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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, July 28, 1864, Image 1

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WASHINGTON: THUH8DAY, JULY 28, 1864
Weekly National Intelligencer.
Br GALES & 8EAT0N.
JAMBS 0. WELLING, A8800IATK EDITOR.
The subscription price of this paper for a year is Two
Dollars, payable in advance.
A reduction of 20 per cent, (one-fifth of thefullcharge
will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one
time, ten copies of the Weekly paper; and a reduction of
25 per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one
who willorder and pay for, at one time,twenty or more
oopifti ? a
No recounts being kept for this paper, it will not he sent
to auy one unless paid for in advance, nor any longer tnan
the time for which it ia paid.
THURSDAY, JULY 28, 1864.
THEORY OF JODBNALIHM.
The Philadelphia Age, a Democratic journal,
after referring in terms of commendation to a re
cent article whioh appeared in our paper, proceeds
to say:
" As coiniuR from the quarter it does, it should be most
impressive. The Intelligencer can hardly be called an
opposition paper. It is one of the 4 printers by autho
rity' of the Federal statutes. It has from time to time
apoken as if from official inspiration, and certainly has
never indulged in auy strain of harsh criticism on the
doings or shortcomings of the Administration. Regret
has indeed been often felt and expressed that, with its
conservative tendencies and known regard for the obliga
tions of law, tbo Intelligencer so often should have even
seemed to connive at acts which were confessedly in vio
lation of the law, aud had no word of condemnation for
the long- category of wrongs that have been perpetrated.
Therefore it is that, when 1U editors speak such words of
earnest reprehension as we to day reprint, they should be,
and, we faiutly hope, will be heedtd "
The conductors of our Philadelphia Deraocratio
oontemporary must bo little familiar with the past
history of the National Intelligencer, and must
have read its columns to liitle purpose, if they sup
pose that our relations to the present Administra
tion differ at all from those which wc have borne
to its predecessors of whatever party. We have
never waged a systematic opposition to any Ad
ministration with wbioli wc have been coeval,
however much, on general grounds, wc may have
been opposed to its political oreed, and just as little
have we pledged an unquestioning support to any
Administration, even when the party with which
we most sympathized has been in power and place.
It has so happened, that in the division of parties
whioh has obtained in the oountry for the last
thirty or forty years, wo have generally found our
selves in opposition to the reigning Administration,
because, during this period, the political power has
for the most part been in the hands of the Dcmo
cratio party, and wo were not able to oonour in the
wisdom or policy of those distinctive measures to
whioh this party was once addicted by its politioal
principles and traditions. But when the measures of
this party commended.themselves to our judgment,
or when its incumbents in office discharged their
duties with fidelity and skill, we never felt it just
to withhold from the one our support or from the
other our humble tribute of praise.
We see no reason for departing from this course
in prescibing to ourselves the relations wo bear to
the present Administration. As candid journal
ists wc feel it our duty to sustain the Administra
tion in all its measures and in all its departments,
so far as they commend themselves to our approval.
And as independent journalists, oalled to oonsult,
according to the light before us, the best interests
of the Republic rather than the wishes or feelings
of men in place, wo ieel it equally our duty to op
pose all measures which we deem unconstitutional
or inexpedient, and to animadvert on official negli
Kenoe and incompetence wherever their presence
ia a source of weakness or danger to the oommon
weal.
We are well aware that in pursuing this oouwe
we can assure for ourselves no exemption from the
infirmities which pertain to all human judgments
and opinions, but ss we always seek to base our
approval of measures or our dissent from measures
on grounds stated with equal fiankness in either
case, we hope we generally sucoeed in impressing
on our readers a confidence in tho honesty of our
motives, even when, ss we know must often be the
fact, we do not succeed in carrying conviction to
?vcry mind with regard to the justice of the grounds
on whioh we base the one or the other. We do
not doubt that there are Republican journals whioh
sometimes think we transcend the limits of just
oiitioism in condemning such oi^ policies and
acts of the present Administration as we conceive
to be wrong or injudicious, just as tho Philadel
phia Age makes it apparent that there may be De
mocratic journals whioh think it just to t?s us
with "timing to oonnive at acts confessedly in
violation of law," because, a. it ventures to allege,
? we have had no word of condemnation for the long
category of wrongs that havo been perpetrafcod.
As our consciences do not accuse us of being just
ly liable to the one or the other of these reproaches,
we beg only to say in reply to each that if we have
not blamed for the sake of blaming, we have not
withheld censure from motives of complacency.
We leave to our critics, of whatever party, full
privilege to dissent from the theory or practice of
our editorial oonduct, bring content to find in the
conflicting grounds of their dissent some reason to
hope that we have not fallen entirely below the
standard of impartiality whioh wo erect for our
guidance.
THE PUBLIC DEBT.
A W sailing ton letter to New York states that the public
records on Tuesday last show that the public debt out
standing bearing interest in coin is $883,887,842 a differ
?nee leas than the amonnt stated on the 19th instant of
$731,000, the interest being $f?2,623.281. The amount of
debt bearing interest in lawful money is $404,f>53,f?20, or
oMrljf a million and a half more than in the previous
?tateme. t, with an aggregate lawful money interest of
$21,087,000. Thedebt bearing no interest ia $r>l(?,732,032. I
The debt on which interest has oeased is $370,190. The
recapitulation shows the aggregate amount outstanding to
be $l,80T>X?23,f>C6, with interest in both gold and lawful
money to the amount of $73,6W/.30. The principal ia
$9,320,000 more than last month's statement. The un
paid requisitions amount to abont $77,000,000, and the
amount in the Treasury ia nearly $15,000,000.
THE SIEGE OF WASHINGTON.
We need not direct the attention of our readers
to the description of the recent "Siege of Wash
ington," as oopied in another part of to-day's
paper from the oolumns of our Republican con
temporary, the Rochester (N. Y.) Democrat, to
which it was contributed by its correspondent
" Sidney" in this oity. This aocount is one of
the fullest, and at the same time one of the mosi
'graphic, which has fallen under our eye, and for
its truthfulness none oan answer better than our
readers in this city, as far as they may have been
in a position to verify the observations of the in
telligent and sprightly writer.
We have slightly condensed some portions of
the narrative, in order to accommodate it to the
spaoe we can make available for its insertion in
our columns, though in doing so we have been
careful not to break the continuity of the epic
story as it is evolved in successive acts under the
dramatic pen of the narrator.
The "Siege of Washington," we may fondly
hope, will live in history and song as long as " the
talc of Troy divine," for already the former, though
an affair of yesterday, is enveloped in a dim poetic
haze which it took ages of antiquity to cast over
the siege of Priam's oity. With the catalogue of
the Greeks, as given by Homer, we oan caloulate
pretty closely how many of th?se well-greaved war
riors sat down lor ten years before the walls of
Troy, but, though our military authorities have, it
is said, found the roster of the Southrons lat jly
beleaguering \V ashington for the spaoe of two sum
mer days and nights, the critical commentators
and journalists continue to differ on the (jucstion
oi their number. Hut as those who are privileged
to look through the strongest lenses of tho official
magnifying glass have gradually reduced their cal
culations from fifty thousand to thirty-five thou
sand, and from thirty-five thousand to rfomewhero
"between twenty and thirty thousand," it is hoped
that, before the event passes into history, a suffi
cient approximation to something like the truth on
this subject may be rcachcd to prevent a future
Niebuhr from relegating tho whole story of "the
Siege of Washington"- to the mythical period of
the Republic. If in any mind the swelling scenos
of the last week have
" Gone, glimmering through the dream of things that were,"
the veracious chroniole of "Sidnoy" will bring
them back in all their vividness and in their quick
transitions.
NUMBER OF THE INVADERS.
It ia known to our read era that the city of Frederick
(Md.) waa occupied by the Confederate foroea under Gen.
Early on the 9th instajt. The Frederiek Examiner of
the 20th inatant C* very interne Adminiatration paper)
?tatea that the whole number of thu invaders ia varioualy
eatimated in Frederick at fr-m ten to thirty thousand, but
the editor dismisses the latter figure, aa an "exaggera
tion," and aeta down the expedition at about fifteen thou
?and men. The Maryland "Union," also published in
Frederiek, atatea (hit tie invading force " coonsted of be
tween ten and fifteen thouaand." The whole of thia
foree, whatever it waa, whether ten thousand or fifteen
thouaand, waa eDgaged in the battle of Monocaey,
where it lo?t, the Examiner thinks, in killed, wounded,
rniasing, and disabled, nearly three thousand men? ?
doubtless an over estimate. After the defeat of General
Wallace at lloooeaey Junction, aeveral small detach
ments were aent in tho direction of Baltimore to over
run Baltimore county and cut the railroads between Har
risburg and Philadelphia, while the main body of the inva
ders moved towards Washington and the forda of the
Potomac. The reader will readily perceive what entire
confirmation is lent by tbeae statements of the Eiaminer
and of the Union to the intelligence, derived from other
aourcea showing the paucity of the forces which appeared
before thia city during its recent investment on the north
aide of the Potojpac.
FROM THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
We learn that information has been received from the
headquartera of the Army of the Potomac, dated July 26,
which aays that the ahelling and picket firing between the
Ninth Corpa and toe enemy was on 8unday more brisk
than usual, and waa kept up all day. Very few casualties
occur, conaidering the quantity of powder apent by both
partiea
No eicbangea of papera have been made between the
pickets for some days past, the rebel commanders havirg
strictly prohibited it. A Riohmoad paper of the 22d claims
a decided victory at Atlanta, driving our forcea back with
tremendoiia lose [The official information darlosed by
our Government abows that the battleof the 2id (Friday
la?t) was decidedly favorable to the national arms ] The
Richmond ppper aUo says that our forces Were defeated
at Snickt-r s Gap by Gen. Early, ? here they took a number
of priaonera.
Deserters are not so numerous as they were a week
ago, the enemy seeming to keep a strict watoh for them
fc'ong the linea.
A NEW CLASS OF EXEMPTS.
Provoat Marshal General Fry has issued a circular to
the effect that skilled mechanics and operatives employed
in the araenals and navy yards of the United State*, who
aball be drafted and on examination be held toaervioe, will
] not be required to report for duty under auch draft, so long
aa they remain in the aforesaid aervice, prftvidod the oltioer
in charge aball certify that their labor aa mecbauics or
operatives ia necessary fur the naval or military aervice.
VOLUNTEERING.
Authority has been granttd to the State autboritlea by
the BeareUry of War to organize Lew regimenta of volun*
teers for one year under the laat eall for TiOO.OOO. 1 be
Governor of Ohio baa issued hia proclamation for twenty
new regiment*.
General Sherman protests against the entrance of re
cruiting agents into his department, claiming that they
will swell the number of idle rion combatant* without ren
doting any commensurate service.
FIRE AT PHILADELPHIA.
PHrt.AnKl.PHiA, Jri.v 22.?The Government wagon
factory of Henry Siuimona took fire at eight o'clock to
night, and will probably be entirely eon?umed. It ia the
largest e?Ubliahment of tbe kind in the country.
ORRAT Fir* in New Jrkhky ?Afire broke cat in the
pines in Ocean county, (N. J.) on the 2Gth ultimo, and
raCe< for four days. It started about three miles north
east of tenigo and extended to Toin'a river, making a
sweep of about nine miles in a direct line, and destroying
every veatige of timber and vegetation over an are* of
probably twenty-five square miles.
Fonr peraons were drowned in Newport harbor on Mon
day by the upsetting of a boat
THE LAW OF REPRISALS.
It is known to our readers that on Tuesday last
a resolution was passed in the Convention of the
State 6f Maryland, now sitting at Annapolis, re
questing the President of the United States and the
Commandaut of the Military Department in whioh
Maryland is inoluded to authorize and levy special
reprisals on " known sympathizers with the rebel
lion, residents in the State," for the purpose of
reimbursing " loyal oitizens" to the amount of " all
losses and spoliations" sustained by them from the
late invasion of Maryland. The resolution to this
effeot was offered by Mr. Schlby, of Frederiok,
and is in the following terms:
Ordered, That this Convention, representing tbe people
of Mary land, h ?reby respectfully requesf. tbe President ot
the United Statea and oommaudant of the military de
partments in which Maryland is included, as an act of jus
tice and propriety, to assess upon the sympathisers with
tbe rebellion, residents in this State, the total amount of
all losses and spoliation sustained by the loyal oitizens of
the l/nited States, resident in this State, by reason of the
recent rebel raid, to compensate loyal sufferers.
The vote on tbe adoption of the resolution was
taken by yeas and nays as follows:
Yeah?Messrs. Guldsborough, President; Abbott, An
nan, Andoun, Barron, Carter, Cusbing, Daniel, Davis 01
Washington, Earle, Ecker, Galloway, Hatch, Hopkins,
Hopper, King. Larsb, Markey, McComas. Mullikin. Mur
ray, Njrman, Parker, Piigb, Ridgely, Russell, 8ands.
Schley, Scott, Stirling, Stockbridge, Wiokard, and Wooden
?S3. t
Nays?Messrs. Belt, Chamber;, Dail, Davis of Charles, j
Dennis, Dent, Edelen, Henkle, Hollyday, JohnsoD, Jones
of Somerset, Lee, Mace, Mitchell, Miller, Morgan, and
Smith of Dorchester?17.
We have placed this resolution on reoord, with the |
names of those who voted for it, as an instance of the
extremities to which partisan bitterness and revenge j
can stimulate thoir votaries in a time of revolution,
when the passions of men get the better of their rea
son. It is safo to presumo that very few among those
who have recorded their votes in favor of this proposi
tion will either approve or defend, as individuals,
the polioy it contemplates. But in a time of ex
citement, when public feeling runs high, individu
ality is destroyed and manly character degenerates
until, in the end, the will of the majority may be
the mere reflection of the few who are most ready
to play on the predominant passion of the hour.
He who, under suoh circumstances, clings to his
ooavictions, as Dr. Lieber has well said in one of
his cxccllent treatises, "is put in ban as unna
tional and as an enemy to the people."
It is to precisely such a distemperature of the
popular mind that the present proposition owes its
conception and the degree of favor it has seemed
to find from men sitting in Convention in the name
and by the authority of a State. It was presumed
by its authors that few would have the oourage to I
oppose it among those whose desire to preserve a
repute for ^loyalty" is stronger than their intelli
gence or their adherence to principle. And the
presumption was justified by the result, as but a
single member of the Convention, Mr. Macb, of
Baltimore county, among those elected as " Union
ists," had the perspicacity or tho independence to
register his vote against this iniquitous suggestion.
Let that man be held in honor.
It is charitable to supposo that some who voted
for the measure did so from a confusion of ideas
with regard to the law of special reprisals, and, as
the Convention has asked the President to do what
every enlightened oitizen knows it is net possible
for him to authorize, it may be proper, for the sake
of vindicating his oonduot from the aspersions to
whioh he may bo subjected from refusing com
pliance with this request, to state that the law of J
reprisal furnishes a means of redress only between
the oitizens or subjects of separate States, and does
not inhere in the State as against its own oitizens
or subjects. If one portion of the people of Ma-1
ryland are to be mulcted in the amount of the dam
ages sustained by another portion in tho late inva
sion of Maryland, it oan only be on the theory that
this portion of the people are citizens of the so
oalled Confederate States, with all the rights as
well as all the responsibilities of belligerents against j
the United 8tates; for allegiance and protection
are correlative terms.
As between the United States and the so called
Confederate States, certain belligerent rights are,
pendente lite, reoognised by each party to belong
to the other. Among these reciprocal rights of war
are invasions of territory and levying of requisi
tions for the support of armies. Our Generals in
vade the insurgent States and forage on the enemy.
The Confederate Generals invade the Loyal States
and fotage on the enemy. Each in so doing ex
ercises a right of war while the war lasts, however
different may be the de jure relations of the two
belligerents And tho insurgents, in the reoentj
invasion, levied their contributions alike on the
" loyal" and on tho " sympathizers with tho rebel
lion." They wore exercising a right of war against j
the United States, and in so doing were no re
speoters of persons, for they regarded every oitizon
of Maryland as a citizen tf tho United State*
And now eomes tho Convention and petitions the
President of the United States to gjve a belligerent j
status in the courts of our military judicature to!
men whose lawful allogianoo to the United States is
recognised by the enemy.
We ought perhaps to beg the pardon of our
rpaders for referring to this topic, whioh some of
them may think unworthy of the attention we hayc
bestowed upon it. But as the refusal of the Pre
sident to take the stop to whioh ho is urged by
these zealots in Annapolis may subjoot him to the
imputation of being slack to avenge tbe wrongs of
loyal citizens, we have judged It proper to place
this question in tho light of law and justioe, that
those whose passions have blinded thoir judgment
may be shown to havo no footing on whioh to bring
a railing acousation against Mr. Lincoln bcoause
of his failure to listen to their advice.
If any sympathizers with secession in Maryland
aided snd abetted tho onemy during tho late raid,
lot them bo brought to justioe, but lot not the de
fault of tho Government to protoot all tho law
| abiding oitisens of Maryland in their rights an
property be made the pretext for despoiling one
portion of the people to reimburse the other; and
that, too, when all olassos of the citizens of the
State were treated by the enemy with no discrimi
nation.
We need not say that the impraoticabiiity of
this schema of reprisals is only exoeeded by its
theoretical impossibility. On this point the Bos
ton Daily Advertiser justly says :
1 here are many losses for which a pecuniary com
pensation oauDot be made, some for which it cannot be
estimated, aud many which it would pass any human skill
to aaaeas equitably. For all these the Union men of Ma
ryland will have to contrive their own indemnity, and to
aostain the burden aa beat they cub. Aud aa the record
uow stand*, it will be the general judgment, we apprehend,
that thia portiou may be aaaeaaed aa a charge upon them,
with hardly leaa juatice than the other la Maeaaed upon
th.-M'r rebellioua neighbors. Did not the Union men alio
do something to iuvite the inv&aion, when for year after
year they failed to make auy aort of proviaion for looal de
fence? Threatened iu the firat year of the war, Maryland
haa been invaded for three yeara in succession ; and to
what efficient movement to provide for auch danger can
ahe yet pointT 8he ia not to be held fully accountable for
the acta of rebellious children ; but what special proofs of
alacrity and eeal for the defeuce of her territory do her
loyal aoni ahow us 7 What have they done to eacape the
mortifying comparison, which muat b? made, between their
readiness for the defensive struggle, and that of the rebel
Virginians of Lynchburg and Peter-burg? Until some
more aatialactory a??wer can be made to questions like
these that the record now afford* wo apprehend that the
Unioniataof Maryland will find that the country holds them
in no ali^it degree responsible for their own losses."
If there bo any sting in the concluding portion
of this commentary by our Republican contempo
rary it is on? which might not have been elicitcd
if the proposition in question had never been
broached; but people will inquire respecting the
"loyal" deeds of men who are so "loyal" in words.
It seema to be conceived by some persons that it is
lawful for the Administration to adopt any mea
sures for the punishment of men who arc " dis
loyal" in sentiment, however innocent they may
be of any overt acts against the peace or safety of
the Government. Mot only is it supposed that
this class of people have no rights which loyal men
are bound to rcspcot, but in its conduot towards
them the Administration is urged to disregard all
considerations of law and to act only at the sugges
tion of passion and revenge.
A Mow Yoik journal having reoently recom
mended that all women who do not sympathize
with the Union cause should be banished from
their homes, the Commercial Advertiser comments
on the blind and passionate spirit betrayed by such
suggestions in the following just terms :
" That a man who baa once conceived such a proposition
ahould not be aahamed to utter it ia perhaps Dot aurpr.a
ing, for we are all given to caressing a chimera when it
haa once made its way into the miud. But it ia aurpriaing
that auch a proportion could be possibly entertained by
any man educated in American liberty One ia tempted
to ask himself what is the use of liberty if those who hav?
breathed its atmosphere from thecradle up bear to it no
I more intelligent allegiance than thia 7 That American', io
the middle of the nineteenth century, ahould be found at
tho feet of the fpaniards of Alva gravely meditating the
conquest of opinion by force of arms, and the suppression
of ' sympathies' by violence and injustice, strikes a cruel
blow at the aelf-eateem of the age in which we live, aud
puta us to asking, with Sir Thomas Browne, whether, after
all, any one country be really much belter or much worse
than another. Certainly one never could have believed,
even fire years ago, that we ahould live to hear men of the
blood of Chatham and Burke, men of the inturitance of
Washington and Jobn Adams, twaddling the sanguinary
commooplacei of a superannuated apiritual deapotiam.
"To aay that any human being who inhabits any Stat?of
thia Republic has a right to ? life, liberty, and the pursuit
of happiuess,' sacred and inalienable, and not to be inter
fared with until he or she, by aome positive overt act, iu
terferea with the general good aud public aervice. would
have seemed, five yeara ago, ' moat flagrantly auperfluous '
The aaaertion riaea now apparent'y to tbe height of a pab
lie dutf. It is not pleasant that this should be so, and the
fact that ao it ia assuredly redeem- tbe action of the Cleve
land Convention, by which Geo Freci?nt waa nominated
for tbe Presidency from the imputation cast upon it of
being taken merely in the interest of a vexed faction and
of a disappointed peraonal ambition. If we really need, aa
a community. to be taught the alphabet of our political ex
iatenoe, the Cleveland Convention wn> not held a day too
?oca If we have atill to learn that it i%tbe first condition
of onr national vigor, whether in war or in peace, that in.
dividual* ahould be left entirely untrammellod in tbe for
mation and expression of opinion, then are we, 'of all men,
the most miserable,' putting our loyalty in tithee of mint,
aniae, and cummin, while we only neglect but posi
tively decide to spit npon tbe weightier matter of the law."
Such is the avidity with which any thine,
however repulsive, is received by certain persons
in the name of "loyalty," that if a modern lean
Swift should arise among us with "a modest pro
posal" for iating the ohildren of rebels, (similar to
that^ommeuded to Btitish royalists by the Dean
of 8t. Patrick's in tho caso of Irish children,) is it
not probable that he would find a herd of facile
asscntutor?*, who, in their eagerness to prov* that
nothing ceuld revolt the fierce "loyalty" of their
?tomachs, would straightway give in their adhesion
to the proposition without suspecting its plea
santry f
A PROFESSIONAL. OPINION
The British Army aud Navy Onzette, after reviewing tbe
facta in tbe late naval fight, ?aya:
I he palm, therefore, of care and skill mui t be adjudged
to Capt. Wiualowand his Jftrat Lieutenant; and it muat
be a matter -of pude to these two cfjfioera, confessedly
among the moat practical aud best gunnery offioera of the
Northern States, to have achieved ao important a triumph
at aucb a alight coat to their veaael and crew."
STATE QUOTAS.
Tbe quota of the Stat^ of Nr.w York is 80,3{8. Thia
is about 2,700 to each Congressional distriot, tak ng tbe
average. It ia one in ac7du and six-t>ntha of the total
vrti" tor Pre^idau* in 1860; and nearly one in 44 of the
eutire population. Thia ratio would produce, on the popu
lation of the Froe Slates and Territories in 18(V0, about
435,000 men?a considerable Ugure below the half million
c$H
The quota of N*w Jkrkp.y under the 500 000 call is
or 3,180 for each Congreaaional distriot, aa an
avt-rsge. New Jersey gave 121,135 votes for President,
and had a population ol 489,565 in 1800. The draft calls
lor about one in seven and aix-lentha of the votera, (same
hi in Now York State,) and one iu thirty or.e cf tbe popu
lation.
I ue> quota of Mmhouiu ia 'iC,878, about one in \ \\ of
her population in I860, and one in 6$ of her votera for
President ? Tribune
FROM THE UPPER MISSOURI.
ST. Louis, July 2J.?The steamer Yellow Stone, from
the Upper Miasouri, reports that Oen. Sully's Indian expe
dition waa at the month of Cannonball river building a
new fort to be oalled F<>rt Rice. Hostile Indiana were in
force between Fort Rice and Fort Union, and a large
number are aaid to be aome milea bark of Fort Rice.
The (ffieera of tbe boat nay Sully ia severely condemned
for inactivity, he keeping hia troops, five thousand in
uuniber, building forts when be ought to be hunting
and disparaing tbe enemy, and express tbe ooio?on that
be will notjiasu a collision with the Indiana, lather Dea
chmidt, who waa on board the Yellow Stone, had two
councils with three hundred Sioux near Fort B*rtholoo,
who expreased an anxiety to make peace with the whitea.
Twenty-aix men, Idaho miners, came down on the Yellow
Stone with over two hundred thousand dollars ia gold
each.
ANOTHER INVASION THREATENED
A BATTLE AT WINCHESTER.
We learn from the Baltimore papers that the military
authorities of that city have received informationaof a bat
le fought laat Sunday at Winchester, (Va ) of which the
press generally received no intelligence on account of some
interruption of telegraphic communication. The Sun gives
the following details of the affair, gathered from official
source*:
" About eleven o'clock on Sunday morning, the rebel
forces under Gena Breckinridge and Early attacked the
Union forces, under Gens Crook aud Averill, and Col Mul
ligan, at or near Winchester. There was also a portion of
Gen. Hunter's forces in the fight, but Gen. Hunter was not
present, being at Harper's Ferry. The battle lasted during
the entire day, and when night cloned in, the Union com
manders, ascertaining that the rebels had received large
reinforcements, retired towards Martinsburg aud Harper's
Ferry. On Monday morning they retired from Martiua
burg to Harper's Ferry, alter whioh the rebels occupied
Mai tins burg.
" It was announced that Col. Mulligan, (of Lexington,
Mo., fnme,) commanding a brigade iu the fight of Sunday,
wa? kiiled. He wan wounded nnd seen to fall from his
horse, and it was thought was killed He was an officer
well known to this country, and his death will be deplored
by diany friends. ITe has lor the past your done uiuch
service iu Western Virginia along the line of the Baltimore
aud Ohio Railroad
" It was stated that Gen. Aveiill's forces sustained the
heaviest. loss, as the rebels massed a large force against
them during the firfbt, and succeeded in taking several
guns from them, which, however, it is reported, they suo
ooeding in recapturing.
" The actual forces of the enemy are not known, but if I
another raid is contemplated into Maryland the military
authonties are prepared to give them a warm reception.
" The losses in the fight on Suuday are said to have been
quite severe.on both sides, but, in the absence of the offi
cial accounts from the General commanding the engage
ment. all statements from unofficial authorities are with
held."
The Baltimore American gives some additional particu
lars, as follows;
" Gen. Averill, after his successful encounter with Ear
ly's forces, pursued them to the mountain beyond Win
chester, where Early made a stand, and after heavy fight
ing on Saturday and Sunday, tbe rebels having been in the
mean ti>ne largely reinforced, Gen. Averill was compelled
to fall buck to Harper's Ferry briuging with bim the
forces at Bunker Hill, and oau*ing also tbe evacuation of
Martiuaburg. Tbe /ebels appear to have pursued bim in
his retreat, and on Monday afternoon again occupied Mar
tinsburg.
" Our forces, according to the best advices we could ob
tain, are now o< noeutrating at Harper's Ferry, under com
mand of Gen. Hunter, whilst tbe rebels hold Martinsburg,
and rumor states them to be in large fotce, but this can
hardly be possible beyond the strength of Early's and
Breckinridge's (< rces. Their object iu returning is doubt
less to give time for tbe safety or their trains of pluuder,
aud to secure the collection of a portion of tbe crop in the
Shenandoah valley. That they may again oome into Ma
ryland for more plunder is highly probable, especially if
they find the way open to them, its is generally the case in
the military management of affairs along the border.
"As to the extent of tbe disaster to our forces in the
fight beyond Winchester, we have no authentic informa
tion. Tbe train which leit Baltimore on Monday moruing
for tbe West aud proceeded as far as Sandy Hook return
ed about half-past seven o'clock the same evening, and all
the cars were crowded with passeugers. Some of them
were Federal officers, who reported that a heavy fight had
taken place between H&rper's Ferry and Winchester, aud
that Hunter had been repulsed Several p eces of artillery
had been captured, alro a large number of men of two bri
gades It is impossible to ascertain tbe true slate of affairs
in that region, but there is no doubt that a serious disaster
has occurred t:? the forces of Gen Hunter.
" We learn that orders were sent on Monday night to re
move the army and medical stores from Frederick as a
matter of precaution, anii to prepare to evaeu*te"t:ie city
iu citae of tbe advance of the rebels unchecked iu that di
rection."
Recurring to tbe subject in its afternoon edition of yes
terday, tbe American says:
" As far as we can ascertain this morning, Gen Averill
has not been killed as reported, but was compelled by a
greatly superior rebel foree t > fill bnck to tbe Potomac
through Martinsburg to Williamsport, Maryland, carryiug
with bim tbe garrison at Mbit point. Whether the rebels
occupied Martinsburg on Monday night is not known,
but of its evtouttion there seems to bo no doubt.
"This morning tbe trains to Frederick aud Washington
went out as urual, and a train for Sandy llook left at
7.45 A. M
?? Tbe suspension of telegraphic operations laat night is
said to have been caused by the storm of wiud blowing
down a pole. Oen. Hunter has, however, forbidden all
telegraphic communication with Harper's Ferry, and of
course we have nothing direct from that vicinity."
We have no later news from the Upper Potomac. The
newspapers, the telegraphic lines, and the War Depart
ment are all silent as respects operations in that quarter.
There are street rumors of further fighting on Tuesday be
tween Martinsburg and Williamsport, but of their reliabili
ty we know nothiog. They seem to be founded on reports
that firing of artillery was heard in that direction on
the day mentioned It is said that the Union troops have
not yet abandoned Harper's Ferry, and that they bold Ma
ryland Heights in strong force.
JACKSON AND UNION.
In 1837 President Jackson wrote from Washington to
4 Mrs. Jackson, of New York city, a letter of thanks for
tbe compliment given him by the lady in making her aon
h ? namesake. The following passages occur in that old
Union man's leiter:
" I enotttft herewith tbe UMial gifc to this namesake that
I Wave bestowed on all my others; it bears tbe impress of
the eagle of bis country displayed on all ber banners ; and,
as the child grows iu years and in wisdom, I have to de
pend upon you to eiplain to him, with this injunction of
his godfather, that wtien he arrives at the years of man
h<>od he will always be found sustaining the eagle of his
country fr< m the insult or grasp of a foreign foe, *nd the
still more dangerous enemy the intestine traitor who may
engage in the wicked schrmt of severing our glorious Union,
upon which dept?4s the perpetuation of our happy Qovirn
nunt, which if ill endure so long as our confedcratid system
iatts, and no longer. Instill in his mind thut our Fi.dcral
Union must be preserved To tbe patriotwm of his dear
parents I trust this leason will be early impressed, with
all moral virtues, on his mind.
" I beg y< u to kiss the dear boy for me and present him
with my blessing My prayers will be constantly offered
up for bim that he may hive a long and usefnl life; that
he may be a blessing to bis parents in their declining years,
and a happy immortality. With my sincere prayers for
yqur and your dear husband's welfare aud happiness here
aud hereafter, and that of your amiable family I am, very
respectfully, your friend, Akdhbw Jackson.
" Mrs. Jackson, of Ike city of New York."
THE SPANISH AMERICAN QUESTION.
From Oalignani's Messenger of July 9.
The Spanish Government has sent to Don Mariano Mo
riera, the Peruvian Consul at Madrid, a plan of arrange
ment of ponding difficulties between th? two countries.
The follow ing are tbe conditions which are to aerve as tbe
bases of the understanding in question :
Peru shall send to Madrid an official diplomatic repre
sentative who shall solemnly declare;
First. That the Peruvian Government disapproves of
tbe attempts made by the authorities of Callao to incar
cerate the Secretary of the Spanish Commissioner, and
that those authorities are now dismissed from their funo
tions.
Second That the Peruvian Government has neither pro
voked nor taken any part in the attempts directed by the
Peruvians agniust tue person of tbe Spanish commissioner
during his journey from Callao to Paita, Pai ama, and As
pinwnll, and that it is really to punish the authors of them.
The Spanish Government on its aide will send a repre
sentative 11 Lima for tbe purpoae of demanding that jus
tice shall be done in the affair of Talauibo. The Spanish
envoy will be furnished with lettere of credence similar to
those of which M. Balacar was the hearer, and that com
missioner shall he received by the Peruvian Government,
llano diately after auch reception the Cbiucha Islands will
bfl delivered up to the person appointed by tbe Peruvian
Government. That Qnverotneut shall name and send a
plenipotentiary to Spain in order to conclude on the most
equitable baaes, and with complete good faitb, a treaty be
tween that republic and tbe Spanish nation similar to those
which have been already signed with the pther llispauo
| Amerioan Republic*.
A MISSION TO RICHMOND.
.m?tlrtrUlUDe0U"y W^"tbe announce
Falls w r7Tt',t,?" Were iD Pro?re" at "ia??ra
K LJm u tW? "Edmund
if r, i xamei\ GUmor?- formerly of Orauge, and now
third??? , 1 J,,mel, P' JaqU0'' of the Se^eotf
h.rd Illinois volunteers?had just returned to Washir*
iuthoriH R,Cfha,0Dd' Whither th?* by consent of the
author.**, for some purpose which .. not .tated Col
Jaques who i. a clergyman of the Methodi.t Kpi,copal
Church, appear- to have acted a. principal ln th.? enter
? "5 J haVi0g n? 8Uthority to "Peak either for
the President or Government, seems to have poMMted ,a
iFflueaoe which secured him polite attention and a respect
ful hearing With hit companion he remained three days
at the rebel capital-Saturday, Sunday, and Monday last
It is stated that the Colonei will soon publish an account
of this visit. In the mean time we oopy what the Wa.b
mgton correspondent of the New York Times .ay8 0f it ?
r .'L?f the /?'obJeot and rijd of Col. Jaquea' mission
t am requested by himself not now to apeak. It is per'
dal in^.Th t0 \tato' h?W?Vrr' ,hat ifc'? in no reopoot offi,
cial in its character, and that he had no warranty what
m?n* iftDy n,18ot'ationB between this Govern
? nve!Ua d.ff r"^ autho^!ti,",? Any statement that would
convey a different impression is false. Secondly it m*v k
of*Lh th,,^th?u8h Col. Jaques' mission contemplates results
of the highest importance, these results are ulterior r?th f
than immediate. Finally, it i. warrantable to say
though bis mission was one of peace it was n..t ? ,
mission. Col Jaques belong, to the church militatHS
believes most heartily in dealing the rebellion what Hudi
M f 5k? "P0*!?^ Wows and knocks ' Yet he has ta h
that the time will oorne, and is rapidly coming, when an
agency, of reconciliation which he believes to be of \m
meuse power can be used.
'A.nim*b'd b' thi" aentiment, he succeeded in so im
pressing his Vfewa upon Mr. Lincoln that the President
Without according him the smallest official recognition or
that h- h WJ!? Mlt,vltJ? his honesty of purpose
Accoid na^ t y 6 t*perim,,Dt of a viait ?" Richmond!
Accord ng y he gave him a personal recommendation to
Geji. Grant to pass him through the lines, or otherwise
?S" m '!Sr- Jh"' aid*d- Co1 Jaq??. ace-S
? r v. i Kirke, made his way from Gen
Oram 8 headquarters by the north side of the Janjrs riirr
and, passing the rebel lines reached the Confederate can?
tal. Here they remained f?.r three days?Z
day, and Monday last. Whil, io Richmond, Col /aauel*
at his own request, was placed under guard ? but h5ht!i
the entire (re?dom of the city, and put un during M >
? ' durir,K his thr?-e days' slay, vi?it?d the
various Confederate authorities, as well a, the prists and
hospital.Mil which our captives and wound-d are c .Jfirid
He had two prolonged interviews with President Davi.
iu his office in the custom-bouse; and, although nature
aud subject matter of the conversations ?? ? .. or?
.?4 tb? rebel Prr.i4.ot .r/3 "a"!?'
cation, vet it is understood that l ol Jho,.-. L 7 ' PuW|
wSCftTT \D impr?!e!?S hiB upon mT Da?
b!i hi h\ "( leav6, ,Da/i8 Ui0k the Colonel's hand in
both his, shook it warmly and cordially, and stated that
leaving out ol view the present struggle he had th? h!.h?
respect for his character and aims " b'"be,t
, " The CoJ?Qe); a guest at the 8pottswood House
fared sumptuously, being fed on chicken, turk^, ?uSm'
and all the viands of a well aDDnintMl 7u"OD?
tamed with fine brandies and costly wines. Hi's b? I would
have amounted to more than five hundred dollars V Con
federate money, but he found it impossible u?
entertainers to accept any return for the hosmtalitv h? h ^
received. Col. Jaques also had interviews with M-- Wn
|.m.. S^retar, ,,r Sttto, Mr
riUel!. ? ili?Bil-ri.. .od r.utbo.
"The Colonel was permitted to visit t lc >
Belle Isle prisons, and reports that he Wa? ?tr^!?kiy
appointed by the comparatively r agreeably d^
which he found our uLd capti'ves?thlrrm ?"n<i'ti0?r
wounded also, though 0 |v2 m r ? confined. The
retained in th^ hosnitals ofR.T ST?* Ca!ee' ar?
cared for as confd b^ expec^vS. ^ ^ aS W<j11
I ritvlf bf ?fcreet* of Richmond are a'most deRertef t ?
ottor, being ,een than soldiers, women, D-ffroes !nli'
pl? s Many of the stores, however re'?.i 8 ' D,d cnP"
is some biiriness activity ' 4114,110P?Q. and there
??"C'* 3^"^?'d??. D"i' " "?h"" b-'ty
it bad ?04, tboujh lb ID '"""'r
tough and Wiry constitution of the reb^??fc?*rf P??0' th?
uo likelihood ol his ffivimr i,?t A * 'chieftain presents
the rebellion. * * Ut dar,n* tho "tural life of
g?y?srse?wB8s
-o
LETIER FROM "EDMUND KIRKE."
Mr JaMeh R. Gilmobb, better knor.? as "Edmund
Kirke, author of " Among the Pir.M,? ba, deemed jt
proper to deny, by a publicatioa lu the Boston papers
certain inferences which have appeared in their c Jumna
Rcbajo[jd io ?wwith co,
Jaques The following parages of Mr G.lmore's letter
and which embrace the mate, id portion, of it, will donbt'
less interest our readers in connexion with the foregob.
;^tVe- Tbe letU?r 11 dMed at Boston on Friday morn"
"I consider him (Col. Jaques) a brave true n .
otic Christian K^ntleman. lie is widely known P.atr"
teemed at the West. Before the war be was fo? fou'rtZn
years President of Quincy Collree Illinois ? i ^*D
breaking out of the rebellion was selected o> Gov^Yatee
to raise a three years' regiment He did so.and with that
dlHlm<rLnVWa" 10 tb" frI'nD "f the a,*""lult *t Fort Douelsou ;
did effective sorvice at P.tUburg Lauding ; saved our l?f>
W",g at P.rryville, < fought a, ??,y,r saw man fi^t bt
lore (those were G*n Ko,#cran's exact words to uiei nt
Stone river; stood his sroand till three horse, were s-iot
under him and three fourths of his men lay d*ad or woim
.toot hhD .?d ... tb/ji,,;
the rebel entrenchment* on rhe heiuhta ?>? M. ,,? !
M . rec"r4, . tb,.k, rt??,4 ffa
pass directed Oen. Grant to ' ailow J R fj^n r?r "T
Saturda'v last" 0ll,r J10*8 ftDl' *'? South'?to Richmond,'on
Saturday last, and I can say, unequivoca.ly, thit the Pr?st.
fh". h"eW bl* accompanying me. Mr. Linoo.n
though an old-time friend and acquaintance of Ccl J,
has not even tun him for nearly three years II-, J VL *
newspaper statements in reference to our vi,?V m
Davis originated I do not know. Until tw,|vP, ^
night when I returned to my home in *\i, 1 fi ? L I
communicated to no tuman being, ej .? "t ofl. u f.
and Grant and the President, tlJf^tk UU?f
the rebel capital at ail. of ha*?ug been in
' I am not and never ha re , ... ..
York Tribune At th? connected with the New
Howard Oav the r- urgent solicitation of Mr. Sidney
a v7rv dear a ri "f.0**"1* of that journal, (wh , i.
a very dear intimate friend of mine,) I did consent
f ??. Tribune pSl
mg a cheap ?nlition of my books, (but that arrangement
was long since discontinued,) and I did, in July last wnto
him for word with Mr Greeley, or even seen
f ft Ik three months, and I have no connection with,
h tI kn?w absolutely nothing of his ? negotiations.'
m m^C- ' h(,*eVBr-,n reference to that much talked
being a Yankee. I ean ^4*,,. b ?-,// result xn
1\i'???"on Dafia said to me last Sunday (,nd
with all hi* faulta I believe biin a man of truth:) 1 Thit
war must go on till the last of this generation falls in hia
tracks, and hia cbildreu sei?<? his musket and fight our
battle, unlets pou mcknottiedge our right of self government
We are not fighting for slavery. We are flgbnug toi in
nt.PkNDKnr'R, and that or extermination we will have '
" II Messrs. Sanders, Hofoombe, Thompson & Q,, have
' pulled the wool' over the eyes of Mr. Oreele-, they have
not pulled it ojrer the eyes of Mr. Lincoln He I know
fully understands and appreciate, their overture^, aud you ?
can safely assure your reader, that th? interests aud honor
of the country are safe in his handg
fi't'
Monthly " P^U'.iter) number of the Atlaiiiia
MotTSTAIMB ow Firr ?The Allegheny mountains, bo
ween ''lair and Cambria counties, near Creason station,
are on fire, and at night exhibit a fearfully lurid aspect.
?r"' c?* and meadow, along the road have also h?en
on fire, eatohing from sparks of the locomotive.?Hmrria
Vnwn,

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