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NATIONAL 1N 'l'li UJUKNCEE. FROM THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. ARRIVAL THE HE AN1> CORDIAL TREATMENT OF THE REBEL PRIVATEERS. The " South African Advertiser aud Cape Town Mail" and tha '? Cape Argu," of August 20:h are ma.uly taken up with descriptions of Ik* arrival aud remptiMi at that place of tLe Con'ederate privateer Alabama. of her cap ture ..f vessels it. immediate pro*iui.ty to that coast. and witb th? correspondence which en-ued in consequence be tween Ike A Consul. Mr. Walter GuaHam re cently of New Jersey, and S.r Phil.*- Wookho. sk.. the Colonial Goyemor. . The first iutiuiation that was received of the approach of the Alabama wo* < n the 27th of Julyt prior to which .he hit'' appeared off Walwich Bay, some six hundred mdea north of Cape Town. On tb* 4th of August word win- received that?be wan Ivi g snugly at anchor in 8sl danha Bay, within mi" hundred wiles of Cape Town ; and by the aaine opportunity a'nute was brought from I. apt. gem men, her ooiuuiander, lo the Colonial Governor, 8 r Phi'ip Wodehnuse, in which the Int er wa* informed that on the 20th of July the Alabama had put into Saldauha Bay f.?r the purpose of effecting some uecessary repairs, and that ** soon as these were accomplished he w?u!d proceed to sea?at the ranie time assuring the Governor that her commander would pay the strictest a'teution to the neutrality of the British Governmeut What followed is related at length in the newspapers above named. We quote mainly from th* Advertiser : CAI'TI'RE OF THE SHU' SF.A RtllilE. About noon on Wednesday, August 5th, an American ba-.iue w?s signalled as standing mto I able Bay, from the south went Almost immediately after a barque rigged steamer was made down as standing in from the uortbwest The stoop of the Exchange and the space around the signalman's office belt nd the custom-house, aud all other places Horn which the signals cou d be made out, were Boon crowded, mid when the name of the steamer was made known tie excitement passed all bounds. 1 he nevss spread through Cape Town Ike wildfire: "the Alabama i" outside the bay in chase of an American barum*Tracing was forgotten?the busies' rushed out of their offices and th. p-: ev-ry cab on the stand loaded municipal regulations, a-.d vam-hed up the Kloof road or dowu Somerset road. Horsemen galloped about thj streets, and tbeu spurred their steeds right up the Lion's K.imp. Men, women, and children were seized as with ilirenzy. and rushed about beie, t 'ere, and every where a kii-g and telling the most contradictory and un heard of things: "They were firing at each other !-at close quarters'?the smwke and roar of the ba'tle court be unite distinctly >een end heard from the Breakwater And the *h -re from that point round to Camp s Bay was in an it.credibly short spac- < f time lineJ with no in cnsid. ruble portiou of the madly-excitfd citizens of Cape We will not relate the imprecations of the cab driver, the p unguigs arid stumblings of hi* horse, and our own an athemas at both, as we were j Ited over rock and into holes, into places where cab had never beeu, but proceed at once with the narrative of what we saw. The fine batqne Sea Bride, having run the gauntlet of the Confederate fleet on the Atlantic, bad deemed her voy ag- t > be approaching a happy end, and, with full sail set, a favorite breeze, and the star spangled banner at her petik. the sped onward like a thing of life and beauty, in full view of the port to which she was bound. Diuily in the north she descried a steamer standing likewise for the bay, and congratulated herself on her good luck in arriving just in time to receive the latest American news at Vicks burg or the Kappahanoock by the English mail. Fast as the barque went the steamer w^ut faster still, and in a very uncomfortable manner seemed to be bearing down on the Yankee. In le?s than half an hour the suspicious craft had fairly overhauled her, and, with the dreaded Confede rvte flag run up at the peak, left little doubt that the Sea Bride was to become the prey of the redoubtable cruiser the Alabama. But still, as it appeared to us, who wit nessed the whole scene from Green Point shore, the Northerner determined to strain every nerve to escape his foe and reach the neutral waters within the charmed league from shore. The demand from the steamer to heave to was answered by a defiatit pressing on of every possible stitch-ol can vass, snd a shll more jaunty display of the stars an ! stripes at the ntizzen. The chase was then continued for a few seconds longer; but ?t no time was the issue of it uncer tain. The Alabsma seemed to cut the waters with pr<> digous speed, and a blank charge from one i f her big gut.s brought the S. a Bride to a full stop. The Coiifed erate, puffing her steam in eanrmous volumes, moved gently around her fated victim, and seemed to gaze upon ' her with the complacent satisfaction a cat might show after the seizure of a tempting mouse, or a hawk which in swift desceut had pounced on it? nn-uipecting prey A boat was sent to go on board the barque?a few nvnu'es longer and it was impossible to judge what was happening, until at last the stars and stripes were stitick, and the Northern barque Sea Bride was manifestly proclaimed a Confederate pr;z*. A great deal of apparent, and to us from shore quite un accountable, d->11>ing succeeded. 'I he barque stood out to sea, and the steamer held her position for several minutes, at if complacently gazing at her; and then, with nrmzmg swiftness, cl s-d down ui> u her again and steered close alongside. Tl.en further communication succeeded, fol lowed onre more by another departure of the barque and aoother advance ot the steam-r, until finally it was clear that all the requisite arrangements must have been com pleted ; and the Sea Bride, in chaige of a Confederate crew, stood out witb slackened sail to sea, and the Ala- i bama steamed (-willly into the bay, as if nothing but a mere every day sort of incident had occurred. Just as the prize barque had g"t fairly on her course to the south waul, the stately form of the Lady Jocelyu was descried on the horizon. It seemed by no means unlikely that tfe C'infederates on board suspected her to be the Vsndeihilt in chase; and wh? ther they resolved to give themselves V e benefit of the doubt or not, it wa? very evident tbnt they suddenly b -re up and stood onadifferent course, to the northwestward. Soon after it was seen that the stranger was an Englishman, and the Sea Bride ac cordingly acted upon Cspt. Semmes's instructions by star,ding off and on for the night, under easy sail and within si^tat of laud THE ALABAMA URACIIE* TABLE HAV. The Alabama, having now completed the capture, steim ed into Table Bay and came to an anchor about f ur o'clock. The wharves and every prominent point along the bench were crowded with spectators, nnd in a very short time hundreds of boats put off loaded with visiters. All who w> nt alongside were politely received on deck aud invited to inspect all parts of the ship. For three hours, even after dark, the crowd on board was as dense as any we have ever seen. All classes, and of both sexes, kept pouring into the vessel; but the Courtesy of the Ala bama's officers was such that all felt at home Some found their way among the prisoners, (*h* crews of enp tured vessels, J others gathered around the unlucky captain and supercargo of the Sea Bride, and others sgain pene trated into the small cabin where Capt. S< mines was quiet ly receiving all who sousht the honor of shaking hands and conversing with him Both the gallant captain and all of his (fficrs spoke frankly and modi stly of the services the Alabama had rendered to the (Jonled*raw, and the cu riosity of those w ho sought particulars ot all the captures was gratified to the fullest extent. CAPE TOWN HOAKDIMi THE ALABAMA. Next day the excitement in town was if possible still gteater. '1M- day was to all intents arid purposes a gene ral hotyday. The weather was favorable, charming , the bay was as smooth and sparkling as a sheet of glass, and every man, woman, and child in Cape Town seemed to have made up their uui.ds to get on board the Alabama'in some way or other. The different jetties were crowded fiotn early it orn to a late hour in the evening; the bay was alive with ciaft of all kinds, from the heaviest anchor and cargo boats to the lightest uigs and racing rkiffs, all packed with pleasure parties going to or returning from the Alabama. The Alabama took in and discharged a living freight at the rate of about sixty in the minute Irom eight o'clook in the morning till four or five in the after noon, by which time pretty uearly the w hole population of Cape Town bad beeu on beard There she lay all day surrounded by a fleet of boats ten deep. The boatmen quarrelled, roared, and swore, as their eager living cargoes tumbled in and nut of large boats into little ones,.utterly reckless of their lives, in their mad haste to get into the ship. The ladies' crinolines blocked the ladders and gangways. The boldest nflRcer on hoard the Alabama would not have liked to fotce his way through that barricade, ami would nave tried hi vain to turn that stream of leiuale boarders. The nisi* visitors, despaiiing of forcing their way from the otber side, took to the lon*e ropes hanging over the ship's side, or, armed wi'h boaUkooks, made fast to Ihe rigging, and scrambled up the chip's ?jd* in any way and every w>y, squeezing themsrlve* through port holes and any othei aperture that first presented itself, some of them tumbling head-foremost, on to the derk, into the officers' cabins, or the engine rooms. Fore and aft on deck aud brhiw, the ship swarmed all day with vi.?ter?, bke bees in a new hive. The great centre of attraction was (J?pt Remuies. He could not escape out of the cabin ; Oo-re was no outlet; a constant stream poured into it He had .to shake ham s with all who could get nesr enough to him; he had to sign Lis autograph before that hand was released; and he had to answer a hundred and one questions put to him at one aud (be same lime- be did vrcry lluug with grave, f good-will, and infinite humor Hie ladm. were charune. , \ for though .urn* of tl.ern weie at br.t disappointed to bud Ku.; the celebrated sea-rover wm. in dre*. aud manner, a -uuirMfegliah n?i?ilHUi#n, iuat^d.o)' Ibe w.ld-'uok.ng and ? ut.age. usly dre?sed and a.tned pirate ttMYftnutf nntion or reading had pictured, tb-y were won by his gallantry hi.d good breeding Th* wen WPrrt uo drl,g5 j ' They saw that there was aometbing great, daring, and de termined uu.ler that quiet, unassuming exterior. He .polie of the great American .truggle, aud of hi. own share_ in it, with tbe ra'ui faith of a wan who knew that he bad cho.eu tb<< right path of duty, and th>.t he would be able to do something for his country in following it out IVie was no aasunptiou or brag, nothing of the Yankee speech about him ; in fact, nil who re..red froui the cabih ?Hid. ? Why, he doesn't look nor upe&k like hi all."' But we have had our turu, and have to take * ..I the captain, hi* .flicers. crew, and ??hip. more suddenly and less ceremoniously than we bad intended 1 b* crowds become greater. Those cming crush tb.*e the cabiu ofl the decks, over the bulwark*, into tbe boats. and we return t<. shore determined to pay the ship another u-ir Hiid see and hear a little more of her and her gallant captain, officer., aud crew We have been cordially pres. fd to dii by t&l 1 ou bo*rd. OI K SECOND VISIT TO CAPT. 8EMME8. So next evening after dark, when we knew that moat of the vi.itei. h(.d lefr, we pulled on board again 1 he ?hi.) i? now qu.et-aeems, in fad, altogether deserted ; but kh the .plash of our oai. wa. beard, a voice .lug. out from th* quarter-deck, - B^at-ahoy'-what boat i. that? ? From shore " We pull alongside, hand up our card aud immediately after are requested to wulk down into t.apt. Semme.' cabin. We find bim alone. He throw, down the Cape Town newspaper in which he had been leading mi account of l.i. arrival and reception, and welcome, us With great kmduee. and cordUlfy. Invihng u. to join hiui at Ins frugal eveumg meal, the home!y te.i tah^, he freely m d pleasantly chatted about the leading event, of his own lite and the war. Referring to the Cape paper, which b- had just been rending, he .poke feelingly and gratefully of the sympathy shown toward him and bis cause in every British port he had entered. He w? more puzzled than tittered by the reception be had met with at the C pe, which wa? more enthusiastic than any he had had b. tore. " l)o y"U know, now." .aid be, pointing to the bouquet, of ti .wer. and other little t ken. left or ?eut on board, "that my own countrymen aud -'h^v ale Dot have done as much lor ma or any o. e e .e ? I hey are not fond of hero-worship. You Engh.h are a peo ple," continued be, all.iding to the work he had to do a. 1 dav?" 1 dou't believe them's a man or woman in the State, 'a ho would care that (snapping his finger.) lor my autograph, or that of any of Iho.e men, pointing to the portrait* of tbe Confederate leiders. Davis and Lee, whom he knew intimately.be .aid were pillar, of.trength , no Mi men in the North were a match for them lie ?? ke with emotion of the los. of "Stonewall Jackso^ He had only beard ol hi. death at Bald an bn Bay. He w?s a hue. a br.llitiit General," .aid he, " but he was a still finer man, and a more brilliant Chr atian. \ve Have many oth-r Generals a. good a. be, but we have lew such uood and noble men." He .aid he lelt convinced, and wa. gratified to know, that the IVoiiug of the great majority ot the people in England was .trongly in lavor of the ac knowledgment of the i sdepeiidsi.ee of the Southern State-; and. though he did not blau.e, be could not con ceive why the Goveri.u.-ut did not, by simply acknow ledging that independence, aud without any more active interference, hasteu the teimmatiou of tin war. He be lieved that Earl Ru.-ell was to., sympathetic or couce.Bive to the North ; wbi'e Lord Palmer.tou wa. such a cold and .hrewd politician that, if he had any .yuipath.e. ior feelings, he never would .how th-m. even if hi. life de peuded upon t. But he was convinced that the Goufede mte. would very speed.ly force that acknowledgment from the British Government, "in spite of the rant of wbite chokered negrophibifi.ta, who believed that we Southern er. area set of bcatheu slave-driver., piraU., and cu. 1 Tbe'olficers of the Alabama are a dashing, gentlemanly, free-and-ea.y .et of fellow., wilh all the disc.plm* n, ces mtry on board a man-of-war, but with a good dea. of the n-nchalance and independence of thi .r nation, tempe.ed and spiced by their roving, dangerou- mode of life. lh,*y were . lie Mid all moat attentive and c Miiiuunicative to their numerous visiters. They venerate their commander They describe bim a. quick, yet cool and collected in ac tion, giving hi. orders and doing his shtre of the woik in a manner which inspire# every oue under hi. command with the utmost confidence. They are c.,nfid-nt tha he will never .tnke hi. flag or allow hiu.m If and they are resdy U> be blown up or to go to the bo.torn with him at any time M The most of the cr. w are regular BiHish tar*. Many ?f then, hnxe served in the English navy. They are not only trained to the gun*, but are urilled a. marines. 1 hey are all most Corm dtbly armed with rifle?, revolverp. and cutlas.es, and are ve-y expert ... tbe use of all these weapons. 'I hey say that the Vanderb.lt or other ship of equil weight and aimauisnt may run the Alabama down or .ink ber with their gun., but if they attempt to l?> aloi.KS.de and b .ard ber. none of their men will reach her drcka. An Irish fiddler ou board i. I lie life of I he fore castle. When the m^n are off duty he .et? theu. dancing to hi. lighter .trair ., or, d vid.ng th*m into Northerners and Southerner., like a true Irishman, he get. op a sham fight to th"-.pint stirring .trains of a march, in wnicn fight the Northerners ere of c urse invariably beaten, 'JHF. F.X< ITEMENT IN CAPE TOWN. A writer in the " Cape Argil." describes as follows the exciteme. t in the city upon his return to it just after wit nessing the capture of the barque Sea Bride : ?? As we came bark we four,.! the heights overlooking TaSle Bay crowded with people ; the road to Green Point lined with cabs; the window, of the villas at the bottom of ih- bill were all thrown up. and ladies waved their handkerchiefs, a. d one and all joined in the geneiltl enth.i .ia-io Over the quarriss, al ng the Malay burial-ground, ! the gallows hill, t?nd the b.ach. there were masses of peo I p|,? nothing but a s. a of hsads as far as I he eye could r.-a h Along Mrand street and A<lderley street the roof, of hll the hens. , from which Table B<y is overh oked were made available as standing plaees lor p-rson. who could t.of get boats to go I H to the v. ss. I. The c-ntral, th^ nor'h, the .oiith, a.;d the coaling jett es were all crowded; at . lie central jetty it was almost impossible to force one's way through to get a boat We went < fl in ?>ur boat u III*, n.idat of a vast fleet of dingirs, csr.ii bo*U, gig., ant wherries, all as lull a. tbey could hold. N. arly all the city wa* at sea. The rowing clubs in uniform pulled ? II wilh favored members of their re-pecive clubi on board. We pasted the Federal barque llrania at h?r anch ruge, and tliat ship, regardless ol the enemy, sported ber bunting with be. oniing pluck. Tbe stars and stripes floated d^fi amly from her m azer, peak, and her name from b?r mam. On getting alongside the-AI bauia we found about a doxen boat- beiore us, and we had not been on board five ininute. before she ws. surrounded by nearly eveiy boat in I able Ha>, and as boat after boat arrived three hearty cheers weie given for Capt Sen.ii.es and the Alabama.' Tbe Advertiser remarks that, " as fur as the feeling of the population generally have been concerned, we fear we cannot claim much credit on the score of neutrality." The Civil Service Club, uiost of whose members are cl-tks ih the employ of the Government, invited Capt Homines to lunch, and only the express threats of the Go vernor to resign his membership could induce them to withdraw the invitation. THE ALABAMA I.KAVCM TAHI.K BAV. Having on Saturday Completed the necessary repairs required here, at an early hour on Sunday morning the Alabama weighed anchor, and at six o'clock took her de parture from Table Bay for Simon's Bay. On leaving the biy she st-ered in a southwest cou.se, and scarcely had got out of sight when the signalmen on the Lion's Hump made down a sail to tbe northwe-t, and stib.e au>-ntiy another coming from the same direction. One proved to be tbe American barque Kedron. from Haiti I more, bound to this port wi;h a cargo of fl ur, and the I other the American whaling schooner (-ha.les L. Iga e, from New London, bound to Desolation. They wer-, however, warned ol their danger by some boats in the offing, and were wide ..wake enough to hug the ahore pretty closely I he * labuna passed within a lew miles ot both . and the signalman had both ships under his view at the same t ine , but a fog-bank between I he steamer and th?> from thry thrn*f??r? r^irlied th* iiiiohoriflf* in ?*t?*ty. Whil^ entering False Biy, however, h>* pounced upon another Auterioau stiip, the Martha Wentx'l, from Akyab, bound to Falmouth, and luimediately seized h-*r; but she was again quictily liberated, on its being eleaily shown that at the lime of her cipluie she wa. wilhm the protection of the charm a league ,1mm shore. 'I he Alabama arrived in Simon's Bay about eight hours after, and, after effecting a few i.ece..ary repalis and taking in ruppliea, left agaiu on Saturday, tbe lo.h ...staut, ou >> c ui?e. TI.K PHIVATKfK TIIKALWllA. This is another cruiser which has lately paid a visit to 8iuioti's B?y, where sIm rereivsd somf supplies, and trom whence she sailed a frw diys ago. From llifonBatten which has been snpplird us by the . tfic<rs of the A tbum. We learn that the \e*?el wbc.h now pas.r* It inter the ailHt of the Tuscalorst was a Federal Rie.cliantMiaa. ? hirtk *. . captured while on a voyage Iron. Buenos Ayre. I? Yoik with a C'irgo M wool. I he A>ab .mt had p.e?, u> t captured the Talisman, bound trom New York t., ( and with an armament o| four brass gun., which wa* Iiaus terred to the I'u calo< sa. Mr Lowe, the third ofReer i.f | the Alabama, wilh a crew, were put on board, and the ! Conf derate fl *g hoisted. Since then the I .iscaloose l as bnen cruising in vai.ous directions; and cfl the coast here she captured the Han ee and cha?ed the Snow Squall. The latter vessel, owing to b^r superior sailing qualities, made good her escape It may be mentioned that the Tusc?? l..o a is only armed wilh small brass guns, hut upon thx forward p .ruon of the deek is what appears to be a Im pounder HlakeUy gun. It i. moan ted in tbe same manne as those upon the Alabama, and wbei. aeon by a vessel atr tempting to escap* has uv doubt au ugly look , hut a clv#?t inspection would suffice to prove how perfectly barmlea" i? thin formidable-looking pieoe, lor it U simply made of HuuJ aud painted over ii beautiful black. rbe cruw ol tbe Tuscaloosa are fond of tbeir big guu, aud h*ve christened ?it "Tb* lighting Jo*. Hooker." .. ?*. TUB PRIVATEER UEOtHJIA. The Confederate steamer Georgia in now in (Simon's Kay, wh'eb port she reached on Huuday at<rnoon. Nb* w?s built by Messrs Deuuy & Co , of Greenock, Her officers joined ber off Usbaut Inland on tbe 9th of April, on which day ahe finished getting ber armament on board, hauled down Ibe English and ran up tbe Confederate 11 <g She then put to st a. On April '25tb she captured the *hip Dictator, of New York, bound to Shanghai with coal*. Alter burning lb? Dictator she proceeded to tbe Cape Verde Island* to laud her pri*oners. A* she got into the entrance of the harbor of 8t Vincent she dUcovered a man of-war with I he American color* Hying; put about, and went to the i.orth aide of the ialaud. where abe laid until dark, and th> n stood for aea. On May 13lh abe ar rived in Babia, where tbe Aiabtmit wa* lying at the tiuie From Buhia abe proceeded down the South Ann rican coast. Off Cape Frio, in a;gbt of bind, abe captured the George Griawold, which veaael had a British cargo on board, and waa therefore bonded The Georgia then pro ceeded to the I-lan t of Trinidad ; on her way capturing tbe barque Good Hope, of Boston, bound to Algou Bay with a general cargo. Her captain had died come day* before, and his b .dy being preserved ii salt, Capt. Maury had liiiu brought on b ?ard th-> Georgia, read tbe fuueral rervicea over Liu, t>nd committed Li< body to the deep. Dining the aervi -e tbe barque J. W. Sever hove in sight, and waa chaaed by Ibe Geor^it. She waa froui Boalon, bound to tbe Amour river with machinery for the Rustiui Government. Th? pii^ouera from the Good Hop* were put on board, and Mie waa bonded. On tbe 18 h Juue 'he Georgia arrived at 'he Island of Trinidad. Ou the 2f?'h of June ahecapiurtd the abip Constitution, of New York, loaded with coal lor Shanghai, made a prize of her, and took her into the i ilat.d. On tbe 28th of July the Georgit captured tbe aliip City of Bath, of Bath, fioin Callao to Antwerp. The cargo being neutral, abe waa bonded, and the piianuer* of the Constitution wereputou board of ber. On the 16th of July the Georgi* captured the ship Prince of Wal< a, of B lb, froui Valparaiso, bouud to Antwerp with guano. '1 ne cargo being neutral, tbe ship waa bonded. PROTEfcT OF TIIE AMERICAN CONSUL. During the visit of the Alabama to Cape Colony, Mr. Graham, the American Consul, waa indefatigable iu hia effort* to balk her proceedings. Promptly, on receiving intelligence of her preaence at Haldauba Bay, he opeued a correapoudence with the Colonial Governor, which he pur sued unremittingly but ineffectually till her final depar ture. The folio win*' aummary of tbia correspondence ia given by tbe Newark Daily Advertiser: Mr Graham'* first letter ia dntd Augu*t, 4tb and con tained two pn poaitions: the first, demanding that as tbe Alabama eacaped from England while uuder bonds for jCiiO.OOO, in violation of the foreign enlistment act, ?be be at once seized and sent back to England; tbe other, pro testing against her being allowed to remain iu portauotber day, oil the ground that abe had already been in oue port four or six days, and had bet n fur a week previous within tluee leagues of land. To this tbe Governor replied that he had no instruction* to seize the Alabuuia, aud that abe had not violated the neutrality On theflth instant tbe Conaul again addressed the Gov ernor iu four d fferent letters, describing tbe capture of the Se^ Bride by tbe Alabama, which he alleged occurred iu British wafers, within four miles of the nearest land, within one-and-a-half miles of ltobben Ialaud light bouse, and was witnessed by himself. He claimed that the cap ture waa within neutral waters, asserted that neutral wa Iters on the discovery of gunpowder were limited to the fighting distance from land, or three miles on a straight coast, and subaequently ou the invention of the Armstrong gun was extended to at least six miles. He therefore de manded tint the priz^ of tbe Alabama be declared no prize and that she be permitted to go free. All these facts were substantiated by the affidavits of officera of the Sea Bride. To these various applications Mr. Graham received eva sive replies from Gov. Wodehouse till the 7th and 8th of August; on the former of which he wrote a note saying ttiat b? wns not prepared to admit that the fact of tbe 8ea Bride having beeu brought to "within oue-and-a-half mile* wa* a violation of tbe neutrality as much as if tbe capture bad taken place the same diatance fnom land," and that he " did not feel warranted iu taking steps for the removal of the prize crew." On the 8tb the Governor came to tbe positive conclusion that tbe capture by the Alahnma' wa* not illegal or iu violation of the neutrality of the British Government." ? On the 10th, after a sharp review of the course of the Governor with relation to the Sea Bride, Mr. Graham claimed that theConfederate cruiaer Tuscaloosa had b-en captured a* a prize by the Alnbamt, and, without having been condemned by any Admiralty Court of any recognised Government, was converted into a war vessel. He theie f?e protested against ber being permitted to enter a neu tral port, and demanded that she be given up <o her lawful owner* Considerable correspondence ensued, in which Mr Graham ably represented the interests of onr Gov ernment and commerce, but all bis effort* were nugatory, the Governor, aft-r consultation with the British naval commauder-iu-cbief, pronouncing tbe Tuacaloo-a "en titled to be regard-d a* a vessel of war," denying that "captured ves*el* a* soon a* they enter neu tral port* revert to their real owners and aie for feited to their captors," and asserting that " the claims of contending parties to vessel* captured can only be determined in the firat instance by the courts of the captor's country." It was afterwards revealed that sufb courts were improvised on board the Alabama, and that all the prizes abe captured were condemned by an admiralty c urr over which Capt Seuimes himself pre sided, tbu* making him a judge of cases in which h* was himself an interested party. The correspondence closes with a recital by Mr. Graham of the piratical act* of the Alabama, Gemgia, and Tuscalo >aa, and with an indignant protest fnom him against tbe course pursued by the Bri tish authorities. Throughout the proceedings the course of tbe British Governor waa marked by cold civility to our Consul and by au unmistakable sympathy with tbe rebel cruisers. FARE OF PRISONERS AT RICHMOND. The pev. Lor is M. Boioryk, < lie of several chaplains who bave just returned from Richmond, has published a letter coi recting some inaccurate reports which have lately obtained currency respecting the fare of the inmates of the Libby Prisoc. He says: " While it is true that the fare of Federal prisoners in Richmond ia almost aa scanty as it could be and austain life at all, it is uot true that any of us reported that tbeir ' loot] coriaists of a !? w beans, a bunk of corn bread, and no meat, daily.' Beans are souietim-s used, but rarely. Corn bread is not kuowu among them, only such aa is baked by the prisoners themselves from meal which the officers are allowed to purchase. Regular rations of meat are issued daily. Officers' rations, generally frrsb beef, about three ounces after cooking; good bread, about eigh- I teen ounces ; rice, about two ounces, and sometimes beans instead ; a teaspoonful of vinegar; about the same of salt. This is found to he scarcely half enough to austain health, and were it riot for the twelve thousand dollars' (Confede rate)'worth ol groceries, Ac. purchased weekly by tbe ? fficers of Libby prison, it would be impossible to depict the suffering of those miserable inmates. What most we think of enlisted men whose rations consist only of eigh teen ounces of bread and about lour of bacon I Without blankets or overcoats, tbey lie upon the hard, dirty floors of warehouses, or the cold ground of B< He Island. It is not uncommon to find, among thiee hundred, as many as fifty sick ones in a day. Death* are numerous. I have reen much of this with my own eyes ; what I have not seen 1 have from tbe testimony of Confederate officers in charge. The record of sufferit g is still more appalling among citizeu prisoners." THE CROPS IN ENGLAND AND CANADA. Tbe London Mark Lane Express of September 19:h notes the progress of gathering in the crops in various parts of England and Scotland. The wheat crop will be, from present appearances, above the average. The re ports iu regard to other crops are also favorable. The Montreal (laceite of Monday contains report* of the sta tion masters throughout the whole eitrnt of the Grand Trunk railroad libe of Ca.iada, in reply to circulars sent to Montreal, and thus sum* up the re?ult: ' Oil the whole the picture they present is not alto gether so flattering ?s we had expected to find, aud par ticularly with respect to tbe great staple, wheat. Froui tbe westerly section of Upper Canada the accounts of spring wheat are nmlorinly poor. From only a few of the stations is there a good account of wheat. A larg? ciop was expected some weeks ago, but the weevil, tbe midge, and continued dry weather have worked evil 'Ibe reports of coarse grains are favorable Irom all parts " Raiiikn Kxpbrmvb?Among the many astonishing itrios in that wonderful production, tbe city tax levy, is one of over $860,W)0 for next year * expense* of the New York hre department Considering that the file depart ?mthi is an mmsmUritd institution, people may well be put ?I'd tn gu< ss how this quarter of a million and more is to ks nt on it ?Juur. Com. , A law has l>ei n pa red in Alabama for the arrest of de serters from the rebel army, by which "all peisms harbor ing. trrreilng, or feeding deserter* or slragglrr* are dec ar. d guilty of lelony," and it is made the duty of every c.l.zen o| the ,vute to assist in their arrest. Knliitimuit W NliUBiiM.?0(fii?rs froui Baltimore caitiff to our town on Friday week and remained until Wednesday following, during which time they recru ted and sent away shout three hundred negroes, nearly all of tl.ein slaves 1 hose, added to the number previously taken from ibe neighborhood of Eastern Nerk, make a total vl about lour hundred from oar couuty alono. THK MlftSOUKI TKOUBLES. It hiTiti Iimd rf^ritruM tu M?|ui General Fhakcii P Ulaih Mil, iu the prMwl eicit*d wmjilin of public >o Missouri, tt ui.ght lie ul ??'??? miporUaee that be should make an addresa Iu hi* old friends aud associates iu St. Louis, pointing cut to tbrui tbe dangers wbidli ap pear to threaten tbe public tranquillity iu tbat quarter, be appeared before the people iu Ht Louis un tbe evening of tbe gtitb ultimo, and delivered ao earnest >pe. oh on tbe disseusious iu Misa<mi which engage the attention of tbe whole country. Iu reaped fur the influential position ?o luug held by thia distinguished Republican leader iu Mis aouri, who baa recently added to bia civil title* such hard won aud juatl)-earned distinction aa a aoldier, we eitract from bia remark* su much aa may erve clearly tu iudicate bia opinion at to tbe temper aud purp??es of the political taction iu Missouri which ia now arrayed against the civil government of Missouri aud egaiust the military authori ty of the United States iu that district, a? represented by the Pre?ideut'a choaeu coiuuian ler, Major Qeuera Scht field. KXTKACTH KKOM UKNKKAL NPBU'H. It ia needless. my friends?I have not tbetirae, oor have you the patieuce?that 1 sb? uld follow out these men aa they bave disclosed themselves. It ia apparent, even Iu the moat ca?ual observer, that, while they assume to them selves the eutire patriotism of the Htate of Missouri, they ?ro making war upon tbe National Admini*tration, and tbe Administration which exists in thia State. and which baa difficulties enough to contend with It way have discharged it* dune* in a very imperfivt manner, yet ao long aa it ia the legal aud cona'itutional Government of tbe Htate, there i* but oue way in which a true and loyal American citixeu ?one who kn >ws any thing of the working* of our Htate and National UoVernnient*?can oppose it. If it ia dis loyal, a* these uien *o met line* claim ; if Gov. Gamble baa gone out of hi* way, aud hi* friend* bave gone out of their way to place him in tbe gubernatorial chair?aud b* tin* incurred the bitterest hatred of tbe secessioniats of tbe State, wbe denounce him iu the very language which these Jacobin* have borrowed from their sece??ion brethren ; yet still. il he has attempted, in however feeble and impeifect a manner, to carry on the Government, instead of attempt ing to deatruy thi* Goveriiiiieut iu au illegal and unconsti tutional maulier, it ought to bave been aud ia the duty of every loyal mail to have rtiered bim assistance, and ihe more no at he discovered the weakueaa ami f?w bleura* of tbe Aduiiui*tra'iou. lint, instead of tbat, every pos*ble . bst ruction baa been thrown in the way of Gov. Gamb'e. I believe it ia prety well undcrntuod tbat I did not agree with Gov. Gamble iu political opinion, and yet I did not heaitate when be was appoiuled Governor of thia Htate, nor have 1 hesitated up t<? thia hour, to give him the *up port he deserve* aa the legal and constitutional Governor of the State, aud I propose to continue to do ao, in defi ance of all opposiliou, from whatever quarter it may come. [Great applause.] ... It ia no hrgiiinent to say that he ha* made bad appoint men'H, that be hua done ihi*, that, and the otber tbat i* wrong and improper; that ia no argument for breaking down hi* Government iu an illegal and iincouaMtutiouai manner. If, my friends, the Government of the State can be displaced at tbe will of a aet of politicians, or otherwise thau by the lorrns of law, we shall sacrifice our republican inatituiions and run down into a *oit of Mexican republ c, where presidents, judges, Sic are made by proiiuuchmien toea The people of thia State are not prepared to degrade Iheimelvea to thia standard ut gov. rumeut. We are a people who deaire that there ah ill be stability, dignity, aud respectability in our Government. We are of a race of people v* ho light it out rather than submit. All these men who were eutering upon this career ol rebellion, all these meu who make our great content for our national exist euce degenerate into a revolution like that which atllicted France in the laat century, theae men who are following in the footsteps of the Jacobin* of the French revoluiou? who are dementing the gui.l'jtine?who constitute them aelvf a judges, witnesses, aud executioners alike?I tell them to beware! They will not find a aubuiia*ive people. They wilt find Girondist.< of a different stamp?a Robespierie will uever live. [Cheer* ] Their Robespierre and Dau tou< will never live to exercise the authority which they Covet, to immolate a people who differ from them iu opin ion*. But tbey will fjud themselves travelling the road to the gallows. There ia no other way t> deal with such people. It is idle to di cuss this question with men con atituted as these men are. Why, it was related to me by a geutl> uiau whom I know as thoroughly reliable, tb.it he held a Conversation the other day with a man who baking* now to this Jacobin taction, tbat I once kuew to be one of ti e most temperate, wise, ami sagac oil* men iu this State, but that man had become so imbued with this spirit?tbis jacobmical and revolutionary spirit?that he declared to ibis g' Qtleuian that " the oppoaers of the Kaduals iu this State must go out of the State?that they could not live in the State togethei." lie aaid also tbat " be did not care so much about tbe negro"?the fact is, he wanted to get rid of the negro and the negro question; but the opponent of the radical paMy, their oppou nt*?their enemies, as he d scribed them?must go out of Iht Slate. Now, my friends, it is ab .ut time to see who will go out of ihia State. [Applause ] tor uiy pait, when tbey commence that overt ret ol expelling tho?e uieu who are opporod to th. ir fanatical and revoiutionaiy doctrines, I ahull leel inclined, wherever I maybe upon the fac-mf this earth, / shall frrl inclined, to com* hatk to thit State and try the issue with them. [ Applause. 1 ' * * Now, gentlemen, you may have observed here in your O An midst the tend> ucy of this kind of leaching A regi meut wa* called out in Missouri the other day iu order that it "light take the place, in some town, 1 believe, near Cape Girardeau or New Mndrid, of another ol our regi meiits which was demanded by one of our General* in tbe field a* a reinforcement for bis enfeebled and shattered columns; and this regiment wa? told over and over again that it was called out for this purpose, and to protect our lawa and the Constitution against guerrillas. Yet, when that reginn nt w as called out, instead of responding with alspri'y?instead of leaping, as one would have supposed these patriots would have done aft*r the restraints which had been put upon them, to ffII tbe place < f those who*? du?y called them into anoHer field?instead of being auxn us to go there and vindicate their patriotism and their surpassing coiirago, we find that when they went on hoard the boat suyptr wa* not there, and ihey all deserted. [Laughter ] 1 bey could not go to the war without their supper. [Keuewed merriment] How many suppers, my dear friends, have your poor *oldiers in tie fHd gone without f How many dinners have they missed 1 How many marches have they made without dinner, supper, or breakfast, for perhaps more than one day?for many days, ut complaining f Aod bow it must have sounded to those bravo men in the field, when they he-ird that the enrnged militia of Missouri?a regiment i f p ck -d men. in the city of St. Louis, selected carefully, one hundred from each regiment in the city?when called out. and without supper, could not go to fight! [Laughter.] It was not tb? tault of the men. They had been told, over and over again, by publication in the Jacobin newspapers in this city, that Gamble's government was a usurpation?they bid been told tbis until they believed it?the thing h-.d been rung into their ears that tbey were to be called out by a usurp ing Government and sent into the field ; and being so ap prized they would not go. Aud one man, who is a candi date for Judge upon the Supreme Bench, was found pl<ant enough to grant a habeas corpus in the case of cer tain Mililiers in that regim* nt, upon th? solicitation of one of tb* leaders in this faction. They were to be protected It wa* a part of their piogramme; .and 1 am informed upon good authority tbat these very radical leaders went among the men of that regiment and advised thnn not to go to relieve their brethren who were in arms in the lace of the enemy, and promised them that they should be protected if they refused And the men, believing these assertions made by their leaders, that this was a usurping Government, all mutinied against the au thority of the Government of the United State*, and re fused to go into the field; and Ihe men who encouraged tbis mutiny?the uieu who tot k away from the Govern ment the strength that rest-d in the arms of these one thousand men, and made the Government so much weaker iu the face of the enemy?tbe men tbat did that, and de fended it alter it was done?these are the men who claim to be the pure and only patriots of Missouri, and who say this Government of Gamble's is a usurpation?that Gam ble i* a traitor?that when he calls these men into tbe field to fight for the Government of the United States he is a traitor! And tlia' those men who prevented them from going into the ti?ld?that they are the sublime pa triots, and should command tbe admiration of tbe world. [Laughter and applause.] That is the direction, that ia I thi tendency of their teaching. It is for you to say whether it i* the object of their teaching. Men, when tbey are upon trial for their live* for tbe commission of a crime, are held to intend the natural consequence* of their acts, and many a man has been tried and convicted al though lie and hi* friend* and his eloquent lawyers have pleaded that, be did not intend to do this deed. Yet if he, with a knife, stabbed, it wss held by law that he intended t ? take the life of tbe man he stnbbed. A man is held to intend that which is the natural consequences of his act; aud 1 believe that tliess men can be convicted, and will stand convicted before the judgment of the civilised world tor treason ; iu tin*, that tuey have weakened tbe handi ol the Government iu the hour of its greatest peril and dagger?that tbey have discouraged it* friends absolutely, that th*y have subtracted from the field thousands and thousand* of men who would otherwise have gone forth and fought the battles of the.Governuient?that they have, by their lies and mii>representation*, absolutely subtracted lhat strength from tbe Government, when it was contend ing for its -existence; aud yet thei<e are the men, my friends, who are the only loyal men in the State ol Mis souri! These ar? the man that hold themselves to be so pure that they can denounce other men who bave as fair a record as any in the land?men who have not only done nothing again?t the Government, but who have de voted themselves to its support aud maintenance since the outbreak of tbe war. Yet these Jacobins, if they had the power, would inflict swift punishment upon this very/lssi Of men, such as was mflic.ed by Robespierre and Dan ton. But, thank God, they bave not got the power. [Applause.] Thank God, tbey never will bave the power. \ A SAD PICTURE. FROM TUB NEW VOKK TUIHUNK Of OCIOMEK 3. TLe (oriji touted RtUl Plantation*?Attack on tfum Ou ike Rebel*?Nef/ruet in Gen Grant't Army and in I'irksburg? Their Terrible Sufferingi w Vtckfburg. LLetter from * Delegate of tbe Christian Commission] 1ST. Louis, Sbptkmbbk 1, 1063. Kev. W. G. Eliot, D.D.?Dear Sir : Knowing that you take a deep iutere.t in all that pertaius to the elevation of tbe negro race, I h..ve thought it not ami.. to present you some facta which I .?w and learned relative tothe.rcon ditioa in and around tfick.burg duns* my recent vi.it to tbat place. Through the kiudue.a ot Gen. Grant, 1 we. permitted to pa.s unmolested through all line# in hi? aripy, and thu. bad unu.ual opportunities for observing the con dition both of hi. troop, and that of the neffoM who so Utrly had been delivered from bondage. Desiring, in an bumble way, to contribute .ouiethiiig to your knowledge of tbe condition of these people, I .ubmit to your pelu^a aud u.e the follnwiog narrative, with the hope tbat you may he enabled to do something (or their relief. On the afternoon of July l.t I wa. passing down the IlississipH fiom Lake Providence to Vioksburg, on the MeaiuiT W . Between Lake Provideuce and Milli keii*. Itend, on the Loui.iaua aide of the river, there are mauy fine plantations, which w?-re drserted by their owner. a"d taken posse..iou of by tbe United State. Government. Nothing remained of tbeir former beaoty but the wa.te l*ud, tbe negro quarter., and cotton gin., the plunters home, beiug mostly destroyed and marked only by stand ing chimney, and tbe .corcbed groves which ouce em boweied them. To give employment aud furnieh homes for large number, of contraband., who would otherwi.e be de.titute and homeles., the.e plantati ?n. were taken po.ae.siou of by tbe Government aud leased to certain par tie., with permi..ioa to employ the negroes and raise cot too, corn, and other products. On th? afternoon mention ed nearly every plantation thus situated wa. invaded by parties of armed rebel., the leaseholder in some lo.tances !*iaed aud carried off, with a. many of hi. negroe. a. could be fouud, the cottou-giu. aud negro quarter, burnt, and every thing capable of destruction de.troyed. I wit Iir.ned on every hand the ascending column, of .moke ri.iug from the burning ruin., aud pitied tbe poor negroes that bad rt <d in terror to tbe river's bank for safety. Men, women, aud children, ?ick and well, in tattered garments, which scarcely coveted their nakedness, were crouching in groups behiud the friendly bank at the water's edge, in evident dread le.t tbeir pur.uer. should find them. Atoue point they bad got po..e?.iou of au old .kiff or dug-out, and. two or three at a time, quite a company had crowed to a .aud bar ou tbe Mia.i..ippi .ide, where they were huddled togeth t utider ah da of brush, which they were building to shelter iLemaelves froui tbe sun and rain and tbe dew. of night. 'I bey beckoned despairingly to be taheu on board, but we pas.ed on. What became ol th-se negro . I kuow not. They must bave numbered se veral hundret. On tbe rveiiiug ol tbe Fourth of J uly I rode along the levee of Vick.burg, observing the hungry multitude pacing up and down, and begging bread or meat from tbe fifty or more .trainers tbat w*re lying in front of the city. The pri.ourr. w>-re generally .ad and weak from mi.fortune and long fasting, but the uegroes, gathered in companies of a d' ten or more, were Inughiug and rejoicing with irre pressible delight. At dark an intelligent lo king negro man cam* to me and Mid, " Maua, I am almost starved ; have bad nothing to eat since yesterday." I gave hiui some meat, crackers, ai?d pieklea. He then sake! me to nxcu?e him till he could share bis food with his wife, who was at a bouse uaar by He returned after a brief ab.enc?, and theu told me that he and bis wife belonged to a Dr Booth, who lived some eight unle. in real of V ickaburg, and bad brought Ibttui t*? tb?* city f?*c itfrtjf b?%for? it* iurren(l?r. He confided implicitly in me a. soon as he learned tbat I wis trom the N? rtb. While I ilept.on an elevated plat form in front of in old ?iw-iuill, this iif^ro fuithfully guarded uie and my hor.e through the dirkne*. of tbe night. 1 tru.'ed bim, aud found him faithful, as I am quit-* sure the negroe. generally are to their d-livere'. : aud auch they regard all Uuhmi wMier. aod Northern men till deceived. While he waa tbu. guarding me a man tried in vain, by fair promise, arid liberal offers, to induce him to turn luy borae loose, and go on one ot tbe vetscl. of the marine fleet. He confidentially informed me tbat he had been .aving money for a long time, and tbat he bad then right hiiudrod dollar, in gold and .ilver. He wauted me to get permission for him and hi. wife to keep a board ing hou.e. I made some inquiries, but matter, were then in so much confusion tbat I could give bim iio satisfaction oiher than to act a* a freeman He was sm? alter em ployed by the Government, and I saw him no more. Immediately tiler our troop, took possessionof Vicks burg tbe negroes who were taking care of th> ir masters in camps and hospital, at mm. for?tik them for their de liverer. On July &tb I visited several of the reb. I hi* pitals and conva'escent camps, and found them in a very distressed condition, owing iu a great measure to tbe de sertion of the negroes, who bad b?? u e-a>k?, nurses, and attendants. Tbe.e .lave, .bowed but little a faction for tbeir masters when freedom was brought so near. After Peinberton marched out with his army, Vu ksburg was look*d upon by the negroes ss tbe very gate of heaven, and tbey came trooping to it a. pigeon, to their roost at r ight When (Jen Hherman returned from the purauit of Johnston crowd, of-them followed his srmy across tbe Hig Black, and spread tbemselve. over tbe country be tween it and the Mississippi at Vich-burg. When visit ing the V.i<souri tloops in Gen. Sberinau's corps I saw large numbers t f these negioe., grouped in camps and corn panits, in a most wre'ehed and pitiaWe condition. Their only shelter was bru?h. piece, of old tent., quilt., and whitteier else would afford them any protection. I hey lived upon .uch lo d a. they could obtain hi camp, by working for the soldier, or in other way. gratifying them After tbe departure of Pemberton-. army on the l.itb of July, thousands of these miserable creatures filled the vacant houses, churches, shed., and caves. Here tbey crowded together, sometime, twenty or more in a single r. om, weary, weak, and sick from their long march aud abstinence, spiritless and sad, and many of ibem longing t? be once more on old ma..a'. plantation. On the morn ing of July 30, having .lept tbe night previous in the Presbytei ian church, I went out early to examine the preuii.es. Tbe first object that attracted my attention in the rear of the church wa. the tall skeleton of a negro man sitting on the ground, with hi. back to a po.t, and Li. bead banging down upon hi. brea.t, and hi. arms resting almost powerless at his aide. He evidently wa. very ?iek. 1 ra sed his bead a little, and asked what ailed him " Oh. sir," he feebly exclaimed, " I have the di-ie-a aud the fever." "Have you no friendsV I asked. "Yes; my mother and .i-ter live iu tbat house then.," p unting to a little frame building containing a doxen or more inmate., " aud I have come out here to be cool." I pas^d to the front and on tbe stone door .ill I found another lying with a gourd filled with water at bi. .ide. A. I looked at hi. dirty and wasted form. I thought his sufferings would be but short. He had a burning fever, and some kind negro bad brought him water. 1 roused bun up a little, and be told me that he had no medicine, no bread, nothing to eat. A soldior happened to pa.. Just th?-u with some bis cuit under hi. arm. I a.ked one lor tbe negro, which be readily gave. 1 had no tnedieine I turned to enter the basement, and was met by a third negro, with swollen feet, | trembling from weakness and want, ssking for a little water A fourth negro was jawing with a bucket of water and tbe .ick man wa. served, and hi. fevered lips cooled Uuch was my morning visit before an o clock All these men t- Id me that tbey bad been .enfant, of ofh c-r. iu tho Uuiou army, and when taken .ick were driven away. After breakfast I ?et out with another delegate to visit one of the po.t ho.pital.. A. we passed along the streets we encountered on every bai.d negro men, women, and children, gathered in lit'le groups on tbe pav moot, in I vacant lota, and in the yard, that .urround bouses already filled lo overflowing with others of tbe same color. The i want and wretchedness of these unfortunates stared u. fully in tbe face. I weut into a Bapti.t Church, where a large number had taken quarter.. I .ball not attempt to | describe tbe scene 1 bad before me as filthy and pitiable a group of .offering humanity as wa. ever gathered to gether. I learned from themwlve. that they were moatly from beyond Jackson. They were mostly plantation negroes, and many of them were longing to be h?<-k to their old home.. We passed on to tbe hospital. While the surgeon in charge wa. pointing oat to u? the *rouna. and .tating his plans, we saw a poor negro wbo hafl crawled half way up one of ths terraces whirr*MI the building, and waa apparently d) ing. The DootJ>r r?" marked that he would die there ; that he had or^'J* ? there to get some medicine, and that they were irequonwy f jutid dead in the shrubbery aud fence corners About the 1st of August the military authority, became alarmed le.t a pe.tilence should breakoutamong j and extend to tbe army? Peremptory i?rder. were issued ?r VSX;>1. "2 to inform. 0.r. einpio>n in. with #n jbiui^uate force, was executing tbe order, that one of them in the Baptist church LJ and that another, a woman, was lying behind a fr^ce dymg He told me that he had detailed, for the nurm.se of r. moving ihe negroes, twenty army w-gon.; that he hauled them, well, sick and dead with all their trap., to tbe river, where he had a ateamer to convey them acress to a point opp<i?ile the lower part of the citv; that be had one wagon to haul the dead, and that some dav. he f(,und as many aa twenty; that in one house he found aix denri bodies, with living one. rtting and lying sround them, apparently unconscious of their situation. Hole, were dug on the river', bank and the dead buried. The search ing out and removal of these negroe. consumed about fif teen or twenty day. About three hundred were thus re moved to the hiw grounds nppoaite Vicksburg, and there lelt in the weeds, without any .belter, under tbe care of a man who wss appoint* d to organixe them into a camp and separate .mallpox case, from the rest?-in general to <jo what he could for tbeir relief. He was soon taken^ick, aud a eertaui Capt, was appointed to take charge all the contraband* to and around Vickaburg The M taiu was mmhi prostrated by but ?t kts wof ugaiu when 1 lolt Vickaburg August *1 Cipt. i|)poiiiU<4 a eh?plaiu to tuWo o^U? u' those wLu bad Ikm?u removed from lh? city iu plane of tbe uiau who waa first appointed. He entered ui on bia labor*, but waa aeon prostrated with di?e< s ?, aud waa con?eye? aoroaa tbe river iu a skiff, whence be made bia way to * bnub? adjoining that of tbe Uuit -d States Christian Corn wir-Hion. Hare bo waa fouud alone aud very siek. He waa invited to our house, where bo waa atill remaining wbeu I left tbo city. Tb? chaplaiu' told me tbat tbeee negroes bad suffered and woro atill suffering uutobl wsut aud wretchedness; that nearly four hundred bad d?d aiuco ho had takeu charge of them; tiiat trorn fifte?u to twenty die daily. Sometimes they would crawl off into the wed* aud die, where their bodiea would be f?M?nd ouly by the steuoh which aroae from their decay. That there waa no white uiau witb tbeui but * nephew ??f hia; that rations were furni?hed them by tbe Government, but sometimes be had difficul y iu getting theru over tho^ river; that once they were five days without receiving^ any food, and the negroes ju their despair threatened to kill hiui, thinking tbe fault waa hia. He alao stated that they had uo tenia or aholter except bruah lo shield tbeiu from tbe aun, or atorui, or d -ws ol niuht. Capt A? atated to me that there were in thia camp 'J,000; at Youug's Point 8 551; on Papaw Island, where he pur posed gather na moat of them, M rtOO ; au<l ow Black's plan tation ou the Yazoo, 2.400?iu all over Hi,000. One morning I went among tho wretched masses where they were hauled to the bank of tbo r.ver preparatory to b iug rent acro.-a. I tried iu vain lo find aome women who were able to work, aa we wiahed their labor at our house. All were either 'ick or taking care of the sick. 1 bmw uoibiug but one sad scene of misery. Hoping that you may be able to do more for these suf fering ignorant beings than ia in my power to devise, aud that God may bless your etT?rts, 1 am respectfully your*, W M. D. BUTLER, Delegate of the U. S. Cb. Com. > * '? REVELATIONS OF A REBLL MAIL-BAG. Amoug the captures by our troops at Cumberland Gap was a large rebel mail bag, the contents of which have af forded both amusement and instruction to those who have examined them. Among other things, the letters oonfiriu beyoud all question the fact that the Georgia troops are as dissatisfied as any iu the C.mleder&te service. Out of the large number of Georgia letters in the mail but two dis played any confidence whatever in the rebel causa. One geiitleuiau wrote home for his wife uot t > sell his two pig* for Coufedeiate mouey, as it was entirely worthless. An other says: "If this war ain't closed soon, there will be no men left. We can't fight a wot Id full of m>n; the South cau't stan l it much longer?our men are all deserting." Another ii more explicit: " I have never foeu inea so out of heart. You had butler a?tyour house in oider, for by Christmas we shall be back iu the Union. If pete* don't come soon, we will all desert." 'Ibis is the spirit disp'ay ed in all or nearly all there letters?a spirit of utt*r de spair for the rebel cause, and a willingness t> take the Union on any terms, ro it biings peace.?Htp. FAILURE OF NEGRO COTTON RAISING. Corr> spundence Cincinnati Cummtrcial, (Republican.) Goodkich's Landikg, September '24, 18(53. A tide over the adjoining plantations has satisfied me that cotton-planting by Northern speculators is a failure; not a failure, probobly, on the part of the speculators, considering ths high price of cotton, but, so fur as the d? velopmeut of the country under the operation of free labor ia concerned, an utter failure. Several plmtatioua will prove an exception to the general rule. Mr. Grochon, on Dr. Carson's plantation, immediately adjoining Good rich's, has one tbousnud acres iu cotton und twi>hundred iu corn. But for the ravages of the army worm (which are pretty geueral on all the plantations) he would ha*e raiaede over a bale to the acre. I have heard of other plantations, but have seen noie, e |Utl to his, and I think the ground planted will not average one-half a bale to the acre. The scheme itself, so far as it is intended to be carried out by inexperienced parties at the North, is a failure; Bnd it is not on'y a failure, but, according to the theory of its friends, it is eminently unjust to the negroes. It proves nnthir g. If it ^as intended to show that the negro is as profitable woiking for hire as working by compulsion, it fails, because be works by compulsion hero. If it win intended to show that the r< sources.of tbe oouotry can be developed by free Inlt ir, it lail*, because those who have the matter in band have not this obj -ct in view. 11' the object was, m I supposed it to have been, to show that the negro is asell-supporung institution, it fails, because be hai been deprived ol the important element of " free will," aud has been made a tool tor Northern specu lators. If the African is incapable of doing any thing tor himself?if he nee Is the control and direction ot the Anglo Saxon?we bad better leave him where we found him ; but If he can shift for himself?if he is capabh of enjoying freedom?he should certairdy not be used as a mere mom y rnaking machine by th" believers in cotton. COMPLIMENT TO ADMIRAL FARKAOUT. The following letter from Admral L sioflfsky bus been seut to tb 1 Pilot Commissioners : Fla??hip Alexander Nrvsky, Oct. I, I863. 7 hr Ho >. or able thr Hoard of I o minis sinners of I'iluts Gentlemen: You have been informed by me of the impossibility ot my complying with the invitation with which you lavored me and uiy officers, for an excursion in your magnificent bty. You are aware, also, of the reason, that is, of the promise which I gave to Admiral Farragut, of in-etiug him at the Astor House on the very day of tbe intruded excursion, a promise woich I gave previous to your invitation. Let me nxw, gentlemen, expliin to you tbe character of my visit to the Admiral, in order to con vince yoii of tbe impossibility I vai in to fail to do it. This visit, gentlome i, was not simply one of friendly intercourse between piivate individuals, though perhaps the Admiral was ready to consider it as ruch, from motives of modesty of his own. 0>i uiy part, I aud the captains of the squadrons, we waited "?* carps'' upon the Admiral to pay bim our resp.-cts, as we would at home, nccording to our uavsl and military regulations, do the same for t. persou of high military rank alter the accomplishment of aigualled service in war Tbis homage I feit it due frton us as a testimonial of our Admiral lor Admiral Farragut, as the most remarkable and successful naval leader of the age, and of our most high consideration aud respect to the American nation, to whom the hero belongs. I aui gentlemen, very respectfully, S. Lehsoff.skv. THE WAR IN LOUISIANA. New Ori.eanh, OrroBKB An expedition uuder the command of Major Gen. 1 lerron, aid composed of the entire second divisi.in of the fhir Uentb Army Corps, left this city in transports some three week* ago and proceeded to Morgsnia, a few miles above Port Hud'on, for the purpose of clearing tbe country in tb?t neighborhood of the guerrilla bands which infested it. Owing to the illness of Gen. Ileiron, that officer has re oeived a leave of sbsence, aud M.jor Uen. Dana has beeu appointed to the command. This change occurred about ? week ago. _ As tbe enemy was found to be of great strength and in goid position on the opposite side of the Atchafalya, the commai ding General thought It advisable to throw up en trenchments, and while the larger portion of the troops wete fortifying the levee Lieut. Col. Leake, ol the Twen tieth Iowa, was ordered to proceed some five or six miles in sdvanee. He was accompanied by p >rtions of the Niue treuth Iowa and Twei ty-sixth Indiana, together with oue hundred and fifty cavalry and a section ol artillery. Early on Wednesday morning tbe whole force of the enemy, consisting of Greene's, M' Uton's, and Maj r s bri gades, succeeded in quietly cr< ssing the Atohalalaya and passing between the main body and (Jol.bssle's command. Completely outflanked and cut off before the movement was discovered. Col Leake drew up his men in line of battle, and gallautly prepared to give the advancing foe a warm reception. A sharp fight of nearly halt an hour oc curred, in which our troop* Might bravely against over powering numbera ; but at the end ?f that lime they w re compelled t* .urreoder, tbe enemy having aim oat entirely surrounded them. With the exception ot tbe cavalry, the whole were taken prisoner- and the gun., e.p ?r?; * former,consisting of deUchments fro... the Sixth Missouri. Tbiity-siitb aud Fi st Mmo.s regiments, succeeded in making their escape. The prisoners, officers and privates, numbered four hundred an?l eighty. We captured a lieu tenant colonel and twelve men. ? ilslor Gen Pana advanced with his w iolef .roe asaonn as oo.slble, and our last advices state that the eoemy was in lull retreat, they having fallen back five rnihs as soon aa they sew tbe division advancing towards th-m. If this is true tbe tables will be turned upon the rebels, aa they are between tbe Mississippi and Atchafalaya nvera, and to es cape iver the latter they will be compelled to leave their prisoners and artillery behind them. A portion of tbe vdlsg*of Morganxa has been destroyed by our troops for the purpose of giving the artillery tree rsnge. I he whole lores of the eeeoty eeesuted ol dis mounted cavalry. Several pieees of artillery bdongel to each brigade. Gen. Greene was in command of the wh ile.