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"LIBERTY AMD UNION, BOW AMD FOREYBR, ONB AMD 1BHEFAKABLK." THURSDAY, OCTOBER 25,1868. AN INSIDE VIEW OF THE DBA.FT. The Hon. J. A. Gilmoek, the present Republi can Governor of New Hampshire, has just made an exposition to the people of that State which gives an inside view of the vexations, delays, and ydiBsppointments attending the enforcement of the oonsoription law. It seems that many of the towns and oities in New Hampshire have furnished during the pre sent war more than their full quota of men already oalled into the volunteer servioe of the United States, while others have furnished less, and henoe the Legislature of the State, by a resolution ap proved July 10, 1863, requested Gov. Gilmore to bring this fact to the attention of the War De partment, and, in oase a draft was ordered in New iiampshire under the law of Congress, to uaake such arrangements as would secure "an apportion ment of the men to be drafted among the towns and oities, so that, after suoh draft should be com pleted, the number of men heretofore furnished by, together with the number of men that might be drafted from, the several towns and cities should be in the proportion which the number of en rolled militia in the several towns and cities should haar to the whole enrolled militia of the State." Accordingly, with that degree of promptitude whioh the conoeived importance of the subject de manded, Gov. Gilmore, on the very day of the pas sage of these instructions, sent a oopy of them to the Secretary of War, accompanied by a letter in whioh " the most palpable injustice" of any other n nlioy than that indicated by the Legislature was soub>* to ba enforced by argument and entreaty. In his It to th? Secretary Gov. Gilmore said : " You will xt once perceive, my dear air, the greet diffl H the draff, no man.featly uojtfat aa it would oultyofeatorouy? -j (lur pM)'ple would Rlmoet nioT." .uch P'i-o'P1" 01 ri?bt, "d ?b.t .kouldko d?D?, ? it 4 mo ?? th?t inBti*uction? be iseued to our provost nreeeut war. and to make the draft in sucli a way aa w LIZ. to* .umbor of M t.k.o froo, ..ch tow. for tto war, whether n volunteers or by .. j ?? This i? a matter which eomea home to the sentiments of our peopje very strongly, and I bef of y tt, ijjv d?ar Bir, that you will not hesitate at once to laaue tl nrliMra neceasarv to secure to our citii^na and towns that ffial and exact justice to which, under tion of public policy and natural equity, they are ao clearly entitled." On the next day four Republican members ? of Congress from New Hampshire, Messrs. Hale, Clark, Rollins, and Patterson, joined with his Ex oellency in endeavoring to impress upon Mr. Stan ton the importance of the subject. They wrote. " if the Department will allow our State authontiea to aaaign quotaa to the towna in making up the number from the diatricta, ihe matter can be made aauefactory. We refer to papera forwarded to the Department by Got. Gil more and Major Mack.' After the lapse of three dajs, having heard no thing definite from the War Department, the Gov ernor, in order that no effjrt might be spared to accomplish the desired resnlt, dispatched Mr. W. O. Ordway, the chairman of the Republican Ex ecutive State Committee of New Hampshire, as a special messenger to Washington, with a letter, voder date of July 14, 1863, calling the "imme diate attention " of Mr. Stanton to this matter as one of the " utmost importance." And two days later the indefatigable Governor again called the attention of the Secretary to his application, remarking that compliance with the equitable plan suggested would not " delay the dreft a day." Ho added : " Thia queation ia of immenae import wee to the peace ful execution of the draft in our State. Anawer .mined. jfctcJy " At last, on the 17th of July, the Governor re ceived the following telegraphic despatch from the Secretary ox War: *' Washington, July 17,1863. ?Th- ,wt ot Assembly of your Stat* only reached here ttr Titsz 712 ?f? Hr according to tte act of Cot |^rep , " Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. " Got. Gii.morb." In the face of suoh a decision the Governor ap pears to have been struok with consternation, aiid immediately telegraphed to Mr. Stanton as fol k'"?* " ?? Conc ord, July 18, 1863 ? I am in rerrtfipf) our despatch of yeaterday. If ?? 8lR : pt be made aayim have decided, you muat aend the draft i? % ^torce it. Witt yo* not aend the New a regiment to Sj please anawer by telegraph. Hampshire Fifu ? J. A. GM.MOBE, ?' flwiirnor of New H??npshir.?. x Secretary of War.' '? Hon. E. M. Stanto^' * 7 ? , . .. I ; o$jb muni^ation reached Bat bl,oroth...l.rmmg ^ rM0#,id the Secretary of War, he seou. j :n ?red the apparently hasty conoluh ?B P ^ his despatch of the 17th, as appears 7 , ing, of the same date, but which the Go not reoeive until the following day: " Washington, JOLY 17, '? For mature consideration of the queation f jour communication and the readutionof tbe L^r*??u I the State, 1 have .ubmitted them to the tor of he War Department and Judg* Advocate Gener?l. Z"? J" prooot-diog. will b. .u;td ooyj ? on ia arrived at, of which you will be notified. A17 nu tber view* > u m.y offer w.ll be carefully eooaidered. ' > ? EDW1B M. STANTON, S^reUry of War. ? hjb exce l??ncy Governor GlLMORB." And, pcu ling this " mature consideration " of the proposition, Provost Marshal General Fry sus pended the oraft in New Hampshire. Two days afterward, on the 19th of July, Col. Fry announc A to Gov. Gilmore the following de termination, which the latter naturally supposed to be the result of the ?' mature consideration promised to be given to the subjeot: " If it ah all be made to appear to the 1 * General by the Governor uf any State t fjrttjo ^,wna to which quotaa have been aiaigned have hereto .fore actually ftimiahed a turplut of men ove " ^ th(| 1 order will be ...ued diachargmg rom tta .e^ of tb. KLatea a number of men oalltd into eeiv.ee oy Y^t dreftfn mTaiS towna equal to the aurntoj^proved S, have been fu.nia.ed heretofore Towns 1 or-dit actually for their exceaa on former ealla The num from th. ~r.io. h. ?4W to which aaid tt wna P?M>n(. Mr. Ordway, the agent d the Governor ia Wash lntrton, wrote in like manner to awe the latter that such was the inal determination of thf Pro voet Marshal General. So the matter retted for more than a month, during whioh bo intimation whatever emanated from (he War Department (hat (he assuranoea contained in Col. Fry's letter of July 19th, founded upon the " mature consideration " and supposed oonourring deoiiioni of the Seoretary of War, the Provost Marshal General, and the Solicitor of the War Department, oould not be held inviolate. And all the doubte and queries suggested by others, founded upon rumors that a similar polioy had been repudiated elsewhere bj the Government, were triumphantly answered by referenoe to the recorded promise oontained in OoL Fry's letter of July 10th. In the mean time the draft prooeeded, with the emphatio assurance from the Governor and all others concerned in the enforcement of the draft that the excess of names thus drawn should be ?rased, and, in response to the numerous and re peated inquiries of town authorities and others concerning the manner in whioh the " apportion ment of credit" was to be made and allowed, a general notice was issued by the Adjutant General of New Hampshire, and published in all the news papers of the State, thus giving official confirma tion of the assuranoe made by the Governor upon the faith of the Provost Marshal's letter of July 19th. And while the draft was in progress Governor Gilmore wrote to the Seoretary of War to inquire at wliat rate the towns in New Hampshire which had sent" three years' men " to the military ser vioe of the United States were to have oredit for them, and reoeived for reply from the Provost Marshal General in this city the inatruotion that, " in making up the number of men furnished from the States, the rule of the Adjutant General of the Army was to bring all to the standard of three years' men by considering that it required four nine months' men to make the unit of one three years' man." This preliminary question being settled, and still no intimation of a ohange of views or purpose be ing given by the War Department, the Governor prooeeded to furnish the proof of the exocss of men furnished by seversl towns, to the end that such exoees might be deduoted from the draft, " agreeably to the letter of Ool. Fry under date of the 19 th of July " No sooner had several applications of this sort reaohed the Provost Marshal General than he wrote to Governor Gilmore, under date of Septem ber 5, 1863, as follows: " An earnest and faithful effort has been made to carry oat the plan, bat the very effort haa brought out ao many d'fficultiea and complications which I did not foresee, and developed so many obataclea which cannot be overcome, that I am at last compelled to abandon the idea. I wrote to Governor Andrew under the impreaaion that the matter waa one affecting only a limited aection, and which could be quickly attended to, but it h1 s ao much increaaed that now, even if the claims of towns oould all be adjusted and granted, it would almost neutralise the effecta of the draft, and to raise men enough from the few town* which sdmit a deficiency would be impossible. " While I thus frankly admit my inability to do what I contemplated, and give my reaaona for it, I can at leaat aak ana hope for acquiescence in a decision which ha* become unavoidable. The previous action of towns and eountiea in excess ahow that they poaaeas a patriotic sense of the neceaaity, the abaolute neeesaity of preating to a vietorioai concluaion the war?upon which we atand or fall as a nation?and of providing men and menna for the purpose. I therefore rely upon their patriotlam, their intereat in a return of peaee and prosperity, to abate a little their claims for previous generosity, snd if drafted to asaume cheerfully the honor which swsits them of being the winners of the last victory. ?? No one appreciates more than I do the propriety of making and even insisting upon having due eredit allowed for the services already rendered snd the aaerifioea already endured, but in attempting thia it will not do to yield the great p?int of providing mean* of making a apeedy termi nation of the war. and a thnueand men mint may aave the neceaaity of calling for Un thouaand in future ?? It ia proper for roe to inform you alao that the Secre tary of War haa decided that be has no authority urder the law* of Ceogresa to deduct the overplus of voiunteera which may have been furnished by towne from the quota now ordered ty draft from those towns." This announcement naturally took Gov. Gilmore greatly by surprise, an<J brought equal confusion to his promises and to the hopes of the people of Bfcv Hampshire. Still, not despairing of better results, and determined, as he says, " to do every thing that he could do, an4 all that he believed could be done, to satisfy the expectations whioh the ptople had entertained, and to obtain for tham that mpa sure of justioe to which they were entitled,' he, with advice of the Exeoutive Council, oaused all his correspondence with the War Department to be collected in regular ohronologioal form, and, armed with it, prooeeded to Washington, aooompa nt* d by gon. John P. Hale, Hon. Daniel Clark, Hon J. W. Patterson, Wm. Jj. p<*ter,|apd E. A. Straw, Esqs., hoping, as he adds, ? for favotable results through their influenoe and arguments." In several interviews with the Secretary of War every argument ?nd means of persuasion which these gentlemen and himself knew J?ow to employ were exerted, the Governor assures the people, for the aooomplisbment of the objeot of their minion j but, he subjoins, while Mr. 8tanton " freely ad mitted the justioe and equity of our claims, and expressed his earnest desire to accede to our wishes, he deolaied that the provisions of the aot of Con gress were not sufficient to enable him to make the apportionment of oredit in any othjgr vi? tfc|n by Congressional diatriots; and that Mr. Fry's assur ance to the pontrary waa not w?H considered, but was probably based upon the hope that the letter and purposes of the law might be latjsficd way suggested by him?a hope whioh further el imination and consideration showed to be un flounu^'" The Governor, therefore, very properly oonolndes bis exposition with the following plea, invoking the indulgent consideration of the people of New Hampshire, as well in behalf of the War Department as of himself, in view of the difficulties attending the execution of a draft: ? Having thaa endeavored to exculpate myself, on ac count of broken promiaea oot raakly made, I have now an other and higher motive for add rowing yoa: It ia to ask ??u to exculpate the Administrai ion; to ask you to accept Its explanations ; to reeogniee ita immense labors, diftcal tj, n trials, perplexities, and terrible responsibilitiesi? and to resolve that, with heart and hand, with purs, and honor snd life, you will atand by it in every effort to cruah the . ehellion; that yon will abate not one Jot of patriotiatn, or ita practical fhiita; that you will be loog-auffeiring, all sacrificing, all hopeful, all-truating; that you will labor for it, pray fcr it, live for it, and if need be, die for it-be lieving that, doing thia .or the Government that now ia, you will do it likewise for your country that waa and ia and ever shall be dear beyond comparison, and precious beyond all price." Naturalisation ?It appears from the records ol the Naturalisation Bureau, in New Turk city, that very few fiireigaera have taken out their seoond papers thia year. A great diminution la the annual number of naturalised Sitigens has been remarked since the beginning of the war. Tmk NuMBtft or PMWT?M Annrsrnn-During iJmonth of September 7,149 deserters we?e arretted, ao ?arsti!; we in. this aU&W, ? *? estimated, will ba I swelled to near 9,000 nfft. POLITICAL AND MORAL DISCRIMINATIONS. A meeting of oitizens of Cambridge, Massachu setts, ?u held on (he evening of the 5th instant for the purpose of ratifying the nominations for State officers made by the Republican Convention held st Woroester on the 24th ultimo. Among the distinguished speakers of the oooasion was the Hon. Richabd H. Dana, Jr., the Attorney of the United States Distriot Court for the State of Mas sachusetts, who had been a member of the Con vention whioh placed Governor Andrew in reno mination and adopted oertain resolutions (pub lished in the Intelligenoer of the 28th ultimo) as expressive of the political sentiments entertained by the Republican party of Massachusetts. In giving an account of what the Woroester Convention did and said, Mr. Dana felicitated his follow-citizens on the faot that, after completing its nominations, it had taken to the expression of opinions, and separated " without having done posi tive misohief." He adds that we may rejoiee when any political convention in a time of oivil war sepa rates " without having presented some new oause or pretext for division, or placed some stumbling blook in the way of the dim-sighted or tender-foot ed, snd given some oause for regret to the patri otic." One would infer from this congratulation that Mr. Dana was entirely satisfi d with the pro ceedings and the results of the late Convention whioh assembled at Woroester and adopted the resolu tions we hsve published. And yet it seems to us that in some remarks whioh he made at the Cambridge meeting, and whioh we reproduoe else whore in to-day's Intelligencer, he has pronounoed a oritioism as able as it is timely upon oertain declarations contained in the manifesto of the Convention. It will be remembered that the Convention en dorsed the President's " proclamation of emancipa tion" not only as " a measure of military necessity," designed as a means to the end of proseouting the war to a successful conclusion, and therefore commensurate only with the necessities of war and terminating with them, but alsodeolared that, ((as a measure of security for the future peaoe and tranquillity of the reunited nation, it was indis pensable and must be maintained inviolate; and as a guarantee to the world that our contest is for civilization and Christianity it removes from us a reproach under which we labored, and, as we reve rently believe, it assures vs of the favor of Al mighty God." In another of its declarations the Convention as sumed that the Union, as is pretended by the Southern secessionists, has been aotually broken, and that tho restoration of the national authority over the region in insurrection will be tantamount to a " re-union" of dissevered 8tates. And in the woik of " reconstructing" the fallen fabric of the so-called Seceded States, the Convention invokes the w-operation only of those " i/noonditional Union men" who are in favor of establishing oer tain " conditions of re-union," among whioh the most important iB specified to be " a reconstruc tion of their politioal and sooial fabric upon a free basis, compatible with the new order of things es tablished by the decree of emancipation." To this effect the Convention declared : ??When tbe time arrives for settlement, let it be made with tbe unconditional Un:on men of the Bou^h, who alone have ?ny rifht to voice or vote upon the conditions of re uuioo, and Dot with tbe rebels, who have no rights but tbe right to submit. And to thia end we extend our cordial sympathy and support to all tbe men of the South who do ?ire to reconstruct t&eir political aod social fabric upon a free btais, compatible with the ntw order of thing* e* tablitbed by tbe decree ot emancipation." It is impossible, as we conceive, to express in plainer terms the objects and views of the party denounced by Postmaster General Blair in his re oent speech at Rockville. Tho resolutions, more over, are so understood by the gentleman, Hon. G. S. Boutwell, who reported them to the Conven tion, and as he had a hand in the framing of them he would not be likely to misapprehend their pur port ? But whether Mr. Boutwell or Mr. Dana be eor: reot in the interpretation of the meaning which the Cinvention meant to oonvey by the language it held, it is certain that Mr. Dana has pronounoed % most philosophical sentence of condemnation on the doctrine propounded by the adherents of the political polioy to whioh Mr. Biutwell and others would seem ftoxiotys to commit the Administration and the party that raised it to power. It is known that the confessors of the revolu tionary dogma which accepts seoession and war as having abolished 8tate lines, are fond of represent ing the struggle \n which the country is engaged ts one joined, not for the vindication of oonstitu-1 tional rights and the maintenance of national in terests, but for the establishment of certain ideas} and henoe, like the Convention at Woroester, they represent the proclamation of freedom " as a guarantee to the world that our oontest is for pirilipafion sod Christianity." To this effeot Mr. Whiting, in the very prefaoe of his letter ef poind ing the revolutionary theory, was careful to say : " However brilliant tbe auoeea* of our military opera tions has been, the oountry is encompassed by dangers. Two wars are still waged between tbe citisen* of the United StatetrrS war of arms and a war of idess Achievement* in the held caonot much putstrip the victo ries of tbe forum." Now, Mr. Dana, with that insight whioh belongs to the philosophic student of history aod politics, is gifted to discern that this view of our struggle i>, in point of morals, a goleoism, and, in point of practical statesmanship, the index to a fatal policy. Under this head he saya: ?? Canning deprecated a War of Opinion. aghast at the spectre of an armed Doctrine. In time ol peace the pure doctrinaire is an annoyance. But in time of civil war, when all foundations are broken up, all in terest* in peril, and men'* pa**mn* rou*ed to can be more dangerous to let loose on the community than an Armkd DocrniMAinr! He theorise* with bayonet*. He dogmatise* in blood." *' " Many say, aod it i* an alluring cry?let ns have a high and holy oause for our war Let ns not tight.for the M A.h and ignoble cause of the integrity of the Empire, tne Constitution, and the law*?let us jUgkt for chntMnUf mud smiixatten." This is the alluring cry of the Woroester Con vention. And the answer of Mr. Dana is as sound in religion as in politios when he rejoins by way of protest in tha following words: " This eannot, must net be Our Saviour *ay* th*t Hi* kinitdoo i* not to be enforced by the tword. Tbe magis trate may bear the sword, the mirsiouarv must not. That which i* most high and holy does not admit of tbe use of violence and tbe ahedling of blood for its propagation.' It is singular that at this age of the world, and in the present progress of humanity among ohris tianised patiors, there should be any necessity of enforcing suoh discriminations, either in the d?. main of speculation or of practical life. And yet we tiod many who are apparently ao little acquainted with the genius of Christianity, and whose ideas re specting the appointed sphere of the eivii ruler aro so undefined, that they mingle the motives of the missionary with those of the magistrate, and, with t e infatuation of sincere persecutors for opinion's ?*ke, suppose that they are doing service to God and their country when they confound distinctions which he at the very basis of moral and civil go vernment. It is indeed most true that, by the or dinations of that Divine Providence whioh super intends the affairs of men, the plans and polioies of States are often oonduoted to conclusions whioh the aotors in them little foresee and little intend. Where man means to defend civil law, the Supreme Ruler may mean to prepare the way for the re* moval of social evils and for the installment of His kingdom, but the Prince of Peaoe has no where commissioned His disciples to take the sword for the propagation of Christianity or civi lization. The civil ruler has indeed his sphere assigned to him as a" Minister of God," but it is u"a avenger to exeoutc wrath upon him tha doeth evil." He is commissioned to deal with the overt acts of men in the figure of sooiety?main*, taining order and repressing violenoe. Bat he cannot step outside of this sphere, and undertake to wield oarnal weapons in the name of spiritual forces, without doing violenoe to the latter, by bring ing reproach on the very essenoe of moral law. EARL RU88ELL*8 SPEECH. We need not invite for the speech of Earl Rus sell, as found in another part of to-day's paper, that attentive perusal whioh it is sure to reoeive from all our readers, as well beoause of the high official and personal souree from whioh it emanates as of the importance of th) topics whioh it dis ousses with so muoh simplicity and oandor. The chief interest which American readers will find in the remarks of Earl Russell naturally attaches to that portion of his speeoh in which he treats on the relations that exist between Great Britain and the United States, growing out of the delicate international questions raised by our oivil war. It will not be denied by any that Earl Rus sell has disoussed these delioate topics with frank ness, and, notwithstanding the irritations that have been engendered by certain points of difference between the two Governments, and whioh have been fostered and intensified by oertain assumed reflectors of publio opinion on both sides, it is safe to say that this speech will do muoh to allay auy sensibilities that may have been unduly roused by the collisions of popular sentiment or of public diplomacy between the two countries. Under the latter head every reader will be glad to learn that a oordial understanding exists between the two Governments and between the organs through which they communioate with each other on sub jects of international oonoern. To this effeot the British Seoretaty for Foreign Affairs says : " The Government of America discusses these matters very fairly with the English Government. Sometimes we think them quite in the wrong, and aometimea they aay we are quite in the wrong; but we diaeuaa tbem fairly and with regard to the Secretary of 8tate. I aee ne comprint to make.? I think be weigh, the disadvantage* and difficul ties of our situation in a very fair and equal balanoe." And the opinion whioh Earl Russell expresses as to the preponderance of British public senti ment in favor of the National Government and of its adherents in the present struggle is equally ex plicit, and ahould equally be a oauae of felicitation, when he says: " w? bare " "treng feeling f?r the good of mankind " people can have, but we muat maintain our own ft the P*0P1? what were the United State*, whether Aev are called Federala or Confederatea, will Anally do ua justice, and that they will observe, as indeed the? cannot help obaerving, that in thia free country, where there ia so mueh discussion and ao much difference of opinion, there are partiea rery eon aiderable in number who ay m pathze with the Confede rate#, and there are other large masses, I believe aupe rior in numbers, who ayippathige with the Federala, but. whether aympatbixing with tbe one or the other, we have all embraced in onr hearts that aentiment of Jaatiee? justice we will do to othera, juatiee we expect for our aelvea." r THE MI880DRI TROUBLES. Our columns yesterday oontained, under the head of " Telcgraphio Newa and Gossip " from this oity to the Nfw York press, the announcement that " a orisH would seem t> have oome in the Kansas Missouri affair, or to be fully on its way. It is stated in a high quarter that Gov. Gamble has made a demand typon the Government hpre to main tain tbe laws and to pres< rve order in Missouri, bringing himself and his State within the provi sions of the Constitution in such case made and provided." To thia the writer added, " It is not eaay to see how it will be possible fjr Mr. Lincoln to avoid aoting in the direotion in whioh he is urged, even if he were indisposed to do so." We learn, on inquiry, that the intimation thus made relstes to an official application made by Gov. Gamble, the lawful Chief Magiatrate of Missouri, to the President of the United States, calling for the protection and support whioh the Constitution makes it the duty of the United States to give to every State whioh ia threatened with domestio vio lence. The olause of the Conatitution under this hesd is aa follows: " The United Statea aball guaranty to every State in thia Union a republican form of government, and shall pro tect each of tbem againat invaaion, and, on application of tbe Legialature, or of the Eiecwive wktn the Legislator* cannot ke convened, against domestic violence." As not only tbe peaoe and dignity of Missouri, bat even the stability of the regular oivil Gov ernment of the State are threatened by the " domestio violenoe " of the revolutionary potion whioh has arrayed itself (qaally against theincum bents of tho National and of the State authority in Missouri, it would seem that Gov. Gamble, fol lowing the preoedent set by the lawful Governor of Rhode Island when, in like manner, the laws and order of that State were threatened with violenee by the " Dorr faction," has made the application whioh the Conatitution autkoriaes bim to make, if in his jodgment the publio safety and seourity of Misscuri demand the intervention of the Federal authority as a defenoe against actual or meditated violenoe. IMPORTANT PROM 8T. DOMINGO. llnsTOW, Oct. 13. -The aohooner Freeman, from St Domingo City September 16, at thia port, bringa intelli gence that the St. Domingo rebel I on ia all over. When the veaael arrived at that port there waa muoh exeitemeat, and there had been fighting at Port au Platte. The Span ish troopa were finally completely auoeeaaful. At the latter place the iuaurgenta were put dowa and quiet had been restored. FROM THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC. TF1E LATE FIGHTS AND BE TREAT. Ad army correspondent of the New York iter aid, writ ing from Rappahannock Station on Sunday, state. that Gen. Buford'a diviaion of cavalry crossed the Rapid-Ann river at Geruiaoia Ford on Saturday evening, and, follow ing tne river to Hunter'a Ford, surprised the enemy in their fortificationa and captured sixty of them. Gen, Buford occupied tbeae worka till Bunday morning, when t? received ordera to return, and recrosaed the Ripid Ann( fallowed by a large force of Btuart'a cavalry and som? mounted infantry, whom he gallantly fought, although greatly outnumbered, aa he fell back through Stevensburf to Brandy Station, where he joined Kilpatrick's forcea Our whole cavalry oommand then slowly retired acroai the Rappahannock. This notion waa one of the moat gal |ant and brilliant in the biatory of our cavalry. They were ordered to cover the retreat of the army, and in doing so they were obliged to fight every inch of the way from the Rapid-Ann to the Rappahannock, a "distance of twenty milea. Other correspondents of the same paper give some ?f the detail* of theae movement*. We extract the tui lowing: _ Headquarters Army of tub Potomac, Sunday, October 11, 1903. For aome daya paat it baa been evident that this army would not long remain in the vicinity of Culpeper, and every one who?knows any thing of our own and the rebel foreea underatood that it would be imponaible for ua to advance. Hence, the only queation for Gen Meade to solve waa how to get hia immeuae traina and atore* away in safety.? On Wednesday, tbe 7th in?tan% Gen. Meade received information thit led him to believe (hat an extensive rebel raid was contemplated upon his right and rear?inforina tion since verified. It was also ascertained that on Tburs day night the rebel cavalry under Stuart, and iufautry un der Ewell, were crossing the Rapid-Anu in the viciuity ot Robertson's river, and making towards Springville, via Jamea City, and I presume it was this information which led to the atrategy of the laat two days. Gen. Meade was fully apprised ot the rebel strength, and knew that by making a demonstration ou their right and centre he would compel them t? abaud-* their enter prise in older to protect their lines of communication with Gordonsville and Richmond. Consequently a strong force of cavalry, under Bufurd, appeared at daylight on Saturday at Germauia Ford, ten milea below Raccoon Ford, while infantry and cavalry ap peared in force at the fords in the viciuity of Cedar Moun tain. Kilpatrick was also sent out to the right to attract and engage the advance of tbe enemy at James City, ten miles southwest of Culpeper. It is said that Gen. Bu ford crossed at Germania Ford. On Friday night the Fir*t and 8 *th corps, wh<? had been encamped along the base of the Cedar Run Moun tains and extending down to Raccoon Ford, built fire* and advanced their lines to the river. They had previously, been strengthened by two divisions, so that at the break of day on Saturday a most formidable array of Uuiou soldieis appeared, ready to cross the river at several poiuts simul taneously. Gen. Kilpatrick had also during Friday oigH moved tw the right, and at daylight on Saturday morning engaged the enemy at James City. He was instructed not to bring on a general engagement, aa the plan wa* to lure the rebels back to their right and centre by the demonstrations in those quartern?a plan which would be thwarted by bringing on a general engagement upon our right. Co > sequently, after a half hour's skirmishiug, he fell back in the direction of Culpeper, and took position near Betbel church, where a support of infantry waa poated, and to which place they weie followed by the rebels H?*r.e a part of our cavalry dismounted aud deployed an infantry, and for a short time tbe fight was b isk in teed; but the rebel force proving too strong, or abiding by bis order-, K'lpatrick fell still fuitber toward the main b^d? of the corps, posted two miles west of C?lpeper. In tbii move m-nt a pait of the One Hundred and Twentieth New i ork Volunteers was captured; but they dd not long remain prisoners, for, watching their opportunity, a brigade ot our cayalry, of which tbe Fifth New York and Fiflh Michigan were a part, da?bed upon the guard having the captives in oharge, and rescued all but some twelve or fifteen. The ruse of threatening to cross the river by the Fir*t and Sixth Corps had it* desired tifect. Imuiediat-ly upon the discovery of our forcea by the rebel*, signal* weTe displayed, calling upon the infantry to come back to check our advance. Accordingly Ewell recro??ed the river dur ing tbe forenoon, and took up his line of mirch toward* the Orange and Alexandria railroad, where ihey had a ae rie* of works, leating only Stuart to demouatrate upon our right noitkof the river. Th a, then, was the position of tbe force* on Saturday night at dark, with every prospect of a bloody fight on the coming day. Buford waa at Germania, the Fir*t and Siith Corps ext< nding from Raccoon Ford to Cedar i un ; K I patrick, supported by tbe Second and Third Corps, to the west of Cnlpeper, from three to four milea distant. Ewell had moved back from hia posit!on in the morning, ahd faced Newton and 8edgwick, while Stuart freu'ed French, Wai ren, aud Kilpatrick in the vicinity of Betbel Church. On Sunday morning at two o'clock our inlantrv tore*, both at the Rapid-Ann aud west of town, comiii' nceii mov ing toward the Rappahannock, their traina bating all been aent back the night before, leaving the entire cavalry of Pleasantou to cover the retreat. Gregg bad c >me up by forced marchea duriug Saturday ; ao our cavalry force wax by no means insignificant. Our infantry all reached then present camping ground in excellent order during the ?ia), their pace accelerated a trifle perhaps by the s und of cannon in the direction uf the towu they hid left iu "'be morning. | But not ?o fortunate the cavalry ; for they had a day of j skirmishing by which to r. member the inauguration of tbe second annual race over tt.e Centreville course. After the infantry had all pwsed over M >untain run, a small stream just north of Culpeper, and the roa 's bad be j come cleared, Kilpatrick and Gregg took up their line of march, and, skirm?bing the while, advanced in tbe direc tion tbe infantry had taken. Kilpatrick came up by the way of Culpeper, while Gregg took the road toward* Sul phur Springs I do not Iraru that Gregg met with any enemy on tbe line of bis march ; but Klpatrick did, and in hi* encounters wiih them confirmed bis old reputation for dash and dtriog. Kilpatrek retreated slowly from Bethel in tbe morning' Stuart's men showing tbemoelve* continually, and annoying bim with their well directed fire; but he met them with '? tender in kind," until he bad crossed Mountain run, where the rebels ceased to trouble bim. Here, at about twelve o'clock, be heard for the first time in the day heavy I firing of srtil'ery < ff to the eastward, in tbe direction of i Oerumnia Ford, and he knew tha* Buford waa being hotly ei>||Sged. He immediately sent out scouts to open up Communication with Buford anl learut that a junction I was eipected to be formed before nigbt at Brandy Station, ' whither he bent bis way, taking along bis traina of ambu lance 1? isurely, and not anticipi ing further mole a tat on. But upon reaching the bill juat south of Brandy be ilia covered that a division, at least, of the energy hal clipped in between the rear of the iufautry and bis advaoce, and waa strongly posted, waiting hi* coming. He halted but a mome it, ju*t long enough to take in the wh< le so ne, when he ahouted?and the word waa earred btrk along tbe line, aot a poetic burst or a devotional exclamation, but one mited to the times and the feelings ot the rough, brave men be commanded-?" Boys, yonder are the cii*' e* Turning to the Michigan brigade, who led hi* advanc\ and who glory not in tupbonioua appellative*, b* etll^d out, "Come on, you wolverines; now give the in bc<l. and, suiting his own action to bis preotjit, he rprttiig to the head of bis column and led such a charge a* one does not see often, even in this age of valor. Three regiments of rebels weie drawn up by eompan ei across tbe road, twelve platoons deep, (linked by a regi ment on either side. It was upon this .trongly po*t d force, directly at tbe centre, that our horsemen chargd while exposed upon tbe front and flank to a iuo?t mur< er Are, but on they went, shouting, scaring. and trrrnp ling down tbe enemy with tbe fury of J'?""" .Jo W'? ?Und such a charge was .imply impossible, and the n-b. Is broke in confusion and pattered in all direc ions^ When once through the main body our forces turned, and with .hot and shell poured upon tbe retreating rebels a very de moralising teat^onial of their high regard for the tool, of ^l/tUs cbaiff? we lost a few in killed and wounded, and a few are mi.smg ; but we know also that the rebel sur aeons will have to use the trepanning and amputating in strument*, and will have to bury quite a number of their patients. Our own wounded are being brought in to-night, aud are being sent to Washington per rail. Headquarters, Orr. 12?6 A. M. Tbe trains have all come in in safety, and in Mcrtljnt order Kilpatrick and Buford have also arrived at the river and are in line of battle Our force* are now in position to contest the further advance of the appear in force south of the river. I do not think a gene ral engagement will take place to day, but in this I may be mistaken. Ik the Fif.> n, October 12, l^o.t The Army of the Fotomae is again across the Rappa hannock. and enoamped to-night in this vicinity. Gen Buford received orders to| advancejat abtu no n to-day, (Monday,) and at two o'clock his division of cav airy was marching, for the tenth or twelfth time, over the old ground In half an hour after h* crossed the nv^r hi* guns were busily engaged in shelling theJ* *. airy out of the woods. I hey were in .mall force, and fell back rapidly as our men pressed them. iMore ?u m t Buford bad driven them eight milea toward Lulpeper, being pnst tbe residence of John Minor Botta. .... The infantry command of Major General Sedgwick fol. lowed closely upon (he heels of buford and occupied Bran dy Station. That of Major General Warren fallowed n-xt and Gen. Sieklea corps, unlcr oommand of Gen f rencn mootmiM Wtrrso. Th? immense body of troops ciosae are ,n4tL4hK?r"'f in th'H two hoar'" Th? "boys" !??nU_Jw ,P'.r ' *Dd mareh W1,h the greatest *""? '?< What mean those marches and countermarch*, effected with such wondrous rapidity, o,u.t be left for the present to c. ujecture. I he earnest way to solve the problem i. perhaps, to name them .trategy. The enem? certainly mu.t he puzzled, if oot out-geueralled. Our hfsntry haJ not been engaged at all witbiu the pa.t f?w day. eicent in ? Inruii.be. alo g the picket lioea. Our cavalry has done splendid fighting. Their service. and that of the bone batterie. attached to ibeir oomrnanl. are if the most arduous character. Our losses during the last three m V1? beeu quite .-jvere, especially in officer., Ka!\^S?Da PleMtt,Jtou 00 th? 'n P?r.on with R- ipatnck s division, accompanied by the Sixth Regulars the'manv'featl ^ * K M M Hn e#cort. Among Hundav ft m V*fR ??we" gallantry that oecurred on C li n!', . ^ Pftrticulari*e Suffice it to -ay that mander on the fi n ""k8 j8!/eral "ffi(5er or brigade corn lt wl! thl a h0 dul "ot leMd several charge, in tikh 1 h 11 m 1 t-h i" 141 meoi *11 without exception, to be seen " " m0" * try'Hn<* #traggl?>g was nowhere The public should not get th? i<W tk.? ~ r driven bark on Sunday. They wer?sim?^ T ??rC0# "5? gen. GREQO'S FIGHT ON MONDAY. By a train which arrived ye.terday morning from Cat lett . SUtiou,?bringing to tbia c*y .ome of the wounded officer, and .oldier. who were engaged in the fight of Mon day, the Star ha. the following of that engagement: 0,1 Monday morning two legiuienta?the Fourth and Thirteenth Pennsylvania?were sent forward to Jellersoo about five ujile. from Sulphur Spring., and the Fir.t Main.) were sent out i? ward, Lit tie Washington to reconn^ter I he last named regiment encountered a large force of the enemy ju.t berm,' Amo.vHle and were sumUdei but to!o! Fo?d K^'f ray. 0Ut' rnd cro""d ,he river .it Wa it!! ,.? ! , f4 t*e,Fe ""'"s Sulphur Spring. S3?H3w^-?? ground, i, , ljsrjss,f "hf.^ teiirS X, rDAbe;n mDt bick to Sulphur Spring. ' " After stubbornly coute.ting the ground for n?ailv tu, hours, they were ordered t? fall back slowlv and *1 n. were doing so a heavy infantry f^ Ke ^nemy w.^ discovered on each flank, and at the same time three r-! - ZmVfcS b"l?g ""de ? wid" ???<*<*; opened on tbo rebel cavalry, but owinc toth? Artillery) (braas Napoleon.,) no serious damage was'm* Acted on the enemy by them. ?<?"age was in The 4th and 13th were n.jw pressed severely in the wUre attacked *"d at the ,am? ,ia?, ,h,*y were attack* d on each flank and in the rear. Our men hJlvy M*Wfty ?Ugh aud e,Caped *eto" th? riv?r with wa* now di.mount 'd and thrown ' 1 j river bsnks a. skirmi.hers, while the 8th Whf.h h dl,ui,,unte,,? and ordered to support the battery which had only four abort range gun. and the enemv open d on u. with aome twenty pieoe. of artillerv bur ^e^ r/'th^" hPt'y hdJ :hC ".eVer^h'our11.! h w D8 *be ch.*rgea of the enemy, and gradually fell back on the Fayetteville road, the enemy fallowing but keeping at a respectable distance. gl bUt . j b*d but two aid. with lim?Lieut*. Martin and t utlei?ai.d both were wounded, the former .everelv Major WUson' ri'rf'p" Adam''' 4tb Major Wilson, 8?h Pennsylvania; Lieut. Col Kettler l.t and^tlie^loss ofthJ r KUTk' ^ jwt,r? wounded; and the loss of the second brigade it i. thought will amount lo about four hundred and fifry men in killed womSd and musing, the 4th aud 13th Pennsylvania regiment*' sutfering most severely. regimenia he^ouB^'hil* ^'*b'y ?P?ken of for the manner in which that th- ii T,VUdr u wa' ow"? t" bis .kill and bravery that the 4th and J Jth fought thr ir way out of a orecarioua Of JheT'hr n'", hrta(i of bis mHn ifl th? 'hieke.t of the fifcbt and in .rver?l charge, he took the lead. L)uru.g the e< g-tgeme.it the rebel, charged the battery and captured oue of the guns, but the First New Jersey , .ry gallantly cuarged back and recaptured the pi^ce which was immediate y turned on them with good effect. ' THE LATEST REPORT8. According to rep<,r . f^" the frout our ca7a,ry oq Tuesday held the enemy i, check. There wa. ?,me skir mi.hing, though nothing .eri, B? is known lo have occurred In he evening there wa. heavy firing, which wa. renewed early y? s'erdsy m,.ruing It i. .uted U, have beeu in the vic.n.ty of Warrenton Junction. The encounter., mainly be.ween cavalry and artillery, contkued ftearly all day ?u terminated in qu.te a formidable engagement toward evening, m which toe Con'eJerate. were repul.ed. No part culars have yet been made public. I 1 THE ATTACK OX THE IRONSIDES. The Ntjvy L'eparfm nt has received a despatch from Aumiral Dablgreo, in which be sta'es that th* Ironside, was not injur, d in the slightest degree by the eiplosiou of the torpedo exploded uuder her by the rebels. He say. ibat tLe party who had the torpedo in charge were cap tured, together with their .ailing orders, which furnish im portant in'ormaUon. The statement in the New York paper, that the Irousides is to come North for repair, ia entirely untrue. < ?riispontlrhre of the Baltimore American. ^ x. 9HAKI ESToN Harbor, October 10, 1863. Monday night U.t a daring but unsucce.slul attempt wa? made by the rebel, to de.tr..y the frigate New Iron sides, lying near F.?t Moultiie, by a torp.do. They em ployed for the purpose a .mall and very .wift .tr-amer cigar abaped, ai?l showing but a small portion above the water She was ro*niied by a crew of lour persons, oon siating of Lieut. Ola#set', who was the commander of the party, an engineer named Toombs, a fireman named Scott and a pilot, wbone name is unknown at the present writing' She , luded the picket b .at. of our fleet by passing close in U, the shore of Su livau'. Island. She then made di iectly across the harbor, and came up to tbe vessel with out attracting any attention. She struck the Ironside, fair.y aundsbi^., exploding a torpedo, containing sixty pound4 ot rifle p twder, at the moment of contact. The rebel .teamer was iiudoubtedly.unk.eitberby force of collision or our shot. Lieut. Ulaxsett, her commander. Jumped overboard aud swam to a schooner. He and the (irniitn, Scott, are now prisoners on board the guard ship. Lieut. Ulassett .??*? fo.inerly in our navy. He say. that the explosion of tbe torpedo drove the steamer under until wa'er ran 111 her smoke-pipe and put out her fires 1'be torpedo wa. suspended to tbe bow. of the rebel ve*s? I so as to stiike tbe Ironsides under tbe water The explosion was i-everely felt on tbe Ironsides, hut no mate rial damage was done to her hull, engine, or armament. One man had bis leg broken, and one of tbe bulkheads of the vessel wa. knocked down, which can berepiired here. I he Iroi.sides was prepared for actiou by Captain R< wan immediately, and is as effective for offensive operations a* ever. Mte i. now regarded here as lorpedo-pn?ef. She opened fire with musketry on tbe rebel vessel, and in a few minutes fired two of ber larger guns. A mu.ket fired from the lebel steamer dangerously wounded Acting En sigu Charles Howard, of the Irou.ide., who wa. officer of the deck at the t:uie. There has been the uiual firing during the past week principally by the rebel batteries. Gen. Gillmore occal siona I) replii*. to the Jains. Island batteries or throws a few shells into Fort Sumter. The signs are encouraging for an early renews! of active operations. A LETTER FROM GEN. McCLELLAN. The following letter from Qeu. McCi.eu.an w?? ?'? ' at a Democratic meeting held at Lewiahurg, L n'?n county, Pennsylvania, on the l.t instant. The report of the proceedings of the meeting says that when the reading of it was concluded three hearty cheer, were given for Gen. McClellan: " Okanok, Nr.w Jersey, Skptrmber 23, I863. " Capt. H. W. Crot*?r?My Dear Fir: Your, of tbe I5th is rectived. I regret tbst it w II be entirely out of my power to be present at Lewisburg on the let of Octo ber. Please convey to the gentlemen to whom I am in debted for the imitation my sincere thank, for their courtesy, and my heartfelt wishes that the result of their deliberations |may do much towards the preeervatiou ?* our Constitution, tbe maintenance of the laws, ami 0 ? restoration of our Ui.iou?the great objects which ?h. I" n >w be tbe si n of every true lover of his country V "l uiv.y thanks to yourself for the kiud man ier in wiiioky<?* i have 0 inveyed tho invitation, I am, truly, yours, " Gao. B. MoClki.i.aw " Invalid Pbhriohr.?During tbe month of September j 1,S74 invalid pensions were granted, an J !i50 spplioatione rejected. The number of widows' pension? granted weq 1,158.