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1 HE POL1 riCAh TKUC'K. No attentive observer of ourront etonta cau have f*?led to maik the suspense in which political, equally with military, maveuients are held at the present period. A Mifboient explanation of the quieaoent attitude impressed od the latter ia to be found in the fai)t of the season through whioh we are pausing, though persona who have good memo ries cannot hut recollect how large a portion of the inquiry set on foot by the Congressional War Com mitted two yearn fig > was direoted to a demonstra tion of the proposition that uothing was more fea sible thau a winter campaign by the Army of the Potomac. 'I ho < in inertiat of Gen McClellan was then all that stood in the way of the forward marsh on to Richmond. Now that the Amcrioan people (not even excepting the lumbers of the late cele brated War Committee) have taken some lessons in the art of paticnoe us a necessary branch of the art of war, we do not hear any clamors at the in activity of our armies during the winter time. The veteran hoops of Gen. Grant himself are per mitted to rest undisturbed under the more south ern sky of Chattanooga without being reminded that " winter campaigus" were once the order of the day and the aspiration of War Committees. But if the winter's cold and snow and ice afford a sufficient explanation of the inactivity of our ar mies at all poiuts, what shall be siid to account for the lull that is obvious iu the elements of political agitation '( Is the nation, at least in the Loyal States, about to enter on another " era of good feel ing" such aa dales from the halcyon days of Mr. Monroe's Administration Y Is it a time in which to exclaim with the Roman poet., Jaw ralil rt Virt[0, rtdrunl S.iturnta r. git a ' Is the truce that has been bidden to the bitter party warfare of t'le last twelvemonth destined to be the harbinger of a permanent peace among all loyal supporters of the Government, or is it only the precursor of still greater contentions yet to come ? Perhaps we arc not ready as yet to answer these questions with certainty so far as relates to tho future. Hut it is easy to see why the lately agi tated surface of our political waters is now compa ratively laid and calm. 'I he collisions of opinion I growing out of oppoiite views as to the policy that should control the war have in a measure spent their force. Whether wisely or unwisely, for weal or for woe, the position of the present Administra tion has been taken on most of the questions which recently elicited debate and awakened opposition. The attitude of expectation that had settled on tie people is partly the natural consequcnoc of the vio lent struggles that precede J it, but chic fly, let us i hope, the renult of a disposition to watch with can dor the course and tendency of events under the direction that has been impressed on them by the policy finally adopted with regard to the great dis puted topics of the war. Many difficulties and trials yet await us, and it still remains to be seen whether the policy in whos* name results so fer tile, beneficent, and speedy have been promised by its originators shall be confirmed by the ordeal of time and experience If it shall succeed in ac complishing the good augured by its peculiar sup porters posterity will delight to do them honor. But if it shall fail, the pen of truthful history cao reoord that it was for no want of candor or pa tience on the part of the people, at whose risk the experiment was made. It would be too much, perhaps, to hope that in the quadrennial contest for the Presidency, the issues of which already begin faintly to loom above the horizon, we shall witness entire harmony and unanimity of sentiment among tho people, but none will deny that it is the duty of all good and loya) citizens to dis.-uss with becoming moderation, and with candor, those differences of opinion which are incident to all free thought, and which it is the province of free discussion, when properly direct ed, to elicit, not for the purpose of creating anta gonisms, uecdlcss in number or intensity, but for the purpose of clarifyiog and guiding the popular intelligence And all will perceive that this sea son of political calm is especially propitious to the taking of those political observations which are necessary to ^uide the ship of >St.ate with safety through th* troubled waters which may lie before h?r in the unknown sea si ill to be traveracd before the haven is reached. FRENCH IMPERIALISM AND LIBERTY. If the attention of all minds in the United States were not preoocupicd by the tremendous events passing before our eyes upon our own soil, the cur rent parliamentary discussions in the French lx> gUlature would possess a curious jntercst for all intelligent students of polities, as illustrating the working of imperialism and democracy ombodied in the same Government.. In recent discussions had in the French Senate, ? M. de ha Gneronniere, well known to onr readers at different times as the repu>d interpreter of the Emperor's thoughts, by the pamphlets emanating from his pen, took decided ground against many of the proceedings of the Fronoh Government in the matter of Kiecntive influence as brought to bear on the elective franchise and the control of the political press In his opinion there eiist to day sources of disqnie'ndc which did not exist in the earlier years of the Kmperor's reign. And he finds the principal source of the evil he designates in the fact that where all the political power of a Govenment is reposed in its head there must needs be a paralysis of the members of the body politic. To exaggerate the force of Government, he wisely says, is to enfeeble the country, and the remedy is to be sought in a return to thai moderated liberty whioh, on the eve of his d?ath, Napoleon I re gretted he had not given to France. To this statement of the ease M. Hon her, the Imperial Minister, replied by affirming that what the first Napobon had wished to do his nephew bad done, by giving to France all the liberty ne c^ssarj,, and by himself taking the initiative in re forujH looking to the distribution and enlargement of municipal powers and functions In like manner M Michael Chevalier, who is better known ,n the lloit^l Htates ns a political economist than as a politician, *pokc as follows while the Senate, in its reply u iho Kmperor's pen.nr.peeob w?maturing tbep.ragraph to the literal reforms and tne industrial worm*, accomplished by the second empire:" " Tlit Emperor Lai, vutbout hesitation, admitted tbe two prioc.ples ot 1789?equality, aa his Ubcle bad dote, and 1 berty, wb;cL Napoleon I hid left iu the shade, sod which the pieseot Emperor recognised by the right of electro. 1- or what ia there more liberal or more progres sive ib*u universal suffrage 1 It it more extensive thao ?ny tting whiuh i xi*t? iu Euglaud and io America Tbe fount r lias something equivalent to au electoral qualifica tion, and iu the latter the ri^ht of votiug ia coutiuod to white*. As rtgards tbe right of suflrafe, which ia the culminating point of our public liberties, the preaeut Em peror ban accomplished a great progress, and he ia the moat progressive of the legislators of hia time. The oon sequence, glorious for biin and f r the country, ia that de. mocracy baa been reconciled with the other classes of so ciety. It ia pacified and oouducta ltaelf honorably. Tbe effect of that reconciliation ia that all sovereigns have ad mitted tbe right of voting to their subjects Electoral lib t rty baa governed the whole suiface of Europe, and we have attained a situation wh ch ia perfectly aatiafactory for every generous mind." M. Chevalier, therefore, holds that the Govern ment of the present Emperor of the French ia not one towards which it is permitted to oherish impa* tieuoe in the matter even of politics or progress. POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF THE MILITARY AGES We have been permitted to iuakc use of a page relative to the above topic front the proof-sheets of the forthcoming volume on population, accord ing to the Kighth Census, now in pres?, and which will be issued in a few days. The subject is one of genera! and special interest at this moment, and the statements made by the enlightened Superin tendent of the Census will doubtless be accepted an more reliable than the fanciful and widely differ ent representations which have found their way into various public prints. In illustration of the table, aad to obviate doubts which might naturally arise in view of the seouiing discrepancy between the aggregate population and the arms-bearing popula tion of some St* tea, we are permitted to publish the views of Superintendent Kennedy, as expressed substantially to Gov. Andrew, of Massachusetts, in a letter dated tho 15th Deoember, replying to some viewd and interrogatories of the Governor: "Iu reply to your letter of the 9th inataut, and to one of like tenor from the Board of State Cbaritiea, I eo close herewith, in advance of ita publication in the popula tion volume, now in preas, a table of tbe population of the military ages for each State, according to tbe census of 1800. To extend the computation forward to the preaent time, as you desire, it ia evidently easeutial to have tbe returns of death, by conflict and disease, in both the Union and rebel armies, which have not beeu published. The Adjntant General and Surgeon General decline (no doubt very properly) supplying tbe general result of casualties, unless specially autboriied by the Secretary of War so to do " The natural annual increment to the whole arm bearing population on tbe basis of the census of 1800 is about 92,000?that from immigration about 31,000 My own opinion is that the first number ia not far from the total of deaths iw the strvtce, and the latter number will nearly represent those dyiug after discharge, or totally disabled. So that, in tbe absence of specific data, I would be dis posed t > rely on (be table as it is, and consider the number of available men about what it was in I860. " 11 would gratify ine, and would doubtless be of practical advantage in arriving at an equitable enrollment, to have the information which wnu'd admit tbe preparation of the tablea you desire, which could easily be prepared were the wanting data supplied. The casualties resulting in death, during srrrice, will l?e found to amount to not leas than seven per cent, of our whole force under arms. With oorrect returns of this mortality, I could of course give a reply to your questions in more positive terms. " The distiibution of population as respects agea ia quite differeut in Maaaachuaetta from what it ia iu Indiaaar, the older years?above thirty?predominate in one State; the more youthful in tbe other A characteristic distribution doubtles* prevails in the cities of Boston and Chicago, wbicb differs from that of tbe agricultural counties, and modifies tbe aggregate for the wbo|e State. While sug gesting tbe existence of theae dissimilar per centages in tbe different States, it may not be out of place to observe, with reference to tbe enrollment, tbat, according to Euro pean experience, a stated census is more reliable tban any special enrollment tor military purposes.* " Without entering upon extensive details, I am prepared t<? state, after theae suggestions, Uiat there appears no valid reason for distrust of or change in the tables." POPULATION AT THE MILITARY AGES. One of the orators of the Amerieau Revolution ex pressed a statistical estimate of his time, when he ob served, " We are three millions; one fifth fighting men " Indeed, where a population has reached nearly its pet ma nent condition, as in Europe, and the old Slate* of Ame rica, one fifth of the total population is still found to re present very nesrly tbe numberof males between the ages of eighteen and forty five. But the emigrating agrs are allied to the military ages; and in tbe newly settled States of tbe West tbe proportion of " fighting men " is accordingly greater, vnth partial exceptions. than in the, Atlantic States Thus, beginning at the ea?t and proceed ing wont ward tbe number of white male* from 18 to 45 i?, in Maine, 19 5 per cent, of tbe whole white population; in New York, 208 per cent ; in Illinois. 28 I per cent ; in Minnesota. 2118; and in California, 47 1 per cent. Tbt? similar protection iu Virginia m 18 7 per cent ; in Roiiih Carolina, In SI; in Arkansas, 20 I ; and in Teia?, 21 !? per cent. , JVumktr of H I,tie Main in thr United Slain hrhrrin the. "K*? ?/ 18 and 45 yeart?< rasas of l?)00. lis / ih i ?, NfiTt ?i !? u Ststr *3* rT4TI 2 6 2S? Alatmna. ...... 99,!I67 New Jersey....I 1112 219 Arkansas <15,231 . New York 796,R8I California 10!* 975 North Carolina 115 309 Connecticut 94.411 Ohio. 459 534 Delaware lrt.273 Oregon if, j*! Florida 15,7:19 Pennsylvania....) 555,172 Georgia 111 OUT, Kbode Island... 36 502 :J75 02?; South Carolina. ! 55,040 Indiana ........ 1 WjM Tennessee...... 159 ;IM I..wa | 1X9,316 Texas. 98,145 Kanaas 37,976 Vermont 0O5H) Kentucky....... |mo.689 Virginia. ....... jjif, Louimsna ...... Ki 45<: Wisconsin...... 150'KCi Maine 122 23* 1 Maryland 102,715 Total States.. 6,5:15,054 MnN*aehu?etts .. 25rt,4l!f Dist <'ff'o'llinbis 12 7!t7 Michigan.......! IW.0U7 Territories 70214 Minnesota...... 41,220 _ M iKHirsippi 1 70,2515 , ToUl State* ami Missouri 932,781 Territories.. 6,824,065 New Hampshire 1 03.010 During the year 1801 about 277,500 male whites rearbed and paased tbe age of eighteen, and 128,< 00 arrived at and pasned tbe sge of forty five, leaving a difference of 148,900 entering upon tbe military age. This latter number, when diminished by the natural deaths (sbout one per cent.) of the whole military claas. and increased by tbe accessiona from immigration, would express the annual iocreaae of the military population io a time of peace; but during a ye*r of war the further losers by war should be deducted In accordance with Ihia statement, tbe following approxi mation is presented for tbe increase during 1861 ; the total foreign arrivals being 91,919: Entering on 18 years of age - - . . 5^77 Passing over 45 years of age .... 124,1:00 Difference Deduct natural deaths of tbe militsry - ? - 57,000 Annual home increase Add for imungratii.n in 1801 .... 31*600 Total military increaae ia 1H0| . . 123 400 From this last number the losses by war in IW.I, beyond the usual number in a slate of peace, should be deducted, to complete tbe estimate for tbat yesr. The aame prin eiples will evidently apply for subsequent years. Wspprioa?Allgemsioe Hevol?BevoHrernug ?8tatistik. VjI 1, p. IU. CONGRESS ONAL. BOUNTIES TO bOLDlERS. o the limine of Uej;rcHoaUtif?a ou WcJnctnlay, Gih iustaut? Mr FARNB WORTH. from the Committee ou Military Aflaira, reported a joint resolution to ooutinue bouutiea heretofore paid ; which waa read a first aud second time. he resolution provides that the bounties heretofore paid under the regulations and orders fmui the War D* partuient to men ntiw enlisting in the regular or volunteer forces of the United States, for three years or duriug the war, shall coutinue t<> be paid frotu the T>th ol January, lWt>4 to the 1st day of March next ; auy thing iu the act approved December .23, 1803, to the ooutiary uotwith HN8WOBTH said: The reasou that the 1st of March is fixed, instead of the 1st of February, is that th? intelligence of this fact may reach the different departments the army in the extreme portions of the ouuntry. lintuients, as we all know, ceased yesterday throughout the country from the non payment of the bounties under the law which we passed on the 23d ol December, lhe extension of the tune for payment of bounties is recooa- j mended by both the War Department and the President. hope, therefore, that there will be no objection ou the part of any member of the House ; for cnrtaiuly it is lar preferable to raise men by volunteer enlistment by the yiiieut of liberal bounties than to raise tliein by dralt. Mr COX I would inquire of my friend from Illinois whether the Committee on Military Affairs have consider the proposition for the total repeal ??f the conscription law, and whether this is to be ill lieu of it ; whether the general policy of volunteering is to be adopted by the party in power ; whether we are to have uotbiug but volunteering? . ^ Mr FARNSWOKTH. I am not aware that any action has been tikeu in reference to lhat subject. We did not regard that as important for the action of the House ou in resolution. Mr COX. Let me a-?k the gentleman another question for information. What are the bounties which aie now paid ? Mr. FARNS WORTH. Under the regulations of the War Department? Mr. COX Yes, sir. Mr. FAKNSWOKTH. To veloians #400 and to new men $3Ut). Bounties are paid by installments. The amount of bouuty paid to a veteran on enlistment is forty ollars, 1 think, together with one month's pay in advance, and a premium of two dollars, which has always been paid. he bounty paid to new men is not quite so much. Boun ties are paid by in-talilments during period ol service. Mr. CHANIjER Jrl wish to ask whether there ia auy law lor the paynieiiKtif bounties, or whether they are paid under proclamation* or regulations or orders of the War Department ? Is that hII the authority there is for the pa>uieiit of these bounties I Mr. FARNSWORIlI There is no law for the pay ment of bounties alter the O h ol Januaiy Mr. CHANLKR. Then there is no law on the subject. Mr 8TEVFN8. This notation authorizes the pay ment of bounties alter the 5tb of January. Does it authorize the payment of bouuties to colored soldiers ? Mr. FAKNSWOKTH. This simply continues the pay ment of boiiut.es now authorized by orders of the War Department. Mr COX There is a good deal of misunderstanding on this quest on. Do 1 understand that there uever was any law authorizing the payineut of bouuties? Mr. FARN8WORTH. I aiu not aware that at the commencement of the payment of these bounties there was tiny .-act of Congress upon the subject. Mr STEVE>8. I will say to the gentleman that when we passed the eniislmeut law we gave a commutation of $3UU to those wh'> were drafted aud did not serve, and we expressly authorized that mouey to be used for the procuration of substitutes; aud therefore it is right to take the money arising from this $300 commutation to make the army equal in number to those who paid the commutation. , . . , ? ?. ? Mr. COX. It seems to me unusual legislation to bring in a bill to appropriate money for au object, and basing that appropriation simply npon the proclamations of the War Office. I do not know what those proclamations are. I do not know whether they iuclude black soldiers, or white soldiers, or red soldiers. I do not kuow how much is to be paid. That depends upou proclamations am Ml almost every day, and with which members of Con gress are not familiar. 1 think the bill introduced by the gentleman lr?>m Illinois ought to be very specific, showing exactly how much should be paid. Otherwise it will be subject to a hundred different interpretations. I do not mak?| any objection to thia bill captioualy, but I wish to encourage th a ayatem of volunteering, aud to wipe out this conscription law entirely ; aud hence I will vote for almost any tbiug to break down the ayatem of conacrip tion. I hope this will do itj and I accept this move as the begiuniug, by members upon the other aide, to get rid of that avatem. ' Mr. GARFIELD. If I understand the mutter correctly iruin the public journals, the request of the President aud the War Department ??? to continue the payment of bounties until the 1st of February next ; but Uio rendu tion before the House propoaes to extend the payment until the 1st of March And while t>.? President asks us to continue the pay ment of bounties to veteran volunteers only, thia reeolution extends it to all volunteers, whether veterana or raw reciuita. If tiie resolution prevaila, it seems to me we shall swamp the finances of the Govern ment before the 1st of March arrives. I cannot consent to vote lor a measure which ailthorizes tho expenditure of ao vaat a sum as will be expended under Ilia resolution, antra* it be shown absolutely indispensable to the work of filling up the army. I am anxious that veterans should volunteer, and that liberal bounties be paid t?> theui Hilt if we extend the payment to all classes of volunteers for two n onths to come, I fear we shal swamp the Govern ment Hefme I vote for thia resolu tion. I desire t* know whether the (lovernment is determined to abandon the dralt. If it be its policy to raise an army solely by volun t ering and paying bounties, we have one line of policy to pursue Jf the conscription law is to be any thing better than a dead letter on the statute-book, our line of policy is a very different one I a-k the gentleman from Illinois to mfoini me which couiae ia to be adopted. I am aorry to see in thia resolution Hie indication of a timid aud vacillat ing course It is unworthy the dig nty of our Govern went and our nrmy to use tbe conscription act as a scare crow, and the bounty system ss a bait, to alternately acare and coax io*ii into the army. 1 et us give liberal bounties to veteran soldiera who may re-enli*t, and for raw recruits use the draft Mr. FAKNHWORTH. In reply tn my colleague I will say I do not understand it to be tbe |iolicy of the Go vernment to abandon the draft ; but I do understand it fo be their policy to get men?to ge? them ft rat by enlistment, if they can but at all events to get men to fill up the army It ia the ohject of this resolution to give the people of the C >untry, who seem now to have the spirit of enlialuient, an opportunity to fill np the quota by enlistments under this liberal bounty. If that is not done in a reasonable time, the army ia to be tilled up at all events. I do not understand that the payment of this bounty will swamp the country. Under the draft, if that system should be pursued to the exclusion of the volunteering system, f am inclined to think that it would cost ns as much to get these men. and put them in the field as it will nuder the system of these bounties The bona He*, it will be remem bered, are not to be paid all atone*. The President, in his message to Congress, recommends the continuance of the payment of th-w bounties ml lutnl until the 1st day of February. I know that the War Department Is favorable to an extension of the bounties beyond that period. It is the opinion of the War Department tha> tbe quotas of tbe several Slates, or nearly the entire quotas, under the last call for three hundred thousand men, can tie made up by enlistments if the bounties are continued t? be paid for a reasonable tirn* ; and it is the opinion of ttt# Committee on Military Affairs that a continuance of thene bounties until the l?t of February would not Ul?et the case It le quires twenty or thirty days to communicate wi'h some of the departments of the army It requires, I suppose, twenty daya to communicate with Gen. Hanks'a depart ment. Mr BROOKS Mi Speaker, the remaiksofthegentleman from Illinois Mr. (F*UN.sH <?MTil)have been very instructive to me, and, I have no doubt, to others; and tbe suggestions of the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr OARPIBt i?) a practical military gentleman have aUo b??en instruct ive; and uothing. in uiy judgment, is more improper or unwise upon great questions of this aort than t> hurry measures to immediate action without a proper comprehension of their provisions. The gentleman from Illinois cannot doubt the patriotism, I think, of gentlemen upon this aide of the House. We were hi session hut ten or eleven days prior to tbe holy daya. and we voted over two million dollars every day that were not even in the estimates of the Departmeula, and IU so voting we Voted blindly. I Was no lunch i nitial rassed by the remarks of two gentlemen on the other side of the House?one from Illinois, not now in his seat (Mr L?iVR JOT,) and the other from Pennsylvania (Mr KftLLRY,)? who said they would tike all (he respomubility of legisla tion, that when a bill csme in from the Senate annulling the whole bounty system, ami ill my eyes leading to imme diate repudiation, 1 failed to rise ami call the attention of the H ou** to it, because I was apprehensive lhat some imputation would be ca?t upon me and upou this aide of the House And yet not forty eight hours had elapsed? the very moment lhe bill had reached the Sec etary of ihe Treasury or the Secretary of War, the Administration of the Government, alarmed by the hasty action of thi* House, demanded an immediate n peal, through the President of the United 8:afes, iu the message which he has luhinittod here, of that act of the Senate which whs approved by lhe House without debate or discussion. I call the attention of the Iloiiae to this fact, aud I say that this is not the proper mode of legislation Upon this great subject of bounties and conscription, upon the mode and manner uf raising aoldiera for tlie army of the United States there ahould he free, full, and ample d;acusaion; and all these efforts to crowd bills through the House, without auy dts oustiou whatever, upon hasty report* t'roai oWBmitteei and upou ? single reading at the Clerk'* desk, will lead to repeal upon repeal and coufuaioo upon ooufusion. It .a impoMible, in tbe necesssrily tumultuoua manner in which proceeediug* are oouducted in tbia House, to understand , reaolutiou* and billn uulces lbt-y are properly and amply diacussod. I bog tbe geullfiuau Iroiu Illinois, therefore, to throw opeu, at least lor to day, thia whole subject lor inquiry aud investigation. Give us light. Let ua be in structed. l)u not look upou tin* aide ol tbe Umse wilh tbia eye of auapiciou, for we have deuiouatiated our palri otiaui to you. I repeat, ia only ten day* of our session, we bave voted $.H),000,000 for bounties and $700,000 for tbe Btate of Misaouri?all deficiencies, and noue of wbiob are iu tbe estimates of the Secretary of tbe Treaaury sub mitted here. ft Mr. FARN8WORTH demanded the previnua question, which waa seconded by the Houae, and the bill waa ordered to a third reading?yea 112, uaya 8, (Meaara. Garfield and Grinnell.) The bill waa then read a third tiuid aud pasted. The bill having been seat to tbe Senate? Mr. WILSON moved to take up the joiot reaolutiou from the Houae to continue tbe bounties heretofore paid to volunteers ; which motion waa agreed to. Mr. FESSENDEN then moved that the resolution be referred to the Committee on Finance He said: It will beobaerved that the reaoluliou, if it passes, iu vol fen the expenditure of a very Urge c mount of mouey; aud iu the preaent condition of tbe country, wilh tbe great calls that are made upon ua lor eipeuditurea for the army and for other purpoaes, I think it would be belter, with reference to tbe public 'eeling in relation to money affair*, that, if the reaolutiou ia to pa*a, it abould lie uudersto??d that it baa beeu investigated by tboae who are ordinarily entrust j ( ed with the couaideratiou of aubjecta of fiuniioe, aud that it baa met with their approbation and tbe app'obation of tbe Department which baa tbe control of such queatioaa. 1 do uot propoae to delay it 1 am aa anxious as uuy mau that it abould be acted upon as speedily aa it cau be acted upou aafely; aud if it goes to the Committee on Finance that committee will undoubtedly take tbe subject into ini ? mediate consideration, and will report just aa soon aa it can obtaiu the neceiiaary information to satiafy tbe mem ber* iu regard to it. I truat that tbia motion will meet with no objectiou from my frit nd at the head of the Com mittee en Military Afftirs, an it ii made rather with a view lo aid in tbe otject, if it can be aeeompliabed, than to say auy thing or do any thing that might have a ten dency either to defeat it or to throw any doubt upon its propriety. Mr. WILSON mtde no objection, and tbe reaolutiun wai accordingly referred to tbe Fiu&uce Committ se. THK THREE HUNDRED DOLLAR CLAUSE. From the Huston Daily Advertiser. , To the Editors: It has already beeu propoaed in both Houghs of Cong res* to repeal tbe "three hundred dollar clauae" of the conscription law. It is said that this re peal will be vigoioualy opposed, aud the advantages of a fixed commutation fee are iudeed too great to be given up under any less pressure than that of neceaaity. At the aame time the law a* it now stand* is clearly too lenient to be aa efficient aa it abould be. Only one course ii termediate between those of retain- i Ing in it* preaent ahape tbe cUuse iu question and of abso lutely repealing it nee ma to bave been auggeated. Thia course is to double, or very greatly increase, the present iate of coinruu'atioii. Hut thia would hardly be sufficient by itaelf to accomplish the desired end, and would proba bly be reaiated aa violently as a more striugeut measure. There i*. however, au almost equally obvious expe dient, which aeema at least tu deaerve to be stated. This is, to require every mau who may wish to obtain exemp tion from military service by a fixed payment, to make 1 that payment before tbe dralt begin*. It would probably be b.'st, lo avoid complaint from others, that l(ie names of the men who thus obtained exemption abould be re tained upon the enrollment list*. If any of theui were drawn, the result would be tbe aame in their cases as under the preaent law. Those who preferred to take the chance of eacaping altogether abould be required, if their name* were drawn, either to aerve in person or to furniah ?ubaiitutea. The obvioua advantages of tbia plan would be aa follows: 1. It would probably put an end to tbe vicious system ef paying commutation foes from tbe public purae, which baa been employed by Home town* and cities, and which ; ia oue of the atrorigeat reason* for altering tbe present form of the conscription law, the purpoae of which it has done ao much to defeat. It ia obvioua that commutatiou would have to be paid for all wboae namea were on tbe enrolment liat, or for none at all, under the ayatem propoaed. Few communities would adopt tb? first alternative. ii. Another catiae would atill further iocreaae the number of recruita actually obtained. It is probable that aoiue men would be drawn who would have paid commutation under tbe preaent law, but wbo would not do to iu ad vanoe of the dralt Every such cass would furnish the army with another recruit. 3. Tbe delay r ?uipl?ined of by tbe Secretary of War would be partly obviated, aince tbe Government would bave tbe mouey for providing substitute* in band before tbe draft began. 4 Tbe auiouut of tb s money would be much greater than under the preaent ayatem, uul-aa men generally pre ferred to take the chance of haviug themselves to find substitutes In either caae the ranks w< uld be more easily filled An objection to which this plan is liable is that it would fail tn limit the price* paid fir substitutes, aa the preaent law limit* them. Hut a* no tnan would be obliged to take the risk of having to pay an extravagant price, except j those who are unable to pay what waa aaked during the late draft, no injustice would be dona by the change. It may be thought that the fear of extravagant demands might create a general disposition to pay commutation be fore tbe dralt. In th.?t ca?e, however, ao large a "um would come into the bauds of the Government that it would atv-ui that recruit* might be easily attracted by tbe large bounties which could then be ofl'eied. So much doubt has existed a* to the time for which exriiiption is now procured by ptyiug commutation that it is certainly desirable that Congress sboull make Urn law more definite upon this subject, if this mode of ex empt on is to be retained. Three yeqr* is cerlaiuly loo long a pei iod of exemption to be obtained by payment of tli? preaent commutation fee Que year, or even leas, would be enough, unless tbe sum of money required is in cleaned The periuisaioii to provide aubstitutea, too, ought to be looked on aa an iudulgeuce, uot ?a a proposal for a mercantile transaction, and it abould Dot be deemed unjust to abridge the time of exeiuplniu procured in this manlier. We should remember tbat it becou?e* us to be ready to defend the noble principles for which we ?re contend nig at the cost of saenficea at least as h> avy as tboie to which our enemies submit in order to uphold slavery A conscription law which shall admit neither of commutation fees nor substitutes may be among tbe p?*-.ibilitie* ol tbe future for us, as it is a fact of the present, or about to be made such, in the South. Will tbe tnea who complain of the privileges granted to the rich by our present law be any better satisfied with the rigorous impartiality which may be ueeded T THE DRAFT AND THR STATE QUOTAS.. WtLi.lAM Whiting, Esq , Solicitor of the War I>e partment. has issued a circular for the information of all concerned, in regard to the draft aud the State quotaa. The act of Congresa of Iri&l provides for enrolling (he forces of the IJnittd States in order to ascertain the num ber of men between the ages of twenty and forty five years liable to military duty, to divide I hem into claaaes, aod call them out as needed. Tbe law aims also to equalise tbe burden among the Loyal States and districts. To attain this result, tbe law directs tbe president to take into conaideratiou the number ot voluuteera and mili tia furnished by each State, and tbe period of their aervice since the rebellion began. The number of men and tbe ircrioda of the service are elementa of calculation in order to aseerfaiu tbe total amount of aervice by the aobliers of a given State; and the total amount ot service tbu* ascertained iq each (State will give tbe total of all the service in ?ll tbe Slates. It was obvious that each State should contribute in proportion to tbe numberof it* inbabi'anta This propor tion was to tbat obtained from all tbe State* as the number of inhabitant* of tbat State wa* t<> tbe aggiegate number J of iiihnbitaul* of all tbe State* Tbe aolutoHi of tbis fur miliary gave for each Slate tbe nnmber ol troop* required in order to make up its just ami equal share. If tbe nuoi b.-r fell ah rt of this proportion, the deficit wa* charged ; if exceeded, credited on account of lk* draft. When the enrollment has been completed, and has as certained the number of persons liable lo service in tke scleral States, the uumber of troops to be drawn from each State Will be calculated a* follow*: As tbe total number enrolled in all the Slates i* to tbe number enrolled in a particular Slate, a i tbe total number to be drafted i* to tbe number to be drafted mi a particular State The number to lie drafted thua ascertained should be charged to the particular State, and then the amount due to or due from tbat State on the account of former aervice should be added to or subtracted from tbat number. Tbe halanPe 1s tbat which is due from the State in question, Tbe statute requires that the enrollment district* iu tbe States shonld lie equalised among themselves. Tbia ia to be effected upon the principle* above stated Tbe nntnher' of men to be furnished by any one district bear* tbe saMe proportion to the number to be furniahed by tke State a* tbe number of men enrolled in tbat district bears to tbe whole number enrolled iu tbe State. There ia no other method provided by the statute. Aa troops were requited before tbe enrollment could be completed the first draft waa divided into two parte. The second part yet remains to be completed, each State being credited with all troops furnished under tbe first Volen Leers wbo have received bounties are credited to the State* a* part of tbeir quota*, tbe aame as though they bad been furnished under tbe draft. THE GREAT 8NQW STORM, The Chicago papers contain full accounts of tbe Kreli storiu of snow audi wind which swept over the greater part of the Nortbwe*taru Hiatea on Thursday and Friday, tbe last day of Dooewber and tbe iirat of January, completely blockading travel by tbe railway* ai d ciuaiug tiumenae a uttering. There baa beou nothing approaching it mi se verity aiuce tbe memorable waiter of 1855. The follow iug particulars are from the Chieagu Time* and Poat of Monday: EXTENT OF THE 8'IOKM. The great snow atorm, which oouiiuenc >d iu tbia vicinity about half-past 1 o'clock on Thursday uioruing, aeeiua to have extended over a tract of couutry soeood ouly to that visited by tbe memorable atorm of 1850. Tbe recent atorm wti not aecotupauied, in any locality, with the irn menae falls of ?now which formed tbe great feature of the atorm of 1855. neither was the tract of country visited by it ao extensive, yet it postdated futures which made it more terrible than any that haa occurred for years. The greateit fall of snow seeius to have been iu Illiuoia, the! quautity gradually decreaaiug until, at Cleveland, iu tbe eaat, there waa little, and at Ouiaha, Nebraaka, in tbe west, but three inches. Here it waa about eight ?ud a half inches. TIIK INTENSE (XII.U WEATHEK. Ou Friday the allow ceased falliug, but the atmosphere became intensely cold. Two theruiometera iu tbe city mafked 29 degreea below aero. Of course the mercury was governed by the exposure. We bear of oue that mufked 2ft, which waa probably the lowest iu tbia city. The wind and the nold continued terrible all day Friday. It waa dangerous to travel any distance. One gentleman bad his ears frozen going from Kudolpb street to the I're mont House?not seventy yaida Not only hnudreda, but thousands of people had some pert of their bo lies frozen. Hubdreds of citizeua, buaiueaa men, who reside a mile or so from their places of business, could not reach their places of business from Thursday night to Saturday ni?rn iug.' '1 he street rnilways were blocked up, and hands could not turn out for fear of freezing to death. About forty men, women, and children, wbo were in at teudauce upon the Catholiu ladies' bazaar, in Metropolitan Hall, remained in the hall all uight, tumid* to reach their houses. Shortly after daylight aleighs and other convey ances were procured, and tbe half starved and half frozen women and children were carried bom* iu as comfortable a way as practicable on that terrible morn ilg. On New Year's day no! a street car was moved in any part of the city. Even bad tbe tracks been iu a condition to render movement posaible, it could not have been done; neither man nor beast could have endured tbe terrible cold?twenty to thirty degrees below zero About every other mau visible ou tbe streets New Year's day:, presented a frozen noae. a pair of frozen eara, froaen cberka, or complained of fnzen toes or fingera. Much caaea were slight, however, in comparison with some others. Three floldieis were picked up by the police ou Thiiraday night, wbo were rapidly freezing to death. One waa found io the public aqaare, with both feet ao badly frozen that it is feared they will have to be amputated. Another had his face, ears, and both hands frozeu badly. The third waa leas aeriously injured. A mau waa carried into Parmloe'a barn so badly frozen that it waa thought he would die. One of the carriera of tbe Poat, while delivering his papers on Friday morning, beyond Union Park, waa so badly frozen that he had to be carried into a bouse and provided with medical aid. His case, we learn, is not dangerous There was a report current iu the city that six men bad frozen to death at Camp Fry. There is no tnith in it. There was much suffering among the men, of course, but no deaths. They are now comfortably quartered near Metropolitan Hall. It waa also reported that forty prisoners were frozen to death at Camp Douglas Tbe uumber was subsequently reduced to eight. There are no reasons why this should be true. The prisoners are provided with barracks which are certainly sufficient to prevent freezing We should not have been aurpriaed if the guards had frozen, and the suffering among them muit have been terrible. AN AWFUL NNHIT ?>N A PHAIKIK. The train on tbe Michigan Central railroad, which was due here at half past t*n o'clock oti Thursday evening, proceeded with great difficulty until within four hundred yards of the Michigan Southern Cm?aing, some seven miles out. There, at six o'clock on Friday morning, alnioat eght boura behind time, the traiu plunged into an immense drift which lay directly acroas its way The powerful locomotive pushed ahead right royally at first, scattering the asow in glittering clouds upon each side, as easily as a ship would part tbe foam. Further and still further into the drift, and slower and still slower went tbe engine. It labored and struggled as if loth to give up the contest, but dually stopped The faithful engineer then sought to bark the l< couiotive. But the powerful engine was within the giasp of a giant, in whose hands its strength was but that ol a child. The wind swept around the ill fated train and brought it closer within tbe chilling coils of the merciless drift Tbe train, far from assistance, was imprisoned 4n tbe sanw 1 The scene, when the pasrengers realized the perils of their situation, was so terribly real as to batll < all description There were over a hundred paxengeis on board, many of them being women and children, with but a abort supply of wo< d. Death, under any circumstances, is so terrible that the strongest and bravest pale when they realize that they are iu its pre-ence Hut when men are compelled to ait and watch its coining and note the flight of each moment which brings its icy toUcb nearer and nearer, there is something in it so grandly terrible that, while there ia the faintest hope of averting it, tbe weakest*arms are nerved with giant's strength, and the faintest hearts with braved resolution. One by oue out into the blinding atoim went tlio?e who were able, and, digulnu down through the anow diifts which were piled ov.-r thorn, they tore up the feucea near tbe road and brought tti? m a< fuel to the rara. Mere wax something which would provide warmth until tliey could be rescue.| from their perilous situation The boaula went broken up and th* fa-t cooling stoves aoon gave out a generous heat. The wind as it rushed along drew tbe flames up through the kindling pine, until stove nud pipe were boated red Tb>u a new peril broke upon the pas se igera The roof of the car took Are from the healed pip*, and, a* the wind caught the dimes, they roared and crackled and curled do < nwnrda towards the paasongera as i* i'i mockery of their misery. The snow was banked almost to the bottom of the ear, and, to separate it from tb-< others by hand, was nn utter impossibility. It the flames once got fairly under way the whole train would be consumed, and its living freight turned out upon that bleak prairie without shelter, and at tbe utter mercy nf the pilile** storm That were certain death. In this moment of peril the women vied with the men in their efforts for the common aafety More 1lnn one fair baud now eagerly grasped the glittering snow, a uio iu ?nt b-fiire regarded aa their greatest peril, and hailed it as the angel of their deliverance. Soase of the men, with hatchets, mounted the fop of the car and commenced cut ting away the portion on fire; other men and the brave women carried snow and dashed it from the inside and from the outride upon the burning roof. At first it aeeuied as if all hope were vain, but energies were not slackened or hearts unnerved. The oonteat waa brief but desper?te, sad resulted in the flames being quelled. Tbe wiud and snow came rushing in at the great aperture in fhe roof, and the car waa no longer tenable All the paaaengera then withdrew to the next one. Proper precautions were taken agamst a similar disaster there Hut tbe ashes bad been, unfortunately, entirely removed from the stove in tbia car, and, when anticipating no danger, tbe (1 >or of the oar took fire from the bottom of the stove. It was mucb easier extirguished than the other, but not without con siderable labor, or until a laige portion of I he floor had been cut away, and that car thus rendered untenable also. Tbe passengers of the entire train were now huddled together in the only remaining car. It was now nearly two o'clock in the afternoon, and there were no signs of the storm abating ?r of any deliverance reaching them. A aenae that terrible suffering* and a horrible death await ed tln ni in (he hours of daiknesa, now not far removed, waa gaining ground among the paisnngers, and one by one they atffered themselves to drift into that atate of luith as indifference which ever characterizes men who aib calm ly awaiting a fate they caauot aver?. Suddenly, however, they wrre startled into new hope by the arrival of a tram of the Michigan Hon them railroad. It atopped at the crossing of th? two roads, only some four hundred yards distant, and its conductor signified bis teadiueas to take the passengers of tbe Michigan Central train into the city Tbe work ?d transfer ring them was immediately com menced, tbe engine in the mean time moving 'be train backwards and forward to prevent the *?nw from drifting around and under it. The distance between the two trains, nearly four hundred yards, was filled with a drift nearly ten feet in depth, and to make tbe passage from one to the other was a work <?( great tabor and difficulty I he *t?>rm was at it* height and the cold ao intense that the iacea of the Women and children were frozen almost as aoou aa they came in ci?nt*ct with the wind?turning white aa in", aUntly as if they had been plunged in boiling water ? Scarcely any one made the pasaage from one train to the other without being badly froat-bitten. many quite serioiii 1*. Fiaally, however, they were all aafely readied. Himi tryiag acenes occurred on other road*. FINANCIAL CONW'nON OF CALIFORNIA Tbe message of Gov Low, of California, show* that, the fltnte expenditures of tbe fiscal year were f-J.ttfir.'ifW, in whirb amount are inc'uded $tXM?,(M)0 previously accrued., and i|v?4?,44.r? paid to the United States as the Mtate'a q?Mita ??f direct tax levied by Congress. The receipts ihto tbe Stale treaaury during the same period were On the 1st December, IWl.tha total debt was whicb is a reduction of $72*1,741 during tbe year. The valuation of real and personal property I* $474,000,000? the rate of taxation M cents ou tbe # 100. The war debt I* now $1404,161, from which is to be deducted the amount received from the United Mtatra Government, $4'27,HJ6, and of the remaining $177,'284 but $'218,468 are justly chargeable as State debt. THE POL AH SEVERITY IN THE WE#I\ We extract (row our exchange* some lurUier particu lars of the great suffering iu the West from the unex ampled severity of the louon iu that region Here iu Wsshingtou, we believe, the lowest point which the ther mometer has reacted this winter in eight J igiees abov* zero. A St Paul de?putcb of th j 3d ?ijr?: " The highest run? of the mercury Juriug the la?t three day* ha* beeu 10 degree* below zero, and moat of the tiuie it wu between iil) aud 30 below. It wa* ;K) degree* b'low z?ro at uiue o'clock thi* morning, aud thirty-eight during the night The army register thermometer at Fort Swelling, which is ou a high bleak b.ufl", m*ik<d fifty degree* below zero yeateiday. A registr uhioh ba^ been kept suico that tort was estab lished iu 1821 shaws that this degree of Ooll h?s barn reached but twice during that time. Several fatal case* Of freezing bave occurred, aud any quantity of nip*." A despatch from Milwaukee. Wiacon*iu,2iinstaut, aaya ; ' Mir forty-eight hour* the thermometer baa ranged froiu thirty to thirty five degieee below aero, with a driviug wind most terrible to encounter. Fiozeu ear*, noses, aud leat fire innumerable, and many persons were yeaterday picked up insensible ou the streets. Kara aod feet were frozen while goiug but a few blocks. Mauy persons woikmg on the railroa la were badly frozen and crippled for life. No tiaiiis have arrived or departed yet iu a?y direct iou. In fact) we are ci mpleti ly frozeu in, aud muat wait patieutly fur deliverance, though there is little abateuieut aa yet." From Madison, Wisconsin, it is reported tbatoo the I?<*? the thermometer stood at 3-1 degree* below zeio; ou tha '2 I it stood at 3'J degrees, " and at the Harvey Hoapdal the mercury coiigoahvl." Every thing.is frozen up here. The telegraph ba? been mo for neveial day a. The Miaaiaaippi in Iroz-'ii perfectly solid t?ila junction with the Ohio, aod II id's Point u< accessible only to pedeatriau*. Mating la excellent on the Mississippi." , At Ohkosb, Wise main, the mercury fell to 33 below zeio ou Friday, aud oil Saturday it waa 36 below. Busi ness win entirely suspended. At Dubu'q'ie, fowa, all railr.iad travel waa atopped from Wednesday until Sunday. The wiod blew a terrible gals, and the auow was piled up in high pile* on the track. Od Friday the mercury waa 30 below, aud remained between '..Mi and 30 below all day. The St. Louis Democrat of the 5tb aaya: " A Hat of all the jierson* who have been froit bitten within the past three day* would fill a volume, We have heard of about a hundred iu thia city who were more or lea* iujured by the Severe cold." Wu, Bartiett, nephew of the Hon. J. R Bartlett, of St. Louis, a youth of eighteen, who went ou a bunting ex* cm ?ii>n, waa frozen to death on Tburaday night, within hearing of the residence of a geutleinan whom be had been visiting. Ilia comrade hud his ear* fro* u, and with diffi culty preserved himself, after the moat arduous but in effectual ??tt'.rta to aave his companion. . At Kockford, Illinois, the mercury was 33. Several persona were frozen to death, and busiuta* waa suspended. At J^alayotte, Indiana, at 5 o'clock ?. 11 , ou the 1st instant, the thermometer indicated 23 degree* below zero, aud at rio time during the day waa it above ten. There ivas great auUeiing, especially among the stock, many cattle being found frozen to death Perseus venturing out without mufti ira had their ears frost-bitten. The La fayette Journal of the 4ib mentions the loas, at Reynold*'*, of lite bundled turkeys and geese by freeziug. At Evaniville, Indiana, the thermometer fell 60 degree* iu twelve hours, reachiug degree* below zerooa Friday morning. At Toledo, Ohio, the greatest change in the thermometer ever known there took place between 9 P. M. Thursday and the same hour Friday?being f?7 degreea TnK GERMANS AND THE HOLSFEIN QUESTION The Germans of New York held a large meeting Friday evening to etpreaa ttiair opinion* co.ioeruiug the Holatein question. They adopted an address, which con cludes as follows: "The duchy of Tl<ilsfeiu belongs aince many centuries to the (Jeriuan State*, and belong* now t > the German Confederation. Also, the duchy ol Sfhleawig has beeu in separably connected with the duchy of Holatein aince 1640 Both aie aud bave beeu, by language and m tuners, Gel - mau. B >tli hive been subjected lor several decades to deliberate denationalization and cruel oppie*aioas. Both have T>ugbt heroic ?lly aiuoe for their German right*. I J, .Hi have beeu betrayed nhaiuefu'ly by the Government* of Austriu and Prussia. Both mint meet the fate of Al sace a nl Loriaine, if the (Jeraiau people, fur whose help they have called oil'., do not protect tbem. The honor of the German people demands that thearro/mt Diuea be driven back by force of arius; and lb* Germans of every land owe their fatherland the ini*' powerful h^lp in thi* matter." FRAUDS AT THK NEW YORK NAVY YARD. Last week au order was reoeived from the Nevy De partment at Waabingtou, by Admiral Pauldiag, direca"* ibe discharge of Robert W Steele, master carpenter,Is*" 11. Hteele, his brother, chrk, and William Robertsou * John Kerlin, q larterinen T< eJe discbarge* ware ma upon the report of a committee of investigation appoint on the &jj of December to investigate certain alleg ' tions of frauil aud corruption against the*e parti** The eourt of inquiry consisted of Commodore Gordo*1 Commander Joseph P. Satilord, aud Lieutenant-Cous maiider FiHebrowu. The teatimouy taken before the couf has not been made public, hut the following appears to b the subMtauoe of the charges made: The master car pea te is reported to be guilty of appropriatiiiK to his own use i certain money raised by a*?e*nrue?t on the employes of hie | department tor election purposes at the last election, only $l.">0 out of about $l,.'iiMI btviitg been accounted for to the ICepubtiCsn General Ci iiMiittee. Also, with making ?iibrequent collection* for bis own private uae, be having been defeated as a candidate for sheriff, and iu (onsequenoe mourned heavy pecuniary responsibility. Another charge was that a truck wa< made by his depaitmeut out of Gov ernment timber by Government workmen, and that Mr. Steele was cosmzant of the fact. Also, that while the Roauoke wa* fitting out at the Novelty Works in New York the iihmi employed their time on private work for themselves ol these two latter items, however, it 1* *aid .that Mr. Steele was ignorant A abort time ago an im perative order of the Navy Department necessitated the discharge of ab iut fifteen per cent, of the carpenter* employed iu tbe yard Among those discharged were some who fait that they hl.d been selected on the ground of po litical opposition lo Mr. Steele during the l**t election I'be Republican General Committee of King* eonnty, in view of tbe neglect of M r Steele to aoooHiit for tbe money* collected by bim, in the course of their investigation be came informed of these other allegation*, agitated the Miit>j- ct in *erret amotion, an t finally determined to for ward the entire list of charges to (lie Navy Department with the reault as above stated Tbe charges against Isaac II. Steele were understood to be that tbe aforesaid truck waa built nade* his direction and hired to the Government for his own profit, for winch the driver thereof reeeived five dollars per dsy. Tne hor?es were of thoee in the Government service. The charges against the qusrter im n who were overseeing the ganga ol men on the Roanoke we e for not reporting the men who idled their time in ui.ikmg articles for their own individual ua* and proflt. | Journal of Commerce WRECK OF AN EMIGRANT SHIP It has been briefly announced fh-it an emigrant vessel whieh left Hamburg for Australia a abort time sinee with between three aud four hundred |tersous on board waa lost on the roast of Hnllnud during tbe recent storms, and that nearly every soul on board perished. One of the few *ur vivors has furnished the following narrative of tbe wreck t " Tbe vessel was driven about in * terrible i Banner by the winds and the waves, aud at last she could'no longer be steered About one n'chwh the captain gave order* to sound with the letd. We did ao, and, t ? our horror, found only seventeen feet of wat-r. We naw that we were ki*t, and in a few mmH'es the ship struck forward, and, with e terrible shock * nhe afterwards struck aft The rndder (ben tave way. We immediately proceeded tn cnt *W*y tbe masts, but they broke oil like stick*, aul their wreck beat great hole* in tbe deck, through which the water poured and tilled the 'tween decks Another fearful crash wai heard, and the ship broke in two amidships. All who werfl in the fore part of the vessel snd 'tween decks were drowned, as the one sank with all who were there, and the other was full of water Thus two hundred snd fifty live* were saciificed to the wav** In the space of a f<-w minute*. It wa* a fearlnl sight. Yet we could do nothing. The nftoi portion of the ve*sf I also sank in a lew minutes, but was not entirely covered wi'h water The lowsr portion held together, bnt was imbedded In ihe sandy bottom N?-wt however, one sea after an >tber rushed over the deck, f >r|t away the bulwarks, and carried off all who could not bold ini lirmly We all jumped Into Ihe largest boat, winch wa? fl'inly jammed in between the wreck of the masts and water vessels. Behind aod before me lay desd and wounded, and among these was the captain. Thus cowering t"gether in the host, exposed to every sea whiob swept the veasel sometimes lying on the dead, at other times packed between coip?es, I awaited the dawn of day * * " Of tbe three hundred passenger* ooly twenty f..ur men and one woman are saved, and. with the remnsnt of the crew, are reduced to aststeof utter destitution." The Illinois Stale Register saya in relation to the draft that " the quota ot the State will n >t be filled by voluntary enlistments. Within Ihe State probably not more than ?t,G#0 have been enlisted within three ?i.oeths past; hot Illinois is lo receive a credit for 6 ttOQ troops in hltoouri regiments, and these, with tbe re enlistment of veteran volunteers now In the field, will donbtl. s* fill our quote snd relisve the State from draft." .