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WASHINGTON: THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1864
Weekly National Intelligencer. Br GALES dc BEATON. JAWS O. WBLLING, ASSOCIATE EDITOB. The subscription price of thu paper for a year ia Two DObUM, payable in advance. A reduction of 20 per cent. (one-/ifth of the fall charge will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one Has. ten eopiee of the Weekly paper; and a redaction of 2 > per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one who will order and pay for, at one time, twenty or more copies. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1864. THE 8PKING CAMPAIGN. Ilia known to all that on the 27 th of J auuary, 1862, the President, by bis order as commander-in-chief, digested that " the 22d day of February, 1862, be tb# day for a general movement of tbe land and ascal forces pf the United States against the in ?urgent forces," &c. We have never been able to tiMontand why this day should have been seleoted Ik sdvsnoe for the eommenoement of military ope rsdoM, sa Che fact that it was the anniversary of the birthday of the Father of his Country was hardly an assurpnoe that the state of the weather and' the condition of the roads would be propitioos ?t that precise date to a forward movement. It j&tut be assumed, however, we suppose, that this military direction was promulgated by the Presi deat on the presumption, derived from meteor o'ogical investigations and reports, that at that dste the rigors of winter were in general sufficient* ly spent to authorize the conviction that in all hu man probability active military operations would then be practicable. As the time is now close at hand when we shall reach the same date in the calendar of the year, it Blay be presumed that a similar order will be given to stimulate the activity of our commanders in their respective fields of operation, unless it be oonceiv ed that no stimulus is necessary in the case of the present officers in oommand of the military depart ments. In any event, we observe that our con temporaries are already discussing the natnre and bitting of the impending operations in the spring campaign. To this effect the New York Evtning Post remarks ss follows in a reoent number: " Every day bring* ua nearer to moment?>us event*?to military operations which must, if oar armiea are success Ait, result in the speedy subjugation of the rebellion; or wbrah may, if the enemy should be able to gain important advantages, cause tbe war to last through another year. Tbe Yetysls have at present three considerable armies in the ield: Lee's in Virginia, Johnston's in Georgia, and a force reckoned in alt at not less than fifty thousand men in Tana, Western Louisiana, and 8ontbern Arkansas. The leebMmed foreo they are reported to be concent rat iag, with tbe hope, perhaps, of being able to catch Gen. Banks, dealing him a stunning blow, and then sending the neater part of thia trans-Id issiaaippi army to reinforce Jehneton and aid him in an attempt upon Grant MThe eetire rebel foroe ia namerieally inferior to the euUfe Union force, and they muat make np by superior activity aad address for thia inferiority Disouasions of possible plana of oampaign are idle at thia time; bat it m*y be of nse to consider some of the difficulties under wfeaeb tbe rebels will labor in making their combinations for the next campaign In the first place, the distances ever which they must operate are ao vast and their pre vent meana of moving considerable bodiea of men ao inade }|nate that tbe tsak of concentration will prove too much or tbe rebel leaders unless they have tbe courage to aban don outright a large part ot tbe region which they still eoVer. ? ? ? " Another element in the problem haa regard to gene ralship. It la clear that in the next campaign, more than in any that haa pasaed, decisive results will depend upon the ability of the eommanders. It would be of infinite service to tbe rebels if they could have.before them, for the next ais months, timid, inactive generals, ht sitating to take tbe initiative at tbe auspicious moment, eaaily im pressed with an opponent's superiority, and capable of be ing frightened oat of an advantage. It would be of infi nite edvantage to tbem were our military councils divid ed, or our operations feebly conducted." Entirely concurring with our intelligent con temporary in the opinion it exprosses that discus sions in regard to possible plans of campaigns in the approaching season for a resumption of hos tilities are quite premature at this early stage, we neverthelees take leave to utter a simple warning ngsiast an idea whioh, from the frequency it is iatimated, would seem to be generally prevalent at the present time with respect to the " exhaus tion" of the insurgents. From the stress laid on the current representations to this effeot, we are not without the apprehension that a false security may be allowed to steal into our military oounoils, under the impression thet the military power of the insurrection has already passed into the stage of oollcpse, and is destined to fall an easy prey to the approaching advance of our armies. If such impressions should have for their effeot in any de gree to relax the efforts of tbe Government, or to beguile its vigilance, we may well fear that all ?ash prognostications are destined to be disap printed IVhile representations as to the ex* haastioa of the 8outh" are sedulously disseminated by the Northern press, and not oontradnted by the Southern press, we know that the insurgent authorities are nerving themselves for the ap proaching campaign by a resort to the most rigor ous and deepotic measures for the purpose of swell iag their armies and furnishing them with the meeae of subsistence. And if, while industriously ooUeoting these sou roes of strength, they can suc ceed in imposing false representations on the cre dulity of our military authorities, tbey will render the latter valuable auxiliaries to their oansc. If we may trust ho the genniaenees of the fol lowing report of alleged conversations of the pre neat General-in-Chief, as oontained in. a reoent number of the New York Tribune, it would seem that he is fnlly awake to the military oontingen eies of the proximate future ; and this being so, he must be supposed to have taken his measures ac cordingly. We qnote from the Tribune of the 26th instant: "Gen. Halleck, in eonveraation with prominent pnhlic men; haa expmasnd his belief that tbe last grand and des perate effort will be made in tbe ensuing spring by tbe rebels to tranafer the real fifth ting to Northern ami. They cannot subsist their armiea in their own desolated region, from all the moat fruitful parts ot which slaves have been withdrawn into the interior Cotton Btatss. It is difficult to determine whether their new campaign will be due north into Pennsylvania again, or across Kentucky into Ohio, using Longstreet's present position aa a h??* ot one rations All tbe secret advieea received at the War De* pertinent ahoW that a Peter-tbe-Hermit ereaade againat tbe (forth ia now being preached throughout tbe Confede racy. and that they are conscripting into tbe ranka with rnthleaa violence everything human that is able to bear THE CONDITION OF THE FREEDMEN. We have repeatedly adverted to the suffering con j dition of the freedmen, and their helpleu wives and children, within our military lines at the Southwest, and have invoked for them the sympathy and suo oor of the people, wi'hout regard to politieal dis criminations. It seemod to us that those who favor and those who may regret the polioy of immedi ate emancipation were alike bound by the most elementary considerations of humanity to mitigate, as far as possible, the sufferings of this " laboring, landless, and homeless class," as the President calls them. It appears, however, that we were mistaken in our calculations as far as regards those who are foremost in asserting the advantages of the polioy which looks to the immediate liberation of the slaves. The journals whioh advocate that policy, as not only a military neoessity but a civil, blessing, have, in most cases, its far as. was practi cable, ignored all aooounts of the' sufferings said to ba endured by the "loyal blacks," as though, forsooth, those sufferings could be relieved by closing the eye of "philanthropy" to their ob servation. Andk this benevolent insouciance is defended by the following economic consideration, as we find it stated in a recent number of the New York Evening Post, when referring to a leo ture delivered in Brooklyn a few days ago by the Rev. Dr. ? Hitchcock. Under the head of "A Question Answered" the Post says: ? Key. Dr. Hitchoock, in a lecture on ' Duty and Des tiny,' delivered in Brooklyn before Ihe Look island His torical Society, met the question of ' What shall be done with four millions of emancipated slaves?' by asking, ' What shall be done wilb all the red-whiskered men, alt the blue-eyed men, all the white-haired men T' This ques tion, be aaded, wu as sensible as the other, and both were the same kiud of sense?which was uonsense. He con ceived that there was do difficulty in answering either query; the freed blacks, like the free whites, would do honest work for honest pay. So that problem would solve itself The issue of this war, he said, was to be chaos or oosmos, and he thought it would beoostnos. The lecture abounded iu telling hits, and a very general desire was expressed for its repetition." We have no donbt, from reeent indications, that it is the disposition and the purpose of those for whom the Post speaks to let " the problem solve itself." And how the problem is solving itself we daily read in the pathetic aooounts furnished by army chaplains, and* by the agents of the Sanitary and Christian Commissions, imploring the people of the Loyal States to do tomethi-g for the relief of the suffering blacks. It is truly said by one of our contemporaries (which has not yet learned to steel its heart against the ory of want while per-J petually uttering great awelling words of philan thropy) that no humane man oan read of the condition of the f eed Afrioans scattered along the Mississippi from Cairo to Natchez without a shud der. Nothing in the barracoons of the Afrioan coast; nothing in descriptions of the horrors of the middle passage; nothing in the worst cases of cruel treatment of field slaves by inhuman over see! a, oan surpass this awful reoord of hunger, starvation, and death. The system of slave labor was an evil most grievous to bo borne, but the tender meroies of military emancipation, when combined with the oenscription of the able-bodied blacks and the evils of the lesiee system of labor, are oruel as oompared with the hardships of 1 slavery. And, just in proportion to men's abhor rence of slavery for its afflictions and its woes, would be, we might suppose, their desire to avoid a " solution of the problem" whioh, as now left to itself, causes the negro to pine for the " flesh pots" of servitude. v Mr. Ybatmaw, the President of the Western Sanitary Commission, well known to us for the sobriety of his words, reports that there are 25,000 freed Afrioans gathered in camps and towns along the Mississippi river; that in Memphis the treat ment whioh the negro receives from Government agents, contractors, and plantation lessees is such that " he feels that he has exchanged ono master for many masters, and he sighs to return to his former home and master ;" that in Northeastern Louisiana the negroes oomplain that they "are hired out to men who treat them, so far as pro viding for them is ooncerned, far worse than their ( seoesh' masters did;" that a majority of the plantation lessees are " adventurers, oamp follow ers, and army sharks;" that at Young's Point there are more squalid poverty and destitution than in any plaoe ever visited with " sickness and death frightful;" that at De Soto the Government had furnished no rations to the starving negroes for more than two weeks; that at Natchez many of the negroes bad returned to their master* on ao oount of suffering in the Government oamps, whioh had by deaths been reduced from 4,000 to 2,100. Mr. Ybatman ooncludes his report as follows: " There are doubtlesa some points and camps which I have overlooked. I endeavored to procure all the infor mation 1 could, and in the progress of my investigations I found that the simple work of humanity to the merely destitute, great and important u it is, is secondary to some other things, and the injustice with which the freed men are treated, the oontinuu.g them in a state of invol untary servitude worn thmn that from which th?? twini rtroprd made me desirous of returning and preaenting the subi' Ct to the commission. * * * " If the freedmen wish to oontraet their labor, let them do it themselves, and not b? hired out afmintt th?ir wilts to vrrtont for whom they art not willing to work Theee people shoul.1 be educated up to and made to real s? their new condition Their masters aoU them or hired them out fed them, and clothed them ; let them now hire thern aelves out, and with their wages buy their own food and clothing, and supply all their other wanis. If theyare bind out against their wills, and are fed and clothed as before, they do not realise that they are fr?e men. It only appears to them a chant? of musters, and that for the wor?* , for before the master's iuterest prompted him to feed and olothe them well, to supply a physician and medicine*, and to take oare of them when sick. And it is in the faoe of ivcA representations that men affect a stolid indifferenoa and ory, " Let the problem solve itself. The issue of this war is to be chaos or ooatnos, and we think it is to he cos mos" There is an anoient bojk (not much stu died, we fear, by the admirers of the modern "oopmos") in whioh wo read as follows: " If a brother or sister be naked and destitute of daily food, nnd one of you say unto them, ' dopsrt in peaoe, be ye warmed and filled,' notwithstanding yo give them not those things whioh are needful Ico the body, what doth it profit?" It seems that more than one thousand eight hundred years ago there were " philanthropists" who oould hush the cries of penury by saying "tat the problem solve itself" THE CASK OP THE ALEXANDRA. The London Times, commenting upon the. late judgment of the Court of Exohequer denyLc#* new trial in the oaae of the steamer Alexandra, nays: " For our own part, we cannot lament tbe division of opinion which postpones for many month* the condemna tion or release of the Alexandra. Such equipments as her* may or may not be legal. That depend* on whether the Legislature, in the year 1819, fortunately provided against evils whieh the event haa ahown to be real, how ever dimly they may then have been foreseen. But we have no doubt at all that legal or illegal equipment* of tbia kind are highly impolitic, and might become an intolerable annoyance to ouraelvea if wo had the misfortune to be at war. Where the hull, the armament, aud the crew of a privateer are all virtually supplied from the aame port, the animus vtndendi and the animus bclligerandi approxi mate auspiciously to each other. We should be the last to sacrifice British shipowners for the Bake of pleaaing a foreign Government, but when the maritime interests of Qreat Britaia happen to eoincide with the claims of inter national comity, we 'can see little patriotism in the at tempt to ' sail a whole fleet of ahipa through the foreign enlistment aot." Borne surprise is manifested here at the oourse. of British journals in denouncing tbe comity shown by the United States to the Frenoh Government in regard to the exportation of their tobaoco. TbcBe journals, it is presumed, are not aware that the ooncession,was made at the request of the French Government, supported fly the expreu request of the British Government. THE REORGANIZATION OF ARKAN8A8. THE PRESIDENT'S PROGRAMME. The following are the instruction of President Lincoln to Gen. Steele, in referenoe to the reorganisation of Arkansas: Executive Mansion, Washington, January 20, lof?4. Major General STEELE: Suudry citizens of the State of Arkansas petition me that an election may be beld in that-State, at which to elect a Governor; that it be as sumed at that election, and thenceforward, that the con stitution and laws of the State, as before the rebellion, are in fall force, except that tbe eonatitution ia ao modifi-d as to declare that there ahall be neither slavery nor involun tary servitude, except iu tbe punishment of crimes, where of the party shall have been duly convicted ; that the General Assembly may make auoh provisions for tbe freed people as shall recognise and declare their permanent free dom, and provide for their education, and which may yet be construed as a temporary arrangement, auitable to tbeir preaent condition aa a laboring, landleas, and horae leaa class; that said election shall be held on the 28th Mafch, 1864, at all tbe usual places of the State, for all such voters as may attend for that purpose; that the voters attending at each plaoe at eight o'clock in tbe morn ing of aaid day may choose judges arid clerks of election for that purpose; that all persous qualified by aaid consti tution and laws, and- taking the oath presented in tbe Presi dents proclamation of Deeember 8-h, lr6:i, either before or at the election, and none others, may be voters; that eaeh set of judges and clerks may make retains directly to you on or before ibe day of next; that in all other respects said election may be conducted according to said modified constitution and laws; that, on receipt of said returns, when five thousand four hundred aud six votes shall have been oast, you eao receive said votes and as certain all who shall thereby appear to have been elected ; that, on tbe ?? day of next, all persoos so appear ing to have been elected, who shall appear before > ou at Little Rock a?d take the oath, to be by you severally administered, to support tbe Constitution of the United' States and the modified constitution of the State of Arkau sas, shall be declared by you <|ualified and empowered to immediately enter upon the duties of the offices to whicb they shall have been respectively elected. Tou will please order ao election to take place on the 28lh of March, I8G4, and returns to be made iu filteen days thereafter. A Lincoln. THE PEOPLE'S MOVEMENT IN ARKAN8AS. A letter from Little Rook, (Ark.) 10th instant, to the St. Louis Democrat, furnishes the following in referenoe to tbe reconstruction Convention in that State : " The Convention for tbe formation of a State Constitu timis now in session here. Some twenty-seven counties are represented. In fifteen of tbem they held their elec tions at their ordinary precincts, without the presence of s single soldier. The vote it amazingly large for th* cir cumstances Our oounty, which voted before tbe war some eight hundred, cast four huudred and eighty at this election. The election was called by mass meetings. Not one of the delegates but is in favor of eradiosting slavery finally and forever. A resolution of instructions to the committee on the Constitution has already unanimous ly passed, ordering tbem to report a provision for prohi biting slavery forever from tbe State. Many of the dele gates have been slaveholders, some Urge slaveholders " Here, then, we stand before tbe world in a prouder attitude than any other State We have dispensed with tbe agency of military governors, a< of all other external ageutMes, the people spontaneously acting l?i their own behalf. If the Government will just assi*t tbem, tbe State will be back aud free in less than four months. Congress and tbe President have heretofore been ?X'r cismg themselves in inventing expedients for giving the over-ridden people of the South ao opportunity of voting But the people here have settled the whole matter (or themselves without any external help, and in perfect ac eoidance with the genius of our institutions. Will the Government not assist us by ratifying their sctionT Thsy do not propose to make a Constitution binding at once, but after ratification by the people, who ?hall have been enrolled in accordance with tbe President's procla mation." /"?:*'* ?' ?- v ? -T'TTfl THE DRAFT COMMUTATION. An Inoorrect abstract of the bill containing amendments to the enrolment act, as it has been reported by the Mili. tary Committee to the House, has obtained general cur rency. It does not propose to abolish commutation, but reduces tbe sum to he paid therefor from four hundred dollars, as imposed in the Senste bill, to three huudred dollars. It also provides, that a person who, having been drafted, ia exempted for pbysieal disability, shall, if pos sessed of a certain income, be compelled to pay tbe sum of three hundred dollars the same aa if he was not exempt. Tbe Senate bill provides that when a drafted man has boen drawn, and has paid four hundred dollars, bis Dame shall not again go into tbe wheel till every other name shall have been drawn. Tbe House bill simply exempts " for that quota"?that is, the person drafted shall not be called again till another call is made by the President. NEGRO RECRUITING IN THE SOUTH. The Toledo (Ohio) Blade, a Republican jnqrnal, haa the annexed sensible remarka on the efforts making by North ern States to recruit negroes io Kentucky and other parts of tbe8ontb: " It has appeared to ns that If each State is reqnired to furnixh its proper portion of troops it should not l>e com pelled to make up the deficiencies of other Mtates. If Kentucky, tor instance, has any men, white or black, over and above its own quota, which it wishes to supply to Michigan, it would be proper for it tn do so, but n? attempt at suck recruiting should be made without first obtaining the oonsent of tbe State authorities. We very much douht if any Northern State is prepared to confess itself unable tn furnish its own quota of troops?much less to acknowl edge itself dependent upon tbe negro population of other States in that respect. Hence we were prepared for tbe ill-fsvor with which the hill for negro recruiting in the South by Northern States was received in Congress and by the country. The Southern Mtates are under the same obligation as others to famish troops to support the Gov ernment, snd all they do furaish should be oredited to them till their proportion is supplied If they then wish to do more they should have the opportunity; but it would neither be just to them nor creditable to ns of tbe North for the Government to compel them to make up from their negro population for our deficiencies." The President has nominated Charles R. Train, of Mas sachusetts, to be Assistant Adjutant General, with the rank of Captain. MODIFICATION OF TRADE REGULATIONS. The Secretary of the Treasury hma promulgated the subjoined additional trade regulations. He ha* under con sideration, it is stated, the further removal uf restrictions On trada; and, when the approval of the War Dipartment shall have been obtained, additional regulations will be adopted enlarging the field of commercial transaction* in the sectious rasoued from the insurgents. He is said to have favored (he moat liberal facilities for bringing in oottoo and other produets to market consistent with a due regard for the requirement* of the military service. Gene ral* commanding are necessarily the judges bf the neoessi* ties of the situation in a military point of view, and when those directing the. military movements shall deem it prur dent and Hate, the efforts of the Seoretery of the Treasury will not be wanting to adopt the regulations to a more liberal traffic of the staples of the insurrectionary States. ThBAKWY DttPARTMBOTt JAN 23, 1864. The Commanding General having expressed an opiuion, in reply to a letter addressed te him toy the Secretary of ihe Treasury ou the 16ih inetaat, that restriction* on trade in the States of Missouri and Kentucky may no^bc safely removed; aud the Secretary of War, in hi* tofflr of thf*, day. January 23,taring approved thaf opinio*, the twen tieth regulation of trade established, with other regula tions, on the 11th day. of September, 1863, i* ao far modi fled that all restrictions ou trade in the State* of Missouri and Kentucky are annulled aud abrogated, aud all the products and goods may be freely taken into and trans ported within the said States as in time of peace; pro vided, however, that no products or goods shall be taken from stid States, or either of them, into States declared to be in insurrection; or to any port in said States hereto fore blockaded which ban been or may be opened, except in compliance with the reaolutions of September 11, 18G3. Restrictions upon trade into or from other States, aud also upon trade with State* in insurrection, and part* of said States especially on the Mississippi and other naviga ble rivers, will be removed whenever, in the opinion of the President, such removal shall ba found compatible with the military measure* necessary for the suppression of the rebellion.* 8. P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury. TROOPS FROM NEW YORK. The official report of Adj. Oen. Sprague to the Legisla ture oi New York doe* justice to the service* of the New York regiment* already mustered out of servioe and those in the field, and *aya that during the past year 25,324 men were organised in that -State for the field. Eight regi meuts and twenty five companies are now in process of orguuitatioQ. These receive State aud FederaJ bounties. The State of New York ha* -sent to the field already 292,9b2 men. of whom 195,825 were three years' men?an eic^*a of 27,004 three year*' men. lu the settlement of the aocouut* between the 8tate and the Federal Govern meui there ia a difference of about eight thousand men, which difference is now in process of adjustment by the proper authorities. Gen. Sprague urges a thorough or ganization of the militia, and suggests a variety of reforms in routine matters. He al*o recommends the enactment of a stringent law to prohibit agent* from other State* eulistiug men in New York. COMMISSIONERS OF PARDON8. | President LihcuLM has had several thousand copies of the Amnesty Proclamation struck off. They are printed in la> g- type, and at the close is the following notice, from I which we infer that commissioners are to administer the 1 oath and record the restoration to civil rights: ??The bikil wherein to record the taking of the above oath by such person* a* may apply i* in the custody of , at ??, who is authorized to administer the said oath to such persons of that vicinity, and ia required to give eveiy person requesting it a eertifieate ia iorm be low. until some other mode of proof shall be autborititiveiy provided, sufficient evidence of the farts certified to entitle the holder to the benefits as provided in said proclamation: ?? OhTiriCAT*. ? I do her by certify that on day of Imj?, at , the oath pressuted b? the Pre?td?n of the ITni'erl State-in is proc'amatico of Dseember eighth eighteen hundred cndwxt* th ee, wiuduly taken, subscr.bed, and mad* waiter ef record by ." TBE WHISKEY TAX. It is stated at the Internal Revenue Bureau that immense quantities of whiskey were manufactured in anticipstie<i of the excise law, and since it went into effect but little was manufactured until it became apparent to distillers that au increased tax would be levied at thi* session. For two or three weeks back the distilleries have been in active operation, and it ia supposed that the amount thus newly manufactured ia pretty much all that is on band. The old ?toch must be nearly consumed. Some twelve alliums of gallon* may be in band, but in view of prospec tive taxation it i* thought that steps are being taken t ? bide it Ironi the tax gatherers. Tbere is reason to believe that the Secretary of the Treasury proposed a bill (and laid it before th- Committee <?f Wsy* and Means) to make taxation ot whiohey in hand ao prompts* to beol practical use and effect Hut the Committee of Ways and Means, being opposed to the tax. of eourae did aot uae Mr. Chase's bill. S?me bill of the sort is nece*aary if toe Senate con cur with ihe House action. In this event, too. ihere will inevitab'y be great failures, in which some innocent par tes will xiiffer. Hence, many snggeat that the House bill shall be m<>difl?>d ?oas to prevent the utter ruinol holders. One house iu New Y >rk has 60,000 barrels, which, at the House rate of taxation, would be worth $3,000,000 ?Aga EXPOSURE Of ANOTHER FABRICATION. From the Mtiandri* Stal* Journal of Jan 28lA. ? The following article in regard to the Hon. John Minor Bitts lia? been going the rounds of the Northern papers. Like most other statements in regard to this gentleman there is not one word of truth in it. Hon. G. 8. fmith; the gentleman alluded to below, never addreased a letter to Mr Botto on the aubject of the United States Senator ?hip, and of cour*e could not have received a reply to a letter which was never written. Such statements as theae are calculated to do Mr. Botte .great injury, and we cannot see why correspondent* for Northern papers persist in mak ing them. The following is the article alluded to, [of which we copy only a part, but enough to dlsoloae the ma licious purpose of its fabrication : ] " In answer to a letter from the Hon. G. R Smith, Trea surer of Virffinia, to the Hon John Minor Botta, urging on b?balf ot Gov P?irpoint his acceptance .ot the position ?f the Senator from tt>i? State., Mr. Botls haa written au eloquent response declining the proffered honor. He ntates that he is fully aware of the responsibility of a Uoi U-d Slates Senator; that the position ia one which ought to satiety the aapi rat ions of any moderate man, bot that be is compelled at present, by mlrmn conviction ol du'y, to decline accepting any uffine from either oT the numerous governments of Virginia representing or professing to rep resent the Mate. His unselfish motives, he stat s, might be impugned, but he nevertheless believe* the time not far distant when he may be able to aid in healing the bit ter animosities of the two seetlon*. " In a conversation with Mr. Botta he stated that never for a single instant during this war has he doubted the final result. Hi* Opinion o7 George B. McClellan is not at all complimentary to that gentleman, whom t e regards, if not piwitively disloyal at heart, at least In the light of an ambitious aspirant for undeserved honors Mr Botts stated that he believed that the majority of the rebel army rega-ded McClellan as being as truly devoted to their in terests as Rnbert E. Lee s and that a man who would not, when his name was nsed in conneiton with D-?vm, Vallan dighani. Wood, and others of the same political complex ion. come out boldly and disclaim the association, was to tally unfit to be commander of a Union army, ?Src. At Oettjaburg 28,000 muskets were taken. It is stated that of these 24,000 were found to be loaded, 12,00*1 con tsining two loads, and 6,00(1 from three to ten lorfds each. In many instance* hair a dozen balls were driven in on a mule charge of powder. In some oases the former pos sessor had reversed "the usual ord ir, placing the ball at the bottom of the barrel and the powder on top. The American Telegraph Company haa re-elected the old board of managers, namely: E. 8. Sand ford, Preai dent; C. Livingston, Secretary , FraneU Morris, Treaau ier, and Col. Marshal LafforU, Engineer, FOREIGN, . OUR PARIS CUKitPONDENCE. Pahim, January 8, 1864. Ifc is a remarkable fact, and one which is of rto small in terest tu America, that the Mexican expedition form* what may be called the key to the Frenoh political situation ol the day. It forma, that ia, the grand point of attack and dofesoe for the Government on ooe aide, anil for *11 that ia opposed to the Government on tke other. The Oppo ?ition makta it'it* atrong point; the Government feela that it ia ita weak point. The formef la doing all in ita power to harry oo the aaiault while the question remain* open in ita preeent unpopular and unproductive ahape 5 the Istty is.making deaperate efforts to bring about a eon elusion which shall give the expedition a favorable and remunerative aapeet in the eyes of the uatioo. Thia day the debate comes on in the Chamber on the supplementa ry appropriation of aixty million flrancs asked for by the Government for the expenses incurred solely in the Mexi cm expedition And without the a*sent of the Legislative body being previously M ThieraJa.. prepared with a apeech; and although it haa been agreed that the queation ahall to-day be treated only in its finan cial aspect; nay, although it is eVen further agreed before - baud tnat the expenses, having been tuourred, must now be paid, in order to redeem the credit yf the oountry, and that the political side of the question shall belreserved for the discussion on the address?yet still the representatives of the Government feel that M. Thiers and the Opposition will" not fail to make remarks and reflections on the expe dition incurred to which the only satisfactory reply in tb' sight of the country will be that the expedition in ail but at an end; and, secondly, that there is a good chance of its expenses being repaid and of ita turning out ad van tageously for Freuch trans-Atlantic interests. It is with this view, probably, that the Government bas urged the Archduke Maximilian to come to a final decisiuu to accept the throne withoufwaiiing for a further ratification of his title by the Mexican people, and to allow it to be intimat ed that he is coming to Paris on his way to his uew domin ions This will enable the Government to say that one part at l*a*t of its programme ia fulfilled, and that it is about to withdraw from the responsibility of administer ing the Mexican territory. The report on the bill for tbe ?upp'ementary credit ia drawn up by a dispngu shed mem ber of the majority, and ia a most remarkable document considering,that it proceeds from such a quarter and from so decided an imperialist. To convinee you of this it i? only necessary for me to queto the owialaAing words of tbe report, which are as foil* : Your committee are unanimosswB reorftiniending that the Mexican expedition ahoul^t? Iflft au end u> t he expression of this wish certain ^ respouds to the gen eral sentiment of the countrf .**' Such is the conclusion of 4 ^''Wh present* 1 by an Im perialist majority on this subject *b'i lh? th* do" cum?-nt is filled with language in the nKinc tone and spirit. 'Ihe committee also summoned tbe Ministers bofore it, und interrogated them very cioeely pn tbe proposed end, object, scope, and issue of the expedition, obtaining de clarations to tte effeot that " there w?s no enga?euient to leave a Freuch corps in Mexico," nor '? to guaranty a loan," nor any "apparent probab'liiy that tbe army there would be increasedi he Government also "hoped that ;be close of ldt>4 would be th-? end of the expedition." I have aii<l enough, I thiuk. to show you bow immense ly important a part thi* expedition bas played and i* st II playing in French home poauca, how strongly and univer sally it is condemned by tbe country at large, and buw im poe*ible it will be tor tne Imperial Government to go to any further expenditure either of ^neu or money, should I such be still necessary, to establish or sustain the propos-1 ?m1 monarchy. Any attempt to do so might be produc.ive of very serious eonsequencea. An article in tbe ConttUutionntl of yesterday treats the English proposal tor a " Conference" on German and D? ?>iah affairs very mnoh aa Lord Kuasell treated that of France lor ? " Cougreea." Paris, Tuesday, Jahuaky 13,18C4. Politics and the social amusements of the season have of late almost equally divided the time aod attention of tbe Parisian world. Amongst the latter must be mentn ned not only th* in door occupations of faahionable life?such ss, for instance, the first grand ball at the Tuileries?but also those out of-door punuits which tbe sudden setting in of winter aud cold weather haa rendered so eligible aod agreeable. But whether one goes to the stately ball ot the I uileries, amidst the glare aod glitter of the splendid oostumes and brilliant lights, or to the froieo lahe of the Bois de Boulogne, shining like gla?a beneath the oold but bnght rays of a winter's aim and clear blue sky, one it sure to fiud America well represented and holding up her bead amongst the fairest and noblest of tbe land. At the first Court presentation of the season to tbe Em peror and Empress a large assemblage of American ladin and gentlemen were ranged in order by their Minister, the Hon. Mr. Dayton, with all his usual courtesy and attention to his country-people, to pay their reapecta to their Majesties aa tbey passed from thur private apart menta iut? the msgnificent ball rooms. Every one here knows and remarks how well American Ud.es dunce But it is not only in the ball r? m and ball room costume i bai they excel. They qnite cany away tbe palm in tbe ruder^ and healthier enjoy meats of winter life. Tbe frost ha* now lasted a good rn.ay daya, and every day the Empress a d C? urt, with a select party, have been indefatigable in their attendance upon tbe ice. Here also American ladies are her chosen companions, for their superior skill u. sUHbg : and it is hsrd to say whether the general public, who line the borders of the lake, go there m >at bent on seeing the Empress toddle about, held up by the stout arms of two of ber gentlemen, or to sdmire tbe ease and dexterity with which her two American friend*?Mrs. Mont ton. in a graceful Polish costume, and Mine Curtis? peifonn almost every thing that can be performed grace fully upon a pair of skates. What a pitv that tbe appearance of some villanous mis creant#, said to be Ital.an's aud Poles, from tbe purlieus of London, should have marred for a moment these pleasant feelings. You will hear that there has been an attempt on tbe life of th? Emperor, but you must not give too im plicit credit to the exagg-ratod reports wbieh will d? ubt less reach you. 1 he incident has created little or no sen sation, and ia every where regarded with the contempt aud disgust which it deserves. It does appear, however, ihitt soiiie misetable cut-throats, tempted probably bv the opportunity which the Emperor's continual presence on tbe ice seemed to offer for their nefarious designs, did cross the Channel, provided with Orsmi bombs and other instruments of destruction. They were tracked and fol lowed foin the firat moment of their departure, never lost sight of iu Paris, and arretted and lodged in the prison of Maias, as *oon as ever the police thought it desirable to ?tr.ke ?be b ow. They are now ?aH to be three Italian* and one Pole It is not worth while to transcribe their ignoble names, even supposing those tbey have given to oe the true ones. ,. 1 had intended to pass from thia aocial chit chat to poli tic* and graver subject., but have now only room to add that the Corps Legrsjstif hss pas.ed the bill for the sup plementary credit required for Mexico, after a debate of treat interest and importance. M. Berryer, who took M Ttiera's plare. spoke for the first rime, for three hours, exposing the entire financial position, aod dwelling on ihe ??extravagance" of the Government in spending three milliard* of anpplementary crediu eince 18M, and the " violation of tbe law," in having incurred these liabilities in Mexico withoet tbe assent of the <L*#i*1?t?re. 1 he Government admitted tbe expenditure, but declared the money had been " well ?peut,' and defended the outlay iu Mexico aa " imperatively necessary?*- Yesterday tbe de hftu? on the addrm* commenced, when M. Thier* ?pok? at great length and with immense effeot in favor of tbe de velopment of the public liberties. Pari*, January 15, 18B4. I must devote thia letter to some of the political sub jects which I was only able briefly to touch npon in my Isst communication. The pmgreaa of opinion in this oountry is becoming ao rapid that soon we may be com pel led to exclaim that " parting Mine toila alter it in vain,'' and the only fears of the ndvooates of freedom and the development of liberal institutions will be that lest freedom and liberty should develop them-elves too fast. Tbe great speech of M Thiers, to wh ch I alluded on Tuesday, is very generally accepted aa the manifesto of the Liberal party throughout France. In it M Tbieis demanded as " abeolntely necessary" to aatisfy the new born aspirations of the nation the following concessions : The security of individual liberty by the abolition of the lew of pobUo safety, pMwd in times of revolution end ooa ?' 1 ' ?1 1 ' " ?piracy, and exposing pereon* to be imprisoned or trans ported to Cayenne or Algeria At the will of the Executive; tbe liberty of tbe press, by the abolition of the arbitrary system of " warnings," and the realorition of suit* against tbe people to the ordinary tribunals of Justice; tbe liberty of eleotion, by proper restraint pined upon the influence and interference of tbe Government; the re-estabilahinout of ministerial responsibility instead of tbat of tbe Em peror personally; and, lastly, tbe restoration of the right of interpellation. These '* five points" of M. Thiers'* " charter" are laid down by him as what is "atricily ne cessary" to be eoneeded to pu?lic opinion; and he con clude* bis admirable speech by a solemn " warning"?bat which he declares is not m*ant lor a menace?that nub-** ibese conoesaious bo made to the country voluutar ly, and ere It be too late, tbe time will shortly come when they will not be asked for, bat " enacted." The sensation created by tbe last word, which was ut tered ju?t as M. Thiers ?at down, was immense, and the Minister of H at*, who rose to reply, prolesaed be be very indignant at the use of tbe term, a?td asked, whether Prance w?s again id tbe midst of revolution. Almost ail the member* who spoke afterward*, however, and even most of those who belonged to the majority, fully admitted tbe fact of the great change wheh bit* come over publfo 'ffpiuion, and the necessity of providing for it. it is quite certain, indeed, tbat on one aide tbe Corps Legialatiff i* determined to obtain a complete control over the fiiiaueea nud expenditures, and on the other that the nation is equally determined to re-asaert its politioal right* and privilege*. Anomer very, important feature, wbich is developing itself in the course of the debate on tbe a idress, is the growing antiigonism between the representations ot the towns and those of tbe rural districts. It is certa>nly true tbat wherever the electoral oolb-ge includes a large city, tbere tbe " Government candidate" has either won his elrotion with great difficulty or been defeated. Paris set tbe example, and Lyons, Marseilles, Bordeaux, dtc. have almost all, wi hout exc-ption, foll> wed it and given a large majority to the opposition. Tbi* state of feeling is dan gerous in two ways in a oouutry like France, lor it may either lead to violent collisions and civil broil*, or, wbat is more likely, the influence of the wealth and superior in telligence of tbe great cities will gradually permeate through tbe more ignorant peasantry, and end by the re turn of an entirely hostile majority to tbe Chamber. Many of the speakers allude to tnis as a probable result, and ask what will be the consequence* nf t'e shock, and bow are they to be moderated 't nullified 7 By timely concession, say mme, by firm re?i?tauce, aay othera. But rither way a ciisis of public opinion seems to bo approaoh log whiob may strain to the utmoat tbe forces of tbe yet unconsolidated Government of the Secood Empire. REVOLUTION IN MATAM0K03. Aivices from Matamoros report auother revolution there. Cortina was again in power. He was placed se cond in command of the troop*, according to previous ac counts, to march again?t Mexico, and used bis power to again make himself Governor. There was considerable fighting among the Mexicans in Matamoro* on the 13tb instant, during which Gen. Her* ron, coiuman ing our lorces at Brownsville, dispatobed tbe Twentieth Wisconsin, Ninety-f >urth Illinois, and five pieces of the First Missouri Battery across the river. All but tbe Twentieth Wisconsin bivouacked on the banks, but this regimeut went almost up to the plasa, fepeut the night iu front of the reaideuoe of the American Consul, who next morning was esoorted to Brownsville, together with two millions of dollars belonging to Amerioans and the United State* Government. When O n Ruiz felt oompelled to return to the Texaa ? do of the river he waa aeoompauied by a large number of follower*, borne two hundred of them retained their arms, wfiioh they delivered up to the United State* Pro vost Marshal of the poat, aa the Commanding General could not permit armed foreign soldier* to remain on Ame rican soil. Tbey were hospitably received by our treop*, who sympathised.with them in their defeat, wbich, it is ?aid, wo* owing to other oauae* than a lack of oourage. The fight on the night of tbe 19 h was not very san guinary; about thirty were killed and ninety wounded on noth aides. Cortina baa g?"d artillery and good rifle*, while Ruis bad unwieldy cannon and poor fire-arms. if e >urse the result was in Cortina'* ftvor. A Havana l-tter of tbe !<6th famishes the following on the same subject: " A-1 vices trom Mttamoro* state that Col Cortina, who was placed in command of tbe forces, and was t? ma eh upon Tampicn, refused to go, but uaed them to besiege Matam?r< ?*, which was delivered up to him He then re instated Serna a<d his Government. Gen Ruis fl d. it ia not known whither. Juares ia said to be at Mouterey, and will retire to Texas if hard pu*h d." SUDDEN TUKN IN THE JaPaN QUARREL. Letters from ?? k hama t*> tbe 1st of December state thAt there is no longer any perceptit-l- danger of an iuime diate rupture between tbe Eugii?h ani tbe Japaoeae G?v en menta. While England and France were eipecting and preparing for hostilities, and matters appeared to bo growing more pomplicated by tbe Tycoon aiding with the Daimio*. a audden turn baa been tak^n in affatra, and tbe Daimois themselves appear and yield by offering to pay indemnity to tbe two Powers for tbe aaaault upon their fl.eta I he amount, ?'?> 000 sterling, Satauma wis wil ting to pay, but he Cou d not surrender the murderer of Mr. Richardson, for the culprit bad run away. Tbe Eng lish have consented to receive the iud< mnity io*t ad of Continuing the war, b.it aay Safanma mu?t find the mur derer if be ran. Tbe Tedo Government has alao promised the American Minister tbat tbey would pay the $10,000 damage* claimed by the owuers nf the steamer Pembroke for tbe firing into that steamer last sprine by the Prinea of Kagato. This will probably be regarded by tbe United States Government aa a aeitlement in full lor all claims for that act. Amid all these acts for eompromiae and set tlement. the Yedo Government still talk about foreigner* leaving the shires of Tedo Bay They wish to negotiate to this eud, and now ev*u talk of sending new embaaai-sto America aud Europe charged with effecting this object. HONORABLE CONDUCT OF BRAZIL. The American Consul at St. Cathaiine's, Brasil, sends to the New Bedford Mercury an mtereatirig account of tbe attempt of the captain o( tbe rebel pirate vessel Tusca loosa to obtain supplies at tbat port. The Consul pro te*ted agan.st her coming Into port on tbe ground tbat ?be waa a tender to the Alabama, and we* really identified with ber, and, aa tbe B<asilian Government bad forbidden her to couie In, be demanded tbat tbe Tusoalooaa should b? forbidden to touch. 1 he Preaident oi ibe Province promptly reiu?ed the captain permission to briog bi* vessel in, or to take auy supplies at tbat port. Although tbe captain bad ordmed a good dinner in the town he had to leave without it. The 1'uacalooaa aailed south wart from that port at tbe rat* of about twelve knota an hour. Within ibirty-aiX hour* after ahe left the brig Brewster, of Bo iton, for Han r ranciaco. with a cargo ot merchandise, came into tbe harbor, tbua barely escaping capture. A Democratic State Convention for the eleotion of dele gates to the National Convention has been called in New York for the 144th of February. The whole of tbe 9th army corps, with the exoeptioa of the litb New Hampahire and thell&tb Massachusetts regi ments, which have not been sufficient time in aervioe to crnply with tbe conditions off red to veteran*, have been re-enlisted for the war. The Raleigh (N. C) Staudard says " Governor Vance ban tendered tlie seat iu tbe Confederate State* Senate made vacant by Mr. Pari* to Bos. Wm. A. Qraham/_ Gov Johnson bas called ai, election in the counties in Tenne#s >e under Union control for ooui.ty < AH -era. A ri*id oath >s prei?cribed In Louisville, K-tutueky, th- other day a gentleman put some $2,500 in greenback* in the chimney of his sitting room, thinking it would there be safe from robbers. Hi* wtfe, in the exuberance ef wi iely though tlulneas, kindled * fire so aa to give bar "lord" a cheery welcome, and greenbacks wore burned up.