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Weekly national intelligencer. (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, July 28, 1864, Image 4

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NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.
THE LAST KI.HEL INVASION
From the Rochester (Republican) Democrat of July 16th.
We resign almost our entire editorial space this
morning to the admirable letter from "friDNEY,"
giving a detailed and spicy account of the sham
siege which the capital has recently enjoyed. We
do uot doubt that it will be found the fullest
statement of the affairs in that quarter yet pub
lished.
Washington, Thursday, July 14,1801.
Siege of Washington?Life in a Beleaguered City?How
He ictre Beaten by the Hebelt m the Game of H'ar : An
Entertainment in four Acts.
FIRST ACT?SUNDAY.
lu spite of the exciting report* from Baltimore, Harris
burg. Frederick, Chambersburg.and otter place*, it wasn't
believed here that the rebel invasion auj muted to any
thing more than a mere horse-stealing raid. Mr Stanton's
telr gram of Sunday morning waa iuexplicable. That there
bad been a battle, and that Wallace with the force sup
posed to be at hia command had been defeated, were tact*
not easy of compreteusion. There has been a feeling here,
-as well as pretty generally throughout the country, that
Pennsylvania developed some unloveable as well ao unloyal
traits of character at the time of the invasion lust year;
and dto long as the rebels confined themselves to frightening
the border counties of that State, many people were dis
posed to applaud them. The battle with Wallaoe, aud the
blunt telegrriii of Secretary Stanton thereupon. were cal
culated to put a uew face upon affairs. People were iu
credulouB, however. They refused to believe that Waj^ce
had fought a serious battle.
WHAT WAS AT FIRST THOUUIIT.
Washington plumed herself oa the fact that she wasu't,
and wouldn't be, excited Reading might call for the con
?ctiption of every man between the ages of 18 and 4"?, but
Washington remembered the old score against Pennsylvania,
and sneered at Reading. Baltimore might ring her alattu
bells aud startle every body with her lould-roaring morning
guns, but Washington remembered tbo oldtim-d excita
bility of Baltimore, and smiled at the uew furore. The
whole thing was regarded as a good joke " Bully for the
rebs!" raid more fhsn one man who only meant that the
scare of his ^neighbors >va* his gratification. " Ready to
die for your country?" was tbe salutation at Willard's in
the evening "Of course"' was always tbe answer,
which, with proper emphasis, was regardrd as extremely
pleasant, uot to say witty. A squad of soldiers pasced by
while I stood there, one of whom led a great lean dug ou
whose back he had a pair of well filled saddle-bags. The
bour was hot, aud the tired dog wanted to lie down. " Damn
the reb's. Mose," said the old soldier to bim; "they've
scared the people up here, aud you must serve your coun
try just as I do, and no shirking!" Tbe crowd was in
?uch good humor that it even laughed heartily al this.
f NEW ASPECT OF AFFAIRS.
Every hour or two came a new and wilder telegram
fr:?m Baltimore. The people there seemed hilf crazy.
W7itii.'Hit allowance, it was necessary to believe that at
least fifty thousand rebels were marchiug upon the city;
Buy, bad alresdy surrounded it. True, scarcely any one
believed that the worst was very much, but till there was
pointed toward Baltimore. At nine o'clock in the evening
tbe War Department gave word that the main body m
the enemy was upon tbe direct f.- a<l from Washington to
Frederick, with 'he advance at KociV:l'e> seventeen or
eighteen miles distant. " With tbe advance *t Rock
ville"?in that was matter for consideration. There wl"
then, something of a force, and they meant Washington in
stead of Baltimore ! Well, Washington didn't know either
fact, and therefore would sleep soundly one night more at
least. Yet, if the rebels really meant Washington,
and had a force of two thousand cavalry under the right
kind of a leader, they might easily d.sh into the city be
fore daylight of Monday! Whether they could get out
again is another matter; but, mcootectably if, and if, and
if?behind the thrice-repeated little word lay the guns of
victory!, Washington went to bed unconscious of b;<th
the fact and the whereabouts of the enemy?went to bed
with a smile at the joke of tbe possibility of another rebel
invasion.
SECOND ACT?MONDAY.
Monday morning rose with calmness and sweetness and
the roar ot cannon. A year ago to the very day, in a
Southern town, 1 sprang out of bed at diybreak to the
roar of cannon. They meant a reconnoissnnce upon our
a few shell throw n into the town, a hurried march
of men ri^* P'1*, '^e death of one soldier and the
wounding of Z*1* ft tbe capture of a tew prisoners,
two hour, of strain^ attention, order, '? Re
turn to camp." What m?an.' There were but
three or four shota, probably . "r Ihey pre
pared every body who Leard them, for *Bn?ttiiC6raaufciD
the Chronicle that the rebels were at least a- "ear^8 Kock
ville, and might be expected to pome uearer. vre
pared every body who heard them, or beard of them, for
the early Star extra with its sensation-creating report of a
fight just b-yond Tenallytown??ay eight miles from the
White Mi use. To be sure, before n ght we learned thit
tbe fight was < nly a skirmish, and a very insignificant one
at that; but the report made food for late brtakia?U and
early dinners. It may talk on tbe streets and at the hotel*;
made sudden dem nd for pen and ink and paper aud pos
tage stamps; made remarkably urgent calls of business in
Philadelphia and New York ; made suspension of work in
some of the offices and Departments; made rapid move
ment of troops; made a iu?h of horses and wagons and
persons upon the Avenue; made an increase in tbe re
ceipt* of the street railway company; made life and stir
in the War Department and at Qen. Augur's headquar
ters ; made joy in a good many houses of semi-Southern
Washington. ,
FIGHTING IN THE AFTERNOON.
Later in the day there were more extras. The uews
' boys seemed crszy with eager excitement. They couldn't
make more commotion over the capture of Richmond
They were perfectly reckless in the matter of legs and
lungs, voice and volume. They sold many papers, and
thereby made demand for many more?which demand ever
grew upon supply. Later in the day there was a rebel
movement upon the Seventh street road?" Attack upon
Fort Massachusetts," said tbe extra. Then tbe rebels aie
in force? Yet, somehow, most persons persisted in re
garding the whole thing as a stupendous j< ke. " Got your
musket ready?" was the word of every corner. " Every
*xdy to the trenches!" waa the mock order on every hand.
Clearly, Washington wouldn't get excited Later in the
day we learned that there was no at'ack on Fort Massa
chusetts, snd that all the fighting in that neighborhood was
merely a picket skirmish, in which < ne man was killed and
half a d< z?n wounded. The report made much travel on
Seventh street; made hot ahd crowded street cars; made
money for the newsboys; made spice of talk for evening
calls ; made fear and trembliug lualewbous's Y/pt, in
spite of the day's work, most persons persisted iu regard
ing the wh ?le thing hs a good joke. Sheridan had raided,
Wils< n had raided, Kautz had raided, Crook bad raid'd,
Averill had raided. Hunter had raided?why shouldn't the
rebels turn the scale and do a little raiding on their own
account? True, they were reckless and fool-hardy in com
ing in here ; buf was not that a sure proof of their national
relationship to us ? We bated them as iebel? and con
temners of the laws, hut we loved them as plucky fellows
who wern't afraid to run great risks for the prospect of
great gaius. liorae stealing and general robbing might he
their game, but their audacity in knocking* at the very
gates of Washington was admirable.
Ct'TTIHW OF THE TELEORAPH.
Wishing to send a despatch at noon to New York, we
got for our answer that the wir*s were cut. " That's jol
ly was more than one man's reply. There was some
thing enjoyable in being cut off from the North in that way.
True, there were moneyed interest* that would suffer ;
there were military interests which might be endangered ;
there were lamily interests which would be put in p*ril;
there were newspaper interests that would be hurt; but
yet it wasn't wholly disagreeable to be cut off from the
civilised world for a short time. True, there weie hus
bands desiring to communicate with loving wives- there
were dutiful sons who wished to assure the folks at home
that there was no cause for apprehension ; there were
wounded soldiers who were anxious to call hither kindred
and friends; there were dying boys whose farewell words
nought brief*passagea over the wires; there were ten
dered and holiest messages waiting magnetic utterance;
yet tbe rebel game wal fair for war, and only men of our
bl<s?d aud bojie would have dared it?in which refaction
wns soothing for many wounds aud consolation tor many
disappointment*'
MILITARY MOVEMENTS.
All needful preparations were making for tbe emergen
cy " 1 saw, with my own eyes, the order calling out tbe
District militia," said one man at a table where 1 dined?
" saw it yesterday, and why it haao't appeared yet ia more
than 1 know " Ho the militia were to be called out?eh ?
Well, Ofjernment doubtless meant to be ready for the
worst. Surely, there couldn't be any need of doing it, for
we've troops enough here, said tbe hearts of all men. The
?eterans ol the Sixth and Nineteenth Corps were arriving
They were ragged and very independent?lithe, trim, ner
?oua, bronxed. We cbeerod tbern as tbey marched up tbe
avenue and they answered us w.th musie which was eool
and defiant. 1 hey knew what they were about, that was
plam. 1 hey stood resdy enough to give favors, and equal
ly ready not to ask favors. 1 heir old banners were battle
Worn and battle torn, but they bore them with sii'b pride
as taught reverence for their shreds and tatters Tbere
WM VUC R*W flag, but MW i( M baytiud. fvr
there wore a dogen great round holes in it, and on some
battle-field a caanon allot had torn out one ol ita stars.
STATE or THIHOM AT THE .WAR OFFlCt.
At tbe War Department I found two Senators waiting
to see Mr. Stautou, but he had no time for auy but the
most pressing business Gen. llardee was out ou a >ur
of inspection with tbe Presideut. Provost Marshal Uene
ral Fry was courteous and active aa always. Aa'iaU"
Secretary of War Dana waa buay euougb, yet eool enough
to uiake aaaurauce doubly aure that there waa
for auy apprehension. In the Quartermaster General.
Department the work of the day waa ooufi.1^to dr.ihiiK
awkward men, aud being drilled by ' d*.
rigging out arma and equipments for awkwar ?
airing to do aome businee., I got hold of a 1'neof^U.PJ
whtbh led me iuto a room at the nght wber another
clerk, aud then into a room at the left where wa? anotner
chief olerk, aud then up ataira to tbe le where waa
other chief clerk, aud then across the W 1 whe.* was
auother chief clerk and finally dowu ? a working
waa auother chief clerk. Ol these five, 0?.working
at hia desk, one waa selecting eartridg .. read?
"ol.rk.,two Of
to go out aud drill, and the fifth WM J g? ftU<j
to tweuty or thirty meu k WJ.re put on duty
SaJEriSft- bSL!-f clothing,
doing guard that the aoldiera might be seut td the front.
FEELING IN TUB CITY.
Every where were many persons upon the ???**??
Squids of soldiers marched in every incomprehenmbie Ui
recMon. Cavalrymen rode up aud dowu with much disre
gard of tbe price of horse-flesh. Orderllea galloped to and
from tbe headquarters of Oen. Augur. A t*w ambulancea
drove ofl toward Tenallytowu. Many four-horse wagons
u.'iHH* il loaded with bread in great toUbsome-lookingshe-..
Numberleaa army wagoua drove up and down wit p ?
p..et? only known to the drivers aud wagon masters lnere
waa much atir all day, but no excitement?much activity,
but very little apprehension. Tbe time of digger had gone
by. Failing to use Sunday night, the rebels had jailed
iu using the only opportunitry they could have, iney
might thereafter make opportunity but ttore wa.one al
ready for the taking, and they ueglected to take t. iAe
street earn were crowded all any. Spiteful and Pa rnate
showers of taiu were frequent. Yet, after all, the day
paused off very quietly. It waa generally admitted that
tbe rebels " had done a big tbii>n"?"Jor ikem, wui aN
ways added a. a saving clause. They were paying n. ofl
in our owu coin, aud we proved that we could take it with
equanimity. ^ ^ tut; pe0pkb thought.
What do the rebels mean? waa the leading question
"They are out lor plunder," aaid I.'', and are tryi?K ^
scare us with a formidable front, which, at the proper
time, will prove to be only a ahell." Yet there were per
nous who insisted that the force waa twenty-five or even
thirty thousaud strong; and waa really bent upon making
a serious attack upon the city. Toward evening it waa re
ported that the railroad was cut above Baltimore. Clearly,
the rebels were stirring fellows, who knew very well what
they meant to do, and were audacious enough to go ahead
aud do it in short order. Telegraph cut and railroad cut;
do they really mean to throw themselves against the forti
fications of the city T Some nervoua and excitable persona
so believed, but tiiue teotbe ol the people ?till peraistM in
believing that they bad no intention of doing so true
there was the force iu front of Tenallytowu and Seventh
street, aud there were wounded men in hospital, and dead
men lying with cold faces looking upward, and stir iu Uov
ernmental Departments, and hurried marching of many
troops; but ptople would not believe there was any seri
ous trouble ahead.
S1UNM OF TIIE TIMES.
At tbe Post Office was a placard with the inscription,
" No mail?no questions." Brief and to the point, and
every body understood that we were shut away from the
world at tbe pleasure of the rebels. Going to Capitol
Hill I found a squad of negro urchins vigorously marshal
ing on the sidewalk. " Now all you fellers come 'long
when I say march," said the largest and raggedest of the
lot No follower he, you observe, but a leader. Stepping
into the grocer's, I was told that flour was eighteen dol
lars per barrel. On Thursday last it was only thirteen,
'?"?rising the telegraph office, at ten o'clock, I found the
V. JL -<> and the lights down. Midnight is its hour for
?but ers ~ jown ju front of the Patent
closing. Patro. " clefk with cartridge-box belted
Office was a slim ifgi- gjjjftj,,- uueaaily from
around his waist, and heavy mus?^. Ar?nii? at
one shoulder to the other. Silently up luw f*v;uu? \
eleven o'clock marched two regiments from in front 01
Petersburg. Iu all parts of the city were groups upon
door steps, porches, and the sidewalks, talking, as you
overheard them io p&stnpg, of the raid aud the chances of
battle.
THIRD ACT?TUESDAY.
Tuesday.morning rose with calmness and sweetness and
the roar of cannon. Do the rebels really meau battle,
Hi-ked every body The shots were not frequent, but they
were cauuoti shots?that fact was clear to the dullest com
prehension A few were heard abcut four o'clock, and
many more at from half-past five to half-past six. Let's
see tbe papers The Chronicle had the ord*r of General
Itouia* calling out the militia for thirty days' service. In
it was also a "leader," a deal mnie clarion voiced aud
alarming in tone than th-re was occasion for. There was,
fur her. a clear account of the work of the preceding day.
S i, the rebels had got a train of cars beyond Baltimore, on
which were Geu Franklin,one or two Senators, and three
or four Representatives ! Friends of mine intended leav
ing the city on that train, but at the last coucluded to. re
main and abide the issue. It was well. Down town I
* old citixeiu laughing at the farce of calling out the
loun- ",'l.ia. Tbe news of the street seemed to mnke
1 latrict n?i... ,^| ^ Bot &0 attack on tbe
it clear that the ^ j. wp t revjy to as
city, and would withdra. 1 ? '
suuie the offensive.
tlOlNU TO TIIR ritOST.
I went to tbe front. To Georgetown, two miles, by
street railway ; thencd to Tmallytown, three miles on
foot From Georgetown to Tenallytowu it is up hill aH
the way. Wbvn I walk that road again with a .July suo
which draws the mercury up into tbe buudreds blazing
duwu upon my head I'll let you know
It looked like Sunday in Georgetown. It always does
except ou the Sabbath, when the old town puts on a smart
semi holy day garb and face. "What's the news from the
front ?" I asked of an intelligent-faced man who sat in a
store door smoking a big pipe and looking very wise
"Nein nem!" said he with a ssd tone. 1 concluded he
wished to be left to his pip? anJ wisdom. I afked several
persons what news had come in fr.tm the front, but only
learned what it is to pursne knowledge under difficulties
" Well Auntie," said I finally to a toothless old negro
woman' iu a bright yellow turbun?" Well, Auntie, what
are the soldiers doing up at Tenallytown this morning?"
"Dun know but 'spect' d-i rebels is mos'ly runnin' out
inter de keiitry. an' de Union *< jers is runnin' arter 'em ''
With which entirely satisfactory information I proceeded
to the work in hand I met twenty rebel prisoners coming
in undt r the guard of a corporal and four men They were
dirly and ragged. Two of thein were boys not over six
teeri, Slid two of them were men over sixty. Only four
of them looked like hearty aijd vigorous men. "Most of
them seemed ra'her glad to be taken prisoners," smd tbe
little*-. rp? ral. Work on twoorthree houfes wa?suspended,
but an old negro was vigorously engsged in shingling his
cabin. "Are n't you afraid the rebel* will come in and
catch y< u, llncle ?" said I to him. " Well. bos?, I guess
they Wont,'' was his answer. Iu one field a man was
cradling grain. Behind me iu the smoky distance lay
Wsshingtou quietly between th- rivers Around me were
waving fields and the thousand signs and omens of prosper
oiis peace. Down the hill thundered a great wagon loaded
with the household go< da of a refu?ee, aud a little after I
met cattle and i.egr??es fleeing from the enemy. Later I saw
about a dot-h of these frighU-ned families rushing into the
City
PEKMK'l and AM AIRS AT THE FRONT,
Tenallytown w as as nervons and consequential as though
it fancied it?ell the " hub ol the universe " There wasn't
much to see there, however, beyond the usual attendants
upon an army. There were Jew traders and itinerant
notion peddlarn. The actual front waa abrmt a mile be
yond Tenallytown, and the village was as far as any but
persons in the army were allowed to go. Jlhere had been
skirmishing for an hour or two, in which two or three
men were wounded and a d? fen prisoner, token. J he
tide of action then sh'fted to the east, baited an hour mid
way, and then rolled along to the Seventh street road in
front of Fort titevena, where it grumbled for a couple of
hours, aud then died away to silence. " I'll be goll-darned
if there are more than five hundred rebels out there,
said a pu? ate of the Fifth New York Cavalry ; " and if
they'd only let us, we'd just go in and clean them out in an
hour! Our offic- r? want to, but somebody won t let us.
I swear it'e enough to make a felliwmad'" I found a
Connecticut Yankee, out at the elbows, patched at the
knees with long hair, h-avy red beard, brown and specula
tivn . yes?just the chap to read Carlyle, and Kmerson,
nnd Margaret Fuller. His first question was: " Waal,
stranger, how doe* this little afTair affect the bulls and
behrs of New York T" He proved a.man of shrewd humor
aud original views ' Why don't you try and get an offi
cer's commission 7" sn d I finally to bim. " Officeis are
more ? asily found thau go< d privates, was all the answer
I got. "Give my compliments to Mr. Stanton, and toll
him we old campaigners say there isn't moren'n a mouth
ful of these rebels out here," was his parting word to me?
the word of a man who had seen nearly three yeafs of
active seivice.
STATE OF TlllllOH IN THE CITY.
The city was much quieter than on Monday. The an
nnal public schr ol <*xamination was going on at tbe Smitb
donian Institute, which was ovnrflowlng'y crowded to see
tbe distribution of medals. Army wagons and ambulances
were not half so numerous upon the street Work of all
kinds went on as usual in all pnrts of tbe oity. At the
market in tbe morning th^re were not so many country
wasons and vegetables 9s one sometimes see*, but the sup
ply of meats was not in any respect diminished. Veaet*
Mes were generally sold at an advance on Saturday's
figures Hucksters and gardeners from the neighborhood
of Bladenaburg, mostly had Urge store# lo ??llwith their
garden-aauoe, and they fou^ ^uie buye^ for the former
m well aa for the latter. The rebela undoubtedly burnt
some houses, stole nil the horae. they oould find, plundered
gardens, aud heu-hou?es, aud pi?-peue, and grain-fielda.
They appear generally to have worked in a jolly sort of
way?aa though they had a keeu aypreciation of the fact
thai they weredoing a big thing, had frightened the border
and the upper Potomac into abameleas ndiculousuess, aud
were holding Washington by the throat lor the time being.
But these country people were not of the aort in whom
manhood is well developed, and their atoriea needed to be
takeu with great range of allowanoe. The clerka of tbe
various Departments were completing their organizations.
Members of theUuiou League wei^hither and thither, aud
it waa announced in the alternooiT that that body would
take the frtld The lauk and lean bill-poster waa putting
out the circular* of the various officers of the militia.
Three or four gentlemen were soliciting enlistments in
volunteer companies of thirty daya' men. Ihere were a
good many horsemeu on the street, but they generally rode
at a more moderate pace.
AFFAIR AT SEVENTH STREET FRONT.
In the afternoou the rebela made a considerable show of
force and activity beyond Fort Stevens, and in the neigh
borhood of the Blair mansion. The report of the preco
ding day to the effect that the rebela had buruit it, provrd
incorrect. At this point, if auy where, the rebels meant
to break the line of fortifications Several houaea which
afforded shelter to their sharpshooters had been burned du
ring the night by our boys, but there were one or two yet
remaining The sharpshooters annoyed us. Many men
had been shot by them. To dislodge those sharpshooters
aud drive them away was the principal eflort of the after
noou. The men were impatient?they wanted to go out
and have a fij<ht &nd clour tho rebels out of tho wood?.
Generally, they refused to believe thit the eueiny was in
any great force. "It's a shame that we are held here so
at bay J" said a wiry lieutenant. There wiw a deal of man
euvering on a small scale for three or four hours, by which
the rebels were driven back a mile or so, without any se
rious less to us. There were niauy spectators out there,
one or two of wboin were bit by the eueiny. 44 I should
feel that it was a life-long disgrace to have a brother hit*
while looking on," usid a little bittck-eyed lady to me " If I
he were shot in battle, that would be an honor; but a
wound got while looking on to see others tight would be
forever a badge of shame." Tho President was out there,
as were also Mrs. Lincoln, Secretary Welles, and throe or
four Senators The extra pipers heralded the affair as a
great battle, while in fact the whole thing was *uck a small
skirmish that it only provoked the veteraus of many bat
ties Three or four Major Generals aud a doteii or so of
Brigadiers were on the ground and givltig orders.
F.VENINU VIEWS OF THE SITUATION.
?Tho evening came down in soft aud soothing beauty.
" It'll be a splendid occasion for a night attack," said one
of our group. " And it'll be a splendid night to repel an
attack," saifl another. " Don't overlook what a splendid
uight it is for marching away," safd the third. There
were a few persons within my acquaintance who had fears
and apprehension*, but mostly we felt that the danger had
been magnified^ *' Go out to Fort Stevens and stay three
hours as 1 did, and you'll feel as I do?that the whole
thing ia a sham," said oue. " There's too much fuss aud
feathers," said a half-drunken soldier in front of the Na
tional Hotel, early in the evening; "Damn it, I say
there's too much fuss and feathers; they don't let us
wade in !" He was altogether too drunk to " wade in''
with any steadiness; but his criticism might have been
sound, nevertheless. Whence came the report of a con
templated night assault is more than I know. Perhaps
from the rebel spies and sympathizers No one doubts
that the rebel force knew every thing done in the city;
very likely their spies penetrated the War office. Late
in the eveniHg came confirmation of the report that the
railroad was cut some fifteen miles out from the city
Was the joke becoming a seriouB affair f Most persons
still refused to believe that any tbiug very dangerous
would come of it, but a good many began t<? growl at the
! authorities for allowing it to be carried so far. " We've
got a great army here ; Wallace hns a good body of troops
at Baltimore under the brave Ord, and Huuter has seve
ral thousand men some where toward Harper's Ferry.
Why isn't something done T" said more than one man.
With that judgment Washington went to bed.
FOURTH ACT?WEDNESDAY.
Went to bed to aleep undisturbed; went to bed to rise
in the calmiiers and sweetness and silence of Wednesday
morning, and find the game gone?all gone' Like the
Arabs, tbey had folded their teDte, if they bad auy, aud
like tbey bad stolen silently away. 8tolen away;
w*in?r to lis tile :h*me of their presence in Maryland, the
ahamcfof their Affright of ^'timore, the ahame of their
possession of the gateways of the Cap!.?; 'be sham*} of
their midnight escape from twice their numbers f Stolen
away: leaving us the disgrace of but an hundred prisoners,
the disgrace of bringing thirty thousand men here as de
fence against tive thousand, the disgrace of oroving how
little manhood we have in uppbr Maryland and lower
Pennsylvania! Stolen away ; after ravaging haif a Jjftale,
riding round one great city, sitting for two daya in the
gates of another great city, stooping communication for
four or five days between the North and the National
Capital. Stolen away; rich in horsea and forage and
proviaions, rich iu men and money f nd sympathy ! Stolen
away; leaving ub the heritage of feb&roe wild disgrace, of
dead bodies and old rags and camp gar&age ? 8to!en away;
leaving ui the coriscioi^aness that we had leeii insulted
aud humiliated and had not dared ask an apology; that we
bad been foiled in strategy, beaten in battle, outwitted in
generalship, outdone in audacity, and utterly overthrown
in the game of war !
AFFAIRS IN THE OITV.
People readily believed tbe fact. They accepted the
humiliating story at once. Better so than to have clung
to the belief that the rebels had not gone! Boeings went
on in its old paths. Flour was held at twenty-two dollars
per barrel, but the grasping and greedy grocera were too
lh.tr*, and it dropped to yixteen before night " This is
damned provoking!" said an old soldier an he gritted his
teeT!) w'b'le we tpoke of tbe result of the iuvasiou. " Pro
voking'" aii*'*:ere<l Mlfw; "?t's enough to make a
man curae the day Le born Lat? in the afternoon
a mail wan got off, but night ?? reading the New
York papers of Saturday lact Four cut off from
newspapers and civilization ! Workmen were
during the day to repair the railroad aud tbe telegraph.
For the five buudreth time every body wondered what had
been done and said at the North siuce Sunday morning.
The last letter I received before communication was cut,
waa from one just starting foi Louisiana In it ia th is sen
tence: " I go to bear my ahare of tbe dangers and labors
of plantation life in rebel times and rebel territory." And
even a* I read it on huuday, rebel hordes were marcBing
on the city ; and next day tberp were greater dangers for
me, if I but took a long afternoon walk country ward, than
for bim iu the whole of Tensas parish when be arrivea
there.
AFFAIRS AT THE FRONT.
A ride over the battle-field beyond Fort 8tevena deve
lop d that there had been sharper fighting than was at
first supposed. Iloiites, barns, sheds, fences, trees, every
thing bore marks of the conflict The rebels left their
dead and wounded upon the field?doubtlesa they remain
ed as long as it was safe to do an. Negroes were sent out
to bury the r?bel dead. They rest from the wear and
worry of life?rest none the less sweetly because boned
by uegroes in tbe grain field where they fell. Sixteen sre
in one grave, seven in another, and yet four in another,
while a score or more sleep singly or in couples Doubt
less the bodies have not yet all been found. About an
hundred wounded fell to our charge. During the day
seventy-five or eighty prisoners wore taken?stragglers
and runaways.
CONCLUSION OF THE WHOLE MATTER.
Chant, chant, O people?chant anew the old refrain
" All ia quiet on the Potomac King aloud, aing aloud
O nation- - sing jubilantly once more, " Washington is safe
ia safe!" Sidney.
HOW TO GET HID OF CATERPILLARS.
Tbe following, which we clip from the Toronto Leader
may be of interest to onr thousands of agricultural friends
throughout the country .
" Those of our readers who either have fruit trees in
their gardens, or who cultivate large orchards, will learn
with much gratification that a certain instrumentality of
destruction to caterpillars haa been discovered. That
coal oil will cause instant death to tbeae pents haa been
proved beyond all doubt. On Saturday last a letter was
received at tbe Leader office for publication from one of
our subscribers, an extensive farmer in the township of
Clerk, county of Durnam, stating the fact that, as a last
resort to endeavor to destroy the caterpillars, fwhich bad
almoat taken entire possession of the trees in the orchard,
he experimented with coal oil. Complete success attended
, the experiment. A brush of Mriff feathers was made, and
portious of the trews smeared with tbe oil, in addition to
placing a small quantity 011 tbe nests. Instant death en
sued. The prciprietor of the Leader at once tested the oil
on bis trees at Glengrove Farm, Young street, where the
caterpillars had collected in thousands, doing fearful
damage. In a conple of b< urs one quart of it bad cleared
tbe orchard completely of caterpillars. The dead lay
around in all directions. The ? fTect of the oil on the pests
seemed miraculous ; there no long delay to undergo
for one touch of the deadly substance to the nests spread
desolation in all direeiiooa. 'Ibis is certainly a eheap re
medy, as well as a sure one, and all our subscribers trou
bled with caterpillars should adopt it"
CREDITABLE.?Doring last week a very erinaiderable
portion of Gen Rickett's command were for several days
encamped in Druid Hill Park, and it is to the credit
both men and officeia that tbey took pleasure in the beauty
of the place, aud sedulously protected it from the slightest
damage Gen Ricketts said that bia men could apprec ate
such a beautiful resort aa thorougly aa any citizeu of Bal
timore, and hia aoldiera showed that their commander un
derstoi d them. Bot a tree was cut down, a road injured,
or any part f?f the grounds diaturbed. Tbe fact is credita
ble to these veteraus of the Sixth Corpa.?Bait. Amtrican.
CURIOUS PEACE NEGOTIATIONS
Xemi-Official Interview Bttwten Confederate
Emiuarie* and Mr Horace Greeley
We learu by a communication from Niagara Falls U> the
Knche.ter Democrat (a Republican jouru-l) t a a ou
two weeks ago George N. Sanders, foruieily o *** or
C. C. Clay, of Alabama, and J. P Holcombe, of Virginia,
arrived at the Clifton Hou.e, ju.t aero., the Niagara
river. Their arrival was duly announced iu the pubic
pre.., and the object of their inissiou wa. fir.t developed
to Horaoe Greeley by George N. Sanders, who wrote to
Mr. Greeley .tating that Me..r. Cl.y and Holcombe were
duly recognned commissioners of the Confederate Govern
ment, and desired to know what term, could be made for
terminating the war between the two sections. He add
ed, however, that these commissioners were not specially
authorised to negotiate for a cessation of ho.tilitie. or a
re.toraf.oo of the Union, but that they would like to have
an informal conference with such person, a. the United
States Government might indicate to meet them.
These fact, having been presented to Mr. Lincoln, he
requested Mr. Greeley to act in the matter as be thought
tidvisable, under the peculiar circumstance., and stated
that he, Mr. Lincoln, should at any time be pleased to re
ceive propositions from those who had been in arm. against
the Government for a return to their allegiance "^ duty
as citi.ens of the Union. He also stated that he should be
phased to see the Uniou restored upou any term, con
.i.tent with the present and future safety, welfare, and
honor of the Government.
Mr. Greeley, having settled all preliminaries with Mr.
Lincoln, proceeded to Niagara, reaching there last Sunday
moruiog, and took up quarters at the lnteroatiouid Hotel.
A correspondence wa. at once opened with the Commis
sioners, which we copy below, as it appear, in the New
York Tribune and other p per. of that city. 1 hese nego
tiate having terminated, Mr. Greeley, in company with
Mr Hay, private secretary of Mr. Lincoln, called upon the
C,mmiwioner.at the Clifton House, on theCauadas.de,
where a protracted and plea.ant interview wa. held and
,he various que.tion. wh.ch had been und.?
were discussed at length Mr. Greeley left the I all. for
New York on Wednesday afternoon.
0
the correspondence.
tPrivate and Confidential J
Clifton House, Niagara Falls,
Canada Wttl, July 12, 18G4.
Dear Sir : I am authorized to saythat the Hou. Clem
s'? 0&,' are rTdy'and wil
Secretary of War. Let the permission include the three
names and one other. Very re,P? EOR(J; N 8aiiders.
To the Hon. Horace Greeley.
Niagara Falls, fN. Y.) July H, 1864
Gentlemen: 1 am informed that you are duly ac
credited lVoin Richmond as the bearer of pronouns
looking to the establishment of peace ; that you uesue to
vTsit WashinKton in the fulfillment of your minion, and
that you further desire that Mr. George N. Sander, .hall
An if mv information b? thus f&r Bubst&Q*
SC3SA I I're.ident ... tbo
Sd slita to toodor you hi. ?b?o<>o?to^ .Jo?ro.,
proponed, and to acoompany you at the earliest time
that will be agreeable to you.
I have the honor to be, gentlemen, your.,^
To Messrs. Clement C. Clay, Jacob Thompson,
Jas. P. Holoombe, Clifton House, C. W.
Clifton House,
Niagara t alls, July 18, 1864.
Sir ? We have the honor to acknowledge your f?Tor of
tbfl"ib infant. wbiob would bMo beeu ?n.wred ou
t^rday but for the absence of Mr- Clay.
The safe conduct of the President of the United States
i in tAurinred us we regret to state, under sopie mis
haa been tendered u., not ^ aocredited to
hSTfrom'Kichmoud a. the bearer, of propo.itiou. looking
towr.?tir.r!iuLToo<1dMt,.l ^plo,??t ofour
nr?'nT:.. ?.t...lT witt iU wl.to. Md
Uovernme , authorised to declare
| Xtl?if the circumstances disclo.ed in this correspondence
that, ii , t Richmond we would be at once in
I yeVted^with the authority to which your letter refers, or
otherKentiemen clothed with full power. wou|d be iromedi
ntPlv ?ent to Washington with the view of hastening a con
"muob to b, de.irod, and at tbo
earliest possible moment the calamitie. of the war.
We respectfully .olifcit through your intervention a safe
^ 7tf, Washington, and thence by any route which
C?D^ d?isnated through your line, to Richmond. We
3d* grftiCed if Mr. George N. Sander, wa. embraced
10 Perm"'u. m conclusion to acknowledge ??r obligations
??, v?n f.r the intere.t you have manifested in the further
ZlZf w t? exprp.B tb.bop.tb.t,M. .uy
*?t you will ajord ... the opportunity of tood.nng tbom
in person before you leave the t * Jf
We rciuain, very respectfully^ ^ ^
J. P. Holcombe.
P H It it proper to add that Mr. Thompson i. not
b.?, ?Dd bM LLeu .t.yioi with u. ..?? our .ojoun. iu
Canada. , ?
International Hotel,
Niagara, (N Y.) July 18,
Gentlemen '? I b.?o tbo booor to "boo.Medjw tb?
JTewett Vb'.'.,1.rtVo of t.cU tbo'in promoted
r frsSr? ? srptr
meut. ' Horace Greeley
To Met.rs Clement C. Clay and James P. Holcombe,
Clifton Hou.e, C. VV.
Clifton House,Niaoara Fall?1804
T? ?i,0 u,in H Greelf.y, Niagara Fall!, W. T. .
k!r ? We have the honor to acknowledge the receipt o
Sib . We nsve ^ ( f Co, JewetttW^ will
lZt?ai further .n.wor wb..b you purpo? U? .ond u..
W. .w, rory ,o.poftf..lly. 4^ ^ ^
James P. Holcombe.
Inteenational Hotrl,
Niagara Fallt, (N. Y.) July 19, 1864.
Ofnti F.MFN ? At a lata hour last evening (too late for
tomorrow Should you dee.de to await tbe?r arn'^ i
feel confident that they will eriab^metoan.yrdehn.tey
vour note <?f yesterday morntng. Regretting a delay wiiicd
{ .,? .ur. you wiU rr'?.rd .. ou.?o.d.bi#oo m, p.rt,
1 remain, yours, truly,
Horace Gbeei.ey.
To the Hon Messrs. C. C. Ci^YJr. and J. P. Holcombe,
Clifton House, Niagara, t?- W.
Clifton House, Niau.ra Falls, July 1ft, '8?*
Kin'- Col Jewett has just banded us your note of thu
date in whxh you state that further instruetions from
?i,l^^Mou b^b%toSro-.f tbor. b.
"ht J d^oVave the Falls to day, but will leturn in time
to'.;^i?. tti^loic.fion'wb.cb you protu... Uk
c. C.Clay, Jr
To the Hon. Horace Greeley, now at the International
Hotel.
Executive Mansion.
Washington, July 18, 1864.
slavery and which> comes by an thft United
can control the armies now bi. w B v*??ntive
ESSMtfsa.'SSSs^
ways.
M*ior llav would respectfully inquire whether Prof.
Holcombe and the gentlemen associated with him desire
to send to Washington by Major Hay any
ference to the communication deliverodi t h fJvor<M|
day, and in that case when be may expect to be favoreo
with such messages.
International Hotel, Wednesday.
Mr. Holcombe presents his compliments *,Jh^ l,*yn
and greatly regret, if hi. return to Washington hM ***
delayed by any expectation of an an.wer to the
cation which Mr. Holcombe reoeived from him on ye.ter
day, to be delivered to the President of the United BUtee
That communication waa accepted m the responseto a
letter of Ueim. Clay aud Hoioombe to the Hon. H. Gree
ley, and to that gentleman au answer haa been trans
initted.
. Cliftom House, Miaua.ua Falls, Jul* '21.
[Copy of original letter held by uie to deliver to the
Hon Horace Ureeley, and which duplicate I now furnish
the Associated Press. Wm. Cohhkll Jew b it ]
Niagara Falls. Cliftom House, July 21,1864.
To the Hon. Horace Greeley.
Sik : The paper handed to Mr. Ho'combe, on yeaterday,
Id your presence, by Major Hay, A. A O., as au anawer
to the application in our note of the 18th luatant, la oouch
ed iu the followiug terma:
"Eikcutivi Mansion,
" Washington, July lo, 1004.
" To whom it may concern: ? , ?
"Any proposition which embraces the restoration of peaoe,
the integrity of the whole Union, and the abaudoumeut of
alaverv, and whioh oornea by and with an ?U1
control the armies now at war against tha United bitttea wiil
be received and considered by the Executive Government of
the United States, and will be met by liberal terma, ou <other
aubatautlal and collateral points, and the bearer or bearers
thereof ahall have sale conduct both way?. ,,
?'A?kaham Lincoln."
The application to which we refer waa elicited by your
letter of the 17th instant, iu which you inform Mr. Jacob
Thompson aud ourselves that you were authorized by the
President of the United States to teuder us his safecon
duct, on the hypothesis that we were "duly accredited
from fiichmoud as bearers of propositions foxing to the
establishment of peace," aud deaited a visit to Waahiug
ton in the fulfilmtont of this mission. This aasertion, to
which we then gave, and still do, entire credence, waa ac
cepted by us as the evidence of au unexpected but moat
gratifying change in the policy of the President a change
wh ch we felt authorized to hope might terminate iu the
oouolusion of a pence mutually juat, honorable, and advan
tageous to the North aud to the South, exacting no condi
tion but that we should be "duly accredited trom Kicb
moud aa bearera of propositions looking to the establish
ment of peace."' ,
Thua proffering a basis for conference aa comprehensive
as we could desire, it seemed to us that the 1 resident
opened a door which had previously been closed againat
the Confederate "States tor a lull interchange of sentiment,
Iree discussiou of conflicting opinions, aud uutraiuuiello
effort to remove all causes of controversy by liberal nego
tiations. We indeed could uot claim the benefit of a sale
conduct which bad been extended to us in a character
we had no right to assume and had never affected to pos
sess ; but the uniform declarations ol our Executive and
Congress, and their thrice repeated and as often repulsed
attempts to open negotiations, furnieh a sufficient pledge to
us that this conciliatory mauileslatiou ou the part of the
President of the United States would be met by theui in a
temper of equal magnauimity. We had, therefore, no
hesitation in declaring that if this correspondence waa com
municated to the President of the Confederate States he
would promptly embrace the opportunity preaeuted for
seeking a peaoeful soluti^apf this unhappy strife.
We leel confident that ynu must 8h-?re our profound re
gret that the spirit which dictated the first step toward
fsace had not continued to animate Ihe councils ol your
resident. Had the representatives of the two Govern
ments met to consider this question, the most momentous
ever submitted to human statesmanship, in a temper of
becoming moderation and equity, followed, as their de
liberations would have been, by the prayers and benedic
tious of every patriot and Christiau ou the habitable globe,
who is there bo bo'd as to pfonounce that .the (rightful
waste of individual happiness and public prosperity which
is daily saddeniag the universal heart might not have been
terminated, or if the desolation and carnage of war must
still be endured through weary years of blood and suffer
ing, that there might uot at least have been iuiusrd into
its conduct something more of the spirit which softens and
partially redeems its brutalities 7
Instead of the aaie conduct which we solicited, and
which your first letter gave us every reason to suppose
would be extended for the purpose of initiating a negotia
tion in which neither Government would compromise its
rights or its dignity, a documeut haa been presented which
provokes as much indiguation as surprise. It bears no
feature of resemblance to that which w;.s originally of
fered, and is unlike any paper which ever before emau<tted
from the constitutional executive of a free people. Ad
dressed " to whom it may concern," it precludes negotia
tion, and prescribes in advauce the terms and conditions
of peaoe. It returns to the original policy of " no bargain
ing, no negotiations, no truce with rebels exoept to bury
their dead, until every man shall have laid down his arms,
submitted to the Government, and sued for merey."
Whatever may be the explanation of this sudd?-r? and en
tire change in the views of the President, of this rude?with
drawal of a courteous overture for negotiation at the mo
ment it was likely to be accepted, of this emphatic recall
of words of peace just uttered, and fresh blasts of war to
the bitter end, we leave for the speculation of those wlu>
havA the means or inclination to penetrate the mysteries
of his Cabinet or fathom the caprice of his imperial will.
It is enough for us to say that we have no use whatever
.for the paper which has been placed in our hands.
We could uot trausmit it to the President of the Con
federate States without offering him an indignity, dishon
oring ourselves, and incurring the well-merited scorn of
our countrymen. While au ardent desire for peace per
vades the people of the Confederate States, we rejoice to
believe that there are few, if any, among them who would
purchase it at the expense of liberty, honor, and ^elf-re
spect. If it can be jecured only by their submission to
terms of conquest, the generation is yet unborn which will
witness its restitution.
If there be any military autocrat in the North who is
eutitled to proffer the-eonditions of this manifesto, there i?
none in the South authorized to entertain tbera. Those
wfco control our armies are the servants of the people?not
their masters t and they haye no more inclination than
they have the right to subvert the social institutions of the
sovereigo States, to overthrow their established constitu
tions, and to barter away their priceless heritage of self
government.
This correFpnndenc* will not, however.^ we trust, prove
wholly barren of good result. If there is any citizen of
the Confederate States who has cluug to a hope that peace
was possible with this administration qf the federal Gov
ernment it will strip from his eyes the last film of such de
lusion; or if there be any whose hearts have growu-faint
under the suffering and agony of this bloody struggle, it
will inspire them with frerh energy to endure and brave
whatever may yet be requisite to preserve to themselves
and their children all that gives dignity ant value to life
or hope and consolation to death. And if there be auy pa
triots or christian* in your land who shrink appalled from
the illimitable virtue of private misery and publio calamity
which stretches before them, we pray that in their bosoms
a resolution may be quickeued to recall the abused autho
rity and vindicate the outraged civilization of their coun
try. For the solicitude you have manifested to inaugurate
a movement which contemplates results the most noble
and humane, we returu our sincere thanks, and are, most
respectfully and truly, youffcbedient servai.ti,
C.C.Clay, jr.
Jamf.s P. Holcomre.
Cliftoh House, Niagara Fallh,
IFtdnesday, July 20, 1864.
Col W C JEWETT, Cataract House, Niagara Falls
Sir ? We are in receipt of your note admonishing ns of
the departure of the Hon. Horace Greeley from the I- alls ;
that he regrets the sad termination of the initiatory step*
taken for peace, in consequence of the change made bj
the President in his instructions to convey commissioners
to Washington for negotiations unconditionally, and that
Mr. Greeley will be pleased to receive any answer we may
have to mak>i through you. .
We avail ourselves of this offer to enclose a letter to
Mr Greeley, which you will oblige us by delivering. We
cannot t*ke leave of you without expressing our thanks
for your courtesy and kind offices as the intermediary
through whom our correspondence with Mr. Greeley has
been conducted, aud assuring you that we are, very re
sDectfully, your obedient servant#,
9 9 c. c Cl AT> if
J am eh P. Holcomre.
Niagara Falls, (N. Y ) July 20, 1864.
Dear Sir : In leaving the Falls, I feel bound to state
that I have had no intercourse with the Confederate gen
tlemen at the Clift'n House but such as I toas fully autho
rized to hold by the President of the United States, and that
/ have done nothing in the premises but tn fulfilment of his
injunctions. The notes, therefore, which you have kindly
interchanged between those gentlemen and myself can in
no case subject you to the imputation of unauthorized
dealins with public enemies.
e * v Yours, Horace Greeley.
W. C. Jewett, Esq.
-- ?
Niagara Falls, July 20,1864.
Hon. C. C. Clay, Hon. J. B. Thompson, Hon. Geo. N. San
ders, Hon. lieverly Tucker, and the other Hun. Kepre
sentatives of the Southern Confederacy.
Grrtlemkh : 1 am directed by Mr. Greeley toatf
knowledge the receipt of the following telegram from Mr
C"St. Catherine's, July 20, 1864 -To George N. Sanders
Will be with you at live o'clock. Detain Oreeley until I see
him. C' '
And to state that, in view of his mission being ended,
through the rejection of the terms ef negotiation iu the let
ter of the President of the United States, delivered to you
by Major Hay, he does not feel hiinseli authorized to t*ke
any further steps in the matter He regrets the sad ter
mination of the steps taken for peace, from the change
made by the President in his instructions given him to
eonvey commissioners to Washington for negotiations un
conditionally. He will be pleased to receive any answer
you may have to make in writing through me or any mode
yuu may desire.
I enclose you a copy of a note from Mr. Greieley address
ed to me justifying the intercourse I have had with you
during this short negotiation for peace.
In eonolosioD, I tender to yon my heartfelt thanks fof
the kiud goueroui miuuor in which you biw r?oeiv?4
me personally, end for the noble and magnanimous senti
ments you have advanced in a desire to end the bloody oou
fliot between the two sectious. I oau only regret that our
Qoveruiuent should uot have m?u the policy, duly, aud
justice of meeting your geuerous offer to meet in oounoil
unconditionally?term* of a peace to depend upon circum
stances transpiring during negotiations My efforts ahall
be as ever unceasing for peace that ahall secure to the
aeotion you repreamt that justioe that ahall meet with the
approval of the civilized world, of the owning international
Congress proposed by the wiae and noble Napoleon.
Very truly, Wm. Cornell Jaw nr.
Major Hay has just received Mr. Holcomb's note of thia
date, and, thanking hiui for hia prompt response, will atart
at ouce for Washington. Both Mr. Greeley and Mi^jor
Hay uuderatood Mr. Holcomb to aay, yesterday, that he
would send to Major Hay any communication he might
with to transmit to day, and on that supposition Mr. Gree
ley set out for New York yesterday, and Major Hay re
mained. It is a matter of no special importance. Mtyor
Hay only wishes to explain bis note of to-day.
International Hotel, July 21, 1864.
MARYLAND CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION.
In this Convention, on Tuesday, the 19th instant, Mr.
SCHLEY, of Frederick oouuty, submitted the following
order:
Ordered, That this Cpnvdtttiou, representing the people
of Maryland, hereby mpecttully request the President of
the United States aud the commandants of the military
department) in whioh Maryland is included, as an aot of
justice and propriety, to assess upon known sympathiaers
with the rebellion resident iu this State the total amount of
all lotses and spoliations sustained by loyal citizens of the
United States resident in this State by reason of the recent
rebel raid, to compensate loyal sufforers.
.The question on the adoption of the order was, after
debate, oarried in the affirmative by the following vote:
' Yeah?Messrs. Qoldsborough, President; Abbott, An
nan, Audoun, Barron, Carter, Cushing, Daniel, Davia of
Warhingtou, Earle, Eoker, Galloway, Hatch, Hopkins,
Hopper, King, Larsh, Markey, McCoinas, Mullikin, Mur
ray, Nymau, Parker, Pugh, Ridgely, Russell, Sands, Schley,
Buott, Stirling, Stockbridge, Wickard, Wooden?33
Nays?Met-srs. Belt, Chambers, Dail, Davis of Charles,
Deunis, Dent, Kdelt-n, Henkle, llollvday, Johnsoh, Jones
of Somerset, L?e, Mace, Mitchell, Miller, Morgan, Smith
ol Dorchester?17.
In the same Convention, on Wednesday, the 20th in
stant, Mr. Sanils, of Howard oouuty, submitted the fol
lowing order :
Ordered, That. the President of the Convention trans
mit to the President of the United States, to the Governor
of the State of Maryland, and to the military commandants
of this department certified copies of the order yesterday
adopted in relation to the spoliations made by the rebels
during (heir late raid into Maryland.
After debate the order was adopted by the following
veto :
Yeas?Meesrs. President, Abbott, Annan, Audoun, Bar
ron, Brocks, Carter, Cuuningham, Cushing, Daniel, Davia
of Washington, Ernie, Eckor, Galloway, Hatch, Hoffmau,
Hopkins, Hopper, Keefer, King, Larsh,. Markey, McCo
njas, Mullikin, Murray, Nymau, Parker, Pugh, Ridgely,
Russell, Sands, Schley, Sne&ry, Stirling, Htockbridge,
Swope, Syke*, Thorn'is, Wickard, Woodeu?40.
Nays?Messrs. Belt, Chambers, Crawford, Dail, Davis
of Charles, Drut, linrwood, lleukle, Hollyday, Johnson,
Jones of Somerset, Lee, Mitchell, Miller, Morgan, Smith
of Dorchester?16.
Mr. Belt, of Priuoe George's county, offered the fol
lowing :
Whereas, by the twenty-first article of the existing De
claration of Rights of this State, it is, aiuoug other things,
' provided " that no free man ought 4o be taken or impri
soned, or disseized of t\i> freehold, liberties, or privileges,
or exiled, or in any manner destroyed, or deprived of his
life, liberty, or property, but by the judgment of his peer*,
or by the law of the laud ; and whereas, on the 19th in
stant, this Convention did adopt the following order,
to wit;
" Ordered, That this Convention, represanting the peo
pie of Maryland, hereby respectfully request the President
of the United Btites aud the oommandants of the military
departments in which Maryland is included, as an act of
justice aud propriety, to assess upon sympathizers with the
rebellion resident in this State the total amouq^of all
losses and spoliations sustained by loyal citizem^jf the
United States resident in this State by reason of tlBloeat
rebel raid, to compensate loyal sufferer*."
And whereas there is an obvious conflict and contradic
tion between the said order and the before recited article
of the Bill of Rights; and whereas the subject-matter of
the said ord&r in not properly within the purposes for
which this Convention was called, but is irrelevant and
altogether foreign to the same : therefore,
Resolved, That, in the opinion of this Convention, the
aforesaid ord-r was impmvidently passed, apd that the
same be and it is hereby rescinded.
Mr. Bklt said he desired that the resolution should
take the sscso course as that offerel by Mr. Stirling.
iir. Stirling raised the point of order that an order
passed by the Convention could not be repealed in the
manner proposed, aud that therefore the proposition of
Mr. Belt was out of order.
President GoLD^BORoUfH said the point of order was
well fc^on, aud ruled the resolution of Mr. Belt as not in
order.
Mr. Belt appealed from the decision of the President;
and the decision of the Chair was sustained by a vote of
40 yeas to 13 nays
MYMPATHIZEBS to be banished.
Mr. Stikmnm, of Baltimore city, submitted on Wednes
day th) following proposition, which, under the rule* of
the Convention, wm laid over for oue day ;
Whereat there is in Marylaud a clau of persons whom
deaire for the success of the rebel arm* is a matter of
public notoriety, who have been demonstrated more
clearly by the recent invasion to be the invitersof rebel
raider*, the guides, welcomers, and entertainers i f rebel
soldiers ; who have rejoiced at the burning of our houses
and the plunder of our property ; who only waut the op
portunity to place the lives and property of loyal people
at the mercy of their rebel friends by pointing them out
for de?truction, and under the pruteotionof the rebel army
usurp the Goverumeqt of the State ; aud whereas the ex
perience of the past two weeks now clearly shows '(bat
the presence of such persoos in our midst in time of
war is no longer to be tMerated, and justice to ourselves,
our families, and our country, no leis than to weak-minded
disloyalists themselves?the only hope of whose reclama
tion is in a vigorous policy?requires that the sternest jus
tice should at oa*>e be meted out to those who persistently
refuse to obey the laws, and the active and dangerous be
separated from the peaoeable and loyal by the exercise of
the undoubted power of the Government to arrest and de
tain dangerous persons during times of war; therefore
He solved, That this Convention, on the part of the loyal
people of Maryland, demands of the Government of the
United States that all adult citizens o{ this State who shall re
fuse to register on oath their ullegiance, submission, and obe
dience to the Uni |?d States, and thus persist in the position of
public enemies, and all persons who shall be proved to
have taken part with or openly expressed their sympathy
with the recent invasion of the State, shall be banished
beyond th* lilies of the army or imprisoned during the war
Utfulxtd, That the President of this Conveution trans*
mit certified copies of this preamble aud resolutions to
the President of thn United States, and to the com
mtnders of the military departments in which Maryland
is embraced.
On Thursday, the 21st instant, the above resolution* of
Mr. Stirling's were called up.
Mr. BfcLT, of Prince George's county, offered the follow
ing amendment to the first resolution :
Provided, ktnce.vtr, Thst nothing herein contained shall
?be taken to endorse any other theory of the existing war
than that expressed in the resolution of CongreaS of July,
1861, wherein the war is declared to be prosecuted, not in
any spirit of oppression, or for any purpose of oocquest or
subjugation, or purpose of overthrowing or interfering with
the rights or established institutions ol any of the 8tates,
but to defenl and maintain the supremacy of the Consti
tution, and to preserve the Union, with all the dignity,
equality, and rights ol the several States unimpaired, and
that as soon as these objects are accomplished the war
ought to cease.
This proposition was rejected by the following vole:
Yeas?Messrs. Belt, Chambers, Crawford, Dail, Davis
of Charles, Dent, Henkle, Hollyday, Johnson, Jones of
Somerset, Mitchell, Miller, Morgan, Smith of Dorches
ter?14.
Nayh?Messrs. President, Abbott, Annan, Barron,
Brooks, Caiter, Cunningham, Cushing, Daniel, Davis of
Washington, Earle, Ecker, Galloway, Greene, Harwood,
Hatch, iloflman, Hopkins, Hopper, Keefer, Kennard,
King, Larsh, Lee, Markey, McUomarf, Mulhkin, Murray,
Negley, Nvman, Parker, Pugb, Russell, Sands, Schley,
Smith of Carroll, Sneary, .Stirling, Stockbridge, Swope,
Syke*, Wickard, Wooden?42.
The tote was then taken on the first resolution of Mr.
Stirling, and it was ndopted by a strict party vote?yeas
j 41, nays 16.
A division of the preamble was called for, and its first
olnuse, concluding with the words " government of the
State," was adopted, yeas 42, nays 14?Mr. Harwood, of
Anne Arundel, voting with the majority.
The second branch of tbo preamble was adopted without
a division. *

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