the recent fight at that place,) that for every man thua d'ait with who wears the Federal uniform, be he black or white, he (Grant) will hang a rebel captive. Gen. Grant demands of Taylor to know if the report that he hung our black soldier? is true. A BOND RECOVERED. Portland, June 30.?The Collector has fonnd among the papers taken from Lieut. Reed the bond for $160,000, given by Capt. Oxnard for the ship Shatemuc and her cargo, which vessel hw since arrived at Boatoo. Other paper* of value hare been found. THE REBEL INVASION. ACTIVITY OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. MARYLAND HEIGHTS ABANDONED Official advioes from the Army of the Potomao state that a portion of our cavalry, under Gen. Kilpatriok, had a handsome fight on Tuesday with the enemy's cavalry at Hanover. They captured a battle flag, a lieutenant oolonel, one captain, and forty privates. Fifteen or twenty of the enemy wero killed. A special despatch to the New York Times alludes to this affair and other operations as follows: " Early ou Tuesday morning, Gen. Gregg attacked Stu art and drove him from Westminster to Hanover, a dis tance of eighteen miles. Afterwards Kilpatrick and Cas ler drove Stuart out of Hanover, after a splendid fight, an4 they are now (Tuesday night) still pursuing, part going to wards Gettysburg and part towards York. During the day Gen. Buford drove a regiment of rebel infantry out of Gettysburg, who retreated northeasterly. Our army is in spleudid spirits, and we expect to hear brilliant news " The Tribune received last night has a special despatoh in referenoe to the situation at and near Harrisburg. It says : " The rebels have fallen back ten miles from Harris burg. Gen. Couch and staif have crossed the Susque hanna and occupy the south bank of the river. Gen. Meade occupied Hanover and York to-mght, (Tuesday,) cutting the rebel lines in two. The rebels are rapidly concentrating in the interior. Gen. Pleasonton makes great havoc on the rear of the enemy's trains. A great battle is thought to be imminent. Large numbers of troops are constantly arriving at Harrisburg " The Baltimore American of last evening also contains some interesting intelligence of military movements in Maryland and Pennsylvania We extract the following: THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. Our intelligence this morning from the Army of the Potomac indicates an activity of movement that is prom ising of vigorous work. The rapid concentration of the enemy's forces in the Cumberland Valley, between Ship pensburg and Chambersburg, indicates that Gen. Lee already find* it necessary to secure a line of retreat to the Potomac fords west of the South Mountain, and to aban don his contemplated siege of Harrisburg. Our army is moving through a rich country unencum bered by wagon trains, and is enabled to go from point to point with a celerity that would astonish the reader if it were proper to make public its present position and the route it has travelled to reach it. Suffice it to aay that the rapid evacuation of York by the rebels yesterday was made a necessity, and so also was their withdrawal from Westminster, Hanover, and Gettysburg, and their retreat from Harrisburg and Carlisle. The cavalry raid of Gen. Stuart in the vicinity of Baltimore and Washington was also changed into a flight for safety by the comprehensive movements of Gen. Meade, and the enemy is now concen trating his forces for fear they may be attacked and de stroyed in detail. There is, therefore, some prospect of a battle at an early day probably in the neighborhood of Cbambersburg. RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS. The trains on the Western Maryland Railroad arc run ning this morning to Union Bridge, and on the Northern Central Railroad to Hanover Junction, and thence! to Hanover and Gettysburg. Both these places are occupied to-day by our troops, and these lines of branch roads will become valuable for military purposes. The occupation of York is also a possibility, though we are at present cut off from all communication by mail and telegraph with that borough. The reconstruction of the destroyed bridgea be yond Ilanover Juoction is, however, rapidly progressing, and the road will probably be open in twenty-four hours. EVACUATION OF MARYLAND HEIGHTS. We learn that our troops yesterday evacuted Maryland Heights, first removing all the Government property and destroying the fortifications. The change in the programme of the war rendered its further occupancy unnecessary in a military point of view, whilst its large garrison of disciplined soldiers under the gallant Gen. French will prove a valua ble acquisition to the Army of the Potomac. The pro priety of holding Maryland Heights has long been doubted. Indeed, the whole of our military movements in the She nandoah Valley have been a series of disasters, with lots of both men and munitions, and scarcely an advantage gained any where. The concentration of our troops for a grand battle with the enemy is the point now of greatest importance. ' FROM HARRISUURli. Our intelligence from Harrisburg this morning indicates the approach of a conflict in the Cumberland Valley, and shows that Gen. Pleasonton has been playing great havoc with the enemy's trains. The rapid movement of Gen. Meade thus promises success in overtaking the enemy be fore he can concentrate his forces from the extended field over which they are scattered. Gen. Pleasonton is said to have sent in large numbers of prisoners towards West minster and Gettysburg. He captured one hundred of Stuart's cavalry in Westminster on Tuesday morning and pushed on rapidly after the main column, which had just left the town. Gen. Couch ia also advancing on the co lumn of the enemy retreating from Carlisle, and will be enabled greatly to harass his movements. The prospecta are therefore promising for successful operations against the enemy, and the bringing on of a battle on ground chosen by Gen. Meade, or a hasty retreat towards the Potomac. Certain it is that he has already compelled a backward movement of the enemy, and an abandonment, at least for the present, of his threatened invasion of the North. MARTIAL LAW PROCLAIMED IN BALTIMORE AND WE8TERN MARYLAND. Major Gen. Schenck, in command of the Middle De partment, yesterday iasued the following order, proclaim ing martial law in the city of Baltimore and in all the counties of the Western Shore of Maryland: HEADQUARTKR8 MIDDLE DEPARTMENT, Eighth Army Corps, Baltimore, June 1J0, 1863. The immediate presence of a rebel army within this de partment, and in the State of Maryland, requires, as a mi litary necensity, a resort to all the proper and usual means of defence and security. This security is to be provided against known hostilities and opposition to the lawful and National Government from every quarter and in every form. Traitors and disaffected persons within must be re strained and made to contribute t<> the common safety, while the enemy in front is to be met and punished for this bold invasion. Martial law is therefore declared, and hereby establish ed in the city and county of Baltimore, and in all the coun ties of the Western Shore of Maryland. The Command ing General gives assurance that this suspension of the civil government within the limits defined shall not extend beyond the necessities of the occasion. All the civil courts, tribunals, and political functionaries oT State, county, or city authority, are to continue in the discharge of their duties as in times of peace, only in no way interfering with the exorcise of the predominant pow er assured and asserted by the military authority. All peaceful citizens are requested to remain quietly at their homes and in the pursuit of their ordinary vocations, except as they may be possibly subject to calls for person al services, or other necessary requisitions for military purposes or uses hereafter. All seditious language or mischievous practices tending to the encouragement of rebellion are especially prohibit ed, and will be promptly made the subject of observation and treatment. Traitorous and dangerous porsona must expect to be dealt with as the public safety may seem to require. " To save the country ia paramount to all other considerations." Wh..u the occasion fur this proclamation passes by no one will be more rejoiced than the Commanding General that he can revoke his order and return to the normal con dition of a country at peace and a Government sustained by a united and loyal people. Rnivr. C. Schenck, Major General Commanding. THE VALLANDIGHAM COMMITTEE. The Ohio Democratic State Convention Committee re ceived an answer from the President on Monday. It ia stated that the President agreed to release Mr. Valtandig ham, provided the committee would personally conform to certain terms, which they were not at liberty to do with out consultation with the entire committee in New York, several of its members being in that city. THE INVA8I0N OF MARYLAND. Considerable excitemeut prevailed at Baltimore ou Mon day night ia consequence of a report that a large body of rebel cavalry bad appeared ut Westminister, aud, upon observing a force of the First Delaware cavalry there, vigorously attacked and drove them within seven miles of Baltimore. The Americau relates the incidents of the affair, as derived from some of the Delaware cav alry, including two lieutenants, who reached Baltimore in safety. We abridge this account, together with some other interesting matter, from the American of yesterday morning. A 11EUEL CAVALRY DASH NEAR HALTIMORE. About four o'clock on Monday afternoon the Federal scouts reported a rebel force advancing on Westminster, whereupon the Federals, consisting of a part of the First Regiment of Delaware cavalry, were immediately placed in position, when in the course of a half hour the enemy was observed advancing rapidly in two different directions. Soon as they were within musket shot the Union force made a bold charge, and drove them back to the distance of nearly a mile. A portion of the Delaware cavalry, how ever, became detached from the main body, perceiving which the enemy made a desperate charge and compelled them to retreat. The pursuit was followed on the Hooks town road to within seveu miles of the city, when the enemy halted and then galloped up the road. What has been the fate of the remainder of the command, numbering about one hundred, is not known. Some of them are known to have been killed or wounded, and the remainder made prisoners. Lieut. Reed states that he had two horses shot from under him, and effected his escape by mounting the auimal of a brother soldier who was shot dead by his side. Of one hundred aud ten men belonging to the Dela ware command, which participated in the fight, but seven had reported themselves last night. One of the captains was seen to fall from his horse near the Pikesville Arsmal, aud it was supposed he was killed. It was reported tha the rebel force had possession of the Pikesville Arsenal, which is, however, an empty building. THE PEOPLE CALLED TO ARMS. At eleven o'clock on Monday night the city of Baltimore was thrown into great excitement by the sounding of the signal by the fire bells agreed upon by Gen. Schenck, to call the Union Leagues to arms for the defence of the bar ricades. The signal corps stationed on the different roads had fired rockets, announcing the approach of a rebel ca valry force on the Reisterstown road. Through some parts of the city the cry " To arms! To arms !" was sound ed, and men with muskets in their hands were seen running to and fro, and rapidly assembling at the points of rendez vous. In a half hour several thousands were in arms and the headquarters of Gen. Schenck was surrouuded by bristling bayonets. All soon became quiet in the city, and considerable enthusiasm but no panic prevailed. Up to the time we go to press, however, no enemy had appeared, aud the alarm is presumed to have been occasioned by the near approach of a company of rebel cavalry who were in the vicinity of Pikesville Arsenal. The number of our citizens at the barricades was estimated at from Ave to seven thousand. All the military in the city were also called out and were under arms all night THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC IN MOTION. In view of the excitement in Baltimore, at the supposed approach of rebel troops, we are gratified to be able to an nouuce that the Army of the Potomac was in rapid and successful motion on Monday, under its new commander, Major Gen. Meade. Its progress had already been such as to relieve the line of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad from the rebel cavalry, and to restore telegraphic communica tion with Frederick. The character of this movement is such as will satisfy the country of the vigor, skill, and good judgment of the new commander. We feel that we ought not to explain this grand movement in its present stage, but we assure our readers that it will give great satisfac tion, particularly to the communities of Baltimore and Washington, whose protection iB now so much better in sured. THE BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD CUT. We learn that a small rebel force of cavalry appeared beyond Mbrriottfeville, on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, at daylight on Monday at a point four miles from the rail road, about twenty-five miles from Baltimore, and cut the telegraph and tore up some of the track. They also de stroyed a small bridge over Piney Bun. Notice was given to all the trains on the road of this fact, and they were ordered back to the Belay House. At eleven o'clock an other small force of rebel cavalry appeared at Sykesville, which is thirty-five miles from Baltimore, and also did some damage to the track at that point. At both these points they announced that a large force was near at hand, but nothing had bsen beard of them until these small squads dashed in. The damage done to the road at the two points named can be repaired in two or three hours, and If no* thing further is done the travel will not be interrupted. We learn that a portion of Gen. Pleasonton's cavalry started yesterday in pursuit of these raiders, and it is to be hoped that they will be driven out or captured very soon. . CAPTURE OF A MARYLAND REGIMENT. We learn at a late hour last (Monday) night that the rebels had abandoned the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and that the telegraph was working to the Mono cacy Junction. They had, however, captured a regiment, believed to be one of the Purnell Legion, stationed at Poplar Springs, about twelve miles this side of the Mono* cacy. REBELS AT SANDY SPRINGS. We learn that the main body of the rebel cavalry raid that crossed the Potomac near Seneca on Sunday morning camped the same night at the Old Quaker settlement of Sanay Springs, in Montgomery county, which is about twenty miles from the Potomac and fifteen miles from An napolis Junction. Here they helped themselves liberally to the fine horses of the neighborhood, taking fiom both rebel sympathizers and loyal citizens alike. On these fresh horses they mounted and sent out scouting parties in dif ferent directions, which are doubtless the parties who ap peared at Sykesville and beyond Marriottsville this morning. WASHINGTON ROAD NOT DISTURBED. The trains on Ibe Washington road run regularly with out interruption, there being a strong force stationed at all the points where the county roads cross and at all the bridges for their protection, lip to one o'clock no rebels had been reported as in the vicinity of any of the stations on the road. RETREAT OF THE REBELS. The Baltimore American of last evening states that both railroad and telegraphic communication was resumed yes terday (Tuesday) morning with the city of Frederick and Harper's Ferry, and that the rebel raiders who occupied Montgomery county on 8unday and Monday found it ne cessary on Monday afternoon to make a rapid move from those localities. They also disappeared at the same time from Marriottsville and Sykesville on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. The American adds: " Gen. Meade, so soon as he took command of the Army of the Potomac, issued his orders for a general movement, and in a few hours relieved both Baltimore and Washing ton ot all present fear of a rebel invasion. We apprehend there is not a rebel in arms within thirty miles of Balti more, and none on this side of the Potomac within a simi lar distance of Washington." The Baltimore and Ohio railroad was repaired Monday sight, the bridge of Piney Run restored, and the train of cars which left Baltimore yesterday morning for Frede rick and Harper'a Ferry went through without interrup tion. The telegraph despatch announcing the arrival of the train at the Monocacy says: " Westminster threat ens to become at once a grand centre, and the Western Maryland road will probably be made a great travelling line for important purposes." ORGANIZATION OF CITIZENS. Mayor Chapman yesterday morning issued a call to the " Union men of Baltimore," earnestly requesting them to assemble at their usual places of meeting in the different wards every evening this week for the purpose of forming independent military companies to aid the Government forces in defending the city. He advises that all places of business be closed at six o'clock in the evening. GUNBOATS IN POSITION. Commodore Dornin has, at the request of Gen. Schenck, placed two gunboats near the end of Broadway and one at the bridge on the western side of the city, In admirable po sition to bear upon the city and its approaches. LATE8T FROM VICKSBURG. Chickasaw Bayou, June 25.?Port |Hudson has dot been taken. Gen. Grant was deceived by a false report to that effect. The firing here has been quieter in con sequenoe of the intense heat. We have gained possession of another fort on the left. Cairo, Junk W.?The despatch boat Gen. Lyon has arrived from Yacoo Landing on the morning of the 26tbt There had been fighting all day Thursday in the rear of Vicksburg, and at night one of the rebel forts was blown np, causing a terrible concussion.