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Weekly National Intelligencer.
By GALES 4c 8EAT0N. JAMBS 0. WELLING, ASSOCIATE EDITOR. The subscription price of thia paper for a year ia Two DOLLAUti, payable iu advance. A reduction of 20 percent, (one-fifth of the full charge will be made to any one who ahall order and pay for, at on* time, ten eopiea 01 the Weekly paper ; and a reduction of 2"? per cent, (or one-f>urth of the full charge) to any one who willorder and pay for, at one time, twenty or more eopiea. No accounts being kept for thia paper, it will not be aent to any one unleaa paid for in advance, nor any longer than the time for which it ia paid. THURSDAY, MARCH 3, 1864. THE PRESIDENTIAL QUESTION. Reoent expressions of publio opinion iu favor of different candidates for the next Presidential term have made every reader aware that hence forward the political campaign is destined to share with the military a large degree of^Ji|t interest Md attention which had been previously concen trated on the latter. And the politicians have got the start of our generals, for, while the Utter have been resting in their winter quarters and are even now scarcely putting their olumns in motion, the former have been marshalling their foroes and pre paring their combinations for the impending elec toral struggle iifthe coming autumn. It is known to our readers that we have taken no part in initiating or stimulating any of these movements. As chroniolers of the times through whioh wc are passing we have been content merely record these political developments as they emerged into public view, that our readers might be in a condition to know the tendencies of opin ion and the elements of difference that seem des tined lo give shape and color to the approaching Presidential canvass. Like our contemporary, the New York Evening Post, we may say that it has never been our practice to take part in the discus sions of the merits of prominent persons, or of their claims to office, which are apt to precede the meeting of National and State Nominating Con tentions. We have always thought that a journal representing a cause and not a man is better em ployed in investigating the principles involved in our publio oontests, or in inculcating what it sup poses to be the truth, than in dissecting the char acters of individuals. But as others (from their point of view we doubt not very properly) pre Boribe to themselves less reserve in s*cb matters, and are not satisfied with the defence of principles except as they are embodied in some man selected as their representative, and as the names and claims of different persons thus become the rallying points of different political denominations which by their action and counteraction impress a definite resultant direction on the drift of public opinion i, the country, it is proper that we should place distinctly before our readers the competing preten sions of the several candidates who are presented as the exponents bf different shades of public policy deemed to be expedient and just in the present ?mergenoy. First in the order of time among the distin guished names which have been commended to the popular consideration in connexion with the next Presidency is that of Gen. McClx! lan. The great abilities which ho is held by his admirers to have displayed in organising and combining our military forces for the gigantic war in which the country was suddenly plunged; tnc early and'clear percep tion he had of the magnitude of the task imposed on the Government by the insurrection ; the skill he displayed in conducting the army of the Poto mac alike in its advance and in its retreat, when the latter neoessity was imposed on it by adverse fortune) the devotion he has been able to inspire among his comrades in arms; the patience with which ho has borne the disfavor of his military superiors, dooming him to inactivity ; the sympathy oieated by the unjust assaults and aspersions o which he has been made the mark by prejudiced political opponents; the consistent views he has entertained as to the political objecw for whioh the war should be conducted?all these have conspired to give him a strong hold upon the public mind without distinction of party, and have made Mm a special favorite among those who him in his views of public policy. Whether his name shall continue to be used as the symbol of those who hold to the necessity and justice of the ww for the Union, but who differ from the present Administration in some of the principles on which it should be conducted, depends on contingencies that do not admit of sny certain forecast at this carlv stage of the preliminary canvass. Amoog the political adherents of the Adminis trate the name of President Lincoln ha? been conspicuously brought forward for re-election, and, after having been eommended to popular favor by the Repub ican mcmbars of tho Legislatures of se veral States, he has reeenUy bad the satisfaction t > see the delegates from several Kfcates to the next Nominating Convention of his party instruct*! to vote for him as th? standard-bearer of the Repub lic.DK in the .pproMbing content In the pre ?no? nf flucb mnniteUtion., .t i. ?o longer doubted AU tho present incumbent el the Pre-doo... nhni, i. willingly . onndidnte for -e eleet^.- <f he proponed lo clnim . rele?e from the o.re. of .1 the eipirntion of hi. current term, he ?ould hn*ten to put no end ">? J?mon?lr.uon, i.i.do in hi. fnror, b, nonounolnn hi. purpoec o retire into priv.te life on the fourth of M.r.h ne.t It will be remembarcd by our rsadors that, while he was a candidate for the Presidency in l*f>0 Mr. Linojln announocd that, if elected, he wou setve but for a single term?the " one-term prin ciple" b?ieg? we may add, a dootrine to which, as an old Whig and supportor of Henry Clay, ho would naturally incline, as well from eonsiderationi of consistency as from original convictions in its favor. President Jackson, it is known, had, in like manner, before his election, pronounced against the re-eligibility of the Federal fixeontive to a second term ; but this declaration did not stand in the way of his re-nomination or of his re-eleotiou. And the friends of President Lincoln urge that there are obvious considerations of political pro priety and publio expediency whioh argue in favor of his re-nomination and ro-eleotion at this time. In the first place, they aver that he has proved himself a wise and oapable Chief Magistrate in a period of unexampled difficulty; that he has com bined moderation with vigor, and has so timed or phrased the extremest measures of his policy as not wholly to break the unity of the Loyal States; that if he has not gone as fast in the way of adopt ing radical measures as some would wiah, he has at least gone as far as was judicious at any given period, and has thus shown a union of praotical sa gacity with theoretical boldness In addition to this, it is urged that any change of Administration while the country is in the heart of a great war cannot fail to be disastrous to the nation, by deranging the plans of the Government already matured and set in motion, and by inspir ing new hopes in the breasts of the onemy. Mr. Lincoln should be allowed to consummate what he has thui far carried on so well, it not with the success that could have been wished or was ex pected. And these considerations of expediency are re-enforced by arguments derived from the fit ness of things, when it is said that Mr. Linooln has a sort of moral claim to be re-elected, that he may enjoy the honor of being the President de facto as well as de jure of the whole United States?a right to which he was constitutionally entitled by virtue of his first cleotion, but into the possession of which ho has not been permitted to enter by reason of the insurrection. On the other hand there are political friends of the President, who, without contesting his actual merits, do not find in the experiences of the last three years of his official life the guarantees they desire for the next Presidential term, with itS civil and military oomplioations. They urge that the "one-term principle" has become more than ever appropriate to the political situation of the coun try. If the overshadowing influence of the Exe cutive, with the temptations to wield that in fluence in favor of a ro-election, were a source of apprehension under former Administrations, how much greater, they say, should be those apprehen sions at the present day, when the power of the President is so immeasurably increased by his possession of the sword and purse of the nation ? But, perhaps, we may hero state the objections brought against Mr. Lincoln's eligibility by his political friends in the words of one whom he has publicly reoogoised as an "old friend," and with whom he has established relations of public corres pondence in regard to the policy of his Adminis tration. As no journal has had a larger influence in moulding and shaping suoh of the measures of Mr. Linooln as were avowedly yielded to the " pressure " of opinion than the New York Tribune, he will recognise in its oonduotor one who is qualified to state with frai kness and candor how far he is supposed by such " friends" as he sought most to conciliate to have fallen below their expecta tions and the just expectations of the country. We quote from a recent manifesto under the sig nature of Horacc Greeley as follows : " Shall we renominate Mr. Lincoln, and endeavor to re produce, so far aa may be, I8f>0 in 7 My judgment indicite* a different polioy, a different purpose. I do uot believe that the courae which a true, intelligent regard fur the President's own happineaa and fame would prescribe. Mr. Lincoln ha* been our leader through a very arduoua and trying atruggle He haa made mistakes?aa we all have?but, od the whole, be haa done well. Net alwaya seeing ao for aa thoae who aaw farthest, be ba? been faith ful to hia light, and haa honestly, faithfully done what he de? med required of him by patriotitm and duly. Were he now to announce hia peremptory withdrawal from publin life on the 4th of March. 180T>, the doting year of hia Pretidential term would be one of the proudest and happiest of hia life. It would no tonger be any one'a in terest to aaaail or traduce hip. The baae suggestion that be waa protracting the war to serve his own ambition would be rebuked, even by those who now reiterate it. He would be surrounded by general manifeatationa of a love and gratitude which no reoent President hai commanded or deserved Hi* error* would be forgotten; bis virtue# would be magnified and dwelt upon ; and all would be dis posed to make the clise of bis official career as pleaaant a* it* opening waa ominous and its general course tem pestuous. " |J.it let him be a candidate for renomination an! re election, and all tfcis wjll be sadly different. The disas ter*, the burdens, the debts, the b<>pes deferred 61 the laat three years will sll be revived to bis prejudice, and parad ed before the pnblic eye to bia injury It wi'l be insisted, ao long aa it can be without too leady confutation, that bia re-election implies a repetition of all that waa unfoiti uate and discreditable in the reoent history of our coun try, with interminable war and immeaaurable debt. The facts that Jackson and (Jlay alifce condemned the re-elec tion of a President in office, that both party* ha7e insert ed the correctness of the one-term principle, that no pre aident ha* for thirty years been re elected, though aeveral haye sought to be, will all be considered to hia diaadvan tage; the popular belief that the re-election of a Presi dent involves the retention in office of the great maa* of his appointees?every thing woujd work "gainst him. I do not say that be w<>uld be beaten?I trust that be would not?but I do aay that such % result would be more than posaible, and that it is more likely to occur with tbe Pre sident renominated than if ot.e among the ableat and wor thiest of the statesmen or soldiers who have sustained his Administration were aeleeted to succeed him, And de feat with fcun would be more mortifying, more humiliat ing, more disastrous, Ujan would dtf*at with any other candidate. However Intended, it WC|j|(j look like a con Jemnation of the great struggle wherein we have L on en gaged for fbe integrity of the Republic and the Freedom of Han. " Hucb are some of the considerations which induce me to hope that Mr. Lincoln wjll not he a candidate for re election." Suoh are some of the reasons whioh incline cer tain of the President's political friends to resist his renomination. And moat of those who oonour in these views have concentrated their prefeienoo* on the present distinguished Secretary of the Treasury, as a man qualified by his talent*, his rare adminis trative abilities, and his publio servioes to reocivo at Urn hands of the poople the highest offioo in thoir gift. The supporters of Mr. Chask dwell with emphasis on what they suppose to bo his more olearly defined views in regard to the policy that should bu pursued on all questions of civil or mili tary administration relating to the war or growing out of the alteicd political and sooial status it haa 1 created at the South. They deplore the "vacilla tions," tbe "delays," and the "half-measures" Which they ascribe to the President in the same terms as are employed by his political opponent*, but which they use in an entirely different sense, holding, as they do, that Mr. Lincoln haa not been prompt enough to perceive or energetic enough to perform what was required at bia hands in dealing with slavery, confiscation, reconstruction, and auch other affiliated queationa aa belong to the political management of the war. They also signalize a want of unity and harmony in the operationa of the Government, springing from the practice whioh the President haa inaugurated in undertaking the oonduot of affairs by hiB own unaided wisdom or by the separate direction of single Departments, rather than by the oombined wisdom and systema tized endeavors of the whole Adminiatration in all ita Departnienta. Still another phaae of dissent from the polioy of renominating Mr. Linooln is that presented by the attitudeof the "German Republicans." It ia known (4Pt.ll that a very large element of the Re publican party is composed of the German popu lation in this country. In Missouri the Germans were the founders of that Radical organization which boldly avowed itself to be " the revolution," and which proposed to subject the civil govern ment of the State to ita oaprioe. And now they lire seeking to extend their operationa to a national field by combining with their compatriota of other States, and by industrious preparations of various kinds, for the Presidential campaign of tde ensu ing summer and fall. It is hoped, however, by the friends of Preaident Linooln, that the recent ap pointment of Gen. Sigel to command in the De partment of West Virginia will have the cffect to defeat these machinations and to check the spread of disaffection in this direotion. To this effect the Washington Chronicle of Sunday last says : 'i ^cpperhead., who hate 8igel beo-tu.e he hate* iwd Krr k T. bBVe rec*nt|y ??rely agon wh*t tbe? have heen pleased to intimate waa the iration! Si ? , ' a? ?ffiCer *7 the Kt,l,eral Adininia aoldier, who know* th-t obedience ia h cardinal military trUni^18tlLb,d?ihi,timt- Th? G-man citiTZ7f Tf' Deod D0 ,ucb "?urance as thin to con dint llb"rHlity of Pre-' Quarters to j "I1? makxM' in ttttral L nf?n tkfir knuWn ^nviruons, It is fortunate for the President that "circum stances" should have enabled him to restore this favorite General of the Germans to command at a time when "a studied effort is making in several quarters to induco them to abandon their known conviotions," though he cannot be greatly felici tated on the discretion of friends who signalize the fact as being well done, " to show how easily the efforts of prejudice are exposed and defeated" by such an exercise of Executive power. 'J he po etical enemies of the President and the opponents o his nomination among his political friends could desire no better illustration of the pertinency of their argument ag.inst the re-eligibility of a Presiden tial incumbent, if it were possible to coneeive that Mr. Lincoln could be actuated in the appointment 0 a Major General by an incidental purpose to " expose and defeat" the efforts of prejudice put forth to induce any set of men to abandon their known convictions in his favor. Our own respect for the President forbids us to harbor any thought ho injurious to his integrity and conscientiousness in the discharge of his sworn duties. We shall oontinue, according to the develop ments of public opinion, to keep our readers ap prized of their bearing and significance on the ap proaching Presidential election, whether regard bo had to the candidates who shall be named for the competition or the issues on whioh it shall turn and depend. We have very definite views of pub lie pohoy and constitutional duty which must ulti mately determine our course in the support of anj candidate for the Presidency, and wo may add that the entire disintegration of the old political partios Which lately diyidpd the country will Joave the ques tion of party allianoe to be decided by the eloctive affinity of common principles rather than by the iron moulds of those political traditions which have boon broken by the convulsions of the times. How effectually these tradition* have beon broken we need not recall to our readers who remember that during the present session of Congress the Repub lican members of the House of Representatives have voted down as obsoleto one of the planks of the Chicago platform, erected less than four years ago, and on whioh President Linooln was elevated to office. Remarking on this general subjcot more than four months ago the New York Evening Post said: " Jh,|t oM political partie. of thin country have been SrS-Ef ?/aH ?nd, in fact, of all function by the courae of event., it a truth too obvious to need eon. Their latest pl^t/ornja, a* we are accustomed to call their declaration* of prinoiple, though not f?ui yeara old, are qearhr m antiquated, .<> f?r a? any practical iiaea are oonoerned; aa the oeretnonial law of Mo.es ?r thl^ ? W the German raeei jn their firat irruption into the Roman Empire. They have nation rh? rpn<* *? tb* aetaal circumstance. of the nation, having an.en in a wholly different condition of l^s"aen'timeot?n pub a a ft X9Uke th* Republican party, forexamp'e we .hall find in ita ere*., aa publj.bed at Chicago ,u liW that iu sole reason for_ boing waa it. oppoaltion to the .'pread of ? lavnry into the Territories, and to the increase of fh*t power io the National Government. Scarry any thin] [ mentioned the .ymbol, except ioc.denUlly S JD ita peafipg, oq t^t main and moat important1?. But wbo narea now aboyt the ei tension of .Ikferv toWard* the baae of the Koeky Mountain., when the question h . fore ua m whether it shall even ao much aa eil.t at the baae of the Alleghaniea ? Or, secondly, take the D.mio'h Democratic platform. adopted at Oharle.U.n and Hal? more the aarne year, and we .hall see that it waa obieflv S'r'it'r 7k thp "f the firat settlors in a Terptory, or the a<juatter. As tjiey vejr? atyM aril the apeedy aequi.it.on if the (.land of 'cuba ttitIh.IS m, tera are now a. obaol.U, a. the almanac of the ,?r Anl one who abonld bn?aoh then, from the stump would bi ? TJth " r?h Wftnd"r u R'P Van firmkle wm when he began to diaconrse after th? i *? - Oi. finally, read the Breckinridge Democraiic ,.U? form, erected at (be same time, and mark hum ? ? pith if exhaualad ip the aasertion that .laveboldeit"bave'I right to take their human aaltle, as well a* other ? |nfe) all the domain, of the United Htatea 1 h? ^ ^ tem whioh the Breckinridge Demoerata wiahed * " V" duoe and rivet in the Terr'tories K^kn^Jb^ \ ? ver. in the Slate.: prop., .?y., bo)u piece.: and the one practical jUe.tioo for the^. gentlemen ia, whethev they shall help io the work of deatruction, u Jeff. Davis and bi? Cabiuet are said to be prepared to do, or try to save a part from the general wreck. f Now, we ask how these partiea are to oontinue their former organisations when the facta which gave theui being ?re altogether changed. When the braina are out, aaya Shakspeare, the man wi 1 die, and the same ia true of poli tical associations. When their braiua are gone, or when the rational grounda for their exiateuce no longer obtain, their bodiea or outward organisations alao oeaae to work. They may retain their nauie, for the sake of theprestige.justas the makers of Cologue water all call themselves Jean Maria Farina i but the identity will be gone. They may even shew aoine vitality, like a anake that haa loat lta bead; but they are none the leaa certainly dead, and deatiued aoon to Be abaorbed iuto other more living bodiea Partiea can not, any more than familiea, aobaiat on their mere tradi tion* ; they muat connect themselves with the realities of the day, with the aetual life of the time and place, and be formed and take their color aa well aa their inspiration from the controlling necessities of the nation. With every radical revolution In tbe situation of the country there must be inevitably a no leaa radical revolution in the rela tions of opinion; and the parting which repreaent that opinion will undergo a corresponding modification." We shall undertake within a fear days to apply tbe truth of these statements to the oandidaey of Geo. McClellan, of President Linoolo, and of See* rotary Chase, for the purpose of showing how far the identity of views which they hold iu oommon should teach the adherents of each to practice con sideration in discussing the points of difference between them. We think we shall be able to state the grounds on which this duty may be commended to men of conservative opinions, whether President Lincoln or Mr. Chase shall be the candidate of the Republican party. NAVAL CAPTURES. Information haa been received at the Navy Department of tbe capture on tbe llth instant, by the United Statas steamer Queen,of tbe schooner Loui?a, of Na?sau, when three miles off Braasos river Pass, while attempting to run into tbe mouth of the river. When the schooner was bailed the captain replied he was from Havana bound to aome point on the Texas coaat. When she was boarded tbe captain produced a British certificate and register and shipping articles, but as they did not satisfy the officer of the lawful nature ol the vessel's voyage, he was about proceeding to a further investigation when the British captain aurrendered bis vesael as a lawful priz ?. On ex amining the cargo it was found to consist of Enfield rifles, salt, powder, and whiskey. The Louisa is eighty fivo tons register. The commander of the gunboat Kennebec, of the Mobile fleet, under date of the '21 of January, announces tbe cap ture of tbe steamer Qrpy Eagle, at a point about forty-five' miles from Mobile bar. The rebel steamer run the block ade from Mobile the night previous. Chaae was given with tbe above result. The vessel had a cargo of cotton and twenty-three persons on board. L08S OF THE HOUSATONIC. A full report of th? loss of thia vessel by the rebel tor pedo boat Davis, off Charleston harbor, haa beeti received by the Secretary of tbe Navy. The report coutains no new facta except such as we have already given. The in fernal machine which did the work was of a novel and nondescript character. It was a small steam propeller submerged within a few inches of the surface of the water. From her bow was projected a long boom, upon th? end of wbicb wan placed in a copper vessel several hundred pounds of powder; whan this was brought in contact with tbe object to be attacked or destroyed, it wa? fired by a fuse from tbe steamer. It w.ts by this process the Housatonic wax destroyed. 8be was a new, second-class ateam sloop of war, built in New York a little over a year ago. The rebrl ateamer, it appetra, did net eome down from Charleston by the ahip channel, but pursued a cir cuitous rout*. Her approach to tbe Housatonic was not diacovered until she was within a few hundred yards of the Utter, ami then, as tbe watch on deck describes it, " it looked like a huge porpoise." What became of her after the explosion is not known. COL. 8TRE1GHT 8AFE IN WASHINGTON Yesterday morning tbe steamer Ella, of tbe Potomac flotilla, arrived at the Washington navy yard, bringing up Col. 8treight, Til?t Indiana ; Mnjor McDonald, Itjlst Ohio ; Capt. Scarce, f?|st Indiana) and Lieut. Sterling, 30lh In diana, who recently escap -d froiu Libby prison. These four officers have beeB together ever since they cscaped ; but they did not leave Richmond immediately, not being in a condition to travel. After they started from that city they took a northeasterly direction?travelling altogether at night, and laying by in awamps, thickets of woods, &c. during tbe day?tbe north star serving as a guide. At some of the rivers they found boats, in wbicb thoy crossed, and at other* they made rafts, on wpicb they poled them selves ovpr. Iu passing along they were careful to keep out of sight of the roads and bouses. They reached the Potomac river on Wednesday night, but there were some fifteen or eighteen rebel soldiers In (be vicinity, who guarded the river, and no attempt to cross it was made ; but on Saturday tbe prisoners made their wsy up the country and crossed the river to Blaokiaton's Island, from whence <n Sunday morn ng they hailed ?he steamer Ella and were taken (a board and handsomely entertained. They reached here about ten o'clock yesterday morn*ng> They were twelve days iq getting from Richmond to the Potomac. ? REBEL Of NION F GRANT S OPERATIONS. Gen. Grant, who commands all the military operations of the Southwest, is (sa)a the Montgomery Ma I) " the moat enterprising and reckless campaigner the war has develi ped, and it is not improbable that he baa resolved to abandon tbe movement on Atlanta, and essay an advance in the direction of the Alabama river, to meet the column coming from Misaissippi. While a dangerous programme it is possible, and if sucoessfal would inflict incalculable damage to onr cause. Thanks to Providence, a wary com mander sits in his front, watching with eagle-eye all his movements on the military chess-board, prepared to check mate him on the first bad play. While Johnston is at Dal* ton, ho step of Grant's escapes him, and he his doubtlesa already provided for the very contingency wo have just indicated." Tbe Richmond Enquirer of the '22d ultimo says that, if (Jrant treats Johnston, Georgia and Alabama are open to hiro. and Mobile will fall without a struggle. The Examiner saya: "The fate of Mobile is inevitable in the affair of Grant and Johnston, and the enemy would naturally a^alt tfce resolution of that crisis rather than incur a needless hssard in attacking Mobile at this time." THE PRIVATEER FLORIDA. Tbe London Post of the llth ultimo, speaking of the departure of the privateer Florida from Brest, says: " In telligence was received at Liverpool yesterday aft-moon to the < fleet that the Confederate emmer Florida, under the command of Captain Maftit, left Brest on Tuesday night in tbe midst of a dense fog on a cruise. We under stand that tbe United States war steamer Kearsage, on being apprised of the Florida's sailing, stood out to sea the same evening, so that there Is every possibility of a fight belwe-n 'he two vessels shi uld they chance to get foql q each ulber." ? At. a meeting of the Union members of,the Ohio l^egia la lire on the 2(1 h ultimo a resolution was parsed declar ,n? that the pi*opl-* of Ohio and tbe aoldi*is io the army demaud the re-eleotiou of Abraham Lincoln THREATS OF RETALIATION A late arrival from Newborn, JNortb Carolina, brings be following correspondence, which recently took place between Gen. Peck and Gen. Pickett: Headqdarterh of the Army anu District of North Carolina, Neither*, (N. C.) February 11, 1864. Major Qen. Pickett, Department of Virginia and North I Carolina, Confederate Ariny, Petersburg : AL!JI ?ave tbe honor to a alip cut from ?. ",c?nD'oud Examiner of February 8th, 18G4 It is styled "The Advauce on Newbern," aud appears to have been extracted from the Petersburg Register a paper Sd ,Yonr'"?ttb\0'ty Wht<rH >OUr h??dq??rters are Lat ^ attention is particularly iuvi'vd to that para graph which states " tbat Col. Hhaw was shot dead by a The Government of the United States has wisely seen fit to enlist many thousand colored citizens to aid in put footi ?WD M* r?bel,I?n? afld b" P,ac(,d them on the samw ITS!'p "?*??*. V white troop,. 1 he orders of the President are so just, full, and clear that I enclose a copy for your consideration. Believing that this atrocity has been perpetrated with out your knowledge, and that you will take prompt steps to disavow this violation of the usages of war, and to bring the offenders to justice, I shall retrain from executing a rebel soldier until I learn your action iu the premiss. I am, very respectfully, your o.bedient servant. John J. Peck, Major General. In the foregoing letter are inserted the paragraph of the Examiner and the order of the President, therein re ferred to. Their republication here is unnecessary. Gen. Pickett replied as follows; Headquarters of the Dep't of N. C. Pelertburg, (Va ) February 16, 1SG4 H"?i J' PK, K' U- "? Ar?"' Co?.m.?diDg General: Your communication of the 11th of Febru ary is received I have tha honor to state in reply that the paragraph from a newspaper enclosed therein is not only without foundat on in fact, but so ridiculous that 1 should scarcely have supposed it worthy of consideration ? but I would respectfully inform you that bad I cauuhUnii negro who had killed either officer, soldier, or citiaen of the Confederate Htates, I should have caused him to be id)mediately executed. Io your threat expressed in the fol'owing extract froui your communication, viz: ?' Believing that this atrocity baa been perpetrated without your knowledge, and that you will take prompt steps to disavow this violation of the usages of war, and to bring the offender to justice 1 shall re frain from executing a rebel soldier until I hear of your action in the premise"," 1 bave merely to say that 1 have in my hands and subject to my orders, captured in the re cent operation1 in this department, some four bunlred at.d fifty officers and men of the United States army ?n<1 for every man you hang I will hang ten of the United otates army. I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant _ J. E. Pickutt, Major Gen. Comd'g. ' TIIE DECIMON IN THE CHESAPEAKE CASE. The decision of Judge Stewart, in the Vice Admi ralty Court at Halifax, in the case of the Chesapeake was delivered on the 15th instant. A brief telegraphic summary tras already been published, but the full text of the decision contains some points which merit attention. Judge Stewart confessed his embarrassment in dealing with tbis case ; for, a'th ,ugh the capture of the Ctiesa peake was undoubtedly an act of piracy, tbe circumstances were very pecuiisr. He held that the Chesapeake, if a prize at all, was an uocondemned prire, the bringing of which Into a neutral port, to avoid recapture; wns so grave an offence against the neutral State a. u. .ui.jrwt tbe prize to forfeiture. The Court added : "The Chesapeake was brought not into one port only but into several of the ports of the Province, not onenlv m? i.T^L y''^DOt ,D h?r proper name, but in a false nam'' Still farther, tbe/ wbo thus invaded tbe Oueen's territorv surreptitiously landed and sold therein a considerable coi tion pf her cargo, making no distinction between those parte of it which were owu?d by the subject* of her Ma j-sty and those belonging to the citigens of the United States; and instead of vindicating the rights wb eh it was asserted lor them at tbe bar they possessed they (after landing on the shores of this Province, and thus beinir under tbe protect.,*, of British law) have long since fled from and are still fugitives from it." Tbe Court then ordered the restoration of tbe steamer to her owners in New York, under the conditions specified in the following passages : ,'^ftf,r * c*r?ful <>OMi4er*tioo, I think it?not unjust to i * Ha<1 expenses (except only the CO*.! of these claimants whose property >* to be delivered to them here, which M well a. those of the Advocate General appertaining thereto, they are to pay) be paid Jy the owners of the vessel, leaving them to adjust and seek repayment thereof from the shippers, insurers and oth-r persons chargeable therewith, ft tl.s were an 'ordi. nary case of recapture from pir*i?s, the prescribed salvag, wou d bave been one-e.ghtb of the value of the property, and Ibis on the value of tbe vessel alone, (which 1 am in formed is more than sixty thousand dollars,) would have been seven thousand dollars. qmJ tke owners of both ves sel and cargo ha? Ue0,i fortunate that tbey were not de stroyed at sea, and so wholly lost to tbem "This Court would stultify it*e|f were it to affect igno ranee of what is patent to every body?namely that th .se Who wrested th.l)hes( p,ake Ln the mTsteVand crew i?Jn pn"r n"""*"1 in the adjoining Province of New Brunswick asserting that they made tbe capture as c't,fpu? of ?nd parties duly authorized by the (loverum of the Confederate States, and that tbey hav* pnMjU0)^ document* and prods there,,f before iagistrat. there duly invested W?ti* tee right to determine the validiUof & ?" ? ??? 'tor " I allow this claim. aud will decree a writ of restitution when moved, to be given to the claimants upon pa\in,<ut of the costs and expenses, as I bave before specified The " ^STtbe amoTint <?- ;'?k?, Brit.ih -rtt if Ol<R lREAI'MENT OF REBEL PRISONERS Mr. A. G. Brown, formerly a Senator in Congress from Mississippi, and now a Confederate Senator at Kicb rn<>nd from the same State, has written a letter to the Richmond Enquirer of the I3;h, in reply to a communica tion that appeared charging tbe Federal Government with maltreating tbe rebel prisoners on Johnson's Island. Mr Biown sa>s he has a friend there who corresponds with him regularly, and says his imprisonment was as mild as be could expect, and that he was in want of nothing but liberty. With regard"to fuel. Mr. Brown says his corres pondent tells him tfce pr.soners hive a sufficiency, and (says Mi Brown) "on the 12th he gives a bill of prison fare, and I undertake to say that half tbe families in Rich mond do not fare ?? well." Again 1*4 correspondent says: " My life here would be very endurable were I not Vri"'"fr M ,Mr; "ot kn"?' why this ? fficer should t,< treated better than any other and " be sides, in ^peaking of the treatment of the prisoner, hi ooMUiitly ...... .h, :?rd M, Broio .SI 'bit reasons (or making this statement thus : " First, I would do justice to an enemy ; next I Wo.,U no exasperate that enemy by publish,ng exajg, aT^ ,f not false accounts of his cruel treatment of ou?Irij!?!rI aud thus induce hiui tp change mild and even kind treat' ment info b?m if not cruel treatment; and lastly Vh accounts will meet tbe ?y? of many pe,??,. ... 7' ** who have friends on Johnson's Island a. t V "Ur ?,>0ntry they cannot Tail to inflict unn^"' " f U00orr??^. son,. With a chanjjo of ^mmaX^th? "P?n "UCh ^r change of treatment bnt I ?m ? ?there may come a to 20th of last month, the pri.l.UlV'on thnt "P were treated as well M thefr fr.^l ?. could reasonably expect." Confmleracy Upon this letter the Enquirer comments, and makes an issue between Jeff. Da?i. and the Senator by saying that if the statements made a. to ill-treatment of rebel prison ers by correspond, nt, were fal... then als., President Davis ma le a " statement" wh <r, he in his message called attention to 11 e alleged ill-treatment of rebel oris oners on Johuson's Is and HON. MILLARD FILLMORE ON THE WAR. The following i. an extract from the eloquent address delivered by the Hon. Mi.lard F.llmore, February 11 P.ir".t bS"' " "" ?f "? ?'??' C.?,J Three ;ears of civil war have deflated tbe faired i>or t, 1SL ' ,h* I ^ w Z'.Z b^m"?' "* u"b"r"""" b? '"?* ' ' ttrrHX? brother against brotbor ?n,i r ?k fMtern |*W 1 c?"bat; delved our country with fraternal blood, whitened our battleflrlds with th k of tbe tjlain, and darkened the sky with he , hM !i " " K Vet these appalling calamUi?. Jhi k ,ourn" touched our city more liahtl? ' h'?h M ^ava have imposed upon u. new dutie."wh?eh ? .r.lu tb? llt"d, met H"-i Kenerou?ly Jiicharued 'hL . T* ?" P^P'lf must be patieutly and cheerful^ boJn" D*' Wb,Ch <.r tb?. dSSjin "v?"* .he track of if''d?,.UH,?r ^wi ,JL.t ,lf mrk gency an beat we ran h..* n ? j *c nieet the emer ]t 'V?,time D0W to '"9"*'? *he tber It' milh^re p u b 11 c ?? avoided. Let those who se< k li?h* "?'?bt boon Washington's Farewell Andre.s v"" "uhj<*ct read criticise the conducTof ""w *? praise here and ceniurH th?r? c?ntro1 awarding will do thi. whe<^?L. The "opwM-l historian have cool,d, wrparti.i n^^eDKeDd?^ th? I lijiiiant envy, and intriguing ieiaT' jwa,0,J?'?*. m? I in the dust, and, it oShrS tU^,t,on *b*'' b* '"<* to- are we called uZ? 2 ^ A?d mu"L will end Let those who se*lT k 0I^ bow ,hl1' war I Gen. Jackson'. i w""ir,hkx;i"o7 ,tw?r r'rnM p by fraternal affectum, under our wu!?J"'"n, cemented Conatitution. well-tried and glorious to The' policy th.VreuW I" ?**>?? an end But one thing is cl? ar that .Y^h *? d",,rabl? ?in6"' ^ hUt ?? both ^.deaXroreTf. H ^ < an ever be restored : hm.i il ? ? ?*,a Uaion all unnecessary acta of cruelty >r '* ** bope<J tbttt private property, or iijBnlt ^r inaT?" d^ructi?'n "f over a fallen foe *bou/d be avoided for'^l tkr,ua,Phin? fire the heart of ?ur adversarv wi'rh !',C onl^ venge, and thus protract tbd w?r il r*"|,e?t"ient and re leave a ating wbicb will reiH ' ,ta horrors, and not impoMible reUnio? d'ffijult, if br""?; tlw ?.r ?"? ???* Any negotiations for oeap? h?f <^" (lu?'r the rebel army, abortive ; and any professed 18 di.ne would prove who defy , ur p"if. ijff ^ in b? treated with ridicule and oonSmp^But wfc W?U'd have conquered their armie* ,1 ? i r w>l?" we then let ,7. sh-.w our SJSfiSr"f their l"ader"' ning back the deluded multit-ide who ha^'Ci * ^ W'Q' or coerced into thi. rebellion, by extend ma t^Th" ^ act of cleuiencv anH h-.j ? *M^na,ng to tbem every storing them 5^ til? SThJ" .?U/ a"d by r 1'his I conceive to he Christian fJtlif" Co"? 'tuiion. BK?liejr. and the only on" TV<,r,MM Bn l the ^8t Union. y wh,eh can restore this ported in all it?constitutio'nal^^rts''t![at:00 mU,t be ""P* P?r-e the rebel army! and hereift ? C<KMl'4?r and d?~ appearances indicate a more bN-.d^ a.rk tbAt pre??B* season than any we have vet hn.1 ,pamP'"?" tb* "nsuing has done much to incite th ^ .l , course of events to the North, and ZptaUon its htttr-1 nets to their efforts It is ?eJL ,<,n^ energy and tn.ld the power of your adver,ary wTmu^t U"'1*r/*,tiai*te up the oontest, and consent tn A ' lb<,r,''ore, gtve ture U sny, n ? man wh , . ( lulmn'which' 1 do, or w? must send an army int.^'h'^H l*.pre'2fr'i u> ?trong to eu,ure aucoe.a; fo/j, ^ t "uffici?ntly disperse the rebel armv th., ? not fonquer and m y bo protracted indefinitely a "d't"Pa'^"' the War ?on. dishonor, and utJr riin of tkJ 5 ""d'n '"para therefore, that the Ado iniafr ? Country. 1 ?ay. ? .?r,t auo iau tbou?h^we'mav prove of the u.e that is made ?r t.rftlwl,3r,, BP" nourse would produce oounter r . i . * otb,*r iu anaichy. evolution that would en?i the presidential canvass rllt zsirco"""""" - ?? to Whereas the recent i * 22 '? ,d64' oountiy, apparently instated ^blTrh''""'^ ,tbr"u?h""t th? office from the preieht Adm.V fhu,(J,"?')r concerted movement to secure th? '"n,1'f'T''eT'd?nce of ? ?'olt, to the Pre*ideucv and A nH,lect,?? of Mr. Lia that a perpetuation of his r lr',[e** w# do not bclieva f?iiy J *,.p. "? penod : Therefore? ?"mergences of tbo ^LlV^(T^r.,r,,r' Tignri.u. ni.il miniiBuut . t ' "Ul". ?? Wl" .?cure n lb., r-wito., ruSrft I,1"-*; "?"??< ?bi.k .,,i iB i'.'rSi,;' "* ?bu. loent, in the just criticixm h ' t** ? Oovcrn ?ident; but that it is mI" 1!,'" 11 efficiency as Pre conscientious convictions an J 11U, i^' exPrwM their to suppose that, t^' u 'e VhL k lo,,?er the world bim while in ( ffice thev are th r*!" c"rdi?lly supported tin nance in it for to to b" ? last hii?Vhil|1rttciihMih.toSfi2Ur h^r,.y #uPPort to the -olrmn duty to pn'cure th ^ """'w' ?"u]?T il our man more pos ti?e a, d co^ 0,,?n 10 h" "f b- able to brLThe w!r L ,u ob"a^r. who .hall to inaugurate Such -tate.m^Xke meZ' a"d ?^,erWfcr',' will enable the people to endure the * of P""0'* M and concea.ed bis weakuessj and that an honest eiure? ?ion of public sentiment will show bis recordtobe v.il s;p.,n ???" - -tortr 5 1'iat we believe either Hon H P m i n Fremont, Major Gen. Butler, Major Gen Hank^ r'w Gen. Grant to be far prelerabl? .. . p j ' Mllf"r M P. Kihenrlar, 8ecreUryP 8"ACK' Vh^rmtn A Washingtm letter that Oen. Sickle, is to .Urt on Wednesday next for the West, and thence to the At lantic coast, visiting Nashville. Chattanooga. Kansas Hil ton Head, Fortress Monroe, Ac , to inv*sti?*t? tbe rebel deserte,., prsoner, 0f war, aod parfer^heD withm our lines, the result of which is to be laid hefore tk? to ?rbi'futore Hicy in I he Round Table for this week Is full of interest and ri isncy. Iq addition to itspoiatid essays and carefu reviews of new bimka it has a wide variety of literary iu* telllgenoe, American and European ANOTHER REBEL STEAMER CAPTITRED * '1 he Secretary of the Navy hi* rec-ived official intelli gence of the capture of the Anglo-Rebel steamer Pet on * the Itith instant, by the United States gunboat Mont ginnery. The ca^tur.^ was made near Wilmington (N C.) T|ie Pet was from Nassau, for Wilmington with an assorted cargo of arms. shot, shell, and med.cine^ for the ^ r"M "rm7 Hh* WH" 11 -P^or -ide-wheel steamer, or s, ven hundred tons burden, bu lt in England e*pres*ly for Southern blockading p,irp(MH? Hb, of .rest steam ,K>wer. and her log shows her to bsve made from htteen to seventeen mil.. p?r hour. ^ h# niiinerou* suceesslul trip, between Na..au a?d W lming. Lj ?z,Z" "J fi'""??