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Tilt CONDI HON OF THE FKEEL>MEN. It may bo iemember?.d by our readers that two or three works ago we oalled tbeir atteution to the suffering und destitute condition of the negroes witiiiu our military lines, especially iu the South- j west, for the purp.we of expressing the hope that Congress or the p.ojlt woul.l speediy device some system fir their relief We showed that, accord ing to the representations of army chaplain* and member* of the (bristiau and Sauit ry (Jomrnis siuo^i the uegro. * iu this garter were daily dying by hundreds from sheer hunger or from negleot in sickness. We also briefly referred to the evils admitted to be attendant on the " Lessee System," as at pre sent managed, and enga^td to adduce further tes timony und*T this Viead. Stnco our allusion to the topic we obs'Vve that the Hon. TIknry T. 1>lo\s, ? " emancipation" member of the present P uuseof Representative!* from the State of Mis souri has published a lettfr, in which, while ad vocating a change of policy in the system, be mikes the following incidental reference to the treatment of the freedmen by many leasees. He says : t , ? I determined to pur*u* Ibe subject in all it? branchea, with a view *?f urgiug our Government to a more couipre rjii.ve D Ly and -y.tem on .bo leaamg and working of STLL-.Jn- one that would secure to tke colored la borer Dot ouly protection lor bis perton but a lair remu oration for hia services. 1 regrrf Ibat our Government Ub oot finished its investigaliona and extendedi its policy, ? I !m satisfied I bat tbe freedmen .u Ibe section where tbe.e abandoned plantations nr.-. worked are iu many camh grossly maltreat* d and aw.ndted. and that .t tbe facta known a Ion* record of iutpoaiUou would be made against parties *bo rbouli have treats tb? m with humanity and fed and i<aid tbeiu fairl) We have already made citations from a letter previously published by Mr. Blow, emanating from a military officer of the United States in the South west. Wre now learn that this officer was (Jen. J. P. Hawkins. Aiuongothe.r statements Gen. Haw kins made the following representation : " Wu it (he meaning of tbe President wbeu he declared freedom to tbe enslaved tbat they ahould be placed under ,uch uiHKtern, and barely allowed tbe nectaries o? lite, to *av nothing of the rights of Ireeuien T Tothr negro in tltit district tlw > mancipation proclamation liasthus Jar Vroved a mockery and a fare, Was tbe end intended by Government in leasing tbese plantations the filling of tbe pocket* of the uoscrupuh.ua speculate *, *ho are not only willing to oppress the colored race, but are ready to aell their country for gold T There are, ?f course. ?ome b.rnor abie exceptions to tbe general m'e iu the treatment of tbe negro A few men there *re wbo have a desire to aee tbe race treated justly ; but tbe iutj .rity of Wa*es are men who, under other circnmitance*, would be cotton specu lators, dealer* in ?contraband good*, followera of the army, ready to pounce like vulture* upon any opportunity -or (.peculation that tbe chance* of war might develop A correspondent ot the New ^ ork Times, recently writing on the lorlorn condition of the freedmen in Louisiana, makes the following state ment, after alleging, on the authority of tbe army surgeons, that a jjnat iuany negroes in the contra band cauipi die daily froui home sickness, or, in scientific language, nostalgia : "The negroes here aie at work and earning wagca, and they are unt so liable to ?ickne*a ; but many ot them, when Ibey first came, were compelled to lie for several days on tbe levee in tbe cold and rain There was no shelter Tor tbeui. They came by hundred* to aeeh the protection of our troops. Many of tbem neceiaai ily died from exposure, and the memory of those day* of suffering and dentb still lingera among them Under the?e circumstance*. it is in evitable that there sh >uld be a great deal . f discontent and complaint among the negroes As relating to the sauie subject we need bat re call to the r. c dlectiou of our readers that a few days before Congress adjourned for the holydays President Lincoln laid before that body a letter addr?*sed to him from a committee of the Freed men's Aid Societies of Boston, New Vork, Phila d- Iphia, aud ('ineinuaii. Tbe document was en dorsed by the President as coming from " gen lie men ol known ability and high character," among whom we recognise the names of Rev. Henry W. Needier and Rev Henry W li. II,.ws, of Now Vork. In it Mr. Lincoln is asked to establish a Govern ment Bureau of Emancipation, regularly eonsli ? tuted, " with all the military and civil powers of the Government behind it, with all the existing machinery of transpoitation, coinmi>*ary stores, and QUartermssters' facilities,' with all the om nipresence of the nstioual agencies co-ordinated and brought to hear upon the treatment of the case." From Ibis address we eitract soui* moving statements in regatd to the deplorable effects ol immediate emancipation. The committee say : " D<- tbe hect tbe united energies of tbe Government nnd the people can, a fearful prr en* r of wrhil.ty and even more dislies*mg amouwt of suttering that ilon m* rmrrrt fal'y kill, ?? ?u^,, to at? end the trasaitiiNl of tbe oppressed humanity of tbe negro r?eo from a state of forced labor to a condition of voluntsry industry I he proaptd of this misery deterred for a generation Ibe nip?lloes of tho?e wbo dread physical auftnring more tban moral wr.Mig, and famxnr., distnsr, nnd drath more tban iutollMtaai degrxdi* lion, moral blmdo? as. and spuilual ruin, from lending their countenance to the ii?mg sentiment of liberty for the uegru. Are wo thrn to understand that " famine, <iin eue, and death" are the inevitable concomitants o.* consequences of immediate emancipation ? If to, we tind it difficult to draw the deduction of the committee when they procecd to add: " With all the misery that attend* and n.unt attend tbe sudden liberate n of HWhmm i>( *lav*?, (]od aknwa that be prefers tbat ttnat*ry, with it* glorn u? riuN> nod d>iiae (jumi'M, t<> all Urn ? ?(???, comfort, or content wliii h r v ?? r accoin|>atnrd a firmly eatabliahed and proaperotia ala.e society." It will be I'D that thin gratuitous deduction assumes that the only choice' lies between the "sudden liberation of millions of slaves" and their continued retention in uunlaxing bondage The poMibility of "gradual em ticipmiion" in excluded. With how much st nse or reasm this in done the reader may infer from the io.lowm? statements of the oommittee : " If the Freeduien'a AhI fWietie#, generous m the anp port they bate rreeiv? >1 ba? b* mi. are appalhtTm thr v>?rk new on tk*if kanil$, ttrf-etrd nt //??? r xtnpujm tffortt to tnttl thr nemtiti't rrratrd by lb? i) i* hcaiioii of lauor, the aeparatou of faHiili?a, the dent ruction of home* with all th?- utrnxla of ii dnatry, and with tbe rar.< ol the aged, the tilt)IUI, at d ? It*- )omIf thrown 11^< n tho?e iinwolitril to their way*, trhol must b' thrir it/arm in faring a fmturr <? vhirh lAi* iru?t atiri aafCMV thaN he mulltpltrd a hun dred fold "... " linn lb* CJovernuiriit any tuoral right to free the alave without nrii,.| tii it that, with e*ery chain it breakr, tbe beat wiUnn ita jn.w. r ta done to keep the freedmau from hankering ?li??r In* luaatrr nnd but bondage, from feeling tbat li a liberty ta a tatAra, bm lite a etirae, and bin douiea tic aflertioim r??n more laul to bia peace under our IUg than beneath tbe plantation whip V\ a* tbeie ever a more forcible presentation of the argument in defence of the policy of gradual emunoipatiou recoinm< nded by ti,e President in his annual message of December, 1802, in which, among oth<r rt atoms in favor of the j.Un then sub mitted to Cungrett, he urged the length of time which it involved fur i's execution as tending to mitigate the evils of so great a social change!' " The he taid, u spdres both raced from the evils a? sudden derangement." Enforcing its su perior advantages to tho slaves husaid : " It save* tbcui from the vagiaut destitution which must largely attend (mancipation in localities where tlifcir numbers are very great." The responsibilities entailed on the Govern* uient?not, be it observed, by gradual, but by im mediatr emancipation?are thus stated aud urged by the committee whose representation the Presi dent transmitted to Congress a week or two ago : " ('an it bo expected that any outside national CDDN or zeal should do more for the tre*diuau than it baa don* for th* national invalid soldier f Wbat, then, uiuat become of biui if left to outside car* t 'i'bat rare will not cover mure tbau a small fi action of hi* necessities when pushed to it* utiuoat eit*ut. It is not an expenditure of hundreds oj thousands, hut of millions, that must he forced in this business. Nbnll tbe (ioverumeut, which will be forced by pity, shame, necessity, to expend a large amount of uiouey before tbe ea?* pass** beyoud its car*, upend it ignoraiiily, at haphazard, without system or ui*tbod, without tb* aid of tbe beat wisdeui that can be brought to bear on th* subject, aud without studying tb* b*st aud nobl*st iuat*rial aud uioral economies in tbe t*a?e ? How cto all thin b* effected except by a Government bu reau, hi wi.ieh all th* scattered light* on the subject are j concentrated, th* opportunitie* and facilities afforded by \ existing machinery studied, and lb* rpeiation* of tbe (Jov* ' erniueut thoroughly co ordinated 1 Th* case seems fully made out There ought to be, on grouuds of economy, humanity. and necessity, a Government Hur*au of Kuiau cipatiou." The President is aaked, in ease ho establishes a Bureau of Emancipation, to seleot the " wisest aud ablest head the nation affords for the chief of the new organization." And if these are the nation's responsibilities in curred by ?' immediate emancipation" they must be met and met speedily. Every consideration of humanity couspires with every dictate of justicc to enforce on Congress the duty of providing some means for saving the negro race from the annihi lation that awaits it under our present policy, un less something be done to remedy tho evils calling aloud for correction. The believers in immediate emancipation are pledged to vindicate the claims of their theory by at least redeeming the life of the freedman from destruction by hunger and dis ease, and those who believe that gradual emancipa tion is none tbe less the plan marked out by Clod's providence than by haman wisdom, when practi cally applied to the amelioration of social evils, are still bound by the plainest considerations of moral obligation to aid in mitigating the woes brought on a suffering people by the violation of uatural and historic laws. It should ba with these latter no longer a question of politics, but a ques tion of humanity. They arc not to be insensible to the cry of want because they may deem that want the result of folly or indisoretion on the part of their neighbors; nor can the cool indifference of many anti-slavery zealots to the miseries entail ed by immediate emancipation excuse men of dif ferent political convictions from the duty of help iug to save those who are ready to perish. Still more reprehensible is the disposition of any who would williugly permit these miseries to go unre lieved for the sake of pointing a moral in their name against political adversaries. When black men are dyiug by hundreds from famine and dis ease, white men shou-d be able to desist long enough from their criminatious and recriminations to perform the offices of charity and respond to the impulnes of humanity. MASSACHUSETTS. Th* Me?*age of Governor A NDRRW to tW L^itlllura of Maanac-buaett* hLowb the iouieei ol that State to be io a very tuuwl condition, tlie receipt* during the year from UifH having eiceeded the payment* nearly three hundred thouaand dollara The aurplu* receipt*, derived fmui all aouroea, amount to more than half a ujtll.ou dollar* We copy the following paragraph*, allowing the result* of the draft of laat Ju'y in M?**achu*etta, and alao the Governor'* opinion of the three hundred dollar clauae of the enrollment act He aa)* : " The draft for aoldiera, proaecuted under the direction of tbe Federal (lovernmont, wai baaed on an enrollment made by it* officer*, ef IC#7.!0*i men between the agea of twenty ami thirty five year*. and denominated the ' firat claaa.' The ' aecotid claaa' were euumernted at 56,7W, making the whole enrollment ltS4,l?ft men Tbe whole number drawn wta !W,U79, of which t?l,34!i obtained ei "?option. Of tbia number 3,044 have failed to report. Of tbe number drafted, ft ?ilH> were held to *ervice. Of tbean 74.5 rendered tbeuiaelvra for duty peraonally; 2,!fifi are represented by aubatitulea ; tl.fWV paid tbe aum required by law, in commatatioa " The eiperieope of all military nation* in modern time* favora the adoption ol a reaaoiiabie ay?tem ot commutation of military ?ervieea in money. And notwithatauding the gnat of apparent unpopularity which attached to tbe pro viaion in tbe national enrollment act permitting aucb a commutation, I have never doubted either ita wiadom, eipediency, or humanity Indeed, I think it* auppoaed unpopularity w?a only apparent, and u?t real Ita repeal Would tend to deprive all but the rich of the liimry of a aubatilule. It would introduce to a golden harveata claa* ol men wbiwe traffic would be detestable for ita cupidity, opprraaiua, and injuat ee. Their trade would be injuria** to tb" Hcrvn'rt, tlangeroua to the (M-uuniimly, ufiju*t to tbime demanding auUatitutea, and equally uojuat to the iumu ottering tbeuiaelvea in aupply. Tbe only aya'ein com patible with tbe public good m tbat which deinanda but oue uiaximuui price aa tbe conditi?Mi of firmptmii, winch pieventa panic and competition, create* but one market, and hut one bidder for auhati tutor, and leavea their pn> cnrruh'iit to tbe control of the Government Alter apeak nig of the value of New England to tbe Wcat aa a consumer (f ita agricultural product*, and urging the importance of cheapening tranaportatioii, the uieaaage con cludea with an eloqaent tribute to the memory and the aervicea of the aoldtera who have auatained on the field, during nearly three yeara of war, tbe cauaeof our coiiutry. MARYLAND LEGISLATURE. In the Maryland Senate on Monday, Mr Kicand gave I notice of a bill to authorise the maiiiiiuiaaion nf alavea in "ertain ca*ca Mr Fiery gave notice of a bill t.? coiiipeu j sat* loyal citiieoauf Maryland f..r property taken,damaged, or deatrnyed by tbe armiea of ibe Umtid Slate* or of Ibe | " m called Confederate H ate* " Mr I'lirnell obtained leave to report a bill if pi-almg certain a< clion* of the Pub . lie Com ill relation to the mauumiaaiou of *lav> a Oh motion ol Mr. Kicaud, ao much of the Governor'* it-e^aaga aa relate* to military interference with election* waa re ferred to the Committee ou Election*. Tbe following preamble and resolution were aubm-tted and ?<lopfed : VS herea* tbe Senate <>f Maiyland baa tbi* day received information In.in a member of tbe House of Drlegatea, and from other reliable aouicea, lhat Gen. Hirney. who la in command t?f tbe ' negro encampment at Benedict,' haa , sent out about one hundred and filly negro aoldier* iu tbe j couutira ol Charles aud ft Mary'a, with order* to aei*e upon and carry into the encampment at Benedict all negro men louud upon plautat om and otberwiae, for the purpone Of foic ng into tbe military aervice of tbe United Stale* all aucb aa are capable ol bearing arm* and of aettiug at liberty all wbo aie not tit lor *uch aeivice; mid where*, in Ihe opinion of the Senate, tfcia outrage upon the righta, |Woperty, and security ol ihe c.ititt-n* ot Maryland haa been perpetrated by aaid Itirney without the authority, Knowledge, fonaent, or approval of tbe President; there fore ?' lirmlTtd, That a jointeomimttee of not >e*a than three on tbe part of the Henate, and not more than 6ve on the part of tie Hou*e . f Delegate*, bA and are hereby ap pointed to repair to Waahmgtnn to confer with tbe Preai dent, and a*k auflh r?*lr? ** ami protection for her citicena a* the necessity of their condition claim, and demand pr?K terlion at the band* of tbe Government, and at their ear liest possible convenience report totbeir respective b< die* " Iu tbe Honae of Delegate* permiaaion waa granted for tbe intriMlnction of a number of bill* of a local character, and alao for tbe introduction of billa to permit and pro mote tbe voluntary emancipation of slave* The above prr amble and reaolutioo gave riaegto animated debale, and were finally rejected?aye? 96, nay* 97. The whole mini txruf memberain tbe Houae ia setenty-fuur. Conrtqaent y twenty one member* were abaent or did not tote. CONGRESS ONAL. THE ENKOLLMKN T ACT?bUBSTITUTEb. Iu the 8enate, on the 7th iustaut? On the notion of Mr WILSON, the Senate took up the Sena'e bill to amend tbe eurolluient act, approved Msrcli It, 18611, ami proceeded to cousider and discus* va rious amenduient* thereto which had beeu reported by the Committee on Mililniy Affair* In Uii* bu.riess the body waa engaged during the remainder of it< public silling The UKMt interesting portion of the debate took place upon an amendment proposed by oue of the Heuators from Mr. SH HUMAN moved to intertill the firat section, after the word " necessary " the word* " during the pre sent war," ao a* to confine the operation of the aflt to the preaent war. The clause will theu read : " That the President of lha Uuited Slates shall be author ixed wheuever he *b*ll danu it neoea^ary during the pre aent war, to call for aocb uuuiber of uieu for tbe nnlitaiy ?er.vics -oi the United Slates aa the public exigencies way rtquire, Aic " The ameuduieut wiuagieed to. Mr SHKKMAN theu moved to add to section four the following clauae: "Any pers 11 not physically disqualified, low in the mili tary service or the Uuited S-ale.., uiav be furnished an a nub Htitut* |iru\ itlod liiu Ifiui ??f ?iilt*tui?ut shall expita williiu nix mouths from ihe time of hubsliluti< u." Mr. HIIKKMAN said that Ihere was some ambiguity in the section a* it stood He a-ked whether a person now in the militafy service oi the Uiiited States wan au " ac ceptable cuUtitule? " And eipreca nl a desire to have the opinion of the chairman of the Military Committee ou that point. . Mr. WIIjHON. I think to; that i? within Ihe liuuta tiniia of the Department Aa I uuder*taud, the War Of fice have au.hori/ed men who hive It a* than one year to serve to re enlist; they may re euli*t a* uny body'a Hubttti I tute who chooses to take them. Mr. DOOLI PTLH An substitute* 7 Mr. WILSON. Iu any way. Mr. DOOLITTLK. I do not uuderatand it ao. Mr HIIKKMAN. Under Ihe operation of the law aa it stands, then, a veteran soldier who receive* $402 bounty to-day, inuy, when this bill takes efloct aa a law a mouth heuce, be employed as a substitute and receive $ 1.001) bouuty from tbe person who thus employs him, and be transferred from one regiment to another. Mr. WILSON. No; he has re enlisted I think the Senator will find the position to be tli>h : A person in the service of the United Sta'es is not liable to bo dratted, and the Secretai y of War has authorized persoriB in the ser vice of the United States who have less than o'le year to serve t<> re-enlist, and ha* ottered them a certain bounty for doing so They may re-enlist and take the bounty. Any man who is drafted may re-enlist one of them if he chouses. A man who is drafted may get a substitute, aud he has a right to go to thenr.ny and get a substitute there. It is right that it should be so. Mr. SHKKMAN. Then suppose he is re enlisted to day ; he is not subject to draft under the operation of this law, and a m:>nth hence he may be employed as a substi tute. Mr WILSON. Oh, no; because then he has three years t1 serve. Mr SHKKMAN. But why? Nothing prevents it but the regulations of the Secretary of War, which may be changed or modified. It is not tbe subject of legal legu lation. I desire to give to the veteran soldier the right to accept the bounties that may be offered for substitutes, provided the term of his service, which is unexpired, does not exceed six months. It is of the highest importance to secure the re-enlistment of veteran soldiers. We all admit that. Mr. WILSON Why not extend it to those who have less than a year to serve, putting it on the footing on which the regulations put it I Mr SHKKMAN. If that modification is iminted upon I shall not oppose it. Mr. COWAN. The ett-ct of it would be to add to the bounty a discharge for the time they have to serve. Mr. SHKKMAN Yes; if a veteran re-enlists he is substantially discharged from present service. Mr. COWAN. That had better be expressed. Let it be stated distinctly that in addition to the bounty they shall be rel- ased from tbe time they have to serve. Mr KESSKNDKN. Does tbe Senator propose not only , to give tlo'in a bounty as substitutes, but if they have eleven month* to serve that the eleven months shall be given up t>> enable th-'iii to become substitute* ? Mr. MHEKMAN. They will be mustered into service for three yesrs. instead Vl having only an unexpired term of eleven mouths. Mr. KEfvHKNOEN. But they are mustered in as sub stitutes, and although tbe Government has a claim ou them for eleven months, the Senator's proposed ameudment would authorise tbe veteran to clear himself of that ser I viae, and receive bis bounty as a substitute, aud take tbe ! place of somebody else. Mr SHKKMAN That is tbe effect of tbe present order of the Secretary of War. Mr FESSENDEN. I understand not Mr SHKKMAN. 'Ihe re enlistment commence* from the date of re-enlistment Mr. FESSENDEN That is true ; but the order does not allow biiu to become a substitute fur somebody else. Mr WILSON. Yes, it does. Mr. FESSENDEN Suitdy that cannot be. Mr. WILSON. If f-enator* will allow me a moment, I will state how this matter stands. Tbe Secretary of War has issued au order of which every soldier in our army who has served mote than two year* bas an oppor tunity to avail himself. That order alb w* re enlistments into the service of i he United States f t three years. Mr. DOOLITTLK. If the Seuator from Massachusetts will allow me, I wish ti> ask him a question right on that point. Can he enlist for himself and enliat at the same time for another man, so that two are no longer liable to be dritl ted 7 Mr WILSON. He can A citiren of any State who is liable to be drafted inrjr, by the existing law, get a sub stitute any wlore i'i the broid earlh, out of the army or in tbe army, if the Government will allow the uiau in tbe army to re-enlist. That is so today. A man who is drafted may siy, " 'I here is a man from my town in tbe service ol the lluited States who ha* got less than one year to serve; the Government oft rs Inm JMt'O to re enlist for three yenrs, and g;ves up the residue of his time ; I will get this man for a substitute ; I will offer to him $'UJ0 in addition to what the Government offers him to re eulot for three jeais;" aud be is r>-enlisted Mr. FESSENDEN. lie is uot re-enlisted for tbat man. Mr. WIL>?ON. Yes, that man is discharged because he has got a substitute. I -ay that is the law, aud it wilt be practised the moment you commence a draft, snd it is right and just, and tbe best thing there is about the draft Mr. KKHSKNDEN. It is high tune that any such prac tice should be stopped. It depriVi s us of two llietl Mr HOWE If the law is a? the Senator froiu Massa chusetts insists I certainly do uot understand tbe fourth section of this bill. The fourth section declares that "any l?er*ou enrolled under the provisions of the ' a?t for en rolling and calling out tbi national forces, and for other purpose*,' approved March II, Mill, or who uisy hereafter be to enrolled, may furnish at any time au acceptable sub stitute who is uot liable to draft." I do not understand that any man in tbe service now, whether he has a year or a month Is serve, is liable to draft If I am drafted I do not see bow I can go and hire him to serve for me, and get him accepted as my substitute. Mr WILSON. 1 will explain tbat. It i* a very plain question. Under the existing law, aud in that respect it will be precisely the same ii this suiendatory bill shall be passed, w hen a man is drafted he can obttui a substitute any where. lie cao obtain a substitute who is liable to be dratted, and have him accepted and put ir to the service of the 1 Tnit* d St ties This is a provision that stands by itself; it is one tbat is now made for tbe first time It is, that any |ter*on who finds himself enrolled liable to be ?Iralted, inty, il ho does uot > elect a person who is liable to be drafod, furnish a substitute, aud the Oovernmeut agrees to Accept that substitute before tbe man i* dratted He turuishes a substitute in mder to relieve himself from a pisssible drift, not from a r<?l draft. Tbat i* the whole meaning of the section. Mr COLLAMEK Tb-ii he furnishes a substitute lor the enrollment, not for I be drafts-a substitute to be put ou tt e roll in his place. I* that it' Mr WILSON. No, air Se nator* do not seem to com prebend what tin* section means, snd I lio|ie they will ex ?mine it, aud pay attention t > it. I will tejl Senators why tt is put iu the bill. We have had a great many provost uiaiahils who have written to ihe Department to this ? fleet: " Persons who have b?*<n enrolled come to us and want us to lake substitutes tor them beture they are diaftrd ; they aie going elsewhere to engage in business; ihey waul to go abroad ; or. for other reasons they want to irlmve themselves from B possible draft; they have got money ; they are willing to hire men in go into the service id the Dinted Slate* lor theiu, if you will accept them." The Government could not do so a* the |nw stood before This section provides that whenever any man finds his name enrolled, he ilia) go to the board aud s*y, " I will furnish you with an acceptable substitute who is not liable to be dratted by your draft law ; if you will take this msu I will furnish him, you relieving me " We propose that he may do lha*. He incur* tbat expenditure ?imply to re lieve himself from a possible diaft, not a real draft Mr. COLLAMKK. When, not being drafted himself, hut b? ing ou the roil, he brings a man as his substitute, dies that substitute heroine hii enlisted man from that tun- f. Mr WILSON. That pernoii becomes an enlisted mail for three yeais, aud is mustered into the service of ihe United States The other luao is released, snd goes about bis Imimiicms ; and, if he should uever l>e drafted at all, he gives th* Government i f the United States a man whom Itey could not draft That is the benefit; it is all for the Government. Mr. COWAN '1 hen I *b<>uld like to know if this is not the (bape iiito which it resuives itself: If the persou liable to be drifted produce* a veteran id th? army u bit tub stitute the Government not only helps bim to pay for that substitute by paying $402 iu addition to bit $300 but tbe Government alto discbarges the veteran for tbe time be 1)am yet to serve. That is the whole of it. Mr. WILSON. That in uot tbe whole of it. A' r. DOOLITTLK. There is another qusllou I wish t ? put. Under that arrangeuinut may uot gentlemen who may possibly be drafted in Massachusetts go down auioag our regiments here, that oauie from Wisconsin, and are'iu the army, and engage all of them whose terms expire within a yrar to be substitutes for meu in Massachusetts f Mr. WILSON. We can da it to-day uu ler tbe preseut Mr. DOOLITTLE. Do it under the law, though the men are in the aruiy! I desire to uuderataiid this busi ness ; I wiah to kuow what the law ia I do uot suppose it ia possible that by any rule of a Department, or by any law that wa? ever passed by Congress, a man can en lint, and at the aauie time enliat for himself and enlist for an other person also. Sir. SlIEKMAN. The object I had in offering thia amendment ia accomplished. I wished to call the atten tion of the Senate, and particularly of the Military .Com mittee, to tbe ambiguity of the law, As I construe tbia section, any aoldier wbo haa been enlisted even but one month may be hired aa a substitute. It ia true that nuder tbe orders of tbe War Department it cannot be done; but uuder tbe bill it can. I take it that tbia bill, if passed, will aupersede the order of tbe Secretary of War; aud the bill expressly declarea that any man may be an ac.oeptable sub stitute wbo is not a subject of draft. A soldier now iu the service, although he may have been there but one month, enlisted for tnree \ears, ia not subject to draft, and a shrewd lawyer would at once make the point. Tbe chair man of the committee admits bis construction of tbe la v to be that * soldier is not liable to draft. Mr. COWAN That is true; but I think the honorable Senator from Ohio is perhaps uot correct in his other cou struct ion. "Wbo is not liable to draft" ia not the only qualification upon the substitute. He must not only be " au acceptable substitute," but also one " who'is not liable to draft." The officer would have a right to reject a sub stitute because he was already iu the service; aud I should think it would be one of the best of reaaous. Mr SHERMAN. The word " acceptable," I think, by fair construction, would be applied simply to freedom from physical disability. At any rate, it is manifest that the section as it now stands gives rise to many different con structions. Gentlemen differ about it I agree myself with tbe purpose sought to be accomplished by tbe chair man of the Military Committee I think that the veteran soldier who has served two years or more ought to have tbe benefit of any high bounties that may be paid i and I think tbe law ought to be made clear and obvious, so as to give bim an opportunity to compete for the large bounties. I think, however, it ought to be confiued to tbe respective States where tbe drafted men reside. I do not think tbe State of Massachusetts t ught to be allowed to go to tbe volunteers of the State of Wisconsin for substitutes, or vice vers*. I think that where a veteran soldier is offered as a substitute, it should be a veto an soldier in tbe ser vice from the State where tbe drafted man resides, and that his term of service unexpired should not be more than six months, becausu it is not a good arrangement for the Government of the United States to allow soldiers wbo have served two years, and have yet one year to serve?probably as long as tbe war will last?to receive these large boim'ies, aud thus discharge an able-bodied man. 1 now withdraw my amendment, with a view to allow tbe chairman of the Military Committee to examine the matter carefully, aud report such an amendment aa he thinks will make tbe section perfect. Mr. WILSON. I will say to the Senator from Ohio that f am willing to take his amendment as he suggested it. 1 am willing that the section citall be so amended that a person who wishes to get a veteran soldier as a substi tute shall gdt a man from his own State, and that the time of tbe man in the service wbo is'thus offered as a substi tute shall not have more than six months to run. Mr COLLAMER, Allow me to ask one question. What sort of hurt or injury is ft to any State to have a man taken from that State and credited to the quota of auother State, if he is a man who is not subject to-be en rolled 7 You may as well get such a man in oue place as mother. , Mr. SHERMAN. I will tell the honorable Senator the reason. Tbe State of Ohio, for instance, has great pride in her regiments. She would dislike very much to have ber regiments depleted by enrolling officers from other states taking men nut of her own regiments and trans porting them to Massachusetts, or any other State, by the nffer of large bounties It would destroy tbe esprit dt turps of the regiments. Mr COWAN. Another reason I wish to stat* just here. It would bring tbe poorer States in competition witti the richer States iu a struggle to buy their own men for substitutes, which ought to be avoided. Mr.WILSON. I aui willing to avoid that, but Senators, I thought, did uot B>'em to understand this section at all. If this bill be adopted as a whole, amending tbe existiug law. there will be some persons capable of doing military duty who will not be liable to be enrolled or dratted. For instance, all young men under twenty years of age are not liable to be dr fted. Soldiers wbo are iu the service can not be drafted, and tbey cannot be re-enlisted unless by tbe order of tbe Oovermnent Tbe Government, in order to induce the soldiers to re-ealist, has issued an Older pro viding that if tbey have less than one year to serve tbey i?i>y le-eulist in their present regiments, and the residueof tbeir unexpiied time is given U> them. Thus tbey have in reality but five years to serve instead of six It ia of great importance to get these soldiers into the service. Tbis provision was made for tbe benefit of tbe Government in tbis respect. It provides that any man iu the couutry finding bis name on the enrollment list, aud wishing to relieve hmi*elf from a possible draft, may eoiist an alien, may en list a young man under twenty fit for service, may enlist one of those men whom the Government bave given leave to re-enlist, as an acceptable substitute for himself, and thus relieve him from a possil |e draft. But if be waits to be drafted and isdrafted.be wjll have then tbis advantage; he uiay, uuless we amend tbe act, furnish an acceptable substitute wherever' he find4 hint, whether Ihe substitute is a man liable to be drafted or not. If tbe Seuator would like to amend tbis section so as to provide that if the sub stitute furnished shall be in tbe military service, be shall be from the State where the person wishing to obtain him as a substitute wsides, where they both reside, I will agree to it. Mr. DAVIS. According to my underatanding of the Gov ernment, it baa authorized tbe eiilntlment of men lor three yeara, and here cotuea in Ihe Secretary of War, and upon bia own authority niakna an arrangement by wbiab twelve month* of Ihe term of three yeara ia to be remitted upon condition that tbe m.ld.er to whom be oflera thia reinia aiun will con?eut to a reenliatmeut fur three yeara, or duriig tbe war. I Ank by wbat authority tbe Secretary of War a<aiini >? to diapeiiae with tbe lawa of Congreaa 7 1 aak by what nntbonty be i?re?tuuea to remit twelve moot ha of tbe teim of the veN riu in the tield I Whence doea be derive thia hi|(h |m.w. r' Wh*t ia the ? ffect of itf Tbe country loae* tbe beuelit of twelve inontba or a aborter tern of aer vire of a veteran, and be becomes a aubatitute for another man who ia liable under the law t?> aeive for tbe fuM term of three yeaia The amount of time Ibat tbe veteran bs Nerved, and the nmoiint tbat he baa to aerve, ia a full tenu of three yearr. Two m*n, iiist* nd ot being bound to r? n or ao vine, eu I actually i? drring aervice for aix yet ra?Ihree years each?divide tbe matter between them nud aerve but five; but one year'a aervice ia given up tbat it the moat valuable to tbe country to be rendered by a veteran aoldier. Mr. HOWE. Wbat law ia it tbat tbe Secretary of War haa violated in allow.tig tbeae soldiers to be dis cbarged f . Mr. DAVIS. Were uot tbeae men enliated for three yeara T Mr IfOWE. I underatand ao, " unless sooner dis charged." Mr. WILSON If the Senator will allow ine, I will read the term of aervice Iroiu the law: " Tbiii.the Hervioe of the volnuteera nball be for anch tint* an llo- Pr?sideiit inuy direct, nol na< eediug three yeara nor lee* ihim hx ni.mtba, and they aliall be diabanded at the end of the war.'* I tab* it, tbe Government baa tbe right, whenever it chooae*. t<< diacbarg* tbrae men. Mr. DAVIS. " Tbe Government." Mr. WILSON. The Preaideut Mr. DAVIS. Well, 1 auppoe* be bat, under tbat law: but I aay tbat tbe arrangement ia imiuat ia* tbe country : it deprivea tbe country of tbe benefit of one year'a aervice of a veteran, or if it does not do thf t it deprive* tbe coun try ot an yeara of aervice divided between two men. and liinita it to five yeara. My houorable friend, I reckon, will not deny that poaition. Mr. CONN1- HS We give away one year and get three. Ia uot that a good bargain 1 Mr. DAVIS. Hut it dispenses with tbe drafting of a man who ia bouod to render three yeara of service. Tbe thing ia plain; there ia no miaunder?tandmg it. Mere ia A. who enliated for three yeara, and baa aerved two yeara. Here ia U, aubject to lie drafted for three yeara He comea up and employa A aa hia substitute, ana one year'a aervice of A ia remitted U> bun ia oonaeqaeiioe of tbe ar rangement. Tbat ia it. Tbia ia tbe act of the President, it ia now aaid. 1 admit n<iw that I am corrected; tbat tbe law autborixes the President to do it. Tbe propoaed amendment waa withdrawn. Tbe Senate, at a late hour, held an Executive aeaaion, and, Wben tbe doora were re-opened, adjourned. . CftMPKTfTloN P"R Nr<mo Hoi.dikmn.?There ia a great strife between the towna in Connecticut to procure volnuteera I or their quota*, and often one town bida above another to pri>eure men, held by brokera who sell theui. A neighboring towu baa been very active, and aent agents abroad to purchase negroes A few days sinee tbey made returns, and bad three mote negro volunteers than the town wanted, and ona of the a (rents put tbem up at auction, ?everal town* bidding, but Vernon bidding the highest lo?k them.?Hartford Timu, GOVERNOR SEYMOUR ON NATIONAL AFFAIRS, j Id the Intelligencer of the 7ih instant we briefly allud ed to the l> te Upwtjjt) of Goteinof hbYMouK to Ihe I* g'slature ol New York, n sorting so much of it continued the statistics ol the late dralt in New Yoik. Woto.lay make loo ill lor another portion <>f this doruuient, being that part reUtiug to national attain, which are <|jeru**ed by the Governor aa follows : The pa?t year haa been crowded *ith events, both civil and un itary, ol the gravt ht interest Tlie ? ?ti?blialiment of a National Hank system; the issue of enormous amounts of paper money which is uiade a legal tender; th? udop tioo of a law for coerced military aorvice ; the act indeut uifyiug and abielding otticiala charged with offences against ( tbe person* and property of citizens; Ihe suspension of the writ of habeaa corpus in peaceful and Io>al coinuiuui tiea, are measures which go for toward dealroying the righta of Stated, aud centralizing all power at the national capital. The executive and military t fticiala aaoime to dcclare martial law aud to arrest citizens where the courta are m undisturbed operation; to try them by military tribuuala, and to imp< a* punishment* iiuknowu to the cuatouia ol our couutry ; to admiuiater arbitrary teat oaths ; to mter fere with the freedom of tbe press and with Htate and local eleotioua by militaiy decr.-ea aud Ihe diaplay of arm ed power. The I'reaideut claims the right to do acta bo y?>ud hit civil juriadiction, aud beyond the legislative pow er of Cougross, by virtue of hia poaition aa cnuiuiauder-iu chief, lu tbia assumption he it auatained by both branches ol Congress aud by a large abareol the people of the coun try. These proceedinga of (Jougress and the notion of the executive aud military officials have wrought a revolution. The civil power, the lawa of Statea, aud the decisions of tbe judiciary have bv?en made subordinate to military an thority. At tbia time, then, we are living uuder a military gov ernment, which claim* that ita highest prerogatives apring from martial law and military necessities. These acta have been auatained by the army aud ncquietced iu by Ihe people. Tbia revolution, if permanently aoceptod, must be recogniaed aa an overthrow of established and cheriah (ed principles of government. . llerealler it will force itself upon the atieutiou of tbe American people, who will then see and feel ita nature and reaulta. To their decision iu calmer hours this subject muat be referred. If theae uieaaurea of military, political, and financial consolidation break down, their failure will show the wia doui of the Constitution in withholding from the General Government powers it cannot exercise wisely and well; aud it will establish the righta of States upon a baaia Arm and undisputed, and will make tbe General Government strong by confining it to its proper juriadiction In the end we shall return to the principles from which we have been drifting. Xu tbe meanwhile we are threatened with other calami ties which deutaud our immediate attention The rights of the people and the restraints of tbe C'nna'itution can bo reasserted whenever the public, shall demand their resto ration, but it is beyond the power of the popultr will to rescue us Irom (he calamities of national bankruptcy or natioual ruiu, when theae have befallen us. The progress of events hat brought us to the point where we are com pelled to contemplate these calami lies aud to consider how tbey may be averted. While it-is a duty to state plainly my views about public affnirs, I shall do so in no spirit of controversy or of dis respect for the opinions of those who differ from me The questions of the day are beyond the grasp of any mind to couipreheud in their influences or reaults. We see theui from different stand-points, and we reach conflicting con clusion!. None but the ignorant, th* bigoted, or Ihe de aigning will make these differences of views occasions lor reproach or contumely. 'Jhe limes demand outspoken discussions. When we see good and earnest men, under the influence of some absorbing sentiment, overlooking the great principles of good Government, trampling upon usages and procedures which have grown up with tbe h story of liberty iu the eiviliz*d world, we are warned that none *f us can claim to be above tbe influence of pas sions or of prejudices. Wh.te I do not agree with those upon the one band who iusiat upon an tMiconditiontl peace or with those upon tbe other extreme, who would use only unqualified force in put inn down this rebellion, I donaud for them what I ask for those who concur in the views which I preaeut, a fair, diapaasio iate, aud respectful hear ing. Let not the perils of our country be increased by bigotry, by partiaau passions, or by an unwillmgneas to allow op nions to be uttered in forms aud rnodea in accord ance with the uaagos of our people and the spirit of our lawt. Since the outset of the war tbe National Administration has aaked for nearly two millions . f men. To keep up our armies the average annual calls have beeu uioie tbau 400,000 men. In addition to tbe loss of life, there has beeu a diversion of labor from peaceful aud productive occupations to war, which destroys the accumulated wealth of tbe oouutry. j T.h<> **f?reU'* of tbe Treasury states that the national debt will be a xteeu buudred millions in July uext This does not include unaacertaim d demands. In our former wart these latent claims have neatly doubled the liabilities supposed to exiat during their progress. If the war sht-uM cease to dsy, Ibe natioual indebtedueaa could not fall short of two thousand millions of dollars. To this must be added Ibe sg?regate of State, county, aud town obligations Ihe coat of carrying on the war hereafter will be increased by larger pay to our aoldiers, by iuterest accounts, by enhanced prices of provisions, transporta tion, aud material, growing out of depreciated currency The proposed issue of th.ee buudred millions of paper money, uuder the.natioual banking scheme, in addition to the vast sum now put out by Goverument, will add to the uiflttion of prices. C'oufl cling views sre held as to the amount of indebted nets which wouldcauae natioual bankruptcy, aud with re gard to the length of time the war can goon witbou'eau - log national ruin. All agree in tbia, I bat I bare in an amount of indebtedness which would overwhelm u< with bank , ruptcy; that there is a duration of war which would briuu upon in uatoual rum. The problem with which we have to grapple i? How cao we bring this war to a conclusion before such disasters overwhelm u?? These perils must be confronted. Two antagonistic tbtones are now before tbe American psople for bringing to au end tbe destructive contest in whicb we are engaged. Tfce first is thai contained iu Ibe resolution adopted by C. ngrees and approve I by the President at an early day ; aud uponi tbe faith of which the peoule ol this couutry! without distinction of paity, have luruiahed more tbau one million of m u to our armiea, a- d vast contributions to tbe treasure of our country This resolution consecrated tbe energies of war aud lh? policy of goverumeut to the resto ration of tbe Union, the support of our Conatitntion It was a . olemu appeal to the civilized world that tbe objects thus clearly set forth justified a war which not only con cerned the Americau pei?pfo, but which also disturbed the commerce aud industif of all nations The opposite theory prevent a Ibe return ol Ibe revolted Mtatts upon tbe couditton of la)iug down their arms ; it denies them a poll tic ?*! existence, wl ieb enables them to | come back ou any terms; it b*.ld* that States in tbe re veiled section of tbe country muat be " re established i'' ; that the Statea hereafter may or may not bol4 names or boundaries of the States thus destroyed, although ?? jt is suggested as not improper" that these names aud boun dtriea, etc should be uiaiutaiucd. j The war, therefore, m not to be brought to an end bv | the submission of theae SUfc-s to Uc Cimstitution and their relurn t^ the Unitm, but it must be prolonged until tbe South is subjugated to tbe acceptanee. not of ita duties under tbe ConaUtutioo, hut of such terms as may be die I tUM. IJulil States are thus " re establish**!," it ia held that there are no political organizations which can bring back the people to their allegiance, that if tbe nine State. spoken Of ia tbe proclamation of tbe President should lay down their arma, and aboald return to Ihe performance of '"^?r duties, tbey would not be recognised or received This theory designs a sweeping (evolution in tbe section ,*?r runtry no*' '? re bellum, ami the creation of a new political system by virtue of ?lenitive decrees Is this calculated to stop the waafo id hhmd and treasure? If the South is revoluti.MiiBed, its pri^erty devastnted iU industry broken up and destroyed, will this benefit Ihe norm t flume who urge Ibe reatoraiion of the iJnion and tbe preservation of our Cnnatitution contend tbat iu addition to upholding our arraiea ud our DttiM, ttcry measure of 1 writ* atateainanahip and conciliatory policy aball be adopted to bring Ibia war to a auceraaful close. Only the rud? for wbich thi* war wan begun abould beaought; beoauae they am tbe uioat eaaily attained, rant beneficial wheu gained, aud tn their mipport lh.i uioat varied, t e uioat enlarged, I and tbe moot patriotic influences can be ejerted. <>u the other band, it is initiated that tbe war ahall be Solonged by waning it for purpose* beyond tbo*e avowed tbe outiet, and by lurking demands which will excite deaparate reaiatance. A demand la made that the people of the Houth aba I a vear to nbtde by a proclamation put forth with reluctance, and which la objected to by a large ataare of Northern people a* unwiae aud unjust, a? it make* no distinction between tbe guilty ami the innocent They are to take an oath which no reputable citizen of theNorih of any party will auhacribe: that they will uphold any fu ture proclamation relating to slavery. They are to ?ubmit th'-uiaelvea to nttered ami unuttered opinion* a.id decree* No longer regarding the war aa directed againat aimed re bellion, it ia to he waged against people, property, and lo cal inatitutioiia. It ia nefd that the whole population within tbe liinita of certain State* are stripped of all political right* until they are purged bjr Pieaidential clemency. Tbe disorganization and destruction of the Houth are not to aave ua from the ciwt of war. The plan for the fu ture government of the aeceded Stale* denianda the main tenance of armiea and (be continued drain ii|on the per son* and property of our pe< pie. Whenever one tenth of Ibe voter* ol either of (bene State* ahall auhiliit theuuelve* to tbe condition* imposed, they may form new government*, with nawor old naoo * and boundiirie<i. Ttii* ineoiialder able minoiity i* to be supporlef in the exerciae of power by tbe arm* and treasure of tbe North There will be no molivt*. on their part, to draw the remaining population into tbe support of tbe governments thn* created There will be ever/ lt;du?tn*l?k t f pu?*r, of tion to penmtu.te the condition of affairs lav ^po... 11 .ill for u"'?u,? ?fry Nh1.pi.hI J?ui>i?iatretinu toconto u* this system of govern incut, so utt'jly at tbiiiuo ' with h represeuUtive policy^ la nut tUi( M)c chiii.' uii'ttki ii theory U|>*?n which other nations halve t.i.a to govern tbe.r d^,uf "fj complete stfjugalion for <"*" U'1^ qU obedience Jo law, the u.dcr the security to Ute aud pro perty the ktudly rc*slut?or the rnulu.l contributions to jTEfc.,? b. .u.?...<?-' rr? ,u'T;r.T?r t. ruit d would represent u?>t tho mtereat. of then e tt* us, but tt e wjU ami interests of tbe powerthat c"?!??* sustains Uou, Tt i.? State-thus balauce in the Ifou Hej.ro-euUt.VM ... lb-dri* ot Previde.it, .mi at all time. ... the Semite, New*o.k Pennsylvania, V>bio, lUipoi*. Indiana, ????'*'"? rourl/Kentucky, and Wisconsin, with a ^ r JKf oJ? uf l<i 5X1,383: which is more ibd.i ouu-half of thai ol our whole country' The oue tenth who would aocoptthe pro^ claui tion for the uric-' of power would uot ooly hoieru the State* made by executive decrees, but they aUu govern the North. While the plan w k*rsb to tbe tmdy of the 8outbe.ru peope.it is -till more nuju.t towaids the North. Fourteen fiundred tneu m Honda would haUi.-e iu tho Senate t?f the IJuited State* the power of New York. 1.*" Iban seveuty thousand voter* m til* nine States named iu the President's proclamation would wield * power sufficient to weigh down that of I be uine moat populous stales in the Uulon We ahould thus hn'V with the muiiual State, of Kiuteru aud Weetaru Virginia, a aystem of rotteu boroughs which Would govern tne^Tuiou and destroy the representative nature of our Government This, iu c onectmu with the existing Ine uutlities in State representation, would be a daugeroua ia !L" r?bt, it?u.?i?nt, .1 u,. It would enable hi. administration to perpetuata ita power. It is a I act full of sigmti auce that every measure to convert the war against armed rebe l.ou .ulo ot^ ajaiMt orlvatrt pn?p?rty ??J pernonal iuhU ?t the ??>Ull? tM been accoiiipauied by claim* to ex -n-ue military U? tl.d loyal State* of the North. The proclamation of^einan eiimtion at the South, and the nu.peimou of the wut of habea* corp..- at the North; the c....fucat,ou ol prmde uroperty iu the aecediug Stato?, aod the arbitrary arreato, imprisonment, and banishment of the oilixeua of the loyid S.ites; the claim to destroy political orgauirat.ooi at the South, aod th? urtued interference by Uoveruineut iu looal elebtioua hnve b. en extemporaneous oveuto. 1 he?e acU at first were justified upon the ground that they were n-o. ?siry to?i\e the national exiatence. We uow ttud th.it new and more extreme claims to arbitrary P 'Wer are put forth when it is declared that the atreugtb of the rebellion is broken, aud that our arm.ea are about to trample out eve.y vestige of its incendiary fires. Mora prerogative* are asserted in the hour of triumph than wer? claimed as a ueeensi'y ia daya of disaat*r and danger. The doctrine of Southern disorganization and revolution is a doc true of national bankruptcy and of national ruin-; it ia a measure for lasting military despotism over one-third of our country, which will be the basia lor military <d?*l^ ism. over the whole land. It d.*a uut contemplate the retiru ol our soldiers to their families, or relief from the coxt aud sacrifices of war. It will make an enduring drain up.hi our home., and .mp.me crushing burden, upon ?ur labor and industry. It will open a wide aud laat.og field ?, culat.ou and frsud. It tends to perpetuate ^powerhy making aud unmaking States, a. the mtere.t* of 'acttooi. msy d ctate. It will be a source of internal diaorder and d n.iuietude, and national weakue.s in ?>ur external r? lation.. It will give danger on. allies to Hivader. of our If tbia war is to make a social revolution and structural changes in great State., w-i have .eeu only I)t? beginniim. Such changes are the work of time. If they are to be made by military power, it must be elerted through ton* periods'.! Wh?tb.>r white or black troops are u.ed, the di verso.n from labor and the cost of war wi l be equally pro longed, aud we have ju.tentked upon a course of certain coat and uncertain result.. No suot. change, a. are uow urged have ever in the world's history been without atrug g'e? lasting through u.ore than one generation of men^ What ha. UoTeaimieiit ae-ou?plishe?l ia the territonea wrested from rebellion by th? vsli.r of oar arn. es T Ha. it oac.fi^d them ? Has it revived the art. of peaee T Haa quiet and ro.ifi len?< been re.tored t 1. wnnmerce re newed 1 Arethrynot held, as they were conquered, at the expense ol Northern hi >od aod treaanre f A.re not our brinies wasted by holding under armed contr.d tk^ae who uuder a wise aid getieroti. policy, would have Men frie.iiis 7 The spirit which prompt" ?he har.h mea.ure.of subiugation h?s driven . fl mar.y in tb^Border Statea wbo, at the crisis of our 'Ooiintry's late, bfoke away from tkeir aucieut aympathie. w.Ui the Seeeding Statea and clung to the X aioti. Statiw which, by the election of the people, lauged theaiselveii apoii the side ol the Cooa'ilut CO, art uot allowed the free eierei.e of the elective f ranch it e. Id ?ome quarter. di*?<uile?it ha. been increased; in no place ha. the wisdom of Government gained u. alliea. There i. but ??oe course that will save us froui national rum. We mint adhere to the .oleum pledge, made by oor Government at the ouUet of the war. We mnat aeek to reatore the Union aod uphold the Cou.titutu?. To tkia cud while we put forth every exertion ol material power to beat down aruied rebellion, we rou.t nsfl every iiifloeno* of wise statoniauship to bring back the State* which oow reject their constitutional obligation. We rnu.t hold lorth every honorable iuduceiaeat to the people of Ike South to assume again the right, aud duties ol American citizenship. . , .. We have reach.'d that point in the progress of we war for which all have sti uggled aud all have put forth uuited exertion.. Our armie. and navies have won -igou ?c tori.a ; they have done their part with courage, akill aod succer*. By tho usage of the oivilit d world stateaman ?hip must now exert its ii fluence If our cause fails, io Um? judgment of the woild it will be charged to the lack of wis.iom ia the Cabinet, ai.d uot to the want of kravery or patr~M>tisui in the army. The great objeet of vietor.es is to bring hack peace i we cau now with dignity and mag nmiimUy urorlmini ti) tb? worM our with tkmi which have long be?u ideutitied with our history, hbould reas.ume their peaitious in th^ Union. We now stand before the world a great ani successful military power. No one can foresee tbe latent vicU.nes or defeaU wbiob lie in our conrae if force and loree alone ia to be exerted. The past has taught ns the certain etist of war aud the un certainties of its r? salt. In this contest belligerent right, are necewanly t>om c?ded to Ike South. Tbe uwiges of international warfare are practiced in the meafwlMA wf flags and tbe exohaogea of prisoners Is it wise to put ofl the end of the war and thereby continue a recognition which teads to familiarise the public miud in our own country and in Ike wafld at laige with thrt idea that we are disunited into two distinot nationalities t A ueedle.sly protracted war become, iia " vv".e atatesmanship can now bring thia war to a cloae, upon tbe terms solemnly avowed at the outlet of the oon Uwt Good faith to tbe public creditor., to ail olaasea ol citiiMis of ojr country, to ihe world, demands that th.e be d rt.e Ttie Irinmph won by tbe soldier, in the field should be followed up and secured by tbe peaoe maktog p.d.cy of Ihe .tatesuien in ihe Cabinet Iu no other way can we save our Union. The fearlul .troggle which ha. taught, tbe North and tbe South the courage, the endu* auoe, and Ihe resource, of our people, have made a basis ol mutual respect upon which a generous and magnanimous policy can build lasting relationships of unio.i, intercourse, and fraternal regard. If our course i. to be shaped by narrow and vindictive p-iasions, by venal purposea. or ?y partisan objects, then a patriotic people have poured out thoir blood and treasure in vain, and tho future is full of disaster and rain. We should seek, not the disorgsunalion, but the paoin cation of that section of our Country 'ojaatated kyei'vi^ war. In this kaur of triumph apj eals ahould be made to States, which are ideutif.ed with tbe growth aud K'?aUH?s of our country, and with some of which are as.ociatad the patriotic Kev.4aUi.oary struggte. Mory generous mind re,volts at >he thoug o . He those memories that cling about the better days / ^ public; that are eonnecte.! with tbe -aonfioe. of the men wl,u have made our history glorious by their Mrvicaa m Ike Cabinet, in the forum, and iu tbe field. The victories which have given our Government its pre Kent commando g po.,t.n? were won hy men who rallwd around and fought beneath the folds of a flag whose stars rei.r sent each Ntafri in our lTn on If we strike out ef existence a single State, we make that fl .g a falsehood When we extinguish Ihe name of any oue of the onginal thirteen States, w? dishonor the historic stripes of our national b.tuuer Lot tha treasonable task of d*faomg oar fl ? be left to those wbu war upon our Government, and who would desiroy tbe unity of our count.y. Faith to our armies and to our citizen, demands that wa keep sacred the solemn pledge male to our people and to the civilized world, when we engaged iu th . bloody war. " that it was not wag^d iu any .p.. it of ?ppreswou, or or any purpoie <f Conquest or subjugation, or punioao of overthrowering Or intei fering with the i"?Bhta o ea tablished institutions in ttoise Htstes, but t?> defend aod rnA ntaio Ihe supr emacy of the tJou.titulion, seive the Union witli all the dignity, equality, and rights of .he several States .1,impaired ; and that as s.Kin as these ohj cts are aeeomplished the war ought to cease CRKUITH KOK TROOPS. C'i.1 Jamrm B. Kiiv.tbe Prnroat Maiahal General, baa ikHii>'(i an oid <r, under date uf Ibn flth in?tant, iildrNiiil ^ to uno of Ui#? A?a?*tant Marahal* fn^nK,wl in recruiting volunteeia, directing that rrcrmU muai be cr.*lited to the lnc*lilie? from which they rnwif* local h.mntiea, piovided lbi> mauler in-rolU *b<>w them enliated and mnatered in aa of thi< aaid localities. The imuter in-rolta innat ahnw the fuel* of the n***, ami will be the evidence for awarding credit. Velerana in ?ervice, re-eiilintnig, are to be cred t?-d to the local iUea to which the r* enliatuieuU an<l mut ter io?mlla ?hnw them nm belonging ? Kn*' benee, until aiicb vaUraM hnve ie uiu?l?red, it oannot b? determined lo wbnt particular locality they will be credited. A room baa been prepared in Philadelphia for (be hatch inp of egg* by uteain, after the ciiatoui of the Chioeac. The eatablitbiueut it of about 600 hen power.